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Neuroscience News has been at 3 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+648,229*Isaac Newton's Birthday is on Christmas* Join us in a Newton-inspired holiday physics hangout with rockstar physicist +Henry Reich of +MinutePhysics and +MinuteEarth  and brilliant ballerina biologist +Carin Bondar of +National Geographic, +Scientific American and host of Wild Sex, a science show about the strange reproductive habits of the animal kingdom. She knows how the world gets physical. +Veritasium  AKA +Derek Muller may pop in.  We hear there may even be more special guests so you should probably go ahead and RSVP yes to join the lively conversation. BYOB. Hosted by +Amy Robinson of +Science on Google+ .Happy Newtonmas Hangout2013-12-19 00:00:00143  
EyeWire395,320+Sebastian Seung, Professor of Computational Neuroscience at +Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and creator of +EyeWire will host a 30 minute hangout on air on Thursday, Dec 12th at 3 PM US EST.  During this hangout, Sebastian will answer questions about scientific discoveries made possible with the help of EyeWirers as well as talk about what's in the works for the future of EyeWire.Hangout with Neuroscientist Sebastian Seung2013-12-12 21:00:0053  
Science on Google+648,229Please join us for a collaborative Hangout On Air with Autism Brainstorm (http://goo.gl/HO5LZL). We will be discussing current research in Autism and Autism Education, as well as the protein biomarkers associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Topics:  1) Lead by Dr. +Stephen Shore:   *Research in Comparative Approaches to Autism Education with special emphasis on the Miller Method®.* Dr. Shore will be joined by Ethan Miller and Amir Naimov for discussion and Q&A. 2) Lead by +John Elder Robison:   *Current research topic(s) being considered by IACC* (The Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee  is a Federal advisory committee charged with coordinating all activities concerning autism spectrum disorder within the U.S. 3) Lead by Dr. +Alisa Woods:  *Protein Biomarkers and Autism Spectrum Disorders* *PDF LINKS:* Dr. Stephen Shore Dissertation: Comparative Approaches to Autism Education: http://goo.gl/lnqpxb Dr. Stephen Shore: ICDL The Miller Method: http://goo.gl/X6XQoq John Elder Robison: Scholar in Residence at William And Mary: http://goo.gl/QPxtLH  John Elder Robison: IACC Government Strategic Plan for Autism Research: http://goo.gl/reBc9a Dr. Alisa G Woods: Treating Clients with AS and ASD: http://goo.gl/175424 Dr. Alisa G Woods: Proteomics and Cholesterol in Autism: http://goo.gl/SklhcL *Dr. Stephen Shore:* Diagnosed with "Atypical Development and strong autistic tendencies" and "too sick" for outpatient treatment Dr. Shore was recommended for institutionalization. Nonverbal until four, and with much support from his parents, teachers, wife, and others, Stephen is now a professor at Adelphi University where his research focuses on matching best practice to the needs of people with autism. In addition to working with children and talking about life on the autism spectrum, Stephen presents and consults internationally on adult issues pertinent to education, relationships, employment, advocacy, and disclosure as discussed in his books Beyond the Wall: Personal Experiences with Autism and Asperger Syndrome, Ask and Tell: Self-advocacy and Disclosure for People on the Autism Spectrum, the critically acclaimed Understanding Autism for Dummies., and the newly released DVD Living along the Autism Spectrum: What it means to have Autism or Asperger Syndrome. President emeritus of the Asperger’s Association of New England and former board member of the Autism Society, Dr. Shore serves in the Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism Association, United States Autism and Asperger Association, and other autism related organizations.  Dr. Shore is on the advisory board of AUTISM BRAINSTORM and is the primary autism education advisor. He frequently participates in Google Hangout events hosted by AUTISM BRAINSTORM. education.adelphi.edu/profile/steven-shore www.autismasperger.net  *John Elder Robison:* Self Advocate, Parent and Author, Mr. John Elder Robison joined the IACC as a public member in 2012. Mr. Robison is an Aspergian who grAutism Brainstorm and Science On Google+ Collaborative Hangout On Air2013-12-10 04:00:0088  

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 19

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2015-08-21 19:17:10 (19 comments, 15 reshares, 44 +1s)Open 

Female or Male? Researching the Complexity of Gender Identity

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/gender-identity-sexual-orientation-2482/.

UCLA researchers are studying the biological origins of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Image: Sexual orientation (whether one tends to be attracted to men or women) has also been shown to have biological roots. Twin studies and genetic linkage studies have shown both hereditary patterns in homosexuality (attraction to one’s own sex), as well as genetic associations with specific parts of the genome. And while gender identity — the sense one has of oneself as being either male or female — has been harder to pinpoint from a biological standpoint, efforts to understand what role biology may play are ongoing. Image credit: Jean Manuel Duvivier.

#psychology   #genderidentity  

Most reshares: 42

posted image

2015-08-25 23:38:00 (5 comments, 42 reshares, 92 +1s)Open 

Lower Vitamin D Levels Associated with Higher Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Genetic findings support observational evidence that lower vitamin D levels are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis

The research is in PLOS Medicine. (full open access)

#neurology   #multiplesclerosis  

Most plusones: 164

posted image

2015-08-23 17:34:06 (18 comments, 36 reshares, 164 +1s)Open 

Surprising Link Between TBI and ADHD

A new study has found a “significant association” between adults who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their lives and who also have attention deficit hyperactive disorder.

