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Andrew Coffman (Night Watchman) has been at 7 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
My Music Hangout34,068*Music On The Plus: Past, Present, Future* @106050675641651299878 presents *BandWidth BackStage* Join @117778937939543425499 and @104641199698156385999, along with special guests @107707592416977920764, @101052845941647002594, @107024462526027907806 and @100451775464181355098 for a discussion about the history of Google Plus in the music scene, where it is today, and the role The Plus will play in the future of online music. *Wednesday June 4th, 2014* *7:02 pm MST* (9:02 pm EST, 8:02 pm CST, 6:02 pm PST) *Support Our Efforts By Becoming Our Patron!* http://www.patreon.com/MyMusicHangout We are kicking off our second season with a new format, alternating weeks of live music with discussions about all things music related. We will focus on discovering ways to promote a strong music culture on Google Plus and in helping independent musicians reach a wider audience. During our first show of the season, _Music On The Plus: Past, Present, Future_, we will take a look at how the music scene on Google Plus has evolved, how large (or small) it is today, and what the possibilities are for the future. To do this, we have invited several guests to our panel, including: @107707592416977920764  Since Google+ went live in June 2011, Tom Rolfson has been a leading visionary regarding the group video chat hangout technology. He invested in the very first @100974258168375166691 concert which took place July 23, 2011. That landmark event brought Tom’s know-how to the right place at the right time. Tom was the first person to sell concert tickets online (in 1994 before Ticketmaster) and sold his first dot com business in 1995. He is a serial entrepreneur, an investor, a producer, a marketer and an innovator. Boardwatch Magazine said he was one of the first 100 people to make a living online. He was just one of a handful of those who saw the potential of combining business to social media and cutting edge technology.  @101052845941647002594  Chris is a musician/songwriter for the Grand Rapids, MI based band @101439746092215731211. Always an early adopter and technology enthusiast, Chris was among those who received an early invite to Google Plus, Ingress and Google Glass. He is a writer at TechDissected and provides guitar lessons online via Google Helpouts.  @107024462526027907806  Mark is a Hangout On Air enthusiast, promoter and consultant. He launched a very popular website, www.hoashows.com, which is a showcase and calendar for Google Plus Hangouts On Air. He also provides advice and consultations via Google Helpouts to help HOA hosts improve their shows. Mark ran a website dedicated to help promote indie musicians for several years and now blogs for www.MyMusicHangout.com in his column "The Broadcast".  @100451775464181355098  Drummer, songwriter, pianist, singer of alternative rock project Electric Mute (@118419533895257515329) and social media mentalist from London, UK.  Watch Live on Google+:  My Music Hangout on YouTube: https://youtube.com/user/MyMusic On The Plus: Past, Present, Future2014-06-04 19:02:0087  
Cliff Roth397,286When I held a recent IndieGoGo campaign I said I would do a week of 3hour hangouts on air if it passed a certain threshold. Well it did so this is the first of them. Chilling With Cliff2013-12-21 06:00:0012  
byron rempel165,347Drawing with Cliff and just chattingDrawing the apocalypse ... and stuff2013-12-17 05:21:5516  
beatstone2,129,751*September 25th we kick off the 2013 AITP Online Music Festival week. The fun all starts when Artists from all over the globe start arriving in LA. This event bringing you close to hundred emerging Artists worldwide. In person and virtually using Google Hangouts.  Is also part of this year's Social Media Week in Los Angeles.*   *Live from Village Studios* We will be bringing you live performances from thirty of your favorite Artists In The Plus musicians, streamed on YouTube worldwide.  In every decade since its founding, The Village has produced the favorite songs of all time. As the look and sound of music changes, so does The Village. From legends like Fleetwood Mac, The Rolling Stones, B. B. King and Bob Dylan to current artists like Coldplay, Taylor Swift and John Mayer you would be hard pressed to find an artist who hasn't recorded here.  *Live from Bergen* We have a special live event in Bergen, Norway Saturday September 28th, brought to you by the new European division of Artists In The Plus! You can join us in Bergen with performances by Madcraft, Ilona, and Artist Of The Year 2012 Myrna Braza from the beautiful Biblioteket Bar!  *12 Hours a day of Hangout On Air Performances!* We’ll have dozens of artists from _all over the world_ live on Youtube as well via Hangouts On Air.  *Los Angeles Photo Walk* We also will have Jordan Oram in LA with us, and he is planning a photo walk for the event on Monday September 30th! Contact Jordan if you would like to join us. *Unfamous AITP POST-FEST* Join us at *The Roxy Theater* 9009 W Sunset Blvd, West Hollywood, CA 90069. World famous live music venue on the Sunset Strip in Hollywood since 1973. This event will run Monday September 30th 9pm-2am    *Artists In The Plus RECORDING CONTEST WITH GRAMMY WINNING PRODUCER Val Garay!*  You can help one of your favorite Artists get the opportunity to have a song recorded with Val Garay. The Artists In The Plus panel and Val Garay will narrow those submissions down to five finalists. Those finalists will be announced live at Village Studios during the Online Music Festival. Then is up to you the fans, who gets a chance to record with Val Garay at his studio. He’s garnered over 100 gold & platinum records with total record sales over 125,000,000 worldwide. He’s been Nominated for Grammy’s on 9 different occasions and won for the “Record of the Year & Song of the Year” with Bette Davis Eyes in 1981 and an Emmy Nomination for Neil Diamond’s TV Special, “Glad You’re Here With Me Tonight”. *Luna Guitars and Artists In The Plus are giving away two guitars during the AITP Online Music Festival!* One Artists in The Plus fan will win a beautiful TRI PAR (Trinity Parlor)  Luna Guitar during the Artists In The Plus Online Music Festival. On Saturday September 28th fans can add a special catch phrase to any comment on YouTube, or or Facebook and Google+ event pages. This will make them eligible for the random drawing of a winner. They can simply add the phrase *“Artists In The Plus Online Music Festival 20132013-09-27 20:00:00573  
Sensible Politics0Gavin Newsom, the lieutenant governor of California, is turning government on its head with his new book Citizenville. Join +Gavin Newsom in a live Google+ hangout hosted by Sensible Politics on Tuesday, April 16th at 4pm PST (7pm EST) and let’s take charge of our government and our futures together.   The conversation will be moderated by +Richard Socarides a writer and commentator, and a former Senior Advisor during the Clinton Administration.  The Google Hangout is viewable on this Event page. Ask Gavin Newsom a question during the event by posting a comment here.  Read more about Citizenville - http://citizenville.com/ Join our Sensible Politics Community - http://goo.gl/Unumx www.sensiblepolitics.org #citizenville #HOA  A Conversation with Gavin Newsom about Technology, People and Government2013-04-17 01:00:00225  
Google Play9,838,694Join us for a special hangout with John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John on Tuesday, December 4th, at 6 pm PT as the original stars of _Grease_ (http://goo.gl/gHb32) talk about their acting careers and latest album. About the Hangout John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John's recently released album, _This Christmas_ (http://goo.gl/qu45m), marks their first collaboration in more than 30 years. Google Play presents: John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John2012-12-05 03:00:00692  
Jeff Smith61,669Welcome to The Selfy Sunday Project for Sept. 16/12 *Theme*: *Tales from the Dark Side* Otherwise know as a warm up for Halloween. Show us your dark side. It it could be spooky or scary, sinister or moody, perhaps your alter ego, but I know you have been there, now its time to bring it out. _Well lets not be too sinister - we are here to have some fun !_ As always the lovely +LaDonna Pride will be helping along the way as our co-host. Thanks so much +LaDonna Pride . Thanks everyone we are all looking forward to some great Selfies. Selfy Sunday FAQ can be found here. http://goo.gl/ngQeF Please check there first if you have any questions. Thanks _____________________________ *UPLOADING* *The event will open for uploading at 9:00 PM EDT.* You can upload your photo by viewing the event and clicking on the "Add Photos" button. This is a Public event open to everyone. Any questions, again please check the FAQ or let myself or LaDonna know. Or check the +Selfy Sunday  page for updates. Cheers and have fun! JeffThe Selfy Sunday Project - Sept. 16, 20122012-09-16 03:00:00232  

