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Sarah Rios has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Sarah Rios42,973*WHOVIANS* Mark your calendars... and your arms. http://imgur.com/lP0i5Xj (Original post: https://plus.google.com/u/0/101453162215777563254/posts/ED4yBRm41su) *Edit:* Facebook event - https://www.facebook.com/events/150522868436180THE SILENCE2013-04-23 08:00:001287  

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Activity

Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

3
comments per post
1
reshares per post
10
+1's per post

601
characters per posting

Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 17

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2017-07-24 00:29:34 (17 comments; 1 reshares; 15 +1s; )Open 

Aaaaaaaand we're gonna lose the midterms. And probably 2020.

Most reshares: 9

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2017-07-24 17:14:45 (6 comments; 9 reshares; 17 +1s; )Open 

You guys! https://www.gofundme.com/savesnopes

Most plusones: 65

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2017-07-25 11:16:22 (9 comments; 7 reshares; 65 +1s; )Open 

My Outlook on life has improved.

Latest 50 posts

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2017-07-26 02:58:02 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Battle Articuno, Moltres, and Zapdos in Raid Battles around the world (Articuno: now to 7/31, Moltres: 7/31–8/7, Zapdos: 8/7–8/14)!

Battle Articuno, Moltres, and Zapdos in Raid Battles around the world (Articuno: now to 7/31, Moltres: 7/31–8/7, Zapdos: 8/7–8/14)!___

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2017-07-26 02:57:19 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

"Remember, Bob Mueller is a Republican, who was appointed by a Republican, who served in the Republican administration, who crossed over and stayed on until his term ended," Ryan said.

"Remember, Bob Mueller is a Republican, who was appointed by a Republican, who served in the Republican administration, who crossed over and stayed on until his term ended," Ryan said.___

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2017-07-26 02:55:50 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-26 02:34:29 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 0 +1s; )Open 

Bill Browder's Testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee http://trib.al/IlLdXh3

Bill Browder's Testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee http://trib.al/IlLdXh3___

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2017-07-25 18:49:15 (5 comments; 0 reshares; 18 +1s; )Open 

Scandinavian prisons tend to elicit eye rolls from law-and-order types weaned on the punitive American model. Yet a growing number of state corrections officials are coming to the realization that our approach is ineffective, costly, and cruel. Fred Patrick, director of the Center on Sentencing and Corrections at the Vera Institute of Justice, cites the nation’s staggering recidivism rate—77 percent of inmates released from state prisons are rearrested within five years. “Once you realize that this system isn’t working well,” he says, “it’s fairly easy to pivot to: ‘How do we do something different?'”

That’s where Specter’s field trips come in. “To be so fricking optimistic that you think you can take some knuckle-dragging corrections guys like me over there and it’s going to change their perspective—you have to be a hippie to think that!” says Wetzel, who touredGerman prisons with Specter i... more »

Scandinavian prisons tend to elicit eye rolls from law-and-order types weaned on the punitive American model. Yet a growing number of state corrections officials are coming to the realization that our approach is ineffective, costly, and cruel. Fred Patrick, director of the Center on Sentencing and Corrections at the Vera Institute of Justice, cites the nation’s staggering recidivism rate—77 percent of inmates released from state prisons are rearrested within five years. “Once you realize that this system isn’t working well,” he says, “it’s fairly easy to pivot to: ‘How do we do something different?'”

That’s where Specter’s field trips come in. “To be so fricking optimistic that you think you can take some knuckle-dragging corrections guys like me over there and it’s going to change their perspective—you have to be a hippie to think that!” says Wetzel, who toured German prisons with Specter in 2013. But Specter’s ploy worked. “It really screws you up, because it changes you,” Wetzel adds. “I joke around with Don Specter. I’m like, ‘Fuck you, man! I can’t believe you did this shit to me!'”___

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2017-07-25 18:05:51 (8 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Anthony Scaramucci, the new White House communications director, threatened on Tuesday to fire his entire staff in an effort to stem the leaking that has plagued President Trump's administration.


