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Yonatan Zunger has been at 2 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
STEM Women on G+98,691Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Dr.  +Yonatan Zunger on how men can help with the issues of gender inequality in STEM fields. Yonatan is the Chief Architect of Google+ and also has a PhD in Physics with a strong engineering background. He is a passionate advocate of gender equality in STEM, and will talk to us about what we can do to encourage women in STEM.This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe   and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos  , and you can tune in on Sunday March 2nd at 12.30 PM Pacific/ 8.30PM GMT. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel(http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.Follow us on Twitter @stemwomen and on www.stemwomen.netSTEM Women: How Men Can Help with Dr Yonatan Zunger2014-03-02 21:30:0097G+
Blogger869,532We’re hosting a Hangout on Air with lead Product Manager +Dan Peterson and lead Engineer +Yonatan Zunger to discuss last week’s launch of Google+ Comments for Blogger.If you’ve got questions about the launch, please leave them in the comments below so that Dan and Yonatan can answer them during the Hangout.Join the team behind Google+ Comments for Blogger for a Hangout on Air2013-04-25 20:30:001068G+

Yonatan Zunger has been shared in 358 public circles

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Funny Videos Compilation0Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This Cilcle!!, And Please..Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps, and get more friend and circle on +Google+  :» Include me in your circles» Click add people and create your circle» +1 this circle» Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( share the circle and include yourself )» If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).»  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circles #circleoftheday #circlemeup #circlemenow #bestcircle #bestcircleshare #megacircle #bigcircle #bigcircleshare #funnyvideo #funnyvideos #funnyvideosyoutube #funnyvideoclips #funnyvideooftheday #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   2014-08-15 08:05:40492348CC G+
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910684155CC G+
Nick Warner645Check out these awesome Crowdfunders2014-08-07 16:05:31470001CC G+
Mike Elgan3,464,700Follow the Blogs of August!1. Click "Add people" then circle this shared circle (even if you did it before)2. Share with your circlesThe Blogs of August are bloggers who are either trying or have already decided to blog on Google+ exclusively for the month of August (or permanently). 2014-08-06 12:34:462215525CC G+
John Kellden29,637Good Evening Dear Googleverse NetizensBeen ages since I shared a circle. This one is put together by +Lynn Keller which means there's good people in it.Pleased to meet you all.2014-08-05 20:33:40201737CC G+
Lynn Keller7,237I've put together this  circle which includes a host of engaging, appealing, interesting people from different communities and ongoing conversations. Best to all! #circlecount #sharedcircles #circleshare 2014-08-05 20:16:01374827CC G+
Becky Collins13,434Mobile Operator Circle:Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-07-24 05:16:124763112CC G+
Circles Circles Circles37,983SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/o82s0mPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/IkCTLPPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/nFCsGwMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/tID4ZmPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/E6v81LOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8lh#science       #scienceeveryday       #sciencecircle       #circlesharing  2014-07-17 04:08:1710671230CC G+
Doug Hyatt5,196THIS IS MEGA CIRCLE 5    #DOUGHYATTCIRCLESHARING IT ADDED 1,000+ FOLLOWERS FOR ME IN A WEEK.1) ADD THE CIRCLE2) RESHARE THE CIRCLE AND BE SURE TO REMEMBER TO CHECK THE BOX WHICH INCLUDES YOURSELF.3)RESHARE TO PUBLIC EVERY DAY!BE SURE TO COPY THE HASHTAG LIST AND ADD IN YOUR COMMENTS LIKE I HAVE!  IT WILL GIVE YOU MAXIMUM RESULTS#doughyattcirclesharing#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   2014-07-16 15:49:10477151421CC G+
Elizabeth Rose1,833GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-14 05:59:3648712213CC G+
Diana Breath2,451GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-14 05:39:3348019518CC G+
Richard Green74,896Engagers Showcase Circle, July 12, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CKB7ks1VWZ3“Star Gate” by +Gary Matthews https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ean83YFix7sBubble (reshared from +Ann-Marie Jurek)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/PkybKJfXv14Gabriel's Hornhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MXNTuq8ZEBPHibiscus flowerhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Xsmw62v98CHStackable 12-sided dicehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/5mLoukdZAA5Astronomical book priceshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/S15LTNxJA9GPyritohedral symmetryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XQUYMrKGiAQSt Stephen's Basilica (reshared from +Laura Orange)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ApnSMBsUWFeCircular Pascal Arrays and Fibonacci numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/NVqYKoRVnHg“Fungi tree” by +Tom Beddardhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/J6S4bDc6QwQAs always, reshares of this circle are appreciated, and I look forward to seeing everyone's links. Thanks for reading my posts!2014-07-12 05:31:36476209131223CC G+
Elizabeth Rose138GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 5   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-06 17:35:214878613CC G+
Diana Breath1,874GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 8   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-06 17:31:0548012615CC G+
Elizabeth Rose138GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 9   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-03 07:36:364878412CC G+
Diana Breath1,600GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 8   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-07-03 07:16:4148113516CC G+
Freizeit.ch2,752This is our 2nd FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains Interactiv Googlers. In this #Circle are travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle 2014-07-01 15:50:4649613815CC G+
Elizabeth Rose138GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 5   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-06-29 10:48:5648711413CC G+
Diana Breath196GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 8   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-06-28 15:15:2948115724CC G+
Karla Clark43,230+Circle Share Experiment 2014-06-28 01:44:56496422744CC G+
Elizabeth Rose138GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 5   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-06-27 15:24:3748715817CC G+
Freizeit.ch2,460This is our FINEST SWISS CIRCLE !We are sharing this #CIRCLE in order to give you a powerful Google Plus experience and most of all, this circle contains #Swiss   Googlers. In this #Circle are swiss travelors, photograph and lots more.Sharing this cirlce allows you to gain more followers and specialy #Swiss followers.If you would like to get inside this circle, you just have to do this 4 simple steps:1. Add us !2. +1 this post3. share this post4. Comment on this post, so we can add you on the next circle. You have to share this circle in #Public so we  can easily find your share.#circleshare   #circlesharing #swiss #schweiz #switzerland #circle #sharing #publicsharedcircles #suisse   #circle   #circleshare   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sport   #tips   #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share 2014-06-27 09:20:5348424814CC G+
Richard Green73,445Engagers Showcase Circle, June 26, 2014 (Anniversary Edition)If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.24, the Monster, and quantum gravityhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9sKMLRJYjnaTiled Dome (reshared from +BJ Bolender)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/7u73y5FzEZYMonths with five weekendshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HWMeFjECa1rThe sandpile grouphttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QezmLcTCTMJ“Cheshire Cat” by Ross Hilberthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/YfjVmetdnHwSunrise (reshared from +Mark Hurn)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/6QQjTBviHeiRex and the girls, through Glasshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/dEPuHiZ5BFo“Dancing Triangles” by Richard Kenyonhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/CFZ8eFf5WqXWords that are hard to rhymehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/c3n9jFam6FEFlowers on my drivewayhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZATFKnVorZPDragonfly (reshared from +Ralph Reichert)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EggWRRfPm7JCircumference and area of a circlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Ld2X7WoSbCRMassive Hangovers and the Harmonic Serieshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/XZGvNePaAt9A sheaf of pencilshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/EcdcRWsdbPSSolstice in Iceland (reshared from +2014-06-26 20:15:03483196121232CC G+
Elizabeth Rose138GOOGLE FRIENDS! - You're in this  Circle 5   -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-06-26 03:30:5148712614CC G+
The Shoe Spa237Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get!#circle   #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharecircle   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionphotography   #woman   #women   #pinterest  2014-06-25 18:54:5349910510CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion4,448Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharecircle   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionphotography   #woman   #women   #pinterest  2014-06-25 14:10:06496212030CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion4,376Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circles   #circleshare   #share   #sharecircle   #fashion   #model   #woman   #man   #fashionphotography  2014-06-24 12:50:56497191121CC G+
Joe Martinez61,582My Favorite People & Brand Pages on Google+ - June 2014All these people are amazing and fun (hence why I follow them)! :) If you are looking for people to follow then this is definitely the circle for you! There is a little bit of everything here! From people who love photography, tech, music, art... the list is endless! Enjoy!!  Some of the awesomesauce in this circle:  +Hanna Silver, +DJ Spin, +Tanya Muse Diaz, +Tiffany Henry, +Ant J, +anthony feliciano, +jessi roman, +Bronwyn McGuckin, +Renata Sherwin, +Cynthia K Seymour, +Natascha Otero, +Daria Musk, +Kamal Tailor, +Emily Jiménez, +Carms Perez, +Christopher Lira, +Eleanor Hoh, +Chris Pirillo, +2014-06-23 04:01:3650139641CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion4,163Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circles   #sharecircle   #fashion  2014-06-22 09:18:32496301534CC G+
Circles Circles Circles35,732SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/RPEbdlPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/fmOadpPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/Oyg8RBMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/9NT51gPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/5mT3s0Others CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/AV4WvdTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/YANzuo#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-06-19 02:05:331065924CC G+
Dina Tika417Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment.2014-06-17 13:08:21500003CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion3,696Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleshared   #circles   #share   #sharecircle   #sharecircles   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionblog   #woman   #pinterest   #womens   #women   #fashionphotography   #fashionpost   #fashionpin   #fashionpic  2014-06-14 21:52:3449422826CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion3,542Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #shares   #sharecircle   #circleoftheday   #sharecircleoftheday   #fashion   #fashionphotography   #fashionpost   #fashionblogger   #fashionblog  2014-06-12 15:14:31496221228CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion3,365Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circles   #sharecircle   #fashion   #blogging   #photography   #fashionblogger   #follow   #followback  2014-06-10 09:05:52497171122CC G+
Dina Tika0Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment. 2014-06-10 05:54:12500001CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion3,258Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circles   #circle   #sharecircle   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharecircleoftheday   #circlesharing   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionblog   #fashionpictures   #woman   #fashionstyle   #beauty   #dress  2014-06-07 09:50:23499261733CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion3,182Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #circles   #shares   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionblog   #fashionphotography   #fashionphotographer   #fashionpost   #fashionstyle   #fashionmodel   #fashionmarketing   #woman   #women   #girl   #beauty   #beautiful   #pictures   #beautifulpictures  2014-06-05 08:57:39498181123CC G+
hoang thao0We are funny circle :))2014-06-04 02:38:49171102CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion2,979Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #sharecircle   #circleshare   #fashion   #fashionblogger   #fashionblogg   #folowers   #folow   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek   #circleoffriends   #sharedpubliccircles  2014-06-02 09:21:52498231525CC G+
Becky Collins10,439Super Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-31 05:09:154901211CC G+
Circles Circles Circles33,758SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/WbY7NSPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/XPSnHVPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/itFj7ZMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/uBBxgdPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/f1wz2IOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/MOGsxGTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-05-28 20:17:02102101219CC G+
Becky Collins10,282Mobile Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia   #media   #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-28 05:03:174777219CC G+
John Nuntiatio36,868#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss  2014-05-20 19:22:35440236CC G+
Jasmina Brozović53,426Notification CircleThis is a circle of people I don't wanna miss any new posts from!Great Circle idea by +Zvonimir FrasRead more :https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ZvonimirFras/posts/VsZjS7H7vJf#circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #sharedcircle #circleshare   #circle     #motivateme 2014-05-20 16:26:14179271031CC G+
WowGoldGuide0#CircleShare #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #CircleOfTheDay #SharedPublicCircles #GooglePlusTips #Google+ #Google #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #SocialMedia #CircleSunday #Engagers #CircleofFriends #SocialMediaMarketing #Marketing #PublicSharedCircles #TopEngagers #circlescirclescircles #Influencer2014-05-17 12:11:5050010417CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion2,176Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #circles   #sharecircle   #fashion   #woman   #beauty   #beautiful   #fashionblogger   #fashionpin   #fashionphotography   #fashionblog   #fashionstyle  2014-05-17 11:29:14499241432CC G+
Circles Circles Circles32,435SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/Hev5GIPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS: http://goo.gl/Nqll1yPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/olCV0EMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/l58RRiPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/oIXG1ROthers Circles:SCIENCE: http://goo.gl/voKgBxTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science   #scienceeveryday   #sciencecircle   #circlesharing  2014-05-16 02:10:07103141426CC G+
Kristin Milton9,730Hi everyone, This is a starter circle for +Ben Milton.It's mostly my 'most relevant' circlers, heavily weighted for sciency content.Enjoy :)2014-05-13 12:51:4398105CC G+
ramzi parta7 Hello AllHere is my RANDOM Circle... V1.8 - 131123The circle has shrunk a little this week lets see if we can build it back up again. Please share and invite people to join the circle.247 people did not move from the last RANDOM circle, don't be one of them for the next circle.RULES1. Leave a comment saying who you would like to add.(min 1 name - max 10 names)2. Publicly Share the postIn the next circle I will add the people you added or mentioned and yourself (If you give more than 10 names I will only add the first 10)Re-Sharers also automatically get added to my Re-Share Circle and the last one has been shared 211 times so far.http://updateslaluz.blogspot.com2014-05-13 02:32:17501012CC G+
Pinterest Women Fashion1,878Another great circle shared with me by an amazing G+'er!!This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the postMore you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circles   #fashioncircle   #fashion   #model   #pinterest   #women   #woman   #sharedcircles   #share   #folowers   #addme   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharing   #reshare   #fashionblogger  2014-05-12 15:08:17499242237CC G+

