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Neuroscience News has been at 2 events

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Science on Google+902,767*Isaac Newton's Birthday is on Christmas* Join us in a Newton-inspired holiday physics hangout with rockstar physicist +Henry Reich of +MinutePhysics and +MinuteEarth  and brilliant ballerina biologist +Carin Bondar of +National Geographic, +Scientific American and host of Wild Sex, a science show about the strange reproductive habits of the animal kingdom. She knows how the world gets physical. +Veritasium  AKA +Derek Muller may pop in.  We hear there may even be more special guests so you should probably go ahead and RSVP yes to join the lively conversation. BYOB. Hosted by +Amy Robinson of +Science on Google+ .Happy Newtonmas Hangout2013-12-19 00:00:00142  
Science on Google+902,767Please join us for a collaborative Hangout On Air with Autism Brainstorm (http://goo.gl/HO5LZL). We will be discussing current research in Autism and Autism Education, as well as the protein biomarkers associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Topics:  1) Lead by Dr. +Stephen Shore:   *Research in Comparative Approaches to Autism Education with special emphasis on the Miller Method®.* Dr. Shore will be joined by Ethan Miller and Amir Naimov for discussion and Q&A. 2) Lead by +John Elder Robison:   *Current research topic(s) being considered by IACC* (The Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee  is a Federal advisory committee charged with coordinating all activities concerning autism spectrum disorder within the U.S. 3) Lead by Dr. +Alisa Woods:  *Protein Biomarkers and Autism Spectrum Disorders* *PDF LINKS:* Dr. Stephen Shore Dissertation: Comparative Approaches to Autism Education: http://goo.gl/lnqpxb Dr. Stephen Shore: ICDL The Miller Method: http://goo.gl/X6XQoq John Elder Robison: Scholar in Residence at William And Mary: http://goo.gl/QPxtLH  John Elder Robison: IACC Government Strategic Plan for Autism Research: http://goo.gl/reBc9a Dr. Alisa G Woods: Treating Clients with AS and ASD: http://goo.gl/175424 Dr. Alisa G Woods: Proteomics and Cholesterol in Autism: http://goo.gl/SklhcL *Dr. Stephen Shore:* Diagnosed with "Atypical Development and strong autistic tendencies" and "too sick" for outpatient treatment Dr. Shore was recommended for institutionalization. Nonverbal until four, and with much support from his parents, teachers, wife, and others, Stephen is now a professor at Adelphi University where his research focuses on matching best practice to the needs of people with autism. In addition to working with children and talking about life on the autism spectrum, Stephen presents and consults internationally on adult issues pertinent to education, relationships, employment, advocacy, and disclosure as discussed in his books Beyond the Wall: Personal Experiences with Autism and Asperger Syndrome, Ask and Tell: Self-advocacy and Disclosure for People on the Autism Spectrum, the critically acclaimed Understanding Autism for Dummies., and the newly released DVD Living along the Autism Spectrum: What it means to have Autism or Asperger Syndrome. President emeritus of the Asperger’s Association of New England and former board member of the Autism Society, Dr. Shore serves in the Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism Association, United States Autism and Asperger Association, and other autism related organizations.  Dr. Shore is on the advisory board of AUTISM BRAINSTORM and is the primary autism education advisor. He frequently participates in Google Hangout events hosted by AUTISM BRAINSTORM. education.adelphi.edu/profile/steven-shore www.autismasperger.net  *John Elder Robison:* Self Advocate, Parent and Author, Mr. John Elder Robison joined the IACC as a public member in 2012. Mr. Robison is an Aspergian who grAutism Brainstorm and Science On Google+ Collaborative Hangout On Air2013-12-10 04:00:0087  

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 32

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2017-07-23 17:10:20 (32 comments; 25 reshares; 93 +1s; )Open 

High-Fat Diet in Pregnancy Can Cause Mental Health Problems in Offspring

A high-fat diet not only creates health problems for expectant mothers, but new research in an animal model suggests it alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of their offspring and has a long-term impact on offspring behavior. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.

The research is in Frontiers in Endocrinology. (full open access)

Most reshares: 46

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2017-07-21 20:11:35 (7 comments; 46 reshares; 112 +1s; )Open 

How Physical Exercise Prevents Dementia

Numerous studies have shown that physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age. Now researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt have explored in one of the first studies worldwide how exercise affects brain metabolism.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)

Most plusones: 129

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2017-07-25 21:12:27 (8 comments; 25 reshares; 129 +1s; )Open 

Lutein May Counter Cognitive Aging

Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study from University of Illinois researchers.

