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SciFi Author: Lacerant Plainer has been at 6 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+529,810Please join us for Developmental Science HOA, a new collaborative Hangout On Air series which is co-hosted by +Science on Google+ and +Developmental Psychology. In the first Developmental Science HOA we will be talking with Dr. +Gedeon Deák. +Gedeon Deák is a Professor of Cognitive Science and Human Development at +University of California, San Diego and is the director of the +Cognitive Development Laboratory at UC-San Diego. +Gedeon Deák studies the dynamics of infant social interactions and social learning, using experimental behavioral paradigms, ethnographic investigations, physiological studies, and computer simulations. He and his collaborators conducted the first study of real-time interactions between parents and toddlers with high-density EEG and motion capture of both participants. He also studies how children learn and use words, and how they flexibly shift their attention, representations, and inferences.Important LinksCurriculum Vitae: http://goo.gl/qLtUaCLab Website: http://goo.gl/AQ78h6ResearchGate: http://goo.gl/Mj8deHRelevant PapersWatch the hands: infants can learn to follow gaze by seeing adults manipulate objects: http://goo.gl/bSMzKyYoung children’s fast mapping and generalization of words, facts, and pictograms :http://goo.gl/nhykZFA Unified Account of Gaze Following: http://goo.Developmental Science HOA: Episode 12014-08-05 18:00:00102 
STEM Women on G+130,502Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Dr.  +Yonatan Zunger on how men can help with the issues of gender inequality in STEM fields. Yonatan is the Chief Architect of Google+ and also has a PhD in Physics with a strong engineering background. He is a passionate advocate of gender equality in STEM, and will talk to us about what we can do to encourage women in STEM.This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe   and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos  , and you can tune in on Sunday March 2nd at 12.30 PM Pacific/ 8.30PM GMT. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel(http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.Follow us on Twitter @stemwomen and on www.stemwomen.netSTEM Women: How Men Can Help with Dr Yonatan Zunger2014-03-02 21:30:0096 
Andrij “Andrew” Harasewych283,353It's been a pretty disappointing year for some of us, celestial sights wise. There have been the usual meteor showers (it was cloudy for me every time), the transit of Venus (also cloudy) and several eclipses (none were visible from my area).Luckily, we still have the Geminids left. They're generally considered to be one of the best and most reliable meteor showers of the year, so hopefully we'll get a good show.They will appear to radiate from the constellation of Gemini, and you could spot up to 120 meteors per hour. The moon will be new meaning that visibility should be very good.Although Dec 13th-14th is the peak, meteors will be visible for several days before and after that so don't forget to look up this week.As usual, if you get any good photographs/videos please send them our way!Geminid Meteor Shower2012-12-14 00:00:00165 
Slooh129,570Slooh Space Camera to Broadcast LIVE Feed of Total Solar Eclipse from Cairns, Australia with Broadcast Team OnsiteIn an ongoing mission to share a live view of the Universe, Slooh Space Camera will broadcast a free, real-time feed of the stunning total solar eclipse live from Cairns, Australia - the only land site in the world to view totality. Stargazers all over the world are invited to capture a first look of the total solar eclipse on Slooh.com,  Tuesday, November 13th starting at 11:30 AM PST / 2:30 PM EST / 19:30 UTC (International times here: http://goo.gl/BfKJC) as the Moon starts to dramatically make its way across the Sun during the Australian sunrise. Slooh will have a three-person crew on hand in Cairns, Australia to bring the world Slooh's live, real-time coverage of 2012's great total solar eclipse.  Slooh's on-site personnel includes photographer Anjali Bermain, Astronomy Magazine's Bob Berman, author of "The Sun's Heartbeat," and experienced astro-imager Matt Francis of Prescott Observatory. Furthermore, BBC contributor, Dr. Lucie Green, solar researcher at the Mullard Space Science Laboratory, will join the broadcast along with Slooh’s President, Patrick Paolucci, and Slooh’s Public Outreach Coordinator, Paul Cox.Viewers can watch the show on their PC or mobile device and will have the ability to ask questions to the Slooh team, including the crew located in Cairns, using the Slooh Conversations section on the Slooh homepage.  Viewers will also be able to snap the live pictures directly from the Slooh homepage using Pinterest.Slooh Space Camera to Broadcast LIVE Feed of Total Solar Eclipse2012-11-13 20:30:00474 
Andrij “Andrew” Harasewych283,353http://www.redbullstratos.com/The countdown has begun for Felix Baumgartner's epic jump from the edge of space. Supported by a team of experts, Felix will ascend in a helium balloon to an altitude of 120,000 ft / 36,576 m where he will take a leap of faith into the unknown in an attempt to become the first person to break the speed of sound during freefall.To follow the progress of this mission - launch date set for the week of 8th October 2012 - and to find out where and when to tune in to watch Red Bull Stratos rewrite history live please RSVP and join the Event. #science   #redbull   #stratos   #sciencesunday   #spacesunday   #skydiving  +ScienceSunday +Part-Time Scientists +Peter's Scifi page +Red BullRed Bull Stratos Mission - LIVE2012-10-14 14:00:00671 
Trever McGhee78,373Please accept my apologies if your one of the few that got hit by a bug in their system!This is my first event and for some reason Google notified some people 20 times and for some their system was planning on doing that within their calendars for the next 5 years...every single day...20 times a day...how it did or why it would set peoples calendars up to be notified 20 times a day...I don't know.Hopefully they've got it corrected, if not please let me know.I know I wanted to help peoples wishes come true but not in that way,The goal of this event my Birthday is give you as many of my Birthday Wishes as you require...why because you deserve it.My wish is here is to connect you to the thoughts/ the energy of thousands of people around the world all making a Birthday Wish for themselves from the heart... to you.I like to Imagine the energy from all those making a wish and the energy coming from the ones that come true(the smiles..the laughter..the tears...the overflowing of pure joy) being connected to you to power your own wish to come true.Thanks to some theories about Quantum Physics there's no space between you or me or them...topped with the fact they tell us energy is never destroyed, it's gotta go somewhere as each new person joins in, so why not to you to empower your wish to come true sooner rather than later.Imagine being connected to thousands....millions of others all making wishes...all hoping that your wish comes true for it will help empower their wish.They've documented several cases of where positive thoughts have made a difference, so why not around someones birthday who can then share it with everyone whose connected to that person...so me for this event.It's never been done before, so why not now....be part of it. You have nothing to lose and everything to gain as we go day by day, year by year building this community of wish granters.Now think of an image that represents your wish and then take2seconds to think of that image at least once a day until it comes true.Have fun with it, there's no right or wrong way when you come from the heart.Please let us know as each wish comes true...yes each wish...there's no law that says you're only granted one wish...you deserve everyone of them when they come from the heart..when that wish fills you with the passion for life...*****UPDATE at first I was focused on getting as many people as possible for this so that everyone had more energy but now after reading your comments..hearing your passion for life...the numbers have gone completely out the window for each one of you have brought your own unique energy to the equation that's priceless....THANK YOUIn my world Birthday wishes can be made everyday of the year because it's a celebration everyday that your here to share this with.So today I Celebrate being 44 aUpdate to fix Google Bug for "It's My Birthday and my wish is for your wishes to come true!!"2012-08-17 12:00:00204 

SciFi Author: Lacerant Plainer has been shared in 567 public circles

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Frank Gainsford53,086A circle of people who either post or share stuff that is about science 2015-01-09 10:11:40339000
Katy Lazar0Please ensure you reshare to stay in! if you want in, please add us and reshare!Notifying everyone this once, have dropped a lot of people - please reshare and add us to your circles to be added (back)!!✯✯✯✯✯✯  ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯ ✯✯✯✯✯✯✯Share :)!! -  to promote it (by sharing you promote yourself, your circle colleagues and make it even more awesome!)▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬What is this circle? People from all walks of life, from all over the world - geeks, writers, fun people, pages, supportive and interesting streams. Please reshare to grow and support it!Add these circles to be feel the power of this circle! If you are notified, you are probably in this circle, please reshare to continue being in it. If you are not in this circle, reshare and comment to be added! (Please remember that you have to circle us for us to add you!)Reshare to be shared, gain followers and make this circle even more awesome!Promoting all the people here - People who want to engage, share and be shared!!!! - Make it happen people !!!#diamondcircle   #awesome   #awesomesauce   #awesomeness   #awesomepeople   #diamondclub   #circle #circles #circlesharing #circleshare #circleoftheday #circleplus #public #publiccircles #publiccirclesproject #publicsharedcircles #reshare #reshared #reshareday #resharetags #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #sharing #sharingcircle #sharingmeansthankyou 2014-12-20 08:45:20171000
Doris Scott66#circleshare #circle #circlesharing #circlesunday   2014-12-14 13:58:22501000
Norman E Grant2,529Share this Circle of passionate people and grow your network. 2014-12-08 20:18:36478000
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : CIRCLE V.5; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial#ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech#GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft#MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain#mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus#naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars #sharingiscaring  #Liver#sharingmeansthankyou #socialmedia  #sports #Smartphones#tablets 2014-11-06 08:10:34369051
Sharon Caroline1,629Hello my friends, good morning/evening for you all!Boost Your visibility On Google+!Shared and be shared. :)Thank you for sharing and promoting this.#circleshare #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedcircleoftheday2014-11-05 08:31:58463000
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : Circle V.3, maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies 2014-11-05 07:02:42362515
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,127Science and Technology +Friends: Circle 2014 V.2 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars 2014-11-04 06:51:44407101
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,054Science and Technology Circle 2014 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA   #Space #Innovation   #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists 2014-11-02 08:37:19453526
Hasna Areta Zakiya914ADD CIRCLE AND SHARE#circle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #CircleOfTheDay #SharedCircles #Share #Shared #SharedPublicCircles #ShareCircle #ADD #SharingCircles #Engagers #SocialMedia #Google+ #Friends #GooglePlusTips #EngagersCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Google2014-10-12 17:22:38447428
Hasna Areta Zakiya914INVITE AND SHARE#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-10-11 18:04:304477211
RokSimec.com7,554To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-10-01 11:44:4749811914
RokSimec.com7,248 To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-09-26 10:33:5149813920
Kenneth Nicholson3,806Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post*More you share more you get! :)Thanks!*#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-09-25 13:06:13485455179
Becky Collins16,946Another crazy popular circle : Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-23 08:58:07436151021
Balram Chanda4,966▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █  Very trusted Circle 3   █ ▇ ▆ ▅ ▄▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ⓖHi friends! This is an incredible circle, created with important selection from my another ten circles very importants.If you want enlarge your circle, you must reshared this circle.And so, do you want enlarge your circle? And now, what are you waiting to reshare?The most important engager is reshared, because only with it we could enlarge the our circle.if you want to be part of the next  Special Cirlce1 - include me in your circles 2 - shared the circle  [ include yourself ] 3 - add +1 to the post2014-09-01 00:46:30500338
Hasna Areta Zakiya914Invite, Follow, Share and FUNhttp://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb 2014-08-30 03:43:314497012
Balram Chanda4,448▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █  Very trusted Circle  █ ▇ ▆ ▅ ▄▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ⓖHi friends! This is an incredible circle, created with important selection from my another ten circles very importants.If you want enlarge your circle, you must reshared this circle.And so, do you want enlarge your circle? And now, what are you waiting to reshare?The most important engager is reshared, because only with it we could enlarge the our circle.if you want to be part of the next  Special Cirlce1 - include me in your circles 2 - shared the circle  [ include yourself ] 3 - add +1 to the post 2014-08-21 06:51:30378225
Hasna Areta Zakiya914#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-08-20 09:26:444497010
Harry Day6,067This circle is an awesome group of people who remain active on my daily posts, share frequently, and have otherwise helped me get the most out of Google Plus.If you wanna be here, do as in the Sharers Code:AddPlusLeave your  a commentShare publicly#awesome #awesomepeople #chadwick #circle #circles #circlesharing #circleshare #circleoftheday #circleplus #community #followback #followers #gplus #influence #leadership #public #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles #reshare #reshared #reshareday #resharetags #ripples #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #sharing #sharingcircle #socialmedia #theplus #tcs #team2014-08-20 08:21:37487592874
Hasna Areta Zakiya914Share, Add, Follow, Visit http://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis 2014-08-15 03:39:114537313
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910779158
Hasna Areta Zakiya914Singgasana Hotels & Resorts pilihan akomodasi terbaik di Indonesiahttp://goo.gl/20O0rBhttp://www.akusukses.com/review-seo-kontes/singgasana-hotels-resorts-pilihan-akomodasi-terbaik-di-indonesia/ quenza-shop.com Toko online terbaik dan terbesar di Indonesiahttp://goo.gl/8FsxRphttp://www.akusukses.com/review-seo-kontes/quenza-shop-com-toko-online-terbaik-dan-terbesar-di-indonesia/#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWe2014-08-07 03:05:214537116
Lynda Chervil890Add this circle of excellent engagers, thinkers, innovators, and future tech leaders. My ++Solar Power++ Circle will provide you with the latest and greatest from the world of tech innovations, especially in the renewable energy sector. Simply add this circle and then share it!If you'd like to be added to this circle, please comment below, share and add the circle. Only those who qualify with content and expertise will be added. Thanks! #Tesla   #nikolatesla   #elonmusk   #solarenergy   #innovation   #technology   #solarpower   #hydroelectric   #science   #STEM   #research   #education   #futuretech   #futuretechnology  2014-07-31 14:24:32343125
German Vater32,383My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #circleshare  2014-07-27 16:47:5833892128
Peter Edenist31,0152014 Super Sci-FI Circle : No, the Sky is not Falling!!! Also the Gravity is not sucking you in... please +1 this post to support it or you may have to take a trip in Snowpiercer, no need to thank me. Please reshare if you think this is a worthwhile circle. If you have been notified, you are in the circle!All the people in this circle are linked to our community (see link further down). As usual, please tag and recommend anyone who you think should be in this circle. Live long and prosper!Sci-FI Community here: http://goo.gl/s1NVd  Science Fiction Pics: http://goo.gl/sOSPK5Mighty Shiny Browncoats : http://goo.gl/9osg1tDoctor Who : http://goo.gl/z3uWX3Ultimate Star Wars : http://goo.gl/Wu8bv6Ultimate Star Trek : http://goo.gl/JJPql9Science on G+ community here: http://goo.gl/46uFH #sciencefiction #sf #scifi  2014-07-24 12:58:0746211659144
Hasna Areta Zakiya914#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-07-18 03:39:1145210415
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Hasna Areta Zakiya914#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-07-16 04:00:0145210315
Hasna Areta Zakiya145JOIN CIRCLE NOWFOLLOW CIRCLE NOWADD CIRCLE NOWSHARE CIRCLE NOWhttp://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb 2014-07-02 08:21:52452629
Hasna Areta Zakiya145#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-06-30 06:15:56438808
German Vater30,120My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #active  2014-06-29 13:19:47326143053
Eli Just1,549Are you an avid reader or want to connect with avid readers? Share and add this awesome circle of BOOK LOVERS who read and support authors. Lots of great connections in here that I enjoy hearing from daily.To be added to this circle--please add it, +1 it, comment on and share it!  #reader #readers #readersrocks #readingisfun #readinglist #authors #authorsupport #avidreaders #readinglist #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #sharedcircles #sharedcircleoftheday #isupportauthors  2014-06-27 14:09:34390200
khairul efendi0 Keep this simple!1. ADD the circle2 Share the post3. Plus the post.4. Comment to be added. BAM that is all easy right!? #circleshare  #circlesharing #sharedpubliccircles #snowballcircle #hyberballcircle #publicsharedcircles      #ownsocialmedia   #socialmediamarketing   #circlesharingpages   #sharingcircles   #whatshot   #followers   #googleplustips #CircleSharing #CircleShare #CircleOfTheDay #Circle #SharedCircles #Google #Google+ #GooglePlusTips #AddCircle #ADD #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircle #Circles #Shared #Friends #Blogging #SharingCircles #CircleofFriends #Blogger #Engagers2014-06-20 07:31:49501215
Peter Edenist30,747TESLA Super Science Circle 2014 - June Edition!!!! : A quality circle curated carefully and tended since 2011. Who is in this circle?  people who are either involved in science, love science or are active on the Science on G+ community. Community link is here http://goo.gl/46uFH and the Page is +Science on G+!Have you wondered where one can meet with like-minded people who love science and like to read about the real stuff? This is the ultimate SUL on science.... add and share to keep it alive.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Want to nominate someone? Please do so in comments. If you want to recommend something let us know. People who are notified are part of the circle.#science #tesla #scienceongplus #scienceeveryday 2014-06-19 13:39:49342755693
German Vater28,537My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleshared   #sharingiscaring  2014-06-15 10:27:42309132530
Dina Tika0Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment. 2014-06-10 05:53:52479001
Mikhail Petrovsky87,371Good morning /evening to all!Этот круг объединяет людей со схожими интересами и активной жизненной позицией в Google+Буду признателен всем, кто присоединится и поделится этим кругом.This circle unites people with similar interests and an active lifestyle in Google+ I would be grateful to all those who will join and share this circle. #ForFriends #EarthMyMother #photo 2014-06-10 02:03:08492442269
Marsha Friedman3,586This circle is for +++++++Published Authors++++++. You'll find both fiction and non-fiction writers who are committed to promoting each other's work here on Google+. Please feel free to add all of these fine folks and share this circle with your friends!Just add the circle and share it with your followers!#greenliving   #environmentalism   #environment   #alternativeenergy2014-06-05 14:43:06329000
German Vater27,634My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleofthemonth   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circleshared  2014-06-01 09:32:35293101926
All Music Italia0#cantanti   #cantantiitaliani   #singers   #italiansingers  #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #influencers #influencer #influence #influencermarketing #sharedcircle #sundaycircle #circleshare #Wednesday #wednesdaycircle #wednesdaycircles #circlewednesday2014-05-25 10:34:28492315
John Nuntiatio37,043#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss 2014-05-23 10:06:26444476
Organo Gold Review1,066I highly suggest adding each and every person in this #GoogleCircle as they will be sure to interact with you. Circle sharing pages This circle contains pages that engage through pluses, comments or shares. If you receive a notification means you are inside.#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       #publiccircle       #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle     #dontconfusethecircles  2014-05-20 02:06:08460113
John Wood5,820My Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :)#bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles  2014-05-19 13:23:02485151122
German Vater26,539My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles  2014-05-18 16:06:04277123641
Farid Shaikh171No strings attached circle!If you want to be in the #circle  then let us know if you want to be in the circle! That's it! If you got notified, then you are in this one!2014-05-18 02:16:335017310
Farid Shaikh65Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be  #Shared   :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              115This is a super  #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -  #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles      #circleshare      #circlesharing      #sharedcircles                #addcircles    #addpeople      #addcircle    #addfriends      2014-05-17 06:20:0550110811
John Wood5,688Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circleBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday 2014-05-16 10:20:51427321957
Carlos Esteban45,152ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#82014-05-12 13:43:52499150111187
dwi putri wati130please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-11 00:35:31501001

