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SciFi Author: Lacerant Plainer has been at 5 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+387,734Please join us for Developmental Science HOA, a new collaborative Hangout On Air series which is co-hosted by +Science on Google+ and +Developmental Psychology. In the first Developmental Science HOA we will be talking with Dr. +Gedeon Deák. +Gedeon Deák is a Professor of Cognitive Science and Human Development at +University of California, San Diego and is the director of the +Cognitive Development Laboratory at UC-San Diego. +Gedeon Deák studies the dynamics of infant social interactions and social learning, using experimental behavioral paradigms, ethnographic investigations, physiological studies, and computer simulations. He and his collaborators conducted the first study of real-time interactions between parents and toddlers with high-density EEG and motion capture of both participants. He also studies how children learn and use words, and how they flexibly shift their attention, representations, and inferences.Important LinksCurriculum Vitae: http://goo.gl/qLtUaCLab Website: http://goo.gl/AQ78h6ResearchGate: http://goo.gl/Mj8deHRelevant PapersWatch the hands: infants can learn to follow gaze by seeing adults manipulate objects: http://goo.gl/bSMzKyYoung children’s fast mapping and generalization of words, facts, and pictograms :http://goo.gl/nhykZFA Unified Account of Gaze Following: http://goo.Developmental Science HOA: Episode 12014-08-05 18:00:0097G+
STEM Women on G+98,220Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Dr.  +Yonatan Zunger on how men can help with the issues of gender inequality in STEM fields. Yonatan is the Chief Architect of Google+ and also has a PhD in Physics with a strong engineering background. He is a passionate advocate of gender equality in STEM, and will talk to us about what we can do to encourage women in STEM.This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe   and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos  , and you can tune in on Sunday March 2nd at 12.30 PM Pacific/ 8.30PM GMT. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel(http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.Follow us on Twitter @stemwomen and on www.stemwomen.netSTEM Women: How Men Can Help with Dr Yonatan Zunger2014-03-02 21:30:0097G+
Andrij “Andrew” Harasewych217,125It's been a pretty disappointing year for some of us, celestial sights wise. There have been the usual meteor showers (it was cloudy for me every time), the transit of Venus (also cloudy) and several eclipses (none were visible from my area).Luckily, we still have the Geminids left. They're generally considered to be one of the best and most reliable meteor showers of the year, so hopefully we'll get a good show.They will appear to radiate from the constellation of Gemini, and you could spot up to 120 meteors per hour. The moon will be new meaning that visibility should be very good.Although Dec 13th-14th is the peak, meteors will be visible for several days before and after that so don't forget to look up this week.As usual, if you get any good photographs/videos please send them our way!Geminid Meteor Shower2012-12-14 00:00:00167G+
Andrij “Andrew” Harasewych217,125http://www.redbullstratos.com/The countdown has begun for Felix Baumgartner's epic jump from the edge of space. Supported by a team of experts, Felix will ascend in a helium balloon to an altitude of 120,000 ft / 36,576 m where he will take a leap of faith into the unknown in an attempt to become the first person to break the speed of sound during freefall.To follow the progress of this mission - launch date set for the week of 8th October 2012 - and to find out where and when to tune in to watch Red Bull Stratos rewrite history live please RSVP and join the Event. #science   #redbull   #stratos   #sciencesunday   #spacesunday   #skydiving  +ScienceSunday +Part-Time Scientists +Peter's Scifi page +Red BullRed Bull Stratos Mission - LIVE2012-10-14 14:00:00673G+
Trever McGhee65,550Please accept my apologies if your one of the few that got hit by a bug in their system!This is my first event and for some reason Google notified some people 20 times and for some their system was planning on doing that within their calendars for the next 5 years...every single day...20 times a day...how it did or why it would set peoples calendars up to be notified 20 times a day...I don't know.Hopefully they've got it corrected, if not please let me know.I know I wanted to help peoples wishes come true but not in that way,The goal of this event my Birthday is give you as many of my Birthday Wishes as you require...why because you deserve it.My wish is here is to connect you to the thoughts/ the energy of thousands of people around the world all making a Birthday Wish for themselves from the heart... to you.I like to Imagine the energy from all those making a wish and the energy coming from the ones that come true(the smiles..the laughter..the tears...the overflowing of pure joy) being connected to you to power your own wish to come true.Thanks to some theories about Quantum Physics there's no space between you or me or them...topped with the fact they tell us energy is never destroyed, it's gotta go somewhere as each new person joins in, so why not to you to empower your wish to come true sooner rather than later.Imagine being connected to thousands....millions of others all making wishes...all hoping that your wish comes true for it will help empower their wish.They've documented several cases of where positive thoughts have made a difference, so why not around someones birthday who can then share it with everyone whose connected to that person...so me for this event.It's never been done before, so why not now....be part of it. You have nothing to lose and everything to gain as we go day by day, year by year building this community of wish granters.Now think of an image that represents your wish and then take2seconds to think of that image at least once a day until it comes true.Have fun with it, there's no right or wrong way when you come from the heart.Please let us know as each wish comes true...yes each wish...there's no law that says you're only granted one wish...you deserve everyone of them when they come from the heart..when that wish fills you with the passion for life...*****UPDATE at first I was focused on getting as many people as possible for this so that everyone had more energy but now after reading your comments..hearing your passion for life...the numbers have gone completely out the window for each one of you have brought your own unique energy to the equation that's priceless....THANK YOUIn my world Birthday wishes can be made everyday of the year because it's a celebration everyday that your here to share this with.So today I Celebrate being 44 aUpdate to fix Google Bug for "It's My Birthday and my wish is for your wishes to come true!!"2012-08-17 12:00:00205G+

SciFi Author: Lacerant Plainer has been shared in 545 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Hasna Areta Zakiya914Share, Add, Follow, Visit http://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis 2014-08-15 03:39:114536311CC G+
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910584154CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya914Singgasana Hotels & Resorts pilihan akomodasi terbaik di Indonesiahttp://goo.gl/20O0rBhttp://www.akusukses.com/review-seo-kontes/singgasana-hotels-resorts-pilihan-akomodasi-terbaik-di-indonesia/ quenza-shop.com Toko online terbaik dan terbesar di Indonesiahttp://goo.gl/8FsxRphttp://www.akusukses.com/review-seo-kontes/quenza-shop-com-toko-online-terbaik-dan-terbesar-di-indonesia/#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWe2014-08-07 03:05:214537116CC G+
Lynda Chervil890Add this circle of excellent engagers, thinkers, innovators, and future tech leaders. My ++Solar Power++ Circle will provide you with the latest and greatest from the world of tech innovations, especially in the renewable energy sector. Simply add this circle and then share it!If you'd like to be added to this circle, please comment below, share and add the circle. Only those who qualify with content and expertise will be added. Thanks! #Tesla   #nikolatesla   #elonmusk   #solarenergy   #innovation   #technology   #solarpower   #hydroelectric   #science   #STEM   #research   #education   #futuretech   #futuretechnology  2014-07-31 14:24:32343023CC G+
German Vater32,383My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #circleshare  2014-07-27 16:47:5833892128CC G+
Peter Edenist31,0152014 Super Sci-FI Circle : No, the Sky is not Falling!!! Also the Gravity is not sucking you in... please +1 this post to support it or you may have to take a trip in Snowpiercer, no need to thank me. Please reshare if you think this is a worthwhile circle. If you have been notified, you are in the circle!All the people in this circle are linked to our community (see link further down). As usual, please tag and recommend anyone who you think should be in this circle. Live long and prosper!Sci-FI Community here: http://goo.gl/s1NVd  Science Fiction Pics: http://goo.gl/sOSPK5Mighty Shiny Browncoats : http://goo.gl/9osg1tDoctor Who : http://goo.gl/z3uWX3Ultimate Star Wars : http://goo.gl/Wu8bv6Ultimate Star Trek : http://goo.gl/JJPql9Science on G+ community here: http://goo.gl/46uFH #sciencefiction #sf #scifi  2014-07-24 12:58:0746211654144CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya914#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-07-18 03:39:1145210415CC G+
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491887CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya914#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-07-16 04:00:0145210314CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya145JOIN CIRCLE NOWFOLLOW CIRCLE NOWADD CIRCLE NOWSHARE CIRCLE NOWhttp://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb 2014-07-02 08:21:52452629CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya145SHARE! JOIN! ADD! FOLLOWhttp://www.akusukses.com#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis 2014-07-02 02:56:384526110CC G+
Hasna Areta Zakiya145#AMIKOM #seo #programmer #tipsandtricks #tips #blogging #sandbox #sukses #jogja #jogjakarta #indonesia #nasional #berita #news #tipsblog #tipsseo #php #IndonesiaOnly #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #programmerphp #akusukses #akusuksescom #Semangat #Inspirasi #Motivasi #Peluangusaha #BisnisRumahan #PeluangBisnis #BisnisOnline #Bisnis #JasaBuatWeb #JasaSkripsi #JasaTugasAkhir #JasaSEO #SEOMurah #BelajarWeb #Penulis #google 2014-06-30 06:15:56438808CC G+
German Vater30,120My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #active  2014-06-29 13:19:47326143153CC G+
Eli Just1,549Are you an avid reader or want to connect with avid readers? Share and add this awesome circle of BOOK LOVERS who read and support authors. Lots of great connections in here that I enjoy hearing from daily.To be added to this circle--please add it, +1 it, comment on and share it!  #reader #readers #readersrocks #readingisfun #readinglist #authors #authorsupport #avidreaders #readinglist #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #sharedcircles #sharedcircleoftheday #isupportauthors  2014-06-27 14:09:34390200CC G+
khairul efendi0 Keep this simple!1. ADD the circle2 Share the post3. Plus the post.4. Comment to be added. BAM that is all easy right!? #circleshare  #circlesharing #sharedpubliccircles #snowballcircle #hyberballcircle #publicsharedcircles      #ownsocialmedia   #socialmediamarketing   #circlesharingpages   #sharingcircles   #whatshot   #followers   #googleplustips #CircleSharing #CircleShare #CircleOfTheDay #Circle #SharedCircles #Google #Google+ #GooglePlusTips #AddCircle #ADD #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircle #Circles #Shared #Friends #Blogging #SharingCircles #CircleofFriends #Blogger #Engagers2014-06-20 07:31:49501215CC G+
Peter Edenist30,747TESLA Super Science Circle 2014 - June Edition!!!! : A quality circle curated carefully and tended since 2011. Who is in this circle?  people who are either involved in science, love science or are active on the Science on G+ community. Community link is here http://goo.gl/46uFH and the Page is +Science on G+!Have you wondered where one can meet with like-minded people who love science and like to read about the real stuff? This is the ultimate SUL on science.... add and share to keep it alive.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Want to nominate someone? Please do so in comments. If you want to recommend something let us know. People who are notified are part of the circle.#science #tesla #scienceongplus #scienceeveryday 2014-06-19 13:39:49342755692CC G+
German Vater28,537My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circle   #circles   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleshared   #sharingiscaring  2014-06-15 10:27:42309132530CC G+
Dina Tika0Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment. 2014-06-10 05:53:52479001CC G+
Mikhail Petrovsky87,371Good morning /evening to all!Этот круг объединяет людей со схожими интересами и активной жизненной позицией в Google+Буду признателен всем, кто присоединится и поделится этим кругом.This circle unites people with similar interests and an active lifestyle in Google+ I would be grateful to all those who will join and share this circle. #ForFriends #EarthMyMother #photo 2014-06-10 02:03:08492452470CC G+
Marsha Friedman3,586This circle is for +++++++Published Authors++++++. You'll find both fiction and non-fiction writers who are committed to promoting each other's work here on Google+. Please feel free to add all of these fine folks and share this circle with your friends!Just add the circle and share it with your followers!#greenliving   #environmentalism   #environment   #alternativeenergy2014-06-05 14:43:06329000CC G+
German Vater27,634My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleofthemonth   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circleshared  2014-06-01 09:32:35293101926CC G+
All Music Italia0#cantanti   #cantantiitaliani   #singers   #italiansingers  #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #influencers #influencer #influence #influencermarketing #sharedcircle #sundaycircle #circleshare #Wednesday #wednesdaycircle #wednesdaycircles #circlewednesday2014-05-25 10:34:28492315CC G+
John Nuntiatio37,043#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss 2014-05-23 10:06:26444476CC G+
Organo Gold Review1,066I highly suggest adding each and every person in this #GoogleCircle as they will be sure to interact with you. Circle sharing pages This circle contains pages that engage through pluses, comments or shares. If you receive a notification means you are inside.#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       #publiccircle       #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle     #dontconfusethecircles  2014-05-20 02:06:08460113CC G+
John Wood5,820My Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :)#bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles  2014-05-19 13:23:02485151122CC G+
German Vater26,539My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circles   #circle   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #publiccircleshare   #sharedcircles  2014-05-18 16:06:04277123641CC G+
Farid Shaikh171No strings attached circle!If you want to be in the #circle  then let us know if you want to be in the circle! That's it! If you got notified, then you are in this one!2014-05-18 02:16:335017310CC G+
Farid Shaikh65Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be  #Shared   :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              115This is a super  #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -  #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles      #circleshare      #circlesharing      #sharedcircles                #addcircles    #addpeople      #addcircle    #addfriends      2014-05-17 06:20:0550110811CC G+
John Wood5,688Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circleBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday 2014-05-16 10:20:51427321956CC G+
Carlos Esteban45,152ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#82014-05-12 13:43:52499150113187CC G+
dwi putri wati130please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-11 00:35:31501000CC G+
Wedding Dress Central4,086If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Add +1 to the post 4 - Leave a comment if you've done the 3 steps above.#circle   #circleshare  #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare #circle #circleshare 2014-05-05 12:30:30273325CC G+
John Nuntiatio35,743#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small  2014-05-05 07:35:032399511CC G+
German Vater24,948My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circlesharing   #bigcircle   #thebigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #addcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #topcircleshare   #circle   #circles  2014-05-04 13:45:46273223845CC G+
David Baj574Very Good CircleVIC (very important circle) #vic    #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles  If you want enlarge your circle, you must reshared this circle. And so, do you want enlarge your circle? And now, what are you waiting to reshare?The most important engager is reshared, because only with it we could enlarge the our circle.If you want to be part of the next  Special Circle1 - include me in your circles3 - shared the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post5 - Comment  #findcircles    #circlemeup    #influencermarketing    #influencers     #socialmediamarketing     #socialnetworking     #toppeople   #entrepreneur   #happy  2014-04-30 23:43:15244201CC G+
BigBangBiceps742>> REMEMBER TO ADD ME TO YOUR CIRCLES  <<1.  Add this circle to yours 2.  +1 this post 3.  Share this circle to "Public"4.  Leave a comment.#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria   #leonardo   #deroplus   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial  #trust #circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle   #circlesharing   #followers   #social   #socialnetworking   #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #googleplus  #communities   #topsocialcircle   #influencers   #influencer   #socialnetworking   #betrustable   #trustinme   #popularitycircle   #trustablesharedcircle   #cerchiacondivisa   #circuloscompartidos   #smiletolife   #circlesharing   2014-04-24 12:52:3049911615CC G+
Shashi S6,305SOME GREAT PHILOSOPHER'S AT GOOGLE PLUS____________________________________________________This is some of the most interesting Philosopher's I found at Google Plus, selected over the years, following them will be one of the best thing you will do to make your timeline, interesting, informative and worthwhile. Join in and enjoy...If you are interested to join in, please leave a comment, and share Those of you who are notified are already in the circle...With this team, you will be able to find fresh content and original thoughts as well as increase your own visibility in the Google Plus. And the first step towards engaging is to join and share this circle... That way you will have some connect with the group here.To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - share the circle 3 - add +1 to the post4 - Start something new and share within the world of google plusThe more you add and share, the more visibility you will have and more and more people will share your own circles and content...PLEASE DON'T FORGET TO INCLUDE YOUR SELF BEFORE YOU HIT THE SHARE BUTTON.__Shashiॐ नमः शिवायOm Namah Shivaya#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #Friday #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle   #empireavenue   #socialmedia     #influencers   #influencer   #influence   2014-04-21 08:26:26310114CC G+
German Vater23,652My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #topcircleshare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circles   #circle   #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #addcircle  2014-04-20 13:40:35255213652CC G+
Domus Vitae Inc.816A circle of some great creative minds!1. RESHARE2. PLUS +13. ADD CIRCLE4. COMMENT  #sharedcircle   #smallbusiness   #businessowners   #CEO   #President   #circlesharing                       #circleshare                       #circles             #circleoftheday               #sharedpubliccircles                   #sharedcircles                       #share               #sharedcircleoftheday                     #sharewithyou                   #circlefriday               #circlethursday                       #followfriday                     #follow                       #followme               #followers                     #followback                 #circle             #googleplus                 #communities             #hangouts               #events         #googleplus             #google             #snowball           #vip         #coolpeople                   #circleshare                   #sharedcircles                 #ffcircle        2014-04-17 05:00:54241017CC G+
German Vater23,052My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publicsharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circles   #circle   #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #thebigcircle    #addcircle  2014-04-13 06:42:40204355958CC G+
Henderson Vapor88Uh oh, circle shares from your favorite #Vapor  shop in #Vegas !Remember, sharing is caring! #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circlesharing   #circleshareoftheday  2014-04-10 23:44:31500101226CC G+
German Vater22,653My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #publiccircleshare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #circleoftheday   #circle   #circles   #googlepluscircles   #thebigcircle   #bigcircle   #bigcircleshare   #snowballbusinesscircle   #addcircle  2014-04-07 04:51:21209223239CC G+
Lư Thăng14,522Chia sẻ vòng mới cho các bạn add thêm nhiều bạn <32014-04-01 04:23:55494221232CC G+
German Vater21,710My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circleshared   #circlesharing   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #circle   #circles   #googleplustips   #snowballbusinesscircle   #addcircle   #snowballeffect  2014-03-30 04:59:34182173044CC G+
German Vater20,949My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles  2014-03-23 11:39:12147314055CC G+
Matthew J Price8,236It's been some time since I shared my favorite circle: Accelerated Thinkers.  These 91 people are the ones I trust with bringing me the good news every day, and leading the conversation about the future of humanity.  Thank you so much!2014-03-22 04:25:4591103CC G+
John Wood1,635Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!All those  *#sharing  publicly THIS circle* will also be included in my other major circle sharing update B series.Thank you to all those who participated.#plusyourfollowers  #specialthankscircle   #india   #london   #male   #female   #photography   #wedding   #women   #travel   #realestate   #africa   #safari  #sharedcircle       #sharedcircles       #sharingcircle       #sharingcircles       #circle       #circles       #topengagers     #circleshare       #circlesharing       #growyourgoogleplus    2014-03-18 07:24:02308426CC G+
German Vater20,213My Big Circle ShareTo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :) #circleshare   #circle   #circles   #circlesharing   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle  2014-03-16 15:16:47115214043CC G+
Carlos Esteban39,158ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great Sunday! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#72014-03-16 14:11:22498604762CC G+
John Nuntiatio29,572#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-12 20:46:04328025CC G+

