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Lacerant Plainer has been at 11 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
NovoPulp1,218*Ask @101942254766672606204 Your @107781032288819724254 Questions!* _Have your heard of NovoPulp, considered getting involved, but you had a few questions? Only just heard of us and want to know more? Then here is your chance to ask someone face to face!_  With around *2 months to go until the 2014 NovoPulp deadline passes*, we wanted to give everyone a chance to raise their hand and ask the questions that the rest of us didn't. Even if you can't attend the Hangout live, please leave your questions so you can watch the video afterwards and still get the information you need.  As the last HOA was aimed at the USA/Australian time-zones we have decided to make this Hangout more European friendly. The HOA will be on: SATURDAY 7th OF JUNE 2014 - 16:00 CET / 10:00 EDT  *Submission Status:* We are still in need of more short stories for this year but in particular *WE NEED ART*. So don't be shy, step forward :D For more information on *NovoPulp:* _The Speculative Fiction Anthology_ visit: http://www.NovoPulp.com For more frequent updates subscribe to our email list: http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf _Coming soon: FREE Bonus Content Only For Newsletter Subscribers!_ See you on air! Notifications: You have been notified of this HOA because you have circled the @107781032288819724254 page at some point. If you would prefer not to receive these limited notifications, or you want to be added to the notify list, then please let us know.NovoPulp Q&A HOA with Niamh Brown2014-06-07 16:00:0010 
NASA Goddard164,155On March 29, 2014, an X-class flare burst off the right side of the sun . . . and NASA was watching. Coordinating their observations, five NASA observatories and one ground-based telescope were able to see things in the flare they'd never seen before.  Numerous other NASA spacecraft provided additional data about what was happening on the sun during the event and what the effects were at Earth.  Join us at 2:30 p.m. EDT on Thursday, May 8, 2014, as researchers describe how multiple missions worked together to explore the sun's surface and atmosphere, layer by layer, providing unprecedented images of the onset of a solar flare.   In addition to the colorful pictures of the sun that NASA will share, participants will explain how such research can help scientists better understand what sets off these large explosions on the sun. Perhaps, someday scientists may be able to predict their onset, forewarning of the radio blackouts they can cause near Earth – blackouts that can interfere with military, airplane and ship communications. Participants include:  Adrian Daw: IRIS project scientist at NASA Goddard Albert Shih: RHESSI scientist at NASA Goddard Sabrina Savage: Hinode deputy project scientist at NASA Marshall Lucia Kleint: Bay Area Environmental Research Institute  Jeffrey Newmark: NASA HeadquartersNASA Hangout: All Eyes on the Sun2014-05-08 20:30:00652 
Space Fan News!4,922,689Hello Space Fans! Tonight there will be a total lunar eclipse tonight in the Western Hemisphere.  @109479143173251353583  will be heading to Cerritos College in Norwalk, CA to do some on-site outreach with Dr. @107316294793809570474. Internet permitting, we'll be attempting to bring in a live feed of the lunar eclipse from LA and hopefully connect with our friends from the @100902337165997768522  and bring in feeds from there too! If you're in the Los Angeles area, you are more than welcome to join us on site. The event starts at 10:30 p.m. PT and parking is free after 10 p.m. Cerritos College: 11190 Alondra Blvd. Norwalk, CA 90650 Parking Lot C-6 off of Studebaker, just south of Alondra Blvd. Not local? That's okay too! Share with us your pictures of the eclipse in the event below!  Keep Looking Up! #ScienceEveryday   #Space   #Astronomy   #Eclipse   #LunarEclipse   #BloodMoon  Lunar Eclipse Live!2014-04-15 08:00:00390 
STEM Women on G+139,337Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to @114480095884024488890 on her career as a roboticist. Annika is an engineer who works on robotics and also a passionate STEM educator, teaching kids how to program and build robots through @101828427997295401901. She will talk to us about her exciting career path as a woman in STEM, what inspires her, and why supporting women in STEM is important.  This HOA will be hosted by Dr @108510686109338749229 and Dr @110756968351492254645  and you can tune in on Sunday April 13th at 4.30 PM Central/ 10.30PM UK. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel (http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.In The Spotlight, With Annika O'Brien2014-04-13 23:30:0055 
NovoPulp1,218Yes it is finally here! @107781032288819724254 (aka +#G+SF Anthologies), though @104121833908982880351 - Press Division, has published their first book: *_NovoPulp 2013/2014 Anthology._*  http://www.NovoPulp.com/store  To celebrate we are having a Launch Party HOA. SATURDAY 29th OF MARCH 2014 EST: 19:00 GMT: 23:00 SUNDAY 30th of MARCH 2014 CET: 00:00 AEDT: 10:00 READINGS FROM: @101942254766672606204  @108429362865809614439  OTHER GUESTS INCLUDE: @111830327627461921997  For those who don't know here is a little synopsis on the NovoPulp project: _Let’s bring back the best days of Pulp: Fiction written by and for those who love the genre. Pushing boundaries, asking the questions, demanding the answers, and even providing some._ _We collect, anthologise, and produce one volume a year of the very best Speculative Fiction that G+ can provide. All comers are welcome – we want everyone to have the chance to put their ideas before the world, to be the one who saw what the rest of us didn’t – or wouldn’t – and so change the world..._ *If you enjoy speculative fiction and great artwork you are in for a treat.* Even if you can't attend the HOA, if you can spread the word about the event or the book we would really appreciate it. You can find images and code for your website here: http://www.NovoPulp.com/spread-the-word To those that can make it please join us at the first NovoPulp Launch Party HOA this weekend (the 29th/30th of March 2014 - depending on your timezone). Notification Notice: If you were notified it is because you have circled the @107781032288819724254 (aka +#G+SF Anthology) page. We endeavour to keep these notifications to an absolute minimum, but if you would like to be removed or added to our notification circle please let us know. If you would like to be notified more frequently of NovoPulp news then please subscribe to our newsletter (http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf) or join our public Google+ community (https://plus.google.com/u/0/communities/115593955852120500953).    Thank you for all your support over the last two years :DNovoPulp 2013/2014 Anthology Launch Party HOA2014-03-30 00:00:0033 
The Huffington Post3,062,439@101423092138897438495 is talking ALL THINGS @105318954285548566943 with our own  @111048918866742956374 and @114666679887770354893! We'll be discussing the big Winners, the HUGE Snubs, and all the Moments from Sunday's broadcast.. especially the FUNNY via Host Ellen DeGeneres (and any other random bits of #lol )! Join us as we chat LIVE about the greatest speeches and take questions from all of you, the #awesomesauce audience on Monday, March 3, 2014 at 4:15 pm ET / 1:15 pm PT We want to hear from you as to who should win before the show starts (and who should've won, once it ends). You can submit your questions in both comments and using the Q&A app attached to the Hangout. More fun @115626641875816620951 here at #huffpost  on @101560853443212199687 ! #Oscars   #oscars2014   #movies   #bestpicture2014   #hangoutsonair    #academyawards2014  @109886274038066405139 @103646891144429179516 @116676026225486451226 @104518476962915543468 @104309716740433286280  #Her   #philomena   #nebraska   #dallasbuyersclub   http://huff.to/1jx2qiT : Our HuffPost #Oscars2014  coverage [Trailer Photo Credit: FREDERIC J. BROWN via Getty Images]Huffpost 2014 Oscars Recap Show w/Matt Rappaport and Nic Graham2014-03-03 22:15:0052 
Beyond Rubik's Cube4,742,292Rubik’s Fans Unite! Spend an afternoon with the world’s top Rubik’s Cube aficionados in an epic Google+ Hangout on Air. Join +Paul Hoffman CEO of the +Liberty Science Center as he hosts a discussion between some of the brightest thought leaders, math geeks, and speed cubers ever assembled; featuring an introduction by none other than +Erno Rubik himself. Hear why Oxford Mathematics Professor +Marcus du Sautoy thinks the Rubik’s Cube has a lot in common with the Large Hadron Collider. Muse over the poetry and aesthetics of science in our culture with renowned science writer, and exhibition curator +Margaret Wertheim. Marvel at the finger dexterity of world champion speed cuber +Anthony Brooks. Learn about what it takes to bring an exhibition to life with +Ann Neumann. Creative Director at the Liberty Science Center and +Michael Tyka artist and visionary who built the Groovik’s Cube at Burning Man. Seven of the most interesting people in the world will be gathered together to talk all things cube. You’re invited. Click-in July 18th at 2pm EST. Submit Hangout questions on this Events Page. Special thank you to +Michael Holden for that awesome picture we're using. Check him out www.michaelholden.com.The Beyond Rubik's Cube Hangout2013-07-18 20:00:00214 
TakePart42,833Seven years ago former Vice President Al Gore released An Inconvenient Truth, kick-starting a global conversation about climate change (available on Google Play: http://goo.gl/ElYcc). The issue is as pressing as ever and Gore and Jeff Skoll, the film's executive producer, want to hear your ideas (http://youtu.be/ih3fEHv4wqA).  Throughout the coming week add your thoughts and questions in the Science on G+ Community (http://goo.gl/39w5t). Gore and Skoll will choose the most insightful participants to join them in a live Hangout on Air on June 11th at 2PM EST - come back then to tune in to the Conversation! Google+ Conversation with Al Gore about Combating Climate Change2013-06-11 20:00:002180 
Jacob Dix32,687Post your sky images here. Comment on other's sky images. Mobile, DSLR, film are welcome. Have fun. The sky is beautiful.Sky 3!2012-09-29 00:30:0033 
Benjamin Cortis152,920*Photo Competition* September 2012 *Status: finished* *Thread:* Landscapes The images can be submitted the next *24 hours*. Then the event is closed and a voting phase starts from exactly *6 days*. The jury is the audience. During this period anyone can can vote by a +1 to his favorite picture. In one week, then the current state of the votes will be noted and the winners will be revealed to the public. *Rules:* Please note the current topic. Everyone can submit *only one* picture. Please no nudity or any other offensive pictures. *If anyone does not abide by the rules, his work will be removed from this event not be rated.* last competition: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c1nngcqt7dgr1qn315holkenh20 Let´s have fun.... ------------------------------------------------------------- *Fotowettbewerb* September 2012 *Status: beendet* *Thema:* Landschaften Die Bilder können in den nächsten *24 Stunden* eingereicht werden. Dann wird das Event geschlossen und eine Abstimmungsphase von genau *6 Tagen* beginnt. Die Jury ist das Publikum. In diesem Zeitraum kann jeder seine Stimme durch ein +1 unter seinem Lieblingsbild abgeben. In einer Woche wird dann der aktuelle Stand der Abstimmungen festgehalten und die Gewinner können der Öffentlichkeit preisgegeben werden. *Regeln:* Bitte beachtet das aktuelle Thema. Jeder kann *maximal ein* Bild einreichen. Bitte keine Nacktbilder oder keine anderen anstößigen Bilder. *Wenn sich jemand nicht an die Regeln hält wird aus diesem Event entfernt und nicht bewertet.* letzte Wettbewerb: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c1nngcqt7dgr1qn315holkenh20 Viel Spaß #foto #photo #wettbewerb #competition #event #photocompetition   #photocompetitionseptember  Photo Competition - September 20122012-09-05 10:00:00945 
Jacob Dix32,687For some time now I have been doing a project, an experiment, an exploration, a study in light. My object has been the sky, through the limited vantage point of my kitchen window and my backyard. The result, so far, is this album called *Sky*: http://goo.gl/phGuR Forget about that for right now. Show everyone your own sky! The best, the worst. I've seen people mention avoiding it because it means they have no "object" to shoot. Don't listen to those people. It is the most challenging palette of light there is. Let's see 'em! You have a full day and a half! Please spread the word too.Sky!2012-09-02 00:00:0023 

