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Ralph Roberts has been shared in 216 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
CHEAT COC335New Control Panel For Member, Update and All Tutorial can Found Here : http://cheatcocc.blogspot.com  Thanks #teamb   reshared to help other find us2015-04-20 13:38:04501000
harish naidu121ADD (+harish naidu ) This circle to your circles and boost uop your G+ followers1)+1 post2)add me to your circles and wait for next half an hour3)inform me below in comments after all steps have been done2015-04-20 09:37:50249000
Tourej Ansari46,214This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you streamBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this #Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.I will thankful if you plus, Include me in your circles and share this circle!  #Columbus   #Ohio  2015-04-20 05:29:48248002
Daniel Gibbs23,607If you received a notification, please reshare to your #circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this #circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#while #benefitting #poor #and #vulnerable #farmers #The #studys #recommendations #ranged #from #improving #the #use #of #climate #information #in #local #planning #and #strengthening #weatherbased #agroadvisory #services #to #stimulating #diversification #of #rural #household #incomes #and #providing #incentes #to #in #to 2015-04-07 06:31:55486255
Benjamin Davis8,895This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.  Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!2015-03-20 17:32:39498151233
Colin Wilson21,691This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#Carson #City #Las #Vegas #October #New #Hampshire #NH #Concord #Manchester #June #New #Jersey #NJ #Trenton #Newark #December #New #Mexico #NM #Santa #Fe #Albuquerque #January #New #York #NY #Albany #New #York #July #North #Carolina #NC #Raleigh #Charlotte #November #North #Dakota #ND 2015-03-20 10:10:32376121327
Daniel Gibbs21,332Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your #circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next #circleshare: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#MovieReview #Video #Review #AamirKhan #AnushkaSharma #PKmovie #MovieTrailer #YennaiArindhaal #Hindi #Online #Entourage #YouTube #Cinema #BollywoodMovies #Automotive #Cars #Ford #BMW #Auto #Ferrari #Driving #Toyota #WinterDriving2015-03-10 10:10:22469232549
Ravi Kumar (VTR)6,997Sharing few from my photographer circle..2015-01-30 08:12:09501010
Ralph Matthew Ramos0hi :) add me to your circle, i post a lot of fun staff #google   #googleshare   #circleshare  2015-01-25 06:29:35119000
Simon Weiner2,034Quality People Circle 9 #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circles  #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2015-01-06 12:06:093668414
Sport News95SHARE CIRCLE#sharecircle   #sharecircleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing #publicsharedcircles   #publiccircle   #sharingiscaring   #circles   #publiccircleshare   #publiccircles  2014-12-23 21:48:28501344
GuruOmBha0This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles#sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles#publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle2014-12-11 01:29:07495337
Sport News95Let's break 500 shares again and keep the momentum going! These are the best of the best engagers from all walks of life. Give yourself a little diversity and add these great people to your circles.➤ To be added into the next share, follow these simple steps:  1) Add the circle2) Plus the original post3) Share the circle publicly (and with your circles/extended circles)4) Comment on the original post when complete #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #circleoftheday #circles #followers #gpluslist #publicsharedcircles #sharedcircleoftheday #Sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #Sharingcircles #topofthepeople #googlecircleshare #googleplus #sharingiscaring #sharingmeansthankyou #socialmedia 2014-12-08 21:18:09501536
John Sean6,104This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar #news   #travel   #travelphotography   #update 2014-12-06 13:15:29493535679
sirilus kristiyo ami joyo0This is a shared circle of people that help G+ to grow.Share and be shared.*If you like this Circle, please share this post and Circle.If you want to be in the next circle, share this circle and post a comment here!*2014-11-24 15:20:25493001
Robert Connor24,820This is a shared circle of people that help G+ to grow.Share and be shared.*If you like this Circle, please share this post and Circle.If you want to be in the next circle, share this circle and post a comment here!*#circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlequeen 2014-11-24 11:21:22492182249
Nolan Harvey218More friend today #sharedcircles   #circleshare   #morefollowers  2014-11-05 16:59:40501138
Michael Junghans10,859A big thank you. Great to be connected with you :-)Please share | +#sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare   #circlesharing   #teamelite   #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle    #sharedcircle #cerchiacondivisa   #condividicerchia   #cerchiadiitaliani   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   #circleshare  #bosmol #BosmolCircle   #GrowthCIrcle     #GooglePlus   #CircleShare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #google   #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare 2014-10-26 18:14:54501839
Dubie Bacino103,464ENGAGERS CIRCLE - Curated by +Dubie Bacino (11th Edition)This is a circle of truly amazing and creative individuals. Most people are the ones I've been interacting with for years here and on other social networks, mixed in with some new friends I've made recently. All people here are very active on Google+ and worth adding to your circles. They come from different countries and backgrounds, some of them are bloggers and social media professionals, others are artists, musicians, writers, photographers… They are not a shy group by any means. All you have to do is reach out and most of them will reciprocate the engagement. When it comes to #CircleSharing, my practice is to share only two of my circles every month: - ENGAGERS: this is a way of saying thank you to those who have interacted with me in some way (either by plussing, commenting, and/or sharing my posts, or by participating in my communities), and- INSPIRING: mainly photographers, but also other people who I find post original and interesting content.To get into my circles is real simple: either engage with my posts, or keep sharing quality content. If you want me to notice you, be active in one or all of my communities (see below).To connect with me - Opajdara, the best place is my xeeme page: http://xeeme.com/opajdara or http://www.opajdara.com/ -----------------------------------------MY PAGES AND COMMUNITIES(Feel free to join if any of the topics interest you)FRIEND FILERIf you need more shared circles, check out the ones posted by +Friend Filer.  If what you are looking for is to grow your audience, expand your reach on Google+ and connect with people on other social networks, I also recommend joining their community at http://bit.ly/1f6AUpH.MOON PHOTOGRAPHYTake a look at +Moonipulations, it's the place for all Moon lovers. Here you will find not only the photoshopped pics as the name indicates, but also the most beautiful moonscapes. If you want to jump in and share your photos,  join Moonipulations community: http://bit.ly/194vpSNROAD PHOTOGRAPHYThis is something I really love, to see an open road in front of me. If you feel the same, come join us and share your most beautiful road pics here: http://bit.ly/18rY1cnAERIAL PHOTOGRAPHYA place for those of us who like to see how earth looks from the sky. A refreshing change of perspective. Take a look for yourself: http://bit.ly/1mOSZA7MOTION PHOTOGRAPHYLook at the world around you - it's in constant motion. Stop for a moment and take a shot of it, then share it with us here:  http://bit.ly/1fI9xGqSHADOW PHOTOGRAPHYVisit the showcase of beautiful and creative shadow photography. Shadows can add a lot to a photograph. They can emphasize emotions, create surreal images, and be used in a variety of ways. If you are interested in exploring this fascinating interaction of darkn2014-09-15 13:15:24496153155198
Becky Collins16,373Young Adult Authors circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-13 05:03:59465138
Tessa Schlesinger21,767This is my inner core circle  - the people from whom I share frequently. Sometimes, if someone hasn't been posting for a while, I will put them into another circle. I divide my circles into:1. Inner core ; people whose posts I share more often than others.2. Engagers: people with whom I engage and visa versa.3. My science circle. Geeky info that I like to read.4. My temporary circle; when I try out new people.2014-08-30 16:22:3688535
Becky Collins13,270Space Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-07-17 07:18:063893010
César Bustíos Benites39,965My Favorites CircleIt's been a while since my last circle share, I just reached 40K followers and thought it would be a great moment for an update! This circle contains awesome and interesting people from different countries, they are the reason I enjoy so much being on G+. Follow them now, you won't regreat it ;-) #CircleShare   #PublicCircle   #TopCircles   #TopCircleShare   #PublicCircleShare  +Share Your Circle +Circle Distribution 2014-07-08 18:10:262639515
Chris Goldsmith4,303Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circles   #circleoftheday   #share   #sharecircle   #sharecircleoftheday   #sharedcircles  2014-06-24 13:22:16493109
Harry Day2,588Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circles   #circleoftheday   #share   #sharecircle   #sharecircleoftheday   #sharedcircles   #deal   #dx   #dealdxcom   #products   #cheap   #china   #freeshipping   #iphone 2014-06-24 13:10:494934116
Ryan Johnson7,499Check out my Circle Share➤ To be added into the next share, follow these simple steps:  1) Plus the original post2) Share this circle publicly (and with your circles/extended circles)3) Comment on the original post when complete#awesome         #awesomepeople         #chadwick         #circle     #circles     #circlesharing         #circleshare         #circleoftheday     #circleplus     #community   #followback     #followers       #gplus   #influence       #leadership     #public         #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles         #reshare         #reshared       #reshareday     #resharetags     #ripples     #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday     #sharewithyou         #sharing     #sharingcircle     #socialmedia   #theplus   #tcs     #team 2014-06-21 13:32:1942617724
John Nuntiatio38,202#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health2014-06-15 06:01:32319368
Who's Who in North Carolina on Google+482North Carolina | SHARED CIRCLE | Number 5 of 7Very important Google+ people, pages, communities, places & things in & about North Carolina. Circle by +Who's Who in North Carolina on Google+, Updated 06/09/2014NORTH CAROLINA#whoswho #northcarolina #googlepluscirclesnc #ncgooglepluscircle #ncgooglepluscircles #ncsharedcircle #ncsharedcircles #ncvip #ncvips #northcarolinasharedcircle #northcarolinasharedcircles #googlepluscirclenc #sharedcirclenc #sharedcirclencs #whoswhoinnc #vipsnc #vipnc +Bradford Lowry +Len Raleigh +Jesse Wojdylo +Randy Culler +Heather Barr +Henri Deschamps +Scott Dickson +Charles Payet +2014-06-09 13:59:29461039
Who's Who in North Carolina on Google+482North Carolina | SHARED CIRCLE | Number 1 of 7Very important Google+ people, pages, communities, places & things in & about North Carolina. Circle by +Who's Who in North Carolina on Google+, Updated 06/09/2014NORTH CAROLINA#whoswho #northcarolina #googlepluscirclesnc #ncgooglepluscircle #ncgooglepluscircles #ncsharedcircle #ncsharedcircles #ncvip #ncvips #northcarolinasharedcircle #northcarolinasharedcircles #googlepluscirclenc #sharedcirclenc #sharedcirclencs #whoswhoinnc #vipsnc #vipnc +Bradford Lowry +Len Raleigh +Jesse Wojdylo +Randy Culler +Heather Barr +Henri Deschamps +Scott Dickson +Charles Payet +2014-06-09 13:57:10491369
John Nuntiatio (TodayNews)36,868#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss  2014-05-20 19:22:35440234
Tessa Schlesinger20,569This is the circle of people I follow. I am not in it (so I'm not promoting myself). I follow them because they are interesting, sincere, have good stuff. Some of them have been here with me from day one.  They don't always interact every day, but I think it really depends on what you're looking for on G+. If you want people to interact with you, well, nobody can interact with everybody who adds them. There just isn't enough time to do that. On the other hand, if you'd like to read someone because they present informative, interesting, entertaining stuff, then this circle is interesting. I think it would appeal to atheists, agnostics, people who love beauty, travel, occasional humor, who are visual, intellectual, thinkers, humanist, and/or liberal. :)2014-05-08 15:31:52186503
Tourej Ansari16,188My new Worldwide circle of travelerPlease plus, comment add and share! These are people that will share and re-post your circles and other content you produce. This circle contains people who have Plussed my posts within the last few weeks.#CircleShare #SharedCircles #Circle #CircleOfTheDay #SharedPublicCircles #GooglePlusTips #Google+ #Google #teamelitecircle #Hearingaids #Hearing #PublicCircle #SocialMedia #Engagers #TeamElite #Circles #EliteInnerCircle #HearingLoss 2014-05-05 10:00:50483241545
Simona AN56,520 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                                         (^..^)ノ The   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノA cat has nine lives. For three he plays, for three he strays, and for the last three he stays ~ English Proverb    You want a PAWESOME stream? Add CAT CIRCLE in your circles!This is a circle of awesome humans, smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and help each other!Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Everybody Wants To Be A Cat - The Cat Pack♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song... Everybody wants to be... in   #CATCIRCLE     #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #CircleCurators   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to pet a cat!2014-05-03 20:34:55375653489
Simona AN55,775 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                                         (^..^)ノ The   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノA cat can be trusted to purr when she is pleased, which is more than can be said for human beings. ~ William Ralph Inge    You want a PAWESOME stream? Add CAT CIRCLE in your circles!This is a circle of great humans, smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and help each other!Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Everybody wants to be... in #CARCIRCLE  Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Brian Setzer - Everybody wants to be a cat♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...  #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleCurators   #Take2Seconds  to pet a cat!2014-04-26 21:33:42375943490
Simona AN55,302 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           I didn't forget you!Happy Easter, love and light in your life!Cats are magical… the more you pet them, the longer you both will live. ~ Anonymous        (^..^)ノ The #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  You want a PAWESOME stream? Add CAT CIRCLE in your circles!This is a circle of great humans, smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and help each other!Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ 'Everybody wants to be a cat' performed by St. George's Hilltoppers♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...Everybody wants to be... in #CATCIRCLE ! #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #hqspanimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CrazyCircle   #CircleOfTheDay   #CircleCurators   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to pet a cat!2014-04-19 15:24:57373863383
Simona AN54,703 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           Are cats lazy? Well, more power to them if they are. Which one of us has not entertained the dream of doing just as he likes, when and how he likes, and as much as he likes? ~ Fernand Mery        (^..^)ノ The   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  You want a PAWESOME stream? Add CAT CIRCLE in your circles!A circle of humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Alti & Bassi - Everybody Wants to be a cat - gli Aristogatti - Lyrics in description♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...Everybody wants to be... in    #CATCIRCLE! #Caturday   #MyBelovedCats   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #CircleCurators   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to petting a cat!I apologize that at previous post I didn't could answer to all of you, as usual!2014-04-12 20:19:1437410933103
Simona AN53,928 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           A home without a cat - and a well-fed, well-petted and properly revered cat - may be a perfect home, perhaps, but how can it prove title? ~ Pudd'nhead Wilson        (^..^)ノ The   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  You want a PAWESOME stream? Add CAT CIRCLE in your circles!A circle of humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ The Aristocats - Everybody wants to be a cat (movie ending)♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...Everybody wants to be... in   #CATCIRCLE ! #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #CircleCurators   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to cuddle a cat!2014-04-05 20:04:46370602393
Daniel Mihai Popescu42,089This is Cats 2, a growing circle :) #danielmihaipopescusharedcircle #maximumperformance (based on Cat Circle recently shared by +Simona AN , meaning that a little bit more than a third is taken from there, and if there are actually more than that, this is a pure coincidence)Just a "+1" will be enough, my friends and future friends :)2014-03-31 12:46:11386332841
Simona AN52,990 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           If there were to be a universal sound depicting peace, I would surely vote for the purr. ~ Barbara L. Diamond        (^..^)ノ The   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!A circle of humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. They are my favorites in Google+. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Alti & Bassi - Everybody Wants to be a cat - gli Aristogatti - Lyrics in description♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...Everybody wants to be... in #CATCIRCLE ! #Caturday   #MyBelovedCats   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #CatLoversNetwork   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CaturdayEveryday   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  ... to cuddle a cat!2014-03-29 21:09:30368872889
Simona AN52,452 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           You can keep a dog; but it is the cat who keeps people, because cats find humans useful domestic animals. ~ George Mikes        (^..^)ノ The #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!Here are my favorite people on Google+, humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Everybody Wants To Be A Cat - The Aristocats Disney (Dave Oval Live Acoustic Guitar Cover)♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song...Everybody wants to be... in   #CATCIRCLE ! #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to cuddle a cat!2014-03-22 21:59:23367633194
John Nuntiatio29,572#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-12 06:21:31469006
John Nuntiatio (TodayNews)29,572#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-12 06:20:51469102
Simona AN50,576 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           Cats are always there when you need them, asleep, telling you with their body language that they don’t need you. ~ Jarod Kintz - "$3.33"        (^..^)ノ Weekly    #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!In this circle are my favorite people on Google+, humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Aristocats: Everybody Wants To Be A Cat. Tiffany-Ensemble♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song... #CATCIRCLE     #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  2014-03-01 23:17:33363922380
Simona AN49,852 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           A kitten is the delight of a household. All day long a comedy is played out by an incomparable actor ~ Champfleury" - "The Cat Past and Present"        (^..^)ノ Weekly   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!In this circle are my favorite people on Google+, humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ WALT DISNEY & THE JAZZ - Everybody Wants To Be A Cat (From The Aristocats)♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song... #CATCIRCLE   #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to cuddle a cat!2014-02-22 20:13:15362863888
Cristian Teodoridis2,715And this is my circle with the top (professional) photographers on Google+. Enjoy!2014-02-18 18:34:27494023
Circle to Circle0Mega Mixx of top Engagers.  Great circle this week!#Circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  2014-02-18 16:22:154704214
Circle Distribution0And then there was the RANDOMNESS #CircleOfRandomness 8.1 (8.2 will follow this circle share over the next couple of days).(Not to be confused with #CircleYouShare  which will be revamped separately, hopefully based on equal shares to individuals)Just because I think #YoureAwseome and/or new to G+ and need a little shove into the swing of things, I have included you in this random circle share.So yeah, if you're in this circle I'd like it if you shared it. Why? Because YOU deserve to be shared... so yeah, share it!#FriendsShareFriends   #SnowballEffect   #YoureAwesome    #AlteredDNAFsF #CircleOfRandomness   #CircleYouShare  #AlteredDNACircleSharingSupport Here: http://goo.gl/fWrJj52014-02-15 23:41:09500175103104
Simona AN48,882 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           The way to get on with a cat is to treat it as an equal - or even better, as the superior it knows itself to be. ~ Elizabeth Peters, "The Snake, the Crocodile and the Dog"        (^..^)ノ Weekly   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!In this circle are my favorite people on Google+, humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ The Ferries Everybody Wants To Be A Cat♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song... #CATCIRCLE   #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #WildLifeInTheCity   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to cuddle a cat!2014-02-15 20:36:23360853489
John Nuntiatio26,956#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-02-10 11:45:51241639
Simona AN48,040 /\„,„/\  ( =';'=)    /♥♥\   (.\.. . . /.)  *CAT CIRCLE*                           It is a difficult matter to gain the affection of a cat. He is a philosophical, methodical animal, tenacious of his own habits, fond of order and neatness, and disinclined to extravagant sentiment. He will be your friend, if he finds you worthy of friendship, but not your slave. ~ Théophile Gautier, "Ménagerie intime"        (^..^)ノ Weekly   #CATCIRCLE  for my best friends (^..^)ノ  Add these people in your circles to have a PAWESOME stream!In this circle are my favorite people on Google+, humans very smart, talented, sensitive, with a good sense of humor, who interact very well and could help each other. Specific cat-pages and their curators are included by default. If you want to be added or out just tell me!If you're notified, you're in CAT CIRCLE!Welcome Newcomers!♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ OLD BLOOD - Everybody Wants to be a Cat♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♪ ♫ ♫ ♪ Every week I try to find a new version for the welcome song... #CATCIRCLE      #Caturday   #OneCatADayKeepsTheDoctorAway   #MyBelovedCats   #CaturdayEveryday   #CatsBigAndSmallTheBest   #HQSPAnimals   #CatLoversNetwork   #CircleCaturday   #CircleOfTheDay   #CatsRule   #ShareYourCircle   #Take2Seconds  to cuddle a cat!2014-02-08 21:05:593581033077