The research is in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. (full open access)

Latest 50 posts

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2017-07-27 18:15:24 (1 comments; 2 reshares; 12 +1s; )Open 

Brain Cells Found to Control Aging

Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that stem cells in the brain’s hypothalamus govern how fast aging occurs in the body. The finding, made in mice, could lead to new strategies for warding off age-related diseases and extending lifespan.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

Brain Cells Found to Control Aging

Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that stem cells in the brain’s hypothalamus govern how fast aging occurs in the body. The finding, made in mice, could lead to new strategies for warding off age-related diseases and extending lifespan.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-27 18:12:34 (0 comments; 4 reshares; 22 +1s; )Open 

Immune System May Mount Attack in Parkinson's

Drs. Sulzer and Sette, along with their colleagues, collected blood samples from 67 individuals with Parkinson's disease and 36 healthy controls. Immune cells were extracted from the samples and mixed with portions of the alpha-synuclein protein, which accumulates in the brains of people with PD and can result in cell death.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

Immune System May Mount Attack in Parkinson's

Drs. Sulzer and Sette, along with their colleagues, collected blood samples from 67 individuals with Parkinson's disease and 36 healthy controls. Immune cells were extracted from the samples and mixed with portions of the alpha-synuclein protein, which accumulates in the brains of people with PD and can result in cell death.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-27 18:09:33 (0 comments; 1 reshares; 15 +1s; )Open 

Substance Addiction Changes Mother's Response to Infant

In this study, 36 mothers were recruited from an inpatient treatment facility for substance use disorders, and their infants were videotaped five months after delivery. Mothers underwent functional MRI (fMRI) scanning six months after delivery, while viewing happy and sad face images of their own infant.

The research is in Human Brain Mapping. (full access paywall)

Substance Addiction Changes Mother's Response to Infant

In this study, 36 mothers were recruited from an inpatient treatment facility for substance use disorders, and their infants were videotaped five months after delivery. Mothers underwent functional MRI (fMRI) scanning six months after delivery, while viewing happy and sad face images of their own infant.

The research is in Human Brain Mapping. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-27 18:05:44 (0 comments; 6 reshares; 22 +1s; )Open 

In Witnessing the Brain's 'Aha!' Moment, Scientists Shed Light on Biology of Consciousness

Study in human participants lends insight into one of neuroscience's greatest puzzles: How the brain transforms unconscious information into conscious thought.

The research is in Current Biology. (full open access)

In Witnessing the Brain's 'Aha!' Moment, Scientists Shed Light on Biology of Consciousness

Study in human participants lends insight into one of neuroscience's greatest puzzles: How the brain transforms unconscious information into conscious thought.

The research is in Current Biology. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 21:30:53 (10 comments; 29 reshares; 68 +1s; )Open 

Talking to Yourself in the Third Person Can Help You Control Stressful Emotions

The simple act of silently talking to yourself in the third person during stressful times may help you control emotions without any additional mental effort than what you would use for first-person self-talk – the way people normally talk to themselves.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

Talking to Yourself in the Third Person Can Help You Control Stressful Emotions

The simple act of silently talking to yourself in the third person during stressful times may help you control emotions without any additional mental effort than what you would use for first-person self-talk – the way people normally talk to themselves.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 21:26:06 (4 comments; 19 reshares; 64 +1s; )Open 

Studies Help Understand Why Some People Are So Sure They're Right

Dogmatic individuals hold confidently to their beliefs, even when experts disagree and evidence contradicts them. New research from Case Western Reserve University may help explain the extreme perspectives, on religion, politics and more, that seem increasingly prevalent in society.

The research is in Journal of Religion and Health. (full access paywall)

Studies Help Understand Why Some People Are So Sure They're Right

Dogmatic individuals hold confidently to their beliefs, even when experts disagree and evidence contradicts them. New research from Case Western Reserve University may help explain the extreme perspectives, on religion, politics and more, that seem increasingly prevalent in society.