The research is in Journal of Psychiatric Research. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #tbi   #adhd  

Latest 50 posts

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2015-08-28 18:17:13 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Recreating Blast Induced Trauma in a Lab

Researchers have developed a procedure to mimic in laboratory experiments a form of brain trauma commonly seen in combat veterans, and findings suggest a new diagnostic tool for early detection and a potential treatment.

The research is in Journal of Neurosurgery. (full access paywall)

#tbi   #neurology   #microglia  

Recreating Blast Induced Trauma in a Lab

Researchers have developed a procedure to mimic in laboratory experiments a form of brain trauma commonly seen in combat veterans, and findings suggest a new diagnostic tool for early detection and a potential treatment.

The research is in Journal of Neurosurgery. (full access paywall)

#tbi   #neurology   #microglia  ___

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2015-08-28 18:12:44 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Preventing Meningitis: Tracking Germination From Dormant Fungal Spore to Disease Causing Yeast

The researchers deleted the genes for the 18 proteins in question and studied the resulting mutants. Hull was surprised to discover that most of the genes are involved in the process that forms a spore in the first place.

The research is in PLOS Genetics. (full open access)

#genetics   #meningitis   #neurology  

Preventing Meningitis: Tracking Germination From Dormant Fungal Spore to Disease Causing Yeast

The researchers deleted the genes for the 18 proteins in question and studied the resulting mutants. Hull was surprised to discover that most of the genes are involved in the process that forms a spore in the first place.

The research is in PLOS Genetics. (full open access)

#genetics   #meningitis   #neurology  ___

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2015-08-28 18:03:03 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Giving Paralyzed People a Voice

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/technology-breath-paralysis-communication-2527/.

A new device which transforms paralysis victims’ breath into words – believed to be the first invention of its kind – has been developed by academics from Loughborough University.

Image: Using pattern recognition software, the prototype analyses changes in breathing patterns and converts 'breath signals' into words. Credit: Loughborough University.

#paralysis   #communication   #neurology  

Giving Paralyzed People a Voice

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/technology-breath-paralysis-communication-2527/.

A new device which transforms paralysis victims’ breath into words – believed to be the first invention of its kind – has been developed by academics from Loughborough University.

Image: Using pattern recognition software, the prototype analyses changes in breathing patterns and converts 'breath signals' into words. Credit: Loughborough University.

#paralysis   #communication   #neurology  ___

posted image

2015-08-28 16:25:35 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Lighting Up Learning: Light Sensitive Switch Regulates Protein Implicated in Synaptic Plasticity

A German-French team has developed a light-sensitive switch that regulates a protein implicated in the neurobiology of synaptic plasticity. The agent promises to shed new light on the phenomenology of learning, memory and neurodegeneration.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #synapticplasticity   #memory  

Lighting Up Learning: Light Sensitive Switch Regulates Protein Implicated in Synaptic Plasticity

A German-French team has developed a light-sensitive switch that regulates a protein implicated in the neurobiology of synaptic plasticity. The agent promises to shed new light on the phenomenology of learning, memory and neurodegeneration.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #synapticplasticity   #memory  ___

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2015-08-28 16:00:43 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

The Power of Positive Memory Recall

Stress-induced depression can be overcome in mice by inducing the firing of neurons that had been active during a positive experience.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

#depression   #stress   #psychology   #memory  

The Power of Positive Memory Recall

Stress-induced depression can be overcome in mice by inducing the firing of neurons that had been active during a positive experience.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

#depression   #stress   #psychology   #memory  ___

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2015-08-28 14:35:29 (0 comments, 8 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Glial Cells Use Lipids to Control Positioning of Sensory Neurons in the Spinal Cord

Axons, the long extensions of neurons, are the roads that allow neural information to travel from place to place, and their pathways are typically specific for each of our senses, eventually reaching different places in our brains and spinal cords. During development, the growth of axons is guided by a patterned distribution of molecules that either attract or repel them, forcing them to go in the proper direction.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#glia   #neuroscience  

Glial Cells Use Lipids to Control Positioning of Sensory Neurons in the Spinal Cord

Axons, the long extensions of neurons, are the roads that allow neural information to travel from place to place, and their pathways are typically specific for each of our senses, eventually reaching different places in our brains and spinal cords. During development, the growth of axons is guided by a patterned distribution of molecules that either attract or repel them, forcing them to go in the proper direction.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#glia   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-08-28 00:14:14 (1 comments, 18 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

Cholinergic Neurons Send Brain Wide Broadcasts, Enabling the Ability to Learn From the Unexpected

Cholinergic neurons form one of the brain’s several neuromodulatory systems – they send signals in the form of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to broad swaths of the brain. Although they have been thought to play an important role in arousal, attention and learning, their precise role in behavior has remained mysterious – in part, because of the technical difficulty in recording from them in vivo. Degeneration and loss of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain has been implicated in Alzheimer’s disease, age-related cognitive decline, and other cognitive disorders and dementias.