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 96

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2015-04-22 14:02:15 (96 comments, 85 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and... more »

Most reshares: 85

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2015-04-22 14:02:15 (96 comments, 85 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and... more »

Most plusones: 601

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2015-04-22 14:02:15 (96 comments, 85 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and... more »

Latest 50 posts

posted image

2015-04-25 23:45:32 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Truck parked in front of Pack's Tavern in Asheville NC. Obviously an advertisement but nicely restored. 

Truck parked in front of Pack's Tavern in Asheville NC. Obviously an advertisement but nicely restored. ___

posted image

2015-04-25 16:19:52 (3 comments, 9 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

This Sealed Bottle Garden Hasn’t Been Watered Since 1972 ... Twisted Sifter -- "The Daily Mail has a fascinating feature on David Latimer and his soon to be 54-year-old bottle garden that he started on Easter Sunday back in 1960.

Using a ten gallon carboy, Latimer poured in some compost, a quarter pint of water and carefully lowered in a spiderwort seedling (Tradescantia) using a piece of wire. He then placed the bottle garden by a sun-filled window in his home and let photosynthesis do its thing.

It wasn’t until 1972 (12 years later) that Latimer gave his bottle garden another drink and it has been sealed ever since! ..."

more: http://bit.ly/1hzAt5Q

This Sealed Bottle Garden Hasn’t Been Watered Since 1972 ... Twisted Sifter -- "The Daily Mail has a fascinating feature on David Latimer and his soon to be 54-year-old bottle garden that he started on Easter Sunday back in 1960.

Using a ten gallon carboy, Latimer poured in some compost, a quarter pint of water and carefully lowered in a spiderwort seedling (Tradescantia) using a piece of wire. He then placed the bottle garden by a sun-filled window in his home and let photosynthesis do its thing.

It wasn’t until 1972 (12 years later) that Latimer gave his bottle garden another drink and it has been sealed ever since! ..."

more: http://bit.ly/1hzAt5Q___

posted image

2015-04-25 16:17:36 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Meenakshi Amman Temple, India ... Wikipedia -- "Meenakshi Amman Temple (also called: Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, Tiru-aalavaai [1][2] and Meenakshi Amman Kovil) is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River[3] in the temple city[4] of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Parvati, known as Meenakshi, and her consort, Shiva, here named Sundareswarar. The temple forms the heart and lifeline of the 2500 year old city[5] of Madurai and is a significant symbol for the Tamil people, mentioned since antiquity in Tamil literature though the present structure was built between 1623 and 1655 CE.[6][7][8] It houses 14 gopurams (gateway towers), ranging from 45-50m in height. The tallest is the southern tower, 51.9 metres (170 ft) high, and two golden sculptured vimanas, the shrines over the garbhagrihas (sanctums) of the main deities. The temple attracts 15,000... more »

Meenakshi Amman Temple, India ... Wikipedia -- "Meenakshi Amman Temple (also called: Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, Tiru-aalavaai [1][2] and Meenakshi Amman Kovil) is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River[3] in the temple city[4] of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Parvati, known as Meenakshi, and her consort, Shiva, here named Sundareswarar. The temple forms the heart and lifeline of the 2500 year old city[5] of Madurai and is a significant symbol for the Tamil people, mentioned since antiquity in Tamil literature though the present structure was built between 1623 and 1655 CE.[6][7][8] It houses 14 gopurams (gateway towers), ranging from 45-50m in height. The tallest is the southern tower, 51.9 metres (170 ft) high, and two golden sculptured vimanas, the shrines over the garbhagrihas (sanctums) of the main deities. The temple attracts 15,000 visitors a day, around 25,000 on Fridays, and receives an annual revenue of sixty million. There are an estimated 33,000 sculptures in the temple.[9] It was on the list of top 30 nominees for the "New Seven Wonders of the World". The annual 10-day Meenakshi Tirukalyanam festival, celebrated during April and May, attracts 1 million visitors. ..."

more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meenakshi_Amman_Temple___

posted image

2015-04-25 16:16:07 (1 comments, 7 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

want... want ... want! ;-)

How to make a secret door bookcase

http://www.instructables.com/id/Secret-door-bookcase/?ALLSTEPS___want... want ... want! ;-)

posted image

2015-04-25 16:13:37 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

oops, forgot to celebrate this year ... well, not too late, eh?

HAPPY BIRTHDAY INTERNET!!! ... April 7, 1969 – The Internet was symbolically born with publication of RFC 1 ... below: The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz ... Wikipedia -- " ... ARPANET development was centered around the Request for Comments (RFC) process, still used today for proposing and distributing Internet Protocols and Systems. RFC 1, entitled "Host Software", was written by Steve Crocker from the University of California, Los Angeles, and published on April 7, 1969. These early years were documented in the 1972 film Computer Networks: The Heralds of Resource Sharing.

ARPANET became the technical core of what would become the Internet, and a primary tool in developing the technologies used. The early ARPANET used the Network Control Program (NCP, sometimes Network Control Protocol) rather than TCP/IP. On January 1, 1983, known as flag day, NCP on the ARPANET was replaced by the more flexible and powerful family of TCP/IP protocols, marking the start of the modern Internet. ..."

more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Internet___oops, forgot to celebrate this year ... well, not too late, eh?

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2015-04-25 16:12:57 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

April 7, 1897 – The Aurora, Texas UFO incident ... Wikipedia -- "The Aurora, Texas, UFO incident reportedly occurred on April 17, 1897 when, according to locals, a UFO crashed on a farm near Aurora, Texas. The incident (similar to the more famous Roswell UFO incident 50 years later) is claimed to have resulted in a fatality from the crash and the alleged alien body is to have been buried in an unmarked grave at the local cemetery.* ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora,_Texas_UFO_incident

April 7, 1897 – The Aurora, Texas UFO incident ... Wikipedia -- "The Aurora, Texas, UFO incident reportedly occurred on April 17, 1897 when, according to locals, a UFO crashed on a farm near Aurora, Texas. The incident (similar to the more famous Roswell UFO incident 50 years later) is claimed to have resulted in a fatality from the crash and the alleged alien body is to have been buried in an unmarked grave at the local cemetery.* ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora,_Texas_UFO_incident___

posted image

2015-04-25 15:55:55 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Chan Chan: World’s Largest Adobe City ... "Located near the Pacific coast in the Peruvian region of La Libertad, 5 km west of Trujillo, Chan Chan was the largest Pre-Columbian city in South America and the largest earthen architecture city in the world. It was the capital of the Chimú civilization, that stretched along the northern coast for a thousand kilometers from just south of Ecuador down to central Peru. The city itself was built around 850 CE and lasted until its conquest by the Inca Empire in 1470.

