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Andreas Schou has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Nicholas Kristof1,397,611The issue of the moment is Syria, so I'm delighted to host a Google+ hangout in which we'll be able to pose questions to Secretary of State John Kerry about Syria policy. I'll be joined by +Lara Setrakian, a journalist whom I've long admired who specializes in Syria. Andrew Beiter, a social studies  teacher and a regional education coordinator for the Holocaust Memorial Museum, will also be in the Hangout. Most of all, we'll be joined by all of you--so jump into the conversation on this page and leave us your questions. In particular, with this Hangout we want to involve teachers and students, so spread the word in the schools, please, and student questions are particularly welcome! This kind of online interview is something of an experiment, and we're still figuring out how to make it work best. So we also welcome your suggestions and guidance before and criticisms after. Syria: Weighing the U.S. Response2013-09-10 20:00:006978  

Andreas Schou has been shared in 78 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Allan watson23,502If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#awesomecircle #circleme #to #the #south #Asian #cultures #had #no #say #in #this #system #of #deing #the #imaginary #boundaries #separating #them #from #Europecitation #needed§Asia–Oceania #boundaryThe #geographers #have #rejected #the #threecontinent #system #Europe #Africa #Asia #on #the #grounds #that #there #is #no 2015-03-18 09:52:27407467
Ole Olson51,746This is my circle 2 of Google+ progressives2015-03-07 18:26:49266001
Eduard Dimitrov3,781Start of my "Google must be better place campaign". Week one: This post. People currently working for Google. 114 Google's Google+  profiles to add - people actually working for Google  company.Week 2: Shared circle two: More 100 Google employees next week.Week 3: I will show you how to work with google webspam team to aviod problems in Google Webmaster Tools - the right way, tools and tactics.Week 4: Ethics of non-natural links problems in GWT and communication with google webspam team  in Google Webmaster Tools.If you want to receive notifications from me, add me in separate circle and switch on notifications for this circle.Happy Holidays!  #worksatgoogle #googleteam #googleemployees2014-12-23 14:29:071145816
Sunny CT2,281Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sharedcircle 2014-09-15 09:05:4950111313
Sunny CT1,994Fresh AdditionIncrease your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sha2014-09-12 13:14:5050111415
Sunny CT1,994Fresh AdditionIncrease your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sha2014-09-12 07:07:225017313
Colin Wilson56Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Add +1 to the post #circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-08 06:25:20459111619
Becky Collins13,434Mobile Operator Circle:Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-07-24 05:16:124763112
Maria Morisot31,837Moan Lisa's All Kinds of People Shared Circle06 June, 2014RESHARE if you want to be includedmoanlisa.org2014-06-06 14:31:022928274100
Becky Collins10,282Mobile Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia   #media   #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-28 05:03:174777219
Irina Sadokhina19,423Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle   . This #circle    is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle  . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle   . Apr. 21st, just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version! #circle   #circles   #circlecirclecircle   #circlescirclescircles   #circleshare   #hyperball   #plusmastermind   #crazycircles   #circleoftheweek  2014-04-14 16:53:094558052121
Irina Sadokhina18,499Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle  . This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle  . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle   . Apr. 14th, just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version! #circle   #circleshare   #circlescirclescircles   #circlecircle   #circlecirclecircle   #circles   #hyperball   #plusmastermind   #crazycircles  2014-04-08 12:47:424927248106
Irina Sadokhina17,311Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle  . This #circle   is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle  . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle . Apr. 7th, just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version! #circle   #circlecirclecircle   #circles   #circlescirclescircles   #circleshared   #crazycircles   #hyperball   #plusmastermind   #circleoftheweek  2014-03-31 18:07:204536655108
Irina Sadokhina16,720Hello my dear friends!!! This is my weekly #mondaycircle  . This #circle   is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last mondaycircle . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle    on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next  #mondaycircle   , March 31st. just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version! #circle   #circles   #circlecirclecircle   #circlecirclecircle   #circlescirclescircles   #hyperball   #crazycircles   #plusmastermind   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheweek   #circleoftheday  2014-03-24 18:59:534707753123
Irina Sadokhina15,346Hello my dear friends!!!HELLO! This is my weekly  #mondaycircle . This  #circle   is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last  #mondaycircle . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome  #circle   on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next  #mondaycircle   , March 17th just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version! #circle   #circles   #circlecircle   #circlescirclescircles   #hyperball   #rustyball   #crazycircles   #plusmastermind  2014-03-11 16:53:09467664993
Константин Вишневский44,825Circle of the Most Active Users of Google+A Very Social CircleКруг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow2014-02-12 15:12:36462483276
Mikhail Petrovsky64,592Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-02-07 07:45:58497543383
Mikhail Petrovsky76,199Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-15 08:21:34499531881
Mikhail Petrovsky61,999Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-14 04:50:25498451577
Artur Mashnich43,991A Very Social CircleCircle of the Most Active Users of Google+Круг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.#Forfriends  2014-01-11 14:37:57478411671
Mikhail Petrovsky61,336Good morning / evening to all. You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!Это социальный круг / This social circle #EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-09 04:51:54498392268
Mikhail Petrovsky59,714This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2013-12-29 11:29:4447830958
Mikhail Petrovsky73,777This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2013-12-29 11:02:20500341261
Константин Вишневский39,554Circle of people, with active life position in Google+Simple To be added PLUS the post Share the post and Add the circle. Once you have done this let me know in the commentsКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Просто быть добавлены PLUS сообщению Share пост и добавить круг. После того как вы сделали это, дайте мне знать в комментарияхIf you agree that this is a great circle, please re-share!2013-12-29 06:03:17464422473
Vladimir Samsonov23,289Good morning/evening to all. You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!Это социальный круг This is a Social Circle#ForFriends #photo #EarthMyMother2013-12-05 12:35:51501533078
Константин Вишневский35,785Circle of people, with active life position in Google+Simple To be added PLUS the post Share the post and Add the circle. Once you have done this let me know in the commentsКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Просто быть добавлены PLUS сообщению Share пост и добавить круг. После того как вы сделали это, дайте мне знать в комментарияхIf you agree that this is a great circle, please re-share!#ForFriends #photo #EarthMyMother2013-11-24 15:07:31464412067
Jan Havrda20,092Deep Thinkers.2013-11-15 00:06:31141216
Matteo Pelucchi3,024Circle of #topengagers  1. Plus this post. (Original post)2. Comment on this post.3. Reshare this circle publically to your stream.4. Don’t be a blue head.Have a wonderful Wednesday increasing your #popularityTnks to +Alessandro Folghera and +Rusty Ferguson  #tuesdaysharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle #trustinme  #circlesharing   #circleshare        #circles        #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircles    #share  #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday        #sharewithyou        #circlefriday   #circlethursday  #followme     #followers #followback#circle #googleplus    #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles     #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles    #circleshare    2013-09-11 07:31:19397441745
Alessandro Folghera12,080Another special #sharedcircle  to be added among your circlesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircles), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest)      (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)If you come accross Google error messages, incorporating my circles, please provide me the error, I'm classifying these errors. Have a wonderful weekend and a better popularityKeep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104   #saturdaysharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle #trustinme  #circlesharing   #circleshare        #circles        #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircles    #share  #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday        #sharewithyou         #followme     #followers #followback #circle #googleplus    #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #afo #myseoissocial     #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles    2013-09-07 15:52:43397351953
Richard Green25,294Engagers Showcase Circle, September 5 2013If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. Because I ran out of room, some of the engagers on very recent posts will be included next time.As always, reshares are appreciated, and I look forward to seeing everyone's links. Thanks for reading my posts!2013-09-06 01:37:50501254124248
Brian Wolfe22,328I haven't shared a circle in a long time. Maybe too long.Anyways.. Here is the circle that my browser spends the most time on.   Just in case I become a petulant child and walk away (not that I'm planning on doing so , just in case.)2013-08-22 05:36:251941335
Daniel Mihai Popescu4,968A circle based on +Richard Green's last creation! Add it to yours, share it! They all have some wonderful spark in them!If you're notified, you're in! Sorry to disturb you with the notification! If you want out, just say so :)2013-06-19 09:59:4539032732
Steven Krohn1,616The Popular Choice Circle________________________Richard Green originally shared:Here's version 2 of my Popular Choice circle. The members of this circle were nominated for inclusion here (http://goo.gl/vY07d). Anecdotal evidence suggests that this circle is a pretty good one to add: after the last share, somebody that I follow made the comment:I have to admit I have never had so many people add me back so shortly after adding a shared circle.As guest members of the circle this time, I'm including everyone who has created a circle with me in it in the last four weeks, including +Chris Cota, +Steven Krohn, +Marlo Angelo Tito, +Leo Walsh, +Cesare Riccardo, +Michael Bennett, +1212Scenery, +Daniel Mihai Popescu, +Gai Xinh, +Mithu Hassan, +Daniel Stock, +Marino Puletti, +Christy Sandhoff, +Johnathan Yesson, +Roleta Anedotas, +Linda Dee, +Mariusz Zapart, +César Bustíos Benites, +Andrea Orselli, +Katherine Vucicevic, +Networx, +Rome Heels, +Thumb up your Followers ►, +AyJay Schibig, +Zbynek Kysela, +Ewart Corrigan, +Hamilton Carter, +Don Dobbie, +Brian Buckley, +Wajahat Khan, +Crazy Circles, +Laurent Jean Philippe, +Maria Leoni and +Wolfgang Wodeck.  I'd especially like to thank +Scott Buehler, +Ludovic Moreeuw and +Science on Google+: A Public Database for including me in some particularly exciting circles: the Hyperball, the VIIP Circle and the Smokin' Science Circle, respectively.And now the surprise feature: I invite everyone to leave a comment on (the original post of) this circle share containing a link to one of your own posts. Ideally, this should be something that you posted recently and that you are particularly pleased with. (Don't post spam though; I will delete it.)2013-06-18 14:06:1838425937
Daniel Mihai Popescu4,802I have added version 2 of +Richard Green's  Popular Choice, re-freshed with my nucleus of Invincible circle and brushed of inactive accounts :)If you are notified, you're in, of course :)Thank you for sharing!2013-06-17 10:29:4338924937
Richard Green16,268Here's version 2 of my Popular Choice circle. The members of this circle were nominated for inclusion here (http://goo.gl/vY07d). Anecdotal evidence suggests that this circle is a pretty good one to add: after the last share, somebody that I follow made the comment:I have to admit I have never had so many people add me back so shortly after adding a shared circle.As guest members of the circle this time, I'm including everyone who has created a circle with me in it in the last four weeks, including +Chris Cota, +Steven Krohn, +Marlo Angelo Tito, +Leo Walsh, +Cesare Riccardo, +Michael Bennett, +1212Scenery, +Daniel Mihai Popescu, +Gai Xinh, +Mithu Hassan, +Daniel Stock, +Marino Puletti, +Christy Sandhoff, +Johnathan Yesson, +Roleta Anedotas, +Linda Dee, +Mariusz Zapart, +2013-06-17 04:33:32384693082
Christy Sandhoff10,119Richard Green originally shared:Remember the Much Better than the Average Circle circles I used to share?  Well, this circle is much better even than those.  The people in this circle were recommended for inclusion in response to my call for nominations, and there are some really interesting profiles in here.  If you've never added a circle before, this one would make a good Starter Circle.I'd especially like to thank +Dirk Talamasca, +Ed Ross, +Korinne M Jackman, +Nina MJ and +Tim Utzig, each of whom suggested a large number of profiles for the circle.  I think I added everyone who was tagged in the nomination post; sorry if I missed anyone.And here's the circle.2013-06-04 04:14:1033821830
Richard Green15,407Remember the Much Better than the Average Circle circles I used to share?  Well, this circle is much better even than those.  The people in this circle were recommended for inclusion in response to my call for nominations, and there are some really interesting profiles in here.  If you've never added a circle before, this one would make a good Starter Circle.I'd especially like to thank +Dirk Talamasca, +Ed Ross, +Korinne M Jackman, +Nina MJ and +Tim Utzig, each of whom suggested a large number of profiles for the circle.  I think I added everyone who was tagged in the nomination post; sorry if I missed anyone.And here's the circle.2013-06-02 14:20:43338532176
AyJay Schibig16,440ECLECTIC CIRCLEFeel free to add  and re-share. this  Eclectic Circle of  G Plussers! Circles I am curating:21ST CENTURY PHOTOGRAPHERS (1&2), ALL KINDS, DISCOVERY, FULL CIRCLE,SOCIAL, ECLECTIC,ENGAGERS, AWESOME, NEW HORIZONS and BOOST#circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  #sharedpublicircles   #circle   #circles   #circlemeup  #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou     #ShareYourCircle2013-04-13 06:43:023024213
AyJay Schibig15,217ECLECTIC CIRCLEFeel free to add  and re-share. this  Eclectic Circle of  G Plussers! Circles I am curating:21ST CENTURY PHOTOGRAPHERS (1&2), ALL KINDS, DISCOVERY, FULL CIRCLE,SOCIAL, ECLECTIC,ENGAGERS, AWESOME, NEW HORIZONS and BOOST#circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  #sharedpublicircles   #circle   #circles   #circlemeup  #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou     #ShareYourCircle2013-03-02 11:23:44245206
Mohammad Rahimi2,027I would like to share this circle of people i follow their posts.2013-02-25 05:38:581061928
Ian Herndon8,223Shared Circle Time! - G+ Community Moderators (4 of x)Re-Share to help moderators easily connect with one another!Now that Google has launched Communities there has been a ton of activity by people to create communities relating to their interests, join ones created by others, and meet other creators in an effort to learn more and more new ways to build and contribute to G+ Communities. +Community Moderators is an example of a page/community dedicated specifically to having a single place where all moderators can join in discussion around just that.I have been hard at work creating Circles that consist of Community Moderators and Owners only. My hope is to be able to help others expand their network of friends to also include like minded people dabbling in the Community space too. In the near future I intend to eventually group these moderator circles into smaller more targeted ones tailored to specific interests. So with that said, here's our circles!G+ Community Moderators & Owners Circle (1 of x) - 12/31/2012https://plus.google.com/u/0/110099838681495349209/posts/ETe6deLAMq2G+ Community Moderators & Owners Circle (2 of x) - 12/31/2012https://plus.google.com/u/0/110099838681495349209/posts/7i2DXeQpknnG+ Community Moderators & Owners Circle (3 of x) - 12/31/2012https://plus.google.com/u/0/110099838681495349209/posts/j1rsi9YGGVgG+ Community Moderators & Owners Circle (4 of x) - 1/12/2013https://plus.google.com/u/0/110099838681495349209/posts/VFUjZcifXPQ#Community   #Moderators   #Owners   #Communities   #Circle   #SharedCircles   #CircleShare2013-01-12 15:28:345005210
AyJay Schibig13,588ECLECTIC CIRCLEFeel free to add  and re-share. this  Eclectic Circle of  G Plussers! #circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  #sharedpublicircles   #circle   #circles   #circlemeup  #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou 2013-01-10 07:15:50257003
Nils Tschampel2,828The Cream of the Crop of December 2012What's this?On +CircleCount everyday some very interesting persons are choosen and recommended. These are persons without hundreds of thousands of followers but with a lot of interesting content. You won't find silent people here leading the rankings, but interesting people that are worth to be followed.You can find the Cream of the Crop daily here:http://www.circlecount.com/daily/Past Cream of the Crop circles:November 2012: http://goo.gl/LSQjcOctober 2012: http://goo.gl/ohdceSeptember 2012: http://goo.gl/ie3VNAugust 2012: http://goo.gl/5vUUPJuly 2012: http://goo.gl/oAemEJune 2012: http://goo.gl/YZt1yMay 2012: http://goo.gl/4Tq43April 2012: http://goo.gl/NvbKjMarch 2012: http://goo.gl/3auLoFebruary 2012: http://goo.gl/TWYpKJanuary 2012: http://goo.gl/HBdHbDecember 2011: http://goo.gl/RBCpgNovember 2011: http://goo.gl/x6TJkOctober 2011: http://goo.gl/2xVn92013-01-08 19:52:4728412311
AyJay Schibig12,717ECLECTIC CIRCLEFeel free to add  and re-share. this  Eclectic Circle of  G Plussers! #circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  #sharedpublicircles   #circle   #circles   #circlemeup  #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou 2012-12-21 06:26:433277010
AyJay Schibig12,080ECLECTIC CIRCLEFeel free to add  and re-share. this  Eclectic Circle of  G Plussers! #circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  #sharedpublicircles   #circle   #circles   #circlemeup  #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou 2012-12-12 04:23:1442210216
Zbynek Kysela1,918BEST SHARED CIRCLE - Share, share, share!===================================HOW TO BE PART OF IT: 1) Add this circle to your circles -> Add circle2) Share added circle with option "include yourself in shared circle". Done. You're welcome :) ZbynekMy entire social presence:*****************************http://xeeme.com/bouchac*****************************2012-12-07 20:33:1441920625
Kurt Smith14,400Thought Provokers Circle Share - Who's Made You Think Lately?Who's Made You Think Lately? Are they in this circle? For me, +Dede Craig King had me really going last Monday, +Lacerant Plainer always gets me thinking, and just a few days ago it was +Randy Hilarski.Here's latest round of the Thought Provokers Circle. This is an #awesomesauce  circle of great plussers who will make you think (we're all trying anyway). The cool thing about this circle is that you had to be recommended by someone else to get in.Add & Reshare so others can discover these awesome people to follow. Current members please update your circle. If you'd like to join in, please suggest 3-5 people and tell why they make you think. #circleshare   #circles   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharepubliccircle   #publiccircle   #publicsharedcircles  2012-12-04 15:53:26287653061
Brunner Nathan325Some people that comment and follow back.Don't forget to give a share and a plus one.#circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedpubliccircles #circlesharing #publiccircle #circles2012-11-29 18:03:5327516419
Mj Bedford0Shared Circle Saturday My #peace   #circle  Thank you allI circle people who circle meand I refresh this circle Peace2012-11-11 04:03:07258426
Kurt Smith6,542Thought Provokers Circle Share -- Plussers Who 'Make You Go Hmm...'Next round of the Thought Provokers Circle. An amazing circle of great plussers who will make you think, well maybe. Here's some of the people and wisdom inside:"And a few of us that make you go "HUH???" from +Bearman Cartoons. " Ummmm.... I suddenly feel like I'm back in grade school again and the entire class is giving me the look... You're going to get your arse kicked at recess!!!! said +Frank Garufi Jr.. Check out and discover some new people - I've met +Dede Craig King, +Susanne Ramharter, +MommyLovesTech.Add & Reshare so others can discover these awesome people to follow. Current members please update your circle. If you'd like to join in, please suggest 3-5 people and why they make you think.#circles   #circle   #circleshare   #circleoftheday   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  +Full Circle +Circles +CIRCLES on Google+ 2012-10-31 14:11:37275922881