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 6

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2016-08-31 21:32:36 (6 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

MFW I stumble across the revival of old school trolling on the ploos...

Most reshares: 3

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2016-08-28 16:27:23 (3 comments; 3 reshares; 19 +1s; )Open 

The Forgotten Presidents of the United States of America

Even before George Washington accepted the nearly unanimous vote to be the first US President under the newly adopted constitution in 1789, the informal title of President was given to over a dozen framers of the constitution and articles of confederation during their tenure in the Continental Congress.

The Revolutionary War Congress

The first Continental Congress had a tough job ahead of them as the highest government authority of the American revolutionaries in the fight to curb the excesses of the English Colonial governors and the British government, as the rebellion had not yet broken out into open fighting, and to give their meetings cohesion and order the office of President was created for one individual to preside over the congressional sessions.

A new president was selected each time... more »

Most plusones: 19

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2016-08-28 16:27:23 (3 comments; 3 reshares; 19 +1s; )Open 

The Forgotten Presidents of the United States of America

Even before George Washington accepted the nearly unanimous vote to be the first US President under the newly adopted constitution in 1789, the informal title of President was given to over a dozen framers of the constitution and articles of confederation during their tenure in the Continental Congress.

The Revolutionary War Congress

The first Continental Congress had a tough job ahead of them as the highest government authority of the American revolutionaries in the fight to curb the excesses of the English Colonial governors and the British government, as the rebellion had not yet broken out into open fighting, and to give their meetings cohesion and order the office of President was created for one individual to preside over the congressional sessions.

A new president was selected each time... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2016-09-29 06:02:52 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Time to dream of having it made...

Night Plussers, Time to dream of having it made...___

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2016-09-27 13:24:12 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, Don't be paranoid just dance.

Morning Plussers, Don't be paranoid just dance.___

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2016-09-27 04:44:58 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, no one knows your secret passions...

