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Kenneth McCormack has been at 8 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Larry Fournillier1,338,063In this exciting episode of *Food Stories*, my favorite G+ couple,@101888088652157354149 and @117875987563872032638  will be cooking and serving up a tasty Belgian dish, *Stoverij* *_(Carbonnade Flamande)_*.  This is a traditional Belgian sweet-sour beef and onion stew made with *beer*, and seasoned with *thyme, bay-leaf and mustard*. Mushrooms or spiced bread can also be added. In addition, George and Marilyn has a fascinating story behind this dish and I can’t wait for them to share it.  Meanwhile, check out *George's recipe* here:  http://goo.gl/s4okuq  So join us on *Sunday 15th, March at 1:00PM(PDT), 4:00PM(EDT & AST)* for another fun-filled and *_must see_* HOA.  I will have a special guest join us in Marilyn and George's kitchen :) *Reminder*: Don't forget to bring along your favorite *food and drink*. #belgianbeefstew   #foodstories   #hoa   #hangoutsonair   #STOVERIJ   #larryfournillier  Food Stories | Stoverij (Flemish Beef Stew) S02E052015-03-15 21:00:0067  
Eric Enge21,279This week on the #DMEShow  @104858643838035519891 and @108493275257625053433 and I will chat about Pinterest and G+ and how to leverage them together. The show airs at 5 PM EDT on Thursday May 29th.  Just say yes to get access to the video for live or later viewing.  I will also share the video here for mobile users. Please help us by inviting others or sharing the event!Pinterest and Google Plus: Two Peas in a Pod2014-05-29 23:00:23205  
Lisa Engles5,341*Link to the program mentioned in this hangout www.hangoutsforvisionaryleaders.com/program* *Coaches, Authors and Speakers: Go From Ground Zero to Hangout Hero* Have you spent a lot of time, energy and money spinning your wheels, trying to spread your message and build your audience using social media marketing, but haven’t seen the results that you hoped for?  Do you feel disconnected from the very people you want to reach?  Well, you’re not alone.  In fact, most heart-centered entrepreneurs and visionary leaders that I talk to all say the same thing: " I feel disconnected from the people I want to reach"  and : “I don’t like using social media, but I know I’m supposed to.”  And less than a year ago, I was one of them. ​I was frustrated because there was something about social media that didn’t feel right to me.  I was very resistant to using it.  It felt useless to me because honestly, I was a small fish in a big pond of thousands of 'experts' who were using all types of tactics that felt pushy and in your face. If that's what I needed to do to get seen and get clients, then no thanks.  It's just not who I am. Then one day, I had an ‘ah-ha” moment.  I realized that the reason I was feeling so much resistance was because at the core of who I am and what I do as a coach, author and speaker is - connect and communicate. In that moment I saw how social media was actually putting a divide between me and ideal audience and was keeping me from getting noticed and ultimately, getting clients because there was a lack of authentic connection and communication.  Think about it, how much can you really connect with people when you’re limited posting a 140 characters, a link or an image?  The lack of authentic engagement was not only keeping me from effectively communicating my message, it was keeping me from connecting with my ideal audience and it was ultimately keeping me from making money doing what I love to do.  So I made it my goal to figure out how I could reach others with my message in a way that felt real and that created an opportunity for authentic connection.  And that’s when I decided to look into google hangouts on air.   Within 6 months of using hangouts on air (HOA) I was finally able to break the barriers between me and my ideal clients, get the support of influencers both in google plus and in my niche, establish my expertise and build a loyal following of people who want what I have to offer… all things I had been unsuccessful in accomplishing before. So, in this hangout I want to show you how you can have this type of success using hangouts as well.    #RonnieBincer  has been a big piece of my 'winning' equation, so he'll be joining us in this hangout where you'll: *Learn the 4 critical steps that will take you from ground zero to hangout hero (or shero)* *Discover how to use hangouts on air to connect and communicate with your ideal audience in real time so that you create trust and meaningful relationships* *Learn how usHangout Strategies for Visionary Leaders2014-04-14 20:00:0094  
Chef Dennis Littley732,206Mobile Use this Link: http://youtu.be/OATc03mlDks Join me and my Co-host @108641528210325220263  with are very special guest @115620878851836664537  as we tackle the topic of *Semantic Search*  on the 10th episode of *The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively* And who better to learn it from then the Author of Google Semantic Search himself.   Every Monday  for thirty minutes we will focus on a different aspect of Google+  offering guidance and  answering questions.    If you have questions please leave them in the Comment Bar of this event  before the start of the show and we will do our best our best to answer them. The goal of our series is to help everyone understand how Google+ works and what they need to do to become successful on G+.  Once G+ begins to make sense to you, you'll be able to enjoy your time on the plus, making new friends, engaging in communities and seeing some pretty amazing search engine results.  While our series will be focused on Bloggers everyone is welcome and we hope to see all of you with your questions-    You can also join us at the G+ Food Bloggers Community - http://goo.gl/IEKmsV  where we discuss all the issues that Bloggers have as well as sharing best practices. All of our previous episodes are on Youtube  http://goo.gl/3iukbR Monday February 1th @ 1 PM EST/12 PM CST/11 AM MST/10 AM PST #googleplustips   #bloggers   #Gplusfoodbloggers  The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively - Semantic Search with David Amerland2014-02-17 19:00:00147  
martin shervington1,003,709*Google Plus for Individuals and Business!* _Including launch of the free 'Quickstarter' courses..._ There have been so many changes in the Plus over the past few months, and as such we wanted to get together to re-launch the website, tell you about some of the resources and pick up on some of your questions as well. So get yourself ready and see you on Monday!The PYB team talk about some amazing, free resources available for Google+!2014-02-10 21:00:00116  
Men's Health639,676Stay on track in 2014 with healthy eating and nutrition tips from our panel of experts. TOPICS OF DISCUSSION: -Tips for maintaining flavor while eating healthy -Cooking demo -How to incorporate fruits and vegetables during the winter months PARTICIPANTS: -Paul Kita, Men’s Health Senior Associate Editor -Cheryl Forberg, Nutritionist and Chef -David McInerney, Co-Founder, Fresh Direct -Christopher Mohr, Ph.D, RDHealthy Cooking & Nutrition Tips2014-01-28 19:00:00154  
Google+9,556,678The Google+ team will be sharing a few updates. RSVP to this event to watch the broadcast live.A Morning with Google+2013-10-29 17:30:0033935  
Google Australia178,319Join us for a special Doodle 4 Google explorer Hangout On Air and hear Project Loon engineer +Anton Staaf talk about exploring big ideas and a behind the scenes look at +Project Loon with students from Roydvale Primary School in Christchurch. #projectloon #loon #balloonpoweredinternetDoodle 4 Google Explorer Series: HOA with Project Loon's Anton Staaf2013-08-27 12:00:00423  

