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Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 105

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2015-07-19 11:34:41 (105 comments, 123 reshares, 440 +1s)Open 

The Great Man-Made River of Libya ... "One of the biggest civilian development project that Libya’s ex-president Muammar Gaddafi undertook during his forty-two-year rule was the Great Man-Made River. Gaddafi’s dream was to provide fresh water for everyone, and to turn the desert green, making Libya self-sufficient in food production. To make this dream a reality, Gaddafi commissioned a massive engineering project consisting of a network of underground pipes that would bring fresh water from ancient underground aquifers deep in the Sahara to the drought suffering Libyan cities. Gaddafi called it the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. The western media rarely mentioned it, and whenever it did, it was dismissed as a “vanity project” calling it "Gaddafi's Pet Project" and “the pipe dream of a mad dog”. But truth is, the Great Man-Made River Project is a fantastic waterdelivery system... more »

Most reshares: 136

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2015-07-22 13:34:23 (57 comments, 136 reshares, 498 +1s)Open 

This Machine Prints Brick Roads ... "Block paving (also known as brick paving) is an alternative to an asphalt road. It’s typically used for aesthetic purposes on roads where traffic is relatively slow. Unfortunately, the process of laying these roads is manually intensive and can by quite harsh on one’s back and knees. Dutch-company Vanku BV sought to address this issue with their Tiger Stone brick-laying machine.
The Tiger Stone is not automatic and still requires workers (2-3) to ‘feed’ the bricks, however their position is now upright and the actual laying of bricks is much more efficient, with the company claiming a team can lay about 300 square meters (3,230 sq ft) of brick road a day.

The machine can also lay various interlocking patterns simultaneously up to six meters wide (20 ft). The machine is simple to operate with virtually no mechanical/moving parts. Themachine ... more »

Most plusones: 498

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2015-07-22 13:34:23 (57 comments, 136 reshares, 498 +1s)Open 

This Machine Prints Brick Roads ... "Block paving (also known as brick paving) is an alternative to an asphalt road. It’s typically used for aesthetic purposes on roads where traffic is relatively slow. Unfortunately, the process of laying these roads is manually intensive and can by quite harsh on one’s back and knees. Dutch-company Vanku BV sought to address this issue with their Tiger Stone brick-laying machine.
The Tiger Stone is not automatic and still requires workers (2-3) to ‘feed’ the bricks, however their position is now upright and the actual laying of bricks is much more efficient, with the company claiming a team can lay about 300 square meters (3,230 sq ft) of brick road a day.

The machine can also lay various interlocking patterns simultaneously up to six meters wide (20 ft). The machine is simple to operate with virtually no mechanical/moving parts. Themachine ... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2015-07-31 17:12:20 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Killing time at a mountain overlook ... just learned to take a split photo with my S5's front and rear cameras at the same time. COOL.

Killing time at a mountain overlook ... just learned to take a split photo with my S5's front and rear cameras at the same time. COOL.___

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2015-07-31 11:56:29 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

JUICE-y Mission to Jupiter One Step Closer to Reality ... by Kasandra Brabaw -- " This month the European Space Agency (ESA) took a major step closer to an ambitious exploration of Jupiter and its icy moons.

On July 16, the agency awarded a 350.8 million euros (about $385 million) contract to Airbus Defence & Space in France, whose engineers will design, develop, integrate and test the mission's JUICE spacecraft.

The JUICE mission (the name is short for JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) was selected in May 2012 as the first mission in the ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The proposed mission will launch a solar-powered spacecraft to the Jovian system in 2022, where the probe will spend three and a half years exploring Jupiter's atmosphere, magnetosphere and set of dark rings. But the spacecraft won't focus solely on the giant planet. It will also study... more »

JUICE-y Mission to Jupiter One Step Closer to Reality ... by Kasandra Brabaw -- " This month the European Space Agency (ESA) took a major step closer to an ambitious exploration of Jupiter and its icy moons.

On July 16, the agency awarded a 350.8 million euros (about $385 million) contract to Airbus Defence & Space in France, whose engineers will design, develop, integrate and test the mission's JUICE spacecraft.

The JUICE mission (the name is short for JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) was selected in May 2012 as the first mission in the ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The proposed mission will launch a solar-powered spacecraft to the Jovian system in 2022, where the probe will spend three and a half years exploring Jupiter's atmosphere, magnetosphere and set of dark rings. But the spacecraft won't focus solely on the giant planet. It will also study three of Jupiter's planet-size, icy moons: Callisto, Europa and Ganymede

JUICE's planned eight-month exploration of Ganymede, the spacecraft's last task, will be the first time any spacecraft has orbited an icy moon. Ganymede is the only moon in the solar system to possess a magnetic field; the spacecraft will focus particularly on that field as well as the moon's crust. Scientists believe Ganymede hides a liquid ocean underneath its surface, and finding evidence of that ocean could provide clues to how planets form and the possibilities of life beyond Earth.

In order to explore Jupiter and its moons, the JUICE spacecraft will be equipped with 10 state-of-the-art instruments, including cameras, spectrometers, an ice-penetrating radar, an altimeter, radio-science experiments, and sensors to monitor the Jovian system's magnetic fields and charged particles, ESA officials said in a statement.
Scientists said they expect JUICE to begin examining Jupiter's system in 2030, after an eight-year trip through space. ..."

http://www.space.com/30107-jupiter-moons-mission-moves-forward.html___

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2015-07-31 11:55:57 (10 comments, 23 reshares, 149 +1s)Open 

JUICE-y Mission to Jupiter One Step Closer to Reality ... by Kasandra Brabaw -- " This month the European Space Agency (ESA) took a major step closer to an ambitious exploration of Jupiter and its icy moons.

On July 16, the agency awarded a 350.8 million euros (about $385 million) contract to Airbus Defence & Space in France, whose engineers will design, develop, integrate and test the mission's JUICE spacecraft.

The JUICE mission (the name is short for JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) was selected in May 2012 as the first mission in the ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The proposed mission will launch a solar-powered spacecraft to the Jovian system in 2022, where the probe will spend three and a half years exploring Jupiter's atmosphere, magnetosphere and set of dark rings. But the spacecraft won't focus solely on the giant planet. It will also study... more »

JUICE-y Mission to Jupiter One Step Closer to Reality ... by Kasandra Brabaw -- " This month the European Space Agency (ESA) took a major step closer to an ambitious exploration of Jupiter and its icy moons.

On July 16, the agency awarded a 350.8 million euros (about $385 million) contract to Airbus Defence & Space in France, whose engineers will design, develop, integrate and test the mission's JUICE spacecraft.

The JUICE mission (the name is short for JUpiter ICy moons Explorer) was selected in May 2012 as the first mission in the ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. The proposed mission will launch a solar-powered spacecraft to the Jovian system in 2022, where the probe will spend three and a half years exploring Jupiter's atmosphere, magnetosphere and set of dark rings. But the spacecraft won't focus solely on the giant planet. It will also study three of Jupiter's planet-size, icy moons: Callisto, Europa and Ganymede

JUICE's planned eight-month exploration of Ganymede, the spacecraft's last task, will be the first time any spacecraft has orbited an icy moon. Ganymede is the only moon in the solar system to possess a magnetic field; the spacecraft will focus particularly on that field as well as the moon's crust. Scientists believe Ganymede hides a liquid ocean underneath its surface, and finding evidence of that ocean could provide clues to how planets form and the possibilities of life beyond Earth.

In order to explore Jupiter and its moons, the JUICE spacecraft will be equipped with 10 state-of-the-art instruments, including cameras, spectrometers, an ice-penetrating radar, an altimeter, radio-science experiments, and sensors to monitor the Jovian system's magnetic fields and charged particles, ESA officials said in a statement.
Scientists said they expect JUICE to begin examining Jupiter's system in 2030, after an eight-year trip through space. ..."

http://www.space.com/30107-jupiter-moons-mission-moves-forward.html___

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2015-07-30 15:41:15 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Feeling a trifle blurry this morning, so I made a French press full of French roast and poured it into my Millennium Bug cup. For those of you who recall the panic of 1999 (i.e. that all computers would implode when the year 2000 arrived) this cup is one of the artifacts from that era. Supposedly drinking a lot of coffee would help you, or at least your computers, survive. Musta worked, had absolutely no problems. ... Yes, I am wired now! Whooo!

Feeling a trifle blurry this morning, so I made a French press full of French roast and poured it into my Millennium Bug cup. For those of you who recall the panic of 1999 (i.e. that all computers would implode when the year 2000 arrived) this cup is one of the artifacts from that era. Supposedly drinking a lot of coffee would help you, or at least your computers, survive. Musta worked, had absolutely no problems. ... Yes, I am wired now! Whooo!___

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2015-07-29 16:56:24 (21 comments, 11 reshares, 98 +1s)Open 

World's largest radio telescope ... (this is Russia's claim, I posted China's yesterday) ... "RATAN-600 (short for Radio Astronomical Telescope of the Academy of Sciences) is a radio telescope located near the village of Zelenchukskaya in the Caucasus Mountains, in Russia, at an altitude of 970 meters. Unlike most radio telescopes that utilizes a dish or an array of dishes to focus electromagnetic radiation on to a receiver or receivers, RATAN-600 employs a ring of adjustable reflecting panels which can be angled to direct the radiation from any point in the sky to a central conical receiver. Although the ring is only 576 meters in diameter, and there is no solid structure, the overall effect of the arrangement is that of a partially steerable antenna with the resolving power of a 600 meter diameter dish, making it the world's largest diameter individual radio telescope.
... more »

World's largest radio telescope ... (this is Russia's claim, I posted China's yesterday) ... "RATAN-600 (short for Radio Astronomical Telescope of the Academy of Sciences) is a radio telescope located near the village of Zelenchukskaya in the Caucasus Mountains, in Russia, at an altitude of 970 meters. Unlike most radio telescopes that utilizes a dish or an array of dishes to focus electromagnetic radiation on to a receiver or receivers, RATAN-600 employs a ring of adjustable reflecting panels which can be angled to direct the radiation from any point in the sky to a central conical receiver. Although the ring is only 576 meters in diameter, and there is no solid structure, the overall effect of the arrangement is that of a partially steerable antenna with the resolving power of a 600 meter diameter dish, making it the world's largest diameter individual radio telescope.

The RATAN-600 is the world’s first multi-element-reflector radio telescope without any structure linking the surface elements. The functions normally performed by such structure are instead, executed by the Earth's rotation. The telescope supplies about one-quarter of all the observational material in Russia in the field of radio astronomy and more than 80% in the central, centimeter-decimeter range, is described.

One special capability of RATAN-600 is its frequency agility — the ability to quickly shift its operating frequency — allowing the telescope to scan a source over a range of frequencies in a very short time. It can make radio frequency observations in the frequency band ranging from 610 MHz to 30 GHz. This is especially useful when scanning for variable sources of radiation. The long-standing focus of the RATAN-600's scientific program, however, is the observation of the Sun at radio wavelengths, in particular of the solar corona. The telescope has also contributed to radio observation for the SETI project. (See The Arecibo Observatory).

