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Denise Case

Denise Case 

The secret of life is two words: not always so :)

Occupation: “The master in the art of living makes little distinction between his work and his play, his labor and his leisure, his mind and his body, his information and his recreation, his love and his religion

Followers: 23,042

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Cream of the Crop: 04/18/2012

Added to CircleCount.com: 12/28/2011That's the date, where Denise Case has been indexed by CircleCount.com.
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Most comments: 18

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2016-06-04 18:37:27 (18 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

If you want to know where Elon Musk got his Hypothesis that we're all likely living in a computer simulation (from recode conference: http://www.theverge.com/2016/6/2/11837874/elon-musk-says-odds-living-in-simulation), then see Nick Bostrom's theoretical paper. Professor Bostrom who wrote "Superintelligence" has been a major influence in Musk's thinking on AI.

Here is the equation for how in theory its several Billions to 1 odds that we are living a computer-ancestry-simulation:
http://www.simulation-argument.com/simulation.html

If you read further into Bostrom's paper, he provides three plausible Post-human scenarios.

Most reshares: 7

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2016-06-06 00:48:14 (3 comments; 7 reshares; 18 +1s; )Open 

Most plusones: 53

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2016-09-12 23:44:18 (1 comments; 6 reshares; 53 +1s; )Open 

Latest 50 posts

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2016-12-02 20:09:38 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 11 +1s; )Open 

The writing is on the wall

This is the main building of the Environmental Protection Agency or EPA, right across from Trump Hotel in Washington DC.   A lot of us are protesting the guy Trump hired to demolish the EPA.  His name is  Myron Ebell.  He's a climate change denier whose work has long been funded by fossil fuel industries.

Join the battle:

http://climatetruth.org/rebelagainstebell
http://petitions.moveon.org/sign/keep-myron-ebell-from

George Monbiot provides more detail:

Yes, Donald Trump’s politics are incoherent. But those who surround him know just what they want, and his lack of clarity enhances their power. To understand what is coming, we need to understand who they are. I know all too well, because I have spent the past 15 years fighting them.

Over this time, I have watched as tobacco, coal,oil, ... more »

The writing is on the wall

This is the main building of the Environmental Protection Agency or EPA, right across from Trump Hotel in Washington DC.   A lot of us are protesting the guy Trump hired to demolish the EPA.  His name is  Myron Ebell.  He's a climate change denier whose work has long been funded by fossil fuel industries.

Join the battle:

http://climatetruth.org/rebelagainstebell
http://petitions.moveon.org/sign/keep-myron-ebell-from

George Monbiot provides more detail:

Yes, Donald Trump’s politics are incoherent. But those who surround him know just what they want, and his lack of clarity enhances their power. To understand what is coming, we need to understand who they are. I know all too well, because I have spent the past 15 years fighting them.

Over this time, I have watched as tobacco, coal, oil, chemicals and biotech companies have poured billions of dollars into an international misinformation machine composed of thinktanks, bloggers and fake citizens’ groups. Its purpose is to portray the interests of billionaires as the interests of the common people, to wage war against trade unions and beat down attempts to regulate business and tax the very rich. Now the people who helped run this machine are shaping the government.

I first encountered the machine when writing about climate change. The fury and loathing directed at climate scientists and campaigners seemed incomprehensible until I realised they were fake: the hatred had been paid for. The bloggers and institutes whipping up this anger were funded by oil and coal companies.

Among those I clashed with was Myron Ebell of the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI). The CEI calls itself a thinktank, but looks to me like a corporate lobbying group. It is not transparent about its funding, but we now know it has received $2m from ExxonMobil, more than $4m from a group called the Donors Trust (which represents various corporations and billionaires), $800,000 from groups set up by the tycoons Charles and David Koch, and substantial sums from coal, tobacco and pharmaceutical companies.

For years, Ebell and the CEI have attacked efforts to limit climate change, through lobbying, lawsuits and campaigns. An advertisement released by the institute had the punchline “Carbon dioxide: they call it pollution. We call it life.”

It has sought to eliminate funding for environmental education, lobbied against the Endangered Species Act, harried climate scientists and campaigned in favour of mountaintop removal by coal companies. In 2004, Ebell sent a memo to one of George W Bush’s staffers calling for the head of the Environmental Protection Agency to be sacked. Where is Ebell now? Oh – leading Trump’s transition team for the Environmental Protection Agency.

It's not just Ebell: Trump is hiring lots of creatures from the swamp of fake industry-funded "research institutes".  For details, and links providing evidence, go here:

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/30/donald-trump-george-monbiot-misinformation___

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2016-11-12 19:58:38 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 13 +1s; )Open 

The loser won

Having lost the popular vote, Trump is busy deleting tweets from 2012 in which he falsely claimed that Obama did the same - and argued that therefore "We should have a revolution in this country!" 

http://www.theverge.com/2016/11/11/13596932/trump-protestors-electoral-college-tweets

The loser won

Having lost the popular vote, Trump is busy deleting tweets from 2012 in which he falsely claimed that Obama did the same - and argued that therefore "We should have a revolution in this country!" 

http://www.theverge.com/2016/11/11/13596932/trump-protestors-electoral-college-tweets___

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2016-11-10 23:07:29 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 13 +1s; )Open 

American leadership. Climate change is becoming expensive in the short-term as well as the long-term. Fiscal conservatives around the world should be supporting a solid plan for working together to address this issue. American needs to lead the effort, not run from it.

#climatechange #usEPA #sciencematters

This man must be stopped

Trump has said on Twitter that:

the concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive.

While he later denied saying this, he is now threatening to put Myron Ebell in charge of his Environmental Protection Agency "transition team".  Transition team?  Yes, apparently Trump wants to weaken or destroy this agency.  And if you don't know Myron Ebell, you'd better learn about him now!

Myron Ebell has said:

I don’t want to say it’s a disaster, but I think it is potentially a disaster for humankind and not necessarily any good for the planet.

What's he talking about?  Global warming?  No, he's talking about the Paris agreement to fight global warming.  He claims global warming is, on the whole, a good thing.  Why?

In fact, there is no question that most people prefer less severe winters.

After running an organization devoted to eliminating protection for endangered species, he switched to heading the Global Warming and International Environmental Policy project at an institute funded by Exxon.  His job was to sow doubt and create confusion about climate change.

But he burst into fame in 2002.  That's when he helped Bush's "council on environmental policy" water down a key report on global warming.  He was caught by Greenpeace, and a scandal erupted.  

He also tried to get the head of the Environmental Protection Agency fired.  Back then it was Christine Todd Whitman.   In a secret memo to Philip Cooney, head of Bush's anti-environmental council, Ebell wrote:

It seems to me that the folks at the EPA are the obvious fall guys, and we would only hope that the fall guy (or gal) should be as high up as possible. I have done several interviews and have stressed that the president needs to get everyone rowing in the same direction. Perhaps tomorrow we will call for [Christine Todd Whitman] to be fired. I know that that doesn't sound like much help, but it seems to me that our only leverage to push you in the right direction is to drive a wedge between the President and those in the Administration who think they are serving the president's best interests by publishing this rubbish.

"This rubbish" was a report put out by the EPA warning people of the dangers of climate change.

So, get ready: this guy will be working full-time to cause trouble!

Here's a good Scientific American article to get you up to speed:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/trump-picks-top-climate-skeptic-to-lead-epa-transition/

Here's Myron Ebell on Wikipedia:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myron_Ebell

Here's Myron Ebell rewriting scientific reports:

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2005/jun/09/science.environment

Myron Ebell saying global warming is, on the whole, a good thing:

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2006/1225/038.html

Here's Trump's claim that climate change is a notion invented by the Chinese:

http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/26/13067918/donald-trump-presidential-debate-2016-climate-change-hoax

#savetheplanet___American leadership. Climate change is becoming expensive in the short-term as well as the long-term. Fiscal conservatives around the world should be supporting a solid plan for working together to address this issue. American needs to lead the effort, not run from it.

#climatechange #usEPA #sciencematters

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2016-11-09 11:26:15 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Progress in Alzheimer's understanding. Discovering how Alzheimer's harms the brain can help us alleviate it. #Alzheimers #research #sciencematters

Brain Cell ‘Executioner’ Identified
Despite their different triggers, the same molecular chain of events appears to be responsible for brain cell death from strokes, injuries and even such neurodegenerative diseases as Alzheimer’s. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have pinpointed the protein at the end of that chain of events, one that delivers the fatal strike by carving up a cell’s DNA. The find, they say, potentially opens up a new avenue for the development of drugs to prevent, stop or weaken the process.

The new experiments, conducted in laboratory-grown cells, build on earlier work by research partners Ted Dawson, M.D., Ph.D., now director of the Institute for Cell Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and Valina Dawson, Ph.D., professor of neurology. Their research groups found that injury, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and the rare, fatal genetic disorder Huntington’s disease share a distinct form of “programmed” brain cell death they named parthanatos after the personification of death in Greek mythology and PARP, an enzyme involved in the process.

Source & further reading:
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/brain_cell_executioner_identified

Image: Nucleus of a cell undergoing parthanatos.
Credit: Yingfei Wang and I-Hsun Wu/Johns Hopkins Medicine

#neuroscience   #research   #humanbrain   #genetic   #parthanatos  ___Progress in Alzheimer's understanding. Discovering how Alzheimer's harms the brain can help us alleviate it. #Alzheimers #research #sciencematters

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2016-11-09 00:54:22 (9 comments; 1 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

+The New York Times​​​ provides amazing live data graphics as the election unfolds.http://www.nytimes.com/elections/results/president

+The New York Times​​​ provides amazing live data graphics as the election unfolds.http://www.nytimes.com/elections/results/president___

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2016-11-04 22:21:29 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Physics Tweak Solves Five of the Biggest Problems in One Go

Unifying inflation with the Axion, dark matter, baryogenesis and the Seesaw Mechanism

Dubbed SMASH, the model is based on the standard model of particle physics, but has a few bits tacked on. The standard model is a collection of particles and forces that describes the building blocks of the universe. Although it has passed every test thrown at it, it can’t explain some phenomena.

SMASH is several theories smashed together, says co-author Andreas Ringwald at the German Electron Synchrotron, DESY, in Hamburg. It builds on Shaposhnikov’s model from 2005, which added three neutrinos to the three already known.
This field includes two particles: the Axion, a dark horse candidate for dark matter, and the Inflaton, the particle behind inflation.
A... more »

Physics Tweak Solves Five of the Biggest Problems in One Go

Unifying inflation with the Axion, dark matter, baryogenesis and the Seesaw Mechanism

Dubbed SMASH, the model is based on the standard model of particle physics, but has a few bits tacked on. The standard model is a collection of particles and forces that describes the building blocks of the universe. Although it has passed every test thrown at it, it can’t explain some phenomena.

