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Denise Case has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+565,798Can you believe it! The +Science on Google+ community is approaching 200k members! We'll have reached that number by this weekend, so we're going to have a huge community celebration! Join your hosts +Scott Lewis and +Buddhini Samarasinghe as they start the celebration of being the #1 science community and the #10 community in *all of Google+*!!  During our Hangout On Air, you'll get a chance to meet the moderators  who dedicate so much time and energy into making sure that good, high quality science content is showcased in the community.  After we hear from the moderators on *who* they are, we'll have a discussion on what the curator team looks at for community posts to get put on the *Curator's Choice*.  We are all extremely excited to be celebrating with all 200,000 of you! Let's stay curious and find new and better ways to understand this amazing Universe we all live in! #ScienceSunday   #STEM   #ScienceEveryday   #SoGp200k  200,000 member community celebration!2014-01-12 22:00:00182  

Denise Case has been shared in 284 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Brian Mcquillan23,952Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #Gif #Cute #Anime #Animals #Online #Life #CatLovers #Cat #FunnyPics #Quote #Art #CaturdayEveryday #QuoteOfTheDay #Truth #Dog #Dogs #XD #Meme #LOL #Humor #Cute #Anime #Gif #Animals #Cat #CatLovers #Art #Online #Cats #Life #FunnyPics #CaturdayEveryday #Dog #Quote #Dogs #Truth #Manga 2015-02-27 10:33:26381133
Harry Day14,317If You recieve this message You are included in circle !!!To get in, and to ensure you stay in #thebestfriends  circle you need to do the following:1. Include me in your circles...!!!2.  Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.3. Plus this post...!!4. Publicly share this circle...!!5. Leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above...!!!*#photography  #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #ireland #ireland #cork #ireland #dublin #italy #italy #florence #italy #milan #italy #naples #italy #rome #italy #venice #latvia #latvia #riga #lithuania #lithuania #vilnius #netherlands #netherlands #amsterdam #netherlands #rotterdam #norway #norway #bergen #norway #oslo2015-02-06 11:00:26493191729
Richard Green93,025Engagers Showcase Circle, February 1, 2015If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Ramanujan's nested radicalhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3WmvWEHyMNBThe exceptional symmetryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ioQW2zGjwwMThe mystery of the missing areahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QU8aYaTCufqSunrisehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9QWbSALP2XUShakespearean Logichttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MBqnMRgBiBJ“Nines” by Eric Standleyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aR5BF9uV5n8Cherry pi (reshared from +David Richeson)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bixJ7eGk3QmHappy New Year!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZJYFj1RogaSThe mathematics of card shufflinghttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/fAS8Y3YccfsThe sky and the fork in the path immediately preceding the arrival of the ice rinks of doomhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/2MiqiTJ1FeuiPad landscape art (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/27EwU49z1g8The fractional chromatic number of the planehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/VbBk9JrLxqmDull (in Scotland) and Boring (in Oregon)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZuMzApfSPR4Partition and sum is fasthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Ad1ism1vJpJThe tautological clockhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/diAyvxM7NuwMathematical Mr Menhttps://pl2015-02-01 15:55:59476198139246
Crazy Cats29 Public #circleshare   January 20, 2015Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This #cirlce  !!!***************************************************************Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Follow me here : http://goo.gl/7rWIEVTo be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 Include me in your circles2 Click add people and create your circle3 +1 this circle4 Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( dont forget share the circle and include yourself )5 If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).6  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. You'll know if you're sharing the original one because you won't see "Jason Levy originally shared" above here. If you do see it, click on "originally shared" and it will bring you to this post.Special Invite :+A Tech Buzz +Axel Kratel +Andrea Gervasi +Andrew Sowerby +Anette Mossbacher +Brett Szmajda +Andrew Sowerby +Irina Sadokhina +Sean Carroll +Michael Sonntag +Mighty Dragon Studios +Eric Delcour +2015-02-01 10:25:324744411
Natasha Velicia475Get More Google+ Follower with  +TubeDEVILZ  January 15, 2015*****************************************************************HERE'S OF MY SHARED PUBLIC CIRCLE*****************************************************************Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This Cilcle!!,Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 Include me in your circles2 Click add people and create your circle3 +1 this circle4 Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( dont forget share the circle and include yourself )5 If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).6  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. You'll know if you're sharing the original one because you won't see "Jason Levy originally shared" above here. If you do see it, click on "originally shared" and it will bring you to this post.**************************************Follow Me Here : http://goo.gl/c18bpxAnd Subcribe : http://goo.gl/NT0MCkSpecial Invitation (Please +1 and Share) :+Alfina Dewi +Agus Septiann +Dini Ashanti +Amy Cesario +Sergii Daniloff +Danis Sanju +Lieven Damman +dini iftita +Lincoln Harrison +Riskhha Nur Hayati +Nanang Hendro +Hanste2015-01-16 20:15:35473419
Ryan Johnson23,295This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare  #sri_lanka #colombo #australia #adelaide #australia #cairns #australia #darwin #australia #hobart #new_zealand #auckland #new_zealand #wellington #papua_new_guinea #papua_new_guinea #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #weeklyreview #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday 2015-01-16 13:00:35472236
Circles and Photography35,700Builders 1     1.12.15Add this circle to Build-up your G+ network! Please ReShare.#circleoftheday #circleshare  #circlesharing     #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles       #sharedpublicircles  #circle              2015-01-13 03:30:25499010
RuMuZ NeYiMe1,336good morningadd friends list..#addcircle #addcircles #addpeople #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besharable #besocial #bestcircle #bestcircles #bestengagers #circleadd #circleall #circleme #circlemenow #circlemeup #circlenetwork #circleplus #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circleshares #circlesharing #circleup #circleyoushare #coolpeople #engagerscircle #engagerscircles #findcircle #findcircles #follow4follow #followback #followme #fullcircleshare #influencermarketing #internetmarketing #morefollowers #networkcircle 2015-01-12 08:56:27466002
John Sean10,506This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #philadelphia #phoenix #san_antonio #san_diego #san_francisco #san_jose #seattle #tampa #washington #american_samoa #american_samoa #pago_pago #fiji #fiji #nadi #fiji #suva #argentina #argentina #buenos_aires #argentina #cordoba #argentina #iguaza #argentina #mendoza #argentina #rosaio #argentina #san_carlos_de_bariloche #bolivia #bolivia #cochabamba 2015-01-12 06:41:19465171632
GuruOmBha1,393This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles#sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles#publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle#круги   #круглим  #друзья   #дружба   #circle   #circleshare   #circles  #circlesharing  #круги   #круглим   #кругляши   #музыка   #music   #musicvideo   #love   #lol  #russia   2015-01-09 18:57:24419114
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:07:13323000
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:06:07323000
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:05:25323000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:54:07500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:53:06500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:52:03500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:50:42500000
Ardi Santoso273share my circle again2014-12-24 06:14:04412104
Neil Bailey5,146If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.  Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle #circlesharing #followers #social #sharedcircles  #sharedpubliccircles #circleshared   #sharedcircleoftheday   #addmetoyourcircles #awesomepeople   #circlecount   #newfollowers #googleplus #meetingpeoplecircle2014-12-22 07:02:43494342369
Doris Scott284#circleshare #circle #circlesharing #circlesunday   2014-12-14 13:56:51501103
Ichigo Kurosaki831Circle of awesomeness. Please followhttps://plus.google.com/u/0/b/116338847187157094371/115447032474133435721/postswhen you see the message ;)2014-12-09 02:16:58449616
Richard Green88,785Engagers Showcase Circle, December 1, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of the posts listed below, in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I have not posted much in the last couple of months because I have been too busy, and so it has been a long time since the last reshare of the circle.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Millcreek Canyon Vista (reshared from +Tom Malloy)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HuXLKw4GBwjAvoiding the unavoidablehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/TnW3pTWt6d7Hydrangea flowershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3LDn2js6pWpMicroscopic Victorian arthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ieybEmL7tUCApproximating e using the digits 1–9https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/W5E6HyihSuY“Vertebral 03 – Pendant Lampshade” by cordycepthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eSo9svRbLapCentred polygonal numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QowshFUnPZ2Reinventing the wheel: Reuleaux polygonshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gDxTM5Ko8hbSunrise at Maroon Lake (reshared from +Jason Hill)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hvWMqo1HwvVSchmidt arrangementshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eM3adto6nsj“Dream Creatures” by Elido Turcohttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ckjru8sN6AG“The Awakening III—Rebirth” by Luc Railhachttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KyNg9DD4YnXPoincaré and topologyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bmnd2URRAsfLytham St Annes (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/1015848892828789210522014-12-01 22:15:07443146111188
James Clair Lewis77,548The Poster's CircleYou just got Notified, because you are in this Circle.I put people in this Circle, because I think their Posts are totally awesome. Nobody asked to get in. It's not a popularity contest. This Circle doesn't work that way.This Circle is a Marketplace for Ideas. Everybody in this Circle has great ideas, and posts about them all the time. Some cover Science, others cover Environmental issues, Social Change, and there are New Age Philosophers. It's all good.If I were you, I'd Add this Circle, just to find out who all these wonderful people are.Now I'm not going to tell you that you have to Share this Circle. Nope. Not my Way.BUT... I will point out that if a bunch of the smartest people I've found on G+ all Share this Circle, that the whole lot of us will end up with larger audiences for our Ideas.It would be kind of nice if Thirst for Knowledge, Social Justice, and Enlightenment went Mainstream...See? No pressure. Just a little hint...hehehehe2014-11-18 13:52:5791003
AyJay Schibig79,380NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE  11.16.14  by  +AyJay Schibig Re-Share if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia 2014-11-16 08:06:23498515392
Brian Mcquillan13,393New Public CircleThis is a public circle of people that would like to be circulated in order to discover new people with similar interest and to gain more followers, if you would like to be included please follow these steps.1. Follow/Add our page(this is needed in order for us to add you to the circle).2. Share the circle publicly.3. (Optional) if you would like to be include in a more specialized circle click on this link #sharedcircleoftheday #fullcircleshare  #addmetoyourcircles #awesomeness  #awesomepeople #awesomecircle  #awesome   #awesomesauce #awesomeness #awesomepeople2014-11-11 08:27:25464131433
!!..HAC PATЬ..!!0#добавитькруги Обмен Кругами!  5  #CHIBURATOR #KRUGI #RUSSIAN #CIRCLE  #CIrcle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharing   #sharingcircles   #sharingiscaring   #sharingmeansthankyou   #add   #addcircle    #ОбменКругами     #ДобавьВкруги   #Добавитькругляшей     #ОбменКругами     #ПоделилсяКругом   #друзья   #ДрузьяВGoogle   #круги #КругиGoogle   #круглим   #кругляши   #обмен     2014-10-17 11:01:00464000
Becky Collins17,500Top Active Engager's Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-13 05:05:404783111
Becky Collins16,609Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-16 05:24:00459102
Richard Green81,215Engagers Showcase Circle, September 14, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I skipped over one post because it received too much engagement, but I'm including a link to it for completeness.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Do nuclear physicists have half life crises?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ayw6WPGGaFESt Peter's Church, Heyshamhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9DEtmbdz15zSmiling cow?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9NuqPpsgtBkThe look-and-say sequence and Conway's Cosmological Theoremhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/jEQ7zxFpJt4Cordyline australis, the “cabbage tree”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hktDAgyo6mA“Maurits, stop picking at it. You'll only make it worse.” by David Swarthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gj327Ywh33T“Phyllotactic Portrait of Fibonacci” by Robert Boschhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8LykdvHpRvPFountain in Williamson Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HzZTLQaQ9RT“Youth” by Silvia Cordeddahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/T2Lo3c2zLxvThe arithmetic derivative, the Goldbach conjecture, and the twin prime conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9nY35Ma1pbUGlobe Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/i8mtiyVikWhTallinn (reshared from +Paul Harper)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/U4DAQxK5fkxCubes passing in the night (reshared from +Sean Walker)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32JKvAFqP9SThe graph of arctanhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/FLvyDupud1z“Hopf Knott” by Peter Sittner2014-09-14 15:25:57463221118232
AyJay Schibig71,918NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE   9.9.14  by  +AyJay Schibig RESHARE  if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #circlesbyayjay  2014-09-09 07:12:03479575066
Becky Collins15,192Recipes and Cooking Circle : Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-08-18 05:14:394770210
Richard Green77,832Engagers Showcase Circle, August 7, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Our cat, Chesterhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ToxRHsMHytsFibonacci numbers and corridors of width 4https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gCTyaSV4ugzWalk in the rainhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gVPzuv7aKHALenticular cloud (reshared from +Sean R. Heavey)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/giTgt4PUd1GGlass Paperweight by Paul Stankardhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/fLfKWxFj3f2“Mathematistan” by Martin Kuppehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/AcUBb8Y9uBjCat's back on the menu, boys!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aP3cZEnaqquWaterfall (reshared from +Keith Boone)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/S2pmsTTyiZzOak tree at “The Pig”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/cv8pi2ffX1NThe Bargate, Southamptonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/LsYSEpUS1bLCosmos flowerhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KqvLW32KyXfThe Ashton Memorialhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aK1E3XqWWSSThrough the castle windowhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MT7uBM2SUt7Friedman numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32tzjfB8NnMThe Norfolk Knifehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/DHf4jfSkUKKThe lake at Wyresdale Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3xFACaympiNCastle of the Clouds2014-08-07 21:46:51451213121238
Nick Warner645Follow these awesome friends!2014-08-07 16:03:15500306
Doug Hyatt5,196THIS IS MEGA CIRCLE 5    #DOUGHYATTCIRCLESHARING IT ADDED 1,000+ FOLLOWERS FOR ME IN A WEEK.1) ADD THE CIRCLE2) RESHARE THE CIRCLE AND BE SURE TO REMEMBER TO CHECK THE BOX WHICH INCLUDES YOURSELF.3)RESHARE TO PUBLIC EVERY DAY!BE SURE TO COPY THE HASHTAG LIST AND ADD IN YOUR COMMENTS LIKE I HAVE!  IT WILL GIVE YOU MAXIMUM RESULTS#doughyattcirclesharing#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   2014-07-16 15:49:10477151421
Aman Singh2,014Circle of the dayYour re-share is appreciatedPlease re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)2014-07-16 12:15:324990719
Ryan Johnson9,485Hi friends! This is a great circle created with an important selection from all circles. The most important engagers are reshared because only that way can we grow our circle and have the people of google circle us.To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles #Britain #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #uk  #nottingham #Holland #Netherlands #Duch2014-07-16 10:40:014918812
Richard Green74,896Engagers Showcase Circle, July 12, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CKB7ks1VWZ3“Star Gate” by +Gary Matthews https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ean83YFix7sBubble (reshared from +Ann-Marie Jurek)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/PkybKJfXv14Gabriel's Hornhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MXNTuq8ZEBPHibiscus flowerhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Xsmw62v98CHStackable 12-sided dicehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5mLoukdZAA5Astronomical book priceshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/S15LTNxJA9GPyritohedral symmetryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XQUYMrKGiAQSt Stephen's Basilica (reshared from +Laura Orange)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ApnSMBsUWFeCircular Pascal Arrays and Fibonacci numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/NVqYKoRVnHg“Fungi tree” by +Tom Beddardhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/J6S4bDc6QwQAs always, reshares of this circle are appreciated, and I look forward to seeing everyone's links. Thanks for reading my posts!2014-07-12 05:31:36476209123224
Freizeit.ch2,752This is our 2nd FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains Interactiv Googlers. In this #Circle are travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle 2014-07-01 15:50:4649613815
AyJay Schibig65,081NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE   6.27.14 by  +AyJay Schibig RESHARE  if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #circlesbyayjay  2014-06-28 03:56:34462544253
Freizeit.ch2,460This is our FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains #Swiss   Googlers. In this #Circle are swiss travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share 2014-06-27 09:20:5348424814
Richard Green73,445Engagers Showcase Circle, June 26, 2014 (Anniversary Edition)If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.24, the Monster, and quantum gravityhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9sKMLRJYjnaTiled Dome (reshared from +BJ Bolender)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/7u73y5FzEZYMonths with five weekendshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HWMeFjECa1rThe sandpile grouphttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QezmLcTCTMJ“Cheshire Cat” by Ross Hilberthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YfjVmetdnHwSunrise (reshared from +Mark Hurn)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/6QQjTBviHeiRex and the girls, through Glasshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/dEPuHiZ5BFo“Dancing Triangles” by Richard Kenyonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CFZ8eFf5WqXWords that are hard to rhymehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/c3n9jFam6FEFlowers on my drivewayhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZATFKnVorZPDragonfly (reshared from +Ralph Reichert)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EggWRRfPm7JCircumference and area of a circlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Ld2X7WoSbCRMassive Hangovers and the Harmonic Serieshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XZGvNePaAt9A sheaf of pencilshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EcdcRWsdbPSSolstice in Iceland (reshared from +2014-06-26 20:15:03483189114230
WorldBreakingNews LatestNewsCurrentNews6 #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   #circleoftheday   #circledaily   #nicecircle  #photography   #photographer   #bestphotographer   #topphotographer  #AddCircle   #FindCircles   #awesome   #AwesomePeople  #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles   2014-06-23 10:07:01499538
Eroto Graphy2,818     *If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle #128*         •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Summer Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.Top Google+ users that share unique and original contents, and if you add them, you will have an even better Google plus experience.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me ( ) in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.    _ Otherwise I may not notice your activity!_3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!LINK TO THE ORIGINAL POST:https://plus.google.com/114802438985444128484/posts/itMhCJE4o7dCircle Networkhttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/112542593288160483901/postsNetwork Circleshttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/communities/113362757071870225795If you would like to be removed from future circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future.2014-06-23 03:27:52500352780
Dina Tika355Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post2014-06-16 10:19:174935012
Dina Tika166Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post2014-06-11 11:31:414936210
Becky Collins10,439Super Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-31 05:09:154901211
rudi firmansyah442please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-12 18:26:34501001
fendy syahputra409please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-12 05:34:44501114
Richard Green68,138Engagers Showcase Circle, May 12, 2014If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Peruvian glacier (reshared from +Irina Tcherednichenko)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Z6NR7zaZa5qGrape hyacinthshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/GZoHH2bnRUiSymmetries of a regular octagonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bFcGcsurF5HHappy Easter!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YkWFA9WmxVAPerfect Squared Squareshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HDU4mWD3wptOur dog Rexhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5JtEcnt5MpPPerrott's Follyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8DzXHLn6fe4The Lonely Runner Conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YHJkEdKg3jz“Owl” by Andrea Mininihttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/12uh9J9MjMXPenrose nanotileshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/7PZPSLaFkAx“Interlaced Stars” by Magnenauthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5vNjv1yjVMqBlack Forest View (reshared from +Ralph Reichert)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YKPsvCFDyUv“Hippie Bus Apartments” by +Richie Montgomeryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/iCMXCBVzjd2Not crazy enoughhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/d5EeDSoHe5u“Impossible Sphere” by Alexey Ermushevhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/J2yUMw6YASqBeethoven, high on 2014-05-12 05:07:06489214128231
Tourej Ansari16,540All Kinds of People Shared CircleReshare or comment or plus to be in the next circle share!  Let me know if you want to be in the circle! Circle these plussers they are cool people! #circle #circles #circlesharing #circleshare #circleoftheday #circleplus #public #publiccircles2014-05-10 11:00:124583111

