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Denise Case has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Science on Google+530,845Can you believe it! The +Science on Google+ community is approaching 200k members! We'll have reached that number by this weekend, so we're going to have a huge community celebration!Join your hosts +Scott Lewis and +Buddhini Samarasinghe as they start the celebration of being the #1 science community and the #10 community in all of Google+!! During our Hangout On Air, you'll get a chance to meet the moderators  who dedicate so much time and energy into making sure that good, high quality science content is showcased in the community. After we hear from the moderators on who they are, we'll have a discussion on what the curator team looks at for community posts to get put on the Curator's Choice. We are all extremely excited to be celebrating with all 200,000 of you! Let's stay curious and find new and better ways to understand this amazing Universe we all live in!#ScienceSunday   #STEM   #ScienceEveryday   #SoGp200k  200,000 member community celebration!2014-01-12 22:00:00183 

Denise Case has been shared in 280 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Ruta a la Patagonia - Bariloche15,429┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊ ☆ ┊Great Friends v22  CIRCLE  ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊☆┊_____________________________________________________*●❈●❈●❉●  Please Share From The Original Post! ●❈●❈●❉●▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ CLICK READ MORE FOR FULL CONTENT ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼This is the Great Friends v22 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly frollow the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or coment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note:● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!Your blogging friends of:   +Ruta a la Patagonia - Bariloche  De camino al Sur el mejor hotel  para alojarte sobre ruta 5, antes de Santa Rosa La Pampa, esta en Trenque Lauquen: +Hotel Howard Johnson Trenque Lauquen Sobre ruta, con amplio parque, pileta climatizada, estacionamiento, wifi, restobar y mucho mas. Ya sea que vayas de camino a Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Villa la Angostura o cualquier otro destino de la cordillera o de la costa de la patagonia (por ruta 33).Consultanos:  www.hjtrenquelauquen.com.ar #circle   #circleshare   #patagonia   #hotel   #owardjohnson   #trenqueelauquen   #Ruta5  2015-01-22 09:46:27500457
Rian Sigap475Get More Google+ Follower with  +TubeDEVILZ  January 15, 2015*****************************************************************HERE'S OF MY SHARED PUBLIC CIRCLE*****************************************************************Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This Cilcle!!,Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 Include me in your circles2 Click add people and create your circle3 +1 this circle4 Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( dont forget share the circle and include yourself )5 If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).6  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. You'll know if you're sharing the original one because you won't see "Jason Levy originally shared" above here. If you do see it, click on "originally shared" and it will bring you to this post.**************************************Follow Me Here : http://goo.gl/c18bpxAnd Subcribe : http://goo.gl/NT0MCkSpecial Invitation (Please +1 and Share) :+Alfina Dewi +Agus Septiann +Dini Ashanti +Amy Cesario +Sergii Daniloff +Danis Sanju +Lieven Damman +dini iftita +Lincoln Harrison +Riskhha Nur Hayati +Nanang Hendro +Hanste2015-01-16 20:15:35473000
Ryan Johnson23,295This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare  #sri_lanka #colombo #australia #adelaide #australia #cairns #australia #darwin #australia #hobart #new_zealand #auckland #new_zealand #wellington #papua_new_guinea #papua_new_guinea #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #weeklyreview #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday 2015-01-16 13:00:35472236
Circles and Photography35,700Builders 1     1.12.15Add this circle to Build-up your G+ network! Please ReShare.#circleoftheday #circleshare  #circlesharing     #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles       #sharedpublicircles  #circle              2015-01-13 03:30:25499010
RuMuZ NeYiMe1,336good morningadd friends list..#addcircle #addcircles #addpeople #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besharable #besocial #bestcircle #bestcircles #bestengagers #circleadd #circleall #circleme #circlemenow #circlemeup #circlenetwork #circleplus #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circleshares #circlesharing #circleup #circleyoushare #coolpeople #engagerscircle #engagerscircles #findcircle #findcircles #follow4follow #followback #followme #fullcircleshare #influencermarketing #internetmarketing #morefollowers #networkcircle 2015-01-12 08:56:27466002
John Sean10,506This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #philadelphia #phoenix #san_antonio #san_diego #san_francisco #san_jose #seattle #tampa #washington #american_samoa #american_samoa #pago_pago #fiji #fiji #nadi #fiji #suva #argentina #argentina #buenos_aires #argentina #cordoba #argentina #iguaza #argentina #mendoza #argentina #rosaio #argentina #san_carlos_de_bariloche #bolivia #bolivia #cochabamba 2015-01-12 06:41:19465012
GuruOmBha1,393This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles#sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles#publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle#круги   #круглим  #друзья   #дружба   #circle   #circleshare   #circles  #circlesharing  #круги   #круглим   #кругляши   #музыка   #music   #musicvideo   #love   #lol  #russia   2015-01-09 18:57:24419011
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:07:13323000
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:06:07323000
Pappy's Locksmithing24I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-08 00:05:25323000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:54:07500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:53:06500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:52:03500000
Basil Mann146I Need to share this Circle because its the Googly thing to do!2015-01-07 23:50:42500000
Ardi Santoso273share my circle again2014-12-24 06:14:04412104
Neil Bailey5,146If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.  Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle #circlesharing #followers #social #sharedcircles  #sharedpubliccircles #circleshared   #sharedcircleoftheday   #addmetoyourcircles #awesomepeople   #circlecount   #newfollowers #googleplus #meetingpeoplecircle2014-12-22 07:02:43494342768
Doris Scott66#circleshare #circle #circlesharing #circlesunday   2014-12-14 13:56:51501000
Ichigo Kurosaki831Circle of awesomeness. Please followhttps://plus.google.com/u/0/b/116338847187157094371/115447032474133435721/postswhen you see the message ;)2014-12-09 02:16:58449200
Richard Green88,785Engagers Showcase Circle, December 1, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of the posts listed below, in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I have not posted much in the last couple of months because I have been too busy, and so it has been a long time since the last reshare of the circle.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Millcreek Canyon Vista (reshared from +Tom Malloy)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HuXLKw4GBwjAvoiding the unavoidablehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/TnW3pTWt6d7Hydrangea flowershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3LDn2js6pWpMicroscopic Victorian arthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ieybEmL7tUCApproximating e using the digits 1–9https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/W5E6HyihSuY“Vertebral 03 – Pendant Lampshade” by cordycepthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eSo9svRbLapCentred polygonal numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QowshFUnPZ2Reinventing the wheel: Reuleaux polygonshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gDxTM5Ko8hbSunrise at Maroon Lake (reshared from +Jason Hill)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hvWMqo1HwvVSchmidt arrangementshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eM3adto6nsj“Dream Creatures” by Elido Turcohttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ckjru8sN6AG“The Awakening III—Rebirth” by Luc Railhachttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KyNg9DD4YnXPoincaré and topologyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bmnd2URRAsfLytham St Annes (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/1015848892828789210522014-12-01 22:15:07443146111188
James Clair Lewis77,548The Poster's CircleYou just got Notified, because you are in this Circle.I put people in this Circle, because I think their Posts are totally awesome. Nobody asked to get in. It's not a popularity contest. This Circle doesn't work that way.This Circle is a Marketplace for Ideas. Everybody in this Circle has great ideas, and posts about them all the time. Some cover Science, others cover Environmental issues, Social Change, and there are New Age Philosophers. It's all good.If I were you, I'd Add this Circle, just to find out who all these wonderful people are.Now I'm not going to tell you that you have to Share this Circle. Nope. Not my Way.BUT... I will point out that if a bunch of the smartest people I've found on G+ all Share this Circle, that the whole lot of us will end up with larger audiences for our Ideas.It would be kind of nice if Thirst for Knowledge, Social Justice, and Enlightenment went Mainstream...See? No pressure. Just a little hint...hehehehe2014-11-18 13:52:5791003
AyJay Schibig79,380NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE  11.16.14  by  +AyJay Schibig Re-Share if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia 2014-11-16 08:06:23498515392
Brian Mcquillan13,393New Public CircleThis is a public circle of people that would like to be circulated in order to discover new people with similar interest and to gain more followers, if you would like to be included please follow these steps.1. Follow/Add our page(this is needed in order for us to add you to the circle).2. Share the circle publicly.3. (Optional) if you would like to be include in a more specialized circle click on this link #sharedcircleoftheday #fullcircleshare  #addmetoyourcircles #awesomeness  #awesomepeople #awesomecircle  #awesome   #awesomesauce #awesomeness #awesomepeople2014-11-11 08:27:25464131433
!!..HAC PATЬ..!!0#добавитькруги Обмен Кругами!  5  #CHIBURATOR #KRUGI #RUSSIAN #CIRCLE  #CIrcle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharing   #sharingcircles   #sharingiscaring   #sharingmeansthankyou   #add   #addcircle    #ОбменКругами     #ДобавьВкруги   #Добавитькругляшей     #ОбменКругами     #ПоделилсяКругом   #друзья   #ДрузьяВGoogle   #круги #КругиGoogle   #круглим   #кругляши   #обмен     2014-10-17 11:01:00464000
Becky Collins17,500Top Active Engager's Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-13 05:05:40478002
Becky Collins16,609Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-16 05:24:00459102
Richard Green81,215Engagers Showcase Circle, September 14, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I skipped over one post because it received too much engagement, but I'm including a link to it for completeness.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Do nuclear physicists have half life crises?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ayw6WPGGaFESt Peter's Church, Heyshamhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9DEtmbdz15zSmiling cow?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9NuqPpsgtBkThe look-and-say sequence and Conway's Cosmological Theoremhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/jEQ7zxFpJt4Cordyline australis, the “cabbage tree”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hktDAgyo6mA“Maurits, stop picking at it. You'll only make it worse.” by David Swarthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gj327Ywh33T“Phyllotactic Portrait of Fibonacci” by Robert Boschhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8LykdvHpRvPFountain in Williamson Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HzZTLQaQ9RT“Youth” by Silvia Cordeddahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/T2Lo3c2zLxvThe arithmetic derivative, the Goldbach conjecture, and the twin prime conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9nY35Ma1pbUGlobe Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/i8mtiyVikWhTallinn (reshared from +Paul Harper)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/U4DAQxK5fkxCubes passing in the night (reshared from +Sean Walker)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32JKvAFqP9SThe graph of arctanhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/FLvyDupud1z“Hopf Knott” by Peter Sittner2014-09-14 15:25:57463224129234
AyJay Schibig71,918NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE   9.9.14  by  +AyJay Schibig RESHARE  if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #circlesbyayjay  2014-09-09 07:12:03479575066
Becky Collins15,192Recipes and Cooking Circle : Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-08-18 05:14:394770210
Richard Green77,832Engagers Showcase Circle, August 7, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Our cat, Chesterhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ToxRHsMHytsFibonacci numbers and corridors of width 4https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gCTyaSV4ugzWalk in the rainhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gVPzuv7aKHALenticular cloud (reshared from +Sean R. Heavey)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/giTgt4PUd1GGlass Paperweight by Paul Stankardhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/fLfKWxFj3f2“Mathematistan” by Martin Kuppehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/AcUBb8Y9uBjCat's back on the menu, boys!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aP3cZEnaqquWaterfall (reshared from +Keith Boone)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/S2pmsTTyiZzOak tree at “The Pig”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/cv8pi2ffX1NThe Bargate, Southamptonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/LsYSEpUS1bLCosmos flowerhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KqvLW32KyXfThe Ashton Memorialhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aK1E3XqWWSSThrough the castle windowhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MT7uBM2SUt7Friedman numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32tzjfB8NnMThe Norfolk Knifehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/DHf4jfSkUKKThe lake at Wyresdale Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3xFACaympiNCastle of the Clouds2014-08-07 21:46:51451213121238
Nick Warner645Follow these awesome friends!2014-08-07 16:03:15500306
Doug Hyatt5,196THIS IS MEGA CIRCLE 5    #DOUGHYATTCIRCLESHARING IT ADDED 1,000+ FOLLOWERS FOR ME IN A WEEK.1) ADD THE CIRCLE2) RESHARE THE CIRCLE AND BE SURE TO REMEMBER TO CHECK THE BOX WHICH INCLUDES YOURSELF.3)RESHARE TO PUBLIC EVERY DAY!BE SURE TO COPY THE HASHTAG LIST AND ADD IN YOUR COMMENTS LIKE I HAVE!  IT WILL GIVE YOU MAXIMUM RESULTS#doughyattcirclesharing#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   2014-07-16 15:49:10477151421
Aman Singh2,014Circle of the dayYour re-share is appreciatedPlease re-share this circle in your stream.To be added:1- Add +Circles Circles Circles to your circles2- Write the URL of your blog in the comments section below3- Your blog must be an active blog (posts must be current)2014-07-16 12:15:324990718
Ryan Johnson9,485Hi friends! This is a great circle created with an important selection from all circles. The most important engagers are reshared because only that way can we grow our circle and have the people of google circle us.To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles #Britain #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #uk  #nottingham #Holland #Netherlands #Duch2014-07-16 10:40:014918812
Richard Green74,896Engagers Showcase Circle, July 12, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CKB7ks1VWZ3“Star Gate” by +Gary Matthews https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ean83YFix7sBubble (reshared from +Ann-Marie Jurek)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/PkybKJfXv14Gabriel's Hornhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MXNTuq8ZEBPHibiscus flowerhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Xsmw62v98CHStackable 12-sided dicehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5mLoukdZAA5Astronomical book priceshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/S15LTNxJA9GPyritohedral symmetryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XQUYMrKGiAQSt Stephen's Basilica (reshared from +Laura Orange)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ApnSMBsUWFeCircular Pascal Arrays and Fibonacci numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/NVqYKoRVnHg“Fungi tree” by +Tom Beddardhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/J6S4bDc6QwQAs always, reshares of this circle are appreciated, and I look forward to seeing everyone's links. Thanks for reading my posts!2014-07-12 05:31:36476209123224
Freizeit.ch2,752This is our 2nd FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains Interactiv Googlers. In this #Circle are travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle 2014-07-01 15:50:4649613815
AyJay Schibig65,081NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE   6.27.14 by  +AyJay Schibig RESHARE  if you wish to be included.Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers! #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #circlesbyayjay  2014-06-28 03:56:34462544253
Freizeit.ch2,460This is our FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains #Swiss   Googlers. In this #Circle are swiss travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share 2014-06-27 09:20:5348424814
Richard Green73,445Engagers Showcase Circle, June 26, 2014 (Anniversary Edition)If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.24, the Monster, and quantum gravityhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9sKMLRJYjnaTiled Dome (reshared from +BJ Bolender)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/7u73y5FzEZYMonths with five weekendshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HWMeFjECa1rThe sandpile grouphttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QezmLcTCTMJ“Cheshire Cat” by Ross Hilberthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YfjVmetdnHwSunrise (reshared from +Mark Hurn)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/6QQjTBviHeiRex and the girls, through Glasshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/dEPuHiZ5BFo“Dancing Triangles” by Richard Kenyonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CFZ8eFf5WqXWords that are hard to rhymehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/c3n9jFam6FEFlowers on my drivewayhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZATFKnVorZPDragonfly (reshared from +Ralph Reichert)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EggWRRfPm7JCircumference and area of a circlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Ld2X7WoSbCRMassive Hangovers and the Harmonic Serieshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XZGvNePaAt9A sheaf of pencilshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EcdcRWsdbPSSolstice in Iceland (reshared from +2014-06-26 20:15:03483196118234
WorldBreakingNews LatestNewsCurrentNews6 #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   #circleoftheday   #circledaily   #nicecircle  #photography   #photographer   #bestphotographer   #topphotographer  #AddCircle   #FindCircles   #awesome   #AwesomePeople  #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles   2014-06-23 10:07:01499538
Eroto Graphy2,818     *If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle #128*         •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Summer Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.Top Google+ users that share unique and original contents, and if you add them, you will have an even better Google plus experience.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me ( ) in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.    _ Otherwise I may not notice your activity!_3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!LINK TO THE ORIGINAL POST:https://plus.google.com/114802438985444128484/posts/itMhCJE4o7dCircle Networkhttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/112542593288160483901/postsNetwork Circleshttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/communities/113362757071870225795If you would like to be removed from future circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future.2014-06-23 03:27:52500352781
Dina Tika355Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post2014-06-16 10:19:174935012
Dina Tika166Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post2014-06-11 11:31:414936210
Becky Collins10,439Super Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-31 05:09:154901211
rudi firmansyah442please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-12 18:26:34501001
fendy syahputra409please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. share the circle (include yourself)#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-12 05:34:44501114
Richard Green68,138Engagers Showcase Circle, May 12, 2014If you received a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Peruvian glacier (reshared from +Irina Tcherednichenko)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Z6NR7zaZa5qGrape hyacinthshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/GZoHH2bnRUiSymmetries of a regular octagonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bFcGcsurF5HHappy Easter!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YkWFA9WmxVAPerfect Squared Squareshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HDU4mWD3wptOur dog Rexhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5JtEcnt5MpPPerrott's Follyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8DzXHLn6fe4The Lonely Runner Conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YHJkEdKg3jz“Owl” by Andrea Mininihttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/12uh9J9MjMXPenrose nanotileshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/7PZPSLaFkAx“Interlaced Stars” by Magnenauthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5vNjv1yjVMqBlack Forest View (reshared from +Ralph Reichert)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YKPsvCFDyUv“Hippie Bus Apartments” by +Richie Montgomeryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/iCMXCBVzjd2Not crazy enoughhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/d5EeDSoHe5u“Impossible Sphere” by Alexey Ermushevhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/J2yUMw6YASqBeethoven, high on 2014-05-12 05:07:06489214128231
Tourej Ansari16,540All Kinds of People Shared CircleReshare or comment or plus to be in the next circle share!  Let me know if you want to be in the circle! Circle these plussers they are cool people! #circle #circles #circlesharing #circleshare #circleoftheday #circleplus #public #publiccircles2014-05-10 11:00:124583111
Bakerson, LLC287This Circle is Amazing! If you want more likes, shares, and +1's, you will want to join and add this circle! To be added to this circle of Super Engagers simply +1, reshare, and comment!! You will be added to the next go around soon. Boost your social status quickly!2014-05-01 15:52:48479121014
Ben Forstie54This is the best Circle of Engagers I have come across yet! If you want to increase your visibility, gain likes and shares, you need to add this circle! To get added to this circle in the future, simply +1 and Reshare!Enjoy!Ths circle consists of #seoexperts   #internetmarketing  and #awesomepeople  2014-04-30 20:52:39455617
AyJay Schibig58,195NEW HORIZONS CIRCLE   4.28.14Take your Circles to New Horizons  by adding this mix of interesting and active G Plussers!  SHARE  to be included in my next edition.#circleoftheday   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles     #sharedpublicircles     #circle #circles   #circlemeup     #awesomepeople   #awesomecircle #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou   #ShareYourCircle 2014-04-29 05:37:54496373652