At the height of the Chimú empire, Chan Chan spread over 20 square km with a monumental zone of around 6 square km in the center, and housed an estimated 60,000 inhabitants. The city had nine large rectangular citadels surrounded by thick earthen walls 30 to 60 feet high. Within these units, were thousands of buildings including temples, residences, storehouses are arrangedaro... more »

Chan Chan: World’s Largest Adobe City ... "Located near the Pacific coast in the Peruvian region of La Libertad, 5 km west of Trujillo, Chan Chan was the largest Pre-Columbian city in South America and the largest earthen architecture city in the world. It was the capital of the Chimú civilization, that stretched along the northern coast for a thousand kilometers from just south of Ecuador down to central Peru. The city itself was built around 850 CE and lasted until its conquest by the Inca Empire in 1470.

At the height of the Chimú empire, Chan Chan spread over 20 square km with a monumental zone of around 6 square km in the center, and housed an estimated 60,000 inhabitants. The city had nine large rectangular citadels surrounded by thick earthen walls 30 to 60 feet high. Within these units, were thousands of buildings including temples, residences, storehouses are arranged around open spaces, together with reservoirs, and funeral platforms. The walls of the buildings were often decorated with raised carvings representing abstract motifs and animals.

Outside these nine rectangular units were four industrial sectors dedicated to woodwork, weaving, and the work of gold and silver. The city was deprived of these precious metals by Spanish treasure hunters who plundered the city during the 16th century. An area further to the south was used for farming; the land watered by an intricate system of irrigation.

Chan Chan was established in one of the world's bleakest coastal deserts, where the average annual rainfall was less than a tenth of an inch. It was this dry desert air that allowed the city’s earthen structure to remains to this day. Ironically, due to the changes in weather pattern, today Chan Chan is threatened by too much water, as torrential rains gradually wash away this ancient city. ..."

LOTS MORE PHOTOS:  http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/chan-chan-worlds-largest-adobe-city.html___

posted image

2015-04-25 11:24:13 (4 comments, 8 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Mysterious X-37B Military Space Plane to Fly Again Next Month ... " The United States Air Force's X-37B space plane will launch on its fourth mystery mission next month.
The unmanned X-37B space plane, which looks like a miniature version of NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiter, is scheduled to blast off atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 20.

"We are excited about our fourth X-37B mission," Randy Walden, director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said in a statement. "With the demonstrated success of the first three missions, we’re able to shift our focus from initial checkouts of the vehicle to testing of experimental payloads." ..."

http://www.space.com/29221-x37b-military-space-plane-fourth-mission.html

Mysterious X-37B Military Space Plane to Fly Again Next Month ... " The United States Air Force's X-37B space plane will launch on its fourth mystery mission next month.
The unmanned X-37B space plane, which looks like a miniature version of NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiter, is scheduled to blast off atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 20.

"We are excited about our fourth X-37B mission," Randy Walden, director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said in a statement. "With the demonstrated success of the first three missions, we’re able to shift our focus from initial checkouts of the vehicle to testing of experimental payloads." ..."

http://www.space.com/29221-x37b-military-space-plane-fourth-mission.html___

posted image

2015-04-25 11:23:13 (5 comments, 18 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Mysterious X-37B Military Space Plane to Fly Again Next Month ... " The United States Air Force's X-37B space plane will launch on its fourth mystery mission next month.
The unmanned X-37B space plane, which looks like a miniature version of NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiter, is scheduled to blast off atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 20.

"We are excited about our fourth X-37B mission," Randy Walden, director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said in a statement. "With the demonstrated success of the first three missions, we’re able to shift our focus from initial checkouts of the vehicle to testing of experimental payloads." ..."

http://www.space.com/29221-x37b-military-space-plane-fourth-mission.html

Mysterious X-37B Military Space Plane to Fly Again Next Month ... " The United States Air Force's X-37B space plane will launch on its fourth mystery mission next month.
The unmanned X-37B space plane, which looks like a miniature version of NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiter, is scheduled to blast off atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on May 20.

"We are excited about our fourth X-37B mission," Randy Walden, director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said in a statement. "With the demonstrated success of the first three missions, we’re able to shift our focus from initial checkouts of the vehicle to testing of experimental payloads." ..."

http://www.space.com/29221-x37b-military-space-plane-fourth-mission.html___

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2015-04-25 11:07:57 (2 comments, 12 reshares, 44 +1s)Open 

Topiary Garden Cemetery of Tulcan ... "Tulcán, the capital of the province of Carchi in Ecuador, is a small city of 60,000, situated right on the border between Ecuador and Colombia. For the visitor, Tulcan offers nothing much noteworthy, except due to it’s proximity to Colombia it is a bustling city with a lot of trade passing through each day. The cemetery, however, is one that is worth visiting. While most tourist friendly cemeteries are known for its fantastic shrines and graves, the cemetery in Tulcan is known for its elaborately trimmed cypress bushes.

The cemetery of Tulcan was founded in 1932 to replace the old cemetery on the hill of Santiago that was severely damaged in the earthquake of 1923. It was built on 8 acres of land, northeast of the city, complying with the general rule of the time which required they be outside populated areas to avoid epidemics. The keyfe... more »

Topiary Garden Cemetery of Tulcan ... "Tulcán, the capital of the province of Carchi in Ecuador, is a small city of 60,000, situated right on the border between Ecuador and Colombia. For the visitor, Tulcan offers nothing much noteworthy, except due to it’s proximity to Colombia it is a bustling city with a lot of trade passing through each day. The cemetery, however, is one that is worth visiting. While most tourist friendly cemeteries are known for its fantastic shrines and graves, the cemetery in Tulcan is known for its elaborately trimmed cypress bushes.

The cemetery of Tulcan was founded in 1932 to replace the old cemetery on the hill of Santiago that was severely damaged in the earthquake of 1923. It was built on 8 acres of land, northeast of the city, complying with the general rule of the time which required they be outside populated areas to avoid epidemics. The key feature of the terrain on which the cemetery is located is the calcareous soil that favor the growth of cypress.

José María Franco Guerrero, who held the position of Head of the Municipality of Tulcán Parks, started exploiting the favorable soil by planting rows of cypress trees that today cover almost half of the cemetery. He started pruning each tree into various figures inspired by pre-Columbian, Augustinian and Arabic totems. Some were mythological figures, others were animals and some simple geometric shapes. There are more than 300 figures in total.

Recognition of Mr. Guerrero’s work came in 1984 when his topiary garden was declared "Cultural Heritage of the State" by the Institute of Cultural Heritage of Ecuador. On the same year, the Ministry of Tourism declared the garden as a site of national interest.

José María Franco Guerrero died in 1985 and was befittingly buried in this very cemetery among the splendor he created. His epitaph reads: “In Tulcán, a cemetery so beautiful that it invites one to die!” His five sons continue the maintenance of the Topiary Garden Cemetery and the creation of its fascinating shrubbery to this day.

In 2005, the cemetery was renamed José María Azael Franco Cemetery. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/topiary-garden-cemetery-of-tulcan.html___

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2015-04-25 10:59:00 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

How the U.S. Civil War Started and Ended in One Man's House ... "Rare is the historical boast more provocative than Wilmer McLean’s statement that the U.S. Civil War “began in my front yard and ended in my parlor.” Rarer still is one that, like McLean’s, is actually true. How did McLean, a 47-year-old Virginia merchant, wind up as the Civil War’s alpha and omega, a single man whose residence would bookend a nation’s grueling four-year ordeal? As with many of life’s great synchronicities, it was mostly about location, timing and luck — or simple misfortune, as the case may be.

On the evening of July 18, 1861 — three months after Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter — a Union cannonball slashed through a wall of McLean’s home, landing in his kitchen fireplace and disrupting the Confederate soldiers dining there. “A comical effect of this artilleryfight,” Gen. P.G.T. Bea... more »

How the U.S. Civil War Started and Ended in One Man's House ... "Rare is the historical boast more provocative than Wilmer McLean’s statement that the U.S. Civil War “began in my front yard and ended in my parlor.” Rarer still is one that, like McLean’s, is actually true. How did McLean, a 47-year-old Virginia merchant, wind up as the Civil War’s alpha and omega, a single man whose residence would bookend a nation’s grueling four-year ordeal? As with many of life’s great synchronicities, it was mostly about location, timing and luck — or simple misfortune, as the case may be.

On the evening of July 18, 1861 — three months after Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter — a Union cannonball slashed through a wall of McLean’s home, landing in his kitchen fireplace and disrupting the Confederate soldiers dining there. “A comical effect of this artillery fight,” Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard noted in his diary, “was the destruction of the dinner of myself and staff by a Federal shell that fell into the fire-place of my headquarters at the McLean House.”

McLean, a retired member of the Virginia militia who was too old to fight, had offered up his strategically positioned home in rural Prince William County, just south of Washington, D.C., as a headquarters for Beauregard and his officers for what was about to turn into the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major battle of the war and considered by many the moment when the Civil War began in earnest.

... Despite the risks, McLean made out well for a while, serving as a landlord to the Southern army and helping run sugar and other supplies through Union blockades. By the time of the Second Battle of Bull Run in 1862, however, McLean’s business was suffering, his property was in shambles, and his family, including his now-pregnant wife, was growing weary of the danger on their doorstep. So he and his family moved about 120 miles south to a two-story cottage in Appomattox County in south-central Virginia, safely removed from the front lines.

But the war would follow him, and in its closing days, once again come knocking on Wilmer McLean’s door. In early April 1865, Union troops had surrounded Gen. Robert E. Lee and his retreating Confederate forces in southern Virginia. After one final skirmish near Appomattox, Lee and his troops, hopelessly outnumbered, were forced to surrender. And so, on April 9, Palm Sunday, leaders from both sides commandeered the nicest room in the area, which just happened to be McLean’s parlor, to make the cessation of hostilities official.

With the Union Army camped outside, the immaculately attired Lee arrived by horse that afternoon to meet with the disheveled Union commander, and future U.S. president, Ulysses S. Grant. And just 25 minutes after they had sat down in McLean’s parlor, the Civil War was over. As the vanquished Lee rode off McLean’s estate on his gray horse, Grant stood on McLean’s front steps and, with his men, saluted his former rival.

Undoubtedly a moving, if not sorrowful, sight for the Confederate bystander McLean, but things could have been worse, and soon they were. With the ceremony concluded, Grant’s men, including high-ranking Union commanders, set about doing what all victorious soldiers are prone to do — they went foraging in McLean’s home for souvenirs. Tables, chairs and other household items — what the soldiers didn’t pick clean, local civilians later would from the largely helpless McLean. Maj. Gen. George Armstrong Custer — yes, that General Custer — made off with McLean’s desk (now in the Smithsonian), upon which the surrender had been penned.

FULL STORY: http://bit.ly/1HBO1Al___

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2015-04-24 15:42:38 (20 comments, 27 reshares, 100 +1s)Open 

April 24, 1800 – The Library of Congress, the de facto national library of the United States, was established as part of an act of Congress providing for the transfer of the nation's capital from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. ... "The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., and also maintains the Packard Campus in Culpeper, Virginia, which houses the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center.

By 1990, the Library of Congress became the world's largest library,[n 1] and continues to claim that title today.[4] The Library's "collections are universal, not limited by subject, format, or nationalbo... more »

April 24, 1800 – The Library of Congress, the de facto national library of the United States, was established as part of an act of Congress providing for the transfer of the nation's capital from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. ... "The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., and also maintains the Packard Campus in Culpeper, Virginia, which houses the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center.

By 1990, the Library of Congress became the world's largest library,[n 1] and continues to claim that title today.[4] The Library's "collections are universal, not limited by subject, format, or national boundary, and include research materials from all parts of the world and in more than 450 languages. Two thirds of the books it acquires each year are in languages other than English."[3]

The Library of Congress moved to Washington in 1800, after sitting for eleven years in the temporary national capitals of New York and Philadelphia. John J. Beckley, who became the first Librarian of Congress, was paid two dollars per day and was also required to serve as the Clerk of the House of Representatives.[5] The small Congressional Library was housed in the United States Capitol for most of the 19th century until the early 1890s. Most of the original collection had been destroyed by the British in 1814 during the War of 1812. To restore its collection in 1815, the library bought from former president Thomas Jefferson his entire personal collection of 6,487 books.