Night Plussers, no one knows your secret passions...___

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2016-09-26 14:15:11 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, time blow your own horn!

Morning Plussers, time blow your own horn!___

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2016-09-25 05:28:47 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 0 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Be gracious when you get softball questions from smug children.

Night Plussers, Be gracious when you get softball questions from smug children.___

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2016-09-24 06:08:16 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, know your rights!

If you need more dissent, head over to +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where our resident agitator, +Sean Cowen , is spinning every song you'll need tonight...

Night Plussers, know your rights!

If you need more dissent, head over to +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where our resident agitator, +Sean Cowen , is spinning every song you'll need tonight...___

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2016-09-24 05:42:06 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Fireworks were awesome!

Fireworks were awesome!___

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2016-09-24 04:05:47 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

Game over, we lost.

Next up: Fireworks...

Game over, we lost.

Next up: Fireworks...___

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2016-09-24 02:04:49 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Last game of the season for us, fireworks to follow

Last game of the season for us, fireworks to follow___

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2016-09-23 06:25:20 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, I may be gone for now, but the plusses keep going...

Night Plussers, I may be gone for now, but the plusses keep going...___

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2016-09-22 06:06:17 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, why take a bite when you can have the whole Mammoth

Night Plussers, why take a bite when you can have the whole Mammoth___

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2016-09-20 13:14:11 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, don't be blue and know that you're always loved by someone.

Morning Plussers, don't be blue and know that you're always loved by someone.___

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2016-09-19 20:14:04 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Sometimes I wonder if this is why some political candidates act strangely...

Sometimes I wonder if this is why some political candidates act strangely...___

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2016-09-19 17:42:09 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, it's talk like a Pirate Day:

I ain't get no satisfaction
I ain't get no satisfaction
'Cause I give a go' 'n I give a go' 'n
I give a go' 'n I give a go'
I ain't get no, I ain't get no

When I be sailin' in me ship 'n that scurvy dog comes on th' coconut radio
He's tellin' me more 'n more 'bout some useless information
Supposed to fire me imagination
I ain't get no, oh no, no, no avast, thar avast, thar avast, thar, that's what I shout
I ain't get no satisfaction
I ain't get no satisfaction
'Cause I give a go' 'n I give a go' 'n
I give a go' 'n I give a go'
I ain't get no, I ain't get no

When I be watchin' me Squawkin' Mirror 'n that scurvy... more »

Morning Plussers, it's talk like a Pirate Day:

I ain't get no satisfaction
I ain't get no satisfaction
'Cause I give a go' 'n I give a go' 'n
I give a go' 'n I give a go'
I ain't get no, I ain't get no

When I be sailin' in me ship 'n that scurvy dog comes on th' coconut radio
He's tellin' me more 'n more 'bout some useless information
Supposed to fire me imagination
I ain't get no, oh no, no, no avast, thar avast, thar avast, thar, that's what I shout
I ain't get no satisfaction
I ain't get no satisfaction
'Cause I give a go' 'n I give a go' 'n
I give a go' 'n I give a go'
I ain't get no, I ain't get no

When I be watchin' me Squawkin' Mirror 'n that scurvy dog comes on to be tellin' me How white me shirts can be
But he can't be a scurvy dog 'cause he dont smoke th' same cigarrettes as me
I ain't get no, oh no, no, no avast, thar avast, thar avast, thar, that's what I shout
I ain't get no satisfaction I ain't get no lass wit' action 'Cause I give a go' 'n I give a go' 'n
I give a go' 'n I give a go'
I ain't get no, I ain't get no

When I be ridin' round th' seven seas 'n I be doin' 'tis 'n I be singin' that 'n I be tryin' to make some lass Who tells me baby better come back later next week 'Cause ye spy wit' ye eye I be on a losin' streak
I ain't get no, oh no, no, no avast, thar avast, thar avast, thar, that's what I shout
I ain't get no, I ain't get no I ain't get no satisfaction___

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2016-09-19 06:28:55 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, you're always special when you smile...

Night Plussers, you're always special when you smile...___

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2016-09-18 08:02:28 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, off to dreamland and finding my other names

Night Plussers, off to dreamland and finding my other names___

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2016-09-17 14:49:43 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, you can always keep in touch with the soundtrack to my commute

Morning Plussers, you can always keep in touch with the soundtrack to my commute___

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2016-09-17 05:33:51 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, I'm undone...

But you can get your bass fix over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where +Sean Cowen is serving up an all bass set of songs to finish out your week...

Night Plussers, I'm undone...

But you can get your bass fix over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where +Sean Cowen is serving up an all bass set of songs to finish out your week...___

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2016-09-16 03:46:28 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, get ready to be lit

Night Plussers, get ready to be lit___

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2016-09-15 05:49:19 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Take me to your dream leader...

Night Plussers, Take me to your dream leader...___

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2016-09-14 03:00:10 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Fear not, tomorrow is another day.

Night Plussers, Fear not, tomorrow is another day.___

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2016-09-13 04:17:19 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Ra Ra Ra! Seshat Ptah Bast!