Kenneth McCormack has been shared in 247 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Luis V.69,058This is my 13th #FollowFriday shared circle of the new year.(One day late) All the people in here belong in my circles. These are all people that should be followed and post good content, interact with others and are active on Google Plus. I'm starting small and would like to have this circle expand. I am sharing on Fridays and if you want to be in any future shared circles, do this...Comment on here or +1 this post, share this circle and add me to your circles.I'll check your profile and posts. No spam. No blueheads.2015-03-27 15:15:0422529
Rich Bradford35,776Version 20!! Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 20 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford 2015-03-13 04:20:58476122
Tia McDowell23Shared circle to help you meet new people! Enjoy and share!2015-01-20 18:32:14495211321
AyJay Schibig84,141ENGAGERS  CIRCLE  1.19.15   by  +AyJay Schibig  Please ReShare.Welcome to the latest  edition of my  active Engagers Circle. Add  it to grow your G+ network !  #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia 2015-01-20 07:39:00494473868
Rich Bradford31,008Version 19!! Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 19 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford 2015-01-20 00:03:104816057103
Noah Wesley17,004This is a public circle of Photographers and Photography loversTo increase your chances of inclusion in future circles please leave a comment when sharing the circle.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include +ORIGINAL AUTHENTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS  • Comment on this postIf you like what you find in this circle, please share it with your followers to help these individuals reach a wider audience. I will share more circles of those I find Inspiring in the future#beautifulpictures #beautifulplaces #amazingphotos #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #spain #barcelona #sweden #sweden #gothenburg #sweden #stockholm #switzerland #switzerland #berne #switzerland #geneva #switzerland #zurich #turkey #turkey #ankara #turkey #istanbul #beijing #chengdu #chongqing #dalian #fuzhou #guangzhou #harbinchina #hefefi 2015-01-13 10:46:12494181736
vivek asati0This is the circle of circle # profiles and pages that are active in circle sharing and have included me their circles. If you are looking for followers and engagement add these people and engage with them.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIF YOU WANT TO BE INCLUDED IN A NEW VERSIONS OF MY CIRCLES PLZ LET ME KNOW AND MAKE THIS SIMPLE STEPS:1. Include me in your circles.2. Plus, Comment and Reshare my posts in PUBLIC3. Please make sure you plus, reshare and comment on the Original4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above.2015-01-08 14:33:28370432
John Wood24,699This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #Kiribati #Korea #(ROK) #wait #Kyrgyzstan #Laos #Latvia #Lebanon #Lesotho #Liberia #Libyan #Arab #Jam. #Liechtenstein #Lithuania #Luxembourg #Macau #Macedonia #Madagascar #Malawi #Malaysia #Maldives #Mali #Malta #Marshall #Islands #Martinique #Mauritania #Mauritius #Mayotte #Mexico 2015-01-03 07:22:134306867123
Rich Bradford29,423Happy New Year!!Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 18 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2015-01-01 01:31:044836456103
Luis V.66,374This is my first #FollowFriday  shared circle and all the people in here belong in my circles. These are all people that should be followed and post good content, interact with others and are active on Google Plus. If you want to be excluded, let me know and I will pull your name.I'll be sharing on Fridays and if you want to ne in any future shared circles, do these things...Comment on here, share this circle, add me.I'll check your profile and posts. No spam or porn. 2014-12-27 02:49:034783212
Rich Bradford28,349Merry Christmas! Happy Holidays! Seasons Greetings!!Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 17 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-12-24 01:24:19491195728
Rajani Vijaya0My Awesome CircleThis is my circle of the day :)Add people in this circle to increase your follower. Enjoy it!#CircleShare#CircleSharing#Circles#CircleOfTheDay#SharedCircles#Shared#SharedPublicCircles#SharedCircleOfTheDay#Engagers#ShareCircle#SocialMedia#EngagersCircle#Share#Google#SharingCircles#ADD#Friends#SEOtips#Website#Marketing#SEOmarketing#Google#WebDesign#SocialMedia#DigitalMarketing#Business#LocalSEO#OnlineMarketing#Search#SocialMediaMarketing#SEOservices#ContentMarketing#Blogging#SEM#WebDevelopment#SEOStrategy2014-11-28 01:58:1048011912
Rich Bradford25,637Do over! or should I say seconds!! Happy Thanksgiving for all in the USA!! Happy Day to everyone else!! Rocking G+ this afternoon!! Let's grow your network with version 16 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-27 22:26:52493604492
Rich Bradford25,637Happy Thanksgiving for all in the USA!! Happy Day to everyone else!! Rocking G+ this afternoon!! Let's grow your network with version 16 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-27 22:10:52493568
John Wood21,093This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #Singapore2014-11-27 10:51:04333202736
Rich Bradford25,167Version 15 is here!! Happy weekend everyone!! Let's Rock G+!!Let's grow your network with version 15 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-22 01:34:18493515186
Rich Bradford25,079Version 14!! Let's Rock G+!!Let's grow your network with version 14 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  (Sorry about that! It has been a while since the last circle!)2014-11-21 01:33:12488525492
Rich Bradford23,482Where are we? Version 13? Let's Rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 13 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-03 22:19:10474171433
Rich Bradford22,315 Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 12 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-21 23:46:40464122319
Rich Bradford21,381Hope you are having an excellent Monday!! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 11 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-13 20:51:10448010
Candy Archery199Good morning (or afternoon/evening)!! Looks like a new circle is long overdue! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 10 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-07 11:52:105008217
Rich Bradford20,012Good morning (or afternoon/evening)!! Looks like a new circle is long overdue! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 10 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-02 14:35:31409495098
Becky Collins16,515Hot and spicy foods circle! :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-15 05:16:26463107
shareing circle9,942Google Friends! - You're in this Circle +shareing circle .♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥If You receive this message You are included in circle !!!1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already2. +1 this circle3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above..♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥#Circle#Sharers#Engagers#Followers#AddCircle#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#shareingcircle2014-09-06 10:09:063646957101
Rich Bradford17,989Continuing to rock G+!! Let's grow your network!! Can’t believe this is version 9 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Happy Friday to all of you!! Have an excellent weekend!#circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday#circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles#sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday#engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople#googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-09-05 23:48:55365566282
Added Healthy216This circle regularly tops 501 reshares because of all the awesome engagers in it. Make sure to be a part of it!➤ To be added into the next share, follow these simple steps:  1) Plus the original post2) Share this circle publicly (and with your circles/extended circles)3) Comment on the original post when complete4) Add the circle weekly so you can get the new members!  http://addedhealthy.blogspot.com/2014/08/5-symptoms-and-cause-appendicitis.html#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2014-08-28 09:53:23501121113
My-beez4,055Hey everyone, lets keep rocking G+ with this amazing 6th edition of my Top engagers membersThis circle contains primary profiles of recent engagers. If you receive a notification means you are inside. Have a look through these profiles. If you add these people, at least half will add you back and engage with you through pluses, shares and comments on your material.#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health #Mybeezcircles #topengagers #engagedcircles #topcircles   #topcircleshare   Have a nice tuesday !Julie.2014-08-26 08:26:2250115920
Rich Bradford17,418Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 8 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have an excellent weekend!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-26 03:03:19344474875
Rich Bradford16,555Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 7 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have an excellent weekend!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-16 00:03:50327604588
Rich Bradford15,319Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 6 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-05 20:36:01286413665
Rich Bradford14,105Now is a good time to do this!  Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 5 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   Thank you in advance for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-29 22:43:06246433958
Rich Bradford13,678Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 4 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   Thank you in advance for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-23 02:27:28200362852
Doug Hyatt5,572THIS IS MEGA CIRCLE 12  #DOUGHYATTCIRCLESHARING I AM GETTING 1,000+ FOLLOWERS A WEEK FROM THIS!  1) ADD THE CIRCLE2) RESHARE THE CIRCLE AND BE SURE TO REMEMBER TO CHECK THE BOX WHICH INCLUDES YOURSELF.3)RESHARE TO PUBLIC EVERY DAY!BE SURE TO COPY THE HASHTAG LIST AND ADD IN YOUR COMMENTS LIKE I HAVE!  IT WILL GIVE YOU MAXIMUM RESULTS#doughyattcirclesharing#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   2014-07-19 21:28:014624211
Rich Bradford12,684Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 3 of the Snowball Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   To be added to future circles follow these simple steps:1 - Include me in one your circles if you haven’t already2 - share the circle (include yourself)3 - add +1 to the post4 - Leave a comment below#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-15 19:52:54168322238
Cher Fauvél426This is my Elite Raw Rocks Shared Circle!This is my circle for anyone interested in raw, organic, vegan nutrition!May be you just wanna investigate raw living a little? You will find the leaders in this circle.Please G+ and share if you would like to be added :)Be sure to share the original post.Welcome to Raw Rocks Shared Circle!  #rawliving  #rawfood #rawfoodlifestyle #organic   #rawnutrition  2014-07-05 15:20:52500313
James Wilson245Sharing Sunday. Hope everyone has a great week. Add, plus and share#Circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedpublicircles   #sharing   #sharingcircles 2014-06-29 14:58:28473424
John Wood8,708boost visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou             #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare 2014-06-24 11:05:052937514
Shivakant Tripathi1,827IN ORDER TO MAKE THIS WORK PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW:  1. Plus the post  2. Share the post  3. Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.  4. Request to be added in comments or let me know if you should be in it and for some reason are not. (。◕‿◕。)#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers #followback   #awesomecircles #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle   2014-06-23 14:14:30501417
John Wood8,050Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me ( ) in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.    _ Otherwise I may not notice your activity!_3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2014-06-20 10:26:17472211838
Shivakant Tripathi1,773IN ORDER TO MAKE THIS WORK PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW:  1. Plus the post  2. Share the post  3. Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.  4. Request to be added in comments or let me know if you should be in it and for some reason are not.#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers #followback   #awesomecircles #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle   2014-06-05 23:05:224351048
John Wood6,323Shared circle time, I am sure you all know how this works. Feel free to add this Circle, Re Share it & comment#sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday 2014-05-28 08:37:23498582376
John Nuntiatio37,221#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss 2014-05-27 06:18:55201172
Organo Gold Review1,066I highly suggest adding each and every person in this #GoogleCircle as they will be sure to interact with you. Circle sharing pages This circle contains pages that engage through pluses, comments or shares. If you receive a notification means you are inside.#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       #publiccircle       #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle     #dontconfusethecircles  2014-05-20 02:06:08460113
Will Hawkins33,835Google Friends! - You're in this Circle - Share the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              118This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!Circle Networkhttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/112542593288160483901/postsNetwork Circleshttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/communities/113362757071870225795#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle  Circlenetwork CircleNetworking IPNetwork NetworkingCircles2014-05-13 22:47:45500534395
curator Circle0As promised yesterday, here is the #CuratorCircleEdition  4Wisdom of this circle: Take time to view the profile of those you add if you care for the quality of the content shared on G+!Some of you that show interest to be included in the circle will not find themselves in. It is not an hazard; the minimum one can do while asking for inclusion in a shared circle is to include the sharer page or profile. Also due to the maximum space of 500 profiles, others have been kept for the next circle.Rules of the circle:1. Plus and share the circle (add me if you haven't done it yet)2. Comment to ask for inclusion. And enjoy your day.2014-05-06 13:53:46501351023
David Baj574Very Good CircleVIC (very important circle) #vic    #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles  If you want enlarge your circle, you must reshared this circle. And so, do you want enlarge your circle? And now, what are you waiting to reshare?The most important engager is reshared, because only with it we could enlarge the our circle.If you want to be part of the next  Special Circle1 - include me in your circles3 - shared the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post5 - Comment  #findcircles    #circlemeup    #influencermarketing    #influencers     #socialmediamarketing     #socialnetworking     #toppeople   #entrepreneur   #happy  2014-04-30 23:43:15244201
Maria Maccarone171VEG FRIENDLY CIRCLEHere's my first version of a Veg Friendly Circle.It's a circle of veg friendly people all over the world: really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add to your circles.Share The Circle if you like to spread veg attitude on Google Plus!Would you like me to add you to my Circle? Please, follow these simple steps:1 - Share the Circle 2 - Include me in your circles 3 - Add +1 to the post 4 - Be happy!Check also: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101426554655343191310/+Stationveganblog/posts#vegancircle   #vegetariancircle   #vegetariano #vegan   #vegetarian   #vegetarianrecipe   #vegetalien   #vegetalienne   #rawfood   #rawvegan   #veganfriendly #vegfriendly #greenliving #greenfriends #vegetarianismo #veganismo #healthyliving #healthy   #sharedcircle   #publiccircleshare     #circleshare     #circleoftheday   #circleshares     #circlesharing     #circlesshare     #publicsharedcircle   #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleoftheweek     #sharedcircl2014-04-19 08:56:245009914
Shivakant Tripathi1,650IN ORDER TO MAKE THIS WORK PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW:  1. Plus the post  2. Share the post  3. Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.  4. Request to be added in comments or let me know if you should be in it and for some reason are not. (。◕‿◕。)#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers #followback   #awesomecircles #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles 2014-04-16 21:12:284362111
Rehmat Ullah559.............Circle Of THe DAy.................................Here is my new #circle   Having top engagers of my network..Add and enjoy this circle, also share with your friends. #circleshare #circleoftheday #ukcircles   #circles  2014-03-05 09:57:57501231229
Claudio Varricchio4,507Ecco una lista di utenti di #googleplus particolarmente attivi, seguiti, apprezzati, condivisi. Sono più di 400 e che rappresentano una  #SharedCircle  da non perdere!Per essere inclusi nelle mie cerchie condivise  (#sharedcircle), siete pregati di: 1 - Fare +1 t su questo post.2 - Commentatelo, specificando una categoria in cui vorreste essere inclusi (lavoro o interesse)  3 - Includetela tra le vostre cerchie.4 - Condividete la cerchia includendo voi stessi. #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare         #circles         #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircles     #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday         #sharewithyou       #circle  #coolpeople   #circleshare #sharedcircles  #sharedcircle   #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #circleshare     #circlesharing     #fullcircleshare  #circlesunday     #social  #socialnetworks   #socialnetworking  #community #communities  2014-02-03 22:23:31500213

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2015-03-15 21:45:57 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/doctors-confirm-first-human-death-officially-caused-by-gmos/

Most reshares: 5

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2015-03-14 17:20:12 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

I couldn't resist. I had to make a salad to celebrate Pi day.  Happy Pi day everyone. 

Most plusones: 27

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2015-03-14 17:20:12 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

I couldn't resist. I had to make a salad to celebrate Pi day.  Happy Pi day everyone. 

Latest 50 posts

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2015-03-28 12:32:37 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheatingand i... more »

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheating and in a dangerous state. Operators resumed the coolant flow; but the reactor core had become so hot that when water hit it again, the core shattered and began to meltdown. Fortunately, most of the released radiation was contained in the building and engineers struggled to regain control of the meltdown. After 5 agonizing days, they were successful. The reactor was permanently rendered useless, of course, and this accident marked a turning point in the heretofore growing nuclear energy industry in the U.S. 

YouTube videos:
•Three Mile Island Accident from The Engineering Channel (Length 01:49). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Qwg4oERhvw
•Three Mile Island Documentary: Nuclear Power’s Promise and Peril by Retro Report / The New York Times (Length:12:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0P9S4F4KpQ
•Meltdown at Three Mile Island (Nothing Compared to Fukushima). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vNDlVDVqes
•Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Up Close and Personal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPJ9hvjqvqc
•Wasteland: The nuclear graveyard under New Mexico (Length: 12:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDgBUwhUAVE
•The Nuclear Waste Destruction 2014 New Documentary (Length 01:07:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMoaK_2DlLQ

Web sources:
•http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/three-mile-island-and-nuclear-hopes-and-fears.html?_r=0
•http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/3mile-isle.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident
•http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Safety-of-Nuclear-Power-Reactors/
•http://www.ucsusa.org/our-work/nuclear-power/nuclear-power-accidents#.VRWxMjvF_T1
•http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/political-habitat-the-lie-of-three-mile-island
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nuclear-accident-at-three-mile-island
•http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/three/filmmore/transcript/index.html

Book sources:
• TMI 25 Years Later: The Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant Accident and Its Impact by Bonnie Anne Osif, Anthony J. Baratta, and Thomas W. Conkling. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0271027436/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0271027436&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XU6N2CYOZ2IJ6XPN

Image credits:
•Top: Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant from bird’s eye view. https://radioactivemonticello.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/pic_three_mile_island_jf2009_1000px.jpg
•Across Bottom from Left to Right:
*New York Times Front Page, March 29, 1979. http://whyfiles.org/130nukes/
*Time Magazine Cover Story, “Nuclear Nightmare,” April 9, 1979. http://takemeback.to/media/cover/cover-Time-19790409-75339.jpg
*Photo of President Jimmy Carter touring Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant on April 1, 1979. By John G. Kemeny et al [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carter_TMI-2.jpg
*Sign from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission to memorialize the Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident. http://eccentricroadside.blogspot.com/2011/11/i-saw-nukes-today-oh-boy-pennsylvanias.html___

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2015-03-28 05:10:20 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Two communications firsts achieved, 1884 and 1899
On March 27, 1884 — 131 years ago today — the first successful long-distance telephone line between New York City and Boston was inaugurated, and the dream of uniting the world through copper wires for instant communication began to become more clear. Prior to this particular 235 mile (378 kilometers) long distance line, there had been lines between (1) Lowell and Boston and (2) Providence and Boston. (The New York City to Boston line was not opened to the public until September, 1884.)

On March 27, 1899 — 116 years ago today — the first successful wireless transmission via radio waves took place between France and England across the English Channel. Marconi was trying to interest investors in his radio invention, and he was hoping a demonstration of wireless communication across the English Channel wouldinteres... more »

Today in History: Two communications firsts achieved, 1884 and 1899
On March 27, 1884 — 131 years ago today — the first successful long-distance telephone line between New York City and Boston was inaugurated, and the dream of uniting the world through copper wires for instant communication began to become more clear. Prior to this particular 235 mile (378 kilometers) long distance line, there had been lines between (1) Lowell and Boston and (2) Providence and Boston. (The New York City to Boston line was not opened to the public until September, 1884.)

On March 27, 1899 — 116 years ago today — the first successful wireless transmission via radio waves took place between France and England across the English Channel. Marconi was trying to interest investors in his radio invention, and he was hoping a demonstration of wireless communication across the English Channel would interest the French government. As Rowland F. Pocock writes in The Early British Radio, “Marconi had not over-estimated the publicity value of the cross-Channel link. This first demonstration of international radio telegraphy brought a rapid rise in the Company’s quotation on the stock market.”