Anthony Scaramucci, the new White House communications director, threatened on Tuesday to fire his entire staff in an effort to stem the leaking that has plagued President Trump's administration.
___

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2017-07-25 17:43:09 (8 comments; 0 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

Please and thanks.

Please and thanks.___

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2017-07-25 14:10:52 (4 comments; 3 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

"Defendants have represented that they are only collecting voter information that is already publicly available under the laws of the states where the information resides; and Defendants have clarified that such information, to the extent it is made public, will be de-identified. All of these representations were made to the Court in sworn declarations, and needless to say, the Court expects that Defendants shall strictly abide by them," she wrote.

I'm totally sure that commission will abide by that expectation. Totally.

::begins count down to major identity theft crisis::

Judge denies demand for privacy assessment on Trump voter fraud data request
A federal judge on Monday refused to block President Donald Trump's advisory panel from demanding that the states hand over their registered voters' full names, political affiliations, addresses, dates of birth, criminal records, the last four digits of their Social Security numbers, and other personal identifying information, including whether they voted in elections the past decade.

The judge limited the commission to collecting only what each state could provide according to its own privacy laws and as many as 44 states said they can't provide it under their own state laws.

Trump claims that millions of votes were cast illegally in favor of Clinton and that's why this needs to be done. ___"Defendants have represented that they are only collecting voter information that is already publicly available under the laws of the states where the information resides; and Defendants have clarified that such information, to the extent it is made public, will be de-identified. All of these representations were made to the Court in sworn declarations, and needless to say, the Court expects that Defendants shall strictly abide by them," she wrote.

I'm totally sure that commission will abide by that expectation. Totally.

::begins count down to major identity theft crisis::

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2017-07-25 11:22:11 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

"But everybody, I can honestly say, with rare exception, who has been associated with this administration and this president has been diminished by it.

Their reputation has been tarnished. They’re smaller people as a result of it. And that’s tragic.

[...]

Yes, I can’t think of anybody whose reputation has been enhanced by going into the Trump administration. Rex Tillerson was a serious businessman, well-respected. Jeff Sessions was a serious senator, pretty conservative, quite serious. Sean Spicer was a normal communications guy in Congress — or in Washington.

So he’s like an anti-mentor. He takes everybody around him and he makes them worse. And so that’s what Spicer had to face. And he will have to live with that and live with the reputational damage that he’s incurred.

"But everybody, I can honestly say, with rare exception, who has been associated with this administration and this president has been diminished by it.

Their reputation has been tarnished. They’re smaller people as a result of it. And that’s tragic.

[...]

Yes, I can’t think of anybody whose reputation has been enhanced by going into the Trump administration. Rex Tillerson was a serious businessman, well-respected. Jeff Sessions was a serious senator, pretty conservative, quite serious. Sean Spicer was a normal communications guy in Congress — or in Washington.

So he’s like an anti-mentor. He takes everybody around him and he makes them worse. And so that’s what Spicer had to face. And he will have to live with that and live with the reputational damage that he’s incurred.___

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2017-07-25 11:16:22 (9 comments; 7 reshares; 65 +1s; )Open 

My Outlook on life has improved.

My Outlook on life has improved.___

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2017-07-25 11:15:35 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

___

2017-07-25 03:43:14 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 14 +1s; )Open 

Good.

"The world is turning to clean energy and so is the car industry, ignoring Trump and his climate change deniers." http://aje.io/tpes4___Good.

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2017-07-25 03:37:04 (2 comments; 7 reshares; 43 +1s; )Open 

Via +J. Steven York​

___Via +J. Steven York​

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2017-07-25 03:36:04 (4 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

What the what?

___What the what?

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2017-07-25 03:33:14 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

___

2017-07-25 03:32:58 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Weeeeee!

Trainers, the global rewards unlocked during #PokemonGOFest have been extended 72 hours. They will now end at 5:00 P.M. PDT on July 27.___Weeeeee!

