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Neuroscience News has been at 3 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+607,059*Isaac Newton's Birthday is on Christmas* Join us in a Newton-inspired holiday physics hangout with rockstar physicist +Henry Reich of +MinutePhysics and +MinuteEarth  and brilliant ballerina biologist +Carin Bondar of +National Geographic, +Scientific American and host of Wild Sex, a science show about the strange reproductive habits of the animal kingdom. She knows how the world gets physical. +Veritasium  AKA +Derek Muller may pop in.  We hear there may even be more special guests so you should probably go ahead and RSVP yes to join the lively conversation. BYOB. Hosted by +Amy Robinson of +Science on Google+ .Happy Newtonmas Hangout2013-12-19 00:00:00143  
EyeWire383,330+Sebastian Seung, Professor of Computational Neuroscience at +Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and creator of +EyeWire will host a 30 minute hangout on air on Thursday, Dec 12th at 3 PM US EST.  During this hangout, Sebastian will answer questions about scientific discoveries made possible with the help of EyeWirers as well as talk about what's in the works for the future of EyeWire.Hangout with Neuroscientist Sebastian Seung2013-12-12 21:00:0053  
Science on Google+607,059Please join us for a collaborative Hangout On Air with Autism Brainstorm (http://goo.gl/HO5LZL). We will be discussing current research in Autism and Autism Education, as well as the protein biomarkers associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Topics:  1) Lead by Dr. +Stephen Shore:   *Research in Comparative Approaches to Autism Education with special emphasis on the Miller Method®.* Dr. Shore will be joined by Ethan Miller and Amir Naimov for discussion and Q&A. 2) Lead by +John Elder Robison:   *Current research topic(s) being considered by IACC* (The Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee  is a Federal advisory committee charged with coordinating all activities concerning autism spectrum disorder within the U.S. 3) Lead by Dr. +Alisa Woods:  *Protein Biomarkers and Autism Spectrum Disorders* *PDF LINKS:* Dr. Stephen Shore Dissertation: Comparative Approaches to Autism Education: http://goo.gl/lnqpxb Dr. Stephen Shore: ICDL The Miller Method: http://goo.gl/X6XQoq John Elder Robison: Scholar in Residence at William And Mary: http://goo.gl/QPxtLH  John Elder Robison: IACC Government Strategic Plan for Autism Research: http://goo.gl/reBc9a Dr. Alisa G Woods: Treating Clients with AS and ASD: http://goo.gl/175424 Dr. Alisa G Woods: Proteomics and Cholesterol in Autism: http://goo.gl/SklhcL *Dr. Stephen Shore:* Diagnosed with "Atypical Development and strong autistic tendencies" and "too sick" for outpatient treatment Dr. Shore was recommended for institutionalization. Nonverbal until four, and with much support from his parents, teachers, wife, and others, Stephen is now a professor at Adelphi University where his research focuses on matching best practice to the needs of people with autism. In addition to working with children and talking about life on the autism spectrum, Stephen presents and consults internationally on adult issues pertinent to education, relationships, employment, advocacy, and disclosure as discussed in his books Beyond the Wall: Personal Experiences with Autism and Asperger Syndrome, Ask and Tell: Self-advocacy and Disclosure for People on the Autism Spectrum, the critically acclaimed Understanding Autism for Dummies., and the newly released DVD Living along the Autism Spectrum: What it means to have Autism or Asperger Syndrome. President emeritus of the Asperger’s Association of New England and former board member of the Autism Society, Dr. Shore serves in the Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism Association, United States Autism and Asperger Association, and other autism related organizations.  Dr. Shore is on the advisory board of AUTISM BRAINSTORM and is the primary autism education advisor. He frequently participates in Google Hangout events hosted by AUTISM BRAINSTORM. education.adelphi.edu/profile/steven-shore www.autismasperger.net  *John Elder Robison:* Self Advocate, Parent and Author, Mr. John Elder Robison joined the IACC as a public member in 2012. Mr. Robison is an Aspergian who grAutism Brainstorm and Science On Google+ Collaborative Hangout On Air2013-12-10 04:00:0088  

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 42

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2015-07-22 06:56:40 (42 comments, 58 reshares, 159 +1s)Open 

Smoking Cannabis Reduces Diabetic Neuropathy Pain

New research reported in The Journal of Pain shows that inhaled cannabis reduces diabetic neuropathy and the analgesic effect is dose-dependent.

The research is in The Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#medicalmarijuana   #neurology   #pain  

Most reshares: 58

posted image

2015-07-22 06:56:40 (42 comments, 58 reshares, 159 +1s)Open 

Smoking Cannabis Reduces Diabetic Neuropathy Pain

New research reported in The Journal of Pain shows that inhaled cannabis reduces diabetic neuropathy and the analgesic effect is dose-dependent.

The research is in The Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#medicalmarijuana   #neurology   #pain  

Most plusones: 187

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2015-07-27 22:31:33 (7 comments, 53 reshares, 187 +1s)Open 

Mom's Choice of Language Has Strong Effect on Infant's Social Skills

Psychologists at the University of York have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get older.

The research is in British Journal of Developmental Psychology. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #language  

Latest 50 posts

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2015-07-29 00:26:15 (7 comments, 13 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Heroin Cravings Reduced by Stress Hormone

Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or other drug. Researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland recently conducted a study on heroin addiction and demonstrated that the stress hormone cortisol can reduce addictive cravings.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)

#addiction   #cortisol  

Heroin Cravings Reduced by Stress Hormone

Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or other drug. Researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland recently conducted a study on heroin addiction and demonstrated that the stress hormone cortisol can reduce addictive cravings.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)

#addiction   #cortisol  ___

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2015-07-28 22:47:28 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Get a Grip! Researchers Grasp How We Hold Objects

Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) have shown that the most important factor in determining grip force isn’t what you can estimate about the object but rather what you can’t. Maurice Smith, the Gordon McKay Professor of Bioengineering, and postdoctoral fellow Alkis Hadjiosif have shown that the amount of variability associated with estimating an object’s physical dynamics, such as its weight, is the most important factor in determining grip force.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience  

Get a Grip! Researchers Grasp How We Hold Objects

Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) have shown that the most important factor in determining grip force isn’t what you can estimate about the object but rather what you can’t. Maurice Smith, the Gordon McKay Professor of Bioengineering, and postdoctoral fellow Alkis Hadjiosif have shown that the amount of variability associated with estimating an object’s physical dynamics, such as its weight, is the most important factor in determining grip force.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience  ___

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2015-07-28 21:23:28 (3 comments, 10 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Does Talent or Training Make a Musician Good? It Depends on Their Brain Structure

A music-training study by scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -The Neuro, at McGill University and colleagues in Germany found evidence to distinguish the parts of the brain that account for individual talent from the parts that are activated through training.