Activity

Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

13
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5
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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 86

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2014-08-10 10:01:59 (86 comments, 0 reshares, 39 +1s)

I don't like some posts .... but I never thought one could ask for posts to be taken down. Hmmmm.

Most reshares: 27

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2014-06-26 05:47:00 (4 comments, 27 reshares, 108 +1s)

Love me love my microbiome : Some researchers are now considering the microbiome as a separate organ.  What is the microbiome really? The human microbiome is the is the sum total of microorganisms, that resides in the skin, saliva, GI tract, in fact all over and inside the body. They include bacteria, fungi, and archaea. Some of these organisms perform tasks that are useful for us. However, the majority have been too poorly researched for us to understand the role they play.

How does it all work? : We used to think our relationship with bacteria was simple; there were good ones that kept our digestive tracts healthy and there were bad ones that made us sick. We now know that many bacteria can play both roles, living happily in us or on us as part of a healthy microbiome, but capable of turning nasty under certain conditions. Now there are claims that a truly villainous bacterium... more »

Most plusones: 108

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2014-06-26 05:47:00 (4 comments, 27 reshares, 108 +1s)

Love me love my microbiome : Some researchers are now considering the microbiome as a separate organ.  What is the microbiome really? The human microbiome is the is the sum total of microorganisms, that resides in the skin, saliva, GI tract, in fact all over and inside the body. They include bacteria, fungi, and archaea. Some of these organisms perform tasks that are useful for us. However, the majority have been too poorly researched for us to understand the role they play.

How does it all work? : We used to think our relationship with bacteria was simple; there were good ones that kept our digestive tracts healthy and there were bad ones that made us sick. We now know that many bacteria can play both roles, living happily in us or on us as part of a healthy microbiome, but capable of turning nasty under certain conditions. Now there are claims that a truly villainous bacterium... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2014-08-17 16:24:03 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

Google and Sharks - what do they have in common? : A lot apparently.... if one is to go by the story on Popsci.

From the article : Google actually goes so far as to wrap its wires in a Kevlar-like material to prevent damage from sharks, a company spokesperson recently disclosed. Sharks seem to like fiber-optic cables more than old-fashioned coaxial copper wires, although it's unclear why.

So next time your internet is down, a Shark may be snacking on a cable ;)

Article link: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/google-protects-it-undersea-fiber-optic-cables-sharks?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=5&con=google-protects-its-undersea-fiber-optic-cables-from-sharks

More here: http://www.networkworld.com/article/2464035/cloud-computing/google-wraps-its-trans-pacific-fiber-cables-in-kevlar-to-prevent-against-shark.html

Wired link:... more »

Google and Sharks - what do they have in common? : A lot apparently.... if one is to go by the story on Popsci.

From the article : Google actually goes so far as to wrap its wires in a Kevlar-like material to prevent damage from sharks, a company spokesperson recently disclosed. Sharks seem to like fiber-optic cables more than old-fashioned coaxial copper wires, although it's unclear why.

So next time your internet is down, a Shark may be snacking on a cable ;)

Article link: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/google-protects-it-undersea-fiber-optic-cables-sharks?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=5&con=google-protects-its-undersea-fiber-optic-cables-from-sharks

More here: http://www.networkworld.com/article/2464035/cloud-computing/google-wraps-its-trans-pacific-fiber-cables-in-kevlar-to-prevent-against-shark.html

Wired link: http://www.wired.com/2014/08/shark_cable/

More about sharks: https://plus.google.com/u/0/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Y7qcTLXEzmS___

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2014-08-16 10:21:27 (38 comments, 0 reshares, 20 +1s)

This may be a thing .... Last time I thought it was a newbie, so I let it slide. Second PM asking me to remove my post since they don't like it. Here is the earlier post https://plus.google.com/103586346709495625226/posts/CjPb3yfEuz8

I've also decided to 'out' the person for sending this kind of request.

Btw, I've replied to both the posters, they haven't replied. Tagging +Google+ Help and +Jaana Nyström .... are you aware of this new type of trolling?

#troll

This may be a thing .... Last time I thought it was a newbie, so I let it slide. Second PM asking me to remove my post since they don't like it. Here is the earlier post https://plus.google.com/103586346709495625226/posts/CjPb3yfEuz8

I've also decided to 'out' the person for sending this kind of request.

Btw, I've replied to both the posters, they haven't replied. Tagging +Google+ Help and +Jaana Nyström .... are you aware of this new type of trolling?

#troll___

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2014-08-16 05:36:47 (15 comments, 7 reshares, 47 +1s)

I know how that feels .... The 5 Point Cafe is a bit of an edgy place, but the Burgers are just amazing :)

I know how that feels .... The 5 Point Cafe is a bit of an edgy place, but the Burgers are just amazing :)___

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2014-08-15 19:33:34 (10 comments, 18 reshares, 87 +1s)

In context, Adama was awesome.

Adama understood.

#ferguson   #policebrutality   #militarization  ___In context, Adama was awesome.

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2014-08-15 11:24:16 (44 comments, 12 reshares, 69 +1s)

Patents - is it time for a revamp? : Scientists and researchers have depended on patents from a long time ago. Science has progressed with the ability to protect an idea. But things have changed rapidly. Most recently +Elon Musk has famously gone open source. Is it time for us to work in an environment which fosters innovation? Are patent trolls and companies like Apple killing the whole concept? You decide. Maybe it is time to go back to defensive publishing, I'm not a lawyer, but its a real problem. I do understand that scientific institutions still depend on patents, and it has it's place.

Some of the issues are serious and will stop us from developing new drugs, increasing the cost of goods, get more people into legal tangles and stifle innovators and inventors. Read on....

What is a patent? : A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state... more »

Patents - is it time for a revamp? : Scientists and researchers have depended on patents from a long time ago. Science has progressed with the ability to protect an idea. But things have changed rapidly. Most recently +Elon Musk has famously gone open source. Is it time for us to work in an environment which fosters innovation? Are patent trolls and companies like Apple killing the whole concept? You decide. Maybe it is time to go back to defensive publishing, I'm not a lawyer, but its a real problem. I do understand that scientific institutions still depend on patents, and it has it's place.

Some of the issues are serious and will stop us from developing new drugs, increasing the cost of goods, get more people into legal tangles and stifle innovators and inventors. Read on....

What is a patent? : A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a period of for an invention.

The Issue : Major companies are spending more on patent lawyers than research and development. Apple currently looks like the worst abuser among companies that actually make things.

Lawyers win : It is a machine created and run by lawyers, for lawyers, and which has absolutely no incentive to reform itself.

Unused patent-squatting : Of today’s 2.1 million active patents, 95 percent fail to be licensed or commercialized.  These unlicensed patents include over 50,000 high-quality patented inventions developed by universities.

Bloating the cost of research : More than $5 trillion has been spent in the U.S. alone on research and development over the past 20 years, much of which went to create the very patents that remain unlicensed.

Ignoring technologies : Rather than leveraging America’s patent database for useful ideas that could be licensed and turned to profit, U.S. businesses and their R&D teams are actually incentivized to avert their eyes to potentially helpful innovations.  Prior knowledge of a patent could result in increased penalties if companies are later deemed to be infringing that patent. So they ignore a goldmine of technologies.

Cost of frivolous lawsuits : In 2003, Apple patented the glass staircase that appears in some of their stores. In 2012, Apple successfully sued Samsung for creating a screen that can distinguish between 1 or 2 fingers touching it. They also sued Samsung for copying the iPhone shapes among other things.


Sources

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/nov/30/america-dysfunctional-patent-system-innovation

http://www.forbes.com/sites/danielfisher/2014/06/18/13633/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patent#Alternatives_to_applying_for_a_patent

http://www.ipaustralia.gov.au/get-the-right-ip/patents/

http://www.uspto.gov/inventors/patents.jsp

http://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2014/06/12/tesla-goes-open-source-elon-musk-releases-patents-to-good-faith-use/

http://gigaom.com/2014/06/14/what-elon-musk-did-and-did-not-do-when-he-opened-teslas-patents/

http://www.wired.com/2013/07/patent-law-broken-abused-to-stifle-innovation/

http://www.nextgov.com/emerging-tech/2014/01/broken-immigration-system-and-patent-trolls-are-stifling-tech-innovation/76259/

ETA: Earlier post was to extended circles- sorry for the errata, reposting!

Pic courtesy: http://goo.gl/7DSzkH

#patents #scienceeveryday  ___

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2014-08-13 20:27:32 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

Going to Australia? check out this video....

An Aussie street-performer : Quite brillo.
http://aplus.com/a/pipe-guy-techno
Stolen from that other place
h/t +Priyadarshi Verma ___Going to Australia? check out this video....

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2014-08-10 10:01:59 (86 comments, 0 reshares, 39 +1s)

I don't like some posts .... but I never thought one could ask for posts to be taken down. Hmmmm.

I don't like some posts .... but I never thought one could ask for posts to be taken down. Hmmmm.___

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2014-08-07 15:58:20 (2 comments, 8 reshares, 26 +1s)

I remember this hilarious share by +matthew rappaport from some time back. I can't stop laughing at it.

How your MOM saw THE MATRIX

The Matrix Retold by Mom___I remember this hilarious share by +matthew rappaport from some time back. I can't stop laughing at it.

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2014-08-05 10:41:30 (18 comments, 0 reshares, 34 +1s)

The Shkadov Thruster : Moving the solar system : The Shkadov thruster is a theoretical mirror larger than the Sun. The role? To potentially move the Sun to another place if required. It has been portrayed in some Science Fiction novels including Bowl of Heaven and its sequel Shipstar by Gregory Benford and Larry Niven. Some of the cosmic megastructures are just amazing in the sheer audacity in the thinking behind them!