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Most comments: 494

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2014-08-19 19:46:03 (494 comments, 391 reshares, 940 +1s)

This is a profoundly disturbing editorial. It's an op-ed written by a police officer in the Washington Post, and its message is very simple: 

"If you don’t want to get shot, tased, pepper-sprayed, struck with a baton or thrown to the ground, just do what I tell you. Don’t argue with me, don’t call me names, don’t tell me that I can’t stop you, don’t say I’m a racist pig, don’t threaten that you’ll sue me and take away my badge. Don’t scream at me that you pay my salary, and don’t even think of aggressively walking towards me. Most field stops are complete in minutes. How difficult is it to cooperate for that long?"

I wish I could tell you that this article betrayed a sense of the absurd, or that it was meant in some kind of satirical fashion. It isn't. His argument is simple: you have no idea what's going on for that cop or what the cop isgoing through. The cop... more »

Most reshares: 391

posted image

2014-08-19 19:46:03 (494 comments, 391 reshares, 940 +1s)

This is a profoundly disturbing editorial. It's an op-ed written by a police officer in the Washington Post, and its message is very simple: 

"If you don’t want to get shot, tased, pepper-sprayed, struck with a baton or thrown to the ground, just do what I tell you. Don’t argue with me, don’t call me names, don’t tell me that I can’t stop you, don’t say I’m a racist pig, don’t threaten that you’ll sue me and take away my badge. Don’t scream at me that you pay my salary, and don’t even think of aggressively walking towards me. Most field stops are complete in minutes. How difficult is it to cooperate for that long?"

I wish I could tell you that this article betrayed a sense of the absurd, or that it was meant in some kind of satirical fashion. It isn't. His argument is simple: you have no idea what's going on for that cop or what the cop isgoing through. The cop... more »

Most plusones: 940

posted image

2014-08-19 19:46:03 (494 comments, 391 reshares, 940 +1s)

This is a profoundly disturbing editorial. It's an op-ed written by a police officer in the Washington Post, and its message is very simple: 

"If you don’t want to get shot, tased, pepper-sprayed, struck with a baton or thrown to the ground, just do what I tell you. Don’t argue with me, don’t call me names, don’t tell me that I can’t stop you, don’t say I’m a racist pig, don’t threaten that you’ll sue me and take away my badge. Don’t scream at me that you pay my salary, and don’t even think of aggressively walking towards me. Most field stops are complete in minutes. How difficult is it to cooperate for that long?"

I wish I could tell you that this article betrayed a sense of the absurd, or that it was meant in some kind of satirical fashion. It isn't. His argument is simple: you have no idea what's going on for that cop or what the cop isgoing through. The cop... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2014-08-22 01:08:30 (13 comments, 8 reshares, 69 +1s)

I've posted some things like this before, but here's a collection of photos of the final preparation and loading of the atomic bombs bound for Hiroshima and Nagasaki which I don't think I've seen. 

h/t +Chris Colohan.

I've posted some things like this before, but here's a collection of photos of the final preparation and loading of the atomic bombs bound for Hiroshima and Nagasaki which I don't think I've seen. 

h/t +Chris Colohan.___

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2014-08-20 21:01:02 (75 comments, 25 reshares, 162 +1s)

Zero-tolerance rules: one of those things that invariably seems to sound good to people in a panic ("won't somebody think of the children!") and invariably turn out to be profoundly stupid. 

We are now apparently protecting our children so thoroughly that writing a short story in which you shoot a dinosaur is good for suspension, arrest, and a charge of disorderly conduct. 

So remember, kids: when you want to fight dinosaurs in your stories, make sure to use bows and arrows instead!

And just like that, the pop-tart gun suspension has been dethroned as the most absurd zero tolerance story

Summerville High School in Summerville, South Carolina, is wasting no time: A 16-year-old student was arrested and suspended for writing a story in which he used a gun to kill a dinosaur. The student, Alex Stone, was assigned by a teacher to write a story about himself. Stone chose to embellish his story with obviously fictional details, like dinosaurs. But the teacher saw the word "gun" and the rest is history
...___Zero-tolerance rules: one of those things that invariably seems to sound good to people in a panic ("won't somebody think of the children!") and invariably turn out to be profoundly stupid. 

We are now apparently protecting our children so thoroughly that writing a short story in which you shoot a dinosaur is good for suspension, arrest, and a charge of disorderly conduct. 

So remember, kids: when you want to fight dinosaurs in your stories, make sure to use bows and arrows instead!

posted image

2014-08-20 20:06:30 (105 comments, 62 reshares, 331 +1s)

Colorado has managed to reduce teen birth rates by 39% and teen abortion rates by 35% in five years.* They did this with one simple program: providing free or low-cost, long-acting, reversible contraception (such as IUDs and implants) to low-income women.

It's hardly surprising that contraception is the most reliable way to reduce unintended pregnancies, since that's what contraception is for, after all. Those of you who have followed this will probably know that the cost of contraception is actually a huge barrier to entry for low-income women to use it; $40/month may not seem like a lot, but when your budget is already close to the line, it's a big difference. Reducing that cost therefore can have a big impact on use. 

The "long-acting" part is one of the most interesting parts: to quote Dr. Stephanie Teal, head of the state Dept. of Public Health's family... more »

Colorado has managed to reduce teen birth rates by 39% and teen abortion rates by 35% in five years.* They did this with one simple program: providing free or low-cost, long-acting, reversible contraception (such as IUDs and implants) to low-income women.

It's hardly surprising that contraception is the most reliable way to reduce unintended pregnancies, since that's what contraception is for, after all. Those of you who have followed this will probably know that the cost of contraception is actually a huge barrier to entry for low-income women to use it; $40/month may not seem like a lot, but when your budget is already close to the line, it's a big difference. Reducing that cost therefore can have a big impact on use. 

The "long-acting" part is one of the most interesting parts: to quote Dr. Stephanie Teal, head of the state Dept. of Public Health's family planning division, “With an implant or an IUD, if someone wants it out, we take it out, but once it’s in and they have to make an appointment to take it out, they really have to think, ‘OK, do I want a baby now, really?’ As opposed to the pill, you basically have to decide every single day, ‘Do I want to be not pregnant?’ And some days, you might want to be pregnant.” That's especially important for teens, who (as you may recall or know from your own kids) are not known for having the most reliable long-term thinking and planning skills. (For real reasons: the parts of the brain which control that don't fully mature until your mid-20's. The idea that your brain stops growing in childhood has turned out to be wrong, wrong, wrong.)

So what we have here is a simple, highly cost-effective method for reducing both unwanted pregnancies and abortions: it's based on reliable medicine, puts individual choice first (nobody is forced to have this!), makes the people getting it happier, and on the whole, saves the state a bundle. 

This is what I call a good idea.

* Compared to a nationwide decline of 29% in teen birth rates. CDC (who did the study) reports the delta as statistically significant. Correlation is not causation, but cf the other studies referenced in the article, such as the Missouri one indicating the relative efficacy of long-term versus short-term birth control, and the drop in repeat pregnancies seen in the CAMP study. Not a smoking gun, but from an engineering perspective, this is what I would call "working well enough that I would definitely double down on the strategy."___

posted image

2014-08-19 19:46:03 (494 comments, 391 reshares, 940 +1s)

This is a profoundly disturbing editorial. It's an op-ed written by a police officer in the Washington Post, and its message is very simple: 

"If you don’t want to get shot, tased, pepper-sprayed, struck with a baton or thrown to the ground, just do what I tell you. Don’t argue with me, don’t call me names, don’t tell me that I can’t stop you, don’t say I’m a racist pig, don’t threaten that you’ll sue me and take away my badge. Don’t scream at me that you pay my salary, and don’t even think of aggressively walking towards me. Most field stops are complete in minutes. How difficult is it to cooperate for that long?"

I wish I could tell you that this article betrayed a sense of the absurd, or that it was meant in some kind of satirical fashion. It isn't. His argument is simple: you have no idea what's going on for that cop or what the cop isgoing through. The cop... more »

This is a profoundly disturbing editorial. It's an op-ed written by a police officer in the Washington Post, and its message is very simple: 

"If you don’t want to get shot, tased, pepper-sprayed, struck with a baton or thrown to the ground, just do what I tell you. Don’t argue with me, don’t call me names, don’t tell me that I can’t stop you, don’t say I’m a racist pig, don’t threaten that you’ll sue me and take away my badge. Don’t scream at me that you pay my salary, and don’t even think of aggressively walking towards me. Most field stops are complete in minutes. How difficult is it to cooperate for that long?"