The research is in Cerebral Cortex. (full access paywall)

Research: "Dissociation of Neural Networks for Predisposition and for Training-Related Plasticity in Auditory-Motor Learning" by Sibylle C. Herholz, Emily B.J. Coffey, Christo Pantev and Robert J. Zatorre in Cerebral Cortex doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv138

Image: Participants were required to learn simple piano pieces. Brain activity in certain areas changed after learning, indicating the effect of training. But the... more »

Does Talent or Training Make a Musician Good? It Depends on Their Brain Structure

A music-training study by scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -The Neuro, at McGill University and colleagues in Germany found evidence to distinguish the parts of the brain that account for individual talent from the parts that are activated through training.

The research is in Cerebral Cortex. (full access paywall)

Research: "Dissociation of Neural Networks for Predisposition and for Training-Related Plasticity in Auditory-Motor Learning" by Sibylle C. Herholz, Emily B.J. Coffey, Christo Pantev and Robert J. Zatorre in Cerebral Cortex doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv138

Image: Participants were required to learn simple piano pieces. Brain activity in certain areas changed after learning, indicating the effect of training. But the activity in a different set of brain structures, measured before the training session had started, predicted which test subjects would learn quickly or slowly. Image is for illustrative purposes only. 

#psychology   #learning  ___

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2015-07-28 20:14:08 (1 comments, 11 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Encoding and Retrieving Memories: Understanding Hippcampal Function at the Cellular Level

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/hippocampus-cellular-memory-2331/.

Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept neuroscientists busy for a long time. Researchers at the Mercator Research Group "Structure of Memory" at RUB have now found out that the same brain cells exhibit activity in both processes.

The research is in Hippocampus. (full access paywall)

Research: "Encoding and reactivation patterns predictive of successful memory performance are topographically organized along the longitudinal axis of the hippocampus" by Nozomu H. Nakamura and Magdalena M. Sauvage in... more »

Encoding and Retrieving Memories: Understanding Hippcampal Function at the Cellular Level

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/hippocampus-cellular-memory-2331/.

Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept neuroscientists busy for a long time. Researchers at the Mercator Research Group "Structure of Memory" at RUB have now found out that the same brain cells exhibit activity in both processes.

The research is in Hippocampus. (full access paywall)

Research: "Encoding and reactivation patterns predictive of successful memory performance are topographically organized along the longitudinal axis of the hippocampus" by Nozomu H. Nakamura and Magdalena M. Sauvage in Hippocampus doi:10.1002/hipo.22491

Image: Using molecular imaging, researchers subsequently identified the regions and the cells of the hippocampus in which activity during encoding and retrieval was predictive of accurate memory performance. Image is for illustrative purposes only. Image credit: Santiago Ramón y Cajal.

#memory   #hippocampus   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-07-28 19:46:08 (5 comments, 7 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Sleep Deprivation Reduces Aggression and Mating Behavior in Fruit Flies

Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. One example that has been studied for many years is a link between sleep loss and aggression. But it can be difficult to distinguish sleep loss effects from stress responses, especially in rodent or human models.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

#sleep   #aggression   #neuroscience  

Sleep Deprivation Reduces Aggression and Mating Behavior in Fruit Flies

Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. One example that has been studied for many years is a link between sleep loss and aggression. But it can be difficult to distinguish sleep loss effects from stress responses, especially in rodent or human models.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

#sleep   #aggression   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-07-28 18:35:03 (8 comments, 15 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

Unethical Behavior Influenced by Hormones

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/testosterone-unethical-behavior-2329/.

Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to research from Harvard University and The University of Texas at Austin.

The research is in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. (full access paywall)

Research: "Hormones and Ethics: Understanding the Biological Basis of Unethical Conduct" by Lee, Jooa Julia; Gino, Francesca; Jin, Ellie Shuo; Rice, Leslie K.; and Josephs, Robert A in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General doi:10.1037/xge0000099

Image: Hormones play a dual role in unethical acts, according to research from Harvard University and UT Austin. Image credit: Hariadhi.

#psychology   #testosterone  #... more »

Unethical Behavior Influenced by Hormones

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/testosterone-unethical-behavior-2329/.

Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to research from Harvard University and The University of Texas at Austin.

The research is in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. (full access paywall)

Research: "Hormones and Ethics: Understanding the Biological Basis of Unethical Conduct" by Lee, Jooa Julia; Gino, Francesca; Jin, Ellie Shuo; Rice, Leslie K.; and Josephs, Robert A in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General doi:10.1037/xge0000099

Image: Hormones play a dual role in unethical acts, according to research from Harvard University and UT Austin. Image credit: Hariadhi.

#psychology   #testosterone   #behavior  ___

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2015-07-28 18:08:24 (0 comments, 14 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Alzheimer's Disease Could be Predicted by Specific Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

The research is in Radiology. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers   #cardiovascular   #neurology  

Alzheimer's Disease Could be Predicted by Specific Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

The research is in Radiology. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers   #cardiovascular   #neurology  ___

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2015-07-28 17:21:50 (5 comments, 20 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Researchers Find Link Between Gut Bacteria and Depression

Bacteria in your gut play an important role in inducing anxiety and depression, scientists from the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute at McMaster University have discovered.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full access paywall)

#depression   #gut   #psychology  

Researchers Find Link Between Gut Bacteria and Depression

Bacteria in your gut play an important role in inducing anxiety and depression, scientists from the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute at McMaster University have discovered.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full access paywall)

#depression   #gut   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-28 00:51:04 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Selective Imitation Makes For Precocious Social Learners

Psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin found that children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, demonstrating that children are precocious social learners.

The research is in Cognition. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #learning  

Selective Imitation Makes For Precocious Social Learners

Psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin found that children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, demonstrating that children are precocious social learners.

The research is in Cognition. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #learning  ___

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2015-07-28 00:27:11 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

The Neural Signature of Tunnel Vision: Why Hitchcock Movies Grab Our Attention

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/suspense-tunnel-vision-2325/.

The movies of Alfred Hitchcock have made palms sweat and pulses race for more than 65 years. Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have now learned how the Master of Suspense affects audiences’ brains. Their study measured brain activity while people watched clips from Hitchcock and other suspenseful films. During high suspense moments, the brain narrows what people see and focuses their attention on the story. During less suspenseful moments of the film clips, viewers devote more attention to their surroundings.