SMASH is several theories smashed together, says co-author Andreas Ringwald at the German Electron Synchrotron, DESY, in Hamburg. It builds on Shaposhnikov’s model from 2005, which added three neutrinos to the three already known.
This field includes two particles: the Axion, a dark horse candidate for dark matter, and the Inflaton, the particle behind inflation.

As a final flourish, SMASH uses the field to introduce the solution to a fifth puzzle: the strong CP problem, which helps explain why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

#ParticlePhysics #Cosmology #AstroParticlePhysics #Astrophysics #StandardModel #Inflation #DarkMatter #SeesawMechanism___

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2016-11-04 22:19:10 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

Via NASA's +Bobak Ferdowsi​ :) Go student scientists!

#mars #stem #education #nasa

Students, we need your help! Design an object that could be used by astronauts to stay physically healthy on a 3-year #JourneyToMars. Get the details: http://go.nasa.gov/2ezdBxb___Via NASA's +Bobak Ferdowsi​ :) Go student scientists!

#mars #stem #education #nasa

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2016-10-09 13:16:27 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 26 +1s; )Open 

___

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2016-10-07 23:30:47 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Systems of systems

In January of this year, I was contacted by a company called Metron Scientific Solutions. They asked if I’d like to join them in a project to use category theory to design and evaluate complex, adaptive systems of systems.

What’s a system of systems?

It’s a system made of many disparate parts, each of which is a complex system in its own right. The biosphere is a system of systems. But so far, people usually use this buzzword for large human-engineered systems where the different components are made by different organizations, perhaps over a long period of time, with changing and/or incompatible standards. This makes it impossible to fine-tune everything in a top-down way and have everything fit together seamlessly.

So, systems of systems are inherently messy. And yet we need them.

Metron was applying for a grantfrom ... more »

Systems of systems

In January of this year, I was contacted by a company called Metron Scientific Solutions. They asked if I’d like to join them in a project to use category theory to design and evaluate complex, adaptive systems of systems.

What’s a system of systems?

It’s a system made of many disparate parts, each of which is a complex system in its own right. The biosphere is a system of systems. But so far, people usually use this buzzword for large human-engineered systems where the different components are made by different organizations, perhaps over a long period of time, with changing and/or incompatible standards. This makes it impossible to fine-tune everything in a top-down way and have everything fit together seamlessly.

So, systems of systems are inherently messy. And yet we need them.

Metron was applying for a grant from DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, which funds a lot of cutting-edge research for the US military. It may seem surprising that DARPA is explicitly interested in using category theory to study systems of systems. But it actually shouldn’t be surprising: their mission is to try many things and find a few that work. They are willing to take risks.

Metron was applying for a grant under a DARPA program run by John S. Paschkewitz, who is interested in new paradigms and foundational approaches for the design of systems of systems.

This program is called CASCADE, short for Complex Adaptive System Composition and Design Environment.  Here’s the idea:

Complex interconnected systems are increasingly becoming part of everyday life in both military and civilian environments. In the military domain, air-dominance system-of-systems concepts, such as those being developed under DARPA’s SoSITE effort, envision manned and unmanned aircraft linked by networks that seamlessly share data and resources in real time. In civilian settings such as urban “smart cities”, critical infrastructure systems — water, power, transportation, communications and cyber — are similarly integrated within complex networks. Dynamic systems such as these promise capabilities that are greater than the mere sum of their parts, as well as enhanced resilience when challenged by adversaries or natural disasters. But they are difficult to model and cannot be systematically designed using today’s tools, which are simply not up to the task of assessing and predicting the complex interactions among system structures and behaviors that constantly change across time and space.

To overcome this challenge, DARPA has announced the Complex Adaptive System Composition and Design Environment (CASCADE) program. The goal of CASCADE is to advance and exploit novel mathematical techniques able to provide a deeper understanding of system component interactions and a unified view of system behaviors. The program also aims to develop a formal language for composing and designing complex adaptive systems.

“CASCADE aims to fundamentally change how we design systems for real-time resilient response within dynamic, unexpected environments,” said John Paschkewitz, DARPA program manager. “Existing modeling and design tools invoke static ‘playbook’ concepts that don’t adequately represent the complexity of, say, an airborne system of systems with its constantly changing variables, such as enemy jamming, bad weather, or loss of one or more aircraft. As another example, this program could inform the design of future forward-deployed military surgical capabilities by making sure the functions, structures, behaviors and constraints of the medical system — such as surgeons, helicopters, communication networks, transportation, time, and blood supply — are accurately modeled and understood.”

CASCADE could also help the Department of Defense fulfill its role of providing humanitarian assistance in response to a devastating earthquake, hurricane or other catastrophe, by developing comprehensive response models that account for the many components and interactions inherent in such missions, whether in urban or austere environs.

“We need new design and representation tools to ensure resilience of buildings, electricity, drinking water supply, healthcare, roads and sanitation when disaster strikes,” Paschkewitz said. “CASCADE could help develop models that would provide civil authorities, first responders and assisting military commanders with the sequence and timing of critical actions they need to take for saving lives and restoring critical infrastructure. In the stress following a major disaster, models that could do that would be invaluable.”

The CASCADE program seeks expertise in the following areas:

• Applied mathematics, especially in category theory, algebraic geometry and topology, and sheaf theory

• Operations research, control theory and planning, especially in stochastic and non-linear control

• Modeling and applications responsive to challenges in battlefield medicine logistics and platforms, adaptive logistics, reliability, and maintenance

• Search and rescue platforms and modeling

• Adaptive and resilient urban infrastructure

Metron already designs systems of systems used in Coast Guard search and rescue missions. Their grant proposal was to use category theory and operads to do this better. They needed an academic mathematician as part of their team: that was one of the program’s requirements. So they asked if I was interested.

I had mixed feelings.

On the one hand, I come from a line of peaceniks including Joan Baez, Mimi Fariña, their father the physicist Albert Baez, and my parents. I don’t like how the US government puts so much energy into fighting wars rather than solving our economic, social and environmental problems. It’s interesting that ‘systems of systems engineering’, as a field, is so heavily dominated by the US military. It’s an important subject that could be useful in many ways. We need it for better energy grids, better adaptation to climate change, and so on. I dream of using it to develop ‘ecotechnology’: technology that works with nature instead of trying to battle it and defeat it. But it seems the US doesn’t have the money, or the risk-taking spirit, to fund applications of category theory to those subjects.

On the other hand, I was attracted by the prospect of using category theory to design complex adaptive systems — and using it not just to tackle foundational issues, but also concrete challenges. I liked the idea of working with a team of people who are more practical than me. In this project, a big part of my job would be to write and publish papers: that’s something I can do. But Metron had other people who would try to create prototypes of software for helping the Coast Guard design search and rescue missions.

So I was torn.

In fact, because of my qualms, I’d already turned down an offer from another company that was writing a proposal for the CASCADE program. But the Metron project seemed slightly more attractive — I’m not sure why, perhaps because it was described to me in a more concrete way. And unlike that other company, Metron has a large existing body of software for evaluating complex systems, which should help me focus my theoretical ideas. The interaction between theory and practice can make theory a lot more interesting.

Something tipped the scales and I said yes. We applied for the grant, and we got it.

And so, an interesting adventure began. It will last for 3 years, and I’ll say more about it soon.

There's some interesting discussion about this on my blog:

https://johncarlosbaez.wordpress.com/2016/10/02/complex-adaptive-system-design-part-1/

I decided to simply copy my blog post from there to here, word for word.  So just go down to the comments!___

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2016-10-02 21:33:12 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

Google released a dataset of 9 million image annotated with labels spanning over 6,000 categories. The labels cover more real-life entities than the 1,000 ImageNet classes, there are enough images to train a deep neural network from scratch, and the images are listed as having a Creative Commons Attribution license.

The annotations in turn were created automatically with a vision model similar to Google Cloud Vision API, but validated by human raters.

Google released a dataset of 9 million image annotated with labels spanning over 6,000 categories. The labels cover more real-life entities than the 1,000 ImageNet classes, there are enough images to train a deep neural network from scratch, and the images are listed as having a Creative Commons Attribution license.

The annotations in turn were created automatically with a vision model similar to Google Cloud Vision API, but validated by human raters.___

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2016-09-25 11:22:45 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 10 +1s; )Open 

Another fascinating week in science and technology - thanks +Mark Bruce​!

SciTech #ScienceSunday Digest - 39/2016.
Permalink here: http://www.scitechdigest.net/2016/09/fixing-dna-damage-modular-synbio.html

Fixing DNA damage, Modular synbio pellets, Towards head transplant, Custom acoustic holograms, Advanced drone systems, Wireless emotion detection, Atomically precise molecular syntheses, Metastasis gene therapy, Wireless MEMS, Sewing robot.

1. Compensating for DNA Damage
New work by the SENS Research Foundation has successfully achieved stable allotropic expression (in the nucleus), import (into mitochondria), and assembly into functional protein complexes able to rescue the cell and metabolism from mutations in the mitochondrial copies of these genes http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/09/04/nar.gkw756.full. With some additional work and tricks the group hope the demonstration will allow all 13 mitochondrial genes to be moved to the nucleus and so solve one of the seven causes of aging damage, which will be important for things like sarcopenia https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/09/mitochondria-in-muscle-aging-and-sarcopenia/. In related work human cells engineered to contain a copy of the Dsup gene from tardigrades suffered 50% fewer DNA mutations as a result of prolonged exposure to X-rays http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/utokyo-research/research-news/demystifying-the-resilience-of-water-bears.html; the group hope to discover related protective genes that grant tardigrades their resilience and the possibility is open to gene therapies to reduce DNA mutation rates in humans.

2. Modular DNA Expression Pellets
You can now produce bulk freeze-dried pellets containing the key cellular components needed for translating DNA to proteins - all of the enzymes, ribosomes, tRNA, etc that you need to do this basic protein production process http://news.mit.edu/2016/to-produce-biopharmaceuticals-on-demand-just-add-water-0922. The idea is that you’d have a supply of these pellets (room temp shelf-life > 1 year) and when you needed to conduct a test or produce a protein you’d synthesise your gene or DNA of interest and add it to a pellet in some water. Such cell-free synthesis is an exciting technology, another tiny step towards atomically-precise synthesis, and something that would be immediately useful for remote or at-home applications above and beyond those demonstrated: protein vaccines, antimicrobial peptides, multi-enzyme production for metabolic pathway to create a complex organic drug molecule, antibodies for diagnostics, etc.