YouTube videos:
•Marconi by BBC World Videos (Length: 46:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mb1WnO1KK4A

Web sources:
•http://hightechhistory.com/2009/03/27/today-march-27-1884-the-first-long-distance-telephone-line-between-boston-and-new-york-is-inaugurated/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-distance_calling
•http://www.bostonmagazine.com/news/blog/2014/03/27/throwback-thursday-first-phone-calls-new-york-boston/

•http://www.stormfax.com/wireless.htm
•http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
•http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/radio_history/radiohist/radio_history.php
•https://books.google.com/books?id=1h0NAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA142&lpg=PA142&dq=South+Foreland+England+and+Wimereux+Boulogne+France+radio+transmission+marconi+1899&source=bl&ots=HTAWoM-ra2&sig=xu61FHW6WitAKm7_qhHrlkjz9BM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=AY4UVc25OcfdoATLg4GQDg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=South%20Foreland%20England%20and%20Wimereux%20Boulogne%20France%20radio%20transmission%20marconi%201899&f=false
http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx

Book sources:
[coming soon - curation in progress]

Image credits:
Top: Brief Timeline of Copper Wire Telephone Connection Development. http://www2.alcatel-lucent.com/techzine/a-history-of-the-copper-telephone-line/
Bottom Left: Guglielmo Marconi. http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx
Bottom Middle: Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in Boulogne, France. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
Bottom Right:   Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in South Foreland, near Dover, England. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm___

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2015-03-26 15:08:33 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

This is the 8th and by far the largest harvest from my indoor system, which is now 20 weeks old. Grow your greens y'all!

"Chard is a nutritional powerhouse, a superb source of calcium and potassium, vitamin C, vitamin A and beta-carotene, as well as two carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), which some studies have indicated can help protect the eyes against vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts."

Source: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/series/recipes_for_health/chard/index.html

This is the 8th and by far the largest harvest from my indoor system, which is now 20 weeks old. Grow your greens y'all!

"Chard is a nutritional powerhouse, a superb source of calcium and potassium, vitamin C, vitamin A and beta-carotene, as well as two carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), which some studies have indicated can help protect the eyes against vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts."

Source: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/series/recipes_for_health/chard/index.html___

posted image

2015-03-26 15:05:23 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Today in History: NASA announced discovery of farthest known orbiting object in Solar System
On March 26, 2014 — just 1 year ago today — NASA announced the discovery of “Biden,” the most-distant known celestial object in our Solar System. The dwarf planet, Biden, is calculated to be about 450 kilometers in diameter, probably composed of ice and rock. It is now considered to be the farthest from the Sun, in the inner Oort Cloud. The planet is officially designated as 2012 VP 113, but the team of discoverers nicknamed it “Biden” because the “VP” is in its official designation. After more observations of its orbit, an official name will be submitted to the International Astronomical Union for approval.

YouTube videos:
•New Planet at Solar System’s Edge Gets “Biden” Nickname (Length: 01:44 ). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PNAhEKSfz0
•Dwarf PlanetDiscovery Hints at a Hidd... more »

Today in History: NASA announced discovery of farthest known orbiting object in Solar System
On March 26, 2014 — just 1 year ago today — NASA announced the discovery of “Biden,” the most-distant known celestial object in our Solar System. The dwarf planet, Biden, is calculated to be about 450 kilometers in diameter, probably composed of ice and rock. It is now considered to be the farthest from the Sun, in the inner Oort Cloud. The planet is officially designated as 2012 VP 113, but the team of discoverers nicknamed it “Biden” because the “VP” is in its official designation. After more observations of its orbit, an official name will be submitted to the International Astronomical Union for approval.

YouTube videos:
•New Planet at Solar System’s Edge Gets “Biden” Nickname (Length: 01:44 ). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PNAhEKSfz0
•Dwarf Planet Discovery Hints at a Hidden Super Planet in Solar System (Length: 02:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eCjYUj5kq4

Web sources:
•http://www.nasa.gov/content/nasa-supported-research-helps-redefine-solar-systems-edge/index.html#.VQWGjmTF_T0
•http://www.nature.com/news/dwarf-planet-stretches-solar-system-s-edge-1.14921
•http://rt.com/news/dwarf-planet-biden-unlikely-region-505/
•http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/03/26/astronomers-discover-biden-floating-at-the-edge-of-the-solar-system
•http://www.salon.com/2014/03/27/cosmic_discovery_scientists_find_a_new_dwarf_planet_beyond_pluto/
•http://www.forbes.com/sites/paulrodgers/2014/03/27/pink-dwarf-planet-found-beyond-pluto/
•https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=KBOs
•http://www.ibtimes.com/new-dwarf-planet-biden-discovered-2012-vp113-most-distant-family-member-solar-system-photo-1563728
•http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml

Book source:
• Dwarf Planets and Asteroids: Minor Bodies of the Solar System by Thomas Wm. Hamilton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00KGD8IGO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00KGD8IGO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=BTMH4WQW77JD7HKN

Image credits:
•Left: Diagram of the Solar System, not drawn to actual scale. https://ferrebeekeeper.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/kuiper_oort-en.jpg
•Right Top: “Biden” movement detected over time. By Scott S. Sheppard / Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory: 2012_VP113_discovery_image.jpg
•Right Bottom: “Biden” orbit of the sun relative to the planet orbits of Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml___

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2015-03-25 11:23:49 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Dog “Little Star” Orbited Earth and Returned Safely, 1961
On March 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Dog “Little Star” (“Zvezdochka” in Russian) was launched into a single orbit around the Earth and returned safely to Earth. Little Star’s flight paved the way for the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, to safely venture into space a few weeks later on April 12, 1961. Despite pressure from Soviet leader Khrushchev to ensure that the Soviet Union would become the first nation to put a man in space, the head of the Soviet space program would not allow a human into space until 2 dogs had returned safely to Earth after trips into orbit. Little Star was the second dog to return safely to Earth. Unfortunately, in the 10 years before Little Star’s successful flight, 48 dogs had been launched into space and 20 dogs lost their lives in rocket travel.

YouTubevideos:
•BBC S... more »

Today in History: Dog “Little Star” Orbited Earth and Returned Safely, 1961
On March 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Dog “Little Star” (“Zvezdochka” in Russian) was launched into a single orbit around the Earth and returned safely to Earth. Little Star’s flight paved the way for the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, to safely venture into space a few weeks later on April 12, 1961. Despite pressure from Soviet leader Khrushchev to ensure that the Soviet Union would become the first nation to put a man in space, the head of the Soviet space program would not allow a human into space until 2 dogs had returned safely to Earth after trips into orbit. Little Star was the second dog to return safely to Earth. Unfortunately, in the 10 years before Little Star’s successful flight, 48 dogs had been launched into space and 20 dogs lost their lives in rocket travel.

YouTube videos:
•BBC Series on the Soviet Space Dogs.
(1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fb4PkSm6D7c (Length 07:46)
(2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9g7aNdPhXiM (Length 07:04)
(3) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_54n9zpoAUI (Length 05:22)
(4) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EsGzbBbyAY (Length 05:43)
(5) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rM46Xzf5uts (Length 05:59)
(6) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yhr-CxGKmDc (Length 07:27)
(7) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Am_A8BExeqQ (Length 04:42) [Little Star at 03:30]

Web sources:
•https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/tag/sputnik-10/
•http://www.izh.ru/en/info/14244.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_space_dogs
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korabl-Sputnik_5
•http://www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin

Book source:
• Soviet Space Dogs by Olesya Turkina and Stephen Sorrell. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0956896286/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0956896286&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5VBKJ6LXQRVZ2BTK

Image credits:
•Left: Little Star. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Top: Little Star in space helmut. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Bottom: Little Star Statue. https://thedayintech.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/3.jpg___

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2015-03-24 15:23:09 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

LMAO

می‌ خواستم بگم دوستت دارم

ترسیدم بگم جا بخوری___LMAO

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2015-03-24 14:56:51 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Ranger 9 took 5,814 images of Moon to prepare for eventual manned landing, 1965
On March 24, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the last flight in the Ranger Program took live photos of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it at about 100 miles per hour. To this date in 1965, only about a third of the launches toward the Moon had been successful in achieving their mission objectives. But the Ranger missions 7, 8, and 9 provided enough information to proceed ahead with the manned lunar program, as Ranger 9 showed that the lunar surface was safe enough for men to land on and then blast off from and return to Earth.

Missions to the Moon from August, 1958 to March, 1965:
(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4)USSR ... more »

Today in History: Ranger 9 took 5,814 images of Moon to prepare for eventual manned landing, 1965
On March 24, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the last flight in the Ranger Program took live photos of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it at about 100 miles per hour. To this date in 1965, only about a third of the launches toward the Moon had been successful in achieving their mission objectives. But the Ranger missions 7, 8, and 9 provided enough information to proceed ahead with the manned lunar program, as Ranger 9 showed that the lunar surface was safe enough for men to land on and then blast off from and return to Earth.

Missions to the Moon from August, 1958 to March, 1965:
(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4) USSR - Luna 1958B - failed lunar impactor (October 1958)
(5) USA - Pioneer 2 - failed lunar orbiter (November 1958)
(6) USSR - Luna 1958C - failed lunar impactor (December 1958)
(7) USA - Pioneer 3 - failed lunar flyby (December 1958)
(8) USSR - Luna 1 - failed lunar impactor (January 1959)
(9) USSR - Luna 1959A - failed lunar impactor (June 1959)
(10) USA - Pioneer 4 - FIRST successful lunar flyby * (March 1959)
(11) USSR - Luna 2 - FIRST successful lunar impactor (September 1959)
(12) USSR - Luna 3 - successful lunar flyby (October 1959)
(13) USA - Pioneer P-3 - failed lunar flyby (November 1959)
(14) USA - Ranger 1 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (August 1961)
(15) USA - Ranger 2 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (November 1961)
(16) USA - Ranger 3 - failed lunar lander (January 1962)
(17) USA - Ranger 4 - failed lunar lander (April 1962)
(18) USA - Ranger 5 - failed lunar lander (October 1962)
(19) USSR - Sputnik 25 - failed lunar lander (January 1963)
(20) USSR - Luna 4 - failed lunar orbiter (April 1963)
(21) USA - Ranger 6 - failed lunar impactor (January 1964)
(22) USA - Ranger 7 - successful lunar impactor (July 1964)
(23) USA - Ranger 8 - successful lunar impactor (February 1965)
(24) USA - Ranger 9 - successful lunar impactor (March 1965)

YouTube video:
•Images broadcast on live television from the Moon as Ranger 9 impacted the moon inside the Alphonsus crater on March 24, 1965 (Silent; Length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dE8pe2EYlZA

Web sources:
•http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/ranger-9/
•http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranger_9
•http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/24/newsid_4063000/4063187.stm
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ranger.html
•http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/space-missions/missions-to-the-moon.html#zond3

Book source:
• Lunar Impact: The NASA History of Project Ranger by R. Cargill Hall. Detailed book on the Ranger Program. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486477576/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486477576&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIJJQFPSLWF6HKTF

Image credits:
•Left: Ranger. By NASA Headquarters - GReatest Images of NASA (NASA-HQ-GRIN) (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Ranger_Spacecraft_GPN-2000-001979.jpg
•Right: Range 9 photos of lunar surface seconds before impact on the Moon. http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/___

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2015-03-23 16:46:49 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

I love these posts. 

Today in History: MIR Space Station Plunged into Pacific Ocean
On March 23, 2001 — 14 years ago today — the MIR Space Station was directed to de-orbit and splashed into the Pacific Ocean as planned. The Soviet/Russian space station had been in space for 15 years and hosted 23,000 experiments, mostly about how Earthly life performed in space. It made 86,320 orbits of the Earth, traveled some 2.2 billion miles (3.5 billion kilometers) and was home to 104 astronauts and cosmonauts. The U.S. Space Shuttle docked with the Space Station 9 times, exchanging Russian and American crew members and experiments, and setting the stage for how the International Space Station would be built and maintained.

During its waning years, the MIR space station experienced a number of problems: in 1997, a fire threatened the lives of its crew but was successfully put out; later that year, failing batteries pitched the station and kept the cosmonauts isolated from ground communication for 20 days. The Russian government decided to terminate funding for the MIR, and so it was forced into retirement. After the space station had been evacuated, a supply ship attached to the MIR was used as a maneuvering system to direct the space station into the atmosphere and into an uninhabited area of the South Pacific Ocean. 