The research is in Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Neural evidence that suspense narrows attentional focus" by M.A. Bezdek, R.J. Gerrig, W.G. Wenzel, J.S... more »

The Neural Signature of Tunnel Vision: Why Hitchcock Movies Grab Our Attention

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/suspense-tunnel-vision-2325/.

The movies of Alfred Hitchcock have made palms sweat and pulses race for more than 65 years. Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have now learned how the Master of Suspense affects audiences’ brains. Their study measured brain activity while people watched clips from Hitchcock and other suspenseful films. During high suspense moments, the brain narrows what people see and focuses their attention on the story. During less suspenseful moments of the film clips, viewers devote more attention to their surroundings.

The research is in Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Neural evidence that suspense narrows attentional focus" by M.A. Bezdek, R.J. Gerrig, W.G. Wenzel, J. Shinc, K. Pirog Revill, and E.H. Schumacher in Neuroscience doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.06.055

Image: As the movies played in the center of the screen, a flashing checker board pattern appeared around the edges. Image credit: Georgia Institute of Technology.

#neuroscience   #suspense   #attention  ___

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2015-07-28 00:07:49 (10 comments, 7 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Why Smart People Tend to Live Longer

The tendency of more intelligent people to live longer has been shown, for the first time, to be mainly down to their genes.

The research is in International Journal of Epidemiology. (full open access)

#genetics   #longevity   #intelligence  

Why Smart People Tend to Live Longer

The tendency of more intelligent people to live longer has been shown, for the first time, to be mainly down to their genes.

The research is in International Journal of Epidemiology. (full open access)

#genetics   #longevity   #intelligence  ___

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2015-07-27 23:40:42 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Experimental Drug Extends Lifespan and Could Reverse Rett Syndrome: Mouse Study

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/ptp1b-rett-syndrome-neuropharmacology-2323/.

Researchers demonstrate that treatment with small-molecule drug candidates significantly extends lifespan in male mice that model Rett syndrome and ameliorates several behavioral symptoms of the disorder in model female mice.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Investigation. (full open access)

Research: "PTP1B inhibition suggests a therapeutic strategy for Rett syndrome" by Navasona Krishnan, Keerthi Krishnan, Christopher R. Connors, Meng S. Choy, Rebecca Page, Wolfgang Peti, Linda Van Aelst, Stephen D. Shea, and Nicholas K. Tonks in Journal of Clinical Investigation doi:10.1172/JCI80323

Image: X-ray crystallography shows at the atomic level how... more »

Experimental Drug Extends Lifespan and Could Reverse Rett Syndrome: Mouse Study

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/ptp1b-rett-syndrome-neuropharmacology-2323/.

Researchers demonstrate that treatment with small-molecule drug candidates significantly extends lifespan in male mice that model Rett syndrome and ameliorates several behavioral symptoms of the disorder in model female mice.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Investigation. (full open access)

Research: "PTP1B inhibition suggests a therapeutic strategy for Rett syndrome" by Navasona Krishnan, Keerthi Krishnan, Christopher R. Connors, Meng S. Choy, Rebecca Page, Wolfgang Peti, Linda Van Aelst, Stephen D. Shea, and Nicholas K. Tonks in Journal of Clinical Investigation doi:10.1172/JCI80323

Image: X-ray crystallography shows at the atomic level how Tonks' experimental drug for Rett syndrome, called CPT157633, binds to its target, the enzyme PTP1B, which helps regulate a key metabolic signaling cascade. Image credit: Tonks Lab, CSHL.

#autism   #rettsyndrome  ___

posted image

2015-07-27 22:31:33 (7 comments, 53 reshares, 187 +1s)Open 

Mom's Choice of Language Has Strong Effect on Infant's Social Skills

Psychologists at the University of York have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get older.

The research is in British Journal of Developmental Psychology. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #language  

Mom's Choice of Language Has Strong Effect on Infant's Social Skills

Psychologists at the University of York have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get older.

The research is in British Journal of Developmental Psychology. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #language  ___

posted image

2015-07-27 21:44:04 (1 comments, 10 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Paving the Way to Treat Brain Rhythm Disorders

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/neural-oscillations-brain-disorders-2321/.

Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of neurons tune in to one another for a fraction of a second and harmonize, then go back to improvising, according to new research led by UC Berkeley.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Oscillatory dynamics coordinating human frontal networks in support of goal maintenance" by Bradley Voytek, Andrew S Kayser, David Badre, David Fegen, Edward F Chang, Nathan E Crone, Josef Parvizi, Robert T Knight and Mark D'Esposito in Nature Neuroscience doi:10.1038/nn.4071
... more »

Paving the Way to Treat Brain Rhythm Disorders

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/neural-oscillations-brain-disorders-2321/.

Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of neurons tune in to one another for a fraction of a second and harmonize, then go back to improvising, according to new research led by UC Berkeley.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Oscillatory dynamics coordinating human frontal networks in support of goal maintenance" by Bradley Voytek, Andrew S Kayser, David Badre, David Fegen, Edward F Chang, Nathan E Crone, Josef Parvizi, Robert T Knight and Mark D'Esposito in Nature Neuroscience doi:10.1038/nn.4071

Image: The anterior (blue) and posterior (orange) regions of the prefrontal cortex sync up to communicate cognitive goals to one another. Image credit: Bradley Voytek.

#neurology  ___

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2015-07-27 20:49:14 (2 comments, 13 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Sarcasm Has Creative Benefits When People Trust One Another

Research uncovers creative benefits — yes, benefits — in using sarcasm when people trust each other.

The research is in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #sarcasm   #creativity  

Sarcasm Has Creative Benefits When People Trust One Another

Research uncovers creative benefits — yes, benefits — in using sarcasm when people trust each other.

The research is in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #sarcasm   #creativity  ___

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2015-07-27 20:29:24 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Alzheimer's Disease Memory Loss Accelerated by Delirium

Acute state of confusion and disorientation often complicates hospitalizations for patients with dementia.

The research will appear in Neuron.

Image: Alzheimer's disease is an irreversible, progressive form of dementia that gradually destroys a person's ability to carry out even the simplest of tasks, and affects as many as 4.5 million individuals in the U.S. according to figures from the National Institute on Aging. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease. The image is for illustrative purposes only. 