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Most comments: 12

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2014-11-21 14:11:32 (12 comments, 12 reshares, 62 +1s)Open 

Nano scale : While speaking to some people, I realized that 'nano' as a scale is not really understood very well. It is often thought to be small. Even very small. But Nano size is very definite. It is like mixing up Kilometers and meters. Nano means 10^-9. That means a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. A typical sheet of newspaper would be 100,000 nanometers thick. Its a very precise measurement. Your typical fingernail grows at one nanometer per second.

Nanotechnology : When scientists worked with very small objects (of the size of 1 to 100 nanometers), they found some strange properties displayed by these materials. Some of them were magnetic, displayed strange optical properties and had even stranger electrical properties. These are now studied as Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, Nanomagnetics and the like.

The definition : Nanotechnology is science,... more »

Most reshares: 37

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2015-01-19 15:55:24 (7 comments, 37 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

Geeking out : This is too cool to ignore. I usually stick to the science, but this one is here just for the fun of it. Seriously. See the full video here -  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0u7CWB40ezM#t=285 (it's totally worth it).

Article extract: Back in November, drone enthusiasts built a modified quadcopter they call the "Heli-Carrier" that was modeled after the giant aircraft that SHIELD flies in the Marvel movies, and showed that one small drone could take off from another. In this new video, the homebuilt helicarrier stays aloft longer and launches miniature jets. It's all a drone enthusiast's dreams. Maybe next time out they can land a helicarrier on a helicarrier.

From Hackaday : If you’re not familiar, the Helicarrier is a fictional ship, the pride of S.H.I.E.L.D’s air force, or is it their navy. It’s a massive aircraft carrier with fourhuge r... more »

Most plusones: 193

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2015-01-19 15:55:24 (7 comments, 37 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

Geeking out : This is too cool to ignore. I usually stick to the science, but this one is here just for the fun of it. Seriously. See the full video here -  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0u7CWB40ezM#t=285 (it's totally worth it).

Article extract: Back in November, drone enthusiasts built a modified quadcopter they call the "Heli-Carrier" that was modeled after the giant aircraft that SHIELD flies in the Marvel movies, and showed that one small drone could take off from another. In this new video, the homebuilt helicarrier stays aloft longer and launches miniature jets. It's all a drone enthusiast's dreams. Maybe next time out they can land a helicarrier on a helicarrier.

From Hackaday : If you’re not familiar, the Helicarrier is a fictional ship, the pride of S.H.I.E.L.D’s air force, or is it their navy. It’s a massive aircraft carrier with fourhuge r... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2015-01-25 05:12:03 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Moving On :  Events move apace as Dranke meets his old command officer and everything seems to be changing. Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 27th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX... more »

Moving On :  Events move apace as Dranke meets his old command officer and everything seems to be changing. Mission Impossible is a space opera series written in flash fiction style. This is the 27th installment. If you haven't read the series before, please start from the first episode.

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ
Part 27: http://goo.gl/0Ywy0D

Mission impossible is a science fiction series set in the distant future. Notifying select people who have opted in.

#saturdayscenes #scifi___

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2015-01-19 15:56:45 (4 comments, 13 reshares, 75 +1s)Open 

Animal doctors : No really. This is not a post about vets. This is about how animals self-medicate.... including parrots, dogs, cats, chimps, elephants and a host of other creatures. There is even a word for it. Zoopharmacognosy is derived from zoo which means animal, pharma  which stands for drug and gnosy, which means knowing. Next time you see your dog or cat eating grass, you know it's a part of their self-medication regime.

Neighbourhood pharmacy : Bears, deer, elk, and various carnivores, as well as great apes, are known to consume medicinal plants apparently to self-medicate. Some lizards are believed to respond to a bite by a venomous snake by eating a certain root to counter the venom. Baboons in Ethiopia eat the leaves of a plant to combat the flatworms that cause schistosomiasis.

More widespread than one would assume : Birds, bees, lizards,... more »

Animal doctors : No really. This is not a post about vets. This is about how animals self-medicate.... including parrots, dogs, cats, chimps, elephants and a host of other creatures. There is even a word for it. Zoopharmacognosy is derived from zoo which means animal, pharma  which stands for drug and gnosy, which means knowing. Next time you see your dog or cat eating grass, you know it's a part of their self-medication regime.

Neighbourhood pharmacy : Bears, deer, elk, and various carnivores, as well as great apes, are known to consume medicinal plants apparently to self-medicate. Some lizards are believed to respond to a bite by a venomous snake by eating a certain root to counter the venom. Baboons in Ethiopia eat the leaves of a plant to combat the flatworms that cause schistosomiasis.

More widespread than one would assume : Birds, bees, lizards, elephants, and chimpanzees all share a survival trait: They self-medicate. These animals eat things that make them feel better, or prevent disease, or kill parasites like flatworms, bacteria, and viruses, or just to aid in digestion. Even creatures with brains the size of pinheads somehow know to ingest certain plants or use them in unusual ways when they need them. Anyone who has seen a dog eat grass during a walk has witnessed self-medication. The dog probably has an upset stomach or a parasite.

Cats may be eating grass for nutrients : In particular, a nutrient that grass provides for cats is folic acid. This is a vital precursor for your cat's ability to synthesize hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is what supplies your cat's organs with oxygen. We all know oxygen is pretty important.

Other examples : Red and green macaws, along with many animals, eat clay to aid digestion and kill bacteria. Pregnant lemurs in Madagascar nibble on tamarind and fig leaves and bark to aid in milk production, kill parasites, and increase the chances of a successful birth. Pregnant elephants in Kenya eat the leaves of some trees to induce delivery.

How does one determine if an animal is self-medicating? : Huffman established widely used criteria for judging when an animal is self-medicating. First, the plant eaten cannot be a regular part of the animal’s diet; it is used as medicine not food. Second, the plant must provide little or no nutritional value to the animal. Third, the plant must be consumed during those times of year—for example, the rainy season—when parasites are most likely to cause infections. Fourth, other animals in the group don’t participate. If the activity meets these standards, it is safe to assume the animal is self-medicating, Huffman says. Researchers have observed the practice in 25 regions involving 40 different plants.

Learned behavior? : The obvious question is how do the animals—some of them not noted for intelligence—learn to do this? How did sparrows and finches learn to collect nicotine-heavy cigarette butts to reduce mite infections in their nests? How do honey bees and wood ants know to line their nests with resin to combat bacteria? We don't know for sure, but there is a strong hypothesis.

Article Link: http://www.pnas.org/content/111/49/17339.full

News article: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2868348/Do-animals-SELF-MEDICATE-Dogs-elephants-chimps-parrots-use-natural-remedies-treat-digestive-problems-induce-birth.html

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoopharmacognosy#Mammals_2

Pic courtesy: http://www.baxterboo.com/fun/a.cfm/why-does-my-pet-eat-grass

Related TED event: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNn7b5VHowM

Research paper: Huffman M. (1997) Current evidence for self-medication in primates: A multidisciplinary perspective. Yearb Phys Anthropol 104(suppl 25):171–200.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2015-01-19 15:55:24 (7 comments, 37 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

Avengers, Lego and drones..... What could go wrong?

Geeking out : This is too cool to ignore. I usually stick to the science, but this one is here just for the fun of it. Seriously. See the full video here -  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0u7CWB40ezM#t=285 (it's totally worth it).

Article extract: Back in November, drone enthusiasts built a modified quadcopter they call the "Heli-Carrier" that was modeled after the giant aircraft that SHIELD flies in the Marvel movies, and showed that one small drone could take off from another. In this new video, the homebuilt helicarrier stays aloft longer and launches miniature jets. It's all a drone enthusiast's dreams. Maybe next time out they can land a helicarrier on a helicarrier.

From Hackaday : If you’re not familiar, the Helicarrier is a fictional ship, the pride of S.H.I.E.L.D’s air force, or is it their navy. It’s a massive aircraft carrier with four huge repulsor engines built into it, borrowing tech from Stark Industries. The shear size of it is what makes it completely ridiculous, but at the same time, it’s also unbelievably awesome. Unfortunately, repulsor technology doesn’t seem to exist yet, so the FliteTest crew had to settle with a set of 8 brushless outrunner motors, with two per “engine”. The whole thing is almost 6′ long. It doesn’t handle that well (not surprising!) but they were able to launch another RC  plane off of it, mid-flight! Landing however… well you’ll have to watch the video.

Sources

http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/gadgets/tech-news/video-flitetest-helicarrier-marvel-shield-17635604?click=pm_latest

http://hackaday.com/2015/01/13/lego-avengers-assemble-to-the-helicarrier/

http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2015/01/taking-off-and-landing-on-the-avengers-helicarrier-drone-looks-so-fun/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicarrier

#Helicarrier #geek #lego  ___Avengers, Lego and drones..... What could go wrong?

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2015-01-08 19:27:51 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

I actually thought of this when reading about Samlons in The Legacy of Herot by Niven and Pournelle. It's only recently that I was able to correlate the two stories... 

How tiny marine creatures drive ocean currents : The science of swarms is fascinating and it has to do with Physics of fluids. Remember fish, birds and all kinds of insects display swarming behavior (Air is also a fluid).

The small brine shrimp (remember sea monkeys?) Artemia salina may be responsible for influencing ocean currents, circulation patterns and even the climate. Read on to know more...

Tiny size but huge numbers : Each individual shrimp only generates the tiniest of currents, but when many shrimp swim in tandem, they generate a current that’s stronger than the sum of those created by each individual. When a larger group moves together, he says, they produce strong downward jets with swirling currents on the side says the study's author.

Physics : "This research suggests a remarkable and previously unobserved two-way coupling between the biology and the physics of the ocean," study researcher John Dabiri, a professor of aeronautics and bioengineering at the California Institute of Technology, said in a statement. "The organisms in the ocean appear to have the capacity to influence their environment by their collective swimming."

Influence : Usually, researchers credit the wind and tides for creating currents that mix the ocean's salt, nutrients and heat. In contrast, this study suggests that microscopic animals also influence currents. In a study published in 2009 in the journal Nature, Dabiri and his colleagues proposed that sea creatures such as jellyfish mix ocean waters, and ventured that even smaller organisms could do the same. This study offers evidence for their idea, at least in an aquarium environment.

Article link from +Popular Science : http://goo.gl/dTNLXe

Research paper AIP |Scitation: http://goo.gl/dKnYLU

Video link: Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) Data of a Vertical Migration Experiment

Additional video link: Flow Field Measurement During Vertical Migration of A. salina

+Discover Magazine link: http://goo.gl/09iVnu

Livescience link: http://www.livescience.com/48069-sea-monkeys-swirl-ocean.html

More about the brine shrimp: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Artemia_salina/

Gif pic courtesy : http://goo.gl/8Y40SH (for illustration purposes only, not a brine shrimp). Brine shrimp on left from +Mother Nature

#science #scienceeveryday  ___I actually thought of this when reading about Samlons in The Legacy of Herot by Niven and Pournelle. It's only recently that I was able to correlate the two stories... 

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2015-01-08 19:20:48 (7 comments, 5 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

I would love to see the Hyperloop brought to reality. What about you?

While all the noise has died down : One company floated by a crowdfunding site called Jumpstartfund has taken up the challenge of bringing the Hyperloop to reality. Its a long way away as yet, but Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc. is real and a bunch of dedicated people are working on making this reality.

Smart people on it : The incorporated entity has a fancy name and all, but it’s less a standard company than a group of about 100 engineers all over the country who spend their free time spitballing ideas in exchange for stock options. That said, these gals and guys applied for the right to work on the project (another 100 or so were rejected) and nearly all of them have day jobs at companies like Boeing, NASA, Yahoo!, Airbus, SpaceX, and Salesforce. They’re smart. And they’re organized.

Working groups : The team is split into working groups, based on their interests and skills, that cover various aspects of the massive project, including route planning, capsule design, and cost analysis. They work mostly over email, with weekly discussions of their progress. Hierarchy is minimal, but leaders have naturally emerged, says Ahlborn. And if a decision needs to be made, as CEO, he makes the call. A lot of the work is being done by 25 UCLA students. The school’s SUPRASTUDIO design and architecture program partnered with JumpStartFund, and now the students are working on all the design solutions the new transit system would require.

