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Jon Lawhead has been at 2 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Daniel Estrada30,121// Continuing a long conversation after a brief intermission! See more here: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/cjhsk41gv6ggn3sbdubq2klmrc0 > This week an announcement rippled through the internet: a computer passed Turing's test. Soon after the backlash began: the test was rigged, the resulted were hyped, and Eugene, the machine in question, was lame.  Now the backlash is giving way to even stronger criticisms. +Massimo Pigliucci recently argued (http://goo.gl/VdilBI) that not only was this test illegitimate, but Turing's test itself should be abandoned. But Massimo's argument is deeply mistaken about the nature of Turing's test, what it seeks to prove, and why it matters for science.  I've been writing all week about this event: http://goo.gl/J26xbs, http://goo.gl/5RKIm7, http://goo.gl/c07lLG, http://goo.gl/T98ubJ, http://goo.gl/8cMKSI But now that the backlash against the event is directed at Turing's views themselves, I feel something more than an essay is required to address these concerns. To be convincing, this requires a human face and a human voice to speak out in defense of Turing's proposal. I'm fully aware of the irony of this situation.  So come hangout with me and +Jon Lawhead this Friday at 10pm EST while I defend Turing's proposal in light of the criticisms that have accrued over the last week. I'll be providing a defense of Turing's position informed by recent experimental work in psychology. I hope to convince even the skeptics like Massimo that Turing's test deserves a central place in our discussion of artificial intelligence in the modern world. Why the Turing Test Matters II2014-06-14 05:44:028  
Daniel Estrada30,121This week an announcement rippled through the internet: a computer passed Turing's test. Soon after the backlash began: the test was rigged, the resulted were hyped, and Eugene, the machine in question, was lame.  Now the backlash is giving way to even stronger criticisms. @111907992359490335188 recently argued (http://goo.gl/VdilBI) that not only was this test illegitimate, but Turing's test itself should be abandoned. But Massimo's argument is deeply mistaken about the nature of Turing's test, what it seeks to prove, and why it matters for science.  I've been writing all week about this event: http://goo.gl/J26xbs, http://goo.gl/5RKIm7, http://goo.gl/c07lLG, http://goo.gl/T98ubJ, http://goo.gl/8cMKSI But now that the backlash against the event is directed at Turing's views themselves, I feel something more than an essay is required to address these concerns. To be convincing, this requires a human face and a human voice to speak out in defense of Turing's proposal. I'm fully aware of the irony of this situation.  So come hangout with me and @103315650425474752023 this Friday at 10pm EST while I defend Turing's proposal in light of the criticisms that have accrued over the last week. I'll be providing a defense of Turing's position informed by recent experimental work in psychology. I hope to convince even the skeptics like Massimo that Turing's test deserves a central place in our discussion of artificial intelligence in the modern world. Why the Turing Test matters2014-06-14 04:00:009  