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 37

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2015-03-06 06:24:39 (37 comments, 4 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

The Missing Ocean on Mars.  Recent measurements indicate that  water once covered ~20% of the planet's surface. 13% of the original water remains in the polar ice caps while 87% has been lost to space. Curiosity found evidence that Mars may had water for 1.5 billion years - plenty of time for something interesting to happen. (It only took about 1 billion for simple-celled life to develop here on Earth.) :)

For decades, planetary scientists have suspected that ancient Mars was a much warmer, wetter environment than it is today, but estimates of just how much water Mars has lost since its formation vary widely. Now, new isotopic measurements by researchers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center reveal that an ocean once covered approximately twenty percent of the Martian surface. This new picture of early Mars is considerably wetter than many previous estimates, raising the odds fort... more »

Most reshares: 25

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2014-12-14 14:50:49 (0 comments, 25 reshares, 70 +1s)Open 

Online neuroscience learning
The Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a free online course from Harvard and it looks wonderful – thanks to them employing animators, digital artists and scientists to lift the course above the usual read and repeat learning.
The course is already underway but you can register and start learning until mid-December and you can watch any of the previews to get a feel for what’s being taught. You need to register to access the full content but there’s plenty of trailers online. Great stuff.

Give it a try here:
http://www.mcb80x.org/

Source: MindHacks
http://mindhacks.com/2014/11/07/beautiful-online-neuroscience-learning/?__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930#__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930

#neuroscience   #onlineschool  

Most plusones: 103

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2015-02-14 13:46:42 (8 comments, 20 reshares, 103 +1s)Open 


Asteroid Miners May Get Help from Metal-Munching Microbes

Asteroid mining may become a multispecies affair.

The asteroid-mining firm Deep Space Industries (DSI) is investigating the feasibility of injecting bioengineered microbes into space rocks far from Earth, to get a jump on processing their valuable resources.

"You could come back [to the asteroids] in 10 to 20 years and have a preprocessed pile of materials," Joseph Grace, of DSI and NASA’s Ames Research Center, told Space.com last month at the annual fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in San Francisco.

The scientists working on the concept envision launching a small probe that DSI is developing, called Mothership, out to a promising near-Earth asteroid in deep space. Mothership would be carrying a number of tiny CubeSats, one of which would deploy and spiral downt... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2015-03-25 23:30:37 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

A Year in Space: Preparation for missions to Mars.  

In March 2015, American Astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko will begin collaborative investigations on the International Space Station (ISS). They will reside on the ISS for a year, which is twice as long as typical U.S. missions. These investigations are expected to yield beneficial knowledge on the medical, psychological and biomedical challenges faced by astronauts during long-duration spaceflight.

7 research areas:

Functional

Behavioral Health

Visual Impairment

Metabolic

Physical Performance

Microbial

Human Factors

From:
+NASA http://www.nasa.gov/content/one-year-mission/

Thanks +Ciro Villa for sharing. 

#nasa   #twins   #spaceexploration   #stem #research

One year mission close to the beginning!  Watch the exciting trailer!

http://time.com/space-nasa-scott-kelly-mission/___A Year in Space: Preparation for missions to Mars.  

In March 2015, American Astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko will begin collaborative investigations on the International Space Station (ISS). They will reside on the ISS for a year, which is twice as long as typical U.S. missions. These investigations are expected to yield beneficial knowledge on the medical, psychological and biomedical challenges faced by astronauts during long-duration spaceflight.

7 research areas:

Functional

Behavioral Health

Visual Impairment

Metabolic

Physical Performance

Microbial

Human Factors

From:
+NASA http://www.nasa.gov/content/one-year-mission/

Thanks +Ciro Villa for sharing. 

#nasa   #twins   #spaceexploration   #stem #research

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2015-03-24 11:10:55 (10 comments, 2 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

World fact book: incredibly detailed information by country

#gdp #population #economy #health #government #languages #labor #geography

Thanks +Kevin Clift​​ and +Nick Benik​​ for passing this on.

World Factbook
on +Android 

Redditor gray_dorian has put the CIA World Factbook onto Android.  Thanks to open government the CIA does not provide an API for the World Factbook (so that the data could be read programmatically) so the data had to be scraped via a zip file, then more recent data added from CSV files. A custom parser was created, the data cleaned and then the rationalised data was loaded into an SQLite database.

NO PERMISSIONS, NO TRACKERS, NO ADS. CIA World Factbook app does not spy on you!

This a FREE app to browse World Factbook, a guide prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency for use by US Government officials.

Now, there are already a few similar apps on Play Store, what makes this app unique is:
- Designed for phones and tablets
- Speed, the app is super fast
- Only one click to see the country details
- Countries sorted by GDP by default, no longer Afghanistan is at the top place
- Tabbed interface to quickly switch between continents and categories
- Drawer menu to sort countries by any measurable indicator (GDP, Area, Population etc)
- Compare North vs South Korea or any other two countries side-by-side
- Browse through country flags in grid-mode
- See Guide for fields

Note: this application is not associated with the CIA

More here (Google Play): http://goo.gl/VnZGEg

The World Factbook 2013-14. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013: http://goo.gl/0KcJkf




Image: http://goo.gl/7KL6fE___World fact book: incredibly detailed information by country

#gdp #population #economy #health #government #languages #labor #geography

Thanks +Kevin Clift​​ and +Nick Benik​​ for passing this on.

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2015-03-24 04:43:54 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

http://findingho.me/ :)

Interactive journey that quite literally is beautiful internet 
>> http://findingho.me/___http://findingho.me/ :)

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2015-03-16 21:25:53 (11 comments, 9 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

This is beautiful.  Not just because the question is so helpful, but because "adventure for solutions" is such a perfect way to describe the request. :)

#solutions  #comfort #adventure #friendship  

Are you looking for solutions, or comfort?

There may not be a more important question to ask someone who's not feeling his or her best. Offering solutions, my natural response, can come across as overbearing or manipulative when comfort is wanted. Conversely, comfort can seem distant or shallow to someone looking for solutions. ___This is beautiful.  Not just because the question is so helpful, but because "adventure for solutions" is such a perfect way to describe the request. :)

#solutions  #comfort #adventure #friendship  

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2015-03-16 02:38:17 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Will you buy a lady a drink?  A beautiful and educational campaign from www.water.org.  

Thanks  +Water.org and +Chad Haney  for sharing. :)

Will you buy a lady a drink?
In many areas we take water for granted. However, in some parts of the world, it takes enormous effort to get water. Stella Artois and water.org are working together so that 1 limited edition chalice equals 5 years worth of clean drinking water. I missed out on the design from Honduras but I purchased one of the designs from India and Ethiopia. So, will you buy a lady a drink?___Will you buy a lady a drink?  A beautiful and educational campaign from www.water.org.  

Thanks  +Water.org and +Chad Haney  for sharing. :)

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2015-03-09 12:53:58 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

"I feel intensely alive." One of my favorite authors and scientists, Dr. Oliver Sacks, on learning his cancer is terminal.

Author of "The man who mistook his wife for a hat". :)

[edited]

Neurologist Oliver Sacks on learning he has cancer: http://nyti.ms/1A9e8Ke
Read our cover story on Sacks: http://ow.ly/Jkd4x___"I feel intensely alive." One of my favorite authors and scientists, Dr. Oliver Sacks, on learning his cancer is terminal.

Author of "The man who mistook his wife for a hat". :)

[edited]

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2015-03-06 06:24:39 (37 comments, 4 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

The Missing Ocean on Mars.  Recent measurements indicate that  water once covered ~20% of the planet's surface. 13% of the original water remains in the polar ice caps while 87% has been lost to space. Curiosity found evidence that Mars may had water for 1.5 billion years - plenty of time for something interesting to happen. (It only took about 1 billion for simple-celled life to develop here on Earth.) :)

For decades, planetary scientists have suspected that ancient Mars was a much warmer, wetter environment than it is today, but estimates of just how much water Mars has lost since its formation vary widely. Now, new isotopic measurements by researchers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center reveal that an ocean once covered approximately twenty percent of the Martian surface. This new picture of early Mars is considerably wetter than many previous estimates, raising the odds fort... more »

The Missing Ocean on Mars.  Recent measurements indicate that  water once covered ~20% of the planet's surface. 13% of the original water remains in the polar ice caps while 87% has been lost to space. Curiosity found evidence that Mars may had water for 1.5 billion years - plenty of time for something interesting to happen. (It only took about 1 billion for simple-celled life to develop here on Earth.) :)

For decades, planetary scientists have suspected that ancient Mars was a much warmer, wetter environment than it is today, but estimates of just how much water Mars has lost since its formation vary widely. Now, new isotopic measurements by researchers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center reveal that an ocean once covered approximately twenty percent of the Martian surface. This new picture of early Mars is considerably wetter than many previous estimates, raising the odds for the ancient habitability of the Red Planet.

NASA - Measuring Mar's Ancient Ocean
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WH8kHncLZwM

More videos and images at:
http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?11796

This research was presented in a paper entitled “Strong water isotopic anomalies in the Martian atmosphere: probing current and ancient reservoirs”, by G. VIllanueva et al., to appear online in Science on 5 March 2015.

- from Mars: The Planet that Lost an Ocean’s Worth of Water
European Southern Observatory
http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1509/

Thanks +NASA Goddard, +Corina Marinescu , and others for sharing.

#NASA   #ESO #Mars  #stem#scienceeveryday___

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2015-03-06 04:17:57 (3 comments, 7 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Skunk Works claims continued progress on compact fusion.

Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works claims the ability to generate cheap energy from nuclear fusion with little waste or global warming is within its grasp.

This is the same Skunk Works created by the near-mythical Kelly Johnson, an aerospace engineer able to head teams that built the SR-71 Blackbird reconnaissance jet years before any other organization even thought Mach-3 flight was possible.

The Lockheed Martin project is designed to take advantage of the practice of rapid prototyping that the Skunk Works pioneered by building relatively small, easily improved incremental projects that lead to a finished product that actually works.

Currently Lockheed Martin is in the process of testing a magnetic confinement bottle, where the Skunk Works team has apparently made significant progress. In terms of how... more »

Skunk Works claims continued progress on compact fusion.

Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works claims the ability to generate cheap energy from nuclear fusion with little waste or global warming is within its grasp.

This is the same Skunk Works created by the near-mythical Kelly Johnson, an aerospace engineer able to head teams that built the SR-71 Blackbird reconnaissance jet years before any other organization even thought Mach-3 flight was possible.

The Lockheed Martin project is designed to take advantage of the practice of rapid prototyping that the Skunk Works pioneered by building relatively small, easily improved incremental projects that lead to a finished product that actually works.

Currently Lockheed Martin is in the process of testing a magnetic confinement bottle, where the Skunk Works team has apparently made significant progress. In terms of how a fusion reactor would be created, the magnetic bottle is the primary hurdle.
 
If that's accomplished successfully most of the science and engineering is known. However, that doesn't mean that building the prototype fusion reactor is a done deal. Lockheed Martin is looking for industry partners to help develop the Compact Fusion reactor into a real product.

Source: http://www.eweek.com/news/lockheed-martin-claims-sustainable-fusion-is-within-its-grasp.html

Website: http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/compact-fusion.html

Lockheed Martin: Compact Fusion Research & Development
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UlYClniDFkM

HOW COMPACT FUSION WORKS

Nuclear fusion is the process by which the sun works. Our concept will mimic that process within a compact magnetic container and release energy in a controlled fashion to produce power we can use.

