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John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
John Blossom123,201End of the Mayan calendar got you down? Celebrate the destruction of the universe on this On-Air Hangout! What are your predictions for the end of time? What will you do with all that spare time? Come join us - if we're all still here...Celebrate the Apocalypse on 12-21-12!2012-12-21 18:30:0010 

John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been shared in 161 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Михаил Пушкарев303#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-20 08:13:59500000
Михаил Пушкарев0#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-13 08:06:48496111
Susannah Birch5,126AUSTRALIAN FRUIT SALAD CIRCLEHere is a selection of interesting and active people on Google Plus. You'll find a mix of politics, humor, bloggers, businesses, photographers and who knows what else! Enjoy!  #Aussie   #Australia   #Circle  #Circles #Sharing #Engagers  2014-11-18 23:41:0343111
Michael Junghans10,859A big thank you. Great to be connected with you :-)Please share | +#sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare   #circlesharing   #teamelite   #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle    #sharedcircle #cerchiacondivisa   #condividicerchia   #cerchiadiitaliani   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   #circleshare  #bosmol #BosmolCircle   #GrowthCIrcle     #GooglePlus   #CircleShare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #google   #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare 2014-10-26 18:14:54501839
Becky Collins17,256Entrepreneurs & Freelancers Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-07 05:03:53447001
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Ole Olson46,666This is my original circle of progressives on G+. Add it for some hard hitting, unapologetic political information geared toward activating forward progress in America. 2014-06-28 03:56:553636518
Michael Ginsburg284#sharedcircle  of #Australians  on Google+. Over 1400 people in the circle but Google+ only allows to share 500 at a time.If you want to be added to the circle, please like and comment (so I am not accused of spamming) and also I need to be able to verify you are in #australia . Pages welcome provided again they are #Australian  and I can verify that. If there is a lot of interest from pages, I might consider starting a separate circle for #Australian pages.2014-05-22 00:25:16501414
Paul Snedden16,109Advance Australia ShareThe CircleWhat an absolutely amazing response I got after I asked for your favourite #Aussie  G+ers. Here is the circle, as promised, with 372 amazing reasons why I love this great country of ours.There's a lot of people to thank, so here goes.The Contributors+Mz Maau +Charles Strebor +Jaana Nyström +Kamal Tailor +Lady Fran W +Clint Fudge +Kära Cathryn +Stephen Lord +Phillip Tyson +Kathryn van Nieuwkerk +Belinda Kamel +Paul Pavlinovich +Alizah MacLeod +James Brown +Chris Anderson +Neale Oxley +Aleta Curry +Shinae Choi Robinson +2014-05-11 11:36:433721662548
andi steven320please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-09 04:02:2150111514
Maksim Tauzhnyanskiy1,193#1 Делюсь с вами активным кругом! Хотите много общения и +1? тогда этот круг для вас ;)Активные пользователи которыми я горжусь! ;Р__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddMeToYourCircles #AddPeople #Affiliate #afo #AllSortsOfPeople #Art #AstroPhotography #AuthorCircle #Authorshelpingauthors #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomeIdeas #AwesomeIndividuals #AwesomeJuice #AwesomeNess #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #Best #bestengager2014-05-08 07:40:55482271431
Tourej Ansari16,188My new Worldwide circle of travelerPlease plus, comment add and share! These are people that will share and re-post your circles and other content you produce. This circle contains people who have Plussed my posts within the last few weeks.#CircleShare #SharedCircles #Circle #CircleOfTheDay #SharedPublicCircles #GooglePlusTips #Google+ #Google #teamelitecircle #Hearingaids #Hearing #PublicCircle #SocialMedia #Engagers #TeamElite #Circles #EliteInnerCircle #HearingLoss 2014-05-05 10:00:50483241545
Ryan Johnson2,352sharedcircle   #publiccircleshare     #circleshare     #circleoftheday  #circleshares     #circlesharing     #circlesshare    #publicsharedcircle   #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleoftheweek     #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircle   #todayspublicsharedcircle  #todayssharedcircle     #publiccircle   #circle     #circles    #awesome   #awesomeness   #awesomepeople   #shareyourcircle     #bestengagers   #followers   #followback     #awesomecircles  #topsharedcircle   #topsharedcircle     #myseoissocial     #besocial     #socializethesocial     #trust   #circles   #sharedcircle     #followers      #social     #socialnetworking     2014-04-16 05:12:352629212
Shashi S5,567Circle of Great Engagers________________________There is no doubt this is one of the most powerful group of engager's who will make your time of exploring worthwhile in Google Plus. Share and enjoy...Sorry if I missed anyone. Please comment I'll include you in the next shared circle. :)Also, This is a Great Circle and includes Google+   #TopEngagers : really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.Top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - share the circle (include yourself) *3 - add +1 to the post4 - *Start something new and share with the world of google plusMore you share more you get!__Shashiॐ नमः शिवायOm Namah Shivaya#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #Friday #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle   #empireavenue   #socialmedia     #influencers   #influencer   #influence   #influencermarketing #sundaycircle  2014-04-11 10:40:52294211430
John Nuntiatio33,101#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health #tennis #europe   #asia   #america   #africa   #australia   #football   #golf   #basketball   #news  2014-04-09 06:25:5632961213
John Nuntiatio32,035#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health2014-04-02 19:40:104824125
Alister Macintyre42,106Do not confuse this circle with the one I have on Native American Indian interests.  My India Circle has people whose lives have either passed thru the great nation of India, are there now, or interested in India.  My interests range world wide, some nations more than others.  I recently started an Asia circle, and tried to pour into it my circles for Australia, China, Japan, India, some other countries, but bumped into another of G+ silly ceilings.  I have circles for several major regions of the world, including Middle East, Eu-W, and Eu-other.  I also have circles for specific nations like Germany and Haiti.2014-03-27 18:26:53148002