I wish I could tell you that this article betrayed a sense of the absurd, or that it was meant in some kind of satirical fashion. It isn't. His argument is simple: you have no idea what's going on for that cop or what the cop is going through. The cop has the right to use whatever force is needed. So if you don't want to get shot, do everything the cop says, never argue, never object. Later, he says, you can "ask for a supervisor, lodge a complaint or contact civil rights organizations if you believe your rights were violated."

To list a few of the exceptionally obvious things which this ignores:

(1) All of the arguments that you don't know what a cop is going through, that this "routine traffic stop" is actually very dangerous for them, and so on, apply just as well to the person being stopped. In fact, especially if you don't look white and upper-class enough, that routine stop is even more dangerous for you than for the cop: the cop doesn't know if you're armed and willing to become violent, but (by Dutta's own admission) you do know that the cop is. Saying that people being stopped need to be respectful and do what the cop says, but that the cop isn't under any such obligation to anyone else, is an invitation for violence.

(2) These post facto remedies which he suggests are incredibly limited in their value. Go ahead and lodge a complaint; it will promptly be filed in the appropriate place. Under the POBOR (Peace Officers' Bill of Rights, a California law) and similar laws elsewhere, you get all sorts of guarantees here: for example, that if a decision is made in regards to your complaint, you will be notified of that decision within 30 days. It does not guarantee, for example, that a decision will actually be made, and in fact it guarantees that if a decision isn't made within a year, the officer will face no consequences from it. The police have a tremendous degree of immunity, and outside of very exceptional situations, are investigated only by an internal system.

(You can read the text of the POBOR here: https://www.cslea.com/legal/pobor . Other states have similar laws, but you should check your own state's laws for the details)

(3) If a police officer does something wrong during a stop, it can have serious consequences for you, which will not be redressed no matter what. As far as the police are concerned, an arrest isn't a "consequence," since the courts can easily throw it out; but go ahead and explain that to your employer when you're telling them why you didn't come to work. Being threatened and harassed every time you walk out the door in your neighborhood isn't a "consequence," because if the cop didn't have a good reason, they wouldn't have done anything.

Knowing that you might be publicly bullied and humiliated, in front of your children, your spouse, or your employer, that you may be searched, beaten, or arrested at any time -- and that such things happen routinely to you and everyone around you -- is something acceptable, in the view of this editorial, because you have the right to file a grievance later with the same organization which has decided that this behavior is, at a baseline, OK.


My purpose here isn't to say that people should be rude or threatening to cops. I'm saying that the obligation of police and citizens is a reciprocal obligation. It is absolutely true that the work of police is dangerous and complicated, and they require certain allowances in order to be able to do their jobs; however, if you translate that to "they must be granted unlimited authority over the citizenry, and must never be challenged, except after the fact and in very limited ways," then the police have been set up to become villains, not heroes. 

Dutta's attitude is profoundly corrupted: he has taken the real and reasonable fears of police about doing their jobs, and expanded it into a notion of the police as being a class above the public, with tremendous powers of force and coercion, and subject to not even contradiction. If you heard this sort of statement from soldiers, you would think you were living in a military junta; if you hear this from police officers, you wonder if they think we are living in a junta.

h/t +Xenophrenia for the link.___

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2014-08-19 06:57:27 (46 comments, 19 reshares, 113 +1s)

And for a somewhat different pleasure for the evening, I bring you the legal complexities of a man who is legally dead according to Ohio, legally alive according to the Federal government, and apparently alive according to his own statements in court, although Ohio is not convinced and the Feds apparently want his children to pay back his death benefits, which is somewhat harsh if you think about it, given that the reason he was considered legally dead is that he vanished without a trace, abandoning his family, eight years earlier. 

This is, oddly enough, one of two news stories I've encountered tonight involving the law, dead people, and the state of Ohio, but it is very definitely the only one which can be discussed in polite company.

And for a somewhat different pleasure for the evening, I bring you the legal complexities of a man who is legally dead according to Ohio, legally alive according to the Federal government, and apparently alive according to his own statements in court, although Ohio is not convinced and the Feds apparently want his children to pay back his death benefits, which is somewhat harsh if you think about it, given that the reason he was considered legally dead is that he vanished without a trace, abandoning his family, eight years earlier. 

This is, oddly enough, one of two news stories I've encountered tonight involving the law, dead people, and the state of Ohio, but it is very definitely the only one which can be discussed in polite company.___

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2014-08-18 18:59:29 (29 comments, 14 reshares, 131 +1s)

Time-lapse photography versus Marmot: Marmot 1, Photography 0. 

Marmot!___Time-lapse photography versus Marmot: Marmot 1, Photography 0. 

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2014-08-17 22:15:10 (29 comments, 32 reshares, 298 +1s)

I love watching things happening in slow motion. 

h/t +Alex Scrivener.

From Reddit, a tablesaw cutting wood.___I love watching things happening in slow motion. 

h/t +Alex Scrivener.

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2014-08-16 06:31:33 (146 comments, 67 reshares, 233 +1s)

There aren't many situations where it's arguably a better idea to disband an entire police department outright than to allow them to continue to function, but Ferguson's police (the same fellows who brought you three days of martial law earlier this week) seem to really be trying to achieve that. 

I'll leave you to read the article at Lowering the Bar, since (as usual) they give an excellent summary of the case. A preview: the reason we can be so confident that this was an innocent man is that the cops ultimately admitted, under oath, that they had made up all of the charges against him (also under oath), after arresting the wrong man, then beating and kicking him at the police station.

Interestingly enough, the federal magistrate in the case seems to have decided that, now that the matter of Davis' bleeding on official police uniforms has been settled in his... more »

There aren't many situations where it's arguably a better idea to disband an entire police department outright than to allow them to continue to function, but Ferguson's police (the same fellows who brought you three days of martial law earlier this week) seem to really be trying to achieve that. 

I'll leave you to read the article at Lowering the Bar, since (as usual) they give an excellent summary of the case. A preview: the reason we can be so confident that this was an innocent man is that the cops ultimately admitted, under oath, that they had made up all of the charges against him (also under oath), after arresting the wrong man, then beating and kicking him at the police station.

Interestingly enough, the federal magistrate in the case seems to have decided that, now that the matter of Davis' bleeding on official police uniforms has been settled in his favor, the remaining matters of perjury and assault aren't really serious enough to sustain any action against the police officers involved. That ruling is under appeal.

In case you want more details about this, including interesting parts from the police depositions and the like, you can get the original story here: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/08/15/the-day-ferguson-cops-were-caught-in-a-bloody-lie.html .___

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2014-08-15 19:48:17 (67 comments, 81 reshares, 506 +1s)

There are few things more important to our society than the existence of a free press. The events of the past few days in Ferguson, Missouri have been a powerful highlight of that: several days of violence looked like they were about to spiral into an all-out bloodbath, when some reporters finally managed to get the story out to people's attention. Twenty-four hours later, the police force had been replaced with a much more professional one, and a massive crisis had been averted. It's moments like these that you realize just how important having news is.

(And by "news," I don't just mean companies with "news" in their name. I mean the entire system of people trying to report on what's going on in the world and get this truth out there: journalism is not just the domain of a select few!)

And the news has always been under threat, because news done... more »

There are few things more important to our society than the existence of a free press. The events of the past few days in Ferguson, Missouri have been a powerful highlight of that: several days of violence looked like they were about to spiral into an all-out bloodbath, when some reporters finally managed to get the story out to people's attention. Twenty-four hours later, the police force had been replaced with a much more professional one, and a massive crisis had been averted. It's moments like these that you realize just how important having news is.

(And by "news," I don't just mean companies with "news" in their name. I mean the entire system of people trying to report on what's going on in the world and get this truth out there: journalism is not just the domain of a select few!)

And the news has always been under threat, because news done right is a threat to the powerful: it exposes wrongs. In advertising-supported media (which is the large bulk of all media, since it turns out to be really hard to keep a non-ad-supported system in business) one of the biggest threats to news comes from the advertisers -- for example, the business side of the office wanting to keep the editorial side from saying something that will upset a big client.

Because of that, one of the most sacred traditions of news is the wall between editorial and business. These sides do not talk to one another. That wall is so important that it's traditionally referred to as the "separation of Church and State" -- in reference to one of the other most important walls that keeps our society functioning.

(And this idea goes far beyond the traditional newsroom: at Google, for example, the same principle has always separated search and ads. And so we've gotten plenty of experience with all of the challenges that maintaining such a wall entails -- it's never simple, but it's critically important!)

Recently, an old idea has started to come back in popularity, called "native advertising" or "sponsored content" -- that is, ads designed to look (with the publisher's assistance!) like news stories. You might expect it from places like BuzzFeed, but stalwarts of journalism like Time and the New York Times are getting in on the game, too. And this is a problem.

Now enough reading my lectures; go watch John Oliver, he explains it better than I do.___

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2014-08-15 18:13:38 (26 comments, 10 reshares, 310 +1s)

Why am I enjoying today's XKCD so much?

http://xckd.com/1408

Why am I enjoying today's XKCD so much?

http://xckd.com/1408___

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2014-08-15 06:02:47 (33 comments, 24 reshares, 197 +1s)

And now for something completely unrelated to science, politics, and so forth: interior design and color schemes.

I've always been a big believer in the importance of design, especially in the things and spaces that you use every day. In the past few years, I've had the chance to work on making my own home as warm and inviting as possible. That keeps my eyes open to things others have done -- and so for those of you who are into this, let me recommend this short photo essay about Cameron Diaz's apartment (created by her and by designer Kelly Wearstler):

http://www.elledecor.com/celebrity-style/homes/cameron-diaz-manhattan-apartment

I really love the use of color, especially in the kitchen (below) and the master bed and bath -- the entire place balances jewel tones with colorful metals, like the unlacquered brass below. A color scheme this strong is obviously... more »

And now for something completely unrelated to science, politics, and so forth: interior design and color schemes.

I've always been a big believer in the importance of design, especially in the things and spaces that you use every day. In the past few years, I've had the chance to work on making my own home as warm and inviting as possible. That keeps my eyes open to things others have done -- and so for those of you who are into this, let me recommend this short photo essay about Cameron Diaz's apartment (created by her and by designer Kelly Wearstler):

http://www.elledecor.com/celebrity-style/homes/cameron-diaz-manhattan-apartment

I really love the use of color, especially in the kitchen (below) and the master bed and bath -- the entire place balances jewel tones with colorful metals, like the unlacquered brass below. A color scheme this strong is obviously something to do with care: it would be overwhelming in a big room, and (especially with the floor stained ebony and the large overhang created by the cabinets above the counter) it could easily get very dark, so an ample supply of both daylight and warm artificial light is going to be necessary. (You can sort of see in this picture that there isn't really enough daylight in this room; you'd need to have all the lights on in order to get any cooking done in there)

But there's some decent use of small spaces here, and some ideas about color which are definitely worth thinking about.