- from their website:
http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/compact-fusion.html

How did Skunk Works® get its name?
http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/features/2014/anatomy-skunk/anatomy-skunk-infographic.html

[EDIT] I couldn't find any other "new news" - this might be based on the same announcement that came out last October. 

The possibility holds enough benefit that it's worth watching. :)

#energy #innovation #compact #fusion #skunkworks  ___

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2015-03-01 13:40:36 (3 comments, 8 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

The Man Who Tried to Redeem the World with Logic.  An interesting glimpse into the human side and key events in our growing understanding of computation, memory, visual processing, neural nets, AI, and more. 

“None of us would think of publishing a paper without his corrections and approval,” McCulloch wrote. “[Pitts] was in no uncertain terms the genius of our group,” said Lettvin. “He was absolutely incomparable in the scholarship of chemistry, physics, of everything you could talk about history, botany, etc. When you asked him a question, you would get back a whole textbook … To him, the world was connected in a very complex and wonderful fashion.”

Pitts’ despair turned lethal. He began drinking heavily and pulled away from his friends. When he was offered his Ph.D., he refused to sign the paperwork. He set fire to his dissertation along with all of his notes andhis papers. Years... more »

Interesting article on McCulloch and Pitts - I had no idea of the back story on their work or personalities...___The Man Who Tried to Redeem the World with Logic.  An interesting glimpse into the human side and key events in our growing understanding of computation, memory, visual processing, neural nets, AI, and more. 

“None of us would think of publishing a paper without his corrections and approval,” McCulloch wrote. “[Pitts] was in no uncertain terms the genius of our group,” said Lettvin. “He was absolutely incomparable in the scholarship of chemistry, physics, of everything you could talk about history, botany, etc. When you asked him a question, you would get back a whole textbook … To him, the world was connected in a very complex and wonderful fashion.”

Pitts’ despair turned lethal. He began drinking heavily and pulled away from his friends. When he was offered his Ph.D., he refused to sign the paperwork. He set fire to his dissertation along with all of his notes and his papers. Years of work—important work that everyone in the community was eagerly awaiting— he burnt it all, priceless information reduced to entropy and ash. Wiesner offered Lettvin increased support for the lab if he could recover any bits of the dissertation. But it was all gone.

1910-1913
Principia Mathematica, Bertrand Russell and Alfred Whitehead 
https://archive.org/stream/PrincipiaMathematicaVolumeI/WhiteheadRussell-PrincipiaMathematicaVolumeI#page/n13/mode/2up

1923
The Ego and the Id, Freud
https://openlibrary.org/books/OL23239329M/The_ego_and_the_id.

1943
A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity, McCulloch and Pitts
http://www.cse.chalmers.se/~coquand/AUTOMATA/mcp.pdf

1945
First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, von Neumann
http://www.di.ens.fr/~pouzet/cours/systeme/bib/edvac.pdf

1959
What the Frog’s Eye Tells the Frog’s Brain, Lettivin, Maturana, McCulloch, Pitts
http://neuromajor.ucr.edu/courses/WhatTheFrogsEyeTellsTheFrogsBrain.pdf

In celebration of scientists and #sciencesunday  +ScienceSunday 

#logic #computerscience #cs   #cybernetics   #computation  #turingmachine #brain  #neurophysiology #memory #ai  #ml #neuralnets #ouroboricloops

via the G+ Neuromporphic Engineering Community

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2015-02-27 13:02:32 (5 comments, 10 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

What is gravity, really? Physicist +Brian Koberlein writes an interesting and accessible article on our understanding of gravity. 

"...we found gravity wasn’t a force at all...[it's] a warping of spacetime. Basically, mass tells space how to bend, and space tells mass how to move."

[emphasis mine]

#physics  #gravity #spacetime

Cradle to Grave

Gravity is perhaps the best known of the four fundamental forces. It’s also the one that’s easiest to understand. At a basic level, gravity is simply the mutual attraction between any two masses. It’s the force that lets the Sun hold the planets in their orbits, and the force that holds the Earth to you. The force is always attractive, and the strength of the force between two masses depends inversely on the square of their distances, making it an inverse square force. But gravity’s simplicity is just a veneer that hides a deeply subtle and complex phenomenon.

When Newton proposed his model of universal gravity, one criticism of the model was how gravity could act at a distance. How does the Moon “detect” the presence of Earth and “know” to be pulled in Earth’s direction? A few ideas were proposed, but never really panned out. Since Newton’s model was so incredibly accurate, the action-at-a-distance problem was largely swept under the rug. Regardless of how masses detected each other, Newton’s model let us calculate their motion. Another difficulty came to be known as the 3-body problem. Calculating the gravitational motion of any two masses was straight forward, but the motion of three or more masses was impossible to calculate exactly. The motion could be approximated to great precision, and was even used to discover Neptune, but an exact, general solution for three masses would never be found. Newton’s idea was simple, but it’s application was complex.

In the early 1900s, we found that gravity wasn’t a force at all. In Einstein’s model, gravity isn’t a force, but rather a warping of spacetime. Basically, mass tells space how to bend, and space tells mass how to move. General relativity isn’t just a mathematical trick to calculate the correct forces between objects, it makes unique predictions about the behavior of light and matter, which are different from the predictions of gravity as a force. Space really is curved, and as a result objects are deflected from a straight path in a way that looks like a force.

But despite its simple approximation as a force, and its beautifully subtle description as a property of spacetime, we’ve come to realize over the past century that we still don’t know what gravity actually is. That’s because both Newton’s and Einstein’s models of gravity are classical in nature. We now know that objects have quantum properties, with particle-like and wave-like behaviors.  When we try to apply quantum theory to gravity, things become complicated and confusing. In most quantum theory, quantum objects exist within a background framework of space and time. Since gravity is a property of spacetime itself, fully quantizing gravity would require a quantization of space and time. There are several models that attempt this, but none of them have yet achieved a fully quantum model.

Usually our current understanding of gravity is just fine. We can accurately describe the motions of stars and planets. Seemingly odd predictions such as black holes and the big bang have been confirmed by observation. Every experimental and observational test of general relativity has validated its accuracy. Large objects with strong gravity can be described just fine by classical gravity. For small objects with weak gravity we our approximate quantum gravity is good enough. The problem comes when we want to describe small objects with strong gravity, such as the earliest moments of the big bang.

Without a complete theory of quantum gravity, we won’t fully understand the earliest moment of the universe. We know from observation that the early observable universe was both very small and very dense. From general relativity this would imply that the universe began as a singularity. Most cosmologists don’t think the universe actually began as a singularity, but without quantum gravity we aren’t exactly sure. Even if we put the quantum aspects of gravity aside, there is still a part of gravity we don’t understand. Within general relativity it is possible to have a cosmological constant. Adding this constant to Einstein’s equations causes the universe to expand through dark energy, just as we observe. While general relativity allows for a cosmological constant, it doesn’t require one. The cosmological constant agrees with what we observe, but there are other proposed models for dark energy that agree as well (at least for now). If dark energy is really due to the cosmological constant, then the constant must be very close to zero, at about 10-122. Why would a constant be so incredibly close to zero? Why does it even exist when general relativity doesn’t require it?

We don’t know, and without that understanding, both the origin and fate of the universe remain mysteries.

Tomorrow: Electromagnetism was the first unified theory, combining the forces of magnets and charges. The result gave us a new understanding of light, and led us down a path toward a theory of everything.___What is gravity, really? Physicist +Brian Koberlein writes an interesting and accessible article on our understanding of gravity. 

"...we found gravity wasn’t a force at all...[it's] a warping of spacetime. Basically, mass tells space how to bend, and space tells mass how to move."

[emphasis mine]

#physics  #gravity #spacetime

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2015-02-27 12:45:03 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

How well do you know Einstein? Short, interactive quiz that ranges from the basics of his most famous work to some obscure and surprising details of his life.

Thanks physicist +Sabine Hossenfelder​ for sharing.

___How well do you know Einstein? Short, interactive quiz that ranges from the basics of his most famous work to some obscure and surprising details of his life.

Thanks physicist +Sabine Hossenfelder​ for sharing.

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2015-02-19 12:52:38 (1 comments, 7 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Back to the Moon For Good - The New Space Race.  Beautiful, informative overview of our history on the moon and the plans and prize for getting back.  Highly recommended.

Google Lunar XPrize Website
http://lunar.xprize.org/

Prize Deadline:  31 December 2016
Total prizes: $30 million

Congratulations! $6 million milestone prizes awarded to teams from US, India, Japan, and Germany:
http://lunar.xprize.org/about/milestone-prizes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8NcwSqmHFM

Lunar Exploration History
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploration_of_the_Moon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_missions_to_the_Moon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkivPFtLOj4

#google   #lunarxprize  #apollo #spaceexploration #backtothemoon

The +Google Lunar XPRIZE race to the moon feels like science fiction, but it's real, and the race is on. #GLXP  ___Back to the Moon For Good - The New Space Race.  Beautiful, informative overview of our history on the moon and the plans and prize for getting back.  Highly recommended.

Google Lunar XPrize Website
http://lunar.xprize.org/

Prize Deadline:  31 December 2016
Total prizes: $30 million

Congratulations! $6 million milestone prizes awarded to teams from US, India, Japan, and Germany:
http://lunar.xprize.org/about/milestone-prizes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8NcwSqmHFM

Lunar Exploration History
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploration_of_the_Moon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_missions_to_the_Moon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkivPFtLOj4

#google   #lunarxprize  #apollo #spaceexploration #backtothemoon

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2015-02-14 13:46:42 (8 comments, 20 reshares, 103 +1s)Open 

Genetically-engineered asteroid-mining microbes could help prepare asteroids for easier extraction of metals.  Fascinating share from  +Rich Pollett. Bonus: includes many links on the emerging industry of asteroid mining.

Bio-mining is an established practice here on Earth. Finding low-cost ways to ease extraction of resources from asteroids is a useful step to colonizing beyond our home planet. 

Future Mining Conference (Australia 2015 Nov)
http://www.futuremining2015.ausimm.com.au/

Off-Earth Mining Forum References (Australia 2013)
http://www.acser.unsw.edu.au/oemf/

6-min Overview of Asteroid Mining (2014)
ww.youtube.com/watch?v=erF17yO9VsE

#asteroid #mining #biomining #cubesat #nasa #dsi #planetaryresources #newindustries #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sciencesunday  :)


Asteroid Miners May Get Help from Metal-Munching Microbes

Asteroid mining may become a multispecies affair.

The asteroid-mining firm Deep Space Industries (DSI) is investigating the feasibility of injecting bioengineered microbes into space rocks far from Earth, to get a jump on processing their valuable resources.

"You could come back [to the asteroids] in 10 to 20 years and have a preprocessed pile of materials," Joseph Grace, of DSI and NASA’s Ames Research Center, told Space.com last month at the annual fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in San Francisco.

The scientists working on the concept envision launching a small probe that DSI is developing, called Mothership, out to a promising near-Earth asteroid in deep space. Mothership would be carrying a number of tiny CubeSats, one of which would deploy and spiral down to the asteroid’s surface.

The CubeSat would then inject into the asteroid a low-temperature fluid laden with bacteria, which would propagate through cracks and fissures generated by the injection process. Over time, the microbes — genetically engineered to process metals efficiently — would break down harmful compounds within the asteroid and/or transform resources into different chemical states that are more amenable to extraction.

This work would be slow, but the bacteria would be doing it for free (after the initial expenditure of getting them out to the asteroid, of course).

"The use of self-sustaining biomining mitigates the need for sustained docking, anchoring, drilling, processing or other technically challenging traditional mining approaches," Grace and his colleagues wrote in a poster they presented at AGU. "If shown to function, the use of life to preprocess valuable deep-space resources could change the economic practicality of a large range of human activity in space."

Space: http://www.space.com/28320-asteroid-mining-bacteria-microbes.html

Related reading:

Mining An Asteroid? You’ll Need A Space Lawyer For That:
http://nhpr.org/post/mining-asteroid-youll-need-space-lawyer

NASA awards contracts for potential asteroid mining:
http://www.natureworldreport.com/2015/01/16/nasa-awards-contracts-for-potential-asteroid-mining/

Asteroid Mining 101: A New Book by World-Renowned Expert Dr. John S. Lewis:
http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=50822

How Asteroid Mining Could Work (Infographic)
http://www.space.com/15391-asteroid-mining-space-planetary-resources-infographic.html

Want to colonise space? It’s time to start off-Earth mining:
http://theconversation.com/want-to-colonise-space-its-time-to-start-off-earth-mining-11739

Image: Harvestor-class spacecraft concept by Deep Space Industries
.___Genetically-engineered asteroid-mining microbes could help prepare asteroids for easier extraction of metals.  Fascinating share from  +Rich Pollett. Bonus: includes many links on the emerging industry of asteroid mining.

Bio-mining is an established practice here on Earth. Finding low-cost ways to ease extraction of resources from asteroids is a useful step to colonizing beyond our home planet. 

Future Mining Conference (Australia 2015 Nov)
http://www.futuremining2015.ausimm.com.au/

Off-Earth Mining Forum References (Australia 2013)
http://www.acser.unsw.edu.au/oemf/

6-min Overview of Asteroid Mining (2014)
ww.youtube.com/watch?v=erF17yO9VsE

#asteroid #mining #biomining #cubesat #nasa #dsi #planetaryresources #newindustries #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sciencesunday  :)

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2015-02-01 18:04:43 (3 comments, 21 reshares, 90 +1s)Open 

Nano-patrol: Tiny in-body sentinels could rat out cancer cells. Nanoparticles patrolling in our bloodstream could snag cancer cells and report via wrist band. :) 

"So imagine that you swallow a pill [You would take a pill maybe twice a month] and that pill has small things called nanoparticles in it, decorated on their surface with markers that attach to cancer cells, We have them circulate through your whole body, and we collect them in the vasculature of the arm with a magnet, and you ask them what they saw."

Seems a bit strange?

"It's way weirder," said [head of Google Life Sciences Dr. Andrew] Conrad, "to have cancer cells floating through your body that are constantly trying to kill you." :)

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2015-01-google-eyes-nanoparticle-platform-health.html#jCp

Includes link to +The Atlantic videow... more »

Google is making a wristband which can detect disease

Google is trying to develop a wristband that would be able to detect signs of cancer and other diseases as they appear in your body. All you have to do is swallow a pill that has magnetic nanoparticles with surface markers that will circulate in your bloodstream and bind to cancer cells. A wristband monitor would attract and count the particles, collecting information about what the particles had detected. Wow…talk about diagnostics.

Source: http://ow.ly/IgT89 

#Google #magneticparticle #nanoparticle #wearablemonitor___Nano-patrol: Tiny in-body sentinels could rat out cancer cells. Nanoparticles patrolling in our bloodstream could snag cancer cells and report via wrist band. :) 

"So imagine that you swallow a pill [You would take a pill maybe twice a month] and that pill has small things called nanoparticles in it, decorated on their surface with markers that attach to cancer cells, We have them circulate through your whole body, and we collect them in the vasculature of the arm with a magnet, and you ask them what they saw."

Seems a bit strange?