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:45475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:00475125
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:45:28475014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:44:37475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:43:264755010
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:19356117
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:003561094
Alister Macintyre41,863Here is my circle of people interested in Asia or actually there.  I tried to add more to this circle (My India circle is bigger) but sometimes G+ won't let me do some things.While I follow the story of MH 370 flight down in Asia, I will be sharing my updates with this circle, and a few others.2014-03-09 23:08:58183212
John Nuntiatio29,361#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-09 11:43:13251109
Ian Archibald16,093Circle of Google PlussersSo, I often get asked Who should I circle?  I say whomever strikes your interest. Find topics of interest and connect with those people who share that interest.I would very much like to share with you "my" circle of Plussers of whom I LOVE to engage with.  There are people in science, sports, networking, technology, comics, art and medicine found inside, and likely some others as well.  I've been spending the last couple years curating this list.I hope that you will connect with some of these folks!Have a great weekend everyone!2014-02-15 01:16:53326182225
Ian Archibald14,517Google PlussersThis would be my circle of other awesome people who I have connected with over the past couple years here on Google+. Some awesome people here!As the cool kids say, These kids are dopeI don't take requests to add to this circle. To be added, engage with me, and the others here. You'll be noticed, trust me.2014-01-27 23:35:29320221729
Ole Olson38,548٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶If you're looking for some of the BEST engagers on Google+, this is it.Top notch commentary, good content support, and some out of this world posts to boot. =========================================I sculpted this circle personally over the last year, and this is it's first full release. The Top Engagers is guaranteed to make your G+ experience better. =========================================    #publicsharedcircles       #publiccircle       #circle         #circles    #thebigcommunity   #kingcircle #topcircleshare   #awesome       #awesomepeople       #shareyourcircle    #circleoftheday         #circleshare       #circlesharing           #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday  2014-01-27 09:48:552507711
CircleCount67,537Profiles/Pages having a CircleCount link on their about page.This is the follow up link to this post: https://plus.google.com/+CircleCount/posts/Uoru6vQw9gnThanks for the idea +Luc Suy, these are all awesome people/pages ;)Thanks for using CircleCount to all!2014-01-06 21:45:0633721424
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:38:50501314
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:37:41494222
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,473My Friday Late Friday Circle Share...have a great weekend everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-22 01:27:26500204
Justin Hart7,625Circle Share for December 20th...nice circle with a great variety of people and content...enjoy! 1. Plus The Post 2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-21 03:58:12501181135
David Leonhardt2,546I built on the Sunday Circle by +Ian Archibald to spread it even further.Recommended:1. Plus the circle.2. Leave a comment3. Save the circle as one of your own circles (Click on "Add people" to do this).4. Share the circle as I am doing now (but don't forget to "Include yourself" when sharing).5. Get offline for a while, too.  :-).#circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle   #circlesharing#followers #social #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshared    #sharedcircleoftheday #addmetoyourcircles   #awesomepeople   #circlecount  #newfollowers   #googleplus  2013-12-16 01:30:4323211213
Ian Archibald9,118Sunday Circle Share of Google PlussersThis is my top circle filled with some of the top Google Plussers, Engagers, and Educators.  You will also find some people you likely don't know, but should.You all know people like +Mike Allton +Michael Q Todd +Christine DeGraff and +Billy Funk who bring the awesome every day. But do you know +Rusty Ferguson +Milan Pavlovic +Steven Krohn +David Oldenburg or +Brandee Sweesy ?  All of whom are simply awesome people who have a lot of great content, and engage!.Add this circle to your own today.  If you have other Engagers, add them to the circle, share it out and tag me in your share. Always looking for more engagers!I would be honoured if you would +1, Comment and Share this circle.Hope you all have a fantastic week!!2013-12-15 14:08:26229221330
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,322Another round of #topengagers  !(Be sure to click READ MORE, it is important if you want to be included in this circle next time)These people shareThese people +1These people create original contentThese people make G+ BetterIf you add this circle, you will, without a doubt, see your engagement soar through the roof.  Guaranteed.  If you were notified, you guessed it, you are already in.To be included in the NEXT top engagers circle this week is easier than ever.1.) Add  +Best Cars 2.) Share this post3.) Keep engaging#sharedcircle   #sharedcircles   #sharecircle   #publiccircle   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #topengagers   #engagers   #snowballcircle   #snowball   #circles   #circleshare   #circlemasters   #circlemaster   #circlequeen   #crazycircles   #circlehub   #morefollowers #ghosttown2013-12-15 05:39:26494202
Brett Gibson5,754It's been a while since I've shared my "Australia" circle (probably 12 months) - *But I do keep it up to date. *Inactive people or Brands are kicked out. New ones are added. So here are the 100+1 (me) Australian's I think that are worth following on G+cc: +Paul Snedden +Kamal Tailor Cheers Gibbo.2013-12-12 03:08:26101938
Francesco Zambelli527#circlesharing   #circleshare   #topengagers   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   a very good circle is being built... to be included you have to1) share this circle2) +1 to this post3) comment it.2013-11-07 19:36:45198117
Johnny Huntington0#webdesign #sharedcircles #webdevelopment  Here is a great shared circle of Professional Web Designers.2013-11-04 13:45:45501003