(via +Paula Beebe)___

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2014-08-15 03:21:51 (88 comments, 116 reshares, 408 +1s)

The Missouri Highway Patrol relieved the Ferguson PD today. Captain Johnson, a Ferguson native, is leading the new security. He started out by removing the tactical units, setting up a media staging center, vowed not to blockade the streets, ordered police working crowd control to take off their gas masks -- and marched along with the protesters himself.

(That's not him in this picture, by the way -- Captain Johnson is black. Not sure who the cop in this picture is, but apparently quite a few of the members of the Missouri Highway Patrol marched alongside the protesters today. ETA: Here's a picture of Captain Johnson: https://twitter.com/JRehling/status/500062107971231744 . Thanks to +Don McArthur for the link.)

There's a bunch more in the story below, and I recommend you read it, because it's such an antidote to the news stories of the past few days. It appears thatt... more »

The Missouri Highway Patrol relieved the Ferguson PD today. Captain Johnson, a Ferguson native, is leading the new security. He started out by removing the tactical units, setting up a media staging center, vowed not to blockade the streets, ordered police working crowd control to take off their gas masks -- and marched along with the protesters himself.

(That's not him in this picture, by the way -- Captain Johnson is black. Not sure who the cop in this picture is, but apparently quite a few of the members of the Missouri Highway Patrol marched alongside the protesters today. ETA: Here's a picture of Captain Johnson: https://twitter.com/JRehling/status/500062107971231744 . Thanks to +Don McArthur for the link.)

There's a bunch more in the story below, and I recommend you read it, because it's such an antidote to the news stories of the past few days. It appears that there's one cop, at least, who still remembers what the job is all about.

Captain Ronald S. Johnson: Doing it right.___

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2014-08-14 18:40:31 (21 comments, 14 reshares, 98 +1s)

There's an interesting review here of a recent book by Rachel Hope Cleves about a case of two women who married each other in the town of Weybridge, Vermont, in the early 1800's. What I find interesting here isn't the case itself, or any particular conclusions one can draw from it: instead, I wanted to note two interesting things that I spotted here which are worth thinking about some more.


The first comes from this quote from the book, which talks about the way that "the closet" works in small towns as being fundamentally different from the way it works in cities:

"Although it is commonly assumed that the “closet” is an opaque space, meaning that people who are in the closet keep others in total ignorance about their sexuality, often the closet is really an open secret... The closet depends on people strategically choosing to remain ignorant ofinco... more »

There's an interesting review here of a recent book by Rachel Hope Cleves about a case of two women who married each other in the town of Weybridge, Vermont, in the early 1800's. What I find interesting here isn't the case itself, or any particular conclusions one can draw from it: instead, I wanted to note two interesting things that I spotted here which are worth thinking about some more.


The first comes from this quote from the book, which talks about the way that "the closet" works in small towns as being fundamentally different from the way it works in cities:

"Although it is commonly assumed that the “closet” is an opaque space, meaning that people who are in the closet keep others in total ignorance about their sexuality, often the closet is really an open secret... The closet depends on people strategically choosing to remain ignorant of inconvenient facts… The open closet is an especially critical strategy in small towns, where every person serves a role, and which would cease to function if all moral transgressors were ostracized. Small communities can maintain the fiction of ignorance in order to preserve social arrangements that work for the general benefit. Queer history has often focused on the modern city as the most potent site of gay liberation, since its anonymity and living arrangements for single people permitted same-sex-desiring men and women to form innovative communities. More recognition needs to be given to the distinctive opportunities that rural towns allowed for the expression of same-sex sexuality."

This is a subject I've mentioned before, in the context of different social models of the meaning of "privacy" in small versus large communities: generally, complete lack of knowledge of other people's personal lives (enforced by custom prohibiting such inquiry) is workable in cities, which have evolved this as a cultural solution to the problem of a large number of very different people living in close proximity, with the possibility of true anonymity. On the other hand, in a small town it's impossible to keep secrets in such a fashion; instead, there the pressure is for people to find some way to work with each other, as everyone's joint efforts will likely be required to keep the town alive. There, we instead find a system of "open secrets," where things are generally known but never discussed, and a pressure for people to maintain an outward demeanor of conformance to the town's norms.

I note this with interest as we are presently entering a situation in which neither of these two adaptations works: our modern society gives us the proximity to very different people of cities, but the pervasive information of small towns, and so neither the solution of true anonymity nor the solution of conformity plus open secrets can adequately resolve people's needs to simply not be like their neighbors. As we watch the US and Europe, in particular, try to independently develop very different solutions to these questions, it's worth thinking about these historical examples in more depth to see what we can learn from them.


The second interesting item I found in this article was what the contemporary sources (on which this book is based) considered to be highly normative about Charity and Sylvia's relationship, which allowed them to fit it into their world as "just another marriage:" 

"One reason people viewed Charity and Sylvia’s relationship as marital was that the women divided their domestic and public roles according to the familiar pattern of husband and wife."

I find this interesting by comparison to this article by Tiffany Wayne, titled "Same-Sex Marriage Does Threaten 'Traditional' Marriage." (http://nursingclio.org/2013/04/02/same-sex-marriage-does-threaten-traditional-marriage/) Wayne's article argues that the reason that same-sex marriage is so controversial today is not the gender of the participants, but that the construction fundamentally threatens the concept of the gender-role-based marriage. I'm not certain that Wayne's thesis is correct, but this case provides an interesting connection to it: Cleves argues that this marriage was accepted, in no small part, because it was structured in a fashion which so closely paralleled the common gender-role-based marriage in its area that people could easily fit it into that picture, and Wayne argues that it's marriages which don't fit that model which are actually the source of contention today.

So while I can't offer you any firm conclusions whatsoever from this, I can at least offer you two interesting ideas to ponder.

h/t +Jennifer Ouellette for the link.___

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2014-08-14 16:55:23 (62 comments, 102 reshares, 304 +1s)

And in the further department of dear gods, what the  hell is that?, I present to you the Bobbitt Worm, an aquatic predator that can grow to be up to 3 meters long. Its bite is fast and strong enough that it often will cut its prey in half.

via +Jesse Powell.

Eunice aphroditois (colloquially known as the Bobbit(t) worm), is an aquatic predatory polychaete worm dwelling at the ocean floor.

This organism buries its long body into an ocean bed composed of gravel, mud, or corals, where it waits patiently for a stimulus to one of its five antennae, attacking when it senses prey.

Armed with sharp teeth, it is known to attack with such speeds, its prey is sometimes sliced in half.

More info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eunice_aphroditois

Gif via +Panah Rad
#biology #animals #predator  ___And in the further department of dear gods, what the  hell is that?, I present to you the Bobbitt Worm, an aquatic predator that can grow to be up to 3 meters long. Its bite is fast and strong enough that it often will cut its prey in half.

via +Jesse Powell.

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2014-08-14 06:23:23 (73 comments, 24 reshares, 214 +1s)

To all those who have ever accused America of hypocrisy for "bringing democracy" to countries by force, here's ironclad proof of our good faith: we're bringing democracy to our own country, too, one city at a time.

#Ferguson

To all those who have ever accused America of hypocrisy for "bringing democracy" to countries by force, here's ironclad proof of our good faith: we're bringing democracy to our own country, too, one city at a time.

#Ferguson___

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2014-08-14 03:02:20 (79 comments, 5 reshares, 84 +1s)

For those wanting more reporting live from #Ferguson , photographer Robert Cohen of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch has an excellent Twitter feed. The photo below shows tactical units of the Ferguson police firing tear gas.

For those wanting more reporting live from #Ferguson , photographer Robert Cohen of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch has an excellent Twitter feed. The photo below shows tactical units of the Ferguson police firing tear gas.___

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2014-08-14 02:39:29 (156 comments, 100 reshares, 141 +1s)

This is a live broadcast coming from #Ferguson at the moment. It's hard to get clear news reports right now, but it appears that much of the city is presently under martial law, with citizens being ordered into their houses, cell phones being blocked in areas, and a no-fly zone imposed over the city. 

We're right now seeing (on video) a group of about 50-100 people protesting at an intersection; they are standing still and chanting. There are about 100 heavily armed police lined up a block away from them, who have just ordered all press to cease filming and ordered everyone to disperse, giving a "final warning."

If you can watch this live, do so now -- this is your chance to see unedited footage from an active situation. I'll continue to update the thread as the situation develops.

UPDATED: (See the comments on my post for the minute-by-minute) At... more »

This is a live broadcast coming from #Ferguson at the moment. It's hard to get clear news reports right now, but it appears that much of the city is presently under martial law, with citizens being ordered into their houses, cell phones being blocked in areas, and a no-fly zone imposed over the city. 

We're right now seeing (on video) a group of about 50-100 people protesting at an intersection; they are standing still and chanting. There are about 100 heavily armed police lined up a block away from them, who have just ordered all press to cease filming and ordered everyone to disperse, giving a "final warning."

If you can watch this live, do so now -- this is your chance to see unedited footage from an active situation. I'll continue to update the thread as the situation develops.

UPDATED: (See the comments on my post for the minute-by-minute) At this point, transmission has been lost, so we have no further updates. But I can confirm that I watched a protest consisting of approximately 50 people standing still in a residential neighborhood and chanting. I saw about one sign and one bullhorn, and no other activity. Approximately 100 heavily armed police approached from a distance of a block, supported by a helicopter, and ordered press to turn off their cameras. Shortly afterwards, the police opened fire on the crowd and the surrounding neighborhood with a combination of sonic weapons, tear gas, and rubber bullets. The shots were indiscriminate and hit protesters and houses alike. The protesters attempted to flee but were surrounded from all sides by police, at which point transmission ended.

The police made no attempt to communicate with protestors prior to opening fire, apart from their orders to the press and some orders to disperse. I'm not sure how those orders were meant to be followed, as the area was already surrounded at the time and there was nowhere to disperse to. It appears that the police have declared all public assemblies within Ferguson illegal (or at least, fair targets for armed assault) per se.___

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2014-08-13 20:23:41 (136 comments, 88 reshares, 214 +1s)

If you are at all interested in American history or in understanding its modern politics, you should read this article. Despite what you might think from the title, it's not primarily about the modern Tea Party, but about the history of the Civil War and Reconstruction, both the versions which many of us were taught in school and the versions which rather deliberately weren't taught. 