#neurology   #alzheimers  

Alzheimer's Disease Memory Loss Accelerated by Delirium

Acute state of confusion and disorientation often complicates hospitalizations for patients with dementia.

The research will appear in Neuron.

Image: Alzheimer's disease is an irreversible, progressive form of dementia that gradually destroys a person's ability to carry out even the simplest of tasks, and affects as many as 4.5 million individuals in the U.S. according to figures from the National Institute on Aging. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease. The image is for illustrative purposes only. 


#neurology   #alzheimers  ___

posted image

2015-07-27 19:39:42 (2 comments, 6 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Social Skills Linked to Second Language Learning in Infants

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/second-language-social-skills-infants-2318/.

Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important for learning.

The research is in Developmental Neuropsychology. (full access paywall)

Research: "Social Interaction in Infants’ Learning of Second-Language Phonetics: An Exploration of Brain–Behavior Relations" by Barbara T. Conboy, Rechele Brooks, Andrew N. Meltzoff and Patricia K. Kuhl in Developmental Neuropsychology doi:10.1080/87565641.2015.1014487

Image: The results showed that the more gaze shifting the babies participated in during their tutoring sessions, the greaterthe... more »

Social Skills Linked to Second Language Learning in Infants

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/second-language-social-skills-infants-2318/.

Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important for learning.

The research is in Developmental Neuropsychology. (full access paywall)

Research: "Social Interaction in Infants’ Learning of Second-Language Phonetics: An Exploration of Brain–Behavior Relations" by Barbara T. Conboy, Rechele Brooks, Andrew N. Meltzoff and Patricia K. Kuhl in Developmental Neuropsychology doi:10.1080/87565641.2015.1014487

Image: The results showed that the more gaze shifting the babies participated in during their tutoring sessions, the greater their brain responses were to the Spanish language sounds. The image is for illustrative purposes only. Image credit: Jose-Luis Olivares/MIT.

#psychology   #language   #socialskills   #babies  ___

posted image

2015-07-27 18:32:58 (0 comments, 12 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Working Memory, Intelligence and the Neural Efficiency Hypothesis

While working on her doctoral thesis in Stern's work group, Daniela Nussbaumer also found evidence of this effect for the first time in a group of people possessing above-average intelligence for tasks involving what is referred to as working memory.

The research is in Intelligence. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #neuralefficiencyhypothesis  

Working Memory, Intelligence and the Neural Efficiency Hypothesis

While working on her doctoral thesis in Stern's work group, Daniela Nussbaumer also found evidence of this effect for the first time in a group of people possessing above-average intelligence for tasks involving what is referred to as working memory.

The research is in Intelligence. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #neuralefficiencyhypothesis  ___

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2015-07-27 16:45:56 (5 comments, 13 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Resistance to Insulin Increases Risk for Alzheimer's Disease

A new study found a strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline, increasing the risk for Alzheimer's disease. Auriel Willette, a research scientist in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Iowa State, says insulin resistance is common in people who are obese, pre-diabetic or have Type 2 diabetes.

The research is in JAMA Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers   #insulin  

Resistance to Insulin Increases Risk for Alzheimer's Disease

A new study found a strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline, increasing the risk for Alzheimer's disease. Auriel Willette, a research scientist in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Iowa State, says insulin resistance is common in people who are obese, pre-diabetic or have Type 2 diabetes.

The research is in JAMA Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers   #insulin  ___

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2015-07-27 07:19:50 (7 comments, 49 reshares, 135 +1s)Open 

Memories More Accessible After a Good Night's Sleep

Sleeping not only protects memories from being forgotten, it also makes them easier to access, according to new research from the University of Exeter and the Basque Centre for Cognition, Brain and Language. The findings suggest that after sleep we are more likely to recall facts which we could not remember while still awake.

The research will appear in Cortex.

Image: The researcher found that, compared to daytime wakefulness, sleep helped rescue unrecalled memories more than it prevented memory loss. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neuroscience   #memory   #sleep  

Memories More Accessible After a Good Night's Sleep

Sleeping not only protects memories from being forgotten, it also makes them easier to access, according to new research from the University of Exeter and the Basque Centre for Cognition, Brain and Language. The findings suggest that after sleep we are more likely to recall facts which we could not remember while still awake.

The research will appear in Cortex.

Image: The researcher found that, compared to daytime wakefulness, sleep helped rescue unrecalled memories more than it prevented memory loss. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neuroscience   #memory   #sleep  ___

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2015-07-26 20:17:04 (5 comments, 20 reshares, 61 +1s)Open 

Eat For Pleasure Rather Than Hunger? You May Have a Hormone Deficiency

New Rutgers study finds absence of peptide linked to preference for fatty food and eating for pleasure rather than hunger.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#genetics   #diet   #eating  

Eat For Pleasure Rather Than Hunger? You May Have a Hormone Deficiency

New Rutgers study finds absence of peptide linked to preference for fatty food and eating for pleasure rather than hunger.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#genetics   #diet   #eating  ___

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2015-07-26 19:45:34 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

What Worm Feeding Behavior Can Teach Us About Human Heart Function

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/spitting-behavior-heart-function-2313/.

Tasting and spitting out toxic food is a survival trait shared by many complex organisms. Now MIT researchers have shown that a simple roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans, has the ability to spit out potentially deadly substances — a finding that could have surprising implications for human heart research.

The research is in Current Biology. (full access paywall)

Research: "Distinct Neural Circuits Control Rhythm Inhibition and Spitting by the Myogenic Pharynx of C. elegans" by Nikhil Bhatla, Rita Droste, Steven R. Sando, Anne Huang, and H. Robert Horvitz in Current Biology doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.052

Image: A 3-D reconstruction from electron microscopy images of neuronsa... more »

What Worm Feeding Behavior Can Teach Us About Human Heart Function

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/spitting-behavior-heart-function-2313/.

Tasting and spitting out toxic food is a survival trait shared by many complex organisms. Now MIT researchers have shown that a simple roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans, has the ability to spit out potentially deadly substances — a finding that could have surprising implications for human heart research.

The research is in Current Biology. (full access paywall)

Research: "Distinct Neural Circuits Control Rhythm Inhibition and Spitting by the Myogenic Pharynx of C. elegans" by Nikhil Bhatla, Rita Droste, Steven R. Sando, Anne Huang, and H. Robert Horvitz in Current Biology doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.052

Image: A 3-D reconstruction from electron microscopy images of neurons and other cells in the anterior pharynx of C. elegans nematode. The M1 neuron, which controls the newly discovered spitting behavior, is located in the center. Image credit: The researchers.

