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Lacerant Plainer has been at 11 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
NovoPulp1,165Ask +Niamh Brown Your +NovoPulp Questions!Have your heard of NovoPulp, considered getting involved, but you had a few questions? Only just heard of us and want to know more? Then here is your chance to ask someone face to face! With around 2 months to go until the 2014 NovoPulp deadline passes, we wanted to give everyone a chance to raise their hand and ask the questions that the rest of us didn't. Even if you can't attend the Hangout live, please leave your questions so you can watch the video afterwards and still get the information you need. As the last HOA was aimed at the USA/Australian time-zones we have decided to make this Hangout more European friendly. The HOA will be on:SATURDAY 7th OF JUNE 2014 - 16:00 CET / 10:00 EDT Submission Status:We are still in need of more short stories for this year but in particular WE NEED ART. So don't be shy, step forward :DFor more information on NovoPulp: The Speculative Fiction Anthology visit: http://www.NovoPulp.comFor more frequent updates subscribe to our email list: http://eepurl.com/C_-QfComing soon: FREE Bonus Content Only For Newsletter Subscribers!See you on air!Notifications:You have been notified of this HOA because you have circled the +NovoPulp page at some point. If you would prefer not to receive these limited notifications, or you want to be added to the notify list, then please let us know.NovoPulp Q&A HOA with Niamh Brown2014-06-07 16:00:0010 
NASA Goddard119,693On March 29, 2014, an X-class flare burst off the right side of the sun . . . and NASA was watching.Coordinating their observations, five NASA observatories and one ground-based telescope were able to see things in the flare they'd never seen before.  Numerous other NASA spacecraft provided additional data about what was happening on the sun during the event and what the effects were at Earth. Join us at 2:30 p.m. EDT on Thursday, May 8, 2014, as researchers describe how multiple missions worked together to explore the sun's surface and atmosphere, layer by layer, providing unprecedented images of the onset of a solar flare.  In addition to the colorful pictures of the sun that NASA will share, participants will explain how such research can help scientists better understand what sets off these large explosions on the sun. Perhaps, someday scientists may be able to predict their onset, forewarning of the radio blackouts they can cause near Earth – blackouts that can interfere with military, airplane and ship communications.Participants include: Adrian Daw: IRIS project scientist at NASA GoddardAlbert Shih: RHESSI scientist at NASA GoddardSabrina Savage: Hinode deputy project scientist at NASA MarshallLucia Kleint: Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Jeffrey Newmark: NASA HeadquartersNASA Hangout: All Eyes on the Sun2014-05-08 20:30:00650 
Space Fan News!3,678,997Hello Space Fans!Tonight there will be a total lunar eclipse tonight in the Western Hemisphere. +Scott Lewis  will be heading to Cerritos College in Norwalk, CA to do some on-site outreach with Dr. +Thad Szabo. Internet permitting, we'll be attempting to bring in a live feed of the lunar eclipse from LA and hopefully connect with our friends from the +Virtual Star Party  and bring in feeds from there too!If you're in the Los Angeles area, you are more than welcome to join us on site. The event starts at 10:30 p.m. PT and parking is free after 10 p.m.Cerritos College: 11190 Alondra Blvd. Norwalk, CA 90650Parking Lot C-6 off of Studebaker, just south of Alondra Blvd.Not local? That's okay too! Share with us your pictures of the eclipse in the event below! Keep Looking Up!#ScienceEveryday   #Space   #Astronomy   #Eclipse   #LunarEclipse   #BloodMoon  Lunar Eclipse Live!2014-04-15 08:00:00392 
STEM Women on G+113,544Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to +Annika O'Brien on her career as a roboticist. Annika is an engineer who works on robotics and also a passionate STEM educator, teaching kids how to program and build robots through +STEAMtrax. She will talk to us about her exciting career path as a woman in STEM, what inspires her, and why supporting women in STEM is important. This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos  and you can tune in on Sunday April 13th at 4.30 PM Central/ 10.30PM UK. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel (http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.In The Spotlight, With Annika O'Brien2014-04-13 23:30:0055 
NovoPulp1,165Yes it is finally here!+NovoPulp (aka +#G+SF Anthologies), though +#HermitStudio - Press Division, has published their first book: NovoPulp 2013/2014 Anthology. http://www.NovoPulp.com/store To celebrate we are having a Launch Party HOA.SATURDAY 29th OF MARCH 2014EST: 19:00GMT: 23:00SUNDAY 30th of MARCH 2014CET: 00:00AEDT: 10:00READINGS FROM:+Niamh Brown +David Grigg OTHER GUESTS INCLUDE:+Charles Strebor For those who don't know here is a little synopsis on the NovoPulp project:Let’s bring back the best days of Pulp: Fiction written by and for those who love the genre. Pushing boundaries, asking the questions, demanding the answers, and even providing some.We collect, anthologise, and produce one volume a year of the very best Speculative Fiction that G+ can provide. All comers are welcome – we want everyone to have the chance to put their ideas before the world, to be the one who saw what the rest of us didn’t – or wouldn’t – and so change the world...If you enjoy speculative fiction and great artwork you are in for a treat. Even if you can't attend the HOA, if you can spread the word about the event or the book we would really appreciate it. You can find images and code for your website here:http://www.NovoPulp.com/spread-the-wordTo those that can make it please join us at the first NovoPulp Launch Party HOA this weekend (the 29th/30th of March 2014 - depending on your timezone).Notification Notice:If you were notified it is because you have circled the +NovoPulp (aka +#G+SF Anthology) page. We endeavour to keep these notifications to an absolute minimum, but if NovoPulp 2013/2014 Anthology Launch Party HOA2014-03-30 00:00:0033 
The Huffington Post2,644,755+The Huffington Post is talking ALL THINGS +Oscars with our own  +matthew rappaport and +Nicholas Graham! We'll be discussing the big Winners, the HUGE Snubs, and all the Moments from Sunday's broadcast.. especially the FUNNY via Host Ellen DeGeneres (and any other random bits of #lol )!Join us as we chat LIVE about the greatest speeches and take questions from all of you, the #awesomesauce audience on Monday, March 3, 2014 at 4:15 pm ET / 1:15 pm PTWe want to hear from you as to who should win before the show starts (and who should've won, once it ends). You can submit your questions in both comments and using the Q&A app attached to the Hangout.More fun +G+ Achievement Unlocked here at #huffpost  on +Google+ ! #Oscars   #oscars2014   #movies   #bestpicture2014   #hangoutsonair    #academyawards2014  +American Hustle +Huffpost 2014 Oscars Recap Show w/Matt Rappaport and Nic Graham2014-03-03 22:15:0053 
Beyond Rubik's Cube3,528,454Rubik’s Fans Unite!Spend an afternoon with the world’s top Rubik’s Cube aficionados in an epic Google+ Hangout on Air.Join +Paul Hoffman CEO of the +Liberty Science Center as he hosts a discussion between some of the brightest thought leaders, math geeks, and speed cubers ever assembled; featuring an introduction by none other than +Erno Rubik himself.Hear why Oxford Mathematics Professor +Marcus du Sautoy thinks the Rubik’s Cube has a lot in common with the Large Hadron Collider.Muse over the poetry and aesthetics of science in our culture with renowned science writer, and exhibition curator +Margaret Wertheim.Marvel at the finger dexterity of world champion speed cuber +Anthony Brooks.Learn about what it takes to bring an exhibition to life with +Ann Neumann. Creative Director at the Liberty Science Center and +Michael Tyka artist and visionary who built the Groovik’s Cube at Burning Man.Seven of the most interesting people in the world will be gathered together to talk all things cube. You’re invited.Click-in July 18th at 2pm EST.Submit Hangout questions on this Events Page.Special thank you to +Michael Holden for that awesome picture we're using. Check him out www.michaelholden.com.The Beyond Rubik's Cube Hangout2013-07-18 20:00:00208 
TakePart42,621Seven years ago former Vice President Al Gore released An Inconvenient Truth, kick-starting a global conversation about climate change (available on Google Play: http://goo.gl/ElYcc). The issue is as pressing as ever and Gore and Jeff Skoll, the film's executive producer, want to hear your ideas (http://youtu.be/ih3fEHv4wqA). Throughout the coming week add your thoughts and questions in the Science on G+ Community (http://goo.gl/39w5t). Gore and Skoll will choose the most insightful participants to join them in a live Hangout on Air on June 11th at 2PM EST - come back then to tune in to the Conversation! Google+ Conversation with Al Gore about Combating Climate Change2013-06-11 20:00:002183 
Jacob Dix28,035Post your sky images here. Comment on other's sky images. Mobile, DSLR, film are welcome. Have fun. The sky is beautiful.Sky 3!2012-09-29 00:30:0034 
Benjamin Cortis145,343Photo Competition September 2012Status: finishedThread:LandscapesThe images can be submitted the next 24 hours.Then the event is closed and a voting phase starts from exactly 6 days.The jury is the audience. During this period anyone can can vote by a +1 to his favorite picture.In one week, then the current state of the votes will be noted and the winners will be revealed to the public.Rules:Please note the current topic.Everyone can submit only one picture.Please no nudity or any other offensive pictures.If anyone does not abide by the rules, his work will be removed from this event not be rated.last competition: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c1nngcqt7dgr1qn315holkenh20Let´s have fun....-Fotowettbewerb September 2012Status: beendetThema:LandschaftenDie Bilder können in den nächsten 24 Stunden eingereicht werden.Dann wird das Event geschlossen und eine Abstimmungsphase von genau 6 Tagen beginnt.Die Jury ist das Publikum. In diesem Zeitraum kann jeder seine Stimme durch ein +1 unter seinem Lieblingsbild abgeben.In einer Woche wird dann der aktuelle Stand der Abstimmungen festgehalten und die Gewinner können der Öffentlichkeit preisgegeben werden.Regeln:Bitte beachtet das aktuelle Thema.Jeder kann maximal ein Bild einreichen.Bitte keine Nacktbilder oder keine anderen anstößigen Bilder.Wenn sich jemand nicht an die Regeln hält wird aus diesem Event entfernt und nicht bewertet.letzte Wettbewerb: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c1nngcqt7dgr1qn315holkenh20Viel Spaß#foto #photo #wettbewerb #competition #event #photocompetition   #photocompetitionseptember  Photo Competition - September 20122012-09-05 10:00:00949 
Jacob Dix28,035For some time now I have been doing a project, an experiment, an exploration, a study in light. My object has been the sky, through the limited vantage point of my kitchen window and my backyard. The result, so far, is this album called Sky: http://goo.gl/phGuRForget about that for right now. Show everyone your own sky! The best, the worst. I've seen people mention avoiding it because it means they have no "object" to shoot. Don't listen to those people. It is the most challenging palette of light there is. Let's see 'em!You have a full day and a half! Please spread the word too.Sky!2012-09-02 00:00:0023 

Lacerant Plainer has been shared in 2,049 public circles

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Sharon Caroline1,319Hello my friends, good morning/evening for you all!Shared and be shared. :)#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday2014-10-31 06:42:10300000
Payne Odom0More Friend now! #sharedcircles  2014-10-30 16:11:43501001
Daniel Gibbs8,815This circle contains people who are very active on Google+.People in this Circle are top google+ engagers and great resharers. These are people that will share and re-post your circles and other content. This is a good circle to connect with each other and gain followers. I highly suggest adding each person in this Circle to your circles as they are likely to interact with you.If you want to continue or wish to get in the next version, please complete 1-4 below.INSTRUCTIONS1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already.2. +1 this circle.3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. Comment to inform me that you have done the above three things.#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-30 06:24:34488258
Kylie Jenner10,033#12                        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-30 05:09:07333000
Kylie Jenner10,0338                        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-30 05:08:46333000
Rosie Taylor11,950#3 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-30 04:08:52387000
Rosie Taylor11,950#2 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-30 04:08:37433000
Circles Circles Circles43,799A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsYour re-share is appreciated and it benefits everyone.Those included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/pQZWzBPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/mRks2NPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/IBM8DEMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/j8Zu31Published Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/zSi8lW#circleshare                                                             2014-10-30 02:46:15103539
Penerjemah Tersumpah0Cara Menambah Follower Google Plus Indonesia Pengen Punya banyak Follower di Google plus, coba ikut Share Circle khusus Indonesia ini yuk.Dengan Share CIrcle kita akan dapat banyak teman dan nantinya tentu akan banyak juga yang follow akun google plus kita.Kalau kamu pengen banyakfollower google plus ii cara mudah untuk dapat Follower Google plus.Syaratnya1. Follow Kami2. Beri Plus dan Share public status ini4. Add seluruh orang yang ada di Lingkaran ini5. Berikan Komentar di bawah status ini agar dengan mudah dapat kami masukkan kamu dalam lingkaran.6. Pastikan kamu memberikan plus, reshare dan komentar di postingan asli di https://plus.google.com/b/103813820956570532442/2014-10-30 01:55:18449001
Krzysztof Hanusiak8,792Circle share with new friends.Hi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#CircleSharing #Circle #SharedCircles #CircleOfTheDay #Share #Photographer #Photographers #Landscape #CircleShare #Google #Google+ #ADD #EliteInnerCircle #TeamElite #PublicCircle #Shared #SharingCircles #PublicSharedCircles #Photography #Photograph #Best #BestPhotographers #BestPhotos #BestPhoto # Circles 2014-10-28 20:36:25490014
Kylie Jenner9,790#10 If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-28 15:03:43332011
John Hannah3,110Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-27 12:52:02293101417
Michael Junghans10,859A big thank you. A please to be connected.Please share | +#sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare   #circlesharing   #teamelite   #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle    #sharedcircle #cerchiacondivisa   #condividicerchia   #cerchiadiitaliani   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   #circleshare  #bosmol #BosmolCircle   #GrowthCIrcle     #GooglePlus   #CircleShare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #google   #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare 2014-10-26 18:14:54501000
AyJay Schibig76,773AWESOME CIRCLE 10.25.14 by  +AyJay Schibig ReShare if you wish to be in this Circle.Some  awesome people  in this new Edition!  Add them to grow your G+ network!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia  #circlesbyayjay  2014-10-26 02:39:02496636790
Circles Circles Circles43,264A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsYour re-share is appreciated and it benefits everyone.Those included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/MDI7PfPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/yIG1mjPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/K8oDziMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/71EsZoPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/jGdSTg#circleshare                                                             2014-10-23 13:25:28100437
Lia Verston60circle share is live, have over 40 new members and as the tradition as been started I will continue to share this circle every time it grows.#circleshare  1. ADD the circle this insures you stay in it.2. Share the post.3. Plus the post4. Comment to be added once you have done this!That is all simple right!OK awesome on each   #snowballcircle share we average 50 engagements. I have passed 26,000   #folllowers gaining 1300 a month. TO BE A PART of the most active circle on   #googleplus it is simple!#circleshare #sharedcircles #snowballcircle #publicsharedcircles  #circleshare #circleshared #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles     #circlesharing #circlefriday #snowballcircle #thesnowballcircle #growthinfollowers #followfriday #jmhhacker   #circleshare  2014-10-20 22:00:07487141022
Elizabeth Rose7,177#8 If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-20 17:47:05482001
Kelly Jean9,640#12 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-20 17:09:26390002
Rosie Taylor10,908#4 If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-20 13:21:20387001
Rosie Taylor10,908#3 If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-20 13:21:02434112
Kelly Jean9,461#12  If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-19 11:18:41390222
diana perez0circle share is live, have over 40 new members and as the tradition as been started I will continue to share this circle every time it grows.1. ADD the circle this insures you stay in it.2. Share the post.3. Plus the post4. Comment to be added once you have done this!That is all simple right!OK awesome on each   #snowballcircle share we average 50 engagements. I have passed 26,000   #folllowers gaining 1300 a month. TO BE A PART of the most active circle on   #googleplus it is simple!#circleshare #sharedcircles #snowballcircle #publicsharedcircles  #circleshare #circleshared #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles     #circlesharing #circlefriday #snowballcircle #thesnowballcircle #growthinfollowers #followfriday #jmhhacker  +Daniel Stock +Karen Michelle +Dubie Bacino +Michael Q Todd +Ralph Quintero +Brandon Ross +Soko Llc. - Soko Marketing  +Shared Circles on G+ +Tzarul Nicolai +Thomas Wooldridge +Thomas Hawk +Peter Trapasso +Peter Gregg +Ludovic Moreeuw +808 Audio+Daniel Stock +Dubie Bacino +Michael Q Todd +Ralph Quintero +Tazein Mirza Saad +Thomas Hawk +Peter Gregg +Peter Trapasso +Ludovic Moreeuw +Kyle Newton 2014-10-18 21:37:05488001
Chris Cota30,883#haveagreatweekend  circle share is live, have over 40 new members and as the tradition as been started I will continue to share this circle every time it grows.1. ADD the circle this insures you stay in it.2. Share the post.3. Plus the post4. Comment to be added once you have done this!That is all simple right!OK awesome on each   #snowballcircle share we average 50 engagements. I have passed 26,000   #folllowers gaining 1300 a month. TO BE A PART of the most active circle on   #googleplus it is simple!#circleshare #sharedcircles #snowballcircle #publicsharedcircles  #circleshare #circleshared #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles     #circlesharing #circlefriday #snowballcircle #thesnowballcircle #growthinfollowers #followfriday #jmhhacker  +Daniel Stock +Karen Michelle +Dubie Bacino +Michael Q Todd +Ralph Quintero +Brandon Ross +Soko Llc. - Soko Marketing  +Shared Circles on G+ +Tzarul Nicolai +Thomas Wooldridge +Thomas Hawk +Peter Trapasso +Peter Gregg +Ludovic Moreeuw +808 Audio+Daniel Stock +Dubie Bacino +Michael Q Todd +Ralph Quintero +Tazein Mirza Saad +2014-10-18 19:24:16491000
Elizabeth Rose6,984#3 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-18 15:40:58334048
!!!..HAC PATЬ..!!!613#ДрузьяВGoogle   #круги #КругиGoogle   #круглим   #кругляши   #обмен     #ВЗАИМНЫЙОБМЕНКРУГАМИ  #chiburator #krugi #circle  #CIRCLE #KRUGI #RUSSIA #CHIBURATOR  #circle   #amazing   #content   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #share   #sharecircle   #sharecircle   #sharecircleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle   #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #weeklyreview #sharedcirc2014-10-18 03:15:24388102
Elizabeth Rose6,869#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-17 14:52:42482000
Kylie Jenner8,896#15 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-17 14:25:16340010
Jayant Khoshiya13,709+Jayant yadavhttps://plus.google.com/+JayantYadav #circle #circles #circleshare #circleshares #circleshared #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #follow #followme #followers #following #authicle #authiclecircleshare #authiclecircle #authiclevol45  #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople 2014-10-17 05:52:17492001
Krzysztof Hanusiak7,917Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment #CircleSharing #Circle #SharedCircles #CircleOfTheDay #Share #Photographer #Photographers #Landscape #CircleShare #Google #Google+ #ADD #EliteInnerCircle #TeamElite #PublicCircle #Shared #SharingCircles #PublicSharedCircles #Photography #Photograph #Best #BestPhotographers #BestPhotos #BestPhoto # Circles 2014-10-16 16:05:11491011
Marlo Angelo Tito111,782Jesse (Jam of ESSential Engagers)And I thought I'd be using the word Jam again, haha. Anyways, the numbers are starting to go down and I guess it would keep going on. Well, if you want to suggest some people in the comments, you can freely tag them in the comments. :-D(let me copy-paste this one... lol)So folks, this is circle Jesse. And yes, you know it, this circle is filled with normal folks here in G+. Well that is, it's your definition of normal! :-D. Since this is not a themed circle or whatsoever, this circle has a pretty great mix as it shows a great diversity among the people. As I am done introducing these folks to you, you're might want to add them to know more!   If you want to get into this circle, just tell me. And also if you want to be excluded from this circle, please also do tell me!And if something is wrong, just inquire me also! This circle rolls every Wednesday or Thursday.SongS for the Week! Greg Laswell - Off I GoCider Sky - PiecesHave a nice day and God bless! :-D #Circle   #circlesharing     #circleshare   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharingcircles   #sharingiscaring   #sharingmeansthankyou   #add   #addcircle   #addpeople   #justanaverageteenagerwhoexpresseshisopinionsovertheinternetcircle  2014-10-16 14:38:073298573115
Circles Circles Circles42,777A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsYour re-share is appreciated and it benefits everyone.Those included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/kkAFPJPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/AwtirXPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/0tFdw8MEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/KYnCjXPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/YfjWsxOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8ll#circleshare                                                             2014-10-16 13:20:0797536
Harry Day9,187Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circle #circles #public #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles #awesome #xxx   #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #weeklyreview 2014-10-16 12:55:09494124
ruben cantero0Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles* If you’d like to be added to the next circle share:* • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#thursdaycircle   #share #weekendcircle #weekend #weekendfun   #circles #circleyoushare #publiccircle #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles2014-10-15 21:00:21489000
John Wood16,575Great circle to find many interesting and interactive people!!! If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#bosmol #BosmolCircle #GrowthCIrcle #GooglePlus #CircleShare #sharedpubliccircles #kl #bd #po #office #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circleshared #publiccirclesproject #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheday #google #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #AddCircle #FindCircles #addcircle #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing 2014-10-15 06:31:14486212
Elizabeth Rose6,405#2 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-14 16:05:09334000
Эксперт Биткоин396Обмен кругом часть 5#CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#Google+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids #SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared #ГуглПлюс #Делюськругом #Круг #КругДня #Круги #Круглим #Круглы #Кругляши #ОткрытыйКруг #Люди #ВзаимныеЛюди #Взаимный #Взаи2014-10-13 19:35:12482000
Elizabeth Rose6,316#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-13 05:48:23482001
Jesus coffee break2,464Sharing a circle of extra ordinary people! Increase your following by adding and sharing this Amazing Circle.#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing 2014-10-12 22:35:35336002
Hasna Areta Zakiya914ADD CIRCLE AND SHARE#circle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #CircleOfTheDay #SharedCircles #Share #Shared #SharedPublicCircles #ShareCircle #ADD #SharingCircles #Engagers #SocialMedia #Google+ #Friends #GooglePlusTips #EngagersCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Google2014-10-12 17:22:38447000
Rosie Taylor10,162#6 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-12 04:05:30436000
Hasna Areta Zakiya914INVITE AND SHARE#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-10-11 18:04:304477211
Diana Breath7,643#6 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-11 17:04:254886216
Becky Collins17,355Vegetable Gardening Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-10 05:43:33403011
Marlo Angelo Tito110,118Xena (eXtraordinary circlE of eNgAgers)I'm very sorry for the delay of this circle. I got confused on the "release dates" of this circle and my snowball circle, thinking my snowball circle gets to be released on a Wednesday/Thursday and this circle gets to be released on a weekend. I've already fixed that problem so you have nothing to worry about. :-D(let me copy-paste this one... lol)So folks, this is circle Jameson. And yes, you know it, this circle is filled with normal folks here in G+. Well that is, it's your definition of normal! :-D. Since this is not a themed circle or whatsoever, this circle has a pretty great mix as it shows a great diversity among the people. As I am done introducing these folks to you, you're might want to add them to know more! :-D  If you want to get into this circle, just tell me!And also if you want to be excluded from this circle, please also do tell me!This circle rolls every Wednesday or Thursday.SongS for the Week! Hungry Ghosts - I Don't Think About You Anymore But, I Don't Think About You AnylessDeerhunter - Helicopter (Official Video)Have a nice day and God bless! :-D #CIrcle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharing   #sharingcircles   #sharingiscaring   #sharingmeansthankyou   #add   #addcircle   #addpeople   #justanaverageteenagerwhoexpresseshisopinionsovertheinternetcircle  2014-10-09 14:25:57335119102152
Kylie Jenner8,018#13 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-09 13:50:57333000
Kylie Jenner8,018#11 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-09 13:46:50333000
Rosie Taylor9,646#3 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-09 04:23:02387124
Circles Circles Circles42,247A Circle of Bloggers & Their BlogsYour re-share is appreciated and it benefits everyone.Those included in this circle are active bloggers, and are also active on G+. Add them to your circles for added information on a variety of subjects, from health, to technology, food and gardening.Please re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)This Circle will be published on Wednesdays. Note: If you are in this list be sure to add your blog's URL on the About section of your G+ page. I will be featuring interesting blogs every so often, so it's important to have the blog's address. Looking forward to reading your blogs.If you know of anyone that may benefit from this circle, please ask them to join. Thank you.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/93wisWPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/AQ23vLPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/jJ3wIxMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/LD8XRAPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/dkRzCyOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8ll#circleshare                                                             2014-10-09 03:59:0296323
Kylie Jenner7,939#3 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-08 04:10:43333001
Kylie Jenner7,939#2 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-08 04:10:25333000