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 21

posted image

2015-01-13 14:13:55 (21 comments, 20 reshares, 63 +1s)Open 

In just 15 years, the world as we know it will have transformed forever. The ​age of oil, gas, coal and nuclear will be over. A new age of clean power and smarter cars will fundamentally, totally, and permanently disrupt the existing fossil fuel-dependent industrial infrastructure in a way that even the most starry-eyed proponents of ‘green energy’ could never have imagined ...

Most reshares: 28

posted image

2014-08-30 17:51:22 (6 comments, 28 reshares, 82 +1s)Open 


Basic Cooking Do Not water being poured into a pot of hot grease

Most plusones: 84

posted image

2014-08-12 22:27:00 (0 comments, 12 reshares, 84 +1s)Open 

The View from VIIRS

NOAA recently released a new version of NOAA View, a data exploration tool that allows users to explore over 100 environmental variables. As part of the update, it's possible to browse daily Suomi NPP true-color imagery from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). With the tool, you can capture regional images at multiple resolutions, export images as PNG and Google Earth files, share links to data sets or exact dates, and zoom in on a particular image. This image from NOAA View shows the western hemisphere from the Suomi NPP satellite's VIIRS instrument on July 29, 2014.

Read more about it from NOAA at
http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/MediaDetail2.php?MediaID=1596&MediaTypeID=1

Read more about VIIRS at
http://npp.gsfc.nasa.gov/viirs.html

Try out WorldView, a near-real time data exploration tool from NASA at... more »

Latest 50 posts

posted image

2015-01-13 14:13:55 (21 comments, 20 reshares, 63 +1s)Open 

Energy industry changes could happen faster than expected. “Should solar continue on its exponential trajectory, the energy infrastructure will be 100-percent solar by 2030,” [Tony] Seba said. “The only reason for this not to happen is that governments will protect or subsidize conventional coal, nuclear, oil, gas generating stations—even when this means higher prices for consumers.”

Although the exact time may be debated, the idea that the cross-over point may come sooner than expected is interesting. 

Author of The Great Disruption, [Paul] Gilding said that “it’s the systemic interactions of software, new players, disruptive business models and technology that accelerates the shift,” and which “will be self reinforcing”—not just cheap prices.

As a rule, Seba said, when a technology product achieves critical mass (historically defined as about 15-20percent of the market)... more »

In just 15 years, the world as we know it will have transformed forever. The ​age of oil, gas, coal and nuclear will be over. A new age of clean power and smarter cars will fundamentally, totally, and permanently disrupt the existing fossil fuel-dependent industrial infrastructure in a way that even the most starry-eyed proponents of ‘green energy’ could never have imagined ...___Energy industry changes could happen faster than expected. “Should solar continue on its exponential trajectory, the energy infrastructure will be 100-percent solar by 2030,” [Tony] Seba said. “The only reason for this not to happen is that governments will protect or subsidize conventional coal, nuclear, oil, gas generating stations—even when this means higher prices for consumers.”

Although the exact time may be debated, the idea that the cross-over point may come sooner than expected is interesting. 

Author of The Great Disruption, [Paul] Gilding said that “it’s the systemic interactions of software, new players, disruptive business models and technology that accelerates the shift,” and which “will be self reinforcing”—not just cheap prices.

As a rule, Seba said, when a technology product achieves critical mass (historically defined as about 15-20 percent of the market), its market growth accelerates further, and sometimes exponentially, due to the positive feedback effects. In hundreds of markets around the world, unsubsidized solar is already cheaper than subsidized fossil fuels and nuclear power. A new Deutsche Bank report just made headlines at the end of October for predicting that solar electricity in the US is on track to be as cheap or cheaper than fossil fuels as early as 2016.

Within just 15 years, he said, solar and wind power will provide 100 percent of energy in competitive markets, with no need for government subsidies.

Source: 

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/how-solar-power-could-slay-the-fossil-fuel-empire-by-2030

Read more:

Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation: How Silicon Valley Will Make Oil, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Coal, Electric Utilities and Conventional Cars Obsolete by 2030

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0692210539

#energy #electric #power #renewables #economics
#sciencesunday #scienceonG + #tech   #stem

posted image

2015-01-11 02:26:24 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Brilliant, beautiful dragon. I desired dragons with a profound desire. Of course, I in my timid body did not wish to have them in the neighborhood. But the world that contained even the imagination of Fáfnir was richer and more beautiful, at whatever the cost of peril.
― J.R.R. Tolkien

I love the the idea and the execution - thanks +Ninja On Rye for sharing. 

#dragon #projection #art  #design

A brilliant dragon projection on a building, looks as if it's smashing in and out of the walls.  Fire jets are timed to actually shoot out from the building in sequence with the projected dragon breathing flames.
One minute long.___Brilliant, beautiful dragon. I desired dragons with a profound desire. Of course, I in my timid body did not wish to have them in the neighborhood. But the world that contained even the imagination of Fáfnir was richer and more beautiful, at whatever the cost of peril.
― J.R.R. Tolkien

I love the the idea and the execution - thanks +Ninja On Rye for sharing. 

#dragon #projection #art  #design

posted image

2015-01-08 13:21:41 (4 comments, 11 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Brilliant engineers and the OmniProcesser turn biowaste into water. :)

From Bill Gates' blog:
http://www.gatesnotes.com/Development/Omniprocessor-From-Poop-to-Potable

Potable water is safe for human consumption. :)

#reinventingthetoilet   #renewable   #waterandenergy   #sustainability   #stem   #engineersrule     

Brilliant engineers and the OmniProcesser turn biowaste into water. :)

From Bill Gates' blog:
http://www.gatesnotes.com/Development/Omniprocessor-From-Poop-to-Potable

Potable water is safe for human consumption. :)

#reinventingthetoilet   #renewable   #waterandenergy   #sustainability   #stem   #engineersrule     ___

posted image

2015-01-07 14:19:00 (20 comments, 9 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

Gender and Violence.   Socially acceptable violence: rape is unacceptable to 86.4%, yet a sizable number of participants  (31%) indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse. 

Fascinating insights into a serious and pervasive problem. The report “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” is available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015.

Reshared from +Zuleyka Zevallos added the following comments:

TW: Rape: Rape culture and Sexual Coercion
Here is an outstanding post by +Kimberly Chapman who discusses research on how men misunderstand the concept of rape. As I wrote on Kimberley's original thread, there is a lot of social science research showing that the socialisation of sex is a big part of this problem. Men and women don't know how torecognis... more »

TRIGGER WARNINGS FOR RAPE DISCUSSION

Campus Rape: It's Not All Misogyny

Amongst those who frequently talk about rape and other sexual assault issues pertaining to male perpetrators and female victims, there is often an assumption that rapists are aggressively hostile towards women.  But open hostility - such as believing that women are all asking for it, that they're sluts who manipulate men into buying gifts and dinners and then don't put out, or other typically stated resentments by so-called "men's rights activists" (MRAs) and "pick up artists" (PUAs) - is not actually required for rape to occur.

The key difference lies in whether the man himself thinks of what he's doing as rape or not.  Several studies and reports have circulated in recent years indicating that a lot more men will admit to descriptive situations that involve coerced sex as long as you don't use the word rape in the description.  We've several chilling stories about how men will casually admit to having had sex with a woman who was unconscious, having used roofies, or having used some of the PUA techniques that involve physical coercion because they feel entitled to sex in these situations and fundamentally do not see themselves as having raped anybody.

Even victims don't often want to admit they've been raped.  That word is so loaded with ugliness, trauma, and victim-blaming that many victims themselves will go to lengths to explain away a rape, especially during the initial trauma period.  This is part of why we've seen calls for rape investigations to be less brutal towards victims, less requiring of nailed-down specifics, and more flexible as their minds process what happened over time.  Unfortunately, because our society is still so deeply mired in victim-blaming, many of these attempts to revise justice systems or reporting systems get written off as allowing female victims time to "make things up" instead of recognizing the psychological processes at work.

A new study by Sara Edwards, PhD, and Kathryn Bradshaw of University of North Dakota in Grand Forks, and Verlin Hinsz, PhD of North Dakota State University in Fargo, appearing in the peer-reviewed journal Violence and Gender entitled “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” (available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015) contrasted male survey respondents who were willing to engage in coercive sexual activities versus those who were willing to rape in terms of their responses to other survey elements geared to gauge their relative hostility towards women versus a callous sexual attitude as part of wider hyermasculinity.

Hostility towards women was measured using statements as I've mentioned above, and the callous sexual attitude measurement looked at what many of us engaged in activism typically refer to as entitlement: the objectification of women, the supposition that "real men" are sexually dominant and "score" a lot, that men allegedly have uncontrollable desires, and that therefore if a man is to be a "real man" he needs to be supplied with sex regardless of whether the woman involved really wants to or not.

From the study:

Given that callous sexual attitudes permit violence and consider women as passive sexual objects, it follows that for men who endorse these, sexual aggression becomes an appropriate and accepted expression of masculinity. In this sense, using force to obtain intercourse does not become an act of rape, but rather an expression of hypermasculinity, which may be thought of as a desirable disposition in certain subcultures. Taken together, these research findings suggest that an expression of hypermasculinity through callous sexual attitudes may relate to an inclination to endorse a behavioral description (i.e., using force to hold an individual down) versus referring to a sexually aggressive act as rape. Hence, we hypothesize that the construct of callous sexual attitudes will be found at the highest levels in those men who endorse intentions to force a woman to sexual acts but deny intentions to rape.

In other words, the researchers wanted to see if this entitlement attitude many of us have been decrying is linked to approval for coerced sex if you take away the loaded word "rape", versus requiring actual hostile misogyny to approve of such situations.

And it is.

Their conclusion:

As hypothesized, a sizable number of participants indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse, but would not rape a woman. Men who indicate intentions to use force but deny intentions to rape exhibit a unique disposition featuring an inverse construct of hostility toward women but high levels of callous sexual attitudes (Check 1985). Given that hostility toward women involves resentment, bitterness, rejection sensitivity, and paranoia about women's motives, we consider the inverse of hostility toward women in men that intend to use force to be indicative of an affable, trusting, and nonreactive affect toward women. When combined with callous sexual attitudes, we interpret this function as representing personality characteristics that might lend themselves to allowing men to not perceive his actions as rape and may even view the forced intercourse as an achievement. The primary motivation in this case could be sexual gratification, accomplishment, and/or perceived compliance with stereotypical masculine gender norms. The use of force in these cases might be seen as an acceptable mean to reach one's goal, or the woman's “no” is perceived as a token resistance consistent with stereotypical gender norms. While the ultimate outcome of either act constitutes rape, this pattern of results suggests that there might be different types of offenders with potential differences in underlying motivation, cognition, and/or personality traits.

I want to highlight some phrases in there:

"an affable, trusting, and nonreactive affect toward women" - This is why so many victims of rape are so mind-boggled by the event that they themselves don't know how to label it, because he was their friend.  He was that nice guy, that harmless guy, that funny guy, that decent fella everyone likes.  So even if the victim can get over her own mental roadblock and realizes, "He is not nice because HE RAPED ME," when she reports this to mutual friends, she is routinely met with disbelief.  "What? Him?  No way!  He's so nice!  He'd never do that!"  Except that he did, and now the victim is plunged into a world of self-doubt, doubt by friends, and questions from all sides about what she did to make this happen.  Did she lead him on?  Did she ever flirt with him or send him mixed signals?  Those questions should be irrelevant but that's what she'll get in her face constantly, even from within her own head.

"may even view the forced intercourse as an achievement" - This is why so many of us complain about casual use of women as prizes in literature/movies/games/other entertainment, even down to those items geared towards very young children.  When we routinely enforce the girl-as-prize trope, we are helping to enforce a key component of a set of attitudes that is leading to real-life rape.  The stories and games that deliver women as literal prizes to "heroes" rarely give the woman a choice in this outcome, teaching girls and boys, men and women that female consent is irrelevant if the male has "earned" this reward, or worse, that a female who withholds consent at the point of being a prize is breaking the game or wrecking the ending.

"The primary motivation in this case could be sexual gratification, accomplishment, and/or perceived compliance with stereotypical masculine gender norms." - Or what many of us simply call "entitlement", the notion that a man is allowed to have these things, that women are provided by fate or circumstances to supply it, and if women don't like it they shouldn't go out, shouldn't wear that dress, shouldn't drink, or shouldn't live their lives.  Because boys will be boys and apparently part of that is being allowed to stick your penis in any available vagina, with "availability" not necessarily including "clear consent".