YouTube video:
•CNN Live Coverage of Space Station MIR Re-entry (Length: 01:02:29): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TR7iQjo0SkI

Web sources:
•http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/shuttle-mir/spacecraft/s-mir-15yrs-main.htm
•http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/2001-03-22-mir.htm
•http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast10mar_1/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuttle%E2%80%93Mir_Program
•http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384746/Mir
•http://www.wpi.edu/News/TechNews/010327/mir.shtml

Book source:
• The Story of Space Station MIR by David M. Harland. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0387230114/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0387230114&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQEFEMROVVISAEDQ

Image credits:
•Drawing of the completed MIR Space Station: By Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384746/Mir
•View of the Russian Space Station MIR and the docked U.S. Space Shuttle Atlantis during STS-71. Cosmonauts Anatoliy Y. Solovyev and Nikolai M. Budarin, MIR-19 Commander and Flight Engineer, respectively, temporarily undocked the Soyuz spacecraft from the cluster of MIR elements to perform a brief fly-around and take this photo of the docked Atlantis. By MIR EO-19 crew, background retouching by Jon Harald Søby. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atlantis_Docked_to_Mir.jpg#file___I love these posts. 

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2015-03-22 05:15:24 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Cosmonaut Set Record for Longest Space Flight, 1995
On March 22, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov set the record for the longest time continuously spent in space by an individual in history. Cosmonaut Polyakov was launched into space on January 8, 1994 aboard Soyuz TM-18 to reside in the Russian MIR space station and returned to earth aboard Soyuz TM-20 on this day in 1995 — for a record breaking stay in space of 437 days, 17 hours, and 58 minutes (still a record to this day, March 22, 2015).

A number of cognitive performance tests were conducted on Cosmonaut Polyakov, who ultimately completed a medical degree after he stopped his spaceflight career. Most significant for long-term future space missions, the findings from these tests indicated that “an impressive stability of mood and performance was observed during the 2nd to 14th monthin spac... more »

Today in History: Cosmonaut Set Record for Longest Space Flight, 1995
On March 22, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov set the record for the longest time continuously spent in space by an individual in history. Cosmonaut Polyakov was launched into space on January 8, 1994 aboard Soyuz TM-18 to reside in the Russian MIR space station and returned to earth aboard Soyuz TM-20 on this day in 1995 — for a record breaking stay in space of 437 days, 17 hours, and 58 minutes (still a record to this day, March 22, 2015).

A number of cognitive performance tests were conducted on Cosmonaut Polyakov, who ultimately completed a medical degree after he stopped his spaceflight career. Most significant for long-term future space missions, the findings from these tests indicated that “an impressive stability of mood and performance was observed during the 2nd to 14th month in space” and “no obvious long-lasting performance deficits were observed after the mission.”

YouTube videos:
•USSR’s MIR Space Station tour (Length: 04:39). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwhQ2CdS-Eo
•The Soviet MIR Satellite is Launched and Decommissioned. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ydguJHB-00

Web sources:
•http://www.wired.com/2010/03/0322cosmonaut-space-record/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valeri_Polyakov
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spaceflight_records
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_TM-20
•http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/2010/03/713808105.pdf

Book source:
• The MIR Space Station: A Precursor to Space Colonization by David M. Harland. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0471975877/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0471975877&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=EYS5IUCZ4GPNHTK2

Image credits:
•Left: Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov. http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/large/cosmonauts/english/polyakov_valeri.htm
•Right: MIR Space Station. http://www.space.com/19650-mir-space-station.html___

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2015-03-21 13:17:37 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Amazon finally gets permission to test delivery drones.

Amazon finally got permission to test delivery drones. The FAA yesterday said Amazon can do its testing outside, but only below 400 feet and only during daylight hours. Amazon reportedly plans to test drones over private property in a remote part of Washington State.

https://youtu.be/elNkdg9t6SA?t=18m22s

#amazondrone  

Amazon finally gets permission to test delivery drones.

Amazon finally got permission to test delivery drones. The FAA yesterday said Amazon can do its testing outside, but only below 400 feet and only during daylight hours. Amazon reportedly plans to test drones over private property in a remote part of Washington State.

https://youtu.be/elNkdg9t6SA?t=18m22s

#amazondrone  ___

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2015-03-21 13:07:05 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

20+ Cats That Need Your Attention The Exact Moment You Start Reading:

http://www.boredpanda.com/cats-interrupting-reading/

#cats   #reading   #books  

20+ Cats That Need Your Attention The Exact Moment You Start Reading:

http://www.boredpanda.com/cats-interrupting-reading/

#cats   #reading   #books  ___

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2015-03-21 12:25:34 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Co-founder of Twitter Sent First Tweet, 2006
On March 21, 2006 — just 9 years ago today — Jack Dorsey sent the first twitter post. By the end of May 2009 (just a little over 3 years later), 1 billion tweets had been sent. Today, it takes less than 2 days for 1 billion tweets to be sent. Twitter was initially called “stat.us” and then changed to “Twttr” for the protoype launch 9 years ago today. On July 15, 2006, when the service was launched to the public, the name was changed to “Twitter.”

For comparison purposes, here’s a list of a number of social sharing platforms and about when they each launched:
• First wiki installation, March 1995
• Blogging term invented, April 1999
• Wikipedia opened, January 2001
• WordPress first released, May 2003
• LinkedIn launched, May 2003
• Skype launched, August 2003• Flickr launched, February... more »

Today in History: Co-founder of Twitter Sent First Tweet, 2006
On March 21, 2006 — just 9 years ago today — Jack Dorsey sent the first twitter post. By the end of May 2009 (just a little over 3 years later), 1 billion tweets had been sent. Today, it takes less than 2 days for 1 billion tweets to be sent. Twitter was initially called “stat.us” and then changed to “Twttr” for the protoype launch 9 years ago today. On July 15, 2006, when the service was launched to the public, the name was changed to “Twitter.”

For comparison purposes, here’s a list of a number of social sharing platforms and about when they each launched:
• First wiki installation, March 1995
• Blogging term invented, April 1999
• Wikipedia opened, January 2001
• WordPress first released, May 2003
• LinkedIn launched, May 2003
• Skype launched, August 2003
• Flickr launched, February 2004
• Facebook launched, February 2004
• YouTube launched, February 2005
• Twitter first tweet, March 21, 2006
• iphone announced, January 2007
• Tumblr launched, February 2007
• WhatsApp launched, February 2009
• Pinterest launched, May 2010
• iPad released, April 2010
• Instagram launched, October 2010
• Snapchat launched, July 2011
• Google+ launched to public, September 2011

YouTube videos:
•Inside the World of Twitter: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mwbVQFFMCs
•Jack Dorsey, Co-Founder and Chairman of Twitter, Excerpts from Interview with Charlie Rose (Length 07:04). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Afkmx7k_j0
•Jack Dorsey 2006 Interview Sharing Lessons and Advice (Length 07:13).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUtrAocOyNM
•Jack Dorsey: The Future Has Already Arrived, speech and Q&A at Stanford Graduate School of Business (44:08).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AckvbL5Tfic

Web sources:
•http://www.biography.com/people/jack-dorsey-578280#creation-of-twitter
•http://techcrunch.com/2011/03/13/twitters-beginning/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitter
•http://www.internetlivestats.com/twitter-statistics/#trend

Book sources:
• Hatching Twitter: A True Story of Money, Power, Friendship, and Betrayal by Nick Bilton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00CDUVSQ0/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00CDUVSQ0&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=V3XVWWUM2HUF4MTJ

Image credits:
•Bottom Left: Jack Dorsey when he had original idea for what eventually became Twitter about year 2000. http://static.businessinsider.com/image/4e790025ecad04700b00000e/image.jpg
•Bottom Center: Jack Dorsey with nose ring about 2006. http://lib.rus.ec/i/48/470948/i87244129_2.jpg
•Bottom Right: Jack Dorsey, 2015. http://www.forbes.com/pictures/eimh45egjig/jack-dorsey/___

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2015-03-20 19:53:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Shoe Industry Revolutionized by Patent Granted Today, 1883
On March 20, 1883 — 132 years ago today — Jan Matzeliger was granted a patent for a remarkable shoe-making machine that he spent six years conceptualizing, planning, developing, building, and patenting. Matzeliger’s shoe machine revolutionized the shoe industry — prior to its existence, skilled shoemakers could produce up to 50 shoes per day. With Matzeliger’s machine, up to 700 pairs of shoes could be made in a work day.

Matzeliger was born on September 15, 1852 in Suriname, South America. His mother was a native of Suriname of African descent. His engineer father was born in Holland and moved to Suriname to manage the Dutch government’s machine works. Matzeliger grew up working with his father in the machine work facility, and he eventually became a skilled machinist. When he was 19, Matzeligerdecided to ... more »

Today in History: Shoe Industry Revolutionized by Patent Granted Today, 1883
On March 20, 1883 — 132 years ago today — Jan Matzeliger was granted a patent for a remarkable shoe-making machine that he spent six years conceptualizing, planning, developing, building, and patenting. Matzeliger’s shoe machine revolutionized the shoe industry — prior to its existence, skilled shoemakers could produce up to 50 shoes per day. With Matzeliger’s machine, up to 700 pairs of shoes could be made in a work day.

Matzeliger was born on September 15, 1852 in Suriname, South America. His mother was a native of Suriname of African descent. His engineer father was born in Holland and moved to Suriname to manage the Dutch government’s machine works. Matzeliger grew up working with his father in the machine work facility, and he eventually became a skilled machinist. When he was 19, Matzeliger decided to travel the world and took an engine maintenance job on a Dutch company’s steamship. After sailing to the Far East, the ship returned to Philadelphia, where Matzeliger decided to find new work as a machinist. Eventually, Matzeliger found work in a shoemaker’s shop and became fascinated with the process of constructing a shoe. At this time in the industrial development of the U.S., Lynn, Massachusetts had become a center for shoe manufacturing, so Matzeliger moved to Lynn and took a job at a shoe company where he could learn as much as possible about how the shoe making process worked. After working 10 hour days, Matzeliger also went to night school to learn English.

Matzeliger observed that while there were shoe machines for stock fitting, bottoming, buttonholing, and buffing, the final step of the process, called “lasting,” was not automated, and his experience with machines made him feel certain that he could build a machine to complete the “lasting” process. Matzeliger experimented with various materials for a prototype machine, including old cigar boxes, scrap wood, wire, and nails. But he needed to replace these modeling materials with metal to build a real working model, and he needed a forge. So he quit his job at the shoemaker’s shop and got a job in a shoe factory with a forge. He also took a job as a “taxi” driver (horse and carriage) to earn enough money to buy drawing instruments. 

By 1882, Matzeliger had completed a scrap metal shoe lasting machine prototype. But he knew that he needed a machine with great precision made out of first-class materials, so he approached investors in Lynn. After rejections, he finally found 2 investing partners who were willing to start a company with him and divide the profits evenly — the Union Lasting Machine Company. At this point, Matzeliger used his drawing instruments to submit a patent application with the U.S. Patent Office. When patent officials received the application, they did not believe such a complicated machine would work. So a patent examiner traveled from Washington, D.C. to Lynn, MA to inspect the now nearly perfected prototype machine. Matzeliger’s machine performed according to his patent’s description and Matzeliger was granted U.S. Patent No. 274,207 for the shoe-lasting machine.

Sad Ending for Matzeliger
By 1887, after virtually every shoe manufacturer in Lynn had acquired a Matzeliger machine, Lynn was becoming the shoe capital of the world. Increased production caused by the machine helped to cut the price of shoes in half. Workers employed as “lasters” found new less tedious and less taxing work in the booming shoe industry. Matzeliger’s patents were exchanged for stock in a new company, then a holding company, and eventually the United Shoe Machinery Corporation that controlled 98% of the shoe machinery business by 1910. By 1955, the company was worth more than $1 billion.

Despite his success, Matzeliger led a simple life as always, and he was finally accepted by a church community that looked beyond the color of his skin. He taught oil painting classes and Sunday school. In 1886 at a church summer picnic, Matzeliger caught a cold that was a manifestation of tuberculosis, which he may have contracted during the harsh conditions he worked under in the various machine factories. He became bedridden for 3 years and died at age 37.

YouTube videos
•Making It Happen — Masters of Invention (Length 23:27): Jan Matzeliger’s segment 06:57. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pEPT9lwpEjw

Web sources:
•http://blackinventor.com/jan-matzeliger/
•http://www.biography.com/people/jan-matzeliger-21317107
•http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blmatzeliger.htm
•http://www.google.com/patents/US274207
•http://usslave.blogspot.com/2012/04/black-inventor-jan-ernst-matzeligers.html
•http://www.madehow.com/inventorbios/44/Jan-Ernst-Matzeliger.html
•http://www.ci.lynn.ma.us/aboutlynn_shoemaking_history.shtml
•http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1785.htm

Book sources:
• Shoes for Everyone: A Story about Jan Matzeliger by Barbara Mitchell
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0876142900/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0876142900&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J4CXUE52HH43MYXU

Image credits:
•Top Left: Jan Matzeliger: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJan_ernst_matzeliger.gif
•Top Right: Jan Matzeilger’s invention, the The Shoe Lasting Machine: 
•Bottom: Google patent 274,207 (first 3 of 7 pages of drawings)___

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2015-03-20 12:02:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-03-20 02:51:31 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Insightful article about the evolution of Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs’s wife called Steve a “learning machine.” Certainly, one strong thread in Steve’s evolving character was an insatiable curiosity and sharp focus on accumulating and refining knowledge. My favorite quotation in this article is: Steve [Jobs] was the epitome of a technologist, in the sense that technology is, more often than not, a product of recombinant thinking. Most “new” technologies are really new combinations of independent technologies that when put together create a new capability by virtue of their synergies. Apple’s incremental product cycles were what gave Steve the raw materials to visualize the future. His visions didn’t come from thin air.