Night Plussers, Ra Ra Ra! Seshat Ptah Bast!___

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2016-09-12 17:27:46 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

The Forgotten Presidents Vol II

We left off on March 2, 1781 with Samuel Huntington as President of the First Continental Congress, George Washington as the Commander In Chief, and the fledging nation just adopting the Articles of Confederation (AoC) as the defining document of the government.

The AoC still left the title of President as an honorific for the Congressman that presided over the convened congress, with no real defined duties or powers beyond traditional powers given to presiding officers for a formal gathering. This may be partly due to the war beginning to wind down, with the surrender of the British at Saratoga and the formal alliances with France, Spain, and the Dutch; it also may have been due to the deft handling of the position by Samuel Huntington.

In either case, the war looked to be winding down with hostilities all but ceased in... more »

The Forgotten Presidents Vol II

We left off on March 2, 1781 with Samuel Huntington as President of the First Continental Congress, George Washington as the Commander In Chief, and the fledging nation just adopting the Articles of Confederation (AoC) as the defining document of the government.

The AoC still left the title of President as an honorific for the Congressman that presided over the convened congress, with no real defined duties or powers beyond traditional powers given to presiding officers for a formal gathering. This may be partly due to the war beginning to wind down, with the surrender of the British at Saratoga and the formal alliances with France, Spain, and the Dutch; it also may have been due to the deft handling of the position by Samuel Huntington.

In either case, the war looked to be winding down with hostilities all but ceased in the northern states, and Cornwallis being hemmed in in Virginia (Cornwallis would surrender at Yorktown in October of 1781). So Congress was looking more towards building the new nation.

Samuel Huntington (March 2, 1781 to July 9, 1781)

This was a continuation of his office from the First Continental Congress and he resigned a few months after, due to ill health. He was named again as a delegate by his home state, Connecticut, but did not accept until 1783 to assist the ratifying of The Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War.

Thomas McKean (July 10, 1781 to November 4, 1781)

This Delaware firebrand was notable for more than just filling in as Huntington's term successor, McKean both proposed and was outspoken in setting up the Congressional voting method: each colony, regardless of size, would have an equal vote in how the government would legislate. This principal equanimity would continue throughout the course of the nation, for good or for ill, as a defining characteristic of the American Democracy.

Mr. McKean served as President concurrently with his roles as Congressional delegate and Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, which may explain why he isn't recognized highly for his work helping to establish an independent judiciary for the United States. Later he would focus in on one position, serving three terms as Governor of Pennsylvania from December 17, 1799 to December 20th 1808.

John Hanson (November 5, 1781 to November 3, 1782)

This Maryland farmer used his business acumen in his roles in a variety of public service office, from Sherriff to Legislator, eventually he sold his farm holdings to focus in on his public offices.

When he was elected to the Presidency of the Congress of the Confederation, as the Second Continental Congress was known in official documents, he found the position to be tedious and ceremonial, deciding to quit after a week citing health and family reasons. His colleagues urged to remain, mainly due to the Congress had not yet fully assembled and lacked a quorum to name a new President.

So Hanson remained in the office out of a sense of personal responsibility and was rewarded with presiding over the Congress when General Washington presented Cornwallis's sword of surrender to the assembled delegation.

Elias Boudinot (November 4, 1782 to November 2, 1783)

Born in Pennsylvania to a Silversmith and was neighbor and friend to Benjamin Franklin, Elias became a prominent lawyer practicing in New Jersey prior to being appointed commissary general for prisoners in May of 1777 and named to the Second Continental Congress in November of that same year. Also during this he loaned field commanders money to purchase supplies and pay troops in the field, a practice usually limited to troops personally raised by other congress members during the war.

When Boudinot returned to Congress in 1781 for his term lasting through 1783, he was elected President, where he drafted and signed the Preliminary Articles of Peace that were the basis of the Treaty of Paris.

After the war Elias Boudinot was a successful land speculator with vast holdings in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. He also was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1789, serving one term before being appointed to direct the United States Mint from 1795 to 1805. Additionally he served as a Trustee for the College of New Jersey, later renamed Princeton, where had convened the Second Continental Congress when it was forced to move out of Pennsylvania.

Finally, Elias Boudinot was an ardent supporter of rights for black and American Indian citizens, sponsoring many students in various board schools to further their education and careers. Among these sponsored students was Gallengia Uwetti (known also as Buck Watie ), who developed such a strong friendship that he adopted the name Elias Boudinot and went on to become the editor of Cherokee Phoenix, the first US newspaper printed in both Cherokee and English.

Thomas Mifflin (November 3, 1783 to October 31, 1784)

As a successful Pennsylvania businessman, Thomas Mifflin was named to the First Continental Congress by the Pennsylvania legislature, but resigned his position to volunteer in the Continental Army (a move that cost him his membership in the Quaker Society of Friends for violating their non-aggression principals). He served as aide de camp to General Washington with the rank of Major, and although he preferred being on the front lines, he served as Quartermaster to Washington's army and was named Quartermaster General by Congress.