"the woman's “no” is perceived as a token resistance consistent with stereotypical gender norms" - This is why we chant, "Whatever we wear, wherever we go, yes means yes and no means no!"  Because PUA training (and society in general) tells men that women really do want to say yes to them but have to be coerced into it one way or another so women can free themselves from the sexist bonds of the supposed morality of chastity.  Some PUAs even see themselves as heros of sexual liberation, casting themselves in such a positive light that they cannot comprehend why they ever get negative reactions.

Plus it implies that a woman who has said yes before - to that man or to any other man - then somehow owes more yeses, because that chastity gate has been unlocked and therefore is expected to remain unlocked for all time.

All of this concocted nuance about the word "no" misses the point that "no" should be seen as an absolute.  If a man suspects a woman of playing "head games" and meaning "yes" when she says "no", he should either directly ask for clarification or go with the assumption of "no" meaning "no" until the woman herself changes it to a "yes" of her own volition.  Because here's a hint to the male "players" out there: most of the time when a woman says "no" to you she does not want to have sex with you and you need to get over your entitlement issues and move along.


So what does all of this mean for campus rape prevention?  It means we can't keep just screaming, "Misogyny!" at the obvious MRAs and PUAs and expect anything to get better, because to be blunt, the actual misogynists are not going to listen anyway.  But this study reveals inroads to getting to those men who are raping while defining it away in their own minds as something else, the ones who seem "like such a nice guy" but apparently don't mind scoring points with their brethren using coercive techniques upon women.

The authors conclude,

Men who are primarily motivated by negative, hostile affect toward women and who conceptualize their own intentions and behaviors as rape are unlikely to benefit from the large group primary prevention efforts done as part of college outreach efforts. However, programming using a group and norm-based approach appears to be appropriate for men who endorse force but deny rape, as long as the programming can establish rapport and credibility with participants. Because these men do not view their sexually aggressive intentions as rape, failing to attend to issues around beliefs about the stereotypical rapist and not identifying with them could weaken the effectiveness of the programming due to not receiving buy in from participants. This would ultimately likely leave the men who could benefit most from these prevention efforts disengaged.

In other words, we need to establish campus-specific socialization programs that reduce the need for and spread of hypermasculine norms, which frankly would benefit many men anyway since many men do not want to engage in those narrow definitions of what constitutes a "real man".  The traditional campus hazing rituals and party games that emphasize "real manhood" in terms of aggression, drunkenness, and other stereotypical "masculine" behaviours need to be barred from campuses entirely.  Further, there needs to be real education available in a non-obtrusive way that suggests alternative definitions of masculinity that embrace all men - gay, straight, nerds, jocks, etc - while simultaneously clamping down on any lingering "boys will be boys" excuses that not only allow perpetual violence but help to enforce it as a valid behaviour in the first place.

This might mean that some of the blunt campaigns those of us who already get it favour - like posters that simply say, "Don't Rape" - are not effective with the "callous sexual attitude" set because as far as they're concerned, they're not raping so they'll ignore those posters.  Better simple slogans may be those that emphasize consent - ie "No means no" and "Absence of No Does Not Mean Yes" - may be more effective.  We need other strategies to get and hold the attention of men who already have a callous sexual attitude and turn them away from that, using their own social groups to bolster these strategies because that's going to be a lot more effective than an external force coming forth with what seems like a scolding for something they're pretty sure they've never done.

We also need to do better at seeding the concepts of female autonomy and required consent on a wider social scale.  That means shunning those games/movies/books/etc that promote women as prizes or sex as a point system.  Male virgins need to no longer be objects of ridicule while female virgins need to no longer be objects of high value.  "Deflowering" and "cherry popping" need to go in terms of concepts of some kind of special event men get to apply to women.  First sex is over-romanticized all over the place which is bad enough for so many reasons outside the scope of this article, but specifically making it a prize that experienced men get to win out of inexperienced women needs to be seen as creepy, not points to be won.

Lastly, as I have said so many times, a lot of this has to come from the men who get it towards the men who don't.  That can be as simple as no longer silently standing by when your male friends display callous sexual attitudes.  Stand up and say, "Hey, that's not cool" when you hear rape jokes in your video game sessions.  When your friend in the bar is assigning point values to women around the room, try saying, "Or maybe they're human beings and not prizes for you to win."  For too long the actual good guys have lived in fear of rejection by the jerks.  It's time to turn that around and speak out so the jerks are the ones being ostracized for their ugly attitudes, and that can only happen if those of you who know better take the initiative and do it.

Image source, a potentially better campaign that emphasizes consent: http://www.theviolencestopshere.ca/dbtg.php .

#rape   #campusrape   #rapeprevention   #science  

Banhammer is in effect for any comments that engage in victim-blaming or derailment from the focus of this study.

PS If you think you may have coerced someone into sex or think you might be inclined to do so, don't bury that.  Deal with it.  Start by seeking professional counselling because that professional can help you figure out what you're doing wrong, how to stop it, and what, if anything, you need to do to rectify what you've already done.___Gender and Violence.   Socially acceptable violence: rape is unacceptable to 86.4%, yet a sizable number of participants  (31%) indicated that they might use force to obtain intercourse. 

Fascinating insights into a serious and pervasive problem. The report “Denying Rape but Endorsing Forceful Intercourse: Exploring Differences Among Responders,” is available for free at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2014.0022 until February 6, 2015.

Reshared from +Zuleyka Zevallos added the following comments:

TW: Rape: Rape culture and Sexual Coercion
Here is an outstanding post by +Kimberly Chapman who discusses research on how men misunderstand the concept of rape. As I wrote on Kimberley's original thread, there is a lot of social science research showing that the socialisation of sex is a big part of this problem. Men and women don't know how to recognise rape because sexual coercion is part of the way rape culture becomes normalised. 

Research on teenagers shows that girls experience sexual coercion regularly within their early relationships. They do not see this as rape and they do not understand these experiences as abnormal because they have nothing else to compare to. Heterosexual girls and boys are socialised to accept the idea that girls are the "gatekeepers" of male sexuality. Girls are put in a "no win situation" where if they don't have sex, they risk losing their boyfriends, who pressure them into sex. At the same time, if they don't carefully manage their sexual relationships, they will be seen as "sluts" or "too easy." Girls and boys see that it's a woman's role to keep boys' sexual desires in check; it's their job to say no; and they buy into the myth that once sex is initiated it's too difficult to say no (e.g. http://goo.gl/3DyPlN). 

At the cultural levels, rape is constructed as something that happens to women as they walk down the street at night, even though research shows that women are overwhelmingly raped and assaulted by intimate partners. Nationally representative data published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics finds that 17% of all Australian women aged over 18 have experienced sexual assault since the age of 15; this obviously does not include under-age girls (http://goo.gl/pXdIai).  Almost 88% of these incidents involved a man that the women knew, predominantly former partners, as well as friends, colleagues and family members.

Only 14% of these women reported incidents involving a partner to the police, and only 16% reported incidents involving a stranger. The main reason for not reporting rape and sexual assault is that the women thought others would perceive the event was "too minor" and they wanted to avoid being shamed. 

We need to move away from thinking that there are different "kinds" of rape, and see the connection between a culture of coercion and sexual assault.

#sociology   #socialscience  

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2015-01-07 13:59:39 (4 comments, 14 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

Gigapixels of Andromeda [4k]. "As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth."  - physicist +Brian Koberlein 

#scienceeveryday  #space #photography #universe #humansareawesome

My God It's Full of Stars

One of the more difficult ideas to grasp in astronomy is the sheer scale of the cosmos. Even as a professional in the field it’s much easier to focus on numbers and data than really step back and appreciate scale. Every now and then there is an image that forces you contemplate scale, such as the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Now NASA and ESA have released a new image of the Andromeda galaxy. It is the most detailed image of Andromeda ever made,and you can check it out in this video.

The total image has about 1.5 billion pixels, and shows over 100 million stars across 40,000 light years. In the image you can see the brilliant swirls of Andromeda’s spiral arms, but when you zoom in the dusty swirls resolve into individual stars. A vast sea of stars.

Andromeda is relatively close by cosmic standards. It’s only 2.5 million light years away, which is why we can resolve the galaxy in such detail.  But this shows only the brighter stars of Andromeda. It’s estimated that Andromeda contains about a trillion stars, most of which are too small and dim to resolve in this image. We’re still only seeing a fraction of the stars in this galaxy.

As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth. Multiply this image by ten, and for all of it there is only one single human being. The same is true for every person on the planet.

Images such as these often give a feeling of smallness. Within the vast cosmos we are merely dust upon dust. But to me it demonstrates just how rare and wondrous each of us are. We can look on an image such as this, see the spirals of stars, and we can understand the cosmos.___Gigapixels of Andromeda [4k]. "As you look on this image, keep in mind that this is only part of a nearby galaxy. Our own galaxy would look similar, as would many others. It’s estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies in the visible universe. That’s more than 10 galaxies for every man, woman and child on Earth."  - physicist +Brian Koberlein 

#scienceeveryday  #space #photography #universe #humansareawesome

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2014-12-25 13:40:56 (10 comments, 2 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Boldly go. :) Happy holidays to all *<|:o)

Thanks +Derya Unutmaz​ for sharing. :)

#christmas #sweaters #startrek #spaceexploration

Happy holidays to all!___Boldly go. :) Happy holidays to all *<|:o)

Thanks +Derya Unutmaz​ for sharing. :)

#christmas #sweaters #startrek #spaceexploration

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2014-12-25 13:19:33 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Investing in universities lays the foundation for thriving tech centers - how Pittsburgh got it right. Very interesting article for communities wanting to entice the tech sector.

Every so often, I have people telling me how tech companies should obviously be investing heavily in some locale or another, generally with one or two things in its favor: a lot of people who want to work, good cost of living, or something like that. Every time, I have to break it to them that these things just aren't enough to justify investment, and the critical thing which is always missing is having enough skilled people in an area: not just enough for one company, but enough to create a thriving ecosystem in the area. Without that ecosystem, more skilled people won't come, because they know it's that one job or bust; they know they'll have better opportunities elsewhere. And ultimately, you'll hemorrhage what few good people you had.

(This is most extreme in technology, where the workers generally have the economic power to pack up and move if they want to. If you're setting up low- or mid-skilled labor, the calculus is very different, which is why traditional factories end up in different kinds of places.)

However, this isn't a story about what doesn't work: it's a story about what does. Pittsburgh has managed to create exactly the sort of thriving ecosystem that encourages heavy investment, and is building up its own scene. This article goes through the things which Pittsburgh did which made this possible, and my perspective from inside tech is that it gets it pretty much right.

The absolutely key thing, without which none of this would have been possible, is it having a stable cluster of very strong universities around. What Pitt and CMU create is a pool of very experienced people (in their faculty) who are sitting around, coming up with ideas, and farming them out; a steady stream of new, good people (in their students) coming out and looking for work, already in the area; and an existing, stable hub of such people that a new company showing up could interact with, have people go back and forth with, and so on. The other things the article mentions, about finance, the role of local government, and city size, are all important, but are all to some extent fixable if you have that critical first thing.

So if you want your community to become a major tech hub, there's one simple thing you need to do first: make its university a top-flight research center in at least a handful of fields. That requires some investment and time, but is something that communities can actually do, and the rewards are intense and long-term.___Investing in universities lays the foundation for thriving tech centers - how Pittsburgh got it right. Very interesting article for communities wanting to entice the tech sector.

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2014-12-14 17:36:50 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

4142 years ago humans finished an amazing adventure. It's time to go further. :)   #humansareawesome  

Pictures from our last moon walk - thanks +CBS News,   +Michael Okuda, and +Bobak Ferdowsi for sharing. 

[edited to correct the time lapse - thanks +Chris McClelland, FPGA Expert and Spacecraft Engineer] 

Dec. 13, 2013 marks the 41st [sic] anniversary of the last moonwalk. Apollo 17 crew members Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began their final surface mission at 10:25 p.m. Dec. 13, 1972. The moonwalk eneded early in the morning on Dec. 14.

http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/last-trip-to-the-moon/

#nasa   #apollo   #moon #landing #spaceexploration  

Beautiful pictures from the last time we set foot on a foreign world, forty one years ago, today. Via +Michael Okuda___4142 years ago humans finished an amazing adventure. It's time to go further. :)   #humansareawesome  

Pictures from our last moon walk - thanks +CBS News,   +Michael Okuda, and +Bobak Ferdowsi for sharing. 

[edited to correct the time lapse - thanks +Chris McClelland, FPGA Expert and Spacecraft Engineer] 

Dec. 13, 2013 marks the 41st [sic] anniversary of the last moonwalk. Apollo 17 crew members Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began their final surface mission at 10:25 p.m. Dec. 13, 1972. The moonwalk eneded early in the morning on Dec. 14.

http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/last-trip-to-the-moon/

#nasa   #apollo   #moon #landing #spaceexploration  

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2014-12-14 14:50:49 (0 comments, 26 reshares, 71 +1s)Open 

Free Fundamentals of Neuroscience  4-part course from +Harvard University. http://www.mcb80x.org/

Fundamentals of Neuroscience has four parts:

1. Electrical Properties of the Neuron 
2. Neurons & Networks 
3. The Brain
4. The Mind & Society

From the Course Information:

MCB80x: Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a four part course that explores the structure and function of the nervous system -- from the microscopic inner workings of a single nerve cell, to the staggering complexity of the brain, and beyond to the social interactions and societal dynamics that our brains make possible. We’ll take a look at how our nervous system enables every part of human experience -- our senses, movement, personality, emotion -- and how drugs and disease can alter and disrupt normal function.

In the first part (MCB80.1x) we’ll look at how individualneurons ... more »

Online neuroscience learning
The Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a free online course from Harvard and it looks wonderful – thanks to them employing animators, digital artists and scientists to lift the course above the usual read and repeat learning.
The course is already underway but you can register and start learning until mid-December and you can watch any of the previews to get a feel for what’s being taught. You need to register to access the full content but there’s plenty of trailers online. Great stuff.

Give it a try here:
http://www.mcb80x.org/

Source: MindHacks
http://mindhacks.com/2014/11/07/beautiful-online-neuroscience-learning/?__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930#__scoop_post=a52ab750-6767-11e4-ab93-90b11c3d2b20&__scoop_topic=855930

#neuroscience   #onlineschool  ___Free Fundamentals of Neuroscience  4-part course from +Harvard University. http://www.mcb80x.org/

Fundamentals of Neuroscience has four parts:

1. Electrical Properties of the Neuron 
2. Neurons & Networks 
3. The Brain
4. The Mind & Society

From the Course Information:

MCB80x: Fundamentals of Neuroscience is a four part course that explores the structure and function of the nervous system -- from the microscopic inner workings of a single nerve cell, to the staggering complexity of the brain, and beyond to the social interactions and societal dynamics that our brains make possible. We’ll take a look at how our nervous system enables every part of human experience -- our senses, movement, personality, emotion -- and how drugs and disease can alter and disrupt normal function.

In the first part (MCB80.1x) we’ll look at how individual neurons use electricity to transmit information. We’ll invite you to build up a neuron, piece by piece, using interactive simulations, and we’ll take you on field trips in and around Harvard and Boston, bring you into the lab, and show you how to conduct DIY neuroscience experiments on your own. (Exam period has passed.)

In the second part (MCB80x.2) we will explore how neurons communicate with each other. We will investigate the collective behavior of neurons in small circuits and ways in which signals between neurons are modulated. Exam period from 12/08/2014 through 1/08/2015 (if you register today, Sunday, Dec 14, 2014.)

Great materials - fascinating topic - free and available online - thanks +Corina Marinescu for sharing! :)

In celebration of #sciencesunday  +ScienceSunday 

#neuroscience #stem #education #brain #mind #freecourse

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2014-12-05 04:33:34 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality.  Interesting article. :)

Thanks Physicist +Amine Benaichouche for resharing.  Amine adds:

"The reasons are not so strong but it's still a possibility."

Hmm... select a few basic rules, establish some initial conditions, and watch a very complex simulation run. Then vary the initial conditions just a bit - and run it again. And again, and again...