"It's way weirder," said [head of Google Life Sciences Dr. Andrew] Conrad, "to have cancer cells floating through your body that are constantly trying to kill you." :)

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2015-01-google-eyes-nanoparticle-platform-health.html#jCp

Includes link to +The Atlantic video with more information.
http://www.theatlantic.com/video/index/384922/why-is-google-making-human-skin/

Help wanted (Life Sciences)
http://www.google.com/about/careers/search#t=sq&q=j&d=Life+sciences&li=10&j=Life+sciences&

More about nanotech
http://www.nano.gov/centers-networks
http://www.techconnectworld.com/Nanotech2015/ (June in DC)

#google #x #life #sciences #nanotechnoloy #cancer #research

In celebration of #ScienceSunday . :)

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2015-02-01 15:40:58 (1 comments, 17 reshares, 74 +1s)Open 

Our most-distant landing. In 2005, the Huygens probe landed on Saturn's moon, Titan. This short, narrated video provides a front-row seat as humans take a closer look.

The probe was launched as part of the Cassini-Huygens craft in 1997. The heavy spacecraft used two loops around the sun to get the gravity assist needed to fling it out to reach the larger planets.

Voyage
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/The_mission

Mission News
http://sci.esa.int/cassini-huygens/

Images
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Missions/Cassini-Huygens/(class)/image

DISR Website
http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/DISR/

(Surprising) List of Moons
http://nineplanets.org/data.html

Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9L471ct7YDo

For the probe landing’s 10th anniversary, a new sequenceh... more »

Huygens Probe On Titan - New Image Processing

While the Mars rovers are fascinating, let's not forget that the ESA landed the Huygens probe on a moon of Saturn back in 2005. This new imagery compiles data from the mission into a video of the descent and ground view after landing.  Water ice: check. Strange materials never replicated in a lab: check.

If I was a billionaire, my hobby would be sending space probes all over the solar system. I'd have the best Flickr stream in the galaxy...___Our most-distant landing. In 2005, the Huygens probe landed on Saturn's moon, Titan. This short, narrated video provides a front-row seat as humans take a closer look.

The probe was launched as part of the Cassini-Huygens craft in 1997. The heavy spacecraft used two loops around the sun to get the gravity assist needed to fling it out to reach the larger planets.

Voyage
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/The_mission

Mission News
http://sci.esa.int/cassini-huygens/

Images
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Missions/Cassini-Huygens/(class)/image

DISR Website
http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/DISR/

(Surprising) List of Moons
http://nineplanets.org/data.html

Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9L471ct7YDo

For the probe landing’s 10th anniversary, a new sequence has been rendered from Huygens’ Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer (DISR) data. The craft landed on Saturn’s largest moon on 14 Jan 2005.

Landing Animation: http://goo.gl/6t6XuA

Credit: Erich Karkoschka, DISR team, University of Arizona

Thanks +Ed S and +Daniel Suarez and others for sharing.

In celebration of #ScienceSunday.  :)

#nasa #esa #asi #huygens #saturn #titan  

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2015-01-13 14:13:55 (21 comments, 21 reshares, 65 +1s)Open 

Energy industry changes could happen faster than expected. “Should solar continue on its exponential trajectory, the energy infrastructure will be 100-percent solar by 2030,” [Tony] Seba said. “The only reason for this not to happen is that governments will protect or subsidize conventional coal, nuclear, oil, gas generating stations—even when this means higher prices for consumers.”

Although the exact time may be debated, the idea that the cross-over point may come sooner than expected is interesting. 

Author of The Great Disruption, [Paul] Gilding said that “it’s the systemic interactions of software, new players, disruptive business models and technology that accelerates the shift,” and which “will be self reinforcing”—not just cheap prices.

As a rule, Seba said, when a technology product achieves critical mass (historically defined as about 15-20percent of the market)... more »

In just 15 years, the world as we know it will have transformed forever. The ​age of oil, gas, coal and nuclear will be over. A new age of clean power and smarter cars will fundamentally, totally, and permanently disrupt the existing fossil fuel-dependent industrial infrastructure in a way that even the most starry-eyed proponents of ‘green energy’ could never have imagined ...___Energy industry changes could happen faster than expected. “Should solar continue on its exponential trajectory, the energy infrastructure will be 100-percent solar by 2030,” [Tony] Seba said. “The only reason for this not to happen is that governments will protect or subsidize conventional coal, nuclear, oil, gas generating stations—even when this means higher prices for consumers.”

Although the exact time may be debated, the idea that the cross-over point may come sooner than expected is interesting. 

Author of The Great Disruption, [Paul] Gilding said that “it’s the systemic interactions of software, new players, disruptive business models and technology that accelerates the shift,” and which “will be self reinforcing”—not just cheap prices.

As a rule, Seba said, when a technology product achieves critical mass (historically defined as about 15-20 percent of the market), its market growth accelerates further, and sometimes exponentially, due to the positive feedback effects. In hundreds of markets around the world, unsubsidized solar is already cheaper than subsidized fossil fuels and nuclear power. A new Deutsche Bank report just made headlines at the end of October for predicting that solar electricity in the US is on track to be as cheap or cheaper than fossil fuels as early as 2016.

Within just 15 years, he said, solar and wind power will provide 100 percent of energy in competitive markets, with no need for government subsidies.

Source: 

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/how-solar-power-could-slay-the-fossil-fuel-empire-by-2030

Read more:

Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation: How Silicon Valley Will Make Oil, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Coal, Electric Utilities and Conventional Cars Obsolete by 2030

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0692210539

#energy #electric #power #renewables #economics
#sciencesunday #scienceonG + #tech   #stem

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2015-01-11 02:26:24 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Brilliant, beautiful dragon. I desired dragons with a profound desire. Of course, I in my timid body did not wish to have them in the neighborhood. But the world that contained even the imagination of Fáfnir was richer and more beautiful, at whatever the cost of peril.
― J.R.R. Tolkien

I love the the idea and the execution - thanks +Ninja On Rye for sharing. 

#dragon #projection #art  #design

A brilliant dragon projection on a building, looks as if it's smashing in and out of the walls.  Fire jets are timed to actually shoot out from the building in sequence with the projected dragon breathing flames.
One minute long.___Brilliant, beautiful dragon. I desired dragons with a profound desire. Of course, I in my timid body did not wish to have them in the neighborhood. But the world that contained even the imagination of Fáfnir was richer and more beautiful, at whatever the cost of peril.
― J.R.R. Tolkien

I love the the idea and the execution - thanks +Ninja On Rye for sharing. 

#dragon #projection #art  #design

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2015-01-08 13:21:41 (4 comments, 11 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Brilliant engineers and the OmniProcesser turn biowaste into water. :)

From Bill Gates' blog:
http://www.gatesnotes.com/Development/Omniprocessor-From-Poop-to-Potable

Potable water is safe for human consumption. :)

#reinventingthetoilet   #renewable   #waterandenergy   #sustainability   #stem   #engineersrule     

Brilliant engineers and the OmniProcesser turn biowaste into water. :)

From Bill Gates' blog:
http://www.gatesnotes.com/Development/Omniprocessor-From-Poop-to-Potable

Potable water is safe for human consumption. :)

#reinventingthetoilet   #renewable   #waterandenergy   #sustainability   #stem   #engineersrule     ___

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2015-01-07 14:19:00 (37 comments, 9 reshares, 49 +1s)Open 

Gender and Violence.   Socially acceptable violence: rape is unacceptable to 86.4%, yet a sizable number of participants  (31%) indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse. 

Fascinating insights into a serious and pervasive problem. The report “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” is available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015.

Reshared from +Zuleyka Zevallos added the following comments:

TW: Rape: Rape culture and Sexual Coercion
Here is an outstanding post by +Kimberly Chapman who discusses research on how men misunderstand the concept of rape. As I wrote on Kimberley's original thread, there is a lot of social science research showing that the socialisation of sex is a big part of this problem. Men and women don't know how torecognis... more »

TRIGGER WARNINGS FOR RAPE DISCUSSION

Campus Rape: It's Not All Misogyny

Amongst those who frequently talk about rape and other sexual assault issues pertaining to male perpetrators and female victims, there is often an assumption that rapists are aggressively hostile towards women.  But open hostility - such as believing that women are all asking for it, that they're sluts who manipulate men into buying gifts and dinners and then don't put out, or other typically stated resentments by so-called "men's rights activists" (MRAs) and "pick up artists" (PUAs) - is not actually required for rape to occur.

The key difference lies in whether the man himself thinks of what he's doing as rape or not.  Several studies and reports have circulated in recent years indicating that a lot more men will admit to descriptive situations that involve coerced sex as long as you don't use the word rape in the description.  We've several chilling stories about how men will casually admit to having had sex with a woman who was unconscious, having used roofies, or having used some of the PUA techniques that involve physical coercion because they feel entitled to sex in these situations and fundamentally do not see themselves as having raped anybody.

Even victims don't often want to admit they've been raped.  That word is so loaded with ugliness, trauma, and victim-blaming that many victims themselves will go to lengths to explain away a rape, especially during the initial trauma period.  This is part of why we've seen calls for rape investigations to be less brutal towards victims, less requiring of nailed-down specifics, and more flexible as their minds process what happened over time.  Unfortunately, because our society is still so deeply mired in victim-blaming, many of these attempts to revise justice systems or reporting systems get written off as allowing female victims time to "make things up" instead of recognizing the psychological processes at work.

A new study by Sara Edwards, PhD, and Kathryn Bradshaw of University of North Dakota in Grand Forks, and Verlin Hinsz, PhD of North Dakota State University in Fargo, appearing in the peer-reviewed journal Violence and Gender entitled “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” (available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015) contrasted male survey respondents who were willing to engage in coercive sexual activities versus those who were willing to rape in terms of their responses to other survey elements geared to gauge their relative hostility towards women versus a callous sexual attitude as part of wider hyermasculinity.

Hostility towards women was measured using statements as I've mentioned above, and the callous sexual attitude measurement looked at what many of us engaged in activism typically refer to as entitlement: the objectification of women, the supposition that "real men" are sexually dominant and "score" a lot, that men allegedly have uncontrollable desires, and that therefore if a man is to be a "real man" he needs to be supplied with sex regardless of whether the woman involved really wants to or not.

From the study:

Given that callous sexual attitudes permit violence and consider women as passive sexual objects, it follows that for men who endorse these, sexual aggression becomes an appropriate and accepted expression of masculinity. In this sense, using force to obtain intercourse does not become an act of rape, but rather an expression of hypermasculinity, which may be thought of as a desirable disposition in certain subcultures. Taken together, these research findings suggest that an expression of hypermasculinity through callous sexual attitudes may relate to an inclination to endorse a behavioral description (i.e., using force to hold an individual down) versus referring to a sexually aggressive act as rape. Hence, we hypothesize that the construct of callous sexual attitudes will be found at the highest levels in those men who endorse intentions to force a woman to sexual acts but deny intentions to rape.

In other words, the researchers wanted to see if this entitlement attitude many of us have been decrying is linked to approval for coerced sex if you take away the loaded word "rape", versus requiring actual hostile misogyny to approve of such situations.

And it is.

Their conclusion:

As hypothesized, a sizable number of participants indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse, but would not rape a woman. Men who indicate intentions to use force but deny intentions to rape exhibit a unique disposition featuring an inverse construct of hostility toward women but high levels of callous sexual attitudes (Check 1985). Given that hostility toward women involves resentment, bitterness, rejection sensitivity, and paranoia about women's motives, we consider the inverse of hostility toward women in men that intend to use force to be indicative of an affable, trusting, and nonreactive affect toward women. When combined with callous sexual attitudes, we interpret this function as representing personality characteristics that might lend themselves to allowing men to not perceive his actions as rape and may even view the forced intercourse as an achievement. The primary motivation in this case could be sexual gratification, accomplishment, and/or perceived compliance with stereotypical masculine gender norms. The use of force in these cases might be seen as an acceptable mean to reach one's goal, or the woman's “no” is perceived as a token resistance consistent with stereotypical gender norms. While the ultimate outcome of either act constitutes rape, this pattern of results suggests that there might be different types of offenders with potential differences in underlying motivation, cognition, and/or personality traits.

I want to highlight some phrases in there:

"an affable, trusting, and nonreactive affect toward women" - This is why so many victims of rape are so mind-boggled by the event that they themselves don't know how to label it, because he was their friend.  He was that nice guy, that harmless guy, that funny guy, that decent fella everyone likes.  So even if the victim can get over her own mental roadblock and realizes, "He is not nice because HE RAPED ME," when she reports this to mutual friends, she is routinely met with disbelief.  "What? Him?  No way!  He's so nice!  He'd never do that!"  Except that he did, and now the victim is plunged into a world of self-doubt, doubt by friends, and questions from all sides about what she did to make this happen.  Did she lead him on?  Did she ever flirt with him or send him mixed signals?  Those questions should be irrelevant but that's what she'll get in her face constantly, even from within her own head.

"may even view the forced intercourse as an achievement" - This is why so many of us complain about casual use of women as prizes in literature/movies/games/other entertainment, even down to those items geared towards very young children.  When we routinely enforce the girl-as-prize trope, we are helping to enforce a key component of a set of attitudes that is leading to real-life rape.  The stories and games that deliver women as literal prizes to "heroes" rarely give the woman a choice in this outcome, teaching girls and boys, men and women that female consent is irrelevant if the male has "earned" this reward, or worse, that a female who withholds consent at the point of being a prize is breaking the game or wrecking the ending.

"The primary motivation in this case could be sexual gratification, accomplishment, and/or perceived compliance with stereotypical masculine gender norms." - Or what many of us simply call "entitlement", the notion that a man is allowed to have these things, that women are provided by fate or circumstances to supply it, and if women don't like it they shouldn't go out, shouldn't wear that dress, shouldn't drink, or shouldn't live their lives.  Because boys will be boys and apparently part of that is being allowed to stick your penis in any available vagina, with "availability" not necessarily including "clear consent".

"the woman's “no” is perceived as a token resistance consistent with stereotypical gender norms" - This is why we chant, "Whatever we wear, wherever we go, yes means yes and no means no!"  Because PUA training (and society in general) tells men that women really do want to say yes to them but have to be coerced into it one way or another so women can free themselves from the sexist bonds of the supposed morality of chastity.  Some PUAs even see themselves as heros of sexual liberation, casting themselves in such a positive light that they cannot comprehend why they ever get negative reactions.

Plus it implies that a woman who has said yes before - to that man or to any other man - then somehow owes more yeses, because that chastity gate has been unlocked and therefore is expected to remain unlocked for all time.

All of this concocted nuance about the word "no" misses the point that "no" should be seen as an absolute.  If a man suspects a woman of playing "head games" and meaning "yes" when she says "no", he should either directly ask for clarification or go with the assumption of "no" meaning "no" until the woman herself changes it to a "yes" of her own volition.  Because here's a hint to the male "players" out there: most of the time when a woman says "no" to you she does not want to have sex with you and you need to get over your entitlement issues and move along.


So what does all of this mean for campus rape prevention?  It means we can't keep just screaming, "Misogyny!" at the obvious MRAs and PUAs and expect anything to get better, because to be blunt, the actual misogynists are not going to listen anyway.  But this study reveals inroads to getting to those men who are raping while defining it away in their own minds as something else, the ones who seem "like such a nice guy" but apparently don't mind scoring points with their brethren using coercive techniques upon women.