This proved to be difficult, and Mifflin was accused of the scandal of improperly supplying the troops at Valley Forge during the difficult winter campaign, as well as having warehoused those supplies and selling them to the highest bidder. When confronted by Washington, Mifflin asked to be relieved, but was persuaded to stay when Congress could not replace him, instead he was promoted (in what would become typical Congressional style) first to Colonel, then to Brigadier General.

During Mifflin's second term in the Continental Congress, as President, he found it becoming increasingly difficult to get enough delegates to form a quorum to conduct government business. This delayed the signing of the Treaty of Paris until January 1784 and signaled increasing difficulties for the new nation's Congress.

Interludes

With the cessation of hostilities with the British and a weak national government under the Articles of Confederation there was no seated Congress on five separate occasions: October 31, 1784 to November 30, 1784, November 6, 1785 to November 23, 1785, November 5, 1786 to February 2, 1787, November 4, 1787 to January 22, 1788, and November 2, 1788 to April 30, 1789.

The situation was compounded mainly due to the large debts incurred during the war of nearly $40 million dollars, estimated to be between $1 and $20 billion today based on the differences between commodity value and labor value, and individual states unwilling to use their own limited funds to pay it down nor to impose new taxes or import duties to do the same.

This impasse led directly to an increasing amount of meetings and conventions, beginning in 1786 at Chesapeake Bay and leading eventually back to Philadelphia, to the proposals to either amend the Articles of Confederation or establish an entirely new Constitution.

Richard Henry Lee (November 30, 1784 to November 6, 1785)

As a Virginia patriot and comrade of Patrick henry it was only natural that during Lee's first Term of in the Continental Congress that he proposed, and ensured the passage of, the resolution to declare independence from Great Britain. Lee also voted on and signed the Declaration of Independence that originated with his simply worded resolution earlier that year "Resolved: That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved."

During Lee's time as President of the Continental Congress, which initially met in a New jersey tavern and later at New York City Hall, he was instrumental in tying to the value of the US Dollar to Spanish Dollar to establish a national currency. Lee also was a big opponent of taxes, and instead sought to use the concept of Federal Lands to generate income and pay off debts.

As an unintended consequence, the focus on Federal Lands had the dual edged sword of setting the government against Native Americans who controlled most of the newly surveyed land, which required either paying a fair settlement (which the Continental Congress could ill afford) or sending troops to eject the Native Americans (equally unpopular on both sides of the issue). The remaining lands were usually settled by independently minded pioneers who wanted little to do with any government, and refused to pay even the $1 per acre fee asked by Congress (especially when Congress could not enforce the request by either law nor armed force).

Lee's plan to use land sales to fill the treasury failed spectacularly, but it did create the land surveying system used by the Federal Government that is still in place today.

John Hancock (November 23, 1785 to June 5, 1786)

The original wealthy bad boy of the revolutionaries, Hancock's inherited wealth came equally from legal import/export shipping and smuggling activities, and this wealth placed Hancock firmly in the middle of the escalating politics of colonial Massachusetts.

Hancock's introduction to political activism was predicated on two things: the increasing impositions on his businesses, and his political mentoring by Samuel Adams. A more apt pairing could not have been imagined, the elder and somber Adams to the extravagant youthful Hancock, these unlikely patriots were instrumental in shaping the events in Massachusetts that led to the revolution.

By the time the war was over and Hancock elected as President, he thought so little of the Continental Congress that he never even bothered to attend a session, after six months he sent a letter of resignation with postage due.

Nathaniel Gorham (June 6, 1786 to November 5, 1786)

Another, albeit less wealthy, merchant from Massachusetts was the natural choice to succeed the idle Hancock, especially considering he would soon be fervent and diligent working to help craft what would become the United States Constitution in a short time.

Gorham's only mark is that he is thought to be the man that suggested Alexander Hamilton's abortive invitation to Prince Henry of Prussia to become King of the United States, an offer rescinded before Prince Henry even received the letter.

Arthur St. Clair (February 2, 1787 to November 4, 1787)

Born in Scotland and a British veteran of the French and Indian wars, St. Clair settled in Pennsylvania and thoroughly immersed himself in the colonies by purchasing land and setting up lumber mills.

Due to his experience he became a Major General in the Continental Army, but was removed after the controversial retreat from Fort Ticonderoga.

As an apparent controversy magnet, St. Clair was elected President of the Continental Congress in the aftermath of Hancock's laissez faire approach to governing the state of Massachusetts, with Shay's Rebellion beginning to gather steam with armories being looted and courts and legislatures being prevented from being adjourned by the rebel forces. St. Clair again failed to stem the tide by being unable to raise troops due to the lack of funds, leaving Massachusetts the responsibility to deal with their own mess.

The upside of this scandal is that it strengthened the arguments of the Federalists during the Philadelphia Convention that was busy putting the final touches on the new Constitution, St. Clair resigned after 9 months of frustration with Congress.

Cyrus Griffin (January 22, 1788 to November, 1788)

This Virginia lawyer had the distinction of being the last President of the Continental Congress and adjourned the Continental Congress on the day the new United States Constitution was ratified and signed, much to everyone's relief.