The research is in Cell. (full access paywall)

#learning   #neuroscience  

Cholinergic Neurons Send Brain Wide Broadcasts, Enabling the Ability to Learn From the Unexpected

Cholinergic neurons form one of the brain’s several neuromodulatory systems – they send signals in the form of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to broad swaths of the brain. Although they have been thought to play an important role in arousal, attention and learning, their precise role in behavior has remained mysterious – in part, because of the technical difficulty in recording from them in vivo. Degeneration and loss of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain has been implicated in Alzheimer’s disease, age-related cognitive decline, and other cognitive disorders and dementias.

The research is in Cell. (full access paywall)

#learning   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-08-27 20:21:43 (1 comments, 8 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Gene Therapy Triggers Functional Cell Growth of Degenerating Neurons in Alzheimer's Brains

Postmortem brain studies suggest nerve growth factor safely triggered functional cell growth.

The research is in JAMA Neurology. (full open access)

#genetherapy   #alzheimers   #neurology  

Gene Therapy Triggers Functional Cell Growth of Degenerating Neurons in Alzheimer's Brains

Postmortem brain studies suggest nerve growth factor safely triggered functional cell growth.

The research is in JAMA Neurology. (full open access)

#genetherapy   #alzheimers   #neurology  ___

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2015-08-27 20:16:42 (7 comments, 16 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Alzheimer's Disease Accelerated by Abnormal Build Up of Fat in the Brain

People with Alzheimer's disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers affiliated with the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the brain of patients who died from the disease and have identified the nature of the fat.

The research is in Cell Stem Cell. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers  

Alzheimer's Disease Accelerated by Abnormal Build Up of Fat in the Brain

People with Alzheimer's disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers affiliated with the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the brain of patients who died from the disease and have identified the nature of the fat.

The research is in Cell Stem Cell. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers  ___

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2015-08-27 20:11:11 (1 comments, 20 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Surprising Data About Visual Connections in the Brain Revealed by 'Brainbow'

Neuroscientists know that some connections in the brain are pruned through neural development. Function gives rise to structure, according to the textbooks. But scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have discovered that the textbooks might be wrong.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #synapses   #pruning   #brainbow  

Surprising Data About Visual Connections in the Brain Revealed by 'Brainbow'

Neuroscientists know that some connections in the brain are pruned through neural development. Function gives rise to structure, according to the textbooks. But scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have discovered that the textbooks might be wrong.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #synapses   #pruning   #brainbow  ___

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2015-08-27 18:14:33 (3 comments, 24 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

Molecular Mechanism Behind Resilience to Tinnitus Identified

Researchers have identified in an animal model the molecular mechanisms behind resilience to noise-induced tinnitus and a possible drug therapy that could reduce susceptibility to this chronic and sometimes debilitating condition.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

#genetics   #tinnitus   #neurology  

Molecular Mechanism Behind Resilience to Tinnitus Identified

Researchers have identified in an animal model the molecular mechanisms behind resilience to noise-induced tinnitus and a possible drug therapy that could reduce susceptibility to this chronic and sometimes debilitating condition.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

#genetics   #tinnitus   #neurology  ___

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2015-08-27 18:09:38 (0 comments, 11 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

The Plastic Brain: Visual Cortex of Blind Children Can be Remodeled to Process Language

In 2011, MIT neuroscientist Rebecca Saxe and colleagues reported that in blind adults, brain regions normally dedicated to vision processing instead participate in language tasks such as speech and comprehension. Now, in a study of blind children, Saxe’s lab has found that this transformation occurs very early in life, before the age of 4.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroplasticity   #vision   #language   #neuroscience  

The Plastic Brain: Visual Cortex of Blind Children Can be Remodeled to Process Language

In 2011, MIT neuroscientist Rebecca Saxe and colleagues reported that in blind adults, brain regions normally dedicated to vision processing instead participate in language tasks such as speech and comprehension. Now, in a study of blind children, Saxe’s lab has found that this transformation occurs very early in life, before the age of 4.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#neuroplasticity   #vision   #language   #neuroscience  ___

posted image

2015-08-27 17:30:28 (1 comments, 10 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Brain Structure Differences Suggest Teens May Not 'Grow Out of' ADHD

Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers.

The research is in European Child Adolescent Psychiatry. (full open access)

#adhd   #memory   #psychology  

Brain Structure Differences Suggest Teens May Not 'Grow Out of' ADHD

Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers.

The research is in European Child Adolescent Psychiatry. (full open access)

#adhd   #memory   #psychology  ___

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2015-08-27 15:00:03 (2 comments, 10 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Social Learning Evident in New Caledonian Crows

UCSB researcher studying potential cumulative technological culture among New Caledonian crows finds strong evidence of social learning.

The research is in Learning & Behavior. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #sociallearning   #learning  

Social Learning Evident in New Caledonian Crows

UCSB researcher studying potential cumulative technological culture among New Caledonian crows finds strong evidence of social learning.