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Most comments: 172

2015-03-24 19:35:16 (172 comments, 12 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

Bad-Faith Good-Faith

I presume good faith almost unconditionally. And I've seen this criticized on the basis that it's not true, which ...

... well, of course it isn't true. Why would anyone expect it to be? Presumptions aren't truths about the world. In many cases, they are plainly untrue. Most people tried for crimes are, in fact, guilty of those crimes. Some people who make accusations are wrong. Most people in high-conflict interactions will eventually resort to bad faith. 

Rather, a presumption is an interpretive stance taken to achieve a particular result. The presumption of innocence creates a bias against false positives. The contradictory presumption in favor of victim narratives prevents us from inadvertently punishing someone for reporting someone else's misdeeds. The presumption of good faith creates a bias in favor of de-escalating,... more »

Most reshares: 22

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2015-02-11 20:57:02 (49 comments, 22 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Exactly right.

Formal rituals of subjugation are commonplace in highly stratified societies. To formally become a Spartan warrior, a young man was required to murder a helot. The Aztec Triple Alliance declared ritual "wars" against their subject cities. In the postwar South, black citizens were killed for fictive or actual transgressions against the racial hierarchy.

These rituals are intended to punish the innocent rather the guilty. The purpose is to engender superstitious, ritualistic avoidance of threats to the established order, not to actually punish those who rebelled against it.

Most plusones: 115

2015-03-03 17:47:08 (65 comments, 10 reshares, 115 +1s)Open 

A couple of weeks ago, I made a mortifying, racist mistake.

While at dinner, I tried to hand my valet ticket to a very polite, African-American pediatric oncologist who was standing in the valet shelter, trying to stay warm while waiting for his car. He wasn't dressed like a valet. The area was well-lit. It wasn't on purpose, but it also wasn't an understandable mistake.

I am probably not as good at not doing this as I think I am. I had likely done similar things in the past and simply not noticed. But let's say that it's a once-in-35-years mistake for me: that even if I try to be as sensitive as I can, I'll fuck up this sort of basic human transaction once every thirty-five years.

Well, that doesn't seem so bad, I thought.

Until I realized that I was completely wrong. Assuming that every dumb white person in the United States makes... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2015-03-27 03:34:42 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

My daughter ran out of the livingroom, to her bedroom, announcing that she needed to make Totem

My daughter ran out of the livingroom, to her bedroom, announcing that she needed to make Totem___

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2015-03-27 02:55:33 (12 comments, 5 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

In news which should be unsurprising if you're aware of real life, being forced by circumstance into using a disadvantaged race as your avatar can be upsetting.

"People have a strange need to play someone similar to themselves in games," said Newman, mulling over the consequences of the update in response to Kotaku's line of questioning. "That's not something I understand...but maybe the curse of being a white 32 year-old male is not seeing these problems." ___In news which should be unsurprising if you're aware of real life, being forced by circumstance into using a disadvantaged race as your avatar can be upsetting.

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2015-03-26 19:30:42 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Finally, some good news: pandas are finally coming back from the brink. From the article:

“My father died 15 years ago,” he says. “And ever since then, I’ve missed him very much. Then one day last week, the panda gave birth to a full-grown human man. It was my dead father. He put his hand on the glass of the enclosure, looked me in the eyes, and said, ‘I love you son.’ Then five baby pandas burst out of his stomach and his empty skin fell to the ground like a deflated balloon.”

Yay pandas!

Finally, some good news: pandas are finally coming back from the brink. From the article:

“My father died 15 years ago,” he says. “And ever since then, I’ve missed him very much. Then one day last week, the panda gave birth to a full-grown human man. It was my dead father. He put his hand on the glass of the enclosure, looked me in the eyes, and said, ‘I love you son.’ Then five baby pandas burst out of his stomach and his empty skin fell to the ground like a deflated balloon.”

Yay pandas!___

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2015-03-26 17:33:48 (13 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

This is, and should remain, unsurprising. 

The central, load-bearing pillar of Israeli foreign policy is its relationship with the United States. Without the explicit backing of a state willing to sell it arms and back its plays, Israel is in an uncomfortable place. And this is true of any Israeli administration, not just the particularly noxious one that happens to be in place today.

It is impolite to spy on us, obviously. But it would be boneheaded not to: diplomatic and military intelligence about their sole stable ally is more critical (and more pointedly, easier to get) than information about Israel's enemies. Basic respect for Israel's realpolitik concerns simply means that we can, and ought to, spy on them as well.

This is, and should remain, unsurprising. 