Lacerant Plainer has been shared in 2,193 public circles

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Just pro182  Here is my one of my basic circles, I will share now with you. Have a look and add some of these unique profiles probably to your +Google+ account. Take care, enjoy, behave, enrich, be kind. Please us all thereby, yourself of course included. None excluded at all. Thank you!  I call this one OK Basic Circle (-; 2015-03-01 00:35:42443000
CarDekhe0Hi Friends ...This is the TOP PEOPLE V8 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly follow  the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or comment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circles2015-02-28 06:21:41500011
Paul Hutchinson2,176A G+ #FF post ... Here's my "Science" circle (at least 501 of the 1105 people in the circle)#tw #fb2015-02-27 21:06:56501000
Juanro JR37Hi Friends ...This is the TOP PEOPLE V8 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly follow  the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or comment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note:● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!#awesome         #awesomepeople         #chadwick         #circle     #circles     #circlesharing         #circleshare         #circleoftheday     #circleplus     #community   #followback     #followers       #gplus   #influence       #leadership     #public         #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles         #reshare         #reshared       #reshareday     #resharetags     #ripples     #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday     #sharewithyou         #sharing     #sharingcircle     #socialmedia   #theplus   #tcs    2015-02-27 19:06:32419000
Circles Circles Circles51,426A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/2E4pO5Published Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/ZDr1BjPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/dMXJoCMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/YUcNsFPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/bc78C3Others CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare                                                             2015-02-26 15:01:11124467
Hemant Atrish208Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle More At-http://www.poolarchitects.co.uk/2015-02-26 07:50:35351001
Hemant Atrish208"Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle More At-http://www.poolarchitects.co.uk/2015-02-26 07:28:05202000
Hemant Atrish181circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends  #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles2015-02-25 12:26:45351000
MBC Ser657#CircleShar  of the DayBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!------------------------#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar #news   #travel   #travelphotography   #update #IndonesiaOnly #Jalan #Aberdeen #Belfast #Birmingham #Bristol #Cardiff #Dublin #EastMidlands #Edinburgh #Glasgow #LeedsBradford #London #Manchester #Newcastle #circle #circles #public #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing 2015-02-25 03:41:04440191638
Jennie0"High Quality New Active Blood Circle. Enjoy#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circles  #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia#SharedCircle #Watches #Strap #Google #Engagers #Google+ #Fashion #SEO #SocialMediaMarketing #SmallBusiness #Entrepreneur #Startup #Business #Health #Infinityscarf"2015-02-23 09:14:17400000
Swimming Pools Quotes971"Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing  #circleoftheweek#london"2015-02-23 05:51:47400000
Robert Renard615#sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircle  2015-02-22 16:18:34501000
Charles Payet6,779A VERY Rare Shared Circle: My Absolute Favorite PlussersAs many of those whom I know on Google+ are aware, it can be kind of daunting at times to keep up with a G+ Stream when you follow several thousand people.  Thanks to the wonderful education by people in the +Plus Your Business! Academy last year, I did learn a lot more on how to manage my Stream, but I still need to work more on refining my Circles.  Still, I've made some slight progress.  Obviously, +Circloscope is a very helpful tool for this.But for whatever reason, I decided to Share this Circle.  This is my ONLY Notification Circle, to avoid Notification Overload.  :-)  Some of them are quite prolific posters, some are moderate, and some only post rarely.  They generally fall into the following categories:(1) Social media(2) Deep thinkers(3) Science(4) Photography(5) Curmudgeon (had to include this category specifically for Vincent LOL  But he's my kind of curmudgeon.)There are obviously a LOT more people worth following on G+, and by no means do I intend any slight to anyone not included.  I had to be VERY picky about this list.+Chrysta Rae +Sanjiv Manifest +Vincent Messina +Lauri Novak +Craig Szymanski +Gina Fiedel +Kalebra Kelby +Alexandra Riecke-Gonzales +Mark Metternich +Don Komarechka +Athena Carey +Mark Bruce +2015-02-22 14:31:3519000
John Hannah13,620Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #elfopower #social #socialmedia #socialmediamarketing #socialnetworks #Mentoring #Sustainable #Music #NaturePhotography #Metabolic #Nonprofit #NonviolentProtest #Online #OnlineEducation #OpenSource #Oregon #Organic #Organization #vascular #Organizational #OrganizationalDevelopment #diabetic #Philosophy #Diabetes #Photography #Photovoltaic #pharma 2015-02-20 11:09:30486023
Swimming Pools Quotes926#sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #bristol #somerset #london #britain2015-02-20 07:27:31400001
Juhi Verma48Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing  #circleoftheweek#london2015-02-19 11:49:50352001
Technology Pools519Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing  #circleoftheweek#london2015-02-19 11:22:39351011
Ryan Johnson25,620This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare  #sri_lanka #colombo #australia #adelaide #australia #cairns #australia #darwin #australia #hobart #new_zealand #auckland #new_zealand #wellington #papua_new_guinea #papua_new_guinea #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #weeklyreview #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday 2015-02-19 07:57:44415234
John Wood29,401This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #Sociology #Funny #Software #Solar #Startup #SystemsThinking #Teaching #bigdata #Technology #tsunami #Transformation #Transplendence #Trust #Water #WaterResources #pharmacognosy #love #WavePower #Web #tsu #WebAnalytics #clinical #Wind #Addcircle #addcircles #tsunation #addfriends #Addpeople #cvd #awesomecircle #awesomepeople #circle #circleoftheday #food 2015-02-19 07:50:49382235
Circles Circles Circles50,957A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/C8XIwAPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/8jtB40Published Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/dMXJoCMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/YUcNsFPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/qJIagQOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare                                                             2015-02-19 04:38:43123025
Achintha chamath19,146My another Official circle is published and this is simply awesome for people who are new to Google plus to gain followersIf you want to be added in future versions of this circle please follow these steps:                                                                                                                 1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already  2. +1 this circle  3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.  2015-02-18 06:19:2288000
Max Spenser2,826Max Cool People Circle, by +Max Spenser You are in this circle if you got a notification. Here are some good people to follow on google plus! They are cool people. #circleshare #circle #sharedcircleoftheday 2015-02-17 15:25:13470000
Traveling Channel0Increase the rate of your followers on Google+ and be the part of this circle.Enjoy2015-02-14 00:20:38399011
Technology Pools423Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle #SocialMedia #Google+ #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared  #Social #GooglePlusTips #circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing  #circleoftheweek#london2015-02-13 11:52:52352011
Brian Mcquillan22,708Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #Gif #Cute #Anime #Animals #Online #Life #CatLovers #Cat #FunnyPics #Quote #Art #CaturdayEveryday #QuoteOfTheDay #Truth #Dog #Dogs #XD #Meme #LOL #Humor #Cute #Anime #Gif #Animals #Cat #CatLovers #Art #Online #Cats #Life #FunnyPics #CaturdayEveryday #Dog #Quote #Dogs #Truth #Manga 2015-02-13 07:18:17490160120196
Circles Circles Circles50,685A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/9fcNLuPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/Y2rzVVPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/a4wqnYMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/GuKFBaPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/Q6o093Others CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare                                                             2015-02-12 15:11:28123337
Technology Pools423May be of interest...#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek#bristol #somerset #london #britain2015-02-12 12:01:15355222
Technology Pools378May be of interest...#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek#bristol #somerset #london #britain2015-02-12 12:00:00400001
Milana Vinidiktova630#кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles   #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#Google+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#SharedCircleOfTheDay#SocialMediaMarketing #CircleShare#Share#CircleSharing#Google#Google+#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#ADD#Circle2015-02-12 01:36:07465000
Наталья Нестер514#кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles   #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#Google+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#SharedCircleOfTheDay#SocialMediaMarketing #CircleShare#Share#CircleSharing#Google#Google+#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#ADD#Circle2015-02-12 01:33:09459000
Swimming Pools London587#sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #bristol #somerset #london #britain2015-02-11 09:32:54400000
Rok Šimec32,105This circle contains people who are very active on Google+. These are people who will share and re-post your circles and other content. This is a good circle to connect with each other and gain followers. I highly suggest adding each person in this Circle to your circles as they are likely to interact with you. #circlre  2015-02-09 21:23:463777211
Bikers Boyz Brother1,070BEST CIRCLE 07 February 2015------------------------------------------------                BEST Circle Share By Bikers Boyz Brother                          New Year Share and Be Shared                    If you want to be shared in this circle                          Boost your visibility on Google+                 Watch entertainment video                    FULL Motorcycle                                   Motorcycle PICTURE                2015 Motorcycle VIDEO                   Share the circle! GET MORE QUICKLY CIRCLE AND FOLLOWER ON GOOGLE+HERE'S OF MY SHARED PUBLIC CIRCLE------------------------------------------------Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This Cilcle!!,Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 Include me in your circles2 Click add people and create your circle3 +1 this circle4 Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( dont forget share the circle and include yourself )5 If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).6  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. You'll know if you're sharing the original one because you won't see "Jason Levy originally shared" above here. If you do see it, click on "originally shared" and it will bring you to this post.-------------------------------------------------FOLLOW ME TO GET MORE CIRCLE AND FOLLOWER HERE http://goo.gl/mNii98-------------------------------------------------    #Scooter    #ElectricScooter    #Skyline    #Piaggio    #Motorcycle    #Motorbike    #Honda    #HarleyDavidson    #Scooters    #Cars    #Street    #BMW    #Video    #Gogoro    #Ford    #Moto    #Automotive    2015-02-07 15:38:53436000
Swimming Pools Quotes512#circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles  2015-02-07 11:53:02435417
Circles Circles Circles50,315A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/qKKlVSPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/Wb0CGLPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/xuY4oZMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/VdbwaBPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/k0uEwaOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare                                                             2015-02-05 14:44:25121382253
John Wood28,382This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #Sociology #Funny #Software #Solar #Startup #SystemsThinking #Teaching #bigdata #Technology #tsunami #Transformation #Transplendence #Trust #Water #WaterResources #pharmacognosy #love #WavePower #Web #tsu #WebAnalytics #clinical #Wind #Addcircle #addcircles #tsunation #addfriends #Addpeople #cvd #awesomecircle #awesomepeople #circle #circleoftheday #food 2015-02-05 10:28:38464222
Neil Bailey9,272If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately. Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles #Botswana  #krabi #thailand #phuket #vietnam #vietnam #hanoi #vietnam #ho_chi_minh_city #ahrain #iran #iran #tehran #iraq #iraq #baghdad #iraq #basra #israel #israel #tel_aviv #jordan #jordan #amman #kuwait #lebanon #lebanon #beirut #oman #oman #muscat #qatar #qatar #doha #saudi_arabia 2015-02-02 10:24:37450634496
John Sean12,158This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #philadelphia #phoenix #san_antonio #san_diego #san_francisco #san_jose #seattle #tampa #washington #american_samoa #american_samoa #pago_pago #fiji #fiji #nadi #fiji #suva #argentina #argentina #buenos_aires #argentina #cordoba #argentina #iguaza #argentina #mendoza #argentina #rosaio #argentina #san_carlos_de_bariloche #bolivia #bolivia #cochabamba 2015-01-31 07:30:48368161631
Colin Wilson16,853This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare #publiccircle #followme #public #sharedpubliccircles #Em. #United #Kingdom #United #States #Uruguay #Uzbekistan #Vanuatu #Venezuela #Viet #Nam #Virgin #Islands #Wallis #& #Futuna #I. #Yemen #Zambia #Zimbabwe #zealand #auckland #australia #brisbane # #new_zealand #christchurch #algeria #algeria #algiers #angola #angola #luanda2015-01-31 06:28:1337127854
vivek vats0http://www.patialajokes.com/#growthcircle   #circleshare   #CircleSharing  #Circle#CircleOfTheDay #SharedCircles #SharedPublicCircles #Circles2015-01-30 11:35:32132526
Circles Circles Circles49,679A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/aYbJWIPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/8tfSpfPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/PJ0rY7MEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/Dycu0DPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/uVS4sDOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare                                                             2015-01-29 05:04:39120024
Neil Bailey8,751If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately. Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles #Botswana  #krabi #thailand #phuket #vietnam #vietnam #hanoi #vietnam #ho_chi_minh_city #ahrain #iran #iran #tehran #iraq #iraq #baghdad #iraq #basra #israel #israel #tel_aviv #jordan #jordan #amman #kuwait #lebanon #lebanon #beirut #oman #oman #muscat #qatar #qatar #doha #saudi_arabia 2015-01-28 07:13:15382533566
Ruta a la Patagonia16,133┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊ ☆ ┊Great Friends v23  CIRCLE  ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊☆┊_____________________________________________________*●❈●❈●❉●  Please Share From The Original Post! ●❈●❈●❉●▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ CLICK READ MORE FOR FULL CONTENT ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼This is the Great Friends v23 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly frollow the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or coment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note:● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!Your blogging friends of:  +Ruta a la Patagonia - Bariloche  De camino al Sur el mejor hotel  para alojarte sobre ruta 5, antes de Santa Rosa La Pampa, esta en Trenque Lauquen:+Hotel Howard Johnson Trenque Lauquen Sobre ruta, con amplio parque, pileta climatizada, estacionamiento, wifi, restobar y mucho mas. Ya sea que vayas de camino a Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Villa la Angostura o cualquier otro destino de la cordillera o de la costa de la patagonia (por ruta 33).Consultanos:  www.hjtrenquelauquen.com.ar #circle   #share   #patagonia   #Hotel   #howardJohnson   #TrequeLauquen  2015-01-26 12:03:23493262739
Circles Circles Circles49,036SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/fVX5bZPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/GNkGJhPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/s9RkeEMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/W8VDbBPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/5mr38oOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare   2015-01-22 16:19:121067218
Mariana Lopez de Waard23,530Via +John Wood Thank you :) This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!2015-01-22 08:29:014627611
John Wood26,953This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #Sociology #Funny #Software #Solar #Startup #SystemsThinking #Teaching #bigdata #Technology #tsunami #Transformation #Transplendence #Trust #Water #WaterResources #pharmacognosy #love #WavePower #Web #tsu #WebAnalytics #clinical #Wind #Addcircle #addcircles #tsunation #addfriends #Addpeople #cvd #awesomecircle #awesomepeople #circle #circleoftheday #food 2015-01-22 06:44:15462485185
Circles Circles Circles49,036A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsThose included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/fVX5bZPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/GNkGJhPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/s9RkeEMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/W8VDbBPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/5mr38oOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/CJDGYxSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8llG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/HBlNdL  #circleshare                                                             2015-01-22 05:13:35120392354
James Honzik29,206Sharers Meta-circle X:  This is a super circle, a meta circle of active  circle sharers, focusing on photography and art. This is version X. Leaner,  better, faster, wilder.  It's the only circle I share, and it's a good one. (and if you could, please look at my art and photography, that's why I do this - scroll down, I have lots of new and old good things)Thanks to everyone who looked, shared, and commented. (especially those who told me my last share could not be shared, sorry.)Special kudos out to those who not only share, but post their own good things.Some of my best work is now up for sale on http://fineartamerica.com/profiles/james-honzik.htmlThanks, everybody.Peace. James#circlesharer  #circle     #circles   #circlefreaks      #publiccircle     #circleshare     #circlesharing       #sharedcircles       #sharedcircle     #morefollowers      #sharingcircles      #circleshare      #endlesscircle   #sharedpubliccircles      #sharedpublicircles       #sharedcircle      #AddCircle       #FindCircles    #AwesomeCircle       #addcircle       #addpeople      #circlemeup     #circlesdiscovery      #circleshare       #circlesharing       #publiccircle      #SharedCircles   #photography #landscape   2015-01-21 20:33:274719365113
Tia McDowell23Shared circle to help you meet new people! Enjoy and share!2015-01-20 18:32:14495211321
Noah Wesley17,585To increase your chances of inclusion in future circles please leave a comment when sharing the circle.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include +ORIGINAL AUTHENTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS  • Comment on this postIf you like what you find in this circle, please share it with your followers to help these individuals reach a wider audience. I will share more circles of those I find Inspiring in the future#beautifulpictures #beautifulplaces #amazingphotos #naturephotography #touristattractions #circle #publiccircle #Liechtenstein #sharedcircles #music #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare #circlesharing#switzerland #switzerland #berne #switzerland #geneva #switzerland #zurich #turkey #turkey #ankara #turkey #istanbul #beijing #chengdu #chongqing #dalian #fuzhou #guangzhou #harbinchina 2015-01-20 10:40:32435191335

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Most comments: 63

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2015-01-08 09:25:02 (63 comments, 26 reshares, 94 +1s)Open 

Coldest temperatures in the Universe - What happens at absolute zero? : If one looks at classical physics, an atom of Oxygen gas zooms around at approximately a thousand miles an hour. That is quite fast. The theory is that as we lower the temperature in a closed system, the gas would become a solid and closer to absolute zero, the atoms would stop moving altogether. The electrons orbiting the nucleus would stop dead in their tracks. Why? The energy levels would be zero. However, in reality this does not happen. Physics does not break down. And neither does chemistry. Why is this?

At absolute zero : If you were able to measure the individual molecules, you'd find something surprising: they're still vibrating and rotating, but just by a tiny, tiny amount — quantum uncertainty at work. To make things concrete, if you were to measure the rotation of a Carbon Dioxide moleculea... more »

Most reshares: 145

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2014-12-07 10:40:04 (27 comments, 145 reshares, 195 +1s)Open 

What is fire, electricity and magnetism - and how are they related? : At the atomic level these are very different from what we would assume at the macro level. In some ways they are all related, since it has to do with the movement of electrons and creation of charge. When you see a match light, what happens is energy is released. While most of it is in the Infrared spectrum (What we call heat), there is also some of it released in the visible spectrum (light). The release is due to the Oxygen bonding with the material you are burning. While the effect may be too small to be seen in a matchstick, there is electricity and magnetism at work here too. You can see the effect on the Sun. Our Sun (or any star) is a miasma of incandescent plasma.  One way to see this is to notice that the solar flares that leap from its surface are directed along the Sun’s (generally twisted up and spotty) magneticfi... more »

Most plusones: 355

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2014-12-02 05:09:20 (55 comments, 143 reshares, 355 +1s)Open 

Quantum Biology : We have all heard about quantum mechanics, which describes reality on the smallest scale - a world in which particles can exist in two or more places at once, show both particle and wave-like behavior , tunnel through seemingly 'solid' matter and even possess instantaneous connections that stretch across vast distances. While all this is de rigueur in the atomic size, at the macro size which we exist, it does not play a role. Or does it. Now scientists are looking at the quantum mechanical nature of the world and how at the cellular and even macro level, some creatures are able to take advantage of the weirdness.....

Quantum Hanky-Panky : Discoveries in recent years suggest that nature knows a few tricks that physicists don't: coherent quantum processes may well be ubiquitous in the natural world. Known or suspected examples range from the ability of... more »

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2015-03-03 09:12:14 (9 comments, 7 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

Articles on photograph of light as a wave and a particle : Well it's not really a photograph. It is a visualization. It is quite something, but it's not what the media would have you believe. Photons have this ability to knock electrons around in some materials. I actually posted about Plasmons here http://goo.gl/9nnQEd . Knowing how plasmons work, scientists have used a nanowire (5.7 μm length, ≃67 nm radius) to act as a light source by using an incident laser beam and then used electrons to visualize a standing wave. This kind of explains the wave nature of light. On the other hand, as the electrons pass close to the standing wave of light, they "hit" the light's particles, the photons. As mentioned above, this affects their speed, making them move faster or slower. This change in speed appears as an exchange of energy "packets" (quanta) between electrons andphoton... more »

Articles on photograph of light as a wave and a particle : Well it's not really a photograph. It is a visualization. It is quite something, but it's not what the media would have you believe. Photons have this ability to knock electrons around in some materials. I actually posted about Plasmons here http://goo.gl/9nnQEd . Knowing how plasmons work, scientists have used a nanowire (5.7 μm length, ≃67 nm radius) to act as a light source by using an incident laser beam and then used electrons to visualize a standing wave. This kind of explains the wave nature of light. On the other hand, as the electrons pass close to the standing wave of light, they "hit" the light's particles, the photons. As mentioned above, this affects their speed, making them move faster or slower. This change in speed appears as an exchange of energy "packets" (quanta) between electrons and photons. The very occurrence of these energy packets shows that the light on the nanowire behaves as a particle.

The twist : When UV light hits a metal surface, it causes an emission of electrons. Albert Einstein explained this "photoelectric" effect by proposing that light – thought to only be a wave – is also a stream of particles. Even though a variety of experiments have successfully observed both the particle- and wave-like behaviors of light, they have never been able to observe both at the same time. A research team led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL has now carried out an experiment with a clever twist: using electrons to image light. The researchers have captured, for the first time ever, a single snapshot of light behaving simultaneously as both a wave and a stream of particles.

Plasmons? : A plasmon is a collective excitation of the electronic "fluid" in a piece of conducting material, like ripples on the surface of a pond are a collective mode of the water molecules of the liquid.

Is this new? : Not really. There have been other experiments in 2012 which have confirmed the duality of light.

Sources and References

http://phys.org/news/2015-03-particle.html

Link to original research paper: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/150302/ncomms7407/full/ncomms7407.html

http://www.gizmag.com/first-photograph-light-particle-wave/36361/

Earlier duality experiment: http://www.livescience.com/24509-light-wave-particle-duality-experiment.html

Earlier post on plasmons: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/MCxkMzautA7

http://www.popsci.com/light-photographed-wave-and-particle-first-time

Pic courtesy: Popsci and original research papers.

#science  ___

posted image

2015-03-02 09:03:36 (12 comments, 6 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

Hyperloop: The third rail : While all the excitement has died down in the news cycles, few technologists, engineers and firms are still interested in the idea. +Elon Musk himself has been involved in a test track, and this ultracool design video. Do take a look....

Hyperloop construction to start next year : OK, it will only run five miles around central California, and it won’t come anywhere close to the 800 mph Musk promised, but it’s a start. The Hyperloop, detailed by the SpaceX and Tesla Motors CEO in a 57-page alpha white paper in August 2013, is a transportation network of above-ground tubes that would span hundreds of miles. Thanks to extremely low air pressure inside those tubes, capsules filled with people zip through them at near supersonic speeds.

The idea is to build a five-mile track in Quay Valley, a planned community (itself a grandiose idea) that willbe ... more »

Hyperloop: The third rail : While all the excitement has died down in the news cycles, few technologists, engineers and firms are still interested in the idea. +Elon Musk himself has been involved in a test track, and this ultracool design video. Do take a look....

Hyperloop construction to start next year : OK, it will only run five miles around central California, and it won’t come anywhere close to the 800 mph Musk promised, but it’s a start. The Hyperloop, detailed by the SpaceX and Tesla Motors CEO in a 57-page alpha white paper in August 2013, is a transportation network of above-ground tubes that would span hundreds of miles. Thanks to extremely low air pressure inside those tubes, capsules filled with people zip through them at near supersonic speeds.

The idea is to build a five-mile track in Quay Valley, a planned community (itself a grandiose idea) that will be built from scratch on 7,500 acres of land around Interstate 5, midway between San Francisco and Los Angeles. Construction of the hyperloop will be paid for with $100 million Hyperloop Transportation Technologies expects to raise through a direct public offering in the third quarter of this year.

What is Quay valley? : Quay Valley is a solar-powered city that doesn't exist yet, between San Francisco and Los Angeles. Estimates for an actual Hyperloop between those two existing metropolises starts at six billion dollars and skeptics estimate the price could be much higher. So $100 million for a test track that's technically between San Fransisco and Los Angeles? Well, it's a step in the right direction.

The designs are put together by a group of nearly 200 engineers all over the country who spend their free time spitballing ideas in exchange for stock options, and have day jobs at places like Boeing, NASA, and Airbus. They and a group of 25 students at UCLA’s graduate architecture program are working on a wide array of issues, including route planning, capsule design, and cost analysis.

The partnership with Quay Valley makes sense for both parties. It’s a chunk of private land where Ahlborn doesn’t have to grapple with the right-of-way issues that have plagued California’s high-speed rail project. Quay Hays has been trying to build his housing and commercial development project for nearly a decade (the 2008 recession put the plan on hold). The Hyperloop fits with his vision of a place where cars take a back seat to non-polluting public transit systems (Ahlborn says the track and station will run as least partly on solar power).