If creating such a simulation were possible - wonder what the scientists - and their world - would be like? :)

#quantum   #physics  #universe #simulation #computerscience 

10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality
by Brian Whitworth - Gizmodo
#theoreticalphysics  

Physical realism is the view that the physical world we see is real and exists by itself, alone. Most people think this is self-evident, but physical realism has been struggling with the facts of physics for some time now. The paradoxes that baffled physics last century still baffle it today, and its great hopes of string theory and supersymmetry aren't leading anywhere.

In contrast, quantum theory works, but quantum waves that entangle, superpose, then collapse to a point are physically impossible—they must be "imaginary." So for the first time in history, a theory of what doesn't exist is successfully predicting what does—but how can the unreal predict the real?

Quantum realism is the opposite view—that the quantum world is real and is creating the physical world as a virtual reality. Quantum mechanics thus predicts physical mechanics because it causes them. Physics saying that quantum states don't exist is like the Wizard of Oz telling Dorothy, "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain."

Quantum realism isn't The Matrix, where the other world making ours was also physical. Nor is it a brain-in-a-vat idea, as this virtuality was in play long before humans came along. Nor is it that a phantom other world modifies ours—our physical world is the phantom. In physical realism, the quantum world is impossible, but in quantum realism the physical world is impossible—unless it is a virtual reality—as these examples demonstrate.

http://goo.gl/p8qlHa___10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality.  Interesting article. :)

Thanks Physicist +Amine Benaichouche for resharing.  Amine adds:

"The reasons are not so strong but it's still a possibility."

Hmm... select a few basic rules, establish some initial conditions, and watch a very complex simulation run. Then vary the initial conditions just a bit - and run it again. And again, and again...

If creating such a simulation were possible - wonder what the scientists - and their world - would be like? :)

#quantum   #physics  #universe #simulation #computerscience 

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2014-12-05 01:26:19 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

The story of Mars. Something bad happened to the once-wet world - we may be about to discover what. +NASA​ Space Place physicist +Ethan Siegel​​​ explains.

[Edited]

#earth #mars #habitableplanets #spaceexploration #nasa #maven #scienceeveryday

"So when you see this cold, dry, red planet hovering in the night skies, know that it not only wasn’t always that way, but that between the orbiters and the rovers we’ve got exploring it we just might be on the cusp of finding out how it came to be this way!"

You might think there's very little that Earth and Mars have in common, with our planet covered in water, with a thick atmosphere, active magnetic field and teeming with life, while Mars is a dry, cold, barred desert world that's incapable of liquid water. But for the first one or two billion years of its existence, Mars likely had liquid water and all the right conditions for life. What happened? The leading theory says that Mars cooled, lost its magnetic field, and had its atmosphere stripped away by the solar wind, and NASA's MAVEN mission is about to take the data to either validate or falsify this hypothesis!___The story of Mars. Something bad happened to the once-wet world - we may be about to discover what. +NASA​ Space Place physicist +Ethan Siegel​​​ explains.

[Edited]

#earth #mars #habitableplanets #spaceexploration #nasa #maven #scienceeveryday

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2014-11-30 03:42:28 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Wanderers: A Stunning Short Video of our Future in Space.  Short (4-min) video imaging humans exploring our local solar system. :)

Film: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/

Gallery: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/gallery.html

Thanks +Constantine Thomas and +Philip Plait for sharing +Erik Wernquist's beautiful film. :)

#spaceexploration   #carlsagan #wanderers #humansareawesome  

This is a pretty amazing video (plus, narration by Carl Sagan also helps!). Why the hell aren't we out there doing this stuff? And is it sad that I recognise every location they show? :) 
http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2014/11/29/wanderers_video_of_our_future_in_space_exploration.html___Wanderers: A Stunning Short Video of our Future in Space.  Short (4-min) video imaging humans exploring our local solar system. :)

Film: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/

Gallery: http://www.erikwernquist.com/wanderers/gallery.html

Thanks +Constantine Thomas and +Philip Plait for sharing +Erik Wernquist's beautiful film. :)

#spaceexploration   #carlsagan #wanderers #humansareawesome  

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2014-11-25 13:18:39 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

MICAI 2014 fue bueno. :) Excellent key-note speakers, enthusiastic students, researchers from all over the world. 

Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence
http://www.micai.org/

Dr. Hojjat Adeli, Ohio State University [1]
Keynote: Mining Data of Complex and Chaotic Signals: Automated Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders.

Dr. Bonnie E. John, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center [2],  Carnegie Mellon PI for CogTool, open source user experience analysis tool [3,4]
Keynote: The User Experience of Cognitive Systems

Dr. John Sowa, VivoMind Research; IBM (retired) [5,6],
creator of Conceptual Graph knowledge representation formalism
Keynote: Why has AI failed? And how can it succeed?

Muchas gracias a Alexander Gelbukh, Grigori Sidorov, Félix Castro, Sofía Galicia Haro, IldarBatyr... more »

MICAI-2014: 13th Mexican International Conference on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
MICAI-2014         13th Mexican International Conference on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE          November 16 to 22, 2014         Publication: Springer LNAI (EI, ISI)          www.micai.org/2014         Submission: July 1 / 7 == GENERAL INFORMATION Topics: all a...___MICAI 2014 fue bueno. :) Excellent key-note speakers, enthusiastic students, researchers from all over the world. 

Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence
http://www.micai.org/

Dr. Hojjat Adeli, Ohio State University [1]
Keynote: Mining Data of Complex and Chaotic Signals: Automated Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders.

Dr. Bonnie E. John, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center [2],  Carnegie Mellon PI for CogTool, open source user experience analysis tool [3,4]
Keynote: The User Experience of Cognitive Systems

Dr. John Sowa, VivoMind Research; IBM (retired) [5,6],
creator of Conceptual Graph knowledge representation formalism
Keynote: Why has AI failed? And how can it succeed?

Muchas gracias a Alexander Gelbukh, Grigori Sidorov, Félix Castro, Sofía Galicia Haro, Ildar Batyrshin, Miguel Gonzalez Mendoza, Imelda Valles y Raúl Monroy.

[1] https://ceg.osu.edu/people/adeli.1
[2] http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view.php?person=us-bejohn
[3] http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view_group.php?id=2238
[4] http://cogtool.com/overview-of-cogtool/
[5] http://www.jfsowa.com/pubs/
[6] http://www.vivomind.net/

#micai #artificialintelligence #AI #neuralnetworks   #complexity #hci #watson #cognitivescience #cognitivecomputing #strongAI

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2014-11-22 13:49:29 (9 comments, 3 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Worth reading. Really. Perhaps especially if you're wondering what the fuss is about.

h/t +Rachel Blum​

#stem #shirtstorm

#shirtstorm   #shirtgate  ___Worth reading. Really. Perhaps especially if you're wondering what the fuss is about.

h/t +Rachel Blum​

#stem #shirtstorm

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2014-11-19 12:49:44 (18 comments, 7 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Philae finds evidence of organic molecules - life's building blocks - on comet. Congrats to the Rosetta team - and thanks +Bobak Ferdowsi​​ for linking to this great update on this fascinating mission.

#rosetta #spaceexploration #esa

It's so very exciting that Philae's COSAC found evidence of life's building blocks (organic compounds). Scientists have often thought that comets could be the great delivery system of the solar system, bringing water and other ingredients to celestial bodies. Let's hope they get some more samples when Philae wakes up!

More: http://spaceflightnow.com/2014/11/18/philae-finds-comet-harbors-organics/___Philae finds evidence of organic molecules - life's building blocks - on comet. Congrats to the Rosetta team - and thanks +Bobak Ferdowsi​​ for linking to this great update on this fascinating mission.

#rosetta #spaceexploration #esa

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2014-11-09 13:41:40 (0 comments, 15 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Debugging the code of life. CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows us to make small edits to modify and improve genetic code written in DNA. This powerful technology has promising applications in agriculture and medicine. 

"The first evidence that CRISPR can reverse disease symptoms in living animals was demonstrated in March 2014, when MIT researchers cured mice of a rare liver disorder." [1]

"...four research teams reported harnessing the system...to target the destruction of specific genes in human cells...various groups have used it to delete, add, activate or suppress targeted genes in human cells, mice, rats, zebrafish, bacteria, fruit flies, yeast, nematodes and crops, demonstrating broad utility for the technique. With CRISPR, scientists can create mouse models of human diseases much more quickly than before, study individual genes much faster, and easily change multiple... more »

This is an animation to better understand the way CRISPR-Cas9 method is used in genome editing.

CRISPR-Cas9 a powerful new technology with many applications in biomedical research, including the potential to treat human genetic disease.



___Debugging the code of life. CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows us to make small edits to modify and improve genetic code written in DNA. This powerful technology has promising applications in agriculture and medicine. 

"The first evidence that CRISPR can reverse disease symptoms in living animals was demonstrated in March 2014, when MIT researchers cured mice of a rare liver disorder." [1]

"...four research teams reported harnessing the system...to target the destruction of specific genes in human cells...various groups have used it to delete, add, activate or suppress targeted genes in human cells, mice, rats, zebrafish, bacteria, fruit flies, yeast, nematodes and crops, demonstrating broad utility for the technique. With CRISPR, scientists can create mouse models of human diseases much more quickly than before, study individual genes much faster, and easily change multiple genes in cells at once to study their interactions." [2]

CRISPRs are locations in a gene that contain short palindromic repeating sequences of nucleobases , i.e. guanine, adenine, cytosine, and thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA. 

Cas genes are associated with CRISPRs and create proteins that can be used to edit regions of genetic code.  

Uploaded by the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT.
http://mcgovern.mit.edu/

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CRISPR
[2] The CRISPR Craze, Science, Aug-2013. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6148/833

#crispr #cas #biodebug #stem   #research   #genome #medicine #agriculture

Thanks +Susana M. for sharing!

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+ :)

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2014-11-09 12:56:53 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Rosetta preparing to send robotic explorer Philae to the comet.   Great video for science educators (and the rest of us). Descent begins Tues 11-Nov-14, with landing due on Wed 12-Nov.

Mission Website
http://rosetta.esa.int/

Landing timeline
http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/11/07/rosetta-and-philae-landing-timeline/

Where is Rosetta? (interactive)
http://sci.esa.int/where_is_rosetta/

Rosetta NavCam Images
http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov/content-credit/esa/rosetta/navcam

NASA Rosetta Site
http://www.nasa.gov/rosetta/

Preparing for Comet Landing (video)
Preparing for #CometLanding

Visualization of Landing (video)
Philae's descent: closing in on the landing site

#rosetta #philae #comet   #67P #stem #education #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sc... more »

Find out how Rosetta and Philae are preparing for their biggest adventure yet - landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The latest installment in our once upon a time cartoon series.

Available in the following languages:
Italian: http://youtu.be/pNwPY5__SNw
French: http://youtu.be/KeCse_mA2cs
Spanish: http://youtu.be/sEexOXkazWs
German: http://youtu.be/afbfA3HaCxc
English: http://youtu.be/AvkPFXdpOQQ

#Rosetta #rosettamission #Philae #cometlanding  ___Rosetta preparing to send robotic explorer Philae to the comet.   Great video for science educators (and the rest of us). Descent begins Tues 11-Nov-14, with landing due on Wed 12-Nov.

Mission Website
http://rosetta.esa.int/

Landing timeline
http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/11/07/rosetta-and-philae-landing-timeline/

Where is Rosetta? (interactive)
http://sci.esa.int/where_is_rosetta/

Rosetta NavCam Images
http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov/content-credit/esa/rosetta/navcam

NASA Rosetta Site
http://www.nasa.gov/rosetta/

Preparing for Comet Landing (video)
Preparing for #CometLanding

Visualization of Landing (video)
Philae's descent: closing in on the landing site

#rosetta #philae #comet   #67P #stem #education #spaceexploration  

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+ 

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2014-11-08 15:33:55 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Inferno.  Just finished Dan Brown's book Inferno. Recommended if you liked The DaVinci Code, Angels & Demons or remember reading Dante's Divine Comedy: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso.

We seem to like the circles of hell the best. :)

Dante's Nine Circles of Hell.
http://historylists.org/art/9-circles-of-hell-dantes-inferno.html

Illustrations to accompany the book.
http://www.templarinfernobookreview.com/dan_brown_inferno_illustrations.htm

http://www.danbrown.com/

#inferno #danbrown #readingisfun  #favoritebooks

Image: "Michelino DanteAndHisPoem".
Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg

Inferno.  Just finished Dan Brown's book Inferno. Recommended if you liked The DaVinci Code, Angels & Demons or remember reading Dante's Divine Comedy: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso.

We seem to like the circles of hell the best. :)

Dante's Nine Circles of Hell.
http://historylists.org/art/9-circles-of-hell-dantes-inferno.html

Illustrations to accompany the book.
http://www.templarinfernobookreview.com/dan_brown_inferno_illustrations.htm

http://www.danbrown.com/

#inferno #danbrown #readingisfun  #favoritebooks

Image: "Michelino DanteAndHisPoem".
Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Michelino_DanteAndHisPoem.jpg___

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2014-11-08 15:05:00 (11 comments, 11 reshares, 64 +1s)Open 

We are witnessing the birth of planets.  See the dark rings? Those are areas where planets are being formed in this image of a young solar system taken by the incredible new ALMA radio telescopes in Chile. 

In Search of our Cosmic Origins
ALMA is the result of a truly global collaboration. 

ALMA is funded in Europe by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (#ESO), in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (#NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (#NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (#NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (#NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (#AS) in Taiwan.

http://www.almaobservatory.org/ #alma #planetformation  

Thanks +Brian Koberlein. 

Baby Picture

Every now and then in astronomy we’ll get an image that lets us actually see phenomena we have previously just deduced from other observations. The image above is one of them. It was taken by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), and shows an exoplanetary system in the process of forming. This isn’t an artistic rendering, it’s an actual image.

We’ve known for a while that planetary systems form along with a star. Known as the nebular model, the basic idea is that as a star forms within a large nebula (known as a stellar nursery) the surrounding gas and dust form an accretion disk around the star. Over time, protoplanets form within these disks, eventually clearing the system and becoming a planetary system such as our own solar system. We have a lot of evidence to support this model. We’ve observed stars forming within nebulae, and we have computer simulations showing how stars form an are cast out of a stellar nursery.  We’ve observed protoplanetary disks around young stars, and we have computer simulations showing how protoplanets begin forming within these disks. We’ve also found lots and lots of exoplanets. So we’ve known that out in the universe there are young stars where protoplanets are actively forming, we just haven’t observed them directly. Until now.

This particular image is of a star known as  HL Tauri. It is a young T-tauri type star about 450 light years away. The image was taken at wavelengths on the order of a millimeter, which is particularly good at penetrating the nebular material surrounding the young star. Because ALMA is an array of telescopes spread across 15 kilometers, it can capture images with a higher resolution than Hubble.

It’s the detail of this image that is astounding. Not only can you clearly see the disk, you can actually see gaps in the disk. These gaps are due to protoplanets either clearing the region of their orbit, or creating resonances within the disk to produce gaps, similar to the way Jupiter produces Kirkwood gaps in the asteroid belt. This image is crystal clear evidence of protoplanet formation, just as the nebular model predicts.

ALMA is still in its early stages. In a way, it is one of ALMA’s baby pictures as it gets up to speed. It also happens to be a baby picture of a whole new solar system.

Image: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)___We are witnessing the birth of planets.  See the dark rings? Those are areas where planets are being formed in this image of a young solar system taken by the incredible new ALMA radio telescopes in Chile. 

In Search of our Cosmic Origins
ALMA is the result of a truly global collaboration. 

ALMA is funded in Europe by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (#ESO), in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (#NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (#NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (#NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (#NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (#AS) in Taiwan.

http://www.almaobservatory.org/ #alma #planetformation  

Thanks +Brian Koberlein. 