The central, load-bearing pillar of Israeli foreign policy is its relationship with the United States. Without the explicit backing of a state willing to sell it arms and back its plays, Israel is in an uncomfortable place. And this is true of any Israeli administration, not just the particularly noxious one that happens to be in place today.

It is impolite to spy on us, obviously. But it would be boneheaded not to: diplomatic and military intelligence about their sole stable ally is more critical (and more pointedly, easier to get) than information about Israel's enemies. Basic respect for Israel's realpolitik concerns simply means that we can, and ought to, spy on them as well.___

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2015-03-25 22:26:25 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Basically, this. But not just this.

Mismanagement of Venezuela's state-run oil industry is so extraordinary that oil output has dropped despite dramatic increases in proven reserves. There's sufficient easy oil in Venezuela that its industry should be viable at levels comparable to, say, Nigeria's break-even price. Certainly, they should be a more viable petrostate than the US or Canada, both of which rely heavily on difficult oil.

Unfortunately, Maduro, like Chavez, relies on oil-industry corruption to maintain patronage networks and ties to colectivos. This means, ultimately, that political and economic constraints are bottling him into standing pat until the price of oil rises. It is unclear, given the rise in protest, that this is sustainable.

A tragedy is unfolding in Venezuela

The country's energy-dependent economy requires oil prices above $100 per barrel in order to sustain itself. Oil accounts for 95 percent of the country's export earnings, and combined with gas, it's 25 percent of the country's gross domestic product.

Meanwhile, a combination of inflation and currency controls have generated scarcity of basic needs such as flour, toilet paper and medicine. Venezuelans stand in lines for hours waiting to buy whatever may be available. Shortages have even diminished the country's ability to provide medical care.___Basically, this. But not just this.

Mismanagement of Venezuela's state-run oil industry is so extraordinary that oil output has dropped despite dramatic increases in proven reserves. There's sufficient easy oil in Venezuela that its industry should be viable at levels comparable to, say, Nigeria's break-even price. Certainly, they should be a more viable petrostate than the US or Canada, both of which rely heavily on difficult oil.

Unfortunately, Maduro, like Chavez, relies on oil-industry corruption to maintain patronage networks and ties to colectivos. This means, ultimately, that political and economic constraints are bottling him into standing pat until the price of oil rises. It is unclear, given the rise in protest, that this is sustainable.

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2015-03-25 18:55:50 (10 comments, 5 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

The beam in thine own eye

Jesus famously railed against the “Pharisees”, who impose high moral standards, but privately do not follow those. According to new research from the field of psychology, we all have a hypocritical streak, but we are unable to recognize it in ourselves, due to a “visual impairment” in our mind’s eye. And we are more eager to apply double standards to people who are psychologically far away from ourselves than to those nearby.
 
As many psychological studies demonstrated in the last years, evolution has instilled in us an irresistible urge to evaluate our own behavior and that of other people according to moral criteria. With the same instinctive naturalness with which we breathe and eat, we flatly refuse certain practices as “evil”. This basic trend, claims psychologist Benoit Monin from Stanford University, is counteracted by two otherdeep-seated dr... more »

The beam in thine own eye

Jesus famously railed against the “Pharisees”, who impose high moral standards, but privately do not follow those. According to new research from the field of psychology, we all have a hypocritical streak, but we are unable to recognize it in ourselves, due to a “visual impairment” in our mind’s eye. And we are more eager to apply double standards to people who are psychologically far away from ourselves than to those nearby.
 
As many psychological studies demonstrated in the last years, evolution has instilled in us an irresistible urge to evaluate our own behavior and that of other people according to moral criteria. With the same instinctive naturalness with which we breathe and eat, we flatly refuse certain practices as “evil”. This basic trend, claims psychologist Benoit Monin from Stanford University, is counteracted by two other deep-seated driving forces, the desire to make a good impression on others and the desire to see ourselves in a positive light. In everyday life, these conflicting motives seduce us repeatedly to advocate high moral claims that we have a blithe disregard for in private. On a more general level, this means that we tend to criticize others for the same behavior that we condone in ourselves. And since this hypocrisy is going on in a blind spot of our mind, we see the moral failings of others magnified like under an electron microscope, while we gloze over own ethical breaches. 

These “double standards” have already been revealed in representative surveys, Monin points out. Most respondents are convinced that they contribute more to the common good and make fairer decisions than the their fellow humans. 86 percent of all managers are certain that their own ethical standards are above those of their colleagues. This may be due to the fact that when we judge ourselves, we put more weight on our intentions, while when judging others,  we more strongly take account of the actual behavior. In one study, subjects were given the opportunity to make a donation for charitable cause by dipping their hands into painfully cold water. Most subjects backtracked faster than they had predicted. However, they linked their own “goodness” more strongly to their previous intentions, while they measured the others strictly by the by minutes they persevered. 

In a particularly meaningful experiment, American psychologists Piercarlo Valdesolo and David DeSteno gave their participants the option to take part in one out by two trials. One was short and interesting, the other almost an hour long and boring. The remaining task would be allocated to the next subject. The subjects were allowed to have their choice be made by a random generator – which they thought to be “fair” - or to make sure that they got what they wanted. They were also held in the belief that neither the investigator nor the subsequent subject would learn how they made their choice. 

92 percent of the subjects cheated and opted for the more lucrative task. Afterwards they had to indicate how fair they found the task allocation. Those who had cheated thought the allocation was “medium fair”. They could see nothing indecent in their own behavior. It was a different matter when they could watch a video of the behavior of other trial participants who also had tricked. Now asked to judge the fairness of the allocation, they deemed the same behavior that they themselves had shown as  “extremely unfair”. Preach water and drink wine! 

Initially, the cheating participants had felt remorse, but then they rationalized their behavior and made it appear acceptable. The researchers demonstrated this by blocking the ability to rationalize. Before they assessed the fairness of the allocation, this time the subjects were asked to memorize numbers, which would be later queried. Memorizing takes away cognitive resources we need for self-deception. Result: In this condition, the subjects made clear that any cheating - by themselves and by others – was extremely unfair. 

A special case of applying double standards is so called “action hypocrisy”, whereby people make recommendations for others’ behavior that they personally are unwilling to follow. For instance, in 2006, Al Gore released the film “An Inconvenient Truth”, which discussed the perils of excessive consumption of energy. The Washington Post later reported that Gore’s home used close to 12 times the national average in electricity that same year. It appears that Gore’s recommendations to the public were inconsistent with his personal actions.

But as previous research has shown, this two-faced stance is anything but unique to Al Gore. For example, despite recommending exercise to their patients, between 35% and 50% of physicians do not have a regular exercise routine. Further, a study of treatment decisions found that a majority of healthcare providers would choose a different course of treatment for themselves than they would recommend to a patient. There is an underlying principle at work here, claims a team of psychologists lead by Jennifer L. Howell from University of Florida: “In diverse contexts ranging from religious organizations to physicians’ behavioral prescriptions, people lean toward recommendations for others that match their perception of ideal behavior.” When we give advice to others, we are more concerned with ideal standards than when we advise ourselves.

In order to pinpoint the strength of this effect, the psychologists conducted a series of studies that involved a couple of hundred participants. In one study, students read that the Office of Academic Affairs at their university was considering implementing new exams for graduation that were framed in a way that they appeared unfair and excessive. Then they were presented a summary of actions they could take, like signing a petition. In another version of the experiment, participants were asked which action a student from a nearby university should take when confronted with the same challenge.

The results leave no doubt that people apply double standards to their own actions and the actions of others: 66 percent of the participants recommended the student from the nearby university to take direct action, while only 18 percent indicated that they themselves would do likewise. Most preferred to take a wait-and-see approach. The same trend emerged in another study in which tax payers read about a fictional piece of legislation that would impose a new tax on either all Americans or only on the citizens of Louisiana to pay for the cleaning of the BP oil spill. 87 percent of the participants recommended that citizens of Louisiana write their representative immediately, whereas only 20 percent opted to write to their representative when they were hit by the legislation that was considered unfair.

According to the researchers, there are indications that we are more eager to apply double standards to others who are psychologically distant from ourselves. In a certain way, this seems obvious. Al Gore may demand energy restrictions from “the Americans” that he is not ready to implement himself, but clearly he is not imposing these standards upon his family. In order to examine the effect of psychological distance, the psychologist repeated the first study where the university was considering aggravated exams. But this time, the persons affected were either themselves, a student from a nearby university or a student from a university far away.

As expected, the participants recommended more immediate action for a student at a distant university than from a student at a nearby university.  Of course, they recommended the least immediate action for themselves. The same picture emerged when psychological distance was appraised in a completely different way – visually. This time, the participants could view a picture of the students that were affected by the new exams that were either taken from a distance of three feet or of fifteen feet. And lo and behold, the greater the (psychological) distance, the more immediate action the participants recommended for the other students.

These findings have implications for advice-givers, the researchers emphasize. “Research shows that people tend to undervalue the advice of others when advice-givers do not follow their own advice. For instance, patients are disinclined to heed the health advice of unhealthy physicians. Our results suggest that prompting advice-givers to anchor their perspective on themselves when giving advice would help them to traverse the psychological distance between self and other and to recommend realistic action to others in which they would personally engage. Doing so would improve the likelihood that advisees would see the advice as credible and adhere to it.” Go and tell that to Mr. Gore!

One strategy that helps us to close our eyes to our own hypocrisy is “moral licensing”, a kind of moral sale of indulgences. It refers to our increased tendency to act immorally if we have already displayed our moral righteousness. In essence, it means, that after you have done something nice, you think you have the license to do something not so nice, as if these things balance each other. 

Psychologist Sonya Sachdeva from Northwestern University instructed volunteers to write a self-presentation, which contained either the pleasant or unpleasant personality traits of the writer. They were also awarded a fee for this job, part of which they could donate for a good cause. Just those who had revealed their nicest features in the end made the least generous contributions. Those, who on the other hand, had been busy with their dark sides, reestablished their moral balance by a very generous donation, five times as high as in the other group. 

Psychologists Nina Mazar and Chen-Bo Zhong of the University of Toronto wanted to know: how do we really behave, if we just bought a “green” product – does it make us socially better people? Surprising conclusion: Just when participants had bought something that gave them a good conscience, they behaved especially selfish in a cooperative game. The latest research indicates that even the announcement that one will do some good deed makes people behave more antisocially. https://plus.google.com/101046916407340625977/posts/gzhk98bw89z

“We do not want to claim that people have no moral integrity at  all,” psychologist C. Daniel Batson and Elizabeth R. Thompson of the University of Kansas assess the state of knowledge, “but appearances can be very deceptive, and the power of moral integrity is probably overestimated.” The function of moral principles therefore often does not consist in acting morally, but primarily in appearing morally. Whenever it is possible to indulge in self-interest, without jeopardizing the moral facade, the hypocrite answers the call of selfishness. This is why we find the fall and public exposure of the self-righteous so funny. Millions laughed when fundamentalist American preacher Ted Haggard, who publicly thundered against gays, was picked up in a clinch with a male prostitute. We sense that our own moral standards are fragile, and so we rejoice at the humiliation of those who claim the moral high  ground.___

2015-03-24 19:35:16 (172 comments, 12 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

Bad-Faith Good-Faith

I presume good faith almost unconditionally. And I've seen this criticized on the basis that it's not true, which ...

... well, of course it isn't true. Why would anyone expect it to be? Presumptions aren't truths about the world. In many cases, they are plainly untrue. Most people tried for crimes are, in fact, guilty of those crimes. Some people who make accusations are wrong. Most people in high-conflict interactions will eventually resort to bad faith. 

Rather, a presumption is an interpretive stance taken to achieve a particular result. The presumption of innocence creates a bias against false positives. The contradictory presumption in favor of victim narratives prevents us from inadvertently punishing someone for reporting someone else's misdeeds. The presumption of good faith creates a bias in favor of de-escalating,... more »

Bad-Faith Good-Faith

I presume good faith almost unconditionally. And I've seen this criticized on the basis that it's not true, which ...

