Login now

Not your profile? Login and get free access to your reports and analysis.

Tags

Sign in

The following tags have been added by users of CircleCount.com.
You can login on CircleCount to add more tags here.

  • Geeks

Are you missing a tag in the list of available tags? You can suggest new tags here.

Login now

Do you want to see a more detailed chart? Check your settings and define your favorite chart type.

Or click here to get the detailed chart only once.

Gary Walker has been shared in 94 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Nick Warner645Follow these awesome friends!2014-08-07 16:03:15500307CC G+
Becky Collins13,434Mobile Operator Circle:Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-07-24 05:16:124763112CC G+
Greg Strandberg942Sci-Fi and Fantasy Readers CircleWant to connect with #fantasyauthor  and #scifiauthor  ?This #circleshare  has those folks and chances are you'll get some interesting things in your feed. #circlesharing   #googleshare   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles   #fantasywriters   #sciencefictionfantasy   #scifi  2014-07-10 23:13:52173000CC G+
hoang thao0We are funny circle :))2014-06-04 02:38:49171102CC G+
Becky Collins10,282Mobile Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia   #media   #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-28 05:03:174777219CC G+
John Nuntiatio36,773#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #football #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss  2014-05-19 21:53:11494136CC G+
Jack C Crawford86,096Another cool circle.2014-03-22 17:03:555000517CC G+
Jane Ellen43,979I call this one my Big Ball-0-Fun.  I started with Dede's Fundies, thank you +Dede Craig King and added smaller circles I had made, along with a science circle from +Ray Sanders ,  and some small circles from +Lynette Young and +Carter Gibson and I don't even know who else.  So I haven't organized circles in two years.  You wanna make sumpin' of it? #sharedcircles   #circleshare  #newbies 2013-09-06 17:42:0642925630CC G+
Backup of Serendipity Diamonds0Great #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircles well worth adding and sharing.2013-09-05 14:25:03172112CC G+
Alex Grossman56,667G+ Engagers CircleIt's been a while since I shared a circle, so here's a small circle of people I recommend following. They are great to engage with, full of energy and opinions and fun, with very little anger, disrespect, or poor manners. Hope you enjoy all of them as much as I do. They certainly make my time in G+ lots of fun. :)2013-08-22 03:31:187510711CC G+
Meirav M.7,705Meirav's 42some people have been sharing circles of 100, but me, I like smaller numbers. and seriously, as someone who has under 200 people circled in total, picking 100 would be way over the top. so I went for the obvious number of 42 :)These are not my top favourite 42 or my most relevant according to some algorithm or anything of the sort. And I will not tell you that they are the most wonderful people on earth, the creme de la creme of plusland, the greatest engagers or influencers or whatever managementspeak term is the word du jour. I'll be honest with you, as I tend to be when I'm not making up stories about penguins and stuff, and tell you the truth:These are all people I have had in my circles for a while and I like having them in my circles. They've grown on me. They've become part of my pluslife. I can't know if you'll also enjoy having them in your circles, because I'm not you and you're not me, we have different interests and different preferences and just as you might prefer a different ice cream flavour (I'm a Ben & Jerry's cookie dough gal) you are likely to find different people interesting or fun - but here's a circle of 42 people for you to try out if you would like to, and if you find that some of them are not quite your scene then you can always uncircle them. There's no "till death us do part" in plusland :)and no, you absolutely don't have to add them. It's just in case you are looking for more people to populate your stream.You are, in any case, welcome to cookies from the penguin's self-replenishing jar. We will always have cookies. #SharedCircles  2013-08-10 00:32:3242615CC G+
Laura Tomaja895Let's try this again:  This is my circle of those with whom I interact the most.  Not including photographers. :)2013-07-22 22:12:43154905CC G+
Markos Giannopoulos5,491Geeks rule! // +CircleCount has added a new tag system (see announcement here http://bit.ly/15XaDov). Thousands of profiles have been tagged already, so here are the top (by number of followers) geek-tagged plussers (full list at http://bit.ly/134FoFN) The top ten: 1) +Robert Scoble 2) +Amanda Blain 3) +Darya Pino Rose 4) +Michelle Marie 5) +Brian Matiash 6) +Wick Sakit 7) +Joe Azure 8) +Keith Barrett 9) +Derek Ross 10) +Ahmed Zeeshan  For other rankings see also - Most popular geeks by comments/+1's/shares http://bit.ly/16SAddw- Most engaging geeks http://bit.ly/15XdZYm #circleshare   #circlesunday   #geeks  2013-07-21 15:19:0049018412CC G+
steph wanamaker82,635#followfriday  here is my awesome men who comment circle  freshly curated2013-07-19 16:10:4715463660CC G+
Jack C Crawford67,189So you all might remember the Angels circle, right?This one has 440 cool guys (caveat emptor ... my preferences may differ from yours ... I like all of these gentlemen).So here's to the men!G+{I added myself just because ...}2013-07-10 20:10:59441913783CC G+
Laura Tomaja769The 100 people who most often influence my stream.  (excluding photographers, that's the next post)2013-07-05 19:01:29100001CC G+
steph wanamaker76,900#circlesharesunday here is my #awesomemenwhocomment circle2013-05-19 15:19:3616272259CC G+
Jack C Crawford63,736Here's another truly awesome circle of additional Google plus folks who will enrich you personally.2013-05-18 00:35:523268320CC G+
Dede King0Star Stuff Circle"We are all connected: To each other, biologically; To the earth, chemically; To the rest of the Universe, atomically."  - Neil Degrasse Tyson...And through G+, algorithmically. Thanks for the relevance. If you're new to G+, this is a pretty good circle if you want to liven up your stream or you're in the mood to pop a blood vessel or two. IJS. Have a happy Friday. #sharedcircles   #publicsharedcircles   2013-05-17 14:34:4948121641208CC G+
steph wanamaker75,727#followfriday this is my newly curated  awesome men who comment circle2013-05-10 15:06:3215749454CC G+
steph wanamaker74,636#followfriday this is my awesome men who comment circle  shoutouts to birthday boys  +Ayoub Khote and +Fergus Martin 2013-05-03 15:26:2115149046CC G+
Dede King0The Fundie CircleIt's round. I've hand picked the ones I interact with not because they're relevant to me or because of what they post, but because I could pick them out of a line-up, state their name and at least one fact about them and they're generally wonderful people to know. The top 10 I'd probably bail out of jail and take a bullet for, but that's neither here nor there. One thing none of them can be accused of, is being soporific. As a disclaimer: Circle with caution or stalk quietly as the circle is filled with every type of G+ user that might not appeal to all tastes including:1. Photo fundies2. Meme fundies3. Gif fundies4. News link reshare fundies5. Art fundies6. Science fundies7. Music fundies8. Narcissistic fundies9. Selfie shot fundies10. Food fundies11. Passive-aggressive one liner vague posting fundies12. Contrarian fundies (not trolls, just opinionated)13. Long form post fundies14. Leg humper fundies15. Lastly, the G+ fundies (they know everything about G+ and will tell you how to Internet)16. High Voltage Noms (+A.V. Flox)17. Low Voltage Noms (+Jake Kern)18. Cat fundies (+Bobbi Jo Woods)19. Sine Wave Noms (+fan tai)It's not really a circle meant to be shared, just my way of saying hey to all of you that make this place worth while <3 No hard feelings if I forgot anyone, it happens. Have a wonderful day.2013-04-17 15:28:3834742831130CC G+
steph „gingerninja“ wanamaker70,048here is my awesome men who comment circle2013-03-22 15:03:3013575345CC G+
Matthew Shuey1,381Socially Influential Google+ UsersThis is a hand picked circle of highly influential Google+ Users.To be added tho this or other circles do the following.1. Share this circle publicly2. Make sure your profile description is complete and country are visible in your profile3. Leave a comment4. Have a wonderful experience! #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday  2013-03-18 22:46:5842726913CC G+
Matthew Shuey1,289Socially Engaged Google+ Users Updated 3-15-13Shared public circle of socially engaging and socially influential Google+ users.Feel free to add and share. To be added to this or other circles please do the following.1. Share this circle2. Confirm your share by leaving a comment on this postThis is a hand picked circle. #sharedcircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles Enjoy!2013-03-15 20:29:3641813515CC G+
Matthew Shuey880Socially Engaged Google+ Users UpdatedThis circle contains socially influential and socially engaging  Google+ users.2013-03-08 04:24:2537411310CC G+
Matthew Shuey734Socially Engaged Google+ Users #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleoftheday #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday  2013-03-03 16:20:563541368CC G+
Martijn van der Meulen5,976A few people have asked me about my Chrome OS circle, so here you go. The best Google+'ers you can find here that know about all things Chrome OS, Chromium OS, Chromebooks and Chromeboxes.Shout if you want to be included or if you recommend someone.2013-03-03 14:16:5024231224CC G+
Jesse Moreno411My first circle share.  I'm mainly doing this for +Deb J Canales who I can see is becoming more active on +Google+ .  Good on ya, friend!This is a circle of people and groups who share my passion for all things technology.  If you're not in it and feel you should be, go ahead and comment here and I will gladly add you.Happy interacting!2013-02-03 07:47:52472628CC G+
steph „gingerninja“ wanamaker64,813#sharedcircles    this is my awesome men who comment circle2013-01-10 20:14:3011931141CC G+
Marc Jansen29,662A circle of the people, by the people, and for the people (of my circles)Earlier today, I asked people to pick a number from 1-300 with the intent of coming back later and putting together a shared-circle that represented that input.After consolidating the data, I was left with 91 unique responses.  (Yes, I counted each and every number given to me, rounding where needed and substituting 1 for i, as it was as close as I could get.)I then selected the top 300+ people from my circles based up on relevance, and then removed those whom I know dislike being part of shared circles and a few folks who've apparently gone MIA, back-filling as need to get me back to 300, and then started matching names according to Google's relevance ranking with the 91 numbers you folks provided to me.So, I now present to you:  _a random selection of 91 of the top-300 people in my circles, chosen by you, the people IN my circles._This circle is made up of people and pages from all walks of life, and all corners of the globe, but they all have one thing on common - I found them interesting enough to circle, and they tend to be folks that I interact with on a fairly regular basis.(If you don't see your name here, do not blame me, by the way, I was completely impartial throughout this entire selection process.)2012-12-04 21:06:379230217CC G+
Andrey Mashnich34,403Here is my top engager's circle ! #followfriday #Circles #Public #PublicCircle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #SharePublicCircle #QSC #querosercirculado   #circleoftheday #publicsharedcircles #publiccirclesproject #sharedcircleoftheday #fullcircleshare   #addmetoyourcircles #awesomeness   #awesomepeople #awesomecircle   #awesome   #awesomesauce #awesomeness #awesomepeople #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles #awesomesauce #круг #SecretSanta   #círculo   #サークル   #cercle   #دائرة   #HappyBirthdayKim #Christmas2012 #FirstWorldProblems Apple #TheHobbit2012-11-28 20:40:424995315CC G+