#neuroscience   #biology  ___

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2015-07-25 19:19:05 (0 comments, 9 reshares, 53 +1s)Open 

Bug Off Bug! Fruit Fly May be Aware They are Bugging You

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/self-awareness-fruit-flies-2312/.

University of Queensland researchers have shown, like humans, fruit flies may be self-aware of their actions.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Closed-Loop Behavioral Control Increases Coherence in the Fly Brain" by Angelique C. Paulk, Leonie Kirszenblat, Yanqiong Zhou, and Bruno van Swinderen in Journal of Neuroscience doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0691-15.2015

Image: Recordings were taken from sites (black dots) across the fruit fly's brain regions. Image credit: The researchers.

#neuroscience   #selfawareness  

Bug Off Bug! Fruit Fly May be Aware They are Bugging You

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/self-awareness-fruit-flies-2312/.

University of Queensland researchers have shown, like humans, fruit flies may be self-aware of their actions.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Research: "Closed-Loop Behavioral Control Increases Coherence in the Fly Brain" by Angelique C. Paulk, Leonie Kirszenblat, Yanqiong Zhou, and Bruno van Swinderen in Journal of Neuroscience doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0691-15.2015

Image: Recordings were taken from sites (black dots) across the fruit fly's brain regions. Image credit: The researchers.

#neuroscience   #selfawareness  ___

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2015-07-25 18:11:39 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Sharpening Object Recognition Algorithms in Robots

Robots’ maps of their environments can make existing object-recognition algorithms more accurate.

The research was presented at the Robotics Science and Systems conference 2015.

#robotics   #ai   #neuroscience  

Sharpening Object Recognition Algorithms in Robots

Robots’ maps of their environments can make existing object-recognition algorithms more accurate.

The research was presented at the Robotics Science and Systems conference 2015.

#robotics   #ai   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-07-25 16:41:44 (3 comments, 38 reshares, 101 +1s)Open 

The Role the Brain Plays in Stress Induced Anxiety

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/locus-coeruleus-optogenetics-stress-anxiety-2310/.

Calming a neural circuit in the brain can alleviate stress in mice, according to new research that could lay the foundation for understanding stress and anxiety in people.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

Research: "CRH Engagement of the Locus Coeruleus Noradrenergic System Mediates Stress-Induced Anxiety" by Jordan G. McCall, Ream Al-Hasani, Edward R. Siuda, Daniel Y. Hong, Aaron J. Norris, Christopher P. Ford, and Michael R. Bruchas in Neuron doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.002

Image: Neurons in the mouse brain appear green as they produce a substance that makes them sensitive to light. The red marks the presence of norepinephrine, which surges under stress. Image... more »

The Role the Brain Plays in Stress Induced Anxiety

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/locus-coeruleus-optogenetics-stress-anxiety-2310/.

Calming a neural circuit in the brain can alleviate stress in mice, according to new research that could lay the foundation for understanding stress and anxiety in people.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

Research: "CRH Engagement of the Locus Coeruleus Noradrenergic System Mediates Stress-Induced Anxiety" by Jordan G. McCall, Ream Al-Hasani, Edward R. Siuda, Daniel Y. Hong, Aaron J. Norris, Christopher P. Ford, and Michael R. Bruchas in Neuron doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.002

Image: Neurons in the mouse brain appear green as they produce a substance that makes them sensitive to light. The red marks the presence of norepinephrine, which surges under stress. Image credit: Bruchas Lab.

#neuroscience   #anxiety   #stress  ___

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2015-07-25 01:07:08 (2 comments, 15 reshares, 69 +1s)Open 

Placebo Power: Patients Still Feel Relief Even When They Know They are Taking Placebos 

Now, CU-Boulder graduate student Scott Schafer, who works in Associate Professor Tor Wager's Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Lab in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, has conducted an intriguing piece of research to advance knowledge about how and when the placebo effect works - or doesn't.

The research is in Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #placebo   #pain  

Placebo Power: Patients Still Feel Relief Even When They Know They are Taking Placebos 

Now, CU-Boulder graduate student Scott Schafer, who works in Associate Professor Tor Wager's Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Lab in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, has conducted an intriguing piece of research to advance knowledge about how and when the placebo effect works - or doesn't.

The research is in Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #placebo   #pain  ___

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2015-07-25 00:37:00 (2 comments, 10 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Driven to Distraction: Cell Phone Alerts as Distracting as Texting or Talking When Driving

Whether you are alerted to an incoming phone call or text by a trendy ringtone, an alarm bell or a quiet vibration, just receiving a notification on your cell phone can cause enough of a distraction to impair your ability to focus on a given task, according to a new Florida State University study.

The research is in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #attention  

Driven to Distraction: Cell Phone Alerts as Distracting as Texting or Talking When Driving

Whether you are alerted to an incoming phone call or text by a trendy ringtone, an alarm bell or a quiet vibration, just receiving a notification on your cell phone can cause enough of a distraction to impair your ability to focus on a given task, according to a new Florida State University study.

The research is in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #attention  ___

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2015-07-24 21:42:05 (0 comments, 11 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Regular Exercise Could Help Improve Memory in Alzheimer's Patients

A number of studies presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference, showed that regular supervised exercise sessions could help to improve symptoms in people with memory problems and dementia.

The research was presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015.

#alzheimers   #exercise  

Regular Exercise Could Help Improve Memory in Alzheimer's Patients

A number of studies presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference, showed that regular supervised exercise sessions could help to improve symptoms in people with memory problems and dementia.

The research was presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015.

#alzheimers   #exercise  ___

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2015-07-24 20:46:38 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

Combat Veterans PTSD Symptoms Helped With Attention Controlled Video Games

Previous studies have shown that people diagnosed with emotional instability disorders exhibit a decrease in the volume of certain brain areas. The scientists wanted to know if these areas are also associated with the variability in the ability to regulate emotions that can be seen in healthy individuals.

The research is in American Journal of Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #ptsd   #veterans   #videogames  

Combat Veterans PTSD Symptoms Helped With Attention Controlled Video Games

Previous studies have shown that people diagnosed with emotional instability disorders exhibit a decrease in the volume of certain brain areas. The scientists wanted to know if these areas are also associated with the variability in the ability to regulate emotions that can be seen in healthy individuals.