... well, of course it isn't true. Why would anyone expect it to be? Presumptions aren't truths about the world. In many cases, they are plainly untrue. Most people tried for crimes are, in fact, guilty of those crimes. Some people who make accusations are wrong. Most people in high-conflict interactions will eventually resort to bad faith. 

Rather, a presumption is an interpretive stance taken to achieve a particular result. The presumption of innocence creates a bias against false positives. The contradictory presumption in favor of victim narratives prevents us from inadvertently punishing someone for reporting someone else's misdeeds. The presumption of good faith creates a bias in favor of de-escalating, rather than escalating, interpersonal conflicts.

Which is why I'm unwilling to deploy an accusation of bad faith unless it's clear that the person that I'm talking to is using bad faith as an explicit strategy, rather than just a defensive reaction to a high-conflict situation: once I've made that conclusion, the only safe response is to wall off their criticisms of my position, and not take them seriously. And that makes me vulnerable to going the same way.

Which would be pretty much the most disastrous thing I can think of.___

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2015-03-23 23:05:04 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"""
The left’s gradual devolution from political dissenters to morality police have given the right the opportunity portray itself as the new champion of the old leftist values: of individual liberty, of free thinking and speaking in opposition to conformity-demanding dogmatism.
"""

Except that anyone who actually reads right-wing media knows that they're not only awash in purity crusades of this same type, the behaviors liberal and leftist authors rail against are mostly part of conservative purity crusades. The reason there's so much discussion of racial stereotypes isn't because of liberal navel-gazing, it's because those stereotypes are part of shaming minorities for being insufficiently like their vision of the majority. Which is, you may guess, inaccurate enough that there are purity crusades against its members for similarr... more »

"""
The left’s gradual devolution from political dissenters to morality police have given the right the opportunity portray itself as the new champion of the old leftist values: of individual liberty, of free thinking and speaking in opposition to conformity-demanding dogmatism.
"""

Except that anyone who actually reads right-wing media knows that they're not only awash in purity crusades of this same type, the behaviors liberal and leftist authors rail against are mostly part of conservative purity crusades. The reason there's so much discussion of racial stereotypes isn't because of liberal navel-gazing, it's because those stereotypes are part of shaming minorities for being insufficiently like their vision of the majority. Which is, you may guess, inaccurate enough that there are purity crusades against its members for similar reasons.

This isn't some left-right issue, it's simply what our politics has mostly become in general. My suspicion is that it's a reflection of the two-party system, which prevents minor parties from forming and policing purity internally while violating their ideals a bit in coalitions. That sense of sharing a tribe with traitors probably washes down into everything else.___

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2015-03-23 19:56:06 (13 comments, 2 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

After looking at this in detail, I suspect it boils down to a conjunction of three factors:

(1) Polygyny: Polygyny is common. Polyandry is exceptionally rare, occurring only in Nepal and a few other scattered places. Because there's a 50/50 split in human sex selection, this means that some men will reproduce late or not at all.

For this reason alone, we should expect more female ancestors than male. But there is no place on earth where there's a 17-to-1 polygyny is the norm, much less "everywhere on earth."

(2) Status stratification: Prior to the 20th century, status and birth order were deeply influential on chance of survival and reproduction. The first sons of high-status families were almost guaranteed to reproduce.  In cultures with polygyny, status also conferred the right (and often the obligation) to take additional wives or... more »

There's a new paper out in Genome Research which shows something rather fascinating that seems to have happened in human history, right after the agricultural revolution. The two graphs below show the number of men (left) and women (right) alive at various times in history whose genes are still around today. (We can measure this separately because Y-chromosome DNA is transmitted only through men, and mitochondrial DNA only through women) 

There are lots of reasons that you would expect this curve to increase as you move forward in time. The simplest part of this is the "common ancestor" effect. If someone is your ancestor, then all of their ancestors are your ancestors, too. This means that, as you go farther back in time, anyone who's along your family tree is an ancestor of a bigger and bigger chunk of people. In fact, once you go far enough back, you'll encounter a person who is a common ancestor for everyone in your population group, or even in the world -- and once you've encountered this first common ancestor, every one of their ancestors is a common ancestor, too! This means that a bit further back in time, you suddenly pass a second threshold: at that point, everyone who was alive then is either a common ancestor of everyone alive today, or of nobody alive today. (If you're curious about this, there are a few famous papers by +Douglas Rohde and a few others on this subject, where with a combination of historical population data and computer simulations, they managed to show that the most recent common ancestor of all humanity probably lived only a few thousand years ago, and in either southeast or northeast Asia: http://tedlab.mit.edu/~dr/Papers/Rohde-MRCA-two.pdf)

So because of this effect, you would expect that as you go far back in time, the number of people who are ancestors of people alive today would end up being a roughly fixed fraction of the population: everyone's either a common ancestor, or not an ancestor at all.

Now, the other important thing about the agricultural revolution is that it made the population boom: grain fields can support orders of magnitude more people than hunting and gathering or nomadic herding. (This is also why the agricultural revolution leads to the original rise of cities)

If you look at the curve on the right -- estimated number of women who are ancestors of living humans today, as a function of time -- you see exactly that. Right around 15,000 years ago (15kya), the number of women skyrockets, and starts to level off around 10,000 years ago. This is exactly what you would expect if nutrition suddenly improved by a lot, and it suggest that it was the early agricultural revolution -- that first cultivation of crops, rather than the rise of effective mass agriculture and the rise of early cities -- that had the biggest effect.

But the plot for men is bizarrely different. At 15kya, the gauge for men doesn't move. And then at 10kya, when the "big" agricultural revolution hits and cities start to emerge, the number for men plummets, only to recover and show the giant population-related spike around 5,000 years ago. At its most extreme, the ratio of female to male ancestors was 17:1!

What happened here? The authors suggest that this was most likely a cultural effect, rather than a mysterious plague which only affected men. My own quick summary of thoughts:

(1) The effects which created the initial surge in female long-term reproduction, around 15kya, don't seem to have affected men much at all. This suggests that we're seeing a huge nutritional effect on the success rate of pregnancies.

(2) The crash in male reproduction around 10kya suggests that most men were suddenly unable to reproduce, even as lots of women were doing so. This means that small numbers of men were having lots of children, and most weren't having any at all, or at least none which appear to have survived. Since you would suspect that most men might object to this, that suggests rather extraordinary application of force: i.e., the rise of the agricultural state brought with it tremendous power asymmetries and the rise of very wide polygyny. 

(3) Around 5kya, this effect seems to have vanished even more quickly than it appeared. If anything, that's more fascinating, because 5kya is already within visibility of the literary record. (The story of the marriage of Inanna, for example, contains some fairly clear allusions to the tension between nomadism and agriculture) A change this rapid, from extremely concentrated harems to some kind of more level marriage system, would seem to require a tremendous social event going with it, something big enough that I'm surprised that we don't see at least allusions to it in a wide range of early literary records.

In fact, this third point is enough to make me actively suspicious: this is a huge effect, something which would have defined human society for hundreds of generations and the response to which would likely have had effects for hundreds of generations to come. Its uniformity across geographic regions (colors in the graph) is similarly surprising: cultural shifts affecting the entire world don't Just Happen.

So I'm going to take this result with a great deal of caution until there's further confirmation, but the questions which it poses are fascinating, and this is clearly a direction worth more research.___After looking at this in detail, I suspect it boils down to a conjunction of three factors:

(1) Polygyny: Polygyny is common. Polyandry is exceptionally rare, occurring only in Nepal and a few other scattered places. Because there's a 50/50 split in human sex selection, this means that some men will reproduce late or not at all.

For this reason alone, we should expect more female ancestors than male. But there is no place on earth where there's a 17-to-1 polygyny is the norm, much less "everywhere on earth."

(2) Status stratification: Prior to the 20th century, status and birth order were deeply influential on chance of survival and reproduction. The first sons of high-status families were almost guaranteed to reproduce.  In cultures with polygyny, status also conferred the right (and often the obligation) to take additional wives or concubines.

In Europe, the second son of a high-status family often joined the Church, and did not reproduce. The third son often joined the military, and stood a substantial risk of not surviving to adulthood. In most agricultural civilizations worldwide, "what to do with excess fighting-age males" was the central problem of civilization -- especially in high-status groups. 

(3) Patrilineal Descent: In premodern agricultural societies, the basic economic unit was the family, which -- in most cultures -- was traced patrilineally. 

This created a bias toward patriarchy, but also gave women far more status mobility than men. It was difficult for a second son to inherit even his father's position. Women, however, took on the status of the patriline they married into.

Insofar as status or patriline membership could confer a survival benefit, women were more positioned to take advantage. Men who belonged to cadet branches of their patriline were at substantial disadvantage even if they survived to adulthood. Women, however, were not.

2015-03-23 19:35:23 (30 comments, 1 reshares, 60 +1s)Open 

A Not Entirely Serious Complaint, Because I Know What Statistical Inference Is And Can't Think Of A Way To Do This Better:

If you are wondering why my profile says I went to Awesome Skeleton Hell University and majored in Extreme Death, it's because the automated microaggression of the popup that kept asking me whether I went to CMU, Stanford, or Harvard (rather than my tiny rural state school) was finally driving me crazy.

A Not Entirely Serious Complaint, Because I Know What Statistical Inference Is And Can't Think Of A Way To Do This Better:

If you are wondering why my profile says I went to Awesome Skeleton Hell University and majored in Extreme Death, it's because the automated microaggression of the popup that kept asking me whether I went to CMU, Stanford, or Harvard (rather than my tiny rural state school) was finally driving me crazy.___

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2015-03-23 17:39:04 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

There are some valid points in this article, but it's also myopic in several ways. [ObDisclaimer: I'm obviously a beneficiary of this class system.] (HT +Adam Smith for the pointer)

If the author had at least once used the word "South", I'd feel like he'd spoken for "India". His words betray his perspective: it's an article of, by, and for the North. "Language of the northern oppressors" is how many jokingly refer to Hindi, but it's only a half-joke.

The other bit of myopia is about writers. Writers like RK Narayan didn't "come" to India. But it is true that Indian native prose can be dreadful. That has nothing to do with English per se. It has to do with how we're taught to write. I can sum it up with one anecdote: in 7th or 8th grade English, my teacher instructed the class about good writing: "Why write... more »

There are some valid points in this article, but it's also myopic in several ways. [ObDisclaimer: I'm obviously a beneficiary of this class system.] (HT +Adam Smith for the pointer)

If the author had at least once used the word "South", I'd feel like he'd spoken for "India". His words betray his perspective: it's an article of, by, and for the North. "Language of the northern oppressors" is how many jokingly refer to Hindi, but it's only a half-joke.

The other bit of myopia is about writers. Writers like RK Narayan didn't "come" to India. But it is true that Indian native prose can be dreadful. That has nothing to do with English per se. It has to do with how we're taught to write. I can sum it up with one anecdote: in 7th or 8th grade English, my teacher instructed the class about good writing: "Why write ‘first’ when you can write ‘second to none’?" 

Perhaps this isn't even just because of teaching. Exuberance is in the air. Have you heard the dialog of a Hindi or Tamil film? Have you seen the way plants, flowers, and fruit grow? Have you seen our names? If our languages lack an equivalent of "sesquipedalian", it's because we have no need to call attention to an everyday event.