RATAN-600 was built in 1968 and it started operating in 1974. ..."

MORE PICS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/ratan-600-worlds-largest-radio-telescope.html___

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2015-07-29 16:44:59 (6 comments, 20 reshares, 77 +1s)Open 

The Train to Heaven ... "The Train to Heaven is a monument depicting an old, real steam locomotive standing upright and pointing towards the sky, located at Strzegomski Square in Wroclaw, Poland. The 65-years-old engine was procured from a museum and erected here in 2010 by artist Andrzej Jarodzki. The sculpture was commissioned by the city of Wroclaw and Wroclaw’s developer company Archicom to commemorate its 20 years of commercial activity in the city. The steam engine is 30 meters long and weighs 80 tons. The monument is said to be the largest urban sculpture in Poland.

Andrzej Jarodzki, an artist from Wroclaw, came up with the idea a long time ago while playing with his son’s toy engine. At one point he set the toy upright and that’s where the idea came from. However, Jarodzki was unable to realize it until he was approached by Archicom. Only five years old, the Train toHeave... more »

The Train to Heaven ... "The Train to Heaven is a monument depicting an old, real steam locomotive standing upright and pointing towards the sky, located at Strzegomski Square in Wroclaw, Poland. The 65-years-old engine was procured from a museum and erected here in 2010 by artist Andrzej Jarodzki. The sculpture was commissioned by the city of Wroclaw and Wroclaw’s developer company Archicom to commemorate its 20 years of commercial activity in the city. The steam engine is 30 meters long and weighs 80 tons. The monument is said to be the largest urban sculpture in Poland.

Andrzej Jarodzki, an artist from Wroclaw, came up with the idea a long time ago while playing with his son’s toy engine. At one point he set the toy upright and that’s where the idea came from. However, Jarodzki was unable to realize it until he was approached by Archicom. Only five years old, the Train to Heaven is already Wroclaw’s most famous attraction. ,,,"

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-train-to-heaven-in-wroclaw.html___

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2015-07-29 16:33:44 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 46 +1s)Open 

Every Single Space Suit ... their caption, no other info, still very interesting.

Every Single Space Suit ... their caption, no other info, still very interesting.___

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2015-07-29 16:33:06 (2 comments, 19 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Every Single Space Suit ... their caption, no other info, still very interesting.

Every Single Space Suit ... their caption, no other info, still very interesting.___

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2015-07-29 16:25:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Let There Be Light Bulbs: How Incandescents Became the Icons of Innovation ... By Hunter Oatman-Stanford -- "From the neon tubes of theater marquees to your desk lamp at work, from the million-watt glare of sports stadiums to the nightlight faintly glowing in your child’s bedroom, it’s impossible to imagine the modern world without artificial lighting. More than a century after the widespread adoption of electricity, it’s clear that our lust for light bulbs brought us into the future: The desire for incandescent lighting resulted in the creation of America’s electric grid, which improved communication, health care, manufacturing, transportation, and education. Accessible electricity also made every subsequent tech boom possible, paving the way for computers and the Internet.

The lowly light bulb’s profound impact turned it into the universal symbol for innovation—yetdespite the bulb’... more »

Let There Be Light Bulbs: How Incandescents Became the Icons of Innovation ... By Hunter Oatman-Stanford -- "From the neon tubes of theater marquees to your desk lamp at work, from the million-watt glare of sports stadiums to the nightlight faintly glowing in your child’s bedroom, it’s impossible to imagine the modern world without artificial lighting. More than a century after the widespread adoption of electricity, it’s clear that our lust for light bulbs brought us into the future: The desire for incandescent lighting resulted in the creation of America’s electric grid, which improved communication, health care, manufacturing, transportation, and education. Accessible electricity also made every subsequent tech boom possible, paving the way for computers and the Internet.

The lowly light bulb’s profound impact turned it into the universal symbol for innovation—yet despite the bulb’s storied legacy and Thomas Edison’s near-mythical status, for most people, that leap from fickle flame to unwavering electric light is vague at best. Even as antique-style Edison bulbs proliferate in trendy bars and restaurants, most of us know next to nothing about this revolutionary little lamp, the details of its delicate design hidden in shadow.

During the early 19th century, natural gas, kerosene, and whale oil all provided fuel for lighting homes and businesses. In particular, the gas industry had invested in extensive pipe infrastructure to light offices, public institutions, streets, and homes. Though widely used, these methods were dirty and dangerous, and their light wasn’t much stronger than the flame of a candle.

While many scientists worked on viable ways to manufacture and store electric energy, Sir Humphry Davy began demonstrating so-called “arc lamps,” which create a brilliant curve of electric light in the air between two electrodes, or carbon rods. Davy also experimented with the process of incandescence, whereby an electrical current passing through a wire filament makes it hot enough to glow. However, since arc lighting was around 200 times brighter than incandescents, the former quickly became the most likely contender for a modern light source.

Davy wasn’t interested in turning his experiments into commercial products, but others certainly were. An American named Charles F. Brush had tweaked the arc-lamp design to create a cheaper and more reliable electric light, along with an improved dynamo, or electric generator, both of which he unveiled by lighting Cleveland’s public square in April of 1879. On July 4th of that year, Brush used 16 arc lamps to light Niagara Falls, a feat that one paper mistakenly reported was accomplished by Edison (who famously known as the “Wizard of Menlo Park” for his work on the telegraph and phonograph at his lab in Menlo Park, New Jersey).

The following year, the Brush Electric Company began selling 16-lamp sets of these impressive arc lights and their requisite generators. Because they were so bright, the lamps were mostly used in huge factories, retail settings, or outdoor public spaces like the Great White Way, an illuminated section of Broadway between Madison Square and Union Square in New York City. Their most obvious benefits were seen in industrial spaces, where electric light increased potential production hours into the night, yet also improved employee safety.

Though arc lighting was undoubtedly an improvement, people felt it had a harsh, unearthly glow when compared with gas lamps, and doctors warned of the dangers electric light might have for one’s health. As a result, some manufacturers adopted white globes of opal glass to cut the brightness. In order to woo supporters, electric companies often promised cities a year of electric lighting at the same price as their previous gas fees, so places like San Jose, Los Angeles, and Detroit led the way by installing arc lamps far above their streets on so-called “moonlight towers,” named after their omnipresent glow. (Austin, Texas, is the only American city whose original moonlight towers still stand.)

... MUCH MORE FASCINATING HISTORY: http://www.collectorsweekly.com/articles/let-there-be-light-bulbs/___

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2015-07-28 14:09:34 (21 comments, 67 reshares, 235 +1s)Open 

China assembles world's largest radio telescope ... hat tip to +Bobby Coggins for finding this ... "Technicians have begun assembling the world's largest radio telescope, with a dish the size of 30 football grounds, deep in the mountains of southwest China's Guizhou Province.

Yesterday afternoon, they began to assemble the telescope's reflector, which is 500 meters in diameter and made up of 4,450 panels. Each panel is an equilateral triangle with sides 11 meters long.

Once complete, the single-aperture spherical telescope called FAST will be the world's largest, exceeding the one at Puerto Rico's Arecibo Observatory, which is 300 meters in diameter.

Nan Rendong, chief scientist of the FAST project with the National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, told reporters the bigger dish will be able to pick up weaker... more »

China assembles world's largest radio telescope ... hat tip to +Bobby Coggins for finding this ... "Technicians have begun assembling the world's largest radio telescope, with a dish the size of 30 football grounds, deep in the mountains of southwest China's Guizhou Province.

Yesterday afternoon, they began to assemble the telescope's reflector, which is 500 meters in diameter and made up of 4,450 panels. Each panel is an equilateral triangle with sides 11 meters long.

Once complete, the single-aperture spherical telescope called FAST will be the world's largest, exceeding the one at Puerto Rico's Arecibo Observatory, which is 300 meters in diameter.

Nan Rendong, chief scientist of the FAST project with the National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, told reporters the bigger dish will be able to pick up weaker signals.
"A radio telescope is like a sensitive ear, listening to tell meaningful radio messages from white noise in the universe. It is like identifying the sound of cicadas in a thunderstorm," he said.

The giant dish is being built on a naturally formed bowl-like valley. "There are three hills about 500 meters away from one another, creating a valley that is perfect to support the telescope," said Sun Caihong, FAST's chief engineer.

The karst formation in the local landscape is good for draining rainwater underground and protecting the reflector, Sun said.
The surrounding area has "radio silence" as there are no towns and cities within a 5-kilometer radius and only one county center within 25 kilometers.

The huge dish is hung over the ground supported by thousands of steel pillars and cables.

A hill-top observation platform is under construction and will be open to the public, Sun said.

Wu Xiangping, director-general of the Chinese Astronomical Society, said that for years scientists had to work with "second hand" data collected by others.

"Having a more sensitive telescope, we can receive weaker and more distant radio messages. It will help us to search for intelligent life outside of the galaxy and explore the origins of the universe," Wu said.___

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2015-07-28 14:01:26 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

The Narrowest Streets in the World ... "At what point does a street cease to be a street? According to the Guinness Book of Records, the narrowest street in the world is located in the old town of Reutlingen, in Germany. It is actually a narrow alley, called Spreuerhofstraße, between two closely built houses. The “street” is only 31 centimeters wide at its narrowest point and 40 centimeters wide on the average. The street isn’t particularly long either — just 3.8 meters. But since it is located on municipal land, the folks of Reutlingen insist it’s a public street.

There’s not much to see in Spreuerhofstrasse, and it isn’t particularly pretty either. In order to use the street one has to squeeze past two blank walls, and when it's raining, water drips from the gutter of an old half-timbered house on one side. Although a ton of tourists from Asia and America flock toinspect the al... more »

The Narrowest Streets in the World ... "At what point does a street cease to be a street? According to the Guinness Book of Records, the narrowest street in the world is located in the old town of Reutlingen, in Germany. It is actually a narrow alley, called Spreuerhofstraße, between two closely built houses. The “street” is only 31 centimeters wide at its narrowest point and 40 centimeters wide on the average. The street isn’t particularly long either — just 3.8 meters. But since it is located on municipal land, the folks of Reutlingen insist it’s a public street.

There’s not much to see in Spreuerhofstrasse, and it isn’t particularly pretty either. In order to use the street one has to squeeze past two blank walls, and when it's raining, water drips from the gutter of an old half-timbered house on one side. Although a ton of tourists from Asia and America flock to inspect the alley, visitors aren’t necessarily encouraged to squeeze through the crack because there is a good possibility of them getting stuck. Anyone over 1.8 meters tall have to bend to pass through. Some locals are known to humorously refer to the Spreuerhofstrasse as a benchmark measurement for their diets.