The research is in Journal of Religion and Health. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-26 21:19:30 (7 comments; 12 reshares; 38 +1s; )Open 

Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9 Prevents Angiogenesis of the Retina

Powerful new technology may lead to novel therapies to prevent vision loss, blindness in those with diseases of the retina.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9 Prevents Angiogenesis of the Retina

Powerful new technology may lead to novel therapies to prevent vision loss, blindness in those with diseases of the retina.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 21:15:11 (8 comments; 27 reshares; 93 +1s; )Open 

'Residual Echo' of Ancient Humans in Scans May Hold Clues to Mental Disorders

Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have produced the first direct evidence that parts of our brains implicated in mental disorders may be shaped by a "residual echo" from our ancient past. The more a person's genome carries genetic vestiges of Neanderthals, the more certain parts of his or her brain and skull resemble those of humans' evolutionary cousins that went extinct 40,000 years ago, says NIMH's Karen Berman, M.D. NIMH is part of the National Institutes of Health.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

'Residual Echo' of Ancient Humans in Scans May Hold Clues to Mental Disorders

Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have produced the first direct evidence that parts of our brains implicated in mental disorders may be shaped by a "residual echo" from our ancient past. The more a person's genome carries genetic vestiges of Neanderthals, the more certain parts of his or her brain and skull resemble those of humans' evolutionary cousins that went extinct 40,000 years ago, says NIMH's Karen Berman, M.D. NIMH is part of the National Institutes of Health.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 18:29:59 (0 comments; 5 reshares; 28 +1s; )Open 

High Prevalence of Evidence of CTE in Brains of Deceased Football Players

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was diagnosed post-mortem in a high proportion of former football players whose brains were donated for research, including 110 of 111 National Football League players.

The research is in JAMA. (full open access)

High Prevalence of Evidence of CTE in Brains of Deceased Football Players

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was diagnosed post-mortem in a high proportion of former football players whose brains were donated for research, including 110 of 111 National Football League players.

The research is in JAMA. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 17:48:31 (5 comments; 8 reshares; 43 +1s; )Open 

Body Ownership is Not Impaired in Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia patients often experience an altered sense of self, as if someone else is controlling their actions. This impairment is described as a deficit in the "sense of agency". While it has been well established and linked to problems with sensorimotor brain signals, another category has been left unexplored: the "sense of body ownership" by which we feel that our bodies belong to ourselves. Using a full-body illusion experiment, EPFL scientists have now determined that body ownership is not affected in schizophrenia.

The research is in Schizophrenia Bulletin. (full access paywall)

Body Ownership is Not Impaired in Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia patients often experience an altered sense of self, as if someone else is controlling their actions. This impairment is described as a deficit in the "sense of agency". While it has been well established and linked to problems with sensorimotor brain signals, another category has been left unexplored: the "sense of body ownership" by which we feel that our bodies belong to ourselves. Using a full-body illusion experiment, EPFL scientists have now determined that body ownership is not affected in schizophrenia.

The research is in Schizophrenia Bulletin. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-26 17:43:43 (3 comments; 11 reshares; 54 +1s; )Open 

Risk for Bipolar Disorder Associated with Faster Aging

New King’s College London research suggests that people with a family history of bipolar disorder may ‘age’ more rapidly than those without a history of the disease.

The research is in Neuropsychopharmacology. (full access paywall)

Risk for Bipolar Disorder Associated with Faster Aging

New King’s College London research suggests that people with a family history of bipolar disorder may ‘age’ more rapidly than those without a history of the disease.

The research is in Neuropsychopharmacology. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-26 17:38:35 (4 comments; 36 reshares; 97 +1s; )Open 

Cellular Roots of Anxiety Identified

From students stressing over exams to workers facing possible layoffs, worrying about the future is a normal and universal experience. But when people’s anticipation of bad things to come starts interfering with daily life, ordinary worry can turn into an anxiety disorder. About one in four adults will struggle with anxiety at some point in their lives, making it one of the most common mental disorders in the United States.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

Cellular Roots of Anxiety Identified

From students stressing over exams to workers facing possible layoffs, worrying about the future is a normal and universal experience. But when people’s anticipation of bad things to come starts interfering with daily life, ordinary worry can turn into an anxiety disorder. About one in four adults will struggle with anxiety at some point in their lives, making it one of the most common mental disorders in the United States.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)___

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2017-07-26 17:34:40 (6 comments; 17 reshares; 51 +1s; )Open 

Do All People Experience Similar Near-Death-Experiences?

By analyzing people's personal stories about their near-death-experiences, researchers look deeper into the chronology of different types of near-death-experiences.

The research is in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. (full open access)

Do All People Experience Similar Near-Death-Experiences?

By analyzing people's personal stories about their near-death-experiences, researchers look deeper into the chronology of different types of near-death-experiences.

The research is in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 21:21:04 (1 comments; 7 reshares; 41 +1s; )Open 

Toddlers Begin Learning Rules of Reading and Writing at Very Early Age

Exposure to language improves 'invented spellings' of children ages 3-to-5 years.