After shutting down the initial government, Griffin went on to serve as a Judge (a position held prior to his Congressional appointments) and concurrently as commissioner to Creek Indian nation.

Final Thoughts

Before the adoption of the United States Constitution and the formal creation of the Federal Government as we know it today, the people that initially tried to resolve their differences with an overseas government had used the institutions and frameworks of the governments and procedures that they were most familiar with, and through this ad hoc arrangement they found many of the weaknesses that helped them steel the resolve to break away from the British Crown.

Without first experimenting with strong and independent states meeting as equals without an equally independent national framework, the founders of the nation were at a loss during the transition from a war of rebellion to a peaceful nation building era. The biggest concern was, as usual, outstanding debt and the inability to manage the payments required without a strong central government to take responsibility where individual states would not.

The latter days of the position of President mirrors today's complaints: The expectations of resolving large, complex, and difficult problems without the real authority to do so, and constant criticisms after every attempt to make a dent in those same problems by detractors and supporters.___

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2016-09-12 04:15:22 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, don't mourn the end of the weekend, run from the week!

Night Plussers, don't mourn the end of the weekend, run from the week!___

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2016-09-11 04:59:39 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, throw kisses not stones...

Night Plussers, throw kisses not stones...___

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2016-09-10 13:04:44 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, Dance to whatever moves you...

Morning Plussers, Dance to whatever moves you...___

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2016-09-10 04:05:11 (1 comments; 1 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Be the outlier to a world of algorithms...

And be sure to stay up late with +Sean Cowen over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where you can get a heaping plate of whatever your taste desires at the Potluck Special

Night Plussers, Be the outlier to a world of algorithms...

And be sure to stay up late with +Sean Cowen over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS where you can get a heaping plate of whatever your taste desires at the Potluck Special___

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2016-09-07 03:14:49 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, remix your love

Night Plussers, remix your love___

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2016-09-06 04:28:50 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, stay calm when your youngest child gets their first crush.

Night Plussers, stay calm when your youngest child gets their first crush.___

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2016-09-05 05:10:05 (3 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Apparently this is the band John Cusak (Guitar/Singer), Benedict Cumberbatch (Drums), plus the duo of Hugh Grant and Burn Gorman (Keyboards/Synthesizer) played in together before going on to acting careers...

Apparently this is the band John Cusak (Guitar/Singer), Benedict Cumberbatch (Drums), plus the duo of Hugh Grant and Burn Gorman (Keyboards/Synthesizer) played in together before going on to acting careers...___

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2016-09-04 20:21:16 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 11 +1s; )Open 

Meeting my granddaughter, Lydia Helen

Meeting my granddaughter, Lydia Helen___

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2016-09-04 04:00:06 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 0 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, sometimes you need a little less guitar...

Night Plussers, sometimes you need a little less guitar...___

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2016-09-03 07:39:09 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Find your place, even if there's nothing to see

Night Plussers, Find your place, even if there's nothing to see___

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2016-09-02 05:42:01 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, live the day and do what you can.

Night Plussers, live the day and do what you can.___

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2016-09-01 05:39:54 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, Smile because it happened.

Night Plussers, Smile because it happened.___

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2016-08-31 21:32:36 (6 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

MFW I stumble across the revival of old school trolling on the ploos...

MFW I stumble across the revival of old school trolling on the ploos...___

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2016-08-31 05:32:03 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Thanks for indulging me over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS, as always it's the #ARU   #SecretShowStopper  

Thanks for indulging me over at +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS, as always it's the #ARU   #SecretShowStopper  ___

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2016-08-31 04:15:59 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, love him or hate him: he's right, Monday is coming....

Night Plussers, love him or hate him: he's right, Monday is coming....___

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2016-08-30 12:33:10 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, please welcome my second granddaughter, Lydia Helen Morel, to this life. Be sure to give your loved ones a hug or kiss, a kind word, and the time to know they are loved by you.

Morning Plussers, please welcome my second granddaughter, Lydia Helen Morel, to this life. Be sure to give your loved ones a hug or kiss, a kind word, and the time to know they are loved by you.___

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2016-08-30 02:46:39 (5 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, the lost Presidents will have to wait as my 2nd Grand child is due to enter this life any moment....

Night Plussers, the lost Presidents will have to wait as my 2nd Grand child is due to enter this life any moment....___

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2016-08-29 04:12:33 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, don't the buzz bombers get you down...

Night Plussers, don't the buzz bombers get you down...___

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2016-08-28 16:27:23 (3 comments; 3 reshares; 19 +1s; )Open 

The Forgotten Presidents of the United States of America

Even before George Washington accepted the nearly unanimous vote to be the first US President under the newly adopted constitution in 1789, the informal title of President was given to over a dozen framers of the constitution and articles of confederation during their tenure in the Continental Congress.

The Revolutionary War Congress

The first Continental Congress had a tough job ahead of them as the highest government authority of the American revolutionaries in the fight to curb the excesses of the English Colonial governors and the British government, as the rebellion had not yet broken out into open fighting, and to give their meetings cohesion and order the office of President was created for one individual to preside over the congressional sessions.