The research is in American Journal of Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #ptsd   #veterans   #videogames  ___

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2015-07-24 19:51:35 (6 comments, 31 reshares, 67 +1s)Open 

Structure of Brain Explains Ability to Regulate Emotions

Previous studies have shown that people diagnosed with emotional instability disorders exhibit a decrease in the volume of certain brain areas. The scientists wanted to know if these areas are also associated with the variability in the ability to regulate emotions that can be seen in healthy individuals.

The research is in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #emotion   #psychology  

Structure of Brain Explains Ability to Regulate Emotions

Previous studies have shown that people diagnosed with emotional instability disorders exhibit a decrease in the volume of certain brain areas. The scientists wanted to know if these areas are also associated with the variability in the ability to regulate emotions that can be seen in healthy individuals.

The research is in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #emotion   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-24 19:11:47 (1 comments, 10 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Signs of Autism and Social Withdrawnness in Adults Born Prematurely

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/preterm-birth-autism-psychology-2304/.

New research indicates that adults born very premature are more likely to be socially withdrawn and display signs of autism.

The research will appear in Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition.

Image: Early stresses experienced in the womb and having over-protective parents are also thought to be a possible factor in effecting a withdrawn personality. The image is for illustrative purposes only.

#autism   #psychology   #personality  

Signs of Autism and Social Withdrawnness in Adults Born Prematurely

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/preterm-birth-autism-psychology-2304/.

New research indicates that adults born very premature are more likely to be socially withdrawn and display signs of autism.

The research will appear in Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition.

Image: Early stresses experienced in the womb and having over-protective parents are also thought to be a possible factor in effecting a withdrawn personality. The image is for illustrative purposes only.

#autism   #psychology   #personality  ___

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2015-07-24 18:13:07 (0 comments, 7 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

New Drug Slows Progression of Mild Alzheimer's Disease

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/solanezumab-alzheimers-neuropharmacology-2303/.

The trial, which followed 1,322 people with mild Alzheimer’s disease, showed that the drug was able to slow the decline in memory and thinking skills over time, and suggest that the treatment may be able to slow the underlying disease process.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015 in Washington D.C during the week of July 21 2015

Image: The treatment effect of solanezumab was maintained over the three and a half year extension study, suggesting the drug could be having a disease-modifying effect. The image is for illustrative purposes only.

#alzheimers   #neurology  

New Drug Slows Progression of Mild Alzheimer's Disease

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/solanezumab-alzheimers-neuropharmacology-2303/.

The trial, which followed 1,322 people with mild Alzheimer’s disease, showed that the drug was able to slow the decline in memory and thinking skills over time, and suggest that the treatment may be able to slow the underlying disease process.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015 in Washington D.C during the week of July 21 2015

Image: The treatment effect of solanezumab was maintained over the three and a half year extension study, suggesting the drug could be having a disease-modifying effect. The image is for illustrative purposes only.

#alzheimers   #neurology  ___

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2015-07-24 01:17:14 (5 comments, 47 reshares, 150 +1s)Open 

Stress Response Affected by Body Fat's Signals to Brain

The brain’s effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group that includes two University of Florida Health researchers has found that it’s a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way the brain deals with stress and metabolism.

The research is in Psychoneuroendocrinology. (full access paywall)

#stress   #psychology   #fat  

Stress Response Affected by Body Fat's Signals to Brain

The brain’s effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group that includes two University of Florida Health researchers has found that it’s a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way the brain deals with stress and metabolism.

The research is in Psychoneuroendocrinology. (full access paywall)

#stress   #psychology   #fat  ___

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2015-07-23 23:11:04 (11 comments, 10 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Early Detection of Alzheimer's May be Possible With Saliva Test and Other New Tests

Brain scans, memory tests and body fluids such as saliva may hold the keys to understanding a person’s likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s, even among those who don’t yet have memory and thinking problems associated with the disease.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015 (AAIC 2015) in Washington, D.C..

#neurology   #alzheimers  

Early Detection of Alzheimer's May be Possible With Saliva Test and Other New Tests

Brain scans, memory tests and body fluids such as saliva may hold the keys to understanding a person’s likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s, even among those who don’t yet have memory and thinking problems associated with the disease.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2015 (AAIC 2015) in Washington, D.C..

#neurology   #alzheimers  ___

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2015-07-23 22:49:01 (2 comments, 27 reshares, 79 +1s)Open 

Mapping Cellular Communication Throughout the Human Body

Researchers have published an overall map of how the cells in the human body communicate by systematically analyzing the relationship between ligands—substances such as insulin and interferon that embody messages between cells, and receptors—the proteins on cell surfaces that receive these messages when bound by the ligands.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #biology  

Mapping Cellular Communication Throughout the Human Body

Researchers have published an overall map of how the cells in the human body communicate by systematically analyzing the relationship between ligands—substances such as insulin and interferon that embody messages between cells, and receptors—the proteins on cell surfaces that receive these messages when bound by the ligands.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #biology  ___

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2015-07-23 21:32:58 (2 comments, 9 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Schizophrenia's "Rosetta Stone" Gene Identified

Neuroscientists from Cardiff University describe having uncovered the previously unknown influence of a gene in ensuring healthy brain development.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #schizophrenia  

Schizophrenia's "Rosetta Stone" Gene Identified

Neuroscientists from Cardiff University describe having uncovered the previously unknown influence of a gene in ensuring healthy brain development.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #schizophrenia  ___

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2015-07-23 20:19:06 (5 comments, 14 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Lifestyle Linked to Alzheimer's Risk

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/alzheimers-lifestyle-neurology-2297/.

Researchers in the US have announced new findings which highlight factors that could affect the risk of memory problems as we age.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in Washington, D.C. during the week of July 21, 2015.

Image: The researchers suggested that subtle differences in an aspect of memory called memory binding could help identify healthy older people at a higher risk of developing aMCI and dementia. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neurology   #lifestyle   #alzheimersdisease  

Lifestyle Linked to Alzheimer's Risk

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/alzheimers-lifestyle-neurology-2297/.

Researchers in the US have announced new findings which highlight factors that could affect the risk of memory problems as we age.

The research will be presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in Washington, D.C. during the week of July 21, 2015.

Image: The researchers suggested that subtle differences in an aspect of memory called memory binding could help identify healthy older people at a higher risk of developing aMCI and dementia. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neurology   #lifestyle   #alzheimersdisease  ___

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2015-07-23 19:07:46 (0 comments, 12 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Uncovering the Molecular Mechanisms of Addiction Resistance

One particularly interesting aspect of this opioid receptor protein is that a seemingly small change in its makeup can have a dramatic effect on many of the behaviors of the creature it is part of. Every protein is made of up many individual subunits called amino acids, and a variation in just one of those amino acids can sometimes mean big changes for the whole organism.