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2014-10-30 12:57:46 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Untethered. Still holds the distance record from 1984. :)

Interesting article on what it takes to explore space without a ship. Thank you author +Lacerant Plainer! 

#space   #exploration  #scienceeveryday #humansareawesome  

Untethered : The picture is an amazing capture of Astronaut Bruce McCandless who till date hold the record of astronaut self-propulsion without a tether. Space is hard on humans. Much harder than one would expect. Besides the obvious issues of the intense cold, lack of atmosphere, hard vacuum and lack of gravity, there are all kinds of things that could go wrong. Astronauts have to guard against cosmic rays, micro particles and need to have a lot of equipment, including gyroscopes and nightmare scenarios of losing propulsion. In 1965, in a space-suit test gone awry, a technician in an altitude chamber was exposed to a hard vacuum. The defective suit was unable to hold pressure, and the man collapsed after fourteen seconds. We are not even getting into the effects on bones, muscles, cardiovascular system, and inner ear issues.

Unlike the movie Gravity : Calling the MMU a “backpack” was a little deceptive, since, in its final form, it weighed more than 300 pounds. It contained enough nitrogen to accelerate from zero to 45 mph—just once. To conserve that precious supply, astronauts would fly the MMU at a crawl, just a few inches per second. (George Clooney’s zipping around in the movie Gravity was preposterous: If an astronaut acted that recklessly, the MMU’s fuel tank would be empty in no time.)

Nightmares : Paul Bailey, an orbital mechanics specialist who helped train astronauts to fly the jetpack, felt confident in both Martin and in Ed Whitsett, but as the STS-41B launch approached, he had a recurring nightmare: He would be sitting on the shuttle’s tail section, with Earth filling the sky, just as McCandless and Stewart floated out of the airlock. “I was looking down the cargo bay over at the MMUs. And I thought, Holy mackerel, these people think I know what I’m talking about! And they’re going to die!” Waking up in a cold sweat, Bailey would grab his MMU reference book, go through it one more time, and reassure himself he hadn’t forgotten anything.

Scrapped : Today, some EVA specialists advocate a next-generation MMU to help astronauts explore low-gravity worlds like asteroids or the moons of Mars, but so far NASA hasn’t approved development. The astronaut jetpack remains a capable—some would even say compelling—technology in search of a mission.

Is it time to replace conventional rockets? : I made a post from my page here http://goo.gl/xNNZlc which looks at the alternate ways to go to space..

Article Link: http://www.airspacemag.com/space/untethered-180952792/?page=2&no-ist

Additional source and reference : http://www.damninteresting.com/outer-space-exposure/

Reference : http://www.nsbri.org/DISCOVERIES-FOR-SPACE-and-EARTH/The-Body-in-Space/

Additional article on psychology in space travel: http://www.economist.com/node/9401568

Pic courtesy from main link in Air & Space magazine - Bob Stewart tests the MMU in 1984. No astronauts since have ranged farther from their ship. (NASA)

#space #exploration  ___Untethered. Still holds the distance record from 1984. :)

Interesting article on what it takes to explore space without a ship. Thank you author +Lacerant Plainer! 

#space   #exploration  #scienceeveryday #humansareawesome  

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2014-10-28 23:17:24 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

New flight experience:  A windowless passenger area could use cameras to provide a "see-through" panoramic view. Disconcerting, but interesting once you got used to it, I'd guess. :)

Energy-efficient, too. :) 

http://www.uk-cpi.com/windowless-fuselage/#.VFAg9vmiGYO

#scienceeveryday   #energyefficiency   #windowless   #flight  
#transparent   #plane   #feelslikesuperman  

New flight experience:  A windowless passenger area could use cameras to provide a "see-through" panoramic view. Disconcerting, but interesting once you got used to it, I'd guess. :)

Energy-efficient, too. :) 

http://www.uk-cpi.com/windowless-fuselage/#.VFAg9vmiGYO

#scienceeveryday   #energyefficiency   #windowless   #flight  
#transparent   #plane   #feelslikesuperman  ___

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2014-10-23 13:31:00 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

This looks good. :) Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/ with trailer for Intersteller Movie(Interstellar Movie - Official Trailer 3).

Thanks +Rich Pollett - nice frog :)

#math  #cgi #interstellar #movie #blackhole #space   #exploration  


Kip Thorne's maths guided the creation of the mesmerizing visual effects - the most accurate simulation ever in cinema of what a black hole would look like. Translating the maths of of black holes to the visual simulation that plays a central role in the upcoming film Interstellar.

Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung  http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/
.___This looks good. :) Link courtesy of +Winchell Chung http://www.wired.com/2014/10/astrophysics-interstellar-black-hole/ with trailer for Intersteller Movie(Interstellar Movie - Official Trailer 3).

Thanks +Rich Pollett - nice frog :)

#math  #cgi #interstellar #movie #blackhole #space   #exploration  

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2014-10-19 14:47:07 (1 comments, 17 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

Super Earths: Illustrated Tour of 10 Major Discoveries.  Short (4-min) video illustrating some of the most exciting planetary discoveries.  
From +SpaceRip, +European Southern Observatory (ESO), +European Space Agency, ESA, and +NASA +Kepler Space Telescope.

A Super Earth is a planet smaller than Neptune, but larger than Earth. There are no Super Earths in our solar system. But they may be the most common type of planet in our galaxy, according to data from the Kepler Space Telescope. Some have rock or ice cores wrapped in hydrogen and helium gas. Others are solid rock covered in water or ice, or flowing lava.

The planet HD189733b may become a Super Earth. This gas giant orbits its parent star at 1/30th the distance between Earth and the Sun. A flare from the star blasted its atmosphere, sending a plume of gas flying into space at a rate of 1000 tons per second. <... more »

Super Earths: Illustrated Tour of 10 Major Discoveries.  Short (4-min) video illustrating some of the most exciting planetary discoveries.  
From +SpaceRip, +European Southern Observatory (ESO), +European Space Agency, ESA, and +NASA +Kepler Space Telescope.

A Super Earth is a planet smaller than Neptune, but larger than Earth. There are no Super Earths in our solar system. But they may be the most common type of planet in our galaxy, according to data from the Kepler Space Telescope. Some have rock or ice cores wrapped in hydrogen and helium gas. Others are solid rock covered in water or ice, or flowing lava.

The planet HD189733b may become a Super Earth. This gas giant orbits its parent star at 1/30th the distance between Earth and the Sun. A flare from the star blasted its atmosphere, sending a plume of gas flying into space at a rate of 1000 tons per second. 

GJ 1214b, orbiting a star 40 light years away, has a mass 6 times that of Earth. It is surrounded by an atmosphere of steam or thick haze. 

HD 85512b is 3.6 times the mass of Earth. It orbits a sun-like star and lies at the edge of the habitable zone. Liquid water, and perhaps even life, could exist on its surface. Gliese 667 is a triple star system. The fainter of the three, 667C, has been found to host three Super Earths, all within the life zones of their parent star. 667Cc is 4 times the mass of Earth. But it’s so close that it’s likely exposed to deadly flares, x-ray and ultraviolet radiation.

Kepler 10 is a Sun-like star 564 light years from Earth. Kepler 10b is a rocky planet more than three times the mass of Earth. It’s so close to its star that its orbit lasts only 19 hours. With a density similar to iron, its surface is molten.

Kepler 62 is a star 1200 light years away. Slightly smaller and cooler than our Sun. Of five known planets around this star, Kepler 62e orbits the inner edge of the habitable zone. At 1.6 times the mass of Earth, 62e is probably solid. It could be terrestrial or water-ice dominated. Kepler 62f lies within the habitable zone. At 2.8 times the mass of Earth, it is probably rocky and covered by ocean or ice.


Kepler Discoveries
http://kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/discoveries/

Discovery News on Extrasolar Planets
http://news.discovery.com/space/tags/extrasolar-planets.htm

ESO Telescope Science (3000+ papers) 
http://www.eso.org/public/science/

ESA's PLATO Mission to Characterize Exoplanets
http://sci.esa.int/plato/42277-science/

In celebration of #sciencesunday  and #scienceongoogleplus . :)

#earth #space #exploration #eso #esa #nasa #kepler
#EarthIsEden___

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2014-10-17 12:58:24 (17 comments, 8 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Update on compact fusion. A major engineering challenge, but Lockheed Martin,  one of the world's largest and most successful defense contractors, says they're making progress. 

At Lockheed Martin Skunk Works®, we’re making advancements in the development of fusion energy, the ultimate form of renewable power. Our scientists and engineers are looking at the biggest natural fusion reactor for inspiration – the sun. By containing the power of the sun in a small magnetic bottle, we are on the fast track to developing compact fusion reactors to serve the world’s ever-growing energy needs.

http://lockheedmartin.com/compactfusion

Containment is one of the major challenges. Here's physicist +Ethan Siegel's background on some of the physics involved in this holy grail of energy:
https:... more »

Update on compact fusion. A major engineering challenge, but Lockheed Martin,  one of the world's largest and most successful defense contractors, says they're making progress. 

At Lockheed Martin Skunk Works®, we’re making advancements in the development of fusion energy, the ultimate form of renewable power. Our scientists and engineers are looking at the biggest natural fusion reactor for inspiration – the sun. By containing the power of the sun in a small magnetic bottle, we are on the fast track to developing compact fusion reactors to serve the world’s ever-growing energy needs.

http://lockheedmartin.com/compactfusion

Containment is one of the major challenges. Here's physicist +Ethan Siegel's background on some of the physics involved in this holy grail of energy:

https://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/throwback-thursday-the-foolish-fallacy-of-cold-fusion-489059f1cea4

That's why fusion has a reputation as the promising technology that's always "20 years out".  But that promise is powerful enough, that when a major developer of award-winning systems suggests they see a path forward, it's noteworthy news. 

Added:

Aviation Week article on the CFR
http://aviationweek.com/technology/skunk-works-reveals-compact-fusion-reactor-details

+Yonatan Zunger's G+ article
https://plus.google.com/+YonatanZunger/posts/XpPMrXqofFP

Reference information on polywell containment
 http://www.talk-polywell.org/bb/viewtopic.php?p=116492#p116492
(h/t +David C. Navas)
http://thepolywellblog.blogspot.com/2014/06/fusion-in-upheaval.html 
(h/t +John Smith)

#fusion #energy   #physics #scienceongoogle #sciencesunday___

2014-10-16 23:23:46 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Reason enough to mount a compassionate, humanitarian response to Ebola. It's not a problem when it arrives in America - it's a problem that it's causing suffering anywhere. 

"A lot of babies are dying here [Sierra Leone] ." Babies, some made orphans by the terrible disease, and many others are already dealing with the worst of it - often alone and untouched. 

A Hospital from Hell, In a City Swamped by Ebola:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/02/world/africa/ebola-spreading-in-west-africa.html

Trends:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jvchamary/2014/10/13/ebola-trends/

#wecanhelp   #ebola   #notfear   #compassion  

Reason enough to mount a compassionate, humanitarian response to Ebola. It's not a problem when it arrives in America - it's a problem that it's causing suffering anywhere. 

"A lot of babies are dying here [Sierra Leone] ." Babies, some made orphans by the terrible disease, and many others are already dealing with the worst of it - often alone and untouched. 

A Hospital from Hell, In a City Swamped by Ebola:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/02/world/africa/ebola-spreading-in-west-africa.html

Trends:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jvchamary/2014/10/13/ebola-trends/

#wecanhelp   #ebola   #notfear   #compassion  ___

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2014-10-10 13:59:06 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Beautiful. :)

Milky Way, The Moon, and Earth in One Photo.___Beautiful. :)

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2014-10-10 13:33:41 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

#gradle :)

Via +Lars Vogel. Author of excellent computer science tutorials. (See www.vogella.com). :)

#computerscience #humor

Every time I try gradle, I'm all like...

#pixelpushing  ___#gradle :)

Via +Lars Vogel. Author of excellent computer science tutorials. (See www.vogella.com). :)

#computerscience #humor

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2014-09-27 19:39:18 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

We're flying through a cosmic shooting gallery. Dr. +Edward Lu's impressive testimony on the +B612 Foundation Sentinel mission. The mission is funded philanthropically and  managed "with the technical rigor of +NASA" and the "innovative, rapid, and cost-effective practices" learned at +Google.

There's a 30% chance of a 5-megaton impact somewhere on Earth this century. We've identified less than 1% - about 10,000 - of the near-Earth objects (NEOs) capable of destroying a city; Sentinel is expected to find that many more every two weeks. Sentinel's NEO discoveries will also provide "potential targets for robotic and human exploration".

The core testimony by Dr. Lu, physicist and NASA astronaut, is covered in the first seven and a half minutes. The remaining includes questions and answers.

From: testimony tot... more »

Interesting testimony from a US congressional hearing about the threat of asteroid impact. Things like the B612 Foundation renew my faith in humanity.

Dr. Ed Lu's Congressional Testimony March 20, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B612_Foundation___We're flying through a cosmic shooting gallery. Dr. +Edward Lu's impressive testimony on the +B612 Foundation Sentinel mission. The mission is funded philanthropically and  managed "with the technical rigor of +NASA" and the "innovative, rapid, and cost-effective practices" learned at +Google.

There's a 30% chance of a 5-megaton impact somewhere on Earth this century. We've identified less than 1% - about 10,000 - of the near-Earth objects (NEOs) capable of destroying a city; Sentinel is expected to find that many more every two weeks. Sentinel's NEO discoveries will also provide "potential targets for robotic and human exploration".

The core testimony by Dr. Lu, physicist and NASA astronaut, is covered in the first seven and a half minutes. The remaining includes questions and answers.

From: testimony to the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Science and Space hearing on March 20, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. titled “Assessing the Risks, Impacts, and Solutions for Space Threats.” 
http://sentinelmission.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/LuTestimony.pdf

Video:
Dr. Ed Lu's Congressional Testimony March 20, 2013

Sentinel Mission
http://sentinelmission.org/

B612 Foundation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B612_Foundation

The B612 Foundation is named for the asteroid home of the eponymous hero of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's "The Little Prince". 

Asteroid, meteoroid, meteor, meteorite, comets - what's the difference?
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/space/cometasteroidmeteoroiddifferences.html

Near Earth Object Program - Sentry Risk Table
http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/risk/

PBS HD video on asteroids and the threat
http://video.pbs.org/viralplayer/2365124688/

Thanks +Chris McClelland for sharing!

In celebration of +ScienceSunday  #sciencesunday  and +Science on Google+.

#earth #impact #asteroid #neo   #b612   #stem

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2014-09-26 02:40:08 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

The compassion and curiosity of a child - the sweetest thing you'll hear today. 5-yr old Timor worried whether the Voyager spacecraft ever get lonely - and received a great answer from astronaut +Chris Hadfield.

http://io9.com/a-5-year-old-worries-voyager-will-get-lonely-receives-1639256314

http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/The+Current/ID/2530849070/

Thanks +David Fuchs for sharing. :)

#space #exploration #compassion #courage #humansareawesome

"This is, hands down, the sweetest thing you'll hear today. A five-year-old named Timor from British Columbia has been having trouble sleeping because he worries about the Voyager space probe. Won't it get lonely? What if it crashes? So the CBC arranged for him to get some reassurance"___The compassion and curiosity of a child - the sweetest thing you'll hear today. 5-yr old Timor worried whether the Voyager spacecraft ever get lonely - and received a great answer from astronaut +Chris Hadfield.

http://io9.com/a-5-year-old-worries-voyager-will-get-lonely-receives-1639256314

http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/The+Current/ID/2530849070/

Thanks +David Fuchs for sharing. :)

#space #exploration #compassion #courage #humansareawesome

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2014-09-24 13:22:56 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Congratulations India!  