3. Towards Human Head Transplant
Recent previous work in mice and recent work in dogs a modified solution of polyethylene glycol has been used to at least partially restore the neural connections in animals whose spines have been almost completely severed https://www.newscientist.com/article/2106382-head-transplant-teams-new-animal-tests-fail-to-convince-critics/. In the recent dog experiment the dog apparently regained the ability to walk after about three weeks. Surgeon Sergio Canavero plans to use these result to press forward with the first ever human head transplant next year, using the technique to help reconnect the severed spine of the patient’s head with the donor body. Others demand that at the lack of detailed histology data of the supposedly repaired spinal interface damages the case for proceeding in humans.

4. Custom Acoustic Holograms
Three dimensional acoustic holograms take a big step forward with a new system that uses a single powerful ultrasound transducer onto which is placed a 3D printed block that has been precisely patterned to form an acoustic hologram; ultrasound passing through the block is forced into the desired custom waveform, to levitate objects for example http://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/computing/hardware/3d-printed-plastic-blocks-generate-complex-acoustic-holograms. Such a device produces an acoustic hologram with a resolution 100 times greater than previously possible with separate transducer systems. While working in air or water it can’t produce a dynamically changing waveform to move objects, although movement along fixed paths is possible. One possible way around this is to encode multiple sound fields at different frequencies to add some dynamic options.

5. Delivery, Security, Navy, Surveillance Drones
First, a cool new long range delivery drone combines a biplane design with VTOL and fixed-wing capabilities to get the best of both worlds http://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/drones/tu-delft-tailsitter. Second, Aptonomy is launching a large security drone to monitor protected areas and intercept tresspassers https://www.technologyreview.com/s/602412/drone-security-guard-scolds-intruders-from-the-sky/. Third, the Navy’s Blackwing drone platform is designed to be launched by submarine to provide wide-area surveillance and control of other drone and communications assets https://www.avinc.com/resources/view/press-releases/united-states-navy-demonstrates-cross-domain-communications-command-and-con. Finally, DARPA’s Aerial Dragnet system is being designed to provide persistent wide-area surveillance of areas such as cities via networked drone swarms http://www.kurzweilai.net/darpas-plan-for-total-surveillance-of-low-flying-drones-over-cities.

6. Detecting Emotions with Wireless Signals
EQ-Radio is a system that uses wireless signals and reflections to measure subtle changes in a person’s breathing and heart rhythms in order to determine their emotional state http://news.mit.edu/2016/detecting-emotions-with-wireless-signals-0920. In recent tests the system was able to correctly predict whether the person was excited, happy, angry, or sad 87% of the time. Capturing human emotional states in such a way, particularly when not visibly obvious, would have uses in a wide range of different areas including security monitoring crowded events, entertainment, health care, consumer preferences, etc. The system measures heartbeats as accurately as an ECG monitor with an error margin of 0.3%.

7. Atomically Precise Molecular Chains
The size of alternative atomically precise materials that can be synthesised keeps getting larger with this recent creation of atomically precise gold nanoparticles enshrouded with a functional molecular shell and linked via a precise molecular bridge https://www.jyu.fi/en/news/archive/2016/09/tiedote-2016-09-22-15-15-43-527149. Progressively building up such units would allow the creation of ever-larger precise crystalline materials with novel electrochemical properties given that the electron clouds of the metal cores become coupled. There are also efforts to build more sophisticated catalysts by precisely combining palladium with ruthenium in different mixed or shelled structures http://phys.org/news/2016-09-combining-elements-palladium-ruthenium-industry.html.

8. Gene Therapy Stops Cancer Metastasis
A gene therapy technique involving the delivery of microRNAs of a specific sequence into cancer cells is successful in preventing those cancer cells from undergoing metastatic spread through the body http://news.mit.edu/2016/gene-therapy-technique-prevent-cancer-metastasis-0919. These microRNAs specifically regulate and block the expression of the Palladin protein that helps drive metastasis, and was delivered in this case from microRNAs embedded in nanoparticles that were loaded into a hydrogel scaffold that was subsequently implanted into the mice. Such a tool is a viable approach to cancer treatment in combination with other cancer-killing approaches. In related gene editing news, Synthego launches a CRISPR kit for labs and DIYers to make CRISPR editing easier http://synbiobeta.com/news/synthego-announces-first-kind-crispr-kit/.

9. Wireless MEMS
A microelectromechanical device has been built that can be turned on and off with a nanowatt of power from three feet away, with the concept being to use the nanoresonator itself as the antenna for the device http://www.bu.edu/research/articles/wireless-microelectromechanical-systems/. The device achieved an efficiency of 15% and the group believes it might find application in optogenetics to provide a route for wireless power and communications to devices implanted in and interfaced to the brain. But such wireless MEMS could be used everywhere: for example a modified router might monitor wireless MEMS sensors placed on movable objects all over the house.

10. A Sewing Robot
Sewbo has launched a robot to automate garment sewing, such as the sewing that typically takes place en masse in sweatshops https://www.technologyreview.com/s/602423/a-robot-that-sews-could-take-the-sweat-out-of-sweatshops/. It doesn’t have the versatile flexibility of human sewing of course, and the key innovation is a method to temporarily hold the garment fabric in solid sheet form (it uses off-the-shelf sewing machines and robotic arms) that can be more easily picked up and guided by automated systems, but which when plunged into warm water removes the polymer to return it back to the soft flexible garment for sale and use. This gets us towards fully automated garment production.

SciTech Tip Jar: http://www.scitechdigest.net/p/donate.html
___Another fascinating week in science and technology - thanks +Mark Bruce​!

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2016-09-12 23:44:18 (1 comments; 6 reshares; 53 +1s; )Open 

___

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2016-08-22 16:06:10 (2 comments; 4 reshares; 10 +1s; )Open 

Leaked NSA hacking tool gets a lackluster review. From the article:
Stephen Checkoway, an Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago, has analyzed some of the exploit code included in the recent Equation Group leak, and his verdict is "not impressed."

Over the past weekend, a person or group named The Shadow Brokers published a set of hacking tools they claim to have stolen from the Equation Group, a name given by security vendors to a cyber-espionage group believed to be linked to the US National Security Agency (NSA).

The hackers dumped a small sample of the tools so that security researchers can verify the dump's validity. The rest of the data is available in a password-protected encrypted archive.

The Shadow Brokers are currently holding an auction to sell the rest of the data to the... more »

Leaked NSA hacking tool gets a lackluster review. From the article:
Stephen Checkoway, an Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago, has analyzed some of the exploit code included in the recent Equation Group leak, and his verdict is "not impressed."

Over the past weekend, a person or group named The Shadow Brokers published a set of hacking tools they claim to have stolen from the Equation Group, a name given by security vendors to a cyber-espionage group believed to be linked to the US National Security Agency (NSA).

The hackers dumped a small sample of the tools so that security researchers can verify the dump's validity. The rest of the data is available in a password-protected encrypted archive.

The Shadow Brokers are currently holding an auction to sell the rest of the data to the highest bidder.

#computerscience #hacking   #nsa  #security #exploit #espionage #ethics #ShadowBrokers #code

Read more: http://news.softpedia.com/news/computer-science-professor-gives-failing-grade-to-newly-leaked-nsa-hacking-tool-507482.shtml#ixzz4I4rQYHXn

Via +CodeProject Daily Developer News
http://www.codeproject.com/script/Mailouts/View.aspx?mlid=12379&_z=11048811___

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2016-08-13 21:51:23 (1 comments; 3 reshares; 19 +1s; )Open 

Interactive map shows comparative country size. Nicely done.

#geography #world #interactive #data #visualization #map

One of our most popular posts of the past week: Your country might be bigger - or smaller - than you thought.___Interactive map shows comparative country size. Nicely done.

#geography #world #interactive #data #visualization #map

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2016-08-04 13:37:44 (2 comments; 4 reshares; 27 +1s; )Open 

Have a wonderful 2-day! :)

Thanks +Amine Benaichouche​

In the format DD/MM/YY.
There is no special meaning or superstitious interpretations for this day. This remark is just for fun.

#Mathematics #MathematicsForFun ___Have a wonderful 2-day! :)

Thanks +Amine Benaichouche​

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2016-08-03 21:09:30 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 11 +1s; )Open 

The Sustainable Economic Development Assessment index tracks 160 countries across three elements: economic, sustainability and investment. These elements are made up of 10 dimensions, which include factors such as income equality, health, education and infrastructure.

#progress #policy #investment #economics #sustainability

And which countries are making the most progress?___The Sustainable Economic Development Assessment index tracks 160 countries across three elements: economic, sustainability and investment. These elements are made up of 10 dimensions, which include factors such as income equality, health, education and infrastructure.

#progress #policy #investment #economics #sustainability

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2016-08-03 12:46:00 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

State of the Climate report. Environmental records shattered as climate change 'plays out before us'

"The world is careening towards an environment never experienced before by humans, with the temperature of the air and oceans breaking records, sea levels reaching historic highs and carbon dioxide surpassing a key milestone, a major international report has found."

"The “state of the climate” report, led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa) with input from hundreds of scientists from 62 countries, confirmed there was a “toppling of several symbolic mileposts” in heat, sea level rise and extreme weather in 2015."

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/02/environment-climate-change-records-broken-international-report

#climatechange 

State of the Climate report. Environmental records shattered as climate change 'plays out before us'

"The world is careening towards an environment never experienced before by humans, with the temperature of the air and oceans breaking records, sea levels reaching historic highs and carbon dioxide surpassing a key milestone, a major international report has found."

"The “state of the climate” report, led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa) with input from hundreds of scientists from 62 countries, confirmed there was a “toppling of several symbolic mileposts” in heat, sea level rise and extreme weather in 2015."

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/02/environment-climate-change-records-broken-international-report

#climatechange ___

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2016-08-02 13:55:14 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

#67P looking very dramatic. Image shot from a distance of 8km by #OSIRIS camera on board #Rosetta . Image taken on 27 July 2016.

More here: https://planetgate.mps.mpg.de/Image_of_the_Day/public/OSIRIS_IofD_2016-08-02.html

Credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA

#67P looking very dramatic. Image shot from a distance of 8km by #OSIRIS camera on board #Rosetta . Image taken on 27 July 2016.