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2017-07-25 03:31:44 (3 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-25 03:28:51 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-25 03:28:39 (4 comments; 0 reshares; 10 +1s; )Open 

At an event for military men and women, the President of the United States ordered service personnel to engage in politically partisan activity, violating both law and custom going back two centuries. At a Boy Scout gathering, he segued from the Scout Oath to screaming that "Obamacare is death!" Earlier he declared his power to pardon to be unlimited. All in the last 24 shrill hours.

Tomorrow, the US Senate will be asked to vote on a bill that ONE senator - Mitch McConnell - wrote and that almost no others have seen, that went through no committee hearings, no negotiations, no deliberation or what used to be called politics. The GOP screamed in 2009, when dems held only 10 months of hearings in only three committees. Now the Republicans have completed their long transition to demanding that the greatest legislature in the world become a caudillo's rubber stamp.

The adults... more »

At an event for military men and women, the President of the United States ordered service personnel to engage in politically partisan activity, violating both law and custom going back two centuries. At a Boy Scout gathering, he segued from the Scout Oath to screaming that "Obamacare is death!" Earlier he declared his power to pardon to be unlimited. All in the last 24 shrill hours.

Tomorrow, the US Senate will be asked to vote on a bill that ONE senator - Mitch McConnell - wrote and that almost no others have seen, that went through no committee hearings, no negotiations, no deliberation or what used to be called politics. The GOP screamed in 2009, when dems held only 10 months of hearings in only three committees. Now the Republicans have completed their long transition to demanding that the greatest legislature in the world become a caudillo's rubber stamp.

The adults in this nation are noticing, and we shall see how many of them have the courage to stand up. There are 6 GOP senators who could - if they were American heroes and not sniveling cowards - help save the nation by bolting and forming a new party. There are two Supreme Court Justices -- Roberts and Alito -- who might truly save the nation by ending gerrymandering, decisively and forever. If they were Americans.

http://www.cnn.com/2017/07/24/politics/trump-boy-scouts-rally/index.html___

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2017-07-24 17:14:45 (6 comments; 9 reshares; 17 +1s; )Open 

I really don't have a collection for this sort of thing, but this needs attention.

SAVE THE SNOPES.

You guys! https://www.gofundme.com/savesnopes___I really don't have a collection for this sort of thing, but this needs attention.

SAVE THE SNOPES.

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2017-07-24 15:47:11 (1 comments; 1 reshares; 18 +1s; )Open 

I did not think it was possible for me to be more excited about this movie.


I did not think it was possible for me to be more excited about this movie.
___

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2017-07-24 11:27:58 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-24 11:20:39 (3 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-24 00:29:34 (17 comments; 1 reshares; 15 +1s; )Open 

Aaaaaaaand we're gonna lose the midterms. And probably 2020.

Aaaaaaaand we're gonna lose the midterms. And probably 2020.___

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2017-07-24 00:17:01 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 9 +1s; )Open 

Okay I feel a little better about this.

But I still want to know where she went for like 20 years when all the rest of the Avengers were coming out of the woodwork to save the Earth.

Okay I feel a little better about this.

But I still want to know where she went for like 20 years when all the rest of the Avengers were coming out of the woodwork to save the Earth.___

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2017-07-24 00:08:58 (3 comments; 3 reshares; 39 +1s; )Open 

I was tagged into this on the book of face. So much for taming my t-shirt collection.

I was tagged into this on the book of face. So much for taming my t-shirt collection.___

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2017-07-23 23:48:36 (4 comments; 1 reshares; 33 +1s; )Open 

Wisdom from Inspirobot
http://inspirobot.me/

Wisdom from Inspirobot
http://inspirobot.me/___

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2017-07-23 23:24:41 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-23 17:36:47 (4 comments; 1 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Because of course it did.

___Because of course it did.

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2017-07-23 17:36:24 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

___

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2017-07-23 17:33:45 (5 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

Aaaaaaaaahhhh!!!!!!

Aaaaaaaaahhhh!!!!!!___

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2017-07-23 15:24:38 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

You can thank Nedthing for this one.