The authors conclude,

Men who are primarily motivated by negative, hostile affect toward women and who conceptualize their own intentions and behaviors as rape are unlikely to benefit from the large group primary prevention efforts done as part of college outreach efforts. However, programming using a group and norm-based approach appears to be appropriate for men who endorse force but deny rape, as long as the programming can establish rapport and credibility with participants. Because these men do not view their sexually aggressive intentions as rape, failing to attend to issues around beliefs about the stereotypical rapist and not identifying with them could weaken the effectiveness of the programming due to not receiving buy in from participants. This would ultimately likely leave the men who could benefit most from these prevention efforts disengaged.

In other words, we need to establish campus-specific socialization programs that reduce the need for and spread of hypermasculine norms, which frankly would benefit many men anyway since many men do not want to engage in those narrow definitions of what constitutes a "real man".  The traditional campus hazing rituals and party games that emphasize "real manhood" in terms of aggression, drunkenness, and other stereotypical "masculine" behaviours need to be barred from campuses entirely.  Further, there needs to be real education available in a non-obtrusive way that suggests alternative definitions of masculinity that embrace all men - gay, straight, nerds, jocks, etc - while simultaneously clamping down on any lingering "boys will be boys" excuses that not only allow perpetual violence but help to enforce it as a valid behaviour in the first place.

This might mean that some of the blunt campaigns those of us who already get it favour - like posters that simply say, "Don't Rape" - are not effective with the "callous sexual attitude" set because as far as they're concerned, they're not raping so they'll ignore those posters.  Better simple slogans may be those that emphasize consent - ie "No means no" and "Absence of No Does Not Mean Yes" - may be more effective.  We need other strategies to get and hold the attention of men who already have a callous sexual attitude and turn them away from that, using their own social groups to bolster these strategies because that's going to be a lot more effective than an external force coming forth with what seems like a scolding for something they're pretty sure they've never done.

We also need to do better at seeding the concepts of female autonomy and required consent on a wider social scale.  That means shunning those games/movies/books/etc that promote women as prizes or sex as a point system.  Male virgins need to no longer be objects of ridicule while female virgins need to no longer be objects of high value.  "Deflowering" and "cherry popping" need to go in terms of concepts of some kind of special event men get to apply to women.  First sex is over-romanticized all over the place which is bad enough for so many reasons outside the scope of this article, but specifically making it a prize that experienced men get to win out of inexperienced women needs to be seen as creepy, not points to be won.

Lastly, as I have said so many times, a lot of this has to come from the men who get it towards the men who don't.  That can be as simple as no longer silently standing by when your male friends display callous sexual attitudes.  Stand up and say, "Hey, that's not cool" when you hear rape jokes in your video game sessions.  When your friend in the bar is assigning point values to women around the room, try saying, "Or maybe they're human beings and not prizes for you to win."  For too long the actual good guys have lived in fear of rejection by the jerks.  It's time to turn that around and speak out so the jerks are the ones being ostracized for their ugly attitudes, and that can only happen if those of you who know better take the initiative and do it.

Image source, a potentially better campaign that emphasizes consent: http://www.theviolencestopshere.ca/dbtg.php .

#rape   #campusrape   #rapeprevention   #science  

Banhammer is in effect for any comments that engage in victim-blaming or derailment from the focus of this study.

PS If you think you may have coerced someone into sex or think you might be inclined to do so, don't bury that.  Deal with it.  Start by seeking professional counselling because that professional can help you figure out what you're doing wrong, how to stop it, and what, if anything, you need to do to rectify what you've already done.___Gender and Violence.   Socially acceptable violence: rape is unacceptable to 86.4%, yet a sizable number of participants  (31%) indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse. 

Fascinating insights into a serious and pervasive problem. The report “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” is available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015.

Reshared from +Zuleyka Zevallos added the following comments:

TW: Rape: Rape culture and Sexual Coercion
Here is an outstanding post by +Kimberly Chapman who discusses research on how men misunderstand the concept of rape. As I wrote on Kimberley's original thread, there is a lot of social science research showing that the socialisation of sex is a big part of this problem. Men and women don't know how to recognise rape because sexual coercion is part of the way rape culture becomes normalised. 

Research on teenagers shows that girls experience sexual coercion regularly within their early relationships. They do not see this as rape and they do not understand these experiences as abnormal because they have nothing else to compare to. Heterosexual girls and boys are socialised to accept the idea that girls are the "gatekeepers" of male sexuality. Girls are put in a "no win situation" where if they don't have sex, they risk losing their boyfriends, who pressure them into sex. At the same time, if they don't carefully manage their sexual relationships, they will be seen as "sluts" or "too easy." Girls and boys see that it's a woman's role to keep boys' sexual desires in check; it's their job to say no; and they buy into the myth that once sex is initiated it's too difficult to say no (e.g. http://goo.gl/3DyPlN). 

At the cultural levels, rape is constructed as something that happens to women as they walk down the street at night, even though research shows that women are overwhelmingly raped and assaulted by intimate partners. Nationally representative data published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics finds that 17% of all Australian women aged over 18 have experienced sexual assault since the age of 15; this obviously does not include under-age girls (http://goo.gl/pXdIai).  Almost 88% of these incidents involved a man that the women knew, predominantly former partners, as well as friends, colleagues and family members.

Only 14% of these women reported incidents involving a partner to the police, and only 16% reported incidents involving a stranger. The main reason for not reporting rape and sexual assault is that the women thought others would perceive the event was "too minor" and they wanted to avoid being shamed. 

We need to move away from thinking that there are different "kinds" of rape, and see the connection between a culture of coercion and sexual assault.

#sociology   #socialscience  

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2015-01-07 13:59:39 (4 comments, 13 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Gigapixels of Andromeda [4k]. "As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth."  - physicist +Brian Koberlein 

#scienceeveryday  #space #photography #universe #humansareawesome

My God It's Full of Stars

One of the more difficult ideas to grasp in astronomy is the sheer scale of the cosmos. Even as a professional in the field it’s much easier to focus on numbers and data than really step back and appreciate scale. Every now and then there is an image that forces you contemplate scale, such as the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Now NASA and ESA have released a new image of the Andromeda galaxy. It is the most detailed image of Andromeda ever made,and you can check it out in this video.

The total image has about 1.5 billion pixels, and shows over 100 million stars across 40,000 light years. In the image you can see the brilliant swirls of Andromeda’s spiral arms, but when you zoom in the dusty swirls resolve into individual stars. A vast sea of stars.

Andromeda is relatively close by cosmic standards. It’s only 2.5 million light years away, which is why we can resolve the galaxy in such detail.  But this shows only the brighter stars of Andromeda. It’s estimated that Andromeda contains about a trillion stars, most of which are too small and dim to resolve in this image. We’re still only seeing a fraction of the stars in this galaxy.

As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth. Multiply this image by ten, and for all of it there is only one single human being. The same is true for every person on the planet.

Images such as these often give a feeling of smallness. Within the vast cosmos we are merely dust upon dust. But to me it demonstrates just how rare and wondrous each of us are. We can look on an image such as this, see the spirals of stars, and we can understand the cosmos.___Gigapixels of Andromeda [4k]. "As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth."  - physicist +Brian Koberlein 

#scienceeveryday  #space #photography #universe #humansareawesome

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2014-12-25 13:40:56 (10 comments, 2 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Boldly go. :) Happy holidays to all *<|:o)

Thanks +Derya Unutmaz​ for sharing. :)

#christmas #sweaters #startrek #spaceexploration

Happy holidays to all!___Boldly go. :) Happy holidays to all *<|:o)

Thanks +Derya Unutmaz​ for sharing. :)

#christmas #sweaters #startrek #spaceexploration

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2014-12-25 13:19:33 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Investing in universities lays the foundation for thriving tech centers - how Pittsburgh got it right. Very interesting article for communities wanting to entice the tech sector.

Every so often, I have people telling me how tech companies should obviously be investing heavily in some locale or another, generally with one or two things in its favor: a lot of people who want to work, good cost of living, or something like that. Every time, I have to break it to them that these things just aren't enough to justify investment, and the critical thing which is always missing is having enough skilled people in an area: not just enough for one company, but enough to create a thriving ecosystem in the area. Without that ecosystem, more skilled people won't come, because they know it's that one job or bust; they know they'll have better opportunities elsewhere. And ultimately, you'll hemorrhage what few good people you had.

(This is most extreme in technology, where the workers generally have the economic power to pack up and move if they want to. If you're setting up low- or mid-skilled labor, the calculus is very different, which is why traditional factories end up in different kinds of places.)

However, this isn't a story about what doesn't work: it's a story about what does. Pittsburgh has managed to create exactly the sort of thriving ecosystem that encourages heavy investment, and is building up its own scene. This article goes through the things which Pittsburgh did which made this possible, and my perspective from inside tech is that it gets it pretty much right.

The absolutely key thing, without which none of this would have been possible, is it having a stable cluster of very strong universities around. What Pitt and CMU create is a pool of very experienced people (in their faculty) who are sitting around, coming up with ideas, and farming them out; a steady stream of new, good people (in their students) coming out and looking for work, already in the area; and an existing, stable hub of such people that a new company showing up could interact with, have people go back and forth with, and so on. The other things the article mentions, about finance, the role of local government, and city size, are all important, but are all to some extent fixable if you have that critical first thing.

So if you want your community to become a major tech hub, there's one simple thing you need to do first: make its university a top-flight research center in at least a handful of fields. That requires some investment and time, but is something that communities can actually do, and the rewards are intense and long-term.___Investing in universities lays the foundation for thriving tech centers - how Pittsburgh got it right. Very interesting article for communities wanting to entice the tech sector.

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2014-12-14 17:36:50 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

4142 years ago humans finished an amazing adventure. It's time to go further. :)   #humansareawesome  

Pictures from our last moon walk - thanks +CBS News,   +Michael Okuda, and +Bobak Ferdowsi for sharing. 

[edited to correct the time lapse - thanks +Chris McClelland, FPGA Expert and Spacecraft Engineer] 

Dec. 13, 2013 marks the 41st [sic] anniversary of the last moonwalk. Apollo 17 crew members Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began their final surface mission at 10:25 p.m. Dec. 13, 1972. The moonwalk eneded early in the morning on Dec. 14.

http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/last-trip-to-the-moon/

#nasa   #apollo   #moon #landing #spaceexploration  

Beautiful pictures from the last time we set foot on a foreign world, forty one years ago, today. Via +Michael Okuda___4142 years ago humans finished an amazing adventure. It's time to go further. :)   #humansareawesome  

Pictures from our last moon walk - thanks +CBS News,   +Michael Okuda, and +Bobak Ferdowsi for sharing. 

[edited to correct the time lapse - thanks +Chris McClelland, FPGA Expert and Spacecraft Engineer] 

Dec. 13, 2013 marks the 41st [sic] anniversary of the last moonwalk. Apollo 17 crew members Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began their final surface mission at 10:25 p.m. Dec. 13, 1972. The moonwalk eneded early in the morning on Dec. 14.

http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/last-trip-to-the-moon/

#nasa   #apollo   #moon #landing #spaceexploration  

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2014-12-14 14:50:49 (0 comments, 25 reshares, 70 +1s)Open 

Free Fundamentals of Neuroscience  4-part course from +Harvard University. http://www.mcb80x.org/

Fundamentals of Neuroscience has four parts:

1. Electrical Properties of the Neuron 
2. Neurons & Networks 
3. The Brain
4. The Mind & Society

From the Course Information:

MCB80x: Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a four part course that explores the structure and function of the nervous system -- from the microscopic inner workings of a single nerve cell, to the staggering complexity of the brain, and beyond to the social interactions and societal dynamics that our brains make possible. We’ll take a look at how our nervous system enables every part of human experience -- our senses, movement, personality, emotion -- and how drugs and disease can alter and disrupt normal function.

In the first part (MCB80.1x) we’ll look at how individualneurons ... more »

Online neuroscience learning
The Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a free online course from Harvard and it looks wonderful – thanks to them employing animators, digital artists and scientists to lift the course above the usual read and repeat learning.
The course is already underway but you can register and start learning until mid-December and you can watch any of the previews to get a feel for what’s being taught. You need to register to access the full content but there’s plenty of trailers online. Great stuff.

Give it a try here:
http://www.mcb80x.org/

Source: MindHacks
http://mindhacks.com/2014/11/07/beautiful-online-neuroscience-learning/?__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930#__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930

#neuroscience   #onlineschool  ___Free Fundamentals of Neuroscience  4-part course from +Harvard University. http://www.mcb80x.org/

Fundamentals of Neuroscience has four parts:

1. Electrical Properties of the Neuron 
2. Neurons & Networks 
3. The Brain
4. The Mind & Society

From the Course Information:

MCB80x: Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a four part course that explores the structure and function of the nervous system -- from the microscopic inner workings of a single nerve cell, to the staggering complexity of the brain, and beyond to the social interactions and societal dynamics that our brains make possible. We’ll take a look at how our nervous system enables every part of human experience -- our senses, movement, personality, emotion -- and how drugs and disease can alter and disrupt normal function.

In the first part (MCB80.1x) we’ll look at how individual neurons use electricity to transmit information. We’ll invite you to build up a neuron, piece by piece, using interactive simulations, and we’ll take you on field trips in and around Harvard and Boston, bring you into the lab, and show you how to conduct DIY neuroscience experiments on your own. (Exam period has passed.)

In the second part (MCB80x.2) we will explore how neurons communicate with each other. We will investigate the collective behavior of neurons in small circuits and ways in which signals between neurons are modulated. Exam period from 12/08/2014 through 1/08/2015 (if you register today, Sunday, Dec 14, 2014.)

Great materials - fascinating topic - free and available online - thanks +Corina Marinescu for sharing! :)

In celebration of #sciencesunday  +ScienceSunday 

#neuroscience #stem #education #brain #mind #freecourse

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2014-12-05 04:33:34 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality.  Interesting article. :)

Thanks Physicist +Amine Benaichouche for resharing.  Amine adds:

"The reasons are not so strong but it's still a possibility."

Hmm... select a few basic rules, establish some initial conditions, and watch a very complex simulation run. Then vary the initial conditions just a bit - and run it again. And again, and again...

If creating such a simulation were possible - wonder what the scientists - and their world - would be like? :)

#quantum   #physics  #universe #simulation #computerscience 

10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality
by Brian Whitworth - Gizmodo
#theoreticalphysics  

Physical realism is the view that the physical world we see is real and exists by itself, alone. Most people think this is self-evident, but physical realism has been struggling with the facts of physics for some time now. The paradoxes that baffled physics last century still baffle it today, and its great hopes of string theory and supersymmetry aren't leading anywhere.

In contrast, quantum theory works, but quantum waves that entangle, superpose, then collapse to a point are physically impossible—they must be "imaginary." So for the first time in history, a theory of what doesn't exist is successfully predicting what does—but how can the unreal predict the real?

Quantum realism is the opposite view—that the quantum world is real and is creating the physical world as a virtual reality. Quantum mechanics thus predicts physical mechanics because it causes them. Physics saying that quantum states don't exist is like the Wizard of Oz telling Dorothy, "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain."