#mars #MOM #spaceexploration 

I think this is very impressive. Particularly amazing is that India's Mars Mission cost less than the budget of the Hollywood blockbuster, Gravity!

Life is too short for wars and random acts of violence. Lets spend time on science instead :)

http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2014/09/23/how-india-mounted-the-worlds-cheapest-mission-to-mars/___Congratulations India!  

#mars #MOM #spaceexploration 

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2014-09-24 13:13:47 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Fairness is a pretty basic concept. :)  Two monkeys were paid unequally...

With thanks to +Zuleyka Zevallos for resharing. :) https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ZuleykaZevallos/posts/85EWU1roWMx

The Concept of Fairness

For centuries, all leading philosophers and social thinkers have pursued  the concept of fairness that has never gone out of fashion.

In recent years, science joins the engagement; the conquest for fairness has greatly expanded, enveloping disciplines conventionally considered marginal for the topic, including, psychology, sociology, biology, neuroscience, anthropology, and economics.

Three distinct concepts of fairness

〓  Fairness as social justice. People have accountability to one another, and the more one has, the more society demands from that person to sacrifice for the common good. Responsibility and compassion plays a role in the calculation.

 〓  Fairness as being a personal freedom. People get what they deserve. If someone works vigorously, he or she will have success and receiving nothing if it is not earned.

〓 Fairness as being an equal opportunity of outcome. Everything is equal, for example, everyone pays the same price for an entrance to the museum. No one has more than another.

Dr. Sarah Brosnan of Georgia State Neuroscience Institute for the last decade studied behavioral responses to equal versus unequal reward primates.

This research explains how brown capuchin monkeys became angry and agitated refusing to perform a task when another received a perceived superior reward for that same task. Her thoughts are that Human sense of fairness evolved to favor long-term cooperation For the entire study http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140918141151.htm

This entertaining video by Frans de Waal explains moral behavior in animals. Two Monkeys Were Paid Unequally: Excerpt from Frans de Waal's TED Talk___Fairness is a pretty basic concept. :)  Two monkeys were paid unequally...

With thanks to +Zuleyka Zevallos for resharing. :) https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ZuleykaZevallos/posts/85EWU1roWMx

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2014-09-21 14:13:40 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Sharing a human language gene can make (other) animals smarter. Another mind-blowing week in +Mark Bruce's +SciTech Digest. Untethered running cheetah robots, soft-muscled robots, artificial spleens, nuclear batteries, and more. 

#ScienceSunday #robotics #augmented #intelligence #facerecognition #immunotherapy #medicine #healthcare #bodynetworks  

SciTech #ScienceSunday Digest, 38/14.
Towards humanised mouse brains, inkjet chemistry, untethered cheetah-bot, artificial spleen, improving plant photosynthesis, cell control, nuclear battery, carbon compounds, soft robotics, laser tunneling in silicon.

1. Mouse Engineered with Human Neural Gene Learns Faster.
Mice engineered with the human version of the FOXP2 gene, a gene with known links to human speech and language, display profound and accelerated learning capabilties when tested on both declarative and procedural learning tasks http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health/genetics/if-you-give-a-mouse-a-human-speech-gene-it-learns-faster-17210075. The human form of the gene improved rather than “messed-up” the animal’s system. The group are not trying to make smarter (uplifted) animals but rather explore and gain insights into the biology of intelligence. Observations: (i) humans are neither the pinnacle of evolution nor the pinnacle of intelligence and I wonder if the human FOXP2 is in its most optimal form and whether engineering a better version might comprise a relatively safe “low-hanging-fruit” for intelligence augmentation applications, (ii) this work is on a slope towards that set of experiments I thought “could never be done” (on ethical grounds) where we already have engineered rodents sporting fully humanised immune systems and we now have the real prospect of engineering animals with fully humanised neural or CNS systems.

2. High-Throughput Chemistry with Inkjet Printers.
New work by chemists using inkjet printers allows rapid and cheap screening through millions of chemical reactions of certain types http://phys.org/news/2014-09-inkjet-printer-chemistry-lab-diabetes.html. The group demonstrated this capability with solutions of different enzymes loaded into an inkjet printer; when present in the correct ratios the enzyme reaction pathway produces easily-discernable coloured reaction products - the coloured dots on the paper then indicated what mix of enzymes worked best and a million different mixes could be rapidly analysed. As a real-world application the group suggests that with just a couple of enzymes and a urine sample the sample would be able to reveal the presence of glucose in the urine and indicate the likelihood of diabetes for the person. Related to the chemputer / chemprinter concepts and prototypes such devices would ideally allow the production of the enzymes themselves [necessary for the diagnostic] as reaction products to be used in the device. 

3. Cheetah Robot Now Running Untethered.
The latest developments in MIT’s cheetah robot have seen the machine break free of its securing tether, running across the grass independently at 10mph and jumping over hurdles http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/mit-cheetah-robot-runs-jumps-0915. The key innovations that enabled this are better batteries (to break free of the tether), better electric motors (to run silently and efficiently), and better control algorithms for coordinating leg and body movements and the application of precise amounts of force in precise time frames. The group believes they should be able to get the current model up to 30mph and we can only imagine what future versions will be capable of. 

4. DARPA’s Artificial Spleen Technology.
DARPA’s Dialysis-Like Therapeutics program has resulted in a shoe-box sized device for blood filtration and the removal of pathogens http://www.darpa.mil/NewsEvents/Releases/2014/09/15.aspx. One of the first applications is to assist with fighting sepsis in both civilian and military scenarios and, importantly, to provide this capability remotely, in a mobile format, and away from conventional medical infrastructure. Blood from a patient is fed into the device, and through a series of microfluidic channels where it is cleaned by magnetic nanoparticles coated with an engineered immune system protein, before being returned to the patient. 

5. Plants Engineered with Better Photosynthesis.
Plants have been engineered by replacing the carbon-fixing enzyme that is crucial to photosynthesis with two cyanobacteria enzymes that work at a faster rate http://singularityhub.com/2014/09/18/plant-engineered-to-supercharge-photosynthesis-with-hopes-of-increasing-crop-yields/. While additional oxygen-protection genes from cyanobacteria need to be added (and are planned by the group) in future in order to achieve theoretically-optimal carbon fixation, this work still represents the first time that a plant’s carbon-fixation machinery has been replaced with that of a cyanobacterium. Faster carbon fixation should translate into faster growth rates and possible theoretical gains in yield of 60%. 

6. Ever-Better Control Over Cell Production, Fate, and Utility.
A couple of nice updates this week in cell engineering. First, the safe, rapid conversion of human skin cells into immune cells without going all the way back to a conventional induced pluripotent state http://www.salk.edu/news/pressrelease_details.php?press_id=2050, and requiring just one molecule to “reset” the cell’s identity and one other (a microRNA) to instruct the cell that it is (or activate the genetic programs to become) a white blood cell; these cells solve other problems by grafting into organs and not producing tumours. Second, a summary piece https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2014/09/recent-infrastructure-advances-for-stem-cell-research.php linking to work for (i) massive improvements in efficiently making stem cells, and (ii) rapidly multiplying stem cell numbers by an order of magnitude.

7. A Nuclear Battery for Electrical Energy.
A water-based nuclear battery has been developed that uses radioactive strontium-90, a beta emitter whose emitted electrons are captured by a titanium dioxide and platinum electrode to generate an electric current, all while sitting in a water buffer http://munews.missouri.edu/news-releases/2014/0916-first-water-based-nuclear-battery-developed-by-mu-researcher-can-be-used-to-generate-electrical-energy/. This nominally sounds like a workable and interesting solution for long-lifetime batteries in a range of applications, but taking a closer look at strontium-90 raises a few concerns http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strontium-90, which could limit the application to spacecraft scenarios. 

8. Advanced Carbon Compounds.
The endless variety and utility of carbon compounds was on display this week. First, the synthesis of harder-than-diamond fullerite, a 3D polymer consisting of a C60 fullerene covalently-bound lattice http://phys.org/news/2014-09-scientists-closer-industrial-synthesis-material.html. Second, new investigations into the ceramic hafnium carbide, which can withstand temperatures of 4050°C, show promise in a range of applications including high-speed aircraft http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/newssummary/news_12-9-2014-9-37-58. Third, new methods to better link and join carbon nanotubes and graphene ribbons into larger hybrid structres http://spectrum.ieee.org/nanoclast/semiconductors/materials/simple-scalable-method-for-controlling-nanotube-junctions-developed. 

9. Soft Sensors and Soft Muscles for Robotics.
The field of soft, flexible robotics is seeing ever more projects emerge and this week was no exception. First, there was a soft optical fingertip sensor - an adaptation of GelSight technology - to provide robots with a high-resolution sense of touch http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/fingertip-sensor-gives-robot-dexterity-0919, and tested with a Baxter robot to correctly orient a USB cable for example. Second, is a soft exosuit from Wyss and DARPA that uses belt-mounted actuators to provide precisely-timed muscular assistance to the wearer http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2014/09/the-3-million-suit/, the mechanics of which I could easily see adapted to work with conventional robots instead of humans. 

10. Carving Tunnels within Bulk Silicon.
It has previously been demonstrated that focused laser beams can carve tunnels and waveguides within bulk glass and plastic without cutting or disrupting the surface or edges. Similar techniques have now been adopted to enable the creation of tunnels deep inside silicon, for example within silicon chips http://www.technologyreview.com/view/530911/nanotechnologists-discover-how-to-carve-tunnels-beneath-the-surface-of-silicon-chips/. Such tunnels and pipes don’t have to be two-dimensional, but rather can be of almost any three-dimensional configuration as desired. Applications include sub-surface barcodes and other information storage, photonic waveguides, microfluidic systems for chemical manipulation or perhaps even within-chip cooling.

An archive of the SciTech Digests can also be found here: http://www.scitechdigest.net 

+ScienceSunday, with your hosts +Buddhini Samarasinghe, +Rajini Rao, +Chad Haney, +Robby Bowles, +Allison Sekuler, +Carissa Braun, and +Aubrey Francisco!___Sharing a human language gene can make (other) animals smarter. Another mind-blowing week in +Mark Bruce's +SciTech Digest. Untethered running cheetah robots, soft-muscled robots, artificial spleens, nuclear batteries, and more. 

#ScienceSunday #robotics #augmented #intelligence #facerecognition #immunotherapy #medicine #healthcare #bodynetworks  

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2014-09-21 13:54:16 (5 comments, 13 reshares, 67 +1s)Open 

Girl Rising - innovative new film about the power of education to change a girl -- and the world. The 2-1/2 minute trailer is outstanding - and the full film is showing tonight at +Kansas State University.  With a stunning cast, crew, and contributions, it promises to be both an excellent film and a powerful motivator for change. 

Girl Rising is distributed by CNN Films and Gathr, an innovative demand-based theatrical distributor. Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway, Selena Gomez and other A-list actresses contribute voice performances to the film, which features original music from Academy Award winner Rachel Portman, in collaboration with +Hans Zimmer.

The film spotlights unforgettable girls like Sokha, an orphan who rises from the dumps of Cambodia to become a star student and an accomplished dancer; Suma, who composes music to helph... more »

Girl Rising - innovative new film about the power of education to change a girl -- and the world. The 2-1/2 minute trailer is outstanding - and the full film is showing tonight at +Kansas State University.  With a stunning cast, crew, and contributions, it promises to be both an excellent film and a powerful motivator for change. 

Girl Rising is distributed by CNN Films and Gathr, an innovative demand-based theatrical distributor. Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway, Selena Gomez and other A-list actresses contribute voice performances to the film, which features original music from Academy Award winner Rachel Portman, in collaboration with +Hans Zimmer.

The film spotlights unforgettable girls like Sokha, an orphan who rises from the dumps of Cambodia to become a star student and an accomplished dancer; Suma, who composes music to help her endure forced servitude in Nepal and today crusades to free others; and Ruksana, an Indian "pavement-dweller" whose father sacrifices his own basic needs for his daughter's dreams. Each girl is paired with a renowned writer from her native country. Edwidge Danticat, Sooni Taraporevala Aminatta Forna and others tell the girls' stories, each in its own style, and all with profound resonance.

These girls are each unique, but the obstacles they faced are ubiquitous. Like the 66 million girls around the world who dream of going to school, what Sokha, Suma, Ruksana and the rest want most is to be students: to learn. And now, And now, by sharing their personal journeys, they have become teachers. Watch Girl Rising, and you will see: One girl with courage is a revolution.

Many thanks to Academy Award-nominated director Richard E. Robbins, award-winning Documentary Group, +Vulcan Productions  and +Intel Corporation.

http://www.girlrising.com
http://girlrising.com/join/
http://thedocumentarygroup.com/
http://thedocumentarygroup.com/our-team/richard-robbins/
http://www.intel.com/

TONIGHT: Movies on the Grass: Girl Rising
Sunday, September 21
8:00 p.m.
Coffman Commons in front of Hale Library, Rain Location: Leadership Studies Building, Town Hall

Girl Rising journeys around the globe to witness the strength of the human spirit and the power of education to change the world. Viewers get to know nine unforgettable girls living in the developing world: ordinary girls who confront tremendous challenges and overcome nearly impossible odds to pursue their dreams.

Trailer: Girl Rising (Official Trailer)

No RSVP necessary
http://www.k-state.edu/women/events/

Business Week: Educating women is good for the economy
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-03-07/the-economic-benefits-of-educating-women

The Girl Effect Dividend: Measuring the Economic Gain of Investing in Girls
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2011/08/14752718/measuring-economic-gain-investing-girls-girl-effect-dividend

Hundreds of kidnapped schoolgirls are still missing.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/14/nigeria-girls-kidnapped-5-months_n_5791622.html

#education #genderviolence #girlrising   #bringbackourgirls___

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2014-09-20 15:52:14 (4 comments, 16 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Overview: James May (Top Gear) shares a ride in the U-2 super-high spy plane. 10 min video highlighting his experience of Earth and space  -"It's just incredible."

The video comes from the BBC documentary "James May on the Moon" commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Apollo moon landings.

James and pilot Major John Cabigas discuss what would happen to unprotected humans at that altitude - perhaps not all of the comments are quite correct - but humans are not well suited to live at the edge of space.

Back in 1959, Lt. Col. William Rankin fell from 50,000 ft and lived to describe the experience. Not only did he eject at the edge of the atmosphere, he got recirculated in a thunderstorm and carried over five states.

Excerpt: Free Fall
http://www.loa.org/images/pdf/Rankin_Man_Thunder.pdf

Wild Blue: Stories of... more »

Overview: James May (Top Gear) shares a ride in the U-2 super-high spy plane. 10 min video highlighting his experience of Earth and space  -"It's just incredible."

The video comes from the BBC documentary "James May on the Moon" commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Apollo moon landings.

James and pilot Major John Cabigas discuss what would happen to unprotected humans at that altitude - perhaps not all of the comments are quite correct - but humans are not well suited to live at the edge of space.

Back in 1959, Lt. Col. William Rankin fell from 50,000 ft and lived to describe the experience. Not only did he eject at the edge of the atmosphere, he got recirculated in a thunderstorm and carried over five states.

Excerpt: Free Fall
http://www.loa.org/images/pdf/Rankin_Man_Thunder.pdf

Wild Blue: Stories of Survival from Air and Space (Adrenaline)
http://tinyurl.com/amzwildblue

The Man Who Rode the Thunder
http://www.librarything.com/work/2203880/reviews/104869781

James May on the Moon - Celebrating 40 years of Apollo
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00lfdbv.

BBC Space:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space

First put in service in the 1950s, the U-2 plane was replaced by the SR-71, capable of traveling at three times the speed of sound. 

The feeling James describes - and wishes we could all experience - has been called "the Overview Effect". For more info, see: 
http://vimeo.com/55073825 or visit www.overviewthemovie.com.