The research is in Child Development. (full open access)

Toddlers Begin Learning Rules of Reading and Writing at Very Early Age

Exposure to language improves 'invented spellings' of children ages 3-to-5 years.

The research is in Child Development. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 21:16:26 (3 comments; 10 reshares; 61 +1s; )Open 

Brain Stimulation May Improve Cognitive Performance in Those With Schizophrenia

Brain stimulation could be used to treat cognitive deficits frequently associated with schizophrenia, according to a new study from King’s College London.

The research is in Brain. (full access paywall)

Brain Stimulation May Improve Cognitive Performance in Those With Schizophrenia

Brain stimulation could be used to treat cognitive deficits frequently associated with schizophrenia, according to a new study from King’s College London.

The research is in Brain. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-25 21:12:27 (8 comments; 25 reshares; 129 +1s; )Open 

Lutein May Counter Cognitive Aging

Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study from University of Illinois researchers.

The research is in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. (full open access)

Lutein May Counter Cognitive Aging

Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study from University of Illinois researchers.

The research is in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 18:10:38 (5 comments; 27 reshares; 104 +1s; )Open 

Dragonfly Brains Predict the Path of Their Prey

New research from Australia and Sweden has shown how a dragonfly's brain anticipates the movement of its prey, enabling it to hunt successfully. This knowledge could lead to innovations in fields such as robot vision.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

Dragonfly Brains Predict the Path of Their Prey

New research from Australia and Sweden has shown how a dragonfly's brain anticipates the movement of its prey, enabling it to hunt successfully. This knowledge could lead to innovations in fields such as robot vision.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 18:07:50 (6 comments; 26 reshares; 113 +1s; )Open 

Cognitive Cross Training Enhances Learning

The 18-week study of 318 healthy young adults found that combining physical exercise and mild electric brain stimulation with computer-based cognitive training promoted skill learning significantly more than using cognitive training alone.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

Cognitive Cross Training Enhances Learning

The 18-week study of 318 healthy young adults found that combining physical exercise and mild electric brain stimulation with computer-based cognitive training promoted skill learning significantly more than using cognitive training alone.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 18:04:02 (13 comments; 31 reshares; 101 +1s; )Open 

Psychopaths are Better at Learning to Lie

Individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits are better at learning to lie than individuals who show few psychopathic traits.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)

Psychopaths are Better at Learning to Lie

Individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits are better at learning to lie than individuals who show few psychopathic traits.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)___

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2017-07-25 17:58:54 (0 comments; 2 reshares; 13 +1s; )Open 

A Computer That Reads Body Language

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University’s Robotics Institute have enabled a computer to understand the body poses and movements of multiple people from video in real time — including, for the first time, the pose of each individual’s fingers.

A Computer That Reads Body Language

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University’s Robotics Institute have enabled a computer to understand the body poses and movements of multiple people from video in real time — including, for the first time, the pose of each individual’s fingers.___

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2017-07-25 17:55:03 (9 comments; 13 reshares; 63 +1s; )Open 

Autism Severity Detected With Brain Activity Test

UCLA researchers have discovered that children with autism have a tell-tale difference on brain tests compared with other children. Specifically, the researchers found that the lower a child's peak alpha frequency -- a number reflecting the frequency of certain brain waves -- the lower their non-verbal IQ was. This is the first study to highlight peak alpha frequency as a promising biomarker to not only differentiate children with autism from typically developing children, but also to detect the variability in cognitive function among children with autism.

The research is in European Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Autism Severity Detected With Brain Activity Test

UCLA researchers have discovered that children with autism have a tell-tale difference on brain tests compared with other children. Specifically, the researchers found that the lower a child's peak alpha frequency -- a number reflecting the frequency of certain brain waves -- the lower their non-verbal IQ was. This is the first study to highlight peak alpha frequency as a promising biomarker to not only differentiate children with autism from typically developing children, but also to detect the variability in cognitive function among children with autism.

The research is in European Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 23:38:40 (1 comments; 13 reshares; 52 +1s; )Open 

New Map May Lead to Drug Development for Complex Brain Disorders

Just as parents are not the root of all their children's problems, a single gene mutation can't be blamed for complex brain disorders like autism, according to a Keck School of Medicine of USC neuroscientist.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

New Map May Lead to Drug Development for Complex Brain Disorders

Just as parents are not the root of all their children's problems, a single gene mutation can't be blamed for complex brain disorders like autism, according to a Keck School of Medicine of USC neuroscientist.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 23:34:52 (0 comments; 18 reshares; 56 +1s; )Open 

Physics of Bubbles May Explain Language Patterns

Language patterns could be predicted by simple laws of physics, a new study has found.