Quantum realism isn't The Matrix, where the other world making ours was also physical. Nor is it a brain-in-a-vat idea, as this virtuality was in play long before humans came along. Nor is it that a phantom other world modifies ours—our physical world is the phantom. In physical realism, the quantum world is impossible, but in quantum realism the physical world is impossible—unless it is a virtual reality—as these examples demonstrate.

http://goo.gl/p8qlHa___10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality.  Interesting article. :)

Thanks Physicist +Amine Benaichouche for resharing.  Amine adds:

"The reasons are not so strong but it's still a possibility."

Hmm... select a few basic rules, establish some initial conditions, and watch a very complex simulation run. Then vary the initial conditions just a bit - and run it again. And again, and again...

If creating such a simulation were possible - wonder what the scientists - and their world - would be like? :)

#quantum   #physics  #universe #simulation #computerscience 

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2014-12-05 01:26:19 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

The story of Mars. Something bad happened to the once-wet world - we may be about to discover what. +NASA​ Space Place physicist +Ethan Siegel​​​ explains.

[Edited]

#earth #mars #habitableplanets #spaceexploration #nasa #maven #scienceeveryday

"So when you see this cold, dry, red planet hovering in the night skies, know that it not only wasn’t always that way, but that between the orbiters and the rovers we’ve got exploring it we just might be on the cusp of finding out how it came to be this way!"

You might think there's very little that Earth and Mars have in common, with our planet covered in water, with a thick atmosphere, active magnetic field and teeming with life, while Mars is a dry, cold, barred desert world that's incapable of liquid water. But for the first one or two billion years of its existence, Mars likely had liquid water and all the right conditions for life. What happened? The leading theory says that Mars cooled, lost its magnetic field, and had its atmosphere stripped away by the solar wind, and NASA's MAVEN mission is about to take the data to either validate or falsify this hypothesis!___The story of Mars. Something bad happened to the once-wet world - we may be about to discover what. +NASA​ Space Place physicist +Ethan Siegel​​​ explains.

[Edited]

#earth #mars #habitableplanets #spaceexploration #nasa #maven #scienceeveryday

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2014-11-30 03:42:28 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Wanderers: A Stunning Short Video of our Future in Space.  Short (4-min) video imaging humans exploring our local solar system. :)

Film: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/

Gallery: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/gallery.html

Thanks +Constantine Thomas and +Philip Plait for sharing +Erik Wernquist's beautiful film. :)

#spaceexploration   #carlsagan #wanderers #humansareawesome  

This is a pretty amazing video (plus, narration by Carl Sagan also helps!). Why the hell aren't we out there doing this stuff? And is it sad that I recognise every location they show? :) 
http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2014/11/29/wanderers_video_of_our_future_in_space_exploration.html___Wanderers: A Stunning Short Video of our Future in Space.  Short (4-min) video imaging humans exploring our local solar system. :)

Film: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/

Gallery: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/gallery.html

Thanks +Constantine Thomas and +Philip Plait for sharing +Erik Wernquist's beautiful film. :)

#spaceexploration   #carlsagan #wanderers #humansareawesome  

posted image

2014-11-25 13:18:39 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

MICAI 2014 fue bueno. :) Excellent key-note speakers, enthusiastic students, researchers from all over the world. 

Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence
http://www.micai.org/

Dr. Hojjat Adeli, Ohio State University [1]
Keynote: Mining Data of Complex and Chaotic Signals: Automated Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders.

Dr. Bonnie E. John, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center [2],  Carnegie Mellon PI for CogTool, open source user experience analysis tool [3,4]
Keynote: The User Experience of Cognitive Systems

Dr. John Sowa, VivoMind Research; IBM (retired) [5,6],
creator of Conceptual Graph knowledge representation formalism
Keynote: Why has AI failed? And how can it succeed?

Muchas gracias a Alexander Gelbukh, Grigori Sidorov, Félix Castro, Sofía Galicia Haro, IldarBatyr... more »

MICAI-2014: 13th Mexican International Conference on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
MICAI-2014         13th Mexican International Conference on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE          November 16 to 22, 2014         Publication: Springer LNAI (EI, ISI)          www.micai.org/2014         Submission: July 1 / 7 == GENERAL INFORMATION Topics: all a...___MICAI 2014 fue bueno. :) Excellent key-note speakers, enthusiastic students, researchers from all over the world. 

Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence
http://www.micai.org/

Dr. Hojjat Adeli, Ohio State University [1]
Keynote: Mining Data of Complex and Chaotic Signals: Automated Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders.

Dr. Bonnie E. John, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center [2],  Carnegie Mellon PI for CogTool, open source user experience analysis tool [3,4]
Keynote: The User Experience of Cognitive Systems

Dr. John Sowa, VivoMind Research; IBM (retired) [5,6],
creator of Conceptual Graph knowledge representation formalism
Keynote: Why has AI failed? And how can it succeed?

Muchas gracias a Alexander Gelbukh, Grigori Sidorov, Félix Castro, Sofía Galicia Haro, Ildar Batyrshin, Miguel Gonzalez Mendoza, Imelda Valles y Raúl Monroy.

[1] https://ceg.osu.edu/people/adeli.1
[2] http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view.php?person=us-bejohn
[3] http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_group.php?id=2238
[4] http://cogtool.com/overview-of-cogtool/
[5] http://www.jfsowa.com/pubs/
[6] http://www.vivomind.net/

#micai #artificialintelligence #AI #neuralnetworks   #complexity #hci #watson #cognitivescience #cognitivecomputing #strongAI

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2014-11-22 13:49:29 (9 comments, 3 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Worth reading. Really. Perhaps especially if you're wondering what the fuss is about.

h/t +Rachel Blum​

#stem #shirtstorm

#shirtstorm   #shirtgate  ___Worth reading. Really. Perhaps especially if you're wondering what the fuss is about.

h/t +Rachel Blum​

#stem #shirtstorm

posted image

2014-11-19 12:49:44 (18 comments, 7 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Philae finds evidence of organic molecules - life's building blocks - on comet. Congrats to the Rosetta team - and thanks +Bobak Ferdowsi​​ for linking to this great update on this fascinating mission.

#rosetta #spaceexploration #esa

It's so very exciting that Philae's COSAC found evidence of life's building blocks (organic compounds). Scientists have often thought that comets could be the great delivery system of the solar system, bringing water and other ingredients to celestial bodies. Let's hope they get some more samples when Philae wakes up!

More: http://spaceflightnow.com/2014/11/18/philae-finds-comet-harbors-organics/___Philae finds evidence of organic molecules - life's building blocks - on comet. Congrats to the Rosetta team - and thanks +Bobak Ferdowsi​​ for linking to this great update on this fascinating mission.

#rosetta #spaceexploration #esa

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2014-11-09 13:41:40 (0 comments, 15 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Debugging the code of life. CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows us to make small edits to modify and improve genetic code written in DNA. This powerful technology has promising applications in agriculture and medicine. 

"The first evidence that CRISPR can reverse disease symptoms in living animals was demonstrated in March 2014, when MIT researchers cured mice of a rare liver disorder." [1]

"...four research teams reported harnessing the system...to target the destruction of specific genes in human cells...various groups have used it to delete, add, activate or suppress targeted genes in human cells, mice, rats, zebrafish, bacteria, fruit flies, yeast, nematodes and crops, demonstrating broad utility for the technique. With CRISPR, scientists can create mouse models of human diseases much more quickly than before, study individual genes much faster, and easily change multiple... more »

This is an animation to better understand the way CRISPR-Cas9 method is used in genome editing.

CRISPR-Cas9 a powerful new technology with many applications in biomedical research, including the potential to treat human genetic disease.



___Debugging the code of life. CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows us to make small edits to modify and improve genetic code written in DNA. This powerful technology has promising applications in agriculture and medicine. 

"The first evidence that CRISPR can reverse disease symptoms in living animals was demonstrated in March 2014, when MIT researchers cured mice of a rare liver disorder." [1]

"...four research teams reported harnessing the system...to target the destruction of specific genes in human cells...various groups have used it to delete, add, activate or suppress targeted genes in human cells, mice, rats, zebrafish, bacteria, fruit flies, yeast, nematodes and crops, demonstrating broad utility for the technique. With CRISPR, scientists can create mouse models of human diseases much more quickly than before, study individual genes much faster, and easily change multiple genes in cells at once to study their interactions." [2]

CRISPRs are locations in a gene that contain short palindromic repeating sequences of nucleobases , i.e. guanine, adenine, cytosine, and thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA. 

Cas genes are associated with CRISPRs and create proteins that can be used to edit regions of genetic code.  

Uploaded by the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT.
http://mcgovern.mit.edu/

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CRISPR
[2] The CRISPR Craze, Science, Aug-2013. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6148/833

#crispr #cas #biodebug #stem   #research   #genome #medicine #agriculture

Thanks +Susana M. for sharing!

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+ :)

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2014-11-09 12:56:53 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Rosetta preparing to send robotic explorer Philae to the comet.   Great video for science educators (and the rest of us). Descent begins Tues 11-Nov-14, with landing due on Wed 12-Nov.

Mission Website
http://rosetta.esa.int/

Landing timeline
http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/11/07/rosetta-and-philae-landing-timeline/

Where is Rosetta? (interactive)
http://sci.esa.int/where_is_rosetta/

Rosetta NavCam Images
http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov/content-credit/esa/rosetta/navcam

NASA Rosetta Site
http://www.nasa.gov/rosetta/

Preparing for Comet Landing (video)
Preparing for #CometLanding

Visualization of Landing (video)
Philae's descent: closing in on the landing site

#rosetta #philae #comet   #67P #stem #education #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sc... more »

Find out how Rosetta and Philae are preparing for their biggest adventure yet - landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The latest installment in our once upon a time cartoon series.

Available in the following languages:
Italian: http://youtu.be/pNwPY5__SNw
French: http://youtu.be/KeCse_mA2cs
Spanish: http://youtu.be/sEexOXkazWs
German: http://youtu.be/afbfA3HaCxc
English: http://youtu.be/AvkPFXdpOQQ

#Rosetta #rosettamission #Philae #cometlanding  ___Rosetta preparing to send robotic explorer Philae to the comet.   Great video for science educators (and the rest of us). Descent begins Tues 11-Nov-14, with landing due on Wed 12-Nov.

Mission Website
http://rosetta.esa.int/

Landing timeline
http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/11/07/rosetta-and-philae-landing-timeline/

Where is Rosetta? (interactive)
http://sci.esa.int/where_is_rosetta/

Rosetta NavCam Images
http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov/content-credit/esa/rosetta/navcam

NASA Rosetta Site
http://www.nasa.gov/rosetta/

Preparing for Comet Landing (video)
Preparing for #CometLanding

Visualization of Landing (video)
Philae's descent: closing in on the landing site

#rosetta #philae #comet   #67P #stem #education #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+ 

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2014-11-08 15:33:55 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Inferno.  Just finished Dan Brown's book Inferno. Recommended if you liked The DaVinci Code, Angels & Demons or remember reading Dante's Divine Comedy: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso.

We seem to like the circles of hell the best. :)

Dante's Nine Circles of Hell.
http://historylists.org/art/9-circles-of-hell-dantes-inferno.html

Illustrations to accompany the book.
http://www.templarinfernobookreview.com/dan_brown_inferno_illustrations.htm

http://www.danbrown.com/

#inferno #danbrown #readingisfun  #favoritebooks

Image: "Michelino DanteAndHisPoem".
Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg

Inferno.  Just finished Dan Brown's book Inferno. Recommended if you liked The DaVinci Code, Angels & Demons or remember reading Dante's Divine Comedy: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso.

We seem to like the circles of hell the best. :)

Dante's Nine Circles of Hell.
http://historylists.org/art/9-circles-of-hell-dantes-inferno.html

Illustrations to accompany the book.
http://www.templarinfernobookreview.com/dan_brown_inferno_illustrations.htm

http://www.danbrown.com/

#inferno #danbrown #readingisfun  #favoritebooks

Image: "Michelino DanteAndHisPoem".
Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg___

posted image

2014-11-08 15:05:00 (11 comments, 11 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

We are witnessing the birth of planets.  See the dark rings? Those are areas where planets are being formed in this image of a young solar system taken by the incredible new ALMA radio telescopes in Chile. 

In Search of our Cosmic Origins
ALMA is the result of a truly global collaboration. 

ALMA is funded in Europe by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (#ESO), in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (#NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (#NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (#NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (#NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (#AS) in Taiwan.

http://www.almaobservatory.org/ #alma #planetformation  

Thanks +Brian Koberlein. 

Baby Picture

Every now and then in astronomy we’ll get an image that lets us actually see phenomena we have previously just deduced from other observations. The image above is one of them. It was taken by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), and shows an exoplanetary system in the process of forming. This isn’t an artistic rendering, it’s an actual image.

We’ve known for a while that planetary systems form along with a star. Known as the nebular model, the basic idea is that as a star forms within a large nebula (known as a stellar nursery) the surrounding gas and dust form an accretion disk around the star. Over time, protoplanets form within these disks, eventually clearing the system and becoming a planetary system such as our own solar system. We have a lot of evidence to support this model. We’ve observed stars forming within nebulae, and we have computer simulations showing how stars form an are cast out of a stellar nursery.  We’ve observed protoplanetary disks around young stars, and we have computer simulations showing how protoplanets begin forming within these disks. We’ve also found lots and lots of exoplanets. So we’ve known that out in the universe there are young stars where protoplanets are actively forming, we just haven’t observed them directly. Until now.

This particular image is of a star known as  HL Tauri. It is a young T-tauri type star about 450 light years away. The image was taken at wavelengths on the order of a millimeter, which is particularly good at penetrating the nebular material surrounding the young star. Because ALMA is an array of telescopes spread across 15 kilometers, it can capture images with a higher resolution than Hubble.

It’s the detail of this image that is astounding. Not only can you clearly see the disk, you can actually see gaps in the disk. These gaps are due to protoplanets either clearing the region of their orbit, or creating resonances within the disk to produce gaps, similar to the way Jupiter produces Kirkwood gaps in the asteroid belt. This image is crystal clear evidence of protoplanet formation, just as the nebular model predicts.

ALMA is still in its early stages. In a way, it is one of ALMA’s baby pictures as it gets up to speed. It also happens to be a baby picture of a whole new solar system.

Image: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)___We are witnessing the birth of planets.  See the dark rings? Those are areas where planets are being formed in this image of a young solar system taken by the incredible new ALMA radio telescopes in Chile. 

In Search of our Cosmic Origins
ALMA is the result of a truly global collaboration. 

ALMA is funded in Europe by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (#ESO), in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (#NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (#NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (#NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (#NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (#AS) in Taiwan.

http://www.almaobservatory.org/ #alma #planetformation  

Thanks +Brian Koberlein. 

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2014-10-30 12:57:46 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Untethered. Still holds the distance record from 1984. :)

Interesting article on what it takes to explore space without a ship. Thank you author +Lacerant Plainer! 

#space   #exploration  #scienceeveryday #humansareawesome  

Untethered : The picture is an amazing capture of Astronaut Bruce McCandless who till date hold the record of astronaut self-propulsion without a tether. Space is hard on humans. Much harder than one would expect. Besides the obvious issues of the intense cold, lack of atmosphere, hard vacuum and lack of gravity, there are all kinds of things that could go wrong. Astronauts have to guard against cosmic rays, micro particles and need to have a lot of equipment, including gyroscopes and nightmare scenarios of losing propulsion. In 1965, in a space-suit test gone awry, a technician in an altitude chamber was exposed to a hard vacuum. The defective suit was unable to hold pressure, and the man collapsed after fourteen seconds. We are not even getting into the effects on bones, muscles, cardiovascular system, and inner ear issues.