The alley was built in 1727 during the reconstruction efforts after the area was completely destroyed in the massive city-wide fire of 1726. In 1820, a town hall administrator decided to elevate the status of this particular gap to that of a full-fledged public street. In 2007 it entered into the Guinness Book of Records as the world's narrowest street.
At one point the near-derelict half-timbered house (the one on the left on the photo above) started to lean making the street even narrower. Authorities feared that it if leaned too much, the street might become so narrow that humans will no longer be able to use it. In that case the Spreuerhofstraße would lose its status as a “street” together with its record title. The house couldn’t be torn down either because that would make the street too wide. So the city decided to shore up the building and will likely continue to prop this structure up as long as possible. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-narrowest-streets-in-world.html___

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2015-07-28 13:47:28 (3 comments, 4 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

The Surreal World of Neutrino Detectors ... "... The Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector is located 1,000 meters under Mount Kamioka near the city of Hida, in Japan. The detector consist of a cylindrical stainless steel tank 41 meters by 39 meters holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water and surrounded by more than 11,000 photomultiplier tubes (PMT). It is one of the largest detector of its kind.

When a passing neutrino interacts with the electrons or nuclei of water, it can produce a charged particle that moves faster than the speed of light in water. This creates a cone of light known as Cherenkov radiation, which is the optical equivalent to a sonic boom. The Cherenkov light is projected as a ring on the wall of the detector and recorded by the PMTs. Using this data scientists can determine the direction of the source and the flavor of the incoming neutrino. ..."
... more »

The Surreal World of Neutrino Detectors ... "... The Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector is located 1,000 meters under Mount Kamioka near the city of Hida, in Japan. The detector consist of a cylindrical stainless steel tank 41 meters by 39 meters holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water and surrounded by more than 11,000 photomultiplier tubes (PMT). It is one of the largest detector of its kind.

When a passing neutrino interacts with the electrons or nuclei of water, it can produce a charged particle that moves faster than the speed of light in water. This creates a cone of light known as Cherenkov radiation, which is the optical equivalent to a sonic boom. The Cherenkov light is projected as a ring on the wall of the detector and recorded by the PMTs. Using this data scientists can determine the direction of the source and the flavor of the incoming neutrino. ..."

MORE, TONS OF PHOTOS OF NEUTRINO DETECTORS:
http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-surreal-world-of-neutrino-detectors.html___

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2015-07-28 13:07:11 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Gobbling Up Space Debris: A Pac-Man Approach Proposed ... Leonard David -- " A team of engineers has been at work for the past three years to develop a space cleanup satellite. The intent is to eliminate threatening, human-made orbital debris.

The worry is not new – there's lots of clutter to pick and choose from, be it broken down satellites to tossed away rocket stages.

A new entry to de-litter Earth orbit is the Clean Space One project, spearheaded by researchers from eSpace, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne's (EPFL) Center for Space Engineering and Signal Processing 5 Laboratory and HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland.

Their intent is to trap a small satellite – SwissCube – tossed into space in late 2009. SwissCube is a joint cubesat project of various laboratories at EPFL and universities inSwitzerl... more »

Gobbling Up Space Debris: A Pac-Man Approach Proposed ... Leonard David -- " A team of engineers has been at work for the past three years to develop a space cleanup satellite. The intent is to eliminate threatening, human-made orbital debris.

The worry is not new – there's lots of clutter to pick and choose from, be it broken down satellites to tossed away rocket stages.

A new entry to de-litter Earth orbit is the Clean Space One project, spearheaded by researchers from eSpace, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne's (EPFL) Center for Space Engineering and Signal Processing 5 Laboratory and HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland.

Their intent is to trap a small satellite – SwissCube – tossed into space in late 2009. SwissCube is a joint cubesat project of various laboratories at EPFL and universities in Switzerland.

This small cubesat-type satellite, measures just 4 inches by 4 inches (10 centimeters by 10 centimeters). Barring an unforeseen event, SwissCube's demise has been programmed for 2018.

The size of SwissCube makes it tough to grasp, but it also has darker and lighter parts that reflect sunlight differently, explains Christophe Paccolat, a PhD student working on the concept.

CleanSpace One could be launched as early as 2018 in collaboration with the company S3, headquartered in Payerne. The engineering team is reporting a major step forward in designing an approach and capture system – a so-called "Pac-Man" solution.

The prototype CleanSpaceOne resembles a net in the form of a cone that unfolds and then closes back down once it has captured the small satellite. It will trap the small satellite and the two would combust together in the atmosphere.

Other work on the initiative involves creating and testing visual approach algorithms on the cleanup satellite's cameras. To be accurate, they must take into account a variety of parameters, a team press statement notes, such as the angle of illumination of the sun and the relative speed at which the cubesat is moving through space. ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/30007-space-junk-cleanup-pac-man-approach.html___

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2015-07-28 13:06:49 (4 comments, 6 reshares, 73 +1s)Open 

Gobbling Up Space Debris: A Pac-Man Approach Proposed ... Leonard David -- " A team of engineers has been at work for the past three years to develop a space cleanup satellite. The intent is to eliminate threatening, human-made orbital debris.

The worry is not new – there's lots of clutter to pick and choose from, be it broken down satellites to tossed away rocket stages.

A new entry to de-litter Earth orbit is the Clean Space One project, spearheaded by researchers from eSpace, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne's (EPFL) Center for Space Engineering and Signal Processing 5 Laboratory and HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland.

Their intent is to trap a small satellite – SwissCube – tossed into space in late 2009. SwissCube is a joint cubesat project of various laboratories at EPFL and universities inSwitzerl... more »

Gobbling Up Space Debris: A Pac-Man Approach Proposed ... Leonard David -- " A team of engineers has been at work for the past three years to develop a space cleanup satellite. The intent is to eliminate threatening, human-made orbital debris.

The worry is not new – there's lots of clutter to pick and choose from, be it broken down satellites to tossed away rocket stages.

A new entry to de-litter Earth orbit is the Clean Space One project, spearheaded by researchers from eSpace, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne's (EPFL) Center for Space Engineering and Signal Processing 5 Laboratory and HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland.

Their intent is to trap a small satellite – SwissCube – tossed into space in late 2009. SwissCube is a joint cubesat project of various laboratories at EPFL and universities in Switzerland.

This small cubesat-type satellite, measures just 4 inches by 4 inches (10 centimeters by 10 centimeters). Barring an unforeseen event, SwissCube's demise has been programmed for 2018.

The size of SwissCube makes it tough to grasp, but it also has darker and lighter parts that reflect sunlight differently, explains Christophe Paccolat, a PhD student working on the concept.

CleanSpace One could be launched as early as 2018 in collaboration with the company S3, headquartered in Payerne. The engineering team is reporting a major step forward in designing an approach and capture system – a so-called "Pac-Man" solution.

The prototype CleanSpaceOne resembles a net in the form of a cone that unfolds and then closes back down once it has captured the small satellite. It will trap the small satellite and the two would combust together in the atmosphere.

Other work on the initiative involves creating and testing visual approach algorithms on the cleanup satellite's cameras. To be accurate, they must take into account a variety of parameters, a team press statement notes, such as the angle of illumination of the sun and the relative speed at which the cubesat is moving through space. ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/30007-space-junk-cleanup-pac-man-approach.html___

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2015-07-27 14:37:23 (4 comments, 16 reshares, 86 +1s)Open 

The Fairy Stones of Harricana River ... "We have seen in the past that concretions — the precipitation of minerals around particles — usually take spherical or oval shapes, as in the case of Klerksdorp Spheres and Moeraki boulders. Pearl is another good example of concretions. But concretions can also take unusual shapes.

In the Harricana River valley in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue administrative region of Quebec, Canada, concretions occur as flat discs, smooth on one side and puffed up on the other with gorgeous patterns. They were formed over thousands of years by deposition of calcium carbonate over small pebbles and fossils. The Indians have called them “Fairy Stones” since hundreds of years, and used to carry them as lucky charms when they went on fishing or hunting expeditions. They believed that wearing a Fairy Stone would protect them against bad spirits and bring themgood hea... more »

The Fairy Stones of Harricana River ... "We have seen in the past that concretions — the precipitation of minerals around particles — usually take spherical or oval shapes, as in the case of Klerksdorp Spheres and Moeraki boulders. Pearl is another good example of concretions. But concretions can also take unusual shapes.

In the Harricana River valley in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue administrative region of Quebec, Canada, concretions occur as flat discs, smooth on one side and puffed up on the other with gorgeous patterns. They were formed over thousands of years by deposition of calcium carbonate over small pebbles and fossils. The Indians have called them “Fairy Stones” since hundreds of years, and used to carry them as lucky charms when they went on fishing or hunting expeditions. They believed that wearing a Fairy Stone would protect them against bad spirits and bring them good health and prosperity.

Geologists believe that Fairy Stones may have formed under a glacier, which retreated thousands of years ago. They were then carried by the water and deposited along the shores of certain lakes and rivers.

One of the main rivers where Fairy Stones are found is the Harricana River, the second longest river in Canada. It is said that the name "Harricana" came from the Algonquin word Nanikana, which means “the river of biscuits” — biscuits referred to the flat Fairy Stones. A less romanticized version says Nanikana means "the main way".
These stones are often found in soft deposits under clay. The rounded, puffed up shapes come from the growing face that is face down in the clay, while the tops are weathered smooth by the retreating glacier and water. Lying in the mud, they look like normal flat stones, but turn them over and you’ll see many different shapes and formation. Each Fairy Stone is unique. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-fairy-stones-of-harricana-river.html___

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2015-07-27 12:55:21 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Let's face it, if cats had not existed there would be no Internet today because it would not have been needed

just sayin'

Let's face it, if cats had not existed there would be no Internet today because it would not have been needed

just sayin'___

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2015-07-27 12:45:37 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

The Haunted Hotel at Tequendama Falls ... "Tequendama Falls (or Salto del Tequendama) is a major tourist attraction about 30 km southwest of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia. The thousands of tourists who visit the area to admire the 157 metre (515 feet) tall waterfall and the surrounding nature, make a stop at another nearby landmark as well, the abandoned Hotel del Salto.

The luxurious Hotel del Salto opened in 1928 to welcome wealthy travelers visiting the Tequendama Falls area. Situated just opposite to the waterfall and on the edge of the cliff, it provided a breathtaking view to its guests. During the next decades though, Bogotá river was contaminated and tourists gradually lost their interest to the area. The hotel finally closed down in the early 90's and was left abandoned ever since. The fact that many people in the past chose that spot to commit suicide, madeothe... more »

The Haunted Hotel at Tequendama Falls ... "Tequendama Falls (or Salto del Tequendama) is a major tourist attraction about 30 km southwest of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia. The thousands of tourists who visit the area to admire the 157 metre (515 feet) tall waterfall and the surrounding nature, make a stop at another nearby landmark as well, the abandoned Hotel del Salto.