After a period of slow growth, another fire struck the Library in its Capitol chambers in 1851, again destroying a large amount of the collection, including many of Jefferson's books. The Library of Congress then began to grow rapidly in both size and importance after the American Civil War and a campaign to purchase replacement copies for volumes that had been burned from other sources, collections and libraries (which had begun to speckle throughout the burgeoning United States). The Library received the right of transference of all copyrighted works to have two copies deposited of books, maps, illustrations and diagrams printed in the United States. It also began to build its collections of British and other European works and then of works published throughout the English-speaking world.

This development culminated in the construction during 1888–1894 of a separate, expansive library building across the street from the Capitol, in the Beaux Arts style with fine decorations, murals, paintings, marble halls, columns and steps, carved hardwoods and a stained glass dome. It included several stories built underground of steel and cast iron stacks. ..."

MORE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Congress

BELOW: The Great Hall interior___

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2015-04-24 13:23:32 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle ... " The Buran spacecraft was a space shuttle developed by the Soviet Union in response to NASA's space shuttle program. Buran, which means “snowstorm” in Russian, flew one time.

NASA's space shuttle represented a new form of development for space vehicles. Up until 1982, space vehicles — even those that carried humans — were launched for only one mission at a time, except for certain military test programs. A shuttle, on the other hand, could be used multiple times and reduce the cost of space exploration.

While the space shuttle was mostly a civilian program, in the 1980s the U.S. military used it occasionally to launch satellites and perform other classified activities. NASA's space shuttle, in fact, was designed with the military in mind; for example, its payload bay was created to be large enough forDepartm... more »

Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle ... " The Buran spacecraft was a space shuttle developed by the Soviet Union in response to NASA's space shuttle program. Buran, which means “snowstorm” in Russian, flew one time.

NASA's space shuttle represented a new form of development for space vehicles. Up until 1982, space vehicles — even those that carried humans — were launched for only one mission at a time, except for certain military test programs. A shuttle, on the other hand, could be used multiple times and reduce the cost of space exploration.

While the space shuttle was mostly a civilian program, in the 1980s the U.S. military used it occasionally to launch satellites and perform other classified activities. NASA's space shuttle, in fact, was designed with the military in mind; for example, its payload bay was created to be large enough for Department of Defense satellites. (This practice mostly ceased after the Challenger shuttle explosion of 1986, after which the military shifted to expendable rockets.) ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/29159-buran-soviet-shuttle.html___

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2015-04-24 13:23:09 (7 comments, 7 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle ... " The Buran spacecraft was a space shuttle developed by the Soviet Union in response to NASA's space shuttle program. Buran, which means “snowstorm” in Russian, flew one time.

NASA's space shuttle represented a new form of development for space vehicles. Up until 1982, space vehicles — even those that carried humans — were launched for only one mission at a time, except for certain military test programs. A shuttle, on the other hand, could be used multiple times and reduce the cost of space exploration.

While the space shuttle was mostly a civilian program, in the 1980s the U.S. military used it occasionally to launch satellites and perform other classified activities. NASA's space shuttle, in fact, was designed with the military in mind; for example, its payload bay was created to be large enough forDepartm... more »

Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle ... " The Buran spacecraft was a space shuttle developed by the Soviet Union in response to NASA's space shuttle program. Buran, which means “snowstorm” in Russian, flew one time.

NASA's space shuttle represented a new form of development for space vehicles. Up until 1982, space vehicles — even those that carried humans — were launched for only one mission at a time, except for certain military test programs. A shuttle, on the other hand, could be used multiple times and reduce the cost of space exploration.

While the space shuttle was mostly a civilian program, in the 1980s the U.S. military used it occasionally to launch satellites and perform other classified activities. NASA's space shuttle, in fact, was designed with the military in mind; for example, its payload bay was created to be large enough for Department of Defense satellites. (This practice mostly ceased after the Challenger shuttle explosion of 1986, after which the military shifted to expendable rockets.) ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/29159-buran-soviet-shuttle.html___

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2015-04-24 13:19:48 (11 comments, 17 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

The Incredible Magdeburg Water Bridge in Germany ... "The Magdeburg Water Bridge is a navigable aqueduct in Germany that connects the Elbe-Havel Canal to the Mittelland Canal, and allows ships to cross over the Elbe River. At 918 meters, it is the longest navigable aqueduct in the world.

The Elbe-Havel and Mittelland canals had previously met near Magdeburg but on opposite sides of the Elbe. Ships moving between the two had to make a 12-kilometer detour, descending from the Mittelland Canal through the Rothensee boat lift into the Elbe, then sailing downstream on the river, before entering the Elbe-Havel Canal through Niegripp lock. Low water levels in the Elbe often prevented fully laden canal barges from making this crossing, requiring time-consuming off-loading of cargo.

Construction of the water link was started as early as in the 1930s but due to the World War 2 and... more »

The Incredible Magdeburg Water Bridge in Germany ... "The Magdeburg Water Bridge is a navigable aqueduct in Germany that connects the Elbe-Havel Canal to the Mittelland Canal, and allows ships to cross over the Elbe River. At 918 meters, it is the longest navigable aqueduct in the world.

The Elbe-Havel and Mittelland canals had previously met near Magdeburg but on opposite sides of the Elbe. Ships moving between the two had to make a 12-kilometer detour, descending from the Mittelland Canal through the Rothensee boat lift into the Elbe, then sailing downstream on the river, before entering the Elbe-Havel Canal through Niegripp lock. Low water levels in the Elbe often prevented fully laden canal barges from making this crossing, requiring time-consuming off-loading of cargo.

Construction of the water link was started as early as in the 1930s but due to the World War 2 and subsequent division of Germany the work remained suspended till 1997. The aqueduct was finally completed and opened to the public in 2003. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2011/04/incredible-magdeburg-water-bridge-in.html___

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2015-04-24 13:07:20 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

A Restaurant With Goats On The Roof ... "Al Johnson's Swedish Restaurant and Butik is a family owned, casual dining restaurant in the village of Sister Bay in Door County, Wisconsin, United States. The restaurant is known for its authentic Swedish cuisine and Scandinavian experience, but it is more commonly known for its sod covered roof where goats graze. Sod roofs or grass roofs are traditionally found in Scandinavian countries where the gently sloping wooden roof boards are covered with a layer of sod and grass, and is part of the Scandinavian experience Al Johnson's tries to deliver. The addition of goats give it a unique touch.

Inside the casual, carpeted dining room, furnished with paintings, a massive stone fireplace, and wooden furniture, young ladies dressed in Scandinavian outfits serve food. The menu consists of a variety of Swedish fare, from pancakes with... more »

A Restaurant With Goats On The Roof ... "Al Johnson's Swedish Restaurant and Butik is a family owned, casual dining restaurant in the village of Sister Bay in Door County, Wisconsin, United States. The restaurant is known for its authentic Swedish cuisine and Scandinavian experience, but it is more commonly known for its sod covered roof where goats graze. Sod roofs or grass roofs are traditionally found in Scandinavian countries where the gently sloping wooden roof boards are covered with a layer of sod and grass, and is part of the Scandinavian experience Al Johnson's tries to deliver. The addition of goats give it a unique touch.

Inside the casual, carpeted dining room, furnished with paintings, a massive stone fireplace, and wooden furniture, young ladies dressed in Scandinavian outfits serve food. The menu consists of a variety of Swedish fare, from pancakes with lingonberries to Swedish meatballs, whitefish, sandwiches, salads, and a variety of hot and cold plates.

Al Johnson's started as a little restaurant back in 1949 called Al's Home Cooking. The restaurant reached its present form in 1973 when Al Johnson renovated the restaurant by importing wooden logs from a building in Norway and added a sod roof. Al's wife, Ingert changed the interior by keeping a Scandinavian design, so that the place would be traditional, and it was her idea to add a gift shop, called the Butik so that while waiting to be seated, people could browse the Scandinavian gifts. After the renovation was complete, Winky Larson, Al's best friend brought him a goat named Oscar as a joke, and someone decided to jokingly put Oscar on the roof. The goat caught the attention of passersby, inspiring the family to get more goats and put them on the roof.

Thanks to the goats, the restaurant is today one of the top-grossing in Wisconsin. The goats were so popular and such a draw that Al Johnson decided to trademark the idea in 1996. ..."

MORE:  http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/a-restaurant-with-goats-on-roof.html___

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2015-04-23 19:57:22 (4 comments, 5 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Celebrates World Book Day in Space with Tiny Tomes ... "Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is not just a space traveler, she's apparently also a bibliophile who can't bear to be apart from her books, even while living off planet Earth.

To show her love for books, Cristoforetti celebrated World Book Day today (April 23) with a photo of five teeny, tiny tomes floating in weightlessness on the International Space Station, with a view of the Earth serving as a picturesque backdrop. The diminutive books are in different languages, including English, German and French. 

"I like reading books because they answer questions I didn't yet have ... #WorldBookDay," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post accompanying the photo. She translated the message in English and Italian. ..."
more »

Astronaut Celebrates World Book Day in Space with Tiny Tomes ... "Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is not just a space traveler, she's apparently also a bibliophile who can't bear to be apart from her books, even while living off planet Earth.

To show her love for books, Cristoforetti celebrated World Book Day today (April 23) with a photo of five teeny, tiny tomes floating in weightlessness on the International Space Station, with a view of the Earth serving as a picturesque backdrop. The diminutive books are in different languages, including English, German and French. 

"I like reading books because they answer questions I didn't yet have ... #WorldBookDay," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post accompanying the photo. She translated the message in English and Italian. ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/29200-world-book-day-astronaut-space-photo.html___

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2015-04-23 19:55:23 (0 comments, 12 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Celebrates World Book Day in Space with Tiny Tomes ... "Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is not just a space traveler, she's apparently also a bibliophile who can't bear to be apart from her books, even while living off planet Earth.

To show her love for books, Cristoforetti celebrated World Book Day today (April 23) with a photo of five teeny, tiny tomes floating in weightlessness on the International Space Station, with a view of the Earth serving as a picturesque backdrop. The diminutive books are in different languages, including English, German and French. 

"I like reading books because they answer questions I didn't yet have ... #WorldBookDay," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post accompanying the photo. She translated the message in English and Italian. ..."
more »

Astronaut Celebrates World Book Day in Space with Tiny Tomes ... "Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is not just a space traveler, she's apparently also a bibliophile who can't bear to be apart from her books, even while living off planet Earth.

To show her love for books, Cristoforetti celebrated World Book Day today (April 23) with a photo of five teeny, tiny tomes floating in weightlessness on the International Space Station, with a view of the Earth serving as a picturesque backdrop. The diminutive books are in different languages, including English, German and French. 

"I like reading books because they answer questions I didn't yet have ... #WorldBookDay," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post accompanying the photo. She translated the message in English and Italian. ..."

MORE: http://www.space.com/29200-world-book-day-astronaut-space-photo.html___

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2015-04-23 13:57:18 (11 comments, 18 reshares, 146 +1s)Open 

You’ll Never Look at a Cinnamon Stick the Same Again ... "One of the most beloved spices in the world is actually the dried and curled up inner bark of one of several varietals of trees in the genus Cinnamomum.

Cassia Cinnamon is one of those varietals and the majority of it grows in the lush Kerenci Valley on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It’s a sustainable crop that has been harvested in more or less the same way for centuries. .."

http://twistedsifter.com/videos/where-cinnamon-sticks-come-from/

You’ll Never Look at a Cinnamon Stick the Same Again ... "One of the most beloved spices in the world is actually the dried and curled up inner bark of one of several varietals of trees in the genus Cinnamomum.

Cassia Cinnamon is one of those varietals and the majority of it grows in the lush Kerenci Valley on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It’s a sustainable crop that has been harvested in more or less the same way for centuries. .."

http://twistedsifter.com/videos/where-cinnamon-sticks-come-from/___

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2015-04-23 13:53:16 (15 comments, 23 reshares, 143 +1s)Open 

Keshwa Chaca: The Last Inca Rope Bridge ... "Five hundred years ago when the Incas were expanding their empire over the highlands of the Andes, they developed an incredible network of roads to move armies, people and goods quickly and efficiently over the mountains. But the landscape was treacherous comprising mostly of high peaks and deep valleys, which meant they needed bridges, and lots of them.

The bridges were an integral part of the incredible Inca road system that stretches for 40,000 kilometers, from modern-day Ecuador to Argentina. Depending upon the availability, the bridges were made of a variety of materials – wooden logs, stones, floating reeds or hand-woven from straw and tall grasses that grew on the high Andes. These bridges had short lives and needed to be replaced every few years. After the last of the Incas disappeared in the early 17th century, so did almost allo... more »

Keshwa Chaca: The Last Inca Rope Bridge ... "Five hundred years ago when the Incas were expanding their empire over the highlands of the Andes, they developed an incredible network of roads to move armies, people and goods quickly and efficiently over the mountains. But the landscape was treacherous comprising mostly of high peaks and deep valleys, which meant they needed bridges, and lots of them.