There is also a dark side to this lament. Those who drive out language will gladly also drive out religion, culture, and everything else that they oppose. Cleverly, they will use one—safer, more acceptable, worthy of an NYT OpEd that gets sympathetic head nods—prejudice as a proxy for another, less acceptable one.But in the wrong hands, they are part of the same parcel. The beauty of my India is its openness to language, religion, and other ways in which humans classify themselves. The great shame is that instead of increasing this openness, it reduces it.___

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2015-03-20 20:23:10 (24 comments, 0 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Exactly right. Netanyahu's hard swing to the right was not an idiosyncratic personal reaction, but one which was structurally dictated by the rise of radical ethnic nationalist parties. Unless Likud could reclaim the ground it has been progressively losing to parties running openly on a policy of ethnic cleansing, the largely moribund left would win. Having failed at making a case for more moderate revanchism, Likud has decided to make its case by promising precisely the same thing that YB has been.

From the outside, we can do very little to influence the deepening dysfunction in Israeli politics. But we can withdraw our Security Council veto and allow international politics to go on as usual, making it very clear that we will not waste our diplomatic capital protecting Netanyahu from the dire consequences of his own policies.

Exactly right. Netanyahu's hard swing to the right was not an idiosyncratic personal reaction, but one which was structurally dictated by the rise of radical ethnic nationalist parties. Unless Likud could reclaim the ground it has been progressively losing to parties running openly on a policy of ethnic cleansing, the largely moribund left would win. Having failed at making a case for more moderate revanchism, Likud has decided to make its case by promising precisely the same thing that YB has been.

From the outside, we can do very little to influence the deepening dysfunction in Israeli politics. But we can withdraw our Security Council veto and allow international politics to go on as usual, making it very clear that we will not waste our diplomatic capital protecting Netanyahu from the dire consequences of his own policies.___

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2015-03-19 21:15:37 (4 comments, 7 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

"""
I took the time over the weekend to read the entirety of the 102-page Department of Justice report on the Ferguson PD (“FPD”). I cannot recommend highly enough that you do the same. During the course of this reading, I intentionally read it with as jaundiced of an eye towards the Department of Justice as possible. I intentionally disregarded all commentary regarding what the DOJ investigators reported that they saw, and also all of their reported interviews of the citizens of Ferguson and FPD officers. I decided to say to myself, let’s assume that everything DOJ says is a lie, and also that everyone who was willing to talk to the DOJ during the course of their investigation either lied or shaded the truth. What remained astounded me.

Even if you read only the parts of the Ferguson DOJ report that come directly from the files of the FPD (which is to say, files thatwould... more »

"""
I took the time over the weekend to read the entirety of the 102-page Department of Justice report on the Ferguson PD (“FPD”). I cannot recommend highly enough that you do the same. During the course of this reading, I intentionally read it with as jaundiced of an eye towards the Department of Justice as possible. I intentionally disregarded all commentary regarding what the DOJ investigators reported that they saw, and also all of their reported interviews of the citizens of Ferguson and FPD officers. I decided to say to myself, let’s assume that everything DOJ says is a lie, and also that everyone who was willing to talk to the DOJ during the course of their investigation either lied or shaded the truth. What remained astounded me.

Even if you read only the parts of the Ferguson DOJ report that come directly from the files of the FPD (which is to say, files that would be most favorable to the Department), the report paints an incredibly damning picture of the Ferguson Police Department. No conservative on earth should feel comfortable with the way the Ferguson PD has been operating for years, even according to their own documents.
"""___

2015-03-19 20:57:19 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Without the premier, the Cultural Revolution would have been much worse. And without the premier, the Cultural Revolution wouldn't have dragged on for such a long time.

-- Deng Xiaoping, referring to Zhou Enlai

This is the dilemma posed to anyone considering their complicity in an unjustifiable system. 

Without the premier, the Cultural Revolution would have been much worse. And without the premier, the Cultural Revolution wouldn't have dragged on for such a long time.

-- Deng Xiaoping, referring to Zhou Enlai

This is the dilemma posed to anyone considering their complicity in an unjustifiable system. ___

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2015-03-17 00:49:29 (5 comments, 4 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Via +Andrew Hunter​

Via +Andrew Hunter​___

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2015-03-16 19:46:48 (81 comments, 6 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

I'm not sure that it's coherent to blame capitalism for this. But something has gone seriously wrong, and it's unclear what it is.

(1) First off, it's not coherent to blame capitalism-qua-capitalism for anything. Capitalism, in every society (including socialist ones!), is merely the aggregate of all informal systems across that culture which use voluntarily-structured markets as their primary form of allocation.

(2) Empirically, there are sharply diminishing returns to extended work. Countries with more extensive markets (viz. the US, the UK, Japan) tend to use more low-value worker time than even very functional countries with more extensive nonmarket systems (France, the Nordic states). Countries that use very few markets at all are generally basketcases, and should probably just be tossed as models -- we don't want to be Cuba.

(3) But why is this the... more »

I'm not sure that it's coherent to blame capitalism for this. But something has gone seriously wrong, and it's unclear what it is.

(1) First off, it's not coherent to blame capitalism-qua-capitalism for anything. Capitalism, in every society (including socialist ones!), is merely the aggregate of all informal systems across that culture which use voluntarily-structured markets as their primary form of allocation.

(2) Empirically, there are sharply diminishing returns to extended work. Countries with more extensive markets (viz. the US, the UK, Japan) tend to use more low-value worker time than even very functional countries with more extensive nonmarket systems (France, the Nordic states). Countries that use very few markets at all are generally basketcases, and should probably just be tossed as models -- we don't want to be Cuba.

(3) But why is this the case? If there are declining marginal returns to work, at some point, a worker's marginal product will drop below their wage, and their workday should stop. Countries with more market-based labor systems (i.e., those with loose labor protections and predominately private employment) should actually be better at reducing work hours when it's irrational to pay people to work.

I'm not sure that there's a good explanation that doesn't attribute the problem to some feature of markets that's hard to reason about. From most capitalist-favorable to least, some thoughts:

(1) Markets already know this implicitly, and declining marginal productivity is already baked into wages. Unfortunately, this means that part-time jobs should pay more per hour, and this is not the case.

(2) There are significant structural benefits to keeping all similarly-situated workers on the same schedule, creating a strong status-quo bias.

(3) Near full employment, reducing hours economy-wide would create a huge monetary shock; far from full employment, unemployed workers almost tautologically prefer money to time.

(4) Compensation is not strongly correlated to marginal product.___

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2015-03-15 07:19:52 (19 comments, 2 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Wherein a nationalist Middle Eastern autocrat opposed by the American government predictably claims that international Zionist bankers and their fifth-column NGO and journalist cronies are attempting to unseat his unpopular regime. 

Wherein a nationalist Middle Eastern autocrat opposed by the American government predictably claims that international Zionist bankers and their fifth-column NGO and journalist cronies are attempting to unseat his unpopular regime. ___

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2015-03-14 08:11:59 (29 comments, 8 reshares, 58 +1s)Open 

The new definition of irony: Netanyahu complaining that his opposition is beholden to foreign plutocrats who want to shut down Adelson-funded Yisrael Ha-Yom.

The new definition of irony: Netanyahu complaining that his opposition is beholden to foreign plutocrats who want to shut down Adelson-funded Yisrael Ha-Yom.___

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2015-03-14 07:36:03 (3 comments, 4 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Congratulations to our nation's Secret Service, who have finally demonstrated conclusively that, should it become necessary, they will take a Bulleit for the President.

Congratulations to our nation's Secret Service, who have finally demonstrated conclusively that, should it become necessary, they will take a Bulleit for the President.___

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2015-03-14 06:15:28 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

A few days ago, a sitting US Senator and candidate for President announced his intention to, if elected, stage a military coup. ("Hah hah! I was only joking! Really!" went the correction, several hours later) (I'm paraphrasing. He didn't actually issue a correction or say anything. His press secretary issued a statement saying that he didn't really mean it. You should all feel safe now.) 

Today, noted right-wing commentator Glenn Beck threatened to quit the NRA because it was being infiltrated by the Muslim Brotherhood. To make it clear, the Muslim Brotherhood is an Egyptian right-wing political organization, and the alleged agent of this infiltration is Grover Norquist, a noted anarchist who has through a strange sequence of events become very powerful among Washington's right wing. Because, you know, conservative government officials are often beholden to... more »

A few days ago, a sitting US Senator and candidate for President announced his intention to, if elected, stage a military coup. ("Hah hah! I was only joking! Really!" went the correction, several hours later) (I'm paraphrasing. He didn't actually issue a correction or say anything. His press secretary issued a statement saying that he didn't really mean it. You should all feel safe now.) 

Today, noted right-wing commentator Glenn Beck threatened to quit the NRA because it was being infiltrated by the Muslim Brotherhood. To make it clear, the Muslim Brotherhood is an Egyptian right-wing political organization, and the alleged agent of this infiltration is Grover Norquist, a noted anarchist who has through a strange sequence of events become very powerful among Washington's right wing. Because, you know, conservative government officials are often beholden to anarchists.

Maybe this seems unusually strange to me because I grew up during the Cold War. I hear things like this and imagine Soviet propagandists cackling with glee, while inside the Kremlin, urgent meetings of the Politburo discuss KGB reports and try to figure out if the US is actually about to fall to a military dictatorship. Missile silos go on alert. And I imagine the right wing of the US government quickly clubbing anyone who went too crazy over the head, possibly literally, because the last thing they want would be to strengthen the USSR's hand.

But no, we live in a post-Soviet era, and I am starting to suspect that one of the most lasting consequences of the "hyperpower" era of the US may be that all of the chains which held complete lunatics in check have simultaneously been released, and so the inmates are not only running the asylum, they have been elected to its board of directors.

I don't even know how to satire, anymore.

h/t +Irreverent Monk for this article, and for the further gradual erosion of my sanity.___

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2015-03-14 04:46:00 (3 comments, 5 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

... [I]f we do look at the number of cases, the portrait is even starker. In 2013, 32,975 offenses had associated warrants, so that there were 1.5 offenses for every city resident.

That means that the city of Ferguson quite literally has more crimes than people.

... [I]f we do look at the number of cases, the portrait is even starker. In 2013, 32,975 offenses had associated warrants, so that there were 1.5 offenses for every city resident.

That means that the city of Ferguson quite literally has more crimes than people.___

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2015-03-12 18:35:51 (3 comments, 5 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

"ALL THESE WORLDS 
ARE YOURS EXCEPT 
EUROPA 
ATTEMPT NO 
LANDING THERE 
USE THEM TOGETHER
USE THEM IN PEACE
ENCELADUS IS OK, THOUGH,
BECAUSE ITS MUSIC SCENE 
KINDA SUCKS 
AND THERE ARE NO GOOD 
THAI RESTAURANTS"

"ALL THESE WORLDS 
ARE YOURS EXCEPT 
EUROPA 
ATTEMPT NO 
LANDING THERE 
USE THEM TOGETHER
USE THEM IN PEACE
ENCELADUS IS OK, THOUGH,
BECAUSE ITS MUSIC SCENE 
KINDA SUCKS 
AND THERE ARE NO GOOD 
THAI RESTAURANTS"___

2015-03-12 16:55:24 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Hegel, Žižek, and Stalin walk into a bar. Hegel orders nothing. Žižek orders the same, but a double. Stalin orders them shot.

Hegel, Žižek, and Stalin walk into a bar. Hegel orders nothing. Žižek orders the same, but a double. Stalin orders them shot.___

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2015-03-12 03:29:09 (12 comments, 7 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

Senator Graham (R-SC), during a campaign stop in New Hampshire, announced his intention to stage a military coup if elected. The exact quote:

"[A]nd here is the first thing I would do if I were President of the United States: I wouldn’t let Congress leave town until we fix this. I would literally use the military to keep them in if I had to. We’re not leaving town until we restore these defense cuts. We’re not leaving town until we restore the intel cuts."

I really have no idea what one can add to this. He wants to use the military to force Congress to give more money to the military. After that, presumably, he would tell the military to go home, and not use them against Congress ever again.