The luxurious Hotel del Salto opened in 1928 to welcome wealthy travelers visiting the Tequendama Falls area. Situated just opposite to the waterfall and on the edge of the cliff, it provided a breathtaking view to its guests. During the next decades though, Bogotá river was contaminated and tourists gradually lost their interest to the area. The hotel finally closed down in the early 90's and was left abandoned ever since. The fact that many people in the past chose that spot to commit suicide, made others believe that the hotel is haunted. ..."

MORE: http://desertedplaces.blogspot.com/2012/08/the-haunted-hotel-at-tequendama-falls.html___

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2015-07-26 16:07:51 (19 comments, 82 reshares, 202 +1s)Open 

When 24hz Sound Waves Collide with Water

When 24hz Sound Waves Collide with Water___

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2015-07-26 14:42:52 (0 comments, 8 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Cheese Wheel Chart for Cheese Lovers [Infographic] ... "A cheese wheel chart of 65 common cheeses from around the world; broken down by the animal that produced the milk and then by texture. ..." ... hmmm, I have some wonderful white sharp cheddar I believe would make a great breakfast with crackers and fresh hot coffee.

http://twistedsifter.com/2015/07/cheese-wheel-chart-for-cheese-lovers/

Cheese Wheel Chart for Cheese Lovers [Infographic] ... "A cheese wheel chart of 65 common cheeses from around the world; broken down by the animal that produced the milk and then by texture. ..." ... hmmm, I have some wonderful white sharp cheddar I believe would make a great breakfast with crackers and fresh hot coffee.

http://twistedsifter.com/2015/07/cheese-wheel-chart-for-cheese-lovers/___

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2015-07-26 14:24:28 (14 comments, 5 reshares, 61 +1s)Open 

Blue Orgin's Rocket LOOKS like a ROCKET! ... this photo's from the test flight on April 29. Blue Orgin was started by Jeff Brazos, the founder of Amazon. I look forward when I can order one of these babies with free shipping via my Prime account! ... "... first developmental test flight of our New Shepard space vehicle. Our 110,000-lbf thrust liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen BE-3 engine worked flawlessly, powering New Shepard through Mach 3 to its planned test altitude of 307,000 feet. Guidance, navigation and control was nominal throughout max Q and all of ascent. The in-space separation of the crew capsule from the propulsion module was perfect. Any astronauts on board would have had a very nice journey into space and a smooth return. ..."

MORE: https://www.blueorigin.com/news

Blue Orgin's Rocket LOOKS like a ROCKET! ... this photo's from the test flight on April 29. Blue Orgin was started by Jeff Brazos, the founder of Amazon. I look forward when I can order one of these babies with free shipping via my Prime account! ... "... first developmental test flight of our New Shepard space vehicle. Our 110,000-lbf thrust liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen BE-3 engine worked flawlessly, powering New Shepard through Mach 3 to its planned test altitude of 307,000 feet. Guidance, navigation and control was nominal throughout max Q and all of ascent. The in-space separation of the crew capsule from the propulsion module was perfect. Any astronauts on board would have had a very nice journey into space and a smooth return. ..."

MORE: https://www.blueorigin.com/news___

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2015-07-26 14:23:30 (25 comments, 19 reshares, 141 +1s)Open 

Blue Orgin's Rocket LOOKS like a ROCKET! ... this photo's from the test flight on April 29. Blue Orgin was started by Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon. I look forward when I can order one of these babies with free shipping via my Prime account! ... "... first developmental test flight of our New Shepard space vehicle. Our 110,000-lbf thrust liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen BE-3 engine worked flawlessly, powering New Shepard through Mach 3 to its planned test altitude of 307,000 feet. Guidance, navigation and control was nominal throughout max Q and all of ascent. The in-space separation of the crew capsule from the propulsion module was perfect. Any astronauts on board would have had a very nice journey into space and a smooth return. ..."

MORE: https://www.blueorigin.com/news

Blue Orgin's Rocket LOOKS like a ROCKET! ... this photo's from the test flight on April 29. Blue Orgin was started by Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon. I look forward when I can order one of these babies with free shipping via my Prime account! ... "... first developmental test flight of our New Shepard space vehicle. Our 110,000-lbf thrust liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen BE-3 engine worked flawlessly, powering New Shepard through Mach 3 to its planned test altitude of 307,000 feet. Guidance, navigation and control was nominal throughout max Q and all of ascent. The in-space separation of the crew capsule from the propulsion module was perfect. Any astronauts on board would have had a very nice journey into space and a smooth return. ..."

MORE: https://www.blueorigin.com/news___

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2015-07-25 13:16:12 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

The Fortified Towns of M'Zab Valley ... "MʾZab is a deep, narrow oasis valley located within the Sahara, consisting of five walled towns, about 600 km south of Algiers, the capital of Algeria. The five towns, together known as the Pentapolis, are spread along the valley over a distance of about 10 km, and were established in the 11th century by Mozabite Berbers. The Mozabites were originally from Northwest Africa, a region historically known as the Maghreb, who had their capital at Tahert. When a devastating fire destroyed their home in 909, the Mozabites left Tahert and settled in M'Zab valley. There, they built five fortified towns — each a miniature citadel, encircled by walls, and dominated by a mosque, whose minaret functioned as a watchtower.

Each of the five towns — Ghardaia, Melika, Beni Isguen, Bou Noura and El Atteuf — are built on a knoll and surrounded bypastel... more »

The Fortified Towns of M'Zab Valley ... "MʾZab is a deep, narrow oasis valley located within the Sahara, consisting of five walled towns, about 600 km south of Algiers, the capital of Algeria. The five towns, together known as the Pentapolis, are spread along the valley over a distance of about 10 km, and were established in the 11th century by Mozabite Berbers. The Mozabites were originally from Northwest Africa, a region historically known as the Maghreb, who had their capital at Tahert. When a devastating fire destroyed their home in 909, the Mozabites left Tahert and settled in M'Zab valley. There, they built five fortified towns — each a miniature citadel, encircled by walls, and dominated by a mosque, whose minaret functioned as a watchtower.

Each of the five towns — Ghardaia, Melika, Beni Isguen, Bou Noura and El Atteuf — are built on a knoll and surrounded by pastel-colored box-like buildings, tightly packed together in concentric circles around a central mosque built on the summit of a hill. The mosque is conceived as a fortress, the last bastion of resistance in the event of a siege, and comprises an arsenal as well as a granary. Around this building are houses built in concentric circles up to the ramparts. These houses were designed for communal living, within a remarkably egalitarian social structure which respects the privacy of the family. Buildings are tightly packed, with narrow alleyways and covered passages winding between them. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-fortified-towns-of-m-valley.html___

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2015-07-25 12:03:25 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Amazing Photos of Pluto Reveal Glaciers and Hazy Atmosphere ... "Stunning new images of Pluto by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft show flowing ices, a complicated surface covered in mountain ranges and a surprisingly far-reaching atmosphere. 

At a news conference today (July 24), members of the New Horizons team spoke about the incredible new science being pulled from data collected by the probe, which performed history's first flyby of Pluto on July 14. Among other findings, scientists announced big surprises in the study of Pluto's atmosphere, as well as the discovery of what appear to be flowing fields of ice in Pluto's "heart."

"Pluto has a very complicated story to tell," Alan Stern, principal investigator for New Horizons, said at the news conference. "There is a lot of work that we need to do to understand this very... more »

Amazing Photos of Pluto Reveal Glaciers and Hazy Atmosphere ... "Stunning new images of Pluto by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft show flowing ices, a complicated surface covered in mountain ranges and a surprisingly far-reaching atmosphere. 

At a news conference today (July 24), members of the New Horizons team spoke about the incredible new science being pulled from data collected by the probe, which performed history's first flyby of Pluto on July 14. Among other findings, scientists announced big surprises in the study of Pluto's atmosphere, as well as the discovery of what appear to be flowing fields of ice in Pluto's "heart."

"Pluto has a very complicated story to tell," Alan Stern, principal investigator for New Horizons, said at the news conference. "There is a lot of work that we need to do to understand this very complicated place."

One of the new images released today is a gorgeous global view showing half of Pluto's surface, lit by sunlight, with the heart-shaped region informally known as Tombaugh Regio in the lower-left quadrant. The new image shows features on the surface as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers), or twice the resolution of a similar image released on July 13.

The image shows Pluto's surface in "true color," or as it would appear to the human eye. . ..."

MORE:  http://www.space.com/30046-amazing-pluto-photos-glaciers-atmosphere.html___

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2015-07-25 12:02:16 (0 comments, 7 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Amazing Photos of Pluto Reveal Glaciers and Hazy Atmosphere ... "Stunning new images of Pluto by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft show flowing ices, a complicated surface covered in mountain ranges and a surprisingly far-reaching atmosphere. 

At a news conference today (July 24), members of the New Horizons team spoke about the incredible new science being pulled from data collected by the probe, which performed history's first flyby of Pluto on July 14. Among other findings, scientists announced big surprises in the study of Pluto's atmosphere, as well as the discovery of what appear to be flowing fields of ice in Pluto's "heart."

"Pluto has a very complicated story to tell," Alan Stern, principal investigator for New Horizons, said at the news conference. "There is a lot of work that we need to do to understand this very... more »

Amazing Photos of Pluto Reveal Glaciers and Hazy Atmosphere ... "Stunning new images of Pluto by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft show flowing ices, a complicated surface covered in mountain ranges and a surprisingly far-reaching atmosphere. 

At a news conference today (July 24), members of the New Horizons team spoke about the incredible new science being pulled from data collected by the probe, which performed history's first flyby of Pluto on July 14. Among other findings, scientists announced big surprises in the study of Pluto's atmosphere, as well as the discovery of what appear to be flowing fields of ice in Pluto's "heart."

"Pluto has a very complicated story to tell," Alan Stern, principal investigator for New Horizons, said at the news conference. "There is a lot of work that we need to do to understand this very complicated place."

One of the new images released today is a gorgeous global view showing half of Pluto's surface, lit by sunlight, with the heart-shaped region informally known as Tombaugh Regio in the lower-left quadrant. The new image shows features on the surface as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers), or twice the resolution of a similar image released on July 13.

The image shows Pluto's surface in "true color," or as it would appear to the human eye. . ..."

MORE:  http://www.space.com/30046-amazing-pluto-photos-glaciers-atmosphere.html___

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2015-07-25 01:16:25 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

James Turrell’s Roden Crater ... "If you thought building a house on top of an extinct volcano was cool, how about building one on the inside? That’s what artist James Turrell has been doing on Roden Crater, in Arizona, for the last 40 years.