#flight   #earth #space #apollo   #overvieweffect  

In celebration of #ScienceSunday :) +ScienceSunday 
+Science on Google+ ___

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2014-09-20 15:51:02 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Doing a ride-along at the race track.  Driver Jeff was awesome. :) 

#race #car #ridealong  #kcspeedway

Doing a ride-along at the race track.  Driver Jeff was awesome. :) 

#race #car #ridealong  #kcspeedway___

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2014-09-17 12:53:25 (4 comments, 3 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Great article on the Higgs particle/field with an update on the on-going basic physics research at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC).  Worth a read to get a quick update on the strangeness underlying our universe and how humans are going about discovering it. 

"...every particle is really a disturbance in its underlying field."

h/t +Jonah Miller who adds:

This is a really wonderful article about the Higgs boson with some excellent analogies that help explain what the darn thing is.

If you want to learn more about the Higgs in fun way, check out this video and this comic by 
+PHD Comics  :
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics.php?f=1489
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics.php?f=1684

#physics #LHC #higgs #waveparticleduality #scienceeveryday  

Still Chasing the God Particle!

Physicists at CERN -- home of the world's most powerful particle accelerator -- are bracing for a fresh assault on the tantalizing Higgs boson.

In 2012 they used CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to generate subatomic debris that could be interpreted as traces of a single "God particle" (as the Higgs sometimes is called). (Don't call it that around most physicists -- they hate that nickname!)

The discovery capped decades of searching and brought a 2013 shared Nobel Prize to Peter Higgs, the theorist for whom the particle is named.

The LHC is a 17-mile circular tube, located at Geneva, Switzerland, in which protons collide at almost the speed of light. For its 2012 experiments, the LHC operated at 7 TeraElectronVolts (TeV). Translation: That's a buncha-buncha energy! Enough to fry an egg, or (more likely) a medium asteroid.

The machine has been cooling down ever since, while undergoing upgrades and maintenance. All prepping it for its next round of experiments in 2015 at 13 TeV (nearly double the power).

This forthcoming run should provide never-before-possible insights into the structure of our universe, possibly including dark matter -- something we're pretty sure exists, but know next to nothing about.

Higgs: Why It Matters

So why did Leon Lederman, director-emeritus of Fermilab, annoy his fellow-physicists by dubbing this baby the "God particle"? Why is the Higgs so vital?

Answer: The Higgs particle isn't important at all, except insofar as it provides tangible evidence for a reality much deeper -- the Higgs field. The field, not the particle, is what matters. Here's why:

Many elementary particles, such as quarks and electrons, have mass -- some more, some less. Others, like photons in the wild, have none. For a long time, physicists could see no reason why any particle should have any mass. Lacking mass, particles would zip around at the speed of light, with no gravitational pull. There'd be no atoms -- hence no galaxies, stars, or planets. No you and me!

Higgs and his colleagues filled the gap by postulating a hitherto unknown energy field -- a field pervading all of space and time. In this model, any particle interacting strongly with the Higgs field picks up some of its energy in the form of mass. The more interaction, the more mass. Particles such as photons, lacking mass altogether, presumably don't interact at all.

We might thus compare mass to the drag we experience in wading through molasses. A broad, beefy person would encounter far more drag (i.e., be more massive) than a skinny one. This isn't a perfect analogy; but then, physics analogies never are.

Having a Field Day

The Higgs field made sense of physics equations that otherwise seemed senseless. But how to prove it? Let's consider the nature of fields in quantum theory:

Fields -- not particles -- are the basic realities of modern physics. So what is a field? Ask a gaggle of physicists, and you'll get lots of hemming and hawing that boils down to this: A field is a vacuum that can vibrate. In other words, the so-called spacetime continuum is never a featureless void, even when it seems empty:  That "emptiness" is itself a medium rich in physical properties!

Foremost among those properties is the capacity to transmit effects that correspond, in some ways, to what we know as waves or ripples. These in turn give rise to particles. No elementary particle is really a thing-in-itself: It's just a splash or wiggle in its underlying field.

Physicists call this the wave-particle duality. Observe an electron (for example) one way, and it acts like a wave. Observe it another way, and it acts like a moving point or speck. This paradoxical behavior is not something we can visualize using any familiar physical analogy: We can only model it mathematically.

The point is that every particle is really a disturbance in its underlying field. Space is alive with such fields -- electromagnetic, gravitational, and many more -- along with their associated particles. Is the Higgs field one of these? If so, it would be one of the most important and interesting, given its proposed role in conferring mass on particles arising from other fields.

To prove the Higgs field, one must find and identify the Higgs particle (boson). CERN scientists calculated that by smashing protons together in the LHC, with sufficient force, they might shake the Higgs field just enough to create the barest quiver. That momentary ripple (viewed as a particle) would give them their telltale clue. It would travel hardly any distance; it would last for an inconceivably tiny fraction of a nano-second. It could be detected only by its after-effects.

This is what CERN achieved in 2012. It validated the Higgs field by -- apparently -- generating a Higgs "particle" (wave). More questions than answers? Sure; what else is new? As we know, it was enough of a grand slam to make Peter Higgs a Nobel laureate and to chalk up yet another historic first for CERN.

Just to be clear, CERN isn't known only for its contributions to esoteric particle research. In 1989 it also invented this little gadget called the World Wide Web. Well, technically, Tim Berners-Lee invented it -- but he did so as an employee of CERN, which then placed the technology in public domain.

So stay tuned: There's a whole lotta shakin' going on!

====================
This article is reprinted from my blog. The original post is here:
http://garymatthews.com/2014/09/still-chasing-god-particle/

The cover image below is a fractal design I created. It's a stylized, symbolic representation of protons swirling and colliding inside a particle accelerator. The real thing looks nothing like this. In fact, it looks like nothing at all, since the truly interesting interactions involve quantum units that not only can't be seen -- they can't even be visualized or imagined!

So this picture, fanciful as it is, will have to do!

#higgsboson   #higgsfield   #godparticle   #scienceeveryday  ___Great article on the Higgs particle/field with an update on the on-going basic physics research at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC).  Worth a read to get a quick update on the strangeness underlying our universe and how humans are going about discovering it. 

"...every particle is really a disturbance in its underlying field."

h/t +Jonah Miller who adds:

This is a really wonderful article about the Higgs boson with some excellent analogies that help explain what the darn thing is.

If you want to learn more about the Higgs in fun way, check out this video and this comic by 
+PHD Comics  :
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics.php?f=1489
http://www.phdcomics.com/comics.php?f=1684

#physics #LHC #higgs #waveparticleduality #scienceeveryday  

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2014-09-12 11:59:31 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

In Saturn's rings.  Giant-screen space film takes viewers on a tour of over a million animated images set to music from the Greensboro Symphony Orchestra. This looks great. 2:49 trailer.

http://www.insaturnsrings.com/ "Take the journey - in memory of Carl Sagan and Stanley Kubrick"

I think it’s time for some mind- and spirit-cleansing beauty. Something to remind us that humans and nature can sometimes produce awe-inspiring things. Like this video.
-Gizmodo

This is not visual effects or CGI. This is not "based on" scientific data. This IS the actual scientific data.
- www.InSaturnsRings.com

Bonus preview: Adagio for Strings 
NOW IN 4K! Saturn Cassini Photographic Animation

#saturn #cassini #hubble #IMAX #spaceexploration  
#adagioforstrings

Watch the latest 4K teaser for +In Saturn's Rings here: http://youtu.be/ANuCH-_olaw

In Saturn’s Rings is a ground-breaking IMAX film that will take viewers on a stunning tour of our Solar System. The film is created from over 1 million real photographs taken by the Cassini spacecraft, the Hubble Space Telescope, among other NASA missions. Using a filmmaking technique called photoanimation, the film will provide audiences with the most authentic experience of what space travel is really like without the use of CGI.

Want to learn more about the film? Check out this great video local filmmaker Philip Powell created about the making of In Saturn's Rings: http://vimeo.com/104651246

#InSaturnsRings #Penny4NASA #NASA #Space #Saturn #Cassini___In Saturn's rings.  Giant-screen space film takes viewers on a tour of over a million animated images set to music from the Greensboro Symphony Orchestra. This looks great. 2:49 trailer.

http://www.insaturnsrings.com/ "Take the journey - in memory of Carl Sagan and Stanley Kubrick"

I think it’s time for some mind- and spirit-cleansing beauty. Something to remind us that humans and nature can sometimes produce awe-inspiring things. Like this video.
-Gizmodo

This is not visual effects or CGI. This is not "based on" scientific data. This IS the actual scientific data.
- www.InSaturnsRings.com

Bonus preview: Adagio for Strings 
NOW IN 4K! Saturn Cassini Photographic Animation

#saturn #cassini #hubble #IMAX #spaceexploration  
#adagioforstrings

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2014-09-11 23:09:15 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

+Lindsey Stirling will be playing at +Kansas State University this Saturday, Sep 13, 2014 at 7:30 p.m.  :)

Union Program Council to bring dubstep violinist Lindsey Stirling
By Arthur White

"+YouTube favorite +Lindsey Stirling will bring her unique performance style to +Kansas State University at 7:30 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 13, on the Bosco Student Plaza."

Stirling's performance is a rare combination of dubstep, violin and dance and has become a hit on YouTube with more than 100 million views on her single "Crystallize." "Shatter Me" debuted at No. 2 on Billboard's Top 200 albums chart.

Union Program Council will host Stirling at a free outdoor concert, as voted on by K-State students as one of the most desired artists on a spring 2014 survey.

Local act Vineyard will be opening the evening.

Foraddit... more »

+Lindsey Stirling will be playing at +Kansas State University this Saturday, Sep 13, 2014 at 7:30 p.m.  :)

Union Program Council to bring dubstep violinist Lindsey Stirling
By Arthur White

"+YouTube favorite +Lindsey Stirling will bring her unique performance style to +Kansas State University at 7:30 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 13, on the Bosco Student Plaza."

Stirling's performance is a rare combination of dubstep, violin and dance and has become a hit on YouTube with more than 100 million views on her single "Crystallize." "Shatter Me" debuted at No. 2 on Billboard's Top 200 albums chart.

Union Program Council will host Stirling at a free outdoor concert, as voted on by K-State students as one of the most desired artists on a spring 2014 survey.

Local act Vineyard will be opening the evening.

For additional information on this event or for a complete list of all Union Program Council activities, visit k-state.edu/upc or call the Union Program Council office at 785-532-6571.

Article link:
http://www.k-state.edu/today/announcement.php?id=15364&category=events&referredBy=K-State%20Today%20Archive

Bosco Student Plaza:
http://www.k-state.edu/facilities/tour/bosco.html

Google Maps:
http://tinyurl.com/bosco-student-plaza

Video:
Elements - Lindsey Stirling (Dubstep Violin Original Song)

#music   #electric   #violin #concert #kansasstate #wildcats___

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2014-09-11 00:04:48 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Earth images from +Alexander Gerst in 4k.  The International Space Station has been inhabited continuously since Nov. 2, 2000. It offers a great view of our beautiful home planet and could become a base camp for further exploration. 

h/t  +Bob Jacobs, +Bobak Ferdowsi, and +Alexander Gerst. :)

Earth images from Alexander Gerst in 4K
1 min 30 seconds, Ultra High Definition.

How many people are in space right now:
http://www.howmanypeopleareinspacerightnow.com/

Where is the ISS?
http://www.isstracker.com/

Get notified when the ISS will be visible in your area:
http://spotthestation.nasa.gov/

#ISS   #esa #timelapse   #earth #space #exploration #humansareawesome  

___Earth images from +Alexander Gerst in 4k.  The International Space Station has been inhabited continuously since Nov. 2, 2000. It offers a great view of our beautiful home planet and could become a base camp for further exploration. 

h/t  +Bob Jacobs, +Bobak Ferdowsi, and +Alexander Gerst. :)

Earth images from Alexander Gerst in 4K
1 min 30 seconds, Ultra High Definition.

How many people are in space right now:
http://www.howmanypeopleareinspacerightnow.com/

Where is the ISS?
http://www.isstracker.com/

Get notified when the ISS will be visible in your area:
http://spotthestation.nasa.gov/

#ISS   #esa #timelapse   #earth #space #exploration #humansareawesome  

posted image

2014-09-06 11:24:06 (5 comments, 15 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

We Are Here. Short, beautiful video showing Earth and our Milky Way home galaxy in the context of our local supercluster (of galaxies).

Thanks +Patrice Chalin for sharing.

In celebration of #sciencesunday. :)

#earth #space #galaxy #supercluster #laniakea #homeaddress

A nice yet short documentary of our local galactic supercluster. It shares how some scientists have recently proposed a clear definition of "supercluster". ___We Are Here. Short, beautiful video showing Earth and our Milky Way home galaxy in the context of our local supercluster (of galaxies).

Thanks +Patrice Chalin for sharing.

In celebration of #sciencesunday. :)

#earth #space #galaxy #supercluster #laniakea #homeaddress

posted image

2014-09-06 11:10:48 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Smarter Web Sites +Google Developers added: Today we updated a Google Search feature called sitelinks search box to take advantage of machine-readable API descriptions using Schema.org #actions (http://schema.org/docs/actions.html). When the sitelinks search box is shown, it will make it easier for users to reach specific content on your site, directly through your own site-search functionality. Check out the +Google Webmasters Blog to learn more: http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2014/09/improved-sitelinks-search-box.html. For a technical deep dive on REST and hypermedia API design, check out the tech talk from +Mike Amundsen: REST, Hypermedia, and the Semantic Gap: Why "RMM Level-3 REST" is not enough

In late April, +Samuel Goto (Schema.org #actions  spec co-lead) hosted +Mike Amundsen  at the Googleplex. Mike is the co-author of "RESTful Web APIs" (O'Reilly, http://goo.gl/PhKpgV) and he gave a tech talk entitled "REST, Hypermedia, and the Semantic Gap: Why "RMM Level-3 REST" is not enough". If you are interested in REST and API design, check out the video recording, I think you'll enjoy it. 
Some of the concepts (affordances, shared vocabularies, hypermedia) Mike explained in his talk are integral to Schema.org #actions  design and today a Google Search feature called "Sitelinks Search Box" was updated to take advantage of machine-readable API descriptions. In fact, you have the power of #RFC6570  at your disposal so you can totally geek out on that one :) 

You can read about the new feature in the official +Google Webmasters blog post: http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2014/09/improved-sitelinks-search-box.html and find the documentation here: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/richsnippets/sitelinkssearch. 

An example API description supported by Google Search is expressed in JSON-LD like this:

<script type="application/ld+json">
{
   "@context":"http://schema.org",
   "@type":"WebSite",
   "url": "https://www.example-petstore.com/",
   "potentialAction": {
     "@type":"SearchAction",
     "target": "https://host.example-petstore.com/search?q={search_term}",
     "query-input": "required name=search_term"
   }
}
</script>

You can read more about Schema.org actions at http://schema.org/docs/actions.html.

For a good discussion of the feature check out +Pierre Far's post here: https://plus.google.com/+PierreFar/posts/YytRv3nJ7nr. 