The research is in Physical Review X. (full access paywall)

Physics of Bubbles May Explain Language Patterns

Language patterns could be predicted by simple laws of physics, a new study has found.

The research is in Physical Review X. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 22:45:08 (6 comments; 10 reshares; 44 +1s; )Open 

Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy Linked to Slightly Increased Autism Risk

A new study found that antidepressant medications taken during pregnancy may be linked to the development of autism in children -- although the effect appears to be limited.

The research is in BMJ. (full open access)

Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy Linked to Slightly Increased Autism Risk

A new study found that antidepressant medications taken during pregnancy may be linked to the development of autism in children -- although the effect appears to be limited.

The research is in BMJ. (full open access)___

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2017-07-24 22:40:30 (0 comments; 13 reshares; 14 +1s; )Open 

Low-Cost Smart Glove Translates American Sign Language Alphabet

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a smart glove that wirelessly translates the American Sign Language alphabet into text and controls a virtual hand to mimic sign language gestures. The device, which engineers call “The Language of Glove,” was built for less than $100 using stretchable and printable electronics that are inexpensive, commercially available and easy to assemble.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)

Low-Cost Smart Glove Translates American Sign Language Alphabet

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a smart glove that wirelessly translates the American Sign Language alphabet into text and controls a virtual hand to mimic sign language gestures. The device, which engineers call “The Language of Glove,” was built for less than $100 using stretchable and printable electronics that are inexpensive, commercially available and easy to assemble.

The research is in PLOS ONE. (full open access)___

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2017-07-24 21:56:46 (0 comments; 9 reshares; 34 +1s; )Open 

Mice Feel Other's Pain, Literally

Pain sensitivity associated with alcohol withdrawal may activate the same brain region in both drinking and non-drinking mice.

The research is in eNeuro. (full access paywall)

Mice Feel Other's Pain, Literally

Pain sensitivity associated with alcohol withdrawal may activate the same brain region in both drinking and non-drinking mice.

The research is in eNeuro. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 21:52:21 (2 comments; 14 reshares; 45 +1s; )Open 

Link Between Autism and Pain Sensitivity

“This provides some of the first evidence that links pain perception to social function in ASD. Most experiments on ASD focus either on the social dysfunction aspects or the sensory dysfunction aspects. But very few studies have looked at them both,” said Gu, assistant professor in the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

The research is in European Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

Link Between Autism and Pain Sensitivity

“This provides some of the first evidence that links pain perception to social function in ASD. Most experiments on ASD focus either on the social dysfunction aspects or the sensory dysfunction aspects. But very few studies have looked at them both,” said Gu, assistant professor in the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

The research is in European Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 19:07:42 (5 comments; 23 reshares; 79 +1s; )Open 

Stress Hormone Cortisol Linked to Hippocampal Volume and Mood

Most stress research in humans involves inducing a short period of stress and classifying participants as either responders or non-responders based on the level of the hormone cortisol in their saliva. These studies do not typically find differences between the two groups' subjective experience of stress.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)


Stress Hormone Cortisol Linked to Hippocampal Volume and Mood

Most stress research in humans involves inducing a short period of stress and classifying participants as either responders or non-responders based on the level of the hormone cortisol in their saliva. These studies do not typically find differences between the two groups' subjective experience of stress.

The research is in Journal of Neuroscience. (full access paywall)
___

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2017-07-24 19:05:28 (1 comments; 9 reshares; 45 +1s; )Open 

Eye Test Could Help Diagnose Autism

"These findings build upon a growing field of research that show that eye movement could serve as a window into a part of the brain that plays a role in a number of neurological and development disorders, such as Autism," said John Foxe, Ph.D., director of the University of Rochester Medical Center Del Monte Neuroscience Institute and co-author of the study.

Eye Test Could Help Diagnose Autism

"These findings build upon a growing field of research that show that eye movement could serve as a window into a part of the brain that plays a role in a number of neurological and development disorders, such as Autism," said John Foxe, Ph.D., director of the University of Rochester Medical Center Del Monte Neuroscience Institute and co-author of the study.___

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2017-07-24 19:02:22 (6 comments; 19 reshares; 77 +1s; )Open 

New Brain Death Pathway in Alzheimer's Identified

The research team has found the first evidence that the activation of a biological pathway called necroptosis, which causes neuronal loss, is closely linked with Alzheimer's severity, cognitive decline and extreme loss of tissue and brain weight that are all advanced hallmarks of the disease.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