Jon Lawhead has been shared in 86 public circles

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Robert Best2,617Google+ Relevance CircleWhat people of "relevance" do we have in common? Care to share?This big shared circle contains my most "relevant" circles according to G+. It also only contains people/profiles who post publicly (Either occasionally or prolifically).Do you recognize others in the list? (I think the probability is high)As far as I know, the visual beside the "Add people" button below shows you the 8 people from this circle who are most "relevant" to you. Also, if you click that add people button, the list inside is also ordered by "relevance".Some people in this circle I know very well... others I haven't met at all (Besides interfacing with what they share publicly on G+) I'm curious, what circles do we share of high relevance? Give a few people shout outs! Let's have a random chat.You were likely notified of this post... I normally don't share to any of my specific circles, so as to avoid sending out unwanted notifications... But since I have you and your attention here... HELLO! Have we talked before? Why do you think I have you circled? What's of relevance for you? (Besides people on G+) If we do know each other... Have we been in touch lately? If not, let please catch up!2015-03-03 01:03:39455000
RuMuZ NeYiMe1,336good morningadd friends list..#addcircle #addcircles #addpeople #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besharable #besocial #bestcircle #bestcircles #bestengagers #circleadd #circleall #circleme #circlemenow #circlemeup #circlenetwork #circleplus #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circleshares #circlesharing #circleup #circleyoushare #coolpeople #engagerscircle #engagerscircles #findcircle #findcircles #follow4follow #followback #followme #fullcircleshare #influencermarketing #internetmarketing #morefollowers #networkcircle 2015-01-12 08:56:27466002
John Sean10,506This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #philadelphia #phoenix #san_antonio #san_diego #san_francisco #san_jose #seattle #tampa #washington #american_samoa #american_samoa #pago_pago #fiji #fiji #nadi #fiji #suva #argentina #argentina #buenos_aires #argentina #cordoba #argentina #iguaza #argentina #mendoza #argentina #rosaio #argentina #san_carlos_de_bariloche #bolivia #bolivia #cochabamba 2015-01-12 06:41:19465171632
Becky Collins16,609Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-16 05:24:00459102
Becky Collins15,950Dance Related Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-02 05:00:4347130935
Becky Collins15,192Recipes and Cooking Circle : Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-08-18 05:14:394770210
Aman Singh2,014Circle of the dayYour re-share is appreciatedPlease re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)2014-07-16 12:15:324990719
Ryan Johnson9,485Hi friends! This is a great circle created with an important selection from all circles. The most important engagers are reshared because only that way can we grow our circle and have the people of google circle us.To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles #Britain #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #uk  #nottingham #Holland #Netherlands #Duch2014-07-16 10:40:014918812
Adam Black6,732Transhumans CircleBy popular Demand,  I am sharing some of my Circles. This is +Mark Bruce  Transhumans Circle  Plus Others Ive been adding.If you are tagged,  you are in it.Web Link for Mobile https://plus.google.com/u/0/+AdamBlack/posts/6iQmLpEj1Zm #sharedcircles   #GeekCulture   #ScienceSunday #Transhumans #Transhumanism #HumanPlus  2014-04-13 06:25:0424521733
Krzysztof Skomra4,828New circle 201404031. Plus this post2. Leave a comment (introduce yourself, if you’d like)3. Add this circle to your circles4. Add yourself to the circle5. Share this circle publicly to your stream1. Dodaj Plus dla postu 2. Zostaw komentarz (przedstaw ślad po sobie, jeśli chcesz) 3. Dodaj ten krąg do swoich kręgów 4. Dodaj się do kręgu 5. Poleć ten krąg publicznie do strumienia #techlover   #photographers   #bloggers   #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circles   #share   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharemycircles  #sharemycircle   #iwillfollow   #followback   #followers#cardphoto   #circle #circles #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare#sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #AddCircle #FindCircles #AwesomeCircle #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup 2014-04-03 21:55:02501349
Aleksander Adamczyk0New circle 201404031. Dodaj Plus dla postu 2. Zostaw komentarz (przedstaw ślad po sobie, jeśli chcesz) 3. Dodaj ten krąg do swoich kręgów 4. Dodaj się do kręgu 5. Poleć ten krąg publicznie do strumienia EN.1. Plus this post2. Leave a comment (introduce yourself, if you’d like)3. Add this circle to your circles4. Add yourself to the circle5. Share this circle publicly to your stream#techlover   #photographers   #bloggers   #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circles   #share   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharemycircles  #sharemycircle   #iwillfollow   #followback   #followers#cardphoto   #circle #circles #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing#sharedcircles #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare#sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #AddCircle #FindCircles#AwesomeCircle #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery  2014-04-03 21:29:32501014
Matthew J Price8,236It's been some time since I shared my favorite circle: Accelerated Thinkers.  These 91 people are the ones I trust with bringing me the good news every day, and leading the conversation about the future of humanity.  Thank you so much!2014-03-22 04:25:4591103
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:27:36393014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:50393033
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:17393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:52393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:16393203
Lo Sauer2,493This is a great circle combined of active engagers, creative folks and  some of the best and brightest people on google+. A thank you in this circle-inclusion-shoutout to: +Peter Terren +Michael Műller +Carlos Esteban +Justin Chung +Malthus John +Marta Rauch +Rajini Rao +Katherine Vucicevic +Jonathan Eisen +Mike Allton +Scott Buehler +Mario Falcetti +Zvonimir Fras +Krithika Rangarajan +sridhar krishnan +Joanna Ortynska +Seamus Smyth +Chuck Croll +Michael Schobel +2013-11-19 18:19:4843218317
Rank Kemeng0This is a group of individuals that has personally shared four of my best circle sharing circles in the last month (or so).  They also include a mix of new circle sharers and some that are just trying to learn it for the first time. :) :) :0)They are individuals, to a large degree, that are very interested in not just circle sharing (which is great), but also engaging with you in a meaningful way (which is awesome)!!!Guidelines for Core Multipliers- Share the circle to stay in the circle- Have some fun!- If you are new and want in the circle, share the circle.This is a great group.  Enjoy this circle and have an awesome Thursday!*if you were somehow missed/ not included in the circle, please let me know and it will be corrected on the next share. My apologies ahead of time! :)**For those coming from multiplying circle, we are not inviting new folks here, you can privately message them or ping them when you share the circle on your public feed. Thanks!#corecircle #multiplyingcircle #coremultipliers #sharedcircles #circleshare #bestsharedcircle   #circleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #CircleQueen   #CircleMaster   #GPlusList   #Circle   #Circleshare   #Circlesharing   #PublicSharedCircles2013-11-01 15:53:38426115
Silvio De Rossi3,801It's dance time! #saturdaynight  Circle! :DThis is my first #sharedcircle of #topengagers, a group of interesting people who share unique and original content.What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 t the post2) Comment the post and specify your "category" (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)3) Include the circle among your circles4) Share the circle (include yourself)5) Smile to life, sun in sunshine.Special thanks my dear #friends and #followers:+Raffaele Romeo Arena  +Tancredi Matranga +Alessandro Folghera +Christine DeGraff +Viktor Mulin +Cesare Riccardo Have a good life!#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria   #leonardo   #deroplus   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial  #trust #circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle   2013-10-26 19:28:02457531239
Coyeb Sundel02013-10-24 10:04:35425202
Raffaele Romeo Arena5,311Welcome my dear #friends and #follower this is #thursdaycircle #topengagers  This circle is very important because it's composed of many important peolple, that often #interact with me and our community.You remember that #social  is   #sharedlife  and #follow is #friendship  . And so:-include me in your circles-create a large network-shared the circle (include yourself)-add +1 to the post-interact will allow you to enter the great circle that soon will share-happy life and sun is sunshine.Special thanks, to my #friends  and #followers  :+Alessandro Folghera +Mario Falcetti +Cesare Riccardo +Edith Kukla +Dominique Keller +Viktor Mulin +Silvio De Rossi +Tancredi Matranga +Tazein Mirza Saad +Fashion Circles #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle 2013-10-24 09:20:30459623468
Raffaele Romeo Arena4,418#mondaysharedcircle in your #circle #seocircle #fashioncircle This #circle includes important followers to affirm a strong #community getting bigger. Join the community and shareTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest)  Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - Include the circle among your circles4 - Share the circle (include yourself)If you come accross Google error messages, incorporating my circles, please provide me the error, I'm classifying these errors. Have a wonderful Monday and all week; and a better popularityMost important: Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104Special thaks to my friend and special follower:+Alessandro Folghera+Viktor Mulin+Fashion Circles+Scott Buehler+Sam Stormborn Ormandy+Владимир Самсонов+Ludovic Moreeuw+Dominique Keller+Tancredi Matranga+Silvio De Rossi+Edith Kukla2013-10-14 20:44:30460211238
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:30:23414103
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:39414003
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:27414002
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:04414002
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:27:59414004
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:27:16414002
James Steward1,112These are my awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:25:57414103
Raffaele Romeo Arena3,803Astonishing #topengagers   Happy  #Tuesday my #friends , and you are welcome in my #tuesdaycircle A nice group of people who I found to share and comment my posts, and have as a goal to grow our #community.And so, after difficult day on #Monday we are to enjoy on Tuesday in #fashionstyle To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest)      (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)5 - Plus and share the new important #fashionprofile https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101905178080519621345/101905178080519621345/posts5 - smile to life, sun in sunshine.Thanks to all of you who are part of my circles and those who will be part of, in particular, I thank my #friends and #followers :+Alessandro Folghera+Alfredo Torres+Dirk Talamasca+Viktor Mulin+Cesare Riccardo+Mario Falcetti+Владимир Самсонов+Dominique KellerHave a wonderful weekend and increasing your #popularity and your #circles#topsharedcircle   2013-10-08 08:07:37463571660
Fraser Cain824,747Super Science Circle for October, 2013I know it's been a while, so it's time for a new Super Science Circle - the October 2013 edition.In case you weren't aware, the Super Science Circle is a list of more than 400 people who are actively engaged on Google+ and regularly post about science and education. We've got journalists, scientists, even a few astronauts. The Super Science Circle should be your best response to anyone who tells you that Google+ is just a ghost town. If you love science, this circle will deliver the goods.If you know anyone who actively posts about science, please let me know and I'll add them to the list.2013-10-04 20:14:53415304682
Raffaele Romeo Arena2,188Welcome in my #weekendcircle .You remember that #social  is  #sharedlife  and #follow is #friendship  . And so:-include me in your circles-create a large network-shared the circle (include yourself)-add +1 to the post-happy lifeSpecial thanks, to my #friends  and #followers  :+Alessandro Folghera +Mario Falcetti +Cesare Riccardo  #circles   #circleshare  #sharedcircle #circlesharing   #follower #socialnetworking   #social   #followme   #follow4followback  2013-09-13 17:59:23468472555
Fabian Weiland145#sharedcircles #science #health2013-09-05 07:24:12497214
Fabian Weiland0#sharedcircle #health #science #medicine  2013-08-26 11:59:11426000
Raffaele Romeo Arena991#happycircleWelcome   in my #sharedcircles  in #wednesday and happy #sharedweek  Special thanks to +Yaiza Pozo Vara +Mario Falcetti +Alessandro Folghera You remember that #social  is #sharedlife  and #follow  is #friendship And so:-Include me in your circles-create a large network-share the circle (include yourself)-add +1 to the post-happy life#Wednesdaysharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle #trustinme  #circlesharing   #circleshare        #circles        #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircles    #share  #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday        #sharewithyou        #circlefriday   #circlethursday  #followme     #followers #followback #circle #g2013-08-21 13:32:27446632681
Superb Internet210Heavy Plussers! Here's our weekly round up of our most engaging people to follow here on G+ We've identified by hand all of those interested in tech and posting useful relevant stuff for growing your website along.Add this circle if you want to find out what they're up to! #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #tech  2013-08-19 19:12:37430203
Science on Google+69,339Social Sciences and CommunicationThis circle will give you exposure to Anthropology, Economics, Linguistics, Philosophy, Psychology/Neuroscience, Sociology, and it also contains K- 12 Science Teachers and Science Writers/Outreach.Science on Google+ Database: http://goo.gl/Yz8KRScience on Google+ Community: http://goo.gl/uhJCNIf you have a science related degree, you are a science journalist, you are a K-12 science teacher, or you curate a science page, then add your profile/page to the database by filling out this form (http://goo.gl/yEg7M). Active profiles and pages will be included in the next shared circle.#sciencesunday #science #publiccircles   #sharedcircles  2013-08-15 14:47:5621441434
Kai Saffron14,954Mathematician +Richard Green's shared circle of highly engaged Plussers!  Consider adding to liven up your stream-  Remember: "nothing ventured, nothing gained". #SharedCircles   #GooglePlus   #GhostTown   2013-08-07 16:37:49446582266
Leo Walsh3,691Richard Green originally shared:Engagers Showcase Circle, August 5 2013 If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I may have missed some people due to limitations of the G+ interface, but as usual, everyone who reshared last week's version of the circle has been included this time.As always, reshares are appreciated. And, if you have been, thanks for reading my posts!2013-08-06 00:51:27447521360
Richard Green20,938Engagers Showcase Circle, August 5 2013 If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I may have missed some people due to limitations of the G+ interface, but as usual, everyone who reshared last week's version of the circle has been included this time.As always, reshares are appreciated. And, if you have been, thanks for reading my posts!2013-08-05 23:36:22446267123229
Richard Green19,934Engagers Showcase Circle, July 28 2013 If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts. This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I may have missed some people due to limitations of the G+ interface. I'm pleased to see that this week's circle contains quite a few scientists.Circle tip of the weekAre you experiencing the problem of not being able to add people to your circles, even though you haven't altered your circles within 24 hours, and you aren't near the 5000 limit? The following steps may help.1. Take one of your circles that contains close to 500 people, and share it as a private post to yourself.2. Remove the whole circle in your Google+ Circles pages.3. Wait at least 24 hours.4. See if you can now add people. If you can, you can gradually add back the circle you previously deleted, by using the privately shared post in step 1.If that worked for you, you can thank +Circloscope for the tip. And, as always, thanks for reading my posts!2013-07-28 05:43:40477300112241
Fraser Cain798,034Super Science Circle, July 2013 EditionNeed more science in your streams? Want to convince a friend that Google+ is a thriving place of science and rational thinking? Then import my Super Science Circle and be amazed at the awesomeness.PLEASE RESHARE THIS CIRCLE... FOR SCIENCE!Every single person in this circle is active on Google+ and regularly contributes high quality posts about science. You've got my personal guarantee.As always, I recommend you import this group into a temporary circle and look for people who match your interests. Then pull them over into more permanent locations in your circles. Or just wait for me to give you an update next month.If you want to be included in this circle, just make a post in the comments and I'll check out your profile.I'm looking for people who:1. Are active on Google+ (but not too active)2. Regularly post about science3. Provide context and additional information, and not just bare links or annoying memes.2013-07-16 18:35:56415255987
Paul Christen113If you want to be TOTALLY freaked out, follow this science circle. Its not mine, it was shared by (I think) +Fraser Cain .Man, a  day does not go by that I'm not amazed by the advances in science and technology.2013-06-11 13:54:194095310
George Stanley392Matt Talks Tech Circle #7Our new shared technology circle!   Lots of new people in this addition.Add this circle to follow people who love to talk technology.If you are a member of this circle, make sure you share it with your friends!  If everyone shares this circle, you will all be introduced to lots of new people who are interested in tech.  People in this circle who share this circle will be added to the next circle automatically.  If you would like to be add to our next Tech Circle:  1) Share this post to Public  2) Click on this link to go to the Circles section of the Matt Talks Tech  community page - http://bit.ly/10FD9sd - and comment "Add Me" to the Circle Sign Up Post on that page.Thanks! #Circle #Circles #PublicCircle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #SharePublicCircle #circleoftheday #publicsharedcircles #publiccirclesproject #sharedcircleoftheday #1000newfollowers #addmetoyourcircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles2013-06-10 21:03:221583614
George Stanley392Matt Talks Tech Circle #7Our new shared technology circle!Add this circle to follow people who love to talk technology.If you are a member of this circle, make sure you share it with your friends!  If everyone shares this circle, you will all be introduced to lots of new people who are interested in tech.  People in this circle who share this circle will be added to the next circle automatically.  If you would like to be add to our next Tech Circle:  1) Share this post to Public  2) Click on this link to go to the Circles section of the Matt Talks Tech  community page - http://bit.ly/10FD9sd - and comment "Add Me" to the Circle Sign Up Post on that page.Thanks! #Circle #Circles #PublicCircle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #SharePublicCircle #circleoftheday #publicsharedcircles #publiccirclesproject #sharedcircleoftheday #1000newfollowers #addmetoyourcircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles2013-06-10 21:00:1315810613
Virginia Zuloaga1,208The Technology circle originally created by +Katherine Vucicevic *Science and Technology shared circleThis circle includes people who regularly post about science, technology and helpful hints and tips about G+*If you want to be included in this great circle, here are the RULES*ADD this circle (I can't include you if you don't)PLUS this postSHARE this circle publiclyCOMMENT that you want to be included2013-06-09 14:49:3213311314
Science on Google+62,910Smokin' Science CircleWe took 500 active profiles from the  +Science on Google+: A Public Database and put them into this circle.  Be careful, this circle is smokin' hot! #scienceeveryday    Don't forget to check out the Science on Google+ Community: http://goo.gl/mTTxXDatabaseSearch Communities: http://goo.gl/RvyezSearch Pages: http://goo.gl/WCohTSearch Profiles: http://goo.gl/Yz8KRAdd Profile or Page to Database: http://goo.gl/yEg7MAdd Community to Database: http://goo.gl/zh0xJ2013-06-06 00:17:11500387674
Fraser Cain779,548Super Science Circle - May 2013 EditionNeed more science in your Google+? Well, here's all the science you can handle! Enjoy my latest, heavily curated edition of the Super Science Circle.Please share this circle... for Science!For the uninitiated, I maintain a circle of 450+ people who are active on Google+ and regularly post on Google+. In this circle you'll find scientists, journalists, astronauts, educators, and science enthusiasts. By importing this circle into your own circles, you'll immediately gain a vibrant and fascinating feed of amazing science stories.I recognize that it might be too much science, so I suggest you create a brand new temporary circle and evaluate the people in the circle. Only transfer the keepers to your permanent circles. Then, when I update the circle next month, rinse and repeat.Are you active on G+ and regularly post about science? +mention me and I'll check out your profile.Remember, please share this post2013-05-22 19:26:51456348088
Fraser Cain770,050Super Science Circle - April 2013 EditionIt's time for another sharing of my Super Science Circle. This is a collection of 400+ active people on Google+ who often post about science. If anyone tells you G+ is a ghost town (not that anyone does any more), get them to import this circle. PLEASE SHARE THIS CIRCLE... FOR SCIENCE!I have personally reviewed each and every person on this list, to make sure that they:1. Are active and engaged on Google+2. Regularly post science-related stories on Google+In this list you'll find scientists, journalists, researchers, professors, astronauts and general science enthusiasts. Not everyone in this list is going to be to your personal liking. So what you'll want to do is import the list into a temporary circle. Then move people over one by one into more permanent locations in your circles.I'm always looking for more people to add to the list, so if you know people who meet my criteria, feel free to nominate them.Again, please share the circle. Every little bit helps2013-04-26 21:02:03419226277