The research is in Neuropharmacology. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #addiction  

Uncovering the Molecular Mechanisms of Addiction Resistance

One particularly interesting aspect of this opioid receptor protein is that a seemingly small change in its makeup can have a dramatic effect on many of the behaviors of the creature it is part of. Every protein is made of up many individual subunits called amino acids, and a variation in just one of those amino acids can sometimes mean big changes for the whole organism.

The research is in Neuropharmacology. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #addiction  ___

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2015-07-23 17:04:14 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Clue to Teenage Binge Eating in Their Genes

Binge-eating in teenagers may be linked to a gene variation, according to new research from the University of Queensland.

The research is in Obesity. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #eating   #teenagers  

Clue to Teenage Binge Eating in Their Genes

Binge-eating in teenagers may be linked to a gene variation, according to new research from the University of Queensland.

The research is in Obesity. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #eating   #teenagers  ___

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2015-07-23 00:19:12 (1 comments, 13 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Loopy Tunes: Brain Structure Differences Explain Why Some Tunes Stick in Our Heads

Research has shown for the first time how the brain’s structure relates to how often we get a short loop of music stuck in our heads – a phenomenon commonly known as an ‘earworm’ – and the emotions we feel when it happens.

The research is in Consciousness and Cognition. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #music   #psychology  

Loopy Tunes: Brain Structure Differences Explain Why Some Tunes Stick in Our Heads

Research has shown for the first time how the brain’s structure relates to how often we get a short loop of music stuck in our heads – a phenomenon commonly known as an ‘earworm’ – and the emotions we feel when it happens.

The research is in Consciousness and Cognition. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #music   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-22 21:49:04 (1 comments, 7 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

PTSD Symptoms Still Apparent in Some Vietnam War Veterans 40 Years On

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/ptsd-war-zone-veterans-2293/.

While it has been 40 years since the Vietnam War ended, about 271,000 veterans who served in the war zone are estimated to have current full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) plus subthreshold (meeting some diagnostic criteria) war-zone PTSD and more than one-third have current major depressive disorder.

The research is in JAMA Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Research: "Course of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 40 Years After the Vietnam War: Findings From the National Vietnam Veterans Longitudinal Study" by Charles R. Marmar, MD; William Schlenger, PhD; Clare Henn-Haase, PsyD; Meng Qian, PhD; Emily Purchia, MPH; Meng Li, MA; Nida Corry, PhD; Christianna S. Williams, PhD; Chia-Lin Ho, PhD; Danny... more »

PTSD Symptoms Still Apparent in Some Vietnam War Veterans 40 Years On

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/ptsd-war-zone-veterans-2293/.

While it has been 40 years since the Vietnam War ended, about 271,000 veterans who served in the war zone are estimated to have current full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) plus subthreshold (meeting some diagnostic criteria) war-zone PTSD and more than one-third have current major depressive disorder.

The research is in JAMA Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Research: "Course of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 40 Years After the Vietnam War: Findings From the National Vietnam Veterans Longitudinal Study" by Charles R. Marmar, MD; William Schlenger, PhD; Clare Henn-Haase, PsyD; Meng Qian, PhD; Emily Purchia, MPH; Meng Li, MA; Nida Corry, PhD; Christianna S. Williams, PhD; Chia-Lin Ho, PhD; Danny Horesh, PhD; Karen-Inge Karstoft, PhD; Arieh Shalev, MD; and Richard A. Kulka, PhD in JAMA Psychiatry doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.0803

Image: About 16 percent of war zone Vietnam veterans reported an increase of more than 20 points on a PTSD symptom scale while 7.6 percent reported a decrease of greater than 20 points on the symptom scale.  Image is for illustrative purposes only and shows a war memorial to US soldiers of the Vietnam War.

#ptsd   #veterans   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-22 20:50:02 (8 comments, 38 reshares, 91 +1s)Open 

Your Taste in Music Gives Insight into How You Think

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/cognitive-style-music-2292/.

Do you like your jazz to be Norah Jones or Ornette Coleman, your classical music to be Bach or Stravinsky, or your rock to be Coldplay or Slayer? The answer could give an insight into the way you think, say researchers.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

Research: "Musical Preferences are Linked to Cognitive Styles" by David M. Greenberg, Simon Baron-Cohen, David J. Stillwell, Michal Kosinski, and Peter J. Rentfrow in PLOS ONE doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131151

Image: The results proved consistent even within specified genres: empathizers preferred mellow, unpretentious jazz, while systemizers preferred intense, sophisticated (complex and avant-garde) jazz. Image is for illustrative... more »

Your Taste in Music Gives Insight into How You Think

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/cognitive-style-music-2292/.

Do you like your jazz to be Norah Jones or Ornette Coleman, your classical music to be Bach or Stravinsky, or your rock to be Coldplay or Slayer? The answer could give an insight into the way you think, say researchers.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

Research: "Musical Preferences are Linked to Cognitive Styles" by David M. Greenberg, Simon Baron-Cohen, David J. Stillwell, Michal Kosinski, and Peter J. Rentfrow in PLOS ONE doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131151

Image: The results proved consistent even within specified genres: empathizers preferred mellow, unpretentious jazz, while systemizers preferred intense, sophisticated (complex and avant-garde) jazz. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#psychology   #music   #thinking   #cognition  ___

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2015-07-22 20:14:50 (1 comments, 6 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

Mind the Gap! How Synapses Remain Stable When Neuronal Activity Increases

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/static-synapses-axons-neuroscience-2291/.

A new study characterizes a novel way in which neurons remain electrically stable when confronted with chronic increases in neuronal activity.

The research is in PNAS. (full open access)

Research: "Activity-dependent mismatch between axo-axonic synapses and the axon initial segment controls neuronal output" by Winnie Wefelmeyer, Daniel Cattaert, and Juan Burrone in PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1502902112

Image: Axon initial segments (blue) and the synapses that form along them (red and green) are shown. Image credit: Winnie Wefelmeyer/MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology.

#neuroscience   #synapses  

Mind the Gap! How Synapses Remain Stable When Neuronal Activity Increases

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/static-synapses-axons-neuroscience-2291/.

A new study characterizes a novel way in which neurons remain electrically stable when confronted with chronic increases in neuronal activity.