New Brain Death Pathway in Alzheimer's Identified

The research team has found the first evidence that the activation of a biological pathway called necroptosis, which causes neuronal loss, is closely linked with Alzheimer's severity, cognitive decline and extreme loss of tissue and brain weight that are all advanced hallmarks of the disease.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 18:57:35 (2 comments; 26 reshares; 84 +1s; )Open 

Illuminating Neural Pathways in the Living Brain

Using light alone, scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried are now able to reveal pairs or chains of functionally connected neurons under the microscope. The new optogenetic method, named Optobow, allows probing the pathways along which information flows by targeted activation of individual neurons and monitoring the responses of neighboring cells. The shape of the cells and their contact points are also revealed – even in dense tissue in which the thin fibers of thousands of cells are interwoven. With Optobow, it is thus possible to discover individual components of functional circuits in the living brain.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

Illuminating Neural Pathways in the Living Brain

Using light alone, scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried are now able to reveal pairs or chains of functionally connected neurons under the microscope. The new optogenetic method, named Optobow, allows probing the pathways along which information flows by targeted activation of individual neurons and monitoring the responses of neighboring cells. The shape of the cells and their contact points are also revealed – even in dense tissue in which the thin fibers of thousands of cells are interwoven. With Optobow, it is thus possible to discover individual components of functional circuits in the living brain.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)___

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2017-07-24 17:40:52 (1 comments; 30 reshares; 127 +1s; )Open 

First Image of Major Brain Receptor in Action Captured

New images reveal workings of a fundamental process involved in memory, learning, and other key brain functions.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)

First Image of Major Brain Receptor in Action Captured

New images reveal workings of a fundamental process involved in memory, learning, and other key brain functions.

The research is in Nature. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 17:36:35 (1 comments; 18 reshares; 51 +1s; )Open 

Ketamnine Shows Promise in Treatment of Geriatric Depression

Australian researchers have completed the world's first randomised control trial (RCT) assessing the efficacy and safety of ketamine as a treatment for depression in elderly patients.

The research is in American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Ketamnine Shows Promise in Treatment of Geriatric Depression

Australian researchers have completed the world's first randomised control trial (RCT) assessing the efficacy and safety of ketamine as a treatment for depression in elderly patients.

The research is in American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-24 17:32:44 (5 comments; 10 reshares; 58 +1s; )Open 

Musicians Have Higher Prevalence of Eating Disorders

They may live for the limelight and the call of their muse, but musicians may also be prone to eating disorders, according to new research.

The research is in Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity. (full open access)

Musicians Have Higher Prevalence of Eating Disorders

They may live for the limelight and the call of their muse, but musicians may also be prone to eating disorders, according to new research.

The research is in Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity. (full open access)___

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2017-07-24 17:29:42 (12 comments; 21 reshares; 68 +1s; )Open 

Alcohol Boosts Recall of Earlier Learning

Drinking alcohol improves memory for information learned before the drinking episode began, new research suggests.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

Alcohol Boosts Recall of Earlier Learning

Drinking alcohol improves memory for information learned before the drinking episode began, new research suggests.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)___

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2017-07-23 18:06:38 (11 comments; 19 reshares; 84 +1s; )Open 

Choir Helps People with Parkinson's Disease Battle Destructive Effects to Muscles, Brain and Voice

The disease is what ties together this little choir, comprised half of Flagstaff residents with the disease and half faculty and students from Northern Arizona University’s Department of Communication and Speech Disorders (CSD) and School of Music. Well, that and a love of singing.

Choir Helps People with Parkinson's Disease Battle Destructive Effects to Muscles, Brain and Voice

The disease is what ties together this little choir, comprised half of Flagstaff residents with the disease and half faculty and students from Northern Arizona University’s Department of Communication and Speech Disorders (CSD) and School of Music. Well, that and a love of singing.___

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2017-07-23 17:10:20 (32 comments; 25 reshares; 93 +1s; )Open 

High-Fat Diet in Pregnancy Can Cause Mental Health Problems in Offspring

A high-fat diet not only creates health problems for expectant mothers, but new research in an animal model suggests it alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of their offspring and has a long-term impact on offspring behavior. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.

The research is in Frontiers in Endocrinology. (full open access)

High-Fat Diet in Pregnancy Can Cause Mental Health Problems in Offspring

A high-fat diet not only creates health problems for expectant mothers, but new research in an animal model suggests it alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of their offspring and has a long-term impact on offspring behavior. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.