More here: https://planetgate.mps.mpg.de/Image_of_the_Day/public/OSIRIS_IofD_2016-08-02.html

Credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA___

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2016-07-21 00:53:55 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 23 +1s; )Open 

We Chose to Go To The Moon. Forty-seven years ago, on July 20, 1969, a curious courageous species stepped onto the surface of a distant world. After surviving the explosive force needed to escape Earth's gravity and enduring a three-day ride through nearly empty space to enter lunar orbit, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin piloted a lander down to the surface, descended a ladder, and spent two hours working on the moon. Then, perhaps even more amazing, on July 21, they launched part of the Eagle lander back up to dock with Michael Collins in the orbiting Columbia, blasted out of lunar orbit and rode the tiny return craft back home, falling into the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii. Hundreds of thousands of mission contributors helped us cross the final frontier - and got us back safely.

"Over the next three and a half years, 10 astronauts [would follow] in their footsteps. Gene Cernan,... more »

We Chose to Go To The Moon. Forty-seven years ago, on July 20, 1969, a curious courageous species stepped onto the surface of a distant world. After surviving the explosive force needed to escape Earth's gravity and enduring a three-day ride through nearly empty space to enter lunar orbit, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin piloted a lander down to the surface, descended a ladder, and spent two hours working on the moon. Then, perhaps even more amazing, on July 21, they launched part of the Eagle lander back up to dock with Michael Collins in the orbiting Columbia, blasted out of lunar orbit and rode the tiny return craft back home, falling into the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii. Hundreds of thousands of mission contributors helped us cross the final frontier - and got us back safely.

"Over the next three and a half years, 10 astronauts [would follow] in their footsteps. Gene Cernan, commander of the last Apollo mission leaves the lunar surface with these words: "We leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall return, with peace, and hope for all mankind." [1]

Apollo 11 Introduction (2 min video)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8il6rx-9a3c

Apollo 11 Flight Log, July 21, 1969: Launching from the Moon
with Apollo 11 Retrospective: 'One We Intend to Win' (4 min video)

http://www.space.com/26585-apollo-11-flight-log-july-21-1969.html

[1] https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo11.html


#nasa   #apollo11   #lunarlanding   #spaceexploration   #humansareamazing  ___

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2016-07-14 03:21:57 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Global warming: demand the truth

After announcements that 2015 was the hottest year on record and February 2016 was the hottest month, the news station CNN aired five times more fossil fuel advertising than actual climate reporting!

So, please sign this petition to CNN.  Tell them: start reporting on climate change.   And please reshare this message.

A study by the group Media Matters showed that the American Petroleum Institute is getting more coverage than actual news about global warming.  This doesn't even include the ads from individual fossil fuel companies and the Koch brothers.

Here's some actual news, in case you hadn't heard:

1) The extent of Arctic sea ice in June was the lowest in recorded history for that month of the year: 260,000 square kilometers less than ever before!   It's on track to break allrecor... more »

Global warming: demand the truth

After announcements that 2015 was the hottest year on record and February 2016 was the hottest month, the news station CNN aired five times more fossil fuel advertising than actual climate reporting!

So, please sign this petition to CNN.  Tell them: start reporting on climate change.   And please reshare this message.

A study by the group Media Matters showed that the American Petroleum Institute is getting more coverage than actual news about global warming.  This doesn't even include the ads from individual fossil fuel companies and the Koch brothers.

Here's some actual news, in case you hadn't heard:

1) The extent of Arctic sea ice in June was the lowest in recorded history for that month of the year: 260,000 square kilometers less than ever before!   It's on track to break all records this year.

2) Recently every month from October until May has been the hottest on record worldwide.  June was the second hottest, since the El Niño is fading.

3) India recorded its hottest day ever on May 19th. The temperature in Phalodi hit 51 degrees Celsius (124 degrees Fahrenheit), and a nationwide drought has affected more than 300 million people marched on, leaving armed guards at dams, and reservoirs well below their usual levels.

4) Alaska, along with the rest of the Arctic, has experienced record-breaking heat this year.  Its average year-to-date temperature has been 5.5C above the long term average.

5) In the atmosphere, carbon dioxide has been increasing every year for decades - but this year the speed of increase is also record-breaking!   The increase for 2016 is expected to be 3.1 parts per million, up from an annual average of 2.1.

6) The Great Barrier Reef, a natural wonder and world heritage site, recently experienced its worst ever coral bleaching event.  An aerial study found that just 7% of the reef escaped bleaching. 

7) A new study in Nature argues that even despite the actions pledged in the Paris Agreement, the Earth is still on course for a temperature increase of 2.6 - 3.1C by the end of this century.  Read this:

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v534/n7609/full/nature18307.html

The Paris agreement is a step in the right direction, but we need to ratchet it up.  We can't afford to slack off now.  One piece of the puzzle is clear information about the crisis we're in.

----------------------------------------------

Media Matters writes:

In Week After Hottest Year Announcement, CNN Aired Less Than One Minute Of Climate-Related Coverage And 13.5 Minutes Of Oil Industry Ads.

From January 20 to January 26, CNN morning, daytime and primetime programming included only 57 seconds of coverage about climate change or the announcement that 2015 was the hottest year on record. Over that same time period, CNN aired 13.5 minutes of American Petroleum Institute ads. The climate-related segments included one on the January 21 edition of Early Start, in which anchor Christine Romans reported that 2015 was the hottest year on record and that officials say “the planet is still warming with no apparent change in the long term global warming rate.” Additionally, CNN senior legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin briefly mentioned Republican climate science denial during a discussion of Hillary Clinton’s emails on Anderson Cooper 360, and CNN host Fareed Zakaria noted that the “The World Economic Forum said this year that the greatest global risk is the failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation,” during a Fareed Zakaria GPS segment about a study finding that humans have entered a new geological epoch known as the Anthropocene.

Following Announcement That February 2016 Was Most Unusually Hot Month Ever, CNN Aired Four Minutes Of Climate-Related Coverage And 10 Minutes Of Fossil Fuel Ads.

In the one-week period beginning March 17, when NOAA released data showing that February 2016 was the most unusually hot month ever recorded, CNN aired only four minutes of coverage about climate change or the temperature record during its morning, daytime, and primetime coverage. During that same time period, CNN aired ten minutes of American Petroleum Institute ads. On March 18, CNN anchors Christine Romans and John Berman delivered nearly-identical reports on February’s “astounding” temperature record during the 4 a.m. and 5 a.m. editions of Early Start, respectively, but neither explicitly mentioned climate change or the role fossil fuel pollution and other human activities play in driving climate change. The March 20 edition of Fareed Zakaria GPS featured an interview with astronaut Piers Sellers about his climate change advocacy, followed by a brief report about International Energy Administration (IEA) data showing a decline in carbon emissions from energy production, which Zakaria described as “some good news on the climate front” and a “welcome update in the climate battle.” Finally, on the March 20 edition of New Day Sunday, anchor Christi Paul reported that major cities around the world were participating in Earth Hour, an event meant to bring awareness to climate change, by switching off their lights.

For more details see:

http://mediamatters.org/research/2016/04/25/study-cnn-viewers-see-far-more-fossil-fuel-advertising-climate-change-reporting/209985

Here's the data for the statements 1)-6):

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/17/seven-climate-records-set-so-far-in-2016

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jul/07/arctic-sea-ice-crashes-to-record-low-for-june

http://www.netnewsledger.com/2016/07/05/june-2016-second-hottest-june-ever/___

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2016-06-22 04:43:55 (0 comments; 2 reshares; 14 +1s; )Open 

Mother gorilla with twins :)

#twofun #twins #nothingbetter #familytree 

Mother gorilla with twins :)

#twofun #twins #nothingbetter #familytree ___

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2016-06-10 23:54:23 (0 comments; 6 reshares; 14 +1s; )Open 

Ten sources of free big data

Top ten sources of big data from USA and European government websites - up to 300TB - some suitable for college and school projects___Ten sources of free big data

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2016-06-10 23:50:08 (0 comments; 2 reshares; 14 +1s; )Open 

Applied Mathematical Programming

You could obtain this book at the link below for a small fee, or directly from MIT.

Do not look at the date of this book (1977). It still provides the foundation of applied mathematical programming used today. And it is still used today in modeling courses as the main reference because it covers topics from A to Z in a practical and easy-to-understand manner.

Not only does this book show you how to model a wide array of problems, it explains the mathematical algorithms/techniques behind the modeling. And it combines the theory with tonnes of examples!!!

After reading this book, I finally have a true understanding of several topics such as linear programming, duality theory, sensitivity analysis, network/dynamic programming, integer programming, non-linear programming, and my favorite, modeling/solving large-scale problems... more »

Applied Mathematical Programming

You could obtain this book at the link below for a small fee, or directly from MIT.

Do not look at the date of this book (1977). It still provides the foundation of applied mathematical programming used today. And it is still used today in modeling courses as the main reference because it covers topics from A to Z in a practical and easy-to-understand manner.

Not only does this book show you how to model a wide array of problems, it explains the mathematical algorithms/techniques behind the modeling. And it combines the theory with tonnes of examples!!!

After reading this book, I finally have a true understanding of several topics such as linear programming, duality theory, sensitivity analysis, network/dynamic programming, integer programming, non-linear programming, and my favorite, modeling/solving large-scale problems (via column generation, decomposition, etc..)

The best thing about the book is that advanced topics do not seem advanced any more!!! I wasted my $$$ on too many Operational Research books that over-complicate topics; this book should be on every mathematical programmer's book shelf.

Many thanks to Bradely, Hax, and Magnanti for a job well done!

Comment by Milan Vujic

More here (US Amazon): https://goo.gl/P3Pg53

MIT download: http://goo.gl/UfX2iI___

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2016-06-07 13:54:53 (1 comments; 2 reshares; 18 +1s; )Open 

Information may not be lost in black holes.
"[Y]ou can think of light rays on the surface of a black hole as a bundle of straws all pointing outward, trying to fly away at the speed of, of course, light. Because of the black hole’s immense gravity, they are stuck.

But the individual straws can slide inward or outward along their futile tracks, slightly advancing or falling back, under the influence of incoming material. When a particle falls into a black hole, it slides the straws of light back and forth, a process called a supertranslation.

That leaves a telltale pattern on the horizon..

Interesting work from Dr. Hawking, Dr. Strominger and postdoc, Alexander Zhiboedov, article by Dennis Overbye in the +The New York Times.

#blackholes #supertranslationhair #nullinfinity #physics

___Information may not be lost in black holes.
"[Y]ou can think of light rays on the surface of a black hole as a bundle of straws all pointing outward, trying to fly away at the speed of, of course, light. Because of the black hole’s immense gravity, they are stuck.