Activity

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 97

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2014-10-01 19:35:25 (97 comments, 20 reshares, 94 +1s)Open 

Urgently looking for some information / help : I am sending this post out for a  friend who is currently battling with cancer. I wanted to help, and ask our G+ community at large if there are people who understand how this works (preferably oncologists, radiologists and similar people in the field) and who might be able to guide me as to what are the therapies which are possible.

Of course I realize that this is not one disease, and therefore much more information needs to be shared (privately), but I am making a public post to appeal to people who have knowledge of the therapies, maybe are doctors and could help with clinical trials or guiding my friend in Europe of what can be done and how to go about it.

Frankly, I am not an expert, and I don’t even know the right questions to ask. If someone is able to even frame those questions, even that would help with my friend, whoca... more »

Most reshares: 99

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2014-10-20 16:25:31 (41 comments, 99 reshares, 170 +1s)Open 

Bad research : No sense in putting this any other way. I have often come upon some paper which talks about a small sample size, where sample size is important to understanding statistically significant effects. Sometimes the bias in an experiment has not been addressed. In other cases, repeatability is a problem.

Why does this matter? : Imagine a simple thought experiment. First we make an assumption - e.g. eggs come from birds. We need to first define 'eggs' and 'birds'. Is this rigorous? When an experimenter finds that a fish lays an egg, the assumption is clearly not specific enough. What does 'comes from' mean?

Assuming for this example, that only birds lay eggs, and we have defined the terms adequately, we then need to go on and test this idea.... if an idea is testable, repeatable, has some logic and has a clear explanation, we can call this... more »

Most plusones: 546

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2014-09-22 10:41:39 (31 comments, 82 reshares, 546 +1s)Open 

EU Researchers look for alternate means of controlling pests : In an interesting article. some of the ideas are quite fascinating. Researchers are working on using sound, odor and other methods to reduce the amount of pesticides used. As of now, this is all under study and is not proven technology. But the ideas sound promising.

Article Extract: Scientists in Northern Italy are experimenting with unusual and totally eco-friendly sound and odor devices to fight off insects from their cultivated fields. And their studies suggest that these methods could be as efficient in protecting crops as using chemical based pesticides. In the meantime, in a field study near Pisa, Italy, researchers are learning how important it is to keep semi-natural habitats next to cultivated fields. These areas are an important resource for pollinators and it now seems they even have an impact on the yield of the... more »

Latest 50 posts

2014-10-13 04:32:38 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

I'm not Australian, but I thought I could catch up on his shenanigans here. After he proclaims himself Lord of the commonwealth or somesuch.

I'm not Australian, but I thought I could catch up on his shenanigans here. After he proclaims himself Lord of the commonwealth or somesuch.___

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2014-09-21 10:10:39 (23 comments, 11 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

Dranke and his crew start their search : The story continues, now you can read part 6. By popular demand!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy

Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9 (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a six-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging people who are following the story  - Thanks for the support and hope you like the new story!

#scifi #sciencefiction #flashfiction #blog 

Dranke and his crew start their search : The story continues, now you can read part 6. By popular demand!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy

Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9 (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a six-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging people who are following the story  - Thanks for the support and hope you like the new story!

#scifi #sciencefiction #flashfiction #blog ___

posted image

2014-09-09 15:48:09 (12 comments, 6 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

Mission impossible : The story of Dranke and his crew continues : Due to popular demand, here is the next installment of the flashfiction series. Do tell me if you liked it.

If you haven't read the first two, here is the chronology:

First piece of the story : http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible.html

Second piece of the story: http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible-2-cat-and-mouse.html

Third part of the story: http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible-3-contact.html

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoon-Mi Kim +Yoongyee Poh +Robin Laurén +Niamh Brown +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody since all you guys liked the earlier installments!

#sf #sciencefiction  

Mission impossible : The story of Dranke and his crew continues : Due to popular demand, here is the next installment of the flashfiction series. Do tell me if you liked it.

If you haven't read the first two, here is the chronology:

First piece of the story : http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible.html

Second piece of the story: http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible-2-cat-and-mouse.html

Third part of the story: http://www.lacerantplainer.com/2014/09/mission-impossible-3-contact.html

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoon-Mi Kim +Yoongyee Poh +Robin Laurén +Niamh Brown +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody since all you guys liked the earlier installments!

#sf #sciencefiction  ___

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2014-09-16 09:26:31 (31 comments, 10 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

Dranke and his crew return home : The story continues, now you can read part 5. Back by popular demand!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a five-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoon-Mi Kim +Yoongyee Poh +Robin Laurén +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody +Basement Kitty +Martin Conterez +Brigitte W. +Charles Strebor +Elizabeth Therese Niwel +David Preston... more »

Dranke and his crew return home : The story continues, now you can read part 5. Back by popular demand!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a five-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoon-Mi Kim +Yoongyee Poh +Robin Laurén +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody +Basement Kitty +Martin Conterez +Brigitte W. +Charles Strebor +Elizabeth Therese Niwel +David Preston +Marjorie Fowler +Mike Mackley +Able Lawrence +Jyoti Q Dahiya +Gita Jaisinghani +NovoPulp +Philip Middleton +E.E. Giorgi  - Thanks for the support and hope you like the new story!

#scifi #sciencefiction #flashfiction #blog___

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2014-10-03 09:19:36 (32 comments, 30 reshares, 194 +1s)Open 

Our Identity : I have often wondered what are we? What makes us tick. What makes it happen at the smallest and largest scale? We now have the ability to scan the smallest bits. And wonder. At the smallest scale, we are subatomic particles which behave in a very random fashion. Zoom out a little, and you notice we are atoms. The very building blocks of all matter. Most of the atom is nothing. It really is. Zoom out further and we are chemicals. The building blocks of organic materials. Zoom out further and we are cells. All kinds of specialized organic machines. We have already covered Physics, Chemistry and Biology at this stage. How is this put together? It is one of the biggest mysteries. At the macro level, we are organisms. Which act in a certain way based on all the tiny processes of the atoms, the chemicals and the biology.

Flows : Zoom out more and we notice we are governed... more »

Our Identity : I have often wondered what are we? What makes us tick. What makes it happen at the smallest and largest scale? We now have the ability to scan the smallest bits. And wonder. At the smallest scale, we are subatomic particles which behave in a very random fashion. Zoom out a little, and you notice we are atoms. The very building blocks of all matter. Most of the atom is nothing. It really is. Zoom out further and we are chemicals. The building blocks of organic materials. Zoom out further and we are cells. All kinds of specialized organic machines. We have already covered Physics, Chemistry and Biology at this stage. How is this put together? It is one of the biggest mysteries. At the macro level, we are organisms. Which act in a certain way based on all the tiny processes of the atoms, the chemicals and the biology.

Flows : Zoom out more and we notice we are governed by 'flow' everything flows of earth, the land, the seas, the air. Some scientists have postulated that the Universe itself is based on flow. Time flows, so do waves.... it makes one think. Combine this with the electromagnetic spectra, we have a mystery wrapped in a mystery.

At the Cosmological scale, we look at galactic clusters, at galaxies, at stars, at solar systems, at planets and at their attendant satellites. The mystery of dark matter and gravity eludes us yet. But we have good guesses.  

What is our identity? : Coming back to our original question, one doesn't really know. But we can lose ourselves in the voyage of discovery. That is the basis of the scientific method. To take tiny steps, to discover. To study how this works. Agreeing we don't know is the basis of the journey!

Earlier post 'How to Science' : http://goo.gl/JsnGYi

+Corina Marinescu's post on Richard Feynman: http://goo.gl/3tctqd

h/t to +John Kellden for the 21C Expedition, which reminded me to revisit Feynman's works.

Earlier post 'Living Materials' : http://goo.gl/NZUWEU

Earlier post 'Liquid Spacetime' : http://goo.gl/Ya4Gjv

Wikipedia link on Julia Set: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_set

Pics courtesy: http://i.imgur.com/5oeQgPR.gif and Wikimedia commons: http://goo.gl/xNMGwm (3D reversed Julia Set)

#science  ___

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2014-10-12 11:54:15 (30 comments, 23 reshares, 79 +1s)Open 

What is the science behind climate change and global warming? : Someone recently asked me if a molecule with two atoms can be a green house gas. The simple answer is no, though some molecules may have an indirect effect on the greenhouse effect. The reason is simple. Molecules with only two atoms are closely bound to each other and the they cannot emit back heat in the IR range. Molecules which have more than two atoms, are bound much looser and can emit back the heat by vibrating. Here is a primer on the basic science behind greenhouse gases....
 
Green House gases : Greenhouse gases (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,... more »

What is the science behind climate change and global warming? : Someone recently asked me if a molecule with two atoms can be a green house gas. The simple answer is no, though some molecules may have an indirect effect on the greenhouse effect. The reason is simple. Molecules with only two atoms are closely bound to each other and the they cannot emit back heat in the IR range. Molecules which have more than two atoms, are bound much looser and can emit back the heat by vibrating. Here is a primer on the basic science behind greenhouse gases....
 
Green House gases : Greenhouse gases (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Greenhouse gases greatly affect the temperature of the Earth; without them, Earth's surface would average about 33 °C colder.
 
The Carbon Cycle : Carbon reservoirs exchange carbon on a wide range of time scales from years (upper ocean, land biosphere) to millennia (deep ocean, deep soil. This time taken for CO2 concentration to relax back to an equilibrium can be from 5 to 1000 years.
 
Process of warming : Visible (short) wavelength radiation is absorbed by the Earth’s surface, which heats up. The Earth re-radiates mostly at infrared (long) wavelengths. This infrared radiation is absorbed by the molecules in the Earth’s atmosphere. The Earth’s atmosphere heats up, reradiates upwards AND downwards, further heating the Earth's surface.
 
Radiative forcing : The Earth absorbs some of the radiant energy received from the sun, reflects some of it as light and reflects or radiates the rest back to space as heat.[35] The Earth's surface temperature depends on this balance between incoming and outgoing energy.  A number of natural and man-made mechanisms can affect the global energy balance and force changes in the Earth's climate. Some greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for decades or even centuries, and therefore can affect the Earth's energy balance over a long time period.

Positive radiative forcing indicates warming (for example, by increasing incoming energy or decreasing the amount of energy that escapes to space), while negative forcing is associated with cooling.

Global Warming Potential : The global warming potential (GWP) depends on both the efficiency of the molecule as a greenhouse gas and its atmospheric lifetime. GWP is measured relative to the same mass of CO2 and evaluated for a specific timescale. Thus, if a gas has a high (positive) radiative forcing but also a short lifetime, it will have a large GWP on a 20-year scale but a small one on a 100-year scale. Conversely, if a molecule has a longer atmospheric lifetime than CO2 its GWP will increase with the timescale considered. Carbon dioxide is defined to have a GWP of 1 over all time periods.
 
 Wikipedia source on Greenhouse gases: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas

 
Why more than two atoms are required in a molecule to have a greenhouse effect : http://scied.ucar.edu/longcontent/greenhouse-effect

 
EPA science of climate change link: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/

 
Effects of climate change: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141009100928.htm
 

List of topics from Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/topic/global-warming-and-climate-change/  

Paper LCA of Hydrogen gas production and ghg: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319908016078  

Pics courtesy : http://goo.gl/YHwbIe and NASA

#warming #scienceeveryday #ghg  ___

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2014-09-27 07:34:56 (19 comments, 12 reshares, 88 +1s)Open 

Facebook looks to provide internet using solar powered UAVs : While Google has bought Titan Aerospace and Google Loon had made news, actual implementation is still not apparent in places where there is slow internet. Now Facebook has announced through internet.org that they have bought Ascenta, a solar powered UAV which is similar tech. However, Facebook looks to be quite serious. The Ascenta website is now the Facebook blue.... Who will actually provide high speed access across the world? Time will tell.

Article Extract: Facebook plans to bring Internet to the third-world via drones, satellites, lasers, and more. Today Mark Zuckerberg unveiled Facebook’s Connectivity Lab which will work on the Internet.org project. It’s powered by talent acqhired from solar-powered drone maker Ascenta as well as poached from NASA.