Pod racer competitions The announcement comes less than a month after Musk announced that he would also build a Hyperloop Test Track, probably in Texas, where student engineers could have a pod racer competition to test out designs for Hyperloop pods. Quartz notes that while the Texas track will focus on fine-tuning the technology, the California track will be more designed to see how the technology functions in society. We can't wait to see what happens if they both get off the ground.

Links and references

Earlier post on Jumpstartfund: http://goo.gl/lGZN6i

Earlier post on the Hyperloop: http://goo.gl/sxTptX

Earlier post on the Hyperloop reveal: http://goo.gl/EirLKn

http://www.popsci.com/new-5-mile-around-hyperloop-test-track-will-cost-100-million

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/quay-valley-solar-powered-self-sustaining-hyperloop-connected-city-future-1489641

http://www.wired.com/2015/02/construction-hyperloop-track-starts/___

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2015-02-21 10:49:22 (17 comments, 9 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

The Defense of Earth : The new fleets of darkmatter starcraft face off against the Jexx invasion in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 31st installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

Here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaLmore »

The Defense of Earth : The new fleets of darkmatter starcraft face off against the Jexx invasion in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 31st installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

Here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D
Part 28: http://goo.gl/RNuKtL
Part 29: http://goo.gl/dqdIYG
Part 30: http://goo.gl/0YHzlY
Part 31: http://goo.gl/sTS4We

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#sciencefiction #saturdayscenes #scifi  ___

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2015-02-18 17:02:29 (21 comments, 15 reshares, 87 +1s)Open 

The story of the battery :  Luigi Galvani first noticed a frog leg twitching when he touched it with a scalpel. He called it 'animal electricity.' For a long time, researchers dissected the electric eel, hoping to see what made it possible for the animal to hold charge.

Alessandro Volta hypothesized that the frog's leg twitched due to two metals being joined by a via-media. He then came up with the voltaic pile (pictured) which was Zinc and Copper plates separated by cloth or cardboard soaked in brine.

Even today, this basic design is still the same in batteries. While materials have changed, the plates and the electrolytes is what is needed to create a battery. Volta’s discoveries so impressed the world that in November 1800 the French National Institute invited him to lectures at events in which Napoleon Bonaparte participated. Napoleon helped with theex... more »

The story of the battery :  Luigi Galvani first noticed a frog leg twitching when he touched it with a scalpel. He called it 'animal electricity.' For a long time, researchers dissected the electric eel, hoping to see what made it possible for the animal to hold charge.

Alessandro Volta hypothesized that the frog's leg twitched due to two metals being joined by a via-media. He then came up with the voltaic pile (pictured) which was Zinc and Copper plates separated by cloth or cardboard soaked in brine.

Even today, this basic design is still the same in batteries. While materials have changed, the plates and the electrolytes is what is needed to create a battery. Volta’s discoveries so impressed the world that in November 1800 the French National Institute invited him to lectures at events in which Napoleon Bonaparte participated. Napoleon helped with the experiments, drawing sparks from the battery, melting a steel wire, discharging an electric pistol and decomposing water into its elements.

How do Eels generate electricity? : The cells of all living things generate electrical charges. In an electric eel (Electrophorus electricus), thousands of modified muscle cells in the thick tail are lined up like batteries in a flashlight. Though each cell generates only about 0.15 volts, in a large electric eel, six thousand cells may be stacked to make one giant battery that can generate as much as 600 volts for a short pulse. A standard car battery generates 12 volts, so an electric eel has 50 times the shocking power of a car battery.

Can an eel power your car? : The dream of the electric eel car is not all that crazy. The fish generates a current by pumping charged potassium and sodium ions out of its special muscle cells. The negatively charged ions inside the cells increase until it opens just the right channels to cause electrons to flood out of the cell. Quite a shock ensues. Researchers from Yale University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology envision synthetic eel cells with improved energy efficiency bundled together in a bio-battery.  We’re not quite to the point where we can build artificial versions of complex cells, but the researchers  have created a simplified battery based on the principles of the electric eel: two artificial cells, each containing a salt solution within a lipid wall. If the salt concentrations are different, then poking the cells produces a slight charge. One day this technology may power implanted medical devices or even wearable, near-organic electronics — maybe even your car. But for now, however, you’ll have to make due with a boring, everyday electric car.

How Frankenstien was imagined : Mary Shelley knew all about Galvani, Volta and Aldini. Humphry Davy and William Nicholson -- the era's leading electrical researchers -- were friends of her father. In 1816, at age 19, she spent the summer in Geneva, Switzerland with Lord Byron and her future husband, Percy Shelley. The season was cold and rainy, and they spent many evenings around the fire, reading German ghost stories and discussing electricity's potential to reanimate corpses.

Links and Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_battery

http://www.stufftoblowyourmind.com/blog/electric-eels-power-car/

http://askanaturalist.com/how-do-electric-eels-generate-electricity/

http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2008/10/22/2398277.htm

http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/when_was_the_battery_invented

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alessandro_Volta#See_also

http://www.insidescience.org/content/science-made-frankenstein/1116

Pics courtesy: w1tp.com and bioexpedition.com

Since Volta's birthday popped up on my Google page.

#science #battery #eel  ___

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2015-02-15 07:46:34 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Beautiful work by +Charles Strebor. Love the gold leaf effect!

Fractal with Frax: Wigglelicious
Get it spinning

If you have Frax installed on your device(s) and would like to load this image, you can do so on the link below.

#Frax #Fractals #Maths #Shapes ___Beautiful work by +Charles Strebor. Love the gold leaf effect!

posted image

2015-02-14 12:11:40 (11 comments, 10 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

War Games : The new Captains show better discipline in managing their formations as Dranke gets a handle on his new responsibilities in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 30th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

Here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrsmore »

War Games : The new Captains show better discipline in managing their formations as Dranke gets a handle on his new responsibilities in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 30th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

Here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D
Part 28: http://goo.gl/RNuKtL
Part 29: http://goo.gl/dqdIYG
Part 30: http://goo.gl/0YHzlY

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#sciencefiction #saturdayscenes #scifi  ___

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2015-02-08 05:58:06 (39 comments, 29 reshares, 100 +1s)Open 

Shocking discovery : Well not really. I just couldn't resist the headline. Scientists have found bacteria which can live off poisonous heavy metals. The net effect is that some bacteria deposit electrons on the heavy metal, in some other cases, bacteria do the reverse. The result is that the bacteria are actually eating and breathing electricity. While this is not breaking news of any sort, its fascinating by itself.

Bacteria grow wire-like probes : The bacterium grows special wires out of its membrane that transport electrons from inside the cell and deposit them on the heavy metal. Maganese oxide works, but so do other heavy metals like lead. Other discoveries revealed bacteria that are doing the reverse—they scavenge electrons from metal and minerals. The electron exchange completes that circuit. The result is life that eats and breathes electricity. Still, it gets weirder.O... more »

Shocking discovery : Well not really. I just couldn't resist the headline. Scientists have found bacteria which can live off poisonous heavy metals. The net effect is that some bacteria deposit electrons on the heavy metal, in some other cases, bacteria do the reverse. The result is that the bacteria are actually eating and breathing electricity. While this is not breaking news of any sort, its fascinating by itself.

Bacteria grow wire-like probes : The bacterium grows special wires out of its membrane that transport electrons from inside the cell and deposit them on the heavy metal. Maganese oxide works, but so do other heavy metals like lead. Other discoveries revealed bacteria that are doing the reverse—they scavenge electrons from metal and minerals. The electron exchange completes that circuit. The result is life that eats and breathes electricity. Still, it gets weirder. One of Nealson’s graduate students, Annette Rowe, has found six new bacterial strains dredged from the ocean floor that don’t need a source of carbon at all, reports Powell. They can live off of electricity alone.

Mechanism : Unlike any other living thing on Earth, electric bacteria use energy in its purest form. Experiments growing bacteria on battery electrodes demonstrate that these novel, mind-boggling forms of life are essentially eating and excreting electricity. That should not come as a complete surprise, says Kenneth Nealson at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. We know that life, when you boil it right down, is a flow of electrons: "You eat sugars that have excess electrons, and you breathe in oxygen that willingly takes them." Our cells break down the sugars, and the electrons flow through them in a complex set of chemical reactions until they are passed on to electron-hungry oxygen.

'Eating' Electricity : Nealson's team is one of a handful that is now growing these bacteria directly on electrodes, keeping them alive with electricity and nothing else – neither sugars nor any other kind of nutrient. The highly dangerous equivalent in humans, he says, would be for us to power up by shoving our fingers in a DC electrical socket.

One step closer to a fuel cell? : Researchers would later use the bacteria to construct a microbial "fuel cell" in which bacteria handed off electrons not to rust, but to an electrode that could harvest this current. If some microbes could generate the energy they needed by moving electrons outside their cells, Girguis and colleagues wondered, could others do the same by taking electrons in? "That question brought us back to iron," he said. "The microbes that are the focus of this paper are the mirror image of the ones that eat rust. Instead of using iron oxide to breathe, they actually make iron oxides from free iron."

References, sources and links

http://www.popsci.com/have-we-found-alien-life

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/microbes-breathe-and-eat-electricity-make-us-re-think-what-life-180953883/?no-ist

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn25894-meet-the-electric-life-forms-that-live-on-pure-energy.html#.VNb5KS4wBIz

Related paper : http://mbio.asm.org/content/4/1/e00420-12

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140310144000.htm

Additional paper: http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140226/ncomms4391/full/ncomms4391.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microbial_fuel_cell

#science #fuelcell #bacteria  ___

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2015-02-06 16:49:09 (20 comments, 6 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Formation : Both captains and the Admiral have to learn together as preparations and training maneuvers are afoot  in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 29th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part13... more »

Formation : Both captains and the Admiral have to learn together as preparations and training maneuvers are afoot  in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 29th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D
Part 28: http://goo.gl/RNuKtL
Part 29: http://goo.gl/dqdIYG

Notifying select people who have opted in. If you wish to be notified, let me know in the comments. If you wish to stop notifications, let me know.

#sciencefiction #saturdayscenes #scifi  ___

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2015-02-02 07:30:34 (60 comments, 38 reshares, 129 +1s)Open 

Coldest city on Earth : If you thought you had it bad, Oymyakon (which literally means 'unfrozen water') in Siberia, is a bone-chilling minus 71.2  C (minus 96.16 F) at its lowest temperature. The high of -40F in January is quite seasonable for this place. The closest city of Yakutsk is surprisingly wealthy with an abundance of natural resources (diamonds, oil and gas). Amos Chapelle gives us a view into life in this frigid environment - “I remember feeling like the cold was physically gripping my legs, the other surprise was that occasionally my saliva would freeze into needles that would prick my lips."

The coldest place on Earth? Russian Vostok Research Station in East Antarctica. Read on....

Cool facts : Yakutsk is an economically vibrant place but it's extremely remote. There is a small airport but no railway, and the town boasts but one majorroa... more »

Coldest city on Earth : If you thought you had it bad, Oymyakon (which literally means 'unfrozen water') in Siberia, is a bone-chilling minus 71.2  C (minus 96.16 F) at its lowest temperature. The high of -40F in January is quite seasonable for this place. The closest city of Yakutsk is surprisingly wealthy with an abundance of natural resources (diamonds, oil and gas). Amos Chapelle gives us a view into life in this frigid environment - “I remember feeling like the cold was physically gripping my legs, the other surprise was that occasionally my saliva would freeze into needles that would prick my lips."

The coldest place on Earth? Russian Vostok Research Station in East Antarctica. Read on....

Cool facts : Yakutsk is an economically vibrant place but it's extremely remote. There is a small airport but no railway, and the town boasts but one major road leading in and out of it. Known as the "Road of Bones," it was built by gulag inmates under Stalin's regime.

Schools don't close unless the temperatures fall below minus 58 degrees Fahrenheit. Farmers bring their cows to the village's watering hole—a "thermal" spring that stays a few degrees above freezing—then lead them back to their insulated stables.

Wearing glasses outdoors can cause them to stick to the wearer’s face. This is just one of the more menial problems of the extremely cold weather.

Bathrooms are mostly outdoors, because indoor plumbing presents a challenge due to frozen pipes. Residents have cars, but must leave them running outside, sometimes overnight, so the mechanics don't freeze up. Even so, sometimes more extreme measures are necessary. "A guy I was staying with left his car running all night, but even so, in the morning, the drive shaft was completely frozen. Without any ceremony, he pulled out a little flamethrower, went under the truck and started fanning the bottom of his truck with a flamethrower."

Expensive city : Emergency fuel shipments to Siberian cities cost Russia an estimated $500 million per year. According to Clifford Gaddy, it would be less expensive for the country to simply fly laborers into Siberia to extract the natural resources and then fly them out again instead of paying to keep Siberian cities functioning.

References and sources

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/photos-coldest-city-earth-180953888/?no-ist

http://www.wired.com/2015/01/amos-chapple-the-coldest-place-on-earth/#slide-id-1700585

http://www.weather.com/travel/news/breathtaking-photos-coldest-city-world-20140128

http://www.slate.com/blogs/atlas_obscura/2014/01/31/yakutsk_siberia_surviving_winter_in_the_world_s_coldest_city.html

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2013/09dec_coldspot/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lowest_temperature_recorded_on_Earth

Pic courtesy: Smithsonianmag

#cold #facts  ___

posted image

2015-01-31 17:01:48 (18 comments, 9 reshares, 60 +1s)Open 

A Star is born : The simplest of questions often takes us down some fabulous paths. How is a star created? It seemed so basic - well dust gets together in a supernova, they coalesce and gravity pulls it all together. If there is enough matter, it gets superdense and fusion is sparked off. Well that is the basic understanding. Fascinating how simple concepts make it possible for us to live. Or is it as simple as we are making it out to be?

Protostars : The core of the cloud collapses faster than the outer parts, and the cloud begins to rotate faster and faster to conserve angular momentum. When the core reaches a temperature of about 2,000 degrees Kelvin, the molecules of hydrogen gas break apart into hydrogen atoms. Eventually the core reaches a temperature of 10,000 degrees Kelvin, and it begins to look like a star when fusion reactions begin. When it has collapsed to about 30... more »

A Star is born : The simplest of questions often takes us down some fabulous paths. How is a star created? It seemed so basic - well dust gets together in a supernova, they coalesce and gravity pulls it all together. If there is enough matter, it gets superdense and fusion is sparked off. Well that is the basic understanding. Fascinating how simple concepts make it possible for us to live. Or is it as simple as we are making it out to be?

Protostars : The core of the cloud collapses faster than the outer parts, and the cloud begins to rotate faster and faster to conserve angular momentum. When the core reaches a temperature of about 2,000 degrees Kelvin, the molecules of hydrogen gas break apart into hydrogen atoms. Eventually the core reaches a temperature of 10,000 degrees Kelvin, and it begins to look like a star when fusion reactions begin. When it has collapsed to about 30 times the size of our sun, it becomes a protostar.

Equiblirum : When the pressure and temperature in the core become great enough to sustain nuclear fusion, the outward pressure acts against the gravitational force. At this stage the core is about the size of our sun. The remaining dust envelope surrounding the star heats up and glows brightly in the infrared part of the spectrum. At this point the visible light from the new star cannot penetrate the envelope. Eventually, radiation pressure from the star blows away the envelope and the new star begins its evolution. The properties and lifetime of the new star depend on the amount of gas that remains trapped. A star like our sun has a lifetime of about 10 billion years and is just middle-aged, with another five billion years or so left.

Webb science : Groups of stars make up galaxies, while planets and ultimately life arise around stars.  Although stars have been the main topic of astronomy for thousands of years, we have begun to understand them in detail only in recent times through the advent of powerful telescopes and computers. A hundred years ago, scientists did not know that stars are powered by nuclear fusion, and 50 years ago they did not know that stars are continually forming in the Universe.  Researchers still do not know the details of how clouds of gas and dust collapse to form stars, or why most stars form in groups, or exactly how planetary systems form.

Powerhouse : At present, the only way we have of initiating hydrogen fusion is to use nuclear fission: the so-called "hydrogen" bomb uses the explosion of a plutonium bomb to (very briefly) ignite uncontrolled fusion of the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium.  We cannot control fusion, although much research on the subject has been conducted over the past 40 years.  The Sun dodges these problems and fuses hydrogen via its sheer, overwhelming bulk.  The pressure at its center squeezes the gas there to fourteen times the density of lead.  The temperature is 15 million K°.

H/t to +Cyndi S. Jameson for pointing me in this direction.

Sources and references:

Northwestern : http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~infocom/The%20Website/birth.html

BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/ocr_gateway_pre_2011/living_future/8_big_bang1.shtml

Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-is-a-star-born/

ESA: http://www.esa.int/esaKIDSen/SEMY06WJD1E_OurUniverse_0.html

NASA (James Webb) : http://jwst.nasa.gov/birth.html

#science #scienceeveryday #stars  ___

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2015-01-31 09:28:54 (15 comments, 16 reshares, 58 +1s)Open 

Pandemonium : Admiral Dranke takes on his new responsibilities in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 28th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14:h... more »

Pandemonium : Admiral Dranke takes on his new responsibilities in this installment of the story of Mission Impossible. Keep reading to know more!

Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 28th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D
Part 28: http://goo.gl/RNuKtL

Notifying select people who have opted in. If you wish to be notified, let me know in the comments. If you wish to stop notifications, let me know.

#sciencefiction #saturdayscenes #scifi  ___

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2015-01-24 05:48:19 (22 comments, 16 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

Moving On :  Events move apace as Dranke meets his old command officer and everything seems to be changing. Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 27th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX... more »

Moving On :  Events move apace as Dranke meets his old command officer and everything seems to be changing. Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 27th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D

Mission impossible is a science fiction series set in the distant future. Notifying select people who have opted in.