But the individual straws can slide inward or outward along their futile tracks, slightly advancing or falling back, under the influence of incoming material. When a particle falls into a black hole, it slides the straws of light back and forth, a process called a supertranslation.

That leaves a telltale pattern on the horizon..

Interesting work from Dr. Hawking, Dr. Strominger and postdoc, Alexander Zhiboedov, article by Dennis Overbye in the +The New York Times.

#blackholes #supertranslationhair #nullinfinity #physics

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2016-06-07 11:32:15 (1 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Primes aren't random. Not only does God play dice with the universe, he throws them for primes. Six-sided prime dice; like craps.

Very interesting. :)

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/a/alberteins136883.html

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/s/stephenhaw131084.html



Thanks, +John Cook

You can simulate dice rolls with remainders of primes mod 7. The results look good, but chi-square test shows the fit is too good to mimic randomness. ___Primes aren't random. Not only does God play dice with the universe, he throws them for primes. Six-sided prime dice; like craps.

Very interesting. :)

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/a/alberteins136883.html

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/s/stephenhaw131084.html



Thanks, +John Cook

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2016-06-06 03:06:07 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 8 +1s; )Open 

Google's Magenta AI composes her first song.

#AI #music #computer #arts #science #humansareamazing

Google’s artsy AI composes its first song

Have a listen and judge for yourself.

Last month, Google revealed its Magenta artificial intelligence project, which is dedicated to developing AI that are capable of creating various types of art, including music. The company gave a brief demonstration of its new program in action during Moogfest 2016, and now Google has released the first complete song created almost entirely by the AI. Researchers provided just four musical notes, which the AI then expanded into a 90 second composition. The music is a bit repetitive, but it still shows impressive work for an artificial intelligence, especially given the early stage of its development.___Google's Magenta AI composes her first song.

#AI #music #computer #arts #science #humansareamazing

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2016-06-06 00:48:14 (3 comments; 7 reshares; 18 +1s; )Open 

Mining pop music.

#sciencesunday #data

Thanks +John Cook​ for sharing :)

___Mining pop music.

#sciencesunday #data

Thanks +John Cook​ for sharing :)

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2016-06-04 19:05:48 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

The Illustris simulation spans 13 billion years in time. End-to-end, it's 350 million light years across. MIT scientists start with basic physical laws, some initial conditions, and let it run. The results are remarkably similar to the universe we see.

http://www.illustris-project.org/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjSFR40SY58

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SY0bKE10ZDM

#illustris #universe #simulation #project #science #cosmology
#mit #spacerip #humansareamazing


The Illustris simulation spans 13 billion years in time. End-to-end, it's 350 million light years across. MIT scientists start with basic physical laws, some initial conditions, and let it run. The results are remarkably similar to the universe we see.

http://www.illustris-project.org/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjSFR40SY58

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SY0bKE10ZDM

#illustris #universe #simulation #project #science #cosmology
#mit #spacerip #humansareamazing
___

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2016-06-04 18:37:27 (18 comments; 0 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

On the likelihood of this being a simulation. Shared this one because it links to Professor Bostrom's paper. See also the Gizmodo article on 10 Reasons our Universe might Actually Be Virtual Reality. :)

The network speed is our speed of light.
The smallest "pixel" is our Planck Length.
The refresh rate is our Planck Time.

Gizmodo 10 Reasons
http://gizmodo.com/5-reasons-our-universe-might-actually-be-a-virtual-real-1665353513

From Listverse article 10 Reasons
http://listverse.com/2014/11/26/10-reasons-why-our-universe-is-a-virtual-reality/

*Our Recent Simulations

Illustris Simulation of the Universe
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QSivvdIyeG4

SpaceRip on the new Simulation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32qqEzBG9OI... more »

If you want to know where Elon Musk got his Hypothesis that we're all likely living in a computer simulation (from recode conference: http://www.theverge.com/2016/6/2/11837874/elon-musk-says-odds-living-in-simulation), then see Nick Bostrom's theoretical paper. Professor Bostrom who wrote "Superintelligence" has been a major influence in Musk's thinking on AI.

Here is the equation for how in theory its several Billions to 1 odds that we are living a computer-ancestry-simulation:
http://www.simulation-argument.com/simulation.html

If you read further into Bostrom's paper, he provides three plausible Post-human scenarios.___On the likelihood of this being a simulation. Shared this one because it links to Professor Bostrom's paper. See also the Gizmodo article on 10 Reasons our Universe might Actually Be Virtual Reality. :)

The network speed is our speed of light.
The smallest "pixel" is our Planck Length.
The refresh rate is our Planck Time.

Gizmodo 10 Reasons
http://gizmodo.com/5-reasons-our-universe-might-actually-be-a-virtual-real-1665353513

From Listverse article 10 Reasons
http://listverse.com/2014/11/26/10-reasons-why-our-universe-is-a-virtual-reality/

*Our Recent Simulations

Illustris Simulation of the Universe
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QSivvdIyeG4

SpaceRip on the new Simulation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32qqEzBG9OI

Travel 2.4 billion light-years through the Millenium Simulation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UC5pDPY5Nz4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHApMrssVJM


More on the Physics

Quantum Realism by Brian Whitworth
http://thephysicalworldisvirtual.com/

Quantum Realism FAQ
http://brianwhitworth.com/QRFAQ.pdf


Also Aaron Brown's May 11, 2015 article

http://www.express.co.uk/life-style/science-technology/575653/The-Matrix-Universe-Planet-Earth-NASA-Scientist

"The idea that our Universe is a fiction generated by computer code solves a number of inconsistencies and mysteries about the cosmos."

"In his paper, Dr Bostrom suggested that "futuristic beings – human or otherwise – could be using virtual reality to simulate a time in the past or recreate how their remote ancestors lived."

Brown also quotes Rich Terrile, director of the Centre for Evolutionary Computation and Automated Design at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory on the idea:

"What I find inspiring is that, even if we are in a simulation or many orders of magnitude down in levels of simulation, somewhere along the line something escaped the primordial ooze to become us and to result in simulations that made us – and that's cool."

[Edited to add]
* Everything travels through space-time at the space of light. If we move through space more quickly, then we move ever so slightly less quickly through time. When we add all four dimensions, they always add up to c.


#physics #cosmology #universe #simulation #elon #musk
#humansareamazing

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2016-06-04 17:33:19 (2 comments; 5 reshares; 26 +1s; )Open 

More amazing footage of violent weather. Images of a recent EF-4 tornado: 267-322 km/h, 166-200 mph, devastating/extreme damage; well-constructed and whole frame houses completely leveled; cars and other large objects thrown and small missiles generated.[1]

Our planet is fascinating.

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enhanced_Fujita_scale

#violent #weather #tornado #Oklahoma

A windy day

This is a tornado that occurred in south-central Oklahoma on May 9th.   It's impressive what moist air can do when it's not in thermal equilibrium.

At first I couldn't remember where I found this video.  But Chris Greene found it:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1R_N_pysRs

Watch the whole thing!  At the end you'll see a car driving dangerously close to an oncoming tornado.  I wonder how that worked out.___More amazing footage of violent weather. Images of a recent EF-4 tornado: 267-322 km/h, 166-200 mph, devastating/extreme damage; well-constructed and whole frame houses completely leveled; cars and other large objects thrown and small missiles generated.[1]

Our planet is fascinating.

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enhanced_Fujita_scale

#violent #weather #tornado #Oklahoma

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2016-05-29 12:22:11 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 16 +1s; )Open 

Creative, problem-solving robots, better understanding of our "junk" RNA, medical advances, real "Internet of Things" (go Samsung and South Korea!) - and more.

Another interesting week of Top 10 recent advances in science and technology - thanks +Mark Bruce​!

#computerscience #cs #robotics #machinelearning #ml #iot #cancer #alzheimers #ir #math #proof #science #sunday #humansareamazing

SciTech #ScienceSunday Digest - 22/2016.
Permalink here: http://www.scitechdigest.net/2016/05/mapping-ncrna-computers-driving-maths.html

Mapping ncRNA, Protein modularity, Better infrared light capture, Clutter busting robots, Computers driving maths & science, Automatic DNA origami, Scaling quantum dots, Cancer immunotherapies, Reducing amyloid plaques, Large-scale IoT.

1. Mapping Non-Coding RNA from Junk DNA
A new technique called LIGR-Seq captures interactions between different RNA molecules, isolates them, sequences them, and so identifies novel functions for new non-coding RNA molecules http://www.thedonnellycentre.utoronto.ca/news/shedding-light-%E2%80%98dark-matter%E2%80%99-genome. Types of non-coding RNA’s include the following: rRNA, tRNA, snRNA, snoRNA, piRNA, miRNA, and lncRNA. Only 2% of the genome codes for mRNA and proteins. The other 98% was thought to be junk, but it turns out that 50% - 75% of this “junk” is transcribed into non-coding RNAs now thought to have many functions in the cell and that previously had been incredibly difficult to identify, study, and characterise. This new tool changes that and should significantly boost our understanding of the cell and ways to manipulate it.

2. Better Understanding Protein Modularity and Design
A new evolutionary analysis of protein structure-function reveals strong conservation over time and across species for modular protein components that form loops for active sites that bind molecules or other proteins http://singularityhub.com/2016/05/25/scientists-unearth-key-evolutionary-link-in-proteins/. These modules are essentially used over and over again in different genes throughout different species and their identification provides avenues for directed synthetic biology applications, combining different modules to create proteins with novel functions. This phenomenon, known as hierarchical modularity has been observed in other complex man-made networks.

3. Efficiently Capturing Infrared Light
By etching thin grooves into semiconducting thin films a group has created ultraefficient infrared light absorbers capable of capturing 99% of infrared light instead of the conventional approaches that manage 7.7% http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-05/uos-obt052416.php. The structure of the grooves direct the light sideways into the material and drastically reduce reflections; I wonder if they are trying similar techniques for photovoltaics? Applications include much cheaper and more portable night-vision capabilities, thermal imaging generally, and perhaps types of sensing spectroscopy.

4. Robots Dealing with Clutter
New software is helping robots better deal with clutter via “rearrangement planning”, especially when pick-and-place becomes unfeasible or too time consuming http://www.cmu.edu/news/stories/archives/2016/may/robots-clutter.html. Obvious applications in sorting objects in complex environments and also in path planning when traversing cluttered and uneven surfaces. Next step is to incorporate additional levels and means of feedback for the robot to react and adjust to the environment as it goes about rearranging things. Meanwhile a new robot quickly sorts different types of rubbish for recycling applications http://spectrum.ieee.org/view-from-the-valley/robotics/industrial-robots/to-reycle-or-not-to-recycle-a-trash-robot-knows-for-sure.