Internet.org, a partnership between Facebook and telecomindu... more »

Facebook looks to provide internet using solar powered UAVs : While Google has bought Titan Aerospace and Google Loon had made news, actual implementation is still not apparent in places where there is slow internet. Now Facebook has announced through internet.org that they have bought Ascenta, a solar powered UAV which is similar tech. However, Facebook looks to be quite serious. The Ascenta website is now the Facebook blue.... Who will actually provide high speed access across the world? Time will tell.

Article Extract: Facebook plans to bring Internet to the third-world via drones, satellites, lasers, and more. Today Mark Zuckerberg unveiled Facebook’s Connectivity Lab which will work on the Internet.org project. It’s powered by talent acqhired from solar-powered drone maker Ascenta as well as poached from NASA.

Internet.org, a partnership between Facebook and telecom industry giants like Nokia and Qualcomm, hopes to use these air- and space-born methods to bring Internet to the 5 billion people who currently lack it. Zuckerberg says that Internet.org and Facebook will work on inventing new technologies to complete the mission.

While they both have somewhat altruistic objectives, Facebook’s Connectivity Lab could compete with Google’s Project Loon, which uses huge helium balloon vessels to beam Internet to the developing world.

Source Article Link: http://techcrunch.com/2014/03/27/facebook-drones/ (pic from article)

Additional link: http://www.businessinsider.in/PHOTOS-Heres-What-Facebooks-New-Solar-Powered-Drone-Will-Look-Like/articleshow/32914949.cms

Popsci link ( with video) : http://www.popsci.com/article/technology/facebook-says-wi-fi-drones-will-be-jumbo-jet-sized?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=6&con=facebook-says-wifi-drones-will-be-jumbo-jetsized-

Earlier post on +Google's efforts: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/JcJ1fH6DSUk

Earlier post on +Titan Aerospace : https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/FT7jWxEhP2q

+Facebook+ Fan Page +Mark Zuckerberg +GoogleX +Project Loon 

#internet #internetofthings #connectivity  ___

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2014-10-23 06:17:40 (33 comments, 18 reshares, 119 +1s)Open 

Cats : I often follow stories about dogs and cats. This article in Popsci is very interesting. While the science still needs to be confirmed. and studies have not been exhaustive, it is still a good read....

Independence : Cats consistently reacted differently upon hearing their owner's voice (in terms of ear and head movement, as graded by independent raters who didn't know which voice belonged to the owner). However, none of them meowed or actually approached the speaker, as though they'd be interested in seeing the person. Bradshaw says this interpretation draws too much out of limited study—research similar to work he has done himself. "It shows something about cats, but it doesn't show you that cats are not affectionate," he says. Dogs have evolved to be "almost obsessively" dependent on humans, Bradshaw says. In unfamiliar situations,they ... more »

Cats : I often follow stories about dogs and cats. This article in Popsci is very interesting. While the science still needs to be confirmed. and studies have not been exhaustive, it is still a good read....

Independence : Cats consistently reacted differently upon hearing their owner's voice (in terms of ear and head movement, as graded by independent raters who didn't know which voice belonged to the owner). However, none of them meowed or actually approached the speaker, as though they'd be interested in seeing the person. Bradshaw says this interpretation draws too much out of limited study—research similar to work he has done himself. "It shows something about cats, but it doesn't show you that cats are not affectionate," he says. Dogs have evolved to be "almost obsessively" dependent on humans, Bradshaw says. In unfamiliar situations, they look to their humans as sources of stability and guidance, much like small children. Cats, on the other hand, "prefer to deal with things in their own heads." A creature that fails to run to your side in a strange situation does not necessarily have a cold, unfeeling heart. Some couples show up at parties and hold hands the entire time, talking mostly to one another. Others split up when they arrive, mingle, meet new people. But they still leave together when it ends. Your cat's a mingler—an explorer.

Affection : Some researchers say all the squirming and rubbing cats lavish on their owners are just the feline equivalent to a dog lifting its leg and peeing all over a fire hydrant. Bradshaw says this notion is way off-base. "Superficially, [rubbing against humans] looks like scent marking," he says, but "the display that goes on when a cat raises its tail and rubs its sides against another cat, or a person, is a social action." Some researchers suggest the behavior has a its roots in the creation of a "clan scent" for packs of wild cats, but no one has published proof. What's important, Bradshaw says, is the interaction between creatures. The raised tail is a signal of good intent. When two cats know each other well they will rub their whole bodies against each other, including their sides, which have no scent glands. They often then lie down together and purr. Cats will do the same thing with their owners. Claiming this behavior is no deeper than a wild cat rubbing its face on tree bark is like saying that human handshakes are mostly about checking for secret weapons.

Mills research : One professor in the United Kingdom is getting social attention on his research into how attached cats are to their owners. A YouTube video shows the research project from Daniel Mills, Professor of Veterinary Behavioural Medicine and head of the Animal Behavior Clinic at the University of Lincoln. Mills' research as shown on the video puts cats and dogs through the "Strange Situation" paradigm. The animals are put in a room with their owner and a stranger. The animal's behavior with owner and stranger is observed. Then the owner slips out when their pet's attention is elsewhere.

References and Links

Article link: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/sorry-cat-haters-science-isnt-your-side?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=6&con=sorry-cat-haters-science-isnt-on-your-side

http://www.9news.com/news/article/369104/337/Study-Your-cat-hates-you

Solicitation purring: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/your_cat_manipulating_you_heres_how

http://www.science20.com/science_20/blog/cats_manipulate_women-76738

Pic from Popsci article.

#cats #caturday  ___

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2014-09-12 14:57:51 (17 comments, 21 reshares, 74 +1s)Open 

Metamorphosis : The Science of the changing body plan. Metamorphosis is a change in the body structure of organisms (usually rapid) involving cell growth and differentiation. It is fascinating to study and even more so to see it in action. The process is quite gruesome, and there is a good reason why very small kids are not told how a caterpillar transforms into a butterfly. The primary role of metamorphosis seems to be to have a different ecological niche for larval forms and adults. It may all be about survival....

Caterpillars; the inside story : If you look inside a caterpillar you won't see a butterfly all rolled up waiting to emerge. You'll just see more caterpillar and some well-chewed leaves. But with a decent microscope and some excellent navigation skills you might glimpse some tiny disc-shaped bags of cells here and there. They're called imaginal discs, and... more »

Metamorphosis : The Science of the changing body plan. Metamorphosis is a change in the body structure of organisms (usually rapid) involving cell growth and differentiation. It is fascinating to study and even more so to see it in action. The process is quite gruesome, and there is a good reason why very small kids are not told how a caterpillar transforms into a butterfly. The primary role of metamorphosis seems to be to have a different ecological niche for larval forms and adults. It may all be about survival....

Caterpillars; the inside story : If you look inside a caterpillar you won't see a butterfly all rolled up waiting to emerge. You'll just see more caterpillar and some well-chewed leaves. But with a decent microscope and some excellent navigation skills you might glimpse some tiny disc-shaped bags of cells here and there. They're called imaginal discs, and once the caterpillar silks itself up in a chrysalis they kick into action, each one of them growing into an antenna, eye, wing or other butterfly bit.

Eating it's own tissue : During the week or two spent in its chrysalis (pupation) the caterpillar gradually digests all of its own tissue, releasing the nutrients that all those imaginal discs then use to grow into butterfly wings, legs, feelers and the rest. It's the ultimate in recycling makeovers, and it's due to some interdependent hormonal changes that make puberty look like a doddle.

Hormones control the process : The thing that drives caterpillars (and other flying insect larvae) to stop feeding their faces, settle down somewhere safe, and pupate, is the hormone ecdysone. It's the same hormone that causes the larvae to moult each time they outgrow their current skin. The reason this final moult into a butterfly is so different from the earlier ones is because the level of another hormone; juvenile hormone; is suddenly lower.

Juvenile hormone is the great controller of metamorphosis, by delaying it until the caterpillar has moulted and grown enough to produce a decent-sized butterfly. It works by blocking the genes in the imaginal discs, keeping those wannabe butterfly cells in a holding pattern. So while juvenile hormone is being pumped out of tiny glands behind the brain, all the caterpillar can do is feed, grow and — when instructed by ecdysone — moult. (It's so good at preventing larvae from maturing that a lot of insecticides have been based on artificial juvenile hormone).

A complete makeover : Butterflies are pretty and all, but that's not the only pay-off for all that metamorphic effort. Butterflies and caterpillars don't just look different; they've got different ideas of what constitutes food and accommodation. While caterpillars live off leaves and are plant-bound, those butterflies that do feed only drink nectar, and they can fly from place to place looking for love and somewhere to lay the progeny. Those fundamental differences mean the adults don't compete with the juveniles for food or habitat, so the species has a better shot at making it. Which probably goes a long way towards explaining why more than half the animal species on the planet are insects that undergo the same kind of complete metamorphosis. As far as evolutionary strategies go, it's gold. And come mating time it doesn't hurt that the adults are almost always better lookers than all those larvae that only a mother could love.

Article source: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2011/12/07/3384014.htm

Bacteria play a role in metamorphosis (Butterfly Microbiome): http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140130111005.htm

Paper (related): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982211008311

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metamorphosis

+Scientific American article: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insect-metamorphosis-evolution/

3D Scan of a chrysalis: http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/05/14/3-d-scans-caterpillars-transforming-butterflies-metamorphosis/

Additional link: http://www.ansp.org/explore/online-exhibits/butterflies/lifecycle/

Earlier post on the Axolotl: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Stt7dQb8vg5

Pics courtesy : http://goo.gl/vsl0Jn, http://goo.gl/mqhyJa and the  +National Geographic  link above.

#metamorphosis #scienceeveryday #sciencesunday  ___

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2014-10-20 16:25:31 (41 comments, 99 reshares, 170 +1s)Open 

Bad research : No sense in putting this any other way. I have often come upon some paper which talks about a small sample size, where sample size is important to understanding statistically significant effects. Sometimes the bias in an experiment has not been addressed. In other cases, repeatability is a problem.

Why does this matter? : Imagine a simple thought experiment. First we make an assumption - e.g. eggs come from birds. We need to first define 'eggs' and 'birds'. Is this rigorous? When an experimenter finds that a fish lays an egg, the assumption is clearly not specific enough. What does 'comes from' mean?

Assuming for this example, that only birds lay eggs, and we have defined the terms adequately, we then need to go on and test this idea.... if an idea is testable, repeatable, has some logic and has a clear explanation, we can call this... more »

Bad research : No sense in putting this any other way. I have often come upon some paper which talks about a small sample size, where sample size is important to understanding statistically significant effects. Sometimes the bias in an experiment has not been addressed. In other cases, repeatability is a problem.

Why does this matter? : Imagine a simple thought experiment. First we make an assumption - e.g. eggs come from birds. We need to first define 'eggs' and 'birds'. Is this rigorous? When an experimenter finds that a fish lays an egg, the assumption is clearly not specific enough. What does 'comes from' mean?

Assuming for this example, that only birds lay eggs, and we have defined the terms adequately, we then need to go on and test this idea.... if an idea is testable, repeatable, has some logic and has a clear explanation, we can call this a 'hypothesis'. But we need to check; do all birds lays eggs everywhere we test? Does a bird give birth any other way? Has there been a single case of a bird not laying an egg? Has it been done in all kinds of conditions, multiple times, by different researchers? Is there some bias that can creep into the way we observe this egg-laying phenomena? Hypothesis are based on the scientific method, and means something in science.

Hypothesis --> Theory ---> Law : This is a long journey from our initial assumption. The UC Berkeley website says " Occasionally, scientific ideas (such as biological evolution) are written off with the putdown "it's just a theory." This slur is misleading and conflates two separate meanings of the word theory: in common usage, the word theory means just a hunch, but in science, a theory is a powerful explanation for a broad set of observations. To be accepted by the scientific community, a theory (in the scientific sense of the word) must be strongly supported by many different lines of evidence. So biological evolution is a theory (it is a well-supported, widely accepted, and powerful explanation for the diversity of life on Earth), but it is not "just" a theory. "

Feynman explains : Richard Feynman describes the way the scientific method works (Feynman on Scientific Method. ) and here he is again on the social sciences : R. P. Feynman on social sciences

Researchers published results damaging their own work : This is how science works. Things change and researchers like Sarah Brown-Schmidt and Sid Horton actually published a paper saying their own work was not repeatable. This is all kinds of awesome . Read more about it here http://goo.gl/wVXYdK

What to look for : Matter of belief and opinion cannot be researched. If that is the basis of the study, its bad science. Sample population is important and how it was selected. Did the researchers study one variable at a time? Did they have a control group to test against? Were all the variables controlled? Was it a double blind test? (not always possible). Was the conclusion statistically significant?  ------- There are many other basic ideas you can check for. I saw a research on an effect, where the experiment was done only once. The experimenter was himself a part of the experiment and the conclusions seemed to be a matter of opinion. That is just bad research. No other way to call it.

References:

From SciAm: http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/absolutely-maybe/2013/09/08/bad-research-rising-the-7th-olympiad-of-research-on-biomedical-publication/

The Scientific method (Univ. Of Rochester) : http://teacher.nsrl.rochester.edu/phy_labs/appendixe/appendixe.html

Empire state college ref: http://subjectguides.esc.edu/badstats

Pic link: http://goo.gl/lSNzrs

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-10-19 12:49:15 (28 comments, 16 reshares, 93 +1s)Open 

Car of the future : In keeping with some of the thoughts I've been having on technology and what role it plays in our lives as to lowering carbon emission and providing cheaper and more reliable energy, here is my view of what would make a car of the future... besides the obvious improvements on weight, safety and 'smart cars' what powers the ubiquitous car for humanity will be key to managing carbon emissions. I am very aware that this needs to look at LCA for each type of vehicle.

Virus powered batteries : Biological engineer Angela Belcher is genetically modifying viruses to create batteries that can be recharged thousands of times and then decay harmlessly. See earlier post 'My dream is to make a virus powered car' (http://goo.gl/hPZ7Bd). Belcher speaks regularly about her work and inspirations. To her, evolution is a billion year nanotech experiment. Thep... more »

Car of the future : In keeping with some of the thoughts I've been having on technology and what role it plays in our lives as to lowering carbon emission and providing cheaper and more reliable energy, here is my view of what would make a car of the future... besides the obvious improvements on weight, safety and 'smart cars' what powers the ubiquitous car for humanity will be key to managing carbon emissions. I am very aware that this needs to look at LCA for each type of vehicle.

Virus powered batteries : Biological engineer Angela Belcher is genetically modifying viruses to create batteries that can be recharged thousands of times and then decay harmlessly. See earlier post 'My dream is to make a virus powered car' (http://goo.gl/hPZ7Bd). Belcher speaks regularly about her work and inspirations. To her, evolution is a billion year nanotech experiment. The physical features of every living thing on earth are built from the bottom up by our genetic code. Viruses are the simplest living things to work with. Belcher has three main viral-battery innovations to her name: the lithium battery with virus electrodes, the water-splitting virus fuel cells, and the virus-nanotube solar cell.

The Hyundai 'Photosynthesis car' concept : The car’s body consists of transparent solar panels, which "collect ambient light" and create electricity. Now, that current doesn’t simply power an electric motor. The electricity is fed into a water tank to split the hydrogen from the oxygen. The hydrogen is stored and used to power the vehicle while the pure oxygen comes out the exhaust. The car essential functions like a plant does, with its own version of photosynthesis. (http://goo.gl/NZaRu4)

Regulation plays a role : In the 1970s to early 1980s, we doubled the fuel economy of cars. And then starting in the mid-80s, we stopped. Mileage standards remained unchanged from 1985 to 2007, and truck and S.U.V. sales almost doubled. Because these vehicles have lower standards than cars, average fuel economy today is actually a bit less than it was 20 years ago, despite hard-won gains in engine efficiency. (PBS transcript of 'Car of the future' http://goo.gl/j8Dvbw)

3D Printed cars : the 3D printed car ‘the strati’ was printed and assembled at a exhibition, the full-scale and fully functional vehicle is an investigation for the usage capabilities of a hybrid additive/subtractive machine developed at oak ridge national laboratory, and the car was driven off after printing. (http://goo.gl/712pUk)

Other references and links

From Slate: http://goo.gl/sbSg0g (Biobatteries)

Inhabit: http://inhabitat.com/mit-develop-virus-powered-car-battery/

Fuel cell car : http://goo.gl/ztt3CS

Concept car using photosynthesis: http://goo.gl/XeKJQ8

Hybrid air car from Popular Mechanics: http://goo.gl/l1S8zI

Solar paint post : http://goo.gl/g6mmVM

Pics courtesy: wikispaces, pugeot, BMW, MIT, pixable.com

#scienceeveryday #car #future  ___

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2014-09-29 10:03:00 (25 comments, 8 reshares, 137 +1s)Open 

The flight of the humble Maple Seed : The maple seed is a single-winged spinning contraption. The way leading edge vortex behaves, it gives a motion which allows for the seed to disperse even if the wing is torn. This is not news, but I found it interesting. You may want to read how the seed's helical motion inspired a UAV.

Kinematics : maple seed falls in a characteristic helical motion. A crude analogy with autorotation of a wind turbine suggests that the torque due to the aerodynamic force would initiate the gyration of the seed. Researchers were therefore surprised that a seed with a torn wing gyrates in a similar manner as a full-winged seed. In fact, a seed with only a sliver of leading edge can still gyrate. Thus the gyrating motion appears not to fully depend on the aerodynamic force. If, on the other hand, the aerodynamic force is completely absent, a seed would fall... more »

The flight of the humble Maple Seed : The maple seed is a single-winged spinning contraption. The way leading edge vortex behaves, it gives a motion which allows for the seed to disperse even if the wing is torn. This is not news, but I found it interesting. You may want to read how the seed's helical motion inspired a UAV.

Kinematics : maple seed falls in a characteristic helical motion. A crude analogy with autorotation of a wind turbine suggests that the torque due to the aerodynamic force would initiate the gyration of the seed. Researchers were therefore surprised that a seed with a torn wing gyrates in a similar manner as a full-winged seed. In fact, a seed with only a sliver of leading edge can still gyrate. Thus the gyrating motion appears not to fully depend on the aerodynamic force. If, on the other hand, the aerodynamic force is completely absent, a seed would fall from rest like a rock in a vacuum.

How it works : There are three essential ingredients that lead to the observed helical motion seen in maple seeds. The first is the asymmetric mass distribution of the seed, with the centre of mass far away from the centroid of the seed. The second is the aerodynamic damping that initiates a tilt of the seed which eventually evolves into a helical motion due to the rigid-body dynamics. The third is the aerodynamic force in the steady state that balances the weight of the seed and the centrifugal force.