You can thank Nedthing for this one.___

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2017-07-23 13:50:07 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 17 +1s; )Open 

This is often why middle ground is neither reasonable nor ideal.

Seek the middle ground?

Stolen from Twitter___This is often why middle ground is neither reasonable nor ideal.

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2017-07-23 13:42:07 (3 comments; 0 reshares; 11 +1s; )Open 

Pardon my language here but... FUCKING WHAT.

Do you want a violent revolution? Because this is how you get a violent revolution.

Via +God Emperor Lionel Lauer​

I don't have enough expletives.

On the agenda for debate and discussion? A model bill to repeal the 17th Amendment, which established the popular election of United States Senators in 1913.

Previously, U.S. Senators were selected by state legislatures and political party bosses beholden to powerful industries. The corruption scandals erupting from the wheeling and dealing fueled some of the great muckraking investigative journalism of the early 20th Century. In 1912, progressive Republican U.S. Senator Robert “Fighting Bob” La Follette campaigned for the popular election of U.S. Senators as a means of cracking down on political corruption and corporate control of the democracy. Reformers introduced direct primary elections, ballot initiatives, and recall votes, in the same time period.
___Pardon my language here but... FUCKING WHAT.

Do you want a violent revolution? Because this is how you get a violent revolution.

Via +God Emperor Lionel Lauer​

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2017-07-23 03:10:48 (5 comments; 1 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Until Monday, July 24, at 5:00 P.M. PDT
*Double Stardust*
*Double Candy*
*Double XP*
*Increased Pokémon encounters*
*Reduced hatching distance*
*Reduced buddy distance*

Also, Lugia and Articuno are live!

Until Monday, July 24, at 5:00 P.M. PDT
*Double Stardust*
*Double Candy*
*Double XP*
*Increased Pokémon encounters*
*Reduced hatching distance*
*Reduced buddy distance*

Also, Lugia and Articuno are live!___

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2017-07-23 03:06:35 (3 comments; 1 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Just imagine, if you will, what we DON'T [yet] know about that Mueller is currently investigating. Seriously, stop and imagine it for a minute. Look how much is already out in the public eye and we haven't found any fire yet to go with this choking black smoke.

The enormity of all this is mind blowing. At this point it may be a shorter list to say who isn't being looped into this investigation.

FTA: The only known connection between Stein and the investigation into Russian officials is a dinner she attended in 2015 where former Trump national security adviser Michael Flynn and Russian President Vladimir Putin were both present. Stein has said her interaction was minimal.

It wasn't just that she attended the same dinner as Flynn and Putin in 2015. She was seated at the same table as them. Why? Why was a third-party presidential candidate invited to the Russia Today birthday dinner and seated at Putin's table? She was the only American there other than Flynn.

Look at Stein's tweet and the statement from the Green Party. "Fake news" and "McCarthyism." Sound familiar?

Sources: http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/guess-who-came-dinner-flynn-putin-n742696
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2017/05/flynn-putin-dinner-payment-security-clearance-photo/

#JillStein #Russia #Putin #Flynn #RussiaToday___Just imagine, if you will, what we DON'T [yet] know about that Mueller is currently investigating. Seriously, stop and imagine it for a minute. Look how much is already out in the public eye and we haven't found any fire yet to go with this choking black smoke.

The enormity of all this is mind blowing. At this point it may be a shorter list to say who isn't being looped into this investigation.

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2017-07-23 02:55:57 (4 comments; 2 reshares; 21 +1s; )Open 

Don't mind me I'll just over here freaking out about how awesome this is going to be.

Don't mind me I'll just over here freaking out about how awesome this is going to be.___

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2017-07-23 02:50:52 (5 comments; 1 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Okay this trailer is better than the first.

Okay this trailer is better than the first.___

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2017-07-23 02:47:52 (5 comments; 2 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

I am not sure how I feel about this.

I am not sure how I feel about this.___

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2017-07-23 02:23:54 (1 comments; 1 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

I can't believe I just read that.