The research is in Learning & Behavior. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #sociallearning   #learning  ___

posted image

2015-08-27 14:43:36 (0 comments, 19 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

Protein GRK2 Appears to Help Regulate Body Clock

New research into circadian rhythms by researchers at the University of Toronto Mississauga shows that the GRK2 protein plays a major role in regulating the body’s internal clock and points the way to remedies for jet lag and shift work exhaustion.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#genetics   #circadianclock  

Protein GRK2 Appears to Help Regulate Body Clock

New research into circadian rhythms by researchers at the University of Toronto Mississauga shows that the GRK2 protein plays a major role in regulating the body’s internal clock and points the way to remedies for jet lag and shift work exhaustion.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#genetics   #circadianclock  ___

posted image

2015-08-27 14:37:36 (2 comments, 20 reshares, 57 +1s)Open 

Have Trouble Visualizing Images? You May Have Aphantasia

If counting sheep is an abstract concept, or you are unable to visualise the faces of loved ones, you could have aphantasia - a newly defined condition to describe people who are born without a "mind's eye".

The research is in Cortex. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #aphantasia   #visualization  

Have Trouble Visualizing Images? You May Have Aphantasia

If counting sheep is an abstract concept, or you are unable to visualise the faces of loved ones, you could have aphantasia - a newly defined condition to describe people who are born without a "mind's eye".

The research is in Cortex. (full access paywall)

#neuroscience   #aphantasia   #visualization  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 22:27:00 (3 comments, 10 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Awareness of Memory Loss Can Decline Up To Three Years Before Alzheimer's Onset

People who will develop dementia may begin to lose awareness of their memory problems two to three years before the actual onset of the disease, according to a new study.

The research is in Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #memory   #alzheimers  

Awareness of Memory Loss Can Decline Up To Three Years Before Alzheimer's Onset

People who will develop dementia may begin to lose awareness of their memory problems two to three years before the actual onset of the disease, according to a new study.

The research is in Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #memory   #alzheimers  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 22:21:08 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Higher Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Most people assume strokes only happen to octogenarians, but recent evidence suggests that survivors of childhood cancer have a high risk of suffering a stroke at a surprisingly young age.

The research is in Neurology. (full access paywall)

#cancer   #neurology   #stroke  

Higher Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Most people assume strokes only happen to octogenarians, but recent evidence suggests that survivors of childhood cancer have a high risk of suffering a stroke at a surprisingly young age.

The research is in Neurology. (full access paywall)

#cancer   #neurology   #stroke  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 22:16:41 (3 comments, 14 reshares, 47 +1s)Open 

Cancelling Intended Actions Appears to Weaken Memory

People and non-human primates excel at "response inhibition." Our sophisticated brains allow us to cancel an action even when it's something engrained, like driving on the right side of the road. Although it's not easy, we can override this inclination when we drive in foreign countries with left-hand traffic.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#memory   #neuroscience  

Cancelling Intended Actions Appears to Weaken Memory

People and non-human primates excel at "response inhibition." Our sophisticated brains allow us to cancel an action even when it's something engrained, like driving on the right side of the road. Although it's not easy, we can override this inclination when we drive in foreign countries with left-hand traffic.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#memory   #neuroscience  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 19:36:21 (1 comments, 8 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

RNA Blocked Pathways May Initiate ALS and Dementia

Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered some of the first steps in how a very common gene mutation causes the brain damage associated with both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD).

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #als   #genetics   #dementia  

RNA Blocked Pathways May Initiate ALS and Dementia

Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered some of the first steps in how a very common gene mutation causes the brain damage associated with both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD).

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #als   #genetics   #dementia  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 19:25:56 (1 comments, 11 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

Tuning of Timing in Auditory Axons

An LMU team has shown that the axons of auditory neurons in the brainstem which respond to low and high-frequency sounds differ in their morphology, and that these variations correlate with differences in the speed of signal conduction.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience  

Tuning of Timing in Auditory Axons

An LMU team has shown that the axons of auditory neurons in the brainstem which respond to low and high-frequency sounds differ in their morphology, and that these variations correlate with differences in the speed of signal conduction.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

#neuroscience  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 19:03:24 (0 comments, 9 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Controlling Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation with Optogenetics

UC San Francisco researchers have for the first time developed a method to precisely control embryonic stem cell differentiation with beams of light, enabling them to be transformed into neurons in response to a precise external cue.

The research is in Cell Systems. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #optogenetics  #stemcells

Controlling Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation with Optogenetics

UC San Francisco researchers have for the first time developed a method to precisely control embryonic stem cell differentiation with beams of light, enabling them to be transformed into neurons in response to a precise external cue.

The research is in Cell Systems. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #optogenetics  #stemcells___

posted image

2015-08-26 17:56:06 (8 comments, 21 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

Automated Speech Analysis Program Can Identify People at Risk for Psychosis

An automated speech analysis program correctly differentiated between at-risk young people who developed psychosis over a two-and-a-half year period and those who did not.

The research is in NPJ-Schizophrenia. (full open access)

#psychology   #schizophrenia  

Automated Speech Analysis Program Can Identify People at Risk for Psychosis

An automated speech analysis program correctly differentiated between at-risk young people who developed psychosis over a two-and-a-half year period and those who did not.