Route : The UCLA students working on potential routes imagine networks criss-crossing the country, as well as Europe and Asia. This is where things get fanciful: we’re at least 10 years away from a commercially viable Hyperloop, and the idea of a national network is hard to imagine. They tacked on the idea of a “Mini Hyperloop,” which would offer shorter routes into and around cities.

Progress : So JumpStartFund and the UCLA students have made good progress, but there’s a lot to figure out before anyone gets to tackle the really fun parts like testing, permitting, and construction. Ahlborn says the questions of how to build the low-pressure tube and the pylons that support it have mostly been solved, and creating the capsules shouldn’t be too tricky. The hard part is moving the capsules within the tube, and seeing how fast they can go. To eliminate friction in the tube, Musk proposed using a compressor to create a pocket of air under the capsule. That’s the cheapest approach, Ahlborn says, but it has its drawbacks. His team is looking at the possibility of using magnetic levitation and other alternatives. “We want to find the best possible way to make this work.”

Sources and References

http://www.wired.com/2014/12/jumpstartfund-hyperloop-elon-musk/#slide-id-1684287 (pic courtesy)

Earlier post "light of day" : http://goo.gl/TC25uN

Earlier post "Concept declaration" : http://goo.gl/SdYLli

Earlier post "Hyperloop" : http://goo.gl/wm4TXj

Earlier post "No long haul flights" : http://goo.gl/E4SrSY

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/22618/20141220/elon-musk-hyperloop-dream-may-soon-become-reality-thanks-to-crowdsourcing.htm

http://www.engadget.com/2014/12/19/engineers-progress-hyperloop-trains/

#hyperloop #Elonmusk +Elon Musk ___I would love to see the Hyperloop brought to reality. What about you?

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2015-01-08 19:19:23 (8 comments, 6 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Coldest temperatures in the Universe - What happens at absolute zero? : If one looks at classical physics, an atom of Oxygen gas zooms around at approximately a thousand miles an hour. That is quite fast. The theory is that as we lower the temperature in a closed system, the gas would become a solid and closer to absolute zero, the atoms would stop moving altogether. The electrons orbiting the nucleus would stop dead in their tracks. Why? The energy levels would be zero. However, in reality this does not happen. Physics does not break down. And neither does chemistry. Why is this?

At absolute zero : If you were able to measure the individual molecules, you'd find something surprising: they're still vibrating and rotating, but just by a tiny, tiny amount — quantum uncertainty at work. To make things concrete, if you were to measure the rotation of a Carbon Dioxide moleculea... more »

Coldest temperatures in the Universe - What happens at absolute zero? : If one looks at classical physics, an atom of Oxygen gas zooms around at approximately a thousand miles an hour. That is quite fast. The theory is that as we lower the temperature in a closed system, the gas would become a solid and closer to absolute zero, the atoms would stop moving altogether. The electrons orbiting the nucleus would stop dead in their tracks. Why? The energy levels would be zero. However, in reality this does not happen. Physics does not break down. And neither does chemistry. Why is this?

At absolute zero : If you were able to measure the individual molecules, you'd find something surprising: they're still vibrating and rotating, but just by a tiny, tiny amount — quantum uncertainty at work. To make things concrete, if you were to measure the rotation of a Carbon Dioxide molecule at absolute zero, for instance, you'd still find that the oxygen atoms are flying around the carbon at a few miles per hour — probably faster than you would have guessed.

How low can you go? : Getting down to absolute zero has essentially the identical problem with getting up to the speed of light. Getting to the speed of light requires an infinite amount of work, while getting down to absolute zero requires extracting an infinite amount of heat. Just to make it clear, both of these are impossible. Practically, the work needed to remove heat from a gas increases the colder you get, and an infinite amount of work would be needed to cool something to absolute zero. In quantum terms, you can blame Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, which says the more precisely we know a particle's speed, the less we know about its position, and vice versa. If you know your atoms are inside your experiment, there must be some uncertainty in their momentum keeping them above absolute zero – unless your experiment is the size of the whole universe.

Negative temperatures below absolute zero? : Familiar ideas of temperature work pretty well for most solids, liquids, and gases, and conform to the general expectation that it should always be greater than absolute zero. What are we to make of a recent claim by a group of German researchers that they have created an experimental system where negative (as in below absolute zero) temperatures can actually be observed and measured? Unfortunately 'negative temperature needs to be defined in terms of entropy... Entropy is a convenient mathematical construct which indicates that if heat is added to a system, the atoms become less ordered. In other words, they have more states, or shall we say, options, available to them. All a negative absolute temperature really means is that with the addition of heat, instead of becoming more random, atoms become more ordered. This can occur, for example, if the number of high energy spots available is limited, and therefore likely to be quickly filled.

References and Source materials

Colder than absolute zero: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/01/130104143516.htm

Further reading: http://www.nature.com/news/quantum-gas-goes-below-absolute-zero-1.12146

What happens below absolute zero?: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/144767-negative-temperature-understanding-what-happens-below-absolute-zero

Research paper: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/327/5967/853

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18541-what-happens-at-absolute-zero.html#.VK5DtXswBNE

http://io9.com/5889074/why-cant-we-get-down-to-absolute-zero

Ask an expert: http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae380.cfm

Coolest spot in the Universe: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/releases/97/coldspot.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_zero

http://www.science20.com/the_conversation/the_journey_to_the_other_side_of_absolute_zero-151864

Pics courtesy: i09, BBC Science, Science20.com

#science #scienceeveryday #absolutezero  ___

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2015-01-07 08:50:05 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Surprise attack :  Dranke and his crew have to take a detour to search for the missing darkmatter starcraft and it's crew and Captain Niket. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17:ht... more »

Surprise attack :  Dranke and his crew have to take a detour to search for the missing darkmatter starcraft and it's crew and Captain Niket. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04
Part 26: http://goo.gl/FQisEJ

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications. Want to receive notifications? Let me know. If you wish to stop receiving notifications, let me know too!

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2015-01-06 19:22:42 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

If you liked the movie, you will love this story...

Waterworld : With rising sea levels, it seems that the movie Waterworld was prophetic. Of course, the movie was bad for a number of reasons, but if one were to study the last sea nomads, some surprising adaptations can be seen. A pointer to our future generations maybe.... don't try this at home. There are downsides to the adaptations including burst eardrums which you don't wish to test.

The Bajau people : The Bajau Laut, or Bajo, are marine nomads thought to come from the Philippines, who for centuries have lived out their lives almost entirely at sea. In dugout canoes they ply the ocean between Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, fishing with nets and lines. As sea nomads, they do not consider themselves tied to any country.

Freedivers : The sea gypsies of Malaysia and Indonesia, are renowned natural freedivers. Traditionally, they are born, live and die at sea, and fish by diving 20m (more than 65ft) underwater for minutes at a time on one breath. At this depth, water pressure is almost three times what it is on the surface, squeezing lungs already deprived of oxygen. "Not enough research has been done to know if it wears off when you're not diving," says Farrell. "But I know people who do a lot of deep training - as Sulbin does - whose blood is like that of people living at high altitude."

Underwater eyesight : The Bajau, in common with other coastal dwelling people, have unusually strong underwater vision. Their eye muscles have adapted to constrict the pupils more, and to change the lens shape to increase light refraction. This makes their underwater eyesight twice as strong.

Amphibious Human : The Bajau fisherman Sulbin in the video shows us how biology and culture are inseparable because what he does ends up shaping his body, but only because he grew up around people who knew how to manage becoming human in this distinctive amphibious way and because his adaptations play upon how his nervous system works, including some intriguing quirks.

BBC Article Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-12151830

NewScientist Link: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2011/07/free-diving-indian-ocean-nomad.html

Plos One Source: http://blogs.plos.org/neuroanthropology/2011/02/03/human-amphibious-model-living-in-and-on-the-water/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajau_people

#science  ___If you liked the movie, you will love this story...

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2015-01-06 19:20:03 (10 comments, 9 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Virus and bacteria : This is something humans have been grappling for years. Since the beginning of life, cells of all living creatures have been in a pitched battle against bacteria and viruses. But not all bacteria and viruses are the same. Read on to know more...

Antibiotics are limited : Antibiotics have been used for three quarters of a century to treat bacterial infections. Evolution is real. And so bacteria have evolved resistance to the antibiotics we use to kill them. We then invented new antibiotics, in response the bacteria evolved again — and the cycle repeats. The problem is that we are already running out of new antibiotics, but bacteria won't run out of evolution.

Enter bacteriophages : It turns out that there is a living creature that kills bacteria — a virus called a bacteriophage. The name literally means 'bacteria eater'. In the192... more »

Virus and bacteria : This is something humans have been grappling for years. Since the beginning of life, cells of all living creatures have been in a pitched battle against bacteria and viruses. But not all bacteria and viruses are the same. Read on to know more...

Antibiotics are limited : Antibiotics have been used for three quarters of a century to treat bacterial infections. Evolution is real. And so bacteria have evolved resistance to the antibiotics we use to kill them. We then invented new antibiotics, in response the bacteria evolved again — and the cycle repeats. The problem is that we are already running out of new antibiotics, but bacteria won't run out of evolution.

Enter bacteriophages : It turns out that there is a living creature that kills bacteria — a virus called a bacteriophage. The name literally means 'bacteria eater'. In the 1920s, bacteriophages were used to treat bacterial infections in both the United States, and in Georgia in the Soviet Union. Nothing else worked - antibiotics had not yet been invented. Bacteriophages were developed and used in Georgia until the present day. But in the West they were abandoned  after the introduction of antibiotics. Antibiotics were cheap, easy to make, store and prescribe. On the other hand, bacteriophages had to be individually blended, on demand. Furthermore, antibiotics could attack a whole range of different bacteria, while bacteriophages would work only against very specific bacteria. If you wanted to kill a different bacterium, you needed to use a different bacteriophage.

Bacteria eaters : Your typical bacteriophage virus looks a bit like a moon lander - a tall skinny body on top of a bunch of spindly legs. The bacteriophage lands on a bacterium, legs down. The legs then bend and the body of the bacteriophage makes contact with the much larger body of the bacterium. The tail of the bacteriophage then penetrates into the bacterium and injects some of its genetic DNA. The bacteriophage DNA then forces the host bacterium to start making more bacteriophages — sometimes within 15 minutes. Bacteriophage viruses are so potent that they kill about half the bacteria on Earth every two days.

Guided missiles : Each type of bacteriophage has evolved to attack only a very limited range of bacteria. But this turns out to have advantages.

If you take an antibiotic to treat an ear infection, it will also accidentally kill many of the essential and friendly bacteria that live in your gut. Bacteriophage therapy will leave these friendly bacteria alone. Bacteriophages are more like a guided missile than a nuclear bomb.

References and Sources

Main article: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/11/18/4130318.htm#artComments

More about viruses: http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/0/21143412

Beware of  Pseudoscience (scienceblogs) : http://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2014/08/07/beware-genetically-engineered-t4-bacteriophage-nanobots/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteriophage

Related Nanoparticle article: http://www.azonano.com/news.aspx?newsID=14121


Pic courtesy: abc science.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2015-01-03 15:56:22 (6 comments, 6 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Which Science Fiction movie comes to mind after watching this video?

Freaky looking robotic arm / snake : Wish you all a happy New Year, may 2015 be better than the 2014 we have had. In the meantime, take a look at this slithering robotic snake-arm. Called the Series II - X125 system, it has a camera, flashlight, lasers and water jets have also been used as attachments. Don't miss the video.

Earlier generation JetSnake : A previous version of the system, named “JetSnake,” was used on a tunnel boring machine in the port of Miami. Snakebots offer a lot of flexibility, fitting through spaces awkward for larger, more rigid bodies. Previous versions have found work as rescue tools, handlike alternatives, surgery tools, and even as part of a mini-drone-Voltron.

Applications : Childhood fears aside, the technology being demonstrated here is fantastic, and lends itself to some very practical uses. The swappable head can be outfitted with a camera for performing visual inspections in dangerous areas, because the robot snake can maneuver around debris or obstacles without touching a single thing. Or you can toss a high-pressure water jet on the end, making this the ultimate remote control auger for dealing with clogs or dirt.

the Specs : The Series II - X125 system delivers a 6kg payload, arm bend of over 225 degrees and a highly flexible tip. The 2.2m arm has passed a series of extended operational tests and been designed for increased reliability and easy maintenance to reduce through life costs.


Sources and References

From OC Robotics: http://www.ocrobotics.com/news/introducing-the-series-2--x125-system/

http://gizmodo.com/watch-this-freaky-robot-arm-move-like-a-snake-hanging-i-1673175770

http://www.popsci.com/eeek-robot-snake

#science #scienceeveryday #robotics  ___Which Science Fiction movie comes to mind after watching this video?

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2014-12-30 08:31:51 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Insects benefit from following the leader : While we often talk about leadership in the human context, scientists have discovered that in the case of the Sawfly larvae, they actually benefit from following a leader. Not only do the followers benefit, but the leader does as well - and they do this all democratically! Swarm behavior has always fascinated me, and some of the things we learn about insects is quite interesting...

Social behavior : Scientists have shown for the first time that when insect larvae follow a leader to forage for food, both leaders and followers benefit, growing much faster than if they are in a group of only leaders or only followers. The work gives new insight into why such social relationships evolve in insects, and why they are maintained. The study looked at larvae of the iconic Australian steel-blue sawfly Perga affinis often known as... more »

Insects benefit from following the leader : While we often talk about leadership in the human context, scientists have discovered that in the case of the Sawfly larvae, they actually benefit from following a leader. Not only do the followers benefit, but the leader does as well - and they do this all democratically! Swarm behavior has always fascinated me, and some of the things we learn about insects is quite interesting...

Social behavior : Scientists have shown for the first time that when insect larvae follow a leader to forage for food, both leaders and followers benefit, growing much faster than if they are in a group of only leaders or only followers. The work gives new insight into why such social relationships evolve in insects, and why they are maintained. The study looked at larvae of the iconic Australian steel-blue sawfly Perga affinis often known as 'spitfires'. Sawfly larvae can grow to 7cm long and forage nocturnally in Australian Eucalyptus trees, forming large groups that can strip all of the leaves from a tree in a few days.

Leadership and followership works : "We see that leaders only benefit from being leaders if they have followers, and that followers only benefit if they have leaders. There is no use being a shepherd without sheep or sheep without a shepherd." Study co-author Professor Mark Elgar said that while leaders do not differ in growth rates or weight, they may acquire other benefits such as lower predation or enhanced immune function. "The next stage of our research is to find out how certain larvae become the leaders in a group and how they are communicating directions and encouragement to their followers," added Prof Elgar.

Democratic leadership : Sawfly societies operate democratically, with leaders and followers co-operating to decide on group movements. This contrasts with other animal societies, such as baboons and wolves, where leaders are despotic, dominating their followers. Ms Hodgkin, a PhD candidate at the University of Melbourne said the team was keen to understand why the larvae followers allow others to determine the group's movements.

Speed boost : Destin, of the YouTube video series Smarter Every Day, and Phil Torres, who’s a conservation biologist and intrepid rainforest explorer, come across this large, writhing ball of caterpillars in the Amazon rainforest. And seemingly immediately, Destin has an idea – what if the reason that the caterpillars are crawling over each other is to get a speed boost? So he goes home, and designs a wonderfully elegant experiment, using Lego, to prove his point. I just love how this simple Lego powered explanation gets right to the heart of this strange phenomenon.