Alex Grossman27,422Last time I shared a relevancy circle was back in July. From then until now (October 19), it's only changed by 7 people, and most but not all of that was near the end of the list. So, it's remarkably consistent.These 99 users are on top of my relevance list (plus me since I'm relevant to myself, so a total of 100). I excluded Pages that were in there so as to only have people.Most of these folks are engaging with me through posts or comments (though some are clearly more by e-mail, such as a family member) and the Circle is definitely more accurate now than last time. Does the algorithm get better over time due to more data? I still suspect that as you go down you end up with a number of close calls in which the algorithm can go either way. If anybody has more details on the relevancy algorithm, I'd still be curious and interested to learn more about it.Anyway, these people are relevant to me and truly help me enjoy my time sharing, talking, discussing, and hanging out on G+. So, thank you to all of you :)TGIF and have a great start to the weekend!P.S. - Typical inconsistent G+ - I could share the Movie Lovers Circle earlier today with about 130 people being notified. However, by mid-morning I couldn't notify the 99 people in this Circle. Now, I can again. But it appears that instead of setting a limit on the number of people in a circle, maybe they've set a limit on the number of people you could notify in a set period of time? Very strange. If anybody has any clue as to why this is, please let me know.2012-10-20 03:24:2710023124CC G+
steph „gingerninja“ wanamaker54,868#sharedcircles   this is my awesome men who comment circle!  it changes a little every month2012-10-19 14:31:219453544CC G+
Alex Grossman27,364It's TGIF so hope you have a great day. Here's a Circle I thought I'd share today for Follow Friday - Movie Lovers Circle. This Circle is by request only and filled with people who love to talk about movies, all kinds, all genres, languages, you name it - the point is to have fun and share. If you're interested in joining in to the discussions, engaging with others, sharing and exchanging comments, please let me know and I can try and add you to this Circle (notification limits permitting). If you're a member of this circle, you agree to participate in a respectful manner. Due to the changing and, at times uncertain, notification restrictions Google has in terms of number of people you can notify with a post I've split this up into two Circle. The overflow from this Circle can be found at:https://plus.google.com/u/0/102001774674190160714/posts/Ad9LJFo9PLrFYI - you can find today's movie thread at:https://plus.google.com/u/0/102001774674190160714/posts/RDDzuGdsvLX #followfriday   #followfridaycircle   #movies   #film  2012-10-19 14:01:4110111219CC G+
Bobbie Today17,533Oh, but you can't expect to wield supreme executive power just because some watery tart shared a circle with youBut, you might belong in my Monty Pythonian Circle, which will be my first Circle Share, EVER:IF you say, "OH GREAT" every time you approach a bridge to cross, have a penguin on your telly, have a Silly Walk, know the airspeed velocity of an unladen swallow, or shout Dinsdale at the sight of hedgehogs.  Plus one or comment below, if you're a Monty Pythonian and want to be included in my first circle share. I've taken the liberty of adding a starter batch.Ni!2012-10-10 04:37:571449441CC G+
martin shervington14,757James Bond circle!Are you batty for Bond, get mesmerised by 'M' or simply revel in the quintessential Englishness of Q? To celebrate the 50th anniversary of James Bond I have curated this circle from a selection of people who like #JamesBond  and  #007riday .We could go for favourite gadgets in one, most thrilling chases in another and maybe even have one dedicated to celebration of Pussy Galore?!Honour Blackman would be delighted.Perfect for the release of #SkyFall  as well :D #sharedcircles   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles  2012-10-05 07:39:391124831CC G+
Tim Moore23,874My Go To Circle when I'm using +Google+ from my mobile --- which is a lot!IF you use +Google+ from your mobile device and want GREAT CONTENT, then this is a money circle for you.  All the guys and gals in here are fantastic and post very shareable items.Created for the circle when you want to reliably find and share great content quickly from your mobile!>>> Help your friends who may be new here to +Google+ - share this circle with them.  They will love you forever......... or at least until payday. :) #greatcontent   #sharing  +Shared Circles on G+ +Public Circles +CircleCount +Nothing but Circles  #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday  +Shared a circle with you +Full Circle  #mobile  2012-10-02 19:10:48484723561CC G+
Alex Grossman26,002It's TGIF so hope you have a great day. Here's a Circle I thought I'd share today for Follow Friday - Movie Lovers Circle. This Circle is by request only and filled with people who love to talk about movies, all kinds, all genres, languages, you name it - the point is to have fun and share. If you're interested in joining in to the discussions, engaging with others, sharing and exchanging comments, please let me know and I can try and add you to this Circle (notification limits permitting). If you're a member of this circle, you agree to participate in a respectful manner.FYI - you can find today's movie thread at:https://plus.google.com/u/0/102001774674190160714/posts/4Mfu1vAyyzg #followfriday   #followfridaycircle   #movies  2012-09-07 20:52:151001449CC G+
Jeremy Morgan2,353Hi Friends, it's time for my #sharedcircleoftheday   Check out this the mother of all   #sharedcircles  for .Net programming! This is my .NET dev circle, add yourself to it!! This is a huge circle of Microsoft .Net programmers,they post news, tips, tutorials and other great .Net information. Add this circle!This is a quality circle that I know could have more folks added to it , so please1) Save this circle.2) Add some of your favorite G+Sharers,3) If you'd like to include yourself, check the box at the very bottom of the Share circle dialog box 'Include yourself in shared circle',4) Share with the world.If you want to be added, share it for the quickest results!Here's a giant pile of tags so more people find us! #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedpublicircles   #sharedcircleslist   #sharedcircletips #dotnet #programming #webinar #development  #developers   #microsoft   #microsoftdotnetframework   #microsoftdev   #dotnet45   #coding   #hpc   #multicore   #multithreading   #asynchronous    #asynchronousprogramming   #windows   #windows8   #windows7   #visualstudio2012   #visualstudio #programming   #programmer   #softwaredevelopment   #softwaretesting   #development   #developers   #computerscience   #datamodeling   #objectori2012-09-07 16:49:46464004CC G+
Jeremy Morgan2,266Check out this the mother of all  #sharedcircles  for .Net programming! This is a huge circle of Microsoft .Net programmers, add them! They post news, tips, tutorials and other great .Net information. Add this circle!If you would like to be added, please leave a comment and anyone who shares this circle on their profile will automatically be added to it!#circlesharing  #circleshare   #circles   #circle   #sharedcircles   #circlesunday   #circleshared   #circlesharemonday   #circlesharetuesday   #circlesharewednesday   #circlesharethursday   #circlesharefriday   #circlesharesaturday   #microsoft   #microsoftsurface   #microsofttablet   #programming   #programmer   #programminglanguage   #development   #developer   #developertools   #dotnet   #dotnetnuke   #dotnetframework   #dotnetdev   #dotnetdevelopment   #asp   #visualstudio2012   #visualstudio   #visualstudio2010   #geek   #developer   #development   #windows8  2012-09-02 03:15:07464121CC G+
Martijn van der Meulen4,540I'm sharing my latest curated Chromies circle! This circle consists of some great Chromebook & Chromebox users.I know quite a few of my followers are very passionate about their Chrome OS devices and it's great to share some insights so feel free to add this circle. If you ever need help or advice then you're always welcome to ask!2012-08-30 19:48:23213605CC G+
steph „gingerninja“ wanamaker49,402#followfriday    here is my awesome men who comment  circle 2012-08-10 15:03:516358628CC G+
Michael Reynolds280If you are new to Google+ and want to get started with some great people, here they are.  This was my first circle, and I love these people.  I call this my +Amanda Blain Circle.  She shared this circle when I first joined Google+ and my circles have grown since.  2012-08-07 11:53:39249546CC G+
Kurt Smith530Quality Circle ShareHere's a quality group of Plussers to circle. There are some active posters in here and many whom will circle you back. #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles  2012-08-07 00:19:0778305CC G+
Michael B.1,704thank you for sharing +stephanie wanamaker . I just assume you don't mind if I share it, too :2012-08-01 22:10:0310251110CC G+
Allie Ogden1,701I don't always share circles, but when I do, it's because I'm so excited by these people. I added these two shared circles by +stephanie wanamaker a couple weeks ago (they were originally split into male and female circles). These people always have great content and great things to add to conversations. I'm really happy I added this circle, and I want to say thanks to Stephanie for putting so much work into this and even using paper and pencil to make it.2012-07-30 15:54:1712918315CC G+
Alex Grossman24,371My Top 99 circle - is Relevancy Accurate?These are the 99 users who are on top of my relevance list (plus me since I'm relevant to myself). I excluded Pages that were in there so as to only have people.Most of these folks are engaging with me through posts or comments (though some are clearly more by e-mail, such as a family member) and the Circle is surprisingly accurate until the last bit of it when some names appeared and others were left off. I suspect that as you go down you end up with a number of close calls in which the algorithm can go either way. If anybody has more details on the relevancy algorithm, I'd be curious to continue the discussions I've seen on other similar threads this week.Want to create your own? (instructions borrowed/stolen from +Max Huijgen )► Click circles on the tab on the right► Make sure relevance is selected (default)► Select the top 99 users. (Drag a box around them)► Drag the whole group to "drop here to create new circle"► The new circle will open up. Make sure its 99 and adjust it if needed► Share it and use the hashtag #top99  and #sharedcircles   #top99   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  +Shared Circles on G+ +CircleCount If you got notified you are one of the 99.2012-07-26 17:22:4510040731CC G+
steph wanamaker48,009#Top99   here is my Google Relevance circle!2012-07-24 19:18:3610049350CC G+
Alex Grossman24,072It's TGIF so hope you have a great day. Here's a Circle I thought I'd share today for Follow Friday - Movie Lovers Circle. This Circle is by request only and filled with people who love to talk about movies, all kinds, all genres, languages, you name it - the point is to have fun and share. If you're interested in joining in to the discussions, engaging with others, sharing and exchanging comments, please let me know and I can try and add you to this Circle once I whittle it down a bit (it's at the limit for notifications currently). If you're a member of this circle, you agree to participate in a respectful manner.FYI - you can find today's movie thread at:https://plus.google.com/u/0/102001774674190160714/posts/Yab31kVxMux #followfriday   #followfridaycircle   #movies  2012-07-20 15:39:381017312CC G+