The research is in Frontiers in Endocrinology. (full open access)___

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2017-07-23 15:40:04 (5 comments; 21 reshares; 84 +1s; )Open 

The Neural Codes for Body Movements

A small patch of neurons in the brain can encode the movements of many body parts, according to researchers in the laboratory of Caltech's Richard Andersen, James G. Boswell Professor of Neuroscience, Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Brain-Machine Interface Center Leadership Chair, and Director of the T&C Brain-Machine Interface Center of the Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience at Caltech. Understanding this neural code could help improve the lives of people with paralysis or with motor deficits from neurological diseases such as a stroke.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)

The Neural Codes for Body Movements

A small patch of neurons in the brain can encode the movements of many body parts, according to researchers in the laboratory of Caltech's Richard Andersen, James G. Boswell Professor of Neuroscience, Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Brain-Machine Interface Center Leadership Chair, and Director of the T&C Brain-Machine Interface Center of the Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience at Caltech. Understanding this neural code could help improve the lives of people with paralysis or with motor deficits from neurological diseases such as a stroke.

The research is in Neuron. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-23 15:01:08 (19 comments; 17 reshares; 100 +1s; )Open 

Gene Variant Increases Risk For Depression

A University of Central Florida study has found that a gene variant, thought to be carried by nearly 25 percent of the population, increases the odds of developing depression.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. (full access paywall)

Gene Variant Increases Risk For Depression

A University of Central Florida study has found that a gene variant, thought to be carried by nearly 25 percent of the population, increases the odds of developing depression.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-22 22:47:08 (3 comments; 17 reshares; 69 +1s; )Open 

Alzheimer's Drug May Help Treat TBI

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death globally, but medications have generally failed to benefit patients. A new study found that memantine, a drug that is used to treat dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease, may be a promising therapy.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. (full access paywall)

Alzheimer's Drug May Help Treat TBI

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death globally, but medications have generally failed to benefit patients. A new study found that memantine, a drug that is used to treat dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease, may be a promising therapy.

The research is in Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-22 22:42:31 (3 comments; 22 reshares; 93 +1s; )Open 

EEG and fMRI May Detect Consciousness in Patients With Acute, Severe TBI

The use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) may be able to identify ICU patients with severe traumatic brain injuries who have a level of consciousness not revealed by the standard bedside neurological examination. A report from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators, is the first to test such an approach in acutely ill patients for whom critical decisions may need to be made regarding the continuation of life-sustaining care.

The research is in Brain. (full open access)

EEG and fMRI May Detect Consciousness in Patients With Acute, Severe TBI

The use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) may be able to identify ICU patients with severe traumatic brain injuries who have a level of consciousness not revealed by the standard bedside neurological examination. A report from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators, is the first to test such an approach in acutely ill patients for whom critical decisions may need to be made regarding the continuation of life-sustaining care.

The research is in Brain. (full open access)___

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2017-07-22 18:20:26 (2 comments; 14 reshares; 75 +1s; )Open 

New Insight Into Genetic Basis of Neuropsychiatric Disorders

A study by scientists at the Children’s Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) is providing insight into the genetic basis of neuropsychiatric disorders. In this research, the first mouse model of a mutation in the arid1b gene was created and then used to show that growth hormone treatments reverse some manifestations of the mutation.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

New Insight Into Genetic Basis of Neuropsychiatric Disorders

A study by scientists at the Children’s Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) is providing insight into the genetic basis of neuropsychiatric disorders. In this research, the first mouse model of a mutation in the arid1b gene was created and then used to show that growth hormone treatments reverse some manifestations of the mutation.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)___

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2017-07-21 23:09:44 (5 comments; 25 reshares; 92 +1s; )Open 

New Model for the Origin of Grid Cells

LMU neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells.

The research is in _Physical Review Letters _. (full access paywall)

New Model for the Origin of Grid Cells

LMU neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells.

The research is in _Physical Review Letters _. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-21 21:25:40 (6 comments; 15 reshares; 68 +1s; )Open 

Proton Pump Inhibitors Do Not Cause Dementia

This research directly responds to a 2016 pharmacoepidemiologic analysis conducted using a large German health insurance database, which identified an association between dementia and long-term PPI use; however, these findings could not illustrate that PPIs caused dementia. Despite the attention this article received at the time, AGA expressed its concerns on this research at the time of publication .

The research is in Gastroenterology. (full access paywall)

Proton Pump Inhibitors Do Not Cause Dementia

This research directly responds to a 2016 pharmacoepidemiologic analysis conducted using a large German health insurance database, which identified an association between dementia and long-term PPI use; however, these findings could not illustrate that PPIs caused dementia. Despite the attention this article received at the time, AGA expressed its concerns on this research at the time of publication .