Activity

Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

2
comments per post
2
reshares per post
7
+1's per post

849
characters per posting

Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 16

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2015-03-27 22:25:59 (16 comments, 14 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Just one level so far, but damn. 

Most reshares: 56

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2015-03-19 07:23:40 (1 comments, 56 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Most plusones: 55

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2015-03-27 22:25:59 (16 comments, 14 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Just one level so far, but damn. 

Latest 50 posts

2015-03-30 07:25:08 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

HBO's Scientology documentary was both fascinating and terrifying. Their continued tax exempt status is symptomatic of a general tendency for the public--and government--to flinch when the word 'faith' is used, and so to excuse patently awful behavior in the name of religious freedom. The recent bill in Indiana and the Hobby Lobby decision were similarly justified. As a society, we seem shockingly willing to put up with absurdity, abuses, and even criminality when they're being perpetrated in the name of faith. That's a big, systemic problem that deserves much more attention. 

HBO's Scientology documentary was both fascinating and terrifying. Their continued tax exempt status is symptomatic of a general tendency for the public--and government--to flinch when the word 'faith' is used, and so to excuse patently awful behavior in the name of religious freedom. The recent bill in Indiana and the Hobby Lobby decision were similarly justified. As a society, we seem shockingly willing to put up with absurdity, abuses, and even criminality when they're being perpetrated in the name of faith. That's a big, systemic problem that deserves much more attention. ___

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2015-03-30 07:05:17 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

This is science working. The fact that this got exposed is a feature, not a bug. 

This is science working. The fact that this got exposed is a feature, not a bug. ___

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2015-03-29 23:49:48 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-03-29 19:29:18 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"And so, having destroyed a thousand-year tradition, Wittgenstein did the reasonable thing—he dropped the mic and found a real job teaching kids to spell."

"And so, having destroyed a thousand-year tradition, Wittgenstein did the reasonable thing—he dropped the mic and found a real job teaching kids to spell."___

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2015-03-29 01:34:58 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"On a sunny day in Reno, Nevada, the diminutive woman, called “Miss Erma” by her nursing home’s staff and “Big Mama Ice” by her fuckbuddies, wrapped a shawl around her neck while strolling the grounds of her territory and shared her daily routine: “I eat a bowl of cold cereal in the morning, go for a walk, specifically to buy methamphetamine off of a biker. Then we have unprotected sex.”"

"On a sunny day in Reno, Nevada, the diminutive woman, called “Miss Erma” by her nursing home’s staff and “Big Mama Ice” by her fuckbuddies, wrapped a shawl around her neck while strolling the grounds of her territory and shared her daily routine: “I eat a bowl of cold cereal in the morning, go for a walk, specifically to buy methamphetamine off of a biker. Then we have unprotected sex.”"___

2015-03-28 22:27:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

This year's earth hour is tonight from 8:30-9:30. You can participate by turning off lights and electronics for that hour. The point is not to save energy (unless you run on a generator, turning off your lights will have no direct impact on fossil fuel usage, as power plants will keep running), but rather to think about the complex relationship between modern civilization, energy production, consumption, and the climate.

It's also worth thinking about the fact that for much of the developing world, the lights are never on. One of the biggest challenges facing sustainability research is the fact that development--and all the very real quality of life benefits that come with it--are inextricably bound up with electricity generation. Until we can find a way to lift the world out of poverty without relying on fossil fuels, genuine sustainability will be all but impossible. 

This year's earth hour is tonight from 8:30-9:30. You can participate by turning off lights and electronics for that hour. The point is not to save energy (unless you run on a generator, turning off your lights will have no direct impact on fossil fuel usage, as power plants will keep running), but rather to think about the complex relationship between modern civilization, energy production, consumption, and the climate.