J.T. Smith40These are all people I was recommended to follow! They are currently in my Temporary circle, and I'll follow them permanently based on their engagement with me in the next day or so! #circleshare    #sharedcircles   #publiccircle   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circlemaster   #circle   #addmetoyourcircles   #addmetocircles   #addmenow   #addmepleasethanks  2013-10-19 19:57:21492207
Silvio De Rossi2,696It's a Circle Time my Google+ #friends! :DThis is super #Sharedcircle of #topengagers, a group of interesting people who share unique and original content. The name of this Circle is #ExplorerCircle!What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 t the post2) Comment the post and specify your "category" (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)3) Include the circle among your circles4) Share the circle (include yourself)5) Smile to life, sun in sunshine.Special thanks my dear #friends and #followers:+Raffaele Romeo Arena +Tancredi Matranga +Jasmina Brozović +Sam Stormborn OrmandyHave a good life!#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria   #leonardo   #deroplus   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial  #trust #circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle   #circlesharing   #followers   #social   2013-10-13 18:10:20494712665
Doroteya Delcheva1,214A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated October 11th, '13)#circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle  #circlesharing #followers #social2013-10-11 17:09:36490774083
Mario Falcetti20,881A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated October 11th, '13)#circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle  #circlesharing #followers #social2013-10-11 16:43:11491279133240
Ole Olson20,256Top Circlers on the GooglesphereI've been sharing one and only one circle per day lately, picking the most interesting ones I've found. My goal is to share a diverse selection of circles, some based on topics like the environment, or interests like scifi, or well designed share circles. Probably about time I share one of my OWN circles for a change!Below is my recently updated Top Circles circle. These folks have a good track record of forging excellent share circles. Add them immediately.  #HashtagZoo  (concept courtesy of +Peter Edenist) #Circles   #Sharedcircles   #PublicCircles   #topcircles   #circlequeen   #circlemaster   #SharingIsCaring  2013-08-15 08:12:489515820
Uniikii0Uniikii's networking #sharedcircles  #sharedcircle   #smallbusiness   #businessowners   #CEO   #President   #circlesharing                       #circleshare                       #circles             #circleoftheday               #sharedpubliccircles                   #sharedcircles                       #share               #sharedcircleoftheday                     #sharewithyou                   #circlefriday               #circlethursday                       #followfriday                     #follow                       #followme               #followers                     #followback                 #circle             #googleplus                 #communities             #hangouts               #events         #googleplus             #google             #snowball           #vip         #coolpeople                   #circleshare                   #sharedcircles                 #2013-08-14 15:07:53483309
Domus Vitae Inc.153Shared Circle of #entrepreneurs  www.domusvitae.ca   #sharedcircle   #smallbusiness   #businessowners   #CEO   #President   #circlesharing                       #circleshare                       #circles             #circleoftheday               #sharedpubliccircles                   #sharedcircles                       #share               #sharedcircleoftheday                     #sharewithyou                   #circlefriday               #circlethursday                       #followfriday                     #follow                       #followme               #followers                     #followback                 #circle             #googleplus                 #communities             #hangouts               #events         #googleplus             #google             #snowball           #vip         #coolpeople                   #circleshare                   2013-08-05 19:31:504824114
Dallas McMillan7,412Circle from the land downunder - Australia's top 200 PlussersWho are Australia's most followed people on Google Plus?I've put together this circle of Australia's top 200 profiles (by follower numbers - not engagement - some aren't particularly active) on Google Plus.It's pretty interesting to see the types of profiles which make the cut.Here is my quick overview:By far the most dominant characteristic of the top 200 are photographers - professional and amateur.The other notable individuals are a couple of cricketers in the top 10, a smattering of celebrity chefs, musicians, writers, artists, models and other celebrities.There are also fair numbers of Google employees, IT workers, social media and marketing types as well as a decent number of scientists and mathematicians. The only politician I noticed was Malcolm Turnbull - the Prime Minister and Leader of the opposition are conspicuous by their absence.I got the list from +CircleCount http://www.circlecount.com/au/profileslist/ and I've made a few tweaks - removing a couple of profiles that were inactive or had moved away from Australia. There were a number of others which probably don't belong as they now work in the USA or elsewhere.  #australia   #australianphotographers   #circleshare  I've notified members of the circle - let me know if you don't want to be listed.2013-08-04 14:24:522009213
Markos Giannopoulos5,491Geeks rule! // +CircleCount has added a new tag system (see announcement here http://bit.ly/15XaDov). Thousands of profiles have been tagged already, so here are the top (by number of followers) geek-tagged plussers (full list at http://bit.ly/134FoFN) The top ten: 1) +Robert Scoble 2) +Amanda Blain 3) +Darya Pino Rose 4) +Michelle Marie 5) +Brian Matiash 6) +Wick Sakit 7) +Joe Azure 8) +Keith Barrett 9) +Derek Ross 10) +Ahmed Zeeshan  For other rankings see also - Most popular geeks by comments/+1's/shares http://bit.ly/16SAddw- Most engaging geeks http://bit.ly/15XdZYm #circleshare   #circlesunday   #geeks  2013-07-21 15:19:0049018312
Ole Olson17,448This is my #SocialMedia  circle. The focalizers in here must contribute something to either enhance the G+ experience (technical, apps, guides, or just outstanding regular user advice) or have an expertise about another social media site. I've known many of these folks for years (many of them from my old days on +Digg). #PublicCircles   #SharedCircles   #circleoftheday  2013-07-15 09:31:47146808