Article Extract: Russian physicist Leonid Shkadov presented the megastructure concept in a 1987 paper at the 38th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation. In about a billion years our aging sun will become hot enough to boil off Earth's oceans. But we needn't let our world bake to death. By devising a megastructure called a Shkadov Thruster, we could cruise our solar system—sun, planets, and all—close enough to a younger star for it togra... more »

The Shkadov Thruster : Moving the solar system : The Shkadov thruster is a theoretical mirror larger than the Sun. The role? To potentially move the Sun to another place if required. It has been portrayed in some Science Fiction novels including Bowl of Heaven and its sequel Shipstar by Gregory Benford and Larry Niven. Some of the cosmic megastructures are just amazing in the sheer audacity in the thinking behind them!

Article Extract: Russian physicist Leonid Shkadov presented the megastructure concept in a 1987 paper at the 38th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation. In about a billion years our aging sun will become hot enough to boil off Earth's oceans. But we needn't let our world bake to death. By devising a megastructure called a Shkadov Thruster, we could cruise our solar system—sun, planets, and all—close enough to a younger star for it to gravitationally capture Earth. By enabling us to swap our sun for another, the Shkadov Thruster could give the planet's biota a brand new lease on life.

The Shkadov Thruster setup is simple (in theory): It's just a colossal, arc-shaped mirror, with the concave side facing the sun. Builders would place the mirror at an arbitrary distance where gravitational attraction from the sun is balanced out by the outward pressure of its radiation. The mirror thus becomes a stable, static satellite in equilibrium between gravity's tug and sunlight's push. Solar radiation reflects off the mirror's inner, curved surface back toward the sun, effectively pushing our star with its own sunlight—the reflected energy produces a tiny net thrust. Voilà, a Shkadov Thruster, and humanity is ready to hit the galactic trail.

'Minor Problems' : If humanity were ever crazy or desperate enough to build a Shkadov, the first order of business would be deciding where to place the megastructure. Much of the space-facing side of the thruster would probably need to be lined with cooling fins. These fins would radiate away excess solar heat in order to keep the mirror from deforming or melting, depending upon its material.

The thruster, of course, could not be positioned in Earth's orbital path. A logical spot for it would be above or below the plane of Earth's orbit, with the reflective mirror beaming energy mostly perpendicularly. For a thruster with a mirror angle of 30 degrees, the usual presumed curvature, Earth would still catch some extra rays.

The other problem is simply acquiring enough material to build the behemoth structure. Badescu estimated that 1/10,000 of Earth's mass would be required—probably about a sextillion pounds. Shkadov's figure is a bit higher, more like septillion pounds. Either way, it's hefty.

Space travelling a whole new way : Lining up our speeding solar system with the target star so that Earth seamlessly transfers into a nice, circular orbit around its new host would surely make for some hairy course correcting en route. Exquisite timing would be needed so that Earth, in its regular orbit, is situated on the side of our sun as near as possible to the other star for gravitational capture during the stars' close pass. Shkadov's original paper, however, suggested it could be done.

Article link: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/space/deep/the-shkadov-thruster-or-how-to-move-an-entire-solar-system-17000392

Abstract of original paper: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987brig.iafcR....S

Paper related to the story : http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.1672

Additional article: http://www.astronomytoday.com/exploration/solartravel.html

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_engine

Related : http://news.discovery.com/space/alien-life-exoplanets/planet-searches-might-stumble-across-an-alien-stellar-engine-130625.htm

Pic top right: http://www.orionsarm.com/eg-article/49f85ad889279 (Accelerating Stars Gravitationally using unpowered Stationary Satellites), Pic bottom right : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_engine (Diagram of a Class C Stellar Engine—to scale—built around a sun like star. It consists of a partial Dyson swarm composed of 5 Dyson Rings of solar collectors (the Class B component), and a large statite Shkadov thruster (the Class A component). Pic left: http://www.kurzweilai.net/what-our-civilization-needs-is-a-billion-year-plan - Artist’s concept of a Kardashev Type 2 civilization (credit: Chris Cold)

#shkadovthruster #cosmicstructures #sciencefiction  ___

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2014-08-02 06:19:21 (5 comments, 8 reshares, 50 +1s)

How to store energy using steel, air and water : One of the big challenges of our times is to have an energy storage system which stores energy in the Megawatt range. Plus chemical batteries have a relatively short life for industrial size storage. Now +University of Minnesota researchers have come up with a novel situation. And they have licensed SustainX to commercially develop the product.

Earlier approaches : People have known for hundreds of years that it's possible to store energy using simple methods—pumping water up a hill and then allowing the force of gravity to turn cogs on its way down later to recoup energy, for example, or on a bigger scale, pumping air into a cavern then using its force at a later time to drive a turbine, is another. Until recently, however, such methods of energy storage have not been able to compete with batteries—at least on a large scale.Tha... more »

How to store energy using steel, air and water : One of the big challenges of our times is to have an energy storage system which stores energy in the Megawatt range. Plus chemical batteries have a relatively short life for industrial size storage. Now +University of Minnesota researchers have come up with a novel situation. And they have licensed SustainX to commercially develop the product.

Earlier approaches : People have known for hundreds of years that it's possible to store energy using simple methods—pumping water up a hill and then allowing the force of gravity to turn cogs on its way down later to recoup energy, for example, or on a bigger scale, pumping air into a cavern then using its force at a later time to drive a turbine, is another. Until recently, however, such methods of energy storage have not been able to compete with batteries—at least on a large scale. That might be about to change, however, as the new ICAES system in New Hampshire demonstrates.

High Stakes : The stakes are high. If a company such as SustainX can deliver a system that can cheaply store energy for even a few hours at a time, it would turn wind and solar into dependable power providers, more like fossil fuel plants. Fluctuations in wind and solar output could be smoothed out and excess power from nighttime winds, for instance, could be dispatched later when demand is higher.

How it works : Researchers have looked into using compressed air as a battery before, what's new this time is the proprietary design created by the team at SustainX—its more efficient and is done at a much larger scale (it's capable of producing 1.6 MW of power when releasing the compressed air) than ever before. Also, they have developed a technique of spraying water into air filled cylinder chambers which allows for capture of heat generated by the compression process. SustainX says its ICAES systems are better than other methods of energy storage because they can be sited virtually anywhere (no need for a cavern), because they are flexible (easily scaled), because of the low installation and ongoing costs, and because installations will last for 20 years. It's also far cleaner than batteries or other systems that store compressed air.

The key is to contain the temperatures : Water’s properties make it a highly suitable heatexchange liquid: it is nontoxic and low-cost, has extraordinarily high heat capacity (joules of heat needed to heat or cool a kilogram by one kelvin), and is almost incompressible, i.e., can coexist with a gas that is undergoing pressure changes without itself changing in volume. SustainX has therefore opted for aqueous foam-based heat exchange in its isothermal compressed-air system (ICAES) technology.

+Phys.org link: http://phys.org/news/2013-09-sustainx-mw-isotherm-compressed-air.html

+Smithsonian Magazine source: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/big-bet-how-store-energy-cheaply-180951829/

SustainX website: http://www.sustainx.com/

Additional link: http://www.nanalyze.com/2014/07/sustainx-delivers-compressed-air-energy-storage-system/

University of Minnesota link: http://discover.umn.edu/news/environment/university-minnesota-invention-helps-advance-reliability-alternative-energy

Additional source: SustainX working paper on the technology.

Pics courtesy: Smithsonianmag, foam rheology group (foaming of aq solutions) and Wikipedia (animation of an axial compressor).

#batteries #engineering  ___

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2014-08-02 06:18:13 (0 comments, 15 reshares, 67 +1s)

Black Holes: I had the distinct feeling of being trolled : But I read this article some time back, about how black holes may not have an event horizon. While it is a radical proposal, Stephen Hawking suggests that there may be an 'apparent horizon' which does release matter and energy, albeit in an garbled form. While others have reported this earlier, I wanted to digest some of the implications before I posted, so this is not news. Just interesting to know :)

Article Extract : “There is no escape from a black hole in classical theory,” Hawking told Nature. Quantum theory, however, “enables energy and information to escape from a black hole”. A full explanation of the process, the physicist admits, would require a theory that successfully merges gravity with the other fundamental forces of nature. But that is a goal that has eluded physicists for nearly a century. “Thecorrect t... more »

Black Holes: I had the distinct feeling of being trolled : But I read this article some time back, about how black holes may not have an event horizon. While it is a radical proposal, Stephen Hawking suggests that there may be an 'apparent horizon' which does release matter and energy, albeit in an garbled form. While others have reported this earlier, I wanted to digest some of the implications before I posted, so this is not news. Just interesting to know :)

Article Extract : “There is no escape from a black hole in classical theory,” Hawking told Nature. Quantum theory, however, “enables energy and information to escape from a black hole”. A full explanation of the process, the physicist admits, would require a theory that successfully merges gravity with the other fundamental forces of nature. But that is a goal that has eluded physicists for nearly a century. “The correct treatment,” Hawking says, “remains a mystery.”

The issue : Hawking's new work is an attempt to solve what is known as the black-hole firewall paradox, which has been vexing physicists for almost two years. In a thought experiment, researchers asked what would happen to an astronaut falling into a black hole. Physicists had long assumed, the astronaut would happily pass through the event horizon, unaware of his or her impending doom, before gradually being pulled inwards — stretched out along the way, like spaghetti — and eventually crushed at the 'singularity'. Polchinski’s team came to the startling realization that the laws of quantum mechanics, change the situation completely. Quantum theory dictates that the event horizon must actually be transformed into a highly energetic region, or 'firewall', that would burn the astronaut to a crisp. This was alarming because, although the firewall obeyed quantum rules, it flouted Einstein’s general theory of relativity. According to that theory, someone in free fall should perceive the laws of physics as being identical everywhere in the Universe — whether they are falling into a black hole or floating in empty intergalactic space. As far as Einstein is concerned, the event horizon should be an unremarkable place.

'Apparent Horizon' : Now Hawking proposes a third, tantalizingly simple, option. Quantum mechanics and general relativity remain intact, but black holes simply do not have an event horizon to catch fire. The key to his claim is that quantum effects around the black hole cause space-time to fluctuate too wildly for a sharp boundary surface to exist.

+Brian Koberlein an expert on the matter discusses the paper: http://briankoberlein.com/2014/02/03/edge/

Article link: http://www.nature.com/news/stephen-hawking-there-are-no-black-holes-1.14583

ArXiv paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.5761 (PDF is full-access for download)

+Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole

Pics courtesy: _On left: jila.colorado.edu (Journey into a Schwarzschild black hole) on right: http://goo.gl/RnT0CY. Pics for illustration purposes only.

#blackhole #astrophysics  ___

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2014-07-31 07:13:34 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)

A good friend +Swami Nathan has been involved in a new startup called 'Frilp'. I am interested to see where this goes :)

India based for now, here is the description in the Times of India : Frilp -- short for Friend's Help -- is a social platform which will help a user discover shopping venues, businesses and services through personalized recommendations from his or her friends and trusted circle. It identifies the right people in one's network who are most likely to help him or her with the recommendation he or she is looking for.

A good friend +Swami Nathan has been involved in a new startup called 'Frilp'. I am interested to see where this goes :)

India based for now, here is the description in the Times of India : Frilp -- short for Friend's Help -- is a social platform which will help a user discover shopping venues, businesses and services through personalized recommendations from his or her friends and trusted circle. It identifies the right people in one's network who are most likely to help him or her with the recommendation he or she is looking for.___

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2014-07-29 19:26:33 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 30 +1s)

How to attract a Jaguar to a camera trap : Apparently all you have to do is use Obsession for Men by Calvin Klein around the camera and wait for the magic. Jaguars are largely solitary animals and  is often described as nocturnal, but is more specifically crepuscular (peak activity around dawn and dusk). It's solitary and elusive nature makes it a hard animal to study, especially since sighting it is so difficult.

Article extract: According to Miguel Ordeñana a biologist from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles you spray a men's cologne — that's right Calvin Klein Obsession for Men on a tree branch near the centre of your camera's field of view. This odd preference was discovered by a researcher at the Bronx Zoo in New York who tried a whole bunch of different scents and found that the jaguars really, really liked Obsession.

Why? Well we'renot... more »

How to attract a Jaguar to a camera trap : Apparently all you have to do is use Obsession for Men by Calvin Klein around the camera and wait for the magic. Jaguars are largely solitary animals and  is often described as nocturnal, but is more specifically crepuscular (peak activity around dawn and dusk). It's solitary and elusive nature makes it a hard animal to study, especially since sighting it is so difficult.

Article extract: According to Miguel Ordeñana a biologist from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles you spray a men's cologne — that's right Calvin Klein Obsession for Men on a tree branch near the centre of your camera's field of view. This odd preference was discovered by a researcher at the Bronx Zoo in New York who tried a whole bunch of different scents and found that the jaguars really, really liked Obsession.

Why? Well we're not really sure. But the best guess is related to the fact that Obsession contains two chemicals: civetone and vanilla extract. Perhaps the vanilla triggers the curiosity of the jaguar — we really don't know. But we know a lot more about civetone, one of the oldest-known perfume ingredients.

It's a musky chemical collected by glands near the anus of the civet, and it's widely used as a fragrance and stabilising chemical in perfumes. The poor animal that supplies the much valued civetone is the civet, a mostly nocturnal animal from tropical Africa and Asia. It looks like a cat but it's more closely related to a mongoose. Why would a jaguar be interested in civetone? Well, jaguars like to mark out their territory, and the civetone probably smells like the territorial marker of a potential invader. So the jaguar responds by rubbing its own scent on top of the cologne Calvin Klein Obsession for Men and bingo, it unknowlingly gets photographed.

So if you are on a bushwalk through the jungles of Nicaragua you might be better off not wearing Calvin Klein Obsession for Men.

Article link: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/10/29/3877338.htm

Research paper: http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/pdf/10.7589/0090-3558-49.1.214

Additional source: http://goo.gl/lH9yt3

Related paper: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf401819s

Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar

Pics courtesy: gifsoup and www.faqt.nl

#scienceeveryday___

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2014-07-29 18:53:55 (8 comments, 3 reshares, 20 +1s)

In case you missed the Attacknids when they sneaked up on us!

Attacknids Combat Creatures : Saw this on Popsci first. These little chaps are available for $80 in the U.S. I saw something similar sometime back (See the DIY Hack).... The discs are the basic option. The Laser hack is something which I saw in a related article.