Ouch. ___I can't believe I just read that.

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2017-07-23 02:19:50 (0 comments; 2 reshares; 13 +1s; )Open 

IS IT NOVEMBER YET?

IS IT NOVEMBER YET?___

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2017-07-22 22:17:32 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Pokémon GO Fest 2017 Live Megathread

TLDR: Lugia today!

Pokémon GO Fest 2017 Live Megathread

TLDR: Lugia today!___

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2017-07-22 21:49:32 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 0 +1s; )Open 

quote: Washington’s slide into quicksand has given Republican state legislators and governors new enthusiasm to restrict the federal government. Among the hundreds of legislators at the conference, there was a surge of interest in constitutional amendments, which could pass by getting two-thirds of states to call conventions under Article V of the Constitution. Republicans control 33 state legislatures; having 34 could light the match, reshaping federal power to make laws like the Affordable Care Act impossible.endquote

I keep telling you that the state elections matter a lot. But they always have lower turnout if they don't happen during presidential election years....

quote: Washington’s slide into quicksand has given Republican state legislators and governors new enthusiasm to restrict the federal government. Among the hundreds of legislators at the conference, there was a surge of interest in constitutional amendments, which could pass by getting two-thirds of states to call conventions under Article V of the Constitution. Republicans control 33 state legislatures; having 34 could light the match, reshaping federal power to make laws like the Affordable Care Act impossible.endquote

I keep telling you that the state elections matter a lot. But they always have lower turnout if they don't happen during presidential election years....___

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2017-07-22 19:57:54 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

sharing with this note: Josh Gerstein‏ @joshgerstein 8m8 minutes ago

Side note to this @charlie_savage #FOIA scoop. The "Mr. Moss" with the counter-view is now a federal judge in DC endquote

Might be the first administration where the common, unruled on assumption might be put to court test....

sharing with this note: Josh Gerstein‏ @joshgerstein 8m8 minutes ago

Side note to this @charlie_savage #FOIA scoop. The "Mr. Moss" with the counter-view is now a federal judge in DC endquote

Might be the first administration where the common, unruled on assumption might be put to court test....___

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2017-07-22 19:45:30 (2 comments; 1 reshares; 11 +1s; )Open 

Just stop tweeting. Just stop. Someone take his phone away permanently.

Or his presidency. Someone could take that away too. Either way.

We need to remind ourselves daily that this is not normal. Thankfully, Trump's tweets remind us daily that this is not normal.
 
How soon before Trump snaps? What will he do when whatever he's hiding in his tax returns is discovered and put on the front page of every paper and news site?
 
#Trump #Russia #FakeNews #Mueller #Sessions___Just stop tweeting. Just stop. Someone take his phone away permanently.

Or his presidency. Someone could take that away too. Either way.

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2017-07-22 15:18:20 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Via +Lisa Cohen​

"At the deepest level, what we can learn from Elon Musk's story is that we shouldn't accept the dogma that specialization is the best or only path toward career success and impact."

This article was interesting and slightly inspiring for someone like me who is constantly dabbling in mixed education.

I feel like most writer's are like this. We learn and grow in so many areas to make our writing the best it can be. The most believable it can be. I learn so much just researching my imagination and making it real. Then I have to be able to mesh that information into another area that maybe a reader hadn't thought of before.

Read the whole article. I particularly liked the quote near the end.___Via +Lisa Cohen​

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2017-07-22 14:43:14 (3 comments; 1 reshares; 9 +1s; )Open 

Via private share

Wow, Trump really doesn't want anyone to see his tax returns. As I'm sure Trump would say if he was on the other side: you must be up to something illegal if you're so desperate to keep them hidden. He's even having his lawyers investigate Mueller's staff to try and dig up dirt on them. And now he's talking about pardoning himself and blanket pardons for his staff! How much smoke does one need to recognize there's a raging fire burning? When it comes to the gullible bunch still sticking up for Trump, it's apparently a hell of a lot.