Monocopter with one wing : Researchers modeled the micro air vehicle (MAV) on a maple seed samara. Using a propeller, the Samara MAV spins itself in a circle around the end of the wing, creating lift that causes it to fly. Small changes to the pitch of the wing allow (the controller) to control where it goes.
 
Its all about dispersal : Many samaras are not capable of gliding or even efficient autorotation; however, simply being draggy is a huge adavantage. Distance traveled is equal to time times velocity, so for a given wind speed a slower-falling seed will spread further and thus be less likely to compete with its siblings for nutrients and water.

Source (Paper) : stacks.iop.org/Non/25/C1 (Cornell.edu)

Additional source: http://singularityhub.com/2010/05/19/amazing-monocopter-flies-with-just-one-wing-video/

Flight details of the monocopter: http://www.avl.umd.edu/projects/proj11-robotic-samara.html

Additional reference: http://blogs.bu.edu/biolocomotion/2011/11/10/spinning-and-gliding-seeds/

Pic detail and link: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-08/2014-eureka-prizes-science-photos/5657940

Video links: Samarai - A Maple Seed-inspired UAV and Lockheed Martin 30cm-span Samarai 'maple seed' UAV

#science #biology #flight  ___

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2014-10-28 05:19:46 (16 comments, 10 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Jexx : The alien planet is now the target for Dranke and the crew of the Raven; a darkmatter starcraft. Read on to see what happens next!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like sciencef... more »

Jexx : The alien planet is now the target for Dranke and the crew of the Raven; a darkmatter starcraft. Read on to see what happens next!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction  ___

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2014-10-16 09:04:59 (28 comments, 14 reshares, 79 +1s)Open 

Fusion news : I normally don't post about breaking news, but this one is interesting, and I'm cautiously optimistic. I owe this post to +Gary Ray R and +Aaron Coakley who commented on some other posts and on the new announcement from Lockheed at the Skunkworks facility.

Commentary from discussion on other posts :  Looking into the Skunkworks claim, it seems that they have a theoretical idea of the geometries, but they are still 5-10 years away from a working model. I do know they have some of the best engineers, and they take big risks, so I'm sanguine. I do hope they have something, since the ITER is dogged with delays and the Lawrence Livermore facility is scaling back. We do need some cutting edge engineers working on the problem. The theory is not the issue - its the engineering.

Fusion is the holy grail of our times. If someone does create aco... more »

Fusion news : I normally don't post about breaking news, but this one is interesting, and I'm cautiously optimistic. I owe this post to +Gary Ray R and +Aaron Coakley who commented on some other posts and on the new announcement from Lockheed at the Skunkworks facility.

Commentary from discussion on other posts :  Looking into the Skunkworks claim, it seems that they have a theoretical idea of the geometries, but they are still 5-10 years away from a working model. I do know they have some of the best engineers, and they take big risks, so I'm sanguine. I do hope they have something, since the ITER is dogged with delays and the Lawrence Livermore facility is scaling back. We do need some cutting edge engineers working on the problem. The theory is not the issue - its the engineering.

Fusion is the holy grail of our times. If someone does create a commercial system, it can change the whole issue with carbon emissions. Technically, fusion is possible even now, but bootstrapping and net gain are the issues, and as the LLNL folks found, its one thing to theoretically make assumptions of the engineering, and quite another to actually demonstrate it in the lab. Fusion is possible. Its just very hard to replicate what the Sun does!

From +Gary Ray R's research : "I did find the patent application for the new Lockheed Compact Fusion Reactor by the lead scientist at Lockheed, Thomas John Mcguire. There are drawings on the first 15 pages, description starts on page 16. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20140301518.pdf." (Talks about the diagrams as well as the text of the patent). Btw if you're not following Gary you probably should!

From the Article: Most existing fusion devices slam together atoms using a tokamak, a magnetic device that contains the superheated plasma required for fusion to occur. The problem is, the energy required to sustain the reaction is almost as much as what's created by the reaction. Lockheed says they've figured out how to solve that problem, using their CFR, a jet-engine-sized device. They've changed the process for holding the plasma in a way they say has 10 times the output of a tokamak.They also say there's no risk of a meltdown, and that radioactive waste will be considerably lessened.

No prototype has been built or tested yet, though, and this research field is littered with failures, despite millions of dollars of investment.

Article source: http://goo.gl/KwnSMa

Scientific American article: http://goo.gl/NbR0al

Video Link: Lockheed Martin: Compact Fusion Research & Development

iO9 link and pic courtesy: http://goo.gl/APRAhj

Earlier Posts

Home-brewed Fusion : An Improbable quest : http://goo.gl/nCYuJg

Fusion power update - disconcerting news : http://goo.gl/UQz991

Fusion (Still far away) : http://goo.gl/DYjVKy

The Race for Fusion : http://goo.gl/Pu8V2b

#science #fusion #energy #power  ___

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2014-10-09 09:00:02 (20 comments, 14 reshares, 75 +1s)Open 

Wind Turbines : Specifically the Altaeros Energies wind turbines from a startup which was spun off from MIT. The concept is very interesting. The downside is of course the use of Helium which is in short supply due to overuse by the security and airport agencies around the world.

Other alternate systems which use wind to generate electricity are Kitegen of Italy (earlier post here http://goo.gl/UkrLcC) and Makani Power (Purchased by Google) http://goo.gl/A3mSSx, both of which are under development. NASA continues to work on its own generating system (http://goo.gl/Fs1E8j). How much of a difference could it make? The LCA (Life cycle analysis) for these systems is hugely positive and in terms of costs, the economics can be as low as 20% of existing costs.

The BAT from Altaeros : Surrounded by a circular, 35-foot-long inflatable shell made of the same heavy-duty fabric used... more »

Wind Turbines : Specifically the Altaeros Energies wind turbines from a startup which was spun off from MIT. The concept is very interesting. The downside is of course the use of Helium which is in short supply due to overuse by the security and airport agencies around the world.

Other alternate systems which use wind to generate electricity are Kitegen of Italy (earlier post here http://goo.gl/UkrLcC) and Makani Power (Purchased by Google) http://goo.gl/A3mSSx, both of which are under development. NASA continues to work on its own generating system (http://goo.gl/Fs1E8j). How much of a difference could it make? The LCA (Life cycle analysis) for these systems is hugely positive and in terms of costs, the economics can be as low as 20% of existing costs.

The BAT from Altaeros : Surrounded by a circular, 35-foot-long inflatable shell made of the same heavy-duty fabric used in blimps and sails, the BAT hovers 1,000 to 2,000 feet above ground, where winds blow five to eight times stronger, as well as more consistently, than winds at tower level. Conventional turbine construction requires tons of concrete and the use of cranes, which can be difficult to maneuver around certain sites. The modular BAT, Rein says, packs into two midsize shipping containers for transport "and can just be inflated out and self-lift into the air for installation."

Being cautious in implementing : Of course, floating tethered wind generators have their own set of safety issues. Something this big floating in the sky on wires could easily get in the way of small aircraft, or find itself coming down to earth in inconvenient ways if something goes wrong. Considering that there are many detractors to alternate energy, most companies are being extremely cautious in the prototype stage as well as coming out with a product too soon - since it would be disastrous to be labeled as an experiment which has failed or has issues. It will be at least a year before they are done with their testing protocols.

Source article: http://phys.org/news/2014-05-high-flying-turbine-power.html

Altaeros website: http://www.altaerosenergies.com/pressrelease_2014_03.html

NASA link: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/technology/features/capturingwind.html

MIT startup: http://mitei.mit.edu/news/in-the-news/mit-spin-poised-break-world-record-high-altitude-wind-turbine

Gizmag link: http://www.gizmag.com/altaeros-floating-wind-turbine/31525/

Popsci Link: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/quest-harness-wind-energy-2000-feet?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=3&con=the-quest-to-harness-wind-energy-at-2000-feet

Reference : http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/smart-energy-solutions/increase-renewables/farming-the-wind-wind-power.html#.VDZIMhZkmwQ

Video link: Introducing the Altaeros BAT: The Next Generation of Wind Power

Wikipedia reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airborne_wind_turbine

Pics courtesy: Makani, Altaeros, Kitegen and PopSci.

#windenergy #power #sustainability #renewableenergy  ___

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2014-09-26 10:30:35 (15 comments, 26 reshares, 91 +1s)Open 

Why solar cell efficiency is by itself mostly meaningless : By itself, efficiency in solar cells is at best a secondary requirement when it comes to the effect that renewables have on the carbon emissions in the atmosphere. Why do I say this? Well what we do want to do is to have a full calculation in making a solar cell, its transportation, its use and its disposal to compare it with other alternates. Why is this important? It is very important, because high cost and high carbon equivalent production, transport and disposal (every emission is converted appropriately in equivalent carbon units) needs to be made to see if the overall energy used to make a solar cell (in its full life cycle) is less than the overall energy produced by the solar cell.

What is OPV? : The pic shows a flexible Organic PhotoVoltaic cell sent to me by the DTU (Denmark Technical Univ.). It is a flexible... more »

Why solar cell efficiency is by itself mostly meaningless : By itself, efficiency in solar cells is at best a secondary requirement when it comes to the effect that renewables have on the carbon emissions in the atmosphere. Why do I say this? Well what we do want to do is to have a full calculation in making a solar cell, its transportation, its use and its disposal to compare it with other alternates. Why is this important? It is very important, because high cost and high carbon equivalent production, transport and disposal (every emission is converted appropriately in equivalent carbon units) needs to be made to see if the overall energy used to make a solar cell (in its full life cycle) is less than the overall energy produced by the solar cell.

What is OPV? : The pic shows a flexible Organic PhotoVoltaic cell sent to me by the DTU (Denmark Technical Univ.). It is a flexible organic, degradable solar cell which can be printed like a plastic sheet.

Life-cycle analysis : The push has been for doing a full life-cycle analysis of all solar cells. Right from the very high efficiencies (close to 30%) where the GWP or Global Warming Potential is quite high to the lower 3rd generation OPV efficiencies of close to 12% where the GWP is negligible. What does this mean? You can get a high efficiency solar panel, but the overall GWP may still be quite high. On the other hand, you may get a lower efficiency OPV solar panel, with a much lower GWP.

How long does it take solar cells to pay off its own production? : Solar panels are relatively quick to generate enough energy to offset the amount used in their own production, so they're considered to be quite efficient. The time it takes for solar panels to offset the energy used in their own production depends on how big the panels are, how much sunlight's available, and how efficiently the panels work. Typically the standard first generation monocrystalline solar cells have a payback period of 1.5 to 2.5 years. Solar panels are relatively quick to pay back the energy used in their production, and over the course of their lifespans generate many times this amount. Third generation OPVs have a much lower payback period of as low as 6 months.

Creation of power from solar cells is 'free' if area to be used in installing them is easily available. What one needs to look at is the total energy bill based on the LCA.

Source: http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/sustain_lca_results.html

Source: http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2014/06/making-life-cycle-analysis-matter-to-the-global-solar-pv-supply-chain

Source : http://www.build.com.au/lifecycle-assessment-solar-panels1

Research Paper (LCA of roll-to-roll technology) : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927024810004770

Earlier post on Solar paint: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/JZXSQNv7Jp7 (OPV details here)

Earlier post on solar home: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/623MWbva66o

Earlier post on electricity from plants: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/CeJ1bHR1Kia

Additional link: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070813153419.htm

#solar #LCA #efficiency #science  ___

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2014-09-15 09:13:13 (38 comments, 23 reshares, 98 +1s)Open 

My design for creating water from air (and creating excess power while at it) : While some companies have entered this space, the idea is actually pretty simple. If we can harness electricity through both solar and wind power, one can ostensibly create excess energy. This can be used to power a condenser in even the driest areas.

OPV Cells: Are organic photovoltaic cells. These are solar cells with a proven commercial efficiency of around 6-9%. While this is not much, it could easily be used to create a temperature differential through the condensation coil. The advantage is they are flexible and can be wrapped around the tower (solar paint and OPV post - http://goo.gl/FV3J81)

Wind Turbine : Wind turbines are very old technology. The wind turbine shown here will create excess power, which can be used to pay for the construction of the whole system over time. (Post... more »

My design for creating water from air (and creating excess power while at it) : While some companies have entered this space, the idea is actually pretty simple. If we can harness electricity through both solar and wind power, one can ostensibly create excess energy. This can be used to power a condenser in even the driest areas.

OPV Cells: Are organic photovoltaic cells. These are solar cells with a proven commercial efficiency of around 6-9%. While this is not much, it could easily be used to create a temperature differential through the condensation coil. The advantage is they are flexible and can be wrapped around the tower (solar paint and OPV post - http://goo.gl/FV3J81)

Wind Turbine : Wind turbines are very old technology. The wind turbine shown here will create excess power, which can be used to pay for the construction of the whole system over time. (Post on wind turbine hybrid here http://goo.gl/9USdjE)

Air cycle : As warm air is pulled in and expelled from the top, it would create condensation, for which a collector could be built at the bottom of the chamber (not shown). If drinking water is required, additional filters can be used to remove impurities and organic materials. (See Wind funnel: http://goo.gl/1IbrHF)

Condenser coils : Very much like your air conditioner or refrigerator, condenser coils are cold. Newer tech can be used to create magnetic condenser coils which are more efficient. (Link to condensation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_water_generator)

Power conversion and on-grid supply : The towers can be connected to the grid. That would ensure that there is no waste energy. As explained earlier, if we also harness the temperature differential to create electricity, it would become a very efficient system.

Post from +Gary Ray R which talks about cooling using magnetism - http://goo.gl/JtGtNM

Concept- using the temprature differential to create energy (recycling) : http://goo.gl/cD3sSV

Air condensation cycle link: http://water.usgs.gov/edu/watercyclecondensation.html

Alternate wind tech designs: from +Rich Pollett via +Google Science Fair : http://goo.gl/QW948R

Additional link: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/EGcznkviraW

Additional link of how desert beetles harness water: h/t +ScienceSunday : https://plus.google.com/109783903175191665261/posts/NKU1GrXqLmi

Also tagging +Air to Water Technologies, Inc.

#technology #water #power  ___

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2014-09-18 09:46:02 (36 comments, 31 reshares, 86 +1s)Open 

The Coffee genome : We don't really think of how coffee is grown. But there is a science and a logic which evolution confers to it.  Coffea canephora, better known as Robusta and its premium cousin _ Arabica_ are some of the most common beans used in making a cup of joe.  The science of Coffee;  chemistry, physics and genetics is fascinating! Here are some of the findings of the Researchers at Buffalo who have sequenced the coffee genome:

Findings : Coffee's genome has an extensive collection of genes that code for enzymes involved in caffeine production. Coffee has larger families of genes related to alkaloid and flavonoid compound production than other plants. This contributes to the aroma and bitterness of the beans. There are 23 new genes found exclusively in coffee. They are different than the caffeine-related genes in chocolate, indicating that the ability topr... more »

The Coffee genome : We don't really think of how coffee is grown. But there is a science and a logic which evolution confers to it.  Coffea canephora, better known as Robusta and its premium cousin _ Arabica_ are some of the most common beans used in making a cup of joe.  The science of Coffee;  chemistry, physics and genetics is fascinating! Here are some of the findings of the Researchers at Buffalo who have sequenced the coffee genome:

Findings : Coffee's genome has an extensive collection of genes that code for enzymes involved in caffeine production. Coffee has larger families of genes related to alkaloid and flavonoid compound production than other plants. This contributes to the aroma and bitterness of the beans. There are 23 new genes found exclusively in coffee. They are different than the caffeine-related genes in chocolate, indicating that the ability to produce caffeine evolved at least twice.

How important is coffee? : More than 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day. The plant is grown on more than 11 million hectares, often in developing countries where it is an important cash crop. "Many people argue it's the most traded commodity after oil," says molecular biologist Professor Robert Henry.

Coffee anyone? : The enzymes and biochemical pathway for producing caffeine in coffee are different to those in tea or cacao plants. "The interesting thing is that caffeine synthesis has evolved separately in each of the three plants," says Henry. "It's convergent evolution."

"Clearly caffeine is a particularly well-designed or biologically effective molecule if it has evolved independently at least three times," he adds. Henry says caffeine is involved in the plant's defences. "Its bitterness might serve as a warning against some predators," he says. The researchers also found genes for disease resistance, and genes for linoleic acid, which play a key role in aroma and flavour of coffee.

Source Article: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/09/05/4079979.htm

Related original research paper: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/345/6201/1181

Coffee is good for you (in moderation) : http://goo.gl/jxHVHU

Coffee Chemistry: http://goo.gl/ggXWT2 h/t +coffee chemistry 

History of coffee: http://www.ncausa.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=68

'Supercoffee' : http://www.nj.com/food/index.ssf/2014/09/university_at_buffalo_research.html

Coffee genome: http://www.coffeegenome.org/

Earlier post 'Coffee Joulie' : http://goo.gl/gaAGyT

Pic courtesy: http://goo.gl/guWfrq

#science #coffee #genome  ___

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2014-09-20 16:30:20 (21 comments, 13 reshares, 67 +1s)Open 

Split ring resonators (SRR) : Refractive index of a material is vital in understanding how light propagates through the material. Refractive index 'n' is n=  sqare root of εμ. Where ε is the permittivity and μ is the permeability. for transparent materials, both these values are greater than zero. For metals, ε < 0 which is why metals are opaque to visible light.

Negative refractive Index : A material which has ε < 0 and μ < 0, is one in which the refractive index would be 'real' i.e. not imaginary. But a negative μ implies a negative refractive index ! This never happens in natural materials. But a metamaterial could be engineered in which we have sub-wavelength elements with just such properties.

Nanostructures : Since light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, a split-ring resonator can act just like a LC circuit and displayproperti... more »

Split ring resonators (SRR) : Refractive index of a material is vital in understanding how light propagates through the material. Refractive index 'n' is n=  sqare root of εμ. Where ε is the permittivity and μ is the permeability. for transparent materials, both these values are greater than zero. For metals, ε < 0 which is why metals are opaque to visible light.

Negative refractive Index : A material which has ε < 0 and μ < 0, is one in which the refractive index would be 'real' i.e. not imaginary. But a negative μ implies a negative refractive index ! This never happens in natural materials. But a metamaterial could be engineered in which we have sub-wavelength elements with just such properties.

Nanostructures : Since light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, a split-ring resonator can act just like a LC circuit and display properties of a resonator. Another aspect of unnatural electromagnetic wave propagation can be observed at the contact surface between two different materials, where one of them is electromagnetic metamaterial. Negative refraction breaks light waves reverse to what the standard physics postulates. Effects such as the one seen in the figure showing refraction (the wrong way!) this can be achieved with appropriately designed metamaterials.