Roden Crater is an extinct volcanic cinder cone, located in the San Francisco Volcanic Field near Arizona’s Painted Desert and the Grand Canyon. The cone is 3.2 km wide, 600 feet tall, and is approximately 400,000 years old. The volcano and the surrounding land was purchased by Los Angles-based artist James Turrell in 1979, with the intention of turning the cinder cone into a massive open air work of art consisting of a naked-eye observatory at the inner core, where guests could view and experience sky-light, solar, and celestial phenomena.

Turrell is well known within the art community for the way his art plays with light andspace... more »

James Turrell’s Roden Crater ... "If you thought building a house on top of an extinct volcano was cool, how about building one on the inside? That’s what artist James Turrell has been doing on Roden Crater, in Arizona, for the last 40 years.

Roden Crater is an extinct volcanic cinder cone, located in the San Francisco Volcanic Field near Arizona’s Painted Desert and the Grand Canyon. The cone is 3.2 km wide, 600 feet tall, and is approximately 400,000 years old. The volcano and the surrounding land was purchased by Los Angles-based artist James Turrell in 1979, with the intention of turning the cinder cone into a massive open air work of art consisting of a naked-eye observatory at the inner core, where guests could view and experience sky-light, solar, and celestial phenomena.

Turrell is well known within the art community for the way his art plays with light and space. The Roden Crater project is Turrell's most ambitious one, and his longest — he has been working on it since 1972. Turrell was inspired, as he stated on his website, by ancient observatories like Borobudur, Angkor Wat, Pagan, Machu Picchu, the Mayan pyramids, the Egyptian pyramids, Herodium, Old Sarum, Newgrange and the Maes Howe. “These places and structures have certainly influenced my thinking. These thoughts will find concurrence in Roden Crater,” he said.

Initially Turrell expected the project to be completed in 2 to 3 years. But the date of completion was pushed back a number of times due to financial issues and construction had to be halted at different times. Now more than 35 years later, he's completed construction on only about one-third of his plans. The project is not open to the public, but occasionally Turrell would invite friends and acquaintances for tours. Very few people have seen the insides. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/james-turrells-roden-crater.html___

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2015-07-24 16:16:13 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Wycliffe Well: The UFO Capital of Australia ... "The self proclaimed “UFO capital of Australia” lies on Stuart Highway in Northern Territory, between the towns of Tennant Creek and Alice Springs. It’s a tiny settlement called Wycliffe Well where people stop for gas, food and accommodation while on long drives through the Outback.

Wycliffe Well began, like most stops along the Stuart Highway did, as a watering point along the stock route for the Overland Telegraph Line in the 1860s. During the Second World War, Wycliffe Well become a market garden center to service troops. As the highway developed further after the war it became a roadhouse supplying fuel and provisions to travellers.

Wycliffe Well’s association with UFOs started during the World War II when servicemen living in Wycliffe Well started keeping records in an old binder book of nightly-seen unidentifiedobjects... more »

Wycliffe Well: The UFO Capital of Australia ... "The self proclaimed “UFO capital of Australia” lies on Stuart Highway in Northern Territory, between the towns of Tennant Creek and Alice Springs. It’s a tiny settlement called Wycliffe Well where people stop for gas, food and accommodation while on long drives through the Outback.

Wycliffe Well began, like most stops along the Stuart Highway did, as a watering point along the stock route for the Overland Telegraph Line in the 1860s. During the Second World War, Wycliffe Well become a market garden center to service troops. As the highway developed further after the war it became a roadhouse supplying fuel and provisions to travellers.

Wycliffe Well’s association with UFOs started during the World War II when servicemen living in Wycliffe Well started keeping records in an old binder book of nightly-seen unidentified objects. Somebody got hold of this book and blew it out of proportions. Reportedly, the original journal was kept on the front counter of the local restaurant for everyone to see, but was stolen in 1990. Since then a new book is kept which includes possible sightings from the early 1990s.

Today Wycliffe Well is essentially made up of the alien-themed Wycliffe Well Holiday Park. The brochure of the Park claims that “UFO sightings are so common, that if you stayed up all night looking, you would be considered unlucky not to see anything, rather than lucky to see something.” The Park’s owner also boasts that the Park's bar has the biggest range of beer available in Australia, and notes that this is perhaps a contributing factor to the presence of UFOs.

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/wycliffe-well-ufo-capital-of-australia.html___

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2015-07-24 16:12:30 (1 comments, 16 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

The Salt Lake Tuz of Turkey ... "Lake Tuz, or Tuz Golu in Turkish, is a saline lake located in a huge area in the arid central plateau of Turkey, about 105 km northeast of Konya. It is the second largest lake in Turkey. The lake is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet, because of which it has high saline content. For most of the year, the lake is very shallow, barely a meter deep, especially during the dry summer months when the water evaporates in huge quantities leaving a tick crust of salt on the surface up to 30 centimeters thick. This salt is harvested, refined and sold all over Turkey. In fact, the 63% of the salt consumed in Turkey comes from Lake Tuz.

Like most saline lakes, Lake Tuz is a breeding ground of halophiles such as the microalgae Dunaliella salina, that in right conditions of high salinity and light intensity, turns red due to... more »

The Salt Lake Tuz of Turkey ... "Lake Tuz, or Tuz Golu in Turkish, is a saline lake located in a huge area in the arid central plateau of Turkey, about 105 km northeast of Konya. It is the second largest lake in Turkey. The lake is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet, because of which it has high saline content. For most of the year, the lake is very shallow, barely a meter deep, especially during the dry summer months when the water evaporates in huge quantities leaving a tick crust of salt on the surface up to 30 centimeters thick. This salt is harvested, refined and sold all over Turkey. In fact, the 63% of the salt consumed in Turkey comes from Lake Tuz.

Like most saline lakes, Lake Tuz is a breeding ground of halophiles such as the microalgae Dunaliella salina, that in right conditions of high salinity and light intensity, turns red due to the production of protective carotenoids in the cells. These pigment color the lake blood red. The lake also attracts large colonies of birds such as greater flamingo, greater white-fronted goose and lesser kestrel. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-salt-lake-tuz-of-turkey.html___

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2015-07-24 15:29:44 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.___

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2015-07-24 15:29:05 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.___

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2015-07-24 15:28:42 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.

Speed this morning! ... Skyrunner.net (my provider) put fiber optic cable up to the mountaintop where I get my wireless connection. Pretty darn fast for someone way out in the mountains like I am! Note especially the upload speed, that's the one that matters to those of us with our own servers.___

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2015-07-23 18:48:27 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Meet Earth 2.0: Kepler 452b revealed as most similar planet to our own ever found with a 'substantial opportunity' for life ... "Kepler-452b is smallest planet to date discovered orbiting in the habitable zone of a G2-type star, like our own. The planet is 60 per cent larger in diameter than Earth and is 1,400 light years away in the constellation Cygnus. It has a similar size orbit to Earth, receives roughly the same amount of sun light and has same length of year. Scientists are not yet sure whether it hosts life, but say if plants were transferred there, they are likely to survive ..."

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3172316/Has-Nasa-spotted-EARTH-Listen-live-Kepler-Space-Telescope-announcement.html

Meet Earth 2.0: Kepler 452b revealed as most similar planet to our own ever found with a 'substantial opportunity' for life ... "Kepler-452b is smallest planet to date discovered orbiting in the habitable zone of a G2-type star, like our own. The planet is 60 per cent larger in diameter than Earth and is 1,400 light years away in the constellation Cygnus. It has a similar size orbit to Earth, receives roughly the same amount of sun light and has same length of year. Scientists are not yet sure whether it hosts life, but say if plants were transferred there, they are likely to survive ..."

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3172316/Has-Nasa-spotted-EARTH-Listen-live-Kepler-Space-Telescope-announcement.html___

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2015-07-23 18:48:01 (78 comments, 57 reshares, 233 +1s)Open 

Meet Earth 2.0: Kepler 452b revealed as most similar planet to our own ever found with a 'substantial opportunity' for life ... "Kepler-452b is smallest planet to date discovered orbiting in the habitable zone of a G2-type star, like our own. The planet is 60 per cent larger in diameter than Earth and is 1,400 light years away in the constellation Cygnus. It has a similar size orbit to Earth, receives roughly the same amount of sun light and has same length of year. Scientists are not yet sure whether it hosts life, but say if plants were transferred there, they are likely to survive ..."

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3172316/Has-Nasa-spotted-EARTH-Listen-live-Kepler-Space-Telescope-announcement.html

Meet Earth 2.0: Kepler 452b revealed as most similar planet to our own ever found with a 'substantial opportunity' for life ... "Kepler-452b is smallest planet to date discovered orbiting in the habitable zone of a G2-type star, like our own. The planet is 60 per cent larger in diameter than Earth and is 1,400 light years away in the constellation Cygnus. It has a similar size orbit to Earth, receives roughly the same amount of sun light and has same length of year. Scientists are not yet sure whether it hosts life, but say if plants were transferred there, they are likely to survive ..."

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3172316/Has-Nasa-spotted-EARTH-Listen-live-Kepler-Space-Telescope-announcement.html___

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2015-07-22 14:55:42 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Hardback of VAMPIRE RECRUITER now up on Amazon, so all three editions now available. http://amzn.to/1Lb5Qbi

Hardback of VAMPIRE RECRUITER now up on Amazon, so all three editions now available. http://amzn.to/1Lb5Qbi___

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2015-07-22 14:27:03 (6 comments, 14 reshares, 72 +1s)Open 

Petoskey Stones of Michigan ... "Petoskey stones are composed of fossilized skeletons of Hexagonaria percarinata, a type of coral from coral reefs that once covered all of what is now the state of Michigan, the USA, during the ancient Devonian period, some 350 million years ago. The stones were formed as a result of glaciation, in which sheets of ice scrapped the bedrock, picking up fragments, and then grinding off their rough edges and depositing them in the northwestern portion of Michigan's lower peninsula. Basically, Petoskey stones are just chunks of coral reef, and when dry the stone resembles ordinary limestone but when wet or polished, the distinctive mottled pattern of the six-sided coral fossils emerges. This prehistoric fossil is found across the state of Michigan along lakeshores and rivers in sediments commonly called the Traverse group. Since 1965, the Petoskey stone is... more »

Petoskey Stones of Michigan ... "Petoskey stones are composed of fossilized skeletons of Hexagonaria percarinata, a type of coral from coral reefs that once covered all of what is now the state of Michigan, the USA, during the ancient Devonian period, some 350 million years ago. The stones were formed as a result of glaciation, in which sheets of ice scrapped the bedrock, picking up fragments, and then grinding off their rough edges and depositing them in the northwestern portion of Michigan's lower peninsula. Basically, Petoskey stones are just chunks of coral reef, and when dry the stone resembles ordinary limestone but when wet or polished, the distinctive mottled pattern of the six-sided coral fossils emerges. This prehistoric fossil is found across the state of Michigan along lakeshores and rivers in sediments commonly called the Traverse group. Since 1965, the Petoskey stone is Michigan’s official state stone.