The research is in NPJ-Schizophrenia. (full open access)

#psychology   #schizophrenia  ___

posted image

2015-08-26 00:16:50 (4 comments, 14 reshares, 46 +1s)Open 

Potential Link Between Throat Microbiomes and Schizophrenia

In the most comprehensive study to date, researchers at the George Washington University have identified a potential link between microbes (viruses, bacteria and fungi) in the throat and schizophrenia. This link may offer a way to identify causes and develop treatments of the disease and lead to new diagnostic tests.

The research is in PeerJ. (full open access)

#schizophrenia   #psychology  

Potential Link Between Throat Microbiomes and Schizophrenia

In the most comprehensive study to date, researchers at the George Washington University have identified a potential link between microbes (viruses, bacteria and fungi) in the throat and schizophrenia. This link may offer a way to identify causes and develop treatments of the disease and lead to new diagnostic tests.

The research is in PeerJ. (full open access)

#schizophrenia   #psychology  ___

posted image

2015-08-25 23:38:00 (5 comments, 42 reshares, 92 +1s)Open 

Lower Vitamin D Levels Associated with Higher Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Genetic findings support observational evidence that lower vitamin D levels are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis

The research is in PLOS Medicine. (full open access)

#neurology   #multiplesclerosis  

Lower Vitamin D Levels Associated with Higher Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Genetic findings support observational evidence that lower vitamin D levels are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis

The research is in PLOS Medicine. (full open access)

#neurology   #multiplesclerosis  ___

posted image

2015-08-25 22:28:51 (0 comments, 16 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Lighting Up the Dark Secrets of Alzheimer's Disease

Using a new method which involves laser lights and fat-coated silver nanoparticles, researchers have been able to catch a glimpse of the amyloid beta molecule as it attempted to bore into the outer covering of a cell decoy.

The research is in ACS Nano. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers  

Lighting Up the Dark Secrets of Alzheimer's Disease

Using a new method which involves laser lights and fat-coated silver nanoparticles, researchers have been able to catch a glimpse of the amyloid beta molecule as it attempted to bore into the outer covering of a cell decoy.

The research is in ACS Nano. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers  ___

posted image

2015-08-25 18:23:24 (2 comments, 11 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Measuring Eye Pigment Could Offer a Potential Biomarker for Alzheimer's Disease

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/eye-pigment-alzheimers-cognition-2501/.

Ongoing European Research Council-funded research at Waterford Institute of Technology’s (WIT) Macular Pigment Research Group (MPRG) is investigating the potential link between cognitive function and levels of a vital eye pigment linked to diet. The study suggests that measuring macular pigment offers potential as a biomarker of cognitive health.

The research is in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers   #neurology  

Measuring Eye Pigment Could Offer a Potential Biomarker for Alzheimer's Disease

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/eye-pigment-alzheimers-cognition-2501/.

Ongoing European Research Council-funded research at Waterford Institute of Technology’s (WIT) Macular Pigment Research Group (MPRG) is investigating the potential link between cognitive function and levels of a vital eye pigment linked to diet. The study suggests that measuring macular pigment offers potential as a biomarker of cognitive health.

The research is in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (full access paywall)

#alzheimers   #neurology  ___

posted image

2015-08-25 18:11:35 (2 comments, 21 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Inheriting Trauma: Holocaust Survivors Pass Trauma to Their Children's Genes

Pre-conception trauma results in transmission of epigenetic changes from the exposed parents to their children.

The research is in Biological Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #trauma   #psychology  

Inheriting Trauma: Holocaust Survivors Pass Trauma to Their Children's Genes

Pre-conception trauma results in transmission of epigenetic changes from the exposed parents to their children.

The research is in Biological Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #trauma   #psychology  ___

posted image

2015-08-25 16:24:41 (4 comments, 13 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

Omega 3 Supplements Do Not Slow Cognitive Decline, Study Reports

While some research suggests that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids can protect brain health, a large clinical trial by researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that omega-3 supplements did not slow cognitive decline in older persons. With 4,000 patients followed over a five-year period, the study is one of the largest and longest of its kind.

The research is in JAMA. (full access paywall)

#omega3   #alzheimers   #neurology  

Omega 3 Supplements Do Not Slow Cognitive Decline, Study Reports

While some research suggests that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids can protect brain health, a large clinical trial by researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that omega-3 supplements did not slow cognitive decline in older persons. With 4,000 patients followed over a five-year period, the study is one of the largest and longest of its kind.

The research is in JAMA. (full access paywall)

#omega3   #alzheimers   #neurology  ___

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2015-08-25 15:33:18 (1 comments, 20 reshares, 49 +1s)Open 

The Perks of Shedding a Tear: Investigating the Effect of Crying on Mood

In an effort to understand these discrepant results, Gračanin's team extended methodology used in previous laboratory studies. They examined both the immediate and the delayed effect of crying on mood within a controlled laboratory setting.

The research is in Motivation and Emotion. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #emotions  

The Perks of Shedding a Tear: Investigating the Effect of Crying on Mood

In an effort to understand these discrepant results, Gračanin's team extended methodology used in previous laboratory studies. They examined both the immediate and the delayed effect of crying on mood within a controlled laboratory setting.