5. Computers Solving Maths and Mining Science
The largest ever mathematics proof has been announced, in this case for computationally cracking the Boolean Pythagorean Triples problem, and is contained in a 200 Terabyte file http://www.nature.com/news/two-hundred-terabyte-maths-proof-is-largest-ever-1.19990?. Such brute-force proofs are becoming increasingly common and are no doubt useful, but people question whether they actually lead to increased mathematical understanding as is the case with general proofs. In related news machine learning techniques are being used to help researchers filter immense volumes of scientific papers and data to better direct research efforts, ask better questions, and reduce wasted efforts http://singularityhub.com/2016/05/26/machine-learnings-next-trick-will-transform-how-research-is-done/ and https://www.technologyreview.com/s/601589/the-first-visual-search-engine-for-scientific-diagrams/.

6. Automating DNA Origami Design
DAEDALUS is a new software algorithm that allows a user to design and specify a 3D structure, complete with holes, for which it then automatically designs the optimised sequence and number of DNA strands needed for form that particular DNA origami nanoparticle http://news.mit.edu/2016/automating-dna-origami-opens-door-many-new-uses-0526. Such a tool will further accelerate the field of self-assembled DNA nanostructures, and broaden its accessibility to more people across more fields. Applications include designing better gene-delivery vehicles, conjugation with proteins for functional targeting, functional memory blocks, basic nano-scale building blocks, functionalisation with metals for quantum dots, next-generation nanomachines and nanodevices.

7. Scaling Up Quantum Dot Production
Another recent technique for scaling up quantum dot production makes use of bacterial fermentation to do so https://www.ornl.gov/news/ornl-demonstrates-large-scale-technique-produce-quantum-dots. In this case zinc sulfide nanoparticles were fabricated by bacteria in a fermentation / biomanufacturing technique that results in the quantum dot nanoparticles being produced outside of the cell, and possibly 90% cheaper than other methods. Seems we really are getting closer to mass manufacturing of nanometer-scale quantum dots with magnetic, photovoltaic, and catalytic properties for a wide range of applications in electronics, energy generation and storage, and imaging.

8. Nuances in Cancer Immunotherapies
It turns out that techniques for activating a patient’s own immune cells to attack cancer cells may not be as effective as introducing immune cells taken from healthy volunteers https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/05/borrowed-immune-cells-to-fight-cancer/. The introduced cells turned out to be much better at recognising the cancer cells as cancerous, which the patient’s own immune system had otherwise failed to recognise; this is probably one of multiple mechanisms for the benefits of parabiosis. Immunotherapies are some of the most promising techniques currently being trialled and advances like this should only help to make them more effective.

9. Reducing Amyloid Plaques Systemically
It appears that organs and tissues peripheral to the brain play a role in removing and clearing Amyloid-beta protein and reducing the levels of Amyloid plaques the brain that are characteristic of Alzheimer’s Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/05/the-possibility-of-reducing-amyloid-in-the-brain-by-reducing-it-elsewhere/. Amyloid produced in the brain appears to be somewhat cleared in the periphery, and boosting this clearance in the periphery helps to prevent Alzheimer’s Disease pathogenesis. This could be a source of low-hanging-fruit for temporarily pushing back Alzheimer’s Disease in humans to buy time for more advanced therapies.

10. First Large-Scale Internet of Things Network
Building of the first nation-wide network dedicated to the Internet of Things has been announced by Samsung, to be tested and rolled-out through South Korea http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/05/samsung-and-sk-telecom-to-build-world.html. This brings together a range of innovations in wireless communications, networking, data analytics, and electronic sensing to demonstrate a viable and effective nation-wide Internet of Things platform that people can expand and build applications on top of. As an example streetlights will collect weather and traffic information to facilitate lighting adjustments and pollution monitoring.

SciTech Tip Jar: http://www.scitechdigest.net/p/donate.html ___Creative, problem-solving robots, better understanding of our "junk" RNA, medical advances, real "Internet of Things" (go Samsung and South Korea!) - and more.

Another interesting week of Top 10 recent advances in science and technology - thanks +Mark Bruce​!

#computerscience #cs #robotics #machinelearning #ml #iot #cancer #alzheimers #ir #math #proof #science #sunday #humansareamazing

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2016-05-28 12:41:45 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 15 +1s; )Open 

Congratulations to the team! Very exciting to see this kind of work being done - and to get to watch the progress. :)

#space #thefinalfrontier #spacex #boldlygo

SpaceX makes fourth successful rocket landing - SpaceX launched an Asian communications satellite into a distant orbit Friday and for the fourth time managed to recover the rocket that did the work.___Congratulations to the team! Very exciting to see this kind of work being done - and to get to watch the progress. :)

#space #thefinalfrontier #spacex #boldlygo

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2016-05-17 15:11:44 (4 comments; 3 reshares; 16 +1s; )Open 

Pretty impressive.

#computer #science #ai #chat #highered


Pretty impressive.

#computer #science #ai #chat #highered
___

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2016-05-17 14:03:15 (0 comments; 3 reshares; 15 +1s; )Open 

There are a lot of things you don't realize are unusual until you step outside of them for a while.

The article below is by +Brad Templeton, and his experience of being questioned by the FBI for taking a photo of the Sun. (His camera was apparently pointed in a direction which could have also caught a Federal building, although the building wasn't marked as such) If you live in the US, you're probably nodding your head and thinking that "yes, that's about what you should expect" – whether your second thought is "and that's horrifying" or "the government has to protect its buildings."

A few years ago, I was in Tel Aviv, and was carrying my camera, having spent some time photographing the city. My cousin (a professor of political science) and I were talking as we went to a meeting she had with some government official she wasin... more »

There are a lot of things you don't realize are unusual until you step outside of them for a while.

The article below is by +Brad Templeton, and his experience of being questioned by the FBI for taking a photo of the Sun. (His camera was apparently pointed in a direction which could have also caught a Federal building, although the building wasn't marked as such) If you live in the US, you're probably nodding your head and thinking that "yes, that's about what you should expect" – whether your second thought is "and that's horrifying" or "the government has to protect its buildings."

A few years ago, I was in Tel Aviv, and was carrying my camera, having spent some time photographing the city. My cousin (a professor of political science) and I were talking as we went to a meeting she had with some government official she was interviewing at a Ministry of Defense building. When I realized that we were right next to the building, I said "Oh, shit!" and hurriedly put my camera away. She was completely confused; why was I doing this?

It was only when she didn't understand at all that I realized how the behavior that I'm completely used to – that having a camera out in the vicinity of a government building (a military one, at that!) would be taken as such an open provocation that I would be almost certainly detained and the camera seized, if I was lucky – is neither historically normal in the US, nor is it common in the rest of the world. Even in Israel, a country that has good reason to have an extremely alert security posture, it had never occurred to anyone that possession of a camera in the vicinity of a government building should draw an immediate armed response.

The rest of that trip was a similar exercise in noticing small differences. Re-entering the United States was another one; surrounded by signs warning you not to attempt to use a phone or photograph anything, you are moved through passport control, screens playing videos about the various crimes you are warned not to commit. At the end you show papers, and are fingerprinted, photographed, and interrogated. (This is what they did for citizens; I can't imagine what the non-citizens line was like) All the officials present, from the people inspecting papers to the people moving people about through the line, were overtly hostile; after the INS/DHS merger, USCIS clearly viewed its primary mission as preventing people from entering the country.

Not all of it has to do with "national security;" consider how children are allowed to play. In the US, they need to be monitored 24/7; playing in the front yard, much less going to the park on their own, is a sign of possibly criminal neglect. As a child in the US, I would go all over the neighborhood when playing; in Israel, my friends and I would roam over a good mile's radius, and my mother would routinely send seven-year-old me to the grocery store to pick things up.

When in the US for any length of time, this entire situation seems perfectly normal, and people wonder what I'm complaining about. And that's the thing: it had been feeling perfectly normal to me as well, until being out of the country for a few weeks reminded me that not only do other places not do this, but until recently, the US didn't, either.

Brad Templeton now has a police record, and any future investigations that touch on him will turn up that he was questioned for suspicious photography (and maybe more) of a government building. The fact that he has only this, and wasn't arrested or imprisoned, is largely because he looks like a respectable, white, professor.

I would ask when we started considering this "normal," but we all know the answer to that: after 9/11, when "security" became the watchword which would trump any question of legality or constitutionality. What worries me is that, fifteen years later, we are entering a world where there are adults with no memory of any other world. How do you move a world towards freedoms that nobody remembers, or argue against safety measures that "everybody knows" are required, since they've always been there?___

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2016-05-13 19:07:31 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

Beautiful images of Mercury passing in front of the sun.

For now we watch from a distance as Mercury transits the sun, but soon we'll be touching the sun itself. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AhWMOkrzKzs___Beautiful images of Mercury passing in front of the sun.

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2016-05-12 11:51:45 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Google Translate: now offline - and in your chat. Translate is impressive; it can display a translated menu while viewing with your smart phone camera.

#computer #science #translate #travel #android #languages #thanksgoogle

Some updates I'm happy to see: Google Translate now works in offline mode (no network needed) on both iOS and Android; its Word Lens feature (take a picture and translate whatever you see) now works in both Simplified and Traditional Chinese (as well as the 27 other languages it already supported); and for Android users only, we have "Tap to Translate," where you can now translate text in any app, without having to copy and paste into Translate. (Very useful for chats, social media, news, and the like)

Details beyond the ones in the article at the Google Blog: https://googleblog.blogspot.com/2016/05/translate-where-you-need-it-in-any-app.html___Google Translate: now offline - and in your chat. Translate is impressive; it can display a translated menu while viewing with your smart phone camera.

#computer #science #translate #travel #android #languages #thanksgoogle

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2016-05-11 01:37:02 (0 comments; 5 reshares; 20 +1s; )Open 

Amazing footage.

#violent #weather #tornado

Let's just all drive up and under the big massive tornado while it shreds a few trucks to pieces...___Amazing footage.

#violent #weather #tornado

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2016-05-08 12:14:07 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Another fascinating update from +Mark Bruce​. :)

#science #technology #stem #humansareawesome

SciTech #ScienceSunday Digest - 19/2016.
Permalink here: http://www.scitechdigest.net/2016/05/towards-artificial-womb-printed.html

Towards artificial womb, Printed terahertz lens, Autonomous robot surgeons, Cloud quantum computing, Machine learning development, Rejuvenation updates, Biomimicking bee navigation, Modular microfluidics, Femtosecond clock synchronisation, Holographic displays.