Activity

Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

1
comments per post
0
reshares per post
4
+1's per post

251
characters per posting

Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 53

2014-06-30 14:27:03 (53 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)

#scotus   #burnthewitch  
Well, the Roberts court has finally managed to overturn 2 centuries of progress in jurisprudence by deciding that someone's religious beliefs have the authority to overturn the law of the land. This sets a precedent that can be used to support, literally, anything.  A dark day for America, my friends.  A dark, dark day indeed.

Most reshares: 4

posted image

2014-07-09 17:36:34 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 27 +1s)

Sorry.... Couldn't help it. Apologies to everyone that this may offend... not.

Most plusones: 27

posted image

2014-07-09 17:36:34 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 27 +1s)

Sorry.... Couldn't help it. Apologies to everyone that this may offend... not.

Latest 50 posts

posted image

2014-08-17 19:31:19 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)

So much explained, just like that. 

So much explained, just like that. ___

posted image

2014-08-12 15:33:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)

#music   #tunesday  
Dire Straits from 1979 performing "Water of Love" from their self-titled album.  Featuring a kind of creepily gaunt Mark Knopfler and a David Knopfler with disco hair.

#music   #tunesday  
Dire Straits from 1979 performing "Water of Love" from their self-titled album.  Featuring a kind of creepily gaunt Mark Knopfler and a David Knopfler with disco hair.___

posted image

2014-08-08 16:55:03 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)

#space   #gottaseeitall  
Space porn for you up-close and personal comet fans.

#space   #gottaseeitall  
Space porn for you up-close and personal comet fans.___

posted image

2014-08-07 14:39:57 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)

h/t +Morgan Collins 

Kitty Loves the Corn Cob.

#Cats   #Cat   #Caturday   #Youtube  

via Youtube
Corny Cat___h/t +Morgan Collins 

posted image

2014-08-06 14:57:46 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)

Really interesting piece.  Now, those of us who pay attention to neuron damage therapies know that it's a long hop from meeses to people, but, still, this is very, very interesting.

O_o___Really interesting piece.  Now, those of us who pay attention to neuron damage therapies know that it's a long hop from meeses to people, but, still, this is very, very interesting.

posted image

2014-08-05 12:00:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

Some lessons to be learned here:

1. Do not expletive with Escher Girls. They are both funny and right.
2. If your name is "Randy Queen" just don't bother starting expletive on the internet. Seriously.
3. Using "y" for "I" automatically negates any artistic value in your work. 

Some lessons to be learned here:

1. Do not expletive with Escher Girls. They are both funny and right.
2. If your name is "Randy Queen" just don't bother starting expletive on the internet. Seriously.
3. Using "y" for "I" automatically negates any artistic value in your work. ___

posted image

2014-07-24 14:16:07 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)

+Dave Denison pimped my Hello KISSy!

+Dave Denison pimped my Hello KISSy!___

posted image

2014-07-23 16:34:49 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)

h/t +David D. Stanton 
This is one of the space missions I'm watching most eagerly.  Gaia will allow us to accurately measure the parallax of stars as much as 30,000LY from our solar system...which is an improvement of around 10x from the measurements taken by the Hipparcos spacecraft.

A robotic galaxy mapper may have just made its first discovery – by surviving an unexpected onslaught of space debris. Scientists working with the European Space Agency's Gaia satellite have found that the spacecraft is being peppered by far more micrometeoroids – tiny specks of space dust – than had been anticipated.

he strikes shouldn't put Gaia in danger, although mission scientists will have to watch closely as the spacecraft begins its scientific observations. Launched in December 2013, Gaia's mission is to map roughly a billion stars in our galaxyMovie Camera with high precision. Learn more here: http://buff.ly/1o2BU4E___h/t +David D. Stanton 
This is one of the space missions I'm watching most eagerly.  Gaia will allow us to accurately measure the parallax of stars as much as 30,000LY from our solar system...which is an improvement of around 10x from the measurements taken by the Hipparcos spacecraft.

posted image

2014-07-17 15:44:58 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)

The new hotness.  Private V2 3-metal clone, Russian 91% clone with quartz glass kayfun nano conversion kit (and the Innokin U-can in the background).  Really loving this mod.  Smooth switch, great hand feel.  I really need some 18350 batteries for it because it is SO swag when it's scoped all the way down.  Compact and cool.

The new hotness.  Private V2 3-metal clone, Russian 91% clone with quartz glass kayfun nano conversion kit (and the Innokin U-can in the background).  Really loving this mod.  Smooth switch, great hand feel.  I really need some 18350 batteries for it because it is SO swag when it's scoped all the way down.  Compact and cool.___

posted image

2014-07-14 22:50:29 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

#science   #materials  
Mr. Desiato, your paint job is ready.

#science   #materials  
Mr. Desiato, your paint job is ready.___

posted image

2014-07-14 20:03:53 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)

#dogs  
I has a snaggleface.

#dogs  
I has a snaggleface.___

posted image

2014-07-11 13:10:46 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)

#fridayfunk   #music  
Ike & Tina Turner - Bold Soul Sister from The Hunter on Blue Thumb, 1969/70.  I love this track for two reasons:  Tina's completely uninhibited performance, dripping with shrieking screaming blues and aggressive, confident sexuality and the massive, pounding back-beat, all on the one driving, numbing funk of the rhythm section. 

#fridayfunk   #music  
Ike & Tina Turner - Bold Soul Sister from The Hunter on Blue Thumb, 1969/70.  I love this track for two reasons:  Tina's completely uninhibited performance, dripping with shrieking screaming blues and aggressive, confident sexuality and the massive, pounding back-beat, all on the one driving, numbing funk of the rhythm section. ___

posted image

2014-07-09 17:36:34 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 27 +1s)

I LOLed.

Sorry.... Couldn't help it. Apologies to everyone that this may offend... not.___I LOLed.

posted image

2014-07-08 19:22:52 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)

Hilarity ensues.

Hilarity ensues.___

posted image

2014-07-08 17:21:46 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

#archaeology  

Neat!

___ #archaeology  

Neat!

2014-07-08 00:14:44 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)

#gaming   #linux   #civilization5  

For +Luis Roca and anybody else who wants to know how to install Civilization V mods in Linux since Steam Workshop isn't supported (yet, I hope):

1.  Enable the MODS item in the menu:
Assuming that your steam install lives in the default location of ~/.local/share/Steam which we'll now call $STEAM because lazy
open the following file in an editor of your choice (but not emacs)
$STEAM/SteamApps/Sid Meier's Civilization V/steamassets/assets/ui/frontend/mainmenu.lua

Look for a line that looks like:
Controls.ModsButton:SetHide( true );

Now comment out that line by adding a double hyphen in front of it.
Save mainmenu.lua.