The bridges were an integral part of the incredible Inca road system that stretches for 40,000 kilometers, from modern-day Ecuador to Argentina. Depending upon the availability, the bridges were made of a variety of materials – wooden logs, stones, floating reeds or hand-woven from straw and tall grasses that grew on the high Andes. These bridges had short lives and needed to be replaced every few years. After the last of the Incas disappeared in the early 17th century, so did almost all of these bridges. Only one has survived, thanks to the effort of the local villagers who rebuild it each year using the same technique used by their Inca ancestors.

The last remaining Inca rope bridge is the Keshwa Chaca that spans the Apurimac River near Huinchiri, Peru, in the Province of Canas. The bridge is 148 feet long and hangs over the river more than a hundred foot below.
The bridge consists of five parallel ropes twisted from the fibers of the cabuya or maguey plant, and are about four inches thick. The floor or walkway is of small sticks and canes, fastened transversely with raw-hide strings.  In ancient times, Indians coming from Andahuaylas and other districts had to pay tolls to use the bridge. So they usually brought cabuya leaves, where it grows, to pay toll with. These were prepared and made into ropes by the custodians of the bridge. The responsibility of the bridge’s maintenance might also have been thrust upon the participants as a form of tax. Today, the residents of the region keep the ancient tradition and skills alive by renewing the bridge annually, every June. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/keshwa-chaca-last-inca-rope-bridge.html___

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2015-04-22 16:05:55 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

The most accurate clock ever built only loses one second every 15 billion years (or your money cheerfully refunded) ... "Scientists have a set a new record in accurate timekeeping, creating an atomic clock that won't lose or gain a second in 15 billion years — a time span greater than the estimated age of the Universe. The clock measures the oscillation of strontium atoms to create its "tick," and could one day become the standard for the world's official time — Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Currently, UTC is set using atomic clocks that measure the vibrational frequency of the element caesium, although these are only accurate in the region of one second in hundreds of millions of years.

The strontium clock, developed by physicists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado Boulder, measures the movement ofstron... more »

The most accurate clock ever built only loses one second every 15 billion years (or your money cheerfully refunded) ... "Scientists have a set a new record in accurate timekeeping, creating an atomic clock that won't lose or gain a second in 15 billion years — a time span greater than the estimated age of the Universe. The clock measures the oscillation of strontium atoms to create its "tick," and could one day become the standard for the world's official time — Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Currently, UTC is set using atomic clocks that measure the vibrational frequency of the element caesium, although these are only accurate in the region of one second in hundreds of millions of years.

The strontium clock, developed by physicists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado Boulder, measures the movement of strontium atoms pinned in a narrow column with powerful lasers. All atoms have naturally consistent vibrational frequency (for strontium its about 430 trillion times per second) and the measurement of these movements is used to create the clock's "tick."

The strontium clock, known as an optical lattice clock, has been in development for several years and previously broke timekeeping records in 2013. However, a series of tweaks outlined in the journal Nature Communications (these include shielding the clock from types of electromagnetic radiation) have made it three times more accurate again. The clock's so accurate, in fact, that raising it just two centimeters off the Earth's surface has a noticeable effect, with even this minuscule change in gravity picked up by the clock's "tick." ..."

MORE: http://www.theverge.com/2015/4/22/8466681/most-accurate-atomic-clock-optical-lattice-strontium___

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2015-04-22 14:03:18 (11 comments, 8 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and... more »

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and prosper.

http://www.space.com/29161-astronaut-star-trek-uniform-space.html___

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2015-04-22 14:02:15 (96 comments, 85 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and... more »

Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti Wears 'Star Trek' Uniform in Space ... "Star Trek fandom has gone orbital: European astronaut and Trekkie Samantha Cristoforetti, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, tweeted a photo of herself in a uniform from the one of "Star Trek" TV series.

"'There's coffee in that nebula' ... ehm, I mean... in that #Dragon," Cristoforetti wrote in a Twitter post last Friday, as she looked out the window of the orbiting outpost at the Dragon space capsule that arrived carrying 4,300 lbs. (1,950 kilograms) of food, scientific experiments and other supplies.

In the photo, Cristoforetti appears to be wearing a uniform similiar to those worn by actors on "Star Trek: Voyager," the fourth live-action TV series in the venerable science ficition franchise.  ..."

Live long and prosper.

http://www.space.com/29161-astronaut-star-trek-uniform-space.html___

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2015-04-21 22:36:37 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

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2015-04-21 16:46:26 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Icom goodies ... got an unexpected couple of goodie packages from Icom (the manufacturer of my ham radio transceiver) today. Cap, nice ham crew teeshirt, two huge wall calendars, pen, other goodies. Not sure what I did to deserve it but THANKS Icom America! Love your equipment. -- W5VE

see http://www.icomamerica.com/en/

Icom goodies ... got an unexpected couple of goodie packages from Icom (the manufacturer of my ham radio transceiver) today. Cap, nice ham crew teeshirt, two huge wall calendars, pen, other goodies. Not sure what I did to deserve it but THANKS Icom America! Love your equipment. -- W5VE

see http://www.icomamerica.com/en/___

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2015-04-21 16:42:51 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Icom goodies ... got an unexpected couple of goodie packages from Icom (the manufacturer of my ham radio transceiver) today. Cap, nice ham crew teeshirt, two huge wall calendars, pen, other goodies. Not sure what I did to deserve it but THANKS Icom America! Love your equipment. -- W5VE

see http://www.icomamerica.com/en/

Icom goodies ... got an unexpected couple of goodie packages from Icom (the manufacturer of my ham radio transceiver) today. Cap, nice ham crew teeshirt, two huge wall calendars, pen, other goodies. Not sure what I did to deserve it but THANKS Icom America! Love your equipment. -- W5VE

see http://www.icomamerica.com/en/___

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2015-04-21 16:04:35 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

The Killer Mobile Device for Victorian Women ... "Adrift in a sea of digital apps for every imaginable function, we often feel our needs are met better today than in any previous era. But consider the chatelaine, a device popularized in the 18th century that attached to the waist of a woman’s dress, bearing tiny useful accessories, from notebooks to knives. In many ways chatelaines provided better access to such objects than we have today: How often have you searched for your keys or cell phone at the bottom of a cavernous bag?

We recently spoke with collector Genevieve Cummins, co-author of the book “Chatelaines: Utility to Glorious Extravagance,” about the forgotten history of chatelaines.

Cummins: From early times, humans have had to carry necessary items on their person. A practical solution was to hang these from the waist. Keys or tools such as scissors couldbe car... more »

The Killer Mobile Device for Victorian Women ... "Adrift in a sea of digital apps for every imaginable function, we often feel our needs are met better today than in any previous era. But consider the chatelaine, a device popularized in the 18th century that attached to the waist of a woman’s dress, bearing tiny useful accessories, from notebooks to knives. In many ways chatelaines provided better access to such objects than we have today: How often have you searched for your keys or cell phone at the bottom of a cavernous bag?

We recently spoke with collector Genevieve Cummins, co-author of the book “Chatelaines: Utility to Glorious Extravagance,” about the forgotten history of chatelaines.

Cummins: From early times, humans have had to carry necessary items on their person. A practical solution was to hang these from the waist. Keys or tools such as scissors could be carried attached to a cord or ribbon, or these items could also be placed in a pouch. This became quite common from the 16th to 18th centuries.

The concept of waist-hung items is almost universal across all cultures. For example, the Japanese wore netsuke and inro or the Chinese wore embroidered purses and pouches. Though purses and pouches preceded the chatelaine—they are mentioned in Chaucer—later purses were very small and dainty. The chatelaine was a more useful addition to an outfit.

Some items, like toiletries or precious possessions, were placed in fitted containers called étuis, made of base or precious metals, and when worn on a cord would be called “equipages.” From the introduction of the watch, circa 1510, watches were worn by women on such watch equipages, or on a long chain with watch at one end and keys seal etc at the other end. These chains were worn looped over the waistband or draped across the body.

However, the word “chatelaine” was not used until 1828 when a London magazine called The World of Fashion reported a new accessory, called “la chatelaine.” The medieval chatelaine had worn the keys to the castle, so these new accessories included a symbolic key, as the ladies were wearing them as a symbol of their status as “The Lady Chatelaine” of their chateau.

The next year the same magazine published three fashion plates of ladies wearing chatelaines. The word is now used for earlier examples, though technically these should really be called equipages. During the 19th century, the popularity of chatelaines varied, but it was still a major fashion accessory. ..."

MORE: http://www.collectorsweekly.com/articles/the-killer-mobile-device-for-victorian-women/___

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2015-04-21 15:19:03 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Furore: An Italian Village Hidden in a Fjord ... "Furore is a small village located in the Coast of Amalfi, in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. A long time ago, there was a small settlement here scattered over the mountain overlooking the sea, along a scenic road. There were no central piazza and no tight clusters of houses. The paths and stairs that led to the village were also not visible from the coastline, so that Furore remained practically hidden to the passing traveller. This earned Furore the name of “the village that doesn't exist.” It was then the mayor decided it was time to put his tiny comune on the map. He ordered every house to be brightly painted so that they couldn’t escape the sight of travellers passing down the road. This tradition is maintained till this date, by inviting artists from around the world every September to paintand d... more »

Furore: An Italian Village Hidden in a Fjord ... "Furore is a small village located in the Coast of Amalfi, in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. A long time ago, there was a small settlement here scattered over the mountain overlooking the sea, along a scenic road. There were no central piazza and no tight clusters of houses. The paths and stairs that led to the village were also not visible from the coastline, so that Furore remained practically hidden to the passing traveller. This earned Furore the name of “the village that doesn't exist.” It was then the mayor decided it was time to put his tiny comune on the map. He ordered every house to be brightly painted so that they couldn’t escape the sight of travellers passing down the road. This tradition is maintained till this date, by inviting artists from around the world every September to paint and decorate the local buildings with murals.

Furore’s main attraction is the so-called fjord or Fiordo. It’s actually a ria - a narrow gorge cutting inland from the sea, created by the Schiato stream that runs along the mountain to the sea. A cluster of old fishermen's houses cling to the cliffs. The fjord is also the oldest part of Furore. The main village now stands 300 meters above, in the upper Vallone del Furore.

The fjord is bypassed by an arch bridge over which a state road passes. The 30 meters high bridge is also the location where every summer the International Diving Championship is held.

The local authorities have made the fiord into an appealing tourist spot. An old lime kiln has been converted into a bar and gift shop, the old houses have been renovated, and a museum tells of the industrial heritage and botanical diversity of the fiord. On midday, the sun manages to break through the narrow gorge and shines on the short beach just a few meters wide, attracting a lot of people. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/furore-italian-village-hidden-in-fjord.html___

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2015-04-21 15:12:02 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Sky Habitat ... "Just twenty minutes north of Singapore’s bustling center, near Bishan central, a new residential development is taking shape. Designed by the renowned Moshe Safdie – the Israeli-Canadian architect responsible for the city-state’s famed Marina Bay Sands resort – ‘Sky Habitat’ is a 38-storey, high-density and high-rise housing complex designed for the upper-middle-class that are typical of Singapore.

The condominium features two staggered tower blocks linked at the base, and then via three bridges that connect the upper levels. The lower two spans are landscaped circulation routes, while the upper bridge contains an elevated swimming pool, which presents views across the city’s rapidly developing skyline. The project includes common amenities at ground level in the form of outdoor spaces and communal gardens. Above a sunken parking podium, the site isdeveloped int... more »

Sky Habitat ... "Just twenty minutes north of Singapore’s bustling center, near Bishan central, a new residential development is taking shape. Designed by the renowned Moshe Safdie – the Israeli-Canadian architect responsible for the city-state’s famed Marina Bay Sands resort – ‘Sky Habitat’ is a 38-storey, high-density and high-rise housing complex designed for the upper-middle-class that are typical of Singapore.

The condominium features two staggered tower blocks linked at the base, and then via three bridges that connect the upper levels. The lower two spans are landscaped circulation routes, while the upper bridge contains an elevated swimming pool, which presents views across the city’s rapidly developing skyline. The project includes common amenities at ground level in the form of outdoor spaces and communal gardens. Above a sunken parking podium, the site is developed into a series of lush gardens, outdoor event rooms, swimming pools, and walking paths.

The entire structure is well ventilated and open for both air and light, much-needed for Singapore's tropical climate. This kind of design also provides a maximized view for visitors and public areas.

Sky Habitat is expected for completion in 2015. ..."