Article link: http://www.sciencecodex.com/follow_the_leader_insects_benefit_from_good_leadership_too-143631

Additional source: http://www.wired.com/2013/07/why-are-these-caterpillars-climbing-over-each-other-the-surprising-science-behind-the-swarm/

Reference : http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141015210909.htm

Paper: http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1796/20141700

Pics courtesy: sciencedaily, wired, wn.com and worldnewstommorow.com

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-30 08:29:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scalethat prom... more »

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scale that promote efficiency, as well as research centers, grassroots movements and opportunities for invention and innovation, Romero Lankao notes. “It’s like every human being—we have good and bad, and cities are the same.” sheer size can’t protect megacities from direct impacts such as rising temperatures and extreme events like hurricanes and droughts. Already warmer than the countryside because of the urban heat island effect, cities in tropical and sub-tropical areas—such as Mumbai, Bangkok and Lagos—could soon become too hot to handle, especially for those who cannot afford air conditioning.

Metrosapiens : Some advantages - Demand-side benefits are important, because those strategies are not talked about very much. When we hear about national energy policy, it's often about increasing efficiency of devices or supply of energy. But people that live in New York City, for example, drive less because they don't have cars. This is something that David Owen talks about in the book Green Metropolis. He calls it "embodied efficiency". The vertical living of New York City actually has this embodied efficiency that makes energy use in our daily lives less.

An example of Boston : _With the specter of rising sea levels threatening many metropolises worldwide, cities are starting to rethink what their future might look like. And in Boston, that future might look a little bit like Venice, canals and all. A nonprofit research group, the Urban Land Institute (ULI), recently released a report which outlines Boston's options for dealing with rising waters. The sea level in Boston is currently rising at a rate of 0.11 inches per year. That may not seem like much, but eventually it could cause major, costly problems for the city.

Source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/are-megacities-friend-or-foe-fight-against-climate-change-180953424/

Additional source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/humans-are-becoming-city-dwelling-metro-sapiens-180953449/

Source for story on Boston: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals?dom=PSC&loc=topstories&con=facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals

Earlier posts

Rising threat to our cities: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/1ymnCmp4bYw

Megacities look to conserve energy in unique ways: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/2BskW65XFL2

Future city: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/i98L9w35kGM

City farms: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Cakm5fxHWfm

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-30 08:28:32 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Nanopore battery : Imagine a battery which is made up of nanotube electrodes. And then imagine a billion of thesese nanotubes 'grown' on a substrate to create a battery which can charge in 12 minutes. Thousands of times. Imagine the size of the battery with billions of electrodes is the size of a postage stamp cumulatively. Can you imagine your cellphone having this kind of charging ability. Researchers at University of Maryland are testing just this kind of battery.

Small is beautiful : Many millions of these nanopores can be crammed into one larger battery the size of a postage stamp. One of the reasons the researchers think this unit is so successful is because each nanopore is shaped just like the others, which allows them to pack the tiny thin batteries together efficiently. Modeling shows that the unique design of the nanopore battery is responsible for its success.... more »

Nanopore battery : Imagine a battery which is made up of nanotube electrodes. And then imagine a billion of thesese nanotubes 'grown' on a substrate to create a battery which can charge in 12 minutes. Thousands of times. Imagine the size of the battery with billions of electrodes is the size of a postage stamp cumulatively. Can you imagine your cellphone having this kind of charging ability. Researchers at University of Maryland are testing just this kind of battery.

Small is beautiful : Many millions of these nanopores can be crammed into one larger battery the size of a postage stamp. One of the reasons the researchers think this unit is so successful is because each nanopore is shaped just like the others, which allows them to pack the tiny thin batteries together efficiently. Modeling shows that the unique design of the nanopore battery is responsible for its success. The space inside the holes is so small that the space they take up, all added together, would be no more than a grain of sand.

The Tech : Co-author Eleanor Gillette said: 'A nanopore is a tiny hole, 80,000 times smaller than a human hair, that's made in a sheet of ceramic material.' A battery composed of an array of nanobatteries connected in parallel, each composed of an anode, a cathode and a liquid electrolyte confined within the nanopores of anodic aluminium oxide, as an all-in-one nanosize device.Each nanoelectrode includes an outer ruthenium nanotube current collector and an inner nanotube of vanadium pentoxide storage material. These together form a symmetric full nanopore storage cell with anode and cathode separated by an electrolyte region.

What is possible? : Sky is the limit. But this may actually make electric cars and aircraft commercially viable, and even cheaper than gas. While the current version is intended mostly as a proof-of-concept model, the scientists have determined improvements that could be made to the second version, allowing it to have 10 times the energy density. They're also looking at methods of industrial-scale production, so that the batteries could ultimately be produced commercially.

References and Sources

Research paper: http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v9/n12/full/nnano.2014.247.html

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/this_battery_has_one_billion_components_but_is_the_size_of_a_postage_stamp-150108

http://www.kurzweilai.net/a-battery-made-up-of-billions-of-nanoscale-batteries#!prettyPhoto

http://phys.org/news/2014-11-billion-holes-battery.html

http://spectrum.ieee.org/nanoclast/semiconductors/materials/each-nanopore-in-a-material-serves-as-a-battery-

http://www.gizmag.com/nanopore-tiny-battery/34694/

Video courtesy University of Maryland.

#battery #science #technology #cellphone  ___

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2014-12-30 08:27:49 (6 comments, 12 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

Lightning as a power source : Some of the few astonishing facts about lightning is that there are about 100 lightning flashes every second.... that's not all, the power released in a lightning strike is 5 billion joules on an average. But there are issues. One is how does one harness the power of lightning, which happens randomly. The other is how does one step down this intense power to be used by us? It is a fascinating thought, since this is energy for the taking. Harnessing and managing its collection, step down and storage are gigantic headaches. And we don't yet have the engineering to make it happen. Read on....

Out of reach : A single bolt of lightning contains 5 billion joules of energy, enough to power a household for a month. The energy of a thunderstorm equals that of an atom bomb. If we're already generating power from unexpected sources like ocean currents... more »

Lightning as a power source : Some of the few astonishing facts about lightning is that there are about 100 lightning flashes every second.... that's not all, the power released in a lightning strike is 5 billion joules on an average. But there are issues. One is how does one harness the power of lightning, which happens randomly. The other is how does one step down this intense power to be used by us? It is a fascinating thought, since this is energy for the taking. Harnessing and managing its collection, step down and storage are gigantic headaches. And we don't yet have the engineering to make it happen. Read on....

Out of reach : A single bolt of lightning contains 5 billion joules of energy, enough to power a household for a month. The energy of a thunderstorm equals that of an atom bomb. If we're already generating power from unexpected sources like ocean currents in our quest to wean ourselves of polluting- and limited- fossil fuels, why not pull electricity from the air, especially when everyone can see it lighting up the night sky?

Challenges : The logistical problems involved in making it work are significant. First of all, there's the basic fact that thunder storms are sporadic and lighting strikes random; considering that energy demands are steady, dependable energy sources are preferable. Second, it's not so easy to capture energy delivered in one enormous blast in a split second. It has to be stored and converted to an alternating current, without blowing out the collection system in a single large strike.

Newer research : According to researchers at the University of Arizona and University of Central Florida, high-power lasers can be used to redirect the flow of lightning. As a general rule, lightning follows the path of least resistance (impedance) to the ground. A big metal rod, with wires running into the ground, has much lower resistance than air (which has very high electrical resistance) — and so the lightning chooses the rod. High-power lasers also don’t like to travel through air — but, when they do, they strip away electrons, leaving a wake of highly conductive ionized plasma. Lightning loves travelling through plasma. But this is limited due to the 'blooming' effect of lasers and maintaining a beam. To create a long enough channel of plasma — from the ground to the top of a building — the researchers had to devise a new method of beaming high-power lasers through air. The technical name of this method is called “externally refuelled optical filaments

Southampton University experiments : But can we harness electricity from lighning? There are several reasons why the current answer is probably no — safety, for starters — but some lightning scientists in the UK demonstrated that someday, the answer could be maybe. Nokia approached Neil Palmer, who directs Southampton University’s Tony Davies High Voltage Laboratory, to research harnessing lightning to charge a phone. “We wanted to look at whether we could harvest enough power to charge a Lumia 925 after the energy had moved through the air." Palmer set up a transformer providing an alternating current, and 200,000 volts of electricity sparked across about a foot (300 mm) of empty space. The signal was stepped down in a second controlling transformer, and connected to the phone. It worked: the phone charged up, and nothing fried. The lack of damage to the phone was the biggest surprise. "The Lumia 925 still worked perfectly, and is still working as good as new," Palmer says.

Sources and References

Off topic but related to how lasers can be stabilized : http://goo.gl/3HPftL

Earlier post on volcanic lightning: http://goo.gl/176gCb

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/harvest-energy-lightning.htm

https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=2742

http://tamutimes.tamu.edu/2014/06/18/power-of-lightning-can-rival-an-atom-bomb/#.VJ7ezv9gBo

http://www.dvice.com/2013-10-11/could-we-ever-harness-energy-lightning

http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/harnessing-the-power-of-lightn/18845801

http://phys.org/news/2013-09-harnessing-power-lightning-mobile.html

http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/180351-lightning-rods-are-so-last-century-next-gen-lightning-protection-and-harvesting-with-high-powered-lasers

Research Paper : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148110004982

http://inhabitat.com/power-your-home-with-lightening/

Pic courtesy: boost-master.deviantart.com (Booster's Animated Night Lightning v2.3 by BoosT-MasteR)

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-29 15:05:19 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Last Week of the +NovoPulp Give-away: Now Double Your Chance to Win!

With December drawing to an end the NovoPulp Review Give-away will soon close for the year. We plan to start a new give-away in 2015; where you can review the first or the second anthology for a chance to win a free copy of the third volume of NovoPulp. 

Since the give-away this year was only available for two months, we have added an extra winning condition to the terms. If we don't reach the magic 5 Amazon reviews needed we will then select the remaining winners from our mailing list. 

So if you can't review the first anthology, because you don't have a copy yet or you haven't finished reading it, then you could still win this year if you subscribe to our newsletter in the next week (http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf). Of course if you do both then you doubleyo... more »

Last Week of the +NovoPulp Give-away: Now Double Your Chance to Win!

With December drawing to an end the NovoPulp Review Give-away will soon close for the year. We plan to start a new give-away in 2015; where you can review the first or the second anthology for a chance to win a free copy of the third volume of NovoPulp. 

Since the give-away this year was only available for two months, we have added an extra winning condition to the terms. If we don't reach the magic 5 Amazon reviews needed we will then select the remaining winners from our mailing list. 

So if you can't review the first anthology, because you don't have a copy yet or you haven't finished reading it, then you could still win this year if you subscribe to our newsletter in the next week (http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf). Of course if you do both then you double your chance to win!

If you want to see what people are saying about NovoPulp, you can see a list of reviews on the book page for the first anthology:

http://www.novopulp.com/content/novopulp-20132014-anthology#reviews

Whether you choose to get involved or not in the give-away I want to thank you for your interest in NovoPulp. It means the world to have your support.

Merry Christmas from everyone at NovoPulp HQ!

DEADLINE: 31st of December 2014


Want to stop or start receiving NovoPulp notifications? Let us know in the comments below.

#bookgiveway   #bookreview   #scifi   #sciencefiction   #speculativefiction   #NovoPulp  ___

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2014-12-26 15:53:00 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Heading Home : As many of us head home for the holiday season, I take this opportunity to wish all of you for a happy season and a wonderful new year. In the meantime, Dranke and his crew are already heading home. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

This may be the last of the flashfiction series. I will be working on publishing this as well as additional works if I do manage to snag a publisher. In the meantime, do enjoy the story and spread the word!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part... more »

Heading Home : As many of us head home for the holiday season, I take this opportunity to wish all of you for a happy season and a wonderful new year. In the meantime, Dranke and his crew are already heading home. ( Part 25 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

This may be the last of the flashfiction series. I will be working on publishing this as well as additional works if I do manage to snag a publisher. In the meantime, do enjoy the story and spread the word!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX
Part 25: http://goo.gl/b7Vl04

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera   #merrychristmas  ___

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2014-12-20 16:20:26 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Well,  I'm doing this.

Why?  Because its become pretty clear that I have to do this.  I have to get better.  I have to get my life back.  Going to the pool, it helps.  And I need to go a few times a week because it is helping.  But I'm going to run out money to do it soon.

I am asking for support to continue to go to the pool, to start a walking regimen at home, where its safe, and hopefully over the next year build the stamina and lessen the pain.  

If you can't donate, can you share my story around?  It would be really awesome if I could start the New Year on a positive note for once.  It isn't easy asking this, but I have nothing left to lose.

Thanks.

-----------

Hi! My Name is Carrie, or Carrot as I've become affectionately referred to.  I have fibromyalgia, multi-level disc degeneration,spinal ste... more »

Well,  I'm doing this.

Why?  Because its become pretty clear that I have to do this.  I have to get better.  I have to get my life back.  Going to the pool, it helps.  And I need to go a few times a week because it is helping.  But I'm going to run out money to do it soon.

I am asking for support to continue to go to the pool, to start a walking regimen at home, where its safe, and hopefully over the next year build the stamina and lessen the pain.  

If you can't donate, can you share my story around?  It would be really awesome if I could start the New Year on a positive note for once.  It isn't easy asking this, but I have nothing left to lose.

Thanks.

-----------

Hi! My Name is Carrie, or Carrot as I've become affectionately referred to.  I have fibromyalgia, multi-level disc degeneration, spinal stenosis and peripheral neuropathy.  I have been unable to work for nearly 4 years and my life has become very limited.  I am in constant pain and it dictates everything I do from sleep to a social life.

Recently I found aquatic therapy after several repeated failures with traditional physical therapy.  Twice a week I go to a heated pool and am able to slowly increase the range of motion, and it doesn't hurt.  It actually feels good.  The tingling in my fingers and toes subsides and I feel more positive.

It works so much better than taking pain medication and I feel better about myself.

My doctor recommends that I use the pool as often as possible.  Daily if I can.  It is also recommended that I start a walking regimen to slowly increase my stamina above ground.  Its also about developing the habit of motion and retraining my body to respond better to motion and stop resisting it.  

The problem is that it is expensive.  I have managed to work out a reduced rate for a yearly membership at the pool that I do my aquatic therapy which would include all their locations (very convenient).  This is awesome and comparable to the YMCA but with less foot traffic. 

The other problem is that my health insurance has limited therapy allowances, so at some point I will be unable to receive aquatic physical therapy unless I pay for it myself.  If I have a yearly membership, I can at least apply my knowledge to the remainder of the year and keep moving.

Walking is another major issue.  I have an intense cold sensitivity.  In the winter I will break out into welts and get asthmatic from the air, so just walking outside is inadvisable.  Getting a treadmill really is the way to go to ensure that I am doing some dedicated walking every day.  I can schedule time to get out of the house and into the pool at least 4x a week.  I can't guarantee 7x for walking.

Therefore, my estimate would cover my year of expenses for a membership, a treadmill (nothing fancy), and gas money or pool equipment (they have these neat floating bar bells and stuff) I would require. 

I am not exaggerating when I say that these things are making my life not only better, but for the first time in a long while I feel like I might be able to get some control back.  I look forward to going to the pool each time.  I feel much more alive afterward, I walk better, I have less balance problems and less intense pain because of the warm water.  Walking is going to be hard, but I know that I need to work on this if I'm ever going to get my life back.  I just need your help to get me there...___

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2014-12-20 16:20:04 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Sneak Peek at the Second +NovoPulp Cover!
Have you been eager to see the cover for the second NovoPulp Anthology? Then wait no more!

"We chose this year to commission a cover based on one of the stories in the anthology, 'Drive Like Lightning'  by B. Morris Allen. The artwork is by +Marc Reynes Ferra, who also did the cover art for the first anthology. +Daniela Huguet Taylor put the final design elements of the second cover together. Thank you both for your hard work, I think the final result looks great..."