It's also worth thinking about the fact that for much of the developing world, the lights are never on. One of the biggest challenges facing sustainability research is the fact that development--and all the very real quality of life benefits that come with it--are inextricably bound up with electricity generation. Until we can find a way to lift the world out of poverty without relying on fossil fuels, genuine sustainability will be all but impossible. ___

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2015-03-28 07:36:42 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"Another exchange in the IHE comment thread handily brought up a problematic rhetorical strategy that arises often in the discussion of the adjunct bubble: the comparison to fast-food workers. One commenter wrote, “You know what’s demeaning? Earning a PhD and making less money than a manager at McDonald’s.” And another replied, “You know what’s demeaning? A PhD who thinks she’s better than a manager at McDonald’s.” This exemplifies a serious problem in the ways that advocates for better working conditions for adjuncts make their argument. (A related problem is that adjunct advocates sometimes dramatize their argument by using phrases like “slave wages,” “slave labor”). Yes, college-level teachers should make more than cashiers at McDonald’s. Not because they hold advanced degrees—to pay someone for merely holding a degree is naked credentialism; to believe you deserve moremoney because of your credent... more »

"Another exchange in the IHE comment thread handily brought up a problematic rhetorical strategy that arises often in the discussion of the adjunct bubble: the comparison to fast-food workers. One commenter wrote, “You know what’s demeaning? Earning a PhD and making less money than a manager at McDonald’s.” And another replied, “You know what’s demeaning? A PhD who thinks she’s better than a manager at McDonald’s.” This exemplifies a serious problem in the ways that advocates for better working conditions for adjuncts make their argument. (A related problem is that adjunct advocates sometimes dramatize their argument by using phrases like “slave wages,” “slave labor”). Yes, college-level teachers should make more than cashiers at McDonald’s. Not because they hold advanced degrees—to pay someone for merely holding a degree is naked credentialism; to believe you deserve more money because of your credential itself rather than what you do with it is to misunderstand the value of work—but because as a culture, we value the dissemination of knowledge more than the distribution of hamburgers. Or at least we say we do."___

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2015-03-28 07:21:53 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Tech startup presentation on working with academics.

Alternate title: "Dating academics"

Tech startup presentation on working with academics.

Alternate title: "Dating academics"___

2015-03-28 06:35:30 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Loooooooool

Loooooooool___

2015-03-27 23:25:59 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

I'm a postdoctoral climate researcher at the University of Southern California.  Earlier this week, I gave a talk to the USC international relations department about the scientific and philosophical issues surrounding climate engineering proposals.  USC has archived it on their website, if anyone is interested in the topic and wants to learn more.

I'm not sure why Google pulls this strange "please sign in" title and description for the link, but I've confirmed that it is publicly viewable.

I'm a postdoctoral climate researcher at the University of Southern California.  Earlier this week, I gave a talk to the USC international relations department about the scientific and philosophical issues surrounding climate engineering proposals.  USC has archived it on their website, if anyone is interested in the topic and wants to learn more.

I'm not sure why Google pulls this strange "please sign in" title and description for the link, but I've confirmed that it is publicly viewable.___

2015-03-27 23:14:48 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Geoengineering: Climate Change by Design
Recorded talk

The recording of the talk I gave on Wednesday is up, if anyone is interested. It's a survey of the science behind some of the leading geoengineering proposals, followed by a discussion about governance and regulation of those policies. I haven't looked at it because I can't stand watching myself talk, so hopefully it turned out OK.

The title of the link (which I can't change on G+) makes it look like this requires a login, but I don't think it actually does.  If it is blocked, someone let me know and I'll see what I can do.

Geoengineering: Climate Change by Design
Recorded talk

The recording of the talk I gave on Wednesday is up, if anyone is interested. It's a survey of the science behind some of the leading geoengineering proposals, followed by a discussion about governance and regulation of those policies. I haven't looked at it because I can't stand watching myself talk, so hopefully it turned out OK.

The title of the link (which I can't change on G+) makes it look like this requires a login, but I don't think it actually does.  If it is blocked, someone let me know and I'll see what I can do.___

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2015-03-27 22:46:13 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

This is right next door to Cooper Union. I hope all my former students and colleagues are safe and unhurt. I've eaten at the sushi place in that building, and used to buy nitrous oxide canisters from a place right around the corner. Terrible. 

This is right next door to Cooper Union. I hope all my former students and colleagues are safe and unhurt. I've eaten at the sushi place in that building, and used to buy nitrous oxide canisters from a place right around the corner. Terrible. ___

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2015-03-27 22:25:59 (16 comments, 14 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Just one level so far, but damn. 

Just one level so far, but damn. ___

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2015-03-27 21:59:51 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

“There was a point at which you could not buy life insurance if you did not drink. You were considered ‘crank-brained.’'

“There was a point at which you could not buy life insurance if you did not drink. You were considered ‘crank-brained.’'___

2015-03-27 10:04:37 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

I've been furiously emailing for the past 5 (!) hours with one of the chairpeople of an IPCC working group, an oceanographer, a paleoclimatologist, and an ethicist.  This is my last part of the exchange before I go to bed.  We're talking about the attached paper, which purports to design a formal system for evaluating different climate policy portfolios through the use of a certain kind of utility function. 

I'm not going to post what my interlocutors said, since it's not cool to put other peoples' words on the 'Net without permission.  I lightly edited this response to make it more clear what I was engaging with, and I think it's pretty clear what I'm talking about once you've read the paper.  I respond to the IPCC guy's comments pretty directly, if you have the context.

//

I agree that Morrow's way ofform... more »

I've been furiously emailing for the past 5 (!) hours with one of the chairpeople of an IPCC working group, an oceanographer, a paleoclimatologist, and an ethicist.  This is my last part of the exchange before I go to bed.  We're talking about the attached paper, which purports to design a formal system for evaluating different climate policy portfolios through the use of a certain kind of utility function. 

I'm not going to post what my interlocutors said, since it's not cool to put other peoples' words on the 'Net without permission.  I lightly edited this response to make it more clear what I was engaging with, and I think it's pretty clear what I'm talking about once you've read the paper.  I respond to the IPCC guy's comments pretty directly, if you have the context.

//

I agree that Morrow's way of formulating this stuff is extremely sketchy (the additivity/concavity point in particular was something that I'd already put into my discussion of this, so you and I are most definitely on the same page there), but I'm not sure the sketchiness here is a bad thing.  Morrow's suggestion is barely a half-step beyond just saying "let's define some utility function U that encodes relevant facts about our value system and operates on such-and-such data about proposed policies to generate quantitative evaluations of various portfolios.  You figure out the details."  In a way, putting things in highly general language like that actually strikes me as a better way of going about this than what he lays out in the paper.  He makes a half-hearted attempt to fill in the pseudocode, but that attempt only muddies the waters.  It seems fairly clear that the vast majority of the relevant disagreements here are going to revolve around exactly how to encode our values into a neat and tidy utility function.  That seems to me to be a question about which reasonable people can expect to disagree, perhaps quite vehemently. The relative weighting of different goals, the decision theoretic axioms that we should adopt with respect to our preferences here, and how to encode all those sorts of things into a utility function (or set of utility functions) are all highly non-trivial problems that need to be worked out if this approach is going to be practically useful.  Getting a consensus--even among a fairly small group of people--about those questions is going to be really challenging, but that's par for the course on this topic.

I suppose I took Morrow to be providing something like computer science "pseudocode" for an algorithm that might do the job we need done here.  That is, I took the paper as not trying to provide a fully realized algorithm for solving the problem, but rather a basic sketch of the kinds of moves such a program would have to make in order to do the job we want.  I'm not sure that it's even possible to give something more than pseudocode from the vantage that Morrow (and the rest of us, with the possible exception of you, given your direct involvement with the IPCC) occupies.  The exact structure of the utility function is the kind of thing that would have to be worked out by an informed group of what we might call "anointed experts" in the community, just as the rest of the meta-research and aggregated findings that the IPCC publishes have been.

Julien and I have talked quite a bit about what relevant role philosophers might play in the IPCC, or in the project of constructing climate policy more broadly; I think he asked a question to that effect during your talk here.  It seems to me that the most significant take-away from Morrow's argument is that there's a real, concrete, tangible, and maybe even essential reason for philosophers to be a part of this conversation: if we're to have any hope of seriously evaluating the relative merits of different policy portfolios, philosophers (or at least philosophically sensitive people) are going to have to flesh out some possible implementations of Morrow-style ethical pseudocode.  I know that the IPCC itself doesn't make policy recommendations, but just providing some well thought out alternatives as to how to implement a policy relevant utility function is a really important job, and one that has more in common with the rest of the IPCC's work than it does with making direct policy recommendations.