MORE PHOTOS!: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/sky-habitat-singapores-newest-housing.html___

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2015-04-21 13:28:08 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Baldwin Street, The Steepest Street in The World ... "Located in the city of Dunedin, in southern New Zealand, the Baldwin Street has earned the distinction of being the steepest street in the world. This 350 meters long street begins with a moderate slope and then climbs steeply to reach a maximum slope of 1:2.86 or 19 degrees. In other words, the street rises by 1 meter for every 2.86 meters travelled horizontally. The street is so steep that it's surface had to be laid with concrete instead of asphalt otherwise on a warm day the tar would flow down the slope!

Baldwin Street is located in the residential suburb of North East Valley, running east from the valley of the Lindsay Creek up the side of Signal Hill towards Opoho. It rises about 70 meters along its length generating an average slope of slightly more than 1:5. Its lower reaches are only moderately steep, and the surface... more »

Baldwin Street, The Steepest Street in The World ... "Located in the city of Dunedin, in southern New Zealand, the Baldwin Street has earned the distinction of being the steepest street in the world. This 350 meters long street begins with a moderate slope and then climbs steeply to reach a maximum slope of 1:2.86 or 19 degrees. In other words, the street rises by 1 meter for every 2.86 meters travelled horizontally. The street is so steep that it's surface had to be laid with concrete instead of asphalt otherwise on a warm day the tar would flow down the slope!

Baldwin Street is located in the residential suburb of North East Valley, running east from the valley of the Lindsay Creek up the side of Signal Hill towards Opoho. It rises about 70 meters along its length generating an average slope of slightly more than 1:5. Its lower reaches are only moderately steep, and the surface is asphalt, but the upper reaches are far steeper, and surfaced in concrete.

The street’s unusual steepness was the result of poor planning. Planners in London, who had no idea of the city’s topography, had laid out the streets in a grid pattern with no consideration for the terrain. This resulted in a number of streets that landed right on extremely steep hills. Instead of returning back to the drawing board, or at least, incorporating switchbacks to tame the slope, the roads were simply built at a staggeringly steep grade. Indeed, some of the streets the city planners intended were so steep that were unable to be laid.

Baldwin street ended up becoming the steepest. Other streets running parallel to Baldwin are all quite steep: Arnold Street (1:3.6), Dalmeny Street (1:3.7), and Calder Avenue (1:5.4).

Today, Dunedin residents take pride of Baldwin’s reputation. Every summer a number of charity events and races are organized on the street, including running from the base of the street to the top and back down again, releasing thousands of spherical chocolate-coated confectioneries from the top or sending thousands of tennis balls down the street. ..."

MORE PHOTOS: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/baldwin-street-steepest-street-in-world.html___

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2015-04-21 13:17:23 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Going Back to the Moon ... "If you want to chat about the past, present and future of lunar exploration, Paul Spudis is your go-to guy. He is one of the best-known scientists advocating for a manned return to Earth's celestial neighbor, not only to tap its resources but also to use that craggy, cratered world to help create a space transportation system.

Spudis and the moon have long been in gravitational lock. He was deputy leader of the science team for the Clementine lunar probe, a joint mission of NASA and the Pentagon, and served as principal investigator of Mini-SAR, an imaging radar experiment on India's Chandrayaan-1 moon mission.

As a team member of a similar experiment aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Spudis is a leading expert on the moon's stores of water ice and believes these deposits could support a future permanent human presence... more »

Going Back to the Moon ... "If you want to chat about the past, present and future of lunar exploration, Paul Spudis is your go-to guy. He is one of the best-known scientists advocating for a manned return to Earth's celestial neighbor, not only to tap its resources but also to use that craggy, cratered world to help create a space transportation system.

Spudis and the moon have long been in gravitational lock. He was deputy leader of the science team for the Clementine lunar probe, a joint mission of NASA and the Pentagon, and served as principal investigator of Mini-SAR, an imaging radar experiment on India's Chandrayaan-1 moon mission.

As a team member of a similar experiment aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Spudis is a leading expert on the moon's stores of water ice and believes these deposits could support a future permanent human presence on the satellite.

... Today, Spudis is a senior staff scientist at the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. Space.com caught up with him last month at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in The Woodlands, Texas, to discuss the promise and potential of lunar exploration.

Space.com: How do you characterize what we know about the moon today?

Paul Spudis: There's still a lot about the moon that we don't know. It's a more interesting, complex and subtle world than we had appreciated. We are at the start of a new era of lunar science made possible by datacollected from a fleet of missions that occurred over the past decade or so. It's revolutionized our understanding of how things work there.

Space.com: Are we feeding that data into new questions, new missions?

Spudis: Absolutely. The classic example is the ice-on-the-moon issue. We've been debating that forever — since [the] Apollo [program], really — and now, it has been confirmed. Still, we don't know where it occurs — its concentration and physical form. What is its history? Where did it come from? 

The big surprise is that there is water in the interior of the moon. The dogma for years was that the moon was bone-dry and never had any water. Now, we're finding that the deep interior, hundreds of kilometers below the surface — at least 3 [billion] to 4 billion years ago, there was water. So all that is new and surprising information. ..."

READ FULL INTERVIEW: http://www.space.com/29158-manned-moon-exploration-paul-spudis-interview.html___

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2015-04-21 13:17:08 (6 comments, 14 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Going Back to the Moon ... "If you want to chat about the past, present and future of lunar exploration, Paul Spudis is your go-to guy. He is one of the best-known scientists advocating for a manned return to Earth's celestial neighbor, not only to tap its resources but also to use that craggy, cratered world to help create a space transportation system.

Spudis and the moon have long been in gravitational lock. He was deputy leader of the science team for the Clementine lunar probe, a joint mission of NASA and the Pentagon, and served as principal investigator of Mini-SAR, an imaging radar experiment on India's Chandrayaan-1 moon mission.

As a team member of a similar experiment aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Spudis is a leading expert on the moon's stores of water ice and believes these deposits could support a future permanent human presence... more »

Going Back to the Moon ... "If you want to chat about the past, present and future of lunar exploration, Paul Spudis is your go-to guy. He is one of the best-known scientists advocating for a manned return to Earth's celestial neighbor, not only to tap its resources but also to use that craggy, cratered world to help create a space transportation system.

Spudis and the moon have long been in gravitational lock. He was deputy leader of the science team for the Clementine lunar probe, a joint mission of NASA and the Pentagon, and served as principal investigator of Mini-SAR, an imaging radar experiment on India's Chandrayaan-1 moon mission.

As a team member of a similar experiment aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Spudis is a leading expert on the moon's stores of water ice and believes these deposits could support a future permanent human presence on the satellite.

... Today, Spudis is a senior staff scientist at the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston. Space.com caught up with him last month at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in The Woodlands, Texas, to discuss the promise and potential of lunar exploration.

Space.com: How do you characterize what we know about the moon today?

Paul Spudis: There's still a lot about the moon that we don't know. It's a more interesting, complex and subtle world than we had appreciated. We are at the start of a new era of lunar science made possible by datacollected from a fleet of missions that occurred over the past decade or so. It's revolutionized our understanding of how things work there.

Space.com: Are we feeding that data into new questions, new missions?

Spudis: Absolutely. The classic example is the ice-on-the-moon issue. We've been debating that forever — since [the] Apollo [program], really — and now, it has been confirmed. Still, we don't know where it occurs — its concentration and physical form. What is its history? Where did it come from? 

The big surprise is that there is water in the interior of the moon. The dogma for years was that the moon was bone-dry and never had any water. Now, we're finding that the deep interior, hundreds of kilometers below the surface — at least 3 [billion] to 4 billion years ago, there was water. So all that is new and surprising information. ..."

READ FULL INTERVIEW: http://www.space.com/29158-manned-moon-exploration-paul-spudis-interview.html___

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2015-04-21 13:10:25 (37 comments, 31 reshares, 119 +1s)Open 

The Mysterious Libyan Desert Glass ... "Between the borders of Egypt and Libya is the Great Sand Sea, an enormous sandy desert that stretches about 650 km from north to south and 300 km from east to west, covering an area the size of Ireland. Prevailing winds have organized this great sand mass into huge longitudinal crested dunes rising 100 meters high at places and stretching uninterrupted for hundreds of kilometers, separated by flat corridors about a kilometer or two wide. In these long narrow gaps are areas where the underlying bedrock is exposed. In these exposed surfaces a curious natural glass is found.

The so called Libyan Desert Glass is the purest natural silica glass ever found on earth. The glass is generally yellow in color. It can be very clear or it can be a milky, and even contain tiny bubbles, white wisps, and inky black swirls. Over a thousand tons of these glass... more »

The Mysterious Libyan Desert Glass ... "Between the borders of Egypt and Libya is the Great Sand Sea, an enormous sandy desert that stretches about 650 km from north to south and 300 km from east to west, covering an area the size of Ireland. Prevailing winds have organized this great sand mass into huge longitudinal crested dunes rising 100 meters high at places and stretching uninterrupted for hundreds of kilometers, separated by flat corridors about a kilometer or two wide. In these long narrow gaps are areas where the underlying bedrock is exposed. In these exposed surfaces a curious natural glass is found.

The so called Libyan Desert Glass is the purest natural silica glass ever found on earth. The glass is generally yellow in color. It can be very clear or it can be a milky, and even contain tiny bubbles, white wisps, and inky black swirls. Over a thousand tons of these glass are strewn across hundreds of kilometers of bleak desert. Most of these are the size of pebbles polished smooth by the abrasive action of the blowing sand. Others are chunks of considerable size and weight. The biggest piece ever found weighed around 26 kg.

Natural glass, such as Libyan Desert Glass, can be formed either by lightning strike, or volcanic activity or meteorites striking the earth. The Libyan desert glass has been dated as having formed about 26 million years ago, which made scientists assume that the glass here was formed when a meteorite struck earth around this time, but the absence of an impact crater pose problems for this theory. (In 2007, a circular feature was discovered using satellite images but evidence of it being an impact crater is slim to none.) Another theory suggest an exploding comet near the surface heating up the sand beneath it to a extreme temperatures resulting in the formation of a huge amount of silica glass.

The first scientific discovery of Libyan Desert Glass was made by an Englishman named Patrick A. Clayton in 1932, who brought the first samples back to Europe for study. However, the existence of the glass was known to man long before that. Local inhabitants in the Neolithic period made tools out of the glass, and later the Egyptians used it as jewel. A large piece of carved stone on the breastplate of the famous Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun was identified as none other than Libyan Desert Glass ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/the-mysterious-libyan-desert-glass.html___

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2015-04-19 19:35:51 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

standing-out-in-the-rain selfie

standing-out-in-the-rain selfie___

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2015-04-19 14:35:41 (15 comments, 20 reshares, 112 +1s)Open 

Vasa: A 17th Century Warship That Sank, Was Recovered And Now Sits in a Museum ... "In 1628, the Swedish warship Vasa set off on its maiden voyage from Stockholm harbor towards Poland, where a war was raging in the Baltic. Built by 400 craftsmen at the royal shipyard at Stockholm, the ship was richly decorated as a symbol of the king's ambitions for Sweden and himself. It was 69 meters long and was fitted with 64 cannons, and upon completion, it was of the most powerfully armed vessels in the world of that time. Unfortunately, Vasa was too top heavy and dangerously unstable. Despite the lack of stability, the king was eager to see her in battle and pushed her to sea. On the day of departure, a swelling crowd gathered at the harbor to watch the ship leave. Over a hundred crewmen along with women and children were on board as the crew was permitted to take family and guests along for the first... more »

Vasa: A 17th Century Warship That Sank, Was Recovered And Now Sits in a Museum ... "In 1628, the Swedish warship Vasa set off on its maiden voyage from Stockholm harbor towards Poland, where a war was raging in the Baltic. Built by 400 craftsmen at the royal shipyard at Stockholm, the ship was richly decorated as a symbol of the king's ambitions for Sweden and himself. It was 69 meters long and was fitted with 64 cannons, and upon completion, it was of the most powerfully armed vessels in the world of that time. Unfortunately, Vasa was too top heavy and dangerously unstable. Despite the lack of stability, the king was eager to see her in battle and pushed her to sea. On the day of departure, a swelling crowd gathered at the harbor to watch the ship leave. Over a hundred crewmen along with women and children were on board as the crew was permitted to take family and guests along for the first part of the passage. After sailing just 1,300 meters, at the first strong breeze, the ship foundered, leaned over and sank. Around 30 people lost their lives.

Once the ship’s valuable bronze cannons were salvaged, Vasa was mostly forgotten, until she was located and recovered from the shallow waters in 1961. With a largely intact hull, the ship was housed in a temporary museum called Wasavarvet ("The Wasa Shipyard") until 1988 and then she was moved to the Vasa Museum in Stockholm. Today, the ship is one of Sweden's most popular tourist attractions and is seen by a million visitors each year.