(And as Taub notes in the story, he's not even saying that he'll use the military to hold Congress prisoner until they vote up or down on the issue; he'sgoing... more »

Senator Graham (R-SC), during a campaign stop in New Hampshire, announced his intention to stage a military coup if elected. The exact quote:

"[A]nd here is the first thing I would do if I were President of the United States: I wouldn’t let Congress leave town until we fix this. I would literally use the military to keep them in if I had to. We’re not leaving town until we restore these defense cuts. We’re not leaving town until we restore the intel cuts."

I really have no idea what one can add to this. He wants to use the military to force Congress to give more money to the military. After that, presumably, he would tell the military to go home, and not use them against Congress ever again.

(And as Taub notes in the story, he's not even saying that he'll use the military to hold Congress prisoner until they vote up or down on the issue; he's going to hold them prisoner until they vote a particular way.)

What the ever-loving fuck has this country come to that sitting US Senators consider calling for a military coup to be the sort of thing one does while campaigning for President?

(Audio recording here: http://benswann.com/graham-military-force-congress/)___

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2015-03-11 18:49:41 (13 comments, 1 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Reshared because, unfortunately, this has recently become relevant again.

Why I Ban False Consciousness Arguments (Except If You Accuse Me)

If it's not clear already, this stream has a hard ban on arguments which rely on the conclusion that someone is falsifying their beliefs in order to win an argument. This seems baffling, because of course people falsify what they believe all the time. I've done it myself. All of you have done it. 

To explain why, here's an unsympathetic-enough theology that the majority of readers should be understand why I object. Cornelius Van Til believes the following:

(1) That humans are incapable of moral behavior. All human behavior that appears to be moral is, in fact, self-interested, except in the special case of moral behavior by Christians. 

(2) All humans are born with an innate understanding that the God of the Bible is real. It is impossible to avoid this conclusion.

(3) Arguments to the contrary are motivated not by disbelief in God but hatred of God.

In other words, except for professing Christians (or rather the subset of those Christians who are elect), the world is occupied by robots piloted by Satan. Until they admit the existence of God, their arguments are infinitely disingenuous, driven by the human incapacity for conscience without the direct and personal intervention of the divine. We can therefore dismiss what they have to say out of hand.

This view of the world, notably, is no less plausible than solipsism, which is the gold standard for plausible-but-useless philosophical positions. It just requires that certain other people have fundamentally different motivations than you do. So the problem is not that it doesn't prove anything. The problem is that it proves anything at all.

This is true no matter the motivation you substitute for the opposing positoin: on the right, this is generally "sneering, parasitic evil;" on the left, it is usually "compulsion, brainwashing, or inability to discern your own best interest." The range of attitudes these motives provoke ranges from "contemptuous pity" to "angry contempt," and the sort of resulting argument ranges from Calvinist hellfire and brimstone, to libertarian rants about looters, to socialist rants about workers' false consciousness, to identity arguments about internalized [X].

None of these are productive at all. They fail to distinguish any potential state of the world from any other state. It is as plausible that atheists hate God as it is that the poor are trying to strip-mine resources from the productive as it is that conservative workers has been cowed into submission by their bosses. Any of these things could be true (or indeed all of them could), but if any of them were, then the resulting world would be indistinguishable from the world in which people mostly say what they believe. (viz., the world that actually exists.)

(1) I should note that as a general matter, my stream rules do not apply to me. So if you would like to accuse me of being a robot piloted by Satan, you can do so unless you don't have anything interesting or novel to say on the matter. I usually find this to be the case, but you never know.___Reshared because, unfortunately, this has recently become relevant again.

2015-03-11 18:18:08 (38 comments, 2 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

My fear -- and I am not sure that it is unreasonable -- is that the placebo effect really as good as studies say it is. Imagine if you could actually get huge subjective welfare benefits by believing crazy things. And not even crazy things that cost a lot of money -- random crazy things.

It is at least possible that I am missing out on something important because as fascinated as I am with insane ideas, I find it nearly impossible to believe any of them.

My fear -- and I am not sure that it is unreasonable -- is that the placebo effect really as good as studies say it is. Imagine if you could actually get huge subjective welfare benefits by believing crazy things. And not even crazy things that cost a lot of money -- random crazy things.

It is at least possible that I am missing out on something important because as fascinated as I am with insane ideas, I find it nearly impossible to believe any of them.___

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2015-03-11 17:12:45 (11 comments, 3 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

For a single, shining day, Ireland inadvertently plunged down the slippery slope that right-wing talk radio tells us that gay marriage begins: they legalized crystal meth and banned heterosexual marriage.

For a single, shining day, Ireland inadvertently plunged down the slippery slope that right-wing talk radio tells us that gay marriage begins: they legalized crystal meth and banned heterosexual marriage.___

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2015-03-11 06:39:25 (16 comments, 6 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

The minister, leader of the Yisrael Beiteinu party and an outspoken critic of Israel’s Arab population, made the controversial remarks on Sunday in a speech to an election rally held in the western Israeli city of Herzliya ahead of the March 17 vote.

What follows is an exclusive transcript of the editorial conversation that resulted in this fucking sentence:

A: Hey, Dave. Is there, like, a word for an outspoken critic of an ethnic minority that recommends indiscriminate lethal violence against them?

B: Like, in English?

A: Yeah.

B: Nothing's coming to mind. Wait. Does it start with "r?"

A: Doesn't sound familiar to me.

B: Like, what do you call someone who doesn't like black people? Like, in America?

A: I have seriously never heard of thath... more »

The minister, leader of the Yisrael Beiteinu party and an outspoken critic of Israel’s Arab population, made the controversial remarks on Sunday in a speech to an election rally held in the western Israeli city of Herzliya ahead of the March 17 vote.

What follows is an exclusive transcript of the editorial conversation that resulted in this fucking sentence:

A: Hey, Dave. Is there, like, a word for an outspoken critic of an ethnic minority that recommends indiscriminate lethal violence against them?

B: Like, in English?

A: Yeah.

B: Nothing's coming to mind. Wait. Does it start with "r?"

A: Doesn't sound familiar to me.

B: Like, what do you call someone who doesn't like black people? Like, in America?

A: I have seriously never heard of that happening.

B: Then I got nothing, man.

A: Well, fuck it, then, I guess I'm going to say "outspoken critic of Israel’s Arab population," but I'll be damned if it isn't awkward. 

Fin.___

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2015-03-10 21:57:00 (22 comments, 10 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

I do not have much to say about this article by +David Auerbach, except that I strongly endorse its taxonomy of leftism without fully embracing its conclusions. 

Read it.

I do not have much to say about this article by +David Auerbach, except that I strongly endorse its taxonomy of leftism without fully embracing its conclusions. 

Read it.___

2015-03-10 17:40:21 (19 comments, 0 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

I am not sure whether this is unfair, but after almost a year working at Google, the word "Haskell" is as sure a sign that I'm not going to like what's written after as the words "fractional-reserve banking,"  "geodesic dome," "March Against Monsanto," or "so-called American government."

I am not sure whether this is unfair, but after almost a year working at Google, the word "Haskell" is as sure a sign that I'm not going to like what's written after as the words "fractional-reserve banking,"  "geodesic dome," "March Against Monsanto," or "so-called American government."___

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2015-03-10 17:38:47 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

It's interesting to see an external perspective on decisions that I have an internal view on. A couple thoughts, which will necessarily be slightly oblique:

(1) Once you're inside, you forget that all of the decisions about deprecation are going to be attributed to the relatively small portion of the product iceberg which is above the surface. The Google technology stack is extremely tall, and the deprecation of things very deep in the stack -- things that no one outside Google has heard of -- can have long-lasting ripple effects on user-facing products that are now in maintenance mode.

(2) Having a plurality of the world's search eyeballs means that Google's primary business is now defending the growth of the Internet writ large. This means that its behavior toward saturated markets like the US and Europe will often seem strange. Growing markets are very... more »

It's interesting to see an external perspective on decisions that I have an internal view on. A couple thoughts, which will necessarily be slightly oblique:

(1) Once you're inside, you forget that all of the decisions about deprecation are going to be attributed to the relatively small portion of the product iceberg which is above the surface. The Google technology stack is extremely tall, and the deprecation of things very deep in the stack -- things that no one outside Google has heard of -- can have long-lasting ripple effects on user-facing products that are now in maintenance mode.

(2) Having a plurality of the world's search eyeballs means that Google's primary business is now defending the growth of the Internet writ large. This means that its behavior toward saturated markets like the US and Europe will often seem strange. Growing markets are very different than the US.

Even Android is best understood in terms of its relation to core Google business.  

(3) Exposure to worldwide legal process, nation-state adversaries, and regulatory risk creates diseconomies of scale when Google attempts to do certain small things. This is especially the case in areas where Google's privacy-related engineering mandates make it difficult to implement a feature or product in a way that's consistent with our obligations to users with an extremely wide range of threat models.___

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2015-03-10 04:28:50 (3 comments, 5 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Reposting this at +Andreas Schou's request, into a re-sharable format. Original context at the link.

It is possible to be sexist (or racist or homophobic) in the abstract, and still be a fantastic supporter of women, one woman at a time. It is also possible to believe ardently in women's rights, while believing that, one woman at a time, this woman does not count, and you can violate her boundaries with impunity. It is an unfortunate truism of humans that we're really lousy at applying generalities, even ones we believe strongly in, in the moment. These two bad things can and do reinforce each other, but frankly, I find the latter both less teachable and more problematic. The former has a good heart and a bad culture, the latter has a bad heart, and those are harder to fix. 
Not all wrongs are equally wrong, and good intentions count for a lot. Teach the stupid and misguided,... more »

Reposting this at +Andreas Schou's request, into a re-sharable format. Original context at the link.

It is possible to be sexist (or racist or homophobic) in the abstract, and still be a fantastic supporter of women, one woman at a time. It is also possible to believe ardently in women's rights, while believing that, one woman at a time, this woman does not count, and you can violate her boundaries with impunity. It is an unfortunate truism of humans that we're really lousy at applying generalities, even ones we believe strongly in, in the moment. These two bad things can and do reinforce each other, but frankly, I find the latter both less teachable and more problematic. The former has a good heart and a bad culture, the latter has a bad heart, and those are harder to fix. 
Not all wrongs are equally wrong, and good intentions count for a lot. Teach the stupid and misguided, punish the malicious and the violent.___

2015-03-09 23:11:41 (8 comments, 13 reshares, 57 +1s)Open 

On Sexism in the Tech Industry, and Why We're Blind to It 

If you are male, in the tech industry, and are baffled by the fact that you don't see the extremely inappropriate behavior that your female colleagues are complaining about, consider that if you are in a Google engineering org, there are eight to twelve times as many men as women. To get a baseline approximation of ambient workplace hostility, take a few counterfactuals:

(A) That workplace social graphs are randomly distributed, with no nonrandom siloing by gender;

(B) That all inappropriate work behavior is initiated by men and directed at women, and;

(C) That any given woman is as likely as any other to be targeted, and;

(D) That all harassment happens in a setting where exactly one randomly selected person is well-positioned to observe. 
more »

On Sexism in the Tech Industry, and Why We're Blind to It 

If you are male, in the tech industry, and are baffled by the fact that you don't see the extremely inappropriate behavior that your female colleagues are complaining about, consider that if you are in a Google engineering org, there are eight to twelve times as many men as women. To get a baseline approximation of ambient workplace hostility, take a few counterfactuals:

(A) That workplace social graphs are randomly distributed, with no nonrandom siloing by gender;

(B) That all inappropriate work behavior is initiated by men and directed at women, and;

(C) That any given woman is as likely as any other to be targeted, and;

(D) That all harassment happens in a setting where exactly one randomly selected person is well-positioned to observe. 