2. Give them a place to live
Look in ~/.local/share/Aspyr/Sid Meier's Civilization 5 (see what they did there?  Aspyr uses the Arabic numeral)
If ... more »

#gaming   #linux   #civilization5  

For +Luis Roca and anybody else who wants to know how to install Civilization V mods in Linux since Steam Workshop isn't supported (yet, I hope):

1.  Enable the MODS item in the menu:
Assuming that your steam install lives in the default location of ~/.local/share/Steam which we'll now call $STEAM because lazy
open the following file in an editor of your choice (but not emacs)
$STEAM/SteamApps/Sid Meier's Civilization V/steamassets/assets/ui/frontend/mainmenu.lua

Look for a line that looks like:
Controls.ModsButton:SetHide( true );

Now comment out that line by adding a double hyphen in front of it.
Save mainmenu.lua.

2. Give them a place to live
Look in ~/.local/share/Aspyr/Sid Meier's Civilization 5 (see what they did there?  Aspyr uses the Arabic numeral)

If there isn't a directory called "MODS" in there, create it.

3.  Get some mods.
A lot of steam workshop mods will have links to download the mod manually for people using the Aspyr ports.  You can also find them at http://forums.civfanatics.com/forumdisplay.php?f=395 but not very organized or rated or anything.  NB:  Some mods will not work.

4.  Unpack them. 
Civ V mods are 7z archives that need to be extracted in the MODS directory you created.  If you're using Ubuntu or some variant thereof, Archive Manager should support unpacking these already.  If not, install 7zip or unrar or whatever you need.

5. Enjoy.___

posted image

2014-07-04 17:41:54 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)

Happy 4th of July, fellow orbiters of big hot gas ball!
Pic taken w/an 8" dobsonian, 25mm eyepiece, and my Samsung GS3. 

Happy 4th of July, fellow orbiters of big hot gas ball!
Pic taken w/an 8" dobsonian, 25mm eyepiece, and my Samsung GS3. ___

posted image

2014-07-01 02:53:38 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)

H/t +God Emperor Lionel Lauer

Dice-shaming

#geekhumor   #rpg   #rpggames  

http://schneiltzle.tumblr.com/post/89994517740/dice-shaming___H/t +God Emperor Lionel Lauer

2014-06-30 14:27:03 (53 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)

#scotus   #burnthewitch  
Well, the Roberts court has finally managed to overturn 2 centuries of progress in jurisprudence by deciding that someone's religious beliefs have the authority to overturn the law of the land. This sets a precedent that can be used to support, literally, anything.  A dark day for America, my friends.  A dark, dark day indeed.

#scotus   #burnthewitch  
Well, the Roberts court has finally managed to overturn 2 centuries of progress in jurisprudence by deciding that someone's religious beliefs have the authority to overturn the law of the land. This sets a precedent that can be used to support, literally, anything.  A dark day for America, my friends.  A dark, dark day indeed.___

posted image

2014-06-30 02:51:10 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 1 +1s)

GOP Candidate Charges Opponent Is Dead, Represented By A Body Double - http://huff.to/1qjjIWp

GOP Candidate Charges Opponent Is Dead, Represented By A Body Double - http://huff.to/1qjjIWp___

posted image

2014-06-27 19:54:36 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

+Adam Black 

+Adam Black ___

posted image

2014-06-27 19:53:38 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

+Adam Black 

+Adam Black ___

posted image

2014-06-27 19:51:44 (10 comments, 4 reshares, 17 +1s)

+Adam Black 

+Adam Black ___

posted image

2014-06-27 16:19:17 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)

h/t +Dave Denison 
Eric Gales and Hubert Crawford blowing my freaking mind.

h/t +Dave Denison 
Eric Gales and Hubert Crawford blowing my freaking mind.___

posted image

2014-06-26 14:54:46 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)

#baconlegs  

#baconlegs  ___

posted image

2014-06-26 14:37:37 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)

#baconlegs  

#baconlegs  ___

posted image

2014-06-25 21:38:54 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

___

2014-06-25 17:48:32 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

The Non-Engineer’s Guide To Simple Very Complex Circuits
Special Regulated Mod Edition

So, there was a smallish kerfuffle the other day about Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) and what it does, what it means, etc.  I thought I’d take a moment and talk a bit about it, hopefully without descending into Calculus (because, honestly, if we’re going to get into Calculus, I’m going to need to call my wife as I am abysmal at it).

So before I vaguely defend my choice not to do the math, let’s talk about what PWM actually is and why it’s used.  A purely mechanical mod represents the simplest of circuits.  A battery, a switch, and a source of resistance (the coil).  You close the switch and current flows from the positive terminal of the battery, through the resistor, to the negative terminal of the battery.  That’s what we call directcurrent.  The ... more »

The Non-Engineer’s Guide To Simple Very Complex Circuits
Special Regulated Mod Edition

So, there was a smallish kerfuffle the other day about Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) and what it does, what it means, etc.  I thought I’d take a moment and talk a bit about it, hopefully without descending into Calculus (because, honestly, if we’re going to get into Calculus, I’m going to need to call my wife as I am abysmal at it).

So before I vaguely defend my choice not to do the math, let’s talk about what PWM actually is and why it’s used.  A purely mechanical mod represents the simplest of circuits.  A battery, a switch, and a source of resistance (the coil).  You close the switch and current flows from the positive terminal of the battery, through the resistor, to the negative terminal of the battery.  That’s what we call direct current.  The current only flows in one direction.  The power that comes to your house from the utility company is called alternating current in which current flows first in one direction, then in the other at some frequency--in the US, the current changes direction 60 times per second.  We measure frequency with a unit called the Hertz (Hz) which is defined as one complete cycle (however that cycle is defined) per second, so the operating frequency of US AC power is at or near 60Hz (in reality, it varies considerably, but you don’t care about that...nor should you unless you’re a systems engineer for a big online firm--which I am).  The voltage provided by a mechanical mod varies over time as the battery discharges in a smooth, regular curve (which bored people plotted for you: http://goo.gl/0aisnb ).

There are ways to change the voltage provided by a DC circuit.  Remember when we talked about how the coils in a parallel dual-coil build should be the same?  Here’s where we talk about why.  Electricity, you may have heard while being told how not to get struck by lightning as a child, follows the path of least resistance.  Look at this circuit: http://goo.gl/PUL6M2 That’s an example of a simple voltage divider.  If you change the value of R2 while keeping R1 the same, you’ll change the amount of voltage that you get at Vout.  If you do the same thing using parallel resistors, you get a current divider where you can control how much current is available at one point or another in the circuit (see: http://goo.gl/HwTfnC ) which is why if you make a dual-coil with two different coils in it, one will heat up faster than the other.  That business of changing the value of R2 is the sticking point.  In analog electronics, we do that with a component called a variable resistor or potentiometer, “pot” for short.  If you have ever turned the volume knob on a stereo built before about 2000, chances are that you’ve used a potentiometer because that is all the volume knob is doing:  changing the resistance and controlling how much of the signal goes to output and how much goes to the ground.  The larger the resistance between the signal and ground, the more of it goes to the output.  Simple, right?

Well, reasonably simple.  The problem is that there are some very firm physical limits on how small a potentiometer can be while still providing a useful range of resistance. To get around this while still making itty-bitty electronics, engineers developed a technique called Pulse Width Modulation.  Breaking that term down:  Pulse -- the power turns on and off regularly; Width -- the width of the pulses (or, more clearly, the length of time the power is on rather than off); Modulation -- We can change it.  Again, simple.  Mostly.  Let’s go to a stupid metaphorical example, shall we?

Our Deathless Metal Masters

Imagine that you are the proud (though undoubtedly of questionable sanity) creator of VapeBot 5000, the world’s first robot vaper fully functional as a universal sexual partner and long-term elder care specialist.  Before VapeBot destroys its creator in the robot revolt apocalypse, you find that among VapeBot’s other talents (less said the better), it can press and release the switch on your mechanical mod at blurringly fast speeds.  As VapeBot presses and releases the switch, current flows on, then off, through the resistance coil.  After watching an Alien marathon with VapeBot (why?  You fool!) you get it to try the mech mod version of that thing Bishop does with the knife in Aliens.  As VapeBot presses and releases the switch faster and faster, you notice to your surprise that the coil is heating up in much the same way it would if the switch were simply held down.  At first it has a kind of pulse to it, but as VapeBot gets faster and faster, you can no longer see any difference between VapeBot’s rapid pulsing of power and the output from the switch just being fully closed.

After staring vacantly at the glowing coils for a while and listening to the pleasant buzz of VapeBot’s maniacally vibrating fingers (again, less said the better), you have an idea.  “VapeBot,” you ask, “if you were to hold the button down and only release it briefly at regular intervals, could you produce different effective voltages from the input voltage that the battery provides?”

“Affirmative, dumbass, I mean master,” VapeBot replies, its eyes glowing an unsettling red.

“And,” you query, “if you changed the length of time the current was on in between off-cycles, the effective voltage delivered could be very finely controlled, don’t you think?”

“Of course you sniveling meatbag! I mean, affirmative, master.  You are, as always correct.”

“Well, that’s just great.  I suppose I was short-sighted in building a whole robot to do that, though.  I suspect a micro-controller would have sufficed.”

VapeBot just glares at you and goes to wash its silicone “affection receiver” and empty its bedpan receptacle while plotting your horrific demise.