The news of the sinking took two weeks to reach the Swedish king, who was in Poland. He wrote angrily to the Royal Council in Stockholm demanding that the guilty parties be punished. "Imprudence and negligence" must have been the cause, he wrote. An inquiry was organized but in the end no one was found guilty of negligence and no one was punished.

Part of the blame lies on the king himself. The ship’s lack of stability was a fact - the underwater part of the hull was too small and she carried too much weight in relation to her size. A few months before the ship sailed, the captain responsible for supervising construction of the ship, showed the Vice Admiral how crank the ship was by having 30 men run back and forth across the upper deck. On their third pass, the ship was ready to capsize at the quay. The admiral was heard to say that he wished the king, who was leading the army in Poland at the time, was present for the demonstration. The king was impatient to see the ship take up her station as flagship of the Baltic fleet and insisted that the ship be put to sea as soon as possible. The king's subordinates were too timid to frankly discuss the ship's structural problems or to have the maiden voyage postponed. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/01/vasa-17th-century-warship-that-sank-was.html___

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2015-04-19 14:28:29 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Kolmanskop, a Ghost Town Devoured by the Namibian Desert ... "Kolmanskop is a famous ghost town in the Namib desert in southern Namibia, a few kilometres inland from the port town of Lüderitz. Once a small but thriving diamond-mining town, Kolmanskop is now abandoned, fighting a constant battle against the devouring sands of the desert that is poised to reclaim the town back to where it belongs. Founded in 1908 when a rail worker named Zacharias Lewala in the area discovered a diamond, the town enjoyed nearly fifty years of history until it was abandoned in 1954 when the diamond mines finally dried up.

Prior to the diamond fever, Kolmanskop was a small, insignificant town – so insignificant that it was named after a simple transport driver named Johnny Coleman who, during a sand storm, abandoned his ox wagon on a small incline opposite the settlement. When Zacharias Lewaladi... more »

Kolmanskop, a Ghost Town Devoured by the Namibian Desert ... "Kolmanskop is a famous ghost town in the Namib desert in southern Namibia, a few kilometres inland from the port town of Lüderitz. Once a small but thriving diamond-mining town, Kolmanskop is now abandoned, fighting a constant battle against the devouring sands of the desert that is poised to reclaim the town back to where it belongs. Founded in 1908 when a rail worker named Zacharias Lewala in the area discovered a diamond, the town enjoyed nearly fifty years of history until it was abandoned in 1954 when the diamond mines finally dried up.

Prior to the diamond fever, Kolmanskop was a small, insignificant town – so insignificant that it was named after a simple transport driver named Johnny Coleman who, during a sand storm, abandoned his ox wagon on a small incline opposite the settlement. When Zacharias Lewala discovered shiny rocks in the area, he showed it to his supervisor, the German railroad inspector August Stauch. Mr Stauch, was convinced it was a diamond and when this was confirmed, the news spread like wildfire, sparking a huge, frantic diamond rush and causing fortune hunters to converge in droves on Kolmanskop.

The town soon developed, becoming a bustling little center with large, elegant houses in German architectural style complete with an impressive array of amenities including; a hospital, ballroom, power station, school, 4-lane skittle alley, theatre and sports hall, casino, ice factory and the first x-ray station in the southern hemisphere. Fresh meat could be purchased at the butcher's, there was a bakery, furniture factory, a public playground and even a swimming pool. Kolmanskop also had the first tram in Africa, and a small railway linked it to the neighboring coastal town of Lüderitz. The development of Kolmanskop reached its pinnacle in the 1920's with nearly 1,200 residents from some 700 families.

Unfortunately for Kolmanskop, after World War I the diamond-field slowly exhausted and it's inhabitants moved south where new and richer diamond deposits were discovered. Today the ghost town's crumbling ruins bear little resemblance to its former glory. The magnificent houses have been nearly demolished by the wind and knee-deep sand. In 1980, the mining company De Beers, restored a number of buildings, and established and interesting museum, which has now become a tourist attraction.

Kolmanskop’s picturesque setting provide thousands of opportunities for photographers. The town was used a number of times for filming – in the 1993 film Dust Devil and in the 2000 film The King Is Alive, and again in a 2010 episode of Life After People: The Series. Numerous TV series where shot in this location including one episode of the BBC series Wonders of the Universe. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2012/09/kolmanskop-ghost-town-devoured-by.html___

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2015-04-19 14:21:54 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

almost!

Getting close to an awesome accomplishment for the future of space travel___almost!

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2015-04-19 14:20:16 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Getting close to an awesome accomplishment for the future of space travel

Getting close to an awesome accomplishment for the future of space travel___

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2015-04-19 14:18:03 (5 comments, 8 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

The Ultimate Swiss Army Knife -- Wenger Giant Swiss Army Knife ... "Make James Bond, MacGyver and Inspector Gadget look like ill-equipped buffoons with the jaw-dropping Wenger Giant Swiss Army Knife. As awesome as it is ridiculous, this incredible triumph of engineering is packed with 85 fully functional implements and is said to have over 100 functions. Why? Well, why not?..."

http://www.firebox.com/product/1861/Wenger-Giant-Swiss-Army-Knife

alas, no longer available

The Ultimate Swiss Army Knife -- Wenger Giant Swiss Army Knife ... "Make James Bond, MacGyver and Inspector Gadget look like ill-equipped buffoons with the jaw-dropping Wenger Giant Swiss Army Knife. As awesome as it is ridiculous, this incredible triumph of engineering is packed with 85 fully functional implements and is said to have over 100 functions. Why? Well, why not?..."

http://www.firebox.com/product/1861/Wenger-Giant-Swiss-Army-Knife

alas, no longer available___

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2015-04-19 11:50:45 (2 comments, 5 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

A Camelback Library ... "The Mongolian Children’s Mobile Library carries books to nomadic herding communities and remote areas of the Gobi desert. The project also advises parents on how to encourage a love of reading in children. Photograph: Jambyn Dashdondog/Mongolian Children’s Culture Foundation/Go Help ..."

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/apr/12/improbable-libraries-alex-johnson#img-1

A Camelback Library ... "The Mongolian Children’s Mobile Library carries books to nomadic herding communities and remote areas of the Gobi desert. The project also advises parents on how to encourage a love of reading in children. Photograph: Jambyn Dashdondog/Mongolian Children’s Culture Foundation/Go Help ..."

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/apr/12/improbable-libraries-alex-johnson#img-1___

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2015-04-18 13:38:08 (1 comments, 8 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

World Amateur Radio Day ... ARRL -- "On Saturday, April 18, radio amateurs worldwide will take to the airwaves to celebrate World Amateur Radio Day (WARD) 2015. It was on April 18, 1925, that the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) was founded in Paris, with ARRL Co-Founder Hiram Percy Maxim, 1AW, as its first president. The primary purpose of World Amateur Radio Day is to highlight Amateur Radio and its benefits to countries and communities. The IARU said World Amateur Radio Day is an opportunity for IARU member-societies to demonstrate Amateur Radio to the public and make friends with other amateurs around the world. Special event stations will be on the air over the April 18-19 weekend to highlight World Amateur Radio Day and the IARU’s 90th anniversary.

“Since its founding, the IARU has worked tirelessly to defend and expand the frequency allocations for Amateur Radio,”the I... more »

World Amateur Radio Day ... ARRL -- "On Saturday, April 18, radio amateurs worldwide will take to the airwaves to celebrate World Amateur Radio Day (WARD) 2015. It was on April 18, 1925, that the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) was founded in Paris, with ARRL Co-Founder Hiram Percy Maxim, 1AW, as its first president. The primary purpose of World Amateur Radio Day is to highlight Amateur Radio and its benefits to countries and communities. The IARU said World Amateur Radio Day is an opportunity for IARU member-societies to demonstrate Amateur Radio to the public and make friends with other amateurs around the world. Special event stations will be on the air over the April 18-19 weekend to highlight World Amateur Radio Day and the IARU’s 90th anniversary.

“Since its founding, the IARU has worked tirelessly to defend and expand the frequency allocations for Amateur Radio,” the IARU said in marking World Amateur Radio Day. “Thanks to the support of enlightened administrations in every part of the globe, radio amateurs are now able to experiment and communicate in frequency bands strategically located throughout the radio spectrum.”

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has recognized the IARU as representing the interests of Amateur Radio. Amateur Radio is more popular than ever today, with more than 3 million enthusiasts around the world, the IARU has estimated. As 2015 also will mark the 150th anniversary of the ITU, the IARU has adopted the theme, “ITU & IARU: Celebrating 150 years of Advancing the Telecommunication Art” for World Amateur Radio Day 2015.

From 25 countries in 1925, the IARU has grown to include more than 160 member-societies in three regions. IARU Region 1 includes Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Northern Asia. Region 2 covers the Americas, and Region 3 is comprised of Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific island nations, and most of Asia.

“April 18 is the day for all of Amateur Radio to celebrate and tell the world about the science we can help teach, the community service we can provide, and the fun we have,” the IARU said. ..."

MORE: http://www.arrl.org/news/world-amateur-radio-day-is-april-18___

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2015-04-18 13:37:47 (13 comments, 30 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

World Amateur Radio Day ... ARRL -- "On Saturday, April 18, radio amateurs worldwide will take to the airwaves to celebrate World Amateur Radio Day (WARD) 2015. It was on April 18, 1925, that the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) was founded in Paris, with ARRL Co-Founder Hiram Percy Maxim, 1AW, as its first president. The primary purpose of World Amateur Radio Day is to highlight Amateur Radio and its benefits to countries and communities. The IARU said World Amateur Radio Day is an opportunity for IARU member-societies to demonstrate Amateur Radio to the public and make friends with other amateurs around the world. Special event stations will be on the air over the April 18-19 weekend to highlight World Amateur Radio Day and the IARU’s 90th anniversary.

“Since its founding, the IARU has worked tirelessly to defend and expand the frequency allocations for Amateur Radio,”the I... more »

World Amateur Radio Day ... ARRL -- "On Saturday, April 18, radio amateurs worldwide will take to the airwaves to celebrate World Amateur Radio Day (WARD) 2015. It was on April 18, 1925, that the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) was founded in Paris, with ARRL Co-Founder Hiram Percy Maxim, 1AW, as its first president. The primary purpose of World Amateur Radio Day is to highlight Amateur Radio and its benefits to countries and communities. The IARU said World Amateur Radio Day is an opportunity for IARU member-societies to demonstrate Amateur Radio to the public and make friends with other amateurs around the world. Special event stations will be on the air over the April 18-19 weekend to highlight World Amateur Radio Day and the IARU’s 90th anniversary.

“Since its founding, the IARU has worked tirelessly to defend and expand the frequency allocations for Amateur Radio,” the IARU said in marking World Amateur Radio Day. “Thanks to the support of enlightened administrations in every part of the globe, radio amateurs are now able to experiment and communicate in frequency bands strategically located throughout the radio spectrum.”

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has recognized the IARU as representing the interests of Amateur Radio. Amateur Radio is more popular than ever today, with more than 3 million enthusiasts around the world, the IARU has estimated. As 2015 also will mark the 150th anniversary of the ITU, the IARU has adopted the theme, “ITU & IARU: Celebrating 150 years of Advancing the Telecommunication Art” for World Amateur Radio Day 2015.

From 25 countries in 1925, the IARU has grown to include more than 160 member-societies in three regions. IARU Region 1 includes Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Northern Asia. Region 2 covers the Americas, and Region 3 is comprised of Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific island nations, and most of Asia.

“April 18 is the day for all of Amateur Radio to celebrate and tell the world about the science we can help teach, the community service we can provide, and the fun we have,” the IARU said. ..."

MORE: http://www.arrl.org/news/world-amateur-radio-day-is-april-18___

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2015-04-18 11:34:14 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Yesterday, a rainy evening, waiting in a parking lot in the Froglevel section of Waynesville NC.

Yesterday, a rainy evening, waiting in a parking lot in the Froglevel section of Waynesville NC.___

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2015-04-17 14:10:23 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

The 55 Most Useful Life Hacks Ever ... "A definitive list of life hacks that will actually simplify and improve your everyday life. ... below, two bowls, one microwave.

SEE ALL 55: http://twistedsifter.com/2015/04/55-most-useful-life-hacks-ever/

The 55 Most Useful Life Hacks Ever ... "A definitive list of life hacks that will actually simplify and improve your everyday life. ... below, two bowls, one microwave.

SEE ALL 55: http://twistedsifter.com/2015/04/55-most-useful-life-hacks-ever/___

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2015-04-17 14:02:24 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

7 Famous Man-Made Geysers ... "Geysers are a rare phenomenon because they require a specific set of conditions to occur. Generally geysers can be found near active volcanic areas where there is an abundant source of subterranean heat. Underground water or surface water percolating down comes in contact with hot rocks and expands into steam that forces boiling water out of the surface through a vent, and a geyser is said to have born. Human activities have also given birth to a number of geysers. Usually an oil drilling company or someone who’s looking for water would accidentally poke a hole through a chamber of pressurized water, and if there is enough underground water, the geyser would erupt for years to come. Again, some artificial geysers are created deliberately to provide the local population with a source of hot water and energy.