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Most comments: 61

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2014-12-21 21:57:44 (61 comments, 6 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

And so began the construction of the Centrelink Archipelago, the largest network of forced labour camps in the world.

"this is about trying to ensure that Australians are having a go” —Tony Abbott (a "go" but not a "fair" one)

“Getting as many Australians as are able off welfare and into work will be one of my core goals.” —Scott Morrison (providing incentives such as cutting off the food supply)

Most reshares: 6

posted image

2014-12-21 21:57:44 (61 comments, 6 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

And so began the construction of the Centrelink Archipelago, the largest network of forced labour camps in the world.

"this is about trying to ensure that Australians are having a go” —Tony Abbott (a "go" but not a "fair" one)

“Getting as many Australians as are able off welfare and into work will be one of my core goals.” —Scott Morrison (providing incentives such as cutting off the food supply)

Most plusones: 39

posted image

2014-12-21 21:57:44 (61 comments, 6 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

And so began the construction of the Centrelink Archipelago, the largest network of forced labour camps in the world.

"this is about trying to ensure that Australians are having a go” —Tony Abbott (a "go" but not a "fair" one)

“Getting as many Australians as are able off welfare and into work will be one of my core goals.” —Scott Morrison (providing incentives such as cutting off the food supply)

Latest 50 posts

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2014-12-26 11:13:53 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

When you've had too much egg nog and cookies. 

When you've had too much egg nog and cookies. ___

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2014-12-25 13:05:43 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Happy [Redacted]

Happy [Redacted]___

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2014-12-25 12:56:08 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Happy Horror Days 
And Merry Criminality

#arrestblair

Happy Horror Days 
And Merry Criminality

#arrestblair___

2014-12-25 11:53:58 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

It appears that the virus otherwise known as the Macquarie bank and its devil's spawn, Public Private Partnerships which have been used to create toll road scams across Australia, has been hard at work infecting infrastructure projects in the United States. The entire purpose of these schemes is to take longtime public owned roads, privatize them, toll them based on unrealistic forecasts, let the toll collectors go bust go and leave the taxpayers on the hook to pay bond holders indefinitely for unmaintained roads.

Australian corporations: worse than funnel web spiders.

It appears that the virus otherwise known as the Macquarie bank and its devil's spawn, Public Private Partnerships which have been used to create toll road scams across Australia, has been hard at work infecting infrastructure projects in the United States. The entire purpose of these schemes is to take longtime public owned roads, privatize them, toll them based on unrealistic forecasts, let the toll collectors go bust go and leave the taxpayers on the hook to pay bond holders indefinitely for unmaintained roads.

Australian corporations: worse than funnel web spiders.___

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2014-12-25 04:36:56 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-25 03:49:40 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

40 years ago today.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Tracy

40 years ago today.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Tracy___

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2014-12-24 12:52:09 (14 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Libety or Tranny?

Libety or Tranny?___

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2014-12-24 12:33:19 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Don't tell anyone but the (now scrapped) carbon tax was doing a good job reducing Australia's carbon emissions. Too bad the Minister for Women wanted it abolished.

Environment Minister Greg Hunt has quietly published data, just two days before Christmas, showing the second year of operation of Australia's carbon price was more successful at reducing emissions than the first.___Don't tell anyone but the (now scrapped) carbon tax was doing a good job reducing Australia's carbon emissions. Too bad the Minister for Women wanted it abolished.

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2014-12-24 12:17:15 (12 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

The history of the second half of the 20th century and the first two decades of the 21st is about the mega-rich returning to their rightful place at the top of the pile (and the sending the rest of us back to the domestic servant class.)
http://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/four-charts-defined-global-economy-2014

The history of the second half of the 20th century and the first two decades of the 21st is about the mega-rich returning to their rightful place at the top of the pile (and the sending the rest of us back to the domestic servant class.)
http://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/four-charts-defined-global-economy-2014___

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2014-12-24 11:46:48 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-23 22:25:35 (9 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

And so it was written that Jesus was the son of an asylum seeker.

And when they [the wise men] were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of by the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son. (Matthew 13-14).

And so it was written that Jesus was the son of an asylum seeker.

And when they [the wise men] were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of by the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son. (Matthew 13-14).___

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2014-12-23 21:52:21 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

America's Right-Wing Christians have a huge problem with Santa Claus. They don't like the way he diverts attention from a supernatural event that probably didn't happen two thousand years ago. That's why Glenn Beck plans to rechristen Santa and turn him into the kind of badass gun-loving small-businessman redneck his audience can identify with.

My Santa, the Immortal is a very different guy. He starts out right before the birth of Christ, and he is up in the mountains. And he is a warrior. He has lost his wife, and he’s a sad individual. And he’s got a son who loves dearly, and he lives up in the mountains, and he hunts for food.

But what’s interesting about him is he’s also good with his hands, and the way he hunts is completely different. He actually goes up in the mountains, and he makes these giant puppets that he actually gets inside. And he is trying tokill th... more »

America's Right-Wing Christians have a huge problem with Santa Claus. They don't like the way he diverts attention from a supernatural event that probably didn't happen two thousand years ago. That's why Glenn Beck plans to rechristen Santa and turn him into the kind of badass gun-loving small-businessman redneck his audience can identify with.

My Santa, the Immortal is a very different guy. He starts out right before the birth of Christ, and he is up in the mountains. And he is a warrior. He has lost his wife, and he’s a sad individual. And he’s got a son who loves dearly, and he lives up in the mountains, and he hunts for food.

But what’s interesting about him is he’s also good with his hands, and the way he hunts is completely different. He actually goes up in the mountains, and he makes these giant puppets that he actually gets inside. And he is trying to kill these wild boars by being inside one of these puppets, if you will, of a boar. And he roots around as the boars come in. That way he’s close enough to kill them.

And he takes his son and leaves him in his sledge up on the mountaintop and tells him to be careful. You know, he has taught him to be smart and wise, but as Agios, the main character, comes down, and he is hunting for these wild boar, he hears a scream up by the sledge, and the wolves have come and dragged his boy away. Let me just give you a little bit.

This is from the book:

Agios is now trying to go hunt the wolves because he has seen that his son has been dragged away. “The ridge led downward and beneath a rocky overhang. He spotted two wolves, huge animals, snarling as they fought over something they were devouring. Agios leapt from the sledge before the animals could react, spear in one hand, knife in another. The startled wolves whirled and snarled. Both ran at him like gray ghosts speeding from the gathering gloom. 