A new president was selected each time... more »

The Forgotten Presidents of the United States of America

Even before George Washington accepted the nearly unanimous vote to be the first US President under the newly adopted constitution in 1789, the informal title of President was given to over a dozen framers of the constitution and articles of confederation during their tenure in the Continental Congress.

The Revolutionary War Congress

The first Continental Congress had a tough job ahead of them as the highest government authority of the American revolutionaries in the fight to curb the excesses of the English Colonial governors and the British government, as the rebellion had not yet broken out into open fighting, and to give their meetings cohesion and order the office of President was created for one individual to preside over the congressional sessions.

A new president was selected each time the Congress convened, and the President's power was mostly procedural related to the business of each session. The terms of each President were brief during this period, either due to the short Congressional sessions, or due to a President resigning before the end of his term to pursue other, more powerful, appointments.

Peyton Randolph Sep. 5, 1774 to Oct. 22 1774
This former Virginia Colony attorney general and burgess got the nod as President in the first Continental Congress mainly due to his successes in England petitioning King George's crown authorities to coerce the Virginia Governor’s imposition of onerous fees on land patents in the 1750s. Mr. Randolph stepped down from the office for health reasons shortly before the first Continental Congress went into recess.

Henry Middleton Oct. 22, 1774 to Oct. 26, 1774
A farmer from South Carolina that did not favor declaring independence, he eventually left the Continental Congress in February 1776, only to be replaced by his son.

The Continental Congress was on hiatus from October 26, 1774 to May 10th, 1775 at first to get back to their homes and disseminate the ideas and actions that the Congress had agreed upon, but quickly became bogged down in responding to the Intolerable Acts, a collection of decrees by the British government designed to quell the American dissidents, but merely led to galvanizing American resistance and sparking outright rebellion, especially in the New England region most affected by the onerous British laws.

Peyton Randolph May 10th, 1775 to May 24th, 1775
In his second term as President, still a glorified Speaker of the House position, Mr. Randolph's term was ended suddenly by his death by stroke.

John Hancock May 24th, 1775 to Oct. 28th, 1777
With the outbreak of open hostilities that began a few months earlier, Mr. Hancock became the most crucial person to be appointed President during the Revolutionary War period, as it was during this time that the Declaration of Independence was written, signed, and sent to the British government.
It was also during this time that the Congress determined a need for a Commander in Chief that was initially proposed to be a part of the President's role, but Mr. Hancock and others prevailed in making the position a strictly military one that is similar to the modern position of Chief of Staff of the US Army. Mr. Hancock was also the longest serving President before the adoption of the constitution that separated the position from the legislative branch.

Henry Laurens Nov. 1, 1777 to Dec. 9, 1778
This slave trade businessmen and rice farmer from South Carolina was instrumental in two things: assisting the passage of the Articles of Confederation and, after serving his term as President, thwarting his son's attempt at introducing legislation that would start to end the American slave trade. John Laurens was a colonel in the Continental Army on Washington's staff that believed Americans could not effectively fight for their own freedom while owning slaves, in 1779 John Laurens persuaded the Congress to authorize the recruitment of a brigade of 3000 slaves under the caveat that they would earn their freedom at the end of the war, Henry convinced the South Carolina delegation to reject this proposal and instead use the confiscated slaves as payment to recruit more white soldiers. John Laurens was killed in action in 1782.

John Jay Dec. 10, 1778 to Sep. 28, 1779
A New York lawyer that was more famous for being on the negotiation team at the Treaty of Paris where the British government formally recognized American independence, authoring 5 of the Federalist Papers essays under a pseudonym, and being the first Chief Justice of the United States.

Samuel Huntington Sep. 28, 1779 to Mar. 2, 1781
When John Jay left the Continental Congress to become the Ambassador to Spain, Mr. Huntington's colleagues elected him to the Presidency more for his calm and pleasant demeanor than any exceptional intellect or learning. Make no mistake, this Connecticut patriot did more in setting the tone for the role of the President than any other, before or after, due to his unwavering commitment to ensuring timely signing of all legislation passed by the Congress and tirelessly campaigning amongst the individual state delegations to support vital war efforts.

In 1781 the Continental Congress passed The Articles of Confederation and formalized the role of the President only in allowing any individual to be limited to serving one year in any given three year period. The states being less inclined to give up any of their own power to the centralized body of the Congress, at this time, nor did they see themselves as a cohesive nation, instead the states saw themselves as an America firm in the league of friendship between the individual states.

This ends Part I

Tomorrow Part II, Presidents of the United States in Congress Assembled

Links:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_Continental_Congress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Continental_Congress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Continental_Congress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Revolution___

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2016-08-28 13:52:55 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, find something that makes you happy...

Morning Plussers, find something that makes you happy...___

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2016-08-28 03:16:57 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, may your aim be true

Night Plussers, may your aim be true___

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2016-08-26 16:44:46 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 0 +1s; )Open 

Morning Plussers, this is what happens when Ray crosses the streams...

Momoiro Clover Z and KISS 夢の浮世に咲いてみな(Try to Bloom in a Dream about the Floating World)

Morning Plussers, this is what happens when Ray crosses the streams...