The research is in Motivation and Emotion. (full access paywall)

#psychology   #emotions  ___

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2015-08-25 04:19:51 (7 comments, 21 reshares, 76 +1s)Open 

Study Shows 'Smart Drug' Modafinil Does Enhance Cognition

A new systematic review shows that modafinil does indeed confer significant cognitive benefits in this group, at least on a particular subset of tasks.

The research is in European Neuropsychopharmacology. (full open access)

#nootropics   #cognition   #neuroscience  

Study Shows 'Smart Drug' Modafinil Does Enhance Cognition

A new systematic review shows that modafinil does indeed confer significant cognitive benefits in this group, at least on a particular subset of tasks.

The research is in European Neuropsychopharmacology. (full open access)

#nootropics   #cognition   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-08-25 01:02:40 (4 comments, 15 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Researchers Create a Neuron-Like Polymer Nanotube Network

Using a succession of biological mechanisms, Sandia National Laboratories researchers have created linkages of polymer nanotubes that resemble the structure of a nerve, with many out-thrust filaments poised to gather or send electrical impulses.

The research is in Nanoscale. (full access paywall)

#nanotechnology   #neuron   #neuroscience  

Researchers Create a Neuron-Like Polymer Nanotube Network

Using a succession of biological mechanisms, Sandia National Laboratories researchers have created linkages of polymer nanotubes that resemble the structure of a nerve, with many out-thrust filaments poised to gather or send electrical impulses.

The research is in Nanoscale. (full access paywall)

#nanotechnology   #neuron   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-08-24 22:05:06 (1 comments, 6 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

New Class of Cancer Drugs May Induce Memory Loss in Mice

Cancer researchers are constantly in search of more-effective and less-toxic approaches to stopping the disease, and have recently launched clinical trials testing a new class of drugs called BET inhibitors. These therapies act on a group of proteins that help regulate the expression of many genes, some of which play a role in cancer.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#cancer   #memory   #neuroscience  

New Class of Cancer Drugs May Induce Memory Loss in Mice

Cancer researchers are constantly in search of more-effective and less-toxic approaches to stopping the disease, and have recently launched clinical trials testing a new class of drugs called BET inhibitors. These therapies act on a group of proteins that help regulate the expression of many genes, some of which play a role in cancer.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#cancer   #memory   #neuroscience  ___

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2015-08-24 21:50:10 (2 comments, 16 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Antidepressants Reduce Neuropathic Pain by Altering Signaling Protein Levels in Nucleus Accumbens

Commonly used antidepressant drugs change levels of a key signaling protein in the brain region that processes both pain and mood. The newly understood mechanism could yield insights into more precise future treatments for nerve pain and depression.

The research is in_ PNAS_. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #pain   #antidepressants  

Antidepressants Reduce Neuropathic Pain by Altering Signaling Protein Levels in Nucleus Accumbens

Commonly used antidepressant drugs change levels of a key signaling protein in the brain region that processes both pain and mood. The newly understood mechanism could yield insights into more precise future treatments for nerve pain and depression.

The research is in_ PNAS_. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #pain   #antidepressants  ___

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2015-08-24 19:29:43 (2 comments, 35 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

Reprogramming Cancer Cells Back to Normal Cells

Cancer researchers dream of the day they can force tumor cells to morph back to the normal cells they once were. Now, researchers on Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus have discovered a way to potentially reprogram cancer cells back to normalcy.

The research is in Nature Cell Biology. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #cancer  

Reprogramming Cancer Cells Back to Normal Cells

Cancer researchers dream of the day they can force tumor cells to morph back to the normal cells they once were. Now, researchers on Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus have discovered a way to potentially reprogram cancer cells back to normalcy.

The research is in Nature Cell Biology. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #cancer  ___

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2015-08-24 19:17:16 (9 comments, 31 reshares, 96 +1s)Open 

The Bilingual Brain: How Language Helps Shape Our Ability to Process Information

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/bilingualism-information-processing-2493/.

In an increasingly globalised world, there are many practical benefits to speaking two languages rather than one. Even in the US, which is largely monolingual, more than 20 percent of the population is now thought to speak a second language.

Image: Being bilingual has been shown to improve the brain’s executive function, and even delay the onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neuroscience   #language   #bilingual  

The Bilingual Brain: How Language Helps Shape Our Ability to Process Information

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/bilingualism-information-processing-2493/.

In an increasingly globalised world, there are many practical benefits to speaking two languages rather than one. Even in the US, which is largely monolingual, more than 20 percent of the population is now thought to speak a second language.