Agios leaned back on the spear, planting the spear deep inside the lead wolf as it leapt. The blade lodged between the shoulder muscles. The wolf jerked the knife from his hand. In blind fury, Agios grabbed the savage creature, held her muzzle in one hand, lower jaw in the other, and wrenched. Bone and sinew cracked, and the wolf fell…and retrieved the knife as he sank it into the animal’s heart. 

He saw the male, mortally wounded, on its belly, making its way towards him. He saw the fallen mate dragging the spear, spilling its own blood. He gave no thanks. Sobbing, cursing himself, he scrambled to the small ripped body beneath the overhang. “Alec,” he moaned, and then he screamed, “My son!” But no living thing could hear. Night enclosed him. The pines creaked in sudden gusts. The mountain storm did not care. Agios screamed again a wordless sound of agony, guilt, and grief. The wind whipped his anguished cry into the darkness.”


That’s how our story begins. That’s Santa? Yes, because what does a man do when he’s in that position where he has no hope, no resurrection, nothing? What does he do? He goes on an amazing journey as a hunter, as a gatherer. He eventually is hired by three wise men because he can negotiate, because nobody is going to rip them off, and he knows how to get the very best gifts. And so he negotiates with gold, frankincense, and myrrh and then has to go protect that gold, frankincense, and myrrh and then through a series of events is left there to protect the Christ child, never interacting, just watching.___

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2014-12-23 13:42:21 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

via +Mark Phelan 

___via +Mark Phelan 

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2014-12-23 13:19:42 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Australian Soap

Australian Soap___

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2014-12-23 06:13:34 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Edison's Anti-Gravitation Under-Clothing

1879 Punch 

Edison's Anti-Gravitation Under-Clothing

1879 Punch ___

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2014-12-23 06:06:21 (5 comments, 4 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-23 00:53:25 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Laputa

Landscape: a floating island, Bled, Slovenia
Please follow us +Landolia
Visit Bled here http://www.landolia.com/slovenia/bled/

#bled #slovenia  ___Laputa

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2014-12-22 22:36:13 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

C'mon Obama, don't let these people literally get away with murder. The GOP is going to impeach you anyway and the next GOP president won't hold back on investigating previous administrations no matter what you do. Do the right thing and send Cheney and company to prison.

C'mon Obama, don't let these people literally get away with murder. The GOP is going to impeach you anyway and the next GOP president won't hold back on investigating previous administrations no matter what you do. Do the right thing and send Cheney and company to prison.___

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2014-12-22 22:25:50 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-22 22:24:58 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Via +James Brown​

___Via +James Brown​

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2014-12-22 22:17:01 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

A reminder to Australian Liberal party types who seek to use Godwin's Law to shut down discussions about Australia's disgraceful asylum seeker programme. It's not a Godwin if it is not a trivial comparison. The Abbott government's policy does entail herding people into camps, placing them in danger and denying them freedom, due process and any chance of justice.

Godwin was being asked to comment on this article by Jenna Price: http://m.canberratimes.com.au/comment/australians-are-wimps-for-allowing-asylum-seekers-to-be-illtreated-and-killed-20140224-33dan.html

A reminder to Australian Liberal party types who seek to use Godwin's Law to shut down discussions about Australia's disgraceful asylum seeker programme. It's not a Godwin if it is not a trivial comparison. The Abbott government's policy does entail herding people into camps, placing them in danger and denying them freedom, due process and any chance of justice.

Godwin was being asked to comment on this article by Jenna Price: http://m.canberratimes.com.au/comment/australians-are-wimps-for-allowing-asylum-seekers-to-be-illtreated-and-killed-20140224-33dan.html___

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2014-12-22 13:05:34 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Finally!

If I still watched television, this would totally be the way I'd do it.

Checked out iview tonight, and it got chromecast feature now 😊
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=au.net.abc.iview
___Finally!

If I still watched television, this would totally be the way I'd do it.

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2014-12-22 13:04:51 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

It's a very long shot, but worth trying anyway.

It's a very long shot, but worth trying anyway.___

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2014-12-22 06:57:37 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Expect to see more of this sort of thing as personhood starts to get extended to other species. The Great Apes are an obvious example due to their intelligence even though a similar case regarding a privately owned chimpanzee in the United States was thrown out of court.

I guess this disparity should not be so surprising — even though chimpanzees are genetically far closer to humans than orangutans are* — the US granted personhood to human beings quite a while after Argentina did.

* Jared Diamond says humans are the "third" chimpanzee

Still imprisoned in the Zoo...___Expect to see more of this sort of thing as personhood starts to get extended to other species. The Great Apes are an obvious example due to their intelligence even though a similar case regarding a privately owned chimpanzee in the United States was thrown out of court.

I guess this disparity should not be so surprising — even though chimpanzees are genetically far closer to humans than orangutans are* — the US granted personhood to human beings quite a while after Argentina did.

* Jared Diamond says humans are the "third" chimpanzee

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2014-12-22 06:19:55 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-22 03:56:46 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Via +Ralph Stoever​​

I've posted about this idea before. In the upper reaches of Venus' hot and corrosive atmosphere, things are not quite as inhospitable as you might expect. In fact temperatures and pressures are such that it might be quite feasible to humans to employ airships to explore the planet and even live there for extended periods of time.

#NASA's take on further exploring #Venus with floating #Zeppelin #airship cities! 

Video: bit.ly/1ClChPF___Via +Ralph Stoever​​

I've posted about this idea before. In the upper reaches of Venus' hot and corrosive atmosphere, things are not quite as inhospitable as you might expect. In fact temperatures and pressures are such that it might be quite feasible to humans to employ airships to explore the planet and even live there for extended periods of time.