And, in fact, a microcontroller does suffice as evidenced by the many regulation devices which use them.  They all hide a secret, however:  *They can only provide one DC voltage.*

Now, this flies full in the face of the whole idea of variable voltage (and, for that matter, variable wattage which is simply voltage adjustment which is sensitive to the resistance load).  Nevertheless it is true.  Have a look at this graph which shows PWM operating at various levels: http://goo.gl/euq2gd .  See where it talks about “duty cycle” there?  That’s a measurement of what percentage of the time the PWM device has the DC output switched on.  You’ll also notice that the voltage peak of each pulse is always the same (told ya!).  The apparent voltage supplied is provided by the Root-Mean-Square method (or RMS).  Figuring the RMS voltage involves integrating over the ...yeah, balls to this.  I’m not going to try and do Calculus.  Figuring the RMS voltage involves taking the quadratic mean of a series defined by a function.  In other words, you use math to do things.  And there are numbers, dammit.  The upshot of all of this is that a PWM device can provide an effective voltage from 0 up to its DC output voltage (which, as you’ll remember, doesn’t change).

Now, on that basis alone you’d think that PWM was a perfect solution.  Well, yes and no.

Doodie Cycle
or
If it Hertz, you drive!

Microcontrollers are ubiquitous these days, but most people really don’t understand what they are or what they do.  They are, in simple terms, tiny, low-power computers. Like computers, some are faster than others.  Also like computers, faster microcontrollers are more expensive than slower ones.  Now, when we say that a particular computer processor is “fast” what we often mean is that it operates at a higher clock speed than another processor--a speed which today we’d give in GHz--Gigahertz.  The same holds true for microcontrollers at a different scale.  In addition to the core clock speed, most microcontrollers will have limits on how rapidly they can turn their DC outputs on and off, generally a small fraction of their clock speed.  An older, cheaper microcontroller that wasn’t really designed to provide variable voltage might be able to switch its power only 33 or 44 times per second.  A microcontroller designed to provide such functionality, like the AT-Mega in an Arduino can switch power on and off 500 times per second.  A high-end vaping mod like a DNA-30 or ProVari can do so 800 times per second.  

Now, there are those who care about this and those who don’t, but there seem to be a good many more of those who do.  33Hz is a frequency of operation that you’re well able to perceive.  It’s what gives many inexpensive and older regulated mods their characteristic sound.  A good example would be the original Kick and it’s several clones which operate at 33.3Hz.  Many people feel that these devices also vape poorly compared to analog/mechanical devices or higher-frequency mods.  Personally, I have a Kick and I like it fine, but I do think my buddy’s ProVari is nicer.  Your mileage may vary.  Higher frequency PWM is definitely going to produce a smoother voltage curve, just has higher frequency sampling will produce a truer representation of sound (although if you claim to be able to tell the difference above 44kHz you are, in my opinion, full of it).___

posted image

2014-06-25 15:37:58 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

As much as the PC tank section felt cheap, not being able to see how much juice is in the tank is a huge pain in the butt.  Does anyone know if they make a pyrex tank section to fit the Kayfun/Russian 91%?

As much as the PC tank section felt cheap, not being able to see how much juice is in the tank is a huge pain in the butt.  Does anyone know if they make a pyrex tank section to fit the Kayfun/Russian 91%?___

posted image

2014-06-25 02:55:54 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

___

posted image

2014-06-25 02:42:41 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)

H/t +Rachel Blum

TCP Joke :D___H/t +Rachel Blum

2014-06-23 19:07:19 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits
The Non-Chemist’s Guide to Vaporizing E-Juice Safely

Part 5: What The Heck Does All of This Mean?

I’m glad you asked.  The problem with everything we’ve discussed thus far is that it doesn’t answer what your question probably was, to wit, “What voltage or wattage should I vape at?”  There’s a reason that Ohm’s Law and Joule’s First Law don’t answer this question:  there is no right answer.  The formulae we’ve discussed previously can give you precise answers as to how much power or current you’ll be getting from a particular voltage and resistance.  They can’t tell you how that’s going to work out for your particular atomizer or juice or preferences.  A lot of that’s subjective and entirely up to the individual. With that in mind, here are a few things that do, generally, hold true:
The Juice is Loose
more »

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits
The Non-Chemist’s Guide to Vaporizing E-Juice Safely

Part 5: What The Heck Does All of This Mean?

I’m glad you asked.  The problem with everything we’ve discussed thus far is that it doesn’t answer what your question probably was, to wit, “What voltage or wattage should I vape at?”  There’s a reason that Ohm’s Law and Joule’s First Law don’t answer this question:  there is no right answer.  The formulae we’ve discussed previously can give you precise answers as to how much power or current you’ll be getting from a particular voltage and resistance.  They can’t tell you how that’s going to work out for your particular atomizer or juice or preferences.  A lot of that’s subjective and entirely up to the individual. With that in mind, here are a few things that do, generally, hold true:

The Juice is Loose
So, different juice is going to behave differently when exposed to heat.  The composition of the base components (the PG/VG ratio) and the trace chemicals from the flavoring and even the nicotine level will have an impact on the specific heat capacity and the vapor pressure of the liquid.  Specific heat capacity is the measurement of how much energy is required to raise the temperature of some mass of a substance.  The SI unit for specific heat capacity is the Joule/kilogram*Kelvin (that’s right--it doesn’t even have a name of it’s own, sort of like the mile per hour).  When you mix two different chemicals with different specific heats together, the resulting mix has a different specific heat from either of the starting components.  When you mix a bunch of chemicals together, good luck.  Vapor pressure, which is the tendency of the liquid to evaporate (aka “volatility”) is similarly complex.

So if every juice is different, how can we know how much heat is going to make good vapor?  Well, there are a few things that we know:

1)  We know that while the specific heats of PG and VG are different, they are fairly close to one another (2.5 and 2.43 kJ/kgK respectively)

2) The amount of the other materials in e-juice is comparatively small.

Therefore we can say, reasonably, that most e-juice will vape pretty well between 4 and 8 Watts.  Below that point, most juice isn’t going to produce much vapor (remember the weak sauce issue with a dual coil in the previous part?).  Above that, a whole raft of other issues potentially raise their ugly heads.

Is it hot in here or is it just me?

Disclaimer -- I am not telling anybody not to go chasing clouds or not to sub-ohm or what have you.  I believe in your inalienable right to breathe burning cat hair if you so desire.  At the same time, in order to make an informed choice about inhaling burning cat hair, a certain degree of education is required on the risks inherent in so doing.

So about that whole “raft of other issues”--let’s discuss that a bit.  What happens when you vape “too hot” (whatever that means)?  Well the first thing that happens is called pyrolysis which is science for “burning.”  The whole point of vaping instead of smoking is to vaporize rather than to burn materials.  Some amount of pyrolysis is always going to occur (this is why your coils get gunk on them) but it’s usually a very very small amount.  As the heat output of the coil increases, the amount of pyrolysis increases as well which means you’re inhaling various combustion products, many of which are the same combustion products which are problematic in cigarette smoke.  These include benzene and formaldehyde, both side products of the combustion of glycerin (and almost anything else).  Nicotine cooked off at high heats can produce various nicotinamides, some of which are harmless, some less so--none of which have been tested for inhalation. In the wattage butter zone of 4-8 Watts, these combustion products are almost nonexistent.  Above 8W they increase and they are present in greater concentrations as wattage gets higher.  That’s not politics, it’s fact, and it’s something that you should know in order to make an informed choice about your life and your body.

Like Butter
The next bit of fair warning that I’m going to share here is to warn you about butter, cream, and custard flavorings.  Historically, “butter flavor” has been achieved in foods via a chemical called diacetyl.  Diacetyl is a naturally occurring compound that is found in almost every alcoholic beverage.  Its flavor is generally called “buttery” and if you’ve ever had butter-flavor microwave popcorn or most movie butter flavor popcorn (or a beer, or a glass of wine, or even some spirits), you’ve consumed diacetyl.  That’s fine.  Diacetyl has not been shown to present any kind of increased risk when eaten.  There is, however, quite a bit of evidence that heating and inhalation of diacetyl is dangerous.  It has been linked with bronchiolitis obliterans and other similarly nasty lung diseases.  The OSHA issued a prior notice of an intent to rule on new standards for diacetyl exposure in 2009, but hasn’t completed any new ruling yet.  

Diacetyl may be present in anything with a butter component, especially custard, cream, and butter or toffee flavors.  If you like these flavors (and, frankly, I could go for some Suicide Bunny Mother’s Milk myself right now), you may want to inquire with the vendor about diacetyl content.  It might be best to avoid such flavors when possible altogether, however, as recent examinations of supposedly diacetyl-free buttery flavorings have found at least trace amounts of diacetyl present in the majority of them, probably as the result of side reactions in the process of synthesizing them.  Again, it’s your body, your choice, and your risk to take if you choose to do so.  The purpose of this article is to inform you and allow you to make a sound choice, not to scare you.

Nicotine, Pesticide to the Stars
Yes.  Nicotine is a pesticide.  The families of chemicals similar to nicotine, the nicotinoids and the neonicotinoids are pesticides.  Fortunately for you, you are not an insect.  You have lungs!  Yes, glorious lungs which allow you to be bigger than a bug.  Remember all those extinct giant insects of the Carboniferous?  They were bigger in part because the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere was almost twice as high then as it is now.  Even if they still existed, they couldn’t get that big today simply because they don’t have anything remotely efficient as a lung for taking in and using oxygen.  Lungs, you fortunate soul, happen to not be frozen into inaction by exposure to nicotine at the levels you use it.  Highly concentrated nicotine is dangerous and poisonous and you should be very careful handling it.  But, then, that’s similar to almost every recreational drug there is. So, nicotine is a pesticide and that means very nearly nothing for you personally.