Over 350 million years ago during the Devonian period, Michigan was quite different. Geographically, the region was located near the equator and covered by a warm, shallow, saltwater sea, where the colonial coral hexagonaria percarinata thrived with other marine life in tropical reefs. Then the earth’s plates moved and pushed Michigan north and above sea level. When glaciers came about two million years ago, the land was scraped and the fossils spread across the northern Lower Peninsula. The stone was named Petoskey because they are found in great abundance in the Petoskey area.
The name Petoskey comes from “Petosegay”, the son of an 18th century Ottawa chief, and it means “rays of dawn” or “sunbeams of promise.” The city of Petoskey was also named after the same person. Some say, the coral pattern in the stone looks like sun rays radiating from small suns.

Hexagonaria percarinata consists of tightly packed, six-sided corallites, which are the skeletons of the once-living organism. At the center of each corallite was the mouth, surrounded by tentacles that were used for gathering food and drawing the food into the mouth. This dark spot, or the eye of the corallite, has been filled with silt or mud that petrified after falling into the openings. Calcite, silica and other minerals have replaced the original soft tissues, called polyps, in each cell.

Petoskey stones can be found from the shores of Traverse City, north to the Charlevoix and Petoskey area, and across the state to Alpena, but the most popular place to hunt for them is at Lake Michigan beach. Spring is a good time to look for the stone after the ice has melted and uncovered specimens that they’ve pushed against the shore. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2014/09/petoskey-stones-of-michigan.html___

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2015-07-22 14:14:36 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

This is the Most Impressive 360 Video Demo Yet ... INCREDIBLE!!!! Use your cursor to get 360 degree views as the video plays! ... "

When you see demos like this, the potential of 360 video is palpable. The above will only work in Chrome or on your mobile device with the YouTube app (which is really fun!) give it a whirl if you can.

[NOTE: works okay in the YouTube link below in Firefox and IE]

I loved seeing the wild horses at 1:59 running on an open field like that! ..."

http://twistedsifter.com/videos/the-most-impressive-360-video-demo-yet/

This is the Most Impressive 360 Video Demo Yet ... INCREDIBLE!!!! Use your cursor to get 360 degree views as the video plays! ... "

When you see demos like this, the potential of 360 video is palpable. The above will only work in Chrome or on your mobile device with the YouTube app (which is really fun!) give it a whirl if you can.

[NOTE: works okay in the YouTube link below in Firefox and IE]

I loved seeing the wild horses at 1:59 running on an open field like that! ..."

http://twistedsifter.com/videos/the-most-impressive-360-video-demo-yet/___

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2015-07-22 13:56:44 (5 comments, 13 reshares, 86 +1s)Open 

Elegant Bathtubs Made Entirely of Wood ... "Alegna is a design firm based in Switzerland, best known for their elegant series of bathtubs and sinks made entirely of wood. Building from their many years of experience in yacht building and processing high-quality woods, these elegant bathroom designs are a sight to behold.

To protect the wood from water damage, a highly resistant varnish is used. Each bathtub is manufactured individually and built custom for each client. Bathtubs are manufactured from carefully selected wood veneers that are compressed together under high pressure and completely saturated with resin. Only certified wood from forests with controlled felling and reforestation are used.

Each bathtub weighs approximately 60kg – 80kg (132-176 lbs) and comes with a service life of 40-60 years. The specially treated wood means bacteria will not accumulate on thewo... more »

Elegant Bathtubs Made Entirely of Wood ... "Alegna is a design firm based in Switzerland, best known for their elegant series of bathtubs and sinks made entirely of wood. Building from their many years of experience in yacht building and processing high-quality woods, these elegant bathroom designs are a sight to behold.

To protect the wood from water damage, a highly resistant varnish is used. Each bathtub is manufactured individually and built custom for each client. Bathtubs are manufactured from carefully selected wood veneers that are compressed together under high pressure and completely saturated with resin. Only certified wood from forests with controlled felling and reforestation are used.

Each bathtub weighs approximately 60kg – 80kg (132-176 lbs) and comes with a service life of 40-60 years. The specially treated wood means bacteria will not accumulate on the wood and that it’s leak-proof. ..."

MORE INFO & PHOTOS: http://twistedsifter.com/2013/04/elegant-bathtubs-made-entirely-of-wood/___

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2015-07-22 13:46:13 (5 comments, 12 reshares, 50 +1s)Open 

Old Sea Mines Repurposed Into Furniture ... decorating with a bang! ... "During World War II and beyond, a number of Russian and German sea mines were built and used in the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Estonian artist Mati Karmin has repurposed these old and decommissioned mines into a variety of different furniture pieces ranging from fireplaces to chandeliers. You can find more information on the specific mines used here.

The range of works have resulted in art exhibits and a mine furniture company named Marinemine. At the official site you can find all of the different pieces of furniture Karmin has built from old sea mines. Some, like the bed are more sculptural than practical but all are interesting to see. ..."

MORE PICS: http://twistedsifter.com/2013/10/repurposed-sea-mines-by-mati-karmin/

Old Sea Mines Repurposed Into Furniture ... decorating with a bang! ... "During World War II and beyond, a number of Russian and German sea mines were built and used in the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Estonian artist Mati Karmin has repurposed these old and decommissioned mines into a variety of different furniture pieces ranging from fireplaces to chandeliers. You can find more information on the specific mines used here.

The range of works have resulted in art exhibits and a mine furniture company named Marinemine. At the official site you can find all of the different pieces of furniture Karmin has built from old sea mines. Some, like the bed are more sculptural than practical but all are interesting to see. ..."

MORE PICS: http://twistedsifter.com/2013/10/repurposed-sea-mines-by-mati-karmin/___

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2015-07-22 13:39:41 (7 comments, 28 reshares, 128 +1s)Open 

Floating Bookshelves Held Up By a Magnetic Superhero ..."Artori Design has created a series of floating bookshelves that appear to be held up by a literary superhero. What’s the trick to make him look like he’s flying? Magnets! The magnetic hero is attracted to the hidden metal shelf concealed by the first book in the stack. Check out the pics below [and in the linked article] for a visual explanation. ..."

MORE: http://twistedsifter.com/2015/07/floating-bookshelves-held-up-by-superheroes-artori-design/

Floating Bookshelves Held Up By a Magnetic Superhero ..."Artori Design has created a series of floating bookshelves that appear to be held up by a literary superhero. What’s the trick to make him look like he’s flying? Magnets! The magnetic hero is attracted to the hidden metal shelf concealed by the first book in the stack. Check out the pics below [and in the linked article] for a visual explanation. ..."

MORE: http://twistedsifter.com/2015/07/floating-bookshelves-held-up-by-superheroes-artori-design/___

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2015-07-22 13:34:23 (57 comments, 136 reshares, 498 +1s)Open 

This Machine Prints Brick Roads ... "Block paving (also known as brick paving) is an alternative to an asphalt road. It’s typically used for aesthetic purposes on roads where traffic is relatively slow. Unfortunately, the process of laying these roads is manually intensive and can by quite harsh on one’s back and knees. Dutch-company Vanku BV sought to address this issue with their Tiger Stone brick-laying machine.
The Tiger Stone is not automatic and still requires workers (2-3) to ‘feed’ the bricks, however their position is now upright and the actual laying of bricks is much more efficient, with the company claiming a team can lay about 300 square meters (3,230 sq ft) of brick road a day.

The machine can also lay various interlocking patterns simultaneously up to six meters wide (20 ft). The machine is simple to operate with virtually no mechanical/moving parts. Themachine ... more »

This Machine Prints Brick Roads ... "Block paving (also known as brick paving) is an alternative to an asphalt road. It’s typically used for aesthetic purposes on roads where traffic is relatively slow. Unfortunately, the process of laying these roads is manually intensive and can by quite harsh on one’s back and knees. Dutch-company Vanku BV sought to address this issue with their Tiger Stone brick-laying machine.
The Tiger Stone is not automatic and still requires workers (2-3) to ‘feed’ the bricks, however their position is now upright and the actual laying of bricks is much more efficient, with the company claiming a team can lay about 300 square meters (3,230 sq ft) of brick road a day.

The machine can also lay various interlocking patterns simultaneously up to six meters wide (20 ft). The machine is simple to operate with virtually no mechanical/moving parts. The machine is electric drive reducing noise as well. To really get a sense of this machine in action, check out the video at the bottom of this post and you’ll understand why it appears that the Tiger Stone is literally printing roads! ..."

http://twistedsifter.com/2012/07/tiger-stone-brick-laying-machine-prints-roads/___

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2015-07-22 11:04:38 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

GOOD morning, G+! ... drinking fresh French press coffee, waking up fast, feeling good!

GOOD morning, G+! ... drinking fresh French press coffee, waking up fast, feeling good!___

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2015-07-21 18:31:14 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

Lasers Could Blast Tiny Spacecraft to the Stars ... Sarah Lewin -- "Traveling to other star systems is a big dream, but achieving it may require going ultrasmall.

Blasting tiny, waferlike sailing spacecraft with powerful lasers could slash interstellar flight times from thousands of years to mere decades, one researcher says.

Human excursions to the stars are cursed by math. To get there in any reasonable amount of time, spacecraft must go incredibly fast — but fast travel requires carrying more propellant. That required amount of propellant, whether rocket fuel, a source for nuclear fusion or even antimatter, would make it more and more difficult for the ship to accelerate.

Some researchers have found a loophole in this dilemma by imagining a solar, laser or microwave sail. An interstellar craft that surfed on the sun's photons or on a beam shot fromEa... more »

Lasers Could Blast Tiny Spacecraft to the Stars ... Sarah Lewin -- "Traveling to other star systems is a big dream, but achieving it may require going ultrasmall.

Blasting tiny, waferlike sailing spacecraft with powerful lasers could slash interstellar flight times from thousands of years to mere decades, one researcher says.

Human excursions to the stars are cursed by math. To get there in any reasonable amount of time, spacecraft must go incredibly fast — but fast travel requires carrying more propellant. That required amount of propellant, whether rocket fuel, a source for nuclear fusion or even antimatter, would make it more and more difficult for the ship to accelerate.

Some researchers have found a loophole in this dilemma by imagining a solar, laser or microwave sail. An interstellar craft that surfed on the sun's photons or on a beam shot from Earth orbit wouldn't have to carry a propulsion source with it. But to propel a large probe, humanity would need an extraordinarily large orbiting laser, and possibly a sail the size of Texas.

Philip Lubin, a researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara's Experimental Cosmology Group, hopes to get around such problems with tiny waferlike spacecraft. His idea is one of 15 that won a Phase 1 grant from NASA's Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program in May.

While manned interstellar flight might not be possible for a long time, Lubin doesn't see why that should stop us from sending robotic emissaries to the stars. ..."