#saturdayscenes #scifi___

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2015-01-19 09:49:02 (35 comments, 50 reshares, 146 +1s)Open 

Animal doctors : No really. This is not a post about vets. This is about how animals self-medicate.... including parrots, dogs, cats, chimps, elephants and a host of other creatures. There is even a word for it. Zoopharmacognosy is derived from zoo which means animal, pharma  which stands for drug and gnosy, which means knowing. Next time you see your dog or cat eating grass, you know it's a part of their self-medication regime.

Neighbourhood pharmacy : Bears, deer, elk, and various carnivores, as well as great apes, are known to consume medicinal plants apparently to self-medicate. Some lizards are believed to respond to a bite by a venomous snake by eating a certain root to counter the venom. Baboons in Ethiopia eat the leaves of a plant to combat the flatworms that cause schistosomiasis.

More widespread than one would assume : Birds, bees, lizards,... more »

Animal doctors : No really. This is not a post about vets. This is about how animals self-medicate.... including parrots, dogs, cats, chimps, elephants and a host of other creatures. There is even a word for it. Zoopharmacognosy is derived from zoo which means animal, pharma  which stands for drug and gnosy, which means knowing. Next time you see your dog or cat eating grass, you know it's a part of their self-medication regime.

Neighbourhood pharmacy : Bears, deer, elk, and various carnivores, as well as great apes, are known to consume medicinal plants apparently to self-medicate. Some lizards are believed to respond to a bite by a venomous snake by eating a certain root to counter the venom. Baboons in Ethiopia eat the leaves of a plant to combat the flatworms that cause schistosomiasis.

More widespread than one would assume : Birds, bees, lizards, elephants, and chimpanzees all share a survival trait: They self-medicate. These animals eat things that make them feel better, or prevent disease, or kill parasites like flatworms, bacteria, and viruses, or just to aid in digestion. Even creatures with brains the size of pinheads somehow know to ingest certain plants or use them in unusual ways when they need them. Anyone who has seen a dog eat grass during a walk has witnessed self-medication. The dog probably has an upset stomach or a parasite.

Cats may be eating grass for nutrients : In particular, a nutrient that grass provides for cats is folic acid. This is a vital precursor for your cat's ability to synthesize hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is what supplies your cat's organs with oxygen. We all know oxygen is pretty important.

Other examples : Red and green macaws, along with many animals, eat clay to aid digestion and kill bacteria. Pregnant lemurs in Madagascar nibble on tamarind and fig leaves and bark to aid in milk production, kill parasites, and increase the chances of a successful birth. Pregnant elephants in Kenya eat the leaves of some trees to induce delivery.

How does one determine if an animal is self-medicating? : Huffman established widely used criteria for judging when an animal is self-medicating. First, the plant eaten cannot be a regular part of the animal’s diet; it is used as medicine not food. Second, the plant must provide little or no nutritional value to the animal. Third, the plant must be consumed during those times of year—for example, the rainy season—when parasites are most likely to cause infections. Fourth, other animals in the group don’t participate. If the activity meets these standards, it is safe to assume the animal is self-medicating, Huffman says. Researchers have observed the practice in 25 regions involving 40 different plants.

Learned behavior? : The obvious question is how do the animals—some of them not noted for intelligence—learn to do this? How did sparrows and finches learn to collect nicotine-heavy cigarette butts to reduce mite infections in their nests? How do honey bees and wood ants know to line their nests with resin to combat bacteria? We don't know for sure, but there is a strong hypothesis.

Article Link: http://www.pnas.org/content/111/49/17339.full

News article: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2868348/Do-animals-SELF-MEDICATE-Dogs-elephants-chimps-parrots-use-natural-remedies-treat-digestive-problems-induce-birth.html

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoopharmacognosy#Mammals_2

Pic courtesy: http://www.baxterboo.com/fun/a.cfm/why-does-my-pet-eat-grass

Related TED event: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNn7b5VHowM

Research paper: Huffman M. (1997) Current evidence for self-medication in primates: A multidisciplinary perspective. Yearb Phys Anthropol 104(suppl 25):171–200.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2015-01-18 09:32:37 (8 comments, 6 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

Underwater drones : While there are still many challenges in having an autonomous Underwater Drone (UUV), the one in the video is opensource and is not much bigger than a small toaster. Why is it importation to have UUVs? We have not really explored the sea bed, in fact, the seabed is the most unexplored area on our planet. H/t to +Gary Ray R for reminding me of UUVs.

OpenROV : OpenROV is a submarine-like robot that you control with your laptop. It gives scientists, explorers and other users a glimpse of what lies below the surface, without them getting wet. "ROV stands for remotely operated vehicle" Stackpole said. "It's got a video camera on it, so you can see what it sees live. So I can put this in the water, fly it around and see what it sees."

We have all heard of the Bluefin-21 : The Bluefin was used to search for the blackbox of... more »

Underwater drones : While there are still many challenges in having an autonomous Underwater Drone (UUV), the one in the video is opensource and is not much bigger than a small toaster. Why is it importation to have UUVs? We have not really explored the sea bed, in fact, the seabed is the most unexplored area on our planet. H/t to +Gary Ray R for reminding me of UUVs.

OpenROV : OpenROV is a submarine-like robot that you control with your laptop. It gives scientists, explorers and other users a glimpse of what lies below the surface, without them getting wet. "ROV stands for remotely operated vehicle" Stackpole said. "It's got a video camera on it, so you can see what it sees live. So I can put this in the water, fly it around and see what it sees."

We have all heard of the Bluefin-21 : The Bluefin was used to search for the blackbox of flight MH370. But the cost of prohibitive. The OpenROV sells for $849. It's not what everyone would call cheap, but you don't need a grant to get your hands on one. This affordability is how Stackpole and Lang hope to bring OpenROV to the masses, turning average people into Cousteau-like undersea adventurers. There are over 500 OpenROVs in use now around the globe. Even though the project is growing, Stackpole and Lang are sticking with their do-it-yourself ethos. The OpenROVs are an open-source project, meaning that anyone can hack them to create new features or uses for the devices. Lang and Stackpole sell the ROVs as kits, and customers put them together themselves.

The Hydroview : Controlled wirelessly (well, almost) via an iOS device or laptop, the HydroView submersible can dive 150 feet underwater at speeds of up to five knots while transmitting live feedback in full 1080p HD video, according to the Aquabotix press release. Although the company touts the bot as a "wireless iPad-controlled underwater vehicle," fact enthusiasts might be quick to point out the "wireless" connection is actually capable only between the iPad and the HydroView's "top-side box," which is then connected to the craft by a cable tether.

Autonomous UUVs : Truly autonomous UAVS and UUVs aren't quite ready for duty, but they are a big part of the Navy's plan for the future. "While admittedly futuristic in vision, one can conceive of scenarios where UUVs sense, track, identify, target and destroy an enemy--all autonomously--and tie in with the full net-centric battlespace."


Article Link: http://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/06/tech/innovation/underwater-drones/

Aquabotix Hydroview: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/04/aquabotix-hydroview-ipad-controlled-submarine-hd-video_n_1568859.html?ir=India

Autonomous UUVs: http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/military/navy-ships/4294104

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_underwater_vehicle

http://www.openrov.com/

#science #scienceeveryday #applied  ___

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2015-01-16 09:12:43 (34 comments, 130 reshares, 243 +1s)Open 

Geeking out : This is too cool to ignore. I usually stick to the science, but this one is here just for the fun of it. Seriously. See the full video here -  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0u7CWB40ezM#t=285 (it's totally worth it).

Article extract: Back in November, drone enthusiasts built a modified quadcopter they call the "Heli-Carrier" that was modeled after the giant aircraft that SHIELD flies in the Marvel movies, and showed that one small drone could take off from another. In this new video, the homebuilt helicarrier stays aloft longer and launches miniature jets. It's all a drone enthusiast's dreams. Maybe next time out they can land a helicarrier on a helicarrier.

From Hackaday : If you’re not familiar, the Helicarrier is a fictional ship, the pride of S.H.I.E.L.D’s air force, or is it their navy. It’s a massive aircraft carrier with fourhuge r... more »

Geeking out : This is too cool to ignore. I usually stick to the science, but this one is here just for the fun of it. Seriously. See the full video here -  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0u7CWB40ezM#t=285 (it's totally worth it).

Article extract: Back in November, drone enthusiasts built a modified quadcopter they call the "Heli-Carrier" that was modeled after the giant aircraft that SHIELD flies in the Marvel movies, and showed that one small drone could take off from another. In this new video, the homebuilt helicarrier stays aloft longer and launches miniature jets. It's all a drone enthusiast's dreams. Maybe next time out they can land a helicarrier on a helicarrier.

From Hackaday : If you’re not familiar, the Helicarrier is a fictional ship, the pride of S.H.I.E.L.D’s air force, or is it their navy. It’s a massive aircraft carrier with four huge repulsor engines built into it, borrowing tech from Stark Industries. The shear size of it is what makes it completely ridiculous, but at the same time, it’s also unbelievably awesome. Unfortunately, repulsor technology doesn’t seem to exist yet, so the FliteTest crew had to settle with a set of 8 brushless outrunner motors, with two per “engine”. The whole thing is almost 6′ long. It doesn’t handle that well (not surprising!) but they were able to launch another RC  plane off of it, mid-flight! Landing however… well you’ll have to watch the video.

Sources

http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/gadgets/tech-news/video-flitetest-helicarrier-marvel-shield-17635604?click=pm_latest

http://hackaday.com/2015/01/13/lego-avengers-assemble-to-the-helicarrier/

http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2015/01/taking-off-and-landing-on-the-avengers-helicarrier-drone-looks-so-fun/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicarrier

#Helicarrier #geek #lego  ___

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2015-01-14 20:07:24 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Happy 23+++ to the degree which the log takes you +Charles Strebor ! Have a great one.

 I make crazy pics. Usually really blurry and its hard to think what it could have been. But then I've not used any filters or manipulated it. Other than my alien brain. 

#happybirthday  

Happy 23+++ to the degree which the log takes you +Charles Strebor ! Have a great one.

 I make crazy pics. Usually really blurry and its hard to think what it could have been. But then I've not used any filters or manipulated it. Other than my alien brain. 

#happybirthday  ___

posted image

2015-01-10 07:52:08 (20 comments, 7 reshares, 57 +1s)Open 

Remember the 'Happy People Vertical Transporters in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy ? : This is not really the same, but ThyssenKrupp is working on bringing ropeless elevators (Called 'Multi') which uses Maglev and can use multiple elevators in the same shaft, saves space and can go both up-down and sideways. It actually solves a lot of problems architects and designers are faced with. Read on to know more....

Why is this amazing? : The system has been compared to how modern underground train networks operate, with multiple elevator cabins running in a loop. As there are no cables the elevators can go forwards, backwards, up and down. The new elevator system could allow architects to create more innovative buildings. "If you did a cross-section cut of a high-rise building, 40 to 60 percent is going to be consumed by elevator space."... more »

Remember the 'Happy People Vertical Transporters in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy ? : This is not really the same, but ThyssenKrupp is working on bringing ropeless elevators (Called 'Multi') which uses Maglev and can use multiple elevators in the same shaft, saves space and can go both up-down and sideways. It actually solves a lot of problems architects and designers are faced with. Read on to know more....

Why is this amazing? : The system has been compared to how modern underground train networks operate, with multiple elevator cabins running in a loop. As there are no cables the elevators can go forwards, backwards, up and down. The new elevator system could allow architects to create more innovative buildings. "If you did a cross-section cut of a high-rise building, 40 to 60 percent is going to be consumed by elevator space." “This opens up vast possibilities in building design,” Patrick Bass, CEO of ThyssenKrupp North America, Inc., tells Popular Science. “We now can enable buildings as tall or as high as they can go, and we also now enable different shapes and configurations of the space within buildings.”

The issue with building height and rope weight : In addition, current elevators can only go so far in terms distance. Once an elevator gets longer than about 2,000 feet, the steel ropes are too heavy to lift the car. In the world’s tallest building, the 2,722-foot tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the ground elevators only go as high as 1,654 feet. To gain access to the top floor, people must transfer to a second set of elevators located at the top of the building.  (See earlier post on Ultrarope by Kone here - http://goo.gl/3xmxcZ )

Sideways for large buildings : Julian Olley, director at Ove Arup & Partners Ltd., is intrigued by the possibility. “It could be advantageous for people to go sideways, like in the new Apple building, where it’s not high, but it’s half a kilometer round — a huge donut building. Whether that would ever be commercially viable is up for interpretation.”

Article link: http://www.popsci.com/ground-breaking-elevator-design-allows-both-horizontal-and-vertical-cars

Wired link: http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2014-12/02/thyssenkrupp-wonkavator

ThyssenKrupp website: http://www.thyssenkrupp.com/en/presse/art_detail.html&eid=TKBase_1417074157421_1378444349___

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2015-01-08 09:25:02 (63 comments, 26 reshares, 94 +1s)Open 

Coldest temperatures in the Universe - What happens at absolute zero? : If one looks at classical physics, an atom of Oxygen gas zooms around at approximately a thousand miles an hour. That is quite fast. The theory is that as we lower the temperature in a closed system, the gas would become a solid and closer to absolute zero, the atoms would stop moving altogether. The electrons orbiting the nucleus would stop dead in their tracks. Why? The energy levels would be zero. However, in reality this does not happen. Physics does not break down. And neither does chemistry. Why is this?

At absolute zero : If you were able to measure the individual molecules, you'd find something surprising: they're still vibrating and rotating, but just by a tiny, tiny amount — quantum uncertainty at work. To make things concrete, if you were to measure the rotation of a Carbon Dioxide moleculea... more »

Coldest temperatures in the Universe - What happens at absolute zero? : If one looks at classical physics, an atom of Oxygen gas zooms around at approximately a thousand miles an hour. That is quite fast. The theory is that as we lower the temperature in a closed system, the gas would become a solid and closer to absolute zero, the atoms would stop moving altogether. The electrons orbiting the nucleus would stop dead in their tracks. Why? The energy levels would be zero. However, in reality this does not happen. Physics does not break down. And neither does chemistry. Why is this?

At absolute zero : If you were able to measure the individual molecules, you'd find something surprising: they're still vibrating and rotating, but just by a tiny, tiny amount — quantum uncertainty at work. To make things concrete, if you were to measure the rotation of a Carbon Dioxide molecule at absolute zero, for instance, you'd still find that the oxygen atoms are flying around the carbon at a few miles per hour — probably faster than you would have guessed.

How low can you go? : Getting down to absolute zero has essentially the identical problem with getting up to the speed of light. Getting to the speed of light requires an infinite amount of work, while getting down to absolute zero requires extracting an infinite amount of heat. Just to make it clear, both of these are impossible. Practically, the work needed to remove heat from a gas increases the colder you get, and an infinite amount of work would be needed to cool something to absolute zero. In quantum terms, you can blame Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, which says the more precisely we know a particle's speed, the less we know about its position, and vice versa. If you know your atoms are inside your experiment, there must be some uncertainty in their momentum keeping them above absolute zero – unless your experiment is the size of the whole universe.

Negative temperatures below absolute zero? : Familiar ideas of temperature work pretty well for most solids, liquids, and gases, and conform to the general expectation that it should always be greater than absolute zero. What are we to make of a recent claim by a group of German researchers that they have created an experimental system where negative (as in below absolute zero) temperatures can actually be observed and measured? Unfortunately 'negative temperature needs to be defined in terms of entropy... Entropy is a convenient mathematical construct which indicates that if heat is added to a system, the atoms become less ordered. In other words, they have more states, or shall we say, options, available to them. All a negative absolute temperature really means is that with the addition of heat, instead of becoming more random, atoms become more ordered. This can occur, for example, if the number of high energy spots available is limited, and therefore likely to be quickly filled.

References and Source materials

Colder than absolute zero: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/01/130104143516.htm

Further reading: http://www.nature.com/news/quantum-gas-goes-below-absolute-zero-1.12146

What happens below absolute zero?: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/144767-negative-temperature-understanding-what-happens-below-absolute-zero

Research paper: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/327/5967/853

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18541-what-happens-at-absolute-zero.html#.VK5DtXswBNE

http://io9.com/5889074/why-cant-we-get-down-to-absolute-zero

Ask an expert: http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae380.cfm

Coolest spot in the Universe: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/releases/97/coldspot.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_zero

http://www.science20.com/the_conversation/the_journey_to_the_other_side_of_absolute_zero-151864

Pics courtesy: i09, BBC Science, Science20.com

#science #scienceeveryday #absolutezero  ___

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2015-01-07 07:54:45 (17 comments, 17 reshares, 63 +1s)Open 

Surprise attack :  Dranke and his crew have to take a detour to search for the missing darkmatter starcraft and it's crew and Captain Niket. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17:ht... more »

Surprise attack :  Dranke and his crew have to take a detour to search for the missing darkmatter starcraft and it's crew and Captain Niket. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications. Want to receive notifications? Let me know. If you wish to stop receiving notifications, let me know too!

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2015-01-05 15:49:22 (48 comments, 25 reshares, 117 +1s)Open 

Pink was for boys and blue was for girls : At least before the modern obsession of going the other way. It kind of proves that the color palette we expect for boys and girls is based on societal pressures. At least now we know better!

Roosevelt : Little Franklin Delano Roosevelt sits primly on a stool, his white skirt spread smoothly over his lap, his hands clasping a hat trimmed with a marabou feather. Shoulder-length hair and patent leather party shoes complete the ensemble. Social convention of 1884, when FDR was photographed at 30 months, dictated that boys wore dresses until age 6 or 7, also the time of their first haircut. Franklin’s outfit was considered gender-neutral.

How conventions came to be : Why have young children’s clothing styles changed so dramatically? How did we end up with two “teams”—boys in blue and girls in pink? "It’sreally a st... more »

Pink was for boys and blue was for girls : At least before the modern obsession of going the other way. It kind of proves that the color palette we expect for boys and girls is based on societal pressures. At least now we know better!