Think back to the most inappropriate thing you've seen this year. Under these assumptions, that happens to each woman engineer at Google, every month. The most inappropriate thing you've seen in the past twelve years (for many of you, "your entire career") happens to each woman engineer at Google every year.

There are lots of ways in which this could be off: unusual concentrations of women in particular organizations; same-gender sexual harassment; preferential targeting; lack or excess of witnesses. Any or all of these might be true. But there is no reason to expect that a completely naive baseline (viz., "occurrence of sexual harassment at precisely the level I observe") is anything close to true.___

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2015-03-05 21:13:03 (38 comments, 18 reshares, 95 +1s)Open 

What in god's name was this octopus trying to do?

Maybe that's the wrong question. There's no question that octopi are smart -- they can puzzle their way through surprisingly complex tasks -- but they're also not a lot like humans. There's only a limited extent that we can empathize with animals -- and there's a good chance that we'll get it wrong. (c.f. http://goo.gl/D8yjd)

Octopi, though. Octopi are particularly difficult, and I don't know if "volition" is really the right model to describe what this animal is trying to do.

Most of an octopus' neurons are in its arms. The rest are in a donut-shaped brain that surrounds its digestive tract. Vision and hearing are handled centrally, but proprioception, smell, touch, and taste are mostly delegated to the nerve cords in the arms. Which means that, subjectively, an octopus is... more »

What in god's name was this octopus trying to do?

Maybe that's the wrong question. There's no question that octopi are smart -- they can puzzle their way through surprisingly complex tasks -- but they're also not a lot like humans. There's only a limited extent that we can empathize with animals -- and there's a good chance that we'll get it wrong. (c.f. http://goo.gl/D8yjd)

Octopi, though. Octopi are particularly difficult, and I don't know if "volition" is really the right model to describe what this animal is trying to do.

Most of an octopus' neurons are in its arms. The rest are in a donut-shaped brain that surrounds its digestive tract. Vision and hearing are handled centrally, but proprioception, smell, touch, and taste are mostly delegated to the nerve cords in the arms. Which means that, subjectively, an octopus is probably something like an unruly parliament of snakes ruled by a dog. 

If you've ever gotten a chance to interact with an octopus in person, you'll find that it really doesn't have much control over the details of what its tentacles do. Run your finger over the sensory surface, and its suckers will cup your fingers and the end will curl around it. Only afterward -- when the octopus actually looks at what you're doing -- does the octopus seem to get a grip on what its tentacle is gripping. 

This octopus is crawling out of its tank. But it probably doesn't have a great idea about where the tips of its tentacles are, and -- because it can't see what its arms are doing -- probably doesn't yet know that it's trying to make a break for freedom. ___

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2015-03-04 20:45:27 (25 comments, 5 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

In a sense, this is right. In another, it's not answering the right question. Why would the NSA demand encryption backdoors even if they know full well that no such thing is practical? The answer eventually comes down to institutional design.

Some thoughts on how we went wrong:

(1) In a sense, the NSA is like a large tech company which contains both engineers and less-technical project managers. The engineers are generally mathematics and computer science Ph.Ds from specialized fields. The project managers are all military officers. Employees that span both domains are extremely uncommon: most managerial positions are filled by people who started in military signals intelligence or the CIA, then transferred to NSA.

The head of the NSA is, by law, always a military officer. By custom, the deputy director of the NSA is a mathematician or engineer, but there's no mistaking... more »

There could hardly be a better, or better-timed, story showing why the intelligence community's idiotic call for weakening the cryptographic protections on our communications is an awful and dangerous idea. In the 1990s, security was deliberately weakened so that spies could spy, and today we find that practically all of our communications are now subject to interception by criminals[1] as a result.

The NSA and others want a crypto backdoor that only they can use. If you know anything about security, you know that's a logical impossibility -- a lock that only good guys[2] can open. It doesn't work because the lock has no way to tell if you're a good guy. It only knows whether you have the key.

What's really interesting about that is that the NSA, of all organizations, must know that what they're asking for can't exist. (Or else they're woefully incompetent and should be shut down for that reason alone.) So they clearly don't care whether your information is stolen by criminals, as long as they get to continue spying on you.

Thus, every demand they make to weaken our security is a reminder of just why we need better security. Keep demanding, ya jerks. Keep demanding.

--
[1] Determining the overlap between "spies" and "criminals" is left as an exercise for the reader.

[2] That's how the NSA sees themselves, of course. It isn't how the rest of us see them. Yet another reminder not to make their lives easier by using a deliberately weakened lock.___In a sense, this is right. In another, it's not answering the right question. Why would the NSA demand encryption backdoors even if they know full well that no such thing is practical? The answer eventually comes down to institutional design.

Some thoughts on how we went wrong:

(1) In a sense, the NSA is like a large tech company which contains both engineers and less-technical project managers. The engineers are generally mathematics and computer science Ph.Ds from specialized fields. The project managers are all military officers. Employees that span both domains are extremely uncommon: most managerial positions are filled by people who started in military signals intelligence or the CIA, then transferred to NSA.

The head of the NSA is, by law, always a military officer. By custom, the deputy director of the NSA is a mathematician or engineer, but there's no mistaking who's in charge: officers with often-marginal technical ability. Insofar as the NSA believes that key escrow is possible to do safely, that knowledge is fully believed by nontechnical management, not the cryptographers that would be called upon to implement the program.

(2) In another sense, the NSA is like the Air Force.

The USAF is basically a logistics organization. Their job is to put men and materiel precisely where they belong, as quickly as possible, using planes. That's what most of the Air Force does: only 2% of its personnel are combat pilots, and less than a third of its planes are armed. By comparison, the Navy -- which is not primarily a logistics organization -- has more combat pilots and aircraft.

Nonetheless, most of the USAF's leadership comes out of the combat pilot ranks. Why? Because combat aircraft are the flashiest and most iconic symbols of what the USAF does. 

Since the idea of cyberwarfare came on the scene, the NSA has been selecting its leadership from officers with a background in offensive cyberwarfare, rather than defensive cryptography. To the average congressperson, this is both more exciting and more comprehensible. This leads the NSA to systematically overestimate the value of offensive operations and denigrate the critical importance of solid civilian cryptography.

(3) Compartmentalization makes it difficult for the NSA to evaluate the systemic risk of espionage programs. 

Inside the NSA, functional segregation makes it difficult to understand the risk characteristics of programs outside an individual employee's reporting chain or tech stack. Only high-level managers have comprehensive need-to-know over most of the agency's programs, but their limited attention means that it's difficult for the people in charge to assess technical risk.

Which they wouldn't be particularly good at anyway. Because they aren't technical.

(4) Secrecy is corrosive to accountability. When you don't have to justify your actions to anyone -- when, in fact, it's a crime to justify your actions to anyone but the person who ordered them -- you stand a greater risk of doing things which are unjustified.

This means, ultimately, that the more secrecy your program needs, the more hostile oversight needs to be. 

2015-03-04 17:44:55 (12 comments, 4 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

"""
What we have done over the past thirty years is to build a creditor’s paradise of positive real interest rates, low inflation, open markets, beaten-down unions, and a retreating state — all policed by unelected economic officials in central banks and other unelected institutions that have only one target: to keep such a creditor’s paradise going.

In such a world, why would you, the average worker, ever get a pay rise? Indeed, is it any wonder that inequality is everywhere an issue? In Europe this plays out at the national level, and at the international level of creditor countries (good) and debtor countries (bad), where the rights of the creditors must be protected and the mantra that “you must pay your debts” must be respected.

Yet even in terms of simple welfare economics, this is nonsense. If the cost of squeezing the debtor is to keep her in debtservitude... more »

"""
What we have done over the past thirty years is to build a creditor’s paradise of positive real interest rates, low inflation, open markets, beaten-down unions, and a retreating state — all policed by unelected economic officials in central banks and other unelected institutions that have only one target: to keep such a creditor’s paradise going.

In such a world, why would you, the average worker, ever get a pay rise? Indeed, is it any wonder that inequality is everywhere an issue? In Europe this plays out at the national level, and at the international level of creditor countries (good) and debtor countries (bad), where the rights of the creditors must be protected and the mantra that “you must pay your debts” must be respected.

Yet even in terms of simple welfare economics, this is nonsense. If the cost of squeezing the debtor is to keep her in debt servitude, or if the losses to the creditors are less than the costs of servicing the debt in perpetuity, then default is efficient, if not moral.
"""___

2015-03-03 17:47:08 (65 comments, 10 reshares, 115 +1s)Open 

A couple of weeks ago, I made a mortifying, racist mistake.

While at dinner, I tried to hand my valet ticket to a very polite, African-American pediatric oncologist who was standing in the valet shelter, trying to stay warm while waiting for his car. He wasn't dressed like a valet. The area was well-lit. It wasn't on purpose, but it also wasn't an understandable mistake.

I am probably not as good at not doing this as I think I am. I had likely done similar things in the past and simply not noticed. But let's say that it's a once-in-35-years mistake for me: that even if I try to be as sensitive as I can, I'll fuck up this sort of basic human transaction once every thirty-five years.

Well, that doesn't seem so bad, I thought.

Until I realized that I was completely wrong. Assuming that every dumb white person in the United States makes... more »

A couple of weeks ago, I made a mortifying, racist mistake.

While at dinner, I tried to hand my valet ticket to a very polite, African-American pediatric oncologist who was standing in the valet shelter, trying to stay warm while waiting for his car. He wasn't dressed like a valet. The area was well-lit. It wasn't on purpose, but it also wasn't an understandable mistake.

I am probably not as good at not doing this as I think I am. I had likely done similar things in the past and simply not noticed. But let's say that it's a once-in-35-years mistake for me: that even if I try to be as sensitive as I can, I'll fuck up this sort of basic human transaction once every thirty-five years.

Well, that doesn't seem so bad, I thought.

Until I realized that I was completely wrong. Assuming that every dumb white person in the United States makes this mistake every 35 years, it will happen 446 million times in the average human lifetime, or ~once every six years to the average black person -- and extraordinarily disproportionately to the people in the least diverse environments.  Like the tech industry, for instance. 

Which means that the feeling "oh, well, I hardly ever screw up this badly" can be both completely true and completely irrelevant. When raw numbers are so unevenly distributed, even rare mistakes can create a constant drumbeat of inadvertent awkwardness and hostility -- to which there is really no cure other than trying uncomfortably hard not to be an asshole. ___

2015-03-02 19:45:17 (9 comments, 1 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Someone asked me about it, so here's One Weird Trick to successfully identify an unknown, obscure written language without speaking it. This assumes that the easy way -- running it through auto-identify in Google Translate -- didn't work.

Identify the script that it's written in. If it's unique to that language, congratulations! You win. If it's not, find that script's alphabet or abjad. Look through the text for nonstandard characters or diacritics. Pull all of the nonstandard characters and diacritics out and find out what language they're used in. You'll almost certainly narrow it down to a single language family. 

Once you've done that, you can just Google individual words in your corpus. This will likely give you a country TLD, or -- at worst -- a geographic region. Geography + unique characters will almost certainly give you a single language.... more »

Someone asked me about it, so here's One Weird Trick to successfully identify an unknown, obscure written language without speaking it. This assumes that the easy way -- running it through auto-identify in Google Translate -- didn't work.

Identify the script that it's written in. If it's unique to that language, congratulations! You win. If it's not, find that script's alphabet or abjad. Look through the text for nonstandard characters or diacritics. Pull all of the nonstandard characters and diacritics out and find out what language they're used in. You'll almost certainly narrow it down to a single language family. 