MORE:  http://www.space.com/29950-lasers-power-tiny-interstellar-spacecraft.html___

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2015-07-21 18:30:49 (8 comments, 5 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Lasers Could Blast Tiny Spacecraft to the Stars ... Sarah Lewin -- "Traveling to other star systems is a big dream, but achieving it may require going ultrasmall.

Blasting tiny, waferlike sailing spacecraft with powerful lasers could slash interstellar flight times from thousands of years to mere decades, one researcher says.

Human excursions to the stars are cursed by math. To get there in any reasonable amount of time, spacecraft must go incredibly fast — but fast travel requires carrying more propellant. That required amount of propellant, whether rocket fuel, a source for nuclear fusion or even antimatter, would make it more and more difficult for the ship to accelerate.

Some researchers have found a loophole in this dilemma by imagining a solar, laser or microwave sail. An interstellar craft that surfed on the sun's photons or on a beam shot fromEa... more »

Lasers Could Blast Tiny Spacecraft to the Stars ... Sarah Lewin -- "Traveling to other star systems is a big dream, but achieving it may require going ultrasmall.

Blasting tiny, waferlike sailing spacecraft with powerful lasers could slash interstellar flight times from thousands of years to mere decades, one researcher says.

Human excursions to the stars are cursed by math. To get there in any reasonable amount of time, spacecraft must go incredibly fast — but fast travel requires carrying more propellant. That required amount of propellant, whether rocket fuel, a source for nuclear fusion or even antimatter, would make it more and more difficult for the ship to accelerate.

Some researchers have found a loophole in this dilemma by imagining a solar, laser or microwave sail. An interstellar craft that surfed on the sun's photons or on a beam shot from Earth orbit wouldn't have to carry a propulsion source with it. But to propel a large probe, humanity would need an extraordinarily large orbiting laser, and possibly a sail the size of Texas.

Philip Lubin, a researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara's Experimental Cosmology Group, hopes to get around such problems with tiny waferlike spacecraft. His idea is one of 15 that won a Phase 1 grant from NASA's Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program in May.

While manned interstellar flight might not be possible for a long time, Lubin doesn't see why that should stop us from sending robotic emissaries to the stars. ..."

MORE:  http://www.space.com/29950-lasers-power-tiny-interstellar-spacecraft.html___

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2015-07-21 18:22:31 (1 comments, 8 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Fulgurite: What Happens When Lightning Strikes Sand ... "single bolt of lightning can deliver 5 gigajoule of energy enough to power an average U.S. household for more than a month. When such a powerful lightning bolt strikes a sandy area like a beach or a dune, the sand particles can melt and fuse together in less than a second. Sand melts at about 1800 degrees Celsius, but the temperature in a bolt of lighting can reach 30,000 degrees, or more than five times the temperature on the surface of the sun. If conditions are right, the fused sand forms long hollow tubes called fulgurite. The term comes from the Latin word fulgur, which means "lightning". Although lightning strikes earth at least a million times each day, only rarely does fulgurites form.

Fulgurites are usually found beneath the surface of the sand, generally decreasing in diameter and sometimes branching outs as... more »

Fulgurite: What Happens When Lightning Strikes Sand ... "single bolt of lightning can deliver 5 gigajoule of energy enough to power an average U.S. household for more than a month. When such a powerful lightning bolt strikes a sandy area like a beach or a dune, the sand particles can melt and fuse together in less than a second. Sand melts at about 1800 degrees Celsius, but the temperature in a bolt of lighting can reach 30,000 degrees, or more than five times the temperature on the surface of the sun. If conditions are right, the fused sand forms long hollow tubes called fulgurite. The term comes from the Latin word fulgur, which means "lightning". Although lightning strikes earth at least a million times each day, only rarely does fulgurites form.

Fulgurites are usually found beneath the surface of the sand, generally decreasing in diameter and sometimes branching outs as they descend. Their shape reflects the path lightning bolt took as it dispersed into the ground. Because of this, fulgurites are sometimes called “fossilized lightning”.

Fulgurites look like roots, due to its branching, and have a rough surface, covered with partially melted sand grains. But the inner surfaces are usually smooth and glassy due to rapid cooling and solidification of the sand. The size and length of a fulgurite depends on the strength of the lightning strike and the thickness of the sand bed. Many sand fulgurites average an inch or two in diameter and can be up to 30 inches long, but fulgurites as long as 16 feet have been found. Some fulgurites can penetrate deep into the soil, sometimes occurring as far as 49 feet below the surface that was struck.

Fulgurites can also form when lightning strikes rock, occurring as coatings or crust of glass and sometimes as veins on the rock surface lining preexisting fractures within the host rock.

Fulgurites have been described as early as 1711 and are found all all over the world, from mountain peaks to the Sahara desert, but are considered to be rare. They aren’t precious but are appreciated by many for their scientific value. By studying the distribution of fulgurites over a specific area, for instance, one can infer the occurrence of thunderstorm activity in the area during a certain period, which in turn can help understand past climates. 250-million-years-old fulgurites found in the Sahara has shown, or rather confirmed, that the desert was once a fertile region where rain thunderstorms were common. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/fulgurite-what-happens-when-lightning.html___

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2015-07-21 17:20:15 (12 comments, 30 reshares, 210 +1s)Open 

The Wooden Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich ... "he royal estate of Kolomenskoye runs all the way along the right-bank of the River Moscow from Kolomenskaya to Kashirskaya metro stations and is one of the most popular sights in Moscow outside of the city center. Historically, the Kolomenskoye Estate was the location of a village founded by refugees from Kolomna fleeing the Mongol-Tatar Invasion. During the reign of Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich, Kolomenskoye became a royal residence and an wooden palace was built here in 1660s. It was a grand palace with rich exotic decor that was consistently admired by foreigners who saw it. The Tsar’s contemporaries referred to it as the “Eighth Wonder of the Word”.
Although built only for summer residency, it became a favorite residence for both Tsar Alexis and his successors. The future Empress Elizabeth Petrovna was born in the palace in 1709, andTsar ... more »

The Wooden Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich ... "he royal estate of Kolomenskoye runs all the way along the right-bank of the River Moscow from Kolomenskaya to Kashirskaya metro stations and is one of the most popular sights in Moscow outside of the city center. Historically, the Kolomenskoye Estate was the location of a village founded by refugees from Kolomna fleeing the Mongol-Tatar Invasion. During the reign of Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich, Kolomenskoye became a royal residence and an wooden palace was built here in 1660s. It was a grand palace with rich exotic decor that was consistently admired by foreigners who saw it. The Tsar’s contemporaries referred to it as the “Eighth Wonder of the Word”.
Although built only for summer residency, it became a favorite residence for both Tsar Alexis and his successors. The future Empress Elizabeth Petrovna was born in the palace in 1709, and Tsar Peter the Great spent part of his youth here. The palace survived up until the time of Catherine the Great, who had the palace demolished.

 The wooden palace you see in Kolomenskoye today is a replica built very recently from the original architectural plans.

During his reign, Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich had all the previous wooden structures in Kolomenskoye demolished and replaced them with a new great wooden palace, famed for its fanciful, fairy-tale roofs. It exemplified the asymmetrical beauty of Russian wooden construction, and it amazed everyone who saw it. The palace contained an intricate combination of some 250 rooms, a maze of corridors and porches decorated with carving and various elements like hipped roofs and other roofs unusual in form, weathercocks, and gilded figures of double-headed eagles.

After the transfer of the capital to St. Petersburg, the palace fell into disrepair, so Catherine the Great refused to make it her Moscow residence. Apparently, Catherine did try to repair the palace and ordered a repair estimate to be made before changing her mind. In 1768, the wooden palace was demolished on her decree and replaced with a much more modest stone-and-brick structure. Catherine’s palace was also demolished in 1872, and only a few gates and outside buildings remain.

Fortunately, detailed plans of the original wooden palace had survived, based on which the Moscow Government built a full-sized replica in 2010. The rebuilt palace stands approximately 1 kilometer to the south of its original location, near a 16th century stone church known as the White Column, in order to preserve the historic foundations. The new structure, however, isn’t completely of wood — it was built in concrete and then covered with wooden logs.

Aside from Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich’s replica wooden palace, Kolomenskoye also contains many old wooden buildings and various artifacts that were transported to Kolomenskoye from different parts of the USSR for preservation. A similar “preservation by transportation” work was done in the Republic of Karelia, where dozens of historical wooden buildings were moved to an island from various parts of Karelia for preservation purposes during the 1950s. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-wooden-palace-of-tsar-alexei.html___

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2015-07-20 20:18:10 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Had some downtime today at a supermarket in Hayesville NC ... got a good thousand words done on the current book.

Had some downtime today at a supermarket in Hayesville NC ... got a good thousand words done on the current book.___

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2015-07-19 14:09:32 (5 comments, 3 reshares, 51 +1s)Open 

Titan Clydebank: An Industrial Crane, Now Scotland’s Unique Attraction ... "On the banks of River Clyde, in the town of Clydebank, in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, a towering cantilever crane rises. A hundred years ago, this area was a major shipbuilding hub and the crane was at the heart of its operation. The 150-foot-tall Titan Clydebank lifted heavy equipment such as engines and boilers, during the fitting-out of battleships and ocean liners at the John Brown & Company shipyard. The crane assisted in the building of some of the largest ships of the 20th century, including the Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth and Queen Elizabeth 2, as well as numerous battleships and destroyers. The shipyard no longer exists, but the crane is still there. It has been transformed into a popular tourist attraction and beautifully illuminated at night. On a clear evening one can see the mighty cantilever cranef... more »

Titan Clydebank: An Industrial Crane, Now Scotland’s Unique Attraction ... "On the banks of River Clyde, in the town of Clydebank, in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, a towering cantilever crane rises. A hundred years ago, this area was a major shipbuilding hub and the crane was at the heart of its operation. The 150-foot-tall Titan Clydebank lifted heavy equipment such as engines and boilers, during the fitting-out of battleships and ocean liners at the John Brown & Company shipyard. The crane assisted in the building of some of the largest ships of the 20th century, including the Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth and Queen Elizabeth 2, as well as numerous battleships and destroyers. The shipyard no longer exists, but the crane is still there. It has been transformed into a popular tourist attraction and beautifully illuminated at night. On a clear evening one can see the mighty cantilever crane from miles away.

Titan Clydebank was constructed in 1907 by the Scottish engineer Adam Hunter, who was working as Chief Engineer for Arrol & Co. The dock was used for fitting out vessels, and the crane would lift engines and boilers into ships. Titan Clydebank was the world's first electrically powered cantilever crane, and the largest crane of its type, at the time of its completion. It could lift 160 tons when built and was upgraded to 203 tons in 1938. The lifting capacity of the Titan, and the location of the yard at the confluence of the River Clyde and River Cart, contributed to the success of the yard as it could build extremely large ships. During the First World War, the shipyard was almost exclusively occupied in building warships. By the end of the war it had built more destroyers than any other British shipyard.