Roosevelt : Little Franklin Delano Roosevelt sits primly on a stool, his white skirt spread smoothly over his lap, his hands clasping a hat trimmed with a marabou feather. Shoulder-length hair and patent leather party shoes complete the ensemble. Social convention of 1884, when FDR was photographed at 30 months, dictated that boys wore dresses until age 6 or 7, also the time of their first haircut. Franklin’s outfit was considered gender-neutral.

How conventions came to be : Why have young children’s clothing styles changed so dramatically? How did we end up with two “teams”—boys in blue and girls in pink? "It’s really a story of what happened to neutral clothing,” says Paoletti, who has explored the meaning of children’s clothing for 30 years. For centuries, she says, children wore dainty white dresses up to age 6. “What was once a matter of practicality—you dress your baby in white dresses and diapers; white cotton can be bleached—became a matter of ‘Oh my God, if I dress my baby in the wrong thing, they’ll grow up perverted,’ ” Paoletti says.

Pink for boys - since it is a stronger color : a June 1918 article from the trade publication Earnshaw's Infants' Department said, “The generally accepted rule is pink for the boys, and blue for the girls. The reason is that pink, being a more decided and stronger color, is more suitable for the boy, while blue, which is more delicate and dainty, is prettier for the girl.”

It all changed in 1985 : Prenatal testing was a big reason for the change. Expectant parents learned the sex of their unborn baby and then went shopping for “girl” or “boy” merchandise. (“The more you individualize clothing, the more you can sell,” Paoletti says.) The pink fad spread from sleepers and crib sheets to big-ticket items such as strollers, car seats and riding toys. Affluent parents could conceivably decorate for baby No. 1, a girl, and start all over when the next child was a boy.

Gendered roles : “One of the ways women thought that girls were kind of lured into subservient roles as women is through clothing,” says Paoletti. “ ‘If we dress our girls more like boys and less like frilly little girls . . . they are going to have more options and feel freer to be active.’ ”

Article link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/when-did-girls-start-wearing-pink-1370097/?no-ist=&preview=&page=1

Pink v/s Blue gender myth: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20141117-the-pink-vs-blue-gender-myth

Related paper: http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1128775?sid=21105563133553&uid=3738256&uid=4&uid=2

Reversing the trend: http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/campaign-encourages-boys-feel-free-wear-pink-article-1.1878916

Gender stereotypes: http://www.babble.com/mom/is-it-okay-for-boys-to-wear-pink-kids-dads-discuss-the-color-gender-stereotypes-video/

Pic courtesy: http://klaw.com/pink-is-for-boys-and-blue-is-for-girls-new-study-shows-video/

#science #society #gender  ___

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2015-01-02 16:19:32 (20 comments, 38 reshares, 114 +1s)Open 

Virus and bacteria : This is something humans have been grappling for years. Since the beginning of life, cells of all living creatures have been in a pitched battle against bacteria and viruses. But not all bacteria and viruses are the same. Read on to know more...

Antibiotics are limited : Antibiotics have been used for three quarters of a century to treat bacterial infections. Evolution is real. And so bacteria have evolved resistance to the antibiotics we use to kill them. We then invented new antibiotics, in response the bacteria evolved again — and the cycle repeats. The problem is that we are already running out of new antibiotics, but bacteria won't run out of evolution.

Enter bacteriophages : It turns out that there is a living creature that kills bacteria — a virus called a bacteriophage. The name literally means 'bacteria eater'. In the192... more »

Virus and bacteria : This is something humans have been grappling for years. Since the beginning of life, cells of all living creatures have been in a pitched battle against bacteria and viruses. But not all bacteria and viruses are the same. Read on to know more...

Antibiotics are limited : Antibiotics have been used for three quarters of a century to treat bacterial infections. Evolution is real. And so bacteria have evolved resistance to the antibiotics we use to kill them. We then invented new antibiotics, in response the bacteria evolved again — and the cycle repeats. The problem is that we are already running out of new antibiotics, but bacteria won't run out of evolution.

Enter bacteriophages : It turns out that there is a living creature that kills bacteria — a virus called a bacteriophage. The name literally means 'bacteria eater'. In the 1920s, bacteriophages were used to treat bacterial infections in both the United States, and in Georgia in the Soviet Union. Nothing else worked - antibiotics had not yet been invented. Bacteriophages were developed and used in Georgia until the present day. But in the West they were abandoned  after the introduction of antibiotics. Antibiotics were cheap, easy to make, store and prescribe. On the other hand, bacteriophages had to be individually blended, on demand. Furthermore, antibiotics could attack a whole range of different bacteria, while bacteriophages would work only against very specific bacteria. If you wanted to kill a different bacterium, you needed to use a different bacteriophage.

Bacteria eaters : Your typical bacteriophage virus looks a bit like a moon lander - a tall skinny body on top of a bunch of spindly legs. The bacteriophage lands on a bacterium, legs down. The legs then bend and the body of the bacteriophage makes contact with the much larger body of the bacterium. The tail of the bacteriophage then penetrates into the bacterium and injects some of its genetic DNA. The bacteriophage DNA then forces the host bacterium to start making more bacteriophages — sometimes within 15 minutes. Bacteriophage viruses are so potent that they kill about half the bacteria on Earth every two days.

Guided missiles : Each type of bacteriophage has evolved to attack only a very limited range of bacteria. But this turns out to have advantages.

If you take an antibiotic to treat an ear infection, it will also accidentally kill many of the essential and friendly bacteria that live in your gut. Bacteriophage therapy will leave these friendly bacteria alone. Bacteriophages are more like a guided missile than a nuclear bomb.

References and Sources

Main article: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/11/18/4130318.htm#artComments

More about viruses: http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/0/21143412

Beware of  Pseudoscience (scienceblogs) : http://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2014/08/07/beware-genetically-engineered-t4-bacteriophage-nanobots/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteriophage

Related Nanoparticle article: http://www.azonano.com/news.aspx?newsID=14121


Pic courtesy: abc science.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-31 15:24:10 (38 comments, 22 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

Freaky looking robotic arm / snake : Wish you all a happy New Year, may 2015 be better than the 2014 we have had. In the meantime, take a look at this slithering robotic snake-arm. Called the Series II - X125 system, it has a camera, flashlight, lasers and water jets have also been used as attachments. Don't miss the video.

Earlier generation JetSnake : A previous version of the system, named “JetSnake,” was used on a tunnel boring machine in the port of Miami. Snakebots offer a lot of flexibility, fitting through spaces awkward for larger, more rigid bodies. Previous versions have found work as rescue tools, handlike alternatives, surgery tools, and even as part of a mini-drone-Voltron.

Applications : Childhood fears aside, the technology being demonstrated here is fantastic, and lends itself to some very practical uses. The swappable head can be outfittedwit... more »

Freaky looking robotic arm / snake : Wish you all a happy New Year, may 2015 be better than the 2014 we have had. In the meantime, take a look at this slithering robotic snake-arm. Called the Series II - X125 system, it has a camera, flashlight, lasers and water jets have also been used as attachments. Don't miss the video.

Earlier generation JetSnake : A previous version of the system, named “JetSnake,” was used on a tunnel boring machine in the port of Miami. Snakebots offer a lot of flexibility, fitting through spaces awkward for larger, more rigid bodies. Previous versions have found work as rescue tools, handlike alternatives, surgery tools, and even as part of a mini-drone-Voltron.

Applications : Childhood fears aside, the technology being demonstrated here is fantastic, and lends itself to some very practical uses. The swappable head can be outfitted with a camera for performing visual inspections in dangerous areas, because the robot snake can maneuver around debris or obstacles without touching a single thing. Or you can toss a high-pressure water jet on the end, making this the ultimate remote control auger for dealing with clogs or dirt.

the Specs : The Series II - X125 system delivers a 6kg payload, arm bend of over 225 degrees and a highly flexible tip. The 2.2m arm has passed a series of extended operational tests and been designed for increased reliability and easy maintenance to reduce through life costs.


Sources and References

From OC Robotics: http://www.ocrobotics.com/news/introducing-the-series-2--x125-system/

http://gizmodo.com/watch-this-freaky-robot-arm-move-like-a-snake-hanging-i-1673175770

http://www.popsci.com/eeek-robot-snake

#science #scienceeveryday #robotics  ___

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2014-12-27 17:08:54 (6 comments, 25 reshares, 85 +1s)Open 

Lightning as a power source : Some of the few astonishing facts about lightning is that there are about 100 lightning flashes every second.... that's not all, the power released in a lightning strike is 5 billion joules on an average. But there are issues. One is how does one harness the power of lightning, which happens randomly. The other is how does one step down this intense power to be used by us? It is a fascinating thought, since this is energy for the taking. Harnessing and managing its collection, step down and storage are gigantic headaches. And we don't yet have the engineering to make it happen. Read on....

Out of reach : A single bolt of lightning contains 5 billion joules of energy, enough to power a household for a month. The energy of a thunderstorm equals that of an atom bomb. If we're already generating power from unexpected sources like ocean currents... more »

Lightning as a power source : Some of the few astonishing facts about lightning is that there are about 100 lightning flashes every second.... that's not all, the power released in a lightning strike is 5 billion joules on an average. But there are issues. One is how does one harness the power of lightning, which happens randomly. The other is how does one step down this intense power to be used by us? It is a fascinating thought, since this is energy for the taking. Harnessing and managing its collection, step down and storage are gigantic headaches. And we don't yet have the engineering to make it happen. Read on....

Out of reach : A single bolt of lightning contains 5 billion joules of energy, enough to power a household for a month. The energy of a thunderstorm equals that of an atom bomb. If we're already generating power from unexpected sources like ocean currents in our quest to wean ourselves of polluting- and limited- fossil fuels, why not pull electricity from the air, especially when everyone can see it lighting up the night sky?

Challenges : The logistical problems involved in making it work are significant. First of all, there's the basic fact that thunder storms are sporadic and lighting strikes random; considering that energy demands are steady, dependable energy sources are preferable. Second, it's not so easy to capture energy delivered in one enormous blast in a split second. It has to be stored and converted to an alternating current, without blowing out the collection system in a single large strike.

Newer research : According to researchers at the University of Arizona and University of Central Florida, high-power lasers can be used to redirect the flow of lightning. As a general rule, lightning follows the path of least resistance (impedance) to the ground. A big metal rod, with wires running into the ground, has much lower resistance than air (which has very high electrical resistance) — and so the lightning chooses the rod. High-power lasers also don’t like to travel through air — but, when they do, they strip away electrons, leaving a wake of highly conductive ionized plasma. Lightning loves travelling through plasma. But this is limited due to the 'blooming' effect of lasers and maintaining a beam. To create a long enough channel of plasma — from the ground to the top of a building — the researchers had to devise a new method of beaming high-power lasers through air. The technical name of this method is called “externally refuelled optical filaments

Southampton University experiments : But can we harness electricity from lighning? There are several reasons why the current answer is probably no — safety, for starters — but some lightning scientists in the UK demonstrated that someday, the answer could be maybe. Nokia approached Neil Palmer, who directs Southampton University’s Tony Davies High Voltage Laboratory, to research harnessing lightning to charge a phone. “We wanted to look at whether we could harvest enough power to charge a Lumia 925 after the energy had moved through the air." Palmer set up a transformer providing an alternating current, and 200,000 volts of electricity sparked across about a foot (300 mm) of empty space. The signal was stepped down in a second controlling transformer, and connected to the phone. It worked: the phone charged up, and nothing fried. The lack of damage to the phone was the biggest surprise. "The Lumia 925 still worked perfectly, and is still working as good as new," Palmer says.

Sources and References

Off topic but related to how lasers can be stabilized : http://goo.gl/3HPftL

Earlier post on volcanic lightning: http://goo.gl/176gCb

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/harvest-energy-lightning.htm

https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=2742

http://tamutimes.tamu.edu/2014/06/18/power-of-lightning-can-rival-an-atom-bomb/#.VJ7ezv9gBo

http://www.dvice.com/2013-10-11/could-we-ever-harness-energy-lightning

http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/harnessing-the-power-of-lightn/18845801

http://phys.org/news/2013-09-harnessing-power-lightning-mobile.html

http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/180351-lightning-rods-are-so-last-century-next-gen-lightning-protection-and-harvesting-with-high-powered-lasers

Research Paper : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148110004982

http://inhabitat.com/power-your-home-with-lightening/

Pic courtesy: boost-master.deviantart.com (Booster's Animated Night Lightning v2.3 by BoosT-MasteR)

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-24 16:30:41 (29 comments, 11 reshares, 71 +1s)Open 

Heading Home : As many of us head home for the holiday season, I take this opportunity to wish all of you for a happy season and a wonderful new year. In the meantime, Dranke and his crew are already heading home. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

This may be the last of the flashfiction series. I will be working on publishing this as well as additional works if I do manage to snag a publisher. In the meantime, do enjoy the story and spread the word!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part... more »

Heading Home : As many of us head home for the holiday season, I take this opportunity to wish all of you for a happy season and a wonderful new year. In the meantime, Dranke and his crew are already heading home. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

This may be the last of the flashfiction series. I will be working on publishing this as well as additional works if I do manage to snag a publisher. In the meantime, do enjoy the story and spread the word!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera   #merrychristmas  ___

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2014-12-23 07:52:53 (22 comments, 16 reshares, 98 +1s)Open 

This is not an oil rig : Quite the opposite actually. While it does generate power, what is pictured is an OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) facility. While it has been theorized for some time now, we are now seeing a few working facilities. It is still considered an emerging technology, but Japan and the Hawaii OTEC projects are now online and provide proof of concept.

New study brings hope : A new study predicts that large-scale power plants based on thermoelectric effects, such as small temperature differences in ocean water, could generate electricity at a lower cost than photovoltaic power plants. Liping Liu, Associate Professor at Rutgers University, envisions that thermoelectric power plants would look like giant barges sitting in the tropical ocean, where electricity is generated by heating cold, deep water with warm, shallow water heated by the sun.
... more »

This is not an oil rig : Quite the opposite actually. While it does generate power, what is pictured is an OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) facility. While it has been theorized for some time now, we are now seeing a few working facilities. It is still considered an emerging technology, but Japan and the Hawaii OTEC projects are now online and provide proof of concept.

New study brings hope : A new study predicts that large-scale power plants based on thermoelectric effects, such as small temperature differences in ocean water, could generate electricity at a lower cost than photovoltaic power plants. Liping Liu, Associate Professor at Rutgers University, envisions that thermoelectric power plants would look like giant barges sitting in the tropical ocean, where electricity is generated by heating cold, deep water with warm, shallow water heated by the sun.

Lockheed Martin interested in China OTEC project : Lockheed has been testing the technology for several years at a site in Hawai’i in partnership with Makai Ocean Engineering, the Energy Department and the US Navy, however several obstacles kept the idea from growing into a full-scaled power plant, according to sources familiar with the testing program.

How it works : "Warm surface seawater is pumped through a heat exchanger, where the low-boiling-point fluid is vaporized," the EERE stated. "The expanding vapor turns the turbo-generator. Cold deep seawater – which is pumped through a second heat exchanger – then condenses the vapor back into a liquid that is then recycled through the system."

From Princeton Univ : OTEC uses the difference between cooler deep and warmer shallow waters to run a heat engine. As with any heat engine, greater efficiency and power comes from larger temperature differences. This temperature difference generally increases with decreasing latitude, i.e. near the equator, in the tropics. Historically, the main technical challenge of OTEC was to generate significant amounts of power efficiently from small temperature ratios. Modern designs allow performance approaching the theoretical maximum Carnot efficiency.

References and sources

Earlier post : http://goo.gl/94D0td

Main story: http://phys.org/news/2014-12-thermoelectric-power-economically-competitive-renewable.html#ajTabs

Journal reference: http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/16/12/123019/article

Princeton link: https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Ocean_thermal_energy_conversion.html

Lockheed story: http://cleantechnica.com/2013/05/05/lockheed-martin-to-build-worlds-first-ocean-thermal-power-plant-off-china-coast/ (pic courtesy)

OTEC in Hawaii : http://www.enerquip.com/blog/shell-and-tube-heat-exchanger-solutions/otec-plant-in-hawaii-adds-two-new-heat-exchangers/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_thermal_energy_conversion

#OTEC #power #sustainability  ___

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2014-12-22 08:46:08 (14 comments, 20 reshares, 113 +1s)Open 

While all the noise has died down : One company floated by a crowdfunding site called Jumpstartfund has taken up the challenge of bringing the Hyperloop to reality. Its a long way away as yet, but Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc. is real and a bunch of dedicated people are working on making this reality.

Smart people on it : The incorporated entity has a fancy name and all, but it’s less a standard company than a group of about 100 engineers all over the country who spend their free time spitballing ideas in exchange for stock options. That said, these gals and guys applied for the right to work on the project (another 100 or so were rejected) and nearly all of them have day jobs at companies like Boeing, NASA, Yahoo!, Airbus, SpaceX, and Salesforce. They’re smart. And they’re organized.

Working groups : The team is split into working groups, basedon th... more »

While all the noise has died down : One company floated by a crowdfunding site called Jumpstartfund has taken up the challenge of bringing the Hyperloop to reality. Its a long way away as yet, but Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc. is real and a bunch of dedicated people are working on making this reality.

Smart people on it : The incorporated entity has a fancy name and all, but it’s less a standard company than a group of about 100 engineers all over the country who spend their free time spitballing ideas in exchange for stock options. That said, these gals and guys applied for the right to work on the project (another 100 or so were rejected) and nearly all of them have day jobs at companies like Boeing, NASA, Yahoo!, Airbus, SpaceX, and Salesforce. They’re smart. And they’re organized.

Working groups : The team is split into working groups, based on their interests and skills, that cover various aspects of the massive project, including route planning, capsule design, and cost analysis. They work mostly over email, with weekly discussions of their progress. Hierarchy is minimal, but leaders have naturally emerged, says Ahlborn. And if a decision needs to be made, as CEO, he makes the call. A lot of the work is being done by 25 UCLA students. The school’s SUPRASTUDIO design and architecture program partnered with JumpStartFund, and now the students are working on all the design solutions the new transit system would require.