Momoiro Clover Z and KISS 夢の浮世に咲いてみな(Try to Bloom in a Dream about the Floating World)___

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2016-08-24 22:56:02 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 1 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, not feeling well...

Night Plussers, not feeling well...___

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2016-08-24 20:10:30 (1 comments; 2 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Spin Doctors and The Bellamy Salute

Origins

In 1892 Christian Socialist minister Francis Bellamy revised the Pledge of Allegiance originally written by Colonel George Thatcher Balch in 1887 (In his role as a member of the New York City board of education, under the auspices of helping develop an abiding sense of patriotism in children, especially immigrants) from an assignment by the editor of the Youth's Companion magazine to bolster the magazine's campaign to place an American flag in every US classroom to counter the still divisive effects of the Civil War.

Both Bellamy and his editor, Daniel Sharp Ford, felt that adding a physical non-military salute to the pledge would be useful in reinforcing the message of reciting the pledge. Enter assistant editor and magazine junior partner James B. Upham:

Bellamy recalled Upham, upon... more »

Spin Doctors and The Bellamy Salute

Origins

In 1892 Christian Socialist minister Francis Bellamy revised the Pledge of Allegiance originally written by Colonel George Thatcher Balch in 1887 (In his role as a member of the New York City board of education, under the auspices of helping develop an abiding sense of patriotism in children, especially immigrants) from an assignment by the editor of the Youth's Companion magazine to bolster the magazine's campaign to place an American flag in every US classroom to counter the still divisive effects of the Civil War.

Both Bellamy and his editor, Daniel Sharp Ford, felt that adding a physical non-military salute to the pledge would be useful in reinforcing the message of reciting the pledge. Enter assistant editor and magazine junior partner James B. Upham:

Bellamy recalled Upham, upon reading the pledge, came into the posture of the salute, snapped his heels together, and said "Now up there is the flag; I come to salute; as I say 'I pledge allegiance to my flag,' I stretch out my right hand and keep it raised while I say the stirring words that follow."

Competing Pledges, Yet one salute

The first organized recittal of Bellamy's pledge occurred on October 12, 1892 and involved a reported 12 million school children that were participating in the observance of the 400th anniversary of the voyage arriving in the Americas by Christopher Columbus.

Balch's pledge was adopted by The Daughter's of the American Revolution until the mid 1910s, the Grand Army of the Republic until 1923, and many schools (Especially in the NYC area) as late as 1941, when the US Congress formally adopted Bellamy's pledge as official for the nation.

Bellamy was dismissive of Balch's pledge as "Juvenile", as Balch admitted he wrote to be spoken quickly (under 15 seconds), and lacking in dignity. The pledge was not a mere formulaic recitation of a few words, it was a ceremony wherein the flag was brought out and raised while speaking the solemn vow of the pledge while maintaining the salute until the end of the pledge.

Even as The Daughters of the American Revolution had defined Balch's pledge as the "Old Pledge", and Bellamy's the "New Pldege", in 1905, it was noted that at this time both versions used the Bellamy Salute.

Cultural Appropriation, mud slinging, and a change of heart

By the early 1920s the rise of Italian facism had advertised itself as the revitalized Roman Empire and reintroduced the Roman Salute, which is nearly identical to Bellamy's salute.

The Italians were quickly copied by the Germans in their salute, as the respective dictators of those countries at the time both relied on the mass salute in propaganda and took joy in seeing themselves adulated by crowds.

In the United States, however, this was an increasingly troubling development, especially amongst the anti-interventionist movement. Chief among the proponents of isolation was Charles Lindbergh, who suffered a vicious personal attack when he was photographed giving the Bellamy salute during a recitation of the pledge, the photographed was then circulated purporting him to be a supporter of nazism.

As fears grew over the possibility of the misuse of showing large groups of Americans, schoolchildren especially, both in photograph and film, to bolster the facist cause to a frightened Europe, the US Congress stepped in and put an end to the salute in their usual timely fashion.

On December 11, 1941 the US Congress officially adopted the now traditional gesture of the right hand over the heart as the correct way to salute the flag by non military personnel.

Links

The Bellamy Salute: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bellamy_salute

The Pledge of Allegiance: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

George Balch: http://balchipedia.wikidot.com/georgethatcherbalch

Francis Bellamy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Bellamy

Bellamy's Pledge (With picture as originally published): https://priceonomics.com/the-marketing-of-the-pledge-of-allegiance/___

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2016-08-24 05:09:37 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, don't try keeping up with the Joneses

Night Plussers, don't try keeping up with the Joneses___

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2016-08-20 04:38:30 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, take some time to reflect on the world around you...

If you're stuck in the 70s then head on over to +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS to finish out the night with some classic 70s songs.

Night Plussers, take some time to reflect on the world around you...

If you're stuck in the 70s then head on over to +FRIDAY NIGHT SESSIONS to finish out the night with some classic 70s songs.___

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2016-08-19 04:38:28 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 2 +1s; )Open 

Night Plussers, always take the corny routines...

Night Plussers, always take the corny routines...___

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