The article itself is brief, but is richly sourced and links to many other important articles on the subject. One text which it doesn't link, but which I also highly recommend, is Amar's America's Constitution: A Biography, an extraordinary work about the history of how the Constitution has developed from its earliest history to the present day. In particular, Amar's book discusses the rather complex history of the Second Amendment, and how its interpretation changed after the Civil War,... more »

If you are at all interested in American history or in understanding its modern politics, you should read this article. Despite what you might think from the title, it's not primarily about the modern Tea Party, but about the history of the Civil War and Reconstruction, both the versions which many of us were taught in school and the versions which rather deliberately weren't taught. 

The article itself is brief, but is richly sourced and links to many other important articles on the subject. One text which it doesn't link, but which I also highly recommend, is Amar's America's Constitution: A Biography, an extraordinary work about the history of how the Constitution has developed from its earliest history to the present day. In particular, Amar's book discusses the rather complex history of the Second Amendment, and how its interpretation changed after the Civil War, from being focused on "regulated militias" to independent gun ownership as a way for people to protect themselves from things that the government refused to protect them from -- that is, political changes which they could not accept.

Via +Colm Buckley and +Valdis Kletnieks.___

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2014-08-11 20:21:22 (19 comments, 37 reshares, 285 +1s)

This is kind of neat. As is, really, building any sort of electromechanical device out of LEGOs. See also this model of a Bugatti Veyron, complete with a working 7+R gearbox (!): http://hackaday.com/2010/04/08/lego-gearbox-seven-speed-plus-reverse/

Via +Kristofer Gigante 

Make a seven-segment analog display with LEGO Technics: http://shack.net/1A8nVOX #MakerMonday___This is kind of neat. As is, really, building any sort of electromechanical device out of LEGOs. See also this model of a Bugatti Veyron, complete with a working 7+R gearbox (!): http://hackaday.com/2010/04/08/lego-gearbox-seven-speed-plus-reverse/

Via +Kristofer Gigante 

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2014-08-11 19:16:35 (30 comments, 3 reshares, 39 +1s)

OK, I love this.

See also: https://plus.google.com/+YonatanZunger/posts/fz8BS7Y2hWU

And if you're wondering what the hell the Banach-Tarski Theorem is, check out this explanation: 

http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html .

It says that it's possible to cut up a sphere into five pieces of very specific shapes, then reassemble those pieces into two identical spheres, each one the same size as the original. (The reason this does not lead to very big problems for the gold market is that the sphere needs to be infinitely divisible, not made up of anything like atoms, for this division to work)

Well, the good news is... http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=3448#comic #SMBC ___OK, I love this.

See also: https://plus.google.com/+YonatanZunger/posts/fz8BS7Y2hWU

And if you're wondering what the hell the Banach-Tarski Theorem is, check out this explanation: 

http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html .

It says that it's possible to cut up a sphere into five pieces of very specific shapes, then reassemble those pieces into two identical spheres, each one the same size as the original. (The reason this does not lead to very big problems for the gold market is that the sphere needs to be infinitely divisible, not made up of anything like atoms, for this division to work)

2014-08-11 18:25:26 (119 comments, 12 reshares, 137 +1s)

OK. I just spent an embarrassing amount of time hunting down an annoying bug, and it was one of those things that was subtle but completely obvious in retrospect, I thought I'd share it with you as well. This particular issue happened in C++, but similar things can happen in many languages.

The problem was a loop that looked like this: (roles is an STL vector)

for (int i = 0; i < roles.size() - 1; ++i) {

(The "- 1" is because an inner loop would then scan over j = i+1...roles.size()) Inside the loop, all sorts of strange things would happen, from memory corruption to NULL dereferences without a stack trace to attempts to allocate strings of nearly-infinite size.

So, before going any further, can you spot the error in this one line?



Here's the answer: size() returns a size_t, whose exact type is platform-dependent but... more »

OK. I just spent an embarrassing amount of time hunting down an annoying bug, and it was one of those things that was subtle but completely obvious in retrospect, I thought I'd share it with you as well. This particular issue happened in C++, but similar things can happen in many languages.

The problem was a loop that looked like this: (roles is an STL vector)

for (int i = 0; i < roles.size() - 1; ++i) {

(The "- 1" is because an inner loop would then scan over j = i+1...roles.size()) Inside the loop, all sorts of strange things would happen, from memory corruption to NULL dereferences without a stack trace to attempts to allocate strings of nearly-infinite size.

So, before going any further, can you spot the error in this one line?



Here's the answer: size() returns a size_t, whose exact type is platform-dependent but which is always an unsigned integer type. The compiler is therefore trying to evaluate < between an int and a uint, so it needs to type convert, and by the rules of C++ implicit type conversion, comparisons between signed and unsigned types of the same size are always resolved by casting the signed type to unsigned, instead of vice-versa. That means that this will be evaluated as "(size_t) i < (roles.size() - 1)" instead of "i < (int) (roles.size() - 1)." (On the other hand, if the unsigned type is shorter than the signed type, they both get cast to the signed type -- so if I were on an architecture were for some reason int was 64 bits and size_t was 32 bits, this would go the other way and would have worked.)

Now, say that roles is empty. The subtraction will be compiled to the same sub statement, whether it's signed or unsigned, on pretty much all architectures; and subtracting 1 from 0 yields the bit pattern 0xFF...F, the standard two's complement representation of -1. 

The actual typecasting therefore compares the unsigned ints i and 0xFFF...F, which clearly evaluates to true for any i < kint<whatever>_max, and therefore enters the loop and starts doing things like trying to access roles[i], at which point all hell breaks loose. The incorrect typecasting (which may be the one you intuitively expected) would have instead compared them as ints, in which case it would have checked that 0 < -1 and returned false.

The moral of this story: Be very wary of the fact that size() returns an unsigned integer!

(And thanks to +Greg S for catching that this particular casting is controlled by a special rule for comparators in the spec, not the general rule for functions, which would have tried to convert the first argument first, then the second, etc. The consequence would have been the same, but the reasons are different!)___

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2014-08-11 17:05:11 (5 comments, 3 reshares, 59 +1s)

A is for Apogee; B is for Beyond Earth Orbit; C is for Crew Module; D is for Delta IV-Heavy.

NASA is coming out with this abecedary, one letter per week; no word yet on whether they plan for a printed book, but I can think of a number of kids (some of them in their 50's) who would love one.

J is for Jettison in NASA's illustrated alphabet | The Verge___A is for Apogee; B is for Beyond Earth Orbit; C is for Crew Module; D is for Delta IV-Heavy.

NASA is coming out with this abecedary, one letter per week; no word yet on whether they plan for a printed book, but I can think of a number of kids (some of them in their 50's) who would love one.

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2014-08-11 05:23:35 (48 comments, 35 reshares, 232 +1s)

OK. Who else looked at this and immediately thought "Oh, look -- they've started filming Day of the Triffids 2: Rise of the Petunias?"

Come on, be honest.

Recycle and upcycle denim jeans into planters.___OK. Who else looked at this and immediately thought "Oh, look -- they've started filming Day of the Triffids 2: Rise of the Petunias?"

Come on, be honest.

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2014-08-11 04:48:39 (7 comments, 9 reshares, 111 +1s)

The second of the Neil Armstrong-class oceanographic vessels that the US Navy is building was christened the R/V Sally Ride (AGOR-28) this weekend. This ship, scheduled to weigh anchor early next year, will be operated by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography out of San Diego under contract to the Navy, and will be a base for research of all things ocean-related, from biology to geology to climatology. 

I love the naming scheme of this new series of ships.

via +Ciro Villa.

The U.S. Navy on Saturday (Aug. 9) christened its first research vessel named for a female scientist, the R/V Sally Ride, during a ceremony held at the Dakota Creek Industries, Inc. shipyard in Anacortes, Washington. Named for the first American woman to fly in space, the R/V Sally Ride will be operated for the Navy by Scripps Institution of Oceanography to conduct research in physics, chemistry, biology, geology and climate science.___The second of the Neil Armstrong-class oceanographic vessels that the US Navy is building was christened the R/V Sally Ride (AGOR-28) this weekend. This ship, scheduled to weigh anchor early next year, will be operated by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography out of San Diego under contract to the Navy, and will be a base for research of all things ocean-related, from biology to geology to climatology. 

I love the naming scheme of this new series of ships.

via +Ciro Villa.

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2014-08-10 06:16:53 (57 comments, 43 reshares, 248 +1s)

This photo of an Iraqi soldier who failed to escape his burning vehicle during the first Gulf War could have reshaped the public discussion: it put to lie the official message of a "clean" war of "surgical strikes" which seemed to only destroy machinery, never people. But the papers never ran it: too disturbing, not "family-friendly," not part of the narrative they had decided to write. Here is more about this photo, how it came to be, and how it nearly vanished.

Via +Lauren Weinstein

This photo of an Iraqi soldier who failed to escape his burning vehicle during the first Gulf War could have reshaped the public discussion: it put to lie the official message of a "clean" war of "surgical strikes" which seemed to only destroy machinery, never people. But the papers never ran it: too disturbing, not "family-friendly," not part of the narrative they had decided to write. Here is more about this photo, how it came to be, and how it nearly vanished.

Via +Lauren Weinstein___

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2014-08-08 23:35:00 (9 comments, 6 reshares, 64 +1s)

What would a Friday be without statistical analysis? Here's an analysis of the mortality of named characters in Game of Thrones. It's not quite comparable to country-wide mortality statistics, since named characters, almost by definition, lead "interesting" lives; however, I can say that it is a significantly worse idea to be living in Westeros than it is to be living in Afghanistan. 

Valar Morghulis: A Statistical Guide To Deaths In Game Of Thrones. "In short, fewer than 50% of characters in Game of Thrones live to see a 45th birthday. Only 12.9% would ever become eligible for Social Security in the United States." http://regressing.deadspin.com/valar-morghulis-a-statistical-guide-to-deaths-in-game-1618282560/+___What would a Friday be without statistical analysis? Here's an analysis of the mortality of named characters in Game of Thrones. It's not quite comparable to country-wide mortality statistics, since named characters, almost by definition, lead "interesting" lives; however, I can say that it is a significantly worse idea to be living in Westeros than it is to be living in Afghanistan. 

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2014-08-08 22:29:39 (36 comments, 46 reshares, 381 +1s)

Wow. That really is excellent framing and composition. Someone clearly needs to do this in oil. Or possibly boil them in oil.

Ah, responsible government in action....

via +Alok Tiwari.

This photo of a Ukrainian parliamentary brawl is composed like a renaissance painting.
https://twitter.com/FastCoCreate/status/497502635508133888___Wow. That really is excellent framing and composition. Someone clearly needs to do this in oil. Or possibly boil them in oil.

Ah, responsible government in action....

via +Alok Tiwari.