Invisibility Cloaks : What SRR do is refract light at an angle which is analogous to chiral. The basic idea is to create an artificial crystal with significantly sub-wavelength periods. However, it has only been done for microwaves, since the wavelengths of visible light are small. Theoretically, it should be possible.

Source: http://www.mat.ucsb.edu/~g.legrady/academic/courses/10f200a/md/metamaterials.htm

Source (Karlsruhe Inst of Technology) : http://www.aph.kit.edu/wegener/english/264.php

Duke Univ: http://www.pratt.duke.edu/news/david-smith-creating-new-materials-go-beyond-nature

Courtesy Rice Univ Nanotechnology.

Wikipedia reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Split-ring_resonator , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_refraction

Related: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v497/n7450/full/nature12158.html

Pics from Wikipedia, KIT, Nature and Rice Univ.

#scienceeveryday #science #nanotechnology #invisiblitycloak  ___

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2014-09-10 14:55:28 (15 comments, 28 reshares, 108 +1s)Open 

Solar paint : Organic Photovoltaics (OPV) has paved the way to flexible solar cells using roll-to-roll technology. The next step is to spray it on any surface. Challenges still exist of degradation, efficiency and thin-film transparent coatings. But cutting edge technology on OPV is breaking new ground everyday. Will we soon see solar paint which can be sprayed on your roof, walls and cars? It's some time away, but rapid strides are being made in the chemistry at the nano level. And I'm sanguine.

OPVs : Conventional photovoltaic technology uses large, heavy, opaque, dark silicon panels while  organic photovoltaic technology enables more translucent and more flexible cells. OPVs need have greater efficiency, longer duration and low production cost - or at least some combination of those. Legacy solar panels have not improved in decades.

Solar paint is close... more »

Solar paint : Organic Photovoltaics (OPV) has paved the way to flexible solar cells using roll-to-roll technology. The next step is to spray it on any surface. Challenges still exist of degradation, efficiency and thin-film transparent coatings. But cutting edge technology on OPV is breaking new ground everyday. Will we soon see solar paint which can be sprayed on your roof, walls and cars? It's some time away, but rapid strides are being made in the chemistry at the nano level. And I'm sanguine.

OPVs : Conventional photovoltaic technology uses large, heavy, opaque, dark silicon panels while  organic photovoltaic technology enables more translucent and more flexible cells. OPVs need have greater efficiency, longer duration and low production cost - or at least some combination of those. Legacy solar panels have not improved in decades.

Solar paint is close : Scientists have dreamed of painting solar cells to generate energy on just about any surface, but efficiency has been a problem; researchers were happy to get one percent just a couple of years ago. At last, though, it looks like viable paint-on power is close at hand. A team at the University of Sheffield has developed spray-on cells that should be both cheap and capable. The trick is to coat an object in perovskite, a calcium titanium oxide mineral -- it's inexpensive like organic solar cells, but absorbs light nearly as well as silicon. In the lab, the technology isn't quite ready for prime time. A spray-based cell gets about 11 percent efficiency versus 19 percent at perovskite's ideal performance. However, it's still early days. Scientists believe that their approach could scale up to the same manufacturing techniques used for spray painting vehicles. If that happens, it's conceivable that your future car (and virtually any other device) could harvest the sun's rays without the steep costs and awkward product designs that are frequently involved when you use old-fashioned solar panels.

Hybrid tech : The invention involves the development of a completely printable organic solar cell based on semiconducting polymer nanoparticles dispersed in water. Essentially these tiny particles in suspension are a water-based paint, which can be printed or coated over large areas. In the first instance these coatings will be put onto plastic sheets that can be placed on the roof of a house. However, in the longer term it will be possible to directly paint a roof or building surface.

Source: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/organic_photovoltaic_technology_may_be_solar_panels_of_the_future-144048

Source: http://www.engadget.com/2014/08/03/spray-painted-solar-cells/

Additional source: http://www.abc.net.au/tv/newinventors/txt/s3008638.htm

Article on Notre Dame research: http://research.nd.edu/research-stories/college-of-science/solar-paint-could-generate-electricity-on-roof-or-home-siding/

Paper: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nn204381g

Research link: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-03002-9_99

Pic source: http://goo.gl/64YywS and http://goo.gl/XoAA0o

#solar #energy #technology #paint  ___

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2014-09-22 10:41:39 (31 comments, 82 reshares, 546 +1s)Open 

EU Researchers look for alternate means of controlling pests : In an interesting article. some of the ideas are quite fascinating. Researchers are working on using sound, odor and other methods to reduce the amount of pesticides used. As of now, this is all under study and is not proven technology. But the ideas sound promising.

Article Extract: Scientists in Northern Italy are experimenting with unusual and totally eco-friendly sound and odor devices to fight off insects from their cultivated fields. And their studies suggest that these methods could be as efficient in protecting crops as using chemical based pesticides. In the meantime, in a field study near Pisa, Italy, researchers are learning how important it is to keep semi-natural habitats next to cultivated fields. These areas are an important resource for pollinators and it now seems they even have an impact on the yield of the... more »

EU Researchers look for alternate means of controlling pests : In an interesting article. some of the ideas are quite fascinating. Researchers are working on using sound, odor and other methods to reduce the amount of pesticides used. As of now, this is all under study and is not proven technology. But the ideas sound promising.

Article Extract: Scientists in Northern Italy are experimenting with unusual and totally eco-friendly sound and odor devices to fight off insects from their cultivated fields. And their studies suggest that these methods could be as efficient in protecting crops as using chemical based pesticides. In the meantime, in a field study near Pisa, Italy, researchers are learning how important it is to keep semi-natural habitats next to cultivated fields. These areas are an important resource for pollinators and it now seems they even have an impact on the yield of the cultivated crops.

In central Italy near Pisa scientists of the EU research project QuESSA want to understand how the land next to the cultivated fields – known as semi-natural habitats – may help to maximize the harvest. Camilla Moonen and her team focus on natural pollinators like the wild bee. In experiments they are investigating, whether natural pollinators contribute a higher yield quality. Both of these studies have shown that modern agriculture can still learn from nature and secure a successful harvest and reduce the usage of chemicals at the same time.

Article link: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/sound_vibrations_to_reduce_pesticides_and_boost_harvests-145163

Additional link: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140916122938.htm

#pesticides #science #food  ___

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2014-09-24 09:24:12 (10 comments, 7 reshares, 50 +1s)Open 

'Nominal' : The words every team listens for with bated breath. India's MOM robotic spacecraft entered Mars orbit successfully an hour ago. And Curiosity sent a tweet welcoming it. +Gary Ray R's post has some wonderful background as well.

Read more at http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-29339555

#mars #orbiter #robotic #spacecraft #mom  

NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft successfully entered Mars’ orbit at 10:24 p.m. EDT Sunday, Sept. 21

On September 21, 2014 at 10:24 EDT, MAVEN was inserted into an areocentric elliptic orbit upon reaching Mars 6,200 km  (3,900 mi) by 150 km (93 mi) above the planet's surface. The principal investigator for the spacecraft is Bruce Jakosky of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado Boulder.  ⓐ

“As the first orbiter dedicated to studying Mars’ upper atmosphere, MAVEN will greatly improve our understanding of the history of the Martian atmosphere, how the climate has changed over time, and how that has influenced the evolution of the surface and the potential habitability of the planet,” said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. “It also will better inform a future mission to send humans to the Red Planet in the 2030s.”   ⓑ

ⓐ   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAVEN

ⓑ  http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/maven/main/#.VCBMlWRdVps

University of Colorado Boulder Maven home.
http://lasp.colorado.edu/home/maven/

Planetary Society. 
http://www.planetary.org/

Image: NASA, Artist's Conception___'Nominal' : The words every team listens for with bated breath. India's MOM robotic spacecraft entered Mars orbit successfully an hour ago. And Curiosity sent a tweet welcoming it. +Gary Ray R's post has some wonderful background as well.

Read more at http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-29339555

#mars #orbiter #robotic #spacecraft #mom  

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2014-09-30 10:26:12 (16 comments, 17 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

Still far away. Wish it was closer : The race for fusion is a long and arduous one. Time frames are in decades and funding, economics and politics all play a large part in how these progress. I had made a couple of posts earlier about fusion, I'm linking to them all here. Pictured below is the General Fusion reactor which looks to mimic the conditions in a star. The pistons are supposed to fire at the same time, creating a shock wave and implosion in the center....

Fusion : In principle, building a fusion reactor is just a matter of imitating the Sun. Take the appropriate isotopes of hydrogen or other light elements, add heat to strip the electrons from the nuclei and form an ionized plasma, then compress that plasma and hold it together for a while, allowing the nuclei to fuse and convert a portion of their mass into energy. But in practice, trying to mimic a star leads to... more »

Still far away. Wish it was closer : The race for fusion is a long and arduous one. Time frames are in decades and funding, economics and politics all play a large part in how these progress. I had made a couple of posts earlier about fusion, I'm linking to them all here. Pictured below is the General Fusion reactor which looks to mimic the conditions in a star. The pistons are supposed to fire at the same time, creating a shock wave and implosion in the center....

Fusion : In principle, building a fusion reactor is just a matter of imitating the Sun. Take the appropriate isotopes of hydrogen or other light elements, add heat to strip the electrons from the nuclei and form an ionized plasma, then compress that plasma and hold it together for a while, allowing the nuclei to fuse and convert a portion of their mass into energy. But in practice, trying to mimic a star leads to horrendous engineering problems: for example, hot plasma trapped in a magnetic field tends to twist and turn like an enraged snake struggling to escape.

Tri Alpha : The world's most secretive nuclear-fusion company does not even have a website. Instead of using the doughnut-shaped 'tokamak' reactor that has dominated fusion-energy research for more than 40 years, Tri Alpha is testing a linear reactor that it claims will be smaller, simpler and cheaper — and will lead to commercial fusion power in little more than a decade.

ITER : Is now dogged by delays of funding and politics, its well beyond its deadline and delayed by a further 11 years. With over $50 Billion in funding and an open date, ITER may be delayed till 2050.

General Fusion : General Fusion has demonstrated the idea with a small-scale device, using pistons driven by explosives, and has raised about $50 million from venture capitalists and the Canadian government. If the company can win another $25 million or so, Laberge says, it will build a beefier implosion system that can compress the plasma to the levels needed for fusion — perhaps within the next two years. Despite such optimism, Dean estimates that it will be at least a decade, maybe a lot longer, before any alternative fusion company produces a working power plant. There is simply too much new technology to be demonstrated, he says. “I think these things are well motivated, and should be supported — but I don't think we're on the verge of a breakthrough.”

Article link: http://www.nature.com/news/plasma-physics-the-fusion-upstarts-1.15592

Additional link: http://www.canadianbusiness.com/technology-news/crazy-genius/

Earlier post (The Race for Fusion) : https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/2JCVqU7q2Mw

NIF Post: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/XiSJHi7oQRx (NIF has not achieved ignition, and some of its projects are getting defunded).

Earlier post (Home brewed Fusion) : https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/ZETHirMGTvE

Earlier post (Inside The Most Expensive Science Experiment ever) : https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/8NA8nHreF3m

Fusion power update (disconcerting news) : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/es2qU2kLTGj

#fusion #science #energy  ___

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2014-10-04 07:08:01 (28 comments, 14 reshares, 81 +1s)Open 

The Bernal Sphere : While this is essentially a science fiction inspired mega project, which was proposed in 1929 by John D Bernal, the technology will soon be within our reach. Of course its a flight of fancy, but its interesting to read about, and makes for a great story. I do remember reading references in Arthur C Clarke's books as well as those by Peter F. Hamilton.

The Concept : A Bernal sphere is essentially a globe about a third of a mile in diameter that rotates almost twice per minute to provide Earthlike gravity along its equator. (This feeling of artificial gravity would peter out near the poles.) The vessel was essentially to be constructed from asteroid and Moon material, 16 km in diameter with a population of around 20,000 people. A atmosphere would be provided within the structure so that it became a self-contained habitat. The outer shell would be hard,... more »

The Bernal Sphere : While this is essentially a science fiction inspired mega project, which was proposed in 1929 by John D Bernal, the technology will soon be within our reach. Of course its a flight of fancy, but its interesting to read about, and makes for a great story. I do remember reading references in Arthur C Clarke's books as well as those by Peter F. Hamilton.

The Concept : A Bernal sphere is essentially a globe about a third of a mile in diameter that rotates almost twice per minute to provide Earthlike gravity along its equator. (This feeling of artificial gravity would peter out near the poles.) The vessel was essentially to be constructed from asteroid and Moon material, 16 km in diameter with a population of around 20,000 people. A atmosphere would be provided within the structure so that it became a self-contained habitat. The outer shell would be hard, transparent and thin, preventing the escape of gas and allow for the preservation of a rigid structure. The Bernal sphere was mainly designed as a space habitat, but this visionary ideas laid the ground work for the more rigorous studies that were to follows. The American engineer Gerrard K.O’Neill took this work to a new level in the 1970s when he also designed large human habitat structures that could accommodate tens of thousands of people. O’Neill planned that such structures would be loaced at the L5 point in space, a region where the gravity from the Moon, Earth and Sun is neutral.

Mechanics : Gravity might be a thing of the past, everyone could drink distilled urine, and a whole generation of Earthlings may grow up without ever having set foot on the surface of the planet. At the moment, those ideas are still firmly set in the realm of science fiction, but in the next thousand years, new technologies could be developed that would enable humanity to colonize space. While a self-sustaining space station colony might be a long way off, scientists are still working to design and perhaps even build a space station that goes beyond low-Earth orbit.

Design your own : People from all walks of life can get involved in NASA's mission to create a sustainable deep space habitat, planners say. The space agency sponsors the eXploration Habitat (X-Hab) Academic Innovation Challenge for university students. The X-Hab competition asks students for ideas about the best ways to craft a space station that could exist for an indefinite amount of time in deep space. "One of the nice things about the X-Hab project is that we have been able to fund student work on a variety of habitat designs, which stimulates us and gives us ideas about ways to lay them out and innovative things to incorporate," Smitherman said.

Article link : http://www.space.com/22229-space-station-colony-futuristic-technology.html

Additional source : http://www.bis-space.com/what-we-do/projects/project-world-ship

Video link : Bernal Sphere Space Habitat - Updated flyby.

Further reading from NSS: http://www.nss.org/settlement/space/bernalsphere.htm

Additional reference and pic courtesy : http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/space/deep/how-we-could-actually-build-a-space-colony-17268252

#bernalsphere #sciencefiction  ___

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2014-10-08 09:23:24 (45 comments, 42 reshares, 108 +1s)Open 

City Farms : This is an attractive concept for a number of reasons. If we can grow food in cities where its consumed, it would substantially bring down the carbon footprint. Japan and Singapore have famously already created 'vertical farms.' Scientists are taking notice. An integrated approach could have huge benefits, especially since new techniques including hydroponics, aquaponics etc. If one could harness solar energy through fibre optics, energy harvesting through renewable energy sources, the reduction in the carbon footprint would be exponential. Read on to see the other benefits that could accrue...

The MIT CityFarm project : Harper's system promises to change the economics of industrial agriculture and to lessen its burden on the environment. By measuring and controlling light, moisture and nutrients, Harper says he can cut water consumption by 98 per cent... more »

City Farms : This is an attractive concept for a number of reasons. If we can grow food in cities where its consumed, it would substantially bring down the carbon footprint. Japan and Singapore have famously already created 'vertical farms.' Scientists are taking notice. An integrated approach could have huge benefits, especially since new techniques including hydroponics, aquaponics etc. If one could harness solar energy through fibre optics, energy harvesting through renewable energy sources, the reduction in the carbon footprint would be exponential. Read on to see the other benefits that could accrue...

The MIT CityFarm project : Harper's system promises to change the economics of industrial agriculture and to lessen its burden on the environment. By measuring and controlling light, moisture and nutrients, Harper says he can cut water consumption by 98 per cent compared to conventional agriculture; quadruple the growth speed of vegetables; completely eliminate chemical fertilisers and -pesticides; and double the nutrient density and flavour of his crops.

Energy and Yields : With grow racks rising 7.6 metres, Green Sense uses so-called hydronutrient film technology, allowing nutrient-rich water to trickle through pulverised coconut husk, rather than peat, because it's renewable. And as they are stacked vertically, not grown horizontally, Colangelo says the plants are at least ten times denser and can have 25 to 30 times more yield. "That's good for the Earth because there's no pesticide run-off and we have recycled water and recycled nutrients," says Colangelo, whose company has partnered with Philips to create what amounts to the biggest plant factory on the planet. "It uses a lot less energy."

Using our pollution : Their company, Zero Carbon Food (ZCF), will grow produce in vertical shelves, using an ebbandflood system: they will flood "benches" where the produce grows and let the nutrient-rich water ebb away. Plants will grow in a substrate of pulverised carpet, recycled from the Olympic Village in Stratford. To save energy and reduce the number of LED grow lights needed, ZCF will rotate them around the crops. And they will use electricity -- generated by small and portable microhydroelectric turbines -- to run the lights. "We have a lot of rain in London," says Dring. "You put these turbines in water drains and they feed into the energy grid." Dring will also harness one of the most pernicious problems of Tube travel: heat that collects in stations. "We are looking at pulling the heat out of the Tube stations and converting it into energy, as well as transferring the heat and the carbon dioxide into our grow rooms," Dring says, "which is like steroids for plants."

Source : http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2014/10/features/server-farm

Japan's vertical farms: http://goo.gl/Y9vc6q

+Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) link : http://mitcityfarm.media.mit.edu/

NGC Future of food video: http://goo.gl/ieibWX

ABC link to growing food in cities: http://www.abc.net.au/environment/articles/2013/06/19/3784338.htm

Vertical farming: http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/feb/06/vertical-farming-explained-erik-murchie

Pic detail (courtesy dailymail) : The farm (pictured) is nearly half the size of a football field (25,000 square feet). Located in Japan, it uses just 1% of the water used by traditional farming methods.