Read more:
http://www.novopulp.com/content/sneak-peek-second-novopulp-cover

Want to know why we changed our book title this year? Read the article above to learn more.

So what do you you think of the new cover? Reply in the comments to let us know!

#bookcover   #scifiart   #specu... more »

Sneak Peek at the Second +NovoPulp Cover!
Have you been eager to see the cover for the second NovoPulp Anthology? Then wait no more!

"We chose this year to commission a cover based on one of the stories in the anthology, 'Drive Like Lightning'  by B. Morris Allen. The artwork is by +Marc Reynes Ferra, who also did the cover art for the first anthology. +Daniela Huguet Taylor put the final design elements of the second cover together. Thank you both for your hard work, I think the final result looks great..."

Read more:
http://www.novopulp.com/content/sneak-peek-second-novopulp-cover

Want to know why we changed our book title this year? Read the article above to learn more.

So what do you you think of the new cover? Reply in the comments to let us know!

#bookcover   #scifiart   #speculativefiction   #sciencefiction   #NovoPulp  ___

posted image

2014-12-18 10:00:33 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

And you thought Star Wars was far-fetched. ....

Watch the Playstation controller being used to laser target surface and air drones.... http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2014/12/navy-tests-super-precise-laser-weapon-persian-gulf/100929/

And you thought Star Wars was far-fetched. ....

Watch the Playstation controller being used to laser target surface and air drones.... http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2014/12/navy-tests-super-precise-laser-weapon-persian-gulf/100929/___

posted image

2014-12-17 08:19:53 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that... more »

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that have properties of both matter and light. The ability to control polariton flows in this way could aid the development of completely novel technology to link conventional electronics with new laser and fibre-based technologies. Polaritons form in semiconductors when laser light interacts with electrons and holes (positively charged vacancies) so strongly that it is no longer possible to distinguish light from matter.

Bose-Einstein condensates : “The beauty of a Bose-Einstein condensate is that it is similar to a laser but made of matter,” Dr Davis said. “It is a collection of atoms that are perfectly coherent and have the potential to be used in ultra-sensitive measurement devices.” BECs were first predicted in the 1920s by Einstein.

Spiral masks : The team created the spiral beam by putting their laser through a piece of brass with a spiral pattern of holes in it. This was directed into a semiconductor microcavity, a tiny wafer of aluminium gallium arsenide, a material used in LEDs, sandwiched between two reflectors. “By using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will.”

References

Anu.edu: http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/spiral-laser-beam-creates-quantum-whirlpool

Univ of Queensland: http://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/2007/09/jumping-quantum-whirlpool

Science20: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/quantum_whirlpool_stirred_by_spiral_laser_beam-149291

SLAC: https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2014-08-21-x-ray-laser-probes-tiny-quantum-tornadoes-superfluid-droplets.aspx

Polariton: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polariton

Pic courtesy: SLAC (Stanford Univ.)

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-17 08:19:34 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

The Walls can Talk : There was an earlier story about researchers at MIT who extracted audio from vibrations in a potato chip bag, but now scientists have been able to reconstruct audio from videos by using vibrations observed in lightweight objects. While there are more sophisticated methods available, the researchers used a image-matching technique to measure the vibrations. Read on to know more....

How it's done : The technique is based on the fact that sound waves are mechanical waves that cause air to vibrate when traveling. That vibration through air can cause vibration of objects located in its traveling path, especially if the objects are lightweight, thin, and flexible, such as a piece of paper. The vibrations, although usually with small amplitudes, can be detected and analyzed algorithmically, and audio reconstructed based on those calculations.
... more »

The Walls can Talk : There was an earlier story about researchers at MIT who extracted audio from vibrations in a potato chip bag, but now scientists have been able to reconstruct audio from videos by using vibrations observed in lightweight objects. While there are more sophisticated methods available, the researchers used a image-matching technique to measure the vibrations. Read on to know more....

How it's done : The technique is based on the fact that sound waves are mechanical waves that cause air to vibrate when traveling. That vibration through air can cause vibration of objects located in its traveling path, especially if the objects are lightweight, thin, and flexible, such as a piece of paper. The vibrations, although usually with small amplitudes, can be detected and analyzed algorithmically, and audio reconstructed based on those calculations.

Applications : Because light can travel through air considerably farther than sound and can pass through glass, they anticipate that the technique may find applications such as the passive detection of conversations inside of a building from a far distance.

The Technology : The authors used a subset-based image-correlation approach to detect the motions of points on the surface of an object, capturing target images with a high-speed camera and applying the Gauss-Newton algorithm and a few other measures to achieve very fast and highly accurate image matching. Because the detected vibrations are directly related to sound waves, a simple model was used to reconstruct the original audio information of the sound waves.

References and Sources

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/the_walls_can_talk_new_technique_extracts_audio_from_video-150494

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141204141019.htm

Earlier story: http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/algorithm-recovers-speech-from-vibrations-0804

Original Paper : Published in Optical Engineering. Source: SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

http://www.zmescience.com/research/technology/turning-video-into-audio-065343/

Pic courtesy : newsnation

#science #technology #sound  ___

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2014-12-16 16:34:51 (9 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Can you guess what this is? No looking it up please, and if you know, just make an oblique reference. There are enough clues. Including the NROL...... anyway its fascinating. Will credit this later :)

Can you guess what this is? No looking it up please, and if you know, just make an oblique reference. There are enough clues. Including the NROL...... anyway its fascinating. Will credit this later :)___

posted image

2014-12-16 08:41:14 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Affordable Housing : I've been working on a research paper for the past two weeks, and away from Google plus for the most of this time. Its been quite interesting from the viewpoint of what has been imagined and how people view this topic. The funny thing is if done right, it costs a small fraction of the market price.

We are running out of space : We really are. But the way forward is sustainable, creative ways to do things which can get us good quality housing at low prices for everyone. Cities are now the powerhouses of the future. And most countries count on them to increase their GDP. It is estimated that over 60% of future economic growth is linked to cities.

What makes sense : We need to do better as far as recycling materials, creating housing in sea and land and keeping them sustainable. Zero carbon footprint houses are not only possible, but critical.... more »

Affordable Housing : I've been working on a research paper for the past two weeks, and away from Google plus for the most of this time. Its been quite interesting from the viewpoint of what has been imagined and how people view this topic. The funny thing is if done right, it costs a small fraction of the market price.

We are running out of space : We really are. But the way forward is sustainable, creative ways to do things which can get us good quality housing at low prices for everyone. Cities are now the powerhouses of the future. And most countries count on them to increase their GDP. It is estimated that over 60% of future economic growth is linked to cities.

What makes sense : We need to do better as far as recycling materials, creating housing in sea and land and keeping them sustainable. Zero carbon footprint houses are not only possible, but critical. From estimates from over 20 countries, only 20-30% of the cost of a house is related to construction. The rest is related to land, taxes, government delays, issues with planning and project management.

Container houses / floating residences : The world is changing. Much quicker than many of us expected. Today many houses are made from transport containers and floating construction has been attempted in a number of countries. We need some way of making this available to the poorest of the poor as well as the richest of the rich so that its not just the province of a small elite.

Affordable does not mean shanties : If it is done right, affordable housing has access to public utilities, water, electricity, schools and healthcare and reduces commutes to work. Spaces are smaller, more sustainable and green. It recycles, reuses and is an integral part of a city.

Economic schemes : Many countries have tried to address the problem using rental schemes, part ownership, private-public partnership, zoning, transport corridors and Real Estate Investment Trusts. Some have been very successful. The stories are not always told.

Earlier related posts
Sustainable buildings: http://goo.gl/bpNo0n

Floating schools: http://goo.gl/bVFmpV

Sustainable materials: http://goo.gl/pzEHOH

City Farms: http://goo.gl/2OdSOh

Underground cities: http://goo.gl/ZSzQh8

Inside the World's most ambitious Eco-city: http://goo.gl/CmHETX

Thinking breathing buildings: http://goo.gl/BZCU94

Living cities: http://goo.gl/bFP3o3

References
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(14)62185-1/abstract

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4939-0485-3_20#page-1

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10875549.2014.923967#.VI21lyuUcTs

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-44916-1_28#page-1

http://www.soacconference.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Moore-Environment.pdf


Pic courtesy: fastcoexist.com, by Adrian Smith, Gordon Gill Architecture. (For illustration only).

#cities #affordable #sustainable  ___

posted image

2014-12-16 08:40:53 (3 comments, 6 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that... more »

Quantum whirlpools : Trying to understand the superfluid state of helium, have led researchers to finally create quantum whirlpools as observed earlier. Dr. Elena Ostrovskaya from ANU (Australian National Univ.) has said it has been a challenge to control these vortices (circulating currents of polaritons) before. "The vortices have previously only appeared randomly, and always in pairs that swirl in opposite directions," said Dr. Robert Dall, who led the experimental part of the project. "However, by using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will." These vortices are an example of quantum fluid behavior in which the polaritons coalesce into a rare state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Polaritons : Polaritons are hybrid particles that have properties of both matter and light. The ability to control polariton flows in this way could aid the development of completely novel technology to link conventional electronics with new laser and fibre-based technologies. Polaritons form in semiconductors when laser light interacts with electrons and holes (positively charged vacancies) so strongly that it is no longer possible to distinguish light from matter.

Bose-Einstein condensates : “The beauty of a Bose-Einstein condensate is that it is similar to a laser but made of matter,” Dr Davis said. “It is a collection of atoms that are perfectly coherent and have the potential to be used in ultra-sensitive measurement devices.” BECs were first predicted in the 1920s by Einstein.

Spiral masks : The team created the spiral beam by putting their laser through a piece of brass with a spiral pattern of holes in it. This was directed into a semiconductor microcavity, a tiny wafer of aluminium gallium arsenide, a material used in LEDs, sandwiched between two reflectors. “By using a spiral mask to structure our laser, we create a chiral system that prefers one flow direction. Therefore we can create a single, stable vortex at will.”

References

Anu.edu: http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/spiral-laser-beam-creates-quantum-whirlpool

Univ of Queensland: http://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/2007/09/jumping-quantum-whirlpool

Science20: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/quantum_whirlpool_stirred_by_spiral_laser_beam-149291

SLAC: https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2014-08-21-x-ray-laser-probes-tiny-quantum-tornadoes-superfluid-droplets.aspx

Polariton: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polariton

Pic courtesy: SLAC (Stanford Univ.)

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-15 04:07:05 (7 comments, 10 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

Had to reshare this....

Welcome to Texas___Had to reshare this....

posted image

2014-12-14 09:21:56 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

The Decision : Humans are inducted into the Hnnesset and Dranke makes a decision by default in the continuing story of the crew of the Raven. ( Part 24 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

I have been tied up, so I appreciate your patience and kind words of encouragement. Thanks to all those who asked me to post!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13:h... more »

The Decision : Humans are inducted into the Hnnesset and Dranke makes a decision by default in the continuing story of the crew of the Raven. ( Part 24 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

I have been tied up, so I appreciate your patience and kind words of encouragement. Thanks to all those who asked me to post!

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U
Part 24: http://goo.gl/rK4EqX

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-12-08 19:12:58 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Car of the future : In keeping with some of the thoughts I've been having on technology and what role it plays in our lives as to lowering carbon emission and providing cheaper and more reliable energy, here is my view of what would make a car of the future... besides the obvious improvements on weight, safety and 'smart cars' what powers the ubiquitous car for humanity will be key to managing carbon emissions. I am very aware that this needs to look at LCA for each type of vehicle.

Virus powered batteries : Biological engineer Angela Belcher is genetically modifying viruses to create batteries that can be recharged thousands of times and then decay harmlessly. See earlier post 'My dream is to make a virus powered car' (http://goo.gl/hPZ7Bd). Belcher speaks regularly about her work and inspirations. To her, evolution is a billion year nanotech experiment. Thep... more »

Car of the future : In keeping with some of the thoughts I've been having on technology and what role it plays in our lives as to lowering carbon emission and providing cheaper and more reliable energy, here is my view of what would make a car of the future... besides the obvious improvements on weight, safety and 'smart cars' what powers the ubiquitous car for humanity will be key to managing carbon emissions. I am very aware that this needs to look at LCA for each type of vehicle.

Virus powered batteries : Biological engineer Angela Belcher is genetically modifying viruses to create batteries that can be recharged thousands of times and then decay harmlessly. See earlier post 'My dream is to make a virus powered car' (http://goo.gl/hPZ7Bd). Belcher speaks regularly about her work and inspirations. To her, evolution is a billion year nanotech experiment. The physical features of every living thing on earth are built from the bottom up by our genetic code. Viruses are the simplest living things to work with. Belcher has three main viral-battery innovations to her name: the lithium battery with virus electrodes, the water-splitting virus fuel cells, and the virus-nanotube solar cell.

The Hyundai 'Photosynthesis car' concept : The car’s body consists of transparent solar panels, which "collect ambient light" and create electricity. Now, that current doesn’t simply power an electric motor. The electricity is fed into a water tank to split the hydrogen from the oxygen. The hydrogen is stored and used to power the vehicle while the pure oxygen comes out the exhaust. The car essential functions like a plant does, with its own version of photosynthesis. (http://goo.gl/NZaRu4)

Regulation plays a role : In the 1970s to early 1980s, we doubled the fuel economy of cars. And then starting in the mid-80s, we stopped. Mileage standards remained unchanged from 1985 to 2007, and truck and S.U.V. sales almost doubled. Because these vehicles have lower standards than cars, average fuel economy today is actually a bit less than it was 20 years ago, despite hard-won gains in engine efficiency. (PBS transcript of 'Car of the future' http://goo.gl/j8Dvbw)

3D Printed cars : the 3D printed car ‘the strati’ was printed and assembled at a exhibition, the full-scale and fully functional vehicle is an investigation for the usage capabilities of a hybrid additive/subtractive machine developed at oak ridge national laboratory, and the car was driven off after printing. (http://goo.gl/712pUk)

Other references and links

From Slate: http://goo.gl/sbSg0g (Biobatteries)

Inhabit: http://inhabitat.com/mit-develop-virus-powered-car-battery/

Fuel cell car : http://goo.gl/ztt3CS

Concept car using photosynthesis: http://goo.gl/XeKJQ8

Hybrid air car from Popular Mechanics: http://goo.gl/l1S8zI

Solar paint post : http://goo.gl/g6mmVM

Pics courtesy: wikispaces, pugeot, BMW, MIT, pixable.com

#scienceeveryday #car #future  ___

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2014-12-07 11:31:52 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surfaceten... more »

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surface tension than water, and alcohol evaporation drives the surface tension up and pushes more liquid away from areas of high alcohol concentration. The Marangoni number, a dimensionless value, can be used to characterize the relative effects of surface tension and viscous forces.

Practical Applications : Based on this work, the lab team has a hypothesis: “Very small amounts of the additives that come from how whisky is made contribute to the kinds of patterns you actually see,” says Stone. Different additives or variations in the manufacturing process might possibly produce different patterns. The research has some practical implications. Better understanding of these types of fluid flows could prove useful in a lot of industrial situations that involve liquids, particularly liquids that contain particles of sediment or other material, such as printing inks. In the meantime, Button hopes his images raise questions in the minds of viewers that may give them some interesting conversation starters at cocktail parties. “The science behind the imagery provides that extra added layer of thought and complexity,” he says.