Article Extract: With just six legs, these 10-inch-tall battling robots aren't arachnids. They're Attacknids, a hands-on way for kids to build strategic thinking skills and hand-eye coordination while discovering robotics. Each Attacknid comes with Bolt 'N' Battle weapons, including a dissector disc blaster, 20 discs, and clip-on combat armor. Dueling robots fire discs at each other at a distance of up to 30 feet. Each Attacknid's Battle Brain, located on a science-fiction-worthy 360-degree rotating head, can get hit only three times before the robot deactivates, ending the game. (http://goo.gl/3NfqgK)

Laser Attacknid : In a move that wouldn’t look out of place in an Austin Powers movie, a student from Illinois has fitted a spider-shaped robot with laser beams. The remote-controlled Death Ray Laser Drone Bot is fitted with a beam so powerful it can pop balloons and make paper and card burst into flames. (http://goo.gl/mHDrwT)

Company website: http://www.combatcreatures.com/attacknids

From trustedreviews: Looking like the love child of a Starship Troopers arachnid and Kryten from Red Dwarf, the Attacknid is one of the meanest looking toys we’ve seen in a long time. It’s the type of gadget a grown man will fawn over, the sort of toy a father will buy his child just so he can play with it himself.  (trustedreviews.com/attacknids_Gadget_review )

Video link: Attacknids - 2013's Hottest Toy for Boy!

#toys #robots___In case you missed the Attacknids when they sneaked up on us!

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2014-07-29 18:50:02 (4 comments, 8 reshares, 38 +1s)

How carbon nanostructures can make better batteries : Lithium in today's batteries are in the electrolyte, not the anode. The reason for this is the issue with anode expansion when using Lithium as an anode. At the nano level, it expands leading to cracks in the structure, which in turn degrades performance.

Thanks to +Sophie Wrobel and +Dirk Reul for reminding me to do the background check on this one.

Nanospheres to protect the Li anode : To solve these problems the Stanford researchers built a protective layer of interconnected carbon domes on top of their lithium anode. This layer is what the team has called nanospheres. The nanosphere layer resembles a honeycomb: it creates a flexible, uniform and non-reactive film that protects the unstable lithium from the drawbacks that have made it such a challenge. The carbon nanosphere wall is just 20 nanometers thick. The... more »

How carbon nanostructures can make better batteries : Lithium in today's batteries are in the electrolyte, not the anode. The reason for this is the issue with anode expansion when using Lithium as an anode. At the nano level, it expands leading to cracks in the structure, which in turn degrades performance.

Thanks to +Sophie Wrobel and +Dirk Reul for reminding me to do the background check on this one.

Nanospheres to protect the Li anode : To solve these problems the Stanford researchers built a protective layer of interconnected carbon domes on top of their lithium anode. This layer is what the team has called nanospheres. The nanosphere layer resembles a honeycomb: it creates a flexible, uniform and non-reactive film that protects the unstable lithium from the drawbacks that have made it such a challenge. The carbon nanosphere wall is just 20 nanometers thick. The nanosphere layer is made of amorphous carbon, which is chemically stable, yet strong and flexible so as to move freely up and down with the lithium as it expands and contracts during the battery’s normal charge-discharge cycle.

Protection against expansion leads to efficiency : In technical terms, the nanospheres improve the coulombic efficiency of the battery—a ratio of the amount of lithium that can be extracted from the anode when the battery is in use compared to the amount put in during charging. A single round of this give-and-take process is called a cycle. Generally, to be commercially viable, a battery must have a coulombic efficiency of 99.9 percent or more, ideally over as many cycles as possible. Previous anodes of unprotected lithium metal achieved approximately 96 percent efficiency, which dropped to less than 50 percent in just 100 cycles—not nearly good enough. The Stanford team’s new lithium metal anode achieves 99 percent efficiency even at 150 cycles.

Inspiration from pomegranates : The story of this breakthrough spanned 8 years at the Stanford labs. Over the past eight years, Cui’s team has tackled the breakage problem by using silicon nanowires or nanoparticles that are too small to break into even smaller bits and encasing the nanoparticles in carbon “yolk shells” that give them room to swell and shrink during charging. The study builds on that work. Graduate student Nian Liu and postdoctoral researcher Zhenda Lu used a microemulsion technique common in the oil, paint and cosmetic industries to gather silicon yolk shells into clusters, and coated each cluster with a second, thicker layer of carbon. These carbon rinds hold the pomegranate clusters together and provide a sturdy highway for electrical currents.

+ScienceBlog.com source: http://goo.gl/0dqqnW

+SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and +Stanford University source: http://goo.gl/NimIi1

+ExtremeTech link : http://goo.gl/U7208E

Nature Nanotech paper: http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2014.152.html

Related dive into why Lithium ion batteries are preferred: http://goo.gl/ul7CJT

+Smithsonian Magazine parallel research article: http://goo.gl/SgXOR1

Related 3D Printed batteries : http://goo.gl/2sZk2i

Pic detail : A novel battery electrode features silicon nanoparticles clustered like pomegranate seeds in a tough carbon rind. (Illustration by Greg Stewart/SLAC) (for illustration purposes only)

#battery #technology #lithium  ___

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2014-07-29 14:53:12 (0 comments, 8 reshares, 13 +1s)

Printing Lithium Ion batteries the size of a grain of sand: This has huge implications, especially in medical electronics. The video is pretty cool too!

Article Extract: To make the microbatteries, a team based at Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign printed precisely interlaced stacks of tiny battery electrodes, each less than the width of a human hair.

“Not only did we demonstrate for the first time that we can 3D-print a battery; we demonstrated it in the most rigorous way,” said Jennifer A. Lewis, senior author of the study, who is also the Hansjörg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), and a Core Faculty Member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University. Lewis led the project in her prior position at the University ofIlli... more »

Printing Lithium Ion batteries the size of a grain of sand: This has huge implications, especially in medical electronics. The video is pretty cool too!

Article Extract: To make the microbatteries, a team based at Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign printed precisely interlaced stacks of tiny battery electrodes, each less than the width of a human hair.

“Not only did we demonstrate for the first time that we can 3D-print a battery; we demonstrated it in the most rigorous way,” said Jennifer A. Lewis, senior author of the study, who is also the Hansjörg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), and a Core Faculty Member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University. Lewis led the project in her prior position at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, in collaboration with co-author Shen Dillon, an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering there.

Source article: http://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2013/06/printing-tiny-batteries/

Results published online in the journal Advanced Materials. (link embedded in the article)

#3dprinting  ___

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2014-07-27 11:18:27 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)

Snakes on a plane? Not really, but lizards in space! : Found this being reported, and decided to try my hand at manipulating images..!

A Russian satellite with five lizards on board is currently floating in space, beyond the control of the researchers who launched it. The Photon-M4 is a research satellite that launched from the Baikinur Cosmodrome on 19 July with the intention of studying the effects of microgravity on plants, insects and gecko mating activities. Mission control lost the ability to control the satellite after it made its first few orbits around Earth. Thankfully, the team from Russia's Institute of Biomedical Problems is still receiving scientific data from the on-board experiments. "We receive the telemetry data from the spacecraft and analyse it. The current tasks have so far been fulfilled," said the Institute's spokesman Oleg Voloshin to RIA... more »

Snakes on a plane? Not really, but lizards in space! : Found this being reported, and decided to try my hand at manipulating images..!

A Russian satellite with five lizards on board is currently floating in space, beyond the control of the researchers who launched it. The Photon-M4 is a research satellite that launched from the Baikinur Cosmodrome on 19 July with the intention of studying the effects of microgravity on plants, insects and gecko mating activities. Mission control lost the ability to control the satellite after it made its first few orbits around Earth. Thankfully, the team from Russia's Institute of Biomedical Problems is still receiving scientific data from the on-board experiments. "We receive the telemetry data from the spacecraft and analyse it. The current tasks have so far been fulfilled," said the Institute's spokesman Oleg Voloshin to RIA Novosti.

Despite the lack of control over the spacecraft, the geckos will soon start to reproduce -- one of the main mission objectives for the Photon-M satellite -- according to a spokesperson of the Institute.

Article link: http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2014-07/25/space-lizards

Pic layering of the ISS image from Wikipedia and a lizard from the Wired article above.

#lizardsinspace  ___

2014-07-24 13:06:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)

If you don't have this circle, you really should....

2014 Super Sci-FI Circle : No, the Sky is not Falling!!! Also the Gravity is not sucking you in... please +1 this post to support it or you may have to take a trip in Snowpiercer, no need to thank me. Please reshare if you think this is a worthwhile circle. If you have been notified, you are in the circle!

All the people in this circle are linked to our community (see link further down). As usual, please tag and recommend anyone who you think should be in this circle. Live long and prosper!

Sci-FI Community here: http://goo.gl/s1NVd  
Science Fiction Pics: http://goo.gl/sOSPK5
Mighty Shiny Browncoats : http://goo.gl/9osg1t
Doctor Who : http://goo.gl/z3uWX3
Ultimate Star Wars : http://goo.gl/Wu8bv6
Ultimate Star Trek : http://goo.gl/JJPql9
Science on G+ community here: http://goo.gl/46uFH

#sciencefiction #sf #scifi  ___If you don't have this circle, you really should....

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2014-07-23 09:27:25 (3 comments, 16 reshares, 41 +1s)

How to attract a Jaguar to a camera trap : Apparently all you have to do is use Obsession for Men by Calvin Klein around the camera and wait for the magic. Jaguars are largely solitary animals and  is often described as nocturnal, but is more specifically crepuscular (peak activity around dawn and dusk). It's solitary and elusive nature makes it a hard animal to study, especially since sighting it is so difficult.

Article extract: According to Miguel Ordeñana a biologist from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles you spray a men's cologne — that's right Calvin Klein Obsession for Men on a tree branch near the centre of your camera's field of view. This odd preference was discovered by a researcher at the Bronx Zoo in New York who tried a whole bunch of different scents and found that the jaguars really, really liked Obsession.

Why? Well we'renot... more »

How to attract a Jaguar to a camera trap : Apparently all you have to do is use Obsession for Men by Calvin Klein around the camera and wait for the magic. Jaguars are largely solitary animals and  is often described as nocturnal, but is more specifically crepuscular (peak activity around dawn and dusk). It's solitary and elusive nature makes it a hard animal to study, especially since sighting it is so difficult.

Article extract: According to Miguel Ordeñana a biologist from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles you spray a men's cologne — that's right Calvin Klein Obsession for Men on a tree branch near the centre of your camera's field of view. This odd preference was discovered by a researcher at the Bronx Zoo in New York who tried a whole bunch of different scents and found that the jaguars really, really liked Obsession.

Why? Well we're not really sure. But the best guess is related to the fact that Obsession contains two chemicals: civetone and vanilla extract. Perhaps the vanilla triggers the curiosity of the jaguar — we really don't know. But we know a lot more about civetone, one of the oldest-known perfume ingredients.

It's a musky chemical collected by glands near the anus of the civet, and it's widely used as a fragrance and stabilising chemical in perfumes. The poor animal that supplies the much valued civetone is the civet, a mostly nocturnal animal from tropical Africa and Asia. It looks like a cat but it's more closely related to a mongoose. Why would a jaguar be interested in civetone? Well, jaguars like to mark out their territory, and the civetone probably smells like the territorial marker of a potential invader. So the jaguar responds by rubbing its own scent on top of the cologne Calvin Klein Obsession for Men and bingo, it unknowlingly gets photographed.

So if you are on a bushwalk through the jungles of Nicaragua you might be better off not wearing Calvin Klein Obsession for Men.

Article link: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/10/29/3877338.htm

Research paper: http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/pdf/10.7589/0090-3558-49.1.214

Additional source: http://goo.gl/lH9yt3

Related paper: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf401819s

Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar

Pics courtesy: gifsoup and www.faqt.nl

#scienceeveryday___

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2014-07-21 16:02:52 (3 comments, 9 reshares, 47 +1s)

Nanoprobes as explorers and more : Getting to asteroids is an expensive business, especially the cost per weight in sending anything out of earth's orbit is around $1 million for every kilogram. Space agencies and researchers are always looking for cheaper, more efficient ways to explore asteroids. One such proposal caught my eye. Especially since it involves the Nano world.

Visiting Asteroids With Fleets of Nanoprobes : The proposal, known as the Swarm Flyby Gravimetry, was recently awarded a Phase I grant in the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The goal of the swarm is to create a cheap, fast way to study asteroids by using dozens of microprobes that would scatter around an object in space. A larger probe would gather all the measurements of their movements around the asteroid and combine them into a more complete picture. (Nanoprobes need to be small and... more »

Nanoprobes as explorers and more : Getting to asteroids is an expensive business, especially the cost per weight in sending anything out of earth's orbit is around $1 million for every kilogram. Space agencies and researchers are always looking for cheaper, more efficient ways to explore asteroids. One such proposal caught my eye. Especially since it involves the Nano world.

Visiting Asteroids With Fleets of Nanoprobes : The proposal, known as the Swarm Flyby Gravimetry, was recently awarded a Phase I grant in the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The goal of the swarm is to create a cheap, fast way to study asteroids by using dozens of microprobes that would scatter around an object in space. A larger probe would gather all the measurements of their movements around the asteroid and combine them into a more complete picture. (Nanoprobes need to be small and cheap, since losing a few in the process of taking the measurements is par for the course.)

The probes could simply reflect light, which would help infer gravity by their position and the way they scatter around the asteroid. Another version might use simple probes armed with LEDs, which would use a similar concept, but light up rather than use reflective light, and use different LED colors to track movements of particular swarm members. (From +Popular Mechanics : http://goo.gl/g1O9uG )

Using NanoFET Propulsion : The Nano-particle field extraction thruster or NanoFET is an experimental high-speed spacecraft engine under development by the University of Michigan. It provides thrust by emitting charged particles. These particles are cylindrical carbon nanotubes which can either be contained in tanks or manufactured in-flight. By varying the size of these particles, the nanoFET can vary its fuel efficiency (specific impulse), and consequently the amount of thrust output, while maintaining high power efficiency. This adjustability gives the nanoFET the performance characteristics of all the electric thrusters in one. Like other electric propulsion systems, the nanoFET is not intended for operation inside earth's atmosphere but for operations in orbit and deep space. (From Wikipedia : http://goo.gl/x0aYgJ )

While the pic shows a concept for ground vehicles, manufacture of nanomachines is the true challenge. We are still some time away from being able to do this.

+NASA concept page : http://goo.gl/DKqWEA

Paper on NanoFETs : https://www.sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/154290

Additional link on NanoFETs: http://goo.gl/FiLQpy

Related: DNA Origami : http://www.livescience.com/28090-scientists-make-dna-origami.html

Main pic and link to nanobots : http://www.livescience.com/44704-nanobots-injected-into-cockroaches.html

Pic detail : Researchers have created nanobots — on the order of nanometers, or one-billionth of a meter — that have the ability to follow specific instructions, making them programmable. (Shown here, a conceptual image of nanotechnology.)