Insightful article about the evolution of Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs’s wife called Steve a “learning machine.” Certainly, one strong thread in Steve’s evolving character was an insatiable curiosity and sharp focus on accumulating and refining knowledge. My favorite quotation in this article is: Steve [Jobs] was the epitome of a technologist, in the sense that technology is, more often than not, a product of recombinant thinking. Most “new” technologies are really new combinations of independent technologies that when put together create a new capability by virtue of their synergies. Apple’s incremental product cycles were what gave Steve the raw materials to visualize the future. His visions didn’t come from thin air.___

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2015-03-19 16:42:43 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

A Dog Saved Her Puppies From A Forest Fire By Digging A Hole For Them: https://empeopled.com/p/34850

A Dog Saved Her Puppies From A Forest Fire By Digging A Hole For Them: https://empeopled.com/p/34850___

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2015-03-19 16:31:54 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Introduced the Macintosh IIfx, 1990
On March 19, 1990 — 25 years ago today — Apple introduced a “wicked fast” computer, the Macintosh IIfx. When it was launched, it was the fastest Macintosh product ever made. The system was designed more as a business unit than a personal computer, as it was not priced ($9,995 for a basic model) for the masses but included numerous specifications to help graphic designers, video and audio creators and editors.

YouTube videos:
•Apple Macintosh IIfx (1990) Full Tour: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFe95KdksDY&list=PLe51bI70CJLaUxtU6TEdsKDni-lT0mklf
•Apple Macintosh IIfx (1990) Start up and Demonstration: 

Web sources:
•http://lowendmac.com/1990/macintosh-iifx/
•http://netlibrary.net/articles/Mac_IIfx
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Macintosh_models•http://en.wikip... more »

Today in History: Apple Introduced the Macintosh IIfx, 1990
On March 19, 1990 — 25 years ago today — Apple introduced a “wicked fast” computer, the Macintosh IIfx. When it was launched, it was the fastest Macintosh product ever made. The system was designed more as a business unit than a personal computer, as it was not priced ($9,995 for a basic model) for the masses but included numerous specifications to help graphic designers, video and audio creators and editors.

YouTube videos:
•Apple Macintosh IIfx (1990) Full Tour: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFe95KdksDY&list=PLe51bI70CJLaUxtU6TEdsKDni-lT0mklf
•Apple Macintosh IIfx (1990) Start up and Demonstration: 

Web sources:
•http://lowendmac.com/1990/macintosh-iifx/
•http://netlibrary.net/articles/Mac_IIfx
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Macintosh_models
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh_IIfx
•http://www.everymac.com/systems/apple/mac_ii/specs/mac_iifx.html
•http://lowendmac.com/ram/iifx.shtml
•http://www.macobserver.com/tmo/article/Remembering_1990_The_IIfx_The_Power_To_Be_Your_Best

Book sources:
• Apple Confidential 2.0: The Definitive History of the World’s Most Colorful Company by Owen Linzmayer
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1593270100/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1593270100&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=YXWHZOLFL7KINO2E

Image credits:
•Macintosh IIfx: http://jwvideo.free.fr/ImagesMac/MacII/MacIIFx/MacIIFx_2600.jpg___

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2015-03-19 12:25:56 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

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2015-03-19 12:25:07 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

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2015-03-18 14:13:49 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

http://reason.com/archives/2015/03/08/is-addiction-a-chronic-brain-disease?utm_campaign=naytev&utm_content=55097d14e4b05cfd28c62cd0

http://reason.com/archives/2015/03/08/is-addiction-a-chronic-brain-disease?utm_campaign=naytev&utm_content=55097d14e4b05cfd28c62cd0___

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2015-03-18 14:03:46 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/11459207/Scientific-discovery-could-bring-a-cure-for-binge-drinking-and-alcoholism.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/11459207/Scientific-discovery-could-bring-a-cure-for-binge-drinking-and-alcoholism.html___

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2015-03-18 13:13:05 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Great article about getting older. 

Great article about getting older. ___

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2015-03-18 12:26:59 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Good Afternoon from Space! | International Space Station

Credit: ESA/NASA, ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti of Italy
Image Date: February 23, 2015

+Samantha Cristoforetti
+European Space Agency, ESA 

#NASA #ESA #Space #ISS #Earth #Atmosphere #Clouds #Ocean
#Spacecraft #BluePlanet #HelloEarth #Astronaut
#SamanthaCristoforetti #Flight #Engineer #Expedition42 #Futura42
#ASI #Italy #Europe #Photography #Art #Science

Good Afternoon from Space! | International Space Station

Credit: ESA/NASA, ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti of Italy
Image Date: February 23, 2015

+Samantha Cristoforetti
+European Space Agency, ESA 

#NASA #ESA #Space #ISS #Earth #Atmosphere #Clouds #Ocean
#Spacecraft #BluePlanet #HelloEarth #Astronaut
#SamanthaCristoforetti #Flight #Engineer #Expedition42 #Futura42
#ASI #Italy #Europe #Photography #Art #Science___

2015-03-18 12:25:51 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

When do you think human car drivers will be illegal?
Chris Urmson, Google’s director of the self-driving car project, says that drivers are “the least reliable part of the car,” and he believes they need to be eliminated to save human lives. In fact, he said in a TED Talk in Vancouver yesterday, “We’ve made some pretty exciting progress; and, at this point, we’re pretty convinced this technology is going to come to market.” Elon Musk was recently quoted as saying, “You can’t have a person driving a two-ton death machine” and further, “People may outlaw driving cars because it’s too dangerous.”

References:
•“Driverless cars could be in market within five years:” Google director at TED. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/tech-news/driverless-cars-could-be-in-market-within-five-years-google-director-at-ted/article23511420/
•“Elon Musk,Tesla CEO, Says Self-Driving Cars C... more »

When do you think human car drivers will be illegal?
Chris Urmson, Google’s director of the self-driving car project, says that drivers are “the least reliable part of the car,” and he believes they need to be eliminated to save human lives. In fact, he said in a TED Talk in Vancouver yesterday, “We’ve made some pretty exciting progress; and, at this point, we’re pretty convinced this technology is going to come to market.” Elon Musk was recently quoted as saying, “You can’t have a person driving a two-ton death machine” and further, “People may outlaw driving cars because it’s too dangerous.”

References:
•“Driverless cars could be in market within five years:” Google director at TED. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/tech-news/driverless-cars-could-be-in-market-within-five-years-google-director-at-ted/article23511420/
•“Elon Musk, Tesla CEO, Says Self-Driving Cars Could Make Human Drivers Illegal,” by Ed Mazza, The Huffington Post.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/18/elon-musk-self-driving-cars_n_6891368.html

Image Credit:
•Google Self-Driving Cars: http://media4.s-nbcnews.com/i/newscms/2014_40/697831/141002-self-driving-car-02_f124b0329691bfb4519f2108e0a10427.jpg___

2015-03-18 12:18:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

Is there a finite amount of knowledge?
What do you think? Here's the answer i provided on Quora:
No. In his masterpiece, The Seven Mysteries of Life, Guy Murchie makes a good case that as the Horizon of Knowledge (depicted as a sphere) grows, the Horizon of Mystery (a sphere outside the sphere of the Horizon of Knowledge) grows larger. In other words, the more we know, the more we suddenly realize that we don't know.

Is there a finite amount of knowledge?
What do you think? Here's the answer i provided on Quora:
No. In his masterpiece, The Seven Mysteries of Life, Guy Murchie makes a good case that as the Horizon of Knowledge (depicted as a sphere) grows, the Horizon of Mystery (a sphere outside the sphere of the Horizon of Knowledge) grows larger. In other words, the more we know, the more we suddenly realize that we don't know.___

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2015-03-18 12:17:40 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Good robots protecting animals from the bad humans.

Good robots protecting animals from the bad humans.___

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2015-03-18 12:17:26 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Nomen est omen: Sticking It in a Hot Oven
Do you know what California means? It's from the Latin “Cali Fornix,” which means “Hot Oven.” And that's what California is.

Little known fact: if my colleagues and I in Los Angeles and the other five counties in Southern California didn't shamelessly steal Northern California's water, there would only be enough water for 10,000 people to live, rather than the 10 million or so in the LA area and 16-18 million in Southern California.

And yes, fornication means sticking it in hot oven. And that's what we've done with 38 million people.

James Lovelock, creator of the Gaia hypothesis, says we are "terraforming" earth, but actually turning earth into Venus, so the primary activity of humanity in this silly age of early onset idiocracy is Venusiforming.

Nomen est omen: Sticking It in a Hot Oven
Do you know what California means? It's from the Latin “Cali Fornix,” which means “Hot Oven.” And that's what California is.

Little known fact: if my colleagues and I in Los Angeles and the other five counties in Southern California didn't shamelessly steal Northern California's water, there would only be enough water for 10,000 people to live, rather than the 10 million or so in the LA area and 16-18 million in Southern California.

And yes, fornication means sticking it in hot oven. And that's what we've done with 38 million people.

James Lovelock, creator of the Gaia hypothesis, says we are "terraforming" earth, but actually turning earth into Venus, so the primary activity of humanity in this silly age of early onset idiocracy is Venusiforming.___

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2015-03-18 11:53:23 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First Man Walked in Space, 1965
On March 18, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the first man walked in space, but not without drama. Soviet Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov exited his Voskhod* 2 spacecraft and spent 12 minutes “walking” in space at 30,000 kpm (18,600 mph), some 500 kilometers (310 miles) above the Earth’s surface. Leonov was tethered to his spacecraft by a 5.35 meter-long (17.5 feet) umbilical cord of cables. Leonov later said that he felt “almost motionless, floating above a vast blue sphere.” But his thought to himself, “Wow, the Earth really is round,” was quickly interrupted by an unexpected call from Leonid Brezhnev, the leader of the Soviet Union, asking Leonov how he was doing in a live television and radio broadcast across the Soviet Union. Leonov responded perfunctorily, “I’m feeling perfect…” and then, feeling energized by Brezhnev’scall, Leonov later said, more »

Today in History: First Man Walked in Space, 1965
On March 18, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the first man walked in space, but not without drama. Soviet Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov exited his Voskhod* 2 spacecraft and spent 12 minutes “walking” in space at 30,000 kpm (18,600 mph), some 500 kilometers (310 miles) above the Earth’s surface. Leonov was tethered to his spacecraft by a 5.35 meter-long (17.5 feet) umbilical cord of cables. Leonov later said that he felt “almost motionless, floating above a vast blue sphere.” But his thought to himself, “Wow, the Earth really is round,” was quickly interrupted by an unexpected call from Leonid Brezhnev, the leader of the Soviet Union, asking Leonov how he was doing in a live television and radio broadcast across the Soviet Union. Leonov responded perfunctorily, “I’m feeling perfect…” and then, feeling energized by Brezhnev’s call, Leonov later said, 

“The tranquility of space was profound — far greater than anything you might imagine on Earth from diving deep beneath the surface of an ocean. And I felt a huge desire to disturb this motionless environment by moving my body … as much as I could... I felt like a seagull with its wings outstretched, soaring high above the Earth.”

Leonov’s desire to “disturb” the peace caused him to make a “hefty push” away from the airlock; and he started immediately tumbling uncontrollably. Only the umbilical cord stopped his out-of-control tumble into space. As Leonov grabbed the cord and pulled himself back toward the spacecraft and its airlock from which he emerged and would have to re-enter, he realized it was time to end his walk. But during these first 12 minutes alone in space, Leonov had become hot and sweaty from being in the sun and from his exertion to reel himself back toward the spacecraft. Even more critically, Leonov’s spacesuit had inflated like a balloon in the vacuum of space, and he could not fit back into the spacecraft through the airlock. The airlock was a narrow, collapsible set of interconnected rubberized canvas cylinders. After trying to squeeze into the airlock feet first as he had practiced during hundreds of hours of weightlessness training (in 30 second segments of airplane created weightlessness), Leonov concluded he would have to go in head first by opening the pressure valve on his suit and letting out a little oxygen at a time, as he tried to squeeze back into the airlock. And he had no time to discuss the matter with ground control as his oxygen supply would be running out in minutes.