Maybe the right way to read Morrow's mitigation/geoengineering point is as obliquely (or unintentionally) expressing species of moral hazard concern, rather than as simply being mistaken about closeness of the relationship between current mitigation levels and a theoretically optimum level.  If we agree that some geoengineering plans would decrease the amount of mitigation in the optimal geoengineering strategy, then perhaps Morrow's worry here is that it will reduce the amount of actual mitigation as well, irrespective of how far off we are from the genuine optimum.  It's at least plausible to think that some of the staunch critics of mitigation think that we are at (or even above) the current optimum level.  That is, if it's true that some geoengineering plans will lower that optimum (which I agree that it might), then we might worry that people who are already underestimating the mitigation optimum will underestimate it even more in light of those plans.  Even if we all somehow come to agree on the relative weighting of different strategies, there's going to be an entirely separate problem of actually assigning concrete values to those factors.  This seems like one of the respects in which this is such a hard problem to solve.  Not only do we need to come to some agreement about how combined strategies influence and constrain one another, we also have to come to some agreement about what an optimum looks like.

But that's the whole point of this approach, isn't it?  Once we have a good way to encode preferences and policies into a nice quantitative function, these sorts of arguments should (if not exactly fall away) at least be rendered starkly and with high contrast.  We'd be able to isolate exactly where various important disagreements were arising--in the set of values underwriting the utility function, in the choice of which utility function to use, in the choice of how to weight the various arguments in the function, &c.--which would presumably make it easier to engage in productive debate.  If/when a policymaker were to fall into the moral hazard trap, we'd be able to point to the function and saw "ah ha!  See, we're coming into this with a different assumption about the initial optimum of this value" or "we're coming into this with a different assumption about how to weight these competing (but commensurable) values!"  That seems like a big step in the right direction.

Finally, I share your intuition that rigorously dealing with policy interactions is likely to include game theory in some way.  One of the big limitations of Morrow's formalism is that it treats climate policy as if it were being implemented by a single autonomous in the absence of potential rivals also implementing their own policies and attempting to maximize their own national utility.  This is obviously a gross simplification.  Multiple international actors are very likely to pursue non-identical policies.  Accounting for how another group's policy portfolio might impact the utility of the portfolio your group is pursuing is another problem with Morrow's formalism--another way in which certain non-linear factors might make a big difference.  A more polished formalism would have to include at least some game theoretic mechanics, if only so that each agent can assess the utility of his own portfolio given some knowledge (prior or updated) about another agent's portfolio.  This is exactly why the ease with which some forms geoengineering--especially aerosol injection and oceanic nutrient fertilization--could be implemented on a unilateral basis frightens me.  It seems like any good formal framework that's going to be of even minimal practical use is going to have to run through these "if we do this and then they do that, what move should we make to get back on at least a local utility maximum?"  The bigger the difference between "we" and "they" in terms of preferences and utility function structure is, the messier this is going to get.

//

#geoengineering   #climatechange   #climatescience   #philosophy   #gametheory   #decisiontheory  ___

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2015-03-27 09:21:08 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

My backpack IRL

My backpack IRL___

2015-03-27 04:34:35 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"In a way, Darwin discovered God—a God that failed to match the preconceptions of theology, and so passed unheralded.  If Darwin had discovered that life was created by an intelligent agent—a bodiless mind that loves us, and will smite us with lightning if we dare say otherwise—people would have said "My gosh!  That's God!"

But instead Darwin discovered a strange alien God—not comfortably 'ineffable', but really genuinely different from us. Evolution is not a God, but if it were, it wouldn't be Jehovah. It would be H. P. Lovecraft's Azathoth, the blind idiot God burbling chaotically at the center of everything, surrounded by the thin monotonous piping of flutes.

Which you might have predicted, if you had really looked at Nature."

"In a way, Darwin discovered God—a God that failed to match the preconceptions of theology, and so passed unheralded.  If Darwin had discovered that life was created by an intelligent agent—a bodiless mind that loves us, and will smite us with lightning if we dare say otherwise—people would have said "My gosh!  That's God!"

But instead Darwin discovered a strange alien God—not comfortably 'ineffable', but really genuinely different from us. Evolution is not a God, but if it were, it wouldn't be Jehovah. It would be H. P. Lovecraft's Azathoth, the blind idiot God burbling chaotically at the center of everything, surrounded by the thin monotonous piping of flutes.

Which you might have predicted, if you had really looked at Nature."___

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2015-03-27 02:37:41 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"“I masturbate to the Bible every night,” he told the audience, “That’s how much I love God. And that’s how much I love America. And as an American, I’m not afraid to say it.”

The town hall crowd erupted in applause to the statement. "It's all about family values. Sex with women is for reproduction. Sex with God is for love, " said Cruz."



"“I masturbate to the Bible every night,” he told the audience, “That’s how much I love God. And that’s how much I love America. And as an American, I’m not afraid to say it.”

The town hall crowd erupted in applause to the statement. "It's all about family values. Sex with women is for reproduction. Sex with God is for love, " said Cruz."

___

2015-03-27 02:25:06 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

"The increased demand for a college education has the effect of masking the underlying cause of the Death Spiral by providing just enough revenue for the university to squeak by, but not nearly enough revenue to address the university's real problems. Universities are now addicted to increased enrollment at the cost of long-term planning that might increase the intrinsic quality of education. And like any drug addict, they'll make irrational sacrifices in order to get their next hit.

There's a tremendous irony in the current situation. A university education's value is increasingly economic -- the overriding reason to go to college is to succeed in the job market, and that's how educational quality is judged. But those who make the most crass economic arguments for how public resources are to be allocated, and who believe that it's perfectly appropriate to turn... more »

"The increased demand for a college education has the effect of masking the underlying cause of the Death Spiral by providing just enough revenue for the university to squeak by, but not nearly enough revenue to address the university's real problems. Universities are now addicted to increased enrollment at the cost of long-term planning that might increase the intrinsic quality of education. And like any drug addict, they'll make irrational sacrifices in order to get their next hit.

There's a tremendous irony in the current situation. A university education's value is increasingly economic -- the overriding reason to go to college is to succeed in the job market, and that's how educational quality is judged. But those who make the most crass economic arguments for how public resources are to be allocated, and who believe that it's perfectly appropriate to turn universities into credential mills to enable students to get jobs, are blind to the fact that we're in the grip of a textbook market failure. Market pressures have led to a situation in which resources are allocated inefficiently, and everyone would be better off if resources were spent not on buying short-term increases in enrollment, but on long-term investments that would actually increase the real quality of a university education. But the market won't let this happen. Hence, the Higher Education Death Spiral."___

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2015-03-27 00:04:23 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Big data

A petabyte is a lot of information.  But how many petabytes does it take to completely describe one gram of water?  

Let's see:

A bit is the information in one binary decision — a no or yes, a 0 or 1.

• 5 bits: approximate information in one letter of the Roman alphabet.

A byte is 8 bits.

A kilobyte is about a thousand bytes (actually 1024 of them).

• 2 kilobytes: a typewritten page.
• 100 kilobytes: a low-resolution photograph.

A megabyte is about a million bytes.

• 1 megabyte: a small novel or a 3.5 inch floppy disk.
• 2 megabytes: a high-resolution photograph.
• 5 megabytes: the complete works of Shakespeare.
• 500 megabytes: a CD-ROM.

A gigabyte is about a billion bytes.

• 1.25 gigabytes:the human genome, or... more »

Big data

A petabyte is a lot of information.  But how many petabytes does it take to completely describe one gram of water?  

Let's see:

A bit is the information in one binary decision — a no or yes, a 0 or 1.

• 5 bits: approximate information in one letter of the Roman alphabet.

A byte is 8 bits.

A kilobyte is about a thousand bytes (actually 1024 of them).

• 2 kilobytes: a typewritten page.
• 100 kilobytes: a low-resolution photograph.

A megabyte is about a million bytes.

• 1 megabyte: a small novel or a 3.5 inch floppy disk.
• 2 megabytes: a high-resolution photograph.
• 5 megabytes: the complete works of Shakespeare.
• 500 megabytes: a CD-ROM.

A gigabyte is about a billion bytes.

• 1.25 gigabytes: the human genome, or a pickup truck full of books.
• 20 gigabytes: a good collection of the works of Beethoven.
• 100 gigabytes: a library floor of academic journals.

A terabyte is about a trillion bytes.