#scienceeveryday #nanobots #nanoprobes  ___

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2014-07-21 16:00:09 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 23 +1s)

DARPA funds development of space plane for cheaper, faster satellite launches : The cost of putting up satellites in space is huge - not only from a viewpoint of the money involved, but also the effort and fuel expended. Spaceplaces and air-to-space launches are one way to go. This effort from DARPA has been some time in coming, especially since the X-37B has already completed multiple missions. Maybe we can look at dynamic soaring / laser propulsion next?

Article extract: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is looking for a way to reduce the cost and scheduling constraints that affect satellite launches. This week, DARPA announced the kickoff of the Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) program, an unmanned reusable hypersonic vehicle that would carry a disposable second stage into suborbital space, launch it, and glide back to Earth—and be ready to be relaunched the next day. Theg... more »

DARPA funds development of space plane for cheaper, faster satellite launches : The cost of putting up satellites in space is huge - not only from a viewpoint of the money involved, but also the effort and fuel expended. Spaceplaces and air-to-space launches are one way to go. This effort from DARPA has been some time in coming, especially since the X-37B has already completed multiple missions. Maybe we can look at dynamic soaring / laser propulsion next?

Article extract: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is looking for a way to reduce the cost and scheduling constraints that affect satellite launches. This week, DARPA announced the kickoff of the Experimental Spaceplane (XS-1) program, an unmanned reusable hypersonic vehicle that would carry a disposable second stage into suborbital space, launch it, and glide back to Earth—and be ready to be relaunched the next day. The goal of the program is to dramatically shrink the cost of putting 3,000- to 5,000-pound satellites into orbit, down to under $5 million per launch. That’s pocket change compared to current space launches, which can cost from 10 to nearly 100 times that amount.

The Department of Defense has already been testing a smaller experimental reusable spacecraft, the Boeing X-37B space "drone," which is in effect a robotic space shuttle. The X-37 rides to orbit on a traditional rocket first stage, however.

Article link: http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/07/darpa-funds-development-of-space-plane-for-cheaper-faster-satellite-launches/

DARPA Link: http://www.darpa.mil/NewsEvents/Releases/2014/07/15.aspx

Gizmag link: http://www.gizmag.com/darpa-xs-1-spaceplane-phase-design-contracts/32965/

Earlier post (Air to space launches) : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/Aw2i1GLMULE

Earlier post (Gliding to space using thermals and dynamic soaring) : https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/aDfShbX7TD3

Earlier post: Spaceship two: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/bQ2SeT9QEY8

Boeing link to the X-37B: http://www.boeing.com/boeing/defense-space/ic/sis/x37b_otv/x37b_otv.page

Video link and gif source: XS-1 Concept Video

#space #spaceplane  ___

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2014-07-21 15:59:46 (4 comments, 5 reshares, 26 +1s)

Here be dragons

Dinosaurs and Dragons : This is not a new discovery, but the similarity to mythical dragons is striking. And no, humans and dinosaurs did not walk the Earth at the same time. Though dinosaur fossils may well have been unearthed or found by some of our ancestors. Just found this very interesting, and it had the geek in me giggling ;)

Article extract: "Dragons Unearthed," features a 66-million-year-old,  dinosaur called Dracorex Hogwartsia. There’s no denying that Dracorex’s long muzzle and spiky horns conjure up visions of a magical beast, but the museum needed an expert to confirm that it wasn’t a coincidence that Dracorex looked more like a dragon than a dinosaur. Dracorex is named Dracorex hogwartsia in honor of children’s author J.K. Rowling. “The shape of the dinosaur’s skull, with its long muzzle, bizarre knobs and horns, surprised the scientists,” she said. “But the skull looks strangely familiar to anyone who has studied dragons! Dracorex has a remarkable resemblance to the dragons of ancient China and medieval Europe.”

Dracorex may be a juvenile : Dracorex may actually be an individual of the closely related Stygimoloch and/or Pachycephalosaurus in which the dome and horns are not well-developed, either because the animal was a juvenile or a female. This consideration was supported at the 2007 annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.

The find : The Dracorex Hogwartsia is known from one nearly complete skull and other fragments. It was discovered in the Hell Creek Formation in South Dakota by three inexperienced paleontologists and donated to the Children's Museum of Indianapolis in 2004 for study.

Article Link: http://shc.stanford.edu/news/research/dinosaurs-and-dragons-oh-my%E2%80%A8

+Smithsonian Magazine source: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/bone-headed-dinosaurs-reshaped-their-skulls-56078928/

+Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracorex

Related paper: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0036227

Additional source: http://www.scienceviews.com/dinosaurs/dracorex.html

Who would win Dragons or Dinosaurs? : http://io9.com/5942988/who-would-win-in-a-fight-dragons-or-dinosaurs

Pics courtesy: http://goo.gl/Hnj0dM and Wikipedia.

#science #geek  ___Here be dragons

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2014-07-20 11:19:27 (16 comments, 0 reshares, 33 +1s)

Donut time : These are much lighter than expected. And they are fresh and the box smells like a bakery ;)

Donut time : These are much lighter than expected. And they are fresh and the box smells like a bakery ;)___

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2014-07-18 20:01:54 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)

Lending to a small business for a leg up? No better idea. 

Calling All Geeks: Can I borrow five bucks? =)
TLDR: http://bit.ly/btckiva .

First off I want to apologize if this comes across as being spammy. I don't generally post things here that are self promotional but in this case I hope you'll all forgive me!

As some of you know, I quit my full time gig over a year ago to start my own business; a worker-owned tech support cooperative based in Somerville, MA called +Boston TechCollective. It's been a hell of a ride and I love not only what I do but my co-owners are some of the best people I've ever worked with!

We've grown considerably in a little over a year and at this point we could really use two people manning the shop and two people doing on-site/remote support. There are only three of us though! As you might imagine, it's stretching us very thin. We've got too much work but not enough revenue to justify hiring a part time person to lighten the load.

That's where Kiva comes in. It's a social lending site that allows people and organizations to get loans of up to $5000. Anyone who wants to support a project will eventually get their money back once the loan is repaid.

For us this relatively small amount of money will mean we can hire a part timer for our shop. That will mean that my co-owner +Yochai Gal will be freed up to do more on-site work (my primary job) which will generate more revenue. In the shop it would mean that +Matt Gabrenya would get some breathing room as well. Eventually we hope to make this part timer a member of our coop which would obviously be good for them as well!

In short it would give us the small boost we need to really get ourselves established!

So What Do You Want From Me?

All I ask is that if you can lend us even five bucks it would be wonderful. I know that times are tough so even if you can't lend, a reshare would be fantastic too!

Here is the link: http://bit.ly/btckiva

Thanks in advance to all of you. From the amazing crew that participates in my #gqotd  to the writers and assorted folks who follow my #gsotd  posts to the friends I've made via Hangouts I feel grateful to you all regardless!___Lending to a small business for a leg up? No better idea. 

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2014-07-18 13:16:26 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

Just in case you like to read some stuff I wrote :)

NovoPulp Bonus Content Spotlight: 'Science Fiction and Science' by +Lacerant Plainer

We give away free bonus content to anyone who joins the NovoPulp mailing list (http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf ).

Lacerant recently donated the short essay 'Science Fiction and Science' sometime after we released the first wave of bonus content. Here is an extract:

"So much of science fiction has now moved to the realm of reality. We already have a real light saber, a real tricorder (well almost), holographic images, and replicators through 3D printing. 

"These are exciting times; as technology marches forward, so many of the science fiction tropes are coming to pass. If it's possible, someone is making it. For the first time makers and scientists are working in tandem to create what looked like an impossibility not too many years ago... What is next for science fiction?"

If you would like to read more it is as easy as joining our mailing list: http://eepurl.com/C_-Qf 

Once you confirm your email address all the bonus content will be emailed to you. Enjoy! :D

http://www.NovoPulp.com

  #freeread  ___Just in case you like to read some stuff I wrote :)

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2014-07-17 06:03:46 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

In case any of you are in Sunnyvale, this may be a good way to spend the evening. Our very own +L.S. Cody will be performing!

T-Minus One Week for the Second Coming of the Apocalypse

I know some of you may not be able to attend. I imagine I will have plenty of time in between now and then to find either a camera, or someone who wants to help take video of this event.

I may have a camera available to use by then. Stay tuned, folks! (Still awaiting confirmation, I'll keep you all informed.)

And I had this crazy dream where I made it to my show, but missed my performance! That's just silly.

And so far, I have a group of friends from work who will be showing up for heckling support. It's going to be exciting!

Again, I am going to be at Rooster T. Feathers, located at:

157 El Camino Real
Sunnyvale, CA 94087

Oh, my, what have we gotten ourselves into this time (again)?

#comedy   #humor   #standup  ___In case any of you are in Sunnyvale, this may be a good way to spend the evening. Our very own +L.S. Cody will be performing!

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2014-07-12 10:09:14 (17 comments, 1 reshares, 15 +1s)

If you are looking for a good book with lots of humor : Do take a look at this one from Tom Holt....

Very reminiscent of Douglas Adams.

Book Cover - Tom Holt, via edlin.org.

If you are looking for a good book with lots of humor : Do take a look at this one from Tom Holt....

Very reminiscent of Douglas Adams.

Book Cover - Tom Holt, via edlin.org.___

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2014-07-11 20:33:59 (4 comments, 5 reshares, 37 +1s)

Cube lightsail: Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy : In a recent blogpost, +The Planetary Society announced that they would be launching a light sail (or solar sail) in Cubesat form via the +SpaceX Falcon Heavy. Why is this news? This would be the first time a Cubesat would demonstrate controlled solar sailing capability.

In a live webcast, The Planetary Society CEO Bill Nye announced that its long-awaited LightSail solar sail mission will launch to Earth orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy, currently scheduled for an April 2016 liftoff. LightSail-1 and its parent satellite, Prox-1, will be on the same launch vehicle as the U.S. Air Force’s Space Test Program 2 (STP-2) mission. If successful, it will be the first CubeSat to demonstrate controlled solar sailing.

LightSail will go to an orbit about 720 km above Earth, stored inside the Prox-1, which was developed by theG... more »

Cube lightsail: Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy : In a recent blogpost, +The Planetary Society announced that they would be launching a light sail (or solar sail) in Cubesat form via the +SpaceX Falcon Heavy. Why is this news? This would be the first time a Cubesat would demonstrate controlled solar sailing capability.

In a live webcast, The Planetary Society CEO Bill Nye announced that its long-awaited LightSail solar sail mission will launch to Earth orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy, currently scheduled for an April 2016 liftoff. LightSail-1 and its parent satellite, Prox-1, will be on the same launch vehicle as the U.S. Air Force’s Space Test Program 2 (STP-2) mission. If successful, it will be the first CubeSat to demonstrate controlled solar sailing.

LightSail will go to an orbit about 720 km above Earth, stored inside the Prox-1, which was developed by the Georgia Institute of Technology to demonstrate new technologies enabling two spacecraft to work in close proximity. After ejecting LightSail, the largely student-built Prox-1 will track and image LightSail, including the sail deployment.

There might be a test flight of a prototype LightSail-A on a smaller rocket, perhaps in 2015. This flight will only reach low earth orbit, where the atmosphere is too thick for a solar sail to function, but it will allow the LightSail team to check the operation of vital systems in the extreme environment of space.

Article Link: http://www.universetoday.com/113116/the-planetary-societys-solar-sail-will-hitch-a-ride-to-space-on-a-falcon-heavy/

Lightsail video and source for Gifs: LightSail-1 Mission Trailer

Earlier post on solar sails (links) and the Sunjammer project: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Tkt4voNA8UQ

To sail beyond the sunset: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/HS7ViAFVccD

Lightsail link: http://spacecraftkits.com/lightsail/ and pic courtesy.

#lightsail #cubesat #solarsail  ___

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2014-07-10 19:20:21 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)

If you visit Scotland, don't miss flowers made from code.

Flowers made from code : No seriously, this is just beautiful. Daniel Brown makes these brilliant flowers entirely from code.

Article Extract: Digital artist and interaction designer Daniel Brown continues to tweak and evolve his eye-popping series of computer-generated flowers, this time around commissioned by the Art Fund's RENEW program for exhibition at the D'Arcy Thompson Zoology Museum in Dundee, Scotland. The efflorescing clusters of code are, in effect, non-repeating mathematical models, just 1s and 0s colorfully coaxed into roses, orchids, and imaginary floral blooms.

As you can see from Brown's earlier work in the same "Flowers" series—for example, his "Flowers Construction Kit"—the textures and variably focused 3D are both markedly improving over time, and it will be quite extraordinary to see where he might be in another five years. His seeding of artificial ecosystems, to grow matter-realistic flowers in future landscapes, reveals the algorithmic beauty of plants, indeed.

Article Link: http://gizmodo.com/these-beautifully-realistic-flowers-are-actually-pure-c-1464556440

Daniel Brown's website: http://www.danielbrowns.com/

Additional link: http://www.popsci.com/gallery/flowers-made-code-and-other-amazing-images-week?image=2

BBC link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-25001635

#science #coding #flowers  ___If you visit Scotland, don't miss flowers made from code.

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2014-07-10 19:17:02 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)

Not news, but something which may be of interest.

The Luna Ring : I am fascinated by the amazing quality of thought which comes from JAXA. They brought us the Solar Sail and the asteroid-hopping spacecraft. Now this new concept is seriously revolutionary. While other countries are talking about Space-based solar power, JAXA is working overtime to see how it can be brought to reality. While the future of power is almost definitely Space based (in my view) it remains to see how we can harness this. The Science exists, it now remains for us to engineer it. Such a concept will easily be able to fulfill our power needs.

Shimizu Corporation's Luna Ring concept : Japanese construction firm Shimizu Corporation has unveiled a proposal which would see a solar panel array built around the moon’s equator, collecting solar energy to then be sent back to Earth. The project, entitled LUNA RING, could see construction begin as early as 2035. Using robots to lay down concrete made from moon soil around the entirety of the moon’s equator — 400 km wide by 11,000 km long — the power generated through the solar array would then be transferred along power cables to microwave power transmission antennas which would then beam the electricity to receiving stations located around the Pacific Rim.

NASA's SpiderFab : NASA is already working on a way to actually 3D print the majority of a solar array in space. A project called SpiderFab is planned to launch with a compact bundle of raw materials, and to use it to 3D print the scaffold for a solar power array more than half a mile across. Then, only the panels themselves would need to go up — making the launch much, much cheaper. We still have to ship the same mass into space, but since the scaffold can be shipped as a solid brick of printable material, it can go up like a cannon-ball, compact and cheap to throw.