Some of these artificial geysers have becomet... more »

7 Famous Man-Made Geysers ... "Geysers are a rare phenomenon because they require a specific set of conditions to occur. Generally geysers can be found near active volcanic areas where there is an abundant source of subterranean heat. Underground water or surface water percolating down comes in contact with hot rocks and expands into steam that forces boiling water out of the surface through a vent, and a geyser is said to have born. Human activities have also given birth to a number of geysers. Usually an oil drilling company or someone who’s looking for water would accidentally poke a hole through a chamber of pressurized water, and if there is enough underground water, the geyser would erupt for years to come. Again, some artificial geysers are created deliberately to provide the local population with a source of hot water and energy.

Some of these artificial geysers have become tourist attractions. Here are some of the most famous accidentally created geysers around the world.

(below) The Fly Geyser

Fly Geyser is one of the best known example of an accidentally created geyser. It is located in Washoe County, Nevada, in the United States, about 32 km north of Gerlach, and less than a mile from State Route 34. The geyser was created in 1916 during the drilling of a well. The well functioned normally for several decades, but then in the 1960s geothermally heated water found a weak spot in the wall and began escaping to the surface. Dissolved minerals started rising and piling up, creating a mound stained with fascinating colors, on which the geyser sits. Its brilliant colors are due to thermophilic algae.

The geyser contains several terraces discharging water into 30 to 40 pools over an area of 74 acres. The mound is 5 feet high from the top of which water shoots another 5 feet into the air. The mound is still growing to date. ..."

SEE THE OTHER SIX: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/7-famous-man-made-geysers.html___

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2015-04-16 21:05:14 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Dawn Glimpses Ceres' North Pole ... "After spending more than a month in orbit on the dark side of dwarf planet Ceres, NASA's Dawn spacecraft has captured several views of the sunlit north pole of this intriguing world. These images were taken on April 10 from a distance of 21,000 miles (33,000 kilometers), and they represent the highest-resolution views of Ceres to date.

Subsequent images of Ceres will show surface features at increasingly better resolution.

Dawn arrived at Ceres on March 6, marking the first time a spacecraft has orbited a dwarf planet. Previously, the spacecraft explored giant asteroid Vesta for 14 months from 2011 to 2012. Dawn has the distinction of being the only spacecraft to orbit two extraterrestrial targets.

Ceres, with an average diameter of about 590 miles (950 kilometers), is the largest body in the main asteroid belt between... more »

Dawn Glimpses Ceres' North Pole ... "After spending more than a month in orbit on the dark side of dwarf planet Ceres, NASA's Dawn spacecraft has captured several views of the sunlit north pole of this intriguing world. These images were taken on April 10 from a distance of 21,000 miles (33,000 kilometers), and they represent the highest-resolution views of Ceres to date.

Subsequent images of Ceres will show surface features at increasingly better resolution.

Dawn arrived at Ceres on March 6, marking the first time a spacecraft has orbited a dwarf planet. Previously, the spacecraft explored giant asteroid Vesta for 14 months from 2011 to 2012. Dawn has the distinction of being the only spacecraft to orbit two extraterrestrial targets.

Ceres, with an average diameter of about 590 miles (950 kilometers), is the largest body in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Dawn has been using its ion propulsion system to maneuver to its first science orbit at Ceres, which it will reach on April 23. The spacecraft will remain at a distance of 8,400 miles (13,500 kilometers) from the dwarf planet until May 9. Afterward, it will make its way to lower orbits. ..."

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2015-133___

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2015-04-16 21:04:44 (10 comments, 14 reshares, 93 +1s)Open 

Dawn Glimpses Ceres' North Pole ... "After spending more than a month in orbit on the dark side of dwarf planet Ceres, NASA's Dawn spacecraft has captured several views of the sunlit north pole of this intriguing world. These images were taken on April 10 from a distance of 21,000 miles (33,000 kilometers), and they represent the highest-resolution views of Ceres to date.

Subsequent images of Ceres will show surface features at increasingly better resolution.

Dawn arrived at Ceres on March 6, marking the first time a spacecraft has orbited a dwarf planet. Previously, the spacecraft explored giant asteroid Vesta for 14 months from 2011 to 2012. Dawn has the distinction of being the only spacecraft to orbit two extraterrestrial targets.

Ceres, with an average diameter of about 590 miles (950 kilometers), is the largest body in the main asteroid belt between... more »

Dawn Glimpses Ceres' North Pole ... "After spending more than a month in orbit on the dark side of dwarf planet Ceres, NASA's Dawn spacecraft has captured several views of the sunlit north pole of this intriguing world. These images were taken on April 10 from a distance of 21,000 miles (33,000 kilometers), and they represent the highest-resolution views of Ceres to date.

Subsequent images of Ceres will show surface features at increasingly better resolution.

Dawn arrived at Ceres on March 6, marking the first time a spacecraft has orbited a dwarf planet. Previously, the spacecraft explored giant asteroid Vesta for 14 months from 2011 to 2012. Dawn has the distinction of being the only spacecraft to orbit two extraterrestrial targets.

Ceres, with an average diameter of about 590 miles (950 kilometers), is the largest body in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Dawn has been using its ion propulsion system to maneuver to its first science orbit at Ceres, which it will reach on April 23. The spacecraft will remain at a distance of 8,400 miles (13,500 kilometers) from the dwarf planet until May 9. Afterward, it will make its way to lower orbits. ..."

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2015-133___

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2015-04-16 21:01:17 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Ekati Diamond Mine, Canada ... "The Ekati Diamond Mine is located about 200 km south of the Arctic circle, near Lac de Gras in Canada's North-West Territories, about 300 km north-east of Yellowknife. Ekati is a native word meaning “fat lake”, and the name attributes to the white veins of quartz rock found throughout the area, which are similar in appearance to reindeer fat.

Ekati is Canada's first surface and underground diamond mine. It is a joint venture between BHP Billiton Diamonds (80%) and geologists Charles E Fipke and Dr Stewart E Blusson (10% each), BHP Billiton having bought out Dia Met Minerals' holding in mid-2001.

The first kimberlite pipe was found in the Lac de Gras region, in 1985, by Chuck Fipke and Stewart Blusson who had been prospecting in the region for almost ten years. Kimberlite is a soft igneous rock located in long, verticalvol... more »

Ekati Diamond Mine, Canada ... "The Ekati Diamond Mine is located about 200 km south of the Arctic circle, near Lac de Gras in Canada's North-West Territories, about 300 km north-east of Yellowknife. Ekati is a native word meaning “fat lake”, and the name attributes to the white veins of quartz rock found throughout the area, which are similar in appearance to reindeer fat.

Ekati is Canada's first surface and underground diamond mine. It is a joint venture between BHP Billiton Diamonds (80%) and geologists Charles E Fipke and Dr Stewart E Blusson (10% each), BHP Billiton having bought out Dia Met Minerals' holding in mid-2001.

The first kimberlite pipe was found in the Lac de Gras region, in 1985, by Chuck Fipke and Stewart Blusson who had been prospecting in the region for almost ten years. Kimberlite is a soft igneous rock located in long, vertical volcanic pipes in which diamonds are sometimes found. There are less than 10,000 kimberlite pipes in the world, with very few containing diamonds. Ekati has 156 known kimberlite pipes, at least six of which contain diamonds. The kimberlite pipes in Ekati are 45 to 62 million year old, and most of these lie underneath shallow lakes that formed by melting glacier ice 8,000 to 10,000 years ago.

The Point Lake, where the first kimberlite was discovered, was determined to be uneconomic, but its discovery precipitated one of largest staking rushes in mining history, covering most of the area between Yellowknife and the Arctic coast. Ekati officially began operations on October 14, 1998, and was operated by BHP Billiton Canada Inc. The mine is estimated to supply diamonds for the 25 years. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2014/08/ekati-diamond-mine-canada.html___

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2015-04-16 11:04:18 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Cabo Polonio: An Idyllic Tourist Village Without Electricity, Running Water or TV ... "Cabo Polonio is a small beach village located at the tip of a sliver of sand jutting out into the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern coast of Uruguay in the Rocha Department. At the outermost point, stands a grand lighthouse looking out over two rocky islands where a large colony of sea lions live. The lighthouse is the only structure in the entire village that is connected to the power grid. None of the few hundred houses here have electricity or running water, not even sewerage. Only a handful of businesses and houses have generators or solar panels or use wind power to light their homes, but most people make do without. Fresh water is obtained from well or by collecting rain water.

Cabo Polonio is kept isolated from the rest of the country by a wide region of shifting sand dunes. The village is... more »

Cabo Polonio: An Idyllic Tourist Village Without Electricity, Running Water or TV ... "Cabo Polonio is a small beach village located at the tip of a sliver of sand jutting out into the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern coast of Uruguay in the Rocha Department. At the outermost point, stands a grand lighthouse looking out over two rocky islands where a large colony of sea lions live. The lighthouse is the only structure in the entire village that is connected to the power grid. None of the few hundred houses here have electricity or running water, not even sewerage. Only a handful of businesses and houses have generators or solar panels or use wind power to light their homes, but most people make do without. Fresh water is obtained from well or by collecting rain water.

Cabo Polonio is kept isolated from the rest of the country by a wide region of shifting sand dunes. The village is located about 7 km from the main highway but there are no roads leading to Cabo Polonio. The only way to reach it is by walking across the sand or by a 4x4 vehicle.

The village’s principal attraction is the Atlantic beach, with water and sand, a natural reserve of sea lions and one of the area's few mobile sand dunes, in which the sand is blown by the wind and moves around. Cabo Polonio has one of the largest sea lion colonies in South America. These animals have made the two islands to the east and north of the village and the tip of the peninsula their home, making them easy to observe from the top of the lighthouse. It is also common to see whales seeking refuge in the calm waters from the end of September to November. Cabo Polonio also has one of the darkest sky and the brightest moons of the Uruguayan coast, thanks to its lack of streetlights and trees.

Cabo Polono is relatively quiet during the winter months of May to September. During this period, only a few hard-core wildlife lovers, scientists in search of whales and seals, and fishermen are to be found. But at the peak of summer, in January, this quiet seaside village becomes one of the most popular places in Uruguay. Due to its idyllic setting, the village has become a popular summer destination amongst hippies in Argentina and Brazil. ..."

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/cabo-polonio-idyllic-tourist-village.html___

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2015-04-15 22:57:45 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

The Timmelsjoch Experience Pass Museum ... "Timmelsjoch is a high mountain pass on Ötztal Alps along the border between Austria and Italy. The pass connects the Ötztal valley in the Austrian state of Tyrol to the Passeier Valley in the Italian province of South Tyrol, as it bridges the saddle point between the Jochköpfl and Wurmkogl peaks to its northeast and southwest, respectively. Since 2010, several architectural sculptures were erected along the pass that enlighten travellers about the natural surroundings, the history, the culture, the communities and the economy of the region. One of these sculptures - the Timmelsjoch Experience Pass Museum, designed by Werner Tscholl Architects, is located on the highest point of the Timmelscjoch pass.

The concrete structure has its foundation on an erratic boulder on the North Tyrolean side but protrudes 16 meters into South Tyrol, hangingov... more »

The Timmelsjoch Experience Pass Museum ... "Timmelsjoch is a high mountain pass on Ötztal Alps along the border between Austria and Italy. The pass connects the Ötztal valley in the Austrian state of Tyrol to the Passeier Valley in the Italian province of South Tyrol, as it bridges the saddle point between the Jochköpfl and Wurmkogl peaks to its northeast and southwest, respectively. Since 2010, several architectural sculptures were erected along the pass that enlighten travellers about the natural surroundings, the history, the culture, the communities and the economy of the region. One of these sculptures - the Timmelsjoch Experience Pass Museum, designed by Werner Tscholl Architects, is located on the highest point of the Timmelscjoch pass.

The concrete structure has its foundation on an erratic boulder on the North Tyrolean side but protrudes 16 meters into South Tyrol, hanging over the air like a cantilever. The shape and the discreet coloring of the museum integrate the building in its natural surroundings. The inside resembles an ice cave, with historical photos behind glass at the walls that showcase the history of this road across the high Alps.

Timmelsjoch pass is little-used by vehicular traffic because there is much easier and lower Brenner Pass some 25 km to its east, and Reschen Pass some 60 km to its west. The pass is, however, popular with car and motorbike tourists. With its dramatic scenery, particularly on the southern side, the road has also become popular with cyclists. The pass road is open to traffic from approximately the first half of June to the second half of October. Due to its elevation, steepness, and narrow road, the pass is closed to lorries and vehicles with trailers.

MORE: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2015/04/the-timmelsjoch-experience-pass-museum.html___

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