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2014-12-22 03:27:46 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-22 02:03:14 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Just saw this on Twitter: "With the money saved from repealing the #CarbonTax, I bought an iron and @tigervsshark bought a pregnant!"

Just saw this on Twitter: "With the money saved from repealing the #CarbonTax, I bought an iron and @tigervsshark bought a pregnant!"___

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2014-12-22 01:39:09 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

The Reason for the Season.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axial_tilt
Following on from +James Lamb​

The Reason for the Season.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axial_tilt
Following on from +James Lamb​___

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2014-12-21 22:20:17 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-21 21:57:44 (61 comments, 6 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

And so began the construction of the Centrelink Archipelago, the largest network of forced labour camps in the world.

"this is about trying to ensure that Australians are having a go” —Tony Abbott (a "go" but not a "fair" one)

“Getting as many Australians as are able off welfare and into work will be one of my core goals.” —Scott Morrison (providing incentives such as cutting off the food supply)

And so began the construction of the Centrelink Archipelago, the largest network of forced labour camps in the world.

"this is about trying to ensure that Australians are having a go” —Tony Abbott (a "go" but not a "fair" one)

“Getting as many Australians as are able off welfare and into work will be one of my core goals.” —Scott Morrison (providing incentives such as cutting off the food supply)___

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2014-12-21 21:42:44 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

5 > 6

5 > 6___

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2014-12-21 21:10:35 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

This war criminal needs to be arrested and brought to the Hague. If Obama tries to prevent this then he should be arrested as well.

Via +Tom Moncho​

This war criminal needs to be arrested and brought to the Hague. If Obama tries to prevent this then he should be arrested as well.

Via +Tom Moncho​___

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2014-12-21 12:45:03 (14 comments, 2 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

But they're still OK with euphemisms.

But they're still OK with euphemisms.___

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2014-12-21 12:35:38 (11 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Which is why I block them on sight. Life's too short to play kindergarten teacher.

Via +Ralph Gauthier​

"I am conservative"___Which is why I block them on sight. Life's too short to play kindergarten teacher.

Via +Ralph Gauthier​

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2014-12-21 12:24:01 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

And with this amendment, the Act of Emancipation was made permanent and slavery within the United States was abolished. There is a loophole however: those that were freed could be enslaved again if they ran foul of some law or other.

And thus armed, the criminalization of the American working class began.

This Day NOT in Black History - December 6, 1865

The children of Africa in America with the help of the Constitution were returned to slavery.  Less than three years after the passing of the Emancipation Proclamation, Congress found a way to nullify its intent.  The thirteenth Constitutional Amendment was ratified and we were enslaved.  More and more corporations are using the slave labor of prisoners afforded by this Amendment.  

The Thirteenth Amendment reads:

Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

In recent times, White American Justice System has incarcerated more and more Black men and children.  Thus returning us to the plantation given the power to do so granted by the Thirteenth Amendment.  

This is done in part by the use of the War on Drugs and its Jim Crow mentality of arresting sellers versus rehabilitating the users.  These arrests along with false arrests led to forced plea bargaining at the expense of a right to trial and required proof of guilt.  Young Black men are held in jail until they agree to a plea bargain.  This makes the Public Defenders, the prosecutors and the lawless enforcers the current slave catchers.  The Thirteenth Amendment makes this taking away of rights legal.

The Thirteenth Amendment supersedes  Article IV, Section 2 of the Constitution.  It reads: 

The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.

A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime.

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.

The last paragraph is a repeat of the Fugitive Slave Act.___And with this amendment, the Act of Emancipation was made permanent and slavery within the United States was abolished. There is a loophole however: those that were freed could be enslaved again if they ran foul of some law or other.

And thus armed, the criminalization of the American working class began.

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2014-12-21 11:37:54 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Whew! That job was murder! Happy to get a more domestic portfolio.

Next up: turning pensioners into bars of soap.

Whew! That job was murder! Happy to get a more domestic portfolio.

Next up: turning pensioners into bars of soap.___

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2014-12-21 08:51:55 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Unleash the murderer.

Oh Dear, Scott Morrison takes over the Social Services portfolio.___Unleash the murderer.

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2014-12-21 08:47:16 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

I'm willing to bet that a plurality of White "No Religion" types also disgraced themselves.

Religious people support torture; non-religious people do not___I'm willing to bet that a plurality of White "No Religion" types also disgraced themselves.

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2014-12-21 08:33:38 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Remember to thank the farm workers who brought you your food this Holiday Season!

Remember to thank the farm workers who brought you your food this Holiday Season!___

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2014-12-21 05:58:48 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Our enemies are innovative and resourceful. And so are we. They never stop thinking about new ways to harm our country and our people. And neither do we.
— George Dubya Bush in 2004


Our enemies are innovative and resourceful. And so are we. They never stop thinking about new ways to harm our country and our people. And neither do we.
— George Dubya Bush in 2004
___

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2014-12-21 02:56:36 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

___

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2014-12-21 02:47:10 (5 comments, 3 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

American Exceptionalism leads to some fairly exceptional hypocrisy.

Rubio:

The Cuban people — like all those oppressed around the world — they look to America to stand up for these rights, to live up to our commitment to the God-given right of every person, to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.”

Digby:

These were very stirring words to be sure. But you have to wonder if any of these people have the slightest bit of self-awareness. Do they have any idea how hollow their words sound when just a week ago they were condemning our own government for releasing a report that documented America’s own human rights abuses? It’s absolutely true that the most notorious prison camp on the planet is in Cuba — but it’s run by the U.S. government.





American Exceptionalism leads to some fairly exceptional hypocrisy.