Leonov was able to re-enter the airlock head first, and then he had to curl his body around in a condensed somersault in order to close the airlock and activate the mechanism to equalize pressure between it and the spacecraft. When he finally got back in the spacecraft, he was drenched in sweat and his heart was racing. But the first space walk by man had been achieved safely!

About an hour and a half later, the airlock contraption was jettisoned by detonating small explosive devices. Unplanned, the explosions caused the spacecraft to twirl (about 3 complete rotations a minute), and there was only enough fuel left to make one correction for proper re-entry alignment. And then Leonov and his partner noticed the oxygen pressure in their cabin was moving from its normal 160 mm to 460 mm, and the possibility of a single spark from electrical circuitry causing a massive explosion. By lowering the temperature and humidity in the spacecraft, they were able to stabilize the oxygen pressure. When the automatic landing systems went into operation, the twirling of their space capsule finally stopped. However, the automatic guidance system for re-entry began to malfunction and the twirling started again. So the two cosmonauts took manual control of their spacecraft. Ground control had thought the spacecraft had landed, but the cosmonauts explained what had happened and that they would be landing far off-course — in deepest Siberia in 2 meters of thick snow! Leonov joked to his fellow cosmonaut when they landed, “In 3 months, maybe, they’ll find us with dog sleighs.”

Fortunately, although Mission Control was not receiving radio communication (because the spacecraft had landed so far off-course), a cargo plane picked up their signals. All military and civilian aircraft in the area were ordered to join in the search. A day later a team of skiers, including 2 doctors, found their spacecraft. Another day later, a larger rescue team arrived to chop down trees so that a helicopter could land and take the cosmonauts home safely!

*Voskhod means “sunrise.”

YouTube videos:
•First Spacewalk (length 02:20): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYIsICOWAxQ
•Rare color footage of first spacewalk (length 01:08): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAPBRvd8OTY
•Alexei Leonov. At the Edge of the Abyss (2009 documentary in Russian) (length 52:00): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eelrj_j5UNE

Web sources:
•http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2014/newsspec_9035/index.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voskhod_2
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexey_Leonov

Book sources:
• Two Sides of the Moon: Our Story of the Cold War Space Race by Astronaut David Scott (first man to drive on the Moon) and Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov (first man to walk in space)
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0312308663/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0312308663&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=YOFYYURA5BMYUBOV

Image credits:
•Top: Actual photo of Alexey Leonov, first space walker: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2014/newsspec_9035/index.html
•Bottom Left: Alexey Leonov in his spacesuit. http://ut-images.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Alexei-Leonov.jpg
•Bottom Center: drawing of Voskhod 2 showing airlock extension:
•Bottom Right: model of Voskhod 2 and spacewalker Leonov.___

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2015-03-17 16:50:06 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

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2015-03-17 16:26:34 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Close Relationship of Tim Cook and Steve Jobs
This Fast Company post by Rick Tetzeli and Brent Schlender offers a more detailed account of Tim Cook offering a portion of his liver to Steve Jobs than i have read to date. Here’s an excerpt: Steve was starting to look alarmingly frail. He developed ascites—an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, which caused his belly to protrude in a ghastly fashion—and he just lay in bed all day, gaunt and tired and irritable.

Close Relationship of Tim Cook and Steve Jobs
This Fast Company post by Rick Tetzeli and Brent Schlender offers a more detailed account of Tim Cook offering a portion of his liver to Steve Jobs than i have read to date. Here’s an excerpt: Steve was starting to look alarmingly frail. He developed ascites—an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, which caused his belly to protrude in a ghastly fashion—and he just lay in bed all day, gaunt and tired and irritable.___

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2015-03-17 06:14:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First solar-powered Earth satellite is launched, 1958
On March 17, 1958 — 57 years ago today — Vanguard 1, the first artificial Earth satellite to be powered by solar cells, was launched into orbit. Vanguard 1 was just the second U.S. satellite to make it into orbit. Explorer 1 was the first U.S. satellite to reach orbit on January 31, 1958. The Soviet Union had started the “space race” by launching the first two orbital satellites in late 1957 (Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957 and Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957).

Vanguard 1 (the second U.S. satellite and the 4th satellite to go into orbit) was only 6 inches in diameter and weighed just 3 pounds. The Soviet Union’s first satellite, Sputnik 1, was 200-pounds, so Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev intensified the idea of a “space race” between the two superpowers by referring to this second U.S. satellite as“the grapefru... more »

Today in History: First solar-powered Earth satellite is launched, 1958
On March 17, 1958 — 57 years ago today — Vanguard 1, the first artificial Earth satellite to be powered by solar cells, was launched into orbit. Vanguard 1 was just the second U.S. satellite to make it into orbit. Explorer 1 was the first U.S. satellite to reach orbit on January 31, 1958. The Soviet Union had started the “space race” by launching the first two orbital satellites in late 1957 (Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957 and Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957).

Vanguard 1 (the second U.S. satellite and the 4th satellite to go into orbit) was only 6 inches in diameter and weighed just 3 pounds. The Soviet Union’s first satellite, Sputnik 1, was 200-pounds, so Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev intensified the idea of a “space race” between the two superpowers by referring to this second U.S. satellite as “the grapefruit satellite.” Nonetheless, this small satellite was a big success and achieved a number of key objectives:

(1) It was the first satellite to be powered by solar energy.
(2) It revealed that the earth is slightly pear-shaped rather than perfectly round.
(3) It returned much useful data about air density, temperature ranges, and micrometeorite impacts.
(4) Its solar powered radio transmitter continued to provide a wealth of information for 6 years.

Vanguard 1 remains in orbit and is the oldest satellite to still be in orbit. It is still providing useful data about the effects of the sun, moon, and atmosphere on satellites. Scientists initially estimated that Vanguard 1 would remain in orbit for 200 years; since then, they have extended the estimate to 2,000 years.

These first satellites were prompted by an international scientific project, “The International Geophysical Year,” from July 1957 to December 1958. These dates coincided with the peak activity of “Solar Cycle 19,” the 19th cycle of extensive solar sunspot activity since 1755. Both the Soviet Union and the United States, as the two major “superpowers” after World War II with the greatest scientific teams, accepted the challenge to place satellites in orbit to measure not only solar activity, but other areas: aurora and airglow, cosmic rays, geomagnetism, glaciology, gravity, ionospheric physics, longitude and latitude determination, meteorology, oceanography, rocketry, and seismology. In retrospect, it is possible to conclude that this year of scientific cooperation is what spawned the decades long space race between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. 

YouTube videos:
•Vanguard U.S. Satellite Program: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l16QZJLQHwg
•United States Army Space Program (Explorer 1, not Vanguard, good background): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xj58Cb2oQck

Web sources:
•http://www.nrl.navy.mil/accomplishments/rockets/vanguard-project/
•http://www.space.com/5137-solar-powered-satellite-flying-50.html
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/display.cfm?News_ID=4759
•http://www.nbcnews.com/id/23639980/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/satellite-turns-years-old-orbit/#.VQWSnmTF_T0
•http://www.rocketmime.com/space/timeline.html
•http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/jplhistory/early/firstsatellites.php
•http://www.nas.edu/history/igy/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Geophysical_Year
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_solar_cycles
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cycle_19
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Space_Race

Book sources:
• Blazing the Trail: The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry by Mike Gruntman. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/156347705X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=156347705X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=H22A5VYDEE3AXZE3

Image credits:
•Vanguard 1, a composite image assembled from (a) static display of satellite, (b) Earth from orbit, and (c) a telescope photo of stars. By Hydrargyrum (National Space Science Data Center: Vanguard 1) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVanguard_1_composite.jpg___

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2015-03-16 12:07:37 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First docking of 2 spacecraft achieved, 1966
On March 16, 1966 — 49 years ago today — Gemini 8, with a 2 man crew perched atop a Titan 2 rocket (a converted intercontinental ballistic missile), lifted off into space to make the very first rendezvous and docking of 2 spacecraft, a procedure that would need to be learned and perfected in order to land men on the Moon. Earlier in the day, an unmanned Agena Target Vehicle (ATV) was launched into space to serve as the rendezvous and docking target of the manned Gemini 8. Neil Armstrong (who later became the first man to walk on the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission) and David Scott (who later became the 7th man to walk on the Moon and the first person to drive on the Moon during the Apollo 15 mission) were the crew members of Gemini 8. Their launch was perfect, their chasing down over 3 orbits of the ATV went according tosch... more »

Today in History: First docking of 2 spacecraft achieved, 1966
On March 16, 1966 — 49 years ago today — Gemini 8, with a 2 man crew perched atop a Titan 2 rocket (a converted intercontinental ballistic missile), lifted off into space to make the very first rendezvous and docking of 2 spacecraft, a procedure that would need to be learned and perfected in order to land men on the Moon. Earlier in the day, an unmanned Agena Target Vehicle (ATV) was launched into space to serve as the rendezvous and docking target of the manned Gemini 8. Neil Armstrong (who later became the first man to walk on the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission) and David Scott (who later became the 7th man to walk on the Moon and the first person to drive on the Moon during the Apollo 15 mission) were the crew members of Gemini 8. Their launch was perfect, their chasing down over 3 orbits of the ATV went according to schedule, and their docking with the ATV was also perfect. But then one of the worst problems in the U.S. manned space program occurred. 

When Gemini 8, docked to the ATV, was on the dark side of the earth, astronauts Armstrong and Scott became aware that their jointly docked spacecraft was beginning to unexpectedly twirl. Armstrong decided that since both spacecraft were under the control of the ATV, that the ATV was causing this problem; so he gave Scott the order to detach from the ATV. The twirling stopped, but only for a minute; and then it got worse. The twirling started again but now the Gemini 8 capsule was also tumbling. The speed of the twirling and tumbling was increasing, and both astronauts were in danger of blacking out (and possibly dying in space when their oxygen ran out). Not only was there darkness, rapid twirling and tumbling, but the astronauts were not in communication range with mission control on the ground. Armstrong had to make quick decisions without any help, and he decided to disable the reentry computer control system and take manual control of it immediately. He used the re-entry rocket thrusters to slow down the tumbling and twirling and regain control of the space capsule, and doing so with the least amount of fuel use possible, because the fuel would be needed to ensure safe re-entry formation.

When ground control realized what had happened, for the first time in the history of the space program, a decision was made to abort the flight and make an emergency landing in the Pacific Ocean south of Japan. The landing was successful and the astronauts were in good shape, except that they both vomited from seasickness! One of the reasons that Neil Armstrong was selected to be the first man to walk on the moon was the extraordinary way in which he solved the major problem on this mission without any help from computers or mission control.

A later investigation indicated that one of the 16 mini-thrusters on Gemini 8 used for rendezvous and docking purposes had jammed open and was responsible for causing the twirling and tumbling of the spacecraft. 