• 2 terabytes: an academic research library.
• 6 terabytes: all academic journals printed in 2002.
• 10 terabytes: the print collections of the U.S. Library of Congress.
• 40 terabytes: all books printed in 2002.
• 60 terabytes: all audio CDs released in 2002.
• 80 terabytes: capacity of all floppy discs produced in 2002.
• 140 terabytes: all newspapers printed in 2002.
• 170 terabytes: the searchable part of the World-Wide Web in 2002.
• 250 terabytes: capacity of all zip drives produced in 2002.

A petabyte is about 10^15 bytes.

• 1.5 petabytes: all office documents generated in 2002.
• 2 petabytes: all U.S academic research libraries.
• 6 petabytes: all cinema release films in 2002.
• 90 petabytes: the "Deep Web" in 2002
• 130 petabytes: capacity of all audio tapes produced in 2002.
• 400 petabytes: all photographs taken in 2002.
• 440 petabytes: all emails sent in 2002.

An exabyte is about 10^18 bytes.

• 1.3 exabytes: capacity of all videotapes produced in 2002.
• 2 exabytes: capacity of all hard disks produced in 2002.
• 5 exabytes: all the words ever spoken by human beings.
• 9 exabytes: information in the genomes of everyone in 2015.

A zettabyte is about 10^21 bytes.

• 500 zettabytes: the information needed to completely describe the state of a gram of water at room temperature.

So, the answer is:

It takes 500,000,000 petabytes to completely describe one gram of water, down to the positions and velocities of the individual subatomic particles...

... limited, of course, by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle!   That's what makes the amount of information finite.

How can we calculate this?  It sounds hard, but it's not if you look up a few numbers.

First of all, the entropy of water! At room temperature (25 degrees Celsius) and normal pressure (1 atmosphere), the entropy of a mole of water is 69.91 joules per kelvin.

To understand this, first you need to know that chemists like moles — and by a 'mole', I don't mean that fuzzy creature that ruins your lawn: I mean a certain ridiculously large number of molecules or atoms, invented to deal with the fact that even a tiny little thing is made of lots of atoms.  By definition, a mole is about the number of atoms in one gram of hydrogen.

A guy named Avogadro figured out that this number is about 6.023 × 10^23. People now call this Avogadro's number. So, a mole of water means 6.023 × 10^23 molecules of water. And since a water molecule is 18 times heavier than a hydrogen atom, this is 18 grams of water.

So, if we prefer grams to moles, the entropy of a gram of water is is 69.91/18 = 3.88 joules per kelvin.  By the way, I don't want to explain why entropy is measured in joules per kelvin — that's another fun story.

But what does that have to do with information? Well, Boltzmann, Shannon and others figured out how entropy and information are related, and the formula is pretty simple: one nat of information equals 1.3808 × 10^(-23) joules per kelvin of entropy. This number is called Boltzmann's constant.

What's a 'nat' of information?  Well, bits of information are a good unit when you're using binary notation — 0's and 1's — but trits would be a good unit if you were using base 3, and so on.  For physics  the most natural unit is a nat, where we use base e.  So, 'nat' stands for 'natural'.

Don't get in a snit over the fact that we can't actually write numbers using base e — if you do, I'll just say you're nitpicking, or natpicking! The point is, information in the physical world is not binary — so base e turns out to be the best.

Okay: so, by taking the reciprocal of Boltzmann's constant we see that one joule per kelvin of entropy equals 7.24 × 10^22 nats of information. 

That's all we need to look up.  We can now just multiply and see that a gram of water (at room temperature and pressure) holds

3.88 × 7.24 × 10^23 = 2.81 × 10^24 nats

of information. In other words, this is how much information it takes to completely specify the state of one gram of water.

Or if you prefer bits, use the fact that a bit equals ln(2) or .693 nats. Dividing by this, we see a gram of water holds

4.05 × 10^24 bits

of information.  And amazingly, this is something we know quite precisely!  I've rounded off the numbers, but we could actually work it out to more decimal places if we wanted. 

If you want to learn more about this, study statistical mechanics - that's where physics meets information theory. 

A bunch of my figures came from here:

• Peter Lyman, Hal R. Varian, Kirsten Swearingen, et al, How much information? 2003, http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info-2003/

and the chart came from here:

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/08/01/How-Large-Is-a-Petabyte.aspx

All this stuff and more is on this page of mine:

http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/information.html

#informationtheory    #bigness  ___

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2015-03-27 00:02:24 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

If you're in the LA area, you should come out to the screening of my very talented friend's new feature film on April 12.

Tabloid Vivant by +kyle broom 

> Max is an artist seduced by the allure of fame. Sara is an art critic whose obsessions exceed even his. When she lands a writing gig at a major art magazine, the pair retreats to a cabin in the woods, where Max reveals his strange new painting method. Convinced of its potential, she agrees to collaborate on a piece sure to revolutionize the art world. While both original and mesmerizing, the project reveals something dark and disturbing about their relationship. Like two digital-age Frankensteins, they manage to make a painting come alive - though the unsettling consequences of their success may be more fit for the pages of a blood-soaked tabloid than the chronicles of art history.

https://vimeo.com/123291164 
Facebook: facebook.com/TabloidVivantFilm
Twitter: twitter.com/tabloid_vivant
iMDb: imdb.com/title/tt2890572/

// Our film will be screening at the CATE Film Festival in Santa Monica on April 12th! I'll be there along with the cast and crew. You can purchase tickets now:

http://www.cinemaattheedge.com/___If you're in the LA area, you should come out to the screening of my very talented friend's new feature film on April 12.

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2015-03-26 23:57:09 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

Paywall bypass: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4wR7F7Si7hsLVhBZll5QlJGMGs/view?usp=sharing

"A multi-scale system can be represented on a scale separation map (SSM), i.e. a map that describes the range of spatial and temporal scales that need to be resolved in order to solve the problem at hand. This range of scales is shown as a rectangle, as indicated in figure 2a. In order to simulate such a process on a computer, one has to find a strategy to ‘split’ these scales and keep only the relevant ones."___Paywall bypass: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4wR7F7Si7hsLVhBZll5QlJGMGs/view?usp=sharing

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2015-03-26 23:55:37 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"A multi-scale system can be represented on a scale separation map (SSM), i.e. a map that describes the range of spatial and temporal scales that need to be resolved in order to solve the problem at hand. This range of scales is shown as a rectangle, as indicated in figure 2a. In order to simulate such a process on a computer, one has to find a strategy to ‘split’ these scales and keep only the relevant ones. 

...

The splitting of a problem into several submodels with a reduced range of scales is a difficult task which requires a good knowledge of the whole system. This separation of scales is likely to  affect  the  quality  of  the  result,  when  compared  with  a  fully  resolved  (yet  unaffordable) computation. The art of multi-scale modelling is then to propose a good compromise between CPU  performance  and  accuracy  by  selecting  the  most relevant  parts  of  the... more »

"A multi-scale system can be represented on a scale separation map (SSM), i.e. a map that describes the range of spatial and temporal scales that need to be resolved in order to solve the problem at hand. This range of scales is shown as a rectangle, as indicated in figure 2a. In order to simulate such a process on a computer, one has to find a strategy to ‘split’ these scales and keep only the relevant ones. 

...

The splitting of a problem into several submodels with a reduced range of scales is a difficult task which requires a good knowledge of the whole system. This separation of scales is likely to  affect  the  quality  of  the  result,  when  compared  with  a  fully  resolved  (yet  unaffordable) computation. The art of multi-scale modelling is then to propose a good compromise between CPU  performance  and  accuracy  by  selecting  the  most  relevant  parts  of  the  domain  at  an appropriate  scale."___

2015-03-26 10:08:19 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Best comment: "While oligarchs, who are only paranoid about preserving the value of their assets, spin this deficit yarn on corporate-controlled media, only a few lonely voices are talking about the real threat to our way of life -- the rise of computers and robots"

Best comment: "While oligarchs, who are only paranoid about preserving the value of their assets, spin this deficit yarn on corporate-controlled media, only a few lonely voices are talking about the real threat to our way of life -- the rise of computers and robots"___

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2015-03-26 07:35:00 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Everything about this is awesome. 

Everything about this is awesome. ___

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2015-03-26 05:15:40 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

When I first saw this, I went to Snopes because no one can be this horrible, right? Wrong.

"a) The abominable crime against nature known as buggery, called also sodomy, is a monstrous evil that Almighty God, giver of freedom and liberty, commands us to suppress on pain of our utter destruction even as he overthrew Sodom and Gomorrha.

b) Seeing that it is better that offenders should die rather than that all of us should be killed by God’s just wrath against us for the folly of tolerating-wickedness in our midst, the People of California wisely command, in the fear of God, that any person who willingly touches another person of the same gender for purposes of sexual gratification be put to death by bullets to the head or by any other convenient method."

When I first saw this, I went to Snopes because no one can be this horrible, right? Wrong.