By the end of the 1950s, however, technology had changed and shipbuilding yards in other European nations, and in Korea and Japan, capitalized on it and became highly productive. But Clydebank shipyard, just like many other British yards, continued to use outmoded working practices and largely obsolete equipment, making themselves uncompetitive and uneconomic.

In 1968, the yard was amalgamated into Upper Clyde Shipbuilders along with four others, in an attempt to increase competitiveness. But the new government that came into power in 1970 stopped funding the yard, resulting in the closure of John Brown's. The shipyard was bought by an oil rig construction company who used it to build oil rig platforms for the North Sea oil industry. The shipyard was sold off again to a French company in 1980. The new owners closed the yard in 2001.

The historic Titan Clydebank was restored in 2007 and turned into a unique attraction. A new flight of stairs and a lift was installed. The lift shaft was punctured with tall windows to provide spectacular glimpses of the existing structure during ascent. The viewing platform at the top allows visitors to walk along the jib, 150 feet above the River Clyde, and take part in adrenaline rushing activities like bungee jumping and swing. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/titan-clydebank-industrial-crane-now.html___

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2015-07-19 11:34:41 (105 comments, 123 reshares, 440 +1s)Open 

The Great Man-Made River of Libya ... "One of the biggest civilian development project that Libya’s ex-president Muammar Gaddafi undertook during his forty-two-year rule was the Great Man-Made River. Gaddafi’s dream was to provide fresh water for everyone, and to turn the desert green, making Libya self-sufficient in food production. To make this dream a reality, Gaddafi commissioned a massive engineering project consisting of a network of underground pipes that would bring fresh water from ancient underground aquifers deep in the Sahara to the drought suffering Libyan cities. Gaddafi called it the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. The western media rarely mentioned it, and whenever it did, it was dismissed as a “vanity project” calling it "Gaddafi's Pet Project" and “the pipe dream of a mad dog”. But truth is, the Great Man-Made River Project is a fantastic waterdelivery system... more »

The Great Man-Made River of Libya ... "One of the biggest civilian development project that Libya’s ex-president Muammar Gaddafi undertook during his forty-two-year rule was the Great Man-Made River. Gaddafi’s dream was to provide fresh water for everyone, and to turn the desert green, making Libya self-sufficient in food production. To make this dream a reality, Gaddafi commissioned a massive engineering project consisting of a network of underground pipes that would bring fresh water from ancient underground aquifers deep in the Sahara to the drought suffering Libyan cities. Gaddafi called it the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. The western media rarely mentioned it, and whenever it did, it was dismissed as a “vanity project” calling it "Gaddafi's Pet Project" and “the pipe dream of a mad dog”. But truth is, the Great Man-Made River Project is a fantastic water delivery system that has changed lives of Libyans all across the country.

Libya is one of the sunniest and driest countries in the world. There are places where decades may pass without seeing any rainfall at all, and even in the highlands rainfall seldom happens, like once every 5 to 10 years. Less than 5% of the country receives enough rainfall for settled agriculture. Much of Libya's water supply used to come from desalination plants on the coast, which were expensive and therefore used only for domestic purposes. Little was left for irrigating the land.

In 1953, while searching for new oilfields in southern Libya, vast quantities of ancient water aquifers were discovered. The exploration team discovered four huge basins with estimated capacities of each ranging between 4,800 and 20,000 cubic km. Most of this water was collected between 38,000 and 14,000 years ago, before the end of the last ice age, when the Saharan region enjoyed a temperate climate.

After Gaddafi and the Free Unitary Officers seized power in a bloodless coup in 1969, the new government immediately nationalized the oil companies and started using the revenues from oil to set up hundreds of bore wells to bring fresh water from the desert aquifers. Initially, Gaddafi planned to set up large-scale agricultural projects in the desert where the water was found, but when the people displayed reluctance to move, he conceived a plan to bring the water to the people instead.

In August 1984, Muammar Gaddafi laid the foundation stone for the pipe production plant at Brega, and the Great Man-Made River Project began. Around 1,300 wells were dug into the desert soil, some up to 500 meters deep, to pump water from the subterranean water reserve. The pumped water is then distributed to 6.5 million people living in the cities of Tripoli, Benghazi, Sirte and elsewhere through a network of underground pipes 2,800 km long. When the fifth and final phase of the project is complete, the network will have 4,000 km length of pipes that will enable 155,000 hectares of land to be cultivated. Even with the last two phases yet to complete, the Great Man-Made River is the world's largest irrigation project.

The pipeline first reached Tripoli in 1996, at the completion of the first phase of the project. Adam Kuwairi, a senior figure in the Great Man-Made River Authority (GMRA), vividly remembers the impact the fresh water had on him and his family.

"The water changed lives. For the first time in our history, there was water in the tap for washing, shaving and showering," he told BBC. "The quality of life is better now, and it's impacting on the whole country."
The project was so well recognized internationally that in 1999, UNESCO accepted Libya’s offer to fund the Great Man-Made River International Water Prize.

In July 2011, NATO bombed the Great Man-Made River water supply pipeline near Brega including a factory that produces the pipes, claiming that the factory was used as “a military storage facility” and that “rockets were launched from there”. NATO’s attack on the pipeline disrupted water supply for 70% of the population who depended on the piped supply for personal use and for irrigation. The country now reeling under civil war, the future of the Great Man-Made River Project is in jeopardy.
Back in 1991, at the opening of the first phase of the project, Muammar Gaddafi had prophetically said about the largest civil engineering venture in the world:
“After this achievement, American threats against Libya will double. The United States will make excuses, but the real reason is to stop this achievement, to keep the people of Libya oppressed.” ..."

MORE PHOTOS AND CHARTS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/07/the-great-man-made-river-of-libya.html___

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2015-07-18 14:14:31 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Dawn Probe Back in Action at Dwarf Planet Ceres After Glitch ... BELOW" This artist's illustration shows NASA's Dawn spacecraft above dwarf planet Ceres, as depicted with images from the mission. Image released July 17, 2015. ... " NASA's Dawn spacecraft has resumed its trek to a new orbit around the dwarf planet Ceres, more than two weeks after a glitch halted the probe in its tracks.

Dawn began spiraling down to its third Ceres science orbit on June 30 but experienced a problem almost immediately and went into a protective "safe mode." After an investigation, the mission team has now determined what happened and cleared Dawn to return to work.
"Engineers traced this anomaly to the mechanical gimbal system that swivels ion engine #3 to help control the spacecraft's orientation during ion-thrusting. Dawn has three ion engines and uses only... more »

Dawn Probe Back in Action at Dwarf Planet Ceres After Glitch ... BELOW" This artist's illustration shows NASA's Dawn spacecraft above dwarf planet Ceres, as depicted with images from the mission. Image released July 17, 2015. ... " NASA's Dawn spacecraft has resumed its trek to a new orbit around the dwarf planet Ceres, more than two weeks after a glitch halted the probe in its tracks.

Dawn began spiraling down to its third Ceres science orbit on June 30 but experienced a problem almost immediately and went into a protective "safe mode." After an investigation, the mission team has now determined what happened and cleared Dawn to return to work.
"Engineers traced this anomaly to the mechanical gimbal system that swivels ion engine #3 to help control the spacecraft's orientation during ion-thrusting. Dawn has three ion engines and uses only one at a time," NASA officials wrote in an update today (July 17). ..."

http://www.space.com/29984-dawn-spacecraft-ceres-glitch-recovery.html___

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2015-07-18 14:13:08 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Dawn Probe Back in Action at Dwarf Planet Ceres After Glitch ... BELOW" This artist's illustration shows NASA's Dawn spacecraft above dwarf planet Ceres, as depicted with images from the mission. Image released July 17, 2015. ... " NASA's Dawn spacecraft has resumed its trek to a new orbit around the dwarf planet Ceres, more than two weeks after a glitch halted the probe in its tracks.

Dawn began spiraling down to its third Ceres science orbit on June 30 but experienced a problem almost immediately and went into a protective "safe mode." After an investigation, the mission team has now determined what happened and cleared Dawn to return to work.
"Engineers traced this anomaly to the mechanical gimbal system that swivels ion engine #3 to help control the spacecraft's orientation during ion-thrusting. Dawn has three ion engines and uses only... more »

Dawn Probe Back in Action at Dwarf Planet Ceres After Glitch ... BELOW" This artist's illustration shows NASA's Dawn spacecraft above dwarf planet Ceres, as depicted with images from the mission. Image released July 17, 2015. ... " NASA's Dawn spacecraft has resumed its trek to a new orbit around the dwarf planet Ceres, more than two weeks after a glitch halted the probe in its tracks.

Dawn began spiraling down to its third Ceres science orbit on June 30 but experienced a problem almost immediately and went into a protective "safe mode." After an investigation, the mission team has now determined what happened and cleared Dawn to return to work.
"Engineers traced this anomaly to the mechanical gimbal system that swivels ion engine #3 to help control the spacecraft's orientation during ion-thrusting. Dawn has three ion engines and uses only one at a time," NASA officials wrote in an update today (July 17). ..."

http://www.space.com/29984-dawn-spacecraft-ceres-glitch-recovery.html___

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2015-07-17 17:57:22 (30 comments, 29 reshares, 328 +1s)Open 

Lord K's Garage #115: Volkhart Sagitta ... "This compact streamliner appeared in the most inappropriate year - 1944 ... Based on the KdF-Wagen Typ 60, aka VW Beetle, it was designed by K.C. Volkhart as a fast courier car for Luftwaffe (German Air Force). Body, designed by Baron Reinhard von Koenig-Fachsenfeld, was built by Helmut Fuchs Niederwenningern/Ruhr. Thanks to its low drag coefficient (0.17 only) the streamline body allowed for speeds up to 150 km/h. The engine, mounted at the rear, was the standard VW 1.1-liter boxer, 24.5 hp.

BELOW: The sole example is preserved in the PROTOTYP Museum, Hamburg. ..."

MORE PHOTOS!: http://www.dieselpunks.org/profiles/blogs/lord-k-s-garage-115-volkhart-sagitta

Lord K's Garage #115: Volkhart Sagitta ... "This compact streamliner appeared in the most inappropriate year - 1944 ... Based on the KdF-Wagen Typ 60, aka VW Beetle, it was designed by K.C. Volkhart as a fast courier car for Luftwaffe (German Air Force). Body, designed by Baron Reinhard von Koenig-Fachsenfeld, was built by Helmut Fuchs Niederwenningern/Ruhr. Thanks to its low drag coefficient (0.17 only) the streamline body allowed for speeds up to 150 km/h. The engine, mounted at the rear, was the standard VW 1.1-liter boxer, 24.5 hp.

BELOW: The sole example is preserved in the PROTOTYP Museum, Hamburg. ..."

MORE PHOTOS!: http://www.dieselpunks.org/profiles/blogs/lord-k-s-garage-115-volkhart-sagitta___

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