The key line in the Washington Post's new reporting on President Donald Trump upping the pressure on special counsel Robert Mueller amid his increased agitation over the Russia probe is this one: "He has told aides he was especially disturbed after learning Mueller would be able to access several years of his tax returns."

#popcorn

See also the Washington Post report: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trumps-lawyers-seek-to-undercut-muellers-russia-investigation/2017/07/20/232ebf2c-6d71-11e7-b9e2-2056e768a7e5_story.html___Via private share

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2017-07-22 13:37:50 (1 comments; 1 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Via private share

"...except in Cases of Impeachment:" How the Republic ends.

Article Two, Clause I of the Constitution:

"The President... shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment."

It's a sign of the extraordinariness of the times that the phrase "constitutional crisis" has been thrown around a bit carelessly lately. Let's be clear: violation of norms is not, in itself, a constitutional crisis. (It may be a "presidential crisis" or "national crisis", but it's not a constitutional crisis.) Neither is partisan gridlock, even to the point of absolutely nothing of consequence ever getting done. (This may be a "crisis of governance", or a "political crisis", but, again, it's not a constitutional crisis.) And in fact, the president attempting to do something extralegal or even patently illegal by the plain text of the constitution, by itself, is not a constitutional crisis.

No; a true constitutional crisis is when the constitution ceases operability because it contradicts itself or has no answer to the current state of affairs. When one cannot look to the Constitution to figure out what happens next, or when one can look to the Constitution and see that things described as checks and balances have already failed and have no backup plan—that is a constitutional crisis.

By no rational grounds can one argue we are already in the midst of a constitutional crisis or that one has already occurred. Let me be crystal clear, I am not excusing or making apologies for the administration. Even if the Trump campaign worked directly and constantly with the Kremlin to defeat Clinton and did so with Trump's own knowledge and blessing and pre-approval, that would not put us into a constitutional crisis—yet. Not by itself.

(If proof arose that vote tallies were changed in a way that could have flipped the election, that would be a constitutional crisis, because the Constitution has no provision for invalidating or redoing an illegitimate election. But except for a few similarly unlikely facts that might turn up, for the most part, there is no evidence that might arise about things that have already happened up till now that would provoke a constitutional crisis or tell us one was already happening.)

With that background out of the way, if a true constitutional crisis erupts in the next year (or sooner), it would come from one of two places:

1. Refusal of the custodians of constitutional power to exercise it against party interest.

If Trump fired Robert Mueller or gave blanket pardons to his family, his campaign, or himself, the Congress would be constitutionally required to respond.

They could respond by initiating the impeachment process, of course, and failing to do so in the face of blanket pardons would unquestionably be a constitutional crisis (and, in my opinion, is the most likely scenario), but it's not the only way such a crisis could erupt.

Congress could (and hypothetically, should) respond to the firing of Mueller by passing a bill re-appointing Mueller in a special prosecutorial role that the president would not have the power to interfere with. Trump would undoubtedly veto such a bill. Once Trump fired Mueller, if Congress did not take up or pass such a bill or did not override a veto—any of these would represent a constitutional crisis, as Congress failed to serve its appointed role in the Constitution as a check on a despotic president as described by James Madison.

Even if the bill did not initially pass with a veto-proof majority, the framework (if not the plain text) of the Constitution would arguably require Congress to override the veto, unless the veto provoked even stronger action such as impeachment. Even those who voted no on the bill would have a duty to vote yes on override in order to maintain Congress's standing as a coequal branch. Otherwise, Congress will have ceded its own place in government and will choose to become a rubber-stamp.

The Supreme Court's role in such a crisis could come about in the case of a blanket presidential pardon. Such a pardon of Trump's family, campaign, or himself would surely be on matters related to the Russia investigation, either directly or indirectly, such as proof of bribery, corruption, violations of the Constitution's prohibition of emolument, and so on. These matters would all be potentially probative in a "Case of Impeachment".