#food #environment #sustainability___

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2014-10-24 08:47:58 (6 comments, 18 reshares, 96 +1s)Open 

Cubesats to the Moon : When Carl Brandon, a physics professor transported his robotic spacecraft, it wasn't by rail or truck. It was stowed in the overhead bin of a commercial liner. The Cubesat he was transporting was ten centimeters cube. This Cubesat was intended to test the navigational equipment on board. If all goes well, a slightly larger version (Which is around the size of a loaf of bread or shoebox) could be orbiting the moon. The revolution which has spawned multiple cubesats is here to stay and they are cheap, durable, expendable and carry an impressive array of equipment for their size. The Vermont Cubesat has similar equipment that one would expect of much larger spacecraft: Star-tracking camera, GPS, gyroscope, accelerometer, magnetometer, solar panels, computer, and radio transceiver.

Ambitious plans to swarm Saturn's rings : The $3 billion Cassini... more »

Cubesats to the Moon : When Carl Brandon, a physics professor transported his robotic spacecraft, it wasn't by rail or truck. It was stowed in the overhead bin of a commercial liner. The Cubesat he was transporting was ten centimeters cube. This Cubesat was intended to test the navigational equipment on board. If all goes well, a slightly larger version (Which is around the size of a loaf of bread or shoebox) could be orbiting the moon. The revolution which has spawned multiple cubesats is here to stay and they are cheap, durable, expendable and carry an impressive array of equipment for their size. The Vermont Cubesat has similar equipment that one would expect of much larger spacecraft: Star-tracking camera, GPS, gyroscope, accelerometer, magnetometer, solar panels, computer, and radio transceiver.

Ambitious plans to swarm Saturn's rings : The $3 billion Cassini spacecraft, which has gathered the most detailed information about Saturn to date, can’t risk coming close enough to the rings to study the icy particles they’re made of. One wayward particle and it could damage Cassini. Some researchers have suggested sending a large spacecraft to hover above the rings and take detailed images, but the fuel requirements for such maneuvers would be enormous. That's why researchers at Cornell propose something simpler, smaller, and about 1,000 times cheaper. A swarm of tiny CubeSats, could be injected directly into Saturn’s rings, where they would orbit along with the ice particles. Those CubeSats could then release hundreds of even smaller spacecraft, called Chipsats, that would “tag” individual ice particles, recording basic information about their composition, density, and motion within the rings.

Spurring creativity : Thinking small also spurs creativity, according to Robert Staehle, another seasoned JPL engineer, who has spearheaded a project to brainstorm planetary CubeSat missions. “The fact that you have this limited-size box is part of the engine of innovation,” he says. “If you can’t figure out how to get it in the size box it is, then you’re not going to space. And that has been a tremendous forcing function of innovation.” Cheaper, simpler spacecraft give engineers the freedom to fail. It’s okay to lose a few CubeSats if they can be easily replaced, and learning from failure is often how technology gets better faster.

NASA's IceCube : To investigate climate change, scientists and engineers at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center are developing the IceCube satellite, which will be no larger than a loaf of bread. In 2016, this satellite will mature technology that scientists will use to analyze cloud ice in the atmosphere. “We’re using IceCube to test a radiometer that we want to fly on a big space mission,” said Jeffrey Piepmeier, associate head of Goddard’s Microwave Instruments and Technology Branch. “Climate scientists have never used this frequency to measure cloud ice from space before.”

Good things come in small packages: The Firefly : A tiny box orbiting Earth is sending home big data. Built mostly by undergraduate students for less than US$1.5 million, the shoebox sized satellite, called Firefly, is now beaming back information on terrestrial γ-ray flashes — energetic bursts that are triggered by lightning and fired out into space.

Article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/cubesats-moon-mars-and-saturn-too-180952389/?no-ist

Video link: NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer Program-1 releasing satellites from the ISS

Source Nature : http://www.nature.com/news/mini-satellites-prove-their-scientific-power-1.15051

+NASA  link on Cubesats: http://www.nasa.gov/directorates/heo/home/CubeSats_initiative.html#.VEoDJRbpywR

Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy: http://goo.gl/TD6mCB
 
The Little CubeSat That Could: http://goo.gl/k7Zy53

Cubesat maps vegetation of the world: http://goo.gl/4LFAP4

Itsy Bitsy satellites: http://goo.gl/nlOA3P

Sprites: http://goo.gl/Tm0VDO

+Google  buys Skybox imaging: http://goo.gl/YSFBVh

Wikipedia link on Cubesats: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CubeSat

Pic courtesy: Smithsonian mag, space.io9.com, Popsci.

#scienceeveryday #cubesats  ___

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2014-10-01 07:51:50 (33 comments, 31 reshares, 203 +1s)Open 

A Rose by any other name... : Roses are ubiquitous across the world. But there are actually over a 100 species and thousands of cultivars. Since Roses hybridize easily, it has led to a plethora of garden roses. But what is the science behind a rose?

Color Chemistry of Roses : Carotenoids produce the yellow colors, anthocyanins the reds, and a mixture of the two the modern oranges. But floral hues are products of more than pigment alone. A flower’s pigment resides within a watery cellular chamber known as a vacuole, and the environment of that vacuole differs from plant to plant. Its shape and acidity, the presence of metal ions or other pigments, and the arrangement of these various components—all affect the shade we see on a petal.

Perfumes : Rose perfumes are made from rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling thecru... more »

A Rose by any other name... : Roses are ubiquitous across the world. But there are actually over a 100 species and thousands of cultivars. Since Roses hybridize easily, it has led to a plethora of garden roses. But what is the science behind a rose?

Color Chemistry of Roses : Carotenoids produce the yellow colors, anthocyanins the reds, and a mixture of the two the modern oranges. But floral hues are products of more than pigment alone. A flower’s pigment resides within a watery cellular chamber known as a vacuole, and the environment of that vacuole differs from plant to plant. Its shape and acidity, the presence of metal ions or other pigments, and the arrangement of these various components—all affect the shade we see on a petal.

Perfumes : Rose perfumes are made from rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. The main constituents of rose oil are the fragrant alcohols geraniol and l-citronellol and rose camphor, an odorless solid composed of alkanes, which separates from rose oil. β-Damascenone is also a significant contributor to the scent.

Physics of the flower : A Lily is described here...  Not content to just watch flowers dance in the breeze, Harvard physicists have described for the first time how flowers generate the forces needed to curl open come springtime. In the asiatic lily, this poetic blossoming is driven by skewed growth at the edges of petals. Over four and a half days, the asiatic lily’s young buds slowly suck up water, growing until they’re ready to explode. The petals and sepals — the outer, greener portion of a flower — gradually invert, then peel open like a banana and form a blossom.

Global Warming effects : Most roses in the U.S. and Europe are imported from warmer climes. All that flying and trucking adds thousands of metric tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Then there's all the water needed to, well, water the flowers. And the runoff fouled by copious quantities of pesticides needed to make the roses look perfect. There's also the wildlife and workers poisoned by all that fumigation. Add to that habitat destruction where floral plantations displace native forest and wetlands.

Medicinal uses : The fruit of a rose is called a rose hip. The berry-like hip are usually red in color but some can be dark purple or black. Rose hips of some species are extremely rich in vitamin C, because of this the hip is sometimes made into jam, jelly, or brewed for tea. The hip also has minor medicinal uses, used in food supplements and can be pressed or filtered to make rose hip syrup. Hip seed oil is also used in skin products and makeup products.

Earlier post on Space Rose: http://goo.gl/uFDuRX

Earlier post (Shattering Rose) : http://goo.gl/SSyMXq

Color Chemistry link: http://www.chemistryviews.org/details/ezine/4330051/Chemistry_of_Rose_Pigments.html

Biology of roses: http://discovermagazine.com/2004/apr/biology-of-flowers

Wikipedia Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose

Scientific American source: http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/roses-raise-environment-concerns-13-02-10/

Rose Facts: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/plants/roses.html

Flower Bloom Physics: http://www.wired.com/2011/03/flower-bloom-physics/

Pics courtesy: http://goo.gl/l7j0ET (gif) and http://goo.gl/PtLQrC ( shot of a rose petal, were taken by photographer Oliver Meckes and biologist Nicole Ottawa. The pair took the shots using a colour scanning electron microscope. )

#rose #science  ___

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2014-10-01 19:35:25 (97 comments, 20 reshares, 94 +1s)Open 

Urgently looking for some information / help : I am sending this post out for a  friend who is currently battling with cancer. I wanted to help, and ask our G+ community at large if there are people who understand how this works (preferably oncologists, radiologists and similar people in the field) and who might be able to guide me as to what are the therapies which are possible.

Of course I realize that this is not one disease, and therefore much more information needs to be shared (privately), but I am making a public post to appeal to people who have knowledge of the therapies, maybe are doctors and could help with clinical trials or guiding my friend in Europe of what can be done and how to go about it.

Frankly, I am not an expert, and I don’t even know the right questions to ask. If someone is able to even frame those questions, even that would help with my friend, whoca... more »

Urgently looking for some information / help : I am sending this post out for a  friend who is currently battling with cancer. I wanted to help, and ask our G+ community at large if there are people who understand how this works (preferably oncologists, radiologists and similar people in the field) and who might be able to guide me as to what are the therapies which are possible.

Of course I realize that this is not one disease, and therefore much more information needs to be shared (privately), but I am making a public post to appeal to people who have knowledge of the therapies, maybe are doctors and could help with clinical trials or guiding my friend in Europe of what can be done and how to go about it.

Frankly, I am not an expert, and I don’t even know the right questions to ask. If someone is able to even frame those questions, even that would help with my friend, who can then speak to his doctors and help in him making an informed choice.

I am taking the liberty of notifying people who are close to me here. I apologize for this in advance.

I request you do not comment or derail the post if you are not of the above profile, though if you know someone who could assist, please tag them in. I also request you maintain confidentiality if you happen to know anything about the person in question. Thanks so much and thanks in advance.___

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2014-10-26 09:10:08 (11 comments, 14 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

Turn : New developments are afoot, and the Captain of the darkmatter starcraft and his crew are shocked by the revelation. Read more about what happens next!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction ands... more »

Turn : New developments are afoot, and the Captain of the darkmatter starcraft and his crew are shocked by the revelation. Read more about what happens next!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction  ___

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2014-10-30 13:06:25 (4 comments, 7 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

Questions : The crew of the Raven, alongwith Niket complete their combat training with the Jexx at their space facility. Dranke has so many questions which he needs answered. Maybe he will uncover something on his way back...

(Part 16 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14:h... more »

Questions : The crew of the Raven, alongwith Niket complete their combat training with the Jexx at their space facility. Dranke has so many questions which he needs answered. Maybe he will uncover something on his way back...

(Part 16 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-10-05 05:24:23 (16 comments, 19 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

The Story Continues .... The story of Dranke and his crew, including Fenie, Vaxe and Piteer continues as they look for the Aliens called Hnnet in the satellite Sagittarius Galaxy.

Part Eight is now up (just click on the pic) or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. As promised, the story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7: http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8 : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like... more »

The Story Continues .... The story of Dranke and his crew, including Fenie, Vaxe and Piteer continues as they look for the Aliens called Hnnet in the satellite Sagittarius Galaxy.

Part Eight is now up (just click on the pic) or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. As promised, the story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7: http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8 : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Pic courtesy: Charles Strebor (Photographer and Artist)
Via http://fract.al/39266 and linked post http://goo.gl/ya1PFE___

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2014-10-29 09:49:41 (13 comments, 8 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

Combat Training : The Jexx spacestation awaits the crew of the Raven as Dranke and his seasoned team follow Kell's lead. They have so many questions. But will there be any answers?

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and spaceo... more »

Combat Training : The Jexx spacestation awaits the crew of the Raven as Dranke and his seasoned team follow Kell's lead. They have so many questions. But will there be any answers?

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-10-17 15:23:52 (9 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

A Hacker, a murderer and a genetic condition : Do you need any more reasons to read a book?  ......

Because I support authors who have supported me in the past, and +E.E. Giorgi writes wonderfully crafted stories. Bonus : She's a scientist.

Promo : She's running a promo on Gene Cards here http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NH8V8OE/ (At 99c its a steal). If you really need to see the preview, its up on her blog. Don't hold back, just spend the 99c. Seriously.

#authorssupportingauthors  

A Hacker, a murderer and a genetic condition : Do you need any more reasons to read a book?  ......

Because I support authors who have supported me in the past, and +E.E. Giorgi writes wonderfully crafted stories. Bonus : She's a scientist.

Promo : She's running a promo on Gene Cards here http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NH8V8OE/ (At 99c its a steal). If you really need to see the preview, its up on her blog. Don't hold back, just spend the 99c. Seriously.

#authorssupportingauthors  ___

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2014-10-14 07:58:24 (45 comments, 59 reshares, 154 +1s)Open 

Climate Change : Whether we like it or not, we are responsible for the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere. I've been trolled on an earlier post which was purely about the science of greenhouse gases. And this post is in response to that. Like a lot of people, I was uninformed about how exactly the science works. It's all about the retention of heat by the Earth. To know more, and to cut out the politics of the money behind the subject I enrolled in a course (https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-002 ). It seemed the logical thing to do. I asked the difficult questions and came back with some idea of the scope of the problem. 10 weeks of the lectures have given some idea of the issue.

I am not defending the science, too many naysayers have not even done their basic homework to polarize people into defensive attitudes rather than be able to make a logical and reasoned argument.... more »

Climate Change : Whether we like it or not, we are responsible for the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere. I've been trolled on an earlier post which was purely about the science of greenhouse gases. And this post is in response to that. Like a lot of people, I was uninformed about how exactly the science works. It's all about the retention of heat by the Earth. To know more, and to cut out the politics of the money behind the subject I enrolled in a course (https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-002 ). It seemed the logical thing to do. I asked the difficult questions and came back with some idea of the scope of the problem. 10 weeks of the lectures have given some idea of the issue.

I am not defending the science, too many naysayers have not even done their basic homework to polarize people into defensive attitudes rather than be able to make a logical and reasoned argument. Yes, we don't know everything, but science works in bits and pieces. We see evidence, make assumptions, test them without bias and try to achieve a hypothesis. I will keep this open to comments, but will disable the comments if there is any trolling.

Why it is important to you : I've heard people say that they are in a developed country and they do not need to worry about global warming. It is no surprise that people would be concerned only about their locality, but to be okay with millions dying worldwide is not 'cutting back on population', its far worse.

You may not be affected : This is the biggest lie which I've heard so far. Almost every single model predicts issues with the basic amenities like food, water, power and transport. And it will get progressively worse every year. Yes, life will get more and more difficult. With resources stretching thin, we will have less of everything and more hardship. Already both in the US and Australia, there are the worst drought in years in some regions. While scientists are very careful about pointing fingers, evidence shows that it is linked to the climate.

What can one expect? : Huge hardships in the future. And it gets exponentially worse every year. We already have climate change refugees. This is expected to get worse. Only over a period will we know the true scale of the effect, but all indications are it is going to get dire.

What can one do? : The good news is that we can still manage the effect. Slowing down on carbon emissions is the one main action one can take - use less fuel, switch off things when not needed, reduce wastage of food, practice rain water harvesting, try to find alternate energy sources, look at mitigation etc.  The slower the warming, the more likely it is to manage it's effects.

Refrences : Global Warming The Complete Briefing 4th Ed by John Houghton, Cambridge University Press, 2009  ISBN 978-0-521-70916-3 ,

Additional reference : http://www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/

Image credit : NASA ( The visualization was created by combining 15 different climate models that were all part of the big Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC report released last year. )


#climate #warming #climatechange  ___

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2014-10-21 09:05:05 (12 comments, 9 reshares, 49 +1s)Open 

Full Circle : Dranke and his crew are foiled once again ......

Dranke and the crew of the Raven were looking for an alien fleet which they had tracked across the Milky Way, but it was like finding a needle in a haystack. Spacecommand had tasked the Raven to search the neighboring galaxies for the mysterious alien called 'Ed.' The search continued in a solar system with an artificial planet.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12:h... more »

Full Circle : Dranke and his crew are foiled once again ......

Dranke and the crew of the Raven were looking for an alien fleet which they had tracked across the Milky Way, but it was like finding a needle in a haystack. Spacecommand had tasked the Raven to search the neighboring galaxies for the mysterious alien called 'Ed.' The search continued in a solar system with an artificial planet.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction  ___

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2014-09-08 04:38:19 (30 comments, 28 reshares, 118 +1s)Open 

Timelapse : This is not news, but I've been looking at Google's Time-Lapse Earth project and some of it is fascinating. The pic shown below shows the retreat of the glacier over the last two decades. Reseach at Google is involved in some real path-breaking stuff, in collaboration with NASA. Why is this important? It shows how deforestation is rampant in some parts of the world, it tracks the growth of cities and infrastructure. And you can actually see your own region in the interactive map in the links. Don't miss it!

Article Extract : Google Earth Engine is an incredible satellite tour through the recent history of our planet, showing year-by-year images from 1984-2012. Watch as cities expand, glaciers retreat, and seas vanish in a matter of decades.

Google Earth Engine uses composites of annual Landsat images to create these amazing views of how the world... more »

Timelapse : This is not news, but I've been looking at Google's Time-Lapse Earth project and some of it is fascinating. The pic shown below shows the retreat of the glacier over the last two decades. Reseach at Google is involved in some real path-breaking stuff, in collaboration with NASA. Why is this important? It shows how deforestation is rampant in some parts of the world, it tracks the growth of cities and infrastructure. And you can actually see your own region in the interactive map in the links. Don't miss it!

Article Extract : Google Earth Engine is an incredible satellite tour through the recent history of our planet, showing year-by-year images from 1984-2012. Watch as cities expand, glaciers retreat, and seas vanish in a matter of decades.

Google Earth Engine uses composites of annual Landsat images to create these amazing views of how the world has changed over the last 28 years. Google offers a handful of suggested time travel destinations, but you can look up any place you like—your hometown, places that have endured natural disasters, places that have been altered by human hands and by nature.

Time-lapse Earth is powerful because it helps us to access and construct the story of our planet. That story will become richer with each release, as we continue to improve fidelity and add data. The story-teller is everyone — scientists and citizens alike provide the real value by interacting, exploring, layering their knowledge upon the globe, and sharing their insights so that we can all better understand our world.

Article link from iO9: http://io9.com/time-lapse-satellite-images-show-how-earth-has-changed-500793507

Source Googleresearch : http://googleresearch.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/building-visual-planetary-time-machine.html?view=flipcard

Link: https://earthengine.google.org/#intro

Additional link: https://www.google.com/earth/outreach/tools/earthengine.html

Interactive map: https://earthengine.google.org/timelapse/timelapseplayer_v2.html?timelapseclient=http://earthengine.google.org/timelapse/data

+Google +Google Earth +Google Science Fair 

#timelapse #earth  ___

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2014-09-14 05:15:43 (52 comments, 76 reshares, 187 +1s)Open 

Simulated Brains and the Boltzmann Brain Hypothesis : While reading about the Human Brain Project and the U.S. parallel project called the BRAIN initiative, I came upon the Boltzmann Brain Hypothesis. Combining quantum probabilities with something emerging out of chaos. Sounds crazy? I'm very skeptical, but the physics allows it. Does not mean there are space brains floating around, but it makes for an interesting thought. Read for yourself...