Article Link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/physics-whiskys-aesthetically-pleasing-residue-180953451/

Research Paper: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD14/Session/H2.3

Additional link: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/25/science/art-in-a-whisky-glass-neatly-explained.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marangoni_effect

PM link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/heres-why-whisky-evaporations-make-gorgeous-patterns#slide-1


All pics courtesy NYTimes: Ernie Button (photographer), Howard Stone et al.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-07 11:30:54 (10 comments, 1 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group'sr... more »

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group's recommendations to world leaders, there wasn't a single mention of the process, even as it heaped praise on alternative processes like carbon dioxide removal, which would use chemicals or bacteria to pull CO2 directly from the atmosphere.

Bacteria fix CO2 : Biological reactions are good at forming carbon-carbon bonds, using carbon dioxide as a raw material for reactions powered by sunlight. It's called photosynthesis, and cyanobacteria, also known as "blue-green algae," have been doing it for more than 3 billion years. The researchers identified enzymes from online databases that carried out the reactions they were looking for, and then introduced the DNA for these enzymes into the cells. Working a step at a time, they built up a three-step pathway that allows the cyanobacteria to convert carbon dioxide into 2,3 butanediol, a chemical that can be used to make paint, solvents, plastics and fuels.

Microbes in the sea : Based on his findings, Dr Jiao and his colleagues propose that aerobic anoxygenic photoheterotrophic bacteria (AAPB), and possibly other, similar microbes, have a predominant role in pumping carbon into a pool of compounds that cannot be turned back into carbon dioxide by living creatures, thereby building up a large reservoir that keeps carbon out of the atmosphere. If that idea is confirmed, it will need to be incorporated into the computer models used to understand the Earth's carbon cycle and its effect on the climate. But it also raises a more radical thought. The microbial carbon pump could provide a novel way to extract CO2 from the atmosphere, should that ever be deemed necessary to combat climate change.

Deep concerns : Scientists have created a self-replicating synthetic life in 2010, and a few hours later, a United Nations science advisory body meeting here urged countries to take a strong precautionary approach to avoid release of such entities into the environment. Acting as the world’s guardian on biodiversity, it also expressed deep concern about the potential impacts of geoengineering schemes to combat climate change on the Earth’s ecosystems. The same advisory body made a similar recommendation in 2008, that led to a de facto global ban on a form of geoengineering called ocean fertilisation, an experimental method of reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to combat global warming.

Article link: http://www.theverge.com/2014/4/14/5606102/geoengineering-and-the-ipcc

Sources

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10450

Paper: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0021900.html

Ref: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aic.14127/abstract

http://www.economist.com/node/16990766

Additional ref: http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/ucla-researchers-engineer-bacteria-149726

Related paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/11/26/1409523111

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

#science #scienceeveryday


Pic courtesy : http://goo.gl/QfIJXi (for illustration purposes only. The bacteria is not relevant in this case).___

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2014-12-06 05:28:26 (7 comments, 4 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

The science of the Mantis shrimp : Yes, its not a 'shrimp' or a 'mantis'. But Smarter every day has made a very interesting video about this creature...

The science behind it is all here :

Earlier post Shrimpoluminiscence : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/a4FQj1VDdYh

+Gary Ray R's post on 'Hard tough claw' : https://plus.google.com/117751903650439005786/posts/4gGNnfqgdQj

#science #mantisshrimp  

The science of the Mantis shrimp : Yes, its not a 'shrimp' or a 'mantis'. But Smarter every day has made a very interesting video about this creature...

The science behind it is all here :

Earlier post Shrimpoluminiscence : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/a4FQj1VDdYh

+Gary Ray R's post on 'Hard tough claw' : https://plus.google.com/117751903650439005786/posts/4gGNnfqgdQj

#science #mantisshrimp  ___

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2014-12-06 05:02:38 (2 comments, 8 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group'sr... more »

Climate change, geoengineering and bacteria : What do these have in common? A lot, surprisingly. While scientists are lookin for a way to mitigate climate change by geoengineering, one proposal is really radical. Though even testing is prohibited by the UN as of now. Canada, Malawi and Philippines have strongly objected to testing using engineering bacteria to fix CO2. Even testing in controlled experiments has been stalled. In some ways, we are running out of time.

Controversial : Even research related to geoengineering has become the topic for passionate debate, pitting curious scientists against a chorus of intense skepticism.

Too dangerous to consider : Many had hoped the IPCC's latest report might open the door to more research into geoengineering, allowing scientists to get a better sense of its risks and benefits — but in the group's recommendations to world leaders, there wasn't a single mention of the process, even as it heaped praise on alternative processes like carbon dioxide removal, which would use chemicals or bacteria to pull CO2 directly from the atmosphere.

Bacteria fix CO2 : Biological reactions are good at forming carbon-carbon bonds, using carbon dioxide as a raw material for reactions powered by sunlight. It's called photosynthesis, and cyanobacteria, also known as "blue-green algae," have been doing it for more than 3 billion years. The researchers identified enzymes from online databases that carried out the reactions they were looking for, and then introduced the DNA for these enzymes into the cells. Working a step at a time, they built up a three-step pathway that allows the cyanobacteria to convert carbon dioxide into 2,3 butanediol, a chemical that can be used to make paint, solvents, plastics and fuels.

Microbes in the sea : Based on his findings, Dr Jiao and his colleagues propose that aerobic anoxygenic photoheterotrophic bacteria (AAPB), and possibly other, similar microbes, have a predominant role in pumping carbon into a pool of compounds that cannot be turned back into carbon dioxide by living creatures, thereby building up a large reservoir that keeps carbon out of the atmosphere. If that idea is confirmed, it will need to be incorporated into the computer models used to understand the Earth's carbon cycle and its effect on the climate. But it also raises a more radical thought. The microbial carbon pump could provide a novel way to extract CO2 from the atmosphere, should that ever be deemed necessary to combat climate change.

Deep concerns : Scientists have created a self-replicating synthetic life in 2010, and a few hours later, a United Nations science advisory body meeting here urged countries to take a strong precautionary approach to avoid release of such entities into the environment. Acting as the world’s guardian on biodiversity, it also expressed deep concern about the potential impacts of geoengineering schemes to combat climate change on the Earth’s ecosystems. The same advisory body made a similar recommendation in 2008, that led to a de facto global ban on a form of geoengineering called ocean fertilisation, an experimental method of reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to combat global warming.

Article link: http://www.theverge.com/2014/4/14/5606102/geoengineering-and-the-ipcc

Sources

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10450

Paper: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0021900.html

Ref: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aic.14127/abstract

http://www.economist.com/node/16990766

Additional ref: http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/ucla-researchers-engineer-bacteria-149726

Related paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/11/26/1409523111

http://www.ipsnews.net/2010/05/un-body-urges-caution-on-synthetic-bacteria-geoengineering/

#science #scienceeveryday


Pic courtesy : http://goo.gl/QfIJXi (for illustration purposes only. The bacteria is not relevant in this case).___

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2014-12-02 09:30:35 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

+E.E. Giorgi is giving away 20 audiobooks..... worth taking a gander :)

I'm giving away 20 AUDIOBOOKS!

Please help me spread the word: 10 WINNERS will get one Chimeras audiobook and one audiobook of their choice! Details on my blog!___+E.E. Giorgi is giving away 20 audiobooks..... worth taking a gander :)

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2014-12-02 08:15:43 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Tony's budget cuts!

" A world-leading CSIRO chemist who was tipped to win a Nobel prize has been made redundant."

You know its going to be an interesting article when....___Tony's budget cuts!

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2014-12-02 06:32:29 (1 comments, 7 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Quantum Biology : We have all heard about quantum mechanics, which describes reality on the smallest scale - a world in which particles can exist in two or more places at once, show both particle and wave-like behavior , tunnel through seemingly 'solid' matter and even possess instantaneous connections that stretch across vast distances. While all this is de rigueur in the atomic size, at the macro size which we exist, it does not play a role. Or does it. Now scientists are looking at the quantum mechanical nature of the world and how at the cellular and even macro level, some creatures are able to take advantage of the weirdness.....

Quantum Hanky-Panky : Discoveries in recent years suggest that nature knows a few tricks that physicists don't: coherent quantum processes may well be ubiquitous in the natural world. Known or suspected examples range from the ability of... more »

Quantum Biology : We have all heard about quantum mechanics, which describes reality on the smallest scale - a world in which particles can exist in two or more places at once, show both particle and wave-like behavior , tunnel through seemingly 'solid' matter and even possess instantaneous connections that stretch across vast distances. While all this is de rigueur in the atomic size, at the macro size which we exist, it does not play a role. Or does it. Now scientists are looking at the quantum mechanical nature of the world and how at the cellular and even macro level, some creatures are able to take advantage of the weirdness.....

Quantum Hanky-Panky : Discoveries in recent years suggest that nature knows a few tricks that physicists don't: coherent quantum processes may well be ubiquitous in the natural world. Known or suspected examples range from the ability of birds to navigate using Earth's magnetic field to the inner workings of photosynthesis — the process by which plants and bacteria turn sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into organic matter, and arguably the most important biochemical reaction on Earth. Biology has a knack for using what works, says Seth Lloyd, a physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. And if that means "quantum hanky-panky", he says, "then quantum hanky-panky it is".

The avian magnetic sensor : The avian magnetic sensor is known to be activated by light striking the bird's retina. Researchers' current best guess at a mechanism is that the energy deposited by each incoming photon creates a pair of free radicals - highly reactive molecules, each with an unpaired electron. Each of these unpaired electrons has an intrinsic angular momentum, or spin, that can be reoriented by a magnetic field. As the radicals separate, the unpaired electron on one is primarily influenced by the magnetism of a nearby atomic nucleus, whereas the unpaired electron on the other is further away from the nucleus, and feels only Earth's magnetic field. The difference in the fields shifts the radical pair between two quantum states with differing chemical reactivity.

Schrödinger suspected as much : From smell to navigation, it seems that some of the hardest problems in biology could be solved with the insights from theoretical physics. The physicist Erwin Schrödinger wrote a book in the 1940s called “What is Life?” in which he speculated on the role of quantum mechanics on the life sciences. Almost 70 years later, both quantum mechanics and biology have moved on a long way. But until now, no one had imagined that the natural world has anything to teach us about the quantum world.

Article link: http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110615/full/474272a.html

NewScientist link: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429950.700-are-we-ready-for-quantum-biology.html#.VH1BhMmvNlZ

Phys.org link: http://phys.org/news/2014-06-quantum-biology-algae-evolved-coherence.html

University of Illinois : http://www.ks.uiuc.edu/Research/quantum_biology/  
BBC link: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-21150047

Related Earlier posts

Quantum coherence in bacteria: http://goo.gl/3RCeES

How plants use the quantum nature of light: http://goo.gl/UpxKGG

Pic courtesy : http://www.yorku.ca/bphs/

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-01 08:00:22 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

How Penguins increase their speed : The story of Penguins using supercavitation to reduce drag is not new. What is new is humans figuring out how to duplicate the effect. First with torpedoes, and now there is work on submarines. How does it work? Penguins are awesome for more than one reason....

Fluid Dynamicists : Penguins, already fluid dynamicists by nature, have developed clever methods of increasing their speed to escape from the leopard seals that prey on them. In the clip, notice from 1:55 onward as the penguins swim for the surface and leap onto the ice - they leave a trail of bubbles in their wake. The penguins are using supercavitation to decrease their drag. When the penguins first dive in to the water, they splay their feathers out in the air and then lock them closed in the water, trapping pockets of air beneath them. When the need for a burst of speed arises, the... more »

How Penguins increase their speed : The story of Penguins using supercavitation to reduce drag is not new. What is new is humans figuring out how to duplicate the effect. First with torpedoes, and now there is work on submarines. How does it work? Penguins are awesome for more than one reason....

Fluid Dynamicists : Penguins, already fluid dynamicists by nature, have developed clever methods of increasing their speed to escape from the leopard seals that prey on them. In the clip, notice from 1:55 onward as the penguins swim for the surface and leap onto the ice - they leave a trail of bubbles in their wake. The penguins are using supercavitation to decrease their drag. When the penguins first dive in to the water, they splay their feathers out in the air and then lock them closed in the water, trapping pockets of air beneath them. When the need for a burst of speed arises, the penguin shifts its feathers to release the air, coating most of its body in a layer of bubbles. Because the drag in air is much less than the drag in water, this enables the bird to achieve much higher speeds than they normally do when swimming.

Rocketing speeds : Essentially, the air buffer means that the majority of the body of the penguin isn't in the water at all, but rather cruising inside an air bubble with just the head and fins protruding to allow for maneuvering. Since the drag between air and water is far less than the drag between penguin and water, for all practical purposes the penguins get to totally ignore the fact that they're swimming and, while they still have enough air stored in their feathers to maintain the bubble, pretend like they're flying instead, which is how they can put on those rocket-like bursts of speed. Penguins would only be able to reach four or nine feet per second otherwise, but they can triple double or triple those speeds with their special bubble boost.

China's attempt at creating a supercavitating submarine : The submarine of the future may come to America in a super fast bubble, traveling under water. Researchers at China's Harbin Institute of Technology developed a new concept for submarine “supercavitation,” where an underwater vessel creates a pocket of air around itself. Inside this bubble, the submarine can travel much faster without friction of water creating drag and slowing it down. Theoretically, a supercavitated vessel using rocket engines could travel inside that air pocket at almost the speed of sound.

Main Article link (Dvice) : http://goo.gl/hHGjdG

NYT article link: http://goo.gl/Uf2fPk

Supercavitation effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercavitation

Gizmodo link: http://goo.gl/8MuWf2

Popsci source: http://goo.gl/BvZr4B

Wired link to supercavitating submarines: http://goo.gl/kN1X1n

Additional article : http://goo.gl/Ad8l40

#penguins #science #submarine  ___

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2014-12-01 07:58:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scalethat prom... more »

Cities : Cities by themselves are neither good nor bad. But we are tied to them and all indicators are that they will be the engine of growth in our world going forward (as per the latest report from the World Bank). In some ways, cities can be personal, in other ways, they promote individualism. I've seen a common thread about cities, which I wanted to share.

Cities getting bigger : It’s the age of the city. Today more than half the world’s population can be found in cities, and megacities—those with populations of 10 million or more—are on the rise. The world’s largest megacity, Tokyo-Yokohama, joins two cities and multiple Japanese prefectures to cover 5,200 square miles, and it houses a population of some 37.5 million individuals.

Source and Solution : Cities are poised to tackle the problems of climate change because they have economies of scale that promote efficiency, as well as research centers, grassroots movements and opportunities for invention and innovation, Romero Lankao notes. “It’s like every human being—we have good and bad, and cities are the same.” sheer size can’t protect megacities from direct impacts such as rising temperatures and extreme events like hurricanes and droughts. Already warmer than the countryside because of the urban heat island effect, cities in tropical and sub-tropical areas—such as Mumbai, Bangkok and Lagos—could soon become too hot to handle, especially for those who cannot afford air conditioning.

Metrosapiens : Some advantages - Demand-side benefits are important, because those strategies are not talked about very much. When we hear about national energy policy, it's often about increasing efficiency of devices or supply of energy. But people that live in New York City, for example, drive less because they don't have cars. This is something that David Owen talks about in the book Green Metropolis. He calls it "embodied efficiency". The vertical living of New York City actually has this embodied efficiency that makes energy use in our daily lives less.

An example of Boston : _With the specter of rising sea levels threatening many metropolises worldwide, cities are starting to rethink what their future might look like. And in Boston, that future might look a little bit like Venice, canals and all. A nonprofit research group, the Urban Land Institute (ULI), recently released a report which outlines Boston's options for dealing with rising waters. The sea level in Boston is currently rising at a rate of 0.11 inches per year. That may not seem like much, but eventually it could cause major, costly problems for the city.