The federal courts and, ultimately, the Supreme Court would have to rule on whether the pardons were valid or not. The Court has never before ruled a presidential pardon as invalid—this is why the power of pardon is frequently called one of the president's only "absolute" constitutional powers. So this would be their constitutional crisis, and were they to split 5–4 on party lines — especially in a nakedly partisan way such as in Bush v. Gore, when the Court felt it necessary to explicitly rule their own decision as being without legal precedent — they would fail their own test of whether they were still a custodian of their coequal branch. The independent judiciary will have died.

2. The president's exercise of extralegal power to impede and obstruct not just justice, but the framework of the Constitution itself.

This is harder to get one's head around in concrete terms, but is chilling if not terrifying in the abstract. Listening to Trump's own thinking—exposed, oddly enough, not through secret tapes or leaks, but on Twitter and in interviews with NBC and The New York Times — show the man is remarkably unaware of the expanse of and limits to the power of his office, but has an apparently unshakeable belief that the government should be, essentially, in his employ. And not just the executive branch, but the United States government in its entirety. "L'état, C'est moi" seems to be the beginning and end of his thinking on the subject.

I have no doubt that he believes the entire Russia investigation is unnecessary because there is nothing to investigate. My certainty about his belief has nothing whatsoever to do with what he and his campaign did or did not do, or what Trump did or did not know about. I think Trump could have personally come up with the idea, "I know, let's collude with the Russians!" long before he announced his candidacy, personally directed his son and son-in-law in their dealings with the Kremlin, and signed off on each and every move, and he would still believe "the entire Russia investigation is unnecessary, because there is nothing to investigate." Again, "l'état, C'est moi" — or, in the words of a more recent leader of a closer country, "well, when the president does it, that means it is not illegal".

So, let's start there with that stipulation of Trump's mindset. Suppose that something — earth-shattering new "smoking gun" evidence, indictments from Robert Mueller, a public confession by one of Trump's family members or senior campaigners — forced Congress to begin impeachment hearings. (And I use the word "forced" here carefully; see point #1 above.) This is something that I believe is literally unthinkable for Trump, for the reasons I just described. Is it hard to imagine that the only possible conclusion he could draw was that the entire United States Congress was in conspiracy against him? And, by being in conspiracy against him, they were implicitly in conspiracy against the United States?

What might he do in response? In the past 24 hours, many legal scholars have weighed in on the questions surrounding Trump's hypothetical pardons—essentially, publicly asking themselves the same questions The Washington Post reports Trump has asked his own lawyers—and while their conclusions have varied somewhat (especially on the question of whether self-pardon is constitutional), they have frequently finished on the cautionary note that the president can only pardon federal crimes. And were he to pardon himself—whether or not he were impeached—one would assume that the attorneys general of at least some portion of the fifty states would take it upon themselves to find a state crime they could charge him with after his term in office ended.

But in trying to imagine normal law and order proceeding to that point, I don't see how Trump, the man, fits into such a scenario. In the course of his life he has regularly failed to pay bills he owes. When challenged about this, he doesn't deny it, he doesn't try to weasel away with legalisms or accounting minutiae. He proudly proclaims that he didn't pay for it because the work was shoddy, and maintains that he was in the right. He has repeatedly sought debt relief—even bankruptcy protection—only to brag later about how he, essentially, conned the lenders for his own benefit. "I'm greedy—greedy, greedy, greedy!" is something he has literally said at his campaign podium many times.

As we all know by now, even demonstrable facts have no power against what he "believes" is "right"—which is whatever advances his own interests in the moment. He is literally and utterly shameless and incorrigible. He uses any and all powers he has to achieve his own ends, with apparently no care for what happens to anyone else besides his own family. So what might he do if Congress began the process of impeaching him?

He fired Jim Comey to try to "stop this"; he rails against Jeff Sessions for recusing himself—not because he thinks it was the right decision or the wrong decision, simply that it was a decision that was "not fair" to him. He has apparently inquired on the mechanics of firing Robert Mueller and of pardoning himself. Is it too great a stretch to imagine he would use any and all powers in his immediate grasp to stop an impeachment, and that he would justify any such actions as "right" by the only yardstick that has ever mattered to him—how it benefits him and his family?