Is a simulated brain conscious? : Notwithstanding what Watson can do, it is not an artificial intelligence. But think of this... Imagine standing in an open field with a bucket of water balloons and a couple of friends. You've decided to play a game called "Mind." Each of you has your own set of rules. Maybe Molly will throw a water balloon at Bob whenever you throw a water balloon at Molly. Maybe Bob will splash both of you.... more »

Simulated Brains and the Boltzmann Brain Hypothesis : While reading about the Human Brain Project and the U.S. parallel project called the BRAIN initiative, I came upon the Boltzmann Brain Hypothesis. Combining quantum probabilities with something emerging out of chaos. Sounds crazy? I'm very skeptical, but the physics allows it. Does not mean there are space brains floating around, but it makes for an interesting thought. Read for yourself...

Is a simulated brain conscious? : Notwithstanding what Watson can do, it is not an artificial intelligence. But think of this... Imagine standing in an open field with a bucket of water balloons and a couple of friends. You've decided to play a game called "Mind." Each of you has your own set of rules. Maybe Molly will throw a water balloon at Bob whenever you throw a water balloon at Molly. Maybe Bob will splash both of you. The details don't matter. That game would look a lot like the way neurons, the cells that make up your brain and nerves, interact with one another. They sit around inside an ant or a bird or Stephen Hawking and follow a simple set of rules. Sometimes they send electrochemical signals to their neighbors. Sometimes they don't. No single neuron "understands” the whole system.

Now imagine that instead of three of of you in that field there were 86 billion -- about the number of neurons in an average brain. And imagine that instead of playing by rules you made up, you each carried an instruction manual written by the best neuroscientists and computer scientists of the day -- a perfect model of a human brain. No one would need the entire rulebook, just enough to know their job. If the lot of you stood around, laughing and playing by the rules whenever the rulebook told you, given enough time you could model one or two seconds of human thought.

Boltzmann Brains : The weirdness gets even weirder when you consider that according to many theorists, not all the possible minds in the universe are biological or mechanical. In fact, under this interpretation the vast majority of minds look nothing like anything you or I will ever encounter. Here's how it works: Quantum physics -- the 20th century branch of science that reveals the hidden, exotic behavior of the particles that make up everything -- states that nothing is absolute. An unobserved electron isn't at any one point in space, really, but spread across the entire universe as a probability distribution; the vast majority of that probability is concentrated in a tight orbit around an atom, but not all of it. This still works as you go up in scale. But the probability in 'empty space' is not zero.

As eons pass and the stars burn themselves out and the universe gets far emptier than it is today, that quantum randomness becomes very important. It's probable that the silent vacuum of space will be mostly empty. But every once in a while, clumps of matter will come together and dissipate in the infinite randomness. And that means, or so the prediction goes, that every once in a while those clumps will arrange themselves in such a way perfect, precise way that they jolt into thinking, maybe just for a moment, but long enough to ask, "What am I?"

These are the Boltzmann Brains, named after the nineteenth-century physicist Ludwig Boltzmann. These strange late-universe beings will, according to one line of thinking, eventually outnumber every human, otter, alien and android who ever lived or ever will live. In fact, assuming this hypothesis is true, you, dear reader, probably are a Boltzmann Brain yourself. After all, there will only ever be one "real' version of you. But Boltzmann Brains popping into being while hallucinating this moment in your life -- along with your entire memory and experiences -- they will keep going and going, appearing and disappearing forever in the void.

Source Article Link: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/simulated-brain-conscious?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=7&con=is-a-simulated-brain-conscious

Additional link: http://io9.com/5883983/how-do-we-know-the-universe-isnt-already-ruled-by-giant-space-brains

Paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.1969

Link to Watson AI: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/WUshxSrWkve

Discovermag link: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2008/12/29/richard-feynman-on-boltzmann-brains/#.VBUcNxZkmwQ

NewScientist link: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21829184.400-string-theory-may-limit-space-brain-threat.html#.VBUcMBZkmwQ

More on the Human Brain Project: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/XMgcVENCKH5

The US BRAIN Project: http://blog.suny.edu/2014/09/seeking-a-deeper-understanding-of-how-the-brain-works/

Pics courtesy: http://goo.gl/p2MWtr and http://goo.gl/ZIyR37

#boltzmannbrains #physics #science  ___

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2014-10-27 09:34:00 (19 comments, 15 reshares, 137 +1s)Open 

Why do plants matter : Some of the reasons are obvious. Others not so much. Plants provide food, they help fix Carbon, through photosynthesis, and they create oxygen. But there is so much more they do, which is fascinating.

Plants are medicine factories : Right from the creation of complex sugars, plants also make Vitamin C, painkillers, psychotropics and even now, plants are found to synthesize new chemicals which we use in medicine.

Plants communicate : In more ways than one.... using chemical, electrical and airborne signalling, plants are able to produce defensive weapons and warning signals which can alert their neighbours.

Plants harness the power of stars : Using the Sun as an energy source, plants have used the quantum nature of light to be as efficient as possible while carrying out photosynthesis.

Plants provide strong... more »

Why do plants matter : Some of the reasons are obvious. Others not so much. Plants provide food, they help fix Carbon, through photosynthesis, and they create oxygen. But there is so much more they do, which is fascinating.

Plants are medicine factories : Right from the creation of complex sugars, plants also make Vitamin C, painkillers, psychotropics and even now, plants are found to synthesize new chemicals which we use in medicine.

Plants communicate : In more ways than one.... using chemical, electrical and airborne signalling, plants are able to produce defensive weapons and warning signals which can alert their neighbours.

Plants harness the power of stars : Using the Sun as an energy source, plants have used the quantum nature of light to be as efficient as possible while carrying out photosynthesis.

Plants provide strong building materials : Wood from trees has been used in building material for hundreds of years. Plants have found ways to strengthen their structure through evolution and natural selection to make some of the most durable building materials.

Earlier Posts

Plants are part of the cycle of life : They are vital parts of the Carbon cycle, the water cycle, they partner with insects and animals to spread their seeds, to provide protection and can actually create electricity. Kind of amazing.

Electricity from plants : http://goo.gl/SZxlKH

Why plants are fascinating : http://goo.gl/h1NHTH

How Plants use the quantum effect of light : http://goo.gl/OAowQQ

The Secret Inner world of Plants : http://goo.gl/W97b5V

How the Potato changed the world : http://goo.gl/UsDnL9

Grass : http://goo.gl/2ntTkY

How Plants move : http://goo.gl/66tD3S

Ultrasonic popping sounds from Trees : http://goo.gl/8jRWdq

How hydroelectric power is dependent on trees : http://goo.gl/Jc1CCB

References

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/ockhamsrazor/the-power-of-plants-in-science-culture-and-medicine/5694054

http://www.plantsciences.ucdavis.edu/plantsciences/newsletters/2014/oct15.htm

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v512/n7515/full/512351e.html

http://www.wired.com/2013/12/secret-language-of-plants/

Pic courtesy : Reddit ( http://i.minus.com/ibqqfn1MoIFAZv.gif )

#science #botany #plants  ___

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2014-10-30 09:29:00 (31 comments, 31 reshares, 179 +1s)Open 

Untethered : The picture is an amazing capture of Astronaut Bruce McCandless who till date hold the record of astronaut self-propulsion without a tether. Space is hard on humans. Much harder than one would expect. Besides the obvious issues of the intense cold, lack of atmosphere, hard vacuum and lack of gravity, there are all kinds of things that could go wrong. Astronauts have to guard against cosmic rays, micro particles and need to have a lot of equipment, including gyroscopes and nightmare scenarios of losing propulsion. In 1965, in a space-suit test gone awry, a technician in an altitude chamber was exposed to a hard vacuum. The defective suit was unable to hold pressure, and the man collapsed after fourteen seconds. We are not even getting into the effects on bones, muscles, cardiovascular system, and inner ear issues.

Unlike the movie Gravity : Calling the MMU a... more »

Untethered : The picture is an amazing capture of Astronaut Bruce McCandless who till date hold the record of astronaut self-propulsion without a tether. Space is hard on humans. Much harder than one would expect. Besides the obvious issues of the intense cold, lack of atmosphere, hard vacuum and lack of gravity, there are all kinds of things that could go wrong. Astronauts have to guard against cosmic rays, micro particles and need to have a lot of equipment, including gyroscopes and nightmare scenarios of losing propulsion. In 1965, in a space-suit test gone awry, a technician in an altitude chamber was exposed to a hard vacuum. The defective suit was unable to hold pressure, and the man collapsed after fourteen seconds. We are not even getting into the effects on bones, muscles, cardiovascular system, and inner ear issues.

Unlike the movie Gravity : Calling the MMU a “backpack” was a little deceptive, since, in its final form, it weighed more than 300 pounds. It contained enough nitrogen to accelerate from zero to 45 mph—just once. To conserve that precious supply, astronauts would fly the MMU at a crawl, just a few inches per second. (George Clooney’s zipping around in the movie Gravity was preposterous: If an astronaut acted that recklessly, the MMU’s fuel tank would be empty in no time.)

Nightmares : Paul Bailey, an orbital mechanics specialist who helped train astronauts to fly the jetpack, felt confident in both Martin and in Ed Whitsett, but as the STS-41B launch approached, he had a recurring nightmare: He would be sitting on the shuttle’s tail section, with Earth filling the sky, just as McCandless and Stewart floated out of the airlock. “I was looking down the cargo bay over at the MMUs. And I thought, Holy mackerel, these people think I know what I’m talking about! And they’re going to die!” Waking up in a cold sweat, Bailey would grab his MMU reference book, go through it one more time, and reassure himself he hadn’t forgotten anything.

Scrapped : Today, some EVA specialists advocate a next-generation MMU to help astronauts explore low-gravity worlds like asteroids or the moons of Mars, but so far NASA hasn’t approved development. The astronaut jetpack remains a capable—some would even say compelling—technology in search of a mission.

Is it time to replace conventional rockets? : I made a post from my page here http://goo.gl/xNNZlc which looks at the alternate ways to go to space..

Article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/untethered-180952792/?page=2&no-ist

Additional source and reference : http://www.damninteresting.com/outer-space-exposure/

Reference : http://www.nsbri.org/DISCOVERIES-FOR-SPACE-and-EARTH/The-Body-in-Space/

Additional article on psychology in space travel: http://www.economist.com/node/9401568

Pic courtesy from main link in Air & Space magazine - Bob Stewart tests the MMU in 1984. No astronauts since have ranged farther from their ship. (NASA)

#space #exploration  ___

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2014-10-13 16:37:41 (25 comments, 53 reshares, 226 +1s)Open 

Size and flows : As Douglas Adams rightly said, Space is big. You just won't believe how vastly, hugely, mind- bogglingly big it is. Lets take an example. The Milky way is our galaxy. When talking about space, a galaxy is well understood. It's made of millions of stars. The size? Around 100,000 light years in diameter. If we had a spaceship going at exactly light speed (if that was possible), we would not even be able to cross one-thousandth of the distance in a hundred years.

Now Scientists have theorized about the size and movement of the local galactic supercluster. How have they been able to estimate its movement? By means of a simulation of the gravity and flow and density which pulls over 100,000 galaxies together into what is called the 'Great Attractor.' The human mind can possibly not even comprehend the size. The boundaries of this supercluster are not very well... more »

Size and flows : As Douglas Adams rightly said, Space is big. You just won't believe how vastly, hugely, mind- bogglingly big it is. Lets take an example. The Milky way is our galaxy. When talking about space, a galaxy is well understood. It's made of millions of stars. The size? Around 100,000 light years in diameter. If we had a spaceship going at exactly light speed (if that was possible), we would not even be able to cross one-thousandth of the distance in a hundred years.

Now Scientists have theorized about the size and movement of the local galactic supercluster. How have they been able to estimate its movement? By means of a simulation of the gravity and flow and density which pulls over 100,000 galaxies together into what is called the 'Great Attractor.' The human mind can possibly not even comprehend the size. The boundaries of this supercluster are not very well defined, and the flows are quite fascinating to watch. It takes me back to a post I made on flows (http://goo.gl/uho3rW) . At some stage, all the superclusters will be clumped into one. Maybe we will have a true idea of our Universe then!

+Knut Torgersen asked me to make this post... and here it is for your consumption. Though much has been said about the Laniakea Supercluster, this looks into the flows and size.

Cosmic Speed : The team used a database that compiles the velocities of thousands of galaxies, calculated after subtracting the average rate of cosmic expansion. “All these deviations are due to the gravitational pull galaxies feel around them, which comes from mass,” says Tully. The researchers used an algorithm to translate these velocities into a three-dimensional field of galaxy flow and density.

How did Brent Tully and his team do it? : If galaxies are clumped together closely in space they’ll orbit each other, or at least their mutual gravity will affect their motion. This in turn affects the redshift for each galaxy on top of the cosmic expansion. We know pretty well how the Universe is expanding on local scales, so if you subtract that part away, what’s left is the local motion of the galaxies. That can be used to map how gravity of other nearby galaxies is affecting them. This let them make a map of the density and movement of galaxies in space.

Size : The colossal supercluster is shown in the above computer-generated visualization, where green areas are rich with white-dot galaxies and white lines indicate motion towards the supercluster center. Galaxies flow into other galactic concentrations. The Laniakea Supercluster spans about 500 million light years and contains about 100,000 times the mass of our Milky Way Galaxy. The discoverers of Laniakea gave it a name that means "immense heaven" in Hawaiian.

Source Slate: http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2014/09/04/laniakea_our_local_supercluster.html

Nature Source: http://www.nature.com/news/earth-s-new-address-solar-system-milky-way-laniakea-1.15819

Research paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.0880

APOD source: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap140910.html

Wikipedia reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laniakea_Supercluster

Video Link: Laniakea: Our home supercluster  
Pics courtesy : http://goo.gl/Bsx20Q and http://goo.gl/y2MhAA

#laniakea #supercluster  ___

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2014-09-28 08:49:25 (24 comments, 8 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

The Continuing adventures of Dranke and his crew : The story continues, now you can read part 7. This is the last in this series of flashfiction with Dranke and his crew. Thanks for all your support and encouragement which made it happen!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy

Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9

Part 7: Raven's Flight : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a seven-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting... more »

The Continuing adventures of Dranke and his crew : The story continues, now you can read part 7. This is the last in this series of flashfiction with Dranke and his crew. Thanks for all your support and encouragement which made it happen!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy

Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9

Part 7: Raven's Flight : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi (current)

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a now a seven-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging people who are following the story  - Hope you like the new story!

#scifi #sciencefiction #flashfiction  ___

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2014-09-24 16:43:45 (26 comments, 49 reshares, 163 +1s)Open 

Electricity from Plants : While scientists have known for some time that electricity can be harvested from plants, the amounts have been tiny. Now University of Georgia researchers have hijacked the photosynthesis process to generate electricity. While the technology is still in the experimental stage, this is fascinating!

Why is this important? Plants are very efficient at converting solar power. ETA : I am sanguine its LCA (life cycle analysis of equivalent carbon units) will be much larger than that of solar cells.

Article Extract: Plants are the undisputed champions of solar power. After billions of years of evolution, most of them operate at nearly 100 percent quantum efficiency, meaning that for every photon of sunlight a plant captures, it produces an equal number of electrons. Converting even a fraction of this into electricity would improve upon the efficiency seen with... more »

Electricity from Plants : While scientists have known for some time that electricity can be harvested from plants, the amounts have been tiny. Now University of Georgia researchers have hijacked the photosynthesis process to generate electricity. While the technology is still in the experimental stage, this is fascinating!

Why is this important? Plants are very efficient at converting solar power. ETA : I am sanguine its LCA (life cycle analysis of equivalent carbon units) will be much larger than that of solar cells.

Article Extract: Plants are the undisputed champions of solar power. After billions of years of evolution, most of them operate at nearly 100 percent quantum efficiency, meaning that for every photon of sunlight a plant captures, it produces an equal number of electrons. Converting even a fraction of this into electricity would improve upon the efficiency seen with solar panels, which generally operate at efficiency levels between 12 and 17 percent.

Different from Potato cells : We've seen technologies where the electrons in the soil near plants' roots was are used to power a fuel cell and concepts for moss-powered lamps, but this discovery from University of Georgia researchers taps photosynthesis directly for producing electricity. During photosynthesis, plants use sunlight to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen, which produces electrons. Those electrons help create sugars that plants use to fuel growth and reproduction. "We have developed a way to interrupt photosynthesis so that we can capture the electrons before the plant uses them to make these sugars," said Ramaraja Ramasamy, assistant professor in the UGA College of Engineering.

The technology : technology involves separating out structures in the plant cell called thylakoids, which are responsible for capturing and storing energy from sunlight. Researchers manipulate the proteins contained in the thylakoids, interrupting the pathway along which electrons flow. These modified thylakoids are then immobilized on a specially designed backing of carbon nanotubes, cylindrical structures that are nearly 50,000 times finer than a human hair. The nanotubes act as an electrical conductor, capturing the electrons from the plant material and sending them along a wire.

Article source: http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/researchers-discover-new-way-harvest-electricity-plants.html

Additional source: http://inhabitat.com/scientists-discover-methods-of-harvesting-electricity-from-plants/

Research Paper: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/ee/c3ee40634b#!divAbstract

Earlier post : Secret inner world of plants - https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/d2cjJ6tNZUL

Earlier post : Harnessing Natures solar cells: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/PV9w74wp2iR

Why plants are fascinating: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/2F4Zfz6LEhJ

Additional link: http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/1839/20130509/system-make-plants-generate-usable-electricity-developed-university-georgia.htm

Pics courtesy: Inhabit.com, treehugger.com, http://goo.gl/EmFK3j

#trees #plants #solar #power___

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2014-10-06 10:55:21 (21 comments, 19 reshares, 75 +1s)Open 

How tiny marine creatures drive ocean currents : The science of swarms is fascinating and it has to do with Physics of fluids. Remember fish, birds and all kinds of insects display swarming behavior (Air is also a fluid).

The small brine shrimp (remember sea monkeys?) Artemia salina may be responsible for influencing ocean currents, circulation patterns and even the climate. Read on to know more...