Route : The UCLA students working on potential routes imagine networks criss-crossing the country, as well as Europe and Asia. This is where things get fanciful: we’re at least 10 years away from a commercially viable Hyperloop, and the idea of a national network is hard to imagine. They tacked on the idea of a “Mini Hyperloop,” which would offer shorter routes into and around cities.

Progress : So JumpStartFund and the UCLA students have made good progress, but there’s a lot to figure out before anyone gets to tackle the really fun parts like testing, permitting, and construction. Ahlborn says the questions of how to build the low-pressure tube and the pylons that support it have mostly been solved, and creating the capsules shouldn’t be too tricky. The hard part is moving the capsules within the tube, and seeing how fast they can go. To eliminate friction in the tube, Musk proposed using a compressor to create a pocket of air under the capsule. That’s the cheapest approach, Ahlborn says, but it has its drawbacks. His team is looking at the possibility of using magnetic levitation and other alternatives. “We want to find the best possible way to make this work.”

Sources and References

http://www.wired.com/2014/12/jumpstartfund-hyperloop-elon-musk/#slide-id-1684287 (pic courtesy)

Earlier post "light of day" : http://goo.gl/TC25uN

Earlier post "Concept declaration" : http://goo.gl/SdYLli

Earlier post "Hyperloop" : http://goo.gl/wm4TXj

Earlier post "No long haul flights" : http://goo.gl/E4SrSY

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/22618/20141220/elon-musk-hyperloop-dream-may-soon-become-reality-thanks-to-crowdsourcing.htm

http://www.engadget.com/2014/12/19/engineers-progress-hyperloop-trains/

#hyperloop #Elonmusk +Elon Musk ___

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2014-12-21 05:00:06 (21 comments, 20 reshares, 86 +1s)Open 

Wireless internet - cost effective, high speed and everywhere : Sounds like a dream? Well that's what researchers at University of Lancaster are working on. Using the W-band or the millimeter band , seems to be the way to go, promising cost effective and high speed data transfers. The system is yet to be tested in a real operating environment, but indications are favourable.

What is W-band wireless? : The ground-breaking £2.8 million TWEETHER project, funded by Horizon 2020, the biggest EU research and innovation programme ever, will set an important milestone in 'millimeter wave technology' for high speed wireless mobile and fixed point Internet.Millimeter waves - extremely high frequency waves found in the spectrum between microwaves and infrared waves - are deemed to be the most promising and cost effective solution for the future.

Promising : The... more »

Wireless internet - cost effective, high speed and everywhere : Sounds like a dream? Well that's what researchers at University of Lancaster are working on. Using the W-band or the millimeter band , seems to be the way to go, promising cost effective and high speed data transfers. The system is yet to be tested in a real operating environment, but indications are favourable.

What is W-band wireless? : The ground-breaking £2.8 million TWEETHER project, funded by Horizon 2020, the biggest EU research and innovation programme ever, will set an important milestone in 'millimeter wave technology' for high speed wireless mobile and fixed point Internet.Millimeter waves - extremely high frequency waves found in the spectrum between microwaves and infrared waves - are deemed to be the most promising and cost effective solution for the future.

Promising : The TWEETHER project will result in a powerful and compact transmission hub, based on a novel travelling wave tube power amplifier and an advanced chipset in a compact terminal, with performance far outweighing any other technology. After three years of design and development, the system will be tested in a real operating environment.

New idea : Professor Paoloni said the answer was the exploitation of unused portions of the spectrum but at higher frequencies. The recent outstanding advancements in the field of vacuum electron devices and solid state electronics using millimetre wave frequencies opens the route for the breakthrough in wireless high speed data communications.

References and Sources

Phys.org: http://phys.org/news/2014-12-fastest-outdoor-wireless-internet-world.html

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/wband_wireless_high_speed_internet_outdoors_and_everywhere-151636

Related paper in IEEE : http://goo.gl/gi6K5L

Related paper in Optics Express: http://goo.gl/YIu969

Viasat site on next-gen satellites : https://www.viasat.com/broadband-satellite-networks/high-capacity-satellite-system

Related paper in Researchgate: http://goo.gl/bY8igq

Pics courtesy: Utexas, Science20 and sympatico.ca. (Pics for illustration only).

#internet #wireless #millimeterband  ___

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2014-12-20 16:14:38 (5 comments, 4 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Well the post is self-explanatory and Carrie is really awesome.

Well,  I'm doing this.

Why?  Because its become pretty clear that I have to do this.  I have to get better.  I have to get my life back.  Going to the pool, it helps.  And I need to go a few times a week because it is helping.  But I'm going to run out money to do it soon.

I am asking for support to continue to go to the pool, to start a walking regimen at home, where its safe, and hopefully over the next year build the stamina and lessen the pain.  

If you can't donate, can you share my story around?  It would be really awesome if I could start the New Year on a positive note for once.  It isn't easy asking this, but I have nothing left to lose.

Thanks.

-----------

Hi! My Name is Carrie, or Carrot as I've become affectionately referred to.  I have fibromyalgia, multi-level disc degeneration, spinal stenosis and peripheral neuropathy.  I have been unable to work for nearly 4 years and my life has become very limited.  I am in constant pain and it dictates everything I do from sleep to a social life.

Recently I found aquatic therapy after several repeated failures with traditional physical therapy.  Twice a week I go to a heated pool and am able to slowly increase the range of motion, and it doesn't hurt.  It actually feels good.  The tingling in my fingers and toes subsides and I feel more positive.

It works so much better than taking pain medication and I feel better about myself.

My doctor recommends that I use the pool as often as possible.  Daily if I can.  It is also recommended that I start a walking regimen to slowly increase my stamina above ground.  Its also about developing the habit of motion and retraining my body to respond better to motion and stop resisting it.  

The problem is that it is expensive.  I have managed to work out a reduced rate for a yearly membership at the pool that I do my aquatic therapy which would include all their locations (very convenient).  This is awesome and comparable to the YMCA but with less foot traffic. 

The other problem is that my health insurance has limited therapy allowances, so at some point I will be unable to receive aquatic physical therapy unless I pay for it myself.  If I have a yearly membership, I can at least apply my knowledge to the remainder of the year and keep moving.

Walking is another major issue.  I have an intense cold sensitivity.  In the winter I will break out into welts and get asthmatic from the air, so just walking outside is inadvisable.  Getting a treadmill really is the way to go to ensure that I am doing some dedicated walking every day.  I can schedule time to get out of the house and into the pool at least 4x a week.  I can't guarantee 7x for walking.

Therefore, my estimate would cover my year of expenses for a membership, a treadmill (nothing fancy), and gas money or pool equipment (they have these neat floating bar bells and stuff) I would require. 

I am not exaggerating when I say that these things are making my life not only better, but for the first time in a long while I feel like I might be able to get some control back.  I look forward to going to the pool each time.  I feel much more alive afterward, I walk better, I have less balance problems and less intense pain because of the warm water.  Walking is going to be hard, but I know that I need to work on this if I'm ever going to get my life back.  I just need your help to get me there...___Well the post is self-explanatory and Carrie is really awesome.

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2014-12-18 16:48:13 (14 comments, 15 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

Nanopore battery : Imagine a battery which is made up of nanotube electrodes. And then imagine a billion of thesese nanotubes 'grown' on a substrate to create a battery which can charge in 12 minutes. Thousands of times. Imagine the size of the battery with billions of electrodes is the size of a postage stamp cumulatively. Can you imagine your cellphone having this kind of charging ability. Researchers at University of Maryland are testing just this kind of battery.

Small is beautiful : Many millions of these nanopores can be crammed into one larger battery the size of a postage stamp. One of the reasons the researchers think this unit is so successful is because each nanopore is shaped just like the others, which allows them to pack the tiny thin batteries together efficiently. Modeling shows that the unique design of the nanopore battery is responsible for its success.... more »

Nanopore battery : Imagine a battery which is made up of nanotube electrodes. And then imagine a billion of thesese nanotubes 'grown' on a substrate to create a battery which can charge in 12 minutes. Thousands of times. Imagine the size of the battery with billions of electrodes is the size of a postage stamp cumulatively. Can you imagine your cellphone having this kind of charging ability. Researchers at University of Maryland are testing just this kind of battery.

Small is beautiful : Many millions of these nanopores can be crammed into one larger battery the size of a postage stamp. One of the reasons the researchers think this unit is so successful is because each nanopore is shaped just like the others, which allows them to pack the tiny thin batteries together efficiently. Modeling shows that the unique design of the nanopore battery is responsible for its success. The space inside the holes is so small that the space they take up, all added together, would be no more than a grain of sand.

The Tech : Co-author Eleanor Gillette said: 'A nanopore is a tiny hole, 80,000 times smaller than a human hair, that's made in a sheet of ceramic material.' A battery composed of an array of nanobatteries connected in parallel, each composed of an anode, a cathode and a liquid electrolyte confined within the nanopores of anodic aluminium oxide, as an all-in-one nanosize device.Each nanoelectrode includes an outer ruthenium nanotube current collector and an inner nanotube of vanadium pentoxide storage material. These together form a symmetric full nanopore storage cell with anode and cathode separated by an electrolyte region.

What is possible? : Sky is the limit. But this may actually make electric cars and aircraft commercially viable, and even cheaper than gas. While the current version is intended mostly as a proof-of-concept model, the scientists have determined improvements that could be made to the second version, allowing it to have 10 times the energy density. They're also looking at methods of industrial-scale production, so that the batteries could ultimately be produced commercially.

References and Sources

Research paper: http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v9/n12/full/nnano.2014.247.html

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/this_battery_has_one_billion_components_but_is_the_size_of_a_postage_stamp-150108

http://www.kurzweilai.net/a-battery-made-up-of-billions-of-nanoscale-batteries#!prettyPhoto

http://phys.org/news/2014-11-billion-holes-battery.html

http://spectrum.ieee.org/nanoclast/semiconductors/materials/each-nanopore-in-a-material-serves-as-a-battery-

http://www.gizmag.com/nanopore-tiny-battery/34694/

Video courtesy University of Maryland.

#battery #science #technology #cellphone  ___

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2014-12-17 07:58:26 (15 comments, 12 reshares, 62 +1s)Open 

The Walls can Talk : There was an earlier story about researchers at MIT who extracted audio from vibrations in a potato chip bag, but now scientists have been able to reconstruct audio from videos by using vibrations observed in lightweight objects. While there are more sophisticated methods available, the researchers used a image-matching technique to measure the vibrations. Read on to know more....

How it's done : The technique is based on the fact that sound waves are mechanical waves that cause air to vibrate when traveling. That vibration through air can cause vibration of objects located in its traveling path, especially if the objects are lightweight, thin, and flexible, such as a piece of paper. The vibrations, although usually with small amplitudes, can be detected and analyzed algorithmically, and audio reconstructed based on those calculations.
... more »

The Walls can Talk : There was an earlier story about researchers at MIT who extracted audio from vibrations in a potato chip bag, but now scientists have been able to reconstruct audio from videos by using vibrations observed in lightweight objects. While there are more sophisticated methods available, the researchers used a image-matching technique to measure the vibrations. Read on to know more....

How it's done : The technique is based on the fact that sound waves are mechanical waves that cause air to vibrate when traveling. That vibration through air can cause vibration of objects located in its traveling path, especially if the objects are lightweight, thin, and flexible, such as a piece of paper. The vibrations, although usually with small amplitudes, can be detected and analyzed algorithmically, and audio reconstructed based on those calculations.

Applications : Because light can travel through air considerably farther than sound and can pass through glass, they anticipate that the technique may find applications such as the passive detection of conversations inside of a building from a far distance.

The Technology : The authors used a subset-based image-correlation approach to detect the motions of points on the surface of an object, capturing target images with a high-speed camera and applying the Gauss-Newton algorithm and a few other measures to achieve very fast and highly accurate image matching. Because the detected vibrations are directly related to sound waves, a simple model was used to reconstruct the original audio information of the sound waves.

References and Sources

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/the_walls_can_talk_new_technique_extracts_audio_from_video-150494

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141204141019.htm

Earlier story: http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/algorithm-recovers-speech-from-vibrations-0804

Original Paper : Published in Optical Engineering. Source: SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

http://www.zmescience.com/research/technology/turning-video-into-audio-065343/

Pic courtesy : newsnation

#science #technology #sound  ___

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2014-12-16 08:00:57 (19 comments, 24 reshares, 93 +1s)Open 

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that... more »

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that have properties of both matter and light. The ability to control polariton flows in this way could aid the development of completely novel technology to link conventional electronics with new laser and fibre-based technologies. Polaritons form in semiconductors when laser light interacts with electrons and holes (positively charged vacancies) so strongly that it is no longer possible to distinguish light from matter.

Bose-Einstein condensates : “The beauty of a Bose-Einstein condensate is that it is similar to a laser but made of matter,” Dr Davis said. “It is a collection of atoms that are perfectly coherent and have the potential to be used in ultra-sensitive measurement devices.” BECs were first predicted in the 1920s by Einstein.

Spiral masks : The team created the spiral beam by putting their laser through a piece of brass with a spiral pattern of holes in it. This was directed into a semiconductor microcavity, a tiny wafer of aluminium gallium arsenide, a material used in LEDs, sandwiched between two reflectors. “By using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will.”

References

Anu.edu: http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/spiral-laser-beam-creates-quantum-whirlpool

Univ of Queensland: http://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/2007/09/jumping-quantum-whirlpool

Science20: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/quantum_whirlpool_stirred_by_spiral_laser_beam-149291

SLAC: https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2014-08-21-x-ray-laser-probes-tiny-quantum-tornadoes-superfluid-droplets.aspx

Polariton: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polariton

Pic courtesy: SLAC (Stanford Univ.)

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-14 16:28:38 (16 comments, 8 reshares, 82 +1s)Open 

Affordable Housing : I've been working on a research paper for the past two weeks, and away from Google plus for the most of this time. Its been quite interesting from the viewpoint of what has been imagined and how people view this topic. The funny thing is if done right, it costs a small fraction of the market price.

We are running out of space : We really are. But the way forward is sustainable, creative ways to do things which can get us good quality housing at low prices for everyone. Cities are now the powerhouses of the future. And most countries count on them to increase their GDP. It is estimated that over 60% of future economic growth is linked to cities.

What makes sense : We need to do better as far as recycling materials, creating housing in sea and land and keeping them sustainable. Zero carbon footprint houses are not only possible, but critical.... more »

Affordable Housing : I've been working on a research paper for the past two weeks, and away from Google plus for the most of this time. Its been quite interesting from the viewpoint of what has been imagined and how people view this topic. The funny thing is if done right, it costs a small fraction of the market price.

We are running out of space : We really are. But the way forward is sustainable, creative ways to do things which can get us good quality housing at low prices for everyone. Cities are now the powerhouses of the future. And most countries count on them to increase their GDP. It is estimated that over 60% of future economic growth is linked to cities.

What makes sense : We need to do better as far as recycling materials, creating housing in sea and land and keeping them sustainable. Zero carbon footprint houses are not only possible, but critical. From estimates from over 20 countries, only 20-30% of the cost of a house is related to construction. The rest is related to land, taxes, government delays, issues with planning and project management.

Container houses / floating residences : The world is changing. Much quicker than many of us expected. Today many houses are made from transport containers and floating construction has been attempted in a number of countries. We need some way of making this available to the poorest of the poor as well as the richest of the rich so that its not just the province of a small elite.

Affordable does not mean shanties : If it is done right, affordable housing has access to public utilities, water, electricity, schools and healthcare and reduces commutes to work. Spaces are smaller, more sustainable and green. It recycles, reuses and is an integral part of a city.

Economic schemes : Many countries have tried to address the problem using rental schemes, part ownership, private-public partnership, zoning, transport corridors and Real Estate Investment Trusts. Some have been very successful. The stories are not always told.

Earlier related posts
Sustainable buildings: http://goo.gl/bpNo0n

Floating schools: http://goo.gl/bVFmpV

Sustainable materials: http://goo.gl/pzEHOH

City Farms: http://goo.gl/2OdSOh

Underground cities: http://goo.gl/ZSzQh8

Inside the World's most ambitious Eco-city: http://goo.gl/CmHETX

Thinking breathing buildings: http://goo.gl/BZCU94

Living cities: http://goo.gl/bFP3o3

References
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(14)62185-1/abstract

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4939-0485-3_20#page-1

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10875549.2014.923967#.VI21lyuUcTs

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-44916-1_28#page-1

http://www.soacconference.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Moore-Environment.pdf


Pic courtesy: fastcoexist.com, by Adrian Smith, Gordon Gill Architecture. (For illustration only).

#cities #affordable #sustainable  ___

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2014-12-14 04:57:52 (8 comments, 16 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

The Decision : Humans are inducted into the Hnnesset and Dranke makes a decision by default in the continuing story of the crew of the Raven. ( Part 24 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

I have been tied up, so I appreciate your patience and kind words of encouragement. Thanks to all those who asked me to post!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13:h... more »

The Decision : Humans are inducted into the Hnnesset and Dranke makes a decision by default in the continuing story of the crew of the Raven. ( Part 24 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

I have been tied up, so I appreciate your patience and kind words of encouragement. Thanks to all those who asked me to post!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-12-07 10:40:04 (27 comments, 145 reshares, 195 +1s)Open 

What is fire, electricity and magnetism - and how are they related? : At the atomic level these are very different from what we would assume at the macro level. In some ways they are all related, since it has to do with the movement of electrons and creation of charge. When you see a match light, what happens is energy is released. While most of it is in the Infrared spectrum (What we call heat), there is also some of it released in the visible spectrum (light). The release is due to the Oxygen bonding with the material you are burning. While the effect may be too small to be seen in a matchstick, there is electricity and magnetism at work here too. You can see the effect on the Sun. Our Sun (or any star) is a miasma of incandescent plasma.  One way to see this is to notice that the solar flares that leap from its surface are directed along the Sun’s (generally twisted up and spotty) magneticfi... more »

What is fire, electricity and magnetism - and how are they related? : At the atomic level these are very different from what we would assume at the macro level. In some ways they are all related, since it has to do with the movement of electrons and creation of charge. When you see a match light, what happens is energy is released. While most of it is in the Infrared spectrum (What we call heat), there is also some of it released in the visible spectrum (light). The release is due to the Oxygen bonding with the material you are burning. While the effect may be too small to be seen in a matchstick, there is electricity and magnetism at work here too. You can see the effect on the Sun. Our Sun (or any star) is a miasma of incandescent plasma.  One way to see this is to notice that the solar flares that leap from its surface are directed along the Sun’s (generally twisted up and spotty) magnetic fields. So what is this all about?