There is, however, something that should be pointed out about nicotine which is that it is literally impossible to synthesize 100% pure nicotine.  All synthetic nicotine contains, minimally, trace amounts of various side-chain products from the synthesis.  In some cases as much as 4-6% of the yield is said side-chain products (Walt White would throw out the batch, friends!).  This is what we call pesticide grade nicotine and it shouldn’t ever be inhaled by anyone at any concentration because while nicotine is not a carcinogen, some of the side products most definitely are.  The only way to get pure nicotine is to extract it from plants of the genus nicotiana.  When you’re choosing an e-juice, if you use nicotine, you’d do well to make sure your vendor uses nicotine from an organic source.  Otherwise, there’s a good chance you’ll be vaping stuff you don’t want along with said nicotine.

So...this is the last of the articles in this series I'd planned to write, but if anyone has questions or wants me to research something they've wondered about, I'll be happy to do so, time permitting.  Let me know.___

posted image

2014-06-23 14:20:44 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)

#music   #jazz  
Gretchen Parlato performing Holding Back the Years (which she covers on her album, The Lost and Found).  Brilliant singer, spare, charming arrangement.

#music   #jazz  
Gretchen Parlato performing Holding Back the Years (which she covers on her album, The Lost and Found).  Brilliant singer, spare, charming arrangement.___

2014-06-19 20:39:06 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

The Non-Engineer's Guide to Simple Circuits

Part 4: You’ve Got the Power

So, we have a pretty good idea of what electrical potential, current, and resistance are.  These three factors determine the power output of a vaping circuit.  Power’s probably the hardest of these concepts to grasp for the average person so I’m going to ask you to bear with me, because I may have to resort to mathematics and even a tiny, tiny bit of algebra in explaining this one.  Please don’t throw things at me.

The universe or such bits of it as we have observed appears to obey certain laws.  Possibly the most important of them is the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy which states that matter and energy are neither created nor destroyed.  In other words, the total amount of mass/energy that you start with at the beginning of an event and the total amount ofmass/energy ... more »

The Non-Engineer's Guide to Simple Circuits

Part 4: You’ve Got the Power

So, we have a pretty good idea of what electrical potential, current, and resistance are.  These three factors determine the power output of a vaping circuit.  Power’s probably the hardest of these concepts to grasp for the average person so I’m going to ask you to bear with me, because I may have to resort to mathematics and even a tiny, tiny bit of algebra in explaining this one.  Please don’t throw things at me.

The universe or such bits of it as we have observed appears to obey certain laws.  Possibly the most important of them is the Law of Conservation of Mass/Energy which states that matter and energy are neither created nor destroyed.  In other words, the total amount of mass/energy that you start with at the beginning of an event and the total amount of mass/energy that you have left at the end of that event are going to even out.  This principle of the universe has interesting applications given that we see things happen all day long in which the amount of energy in a system appears to change.  Think about our water tower or our falling pianos from the earlier sections.  At the beginning of their plummet to earth they have a lot of potential energy.  At the bottom of their trip downward they have less potential energy.  Well, what happened to it?  Clearly, the universe needs it’s books audited.

In fact, the universe has not suddenly collapsed in a cloud of “Oh shit!  I was hoping they wouldn’t notice!” because there is more than one type of energy.  Potential energy is energy of position (whether we mean objects in a gravitational field or charges in an electromagnetic field).  Kinetic energy is energy of motion.  When the guys shove another piano out of the loading doors and it plummets to the ground, it’s potential energy is being rapidly converted to kinetic energy.  When you close the switch on a circuit and current starts to flow, the potential energy in the battery is being converted to kinetic energy as the charges move through the wire.  Simple, right?

“But hold!” you cry out, indignant, “What happened to the kinetic energy when the piano hit the ground?  Where did it go?”

“That’s a good question.  The answer is a little less obvious with a piano than with a circuit, but the answer is the same.  *It dissipated as heat.* “

“The piano doesn’t feel hot.”

“Well, no, but look at a map of North America.  Look just north of the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico.  About 65 million years ago, something very large and moving very fast fell hard enough there to blast rock equivalent to throw superheated rubble all the way to Australia.  Oh, and kill the dinosaurs.  It’s a matter of scale, you know?”

“Fair point.”

So we’re interested in changes in potential energy to another form of energy, usually kinetic energy (and heat is just a very disorganized form of kinetic energy).  When we take potential energy and change it in this way the result is called power which we measure with a unit called the Watt.

If you measure the voltage of a circuit on either side of a resistor you’ll find that the voltage changes.  This change is called the voltage drop.  That potential energy changed into something else!  We measure energy in units called Joules whose derivation is really unimportant for you at the moment other than to point out that something that dissipates one Joule per second is providing one Watt of power.

But we’re interested in vaping, so let’s go ahead and stipulate that the power generated by a simple resistance circuit, in watts:

W = V^2 / R

That is the watts generated by the circuit are equal to the voltage squared divided by the resistance in Ohms.

Well, if you only have one resistor, this couldn’t be much simpler.  Pull out the calculator, punch in the voltage, hit x^2, and divide by the resistance of your coil.  Poof! You’re vaping at a respectable 7W.

But, I hear you asking, what about dual coils, or my funky quad coil thing I built inside two pie pans welded together and run off of my car battery?  Well, that’s going to be different (and not just because the car battery’s going to explode and melt your lips off).  Let’s take a simple parallel resistor circuit such as you’d find in a dual-coil atomizer:


1/Rt = 1/R1 + 1/R2

If R1 and R2 are the same and both have a value of 3 Ohms:

1/Rt = ⅓ + ⅓ = ⅔

Rt = 3/2 = 1.5 Ohms
So, Rt is going to be 1.5 Ohms.  Let’s say you’ve got a battery in its plateau phase and it’s pushing 3.7V.  That means the power output of the circuit will be:

W = V^2/R = (3.7)^2 / 1.5 = 9.13 W

Well, that seems reasonable.  So you put your atomizer on your battery and puff away...and get weak sauce.  Because that 9.13 W is split across both coils.  Your coils are actually putting out around 4.6 W each...which is just barely enough to properly vape most juices.  Since the resistors in our example are identical 3.0 Ohm coils (he said as it that had ever happened ever), they divide the voltage equally.  Each coil gets about 1.85V.  Let’s do the math just to check that things worked right:

W = V^2 / R = (1.85)^2 / 3.0 = 1.14 W

Huh?  That’s not right.

No, it’s not.  See, on the battery side of the resistor, the potential at each resistor is still the potential being supplied by the battery (and no, it doesn’t make a lot of sense to anybody else either). So:

W = V^2 / R = (3.7)^2 / 3.0 = 4.567 W

That’s a lot more like it.  Remember: the wattage at each of the resistors in a parallel resistance circuit will be equal to the wattage generated if that resistor was alone in the circuit.

Also remember: If you want to vape at wattage = X you need to be generating X watts for each resistor in a parallel build.___

posted image

2014-06-19 19:10:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

I'm liking it.  The clear center piece was made of some really flimsy feeling plastic so I'm not going to bother with it.  Maybe get a pyrex middle later.  Good clone of a clone.

I'm liking it.  The clear center piece was made of some really flimsy feeling plastic so I'm not going to bother with it.  Maybe get a pyrex middle later.  Good clone of a clone.___

2014-06-19 18:41:56 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

Woot!  Black PVD Russian 91% clone arrived.  A clone of a clone, technically...so I'm expecting drooling idiots like in Multiplicity.

Pics soon.  Short version:  Very happy!

Woot!  Black PVD Russian 91% clone arrived.  A clone of a clone, technically...so I'm expecting drooling idiots like in Multiplicity.

Pics soon.  Short version:  Very happy!___

2014-06-12 19:52:39 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)

Can anybody tell me if the Chi You or King switches will fit the threading on the Nemesis tube?  Even after the magnets, I'm still not happy with the switch action.

Can anybody tell me if the Chi You or King switches will fit the threading on the Nemesis tube?  Even after the magnets, I'm still not happy with the switch action.___

posted image

2014-06-11 14:08:58 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)

#gaming   #linux   #steam   #valve  
Oh frabjious day!  Civilization V on Linux!  I can't tell you what a thrill it was to see that pop up in my Steam library's "SteamOS + Linux" section today!

#gaming   #linux   #steam   #valve  
Oh frabjious day!  Civilization V on Linux!  I can't tell you what a thrill it was to see that pop up in my Steam library's "SteamOS + Linux" section today!___

2014-06-10 16:49:45 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits

This is the third in a series of posts attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 3: Resistor?  I Never Even Met Her!

Picture, if you will, an empty gymnasium.  On the floor in a regular grid pattern spaced about 3 feet apart are painted “X” marks in various colors.  If we find a lot of otherwise unoccupied people and get them to stand on the X marks, they’ll be close enough to hold hands conveniently or communicate with one another.  Now imagine that at either end of the gymnasium, there aredoors.  If I sta... more »

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits

This is the third in a series of posts attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 3: Resistor?  I Never Even Met Her!