Article Link: http://theenergycollective.com/joshshill/311636/luna-ring-turn-moon-solar-power-collector

Shimizu corporation pdf: http://www.shimz.co.jp/english/theme/dream/pdf/lunaring_e.pdf

Additional source: http://allseasonsolar.net/dont-collect-solar-power-space/

NASA SpiderFab Architecture: http://www.nasa.gov/spacetech/niac/2013phaseII_hoyt.html#.UqwajeJRbvd

Hypermodular self-assembling Space Solar Power Design: http://arxiv-web3.library.cornell.edu/pdf/1311.4242v2.pdf

Additional Link: http://news.discovery.com/space/private-spaceflight/turning-the-moon-into-a-giant-space-solar-power-hub-131203.htm

+Wikipedia Link : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space-based_solar_power

JAXA Link: http://www.jaxa.jp/article/interview/vol53/index_e.html

Pics coutresy : +JAXA PR , Shimizu Corporation, +NASA and +The Huffington Post.

#space #power #solar +ScienceSunday ___Not news, but something which may be of interest.

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2014-07-10 19:02:12 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)

Cube lightsail: Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy : In a recent blogpost, +The Planetary Society announced that they would be launching a light sail (or solar sail) in Cubesat form via the +SpaceX Falcon Heavy. Why is this news? This would be the first time a Cubesat would demonstrate controlled solar sailing capability.

In a live webcast, The Planetary Society CEO Bill Nye announced that its long-awaited LightSail solar sail mission will launch to Earth orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy, currently scheduled for an April 2016 liftoff. LightSail-1 and its parent satellite, Prox-1, will be on the same launch vehicle as the U.S. Air Force’s Space Test Program 2 (STP-2) mission. If successful, it will be the first CubeSat to demonstrate controlled solar sailing.

LightSail will go to an orbit about 720 km above Earth, stored inside the Prox-1, which was developed by theG... more »

Cube lightsail: Lightsail cubesat to be launched by Falcon Heavy : In a recent blogpost, +The Planetary Society announced that they would be launching a light sail (or solar sail) in Cubesat form via the +SpaceX Falcon Heavy. Why is this news? This would be the first time a Cubesat would demonstrate controlled solar sailing capability.

In a live webcast, The Planetary Society CEO Bill Nye announced that its long-awaited LightSail solar sail mission will launch to Earth orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy, currently scheduled for an April 2016 liftoff. LightSail-1 and its parent satellite, Prox-1, will be on the same launch vehicle as the U.S. Air Force’s Space Test Program 2 (STP-2) mission. If successful, it will be the first CubeSat to demonstrate controlled solar sailing.

LightSail will go to an orbit about 720 km above Earth, stored inside the Prox-1, which was developed by the Georgia Institute of Technology to demonstrate new technologies enabling two spacecraft to work in close proximity. After ejecting LightSail, the largely student-built Prox-1 will track and image LightSail, including the sail deployment.

There might be a test flight of a prototype LightSail-A on a smaller rocket, perhaps in 2015. This flight will only reach low earth orbit, where the atmosphere is too thick for a solar sail to function, but it will allow the LightSail team to check the operation of vital systems in the extreme environment of space.

Article Link: http://www.universetoday.com/113116/the-planetary-societys-solar-sail-will-hitch-a-ride-to-space-on-a-falcon-heavy/

Lightsail video and source for Gifs: LightSail-1 Mission Trailer

Earlier post on solar sails (links) and the Sunjammer project: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/Tkt4voNA8UQ

To sail beyond the sunset: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/HS7ViAFVccD

Lightsail link: http://spacecraftkits.com/lightsail/ and pic courtesy.

#lightsail #cubesat #solarsail  ___

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2014-07-09 16:15:59 (4 comments, 3 reshares, 41 +1s)

The speed at the pass exceeds 100 kmph.... no mean feat on a bicycle.... TDF rules.

The speed at the pass exceeds 100 kmph.... no mean feat on a bicycle.... TDF rules.___

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2014-07-09 13:40:16 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

Rosetta approaches Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko : After a long journey which began on March 2nd, 2004, The Rosetta robotic spacecraft dubbed 'The Comet chaser' has sighted its target. The comet is about 2.5 miles (four km) long and orbits the Sun every six-and-a-half years. The Spacecraft has a piggyback rider.... a lander called Philae which will detach from the Spacecraft in November and land on the Comet. It's been a long journey for Rosetta, but now it is nearly there!

Once at the comet Rosetta will follow it on its journey around the sun, performing extensive studies of the coma and the surface. And in November it will release the Philae lander, which if successful will be the first vehicle ever to land on a comet.

Rosetta will execute a pyramid-shaped orbit around the object, and it will employ the navcams to look for “landmarks” on the surface tound... more »

Rosetta approaches Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko : After a long journey which began on March 2nd, 2004, The Rosetta robotic spacecraft dubbed 'The Comet chaser' has sighted its target. The comet is about 2.5 miles (four km) long and orbits the Sun every six-and-a-half years. The Spacecraft has a piggyback rider.... a lander called Philae which will detach from the Spacecraft in November and land on the Comet. It's been a long journey for Rosetta, but now it is nearly there!

Once at the comet Rosetta will follow it on its journey around the sun, performing extensive studies of the coma and the surface. And in November it will release the Philae lander, which if successful will be the first vehicle ever to land on a comet.

Rosetta will execute a pyramid-shaped orbit around the object, and it will employ the navcams to look for “landmarks” on the surface to understand where it is in space and how it is moving. Already, the science is beginning to flow. The probe’s Miro (Microwave Instrument for Rosetta Orbiter) spectrometer has reported the first detection of water vapour at 67P.

Rosetta is at a distance of about 43,000 kilometres from comet 67P/C-G, and by the end of the weekend will be less than 36 000 km; equivalent to the altitude that geostationary satellites orbit Earth. Rosetta completed the fifth in a series of ten rendezvous manoeuvres required to ensure the spacecraft’s arrival at the comet on 6 August.

+Universe Today Source: http://www.universetoday.com/112948/rosetta-watches-comet-67p-tumbling-through-space/

Trace where Rosetta is today (interactive) : http://sci.esa.int/where_is_rosetta/

Earlier post on Rosetta: http://goo.gl/mLXSKd

Earlier post 'The Rosetta awakens soon' : http://goo.gl/X2zv7p

+European Space Agency, ESA  Blog: http://goo.gl/hQoAe0

+BBC News  link: http://goo.gl/OUxqah                                                                
Image courtesy of the comet and link: http://goo.gl/RegHmd ( Esa’s Rosetta spacecraft is now within 27,000 miles (43,000 kilometres) of its comet target. In this series of images, taken by Rosetta’s scientific imaging system Osiris in late June, the Comet 67P can be seen to be rotating, giving the first tantalizing hints of its shape. It completes one rotation in just over 12 hours. ) Main pic courtesy: Extremetech.com

#rosetta #spacecraft #comet  ___

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2014-07-04 14:57:41 (2 comments, 21 reshares, 83 +1s)

What is a ferrofluid? : We have been seeing these gifs for some time now... often called 'science gifs' and 'amazing.' But what is the science behind ferrofluids? Ferrofluids are actually ferromagnetic particles (particles which can be magnetized) by means of an external field - often forming permanent magnets. At slightly larger than 15 nanometers, these particles act as domains and individual atoms clump together to display magnetism.

But smaller than 15 nm, the particles do not retain any alignment to an externally applied field. They 'flip' once the external magnetic field is removed. A ferrofluid uses this effect of superparamagnetism and once nano-sized particles of a ferromagnetic material are suspended in a surfactant, you have a fluid which can be easily magnetized and demagnetized.

Superparamagnets: Superparamagnets have fluctuating... more »

What is a ferrofluid? : We have been seeing these gifs for some time now... often called 'science gifs' and 'amazing.' But what is the science behind ferrofluids? Ferrofluids are actually ferromagnetic particles (particles which can be magnetized) by means of an external field - often forming permanent magnets. At slightly larger than 15 nanometers, these particles act as domains and individual atoms clump together to display magnetism.

But smaller than 15 nm, the particles do not retain any alignment to an externally applied field. They 'flip' once the external magnetic field is removed. A ferrofluid uses this effect of superparamagnetism and once nano-sized particles of a ferromagnetic material are suspended in a surfactant, you have a fluid which can be easily magnetized and demagnetized.

Superparamagnets: Superparamagnets have fluctuating magnetic moments with no applied field, but with an applied external magnetic field they become magnetized easily. This effect is size dependent. What are magnetic moments? These are nothing but the spin of the electrons in a material.
                                                         
Uses: Ferrofluids are made up of tiny magnetic fragments of iron suspended in oil (often kerosene) with a surfactant to prevent clumping (usually oleic acid). There are many commercial applications for ferrofluids--speakers and hard drives being the most common. The oily fluid prevents debris from entering hard drives when a small amount is placed between the magnets and shaft. In the case of speakers ferrofluids remove heat from the voice coils and help dampen the cone movement. They are also being studied as a contrast agent in MRI scans.

Source Popsci: http://www.popsci.com/diy/article/2009-09/making-ferrofluids-work-you

Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrofluid
University of Wisconsin-Madison link: http://education.mrsec.wisc.edu/background/ferrofluid/

Research paper: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8228273

How to make your own Ferrofluid: http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-your-own-ferrofluid-in-5-minutes/

Wired link and videos: http://www.wired.com/2012/04/ferrofluid-videos/?viewall=true

Pic link: http://www.gifbay.com/gif/ferrofluid_sculpture-75030/ and http://www.gizmodo.com.au/tags/ferrofluid/

#ferrofluid #science  ___

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2014-07-04 14:55:57 (5 comments, 5 reshares, 26 +1s)

The Foldscope: A $1 microscope : While looking at optics and diffraction limits, I came upon this amazing idea. It uses origami to create a microscope with a magnification of roughly 2000x! A simple idea which will go a long way to STEM education. The idea is still under testing, but it has generated enough interest to be funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, among others.

The basic principle of using a small spherical lens held close to the eye dates back to Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723), who was the first to see single-celled organisms using such a lens held in a device of his own design. http://goo.gl/B2Hc9L

Article Extract: This amazing microscope — a bookmark-sized piece of layered cardstock with a micro-lens — only costs about 50 cents in materials to make. Prakash’s dream is that this ultra-low-cost microscope will someday be distributed widely todetec... more »

The Foldscope: A $1 microscope : While looking at optics and diffraction limits, I came upon this amazing idea. It uses origami to create a microscope with a magnification of roughly 2000x! A simple idea which will go a long way to STEM education. The idea is still under testing, but it has generated enough interest to be funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, among others.

The basic principle of using a small spherical lens held close to the eye dates back to Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723), who was the first to see single-celled organisms using such a lens held in a device of his own design. http://goo.gl/B2Hc9L

Article Extract: This amazing microscope — a bookmark-sized piece of layered cardstock with a micro-lens — only costs about 50 cents in materials to make. Prakash’s dream is that this ultra-low-cost microscope will someday be distributed widely to detect dangerous blood-borne diseases like malaria, African sleeping sickness, schistosomiasis and Chagas.

“What came out of this project is what we call use-and-throw microscopy.” The Foldscope can be assembled in minutes, includes no mechanical moving parts, packs in a flat configuration, is extremely rugged and can be incinerated after use to safely dispose of infectious biological samples. With minor design modifications, it can be used for bright-field, multi-fluorescence or projection microscopy.

Twelve Foldscope variants are available, each designed to aid the identification of a particular disease-causing organism. To enable several people to use them at once, each microscope can project images with a built-in projector. The Foldscope is designed to be assembled by the end user, and hence is colour-coded to help with the assembly. Each unit costs less than one US dollar to build, with estimates varying from 50 cents to 97 cents.

Article link +Stanford University  : http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2014/03/10/stanford-bioengineer-develops-a-50-cent-paper-microscope/

+Popular Mechanics link with video: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health/med-tech/the-$1-unbreakable-origami-microscope-16903659

Video link: Manu Prakash (Stanford): Foldscope: Origami Based Paper Microscopes

Official website : http://www.foldscope.com/faqs/

Research paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.1211

Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foldscope

Pics courtesy: Foldscope.com, Stanford.edu, gizmag.com, lichtmikroskop.net

#science #microscope #idea  ___

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2014-07-03 15:42:37 (17 comments, 4 reshares, 32 +1s)

Today I learned..... Mortgage literally has its origin in French, which means 'Death Pledge.'

Etymology: From Anglo-Norman mortgage, Middle French mortgage, from Old French mort gage (“death pledge”), after a translation of judicial Medieval Latin mortuum vadium or mortuum wadium, from mortuum + vadium or wadium, of Germanic (Frankish) origin, from a root *waddi, wadja. Compare gage and also wage.

Source: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mortgage

Pic source: www.anunews.net

Today I learned..... Mortgage literally has its origin in French, which means 'Death Pledge.'

Etymology: From Anglo-Norman mortgage, Middle French mortgage, from Old French mort gage (“death pledge”), after a translation of judicial Medieval Latin mortuum vadium or mortuum wadium, from mortuum + vadium or wadium, of Germanic (Frankish) origin, from a root *waddi, wadja. Compare gage and also wage.

Source: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mortgage

Pic source: www.anunews.net___

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2014-07-03 11:25:17 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 14 +1s)

Nanoprobes as explorers and more : Getting to asteroids is an expensive business, especially the cost per weight in sending anything out of earth's orbit is around $1 million for every kilogram. Space agencies and researchers are always looking for cheaper, more efficient ways to explore asteroids. One such proposal caught my eye. Especially since it involves the Nano world.

Visiting Asteroids With Fleets of Nanoprobes : The proposal, known as the Swarm Flyby Gravimetry, was recently awarded a Phase I grant in the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The goal of the swarm is to create a cheap, fast way to study asteroids by using dozens of microprobes that would scatter around an object in space. A larger probe would gather all the measurements of their movements around the asteroid and combine them into a more complete picture. (Nanoprobes need to be small and... more »

Nanoprobes as explorers and more : Getting to asteroids is an expensive business, especially the cost per weight in sending anything out of earth's orbit is around $1 million for every kilogram. Space agencies and researchers are always looking for cheaper, more efficient ways to explore asteroids. One such proposal caught my eye. Especially since it involves the Nano world.