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2014-08-08 21:25:04 (74 comments, 12 reshares, 84 +1s)

OK, +Maria Stepanov Sommerfield inflicted this upon me, and so now I'm going to share the horror with you. Warning: This may be NSFW, depending on where you work. More importantly, it is almost guaranteed to be NSFS. (Not safe for sanity) Think of it as opening a 1970's edition of the Necronomicon and looking at the ads that sit between invocations of elder gods.

The moustaches.
The weirdly sexual overtones in inappropriate places.
The mink.
The hair. Dear gods, the hair.

I am going to go wash my third eye out with soap now.

My #FunFriday  post. ___OK, +Maria Stepanov Sommerfield inflicted this upon me, and so now I'm going to share the horror with you. Warning: This may be NSFW, depending on where you work. More importantly, it is almost guaranteed to be NSFS. (Not safe for sanity) Think of it as opening a 1970's edition of the Necronomicon and looking at the ads that sit between invocations of elder gods.

The moustaches.
The weirdly sexual overtones in inappropriate places.
The mink.
The hair. Dear gods, the hair.

I am going to go wash my third eye out with soap now.

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2014-08-08 20:19:47 (11 comments, 5 reshares, 90 +1s)

This has a potential for much amusement. 

I think it needs more crossover with other types of LEGO, though. More spaceships, for example, or the occasional roving knight.

Lego Academics

So a pretty cool twitter feel just turned up: https://twitter.com/LegoAcademics___This has a potential for much amusement. 

I think it needs more crossover with other types of LEGO, though. More spaceships, for example, or the occasional roving knight.

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2014-08-07 20:03:32 (15 comments, 14 reshares, 97 +1s)

This sequence of pictures manages to capture the essence of Alzheimer's perfectly -- a sequence of self-portraits, drawn over eight years, as the artist slowly descended.

A Hauntingly Beautiful Art Project Chronicles One Man's Descent into Alzheimer's. "Artist William Mutermohlen was diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease in 1995. Over the course of eight years, he produced self-portraits even as his mind was beginning to suffer from his condition." http://cheezburger.com/300037___This sequence of pictures manages to capture the essence of Alzheimer's perfectly -- a sequence of self-portraits, drawn over eight years, as the artist slowly descended.

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2014-08-07 19:12:16 (63 comments, 3 reshares, 72 +1s)

Now I'm realizing what I needed in order to concentrate and get some actual coding done -- music! And yesterday's dumpster fire provided the perfect cue to remember which playlist would help. 

For those of you having long days (and with music All Access, which if you don't have it yet is great: https://play.google.com/about/music/allaccess), here's what's being used to make Google+ better today.

Now I'm realizing what I needed in order to concentrate and get some actual coding done -- music! And yesterday's dumpster fire provided the perfect cue to remember which playlist would help. 

For those of you having long days (and with music All Access, which if you don't have it yet is great: https://play.google.com/about/music/allaccess), here's what's being used to make Google+ better today.___

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2014-08-07 16:47:57 (82 comments, 120 reshares, 455 +1s)

We had some extra fun at the Google+ offices in Mountain View yesterday -- a dumpster caught fire. The fire department showed up and the blaze was quickly out, but in the process we discovered that the entire team is, in fact, still five years old, and that people get really excited to watch a fire and a ladder truck and everything.

Sometimes it's good to still be five.

We had some extra fun at the Google+ offices in Mountain View yesterday -- a dumpster caught fire. The fire department showed up and the blaze was quickly out, but in the process we discovered that the entire team is, in fact, still five years old, and that people get really excited to watch a fire and a ladder truck and everything.

Sometimes it's good to still be five.___

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2014-08-07 04:05:51 (23 comments, 2 reshares, 73 +1s)

An amusing thing I heard on the radio today: François Hollande giving a speech in honor of the 100th anniversary of World War I, in which he talked about how the relationship between France and Germany today can serve as a lesson to everyone in the Middle East about how implacable foes can become friends.

A speech in honor of the anniversary of World War One.

In honor of this brilliant bit of speechifying, I would like to share with you another set of wise sayings about peace and alliances in Europe, by Tom Lehrer: The MLF Lullaby.

"Once all the Germans were warlike and mean --
but that couldn't happen again.
We taught them a lesson
in nineteen-eighteen,
and they've hardly bothered us since then!"

An amusing thing I heard on the radio today: François Hollande giving a speech in honor of the 100th anniversary of World War I, in which he talked about how the relationship between France and Germany today can serve as a lesson to everyone in the Middle East about how implacable foes can become friends.

A speech in honor of the anniversary of World War One.

In honor of this brilliant bit of speechifying, I would like to share with you another set of wise sayings about peace and alliances in Europe, by Tom Lehrer: The MLF Lullaby.

"Once all the Germans were warlike and mean --
but that couldn't happen again.
We taught them a lesson
in nineteen-eighteen,
and they've hardly bothered us since then!"___

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2014-08-06 18:23:47 (14 comments, 25 reshares, 130 +1s)

I'm not sure if I can really summarize this. No, wait, I can. Pinky and the Brain doing the "Royale with Cheese" bit from Pulp Fiction. Narf!

I love this so much.___I'm not sure if I can really summarize this. No, wait, I can. Pinky and the Brain doing the "Royale with Cheese" bit from Pulp Fiction. Narf!

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2014-08-06 18:13:39 (69 comments, 21 reshares, 218 +1s)

Good for him. It's too easy in our culture to view career advancement as the be-all and end-all, and choosing anything else as being a kind of failure. 

Quite separate from this, of course, there's the gender question in this: when a woman is CEO, as he points out, she gets asked about how she balances her family all the time, and when a man is, he's never asked. But conversely, if a woman leaves a job like this to spend time with her family, she's more likely to be criticized as letting down women as a whole, while a man will simply be branded as an incomprehensible sort of failure for stepping entirely outside of the norms. I'm honestly not sure which of these is more pathological, but I'll just say that his awareness of these issues and his decision to go off and do it anyway are both great.

Good for him. It's too easy in our culture to view career advancement as the be-all and end-all, and choosing anything else as being a kind of failure. 

Quite separate from this, of course, there's the gender question in this: when a woman is CEO, as he points out, she gets asked about how she balances her family all the time, and when a man is, he's never asked. But conversely, if a woman leaves a job like this to spend time with her family, she's more likely to be criticized as letting down women as a whole, while a man will simply be branded as an incomprehensible sort of failure for stepping entirely outside of the norms. I'm honestly not sure which of these is more pathological, but I'll just say that his awareness of these issues and his decision to go off and do it anyway are both great.___

2014-08-06 04:04:54 (71 comments, 17 reshares, 175 +1s)

I've thought a couple of times about getting an electric car (not too seriously, since my current car is working fine and has many years of life left in it), but have wondered if range anxiety would be a problem. Apparently I'm not the only one who thought that, and +Albert Bodenhamer just gave a nice explanation of why all the people I see who have them don't ever seem to actually be worried. 

I would consider my mind to be officially set at ease about this issue. If you were wondering about it, this may be useful for you, too.

I spend a fair bit of time following press on electric vehicles (EVs). I see stuff that’s pro-EV, anti-EV, and neutral. I see some good stuff, but a lot of poorly researched crap from every angle as well*.

One thing that really bugs me is stories talking about the “huge disadvantage" EVs have in charging time and that “People don’t want to wait hours and hours for their cars to charge.”

Stories like that create what I call “range anxiety anxiety”. Range anxiety is an infrequent thing, but people unfamiliar with electric cars read articles hyping short range and long charge times and they develop anxiety that they’d have range anxiety if they owned an EV.

The problem isn’t in the statement itself, but in the underlying assumption. People are used to how gasmobiles work. You drive for a week or two on a tank, running it down close to empty (often inducing range anxiety). Then you stop at a gas station for a few minutes, drop 50+ bucks and then repeat the cycle. If you apply that model to an EV, it’s horrifying. Imagine getting up to go to work and your EV battery is empty! A Model S takes 10 hours to charge at a level 2 charger! I’d miss a whole day of work!!!

What people don’t see is how idiotic that model is. They’ve trained themselves to put up with the nonsense gasmobiles create and they just assume it applies everywhere. If you offer to get rid of a major annoyance people experience all the time and are used to, but the cost is a new less-frequent annoyance that gets hyped by the press every 2 seconds, people will often pass on getting rid of the major annoyance.

Think about the last time you had to put gas in your car. If you’re like me, you noticed the gas gauge getting low on your way home from work, but you were tired after a long day and decided to wait til morning. Morning always comes. It’s always the morning when everything is going wrong and you’re running late and you climb in the car, and “CRAP!” you’ve gotta get gas on the way to work.

Imagine instead that a magic energy fairy showed up every night and refueled your car. All the fairy asks in return is that you pay about ¼ of what you used to pay in gas, and that you spend a bit more time and planning on long trips. That’s it.

I took a look at my gas patterns before I bought the Model S and since. I used to buy gas about every 2 weeks. Each stop always added at least 10 minutes to my trip to or from work (I timed it). In the year and a half I’ve owned my Model S I would have made 40 gas stops**. That’s 6.5 hours I would have blown going out of my way when what I really wanted to be doing is getting on with life.

EVs use a different pattern than gasmobiles do. They work like the magic energy fairy. I spend far less time recharging than I did buying gas. I just take two seconds to plug in at home and by morning I have a full battery again.

There’s only once where I haven’t woken up to a full battery. I’d done a ton of driving the day before, down to downtown San Jose, up to El Sobrante and back, then back and forth to Mountain View. I pulled in at 10:30 that night with only 25 miles of range left on my car. It started charging at 12:30 and I had to leave again at 8 the next morning. I went out to leave and saw that the car was still charging. Oh no! I only had 190 miles of range to cover the 40 miles of driving I needed to do that day! I unplugged, went about my day, and the next day I woke to a full charge.

The only time I wait for my car is if I’m on a road trip. Those are the exception and, for me at least, the convenience of not having to get gas the other 99% of the time easily outweighs the bit of extra time and planning I have to do on a long trip. For me, a road trip is when I’m explicitly NOT rushing. I just take my time and enjoy the drive. Most of my road trip charge stops are 20-45 minutes and I spend the time hitting the restroom, grabbing a quick bite, talking to other drivers, or just stretching my legs.

There ARE some things that don’t really work yet due to lack of infrastructure, but those are getting better. They’re the reason I still wouldn’t have an EV as an ONLY car. In 2-3 years I expect those problems to be solved and I’ll dump gas for good.

* The hyperbole-infested pro-EV/pro-Tesla stuff bothers me quite a bit. There are plenty of good reasons to own an EV. Spinning a bunch of BS doesn’t help anyone. I might write something on that later.
** Actually, more than that. That’s just based on the driving I used to do in my old car. We now drive my wife’s car about half as much as we used to, and she buys gas much less often now too.___I've thought a couple of times about getting an electric car (not too seriously, since my current car is working fine and has many years of life left in it), but have wondered if range anxiety would be a problem. Apparently I'm not the only one who thought that, and +Albert Bodenhamer just gave a nice explanation of why all the people I see who have them don't ever seem to actually be worried. 