Image: Being bilingual has been shown to improve the brain’s executive function, and even delay the onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

#neuroscience   #language   #bilingual  ___

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2015-08-24 19:05:00 (2 comments, 9 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Men and Older People Sleep Better When They Have Access to Nature

Men and persons age 65 and older who have access to natural surroundings, whether it’s the green space of a nearby park or a sandy beach and an ocean view, report sleeping better

The research is in Preventive Medicine. (full access paywall)

#sleep   #aging   #psychology  

Men and Older People Sleep Better When They Have Access to Nature

Men and persons age 65 and older who have access to natural surroundings, whether it’s the green space of a nearby park or a sandy beach and an ocean view, report sleeping better

The research is in Preventive Medicine. (full access paywall)

#sleep   #aging   #psychology  ___

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2015-08-24 16:37:07 (1 comments, 18 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

Physical Activity Improves Mental Flexibility in Older Adults

One day soon, doctors may determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their less-fit peers. Now a new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don't. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, researchers say.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

#aging   #exercise   #psychology  

Physical Activity Improves Mental Flexibility in Older Adults

One day soon, doctors may determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their less-fit peers. Now a new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don't. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, researchers say.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

#aging   #exercise   #psychology  ___

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2015-08-24 16:16:51 (3 comments, 14 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Exposure to Sudden Sounds and Brief Trauma Results in Lasting Memories

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found how even brief exposure to sudden sounds or mild trauma can form permanent, long-term brain connections, or memories, in a specific region of the brain. Moreover, the research team, working with rats, says it was able to chemically stimulate those biological pathways in the locus coeruleus — the area of the brain best known for releasing the “fight or flight” hormone noradrenaline — to heighten and improve the animals’ hearing.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#memory   #ptsd   #neuroscience  

Exposure to Sudden Sounds and Brief Trauma Results in Lasting Memories

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found how even brief exposure to sudden sounds or mild trauma can form permanent, long-term brain connections, or memories, in a specific region of the brain. Moreover, the research team, working with rats, says it was able to chemically stimulate those biological pathways in the locus coeruleus — the area of the brain best known for releasing the “fight or flight” hormone noradrenaline — to heighten and improve the animals’ hearing.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#memory   #ptsd   #neuroscience  ___

posted image

2015-08-24 15:59:02 (2 comments, 7 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

New Technology Helps Transform Behavioral Therapy for Children with Autism

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/mebook-autism-behavioral-therapy-2489/.

Using computer vision, signal processing and privacy protection, Nkiruka Uzuegbunam, along with electrical and computer engineering Associate Professor Sen-ching Samson Cheung, have developed "MEBook," a combination of a social narrative and gaming system that psychologists and parents can use as behavioral therapies for autistic children.

Image: "MEBook" is a combination of a social narrative and gaming system that psychologists and parents can use as behavioral therapies for autistic children. Credit: The researchers.

#psychology   #autism   #technology  

New Technology Helps Transform Behavioral Therapy for Children with Autism

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/mebook-autism-behavioral-therapy-2489/.

Using computer vision, signal processing and privacy protection, Nkiruka Uzuegbunam, along with electrical and computer engineering Associate Professor Sen-ching Samson Cheung, have developed "MEBook," a combination of a social narrative and gaming system that psychologists and parents can use as behavioral therapies for autistic children.

Image: "MEBook" is a combination of a social narrative and gaming system that psychologists and parents can use as behavioral therapies for autistic children. Credit: The researchers.

#psychology   #autism   #technology  ___

posted image

2015-08-24 14:40:06 (1 comments, 29 reshares, 62 +1s)Open 

Proteins Produced by Activated Neurons Could Protect Against Neurodegeneration

Heidelberg researchers discover central mechanism and identify key neuroprotective molecule.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #neurodegeneration   #genetics  

Proteins Produced by Activated Neurons Could Protect Against Neurodegeneration

Heidelberg researchers discover central mechanism and identify key neuroprotective molecule.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full open access)

#neuroscience   #neurodegeneration   #genetics  ___

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2015-08-24 13:53:49 (3 comments, 6 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Wriggling Worms May Give Insight into Human Movement

The wriggling and writhing of worms may hold clues to the inner workings of our brains, according to scientists at the MRC’s Clinical Sciences Centre at Imperial College London. The researchers have developed a pioneering tool to analyse a worm’s posture as it wriggles, and will use the tool to investigate how exactly the worm’s brain controls its movements.

The research will appear in PLOS Biology.

Image: Nematode worms move by bending sections of their body in turn, to create a wave of movement Credit: Andre Brown.

#neuroscience   #movement  

Wriggling Worms May Give Insight into Human Movement

The wriggling and writhing of worms may hold clues to the inner workings of our brains, according to scientists at the MRC’s Clinical Sciences Centre at Imperial College London. The researchers have developed a pioneering tool to analyse a worm’s posture as it wriggles, and will use the tool to investigate how exactly the worm’s brain controls its movements.

The research will appear in PLOS Biology.

Image: Nematode worms move by bending sections of their body in turn, to create a wave of movement Credit: Andre Brown.

#neuroscience   #movement  ___

posted image

2015-08-23 17:34:06 (18 comments, 36 reshares, 164 +1s)Open 

Surprising Link Between TBI and ADHD

A new study has found a “significant association” between adults who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their lives and who also have attention deficit hyperactive disorder.

The research is in Journal of Psychiatric Research. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #tbi   #adhd  

Surprising Link Between TBI and ADHD

A new study has found a “significant association” between adults who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their lives and who also have attention deficit hyperactive disorder.