Source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/are-megacities-friend-or-foe-fight-against-climate-change-180953424/

Additional source article : http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/humans-are-becoming-city-dwelling-metro-sapiens-180953449/

Source for story on Boston: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals?dom=PSC&loc=topstories&con=facing-rising-sea-levels-boston-ponders-canals

Earlier posts

Rising threat to our cities: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/1ymnCmp4bYw

Megacities look to conserve energy in unique ways: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/2BskW65XFL2

Future city: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/i98L9w35kGM

City farms: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Cakm5fxHWfm

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-12-01 07:57:40 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surfaceten... more »

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surface tension than water, and alcohol evaporation drives the surface tension up and pushes more liquid away from areas of high alcohol concentration. The Marangoni number, a dimensionless value, can be used to characterize the relative effects of surface tension and viscous forces.

Practical Applications : Based on this work, the lab team has a hypothesis: “Very small amounts of the additives that come from how whisky is made contribute to the kinds of patterns you actually see,” says Stone. Different additives or variations in the manufacturing process might possibly produce different patterns. The research has some practical implications. Better understanding of these types of fluid flows could prove useful in a lot of industrial situations that involve liquids, particularly liquids that contain particles of sediment or other material, such as printing inks. In the meantime, Button hopes his images raise questions in the minds of viewers that may give them some interesting conversation starters at cocktail parties. “The science behind the imagery provides that extra added layer of thought and complexity,” he says.

Article Link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/physics-whiskys-aesthetically-pleasing-residue-180953451/

Research Paper: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD14/Session/H2.3

Additional link: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/25/science/art-in-a-whisky-glass-neatly-explained.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marangoni_effect

PM link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/heres-why-whisky-evaporations-make-gorgeous-patterns#slide-1


All pics courtesy NYTimes: Ernie Button (photographer), Howard Stone et al.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

posted image

2014-11-29 16:07:25 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surfaceten... more »

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surface tension than water, and alcohol evaporation drives the surface tension up and pushes more liquid away from areas of high alcohol concentration. The Marangoni number, a dimensionless value, can be used to characterize the relative effects of surface tension and viscous forces.

Practical Applications : Based on this work, the lab team has a hypothesis: “Very small amounts of the additives that come from how whisky is made contribute to the kinds of patterns you actually see,” says Stone. Different additives or variations in the manufacturing process might possibly produce different patterns. The research has some practical implications. Better understanding of these types of fluid flows could prove useful in a lot of industrial situations that involve liquids, particularly liquids that contain particles of sediment or other material, such as printing inks. In the meantime, Button hopes his images raise questions in the minds of viewers that may give them some interesting conversation starters at cocktail parties. “The science behind the imagery provides that extra added layer of thought and complexity,” he says.

Article Link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/physics-whiskys-aesthetically-pleasing-residue-180953451/

Research Paper: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD14/Session/H2.3

Additional link: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/25/science/art-in-a-whisky-glass-neatly-explained.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marangoni_effect

PM link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/heres-why-whisky-evaporations-make-gorgeous-patterns#slide-1


All pics courtesy NYTimes: Ernie Button (photographer), Howard Stone et al.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

posted image

2014-11-29 16:07:02 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surfaceten... more »

Searching for answers in the bottom of a Whisky glass : The answer is related to fluid dynamics. This was discovered by Howard Stone, an engineer at Princeton University. Read on more to know about the Marangoni effect and how it is related to this pic...

Why : Stone initially suspected that something called the coffee ring effect might be at play: When coffee dries, particles are pulled to the edge of where the liquid makes contact with the cup, creating ring-like patterns as the water evaporates. Similarly, the differing evaporation tendencies of alcohol and water can create interesting patterns.

The Marangoni effect : First described by 19th-century physicist Carlo Marangoni; alcohol and water have different surface tensions—that’s the degree of attraction liquid molecules have to other surfaces (in this case a cup or a glass). Alcohol has a lower surface tension than water, and alcohol evaporation drives the surface tension up and pushes more liquid away from areas of high alcohol concentration. The Marangoni number, a dimensionless value, can be used to characterize the relative effects of surface tension and viscous forces.

Practical Applications : Based on this work, the lab team has a hypothesis: “Very small amounts of the additives that come from how whisky is made contribute to the kinds of patterns you actually see,” says Stone. Different additives or variations in the manufacturing process might possibly produce different patterns. The research has some practical implications. Better understanding of these types of fluid flows could prove useful in a lot of industrial situations that involve liquids, particularly liquids that contain particles of sediment or other material, such as printing inks. In the meantime, Button hopes his images raise questions in the minds of viewers that may give them some interesting conversation starters at cocktail parties. “The science behind the imagery provides that extra added layer of thought and complexity,” he says.

Article Link: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/physics-whiskys-aesthetically-pleasing-residue-180953451/

Research Paper: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD14/Session/H2.3

Additional link: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/25/science/art-in-a-whisky-glass-neatly-explained.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marangoni_effect

PM link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/heres-why-whisky-evaporations-make-gorgeous-patterns#slide-1


All pics courtesy NYTimes: Ernie Button (photographer), Howard Stone et al.

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-29 04:31:26 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Apparently it's in the works for a Dec 2015 launch. I have mixed feelings since Disney does tend to have inputs.

Official Star Wars: The Force Awakens Teaser Trailer!

Here's the official 88-second tease! Directed by J.J. Abrams, this is the next highly anticipated installment in George Lucas' epic space opera franchise [amzn.to/1y8cIQb]!

#starwars #episodevii #theforceawakens #scifi #movies #starwarseveryday___Apparently it's in the works for a Dec 2015 launch. I have mixed feelings since Disney does tend to have inputs.

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2014-11-27 04:35:51 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Cubesats to the Moon : When Carl Brandon, a physics professor transported his robotic spacecraft, it wasn't by rail or truck. It was stowed in the overhead bin of a commercial liner. The Cubesat he was transporting was ten centimeters cube. This Cubesat was intended to test the navigational equipment on board. If all goes well, a slightly larger version (Which is around the size of a loaf of bread or shoebox) could be orbiting the moon. The revolution which has spawned multiple cubesats is here to stay and they are cheap, durable, expendable and carry an impressive array of equipment for their size. The Vermont Cubesat has similar equipment that one would expect of much larger spacecraft: Star-tracking camera, GPS, gyroscope, accelerometer, magnetometer, solar panels, computer, and radio transceiver.

Ambitious plans to swarm Saturn's rings : The $3 billion Cassini... more »

Cubesats to the Moon : When Carl Brandon, a physics professor transported his robotic spacecraft, it wasn't by rail or truck. It was stowed in the overhead bin of a commercial liner. The Cubesat he was transporting was ten centimeters cube. This Cubesat was intended to test the navigational equipment on board. If all goes well, a slightly larger version (Which is around the size of a loaf of bread or shoebox) could be orbiting the moon. The revolution which has spawned multiple cubesats is here to stay and they are cheap, durable, expendable and carry an impressive array of equipment for their size. The Vermont Cubesat has similar equipment that one would expect of much larger spacecraft: Star-tracking camera, GPS, gyroscope, accelerometer, magnetometer, solar panels, computer, and radio transceiver.

Ambitious plans to swarm Saturn's rings : The $3 billion Cassini spacecraft, which has gathered the most detailed information about Saturn to date, can’t risk coming close enough to the rings to study the icy particles they’re made of. One wayward particle and it could damage Cassini. Some researchers have suggested sending a large spacecraft to hover above the rings and take detailed images, but the fuel requirements for such maneuvers would be enormous. That's why researchers at Cornell propose something simpler, smaller, and about 1,000 times cheaper. A swarm of tiny CubeSats, could be injected directly into Saturn’s rings, where they would orbit along with the ice particles. Those CubeSats could then release hundreds of even smaller spacecraft, called Chipsats, that would “tag” individual ice particles, recording basic information about their composition, density, and motion within the rings.

Spurring creativity : Thinking small also spurs creativity, according to Robert Staehle, another seasoned JPL engineer, who has spearheaded a project to brainstorm planetary CubeSat missions. “The fact that you have this limited-size box is part of the engine of innovation,” he says. “If you can’t figure out how to get it in the size box it is, then you’re not going to space. And that has been a tremendous forcing function of innovation.” Cheaper, simpler spacecraft give engineers the freedom to fail. It’s okay to lose a few CubeSats if they can be easily replaced, and learning from failure is often how technology gets better faster.

NASA's IceCube : To investigate climate change, scientists and engineers at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center are developing the IceCube satellite, which will be no larger than a loaf of bread. In 2016, this satellite will mature technology that scientists will use to analyze cloud ice in the atmosphere. “We’re using IceCube to test a radiometer that we want to fly on a big space mission,” said Jeffrey Piepmeier, associate head of Goddard’s Microwave Instruments and Technology Branch. “Climate scientists have never used this frequency to measure cloud ice from space before.”

Good things come in small packages: The Firefly : A tiny box orbiting Earth is sending home big data. Built mostly by undergraduate students for less than US$1.5 million, the shoebox sized satellite, called Firefly, is now beaming back information on terrestrial γ-ray flashes — energetic bursts that are triggered by lightning and fired out into space.

Article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/cubesats-moon-mars-and-saturn-too-180952389/?no-ist

Video link: NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer Program-1 releasing satellites from the ISS

Source Nature : http://www.nature.com/news/mini-satellites-prove-their-scientific-power-1.15051

+NASA  link on Cubesats: http://www.nasa.gov/directorates/heo/home/CubeSats_initiative.html#.VEoDJRbpywR

Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy: http://goo.gl/TD6mCB
 
The Little CubeSat That Could: http://goo.gl/k7Zy53

Cubesat maps vegetation of the world: http://goo.gl/4LFAP4

Itsy Bitsy satellites: http://goo.gl/nlOA3P

Sprites: http://goo.gl/Tm0VDO

+Google  buys Skybox imaging: http://goo.gl/YSFBVh

Wikipedia link on Cubesats: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CubeSat

Pic courtesy: Smithsonian mag, space.io9.com, Popsci.

#scienceeveryday #cubesats  ___

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2014-11-27 04:34:12 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 70 +1s)Open 

Nature's Nanotech - Adhesives : Well this is awesome in so many ways. One has heard that the Sundew is carnivorous. It eats small insects. The picture description itself is fascinating.. The tentacles protruding from the sundew secrete a powerful adhesive capable of stretching a million times its size. So why is this amazing? Its a natural adhesive which is stretches to a million times its original size. Rubber bands can stretch upto six times their original size. So this is orders of magnitude more....

The Sundew and English Ivy : The tentacles and their adhesive properties may be nature's design for catching insects, but Zhang's research team hopes that one day this same adhesive can help attach a replacement hip or an artificial knee without fear that the body will reject it.Post-doctoral researcher Scott Lenaghan explained that the idea behind this research at... more »

Nature's Nanotech - Adhesives : Well this is awesome in so many ways. One has heard that the Sundew is carnivorous. It eats small insects. The picture description itself is fascinating.. The tentacles protruding from the sundew secrete a powerful adhesive capable of stretching a million times its size. So why is this amazing? Its a natural adhesive which is stretches to a million times its original size. Rubber bands can stretch upto six times their original size. So this is orders of magnitude more....

The Sundew and English Ivy : The tentacles and their adhesive properties may be nature's design for catching insects, but Zhang's research team hopes that one day this same adhesive can help attach a replacement hip or an artificial knee without fear that the body will reject it.Post-doctoral researcher Scott Lenaghan explained that the idea behind this research at the Nano Bio-systems and Bio-mimetics Lab is to learn from biological principles and apply engineering along the way to develop an end product that uses these compounds and principles to advance technology.

Organic biomaterials : The lab's goal is to study biological material on the nanoscale--a million times smaller than a grain of sand--in hopes of mimicking what nature has done for millions of years and applying it to daily life. In medical replacement operations, "you need something cells can recognize and attach to," Lenaghan said. With the sundew, the researchers may have found just that, as the nanoparticles in its adhesive are easily recognized by human cells.

Au Naturel : Sundew and English ivy research in Zhang's lab are a part of a growing field of "next generation" materials that have a broad interdisciplinary impact. The hope is to replace the many synthetic products we use daily with naturally occurring substances.

Article link: http://phys.org/news/2011-10-nanotechnology-sundew-english-ivy.html

Related paper: http://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_mechpubs/13/

NSF link: http://www.nsf.gov/mobile/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=121935&org=BIO

Related post on Nanotechnology: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/5pJfFALFjBw

Related post on Nanosize: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/fU1d5VbM7hk

What is Elasticity: http://physics.info/elasticity/

Other examples: http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2007/nanocomposite

Pic courtesy: NSF, Pelagie Favi, University of Tennessee and Samantha Tracht, University of Tennessee.

#science #nanotechnology  ___

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2014-11-26 15:48:53 (6 comments, 6 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Why do plants matter : Some of the reasons are obvious. Others not so much. Plants provide food, they help fix Carbon, through photosynthesis, and they create oxygen. But there is so much more they do, which is fascinating.

Plants are medicine factories : Right from the creation of complex sugars, plants also make Vitamin C, painkillers, psychotropics and even now, plants are found to synthesize new chemicals which we use in medicine.

Plants communicate : In more ways than one.... using chemical, electrical and airborne signalling, plants are able to produce defensive weapons and warning signals which can alert their neighbours.

Plants harness the power of stars : Using the Sun as an energy source, plants have used the quantum nature of light to be as efficient as possible while carrying out photosynthesis.

Plants provide strong... more »

Why do plants matter : Some of the reasons are obvious. Others not so much. Plants provide food, they help fix Carbon, through photosynthesis, and they create oxygen. But there is so much more they do, which is fascinating.

Plants are medicine factories : Right from the creation of complex sugars, plants also make Vitamin C, painkillers, psychotropics and even now, plants are found to synthesize new chemicals which we use in medicine.

Plants communicate : In more ways than one.... using chemical, electrical and airborne signalling, plants are able to produce defensive weapons and warning signals which can alert their neighbours.

Plants harness the power of stars : Using the Sun as an energy source, plants have used the quantum nature of light to be as efficient as possible while carrying out photosynthesis.

Plants provide strong building materials : Wood from trees has been used in building material for hundreds of years. Plants have found ways to strengthen their structure through evolution and natural selection to make some of the most durable building materials.

Earlier Posts

Plants are part of the cycle of life : They are vital parts of the Carbon cycle, the water cycle, they partner with insects and animals to spread their seeds, to provide protection and can actually create electricity. Kind of amazing.

Electricity from plants : http://goo.gl/SZxlKH

Why plants are fascinating : http://goo.gl/h1NHTH

How Plants use the quantum effect of light : http://goo.gl/OAowQQ

The Secret Inner world of Plants : http://goo.gl/W97b5V

How the Potato changed the world : http://goo.gl/UsDnL9

Grass : http://goo.gl/2ntTkY

How Plants move : http://goo.gl/66tD3S

Ultrasonic popping sounds from Trees : http://goo.gl/8jRWdq

How hydroelectric power is dependent on trees : http://goo.gl/Jc1CCB

References

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/ockhamsrazor/the-power-of-plants-in-science-culture-and-medicine/5694054

http://www.plantsciences.ucdavis.edu/plantsciences/newsletters/2014/oct15.htm

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v512/n7515/full/512351e.html

http://www.wired.com/2013/12/secret-language-of-plants/

Pic courtesy : Reddit ( http://i.minus.com/ibqqfn1MoIFAZv.gif )

#science #botany #plants  ___

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2014-11-25 10:13:30 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

The Council of Twenty Three : The Hnnesset awaits the crew of the Raven as they continue on their new mission. As Niket and her crew return to Jexx, Captain Dranke has new challenges in store for him. The Jen subroutine takes getting used to, and the council of 23 is alluded to..... read on to know more!