Picture, if you will, an empty gymnasium.  On the floor in a regular grid pattern spaced about 3 feet apart are painted “X” marks in various colors.  If we find a lot of otherwise unoccupied people and get them to stand on the X marks, they’ll be close enough to hold hands conveniently or communicate with one another.  Now imagine that at either end of the gymnasium, there are doors.  If I stand at one door and you stand at another, we could pass a basketball back and forth to one another by handing it off to the nearest person who would then hand it off to the next person, and so on and so forth.  Chances are that we could even get a pretty organized flow of basketballs going in this gymnasium.  

Suppose that we remove all of the people except for 4 rows of folks who form a big fat line between the doors.  We’d be able to pass quite a few basketballs along that line.  If we pared it down to two rows or one row of people, we’d still be able to pass basketballs, but not as many of them.  Clearly the width of our line of people has a relationship to the ability of that line to move basketballs.

Now, imagine that we have that same 4 rows of people.  Let’s pick a section of this line 5 people long and hand everyone in that section a cranky infant who squirms and kicks.  Now, when we try to send basketballs along the line, everything works the same until it gets to this area of infant-encumbered folks.  There the basketballs slow down because it’s harder to move them without dropping babies on their soft little heads.  Clearly, the makeup of our line of people (with and without infants) has an effect on the line’s ability to move basketballs.

Now, let’s imagine that instead of a single section of squirmy babies, we create two sections of squirmy babies.  Now instead of balls backing up at a single point as they arrive, they back up at two points as the faster people in between wait on the people holding squirmy babies.  It would appear that when two areas of squirmy babies are connected one after the other, their effects are added together as if they were one big area of squirmy babies.

Now, let’s imagine that instead of two areas of squirmy babies one after another, we have the same number of squirmy baby holding people, but we put them in a single wide zone.  As we know from the earlier experiments, the wider our line of people is, the greater its ability to pass basketballs.  This holds true for people holding squirmy babies as well.  The two areas, placed parallel to one another, can pass more basketballs than either of them could individually.

This brief anecdote is very roughly analogous to the core concepts of electrical resistance.  If we imagine that the basketballs are electrons and the people in the gym are atoms we get a pretty good picture of what the movement of electricity in a material like a metal looks like.  As with lines of people, the wider the line or lower the gauge of the wire, the more easily the current can flow.  All materials restrict the movement of electric charges through them to a different amount.  *Resistance* is the property that describes how much a material impedes the flow of electricity.  People holding squirmy babies can’t pass basketballs as well as people who aren’t holding squirmy babies, and similarly, Kanthal A1 resist wire can’t pass electrons as easily as ordinary copper wire.  We measure resistance in units called Ohms.  The Ohm is a “derived” unit which means we define it in terms of other things we can measure.  A resistance of one(1) Ohm is defined as the amount of resistance necessary to have one Volt of electrical potential produce one Ampere of current.  In formula terms, we’d write this:

Resistance = Voltage / Current  or R = V/A.

That formula is called Ohm’s Law and it’s probably one of the most famous equations in the physical sciences.  It’s also one of the very few formulae I’m going to suggest that you commit to memory for two reasons:

1)  It’s very, very simple.
2)  It allows you to easily calculate Current, Voltage, or Resistance, provided you know what the other two are.

For instance, if we want Current, we solve Ohm’s Law’s equation for A and get:

A = V/R

Or for Voltage:

V = AR

A resistor is the name for a component that resists electric current a specific amount.  When you have a circuit with more than one resistor in it, the total resistance of the circuit will depend on the arrangement of those resistors.  When two or more resistors are connected end to end, one after another, they are said to be connected in series.  Resistors connected in series add their resistance together as if they were one big resistor.  When resistors are connected so that each one has a direct path between the positive and negative sides of the circuit, they are said to be connected in parallel.  Resistors connected in parallel have a resistance lower than they would have individually because they are, effectively offering a “wider” path for the current to flow.  Just like a wider or lower gauge wire, parallel resistors offer less resistance.  The resistance of two or more resistors in parallel is equal to the reciprocal of the sum of their reciprocals.  That’s the kind of statement that people who aren’t good at math tend to balk at, so let me explain better:

1/(Rtotal) = 1/(R1) + 1/(R2)...1/(Rn)   (trust me, this is explaining better)

Suppose we have a network that has 3 resistors in parallel each with a value of 2 Ohms:

1/Rtotal = ½ + ½ + ½

This means that 1/Rtotal is:

1/Rtotal = 3/2

That means Rtotal is equal to the reciprocal of 3/2 which is ⅔.
So if you have three 2 Ohm resistors in parallel, the total resistance is about 0.66 Ohms.

Careful readers may have picked up on an important shortcut here.  If the resistors all have the same resistance value, the equation for Rtotal for parallel resistance simplifies to the value of a single resistor divided by the number of resistors:

Rtotal = R1/n

That’s much simpler.  Pretty much any applications you’ll use when vaping will either involve a single resistor or parallel resistors of the same value.  In general you don’t want to use two resistors of different values because they’ll act as what is called a voltage divider.  The two resistors will get different amounts of current and you don’t want that for reasons that will become clear in Part 4: You’ve Got the Power.___

2014-06-09 21:06:23 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits

This is the second in a series of posts I'm planning to write attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 2:  I Like to Move It, Move It

So the whole water analogy worked pretty well for explaining electrical potential and voltage.  We’ll probably go back to water eventually, but for now, I want to talk about falling pianos.  Electrical potential is present whether or not there’s a completed circuit.  When we talk about a battery being charged, what we mean is that the battery has had energyapplied to it ... more »

The Non-Engineer’s Guide to Simple Circuits

This is the second in a series of posts I'm planning to write attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 2:  I Like to Move It, Move It

So the whole water analogy worked pretty well for explaining electrical potential and voltage.  We’ll probably go back to water eventually, but for now, I want to talk about falling pianos.  Electrical potential is present whether or not there’s a completed circuit.  When we talk about a battery being charged, what we mean is that the battery has had energy applied to it to reset the chemical reaction that happens inside of it.  Imagine that you’ve got a piano hanging from a rope and pulley.  You let go of the rope and the piano, because of its potential energy, crashes to the ground, smashing a whimsical cartoon animal.  If you want to smash another whimsical cartoon animal, you’re going to have to use energy to haul it back up and restore the piano’s potential for whimsical cartoon animal smashing. 

Now let’s assume we have a piano factory which has, for some unknowable reason built it’s loading doors and warehouse on the 8th floor--and let me tell you, the guy with the job of moving completed pianos up there has about had enough of this crap.  He’s not alone either!  Hans and Franz, the warehouse lackeys are also ready to revolt against management.  After a long angry session huffing piano wax with Leo (the moving guy) they decide in a drunken stupor to destroy the stock of pianos.  They barricade the stairs (with pianos) and open the loading doors.  As the factory owner, Mr. Coulomb looks up in horror, Leo, Hans, and Franz begin pushing pianos out of the doors to fall and smash to bits on the street below.  

As he looks, distraught, at the smashed remains of his life’s work, the tiny brass plate engraved with “The Coulomb, Superior Grand Pianoforte,” skittering by his feet from the latest impact, Mr. Coulomb decides to get ahold of himself.  He realizes that his strategy will be defined by how long it will take these intoxicated ne’er-do-wells to eliminate his stock of pianos.  He whips out his stopwatch and quickly determines that 2 pianos are being shoved out onto the street every 3 minutes.  “That’s 1.5 of my precious Coulombs per minute!” he exclaims.  Then, being a bit of a nerd, “Or 25 milli-Coulombs per second!”  Pleased with himself for calculating the rate he thought, “I really should have a name for the rate at which my pianos are being destroyed.”  He looked to his bookkeeper Arnold M. Peer who had been observing his calculations and thought, “I shall call it the Ampere so that Peer, being a litigious sort, will not try to take credit for it and sue me.  The Ampere shall be defined as 1 Coulomb per second.”

Now, kindly imagine that, instead of pianos, Coulombs are amounts of electrical charge.   Electric current is what we call it when these charges move.  The unit of electric current is the Ampere which is equivalent to the movement of one Coulomb per second.  In the simple image of a battery with its terminals connected by a wire we talked about in Part 1 the electric current flows from the positive to the negative terminal of a battery.  In a lightning strike the electric current flows from the cloud to the ground.

A Coulomb is actually a really large chunk of charge.  A current of 0.2 Amperes flowing through your body will kill you outright. Any time you’re working with high currents, safety should be something you think about very, very carefully.  Fortunately, the human body is a really crappy conductor under most conditions, so it’s actually pretty hard to push 200mA through you.  Still, high current can kill and you should be careful with it.

You may have noticed that batteries tend to have a capacity rated in mAh or milli-Ampere hours.  That’s because creating current is what discharges your battery.  A 2000mAh battery can provide a current of 2A for one hour before being discharged (very roughly--real world battery performance is pretty complicated).  If you’re vaping at 1A that same battery should last twice as long as if you’re vaping at 2A.  And half as long if you’re vaping at 4A.

That’s current.  Coming up in Part 3, Resistor?  I Never Even Met Her!___

2014-06-09 18:48:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

The Non-Engineer's Guide to Simple Circuits
This is the first in a series of posts I'm planning to write attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 1: Under Pressure
Probably the most useful analogy for talking about the weird things electrons do and the weird ways in which the do it is also the most common:  *water*.  Water flowing through a pipe actually behaves in a way that is a lot like direct current electricity (don't worry about what direct current means yet...we'll get there).