YouTube videos:
•Gemini 8 Space National Geographic Documentary — Lost in Space: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uTxlhJe3wk
•Gemini 8: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pmaKXA5oDQ8

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_8
•http://news.discovery.com/space/history-of-space/neil-armstrong-at-the-helm-120730.htm
•http://www.spaceline.org/flightchron/gemini8.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agena_target_vehicle
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_rendezvous
•http://www.biography.com/people/neil-armstrong-9188943
•http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/about/bios/neilabio.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Scott

Book sources:
• First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong by James R. Hansen.
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1476727813/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1476727813&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LPNXDFPPOWBIXWFK

Image credits:
•Top: Rendezvous pattern of the Gemini 8 capsule catching up to the Agena Target Vehicle. Diagram by NASA.
•Bottom left: Astronauts Neil Armstrong (foreground) and David Scott prepare to enter the Gemini 8 space capsule for liftoff on March 16, 1966. By NASA.
•Bottom center: Gemini 8 lifts off on March 16, 1966. By NASA. 
•Bottom right: David Scott (left) and Neil Armstrong (right) in the Gemini 8 capsule after their splashdown in the Pacific Ocean on March 16, 1966. By NASA: http://www.universetoday.com/102908/the-epitome-of-cool-neil-armstrong-and-david-scott-1966/___

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2015-03-15 21:45:57 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/doctors-confirm-first-human-death-officially-caused-by-gmos/

http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/doctors-confirm-first-human-death-officially-caused-by-gmos/___

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2015-03-15 21:45:28 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Getting reunited with wolves ....
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hdUCzbCuYk

Remember this story from a couple of years back ... Pretty awesome :)

Getting reunited with wolves ....
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hdUCzbCuYk

Remember this story from a couple of years back ... Pretty awesome :)___

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2015-03-15 05:24:10 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Sedna, Then Farthest Known Dwarf Planet, Discovered, 2004
On March 15, 2004 — 11 years ago today — astronomers announced their discovery of a 5th dwarf planet, Sedna, named after the Inuit mythical goddess of the sea who was thrown into the frigid Arctic waters by her father who was mad at Sedna for disliking men and marrying a dog (as one version of the story goes). Sedna takes about 11,400 Earth years to complete just one of its elongated orbits of the Sun. Sedna rotates about once every 10 Earth hours. Sedna is probably the coldest, or one of the coldest, solar orbiting bodies in our Solar System. Sedna is about 3 times as far from the Sun as Pluto, which was once classified as the 9th planet and is now classified as one of a number of known or potentially classified dwarf planets:

Between the planets of Mars and Jupiter in the asteroid belt:
(1)Cer... more »

Today in History: Sedna, Then Farthest Known Dwarf Planet, Discovered, 2004
On March 15, 2004 — 11 years ago today — astronomers announced their discovery of a 5th dwarf planet, Sedna, named after the Inuit mythical goddess of the sea who was thrown into the frigid Arctic waters by her father who was mad at Sedna for disliking men and marrying a dog (as one version of the story goes). Sedna takes about 11,400 Earth years to complete just one of its elongated orbits of the Sun. Sedna rotates about once every 10 Earth hours. Sedna is probably the coldest, or one of the coldest, solar orbiting bodies in our Solar System. Sedna is about 3 times as far from the Sun as Pluto, which was once classified as the 9th planet and is now classified as one of a number of known or potentially classified dwarf planets:

Between the planets of Mars and Jupiter in the asteroid belt:
(1) Ceres, discovered 1801, diameter about 900 kilometers (560 miles); also sometimes called “the largest asteroid”

Beyond Neptune in the Kuiper Belt:
(2) Pluto, discovered 1930, diameter about 2,315 kilometers (1,429 miles)
(3) Makemake, discovered 2005, diameter about 1,400 kilometers (870 miles)
(4) Eris, discovered 2005, diameter about 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles)
(5) Varuna, discovered 2000, diameter about 900 kilometers (560 miles)
(6) Huya, discovered 2000, diameter about 210 kilometers (130 miles)
(7) Ixion, discovered 2001, diameter about 650 kilometers (400 miles)
(8) Quaoar, discovered 2002, diameter about 1,100 kilometers (745 miles)
(9) Orcus, discovered 2004, diameter about 1,600 kilometers (995 miles)
(10) Sedna, discovered 2004, diameter about 1,500 kilometers (650 miles)
(11) Haumea, discovered 2005, diameter about 1,300 kilometers (800 miles)
(12) 2007 OR10, discovered 2007, diameter about 1,280 kilometers (800 miles)
(13) Biden (2012 VP113), discovered 2014, diameter about 450 kilometers (280 miles)

Mike Brown, a professor of planetary astronomy at the California Institute of Technology, specializes in the discovery and study of celestial bodies approaching the edge of the Solar System. He has discovered a number of dwarf planets and many more objects in the Kuiper Belt than the ones listed above. Here is how he answers the question: “How many dwarf planets are there?”

While we can't see most of the objects in the Kuiper belt well enough to determine whether they are round or not, we can estimate how big an object has to be before it becomes round and therefore how many objects in the Kuiper belt are likely round. In the asteroid belt Ceres, with a diameter of 900 km, is the only object large enough to be round, so somewhere around 900 km is a good cutoff for rocky bodies like asteroids. Kuiper belt objects have a lot of ice in their interiors, though. Ice is not as hard as rock, so it less easily withstands the force of gravity, and it takes less force to make an ice ball round. The best estimate for how big an icy body needs to be to become round comes from looking at icy satellites of the giant planets. The smallest body that is generally round is Saturn's satellite Mimas, which has a diameter of about 400 km. Several satellites which have diameters around 200 km are not round. So somewhere between 200 and 400 km an icy body becomes round. Objects with more ice will become round at smaller sizes while those with less rock might be bigger. We will take 400 km as a reasonable lower limit and assume that anything larger than 400 km in the Kuiper belt is round, and thus a dwarf planet.

How many objects larger than 400 km are there in the Kuiper belt? We can't answer this question precisely, because we don't know the sizes of more than a handful of Kuiper belt objects...but, again, we can make a reasonable guess. If we assume that the typical small Kuiper belt object reflects 10% of the sunlight that hits its surface we know how bright a 400 km object would be in the Kuiper belt. As of late August 2006,  44 objects this size or larger in the Kuiper belt (including, of course, Eris and Pluto), and one (Sedna) in the region beyond the Kuiper belt. In addition our large ongoing Palomar survey has detected approximately 30 more objects of this size which are currently undergoing detailed study.

We have not yet completed our survey of the Kuiper belt. Our best estimate is that a complete survey of the Kuiper belt would double this number.

For now, the number of known objects in the solar system which are likely to be round is 53, with the number jumping to 80 when the objects from our survey are announced, and to ~200 when the Kuiper belt is fully surveyed.

Beyond the Kuiper belt there may be even more dwarf planets than in the Kuiper belt. Our best guess is that the region where Sedna resides could contain another ~2000 dwarf planets.

YouTube videos:
•National Geographic—New Horizons Mission to Pluto and Beyond: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhSbSnxi6uE
•What is the Kuiper Belt? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjW6k--6Oi0
•The Kuiper Belt and Its Implications: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwmCW6eWCRg

Web sources:
•http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/03/0315_040315_planetoid.html
•http://www.universetoday.com/9396/astronomers-find-a-second-pluto/
•http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2004/mar/HQ_04091_sedna_discovered.html
•http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2004/apr/HQ_04125_sedna_mystery_prt.htm
•http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2004/14
•http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2004/14/text/
•http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/KuiperBelt/Quaoar.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedna_%28mythology%29
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwarf_planet
•http://www.space.com/15216-dwarf-planets-facts-solar-system-sdcmp.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteroid_belt
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceres_(dwarf_planet)
•http://theplanets.org/ceres/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20000_Varuna
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/38628_Huya
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/28978_Ixion
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/50000_Quaoar
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/90482_Orcus
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/90377_Sedna
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eris_%28dwarf_planet%29
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makemake
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haumea
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%28225088%29_2007_OR10
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_VP113
•http://home.dtm.ciw.edu/users/sheppard/inner_oort_cloud/
•http://thedailyjournalist.com/scientia/10-new-dwarf-planets-and-candidates-in-our-solar-system/
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Dwarf
•http://web.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/dwarfplanets/
•http://web.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/index.html

Book sources:
• Asteroids and Dwarf Planets and How to Observe Them by Roger Dymock. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/144196438X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=144196438X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WHL2T4Z7JZOX7M5W
• How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming by Mike Brown, discover of dwarf planets. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0385531087/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0385531087&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=HBNLGVLPY3XX6U52

Image credits:
•Planets and Dwarf Planets / Asteroid Belt and Kuiper Belt: http://www.crystalinks.com/asteroidbelt.html
•Largest known trans-Neptunian objects: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/EightTNOs.png___

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2015-03-14 17:20:12 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

I couldn't resist. I had to make a salad to celebrate Pi day.  Happy Pi day everyone. 

I couldn't resist. I had to make a salad to celebrate Pi day.  Happy Pi day everyone. ___

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2015-03-14 15:35:26 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-03-14 13:15:07 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Happy Birthday "Pi" and Einstein.  Another great post from my hubby.  

Today in History: Albert Einstein Was Born on “Pi Day” (3.14), 1879
On March 14, 1879 — 136 years ago today — Albert Einstein, one of the most influential theoretical physicists in history, was born. Einstein’s theories of special and general relativity radically transformed humans’ view of the universe; and his work in particle and energy theory contributed to the development of quantum mechanics. In 1905, at the age of 26, Einstein earned a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Zurich while he worked at the Swiss patent office. During the year (1905), Einstein wrote 5 pioneering papers that would have a profound effect on man’s understanding of the universe:

(1) In a ground-breaking paper entitled, “On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Lights,” Einstein proposed that light was composed of individual quanta, “photon” particles, which could collectively behave as a wave. This proposal was instrumental in the formation of quantum theory. In formulating this proposal, Einstein studied the photoelectric effect — some solids emit electrically charged particles when light hits them. His observations about the photoelectric effect eventually won him a Nobel Prize in Physics (1921).

(2) In another paper helping to prove the existence of atoms, Einstein put forth a displacement formula to calculate the size and atoms in a given space.

(3) In yet another 1905 paper, Einstein explained in precise detail, via a mathematical expression, the constant erratic motion of particles suspended in a fluid (a phenomenon named “Brownian motion,” after the initial observer, botanist Robert Brown). Einstein explanations in papers (2) and (3) provided conclusive evidence for the existence of atoms.  

(4) Einstein’s 4th pioneering paper of 1905 was on the subject of “special relativity” theory — time and space are not independent entities, but are dependent on the motion of the observer, and the speed of light is a constant to all observers everywhere.

(5) In a final 1905 paper, Einstein explored the mathematics of his special relativity theory and concluded that mass and energy were equivalent and could be determined by the formula, E=mc2. 

Also, on this day, math lovers celebrate “Pi Day.” Pi is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, and it is constant for all circles regardless of their size. For any circle, it turns out that the exact ratio can never be determined (even though the ratio is the same for all circles) because no recognizable digital pattern emerges when any circle’s circumference is divided by its diameter. Computer scientists using supercomputers have calculated billions of divisional digits, and it appears there is no repeatable pattern of numbers into infinity. But the number always starts out: 3.1415 (or today’s date — a once in a hundred year occurrence — and Einstein’s birthday, every year, 3.14!).

YouTube videos:
•Albert Einstein—The Quantum Theory (2014) (1:29:52): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0hwuyOmd4k
•The Magic and Mystery of Pi: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lcIbCZR0HbU
•What is Pi: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Mz7xU3zZvk

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/albert-einstein-born
•http://www.biography.com/news/pi-day-albert-einstein-facts
•http://www.biography.com/news/albert-einstein-video-biography
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brownian_motion
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_relativity
•http://www.nj.com/mercer/index.ssf/2015/03/princeton_more_than_just_a_place_albert_einstein_l.html
•http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408#synopsis

•http://www.piday.org/
•http://www.livescience.com/34132-what-makes-pi-special.html
•http://time.com/3743279/pi-day-2015-wackiest-celebrations/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pi

Book sources:
• A. Einstein: Autobiographical Notes by Albert Einstein. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0812691792/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0812691792&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IKEX3CAIXV255MDW
• –Einstein: His Life and Universe_ by Walter Isaacson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743264746/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743264746&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=RZETLWEJJSBC2YCE

Image credits:
•Left Bottom: Pi 3/14/15 will be epic: http://quickbase.intuit.com/blog/2014/03/14/an-ode-to-pi-on-pi-day-best-pi-jokes/
•Right: Albert Einstein at about age 26. By Lucien Chavan [1] (1868 - 1942), a friend of Einstein's when he was living in Berne. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEinstein_patentoffice.jpg___Happy Birthday "Pi" and Einstein.  Another great post from my hubby.  

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2015-03-13 21:12:06 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Just a Soda reminder- Enjoy everything with love and balance~xx even kombucha:P

Just a Soda reminder- Enjoy everything with love and balance~xx even kombucha:P___

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2015-03-13 21:03:45 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

This is the +Leo Laporte bat phone!

This phone is Leo's direct line into the broadcasting nerve center at TWiT. 

When we want to contact Leo, we have a spotlight on the roof with the TWiT logo cut out of it. 

#InsideTWiT  +Inside TWiT 

This is the +Leo Laporte bat phone!

This phone is Leo's direct line into the broadcasting nerve center at TWiT. 

When we want to contact Leo, we have a spotlight on the roof with the TWiT logo cut out of it. 

#InsideTWiT  +Inside TWiT ___

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2015-03-13 20:54:17 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Google: Take Over My iPhone by Zach Epstein
Zach says, I would gladly lose any of the Apple-made apps on my iPhone in favor of alternatives from Google. In many cases, in fact, I already have. And I dream of the day when Google finally finishes the job and completely takes over my iPhone 6, iPhone 6s or iPhone 7 — whenever it finally happens.

What is your opinion?

Google: Take Over My iPhone by Zach Epstein
Zach says, I would gladly lose any of the Apple-made apps on my iPhone in favor of alternatives from Google. In many cases, in fact, I already have. And I dream of the day when Google finally finishes the job and completely takes over my iPhone 6, iPhone 6s or iPhone 7 — whenever it finally happens.