( Part 23 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12:h... more »

The Council of Twenty Three : The Hnnesset awaits the crew of the Raven as they continue on their new mission. As Niket and her crew return to Jexx, Captain Dranke has new challenges in store for him. The Jen subroutine takes getting used to, and the council of 23 is alluded to..... read on to know more!

( Part 23 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style ).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu
Part 23: http://goo.gl/1EtW6U

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

h/t to +Charles Strebor and +23!

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-11-23 11:38:28 (2 comments, 7 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Why Nanomaterials are fascinating (Or how a dog becomes a cat, becomes a hummingbird) : Well, any material can be a Nanomaterial. A Nanomaterial is purely something reduced to a size of 1 to 100 nms. So why the fuss? For one, unlike macro materials, Nanomaterials can be two dimensional. As we get smaller and smaller, they exhibit properties which confound us.  One must remember though, these are not chemically changed. All that is done is the size of the particles is made smaller and smaller.

In Nanotechnology, what is important about materials is NOT really what they are made of, but how small they are. This is different than every other materials age in human history.

Magnetism example : Atoms can have magnetic moments... Why is this? Due to the spin of unpaired electrons. A magnetic moment aligns with an external field. Let's take the example of CoCr (Cobalt... more »

Why Nanomaterials are fascinating (Or how a dog becomes a cat, becomes a hummingbird) : Well, any material can be a Nanomaterial. A Nanomaterial is purely something reduced to a size of 1 to 100 nms. So why the fuss? For one, unlike macro materials, Nanomaterials can be two dimensional. As we get smaller and smaller, they exhibit properties which confound us.  One must remember though, these are not chemically changed. All that is done is the size of the particles is made smaller and smaller.

In Nanotechnology, what is important about materials is NOT really what they are made of, but how small they are. This is different than every other materials age in human history.

Magnetism example : Atoms can have magnetic moments... Why is this? Due to the spin of unpaired electrons. A magnetic moment aligns with an external field. Let's take the example of CoCr (Cobalt Chrome Alloy). At the macro size, it displays no magnetism. This is because when at the macrosize, domains cancel each other out. These are called 'Bulk Ferromagnets' and can be electromagnets. So these sizes do not get highly magnetized and can be called permanent magnets (if enough of the domains align in one direction). Let's say these behave like Dogs..

As you go smaller, from 20nm grain size to 80 nm grain size, The magnetism in this powder will depend on volume. It is harder to magnetize these particles, but when these are magnetized, they resist going back to their original state. These are single domain magnets and once magnetized, they stay that way; though they are easy to magnetize and demagnetize. Let's say these behave like Cats....

When you go down to even smaller size, the ferromagnets are smaller than 20 nm in size, they are very, very small, not much bigger than molecules. They are easier to magnetize and flip. So easy to magnetize and flip, that this is a property used in MRI tests. Superparamagnets have fluctuating magnetic moments with no applied field, but with applied field become magnetized easily. These are called superparamagnets.  Let's say these behave like hummingbirds.

Earlier post on Superparamagnetism: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/VGo4iq3U9Lc

References

Rice University, introduction to Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology now : http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=49034

Havard University: http://cml.harvard.edu/research/new-materials/

Pic courtesy: Havard Universty . Cyborg Neural Tissue: Seamless integration of 3D nanoelectronic and neural networks

#science #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-11-22 15:56:58 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Someone posted this on the SF community.

Since it led to a commercial website, the mods removed it.

PS: I finally watched the movie.

Someone posted this on the SF community.

Since it led to a commercial website, the mods removed it.

PS: I finally watched the movie.___

posted image

2014-11-22 03:57:42 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Awakening : The short break is over as Captain Dranke and his crew are on their way for a new mission. One which promises much. The trip is a long one, and there is much to be done.... read more at the link provided!

(Part 22 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaLmore »

Awakening : The short break is over as Captain Dranke and his crew are on their way for a new mission. One which promises much. The trip is a long one, and there is much to be done.... read more at the link provided!

(Part 22 of the Mission impossible Science fiction series of flashfiction written in space opera style).

If you haven't read the earlier stories, here is the chronology:
First Part: http://goo.gl/jWKDn2
Part 2 : http://goo.gl/8wRbHE
Part 3 : http://goo.gl/eIGokJ
Part 4 : http://goo.gl/gaEZS0
Part 5 : http://goo.gl/bXYxiy
Part 6 : http://goo.gl/mmVbF9
Part 7 : http://goo.gl/i3DDVi
Part 8  : http://goo.gl/IoWcF0
Part 9  : http://goo.gl/B6OQOG
Part 10: http://goo.gl/IP0ORs
Part 11: http://goo.gl/Gn8RDY
Part 12: http://goo.gl/0zEqPI
Part 13: http://goo.gl/dXTYrs
Part 14: http://goo.gl/ZybKaL
Part 15: http://goo.gl/FrUZqX
Part 16: http://goo.gl/no9buZ
Part 17: http://goo.gl/G6KJeo
Part 18: http://goo.gl/ml0Y1A
Part 19: http://goo.gl/DBJjHf
Part 20: http://goo.gl/PT3jCj
Part 21: http://goo.gl/DXrXgp
Part 22: http://goo.gl/e1kEuu

Mission impossible is a series set in the distant future. If you like science fiction and space opera, this may be an interesting read. Notifying select people who have evinced interest in receiving notifications.

#sciencefiction #scifi #flashfiction #spaceopera  ___

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2014-11-21 14:11:32 (12 comments, 12 reshares, 62 +1s)Open 

Nano scale : While speaking to some people, I realized that 'nano' as a scale is not really understood very well. It is often thought to be small. Even very small. But Nano size is very definite. It is like mixing up Kilometers and meters. Nano means 10^-9. That means a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. A typical sheet of newspaper would be 100,000 nanometers thick. Its a very precise measurement. Your typical fingernail grows at one nanometer per second.

Nanotechnology : When scientists worked with very small objects (of the size of 1 to 100 nanometers), they found some strange properties displayed by these materials. Some of them were magnetic, displayed strange optical properties and had even stranger electrical properties. These are now studied as Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, Nanomagnetics and the like.

The definition : Nanotechnology is science,... more »

Nano scale : While speaking to some people, I realized that 'nano' as a scale is not really understood very well. It is often thought to be small. Even very small. But Nano size is very definite. It is like mixing up Kilometers and meters. Nano means 10^-9. That means a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. A typical sheet of newspaper would be 100,000 nanometers thick. Its a very precise measurement. Your typical fingernail grows at one nanometer per second.

Nanotechnology : When scientists worked with very small objects (of the size of 1 to 100 nanometers), they found some strange properties displayed by these materials. Some of them were magnetic, displayed strange optical properties and had even stranger electrical properties. These are now studied as Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics, Nanomagnetics and the like.

The definition : Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.

Not as straightforward as one would expect :     Phenomena at the nanometer scale are likely to be a completely new world. Properties of matter at nanoscale may not be as predictable as those observed at larger scales. Important changes in behavior are caused not only by continuous modification of characteristics with diminishing size, but also by the emergence of totally new phenomena such as quantum confinement, a typical example of which is that the color of light emitting from semiconductor nanoparticles depends on their sizes. Designed and controlled fabrication and integration of nanomaterials and nanodevices is likely to be revolutionary for science and technology.

Earlier posts on Nanotech:

Why HDDs need new Nanotech: https://plus.google.com/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/KXosgG28DFm

Split Ring Resonators: https://plus.google.com/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/fZpLJ9iguku

What are quantum dots? : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/KCkSbeUJfMp

What are Plasmons?: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/MCxkMzautA7

What is a Ferrofluid?: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/VGo4iq3U9Lc

Soap bubble physics: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/fboc69HMNZi

Pic courtesy: Rice University, Introduction to Nanotechnology. Comparison of items if you were 10 nm in height.

Sources and references:

http://www.nanoscience.gatech.edu/zlwang/research/nano.html

http://www.nature.com/nnano/index.html

http://www.nano.gov/nanotech-101/what/definition

http://www.nanowerk.com/

#science #scienceeveryday #nanoscale  ___

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2014-11-17 19:11:40 (8 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

What's the difference?

Are you an INTJ? You probably "are most comfortable working alone and tend to be less sociable than other types. Nevertheless, INTJs are prepared to lead if no one else seems up to the task, or if they see a major weakness in the current leadership. They tend to be pragmatic, logical, and creative."

versus

Are you an Aries? You're probably “the leaders of the pack, first in line to get things going. Whether or not everything gets done is another question altogether, for an Aries prefers to initiate rather than to complete.”

So what’s the difference, really?

TL;DR : Not much.
The long answer : Not much. :-)

Or, to be more precise, and a touch verbose – the comparison works better with, say, a Buzzfeed quiz.
As a brief background - The Myers–BriggsType Indi... more »

What's the difference?

Are you an INTJ? You probably "are most comfortable working alone and tend to be less sociable than other types. Nevertheless, INTJs are prepared to lead if no one else seems up to the task, or if they see a major weakness in the current leadership. They tend to be pragmatic, logical, and creative."

versus

Are you an Aries? You're probably “the leaders of the pack, first in line to get things going. Whether or not everything gets done is another question altogether, for an Aries prefers to initiate rather than to complete.”

So what’s the difference, really?

TL;DR : Not much.
The long answer : Not much. :-)

Or, to be more precise, and a touch verbose – the comparison works better with, say, a Buzzfeed quiz.
As a brief background - The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. These preferences were extrapolated by Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung. Jung theorized that there are four principal psychological functions by which we experience the world: sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking. One of these four functions is dominant most of the time – Wiki

MBTI is a particular darling of the corporate world. According to a recent Forbes article, “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessments are extremely popular, as well as profitable for both the publisher and the many certified consultants who use them. In fact, they are so popular as to be nearly ubiquitous in corporations and large organizations, including 89 of Fortune 100 companies.” But how well does it work? Does it work at all? And is it used in a way that would be least detrimental?

I found myself in agreement with most of the points made in a  Skeptoid article – the genesis and intrinsic values of the MBTI and pop tools like zodiac signs or Buzzfeed quizzes  are not dissimilar. The article is quite interesting, and in my view, fairly balanced. As a training consultant, I’ve seen the value that tools like MBTI (and other psychometric assessments) can provide – they make great introspection and perception start-points; and often provide a framework to discuss group dynamics and to help evolve solutions. I have also seen the farcical side of using them – the lazy, unscientific short-cuts they provide for the indolent or incompetent, and the rather sad way in which they replace critical and original thinking.

The tool has its fair share of critics – unbiased and otherwise. As an agnostic about the value and context of anecdotal or experiential systems, I can see its worth;  but I find myself getting annoyed at the somewhat cultish adherence to its “findings”, or applications, or indeed the lack of healthy skepticism amongst practitioners and more importantly, buyers.

I also find amusing the way proponents of these tools react when you point out the (many) similarities to the zodiac-sign classifications; or Cosmo quizzes. Or point to the Forer Effect ( also called the Barnum effect after P. T. Barnum's observation that ‘we've got something for everyone’ is the observation that individuals will give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically for them, but are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people – Wiki) Is it only because they come dressed in a patina of “science”? Or are they just a fad, waiting to be replaced by the next one? Or, as is always the case…… follow the money? According to a Forbes article – “2 million people a year (are) using an assessment tool that generates approximately $20 million in fees for its publishers”. Food for thought, for sure, I would've said.

The CPP website, btw, (the company that is the provider / publisher of the MBTI instrument) has this to say : It’s very common—especially on the Internet—to hear the MBTI® assessment referred to as the Myers-Briggs® personality test, the MBTI test, or simply the “personality test.” However, here at CPP, Inc., we never refer to the MBTI assessment that way. Personality tests may exist, but the MBTI assessment is not one of them. Here’s why…

So far, so logical. And then they go on to add –
By definition, a test is “a series of questions, problems, or physical responses designed to determine knowledge, intelligence, or ability,” implying that there are “right” and “wrong” answers. It’s true that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® assessment contains a series of questions, but that’s where the similarities to a personality test end. Unlike personality tests, the MBTI assessment doesn’t determine knowledge, intelligence, or ability. Instead, it measures four pairs of opposing preferences, which are inborn and value-neutral, to form a person’s four-letter type. No type is better or worse than any other—they are just different.

That explains quite a bit ;-)
I think this would be a good time to add that I am emphatically not certified in MBTI assessments. 

So, hello, Ms. Gemini, Mr. ISTJ, Ms. Flower-Child.....

In case you’re interested – there are plenty of good, skeptical articles. Here are some that I liked :

The skeptoid article - http://skeptoid.com/episodes/4221

http://www.forbes.com/sites/toddessig/2014/09/29/the-mysterious-popularity-of-the-meaningless-myers-briggs-mbti/

http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-echochambers-28315137

 http://skepdic.com/myersb.html

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/give-and-take/201309/goodbye-mbti-the-fad-won-t-die

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myers-Briggs_Type_Indicator

The CPP website - http://www.cppblogcentral.com/mbti-talk/this-is-not-a-test-personality-or-otherwise/

Image modified from Wikipedia___

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2014-11-16 17:54:34 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Waterworld : With rising sea levels, it seems that the movie Waterworld was prophetic. Of course, the movie was bad for a number of reasons, but if one were to study the last sea nomads, some surprising adaptations can be seen. A pointer to our future generations maybe.... don't try this at home. There are downsides to the adaptations including burst eardrums which you don't wish to test.

The Bajau people : The Bajau Laut, or Bajo, are marine nomads thought to come from the Philippines, who for centuries have lived out their lives almost entirely at sea. In dugout canoes they ply the ocean between Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, fishing with nets and lines. As sea nomads, they do not consider themselves tied to any country.

Freedivers : The sea gypsies of Malaysia and Indonesia, are renowned natural freedivers. Traditionally, they are born, live... more »

Waterworld : With rising sea levels, it seems that the movie Waterworld was prophetic. Of course, the movie was bad for a number of reasons, but if one were to study the last sea nomads, some surprising adaptations can be seen. A pointer to our future generations maybe.... don't try this at home. There are downsides to the adaptations including burst eardrums which you don't wish to test.

The Bajau people : The Bajau Laut, or Bajo, are marine nomads thought to come from the Philippines, who for centuries have lived out their lives almost entirely at sea. In dugout canoes they ply the ocean between Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, fishing with nets and lines. As sea nomads, they do not consider themselves tied to any country.

Freedivers : The sea gypsies of Malaysia and Indonesia, are renowned natural freedivers. Traditionally, they are born, live and die at sea, and fish by diving 20m (more than 65ft) underwater for minutes at a time on one breath. At this depth, water pressure is almost three times what it is on the surface, squeezing lungs already deprived of oxygen. "Not enough research has been done to know if it wears off when you're not diving," says Farrell. "But I know people who do a lot of deep training - as Sulbin does - whose blood is like that of people living at high altitude."

Underwater eyesight : The Bajau, in common with other coastal dwelling people, have unusually strong underwater vision. Their eye muscles have adapted to constrict the pupils more, and to change the lens shape to increase light refraction. This makes their underwater eyesight twice as strong.

Amphibious Human : The Bajau fisherman Sulbin in the video shows us how biology and culture are inseparable because what he does ends up shaping his body, but only because he grew up around people who knew how to manage becoming human in this distinctive amphibious way and because his adaptations play upon how his nervous system works, including some intriguing quirks.

BBC Article Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-12151830

NewScientist Link: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2011/07/free-diving-indian-ocean-nomad.html

Plos One Source: http://blogs.plos.org/neuroanthropology/2011/02/03/human-amphibious-model-living-in-and-on-the-water/

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajau_people

#science  ___

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SciFi Author: Lacerant PlainerTwitterFacebookCircloscope