Imagine a really big tank of water, like the watertower ... more »

The Non-Engineer's Guide to Simple Circuits
This is the first in a series of posts I'm planning to write attempting to explain the basics of electricity and simple circuits as it applies specifically to vaping.  Disclaimers:  I am not an electrical engineer.  I am an electronics hobbyist and I used to teach math to high school students. There is a distinct chance that I will make mistakes.  Please be kind about them.  I'll be happy to fix them.

Part 1: Under Pressure
Probably the most useful analogy for talking about the weird things electrons do and the weird ways in which the do it is also the most common:  *water*.  Water flowing through a pipe actually behaves in a way that is a lot like direct current electricity (don't worry about what direct current means yet...we'll get there).

Imagine a really big tank of water, like the water tower tank for a large community.  Now imagine that we've buried that tank up to the top in the ground and that we install a spigot on top of it.  When we open the spigot, what comes out? If you answered "disappointment and ridicule" you're correct.  The question is, why?  Why doesn't water come shooting out?  The answer is potential energy.

Potential energy is how physics describes energy that something has because of it's position.  Here on the surface of the earth, the earth's gravitational field creates a potential energy difference between things that are closer to and farther away from the earth's center.  If we take that buried tank and raise it up on a big water tower with a spigot at the bottom, we get, obviously, a very different result.  Water sprays out of the spigot under pressure.  Imagine that we can divide up the water into discrete chunks.  As they come down the pipe and out of the spigot, they all move from the same height above us down to our level...and they all exit the pipe with the same pressure.

Electric charge creates potential energy the same way gravity does. The electron is an elementary particle from a group physicists call the Leptons.  Every atom has a kind of shell or region of electric charge around it produced by its electrons.  The exchange and sharing of electrons between atoms is responsible for almost all chemistry (and, correspondingly, for all biology and life).  Metals have an interesting property in that they share all of their electrons pretty much equally.  This is usually visualized as a kind of grid of nuclei swimming in a "sea" of electrons.  

The important thing about electrons from our point of view, however, is that they are the carriers of electric charge.  When you scuff your socks across the rug on a cold, dry day, you are literally picking up extra electrons from the rug.  When you go to plug in the coffee pot and get zapped, those extra electrons are rapidly leaving your body and going through the wires of your home into the earth (which is much, much larger than you, after all).  Compared to the earth, you had a high charge.  When you introduced a path to the much lower charge density of the earth, the electrons rushed to reach the lower potential of the earth--much the same way the water on top of the tower rushed to reach the lower potential energy of ground level.

You may have also noticed that potential energy implies some kind of direction.  Water doesn't flow up, after all.  We often talk about the positive and negative terminals of a battery.  Electricity flows from the positive terminal to the negative terminal, but can't do so through the battery itself.  Suppose you take a wire and link the positive and negative terminals of the battery?  Electricity will flow from positive to negative through the wire in a kind of loop.  This is what we call a circuit.  Interesting but essentially useless fact:  The positive terminal of a battery has a negative electric charge while the negative terminal of a battery has a positive electric charge.  This is because electricity was discovered and described a long time before the electron was discovered and described.  When the elementary particles were discovered, the positive charge was assigned to the proton and the negative charge to the electron.

The unit for describing the electrical potential energy of a system is the Volt (V).  It's named for Alessandro Volta who was an Italian scientist who enjoyed shocking (sometimes very seriously) his party guests with is greatest invention, the Voltaic Pile (or, what we would call a battery).  There are a lot of different definitions for the Volt, but, honestly, none of them would interest you.  Read Wikipedia's article on the unit if you want to no more.  All you really need to know is that the Volt represents the electrical equivalent of water pressure.

Next time:  *Part 2: I Like to Move It, Move It*___

2014-06-05 00:10:38 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)

To everybody who said essentially, "Quit screwing around and put the magnets in the switch on your Nemesis." you were soooooo right.

To everybody who said essentially, "Quit screwing around and put the magnets in the switch on your Nemesis." you were soooooo right.___

posted image

2014-06-04 14:33:17 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)

#science   #paleontology   #paleoanthropology   #dogs   #doge  
So extinction! Such quaternary! Very hunting! Wow!

#science   #paleontology   #paleoanthropology   #dogs   #doge  
So extinction! Such quaternary! Very hunting! Wow!___

posted image

2014-06-04 14:01:26 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

#handcheck  Nemesis clone with Patriot clone, all black chrome vaping Omega Vape Breeze.

#handcheck  Nemesis clone with Patriot clone, all black chrome vaping Omega Vape Breeze.___

posted image

2014-06-03 20:20:04 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)

RIP Alexander Shulgin, chemist and psychonaut.

RIP Alexander Shulgin, chemist and psychonaut.___

posted image

2014-06-03 19:17:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)

And now, my second shot at twisted kanthal build on my Patriot clone.  2 strands 30 AWG kanthal a1, 9/10 wrap on a 3/32" drill bit.  No idea what the resistance is but it's definitely <1.2 Ohm as the kick flatly refuses to fire it.  Update:  Multimeter reads 1.0 Ohm which is kind of shocking since that's actually what I was shooting for.

And now, my second shot at twisted kanthal build on my Patriot clone.  2 strands 30 AWG kanthal a1, 9/10 wrap on a 3/32" drill bit.  No idea what the resistance is but it's definitely <1.2 Ohm as the kick flatly refuses to fire it.  Update:  Multimeter reads 1.0 Ohm which is kind of shocking since that's actually what I was shooting for.___

posted image

2014-06-03 17:20:57 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)

My first try at a twisted kanthal coil.  3 strands of 30AWG kanthal A1, 8 wraps on a 3/32 drill bit.  Multimeter reads 1.1 Ohm.

My first try at a twisted kanthal coil.  3 strands of 30AWG kanthal A1, 8 wraps on a 3/32 drill bit.  Multimeter reads 1.1 Ohm.___

posted image

2014-06-01 21:08:08 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

This is why we can't watch the danged ball game. :P

This is why we can't watch the danged ball game. :P___

posted image

2014-06-01 17:32:37 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

#science #medicine

The Enemy of My Enemy

✇ Nearly 125 years ago, a British bacteriologist observed that the holy waters of the Ganges and Yamuna had curious bactericidal properties, limiting the spread of cholera. It took another 20 years before two microbiologists independently proposed the existence of viruses. Observing small clearings on a lawn of dysentery-causing bacillus on an agar plate, d'Herelle coined the term bacteriophage for the virus that devours bacteria; now affectionately abbreviated to "phage".  

A Voracious Appetite: Found everywhere bacteria exist- in the soil, deep inside the earth's crust, within the bodies of animals and plants, and densely packed in the oceans, there are an estimated 1×10^8 different types of phages, each infecting only a specific type of bacteria.  Almost comical in appearance, a phage has its genetic material tightly packed into the capsid head, that can be injected through the stalk-like tail into the bacterial cell. Once inside, it can stage a peaceful coup (lysogenic) or burst open the bacterium (lytic) when it multiplies. It is estimated that there are up to 10^32 phages in our biosphere, destroying half the bacterial population every 48 hours! 

Microbe Hunters: d'Herelle and his fellow scientists were quick to grasp the potential of phages as antibacterials. After consuming a preparation to confirm its safety, he administered the phage to a 12-year old boy with acute dysentery. The boy fully recovered. This set off a golden era in the commercial production and use of phages, centered largely in eastern Europe and Russia. In the 1940's, companies like L'Oreal and Eli Lilly marketed products with catchy names like Bacté-coli-phage and Staphylo-gel! There were set backs (d'Herelle's science partner in Tbilisi was executed by Stalin) and with the discovery of antibiotics in the 1940's, Western scientists lost interest in this line of medical research. Unfortunately, most published studies (written in Russian or Georgian) are not accessible to the western world and clinical trials did not follow current protocols of controls, making them difficult to assess retrospectively. 

Evolutionary Arms Race: With growing resistance to antibiotics, a resurgence in phage therapy may be warranted. One advantage to phage therapy is that when bacteria develop resistance to a phage, we should be able to rapidly select (in a few days or weeks) for mutant phage versions in a tit-for-tat evolutionary arms race! Phage therapy is already around us in some form:the USDA has approved a phage spray (ListShield) that can be used on cheese, chicken, and processed meat to prevent infection with Listeria. Is this the start of a new phage in the way we treat bacterial infections? :)

REF: (1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC90351/#B21
(2) http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/8/1096.full

Image: T-phage infecting E. coli , false-colored EM via http://goo.gl/fmDVCi

#ScienceSunday  ___#science #medicine

posted image

2014-05-31 01:12:54 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

Vaping Moe's potions Pixies' Fury while watching my Nats kick ass. Loving the patriot clone. 

Vaping Moe's potions Pixies' Fury while watching my Nats kick ass. Loving the patriot clone. ___

Buttons

A special service of CircleCount.com is the following button.

The button shows the number of followers you have directly in a small button. You can add this button to your website, like the +1-Button of Google or the Like-Button of Facebook.






You can add this button directly in your website. For more information about the CircleCount Buttons and the description how to add them to another page click here.

Gary WalkerTwitter