Electricity : The nucleus of an atom is surrounded by negatively charged particles called electrons. The negative charge of an electron is equal to the positive charge of a proton, and the number of electrons in an atom is usually equal to the number of protons. When the balancing force between protons and electrons is upset by an outside force, an atom may gain or lose an electron. When electrons are "lost" from an atom, the free movement of these electrons constitutes an electric current.

Different colors in flames : Electrons on atoms have different amounts of energy proportional to the distance of their orbital from the nucleus. Electrons (which are negative) close to the positive nucleus have lower potential energy; those in "higher" energy levels farther away have more energy. In order for an e- to "jump" from a lower level to a higher one it must absorb energy, often in the form of light. Conversely when an e- "falls" from a higher level to a lower one, it gives off energy, again in the form of a photon of light.

Magnetism : All materials experience magnetism, some more strongly than others. Both electric and magnetic interactions are elements of a single phenomenon called electromagnetism. There are four fundamental forces: the strong force, the weak force, gravitation and the electromagnetic force. The field of electromagnetism deals with how electrically charged particles interact with each other and with magnetic fields.

Electrons : The picture you often see of electrons as small objects circling a nucleus in well defined "orbits" is actually quite wrong. As we now understand it, the electrons aren't really at any one place at any time at all. Instead they exist as a sort of cloud. The cloud can compress to a very small space briefly if you probe it in the right way, but before that it really acts like a spread-out cloud. For example, the electron in a hydrogen atom likes to occupy a spherical volume surrounding the proton. If you think of the proton as the size of a grain of salt, then the electron cloud would have about a ten foot radius. If you probe, you'll probably find the electron somewhere in that region.

What is plasma : The big difference between regular gas and plasma is that in a plasma a fair fraction of the atoms are ionized.  That is, the gas is so hot, and the atoms are slamming around so hard, that some of the electrons are given enough energy to (temporarily) escape their host atoms.  The most important effect of this is that a plasma gains some electrical properties that a non-ionized gas doesn’t have; it becomes conductive and it responds to electrical and magnetic fields.  In fact, this is a great test for whether or not something is a plasma.

References and links:

http://helios.gsfc.nasa.gov/qa_sp_ev.html

https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=2348

http://physics.info/energy/

http://www.askamathematician.com/2011/01/q-if-atoms-are-made-up-of-electrons-protons-and-neutrons-and-the-majority-of-the-volume-of-an-atom-is-space-why-do-things-appear-solid/

http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae569.cfm

http://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=1195

https://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/Petrology/WhatAtomsLookLike.HTM

http://www.askamathematician.com/2013/05/q-is-fire-a-plasma-what-is-plasma/

https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/a-description-of-fire-at-an-atomic-level.421438/

Pic courtesy : www.flavorage.com

#science #scienceeveryday___

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2014-12-06 04:51:33 (21 comments, 28 reshares, 84 +1s)Open 

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group'sr... more »

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group's recommendations to world leaders, there wasn't a single mention of the process, even as it heaped praise on alternative processes like carbon dioxide removal, which would use chemicals or bacteria to pull CO2 directly from the atmosphere.

Bacteria fix CO2 : Biological reactions are good at forming carbon-carbon bonds, using carbon dioxide as a raw material for reactions powered by sunlight. It's called photosynthesis, and cyanobacteria, also known as "blue-green algae," have been doing it for more than 3 billion years. The researchers identified enzymes from online databases that carried out the reactions they were looking for, and then introduced the DNA for these enzymes into the cells. Working a step at a time, they built up a three-step pathway that allows the cyanobacteria to convert carbon dioxide into 2,3 butanediol, a chemical that can be used to make paint, solvents, plastics and fuels.

Microbes in the sea : Based on his findings, Dr Jiao and his colleagues propose that aerobic anoxygenic photoheterotrophic bacteria (AAPB), and possibly other, similar microbes, have a predominant role in pumping carbon into a pool of compounds that cannot be turned back into carbon dioxide by living creatures, thereby building up a large reservoir that keeps carbon out of the atmosphere. If that idea is confirmed, it will need to be incorporated into the computer models used to understand the Earth's carbon cycle and its effect on the climate. But it also raises a more radical thought. The microbial carbon pump could provide a novel way to extract CO2 from the atmosphere, should that ever be deemed necessary to combat climate change.

Deep concerns : Scientists have created a self-replicating synthetic life in 2010, and a few hours later, a United Nations science advisory body meeting here urged countries to take a strong precautionary approach to avoid release of such entities into the environment. Acting as the world’s guardian on biodiversity, it also expressed deep concern about the potential impacts of geoengineering schemes to combat climate change on the Earth’s ecosystems. The same advisory body made a similar recommendation in 2008, that led to a de facto global ban on a form of geoengineering called ocean fertilisation, an experimental method of reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to combat global warming.

Article link: http://www.theverge.com/2014/4/14/5606102/geoengineering-and-the-ipcc

Sources

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10450

Paper: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0021900.html

Ref: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aic.14127/abstract

http://www.economist.com/node/16990766

Additional ref: http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/ucla-researchers-engineer-bacteria-149726

Related paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/11/26/1409523111

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

#science #scienceeveryday


Pic courtesy : http://goo.gl/QfIJXi (for illustration purposes only. The bacteria is not relevant in this case).___

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2014-12-02 05:09:20 (55 comments, 143 reshares, 355 +1s)Open 

Quantum Biology : We have all heard about quantum mechanics, which describes reality on the smallest scale - a world in which particles can exist in two or more places at once, show both particle and wave-like behavior , tunnel through seemingly 'solid' matter and even possess instantaneous connections that stretch across vast distances. While all this is de rigueur in the atomic size, at the macro size which we exist, it does not play a role. Or does it. Now scientists are looking at the quantum mechanical nature of the world and how at the cellular and even macro level, some creatures are able to take advantage of the weirdness.....

Quantum Hanky-Panky : Discoveries in recent years suggest that nature knows a few tricks that physicists don't: coherent quantum processes may well be ubiquitous in the natural world. Known or suspected examples range from the ability of... more »

Quantum Biology : We have all heard about quantum mechanics, which describes reality on the smallest scale - a world in which particles can exist in two or more places at once, show both particle and wave-like behavior , tunnel through seemingly 'solid' matter and even possess instantaneous connections that stretch across vast distances. While all this is de rigueur in the atomic size, at the macro size which we exist, it does not play a role. Or does it. Now scientists are looking at the quantum mechanical nature of the world and how at the cellular and even macro level, some creatures are able to take advantage of the weirdness.....

Quantum Hanky-Panky : Discoveries in recent years suggest that nature knows a few tricks that physicists don't: coherent quantum processes may well be ubiquitous in the natural world. Known or suspected examples range from the ability of birds to navigate using Earth's magnetic field to the inner workings of photosynthesis — the process by which plants and bacteria turn sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into organic matter, and arguably the most important biochemical reaction on Earth. Biology has a knack for using what works, says Seth Lloyd, a physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. And if that means "quantum hanky-panky", he says, "then quantum hanky-panky it is".

The avian magnetic sensor : The avian magnetic sensor is known to be activated by light striking the bird's retina. Researchers' current best guess at a mechanism is that the energy deposited by each incoming photon creates a pair of free radicals - highly reactive molecules, each with an unpaired electron. Each of these unpaired electrons has an intrinsic angular momentum, or spin, that can be reoriented by a magnetic field. As the radicals separate, the unpaired electron on one is primarily influenced by the magnetism of a nearby atomic nucleus, whereas the unpaired electron on the other is further away from the nucleus, and feels only Earth's magnetic field. The difference in the fields shifts the radical pair between two quantum states with differing chemical reactivity.

Schrödinger suspected as much : From smell to navigation, it seems that some of the hardest problems in biology could be solved with the insights from theoretical physics. The physicist Erwin Schrödinger wrote a book in the 1940s called “What is Life?” in which he speculated on the role of quantum mechanics on the life sciences. Almost 70 years later, both quantum mechanics and biology have moved on a long way. But until now, no one had imagined that the natural world has anything to teach us about the quantum world.

Article link: http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110615/full/474272a.html

NewScientist link: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429950.700-are-we-ready-for-quantum-biology.html#.VH1BhMmvNlZ

Phys.org link: http://phys.org/news/2014-06-quantum-biology-algae-evolved-coherence.html

University of Illinois : http://www.ks.uiuc.edu/Research/quantum_biology/
 
BBC link: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-21150047

Related Earlier posts

Quantum coherence in bacteria: http://goo.gl/3RCeES

How plants use the quantum nature of light: http://goo.gl/UpxKGG

Pic courtesy : http://www.yorku.ca/bphs/

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-30 06:36:15 (15 comments, 7 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scalethat prom... more »

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scale that promote efficiency, as well as research centers, grassroots movements and opportunities for invention and innovation, Romero Lankao notes. “It’s like every human being—we have good and bad, and cities are the same.” sheer size can’t protect megacities from direct impacts such as rising temperatures and extreme events like hurricanes and droughts. Already warmer than the countryside because of the urban heat island effect, cities in tropical and sub-tropical areas—such as Mumbai, Bangkok and Lagos—could soon become too hot to handle, especially for those who cannot afford air conditioning.

Metrosapiens : Some advantages - Demand-side benefits are important, because those strategies are not talked about very much. When we hear about national energy policy, it's often about increasing efficiency of devices or supply of energy. But people that live in New York City, for example, drive less because they don't have cars. This is something that David Owen talks about in the book Green Metropolis. He calls it "embodied efficiency". The vertical living of New York City actually has this embodied efficiency that makes energy use in our daily lives less.

An example of Boston : _With the specter of rising sea levels threatening many metropolises worldwide, cities are starting to rethink what their future might look like. And in Boston, that future might look a little bit like Venice, canals and all. A nonprofit research group, the Urban Land Institute (ULI), recently released a report which outlines Boston's options for dealing with rising waters. The sea level in Boston is currently rising at a rate of 0.11 inches per year. That may not seem like much, but eventually it could cause major, costly problems for the city.

Source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/are-megacities-friend-or-foe-fight-against-climate-change-180953424/

Additional source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/humans-are-becoming-city-dwelling-metro-sapiens-180953449/

Source for story on Boston: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals?dom=PSC&loc=topstories&con=facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals

Earlier posts

Rising threat to our cities: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/1ymnCmp4bYw

Megacities look to conserve energy in unique ways: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/2BskW65XFL2

Future city: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/i98L9w35kGM

City farms: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Cakm5fxHWfm

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-29 08:53:21 (13 comments, 10 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surfaceten... more »

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surface tension than water, and alcohol evaporation drives the surface tension up and pushes more liquid away from areas of high alcohol concentration. The Marangoni number, a dimensionless value, can be used to characterize the relative effects of surface tension and viscous forces.

Practical Applications : Based on this work, the lab team has a hypothesis: “Very small amounts of the additives that come from how whisky is made contribute to the kinds of patterns you actually see,” says Stone. Different additives or variations in the manufacturing process might possibly produce different patterns. The research has some practical implications. Better understanding of these types of fluid flows could prove useful in a lot of industrial situations that involve liquids, particularly liquids that contain particles of sediment or other material, such as printing inks. In the meantime, Button hopes his images raise questions in the minds of viewers that may give them some interesting conversation starters at cocktail parties. “The science behind the imagery provides that extra added layer of thought and complexity,” he says.

Article Link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/physics-whiskys-aesthetically-pleasing-residue-180953451/

Research Paper: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD14/Session/H2.3

Additional link: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/25/science/art-in-a-whisky-glass-neatly-explained.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marangoni_effect

PM link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/heres-why-whisky-evaporations-make-gorgeous-patterns#slide-1


All pics courtesy NYTimes: Ernie Button (photographer), Howard Stone et al.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-26 16:35:02 (32 comments, 35 reshares, 107 +1s)Open 

Nature's Nanotech - Adhesives : Well this is awesome in so many ways. One has heard that the Sundew is carnivorous. It eats small insects. The picture description itself is fascinating.. The tentacles protruding from the sundew secrete a powerful adhesive capable of stretching a million times its size. So why is this amazing? Its a natural adhesive which is stretches to a million times its original size. Rubber bands can stretch upto six times their original size. So this is orders of magnitude more....

The Sundew and English Ivy : The tentacles and their adhesive properties may be nature's design for catching insects, but Zhang's research team hopes that one day this same adhesive can help attach a replacement hip or an artificial knee without fear that the body will reject it.Post-doctoral researcher Scott Lenaghan explained that the idea behind this research at... more »

Nature's Nanotech - Adhesives : Well this is awesome in so many ways. One has heard that the Sundew is carnivorous. It eats small insects. The picture description itself is fascinating.. The tentacles protruding from the sundew secrete a powerful adhesive capable of stretching a million times its size. So why is this amazing? Its a natural adhesive which is stretches to a million times its original size. Rubber bands can stretch upto six times their original size. So this is orders of magnitude more....

The Sundew and English Ivy : The tentacles and their adhesive properties may be nature's design for catching insects, but Zhang's research team hopes that one day this same adhesive can help attach a replacement hip or an artificial knee without fear that the body will reject it.Post-doctoral researcher Scott Lenaghan explained that the idea behind this research at the Nano Bio-systems and Bio-mimetics Lab is to learn from biological principles and apply engineering along the way to develop an end product that uses these compounds and principles to advance technology.

Organic biomaterials : The lab's goal is to study biological material on the nanoscale--a million times smaller than a grain of sand--in hopes of mimicking what nature has done for millions of years and applying it to daily life. In medical replacement operations, "you need something cells can recognize and attach to," Lenaghan said. With the sundew, the researchers may have found just that, as the nanoparticles in its adhesive are easily recognized by human cells.

Au Naturel : Sundew and English ivy research in Zhang's lab are a part of a growing field of "next generation" materials that have a broad interdisciplinary impact. The hope is to replace the many synthetic products we use daily with naturally occurring substances.

Article link: http://phys.org/news/2011-10-nanotechnology-sundew-english-ivy.html

Related paper: http://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_mechpubs/13/

NSF link: http://www.nsf.gov/mobile/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=121935&org=BIO

Related post on Nanotechnology: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/5pJfFALFjBw

Related post on Nanosize: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/fU1d5VbM7hk

What is Elasticity: http://physics.info/elasticity/

Other examples: http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2007/nanocomposite

Pic courtesy: NSF, Pelagie Favi, University of Tennessee and Samantha Tracht, University of Tennessee.

#science #nanotechnology  ___

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2014-11-25 09:37:54 (25 comments, 11 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

The Council of Twenty Three : The Hnnesset awaits the crew of the Raven as they continue on their new mission. As Niket and her crew return to Jexx, Captain Dranke has new challenges in store for him. The Jen subroutine takes getting used to, and the council of 23 is alluded to..... read on to know more!

( Part 23 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12:h... more »

The Council of Twenty Three : The Hnnesset awaits the crew of the Raven as they continue on their new mission. As Niket and her crew return to Jexx, Captain Dranke has new challenges in store for him. The Jen subroutine takes getting used to, and the council of 23 is alluded to..... read on to know more!

( Part 23 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

h/t to +Charles Strebor and +23!

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-11-24 16:34:05 (19 comments, 5 reshares, 47 +1s)Open 

Not path-breaking, but kind of cool : Saw the Switchblade-Pro tricopter featured on Popsci's '100 Greatest Innovations of the Year' list.  Well, I had to watch the video. The features are kind of cool, and it is collapsible. I did like the way it has a hover mode and handfree landing mode. See for yourself..

Article Extract: The three-rotor SwitchBlade, a small, collapsible drone that's already raised its target on Kickstarter, is designed to compete with radially symmetric quadrotors in the realms of search and rescue, infrastructure inspection, aerial photography, research, and (of course) recreational flight. According to creators Vision Aerial, the tricopter has better balance while flying forward compared with a quadcopter; it's also easier to determine the orientation of an asymmetrical drone while in flight.

Article link:h... more »

Not path-breaking, but kind of cool : Saw the Switchblade-Pro tricopter featured on Popsci's '100 Greatest Innovations of the Year' list.  Well, I had to watch the video. The features are kind of cool, and it is collapsible. I did like the way it has a hover mode and handfree landing mode. See for yourself..

Article Extract: The three-rotor SwitchBlade, a small, collapsible drone that's already raised its target on Kickstarter, is designed to compete with radially symmetric quadrotors in the realms of search and rescue, infrastructure inspection, aerial photography, research, and (of course) recreational flight. According to creators Vision Aerial, the tricopter has better balance while flying forward compared with a quadcopter; it's also easier to determine the orientation of an asymmetrical drone while in flight.

Article link: http://diydrones.com/profiles/blogs/crowdfund-a-collapsible-rc-tricopter?id=705844%3ABlogPost%3A1460177&page=3

Vision Aerial's website: http://visionaerial.com/brus9wb1idf3rz473co9juhmdcdx9j

PopSci link: http://www.popsci.com/popular-sciences-best-whats-new-gallery/?image=11

#drone #tricopter #gopro  ___

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2014-11-23 11:23:34 (17 comments, 19 reshares, 70 +1s)Open 

Why Nanomaterials are fascinating (Or how a dog becomes a cat, becomes a hummingbird) : Well, any material can be a Nanomaterial. A Nanomaterial is purely something reduced to a size of 1 to 100 nms. So why the fuss? For one, unlike macro materials, Nanomaterials can be two dimensional. As we get smaller and smaller, they exhibit properties which confound us.  One must remember though, these are not chemically changed. All that is done is the size of the particles is made smaller and smaller.