What is your opinion?___

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2015-03-13 12:15:47 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Most Advanced Radio Astronomy Telescope Was Inaugurated, 2013
On March 13, 2013 — just 2 years ago today — the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) of 66 radio telescopes in Northern Chile began full operations. ALMA is the most advanced observatory on Earth, located in one of the most inhospitable places — on a desert on the west side of the Andes Mountains. After a long search for a perfect location, astronomers chose the Atacama Desert, because it has a high elevation (5,000 meters), has virtually no cloud cover, has been extremely dry for at least 3 million years (and maybe up to 200 million years), and there is no light pollution or radio interference from metropolitan areas. ALMA has been designed to explore a largely unmapped part of the spectrum — the cold and distant universe in search of the deepest questions about our cosmic origins.

ALMA is an“apertu... more »

Today in History: Most Advanced Radio Astronomy Telescope Was Inaugurated, 2013
On March 13, 2013 — just 2 years ago today — the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) of 66 radio telescopes in Northern Chile began full operations. ALMA is the most advanced observatory on Earth, located in one of the most inhospitable places — on a desert on the west side of the Andes Mountains. After a long search for a perfect location, astronomers chose the Atacama Desert, because it has a high elevation (5,000 meters), has virtually no cloud cover, has been extremely dry for at least 3 million years (and maybe up to 200 million years), and there is no light pollution or radio interference from metropolitan areas. ALMA has been designed to explore a largely unmapped part of the spectrum — the cold and distant universe in search of the deepest questions about our cosmic origins.

ALMA is an “aperture synthesis telescope,” which uses 66 radio telescopes to combine their observations using ALMA’s special purpose supercomputer. One of ALMA’s discoveries has been the image of a solar system, only a million years old, beginning to form planets. The solar system is 450 light years from Earth, and astronomers have known of its existence (naming the star “HL Tauri”); but until ALMA, they could not see it clearly. [Please see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RCngdZ_Cd-I].

YouTube videos:
•Into Deepest Space—The Birth of the ALMA Observatory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hz2H6XZHeZo
•ALMA—In Search of our Cosmic Origins (16:34): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ryctl1Gij4

Web sources:
•http://www.universetoday.com/100713/alma-now-a-full-fledged-observatory/
•http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1312/
•http://www.nature.com/news/radio-astronomy-the-patchwork-array-1.12591
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atacama_Large_Millimeter_Array
•http://www.almaobservatory.org/
•http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-03/giant-alma-telescopes-amazing-early-findings-are-only-beginning
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atacama_Desert

Book sources:
• Science with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array: A New Era for Astrophysics by Rafael Bachiller (Editor), José Cernicharo Quintanilla (Editor). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1402069340/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1402069340&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=TVM373KLJUMOJOHE

Image credits:
•Top: An aerial view of the Chajnantor Plateau, located at an altitude of 5000 meters in the Chilean Andes, where the array of ALMA antennas is located. The large antennas have a diameter of 12 meters, while 12 smaller antennas with a diameter of 7 meters make up the ALMA Compact Array (ACA). On the horizon, the main peaks from right to left are Cerro Chajnantor, Cerro Toco, and Juriques. This photo was taken in December 2012, four months prior to the ALMA inauguration and prior to its full implementation on March 13, 2013. By ESO/Clem & Adri Bacri-Normier (http://www.eso.org/public/images/eso1312a/) [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AALMA_array_from_the_air.jpg
•Bottom Left: Google Earth view of location in Chile, South America for the ALMA configuration.
•Bottom Center Left: An ALMA antenna en route from the Operations Support Facility to the plateau of Chajnantor for the first time. The ALMA transporter vehicle carefully carries the state-of-the-art antenna, with a diameter of 12 meters and a weight of about 100 tons, on the 28 km journey to the Array Operations Site, which is at an altitude of 5000 meters. By ESO (ESO) [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AALMA_en_route_to_Chajnantor_(Scale).jpg.
•Bottom Center Right: Antennas of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), on the Chajnantor Plateau in the Chilean Andes. The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, 2 companion galaxies to our own Milky Way galaxy, can be seen as bright smudges in the night sky, in the center of the photograph. By ESO/C. Malin: http://www.eso.org/public/images/ann13016a/
•Bottom Right: Aerial view of the ALMA Operations Center. http://www.almaobservatory.org/en/visuals/images/the-alma-observatory/?g2_itemId=3112___

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2015-03-12 12:33:37 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Today in History: World Wide Web Was Conceived
On March 12, 1989 — 26 years ago today — Tim Berners-Lee distributed a proposal to improve information flows at CERN (Center for European Nuclear Research), where he worked, and this proposal eventually led to the development and promulgation of “The World Wide Web.” Even though the project did not involve high level physics (the focus of CERN), Tim's boss, Mike Sendall, allowed Tim to work on his proposed software project — developing a universal linked information system, which Tim initially called “The Mesh.” So Tim spent time developing his proposal and wrote the first Internet browser and editor in 1990. By October of 1990, Tim had identified 3 fundamental technologies that remain the foundation of today's web:

(1) HTML - Hypertext Markup Language: the publishing language that formats text and structure andallows linkin... more »

Today in History: World Wide Web Was Conceived
On March 12, 1989 — 26 years ago today — Tim Berners-Lee distributed a proposal to improve information flows at CERN (Center for European Nuclear Research), where he worked, and this proposal eventually led to the development and promulgation of “The World Wide Web.” Even though the project did not involve high level physics (the focus of CERN), Tim's boss, Mike Sendall, allowed Tim to work on his proposed software project — developing a universal linked information system, which Tim initially called “The Mesh.” So Tim spent time developing his proposal and wrote the first Internet browser and editor in 1990. By October of 1990, Tim had identified 3 fundamental technologies that remain the foundation of today's web:

(1) HTML - Hypertext Markup Language: the publishing language that formats text and structure and allows linking to documents and resources.

(2) URI - Uniform Resource Identifier: an address that is unique for each Web resource.

(3) HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol: a communications protocol that allows for the retrieval of linked resources across the Web.

By 1993, CERN declared that the “The World Wide Web” technology would be made available to everyone on Earth for free, forever.

YouTube videos:
•Tim Berners-Lee talk about how “the World Wide Web just happened.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yF5-6AcohQw

Web sources:
•http://www.webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/
•http://www.w3.org/History/1989/proposal.html
•http://betanews.com/2014/03/12/happy-25th-birthday-to-the-world-wide-web-inventor-wants-to-keep-it-free-and-open/
•http://home.web.cern.ch/topics/birth-web
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Berners-Lee
•http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/internet/happy-birthday-world-wide-web-turn-25-n39571

Book sources:
• Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Tim Berners-Lee. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/006251587X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=006251587X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AHHD5GUG7M3SFQBJ

Image credits:
•Left: Diagram of “The Mesh” proposed for CERN, forerunner of “The World Wide Web” as designed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. http://www.w3.org/History/1989/proposal.html
•Right: Time Berners-Lee, 1989. http://www.webpronews.com/%E2%80%9Cfather-of-the-web%E2%80%9D-tim-berners-lee-comes-out-against-sopa-pipa-2012-01___

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2015-03-11 12:16:27 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Do you have a cat?

You should have a cat to know, how awesome they really are. Just look at this one! Cats are always so cute, but some are more cuter than other, I find this to be the "Cutest Cat Of The Day" How cute is it? Please let me know!


Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the... more »

Do you have a cat?

You should have a cat to know, how awesome they really are. Just look at this one! Cats are always so cute, but some are more cuter than other, I find this to be the "Cutest Cat Of The Day" How cute is it? Please let me know!


Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#gif #cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS   #trendingnow   #lolcats___

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2015-03-11 06:13:48 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Pioneer 5 Lifted Off to Explore Interplanetary Space between Earth and Venus, 1960
On March 11, 1960 — 55 years ago today — NASA’s Pioneer 5 lifted off from Cape Canaveral on a mission to investigate interplanetary space between the orbits of Earth and Venus. Pioneer 5 was the first spacecraft to observe the interplanetary magnetic field, which had been only conjectured to exist. In this early period of the space programs of the Soviet Union and the United States, Pioneer 5 was the only successful mission of 7 interplanetary missions launched in 1960 by both nations. Space flight controllers maintained contact with Pioneer 5 until June 26, 1960, when Pioneer 5 had reached a then record distance from Earth of 22.5 million miles (36.2 million kilometers).

Video:
•Pioneer 5 Launched:http://... more »

Today in History: Pioneer 5 Lifted Off to Explore Interplanetary Space between Earth and Venus, 1960
On March 11, 1960 — 55 years ago today — NASA’s Pioneer 5 lifted off from Cape Canaveral on a mission to investigate interplanetary space between the orbits of Earth and Venus. Pioneer 5 was the first spacecraft to observe the interplanetary magnetic field, which had been only conjectured to exist. In this early period of the space programs of the Soviet Union and the United States, Pioneer 5 was the only successful mission of 7 interplanetary missions launched in 1960 by both nations. Space flight controllers maintained contact with Pioneer 5 until June 26, 1960, when Pioneer 5 had reached a then record distance from Earth of 22.5 million miles (36.2 million kilometers).

Video:
•Pioneer 5 Launched: http://www.wtvy.com/news/headlines/This-Day-in-History---Pioneer-5-Launched--USS-Nevada-Commissioned-249407861.html

Web sources:
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1960-001A
•http://epizodsspace.no-ip.org/bibl/inostr-yazyki/spaceflight/2005/5/pio5.html
•http://historicspacecraft.com/Probes_Pioneer.html#Pioneer_5
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_5
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_program

Book sources:
• The Depths of Space: The Story of the Pioneer Planetary Probes by Mark Wolverton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0309090504/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0309090504&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AXDVXMCKGVGRQEID

Image credits:
•Left: Launch of Pioneer 5 atop Thor/Able rocket. By NASA/USAF (NASA/USAF) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thor-Able_IV_Pioneer_5_3.jpg
•Right: Beach-ball size Pioneer 5 space probe: http://historicspacecraft.com/Photos/Probes/Pioneer-5_UH2009RK_1.jpg___

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2015-03-10 14:42:56 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

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2015-03-10 11:44:52 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First Phone Call Made by Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson, 1876
On March 10, 1876 — 139 years ago today — Alexander Graham Bell made the first discernible human voice message over electrical wires from his attic laboratory at 5 Exeter Place in Boston, MA. Thomas Watson, Bell’s laboratory assistant, had just constructed the latest refinement of “the phone” according to a drawing and instructions from Bell. While Bell was in one room and Watson was in another room, Alexander Bell spoke into the voice piece on the device: “Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you!” Watson came rushing from the other room and declared that he had heard and understood every word. Bell was immediately aware of the significance of his invention: On this very day, he wrote to his father and said “the day is coming when telegraph [phone] wires will be laid on to houses just likewater and gas —... more »

Today in History: First Phone Call Made by Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson, 1876
On March 10, 1876 — 139 years ago today — Alexander Graham Bell made the first discernible human voice message over electrical wires from his attic laboratory at 5 Exeter Place in Boston, MA. Thomas Watson, Bell’s laboratory assistant, had just constructed the latest refinement of “the phone” according to a drawing and instructions from Bell. While Bell was in one room and Watson was in another room, Alexander Bell spoke into the voice piece on the device: “Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you!” Watson came rushing from the other room and declared that he had heard and understood every word. Bell was immediately aware of the significance of his invention: On this very day, he wrote to his father and said “the day is coming when telegraph [phone] wires will be laid on to houses just like water and gas — and friends converse with each other without leaving home.”

[There’s much more to say about Alexander Graham Bell and the invention of the phone, and i hope to add a summary here soon.]

YouTube videos:
•Dramatization of Alexander Graham Bell’s Moment of Success (10:58): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQd3H8AmtP0
•Alexander Graham Bell Mini-Biography (02:04): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aimMH-ChUK0
•The First Telephone (how to reconstruct Bell’s phone) (10:02): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijvEJlmSO3E

Web sources:
•http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_Intelligible_Voice_Transmission_over_Electric_Wire,_1876
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/speech-transmitted-by-telephone
•http://www.history.com/topics/inventions/alexander-graham-bell
•http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-graham-bell-9205497
•http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trr002.html

Book sources:
• Reluctant Genius: Alexander Graham Bell and the Passion for Invention by Charlotte Gray:
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1611450608/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1611450608&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=W33SRHPCBYWBHERU
• Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude by Robert V. Bruce: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0801496918/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0801496918&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=HYGNUUQ6NLQW4F2W
• Alexander Graham Bell: The Life and Times of the Man Who Invented the Telephone by Edwin S. Grosvenor, Bell’s great-grandson:
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0810940051/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0810940051&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GAF3SIHHRVF747TB

Image credits:
•Top Left: Alexander Graham Bell’s laboratory assistant, Thomas Watson. http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1177.htm
•Top Right: Young Alexander Graham Bell. http://www.alexanderandmabelbelllegacyfoundation.com/biography.html
•Bottom: Bell’s first phone (receiver left, speaker right): https://crsdsnippets.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/the-first-telephone-developed-everett.jpg___

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