Once you've done that, you can just Google individual words in your corpus. This will likely give you a country TLD, or -- at worst -- a geographic region. Geography + unique characters will almost certainly give you a single language. And at least for a moment, you'll seem way, way smarter than you actually are.___

2015-03-02 00:59:53 (85 comments, 5 reshares, 82 +1s)Open 

All currencies are fiat. Gold is a fiat currency where your central bank is a Brazilian mining consortium.

All currencies are fiat. Gold is a fiat currency where your central bank is a Brazilian mining consortium.___

2015-02-21 20:50:00 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

As it turns out, +Jo-el van Bergen​ and +Chris Jones​' wild tales about the unknown lands east of British Columbia come from a rich Canadian literary tradition. Even the mythical city of "Saskatoon" is meant to evoke the famed disappearing city of Brigadoon.

Someday, we may discover what lies in the Far Lands east of Vancouver, but when we do, it will sadly foreclose the rich imagined history of Albaschewan.

http://drboli.com/2015/02/18/lets-visit-canada-10/

As it turns out, +Jo-el van Bergen​ and +Chris Jones​' wild tales about the unknown lands east of British Columbia come from a rich Canadian literary tradition. Even the mythical city of "Saskatoon" is meant to evoke the famed disappearing city of Brigadoon.

Someday, we may discover what lies in the Far Lands east of Vancouver, but when we do, it will sadly foreclose the rich imagined history of Albaschewan.

http://drboli.com/2015/02/18/lets-visit-canada-10/___

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2015-02-21 20:02:53 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-19 21:13:57 (11 comments, 13 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Everything about this story is raw, high-octane nightmare fuel, from the name of the amusement park to the fact that a sex offender stole an animatronic clown to the fact that someone decided to set the clown up in its own chair during this godawful press conference.

Everything about this story is raw, high-octane nightmare fuel, from the name of the amusement park to the fact that a sex offender stole an animatronic clown to the fact that someone decided to set the clown up in its own chair during this godawful press conference.___

2015-02-19 20:31:27 (29 comments, 1 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Something which had not struck me before, and which  illustrates the sheer difficulty of moving away from hydrocarbon fuels: the energy density of your laptop battery's plastic casing, at ~41 MJ/L, is far higher than the energy density of the laptop battery itself, at ~1.5 MJ/L. 

Something which had not struck me before, and which  illustrates the sheer difficulty of moving away from hydrocarbon fuels: the energy density of your laptop battery's plastic casing, at ~41 MJ/L, is far higher than the energy density of the laptop battery itself, at ~1.5 MJ/L. ___

2015-02-19 17:44:23 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

I think that the extreme problems with Wall Street are what has given rise to the new tendency to remove shareholders from all forms of decision making, formally, through tiered stock issues which concentrate nearly all voting power in the hands of the founders. And the market has been very clear on this: it has greatly rewarded this organization each time it has arisen and so provided explicit rejection of any thesis which begins with the idea that financial interests have been creating value.

I think that the extreme problems with Wall Street are what has given rise to the new tendency to remove shareholders from all forms of decision making, formally, through tiered stock issues which concentrate nearly all voting power in the hands of the founders. And the market has been very clear on this: it has greatly rewarded this organization each time it has arisen and so provided explicit rejection of any thesis which begins with the idea that financial interests have been creating value.___

2015-02-19 03:06:22 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

The silliness here is deep and extreme. There is only one power calculation at work here: Russia has nuclear weapons and intercontinental delivery capability.

That is the first, last, and only thing you need to know about what we can do militarily.

The silliness here is deep and extreme. There is only one power calculation at work here: Russia has nuclear weapons and intercontinental delivery capability.

That is the first, last, and only thing you need to know about what we can do militarily.___

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2015-02-17 21:28:17 (50 comments, 9 reshares, 46 +1s)Open 

Q: Why the hell would Netanyahu bite the hand that feeds him? Intelligence cooperation with the United States is absolutely critical to Israel, and only moderately useful to the US.

A: Here's a hypothesis: Netanyahu isn't just a conservative Israeli leader. Relative to the United States, he's a Republican Israeli leader.

You might expect, in general, that a foreign leader who spent some of his formative years in a particular country might develop a strong grasp on the intricacies of that country's politics. And Netanyahu did exactly that: he spent most of his teenage years living in the United States. But throughout his second stint as prime minister, he's consistently made diplomatic decisions that -- to an American -- seem bafflingly tone-deaf and counterproductive. 

He's announced settlement expansions to coincide with US diplomatic... more »

Q: Why the hell would Netanyahu bite the hand that feeds him? Intelligence cooperation with the United States is absolutely critical to Israel, and only moderately useful to the US.

A: Here's a hypothesis: Netanyahu isn't just a conservative Israeli leader. Relative to the United States, he's a Republican Israeli leader.

You might expect, in general, that a foreign leader who spent some of his formative years in a particular country might develop a strong grasp on the intricacies of that country's politics. And Netanyahu did exactly that: he spent most of his teenage years living in the United States. But throughout his second stint as prime minister, he's consistently made diplomatic decisions that -- to an American -- seem bafflingly tone-deaf and counterproductive. 

He's announced settlement expansions to coincide with US diplomatic visits. He's twice attempted to meddle in American elections. He's had Mossad impersonate the CIA in their interactions with MEK. He's decided to sandbag Obama by appearing for unannounced speeches to Congress. And now, as it turns out, he's intentionally leaking US-derived intelligence to the Israeli press in an attempt to undermine US-Iranian negotiations.  

While his interactions with Europe have been chilly -- as they always are -- his diplomatic stance toward the United States has been uniquely partisan. He seems to believe that the Democratic Party is monolithically anti-Israel, and that his only real ally in the United States is the Republican Party.

American and Israeli politics are deeply interwoven: American political consultants often work on Israeli campaigns, and vice-versa. At present, for instance, a former Obama campaign advisor is leading one of the largest left-oriented Israeli voter registration campaigns, and Netanyahu's American ambassador, Ron Dermer, is a former Republican political apparatchik.

Imagine, for a moment, that your primary view into American political culture was filtered through a Republican lens, through someone predisposed to believe the partisan line about Democrats. You'd believe that the left was intrinsically anti-Semitic, and black Americans especially so. You'd believe that prominent figures on the left had deep Islamist sympathies, and that Democratic foreign policy amounted to appeasement. You'd believe that the majority of Americans were deeply, unconditionally committed to the security of Israel, and that insofar as the government behaves inconsistently with that fact, it's because of fraudulent votes, an embedded fifth-column in the media and civil service, and low-information voters excited to vote for the first black president, no matter how incompetent he was in practice.

If I were Israel's PM, and I believed that, I'd behave precisely as Netanyahu is behaving. I'd be anxious that my country's fate depended on the pro-Israel majority's defeat of Obama's attempts at appeasement, and I'd do everything in my power to stop it. ___

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2015-02-14 01:47:45 (9 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

I had started to write this post talking about law, and social order, and what needs to be done to stop these people. But I'm too angry to write coherently about this right now.

There is a very powerful lesson you learn growing up as a Jew: there is no such thing as a threat against "those people over there." If a mob is killing black people, or Muslims, or Salvadorans, or whatever one day, they will just as happily turn around and kill you and your family the next. What pulls mobs together is not hate for a particular group: it's the joy of hate itself, of being able to express violence with impunity. That includes everything from simple verbal violence -- being able to rant against groups, violently and vehemently, and receiving the approbation of your friends -- to mobs that burn, rape, and murder. It's the joy of having a family whose history is an endless sequence of... more »

I had started to write this post talking about law, and social order, and what needs to be done to stop these people. But I'm too angry to write coherently about this right now.

There is a very powerful lesson you learn growing up as a Jew: there is no such thing as a threat against "those people over there." If a mob is killing black people, or Muslims, or Salvadorans, or whatever one day, they will just as happily turn around and kill you and your family the next. What pulls mobs together is not hate for a particular group: it's the joy of hate itself, of being able to express violence with impunity. That includes everything from simple verbal violence -- being able to rant against groups, violently and vehemently, and receiving the approbation of your friends -- to mobs that burn, rape, and murder. It's the joy of having a family whose history is an endless sequence of fleeing, or failing to flee, ethnic violence.

Many people have talked about how there is no "us and them" in such violence; you have probably heard Niemöller's famous "first they came for the Socialists" quote. But when you live this -- when you have call trees for your family members that you go through every time violence happens near them, to see who's all right -- the terror becomes much more real, much more stomach-churning.

When I read this story, or the story of the murders of Yusor Abu-Salha, Deah Barakat, and Razan Abu-Salha in Chapel Hill, I have a terror for my Muslim friends, and worry if the violence will trigger more of it and put them in danger. Likewise the lynching of James Anderson frightens me for my black friends; other murders for trans friends, for Jewish friends, for sex worker friends, for any number of groups of people that I know will be put in danger because violence tends to spread. 

But I know that after that, lying in bed at night, I'm going to have the second worry: that when the violence spreads, my own family might be in danger as well.

Hate is like arson: it is feared not just for what it does, but because it can spread. 

This fire is frightening not simply because it happened, but because it happened four days after the Chapel Hill murders. It's a blaze spreading from one rooftop to another, and it must be put out.

h/t +Saladin Ahmed for the link.___

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2015-02-13 16:54:16 (4 comments, 5 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

"Still, in those early days, the collective fury felt righteous, powerful and effective. It felt as if hierarchies were being dismantled, as if justice were being democratized. As time passed, though, I watched these shame campaigns multiply, to the point that they targeted not just powerful institutions and public figures but really anyone perceived to have done something offensive."

"Still, in those early days, the collective fury felt righteous, powerful and effective. It felt as if hierarchies were being dismantled, as if justice were being democratized. As time passed, though, I watched these shame campaigns multiply, to the point that they targeted not just powerful institutions and public figures but really anyone perceived to have done something offensive."___

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2015-02-12 17:49:50 (80 comments, 5 reshares, 67 +1s)Open 

Not true. Hydrogen is a great fuel!

Hm. But it's not very compact. If only there was some way to hang hydrogen atoms off of a skeleton of other common atoms. Hm. Oh wait! Carbon has four places to put a hydrogen atom. So we can just create a string of carbon atoms and then hang hydrogens off of them, and ...

... oh wait, I just invented gasoline. I see what you mean, Elon.

Not true. Hydrogen is a great fuel!

Hm. But it's not very compact. If only there was some way to hang hydrogen atoms off of a skeleton of other common atoms. Hm. Oh wait! Carbon has four places to put a hydrogen atom. So we can just create a string of carbon atoms and then hang hydrogens off of them, and ...

... oh wait, I just invented gasoline. I see what you mean, Elon.___

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2015-02-11 20:57:02 (49 comments, 22 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Exactly right.

Formal rituals of subjugation are commonplace in highly stratified societies. To formally become a Spartan warrior, a young man was required to murder a helot. The Aztec Triple Alliance declared ritual "wars" against their subject cities. In the postwar South, black citizens were killed for fictive or actual transgressions against the racial hierarchy.

These rituals are intended to punish the innocent rather the guilty. The purpose is to engender superstitious, ritualistic avoidance of threats to the established order, not to actually punish those who rebelled against it.

Exactly right.

Formal rituals of subjugation are commonplace in highly stratified societies. To formally become a Spartan warrior, a young man was required to murder a helot. The Aztec Triple Alliance declared ritual "wars" against their subject cities. In the postwar South, black citizens were killed for fictive or actual transgressions against the racial hierarchy.

These rituals are intended to punish the innocent rather the guilty. The purpose is to engender superstitious, ritualistic avoidance of threats to the established order, not to actually punish those who rebelled against it.___

Buttons

A special service of CircleCount.com is the following button.

The button shows the number of followers you have directly in a small button. You can add this button to your website, like the +1-Button of Google or the Like-Button of Facebook.






You can add this button directly in your website. For more information about the CircleCount Buttons and the description how to add them to another page click here.

Andreas SchouFacebookCircloscope