In Nanotechnology, what is important about materials is NOT really what they are made of, but how small they are. This is different than every other materials age in human history.

Magnetism example : Atoms can have magnetic moments... Why is this? Due to the spin of unpaired electrons. A magnetic moment aligns with an external field. Let's take the example of CoCr (Cobalt... more »

Why Nanomaterials are fascinating (Or how a dog becomes a cat, becomes a hummingbird) : Well, any material can be a Nanomaterial. A Nanomaterial is purely something reduced to a size of 1 to 100 nms. So why the fuss? For one, unlike macro materials, Nanomaterials can be two dimensional. As we get smaller and smaller, they exhibit properties which confound us.  One must remember though, these are not chemically changed. All that is done is the size of the particles is made smaller and smaller.

In Nanotechnology, what is important about materials is NOT really what they are made of, but how small they are. This is different than every other materials age in human history.

Magnetism example : Atoms can have magnetic moments... Why is this? Due to the spin of unpaired electrons. A magnetic moment aligns with an external field. Let's take the example of CoCr (Cobalt Chrome Alloy). At the macro size, it displays no magnetism. This is because when at the macrosize, domains cancel each other out. These are called 'Bulk Ferromagnets' and can be electromagnets. So these sizes do not get highly magnetized and can be called permanent magnets (if enough of the domains align in one direction). Let's say these behave like Dogs..

As you go smaller, from 20nm grain size to 80 nm grain size, The magnetism in this powder will depend on volume. It is harder to magnetize these particles, but when these are magnetized, they resist going back to their original state. These are single domain magnets and once magnetized, they stay that way; though they are easy to magnetize and demagnetize. Let's say these behave like Cats....

When you go down to even smaller size, the ferromagnets are smaller than 20 nm in size, they are very, very small, not much bigger than molecules. They are easier to magnetize and flip. So easy to magnetize and flip, that this is a property used in MRI tests. Superparamagnets have fluctuating magnetic moments with no applied field, but with applied field become magnetized easily. These are called superparamagnets.  Let's say these behave like hummingbirds.

Earlier post on Superparamagnetism: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/VGo4iq3U9Lc

References

Rice University, introduction to Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology now : http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=49034

Havard University: http://cml.harvard.edu/research/new-materials/

Pic courtesy: Havard Universty . Cyborg Neural Tissue: Seamless integration of 3D nanoelectronic and neural networks

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-22 04:11:33 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

If you want to help +L.S. Cody, this sounds like a wonderful idea.

And So it Begins

And so it begins. The pre-fundraiser fundraiser is now live and ready. I do not expect 50k, but it would cover everything to get started.

It all began with this post:

https://plus.google.com/111180152552266566281/posts/hSP7im2zKV1

If you would like to help, you can simply by sharing and getting the word out.

Why a $50,000 goal just to get started?

1. $25,000 to pay off outstanding credit and get a fresh start
2. $15,000 for:
  a. rental of the fundraising venue
  b. catering
  c. drinks, and,
  d. to pay the talent for the fundraiser
3. $10,000 secures the right to purchase the property.

Just go to http://gofundme.com/LoCoLobo and take a look. Thank you all, and wish me luck!

EOL

(edited 11/21/2014)

#fundraiser #crowdfunding #dreams #goals #epic___If you want to help +L.S. Cody, this sounds like a wonderful idea.

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2014-11-21 15:57:32 (15 comments, 9 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Awakening : The short break is over as Captain Dranke and his crew are on their way for a new mission. One which promises much. The trip is a long one, and there is much to be done.... read more at the link provided!

(Part 22 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaLmore »

Awakening : The short break is over as Captain Dranke and his crew are on their way for a new mission. One which promises much. The trip is a long one, and there is much to be done.... read more at the link provided!

(Part 22 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-11-20 02:59:04 (34 comments, 48 reshares, 113 +1s)Open 

Nano scale : While speaking to some people, I realized that 'nano' as a scale is not really understood very well. It is often thought to be small. Even very small. But Nano size is very definite. It is like mixing up Kilometers and meters. Nano means 10^-9. That means a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. A typical sheet of newspaper would be 100,000 nanometers thick. Its a very precise measurement. Your typical fingernail grows at one nanometer per second.

Nanotechnology : When scientists worked with very small objects (of the size of 1 to 100 nanometers), they found some strange properties displayed by these materials. Some of them were magnetic, displayed strange optical properties and had even stranger electrical properties. These are now studied as Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, Nanomagnetics and the like.

The definition : Nanotechnology is science,... more »

Nano scale : While speaking to some people, I realized that 'nano' as a scale is not really understood very well. It is often thought to be small. Even very small. But Nano size is very definite. It is like mixing up Kilometers and meters. Nano means 10^-9. That means a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. A typical sheet of newspaper would be 100,000 nanometers thick. Its a very precise measurement. Your typical fingernail grows at one nanometer per second.

Nanotechnology : When scientists worked with very small objects (of the size of 1 to 100 nanometers), they found some strange properties displayed by these materials. Some of them were magnetic, displayed strange optical properties and had even stranger electrical properties. These are now studied as Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, Nanomagnetics and the like.

The definition : Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.

Not as straightforward as one would expect :     Phenomena at the nanometer scale are likely to be a completely new world. Properties of matter at nanoscale may not be as predictable as those observed at larger scales. Important changes in behavior are caused not only by continuous modification of characteristics with diminishing size, but also by the emergence of totally new phenomena such as quantum confinement, a typical example of which is that the color of light emitting from semiconductor nanoparticles depends on their sizes. Designed and controlled fabrication and integration of nanomaterials and nanodevices is likely to be revolutionary for science and technology.

Earlier posts on Nanotech:

Why HDDs need new Nanotech: https://plus.google.com/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/KXosgG28DFm

Split Ring Resonators: https://plus.google.com/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/fZpLJ9iguku

What are quantum dots? : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/KCkSbeUJfMp

What are Plasmons?: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/MCxkMzautA7

What is a Ferrofluid?: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/VGo4iq3U9Lc

Soap bubble physics: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/fboc69HMNZi

Pic courtesy: Rice University, Introduction to Nanotechnology. Comparison of items if you were 10 nm in height.

Sources and references:

http://www.nanoscience.gatech.edu/zlwang/research/nano.html

http://www.nature.com/nnano/index.html

http://www.nano.gov/nanotech-101/what/definition

http://www.nanowerk.com/

#science #scienceeveryday #nanoscale  ___

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2014-11-17 19:08:21 (58 comments, 1 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

An excellent opinion piece by +Gita Jaisinghani which is well written, has some really good references and makes one want to keep reading.

Do visit her original post (OP) to see the lively discussion and comments!

What's the difference?

Are you an INTJ? You probably "are most comfortable working alone and tend to be less sociable than other types. Nevertheless, INTJs are prepared to lead if no one else seems up to the task, or if they see a major weakness in the current leadership. They tend to be pragmatic, logical, and creative."

versus

Are you an Aries? You're probably “the leaders of the pack, first in line to get things going. Whether or not everything gets done is another question altogether, for an Aries prefers to initiate rather than to complete.”

So what’s the difference, really?

TL;DR : Not much.
The long answer : Not much. :-)

Or, to be more precise, and a touch verbose – the comparison works better with, say, a Buzzfeed quiz.
As a brief background - The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. These preferences were extrapolated by Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung. Jung theorized that there are four principal psychological functions by which we experience the world: sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking. One of these four functions is dominant most of the time – Wiki

MBTI is a particular darling of the corporate world. According to a recent Forbes article, “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessments are extremely popular, as well as profitable for both the publisher and the many certified consultants who use them. In fact, they are so popular as to be nearly ubiquitous in corporations and large organizations, including 89 of Fortune 100 companies.” But how well does it work? Does it work at all? And is it used in a way that would be least detrimental?

I found myself in agreement with most of the points made in a  Skeptoid article – the genesis and intrinsic values of the MBTI and pop tools like zodiac signs or Buzzfeed quizzes  are not dissimilar. The article is quite interesting, and in my view, fairly balanced. As a training consultant, I’ve seen the value that tools like MBTI (and other psychometric assessments) can provide – they make great introspection and perception start-points; and often provide a framework to discuss group dynamics and to help evolve solutions. I have also seen the farcical side of using them – the lazy, unscientific short-cuts they provide for the indolent or incompetent, and the rather sad way in which they replace critical and original thinking.

The tool has its fair share of critics – unbiased and otherwise. As an agnostic about the value and context of anecdotal or experiential systems, I can see its worth;  but I find myself getting annoyed at the somewhat cultish adherence to its “findings”, or applications, or indeed the lack of healthy skepticism amongst practitioners and more importantly, buyers.

I also find amusing the way proponents of these tools react when you point out the (many) similarities to the zodiac-sign classifications; or Cosmo quizzes. Or point to the Forer Effect ( also called the Barnum effect after P. T. Barnum's observation that ‘we've got something for everyone’ is the observation that individuals will give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically for them, but are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people – Wiki) Is it only because they come dressed in a patina of “science”? Or are they just a fad, waiting to be replaced by the next one? Or, as is always the case…… follow the money? According to a Forbes article – “2 million people a year (are) using an assessment tool that generates approximately $20 million in fees for its publishers”. Food for thought, for sure, I would've said.

The CPP website, btw, (the company that is the provider / publisher of the MBTI instrument) has this to say : It’s very common—especially on the Internet—to hear the MBTI® assessment referred to as the Myers-Briggs® personality test, the MBTI test, or simply the “personality test.” However, here at CPP, Inc., we never refer to the MBTI assessment that way. Personality tests may exist, but the MBTI assessment is not one of them. Here’s why…

So far, so logical. And then they go on to add –
By definition, a test is “a series of questions, problems, or physical responses designed to determine knowledge, intelligence, or ability,” implying that there are “right” and “wrong” answers. It’s true that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® assessment contains a series of questions, but that’s where the similarities to a personality test end. Unlike personality tests, the MBTI assessment doesn’t determine knowledge, intelligence, or ability. Instead, it measures four pairs of opposing preferences, which are inborn and value-neutral, to form a person’s four-letter type. No type is better or worse than any other—they are just different.

That explains quite a bit ;-)
I think this would be a good time to add that I am emphatically not certified in MBTI assessments. 

So, hello, Ms. Gemini, Mr. ISTJ, Ms. Flower-Child.....

In case you’re interested – there are plenty of good, skeptical articles. Here are some that I liked :

The skeptoid article - http://skeptoid.com/episodes/4221

http://www.forbes.com/sites/toddessig/2014/09/29/the-mysterious-popularity-of-the-meaningless-myers-briggs-mbti/

http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-echochambers-28315137

 http://skepdic.com/myersb.html

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/give-and-take/201309/goodbye-mbti-the-fad-won-t-die

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myers-Briggs_Type_Indicator

The CPP website - http://www.cppblogcentral.com/mbti-talk/this-is-not-a-test-personality-or-otherwise/

Image modified from Wikipedia___An excellent opinion piece by +Gita Jaisinghani which is well written, has some really good references and makes one want to keep reading.

Do visit her original post (OP) to see the lively discussion and comments!

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2014-11-16 09:13:32 (35 comments, 25 reshares, 128 +1s)Open 

Peanut butter diamonds : We all probably know that diamonds were formed by carbon under high temperatures and pressures. Since all organic materials have carbon, researchers are playing with such materials. Diamonds are often used in manufacturing and have many industrial applications.

Carbon : In his lab at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut in Germany, Dan Frost is trying to simulate conditions found in the Earth’s lower mantle. More than 1,800 miles below the surface, the lower mantle experiences temperatures nearing 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit and pressures that are 1.3 million times higher than the air we breathe. According to David Robson at BBC Future, in trying to simulate those scorching underground environments, Frost has stumbled upon some innovative ways to manufacture diamonds. Beneath their sparkles, diamonds are composed of simple carbon atoms arranged into a crystal.... more »

Peanut butter diamonds : We all probably know that diamonds were formed by carbon under high temperatures and pressures. Since all organic materials have carbon, researchers are playing with such materials. Diamonds are often used in manufacturing and have many industrial applications.

Carbon : In his lab at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut in Germany, Dan Frost is trying to simulate conditions found in the Earth’s lower mantle. More than 1,800 miles below the surface, the lower mantle experiences temperatures nearing 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit and pressures that are 1.3 million times higher than the air we breathe. According to David Robson at BBC Future, in trying to simulate those scorching underground environments, Frost has stumbled upon some innovative ways to manufacture diamonds. Beneath their sparkles, diamonds are composed of simple carbon atoms arranged into a crystal.

From thin air : Frost's research started with a hypothesis that in ancient times, rocks could have pulled carbon dioxide from the oceans. Then, as the rocks were drawn down into the mantle, high pressures force the CO2 to leave the rocks. Once the CO2 was free, iron in the mantle stripped it of its oxygen. That left just the naked carbon, which was squished into diamond by the high heat and temperatures. That was the hypothesis anyway, "[a]nd that is exactly what Frost found when he recreated the process using his presses – essentially forging a diamond from thin air," writes Robson.

Peanut butter diamonds are slow : Because all foodstuffs (and for that matter, all living things) contain carbon, the researchers have successfully made diamonds out of everyone's favorite sandwich ingredient: peanut butter. However, the hydrogen that’s bonded to the carbon in peanut butter apparently does make the process messier. And even under the best circumstances, the transformation is slow. “If we wanted a two-or-three-millimetre diamond, we would need to leave it for weeks,” Frost told BBC Future.

Article link and pic on left: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/geophysicists-are-turning-peanut-butter-diamond-gemstones?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=6&con=geophysicists-are-turning-peanut-butter-into-diamond-gemstones

Graphite in diamonds: http://www.gizmag.com/graphite-synthetic-diamond-platinum-stanford/31496/

BBC Future article: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20141106-the-man-who-makes-diamonds

Is it raining diamonds on Uranus: http://www.spacedaily.com/news/carbon-99d.html

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic_diamond

Courtesy pic on right: http://s3.amazonaws.com/rapgenius/animated_diamond2.gif

#science #diamond  ___

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2014-11-14 07:46:55 (16 comments, 9 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

Events Unfold : Revelations and new information make this an interesting episode as Captain Dranke and the Jexx commander Yod return to spacecommand. Read on to know more!

(Part 21 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16:h... more »

Events Unfold : Revelations and new information make this an interesting episode as Captain Dranke and the Jexx commander Yod return to spacecommand. Read on to know more!

(Part 21 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-11-13 04:13:22 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Flashfiction science fiction series on my blog. Read for free during beta period :)

Thwarted : The mystery deepens as the crew of the Raven is involved with an attack on a Hnnet Space outpost. As the workings of the Hnnet and Jexx are shrouded (literally with their cloaking devices and figuratively with their unwillingness to share information), Captain Dranke finds himself having to make decisions which he is not prepared for.

(Part 20 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera ___Flashfiction science fiction series on my blog. Read for free during beta period :)

posted image

2014-11-12 04:45:56 (24 comments, 34 reshares, 224 +1s)Open 

Waterworld : With rising sea levels, it seems that the movie Waterworld was prophetic. Of course, the movie was bad for a number of reasons, but if one were to study the last sea nomads, some surprising adaptations can be seen. A pointer to our future generations maybe.... don't try this at home. There are downsides to the adaptations including burst eardrums which you don't wish to test.

The Bajau people : The Bajau Laut, or Bajo, are marine nomads thought to come from the Philippines, who for centuries have lived out their lives almost entirely at sea. In dugout canoes they ply the ocean between Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, fishing with nets and lines. As sea nomads, they do not consider themselves tied to any country.

Freedivers : The sea gypsies of Malaysia and Indonesia, are renowned natural freedivers. Traditionally, they are born, live... more »

Waterworld : With rising sea levels, it seems that the movie Waterworld was prophetic. Of course, the movie was bad for a number of reasons, but if one were to study the last sea nomads, some surprising adaptations can be seen. A pointer to our future generations maybe.... don't try this at home. There are downsides to the adaptations including burst eardrums which you don't wish to test.

The Bajau people : The Bajau Laut, or Bajo, are marine nomads thought to come from the Philippines, who for centuries have lived out their lives almost entirely at sea. In dugout canoes they ply the ocean between Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, fishing with nets and lines. As sea nomads, they do not consider themselves tied to any country.

Freedivers : The sea gypsies of Malaysia and Indonesia, are renowned natural freedivers. Traditionally, they are born, live and die at sea, and fish by diving 20m (more than 65ft) underwater for minutes at a time on one breath. At this depth, water pressure is almost three times what it is on the surface, squeezing lungs already deprived of oxygen. "Not enough research has been done to know if it wears off when you're not diving," says Farrell. "But I know people who do a lot of deep training - as Sulbin does - whose blood is like that of people living at high altitude."

Underwater eyesight : The Bajau, in common with other coastal dwelling people, have unusually strong underwater vision. Their eye muscles have adapted to constrict the pupils more, and to change the lens shape to increase light refraction. This makes their underwater eyesight twice as strong.

Amphibious Human : The Bajau fisherman Sulbin in the video shows us how biology and culture are inseparable because what he does ends up shaping his body, but only because he grew up around people who knew how to manage becoming human in this distinctive amphibious way and because his adaptations play upon how his nervous system works, including some intriguing quirks.

BBC Article Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-12151830

NewScientist Link: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2011/07/free-diving-indian-ocean-nomad.html

Plos One Source: http://blogs.plos.org/neuroanthropology/2011/02/03/human-amphibious-model-living-in-and-on-the-water/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajau_people

#science  ___

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