I would consider my mind to be officially set at ease about this issue. If you were wondering about it, this may be useful for you, too.

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2014-08-06 02:28:17 (19 comments, 37 reshares, 231 +1s)

People do some strange things sometimes. Here are a bunch of animated GIFs made out of medieval paintings and a modern sensibility. Strange, but fun.

some medieval gifs rediscovered. more: http://scorpiondagger.tumblr.com/___People do some strange things sometimes. Here are a bunch of animated GIFs made out of medieval paintings and a modern sensibility. Strange, but fun.

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2014-08-05 21:36:22 (32 comments, 39 reshares, 301 +1s)

Wow. This is amazing for the science (there are whole ecosystems of microbes living in this flaming crater!), for the engineering and expedition challenge, and mostly, for the sheer awesomeness of it. I would love to do a research expedition like that.

The First-Ever Expedition to Turkmenistan's "Door to Hell"

"You've got this vast, sprawling desert with almost nothing there, and then there's this gaping, burning pit ... The heat coming off of it is scorching. The shimmer from the distortion of it warping the air around it is just amazing to watch, and when you're downwind, you get this blast of heat that is so intense that you can't even look straight into the wind. You have to shield your face with your hand just standing at the crater's edge. Here I am thinking, Oh-kaaaay, maybe I've bitten off a bit more than I can chew."

full story: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/07/140716-door-to-hell-darvaza-crater-george-kourounis-expedition/___Wow. This is amazing for the science (there are whole ecosystems of microbes living in this flaming crater!), for the engineering and expedition challenge, and mostly, for the sheer awesomeness of it. I would love to do a research expedition like that.

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2014-08-05 19:25:33 (87 comments, 63 reshares, 235 +1s)

It will probably surprise no-one who pays attention to how health fads work that there is, in fact, no basis whatsoever to the "gluten-free" fad: a new study by the researchers who originally proposed the idea of gluten intolerance has now confirmed that, except for the very small fraction of the population with celiac disease, gluten-free diets do absolutely nothing, positive or negative. Those people who have seen improvements with this diet appear to instead be reacting to changes in the level of indigestible sugars in their food, but you would actually want a somewhat different diet to avoid those.

Despite all of this, I expect to see exactly zero change in the marketing of "gluten-free" foods, at least until a "no-indigestible-sugars" diet becomes trendy enough to eclipse the gluten-free fad.

Why? Because there was never any science behind this fad in the... more »

18% of people are following a food trend. Within that 18%, there are two groups: a group of people who have a psychosomatic illness, and smaller group who are sick, but empirically not adversely affected by gluten.

Before this study, there was a single study containing evidence that gluten restriction might help some people with persistent bowel disorders.

After this study, there is no longer any scientific evidence that gluten -- the actual protein -- adversely affects people who do not have celiac disease. The studies demonstrating otherwise come from both ends: both gluten trials against people who think they are gluten-sensitive, and gluten-free trials against people who have bowel disorders of no specific etiology. When the amount of gluten they ingest changes, former group don't deteriorate, and the latter group don't improve.

Of the people whose lives appear to be improved by glute-free diets, the consensus position is that their gut flora are responding to indigestible sugars common to grains and other foods: the fructans in wheat and rye could be the reason that gluten-restriction appears to help those people. This research substantially predates the gluten-free fad: there's plenty of solid empirical evidence, going back twenty years, that cutting FODMAPs helps people with a wide spectrum of bowel disorders.

If this is the case, the people to whom Whole Foods has marketed illness-as-lifestyle-choice are likely to be made ill by unrelated things like artichokes, eggplant, and mushrooms. For those people, gluten-free diets are a stopgap: for instance, spelt (which makes perfectly fine bread) has lots of gluten and very small quantities of fructans; artichokes contain large quantities of fructans  and no gluten.

As long as people keep insisting that the explanation is gluten, and as long as the evidence continues being contrary, a substantial number of people who are sick will never get any better. This is the problem with letting marketing get out ahead of the research. ___It will probably surprise no-one who pays attention to how health fads work that there is, in fact, no basis whatsoever to the "gluten-free" fad: a new study by the researchers who originally proposed the idea of gluten intolerance has now confirmed that, except for the very small fraction of the population with celiac disease, gluten-free diets do absolutely nothing, positive or negative. Those people who have seen improvements with this diet appear to instead be reacting to changes in the level of indigestible sugars in their food, but you would actually want a somewhat different diet to avoid those.

Despite all of this, I expect to see exactly zero change in the marketing of "gluten-free" foods, at least until a "no-indigestible-sugars" diet becomes trendy enough to eclipse the gluten-free fad.

Why? Because there was never any science behind this fad in the first place; it was popular because it's a way for people to feel in control of a complex aspect of their lives, even if it offered no real control. The gluten-free fad was selling psychology, not digestive health.

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2014-08-05 03:19:16 (71 comments, 39 reshares, 163 +1s)

This is a great article about how speed limits are set -- and how they ought to be set for safety, which probably isn't what you guessed. (Unless you're an experienced traffic engineer) The key is this: the speed at which all but a tiny minority of people actually drive has to do with road conditions, and not with the posted speed limit. If the posted limit is a lot slower than the actual road speed, then the few people who drive at that speed turn into lethal hazards for everyone else.

As usual, the biggest obstacle to fixing this problem is money -- in this case, money that cities get from issuing lots of traffic tickets.

Traffic engineers believe that the 85th percentile speed is the ideal speed limit because it leads to the least variability between driving speeds and therefore safer roads. When the speed limit is correctly set at the 85th percentile speed, the minority of drivers that do conscientiously follow speed limits are no longer driving much slower than the speed of traffic. The choice of the 85th percentile speed is a data-driven conclusion -- as noted Lt. Megge and speed limit resources like the Michigan State Police’s guide -- that has been established by the consistent findings of years of traffic studies.___This is a great article about how speed limits are set -- and how they ought to be set for safety, which probably isn't what you guessed. (Unless you're an experienced traffic engineer) The key is this: the speed at which all but a tiny minority of people actually drive has to do with road conditions, and not with the posted speed limit. If the posted limit is a lot slower than the actual road speed, then the few people who drive at that speed turn into lethal hazards for everyone else.

As usual, the biggest obstacle to fixing this problem is money -- in this case, money that cities get from issuing lots of traffic tickets.

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2014-08-04 22:05:14 (91 comments, 48 reshares, 254 +1s)

And for your further random entertainment for the afternoon, I present to you an 8-year-old singing the Queen of the Night's aria from The Magic Flute, "Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen." ("The vengeance of Hell boils in my heart") With attitude.

This kid is kind of awesome.

Via +Ihab Awad today, and apparently via +Kimberly Chapman who shared it nearly a year ago and I missed it.

(Lyrics here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_H%C3%B6lle_Rache_kocht_in_meinem_Herzen)

And for your further random entertainment for the afternoon, I present to you an 8-year-old singing the Queen of the Night's aria from The Magic Flute, "Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen." ("The vengeance of Hell boils in my heart") With attitude.

This kid is kind of awesome.

Via +Ihab Awad today, and apparently via +Kimberly Chapman who shared it nearly a year ago and I missed it.

(Lyrics here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_H%C3%B6lle_Rache_kocht_in_meinem_Herzen)___

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2014-08-04 20:24:16 (36 comments, 55 reshares, 167 +1s)

This video is kind of amazing to watch. The idea is simple: sound makes things move, so a video that can capture those subtle movements should let you figure out the sound. The technique works best with high-speed cameras (which can capture motions at frequencies similar to those of audible sound), but they used a clever trick to extract a lot of it even from film taken on a consumer DSLR at 60fps.

The result is that you can hear what is being spoken from a video of a bag of potato chips in the same room.

A visual microphone that can pick up sound from vibrations in video footage
"Algorithm recovers speech from the vibrations of a potato-chip bag filmed through soundproof glass"

via http://goo.gl/Mnt2cD

Project website: http://people.csail.mit.edu/mrub/VisualMic/

"When sound hits an object, it causes small vibrations of the object’s surface. We show how, using only high-speed video of the object, we can extract those minute vibrations and partially recover the sound that produced them, allowing us to turn everyday objects—a glass of water, a potted plant, a box of tissues, or a bag of chips—into visual microphones."

"We also explore how to leverage the rolling shutter in regular consumer cameras to recover audio from standard frame-rate videos, and use the spatial resolution of our method to visualize how sound-related vibrations vary over an object’s surface, which we can use to recover the vibration modes of an object."

This is so cool I wish I could take a 3-hour lunch break to really understand how it works!___This video is kind of amazing to watch. The idea is simple: sound makes things move, so a video that can capture those subtle movements should let you figure out the sound. The technique works best with high-speed cameras (which can capture motions at frequencies similar to those of audible sound), but they used a clever trick to extract a lot of it even from film taken on a consumer DSLR at 60fps.

The result is that you can hear what is being spoken from a video of a bag of potato chips in the same room.

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2014-08-04 20:16:24 (24 comments, 20 reshares, 104 +1s)

And for your random amusement for the day, demonstrations of times when getting things like spelling, punctuation, or grammar correct can be really important.

This was my morning laugh today. I hope it makes some of you giggle also!___And for your random amusement for the day, demonstrations of times when getting things like spelling, punctuation, or grammar correct can be really important.

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2014-08-02 19:14:38 (91 comments, 37 reshares, 187 +1s)

For those who have been hearing about this magical "reactionless drive" that apparently NASA looked at, +John Baez explains it well. TL;DR: it's BS, grade one.

I know that many people may want it to be true, and are asking "Well, what if the science is wrong?" This isn't the sort of science that one gets wrong. This is the sort of science that, if it were wrong, you could literally move your car by pushing on the steering wheel. Ye cannae change the laws of physics, Jim.

The incredible shrinking force

Around 2000, a guy named Roger Shawyer claimed he could bounce microwaves inside a fancy-shaped can and get them to  push the can forwards, without anything leaving the can. 

This would violate conservation of momentum.  It's like sitting inside a car and making it roll forwards by pushing on the steering wheel.  Standard physics doesn't allow this.  He didn't claim to be using anything other than standard physics. 

So: ho hum, just another guy with a really bad idea.  I get emails like this all the time.

But in 2001, his company got a £45,000 grant from the British government to study this idea.  He built his machine and claimed that with 850 watts of power he could get a force of 0.016 newtons.   That's a bit less than the force of gravity from a penny pushing down on your hand.  It could easily be an experimental error.

Why would people want a machine that uses lots of power to create a pathetically feeble force?   Because - here's the great piece of salesmanship - if it existed, you could use it to build a reactionless drive!  If you had a spaceship with huge amounts of power to spare - like, say, a nuclear reactor - you could use this gizmo to push your spaceship forwards without anything spewing out the back end. 