He has already attempted—with greater or lesser success—to use supposedly independent agencies including the FBI, the Office of Management and Budget, and the Secret Service to advance his own political goals and even his own avarice. (ProPublica and The Washington Post, among others, have done extensive reporting on the ways he has used his office to directly enrich the Trump Organization, including making decisions on affairs of security and of state whose only demonstrable benefit has been to divert Secret Service and Pentagon funds into rental fees at Trump resorts and Trump golf courses and Trump hotels. The Secret Service had already spent over $35,000 on Trump property golf-cart rental fees alone in the first two full months of his presidency.)

Here's where I skid off the road—because what comes next is simply unforeseeable without knowing exactly how we got to that point. But what, I ask, is unimaginable? He's already installed long-serving and loyal members of his private security into key White House positions, and used them for delicate work such as delivering James Comey's firing letter (to his office, when he was 2,500 miles away in California) before anyone in the formal notification chain was told it was happening.

Is it unimaginable that he might try to "stop" an "unnecessary" and "distracting" impeachment? Is it unimaginable he might do so by sending his own goons—with letters of pardon in hand indemnifying them—to arrest the committee chairman and ranking member so the hearing couldn't begin? Then what? Would Speaker of the House Paul Ryan react with anything more than a strongly-worded statement of dismay? We may have plenty of evidence that Paul Ryan is spineless against Trump, but consider—what more could he do? (As Stalin said, "The Pope? How many divisions has he got?")

This is the constitutional crisis that keeps me up at night. Not that the Congress will fail to live up to its constitutional duties—though, as I wrote, I think it's very likely they will fail to rise to the occasion given the history of the past six months. No, the crisis I worry about is the one that happens if they unexpectedly do end up doing the right thing.

Trump doesn't have a great history of dealing fairly with people who cross him, even when their slights are entirely in Trump's own head. He uses every power at his disposal to make sure they fail and he succeeds. And now, the "power at his disposal" for his petty ends is greater than that of any other person in history. What will he do with it? What won't he do with it?
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2017-07-22 12:37:54 (2 comments; 2 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Sharing to finish later. This is actually pretty fascinating.

The cognitive differences between men and women

"In 1991, just a few years before Shah launched his sex-differences research, Diane Halpern, PhD, past president of the American Psychological Association, began writing the first edition of her acclaimed academic text, Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities. She found that the ​animal-​research literature had been steadily accreting reports of sex-associated neuroanatomical and behavioral differences, but those studies were mainly gathering dust in university libraries. Social psychologists and sociologists pooh-poohed the notion of any fundamental cognitive differences between male and female humans, notes Halpern, a professor emerita of psychology at Claremont McKenna College.

In her preface to the first edition, Halpern wrote: “At the time, it seemed clear to me that any between-sex differences in thinking abilities were due to socialization practices, artifacts and mistakes in the research, and bias and prejudice. ... After reviewing a pile of journal articles that stood several feet high and numerous books and book chapters that dwarfed the stack of journal articles … I changed my mind.”

Why? There was too much data pointing to the biological basis of sex-based cognitive differences to ignore, Halpern says. For one thing, the animal-research findings resonated with sex-based differences ascribed to people. These findings continue to accrue. In a study of 34 rhesus monkeys, for example, males strongly preferred toys with wheels over plush toys, whereas females found plush toys likable. It would be tough to argue that the monkeys’ parents bought them sex-typed toys or that simian society encourages its male offspring to play more with trucks. A much more recent study established that boys and girls 9 to 17 months old — an age when children show few if any signs of recognizing either their own or other children’s sex — nonetheless show marked differences in their preference for stereotypically male versus stereotypically female toys.

Halpern and others have cataloged plenty of human behavioral differences. “These findings have all been replicated,” she says."

http://stanmed.stanford.edu/2017spring/how-mens-and-womens-brains-are-different.html___Sharing to finish later. This is actually pretty fascinating.

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