Unlike the movie Gravity : Calling the MMU a “backpack” was a little deceptive, since, in its final form, it weighed more than 300 pounds. It contained enough nitrogen to accelerate from zero to 45 mph—just once. To conserve that precious supply, astronauts would fly the MMU at a crawl, just a few inches per second. (George Clooney’s zipping around in the movie Gravity was preposterous: If an astronaut acted that recklessly, the MMU’s fuel tank would be empty in no time.)

Nightmares : Paul Bailey, an orbital mechanics specialist who helped train astronauts to fly the jetpack, felt confident in both Martin and in Ed Whitsett, but as the STS-41B launch approached, he had a recurring nightmare: He would be sitting on the shuttle’s tail section, with Earth filling the sky, just as McCandless and Stewart floated out of the airlock. “I was looking down the cargo bay over at the MMUs. And I thought, Holy mackerel, these people think I know what I’m talking about! And they’re going to die!” Waking up in a cold sweat, Bailey would grab his MMU reference book, go through it one more time, and reassure himself he hadn’t forgotten anything.

Scrapped : Today, some EVA specialists advocate a next-generation MMU to help astronauts explore low-gravity worlds like asteroids or the moons of Mars, but so far NASA hasn’t approved development. The astronaut jetpack remains a capable—some would even say compelling—technology in search of a mission.

Is it time to replace conventional rockets? : I made a post from my page here http://goo.gl/xNNZlc which looks at the alternate ways to go to space..

Article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/untethered-180952792/?page=2&no-ist

Additional source and reference : http://www.damninteresting.com/outer-space-exposure/

Reference : http://www.nsbri.org/DISCOVERIES-FOR-SPACE-and-EARTH/The-Body-in-Space/

Additional article on psychology in space travel: http://www.economist.com/node/9401568

Pic courtesy from main link in Air & Space magazine - Bob Stewart tests the MMU in 1984. No astronauts since have ranged farther from their ship. (NASA)

#space #exploration  ___Untethered. Still holds the distance record from 1984. :)

Interesting article on what it takes to explore space without a ship. Thank you author +Lacerant Plainer! 

#space   #exploration  #scienceeveryday #humansareawesome  

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2014-10-28 23:17:24 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

New flight experience:  A windowless passenger area could use cameras to provide a "see-through" panoramic view. Disconcerting, but interesting once you got used to it, I'd guess. :)

Energy-efficient, too. :) 

http://www.uk-cpi.com/windowless-fuselage/#.VFAg9vmiGYO

#scienceeveryday   #energyefficiency   #windowless   #flight  
#transparent   #plane   #feelslikesuperman  

New flight experience:  A windowless passenger area could use cameras to provide a "see-through" panoramic view. Disconcerting, but interesting once you got used to it, I'd guess. :)

Energy-efficient, too. :) 

http://www.uk-cpi.com/windowless-fuselage/#.VFAg9vmiGYO

#scienceeveryday   #energyefficiency   #windowless   #flight  
#transparent   #plane   #feelslikesuperman  ___

posted image

2014-10-23 13:31:00 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

This looks good. :) Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/ with trailer for Intersteller Movie(Interstellar Movie - Official Trailer 3).

Thanks +Rich Pollett - nice frog :)

#math  #cgi #interstellar #movie #blackhole #space   #exploration  


Kip Thorne's maths guided the creation of the mesmerizing visual effects - the most accurate simulation ever in cinema of what a black hole would look like. Translating the maths of of black holes to the visual simulation that plays a central role in the upcoming film Interstellar.

Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung  http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/
.___This looks good. :) Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/ with trailer for Intersteller Movie(Interstellar Movie - Official Trailer 3).

Thanks +Rich Pollett - nice frog :)

#math  #cgi #interstellar #movie #blackhole #space   #exploration  

posted image

2014-10-19 14:47:07 (1 comments, 16 reshares, 47 +1s)Open 

Super Earths: Illustrated Tour of 10 Major Discoveries.  Short (4-min) video illustrating some of the most exciting planetary discoveries.  
From +SpaceRip, +European Southern Observatory (ESO), +European Space Agency, ESA, and +NASA +Kepler Space Telescope.

A Super Earth is a planet smaller than Neptune, but larger than Earth. There are no Super Earths in our solar system. But they may be the most common type of planet in our galaxy, according to data from the Kepler Space Telescope. Some have rock or ice cores wrapped in hydrogen and helium gas. Others are solid rock covered in water or ice, or flowing lava.

The planet HD189733b may become a Super Earth. This gas giant orbits its parent star at 1/30th the distance between Earth and the Sun. A flare from the star blasted its atmosphere, sending a plume of gas flying into space at a rate of 1000 tons per second. <... more »

Super Earths: Illustrated Tour of 10 Major Discoveries.  Short (4-min) video illustrating some of the most exciting planetary discoveries.  
From +SpaceRip, +European Southern Observatory (ESO), +European Space Agency, ESA, and +NASA +Kepler Space Telescope.

A Super Earth is a planet smaller than Neptune, but larger than Earth. There are no Super Earths in our solar system. But they may be the most common type of planet in our galaxy, according to data from the Kepler Space Telescope. Some have rock or ice cores wrapped in hydrogen and helium gas. Others are solid rock covered in water or ice, or flowing lava.

The planet HD189733b may become a Super Earth. This gas giant orbits its parent star at 1/30th the distance between Earth and the Sun. A flare from the star blasted its atmosphere, sending a plume of gas flying into space at a rate of 1000 tons per second. 

GJ 1214b, orbiting a star 40 light years away, has a mass 6 times that of Earth. It is surrounded by an atmosphere of steam or thick haze. 

HD 85512b is 3.6 times the mass of Earth. It orbits a sun-like star and lies at the edge of the habitable zone. Liquid water, and perhaps even life, could exist on its surface. Gliese 667 is a triple star system. The fainter of the three, 667C, has been found to host three Super Earths, all within the life zones of their parent star. 667Cc is 4 times the mass of Earth. But it’s so close that it’s likely exposed to deadly flares, x-ray and ultraviolet radiation.

Kepler 10 is a Sun-like star 564 light years from Earth. Kepler 10b is a rocky planet more than three times the mass of Earth. It’s so close to its star that its orbit lasts only 19 hours. With a density similar to iron, its surface is molten.

Kepler 62 is a star 1200 light years away. Slightly smaller and cooler than our Sun. Of five known planets around this star, Kepler 62e orbits the inner edge of the habitable zone. At 1.6 times the mass of Earth, 62e is probably solid. It could be terrestrial or water-ice dominated. Kepler 62f lies within the habitable zone. At 2.8 times the mass of Earth, it is probably rocky and covered by ocean or ice.


Kepler Discoveries
http://kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/discoveries/

Discovery News on Extrasolar Planets
http://news.discovery.com/space/tags/extrasolar-planets.htm

ESO Telescope Science (3000+ papers) 
http://www.eso.org/public/science/

ESA's PLATO Mission to Characterize Exoplanets
http://sci.esa.int/plato/42277-science/

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and #scienceongoogleplus . :)

#earth #space #exploration #eso #esa #nasa #kepler
#EarthIsEden___

posted image

2014-10-17 12:58:24 (17 comments, 8 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Update on compact fusion. A major engineering challenge, but Lockheed Martin,  one of the world's largest and most successful defense contractors, says they're making progress. 

At Lockheed Martin Skunk Works®, we’re making advancements in the development of fusion energy, the ultimate form of renewable power. Our scientists and engineers are looking at the biggest natural fusion reactor for inspiration – the sun. By containing the power of the sun in a small magnetic bottle, we are on the fast track to developing compact fusion reactors to serve the world’s ever-growing energy needs.

http://lockheedmartin.com/compactfusion

Containment is one of the major challenges. Here's physicist +Ethan Siegel's background on some of the physics involved in this holy grail of energy:
https:... more »

Update on compact fusion. A major engineering challenge, but Lockheed Martin,  one of the world's largest and most successful defense contractors, says they're making progress. 

At Lockheed Martin Skunk Works®, we’re making advancements in the development of fusion energy, the ultimate form of renewable power. Our scientists and engineers are looking at the biggest natural fusion reactor for inspiration – the sun. By containing the power of the sun in a small magnetic bottle, we are on the fast track to developing compact fusion reactors to serve the world’s ever-growing energy needs.

http://lockheedmartin.com/compactfusion

Containment is one of the major challenges. Here's physicist +Ethan Siegel's background on some of the physics involved in this holy grail of energy:

https://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/throwback-thursday-the-foolish-fallacy-of-cold-fusion-489059f1cea4

That's why fusion has a reputation as the promising technology that's always "20 years out".  But that promise is powerful enough, that when a major developer of award-winning systems suggests they see a path forward, it's noteworthy news. 

Added:

Aviation Week article on the CFR
http://aviationweek.com/technology/skunk-works-reveals-compact-fusion-reactor-details

+Yonatan Zunger's G+ article
https://plus.google.com/+YonatanZunger/posts/XpPMrXqofFP

Reference information on polywell containment
 http://www.talk-polywell.org/bb/viewtopic.php?p=116492#p116492
(h/t +David C. Navas)
http://thepolywellblog.blogspot.com/2014/06/fusion-in-upheaval.html 
(h/t +John Smith)

#fusion #energy   #physics #scienceongoogle #sciencesunday___

2014-10-16 23:23:46 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Reason enough to mount a compassionate, humanitarian response to Ebola. It's not a problem when it arrives in America - it's a problem that it's causing suffering anywhere. 

"A lot of babies are dying here [Sierra Leone] ." Babies, some made orphans by the terrible disease, and many others are already dealing with the worst of it - often alone and untouched. 

A Hospital from Hell, In a City Swamped by Ebola:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/02/world/africa/ebola-spreading-in-west-africa.html

Trends:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jvchamary/2014/10/13/ebola-trends/

#wecanhelp   #ebola   #notfear   #compassion  

Reason enough to mount a compassionate, humanitarian response to Ebola. It's not a problem when it arrives in America - it's a problem that it's causing suffering anywhere. 

"A lot of babies are dying here [Sierra Leone] ." Babies, some made orphans by the terrible disease, and many others are already dealing with the worst of it - often alone and untouched. 

A Hospital from Hell, In a City Swamped by Ebola:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/02/world/africa/ebola-spreading-in-west-africa.html

Trends:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jvchamary/2014/10/13/ebola-trends/

#wecanhelp   #ebola   #notfear   #compassion  ___

posted image

2014-10-10 13:59:06 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Beautiful. :)

Milky Way, The Moon, and Earth in One Photo.___Beautiful. :)

posted image

2014-10-10 13:33:41 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

#gradle :)

Via +Lars Vogel. Author of excellent computer science tutorials. (See www.vogella.com). :)

#computerscience #humor

Every time I try gradle, I'm all like...

#pixelpushing  ___#gradle :)

Via +Lars Vogel. Author of excellent computer science tutorials. (See www.vogella.com). :)

#computerscience #humor

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2014-09-27 19:39:18 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

We're flying through a cosmic shooting gallery. Dr. +Edward Lu's impressive testimony on the +B612 Foundation Sentinel mission. The mission is funded philanthropically and  managed "with the technical rigor of +NASA" and the "innovative, rapid, and cost-effective practices" learned at +Google.

There's a 30% chance of a 5-megaton impact somewhere on Earth this century. We've identified less than 1% - about 10,000 - of the near-Earth objects (NEOs) capable of destroying a city; Sentinel is expected to find that many more every two weeks. Sentinel's NEO discoveries will also provide "potential targets for robotic and human exploration".

The core testimony by Dr. Lu, physicist and NASA astronaut, is covered in the first seven and a half minutes. The remaining includes questions and answers.

From: testimony tot... more »

Interesting testimony from a US congressional hearing about the threat of asteroid impact. Things like the B612 Foundation renew my faith in humanity.

Dr. Ed Lu's Congressional Testimony March 20, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B612_Foundation___We're flying through a cosmic shooting gallery. Dr. +Edward Lu's impressive testimony on the +B612 Foundation Sentinel mission. The mission is funded philanthropically and  managed "with the technical rigor of +NASA" and the "innovative, rapid, and cost-effective practices" learned at +Google.

There's a 30% chance of a 5-megaton impact somewhere on Earth this century. We've identified less than 1% - about 10,000 - of the near-Earth objects (NEOs) capable of destroying a city; Sentinel is expected to find that many more every two weeks. Sentinel's NEO discoveries will also provide "potential targets for robotic and human exploration".

The core testimony by Dr. Lu, physicist and NASA astronaut, is covered in the first seven and a half minutes. The remaining includes questions and answers.

From: testimony to the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Science and Space hearing on March 20, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. titled “Assessing the Risks, Impacts, and Solutions for Space Threats.” 
http://sentinelmission.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/LuTestimony.pdf

Video:
Dr. Ed Lu's Congressional Testimony March 20, 2013

Sentinel Mission
http://sentinelmission.org/

B612 Foundation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B612_Foundation

The B612 Foundation is named for the asteroid home of the eponymous hero of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's "The Little Prince". 

Asteroid, meteoroid, meteor, meteorite, comets - what's the difference?
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/space/cometasteroidmeteoroiddifferences.html

Near Earth Object Program - Sentry Risk Table
http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/risk/

PBS HD video on asteroids and the threat
http://video.pbs.org/viralplayer/2365124688/

Thanks +Chris McClelland for sharing!

In celebration of +ScienceSunday  #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+.

#earth #impact #asteroid #neo   #b612   #stem

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2014-09-26 02:40:08 (2 comments, 5 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

The compassion and curiosity of a child - the sweetest thing you'll hear today. 5-yr old Timor worried whether the Voyager spacecraft ever get lonely - and received a great answer from astronaut +Chris Hadfield.

http://io9.com/a-5-year-old-worries-voyager-will-get-lonely-receives-1639256314

http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/The+Current/ID/2530849070/

Thanks +David Fuchs for sharing. :)

#space #exploration #compassion #courage #humansareawesome

"This is, hands down, the sweetest thing you'll hear today. A five-year-old named Timor from British Columbia has been having trouble sleeping because he worries about the Voyager space probe. Won't it get lonely? What if it crashes? So the CBC arranged for him to get some reassurance"___The compassion and curiosity of a child - the sweetest thing you'll hear today. 5-yr old Timor worried whether the Voyager spacecraft ever get lonely - and received a great answer from astronaut +Chris Hadfield.

http://io9.com/a-5-year-old-worries-voyager-will-get-lonely-receives-1639256314

http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/The+Current/ID/2530849070/

Thanks +David Fuchs for sharing. :)

#space #exploration #compassion #courage #humansareawesome

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2014-09-24 13:22:56 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Congratulations India!  

#mars #MOM #spaceexploration 

I think this is very impressive. Particularly amazing is that India's Mars Mission cost less than the budget of the Hollywood blockbuster, Gravity!

Life is too short for wars and random acts of violence. Lets spend time on science instead :)

http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2014/09/23/how-india-mounted-the-worlds-cheapest-mission-to-mars/___Congratulations India!  

#mars #MOM #spaceexploration 

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2014-09-24 13:13:47 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Fairness is a pretty basic concept. :)  Two monkeys were paid unequally...