"a) The abominable crime against nature known as buggery, called also sodomy, is a monstrous evil that Almighty God, giver of freedom and liberty, commands us to suppress on pain of our utter destruction even as he overthrew Sodom and Gomorrha.

b) Seeing that it is better that offenders should die rather than that all of us should be killed by God’s just wrath against us for the folly of tolerating-wickedness in our midst, the People of California wisely command, in the fear of God, that any person who willingly touches another person of the same gender for purposes of sexual gratification be put to death by bullets to the head or by any other convenient method."___

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2015-03-25 21:52:31 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Most exciting part of the day. #ingress

Most exciting part of the day. #ingress___

2015-03-25 21:33:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

I've arranged to have the talk that I'll be giving to the international relations department in a few hours recorded, so it'll go up on the USC website within a few weeks (hopefully).  I'll post the link when I have it.

I've arranged to have the talk that I'll be giving to the international relations department in a few hours recorded, so it'll go up on the USC website within a few weeks (hopefully).  I'll post the link when I have it.___

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2015-03-24 21:51:09 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Wrote me up a pretty detailed syllabus for an advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate seminar on the philosophy of climate science.  I'd love to have a chance to teach this next year, if USC goes for it.

Wrote me up a pretty detailed syllabus for an advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate seminar on the philosophy of climate science.  I'd love to have a chance to teach this next year, if USC goes for it.___

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2015-03-24 03:25:59 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

We can hope.

The Daily Beast: Will You Be Murdered By a Robot? http://google.com/newsstand/s/CBIw7qv-hyE___We can hope.

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2015-03-24 03:14:49 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

The thermohaline is becoming unstable. This is very much not good; I spent a chunk of my dissertation talking about this possibility and how bad it would be. 

The thermohaline is becoming unstable. This is very much not good; I spent a chunk of my dissertation talking about this possibility and how bad it would be. ___

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2015-03-24 00:05:34 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

___

2015-03-23 23:41:38 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"Mounting evidence indicates that our planet might experience runaway effects associated to rising temperatures and ecosystem overexploitation, leading to catastrophic shifts on short time scales. Remediation scenarios capable of counterbalancing these effects involve geoengineering, sustainable practices and carbon sequestration, among others. None of these scenarios seems powerful enough to achieve the desired restoration of safe boundaries. We hypothesise that synthetic organisms with the appropriate engineering design could be used to safely prevent declines in some stressed ecosystems and help improving carbon sequestration. Such schemes would include engineering mutualistic dependencies preventing undesired evolutionary processes. We hypothesise that some particular design principles introduce unescapable constraints to the engineered organisms that act as effective firewalls. Testing this... more »

"Mounting evidence indicates that our planet might experience runaway effects associated to rising temperatures and ecosystem overexploitation, leading to catastrophic shifts on short time scales. Remediation scenarios capable of counterbalancing these effects involve geoengineering, sustainable practices and carbon sequestration, among others. None of these scenarios seems powerful enough to achieve the desired restoration of safe boundaries. We hypothesise that synthetic organisms with the appropriate engineering design could be used to safely prevent declines in some stressed ecosystems and help improving carbon sequestration. Such schemes would include engineering mutualistic dependencies preventing undesired evolutionary processes. We hypothesise that some particular design principles introduce unescapable constraints to the engineered organisms that act as effective firewalls. Testing this designed organisms can be achieved by using controlled bioreactor models and accurate computational models including different scales (from genetic constructs and metabolic pathways to population dynamics). Our hypothesis heads towards a future anthropogenic action that should effectively act as Terraforming agents. It also implies a major challenge in the existing biosafety policies, since we suggest release of modified organisms as potentially necessary strategy for success."

#Geoengineering  ___

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2015-03-23 23:32:09 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Geoengineering: Climate Change by Design

A survey of the science behind some of the leading proposals for climate engineering, and some thoughts about governance and implementation.

I have my Prezi all polished up for the talk that I'm giving on Wednesday to the international relations faculty. I've marked it with a creative commons license for reuse, so feel free to spread it around and make use of anything you find helpful!

Geoengineering: Climate Change by Design

A survey of the science behind some of the leading proposals for climate engineering, and some thoughts about governance and implementation.

I have my Prezi all polished up for the talk that I'm giving on Wednesday to the international relations faculty. I've marked it with a creative commons license for reuse, so feel free to spread it around and make use of anything you find helpful!___

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2015-03-23 23:02:10 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

This is fucking rad.  It's also probably several thousand dollars of ink, and a year of work.

via +Aleksey Yermakov 

#3Dtattoo  
#SecondSkin  ___This is fucking rad.  It's also probably several thousand dollars of ink, and a year of work.

2015-03-23 09:46:55 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Hell fucking yes. I got the sources, yo. I'll be keeping an eye on the #icanhazpdf tag.

Andrea Kuszewski​ writes::

This is the kind of Google citation alert I like waking up to on a Sunday morning: "Bypassing Interlibrary Loan Via Twitter: An Exploration of ‪#‎icanhazpdf‬ Requests"
"Usage of the #icanhazPDF hashtag to facilitate the sharing of scholarly articles dates back to 2011 with the suggestion from Andrea Kuszewski on the hashtag language, a riff on a popular internet cat meme. The hashtag and the social sharing networks it facilitates have received passing mentions in some medical literature but little direct study. Dunn et al. characterize #icanhazPDF as a form of “guerrilla open access” through subversion of publisher agreements, in the tradition of internet activist, Aaron Swartz’s, manifesto of the same name. Since its inception, the hashtag has been a controversial topic of discussion on science blogs. Michael Eisen, co-founder of the Public Library of Science (PLoS), portrayed the use of the hashtag as an act of civil disobedience in opposition to the current copyright regime that governs scientific publishing."
.....
" The current scholarly publishing system is so broken that some researchers are forced to make requests like “Still looking for a pdf of my own paper! Please help.” Most libraries are unlikely to be able to fulfill requests at the speed of a crowd of Twitter users. Until the system is fixed, or ILL systems are streamlined and given more resources, “guerrilla open access” efforts like #icanhazPDF will persist."

If you restrict access to information, the information will find a way to set itself free. (Or better yet, the people will find a way to release it.)

[pdf after the click]
http://www.ala.org/…/conf…/confsandpreconfs/2015/Gardner.pdf___Hell fucking yes. I got the sources, yo. I'll be keeping an eye on the #icanhazpdf tag.

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2015-03-23 07:57:10 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

I've had occasion to mention to a friend that all three parts of this spectacular animated film are now available on Netflix. If you haven't watched it, you really, really need to do so ASAP. It's the best: a lovely exploration of mental illness, genetic determinism, relationships, family, humanism, and trains.

On Netflix, it's titled "It's Such a Beautiful Day," which is the title of the third part.

I've had occasion to mention to a friend that all three parts of this spectacular animated film are now available on Netflix. If you haven't watched it, you really, really need to do so ASAP. It's the best: a lovely exploration of mental illness, genetic determinism, relationships, family, humanism, and trains.

On Netflix, it's titled "It's Such a Beautiful Day," which is the title of the third part.___

2015-03-23 06:28:24 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

I've been asked by the sustainability committee to write up a philosophy of climate science syllabus "just for us to look at." Yessss

I've been asked by the sustainability committee to write up a philosophy of climate science syllabus "just for us to look at." Yessss___

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2015-03-23 04:31:41 (1 comments, 6 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

This is a thing. 

This is a thing. ___

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2015-03-23 01:23:54 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

* Globally, this has been the hottest winter on record, topping the previous record (2007) by 0.05°F.

* This was “the 19th warmest winter for the contiguous US.”

* Globally it’s easily been the hottest start to any year (January-February), beating the previous records (2002, 2007) by 0.07°F.

* This was the second warmest February globally, and “slightly below” the 20th-century average in the contiguous U.S.

* Globally, this has been the hottest winter on record, topping the previous record (2007) by 0.05°F.

* This was “the 19th warmest winter for the contiguous US.”

* Globally it’s easily been the hottest start to any year (January-February), beating the previous records (2002, 2007) by 0.07°F.