Rubio:

The Cuban people — like all those oppressed around the world — they look to America to stand up for these rights, to live up to our commitment to the God-given right of every person, to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.”

Digby:

These were very stirring words to be sure. But you have to wonder if any of these people have the slightest bit of self-awareness. Do they have any idea how hollow their words sound when just a week ago they were condemning our own government for releasing a report that documented America’s own human rights abuses? It’s absolutely true that the most notorious prison camp on the planet is in Cuba — but it’s run by the U.S. government.



___

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2014-12-21 02:38:57 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

John Quiggin:

As international climate conferences go, the Lima meeting was a success. The agreed text broke down the previously rigid distinction between Annex 1 (developed) and Annex 2 (less-developed) countries, opening up the possibility of an agreement under which all countries make substantial efforts to reduce global emissions, with the biggest cuts coming, appropriately, from the wealthier countries. The previously agreed target of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius has been strengthened to “below 2 or 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels.”


Of course, it’s one thing to set more ambitious objectives and another to take the action necessary to achieve them. But all parties have committed to announcing stronger action at the next meeting in Paris. In combination with the US–China agreement announced at the G20 meeting in Brisbane, the Lima text gives somehope that... more »

John Quiggin:

As international climate conferences go, the Lima meeting was a success. The agreed text broke down the previously rigid distinction between Annex 1 (developed) and Annex 2 (less-developed) countries, opening up the possibility of an agreement under which all countries make substantial efforts to reduce global emissions, with the biggest cuts coming, appropriately, from the wealthier countries. The previously agreed target of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius has been strengthened to “below 2 or 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels.”


Of course, it’s one thing to set more ambitious objectives and another to take the action necessary to achieve them. But all parties have committed to announcing stronger action at the next meeting in Paris. In combination with the US–China agreement announced at the G20 meeting in Brisbane, the Lima text gives some hope that the stabilisation goals can be achieved.

Despite this, no one seems happy. One participant’s likening of the compromises involved to “swallowing dead rats” seems to capture the widely held feeling. Clearly, we are nowhere near getting an agreement that will resolve the problem of climate change and allow us to move on to other things.

But why did we ever think such an agreement was possible in a world riven with disagreement over every imaginable issue – a world where, for instance, the Doha Round of global trade negotiations has been in limbo for nearly fifteen years? In large measure, the answer lies in the surprising success of negotiations to resolve an earlier threat to the global climate, which produced the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

The background to the Montreal Protocol has much in common with the identification of global warming as a problem. The starting point was the discovery, in the 1970s, that substances such as chlorofluorocarbons were depleting the ozone layer, which protects the earth from ultraviolet rays. This Nobel Prize–winning research by Paul Crutzen, Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland was dramatically confirmed by the emergence, in the 1980s, of the “ozone hole” over the Antarctic. 

The international response was swift. An initial meeting in Vienna in 1985 produced a Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which was turned into a series of legally binding commitments in Montreal in 1987. Developed countries agreed to phase out CFCs and other ozone-depleting gases, and to contribute to a fund that would enable developing countries to do the same.

The Montreal Protocol met with vigorous resistance from the producers of CFCs, most notably DuPont, and from the political right, represented by bodies like Fred Singer’s Science & Environmental Policy Project. But this resistance, based on the tactics used by the tobacco industry to deny the risks of smoking, was overcome fairly easily. By 2012, the Convention and Protocol had been ratified by every country in the world, making them the first universally ratified treaties in the history of the United Nations.

Not surprisingly, when the issue of global warming was discussed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, the Montreal Protocol was taken as the model. The Summit produced the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which was followed in 1997 by the Kyoto Protocol. Under the Protocol, developed countries agreed to reduce emissions over a period ending in 2012 – at which time, it was expected, the agreement would be extended to cover less-developed countries.

The first stage of the Kyoto process worked reasonably well, with most developed countries meeting their (in retrospect, unambitious) targets. But the reductions were more than offset by the rapid growth in emissions in China and other developing countries. The failure of the much-anticipated Copenhagen meeting of 2010 to produce a globally binding agreement resulted in the widespread disillusionment that persists today.

In retrospect, it’s easy enough to see why the Montreal model, which worked so well for CFCs, was not the right one for an agreement on climate change.

First, the Montreal Protocol called for a well-defined set of actions, essentially replacing CFCs with somewhat more costly alternatives. By contrast, when the Kyoto Protocol was agreed, it was almost impossible to tell what kinds of actions would be required to implement it. Some that seemed promising at the time, such as biofuels and carbon capture and storage, have not proved feasible, or are at least highly problematic. By contrast, solar photovoltaics were hopelessly uneconomic in 1997, but are now cost-competitive with fossil fuels. And improvements in energy efficiency have proceeded steadily.

Second, the leading CFC producers were willing to commit themselves to the required actions. The main concern was to ensure that no other countries acted as “free riders,” and developed countries were willing to provide financial incentives to this effect. By contrast, the big emitters of carbon dioxide, China and the United States, have (for different reasons) been unwilling or unable to make legally binding commitments. Nonetheless, they have undertaken substantial unilateral action. The text agreed at Lima effectively acknowledges this shift.

Third, the resistance to global action on climate has been fiercer and more effective than the resistance to action on CFCs. In part, this is a matter of scale. DuPont and the other chemical companies are minnows compared to Exxon and the global coal industry.

Less predictable was the emergence of a ferocious anti-science movement on the political right, at least in the English-speaking countries. Climate change became enmeshed in the culture wars that have raged for the last two decades. This is likely to prove costly to the right in the long run, but that has not proved to be a deterrent so far.

Finally, the task is too big to be dealt with in a single once-and-for-all agreement. (Even the Montreal Protocol has repeatedly been modified.) The task before the world is to decarbonise the global economy by 2050, and it seems quite likely that global negotiations will continue up to that date and perhaps (given the need for negative net emissions after 2050) beyond.