The research is in PNAS. (full open access)

Research: "Activity-dependent mismatch between axo-axonic synapses and the axon initial segment controls neuronal output" by Winnie Wefelmeyer, Daniel Cattaert, and Juan Burrone in PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1502902112

Image: Axon initial segments (blue) and the synapses that form along them (red and green) are shown. Image credit: Winnie Wefelmeyer/MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology.

#neuroscience   #synapses  ___

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2015-07-22 19:37:31 (2 comments, 19 reshares, 46 +1s)Open 

Reclassifying Intellectual Disabilities Accounts for Rise in Autism Diagnoses

The researchers conclude that the large increase in the prevalence of autism is likely the result of shifting patterns of diagnosis that are complicated by the variability of autism and its overlap with other related disorders.

The research will appear in American Journal of Medical Genetics.

Image: This graph shows the number of students (per 10,000) diagnosed with autism (blue) and intellectual disability (red) in special-education programs in the United States from 2000 to 2010. The increase in autism diagnoses during this period was offset by decreases in the diagnosis of intellectual disability, suggesting that shifting patterns of diagnosis may be responsible for increases in autism diagnosis. Image credit: Penn State University.

#autism   #psychology  

Reclassifying Intellectual Disabilities Accounts for Rise in Autism Diagnoses

The researchers conclude that the large increase in the prevalence of autism is likely the result of shifting patterns of diagnosis that are complicated by the variability of autism and its overlap with other related disorders.

The research will appear in American Journal of Medical Genetics.

Image: This graph shows the number of students (per 10,000) diagnosed with autism (blue) and intellectual disability (red) in special-education programs in the United States from 2000 to 2010. The increase in autism diagnoses during this period was offset by decreases in the diagnosis of intellectual disability, suggesting that shifting patterns of diagnosis may be responsible for increases in autism diagnosis. Image credit: Penn State University.

#autism   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-22 18:39:33 (1 comments, 21 reshares, 50 +1s)Open 

Source of Memory Loss in People With Schizophrenia Identified

The study found that memory is most impaired when people with schizophrenia try to form relationships between items — remembering to also buy eggs, milk and butter when buying flour to  make pancakes — and that this relational encoding problem is accompanied by regionally specific dysfunction in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

The research is in JAMA Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #memory   #schizophrenia  

Source of Memory Loss in People With Schizophrenia Identified

The study found that memory is most impaired when people with schizophrenia try to form relationships between items — remembering to also buy eggs, milk and butter when buying flour to  make pancakes — and that this relational encoding problem is accompanied by regionally specific dysfunction in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

The research is in JAMA Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #memory   #schizophrenia  ___

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2015-07-22 17:56:43 (1 comments, 9 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Right Amount of Stress Depends on Disposition for People and Pets

People aren’t the only ones who perform better on tests or athletic events when they are just a little bit nervous -- dogs do too. But in dogs as in people, the right amount of stress depends on disposition.

The research is in Animal Cognition. (full access paywall)

#stress   #personality   #pets   #psychology  

Right Amount of Stress Depends on Disposition for People and Pets

People aren’t the only ones who perform better on tests or athletic events when they are just a little bit nervous -- dogs do too. But in dogs as in people, the right amount of stress depends on disposition.

The research is in Animal Cognition. (full access paywall)

#stress   #personality   #pets   #psychology  ___

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2015-07-22 06:56:40 (42 comments, 58 reshares, 159 +1s)Open 

Smoking Cannabis Reduces Diabetic Neuropathy Pain

New research reported in The Journal of Pain shows that inhaled cannabis reduces diabetic neuropathy and the analgesic effect is dose-dependent.

The research is in The Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#medicalmarijuana   #neurology   #pain  

Smoking Cannabis Reduces Diabetic Neuropathy Pain

New research reported in The Journal of Pain shows that inhaled cannabis reduces diabetic neuropathy and the analgesic effect is dose-dependent.

The research is in The Journal of Pain. (full access paywall)

#medicalmarijuana   #neurology   #pain  ___

posted image

2015-07-22 06:30:16 (2 comments, 9 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Fewer Side Effects With New Treatment for Severe Depression

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/rul-ect-depression-psychology-2286/.

lectroconvulsive therapy remains one of the most effective treatments for severe depression, but new UNSW research shows ultra-brief pulse stimulation is almost as effective as standard ECT, with far fewer cognitive side effects.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Research: "A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Brief Versus Ultrabrief Right Unilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression" by Phern-Chern Tor, MBBS, DFD(CAW), MMed(Psych); Alison Bautovich, MBBS; Min-Jung Wang, MSC; Donel Martin, MClinNeuro, PhD; Samuel B. Harvey, MBBS, MRCGP, MRCPsych, FRANZCP, PhD; and Colleen Loo, MBBS, FRANZCP, MD in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry... more »

Fewer Side Effects With New Treatment for Severe Depression

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/rul-ect-depression-psychology-2286/.

lectroconvulsive therapy remains one of the most effective treatments for severe depression, but new UNSW research shows ultra-brief pulse stimulation is almost as effective as standard ECT, with far fewer cognitive side effects.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Research: "A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Brief Versus Ultrabrief Right Unilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression" by Phern-Chern Tor, MBBS, DFD(CAW), MMed(Psych); Alison Bautovich, MBBS; Min-Jung Wang, MSC; Donel Martin, MClinNeuro, PhD; Samuel B. Harvey, MBBS, MRCGP, MRCPsych, FRANZCP, PhD; and Colleen Loo, MBBS, FRANZCP, MD in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry doi:10.4088/JCP.14r09145

Image: The study  is the first systematic review to examine the effectiveness and cognitive effects of standard ECT treatment, brief pulse stimulation, versus the newer treatment, known as ultra-brief pulse right unilateral (RUL) ECT. Image is for illustrative purposes only. 

#psychology   #depression  ___

posted image

2015-07-21 23:00:36 (3 comments, 15 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Diabetes Drug May Reduce Parkinson's Risk

A type of drug used to treat diabetes may reduce the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.

The research is in PLOS Medicine. (full open access)

#neurology   #parkinsons   #diabetes  

Diabetes Drug May Reduce Parkinson's Risk

A type of drug used to treat diabetes may reduce the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.

The research is in PLOS Medicine. (full open access)

#neurology   #parkinsons   #diabetes  ___

posted image

2015-07-21 21:19:08 (2 comments, 5 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

A New Target For Depression Treatment

Manipulating molecule in the brain improves stress response, new target for depression treatment.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#depression   #psychology  

A New Target For Depression Treatment

Manipulating molecule in the brain improves stress response, new target for depression treatment.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#depression   #psychology  ___

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