Last but not least, we have also featured the SearchAction in our #iobyte  with +Shawn Simister, you can watch the video here: Build a Small Knowledge Graph Part 3 of 3: Activating Graph Data With Actions.___Smarter Web Sites +Google Developers added: Today we updated a Google Search feature called sitelinks search box to take advantage of machine-readable API descriptions using Schema.org #actions (http://schema.org/docs/actions.html). When the sitelinks search box is shown, it will make it easier for users to reach specific content on your site, directly through your own site-search functionality. Check out the +Google Webmasters Blog to learn more: http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2014/09/improved-sitelinks-search-box.html. For a technical deep dive on REST and hypermedia API design, check out the tech talk from +Mike Amundsen: REST, Hypermedia, and the Semantic Gap: Why "RMM Level-3 REST" is not enough

2014-09-05 13:01:05 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

100 Rules for +NASA Project Managers.  Great project management advice - easy to read, some very novel insights. 

The Project Manager
Initial Work
Communications
People
Reviews and Reports
Contractors and Contracting
Engineers and Scientists
Hardware
Computers and Software
Senior Management, Program Offices and Above
Program Planning, Budgeting, and Estimating
The Customer
NASA Management Instructions
Decision Making
Professional Ethics and Integrity
Project Management and Teamwork
Treating and Avoiding Failures

h/t +Ninja On Rye 

#projectmanagement #nasa #scienceeveryday

Nasa has 100 rules for project managers
"Rule 56: The first sign of trouble comes from
the schedule or the cost curve. Engi-
neers are the last to know they are
in trouble. Engineers are born opti-
mists. "
http://www.oliverlehmann.com/project-management-sources/Nasa-Hundred-Rules-for-Project-Managers.pdf___100 Rules for +NASA Project Managers.  Great project management advice - easy to read, some very novel insights. 

The Project Manager
Initial Work
Communications
People
Reviews and Reports
Contractors and Contracting
Engineers and Scientists
Hardware
Computers and Software
Senior Management, Program Offices and Above
Program Planning, Budgeting, and Estimating
The Customer
NASA Management Instructions
Decision Making
Professional Ethics and Integrity
Project Management and Teamwork
Treating and Avoiding Failures

h/t +Ninja On Rye 

#projectmanagement #nasa #scienceeveryday

posted image

2014-09-05 12:51:58 (9 comments, 6 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

Shedding light on errant ideas.  Free speech allows us to say things that don't make any sense - but a little sunlight and the open exchange of alternate viewpoints help ensure that better thinking prevails.  If too many people in a bubble repeat a logically flawed idea, it may persist in relative darkness, but bad ideas never seem to do quite as well out in the open. 

h/t +Rachel Blum 

See also:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+RachelBlum/posts/K8UzS5n5XA7

#logicalconsistency   #consumerprivacy

Today's Maximumble is private.
http://maximumble.thebookofbiff.com/2014/09/03/932-privacy/___Shedding light on errant ideas.  Free speech allows us to say things that don't make any sense - but a little sunlight and the open exchange of alternate viewpoints help ensure that better thinking prevails.  If too many people in a bubble repeat a logically flawed idea, it may persist in relative darkness, but bad ideas never seem to do quite as well out in the open. 

h/t +Rachel Blum 

See also:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+RachelBlum/posts/K8UzS5n5XA7

#logicalconsistency   #consumerprivacy

posted image

2014-08-30 17:51:22 (6 comments, 28 reshares, 82 +1s)Open 

Do NOT pour water on a grease fire.  Sometimes a visual helps. :)

h/t +Jessica Meyer 

#firesafety #science #experiment #donttrythisathome


Basic Cooking Do Not water being poured into a pot of hot grease___Do NOT pour water on a grease fire.  Sometimes a visual helps. :)

h/t +Jessica Meyer 

#firesafety #science #experiment #donttrythisathome

posted image

2014-08-28 12:17:33 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Fun with a smart phone. How to create and share 360° surround-sight photos. Great article/video tutorial from +Mark Bruce on how to create and share PhotoSpheres. 

Beautiful PhotoSphere examples: 

https://www.google.com/maps/views/profile/115624860057949518963?gl=au 

Bonus: 

Virtual Reality with a Smart Phone (Google Cardboard)

https://plus.google.com/+MarkBruce/posts/JHRdLZScVES

Make your own Virtual Reality experience from a smart phone and a pizza-box sized piece of cardboard (and a few other not-very-expensive things). :)

#photography #photosphere #virtualreality #vr #googlecardboard

PhotoSphere Tutorial: Capturing, Editing, Fixing, and Uploading.

It is long overdue, and a number of people have asked for me to do a tutorial in the past (such as +Cyrus Khan & +Fadhli Yunus), but I finally made a complete PhotoSphere tutorial to explain and demonstrate a number of different aspects of the PhotoSphere process as follows:

1. Basic form and posture that works for me; foot planted on a spot on the ground, phone held in portrait mode (to avoid black holes at top and bottom) at comfortable spot above foot, rotating about spot on ground and minimising spatial movement of the phone’s camera while rotating. 

2. Uploading to +Google Maps via the Gallery App’s Google Maps share option and confirming the desire to publicly publish. 

3. Logging into Google Maps Views to check on the PhotoSphere just published as well as all other PhotoSphere’s that have been captured so far. Using the Google Maps Views edit option to adjust the GPS location of the image to the correct spot. Launching the PhotoSphere into public Google Maps; the image and interface that most people will see.

4. Fixing PhotoSpheres containing stitching errors with a standard graphics editing program in order to perform basic image editing to correct the defective stitching, such as occurs with broken distant horizons. 

5. Uploading the edited PhotoSphere / panorama file to a Web utility provided by Google in order to perform other minor corrections if desired and mainly to add back the metadata that was lost by the graphics editing program - metadata required by PhotoSphere viewers to produce the full 360 panorama effect. Re-uploading and publishing this image once ready. 

6. Brief examples of edited and fixed PhotoSpheres containing varying stitching errors. 

For those who love building their PhotoSphere collections, those only newly discovering the PhotoSphere format, and those yet to give it a try - I hope you found this tutorial useful and helpful. If you have any other questions, comments, or suggestions please let me know. 

Links to resources demonstrated in the video:

* The PhotoSphere captured at the start of the video, with my wife visible holding the video camera, can be found here: https://www.google.com/maps/@-34.900084,138.615555,3a,75y,88h,90t/data=!3m5!1e1!3m3!1scjXfvGahRWUAAAQfCV0eoQ!2e0!3e11

* My Google Maps Views account, with my entire collection of PhotoSpheres across eight (soon to be ten) different countries and with a total of nearly 1.5 million views, can be found here: https://www.google.com/maps/views/profile/115624860057949518963?gl=au 

* The web utility provided by Google to add back metadata, etc to panoramas and PhotoSpheres in order to make edited PhotoSpheres viewable again, can be found here: http://photo-sphere.appspot.com/ 

* I also create Tiny Planet images of all of my PhotoSpheres and the whole collection can be found here: https://plus.google.com/u/0/photos/115624860057949518963/albums/5833644721656381185 

#photosphere   #googlemaps   #googlemapsviews  ___Fun with a smart phone. How to create and share 360° surround-sight photos. Great article/video tutorial from +Mark Bruce on how to create and share PhotoSpheres. 

Beautiful PhotoSphere examples: 

https://www.google.com/maps/views/profile/115624860057949518963?gl=au 

Bonus: 

Virtual Reality with a Smart Phone (Google Cardboard)

https://plus.google.com/+MarkBruce/posts/JHRdLZScVES

Make your own Virtual Reality experience from a smart phone and a pizza-box sized piece of cardboard (and a few other not-very-expensive things). :)

#photography #photosphere #virtualreality #vr #googlecardboard

posted image

2014-08-25 02:47:44 (1 comments, 6 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

Born Brave.  :)  

Thanks +Christopher Zhong for sharing. :)

#computerscience #computationalscience #debug  

we Born With Ability___Born Brave.  :)  

Thanks +Christopher Zhong for sharing. :)

#computerscience #computationalscience #debug  

posted image

2014-08-22 02:34:08 (2 comments, 8 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

If we had the right sensors, the universe would seem even grander than it appears to our limited vision. All that we can see - impressive as it is - is only a small fraction of what we know is there. By studying indirect evidence, we can tell much about what we are missing.

Interesting question on what might happen when dark matter meets a black hole. :) 

"Every cubic inch of space is a miracle."

— Walt Whitman

Clumping dark matter  & smoothly distributed dark energy
[44 min video]: 
Dark Matter ; the Undetectable Mass

Dark energy interactive:
http://hubblesite.org/hubble_discoveries/dark_energy/

Full size infographic:
http://chandra.harvard.edu/graphics/resources/illustrations/dark_infograph.jpg


#darkenergy   #darkmatter #physics #blackholes  
#nasa   #chandra

Question of the Day!
What if we viewed dark matter as easily disrupted and smooth flowing through the universe? Could it be possible that it could collide with another cloud of dark matter or become disrupted by some type of gravitational pull, if we mirrored this to events in our atmosphere, but instead of high and low pressure, different gravitational pulls, something that might violently react? Or some other element. With the motions of dark matter and the similar attributes of a black hole (void of light) and the fact that most scientists believe that dark matter is connected to black holes would that not indicate at some point they must have crossed paths or been composed of like substances?

Answer!
It does seem that at dark matter and black holes should interact. If there are black holes distributed in some way throughout galaxies (of smaller mass than the massive black hole in the center of most galaxies) as does seem to be the case, then they must at some point come into contact with the huge halo of dark matter that surrounds a galaxy like our own.

What happens when they cross paths? It depends - on what dark matter actually is. We could imagine that dark matter particles would fall into the black hole, because they seem to interact gravitationally as any other massive particle. The black hole would gain mass and would perhaps attract more dark matter, and at a certain point it would have pulled in the nearest particles and the rest of the dark matter would be too far away to be affected. We might test this if at some point we could monitor the growth of black holes near the halo, which we cannot do at this time (and in fact measurements like this seem a long way off!).

Keep in mind that just because two masses interact, such as black holes and dark matter, does not mean they are the same thing. The only inference that can be made from the fact that two bodies interact via gravity is that they both have mass. Nothing more. Imagine a girl standing across from a wall, hitting a tennis ball which bounces off the wall and comes back to her so that she can hit is again. The girl and the wall interact via the ball, but this does not mean this girl and the wall are the same.

The key idea is that we don't know what dark matter is. It could be an indication that the laws of gravity need to be modified in some way, even though this seems unlikely.

As far as dark matter flowing smoothly through the universe, this has not been shown to be true. The evidence shows that dark matter is concentrated in galaxies and clusters of galaxies. Within this concentration, dark matter could consist of a cloud of particles. Dark energy however, does seem to be a smoothly distributed energy spread throughout the Universe.

More information:
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2004/darkenergy/
The links at the bottom will take you to an interview with a prominent cosmologist who explains what dark energy means and an article on measuring dark energy in the Universe. ___If we had the right sensors, the universe would seem even grander than it appears to our limited vision. All that we can see - impressive as it is - is only a small fraction of what we know is there. By studying indirect evidence, we can tell much about what we are missing.

Interesting question on what might happen when dark matter meets a black hole. :) 

"Every cubic inch of space is a miracle."

— Walt Whitman

Clumping dark matter  & smoothly distributed dark energy
[44 min video]: 
Dark Matter ; the Undetectable Mass

Dark energy interactive:
http://hubblesite.org/hubble_discoveries/dark_energy/

Full size infographic:
http://chandra.harvard.edu/graphics/resources/illustrations/dark_infograph.jpg


#darkenergy   #darkmatter #physics #blackholes  
#nasa   #chandra

posted image

2014-08-20 20:54:16 (4 comments, 4 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

No boundary:  *The Theory of Everything.*  :)  

There should be no boundary to human endeavor.
- Stephen Hawking

It has been a great joy to watch this man defy every expectation -  both scientific and personal.
- from the trailer 

This looks good - thanks +Amine Benaichouche  for sharing. :) 

#physics #hawking #cosmology #noboundary #theoryofeverything   

I want to know: Are you excited to see "The Theory of Everything"? The film profiling the early life of Stephen Hawking hits theaters in the USA on November 7th. Fun fact: The script is based on a book by Jane Hawking, his former wife. 

#stephenhawking   #movietrailer  ___No boundary:  *The Theory of Everything.*  :)  

There should be no boundary to human endeavor.
- Stephen Hawking

It has been a great joy to watch this man defy every expectation -  both scientific and personal.
- from the trailer 

This looks good - thanks +Amine Benaichouche  for sharing. :) 

#physics #hawking #cosmology #noboundary #theoryofeverything   

posted image

2014-08-12 22:27:00 (0 comments, 12 reshares, 84 +1s)Open 

Near Real-Time World View.  Interactively explore global satellite imagery within hours of it being acquired. Use the features to find interesting imagery, then save and share what you find.  https://earthdata.nasa.gov/labs/worldview/

Hint:  Click on the +  (plus sign)  in the upper left to see the Base Layers and Overlays available. :)  

From the "About" page: 

Welcome to Worldview

This tool from NASA's EOSDIS provides the capability to interactively browse global, full-resolution satellite imagery and then download the underlying data. Most of the 100+ available products are updated within three hours of observation, essentially showing the entire Earth as it looks "right now". This supports time-critical application areas such as wildfire management, air quality measurements, and flood monitoring. Arctic and Antarctic views ofseveral ... more »

The View from VIIRS

NOAA recently released a new version of NOAA View, a data exploration tool that allows users to explore over 100 environmental variables. As part of the update, it's possible to browse daily Suomi NPP true-color imagery from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). With the tool, you can capture regional images at multiple resolutions, export images as PNG and Google Earth files, share links to data sets or exact dates, and zoom in on a particular image. This image from NOAA View shows the western hemisphere from the Suomi NPP satellite's VIIRS instrument on July 29, 2014.

Read more about it from NOAA at
http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/MediaDetail2.php?MediaID=1596&MediaTypeID=1

Read more about VIIRS at
http://npp.gsfc.nasa.gov/viirs.html

Try out WorldView, a near-real time data exploration tool from NASA at https://earthdata.nasa.gov/labs/worldview/___Near Real-Time World View.  Interactively explore global satellite imagery within hours of it being acquired. Use the features to find interesting imagery, then save and share what you find.  https://earthdata.nasa.gov/labs/worldview/

Hint:  Click on the +  (plus sign)  in the upper left to see the Base Layers and Overlays available. :)  

From the "About" page: 

Welcome to Worldview

This tool from NASA's EOSDIS provides the capability to interactively browse global, full-resolution satellite imagery and then download the underlying data. Most of the 100+ available products are updated within three hours of observation, essentially showing the entire Earth as it looks "right now". This supports time-critical application areas such as wildfire management, air quality measurements, and flood monitoring. Arctic and Antarctic views of several products are also available for a "full globe" perspective. Browsing on tablet and smartphone devices is generally supported for mobile access to the imagery.

Worldview uses the Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) to rapidly retrieve its imagery for an interactive browsing experience. While Worldview uses OpenLayers as its mapping library, GIBS imagery can also be accessed from Google Earth, NASA World Wind, and several other clients. We encourage interested developers to build their own clients or integrate NASA imagery into their existing ones using these services.

Imagery Use

NASA supports an open data policy and we encourage publication of imagery from Worldview; when doing so, please cite it as "NASA Worldview" and also consider including a permalink (such as this one) to allow others to explore the imagery.

Acknowledgements

Near-real time data is courtesy of LANCE data providers: AMSR-E SIPS, GES DISC, MODAPS, OMI SIPS, and FIRMS. Ocean color and temperature data provided by OBPG and PO.DAAC. Socioeconomic data supplied by SEDAC. Freeze / Thaw products supplied by NSIDC. Orbit tracks provided by space-track.org. Polar coastlines and graticules courtesy of ADD SCAR, OpenStreetMap, and PolarView. User-selectable color palettes are primarily derived from NEO. The imagery ingest and serving system (GIBS) is built by NASA/JPL and operated by NASA/GSFC. Worldview is built by the NASA/GSFC Earth Science Data Information System (ESDIS) Project and is grateful for the use of many open source projects.

Disclaimer

The information presented through this interface is provided "as is" and users bear all responsibility and liability for their use of the data. Please read the full disclaimer.

License

_Copyright © 2013 - 2014 United States Government as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. All Rights Reserved. This software is licensed under the NASA Open Source Software Agreement, Version 1.3.

Source code is available on github.  :)

#environmental #data #opensource #nasa #noaa #worldview  

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