As Bismarck is supposed to have remarked that “laws are like sausages; it is better not to see them being made.” The same is true, in spades, of global climate policy. Nevertheless, depressing as the process may be to watch, progress is being made. We still have a good chance of stabilising the global climate, even if the path we take is messy and unnecessarily costly. ___

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2014-12-20 23:47:13 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

From a comment by +Charles Strebor​: "It's a tough decision to normalize relations with a country whose police force routinely murders civilians, but Cuba made the right choice."

___From a comment by +Charles Strebor​: "It's a tough decision to normalize relations with a country whose police force routinely murders civilians, but Cuba made the right choice."

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2014-12-20 22:47:30 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

"Roasting" is a strangely American kind of humour. I always find them weirdly excruciating but this clip is surely the best one of all time. Colbert is fearless and ruthless in speaking truth to power.

"Roasting" is a strangely American kind of humour. I always find them weirdly excruciating but this clip is surely the best one of all time. Colbert is fearless and ruthless in speaking truth to power.___

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2014-12-20 21:11:41 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Dave Winer on the price America pays for its military empire in distant lands. It comes at the cost of militarising its own police force.

Talking with a friend the other day I learned something I had not previously understood. The people of the NYPD want the support of the community the same way we support soldiers who are or were fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq. They want "Support Our Troops" to apply to them as it applies to soldiers fighting overseas.#

The people of NYC are horrified to see what we are supposed to excuse in this support. The video of the murder of Eric Garner, and that's the only word for it, was totally incriminating. The thought that the perpetrators of that crime would go free is something we can't accept. Not when the evidence is so clear and overwhelming. #

Two local papers, the Daily News and the Post communicate directly tot... more »

Dave Winer on the price America pays for its military empire in distant lands. It comes at the cost of militarising its own police force.

Talking with a friend the other day I learned something I had not previously understood. The people of the NYPD want the support of the community the same way we support soldiers who are or were fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq. They want "Support Our Troops" to apply to them as it applies to soldiers fighting overseas.#

The people of NYC are horrified to see what we are supposed to excuse in this support. The video of the murder of Eric Garner, and that's the only word for it, was totally incriminating. The thought that the perpetrators of that crime would go free is something we can't accept. Not when the evidence is so clear and overwhelming. #

Two local papers, the Daily News and the Post communicate directly to the people of the NYPD and tell them they deserve total support of the community no matter what they do. And they apparently believe them. #

This is a huge disconnect, and we let it happen. The problem isn't with the NYPD, the problem is with the blanket total support we give our military when it fights in Afghanistan and Iraq. The price of placing zero value on the lives of the people of these countries is that our lives in turn become worthless. What goes around comes around. You reap what you sow. There are dozens of adages and fables that explain this phenomenon. The lives of the people of the foreign countries are worth exactly as much as ours. We overlooked the behavior of American soldiers in these countries. Now the cops want to know why we treat them differently.#

And they're right to ask. Why? If the army can arbitrarily kill thousands in Iraq, why can't they kill a few people in Staten Island, Missouri, or Ohio? You "support the troops" why don't you support us, they ask.#

Fair question. There is an answer. We made a bad mistake. Now we understand. We have to unwind this. We have to tell the police that they are us and we are them. When they kill us they are killing themselves. Eric Garner was a real person, with a life, a family, he clearly had ideas, felt entitled as an American citizen to be left alone by the cops. So he was breaking a law. Yeah, it happens. There's no way what he did justified the penalty. The people who killed him must pay for what they did, so that everyone in a position of similar power understands that we do not tolerate murder, even if you have a badge. Our support of the police has limits. #

We can support the troops by honoring their sacrifice. By caring for them when they come home. Or caring for their families if they don't. But don't expect to get a pass when you break the law. Police must be held to a higher standard, because of the power we give them. Certainly not a lower one. #

Net-net: Let's stop singing God Bless America at our sporting events. Let's stop lying about what our military does (I see the recruiting commercials during basketball and football games, they are disgusting). We have to remove this culture of honoring the invasion of countries on the pretense of liberating them when we're actually protecting the economic interests of the rich and powerful. We allowed this to happen. Now if we want it to stop, we're going to have to be strong. It's going to involve a lot more than marching in the streets. We're going to have to remain seated when we're asked to stand and honor our imperialism which devalues the lives of ordinary people, like us. That way maybe the police will get the message that we won't tolerate them killing us.___

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2014-12-20 12:41:46 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

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2014-12-20 12:03:04 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

The Shocking Revelations in the Senate Drone Report Coming Out 5 Years from Now

It was December 6, 2019, three years into a sagging Clinton presidency and a bitterly divided Congress. That day, the 500-page executive summary of the Senate Intelligence Committee’s long fought-over, much-delayed, heavily redacted report on the secret CIA drone wars and other American air campaigns in the 18-year-long war on terror was finally released. That day, committee chairman Ron Wyden (D-OR) took to the Senate floor, amid the warnings of his Republican colleagues that its release might “inflame” America’s enemies leading to violence across the Greater Middle East, and said:

The Shocking Revelations in the Senate Drone Report Coming Out 5 Years from Now

It was December 6, 2019, three years into a sagging Clinton presidency and a bitterly divided Congress. That day, the 500-page executive summary of the Senate Intelligence Committee’s long fought-over, much-delayed, heavily redacted report on the secret CIA drone wars and other American air campaigns in the 18-year-long war on terror was finally released. That day, committee chairman Ron Wyden (D-OR) took to the Senate floor, amid the warnings of his Republican colleagues that its release might “inflame” America’s enemies leading to violence across the Greater Middle East, and said:___

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