* This was the second warmest February globally, and “slightly below” the 20th-century average in the contiguous U.S.___

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2015-03-23 00:00:00 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"To an increasing degree, we're counting on having angels in office and making ourselves vulnerable to devils. Bush and Obama have built infrastructure any devil would lust after. Behold the items on an aspiring tyrant's checklist that they've provided their successors:

* A precedent that allows the president to kill citizens in secret without prior judicial or legislative review

* The power to detain prisoners indefinitely without charges or trial

* Ongoing warrantless surveillance on millions of Americans accused of no wrongdoing, converted into a permanent database so that data of innocents spied upon in 2007 can be accessed in 2027

*Using ethnic profiling to choose the targets of secret spying, as the NYPD did with John Brennan's blessing

* Normalizing situations in which the law itself is secret -- and whatever mischief is... more »

"To an increasing degree, we're counting on having angels in office and making ourselves vulnerable to devils. Bush and Obama have built infrastructure any devil would lust after. Behold the items on an aspiring tyrant's checklist that they've provided their successors:

* A precedent that allows the president to kill citizens in secret without prior judicial or legislative review

* The power to detain prisoners indefinitely without charges or trial

* Ongoing warrantless surveillance on millions of Americans accused of no wrongdoing, converted into a permanent database so that data of innocents spied upon in 2007 can be accessed in 2027

*Using ethnic profiling to choose the targets of secret spying, as the NYPD did with John Brennan's blessing

* Normalizing situations in which the law itself is secret -- and whatever mischief is hiding in those secret interpretations

* The permissibility of droning to death people whose identities are not even known to those doing the killing

* The ability to collect DNA swabs of people who have been arrested even if they haven't been convicted of anything

* A torture program that could be restarted with an executive order

Even if you think Bush and Obama exercised those extraordinary powers responsibly, what makes you think every president would? How can anyone fail to see the huge potential for abuses?

I am not saying no one would resist a tyrant. Perhaps Congress would assert itself. Perhaps the people would rise up. Then again, perhaps it would be too late by the time the abuses were evident. (America has had horrific abuses of power in the past under weaker executives who were less empowered by technology; and numerous other countries haven't recognized tyrants until it was too late.) Part of the problem is how much the Bush-Obama paradigm permits the executive to do in secret. Take that paradigm, add another successful 9/11-style attack, even after many years of very little terrorism, and who knows what would happen?

No one does."___

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2015-03-21 23:34:11 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

One of the more interesting features of my weird discipline straddling post-doc this year has been the opportunity to see how different norms and expectations are in different fields. When I met with the earth science chair on Thursday, we spent a long time talking about what philosophers look for in hiring and granting tenure. In earth science, the marker of good research is publishing a paper that gets cited by a lot of people. He was totally incredulous when I told him that in philosophy, it matters much more which journal you publish in than how much your publications get cited. I showed him Kieran Healy's excellent recent analysis on philosophy citation practices (http://kieranhealy.org/blog/archives/2015/02/25/gender-and-citation-in-four-general-interest-philosophy-journals-1993-2013/). Among other things, this analysis showed that more than half of the papers published in the top journals will be... more »

One of the more interesting features of my weird discipline straddling post-doc this year has been the opportunity to see how different norms and expectations are in different fields. When I met with the earth science chair on Thursday, we spent a long time talking about what philosophers look for in hiring and granting tenure. In earth science, the marker of good research is publishing a paper that gets cited by a lot of people. He was totally incredulous when I told him that in philosophy, it matters much more which journal you publish in than how much your publications get cited. I showed him Kieran Healy's excellent recent analysis on philosophy citation practices (http://kieranhealy.org/blog/archives/2015/02/25/gender-and-citation-in-four-general-interest-philosophy-journals-1993-2013/). Among other things, this analysis showed that more than half of the papers published in the top journals will be cited fewer than five times, and about one fifth of papers from those journals will never be cited at all. No matter how much a paper is cited (or not), though, just being published in one of those journals is a huge mark in a philosopher's favor. This is almost exactly the opposite of how things work in earth science.

This story doesn't really have a point, it's just been really interesting to see how different things are. It's also been challenging for me, because I've had to carefully manage the expectations of my science supervisors based on what's realistic in my field, as well as convince my philosophy supervisors that the work I'm doing in the sciences are worthwhile. ___

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2015-03-21 08:07:33 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

This is great. I'd add four that aren't included in this list:

"In watermelon sugar the deeds were done and done again as my life is done in watermelon sugar; I will tell you about it because I am near and you are distant." (Richard Brautigan, In Watermelon Sugar)

"The man in black fled across the desert, and the gunslinger followed." (Stephen King, The Gunslinger)

"The sky above the port was the color of television tuned to a dead channel." (William Gibson, Necromancer)

"We were somewhere around Barstow, on the edge of the desert, when the drugs began to take hold.' (Hunter S. Thompson, Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream)

This is great. I'd add four that aren't included in this list:

"In watermelon sugar the deeds were done and done again as my life is done in watermelon sugar; I will tell you about it because I am near and you are distant." (Richard Brautigan, In Watermelon Sugar)

"The man in black fled across the desert, and the gunslinger followed." (Stephen King, The Gunslinger)

"The sky above the port was the color of television tuned to a dead channel." (William Gibson, Necromancer)

"We were somewhere around Barstow, on the edge of the desert, when the drugs began to take hold.' (Hunter S. Thompson, Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream)___

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2015-03-20 22:18:13 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

If anyone in the LA area is interested, I'm giving a talk to the international relations faculty at USC next Wednesday.  It's open to the public, so feel free to stop by.  I'll be giving a survey of the science behind some of the leading geoengineering proposals and talking about a political/philosophical problem that I'm calling the "policy portfolio interaction problem."

If anyone in the LA area is interested, I'm giving a talk to the international relations faculty at USC next Wednesday.  It's open to the public, so feel free to stop by.  I'll be giving a survey of the science behind some of the leading geoengineering proposals and talking about a political/philosophical problem that I'm calling the "policy portfolio interaction problem."___

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2015-03-19 07:23:40 (1 comments, 56 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

___

2015-03-18 20:17:20 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

I went to last week's hangout, but just watched.  I'm at work again this week, but it's spring break so there are very few people around.  I might just shut the door to my office and jump in if I have something to say.

Come find out everything you ever wanted to learn about the attention economy model, social contracts, SpecialK, the DendroNet, and more!___I went to last week's hangout, but just watched.  I'm at work again this week, but it's spring break so there are very few people around.  I might just shut the door to my office and jump in if I have something to say.

2015-03-18 19:11:19 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

I've been selected to participate in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's summer workshop on geoengineering for early career scientists in Boulder, CO. Sweet.

I've been selected to participate in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's summer workshop on geoengineering for early career scientists in Boulder, CO. Sweet.___

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2015-03-18 05:33:00 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

#winning

#winning___

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2015-03-18 02:46:01 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

___

2015-03-17 22:06:45 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

Defining the Anthropocene

It is widely accepted now that human activities are among the most significant, wide-ranging, and lasting influences on the global climate and biosphere.  For most of the last century, people have used the term "anthropocene" to describe the geological epoch in which we now find ourselves--the epoch characterized by a planet dominated by humanity and humanity's works.  But when exactly did the anthropocene begin?  Was it with the advent of agriculture, some 15-20,000 years ago?  The industrial revolution, a few hundred years ago?  The onset of globalization, a few decades ago?  How can we settle that question in an uncontroversial way?  

This paper from the most recent edition of Nature looks at the different criteria by which we might differentiate the anthropocene from its predecessor epoch (the holocene) and discusses evidence infavor ... more »

Defining the Anthropocene

It is widely accepted now that human activities are among the most significant, wide-ranging, and lasting influences on the global climate and biosphere.  For most of the last century, people have used the term "anthropocene" to describe the geological epoch in which we now find ourselves--the epoch characterized by a planet dominated by humanity and humanity's works.  But when exactly did the anthropocene begin?  Was it with the advent of agriculture, some 15-20,000 years ago?  The industrial revolution, a few hundred years ago?  The onset of globalization, a few decades ago?  How can we settle that question in an uncontroversial way?  

This paper from the most recent edition of Nature looks at the different criteria by which we might differentiate the anthropocene from its predecessor epoch (the holocene) and discusses evidence in favor of marking the onset of the anthropocene at various points in human history.  As the authors rightly point out, this is (for perhaps the first time) a case where the question of how to mark geological epochs has wide-ranging implications for people outside the earth sciences.  

A choice to associate the beginning of the anthropocene with the onset of the industrial revolution, for instance, strengthens the argument that nations which first capitalized on fossil fuels to expand their economies ought to bear the brunt of the blame for the currently worsening climate crisis, as they were the ones to kick off such a massive shift in the dynamics of the planet's geosystems.  This is another instance of the ever increasing interdisciplinary integration between different branches of the scientific project, and more evidence for the assertion that scientific progress doesn't happen in a vacuum, but rather is a part of a larger system of social, political, and philosophical issues and investigations.___

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A special service of CircleCount.com is the following button.

The button shows the number of followers you have directly in a small button. You can add this button to your website, like the +1-Button of Google or the Like-Button of Facebook.






You can add this button directly in your website. For more information about the CircleCount Buttons and the description how to add them to another page click here.

Jon LawheadTwitterFacebookCircloscope