The research is in Gastroenterology. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-21 20:15:51 (14 comments; 32 reshares; 99 +1s; )Open 

Depression Changes Structure of the Brain

Alterations were found in parts of the brain known as white matter, which contains fibre tracts that enable brain cells to communicate with one another by electrical signals.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

Depression Changes Structure of the Brain

Alterations were found in parts of the brain known as white matter, which contains fibre tracts that enable brain cells to communicate with one another by electrical signals.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)___

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2017-07-21 20:11:35 (7 comments; 46 reshares; 112 +1s; )Open 

How Physical Exercise Prevents Dementia

Numerous studies have shown that physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age. Now researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt have explored in one of the first studies worldwide how exercise affects brain metabolism.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)

How Physical Exercise Prevents Dementia

Numerous studies have shown that physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age. Now researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt have explored in one of the first studies worldwide how exercise affects brain metabolism.

The research is in Translational Psychiatry. (full open access)___

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2017-07-21 20:04:24 (6 comments; 18 reshares; 83 +1s; )Open 

Study Reveals Most Impactful Neuroscience Research

A study of the 100 most-cited neuroscience articles has revealed that 78 of these papers cover five topics, including neurological disorders, the prefrontal cortex, brain connectivity, brain mapping and methodology studies. The study allows scientists, policy-makers and investors to quickly identify the most-cited articles and impactful research in neuroscience.

The research is in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. (full open access)

Study Reveals Most Impactful Neuroscience Research

A study of the 100 most-cited neuroscience articles has revealed that 78 of these papers cover five topics, including neurological disorders, the prefrontal cortex, brain connectivity, brain mapping and methodology studies. The study allows scientists, policy-makers and investors to quickly identify the most-cited articles and impactful research in neuroscience.

The research is in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. (full open access)___

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2017-07-21 14:32:28 (5 comments; 11 reshares; 64 +1s; )Open 

Pre-Pregnancy Obesity Increases Risk for Neurocognitive Problems in Children Born Very Prematurely

A new study has found that children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control.

The research is in Journal of Pediatrics. (full access paywall)

Pre-Pregnancy Obesity Increases Risk for Neurocognitive Problems in Children Born Very Prematurely

A new study has found that children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control.

The research is in Journal of Pediatrics. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-21 14:15:00 (10 comments; 19 reshares; 87 +1s; )Open 

100 is the New 80

When it comes to aging successfully and remaining in good health, are centenarians the perfect role models? Or is extreme age inextricably linked with increasing levels of illness? Which diseases most commonly affect people who fail to reach the 100-year mark? Researchers from Charité have been studying illness trajectories in centenarians during the final years of their lives. According to their findings, people who died aged 100 or older suffered fewer diseases than those who died aged 90 to 99, or 80 to 89.

The research is in Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. (full access paywall)

100 is the New 80

When it comes to aging successfully and remaining in good health, are centenarians the perfect role models? Or is extreme age inextricably linked with increasing levels of illness? Which diseases most commonly affect people who fail to reach the 100-year mark? Researchers from Charité have been studying illness trajectories in centenarians during the final years of their lives. According to their findings, people who died aged 100 or older suffered fewer diseases than those who died aged 90 to 99, or 80 to 89.

The research is in Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. (full access paywall)___

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2017-07-21 14:07:11 (6 comments; 5 reshares; 28 +1s; )Open 

CD44s Gives Glioblastoma Brain Cancer a Survival Advantage

Understanding the mechanisms that give cancer cells the ability to survive and grow opens the possibility of developing improved treatments to control or cure the disease. In the case of glioblastoma multiforme, the deadliest type of brain cancer, researchers have discovered that the molecule CD44s seems to give cancer cells a survival advantage. In the lab, eliminating this advantage by reducing the amount of CD44s resulted in cancer cells being more sensitive to the deadly effects of the drug erlotinib.

The research is in PNAS. (full access paywall)

CD44s Gives Glioblastoma Brain Cancer a Survival Advantage

Understanding the mechanisms that give cancer cells the ability to survive and grow opens the possibility of developing improved treatments to control or cure the disease. In the case of glioblastoma multiforme, the deadliest type of brain cancer, researchers have discovered that the molecule CD44s seems to give cancer cells a survival advantage. In the lab, eliminating this advantage by reducing the amount of CD44s resulted in cancer cells being more sensitive to the deadly effects of the drug erlotinib.

The research is in PNAS. (full access paywall)___

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