Visiting Asteroids With Fleets of Nanoprobes : The proposal, known as the Swarm Flyby Gravimetry, was recently awarded a Phase I grant in the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The goal of the swarm is to create a cheap, fast way to study asteroids by using dozens of microprobes that would scatter around an object in space. A larger probe would gather all the measurements of their movements around the asteroid and combine them into a more complete picture. (Nanoprobes need to be small and cheap, since losing a few in the process of taking the measurements is par for the course.)

The probes could simply reflect light, which would help infer gravity by their position and the way they scatter around the asteroid. Another version might use simple probes armed with LEDs, which would use a similar concept, but light up rather than use reflective light, and use different LED colors to track movements of particular swarm members. (From +Popular Mechanics : http://goo.gl/g1O9uG )

Using NanoFET Propulsion : The Nano-particle field extraction thruster or NanoFET is an experimental high-speed spacecraft engine under development by the University of Michigan. It provides thrust by emitting charged particles. These particles are cylindrical carbon nanotubes which can either be contained in tanks or manufactured in-flight. By varying the size of these particles, the nanoFET can vary its fuel efficiency (specific impulse), and consequently the amount of thrust output, while maintaining high power efficiency. This adjustability gives the nanoFET the performance characteristics of all the electric thrusters in one. Like other electric propulsion systems, the nanoFET is not intended for operation inside earth's atmosphere but for operations in orbit and deep space. (From Wikipedia : http://goo.gl/x0aYgJ )

While the pic shows a concept for ground vehicles, manufacture of nanomachines is the true challenge. We are still some time away from being able to do this.

+NASA concept page : http://goo.gl/DKqWEA

Paper on NanoFETs : https://www.sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/154290

Additional link on NanoFETs: http://goo.gl/FiLQpy

Related: DNA Origami : http://www.livescience.com/28090-scientists-make-dna-origami.html

Main pic and link to nanobots : http://www.livescience.com/44704-nanobots-injected-into-cockroaches.html

Pic detail : Researchers have created nanobots — on the order of nanometers, or one-billionth of a meter — that have the ability to follow specific instructions, making them programmable. (Shown here, a conceptual image of nanotechnology.)

#scienceeveryday #nanobots #nanoprobes  ___

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2014-07-03 11:23:04 (1 comments, 18 reshares, 66 +1s)

What is a ferrofluid? : We have been seeing these gifs for some time now... often called 'science gifs' and 'amazing.' But what is the science behind ferrofluids? Ferrofluids are actually ferromagnetic particles (particles which can be magnetized) by means of an external field - often forming permanent magnets. At slightly larger than 15 nanometers, these particles act as domains and individual atoms clump together to display magnetism.

But smaller than 15 nm, the particles do not retain any alignment to an externally applied field. They 'flip' once the external magnetic field is removed. A ferrofluid uses this effect of superparamagnetism and once nano-sized particles of a ferromagnetic material are suspended in a surfactant, you have a fluid which can be easily magnetized and demagnetized.

Superparamagnets: Superparamagnets have fluctuating... more »

What is a ferrofluid? : We have been seeing these gifs for some time now... often called 'science gifs' and 'amazing.' But what is the science behind ferrofluids? Ferrofluids are actually ferromagnetic particles (particles which can be magnetized) by means of an external field - often forming permanent magnets. At slightly larger than 15 nanometers, these particles act as domains and individual atoms clump together to display magnetism.

But smaller than 15 nm, the particles do not retain any alignment to an externally applied field. They 'flip' once the external magnetic field is removed. A ferrofluid uses this effect of superparamagnetism and once nano-sized particles of a ferromagnetic material are suspended in a surfactant, you have a fluid which can be easily magnetized and demagnetized.

Superparamagnets: Superparamagnets have fluctuating magnetic moments with no applied field, but with an applied external magnetic field they become magnetized easily. This effect is size dependent. What are magnetic moments? These are nothing but the spin of the electrons in a material.
                                                         
Uses: Ferrofluids are made up of tiny magnetic fragments of iron suspended in oil (often kerosene) with a surfactant to prevent clumping (usually oleic acid). There are many commercial applications for ferrofluids--speakers and hard drives being the most common. The oily fluid prevents debris from entering hard drives when a small amount is placed between the magnets and shaft. In the case of speakers ferrofluids remove heat from the voice coils and help dampen the cone movement. They are also being studied as a contrast agent in MRI scans.

Source Popsci: http://www.popsci.com/diy/article/2009-09/making-ferrofluids-work-you

Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrofluid
University of Wisconsin-Madison link: http://education.mrsec.wisc.edu/background/ferrofluid/

Research paper: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8228273

How to make your own Ferrofluid: http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-your-own-ferrofluid-in-5-minutes/

Wired link and videos: http://www.wired.com/2012/04/ferrofluid-videos/?viewall=true

Pic link: http://www.gifbay.com/gif/ferrofluid_sculpture-75030/ and http://www.gizmodo.com.au/tags/ferrofluid/

#ferrofluid #science  ___

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2014-07-03 07:44:10 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)

If you are a struggling artist and want to make your mark : Here is one way you can get known.... (of course its not free work, so signup.. what do you have to lose?)

Have a question? Ping +NovoPulp and ask them. They are incredibly helpful.

via +Charles Strebor and +Niamh Brown ....

#artists  

One Month To Go: NovoPulp 2014 Deadline August 1st

"August 1st is the deadline for submissions to the 2014/2015 edition of NovoPulp. At that time submissions will be prepared for publication at the end of the year.  As we over ran our deadline last time I brought the deadline back a month to give us more time.

"However since we have had difficulties getting artwork this year I have decided to extend the Art Submission deadline to September 1st so that #SciFiAugust  contributors can submit their artwork if they want to. " 

Read more:
http://www.novopulp.com/content/one-month-go-novopulp-2014-deadline-august-1st

#submission   #iamwriting   #amwriting   #writingsubmission   #writing   #scifi   #sf   #speculativefiction  ___If you are a struggling artist and want to make your mark : Here is one way you can get known.... (of course its not free work, so signup.. what do you have to lose?)

Have a question? Ping +NovoPulp and ask them. They are incredibly helpful.

via +Charles Strebor and +Niamh Brown ....

#artists  

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2014-07-02 07:59:54 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 24 +1s)

The Dune Encyclopedia : Yep it exists!

And it is full of goodies.

(Gifted to me a long time back)

The Dune Encyclopedia : Yep it exists!

And it is full of goodies.

(Gifted to me a long time back)___

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2014-07-02 04:48:19 (8 comments, 5 reshares, 31 +1s)

The Dune Encyclopedia : Yep it exists!

And it is full of goodies.

(Gifted to me a long time back)

The Dune Encyclopedia : Yep it exists!

And it is full of goodies.

(Gifted to me a long time back)___

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2014-07-01 10:50:46 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

The Phoenix Towers in China!

The Phoenix Towers : In a slightly over-the-top idea, China is now looking at creating the world's tallest building. And making it green. The mish-mash of technologies is a little hard to comprehend, but as the architects and project consultants themselves say, it's intentionally made that way. I like the idea that the towers are to be fuchsia pink....

Article Extract: The paired Phoenix towers will be built on an island and combine every sort of green technology, both feasible and far-fetched. Plus, they’ll be bright pink. The Phoenix Towers will be built in China’s 10th-biggest city, Wuhan, which is located in the center of the country. The city is split between the banks of the Yangtze River and riddled with lakes. Given its proximity to moving water, it’s only natural that the towers be built with renewable energy in mind. The taller, “male” tower, named Feng, will loom one kilometer high, its sides equipped with photovoltaic panels and a wind turbine couched in its tapering spire. Its sister tower, Huang, will have walls filled with plants (“green walls”), house insect hotels, and be equipped with biomass boilers, which heat the structures by burning plant fuel. At its base, the towers will collect rainwater.

According to Laurie Chetwood, the founder of British architecture firm Chetwoods Architects that partnered with a Chinese group on the project, this over-the-top design was no accident. She told design magazine Dezeen, "In China if you come up with a slightly mad idea, its almost not mad enough...We've applied as many environmental ideas as we possibly could to justify the shape and the size of the towers.”

Article link: http://www.popsci.com/article/technology/plans-unveiled-worlds-tallest-pinkest-towers?dom=PSC&loc=recent&lnk=5&con=IMG___The Phoenix Towers in China!

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2014-06-30 20:26:19 (9 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)

What are Plasmons? : Consider a thought experiment. If we have a sheet of metal with holes in it (pic bottom right) and we shine a torch through it, we find that the amount of light which makes it through to the other side depends on the size of the holes. Smaller the holes, less is the light which makes it through. But when the size of the holes is around half the wavelength of light, almost 80% of the light makes it through. This is even though the holes are less than 30% of the metal plate. How is this possible?

Plasmons are surface waves on the metal plate itself : The incident light on the metal plate excites the electron waves on the surface of the plate. The sloshing electrons on the metal plate behave like a fluid and propagates along the metal plates and through it. (See pic top right)

So what is special about plasmons? : They are coupled excitation and also give... more »

What are Plasmons? : Consider a thought experiment. If we have a sheet of metal with holes in it (pic bottom right) and we shine a torch through it, we find that the amount of light which makes it through to the other side depends on the size of the holes. Smaller the holes, less is the light which makes it through. But when the size of the holes is around half the wavelength of light, almost 80% of the light makes it through. This is even though the holes are less than 30% of the metal plate. How is this possible?

Plasmons are surface waves on the metal plate itself : The incident light on the metal plate excites the electron waves on the surface of the plate. The sloshing electrons on the metal plate behave like a fluid and propagates along the metal plates and through it. (See pic top right)

So what is special about plasmons? : They are coupled excitation and also give rise to an oscillating electromagnetic field. This field can be huge near the surface.

Ripples : A plasmon is a collective excitation of the electronic "fluid" in a piece of conducting material, like ripples on the surface of a pond are a collective mode of the water molecules of the liquid. These electronic ripples can have a well-defined wavelength (which quantum mechanics tells us is related to their momentum). What makes them have a frequency? That is, what makes the plasmon waves wave? When the electrons are displaced, the positive charge left behind exerts an attractive force on the electrons, trying to pull them back to their original positions. This interaction is what makes the plasmons oscillate once they're excited. (See pic right middle, courtesy Wikipedia)

Other uses: Plasmons have also been proposed as a means of high-resolution lithography and microscopy due to their extremely small wavelengths. Surface plasmons are very sensitive to the properties of the materials on which they propagate. This has led to their use to measure the thickness of monolayers on colloid films, such as screening and quantifying protein binding events.

Wikipedia source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmon
Source : http://nanoscale.blogspot.in/2009/02/what-is-plasmon.html

Related Paper: http://journals.aps.org/prx/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevX.4.021003

Additional paper: http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.027402

Pics courtesy: Rice University, Wikipedia and Science 2.0 (main pic link: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/airy_beams_light_rays_moving_without_diffraction_curved_arc_free_space-81655 )

#science #plasmons  ___

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2014-06-29 16:43:53 (8 comments, 4 reshares, 15 +1s)

Signal boost via +Chad Haney....  +Mara Mascaro is quite the artist. Her art speaks for itself. And now you can buy it :)

Mara's art for sale

So. I have an appointment for a so-called ENS (Empty - Nose Syndrome) specialist somewhere in Germany at the beginning of Semptember, and it's gonna cost me 650ish euros (for medical exams) + Idontknowhowmuch for trip&hotel. Probably around 1000 euros.

I don't have that much handy at the moment (I have so many damn medical expenses...), and I was doubtful whether to  go or not. I talked with +Di Cleverly and she suggested me to make some drawings of Gplus users and sell them.
So... I thought: It's been awhile since I did some art, and it would probably do me good (it would help me not being obsessed with my nose issues all the time).
What if someone wants to buy some art from me and donate for my exams? Would anyone want to buy a chibi portrait of themselves for their profile pictures?

The formula could be something like this:

- €10 A quick Post-it mini drawing (only digital) NEW;

- €20 for a quick pen sketch (I can send you the original drawing, if you want - if you pay S&H);
- €50 for a more detailed black/white drawing (same as before);
- €85 for a pencil/marker drawing (original sent if you want...blah blah blah)

You can pay directly on my Paypal account: phiria@fastwebnet.it specifying what kind of drawing you'd like, and linking your g+ page (and pictures).
Thank you very much for everything :)

These are my art albums, if you want to take a look:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/photos/+phiria/albums/5657502313994438577
https://plus.google.com/u/0/photos/+phiria/albums/5627780694772252321___Signal boost via +Chad Haney....  +Mara Mascaro is quite the artist. Her art speaks for itself. And now you can buy it :)

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2014-06-28 15:24:20 (11 comments, 10 reshares, 66 +1s)

How Science fact is catching up with Science Fiction.... The pieces are now in place to actually be able to create nanomachines. Manufacturing is still a challenge. But it's not very far off....

Nanoprobes as explorers and more : Getting to asteroids is an expensive business, especially the cost per weight in sending anything out of earth's orbit is around $1 million for every kilogram. Space agencies and researchers are always looking for cheaper, more efficient ways to explore asteroids. One such proposal caught my eye. Especially since it involves the Nano world.

Visiting Asteroids With Fleets of Nanoprobes : The proposal, known as the Swarm Flyby Gravimetry, was recently awarded a Phase I grant in the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The goal of the swarm is to create a cheap, fast way to study asteroids by using dozens of microprobes that would scatter around an object in space. A larger probe would gather all the measurements of their movements around the asteroid and combine them into a more complete picture. (Nanoprobes need to be small and cheap, since losing a few in the process of taking the measurements is par for the course.)

The probes could simply reflect light, which would help infer gravity by their position and the way they scatter around the asteroid. Another version might use simple probes armed with LEDs, which would use a similar concept, but light up rather than use reflective light, and use different LED colors to track movements of particular swarm members. (From +Popular Mechanics : http://goo.gl/g1O9uG )

Using NanoFET Propulsion : The Nano-particle field extraction thruster or NanoFET is an experimental high-speed spacecraft engine under development by the University of Michigan. It provides thrust by emitting charged particles. These particles are cylindrical carbon nanotubes which can either be contained in tanks or manufactured in-flight. By varying the size of these particles, the nanoFET can vary its fuel efficiency (specific impulse), and consequently the amount of thrust output, while maintaining high power efficiency. This adjustability gives the nanoFET the performance characteristics of all the electric thrusters in one. Like other electric propulsion systems, the nanoFET is not intended for operation inside earth's atmosphere but for operations in orbit and deep space. (From Wikipedia : http://goo.gl/x0aYgJ )

While the pic shows a concept for ground vehicles, manufacture of nanomachines is the true challenge. We are still some time away from being able to do this.