With thanks to +Zuleyka Zevallos for resharing. :) https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ZuleykaZevallos/posts/85EWU1roWMx

The Concept of Fairness

For centuries, all leading philosophers and social thinkers have pursued  the concept of fairness that has never gone out of fashion.

In recent years, science joins the engagement; the conquest for fairness has greatly expanded, enveloping disciplines conventionally considered marginal for the topic, including, psychology, sociology, biology, neuroscience, anthropology, and economics.

Three distinct concepts of fairness

〓  Fairness as social justice. People have accountability to one another, and the more one has, the more society demands from that person to sacrifice for the common good. Responsibility and compassion plays a role in the calculation.

 〓  Fairness as being a personal freedom. People get what they deserve. If someone works vigorously, he or she will have success and receiving nothing if it is not earned.

〓 Fairness as being an equal opportunity of outcome. Everything is equal, for example, everyone pays the same price for an entrance to the museum. No one has more than another.

Dr. Sarah Brosnan of Georgia State Neuroscience Institute for the last decade studied behavioral responses to equal versus unequal reward primates.

This research explains how brown capuchin monkeys became angry and agitated refusing to perform a task when another received a perceived superior reward for that same task. Her thoughts are that Human sense of fairness evolved to favor long-term cooperation For the entire study http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140918141151.htm

This entertaining video by Frans de Waal explains moral behavior in animals. Two Monkeys Were Paid Unequally: Excerpt from Frans de Waal's TED Talk___Fairness is a pretty basic concept. :)  Two monkeys were paid unequally...

With thanks to +Zuleyka Zevallos for resharing. :) https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ZuleykaZevallos/posts/85EWU1roWMx

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2014-09-21 14:13:40 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Sharing a human language gene can make (other) animals smarter. Another mind-blowing week in +Mark Bruce's +SciTech Digest. Untethered running cheetah robots, soft-muscled robots, artificial spleens, nuclear batteries, and more. 

#ScienceSunday #robotics #augmented #intelligence #facerecognition #immunotherapy #medicine #healthcare #bodynetworks  

SciTech #ScienceSunday Digest, 38/14.
Towards humanised mouse brains, inkjet chemistry, untethered cheetah-bot, artificial spleen, improving plant photosynthesis, cell control, nuclear battery, carbon compounds, soft robotics, laser tunneling in silicon.

1. Mouse Engineered with Human Neural Gene Learns Faster.
Mice engineered with the human version of the FOXP2 gene, a gene with known links to human speech and language, display profound and accelerated learning capabilties when tested on both declarative and procedural learning tasks http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health/genetics/if-you-give-a-mouse-a-human-speech-gene-it-learns-faster-17210075. The human form of the gene improved rather than “messed-up” the animal’s system. The group are not trying to make smarter (uplifted) animals but rather explore and gain insights into the biology of intelligence. Observations: (i) humans are neither the pinnacle of evolution nor the pinnacle of intelligence and I wonder if the human FOXP2 is in its most optimal form and whether engineering a better version might comprise a relatively safe “low-hanging-fruit” for intelligence augmentation applications, (ii) this work is on a slope towards that set of experiments I thought “could never be done” (on ethical grounds) where we already have engineered rodents sporting fully humanised immune systems and we now have the real prospect of engineering animals with fully humanised neural or CNS systems.

2. High-Throughput Chemistry with Inkjet Printers.
New work by chemists using inkjet printers allows rapid and cheap screening through millions of chemical reactions of certain types http://phys.org/news/2014-09-inkjet-printer-chemistry-lab-diabetes.html. The group demonstrated this capability with solutions of different enzymes loaded into an inkjet printer; when present in the correct ratios the enzyme reaction pathway produces easily-discernable coloured reaction products - the coloured dots on the paper then indicated what mix of enzymes worked best and a million different mixes could be rapidly analysed. As a real-world application the group suggests that with just a couple of enzymes and a urine sample the sample would be able to reveal the presence of glucose in the urine and indicate the likelihood of diabetes for the person. Related to the chemputer / chemprinter concepts and prototypes such devices would ideally allow the production of the enzymes themselves [necessary for the diagnostic] as reaction products to be used in the device. 

3. Cheetah Robot Now Running Untethered.
The latest developments in MIT’s cheetah robot have seen the machine break free of its securing tether, running across the grass independently at 10mph and jumping over hurdles http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/mit-cheetah-robot-runs-jumps-0915. The key innovations that enabled this are better batteries (to break free of the tether), better electric motors (to run silently and efficiently), and better control algorithms for coordinating leg and body movements and the application of precise amounts of force in precise time frames. The group believes they should be able to get the current model up to 30mph and we can only imagine what future versions will be capable of. 

4. DARPA’s Artificial Spleen Technology.
DARPA’s Dialysis-Like Therapeutics program has resulted in a shoe-box sized device for blood filtration and the removal of pathogens http://www.darpa.mil/NewsEvents/Releases/2014/09/15.aspx. One of the first applications is to assist with fighting sepsis in both civilian and military scenarios and, importantly, to provide this capability remotely, in a mobile format, and away from conventional medical infrastructure. Blood from a patient is fed into the device, and through a series of microfluidic channels where it is cleaned by magnetic nanoparticles coated with an engineered immune system protein, before being returned to the patient. 

5. Plants Engineered with Better Photosynthesis.
Plants have been engineered by replacing the carbon-fixing enzyme that is crucial to photosynthesis with two cyanobacteria enzymes that work at a faster rate http://singularityhub.com/2014/09/18/plant-engineered-to-supercharge-photosynthesis-with-hopes-of-increasing-crop-yields/. While additional oxygen-protection genes from cyanobacteria need to be added (and are planned by the group) in future in order to achieve theoretically-optimal carbon fixation, this work still represents the first time that a plant’s carbon-fixation machinery has been replaced with that of a cyanobacterium. Faster carbon fixation should translate into faster growth rates and possible theoretical gains in yield of 60%. 

6. Ever-Better Control Over Cell Production, Fate, and Utility.
A couple of nice updates this week in cell engineering. First, the safe, rapid conversion of human skin cells into immune cells without going all the way back to a conventional induced pluripotent state http://www.salk.edu/news/pressrelease_details.php?press_id=2050, and requiring just one molecule to “reset” the cell’s identity and one other (a microRNA) to instruct the cell that it is (or activate the genetic programs to become) a white blood cell; these cells solve other problems by grafting into organs and not producing tumours. Second, a summary piece https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2014/09/recent-infrastructure-advances-for-stem-cell-research.php linking to work for (i) massive improvements in efficiently making stem cells, and (ii) rapidly multiplying stem cell numbers by an order of magnitude.

7. A Nuclear Battery for Electrical Energy.
A water-based nuclear battery has been developed that uses radioactive strontium-90, a beta emitter whose emitted electrons are captured by a titanium dioxide and platinum electrode to generate an electric current, all while sitting in a water buffer http://munews.missouri.edu/news-releases/2014/0916-first-water-based-nuclear-battery-developed-by-mu-researcher-can-be-used-to-generate-electrical-energy/. This nominally sounds like a workable and interesting solution for long-lifetime batteries in a range of applications, but taking a closer look at strontium-90 raises a few concerns http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strontium-90, which could limit the application to spacecraft scenarios. 

8. Advanced Carbon Compounds.
The endless variety and utility of carbon compounds was on display this week. First, the synthesis of harder-than-diamond fullerite, a 3D polymer consisting of a C60 fullerene covalently-bound lattice http://phys.org/news/2014-09-scientists-closer-industrial-synthesis-material.html. Second, new investigations into the ceramic hafnium carbide, which can withstand temperatures of 4050°C, show promise in a range of applications including high-speed aircraft http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/newssummary/news_12-9-2014-9-37-58. Third, new methods to better link and join carbon nanotubes and graphene ribbons into larger hybrid structres http://spectrum.ieee.org/nanoclast/semiconductors/materials/simple-scalable-method-for-controlling-nanotube-junctions-developed. 

9. Soft Sensors and Soft Muscles for Robotics.
The field of soft, flexible robotics is seeing ever more projects emerge and this week was no exception. First, there was a soft optical fingertip sensor - an adaptation of GelSight technology - to provide robots with a high-resolution sense of touch http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/fingertip-sensor-gives-robot-dexterity-0919, and tested with a Baxter robot to correctly orient a USB cable for example. Second, is a soft exosuit from Wyss and DARPA that uses belt-mounted actuators to provide precisely-timed muscular assistance to the wearer http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2014/09/the-3-million-suit/, the mechanics of which I could easily see adapted to work with conventional robots instead of humans. 

10. Carving Tunnels within Bulk Silicon.
It has previously been demonstrated that focused laser beams can carve tunnels and waveguides within bulk glass and plastic without cutting or disrupting the surface or edges. Similar techniques have now been adopted to enable the creation of tunnels deep inside silicon, for example within silicon chips http://www.technologyreview.com/view/530911/nanotechnologists-discover-how-to-carve-tunnels-beneath-the-surface-of-silicon-chips/. Such tunnels and pipes don’t have to be two-dimensional, but rather can be of almost any three-dimensional configuration as desired. Applications include sub-surface barcodes and other information storage, photonic waveguides, microfluidic systems for chemical manipulation or perhaps even within-chip cooling.

An archive of the SciTech Digests can also be found here: http://www.scitechdigest.net 

+ScienceSunday, with your hosts +Buddhini Samarasinghe, +Rajini Rao, +Chad Haney, +Robby Bowles, +Allison Sekuler, +Carissa Braun, and +Aubrey Francisco!___Sharing a human language gene can make (other) animals smarter. Another mind-blowing week in +Mark Bruce's +SciTech Digest. Untethered running cheetah robots, soft-muscled robots, artificial spleens, nuclear batteries, and more. 

#ScienceSunday #robotics #augmented #intelligence #facerecognition #immunotherapy #medicine #healthcare #bodynetworks  

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2014-09-21 13:54:16 (5 comments, 13 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

Girl Rising - innovative new film about the power of education to change a girl -- and the world. The 2-1/2 minute trailer is outstanding - and the full film is showing tonight at +Kansas State University.  With a stunning cast, crew, and contributions, it promises to be both an excellent film and a powerful motivator for change. 

Girl Rising is distributed by CNN Films and Gathr, an innovative demand-based theatrical distributor. Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway, Selena Gomez and other A-list actresses contribute voice performances to the film, which features original music from Academy Award winner Rachel Portman, in collaboration with +Hans Zimmer.

The film spotlights unforgettable girls like Sokha, an orphan who rises from the dumps of Cambodia to become a star student and an accomplished dancer; Suma, who composes music to helph... more »

Girl Rising - innovative new film about the power of education to change a girl -- and the world. The 2-1/2 minute trailer is outstanding - and the full film is showing tonight at +Kansas State University.  With a stunning cast, crew, and contributions, it promises to be both an excellent film and a powerful motivator for change. 

Girl Rising is distributed by CNN Films and Gathr, an innovative demand-based theatrical distributor. Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway, Selena Gomez and other A-list actresses contribute voice performances to the film, which features original music from Academy Award winner Rachel Portman, in collaboration with +Hans Zimmer.

The film spotlights unforgettable girls like Sokha, an orphan who rises from the dumps of Cambodia to become a star student and an accomplished dancer; Suma, who composes music to help her endure forced servitude in Nepal and today crusades to free others; and Ruksana, an Indian "pavement-dweller" whose father sacrifices his own basic needs for his daughter's dreams. Each girl is paired with a renowned writer from her native country. Edwidge Danticat, Sooni Taraporevala Aminatta Forna and others tell the girls' stories, each in its own style, and all with profound resonance.

These girls are each unique, but the obstacles they faced are ubiquitous. Like the 66 million girls around the world who dream of going to school, what Sokha, Suma, Ruksana and the rest want most is to be students: to learn. And now, And now, by sharing their personal journeys, they have become teachers. Watch Girl Rising, and you will see: One girl with courage is a revolution.

Many thanks to Academy Award-nominated director Richard E. Robbins, award-winning Documentary Group, +Vulcan Productions  and +Intel Corporation.

http://www.girlrising.com
http://girlrising.com/join/
http://thedocumentarygroup.com/
http://thedocumentarygroup.com/our-team/richard-robbins/
http://www.intel.com/

TONIGHT: Movies on the Grass: Girl Rising
Sunday, September 21
8:00 p.m.
Coffman Commons in front of Hale Library, Rain Location: Leadership Studies Building, Town Hall

Girl Rising journeys around the globe to witness the strength of the human spirit and the power of education to change the world. Viewers get to know nine unforgettable girls living in the developing world: ordinary girls who confront tremendous challenges and overcome nearly impossible odds to pursue their dreams.

Trailer: Girl Rising (Official Trailer)

No RSVP necessary
http://www.k-state.edu/women/events/

Business Week: Educating women is good for the economy
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-03-07/the-economic-benefits-of-educating-women

The Girl Effect Dividend: Measuring the Economic Gain of Investing in Girls
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2011/08/14752718/measuring-economic-gain-investing-girls-girl-effect-dividend

Hundreds of kidnapped schoolgirls are still missing.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/14/nigeria-girls-kidnapped-5-months_n_5791622.html

#education #genderviolence #girlrising   #bringbackourgirls___

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2014-09-20 15:52:14 (4 comments, 17 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Overview: James May (Top Gear) shares a ride in the U-2 super-high spy plane. 10 min video highlighting his experience of Earth and space  -"It's just incredible."

The video comes from the BBC documentary "James May on the Moon" commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Apollo moon landings.

James and pilot Major John Cabigas discuss what would happen to unprotected humans at that altitude - perhaps not all of the comments are quite correct - but humans are not well suited to live at the edge of space.

Back in 1959, Lt. Col. William Rankin fell from 50,000 ft and lived to describe the experience. Not only did he eject at the edge of the atmosphere, he got recirculated in a thunderstorm and carried over five states.

Excerpt: Free Fall
http://www.loa.org/images/pdf/Rankin_Man_Thunder.pdf

Wild Blue: Stories of... more »

Overview: James May (Top Gear) shares a ride in the U-2 super-high spy plane. 10 min video highlighting his experience of Earth and space  -"It's just incredible."

The video comes from the BBC documentary "James May on the Moon" commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Apollo moon landings.

James and pilot Major John Cabigas discuss what would happen to unprotected humans at that altitude - perhaps not all of the comments are quite correct - but humans are not well suited to live at the edge of space.

Back in 1959, Lt. Col. William Rankin fell from 50,000 ft and lived to describe the experience. Not only did he eject at the edge of the atmosphere, he got recirculated in a thunderstorm and carried over five states.

Excerpt: Free Fall
http://www.loa.org/images/pdf/Rankin_Man_Thunder.pdf

Wild Blue: Stories of Survival from Air and Space (Adrenaline)
http://tinyurl.com/amzwildblue

The Man Who Rode the Thunder
http://www.librarything.com/work/2203880/reviews/104869781

James May on the Moon - Celebrating 40 years of Apollo
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00lfdbv.

BBC Space:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space

First put in service in the 1950s, the U-2 plane was replaced by the SR-71, capable of traveling at three times the speed of sound. 

The feeling James describes - and wishes we could all experience - has been called "the Overview Effect". For more info, see: 
http://vimeo.com/55073825 or visit www.overviewthemovie.com.

#flight   #earth #space #apollo   #overvieweffect  

In celebration of #ScienceSunday :) +ScienceSunday 
+Science on Google+ ___

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