Tiny size but huge numbers : Each individual shrimp only generates the tiniest of currents, but when many shrimp swim in tandem, they generate a current that’s stronger than the sum of those created by each individual. When a larger group moves together, he says, they produce strong downward jets with swirling currents on the side says the study's author.

Physics : "This research suggests a remarkable and previously unobserved two-way couplingbe... more »

How tiny marine creatures drive ocean currents : The science of swarms is fascinating and it has to do with Physics of fluids. Remember fish, birds and all kinds of insects display swarming behavior (Air is also a fluid).

The small brine shrimp (remember sea monkeys?) Artemia salina may be responsible for influencing ocean currents, circulation patterns and even the climate. Read on to know more...

Tiny size but huge numbers : Each individual shrimp only generates the tiniest of currents, but when many shrimp swim in tandem, they generate a current that’s stronger than the sum of those created by each individual. When a larger group moves together, he says, they produce strong downward jets with swirling currents on the side says the study's author.

Physics : "This research suggests a remarkable and previously unobserved two-way coupling between the biology and the physics of the ocean," study researcher John Dabiri, a professor of aeronautics and bioengineering at the California Institute of Technology, said in a statement. "The organisms in the ocean appear to have the capacity to influence their environment by their collective swimming."

Influence : Usually, researchers credit the wind and tides for creating currents that mix the ocean's salt, nutrients and heat. In contrast, this study suggests that microscopic animals also influence currents. In a study published in 2009 in the journal Nature, Dabiri and his colleagues proposed that sea creatures such as jellyfish mix ocean waters, and ventured that even smaller organisms could do the same. This study offers evidence for their idea, at least in an aquarium environment.

Article link from +Popular Science : http://goo.gl/dTNLXe

Research paper AIP |Scitation: http://goo.gl/dKnYLU

Video link: Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) Data of a Vertical Migration Experiment

Additional video link: Flow Field Measurement During Vertical Migration of A. salina

+Discover Magazine link: http://goo.gl/09iVnu

Livescience link: http://www.livescience.com/48069-sea-monkeys-swirl-ocean.html

More about the brine shrimp: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Artemia_salina/

Gif pic courtesy : http://goo.gl/8Y40SH (for illustration purposes only, not a brine shrimp). Brine shrimp on left from +Mother Nature

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-10-15 16:36:56 (26 comments, 8 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

A Mystery : Continuing space opera flash fiction story of the crew of The Raven as they continue on their quest to resolve the mystery of the artificial planet...

Finding the Hnnet was proving to be more difficult than they had imagined. Spacecommand had tasked the Raven to search the neighboring galaxies for the mysterious alien called 'Ed.' After searching a number of planets, they had still to find the aliens they were looking for.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part1... more »

A Mystery : Continuing space opera flash fiction story of the crew of The Raven as they continue on their quest to resolve the mystery of the artificial planet...

Finding the Hnnet was proving to be more difficult than they had imagined. Spacecommand had tasked the Raven to search the neighboring galaxies for the mysterious alien called 'Ed.' After searching a number of planets, they had still to find the aliens they were looking for.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction  ___

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2014-09-11 09:16:54 (30 comments, 10 reshares, 50 +1s)Open 

Mission impossible 4: 'Ed' : Dranke's story continues, as the alien fleet makes contact. The story continues by popular demand. Hope you all like it.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Mission impossible is a four-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoongyee Poh +Yoon-Mi Kim +Robin Laurén +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody +Basement Kitty +Martin Conterez +Brigitte W. +Charles Strebor +Elizabeth Therese Niwel +David Preston +Marjorie Fowler +Mike Mackley - thanks for the support!

#scifi #sciencefiction ... more »

Mission impossible 4: 'Ed' : Dranke's story continues, as the alien fleet makes contact. The story continues by popular demand. Hope you all like it.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2

Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE

Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ

Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0

Mission impossible is a four-part flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

Tagging +Heidi Bouman +Micha Fire +Yoongyee Poh +Yoon-Mi Kim +Robin Laurén +Harry Tuttle +Randy Culler +L.S. Cody +Basement Kitty +Martin Conterez +Brigitte W. +Charles Strebor +Elizabeth Therese Niwel +David Preston +Marjorie Fowler +Mike Mackley - thanks for the support!

#scifi #sciencefiction #flashfiction #blog  ___

posted image

2014-09-19 10:35:44 (24 comments, 21 reshares, 84 +1s)Open 

Why did the scramjet not take off? : Its been a long haul for the scramjet. The technology has existed since the 1950s, but since Budget cuts and politics (and rocket tech) came along, scramjets were relegated to a 'also ran' program. Why is it an idea one would want? The cost per launch using a railgun cum scramjet or air to air launch would be many orders of magnitude less than conventional rocket technology. Unfortunately, the testing of these has been dogged by failure and budget cuts...

Disappointment : Until the last few years, the scramjet had an unbroken history of disappointment. Budget cuts killed the program in 1993. Its shape, however, lived on in two small test vehicles, the NASA X-43 and U.S. Air Force X-51, which have managed a few seconds of scramjet flight.

Sweet spot : “If you fly too low, there’s a lot of air density friction and theair... more »

Why did the scramjet not take off? : Its been a long haul for the scramjet. The technology has existed since the 1950s, but since Budget cuts and politics (and rocket tech) came along, scramjets were relegated to a 'also ran' program. Why is it an idea one would want? The cost per launch using a railgun cum scramjet or air to air launch would be many orders of magnitude less than conventional rocket technology. Unfortunately, the testing of these has been dogged by failure and budget cuts...

Disappointment : Until the last few years, the scramjet had an unbroken history of disappointment. Budget cuts killed the program in 1993. Its shape, however, lived on in two small test vehicles, the NASA X-43 and U.S. Air Force X-51, which have managed a few seconds of scramjet flight.

Sweet spot : “If you fly too low, there’s a lot of air density friction and the aircraft gets too hot,” said Goyne. “Too high, you start to run out of oxygen. The sweet spot altitude is 100,000 ft. or so.” Goyne says one of the key advantages of a scramjet over a rocket engine is that the scramjet gets the oxidizer to combust its fuel from the air it is flying through, whereas a rocket engine needs to carry liquid oxygen to burn its liquid hydrogen fuel.

Foray into railgun cum scramjets : In April, President Obama urged NASA to come up with, among other things, a less expensive method than conventional rocketry for launching spacecraft. By September, the agency’s engineers floated a plan that would save millions of dollars in propellant, improve astronaut safety, and allow for more frequent flights. All it will take is two miles of train track, an airplane that can fly at 10 times the speed of sound, and a jolt of electricity big enough to light a small town. The system calls for a two-mile long rail gun that will launch a scramjet, which will then fly to 200,000 feet. The scramjet will then fire a payload into orbit and return to Earth. The process is more complex than a rocket launch, but engineers say it’s also more flexible. With it, NASA could orbit a 10,000-pound satellite one day and send a manned ship toward the moon the next, on a fraction of the propellant used by today’s rockets.

Politics : So what really happened to ramjets? Sputnik and Robert McNamara. The space race diverted U.S. space science into rocketry, and President John Kennedy’s defense secretary and his whiz-kid advisors backed intercontinental ballistic missiles over air-breathers, expecting the latter to be easily shot down by bigger enemy missiles.

Article source: http://www.airspacemag.com/flight-today/ramjet-and-rocket-180950239/?no-ist=&page=1

Additional source on railgun cum scramjet: http://wordlesstech.com/2010/12/22/nasa-proposes-a-rail-gun-and-a-scramjet-to-fire-spacecraft-into-orbit/

Source for history: http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2014/08/22/hypersonic-scramjets-still-key-to-future-of-aerospace/

The screaming X-51A Hypersonic Waverider scramjet rides shockwaves : http://goo.gl/vbBjHi (earlier post)

Combining a Railgun and a Scramjet : http://goo.gl/CnDxAj (earlier post)

Rail-launched scramjet : http://goo.gl/RAOJU6 (earlier post)

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scramjet

NASA factsheet: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/armstrong/news/FactSheets/FS-040-DFRC.html#.VBvnZBZkmwQ

+NASA mission: http://www.nasa.gov/missions/research/x43-image-feature.html

Pics courtesy: http://goo.gl/jKNaqB, NASA and http://goo.gl/y2eosk

#scramjet #ramjet #space  ___

posted image

2014-10-11 09:48:42 (13 comments, 14 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

The Edge : Continuing space opera flash fiction story of Dranke and his crew as the Raven scours space for an alien fleet...

After looking for the elusive Hnnet in the nearby Sagittarius satellite galaxy,  Dranke, the captain of the Raven had pushed his crew to chase down the technologically superior aliens in the vicinity of the Milky Way galaxy. Starcommand had tasked the Raven and her crew to track down the alien species to their homebase, which was easier said than done...

Just click on the pic or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. The story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 :... more »

The Edge : Continuing space opera flash fiction story of Dranke and his crew as the Raven scours space for an alien fleet...

After looking for the elusive Hnnet in the nearby Sagittarius satellite galaxy,  Dranke, the captain of the Raven had pushed his crew to chase down the technologically superior aliens in the vicinity of the Milky Way galaxy. Starcommand had tasked the Raven and her crew to track down the alien species to their homebase, which was easier said than done...

Just click on the pic or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. The story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs

( Notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #flashfiction #scifi___

posted image

2014-10-18 11:39:46 (22 comments, 9 reshares, 76 +1s)Open 

Low-carbon economy : As a part of my Climate change course, a peer-reviewed essay on what a low-carbon economy would look like was part of the requirement. Instead of writing about climate change refugees (which was the other option), I decided to look at how I would envision such an economy. I must confess, I would have included organic-inorganic buildings and more radical solutions if I had more leeway, but as per the rubric, here is my essay....

A Low-Carbon Economy would be one which invests in new technology as well as in managing consumption. As a counterpoint to the heavy energy draining economies, a low-carbon economy would be one which creates jobs and resources in areas such as nuclear fission and fusion research[1].

Instead of using coal, natural gas and petroleum, it would focus on hydroelectricity, solar and wind power as well as harnessing the energy from... more »

Low-carbon economy : As a part of my Climate change course, a peer-reviewed essay on what a low-carbon economy would look like was part of the requirement. Instead of writing about climate change refugees (which was the other option), I decided to look at how I would envision such an economy. I must confess, I would have included organic-inorganic buildings and more radical solutions if I had more leeway, but as per the rubric, here is my essay....

A Low-Carbon Economy would be one which invests in new technology as well as in managing consumption. As a counterpoint to the heavy energy draining economies, a low-carbon economy would be one which creates jobs and resources in areas such as nuclear fission and fusion research[1].

Instead of using coal, natural gas and petroleum, it would focus on hydroelectricity, solar and wind power as well as harnessing the energy from the sea (both from wave energy as well as temperature differential) as well as other newer tech[2]. More than anything, a low-carbon economy would look at trying to achieve a life-cycle assessment for all power sources to come to as close to zero as possible[3].

Very different from a traditional economy, one would get rewarded for low-carbon choices and actions taken to reduce one's footprint. Some of the choices made in this scenario may not be comfortable, but it would be for the well-being of their children and their future generations.

Ideally, a low-carbon economy should aim to reduce carbon emissions in all areas of industry, while investing in cleaner technology which would reduce the burden on cost. Private industry can be given subsidies which are currently being given to coal and petroleum industry for lower carbon LCA alternatives[4].

Any economy which takes the leadership position in creating new technology automatically becomes a growth economy, and first movers can take this pole position. Early adopters also have an advantage in this scenario, as there may be niche areas in the alternate energy area and land management, management of mitigating strategies etc. which can be refined and developed.

Least attractive is the late adopters. Typically developed countries have been late adopters and other than the China story, the solar cell technology has benefited developed countries as far as technology leadership, patents and manufacture is concerned.

Technology is changing very rapidly now, and there are low-carbon alternatives in almost all areas. Growing more trees and creating rapid ability to harness water in the air along with creating alternate energy sources will be key to managing carbon emissions[5]. As mentioned before fusion and fission power is something we may need to use safely. A lot of the technologies exist today, while some vital technologies need a decade of work to see fruition[6].

Some of the basic ways we operate may change, but the idea is fundamentally change our consumption, while managing the change in such a way that we all have access to food, water, electricity, transport and communication, with managing the carbon emissions. Such an economy does not need to be a zero-growth economy, it just needs to have different values and systems. Growth would be measured in terms of reducing carbon emissions while also creating new jobs and opportunities in the alternate energy industry.

It may be impossible to exist in silos as we have done for so many years, and in some ways, the world is all in this together. It may be time to create a global governing body, especially with regards to climate change as this is probably the only way that countries will buy into, and participate in reducing their respective carbon emissions.

One of the other new research areas are how the microbiome affects climate[7]. This may be an area of opportunity in the future, and how we can understand and manipulate microorganisms around us, may be crucial to managing the climate. Every spoonful of dirt has millions of microorganisms, and what role they play in climate change is just starting to be researched.

The social and cultural ethos of such a society would be highly ethical and very measured. The populace would be highly educated in science and especially in the understanding of how the climate change can be managed. As such, it is more likely that such a society would voluntarily travel by public transport, plant trees and plants, practice rain water harvesting, using local produce, practice city and vertical farming[8], using LED lights, waste less food per person and use electricity sparingly. While it is not always possible to extrapolate such an economy, the drivers of such an economy would have to be very different from the consumerist and consumptive economies we have spawned today.

It is most likely that populations will continue to be concentrated in cities, but there is less need for people to travel and commute, which would make it a very different kind of life experience for people who live in our low-carbon economy.

[1] References: http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-business/wp/2014/10/15/nuclear-fusion-energy-in-a-decade-... and Farnsworth reactor http://www.google.com/patents/US3386883

[2] http://archives.datapages.com/data/bulletns/1997/08aug/1292/1292.htm?doi=10.1306%2F522B4DE3-1727-11D...

[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_assessment#Life_cycle_impact_assessment

[4] http://priceofoil.org/fossil-fuel-subsidies/ ...... http://paidtopollute.org.au/ptp-fossil-fuel-subsidies..... and http://www.bbc.com/news/business-27142377

[5] Water from air http://www.gizmag.com/extracting-water-from-the-air/2796/

[6] http://www.science20.com/mark_halper/kite_energy_leveraging_jet_stream_renewable_power-93059

[7] http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/book/978-3-319-11664-8...... http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41078/title/Incorporating-Soil-Microbes-in-Cli...

[8] http://mitcityfarm.media.mit.edu/

Earlier post on Climate Change: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/ViUSqY8Y5FS

What is the science behind Climate Change? : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/TLEAg68ktWt

Pic courtesy and low-carbon city : http://www.asianscientist.com/2012/11/topnews/iskandar-malaysia-low-carbon-smart-city-2012/

#science #essay #lowcarboneconomy  ___

posted image

2014-10-07 15:30:10 (12 comments, 10 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

The strange shadows on the planet with a Methane sea mystifies Captain Dranke as he and his crew continue on their search for the Hnnet.

Part Nine is now up (just click on the pic) or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. As promised, the story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7: http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8 : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9 : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science... more »

The strange shadows on the planet with a Methane sea mystifies Captain Dranke as he and his crew continue on their search for the Hnnet.

Part Nine is now up (just click on the pic) or go through the series if you happened to miss the earlier episodes. As promised, the story continues.....

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:

First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2: http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3: http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4: http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5: http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6: http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7: http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8 : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9 : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG

( notifying select people please let me know if you wish to get / opt out of notifications )

Mission impossible is a flash fiction series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read.

#sciencefiction #flashfiction #scifi  ___

posted image

2014-10-22 08:35:04 (8 comments, 4 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

The only known planet with a robotic population has a close encounter : Comet Sliding Spring was expected to come really close to Mars on the 19th of October, and it did. To protect the spacecraft orbiting Mars, they were moved to the far side of the planet. Siding Spring is small (the nucleus is less than a mile in diameter) and fast (it passed Mars at about 34 miles per second), but the tail dust could have damaged the robots. With MOM, Maven, MRO, Odyssey, Curiosity and Opportunity and Mars Express all being either on Mars or orbiting the planet, a lot of information has been gleaned about the comet, which is assumed to be a remnant of the early solar system, 4.5 Billion years ago.

Article Extract : 'We cannot plan missions to comets like this - this one was discovered less than two years ago,' said Dr Mark Lemmon of Texas A&M University, a camera team member for... more »

The only known planet with a robotic population has a close encounter : Comet Sliding Spring was expected to come really close to Mars on the 19th of October, and it did. To protect the spacecraft orbiting Mars, they were moved to the far side of the planet. Siding Spring is small (the nucleus is less than a mile in diameter) and fast (it passed Mars at about 34 miles per second), but the tail dust could have damaged the robots. With MOM, Maven, MRO, Odyssey, Curiosity and Opportunity and Mars Express all being either on Mars or orbiting the planet, a lot of information has been gleaned about the comet, which is assumed to be a remnant of the early solar system, 4.5 Billion years ago.

Article Extract : 'We cannot plan missions to comets like this - this one was discovered less than two years ago,' said Dr Mark Lemmon of Texas A&M University, a camera team member for NASA's Curiosity and Opportunity Mars rovers, in a statement. 'It is incredible luck that it is saving us the trouble of going to it, as it flies by Mars, which is being explored by seven active robots. 'So this very much is a once-in-a-lifetime event, for us and our rovers.'

'This is a cosmic science gift that could potentially keep on giving, and the agency's diverse science missions will be in full receive mode,' said Dr John Grunsfeld, former astronaut and associate administrator for Nasa's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. 'This particular comet has never before entered the inner solar system, so it will provide a fresh source of clues to our solar system's earliest days.' Nasa's five robotic explorers at Mars - the three orbiters Mars Odyssey, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (Maven) and the two rovers Opportunity and Curiosity - were repurposed to witness the event. So too were Europe's Mars Express and India's Mars Orbiting Mission.

Earth-based and space telescopes, including Nasa's iconic Hubble Space Telescope, also will be in position to observe the unique comet. The agency's astrophysics space observatories - Kepler, Swift, Spitzer, Chandra - and the ground-based Infrared Telescope Facility on Mauna Kea, Hawaii - also tracked the event.

References and sources:

From Planetary.org : http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2014/10201007-status-update-all-mars.html

from iO9 : http://space.io9.com/martian-robots-brace-for-close-encounter-with-comet-sid-1648159011

From Dailymail: http://goo.gl/bri73j

From NASA: http://mars.nasa.gov/comets/sidingspring/

#science #cometsidingspring #robot #mars  ___

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