+NASA concept page : http://goo.gl/DKqWEA

Paper on NanoFETs : https://www.sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/154290

Additional link on NanoFETs: http://goo.gl/FiLQpy

Related: DNA Origami : http://www.livescience.com/28090-scientists-make-dna-origami.html

Main pic and link to nanobots : http://www.livescience.com/44704-nanobots-injected-into-cockroaches.html

Pic detail : Researchers have created nanobots — on the order of nanometers, or one-billionth of a meter — that have the ability to follow specific instructions, making them programmable. (Shown here, a conceptual image of nanotechnology.)

#scienceeveryday #nanobots #nanoprobes  ___How Science fact is catching up with Science Fiction.... The pieces are now in place to actually be able to create nanomachines. Manufacturing is still a challenge. But it's not very far off....

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2014-06-26 05:47:00 (4 comments, 27 reshares, 108 +1s)

Love me love my microbiome : Some researchers are now considering the microbiome as a separate organ.  What is the microbiome really? The human microbiome is the is the sum total of microorganisms, that resides in the skin, saliva, GI tract, in fact all over and inside the body. They include bacteria, fungi, and archaea. Some of these organisms perform tasks that are useful for us. However, the majority have been too poorly researched for us to understand the role they play.

How does it all work? : We used to think our relationship with bacteria was simple; there were good ones that kept our digestive tracts healthy and there were bad ones that made us sick. We now know that many bacteria can play both roles, living happily in us or on us as part of a healthy microbiome, but capable of turning nasty under certain conditions. Now there are claims that a truly villainous bacterium... more »

Love me love my microbiome : Some researchers are now considering the microbiome as a separate organ.  What is the microbiome really? The human microbiome is the is the sum total of microorganisms, that resides in the skin, saliva, GI tract, in fact all over and inside the body. They include bacteria, fungi, and archaea. Some of these organisms perform tasks that are useful for us. However, the majority have been too poorly researched for us to understand the role they play.

How does it all work? : We used to think our relationship with bacteria was simple; there were good ones that kept our digestive tracts healthy and there were bad ones that made us sick. We now know that many bacteria can play both roles, living happily in us or on us as part of a healthy microbiome, but capable of turning nasty under certain conditions. Now there are claims that a truly villainous bacterium – Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB – is actually symbiotic and helped us evolve our large brains. (NewScientist source : http://goo.gl/ziuLmM and related NCBI research: http://goo.gl/iQ3SAM)

Your mobile phone carries your microbiome : James Meadow and colleagues from University of Oregon used DNA sequencing to compare bacteria living on the skin of smartphone users with those living on their phones. “We found that we each have more bacteria in common with our own phones than with anyone else’s,” Dr Meadow said. “This opens up the possibility that we might be able to use this biological connection to understand more about the microbes that are carried around on our bodies and on our personal effects.”  (Article source: http://goo.gl/KZr4Au and related paper https://peerj.com/articles/447/ )

You share your microbiomes with your pets : Well dogs at least.... A new study finds that families share skin, tongue and gut microbes with each other... and their dogs. The study shows how the people and pets you live with affect the microscopic bacteria, fungi and other creatures living all over your body. As with other family members, adults share more microbes with their own dogs than they do with other people's dogs. But the researchers also found that simply owning a dog seems to have an effect on overall microbe-sharing. Cohabiting couples shared more microbes with one another if they had a dog, compared with couples that didn't have dogs. Dog owners also had more species in common with other dog owners than they did with puppy-less people. ( Popsci source: http://goo.gl/kxjyfs )

Soil microbiomes can set plant flowering times : Scientists grew plants in soil inoculated with microbes to study the flowering time phenotype. Researchers wanted to learn more about the impact of soil, and specifically of the microbial communities in soil, on a plant's flowering time. Flowering time has been known to been affected by factors such as temperature, water availability and pathogens, and the team wondered if microbes could also affect this particular trait in a plant's phenotype. ( From Phys.org : http://goo.gl/1mV32k )

You are more bacteria than you are you : http://goo.gl/1wSXQU

Evidence points to microbes playing a role in evolution: http://goo.gl/8Vi4fK

The Microbial World: http://goo.gl/jqOoFD

Events from your past determine which microbes live on you: http://www.popsci.com/article/science/events-your-past-determine-which-microbes-live-you

Curiosity took 65 bacteria species to Mars: http://www.popsci.com/article/technology/curiosity-took-65-bacteria-species-trip-mars

What is a Mircobiome (from Wikipedia) : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_microbiome

Pic detail: ‘The Hungry Microbiome’ animates how resistant starch works in our bodies. From http://csironewsblog.com/2014/04/10/big-screen-premiere-for-lifes-micro-marvels/

#microbiome #science #microorganisms  ___

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2014-06-24 13:07:54 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 25 +1s)

Infrared Dawn : I have been following the next big story in astronomy, and that is undoubtedly the emergence of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) which is an origami-inspired infrared telescope which will be placed most probably in the Lagrange point (L2) which means after unfolding, the telescope will keep up with the Earth's revolution around the Sun. Why is it exciting? It is like a Hubble on steroids. Astronomers don't even know how much they will learn once the JWST sees first light.

Article Extract: Ball Aerospace had delivered all 18 hexagonal segments of the observatory’s honeycomb-like, 6.5-meter primary mirror, designed to look into a past 13 billion years distant. From an observation platform, you could see one of the mirrors on display in the Spacecraft Systems Development and Integration Facility, the largest clean room in the world.

Two decades aftera... more »

Infrared Dawn : I have been following the next big story in astronomy, and that is undoubtedly the emergence of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) which is an origami-inspired infrared telescope which will be placed most probably in the Lagrange point (L2) which means after unfolding, the telescope will keep up with the Earth's revolution around the Sun. Why is it exciting? It is like a Hubble on steroids. Astronomers don't even know how much they will learn once the JWST sees first light.

Article Extract: Ball Aerospace had delivered all 18 hexagonal segments of the observatory’s honeycomb-like, 6.5-meter primary mirror, designed to look into a past 13 billion years distant. From an observation platform, you could see one of the mirrors on display in the Spacecraft Systems Development and Integration Facility, the largest clean room in the world.

Two decades after astronomers first convened to discuss what sort of space-based observatory should succeed the Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble’s three-times-as-large, 100-times-as-powerful replacement, whose fabrication was overseen by primary contractor Northrop Grumman, finally seemed to be coming together. “Going from Hubble to the James Webb Space Telescope is like going from a biplane to the jet engine,” said Mikulski.

No one disputes that the Webb will be an extraordinary machine, one that will allow astronomers to look farther back in time than they’ve ever been able to see, to the earliest galaxies that formed after the Big Bang. The gold coating on its mirror segments, totalling about a golf ball’s worth and spread in a thin layer across the surface of each segment, will absorb light on the blue end of the spectrum, allowing the observatory to see a bandwidth between 0.6 to 28 microns, firmly in the infrared and stretching just slightly into the visible spectrum.

Amazing discoveries ahead : Once [we] started seeing things with Hubble that [we'd] never seen before, [we] pushed it harder and harder to do new things. The same will happen with the James Webb Space Telescope. We will discover new things that we have no way of knowing about today, no way of guessing [because] our intuition isn't able to take us there. And those will be the great discoveries that actually show up in the coming 20 years, in the coming 30 years. It is really, in many ways, the golden age of astronomy — it's the very best time ever to be an astronomer. (Michael Shara)

Main article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/infrared-dawn-next-space-telescope-will-be-hubble-x-100-180951409/?no-ist (also courtesy pic top right)

Additional Link: http://io9.com/heres-why-you-should-be-excited-about-the-james-webb-sp-1594279578

Earlier post (Amazing JWST) : https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/Zr69vhsbyWh

Additional Earlier post: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/Rui2CdtJLpq

Space telescopes takes inspiration from Origami: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/5anQtZ6UwK6

Origami based solar array: https://plus.google.com/110884604033336753419/posts/AxWEXydnSVu

Pic link middle right and source : http://www.jwst.nasa.gov/

Pic link bottom right and source: http://www.stsci.edu/jwst/overview/gallery

Video link: (Technical version) James Webb Space Telescope Deployment In Detail

Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Webb_Space_Telescope

pic link on left: http://www.planetsedu.com/planet/jupiter/

NASA link to the JWST: http://webb.nasa.gov/orbit.html

#jameswebb #space #astronomy  ___

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2014-06-22 15:06:46 (0 comments, 8 reshares, 32 +1s)

Why do soap bubbles sometimes appear colored and sometimes appear transparent? : This is an interesting question and leads down many paths. To start to answer this question, we need to understand the nature of a thin film and how light acts on it.

Glass window thought experiment : Imagine for instance you are looking through a window at night. If you shine a torch through the window, you can see a bit of light reflected back. This is because not only does the light pass through the window, it was two reflections - one from the front of the glass sheet, and another through the back of the glass sheet. If the glass sheet is made very very thin, we notice that lesser and lesser reflections are seen. Why is this? The very thin transparent surfaces often display 'destructive interference.' Out of phase wavelengths cancel out. And you get either a colored image or none at all.... more »

Why do soap bubbles sometimes appear colored and sometimes appear transparent? : This is an interesting question and leads down many paths. To start to answer this question, we need to understand the nature of a thin film and how light acts on it.

Glass window thought experiment : Imagine for instance you are looking through a window at night. If you shine a torch through the window, you can see a bit of light reflected back. This is because not only does the light pass through the window, it was two reflections - one from the front of the glass sheet, and another through the back of the glass sheet. If the glass sheet is made very very thin, we notice that lesser and lesser reflections are seen. Why is this? The very thin transparent surfaces often display 'destructive interference.' Out of phase wavelengths cancel out. And you get either a colored image or none at all. Depending on a number of factors such as refractive index, we can actually model destructive interference of light incident on surfaces.

Bubble and light : You end up with the two different rays being either in phase with each other (constructive interference), completely out of phase (destructive interference), or somewhere in between. The path length difference at a certain point on a soap bubble might cause destructive interference for blue light, but constructive interference for red light. You’ll end up seeing red at that spot.

Anti-glare glasses : The same fundamental principle is used in this everyday application. Many coatings consist of transparent thin film structures with alternating layers of contrasting refractive index. Layer thicknesses are chosen to produce destructive interference in the beams reflected from the interfaces, and constructive interference in the corresponding transmitted beams. This makes the structure's performance change with wavelength and incident angle, so that color effects often appear at oblique angles. A wavelength range must be specified when designing or ordering such coatings, but good performance can often be achieved for a relatively wide range of frequencies: usually a choice of IR, visible, or UV is offered.

Earlier post on Bubble physics: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/h355mkifmtH

Main pic and source article : http://twilit.wordpress.com/2008/03/15/bubbles-and-interference/

+Wikipedia source article and pic on right : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-reflective_coating and http://goo.gl/Hr3D9w

Additional link: http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/ati-reflective-coating

More about types of interference : http://www.phys.uconn.edu/~gibson/Notes/Section5_2/Sec5_2.htm

Pic courtesy bottom right and article : http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/15E.html

Interference phenomena source article: http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/interference/soapbubbles/

Reference : http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/302l/lectures/node155.html

#science #scienceeveryday #bubble___

2014-06-22 05:47:09 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)

+Vodafone India what's with the horrible network in Bandra Reclamation? It's like watching a flashing light the amount of times the network goes down...

#seriouslyunhappy  

+Vodafone India what's with the horrible network in Bandra Reclamation? It's like watching a flashing light the amount of times the network goes down...

#seriouslyunhappy  ___

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2014-06-19 19:47:36 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 39 +1s)

Why do soap bubbles sometimes appear colored and sometimes appear transparent? : This is an interesting question and leads down many paths. To start to answer this question, we need to understand the nature of a thin film and how light acts on it.

Glass window thought experiment : Imagine for instance you are looking through a window at night. If you shine a torch through the window, you can see a bit of light reflected back. This is because not only does the light pass through the window, it was two reflections - one from the front of the glass sheet, and another through the back of the glass sheet. If the glass sheet is made very very thin, we notice that lesser and lesser reflections are seen. Why is this? The very thin transparent surfaces often display 'destructive interference.' Out of phase wavelengths cancel out. And you get either a colored image or none at all.... more »

Why do soap bubbles sometimes appear colored and sometimes appear transparent? : This is an interesting question and leads down many paths. To start to answer this question, we need to understand the nature of a thin film and how light acts on it.

Glass window thought experiment : Imagine for instance you are looking through a window at night. If you shine a torch through the window, you can see a bit of light reflected back. This is because not only does the light pass through the window, it was two reflections - one from the front of the glass sheet, and another through the back of the glass sheet. If the glass sheet is made very very thin, we notice that lesser and lesser reflections are seen. Why is this? The very thin transparent surfaces often display 'destructive interference.' Out of phase wavelengths cancel out. And you get either a colored image or none at all. Depending on a number of factors such as refractive index, we can actually model destructive interference of light incident on surfaces.

Bubble and light : You end up with the two different rays being either in phase with each other (constructive interference), completely out of phase (destructive interference), or somewhere in between. The path length difference at a certain point on a soap bubble might cause destructive interference for blue light, but constructive interference for red light. You’ll end up seeing red at that spot.

Anti-glare glasses : The same fundamental principle is used in this everyday application. Many coatings consist of transparent thin film structures with alternating layers of contrasting refractive index. Layer thicknesses are chosen to produce destructive interference in the beams reflected from the interfaces, and constructive interference in the corresponding transmitted beams. This makes the structure's performance change with wavelength and incident angle, so that color effects often appear at oblique angles. A wavelength range must be specified when designing or ordering such coatings, but good performance can often be achieved for a relatively wide range of frequencies: usually a choice of IR, visible, or UV is offered.

Earlier post on Bubble physics: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/103586346709495625226/+LacerantPlainerWrites/posts/h355mkifmtH

Main pic and source article : http://twilit.wordpress.com/2008/03/15/bubbles-and-interference/

+Wikipedia source article and pic on right : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-reflective_coating and http://goo.gl/Hr3D9w

Additional link: http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/ati-reflective-coating

More about types of interference : http://www.phys.uconn.edu/~gibson/Notes/Section5_2/Sec5_2.htm

Pic courtesy bottom right and article : http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/15E.html

Interference phenomena source article: http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/interference/soapbubbles/

Reference : http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/302l/lectures/node155.html

#science #scienceeveryday #bubble___

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SciFi Author: Lacerant PlainerTwitterFacebook