The research is in Journal of Psychiatric Research. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #tbi   #adhd  ___

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2015-08-22 16:55:50 (12 comments, 20 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

Single Molecular Event Holds Key to How We Evolved to Become the Smartest Animals

Brain size and complexity vary enormously across vertebrates, but it is not clear how these differences came about. Humans and frogs, for example, have been evolving separately for 350 million years and have very different brain abilities. Yet scientists have shown that they use a remarkably similar repertoire of genes to build organs in the body.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #evolution  

Single Molecular Event Holds Key to How We Evolved to Become the Smartest Animals

Brain size and complexity vary enormously across vertebrates, but it is not clear how these differences came about. Humans and frogs, for example, have been evolving separately for 350 million years and have very different brain abilities. Yet scientists have shown that they use a remarkably similar repertoire of genes to build organs in the body.

The research is in Science. (full access paywall)

#genetics   #evolution  ___

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2015-08-22 16:23:03 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Break in Working Relationship Between Two Trash Clearing Proteins May Result in Parkinson’s Disease

Two proteins that share the ability to help cells deal with their trash appear to need each other to do their jobs and when they don’t connect, it appears to contribute to development of Parkinson’s disease, scientists report.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#parkinsons   #neurology   #genetics  

Break in Working Relationship Between Two Trash Clearing Proteins May Result in Parkinson’s Disease

Two proteins that share the ability to help cells deal with their trash appear to need each other to do their jobs and when they don’t connect, it appears to contribute to development of Parkinson’s disease, scientists report.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

#parkinsons   #neurology   #genetics  ___

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2015-08-21 19:17:10 (19 comments, 15 reshares, 44 +1s)Open 

Female or Male? Researching the Complexity of Gender Identity

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/gender-identity-sexual-orientation-2482/.

UCLA researchers are studying the biological origins of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Image: Sexual orientation (whether one tends to be attracted to men or women) has also been shown to have biological roots. Twin studies and genetic linkage studies have shown both hereditary patterns in homosexuality (attraction to one’s own sex), as well as genetic associations with specific parts of the genome. And while gender identity — the sense one has of oneself as being either male or female — has been harder to pinpoint from a biological standpoint, efforts to understand what role biology may play are ongoing. Image credit: Jean Manuel Duvivier.

#psychology   #genderidentity  

Female or Male? Researching the Complexity of Gender Identity

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/gender-identity-sexual-orientation-2482/.

UCLA researchers are studying the biological origins of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Image: Sexual orientation (whether one tends to be attracted to men or women) has also been shown to have biological roots. Twin studies and genetic linkage studies have shown both hereditary patterns in homosexuality (attraction to one’s own sex), as well as genetic associations with specific parts of the genome. And while gender identity — the sense one has of oneself as being either male or female — has been harder to pinpoint from a biological standpoint, efforts to understand what role biology may play are ongoing. Image credit: Jean Manuel Duvivier.

#psychology   #genderidentity  ___

posted image

2015-08-21 18:57:27 (5 comments, 23 reshares, 88 +1s)Open 

Lingering Physical and Mental Health Issues for Spouses of Stroke Survivors

Caregiver spouses of stroke survivors are at an increased risk of mental and physical health issues that may continue for years.

The research is in Stroke. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #psychology   #stroke  

Lingering Physical and Mental Health Issues for Spouses of Stroke Survivors

Caregiver spouses of stroke survivors are at an increased risk of mental and physical health issues that may continue for years.

The research is in Stroke. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #psychology   #stroke  ___

posted image

2015-08-21 18:50:07 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Dementia Epidemic May Not be Getting Worse Despite What the Headlines Say

The number of people with dementia – both new cases and total numbers with the disease – appears to be stabilising in some Western European countries despite populations ageing, in direct contrast to the ‘dementia epidemic’ reported in some recent studies. Professor Carol Brayne and Yu-tzu Wu from the Cambridge Institute of Public Health explore what this means.

The research is in The Lancet Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers   #dementia  

Dementia Epidemic May Not be Getting Worse Despite What the Headlines Say

The number of people with dementia – both new cases and total numbers with the disease – appears to be stabilising in some Western European countries despite populations ageing, in direct contrast to the ‘dementia epidemic’ reported in some recent studies. Professor Carol Brayne and Yu-tzu Wu from the Cambridge Institute of Public Health explore what this means.

The research is in The Lancet Neurology. (full access paywall)

#neurology   #alzheimers   #dementia  ___

posted image

2015-08-21 17:22:50 (2 comments, 11 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Researchers Identify Nine Modifiable Risk Factors for Most Cases of Alzheimer's Worldwide

Nine risk factors may contribute to up to two thirds of Alzheimer's disease cases worldwide, suggests an analysis of the available evidence. All risk factors are potentially modifiable and could prove promising options for prevention, say researchers.

The research is in Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. (full open access)

#neurology   #alzheimers  

Researchers Identify Nine Modifiable Risk Factors for Most Cases of Alzheimer's Worldwide

Nine risk factors may contribute to up to two thirds of Alzheimer's disease cases worldwide, suggests an analysis of the available evidence. All risk factors are potentially modifiable and could prove promising options for prevention, say researchers.

The research is in Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. (full open access)

#neurology   #alzheimers  ___

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