1. Towards an Artificial Womb
An artificial placenta has been developed that successfully kept alive extremely premature baby lambs outside the womb http://labblog.uofmhealth.org/health-tech/artificial-placenta-holds-promise-for-extremely-premature-infants. The device utilises extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to help oxygenate the tissues when the lungs are not fully developed; in humans this might allow the current limit of 24 weeks to be pushed back significantly. Meanwhile new protocols allow human embryos to reach the 2 week stage of development for the first time, and was only cut short due to established ethical policies that will hopefully be overturned http://www.theverge.com/2016/5/4/11591318/cambridge-rockefeller-university-human-embryo-study-ethics-limit. I can see this gap continuing to shrink.

2. 3D Printed Terahertz Lens
A lens for focusing the terahertz spectrum of light has been developed by 3D printing a metamaterial structure with a gradient refractive index https://3dprint.com/132220/northwestern-terahertz-lens/. This method used a curable photopolymer to build up the precise features of the lens, which might be useful in imaging, security, and biological applications. In other 3D printing news a better recipe has been developed for 3D printed bones http://inbt.jhu.edu/2016/05/04/building-a-better-recipe-for-3d-printed-bones/.

3. Autonomous Robot Surgeons
In certain surgical tasks robots are now outperforming humans, as demonstrated in recent work in which a robot stitched up a pig’s small intestine http://spectrum.ieee.org/the-human-os/robotics/medical-robots/autonomous-robot-surgeon-bests-human-surgeons-in-world-first. This was done on both intestine samples and also on living anesthetised pigs; the intestines repaired by robots had more consistent stitches and were more resistant to leaks. This is considered a breakthrough as the first time a robotic system has outperformed human surgeons on soft tissue repair work.

4. Quantum Computing in the Cloud
IBM launched a new cloud service to provide users everywhere with access to their 5-qubit quantum computer processor http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/49661.wss. While the current system is not a universal quantum computer the main purpose here is to provide the scientific community with access to the system in order to help accelerate innovations in the field and discover new applications for the technology.

5. Latest Machine Learning Developments
Machine learning is well on the path to ubiquity with Qualcomm’s announcement of a new deep learning SDK for their Snapdragon 820 processors, which will find their way into many if not most mobile devices launched this year and next https://www.qualcomm.com/news/releases/2016/05/02/qualcomm-helps-make-your-mobile-devices-smarter-new-snapdragon-machine. Nvidia demonstrates a deep learning system that taught an autonomous car how to drive after watching humans drive for just 72 hours, and which continuously learns after deployment http://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/nvidia-gpu-driverless-car/. And another deep learning system suggests autonomous cars would respond to new situations in a similar manner to humans https://www.kuleuven.be/english/news/2016/machines-can-learn-to-respond-to-new-situations-like-human-beings-would.

6. Latest Rejuvenation Biotech Updates
FightAging! had a trio of interesting rejuvenation developments this week. First, another senolytic drug candidate working via a different mechanism to kill senescent cells https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/05/abt-737-is-another-new-senolytic-drug-candidate-working-via-bcl-w-bcl-xl-and-induced-apoptosis/. Second, a new study shows how macrophages repair broken and leaky blood vessels in the brain, suggesting another benefit of boosting macrophage activity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/05/macrophages-repair-broken-capillaries-in-the-brain/. Finally, an interesting new drug that enhances autophagy in the cell, boosting cellular cleanup of damage and wastes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2016/05/auten-67-as-an-example-of-an-autophagy-enhancing-drug-candidate/.

7. Bee Navigation for Drones
The latest improvements in computer models of how bees navigate the world using vision to detect movement in the world around them and avoiding collisions look set to provide superior navigation and object avoidance abilities to robots and autonomous drones http://www.sheffield.ac.uk/news/nr/bee-model-1.573018. The new work provides a system able to detect both motion direction and motion speed using the optical flow of the visual world around them. Definitely looking forward to seeing autonomous drones using this to zip effortlessly through a forest.

8. Modular Plug-n-Play Microfluidics & Lablets
Microfluidics takes a step forward with the development of standard modular components including microvalves and micropumps that can be reliably used plug-n-play style to develop and evolve different microfluidic circuits and applications http://www.research.a-star.edu.sg/research/7504/small-devices-make-a-big-impact. Drilling down to smaller scales electronic microlabs (lablets) measuring 140 micrometers can control specific chemical reactions with voltage codes designed to enable an interesting platform for chemical evolution http://rubin.rub.de/en/featured-topic-when-science-and-science-fiction-merge/electronic-micro-labs-control-chemical; this is a fascinating chemical synthesis and control platform.

9. Femtosecond Clock Synchronisation
DARPA has a femtosecond clock synchronisation project (QuASAR & PULSE) underway aimed at facilitating advanced applications in ultraprecise satellite formations and radio astronomy http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/05/femtosecond-clock-synchronization-for.html. The most recent work demonstrated the most accurate clock ever with uncertainty measuring 2 parts in 10^18, or 1 second in 14 billion years, giving 10,000 times better performance than existing GPS clocks, and with novel time and motion compensations in both free space and atmospheric conditions.

10. Flexible Holographic Displays
HoloFlex is a new flexible smartphone with a holographic display http://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/consumer-electronics/gadgets/holoflex-a-flexible-smartphone-with-a-holographic-display. The display is a 1080p flexible OLED screen with a layer of 3D printed flexible lenses - over 16,000 individual lenses - that enable a holographic lightfield display and 3D glasses-free images over a 35 degree field of view. An interesting display platform to keep an eye on.

SciTech Tip Jar: http://www.scitechdigest.net/p/donate.html___Another fascinating update from +Mark Bruce​. :)

#science #technology #stem #humansareawesome

2016-04-26 12:00:54 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 5 +1s; )Open 

I think there's a market for a new comic-book superhero. A bespectacled geek-girl, softly-spoken, who travels through time and space to meet with the designers of programming languages with 1-based arrays, and uses carefully-reasoned arguments to convince them to mend the error of their ways.

And if they refuse to recant, well then our studious superhero will pull out a nasty-looking gun like the one Ronan Dex uses, and blow their recalcitrant heads clean off their recalcitrant shoulders.

Perhaps there could be some back-story about how her beloved mother/father/cat/whatever was tragically killed by a stray off-by-1 error in some code written in a 1-based language.

"And because, in all the world, she had found nothing more pernicious than 1-based programming languages, she discouraged their development everywhere and everywhen. She became a farmer in the field ofl... more »

I think there's a market for a new comic-book superhero. A bespectacled geek-girl, softly-spoken, who travels through time and space to meet with the designers of programming languages with 1-based arrays, and uses carefully-reasoned arguments to convince them to mend the error of their ways.

And if they refuse to recant, well then our studious superhero will pull out a nasty-looking gun like the one Ronan Dex uses, and blow their recalcitrant heads clean off their recalcitrant shoulders.

Perhaps there could be some back-story about how her beloved mother/father/cat/whatever was tragically killed by a stray off-by-1 error in some code written in a 1-based language.

"And because, in all the world, she had found nothing more pernicious than 1-based programming languages, she discouraged their development everywhere and everywhen. She became a farmer in the field of language design: she sowed, and sometimes she reaped. And sometimes, dispassionately, she was forced to weed."[0]

[0]With apologies to Arthur C Clarke___

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2016-04-26 11:44:18 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 


Congratulations and best wishes to all participants in the 2016 FIRST Robotics Championship! April 27-30, St. Louis Missouri http://www.firstchampionship.org/

Watch Live:
http://www.firstchampionship.org/watch-live

From their site:

WE WELCOME YOU TO THE 2016 FIRST CHAMPIONSHIP!

WE’RE MORE THAN ROBOTS SM

Our planet’s future depends on today’s kids becoming the innovators, doers, and tinkerers of tomorrow. That’s why FIRST exists — to influence young people to embrace science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) as educational and professional career paths. FIRST programs are cleverly designed to get them started early and keep them involved all the way through high school and beyond. You’ll witness their unbridled enthusiasm for each other, and for what they can do, in every corner of this event.


... more »


Congratulations and best wishes to all participants in the 2016 FIRST Robotics Championship! April 27-30, St. Louis Missouri http://www.firstchampionship.org/

Watch Live:
http://www.firstchampionship.org/watch-live

From their site:

WE WELCOME YOU TO THE 2016 FIRST CHAMPIONSHIP!

WE’RE MORE THAN ROBOTS SM

Our planet’s future depends on today’s kids becoming the innovators, doers, and tinkerers of tomorrow. That’s why FIRST exists — to influence young people to embrace science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) as educational and professional career paths. FIRST programs are cleverly designed to get them started early and keep them involved all the way through high school and beyond. You’ll witness their unbridled enthusiasm for each other, and for what they can do, in every corner of this event.



FIRST Programs

K-3 FIRST Lego League Jr
4-8 FIRST Lego League
7-12 FIRST Tech Challenge
9-12 FIRST Robotics Competition

http://www.firstinspires.org/





#STEM #engineering #robotics #FIRST #sciencerocks

Thanks to:

SPONSORS, SUPPLIERS, AND ALLIANCES

3M Company
Abbott Fund
Alpha Omega Epsilon
Automation Federation / ISA
BOSCH
Center for Energy Workforce Development (CEWD)
Cognizant Technology Solutions
DEKA Research & Development Corporation
DoD STEM
FedEx Corporation
General Electric Company (GE)
Girl Scouts of the USA (GSUSA)
GitHub
IBM Corporation
igus, Inc.
LEGO MINDSTORMS
Microsoft Corporation
MIT Launch
Monsanto Company
Mouser Electronics
National PTA
NCWIT Aspirations in Computing
Novelis Inc.
NRG Energy, Inc.
NVIDIA Corporation
PTC, Inc.
Qualcomm Incorporated
Rockwell Automation
Sapa Extrusions North America
Sigma Phi Delta
Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers
Society of Women Engineers (SWE)
SolidProfessor
SpaceX
The Boeing Company
United States Air Force
Walt Disney Imagineering
XPRIZE

SCHOLARSHIP PROVIDERS

Boston University
Bradley University
Bucknell University*
Capitol Technology University*
Clarkson University
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University*
Florida Institute of Technology*
Harvey Mudd College
Illinois Institute of Technology*
Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM)
Jacksonville University
Johnson & Wales University School Of Engineering & Design
Kettering University
Lawrence Technological University*
Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
MIT Admissions*
Merrimack College
Michigan Technological University
Milwaukee School of Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology*
Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture and Technology*
Olin College of Engineering*
Randolph College*
Raytheon*
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute*
Rochester Institute of Technology
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
Syracuse University College of Engineering and Computer Science*
University of Central Missouri
University of Cincinnati - College of Engineering and Applied Science
University of Iowa College of Engineering
University of Kansas School of Engineering
University of Missouri - Kansas City*
University of Rochester*
University of South Carolina, College of Engineering and Computing
U.S. Navy*
Virginia Commonwealth University Engineering*
Worcester Polytechnic Institute*
Yale University*

FIRST Scholarship Program*


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vYuOKb3gO7E___

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2016-04-17 20:18:24 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

Let's Encrypt leaving Beta. Free open certificate authority aims to encrypt 100% of the web. 

https://letsencrypt.org/2016/04/12/leaving-beta-new-sponsors.html

http://www.linuxfoundation.org/news-media/announcements/2016/04/let-s-encrypt-leaves-beta

#stem   #computerscience   #security   #encryption   #certificates   #letsencrypt   #isrg   #sciencesunday   #scienceeveryday  

Let's Encrypt leaving Beta. Free open certificate authority aims to encrypt 100% of the web. 

https://letsencrypt.org/2016/04/12/leaving-beta-new-sponsors.html

http://www.linuxfoundation.org/news-media/announcements/2016/04/let-s-encrypt-leaves-beta

#stem   #computerscience   #security   #encryption   #certificates   #letsencrypt   #isrg   #sciencesunday   #scienceeveryday  ___

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2016-04-17 15:19:37 (2 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Museum research - help wanted. Do you have a photograph of an object you could contribute to help build a digital museum? Seems like a nice chance to commit something to posterity that is somehow special in a kind of ordinary way.

Submissions this week - before she concludes her research project are especially valuable.

digitalobjectmemory.tumblr.com

About the Digital Object Memory project: This project is not about finding the best or the most precious items. Instead, I am asking for small things, the inbetweens, the everyday objects that could go unnoticed, but mean something to an individual. Because everything we own, everything we interact with hold stories, hold memories. The objects that we cling to for lifetimes, and the ones we will throw away today. The things we make, the things we are given, and the things that are taken away. They are all imbued... more »

Museum research - help wanted. Do you have a photograph of an object you could contribute to help build a digital museum? Seems like a nice chance to commit something to posterity that is somehow special in a kind of ordinary way.

Submissions this week - before she concludes her research project are especially valuable.

digitalobjectmemory.tumblr.com

About the Digital Object Memory project: This project is not about finding the best or the most precious items. Instead, I am asking for small things, the inbetweens, the everyday objects that could go unnoticed, but mean something to an individual. Because everything we own, everything we interact with hold stories, hold memories. The objects that we cling to for lifetimes, and the ones we will throw away today. The things we make, the things we are given, and the things that are taken away. They are all imbued with the life we have lived through and with them. And that is where Digital Object Memory comes in. It takes those connections, and all the stories from the mundane to the special and elevates them all. Because every story is important once it is told. Even if it is told thousands of times. Or never again.

I suppose Digital Object Memory is an anti-museum because any object with a story can reside in it. It is not exclusive. There is no culling, because there is no wrong submission.

This project is important, but it is not grandiose. It is quiet. Thoughtful. Slow.

Digital Object Memory is a place of reflection and sharing. Those who make a submission are sending out a message in a bottle: “This object is important”. Without expectation, but the hope of making a connection with someone.

Please browse the objects and their stories and then submit something of your own.
Best,
Dalen
Digital Object Memory facilitator

#museum #research #digitalobjectmemory #digital #memories___

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2016-04-08 12:27:26 (1 comments; 1 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

Discover (and execute) Code Snippits in your Browser.
Microsoft and HackerRank bring executable code snippets to Bing’s search results pages (when running Edge). TechCrunch article by Frederic Lardinois (@fredericl). Type a programming question, include a supported language, and a code window opens up in your browser. You can view, edit, and execute the code.

Supported Programming Languages:
C
C++
C#
Java
PHP
Python

Bing Search
https://www.bing.com/

Edge Browser
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/microsoft-edge

HackerRank
https://www.hackerrank.com/

Microsoft
https://www.microsoft.com

#Computer #Science #STEM #Programming #Coding #Education
#ScienceSunday #ScienceEveryday


Discover (and execute) Code Snippits in your Browser.
Microsoft and HackerRank bring executable code snippets to Bing’s search results pages (when running Edge). TechCrunch article by Frederic Lardinois (@fredericl). Type a programming question, include a supported language, and a code window opens up in your browser. You can view, edit, and execute the code.

Supported Programming Languages:
C
C++
C#
Java
PHP
Python

Bing Search
https://www.bing.com/

Edge Browser
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/microsoft-edge

HackerRank
https://www.hackerrank.com/

Microsoft
https://www.microsoft.com

#Computer #Science #STEM #Programming #Coding #Education
#ScienceSunday #ScienceEveryday
___

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2016-04-08 12:11:09 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 6 +1s; )Open 

How the Witness Teaches Scientific Thinking. From Two Minute Papers, "Awesome Research for Everyone - Two New Science Videos Every Week" - a YouTube channel by Károly Zsolnai-Fehér.

Topics include:

How Deep Mind conquered Go

Should you take the stairs at work?

Biophysical Skin Aging Simulations

Designing 3D Printable Robotic Creatures

Machine Learning

Deep Learning

Painting with Fluid Simulations

Computers learning to write programs

Topics:
https://www.youtube.com/user/keeroyz/videos

YouTube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbfYPyITQ-7l4upoX8nvctg

Thanks +Matt Cholick for sharing!

#Science #Technology #Engineering #Math #STEM #Education
#ScienceSunday #ScienceEveryday #Computerscience #coding

How the Witness Teaches Scientific Thinking. From Two Minute Papers, "Awesome Research for Everyone - Two New Science Videos Every Week" - a YouTube channel by Károly Zsolnai-Fehér.

Topics include:

How Deep Mind conquered Go

Should you take the stairs at work?

Biophysical Skin Aging Simulations

Designing 3D Printable Robotic Creatures

Machine Learning

Deep Learning

Painting with Fluid Simulations

Computers learning to write programs

Topics:
https://www.youtube.com/user/keeroyz/videos

YouTube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbfYPyITQ-7l4upoX8nvctg

Thanks +Matt Cholick for sharing!

#Science #Technology #Engineering #Math #STEM #Education
#ScienceSunday #ScienceEveryday #Computerscience #coding___

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2016-04-02 01:06:55 (4 comments; 0 reshares; 4 +1s; )Open 

Today's best science article. :)

Sonified Higgs Data Show a Surprising Result: The relationship between Physics (Science) and Music (Art) opens the door to revisit our interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and change the Scientism Worldview, it's a hint that our universe is more amazing than we've ever thought

Scientists at #CERN have been using new techniques to try and learn more about the tiniest particles in our universe. One unusual method they’ve utilised is to turn data from the Large Hadron Collider ( #LHC) into sounds – using music as a language to translate what they find.
#Physics data and #Music share many similar connections, from resonances and vibrations, to patterns and frequency. By sonifying the data, comparing it to a musical score and then applying what we know about music theory it can give researchers a different perspective on the data, and throw up unusual insights.
This is exactly what happened this week when physicists at CERN sonified the #Higgsboson data. They were shocked when, after listening to random notes as the data played its random tune, a bump in the graph translated into a well-known pattern of recognisable notes.
“It’s surprising that such an awful piece of music would be found in such important data,” said Wilhelm Richard Wagner, a CERN physicist who works on the Valkyries theory. “I’d have expected the universe to sound even more dramatic, more like a film score…"
The team are now working on sonifying as much data as possible to see if further musical patterns can be recognised. The next step is to see if other physics theories, not just the Standard Model, have music in their background noise.

You can listen to the sonified Higgs boson in the video below.

#Science #Art #PhilosophyOfScience #QuantumMechanics #QuantumPhysics #ParticlePhysics ___Today's best science article. :)

2016-03-30 23:48:09 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

At Gradiance, we've decided to stop selling the Java and SQL tutorials we developed, and give them away for free. If anyone is interested, go to www.gradiance.com/tutorials.html Click on the tutorial you want (Basic Java, Java GUI, or SQL). Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on "SIGN UP FOR ..."

At Gradiance, we've decided to stop selling the Java and SQL tutorials we developed, and give them away for free. If anyone is interested, go to www.gradiance.com/tutorials.html Click on the tutorial you want (Basic Java, Java GUI, or SQL). Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on "SIGN UP FOR ..."___

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2016-03-28 08:49:05 (0 comments; 0 reshares; 3 +1s; )Open 

+Sundar Pichai has been Google's CEO since last August, when we restructured the company to separate out a lot of our more far-flung ventures into Alphabet. However, he's a far more low-profile figure than (say) Larry Page, Tim Cook, or Elon Musk; someone who can still wander around the Consumer Electronics Show without being recognized. As a result, many people haven't had a chance to get a sense of who he is.

So it's great to see this piece by +Mathew Honan about him: it talks about him as a person, and his vision for the future of the company and of technology. I think the piece captures him well, and it shows why I've been really enjoying working for him this past year or so.

h/t +Don McArthur for finding this!

+Sundar Pichai has been Google's CEO since last August, when we restructured the company to separate out a lot of our more far-flung ventures into Alphabet. However, he's a far more low-profile figure than (say) Larry Page, Tim Cook, or Elon Musk; someone who can still wander around the Consumer Electronics Show without being recognized. As a result, many people haven't had a chance to get a sense of who he is.

So it's great to see this piece by +Mathew Honan about him: it talks about him as a person, and his vision for the future of the company and of technology. I think the piece captures him well, and it shows why I've been really enjoying working for him this past year or so.

h/t +Don McArthur for finding this!___

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2016-03-23 22:53:23 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 7 +1s; )Open 

We have a new experiment at Google which many of you may enjoy: "unfiltered.news," a site which analyzes news feeds from around the world, and tells you which news stories are most missed by the media where you live. From there, you can see how these stories are being covered around the world, and know what you're missing.

This is still a tool in beta, and it's got some rough edges, but the idea is excellent and has great promise.

We have a new experiment at Google which many of you may enjoy: "unfiltered.news," a site which analyzes news feeds from around the world, and tells you which news stories are most missed by the media where you live. From there, you can see how these stories are being covered around the world, and know what you're missing.

This is still a tool in beta, and it's got some rough edges, but the idea is excellent and has great promise.___

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