Again, this is about as plausible as powering a spaceship by having the crew push on it from the inside.   But if you don't know physics, it sounds very exciting. 

The story goes on.  And on.  And on.  It won't die.  In 2012, some Chinese physicists claimed they could get a force of 0.720 newtons from a power of 2,500 watts using some version of Shawyer's device. 

And now NASA is studying it!

They're claiming to see a force one thousandth as big as the Chinese - probably because they are doing the experiment one thousand times more accurately.  And still, some people are excited about this. 

The new device comes with new improved mumbo-jumbo.  Shawyer claimed that thanks to special relativity, classical electromagnetism can violate conservation of momentum.  I took those courses in college, I know that's bullshit.  Now the NASA scientists say:

"Test results indicate that the RF resonant cavity thruster design, which is unique as an electric propulsion device, is producing a force that is not attributable to any classical electromagnetic phenomenon and therefore is potentially demonstrating an interaction with the quantum vacuum virtual plasma."

This is bullshit too - but now it's grad school bullshit.  "Quantum vacuum virtual plasma" is something you'd say if you failed a course in quantum field theory and then smoked too much weed.  There's no such thing as "virtual plasma".   If you want to report experimental results that seem to violate the known laws of physics, fine.  But it doesn't help your credibility to make up goofy pseudo-explanations.

I expect that in 10 years the device will be using quantum gravity and producing even less force. 

For an article written by a severely optimistic blogger, see:

http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2014-07/31/nasa-validates-impossible-space-drive

For the NASA report see:

• David Brady, Harold White, Paul March, James Lawrence and Frank Davies, Anomalous thrust production from an RF test device measured on a low-thrust torsion pendulum, 50th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2014-4029.

Unfortunately only the abstract is free here.___For those who have been hearing about this magical "reactionless drive" that apparently NASA looked at, +John Baez explains it well. TL;DR: it's BS, grade one.

I know that many people may want it to be true, and are asking "Well, what if the science is wrong?" This isn't the sort of science that one gets wrong. This is the sort of science that, if it were wrong, you could literally move your car by pushing on the steering wheel. Ye cannae change the laws of physics, Jim.

2014-08-02 06:09:01 (54 comments, 37 reshares, 152 +1s)

As +Andreas Schou said, this rule of thumb is handy enough and useful enough that everyone should know it. To summarize:

If you try something n times and it doesn't happen, then you can be quite certain (95% certain) that the probability of it happening on any future try is less than 3/n. That means that if you want to be sure something doesn't happen, after n tries you can be sure(ish) that the probability isn't more than 3/n, but don't ever forget that this isn't zero: you might still get hit by lightning.

If you know that the probability of something happening is p, then to be 95% certain of it happening at least once, try 3/p times.

If you want 99% certainty instead of 95%, use 4.6 instead of 3.

Estimating the probability of something that has never happened:  One of my favorite rules of thumb is "the rule of three," which says that if you haven’t seen something happen in n observations, the chances of it happening could still be as high as 3/n.   This simple rule is good for adding a sober note of caution to "we've seen no problems so far" situations. 

To be a little more formal,  3/n is the upper bound of our 95% confidence interval for the probability of the event. The rule can be derived several ways.  Louis (1981) gives a (1 − α) × 100 percent confidence interval for sampling n times from a binomial distribution as [0, pn], pn = 1 − α^(1/n) = S/n,  where S can be thought of as a number of successes in a future experiment of the same n. If we take the limit of S as n→∞, we get −ln(α).  And when α = 0.05, −ln(α) is very close to 3.   We can similarly derive a 99% confidence interval "rule of 4.6" by making α = 0.01 and calculating -ln(0.01) as about 4.6.

We can also use the same rule of thumb in the other direction. If we know the probability of something, we can figure out how many trials we need to see at least one. For example, if 1% of profiles are fake, how many profiles do we need to sample to be pretty certain of getting a fake one?  The answer is 3/0.01, meaning 300 profiles are needed to be 95% certain that there is at least one fake profile in our sample.


Further reading:

Cook, JD. "Estimating the chances of something that hasn’t happened yet." March 30, 2010.http://www.johndcook.com/blog/2010/03/30/statistical-rule-of-three/ 

Hanley JA, Lippman-Hand A. "If nothing goes wrong, is everything all right? Interpreting zero numerators." JAMA. 1983 249(13):1743-5. http://www.medicine.mcgill.ca/epidemiology/hanley/reprints/If_Nothing_Goes_1983.pdf

Louis, T. A. (1981). "Confidence intervals for a binomial parameter after observing no successes." The American Statistician 35, 154-154.(Paywalled http://amstat.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00031305.1981.10479337#preview )

#statistics  ___As +Andreas Schou said, this rule of thumb is handy enough and useful enough that everyone should know it. To summarize:

If you try something n times and it doesn't happen, then you can be quite certain (95% certain) that the probability of it happening on any future try is less than 3/n. That means that if you want to be sure something doesn't happen, after n tries you can be sure(ish) that the probability isn't more than 3/n, but don't ever forget that this isn't zero: you might still get hit by lightning.

If you know that the probability of something happening is p, then to be 95% certain of it happening at least once, try 3/p times.

If you want 99% certainty instead of 95%, use 4.6 instead of 3.

2014-08-01 20:44:34 (29 comments, 20 reshares, 155 +1s)

I would say that +Andreas Schou's sentiments about this matter summarize my own quite nicely, too. Not only the people directly involved, but their chain of command, can and should be subject to extreme criminal sanctions in this matter: and although the law does not permit it in this case, I would be fully supportive of capital punishment. The corruption of a public trust for the purpose of subverting the very mechanisms of public trust is one of the greatest possible threats to democracy itself, and no society can allow it to persist.

It seems to me that the conjunction of (a) perjuring oneself after (b) illegally breaking into Senate computers to (c) cover up an unimaginably brutal torture program is the sort of thing that one might get fired for.*

For those of you that haven't been following the story, a short summary of what happened: 

(1) The CIA, in offering full access to its files on torture, "inadvertently" included a memorandum submitted to Leon Panetta about the Bush-era torture program. That memorandum concluded that torture of detainees was far more widespread, and far less useful, than previous judgments on the subject had noted.

(2) The CIA attempted to cover its tracks by deleting the memorandum.

(3) Senate staffers for the Committee on Select Intelligence noticed the deletion, and somehow sufficiently averted it that they managed to produce an incomplete printout of the memorandum. That memorandum was brought out of the SCIF and transported to Diane Feinstein's office to prevent the CIA from further interfering with it.

(4) The CIA began an investigation which included spying on Senatorial staffers' emails and monitoring their usage of that computer. That investigation -- and the attempt at prosecution which followed -- was initiated by the same Assistant Counsel of the CIA that ordered that videotapes of the torture of terror suspects be destroyed in 2005. To make it very clear, this was not a disinterested party: this is a person who might face criminal prosecution if the facts which he was attempting to scrub were not scrubbed.

(5) That associate counsel submitted a false statement to the Justice Department in an attempt to start prosecution against Diane Feinstein's aides. This did not go over particularly well with the Senator.

The CIA and its apologists have attempted to justify this as a routine  classified-materials handling investigation. This is nonsense. The security clearances of Senate Select Intelligence staffers (and the need to know) are granted by the Committee itself, upon nonbinding consultation with the DCI. In other words, the committee overseeing the CIA can grant arbitrary clearance to investigators; they do not need to receive permission from the clearing agency. As a result, clearance itself is not an adequate reason for an investigation: if the Committee says its staffers are cleared, then its staffers are cleared, full stop.

But, of course, all of that is irrelevant, because the CIA may not investigate Senate staffers engaged in their official duties. After Gravel v. United States, it's clear that Senatorial aides engaged in legislative business enjoy the same absolute immunity that Senators do. Even if we presume that classified documents had been mishandled -- and I might suggest that attempting to delete files in order to obstruct a Congressional investigation is mishandling of a far fucking higher order than trying to ensure that the legacy of America's idiotic, brutal, shameful and wasteful torture program was actually brought to light. 

* In a just world, using an intelligence agency to intentionally subvert democratic processes is the sort of thing that you would get hanged for. Democratic traditions are fragile and fleeting, and spending those traditions on covering up crimes is the sort of thing that we should take very fucking seriously indeed. (But which we don't.)___I would say that +Andreas Schou's sentiments about this matter summarize my own quite nicely, too. Not only the people directly involved, but their chain of command, can and should be subject to extreme criminal sanctions in this matter: and although the law does not permit it in this case, I would be fully supportive of capital punishment. The corruption of a public trust for the purpose of subverting the very mechanisms of public trust is one of the greatest possible threats to democracy itself, and no society can allow it to persist.

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2014-08-01 19:29:33 (44 comments, 21 reshares, 200 +1s)

The flow of time is inexorable, and in some lands, it flows faster than others. America is, perhaps, the land with the shortest memory of all: barely forty years separated the March on Washington from the election of a black president, an interval so short -- an interval in living memory of most of the population! -- that it can't be comprehended in most other lands. Forty years in Israel separated us from the Six Days' War; in Europe, from the Red Brigades; in China, from the Cultural Revolution. All things which shaped the country and its memory and people's perception of the nature of threat.

World War One is now at its hundredth anniversary. When I was young, the war was still in living memory -- old men and women would still tell their stories about it, we learned songs like "Over There" and "It's a Long Way to Tipperary" and had them as a common part of... more »

The flow of time is inexorable, and in some lands, it flows faster than others. America is, perhaps, the land with the shortest memory of all: barely forty years separated the March on Washington from the election of a black president, an interval so short -- an interval in living memory of most of the population! -- that it can't be comprehended in most other lands. Forty years in Israel separated us from the Six Days' War; in Europe, from the Red Brigades; in China, from the Cultural Revolution. All things which shaped the country and its memory and people's perception of the nature of threat.

World War One is now at its hundredth anniversary. When I was young, the war was still in living memory -- old men and women would still tell their stories about it, we learned songs like "Over There" and "It's a Long Way to Tipperary" and had them as a common part of our lexicon, and our perception of the twentieth century was shaped, in great part, by the twin shocks of the two world wars, and by the Cold War which followed and which we still lived in. 

Today, no more; time has shifted, moving World War One from living memory into "old history," like it moves everything else; even World War Two is beginning to recede, its youngest veterans already being in their nineties. Soon, those defining periods which shaped so many of our perceptions of how the world works -- which still shape so much of our politics and our leadership today -- will be entirely beyond living memory. Our high school students today have little or no memory of the world before 9/11, much less of the Cold War or the ways in which a world can be torn between empires.

I don't know whether we should mourn this or bless it. The river of forgetfulness is both a poison and a balm: a poison in that it can make us believe that certain evils were Always That Way -- we always lived in a security state, didn't you know? -- or that it can make us repeat stupid mistakes, again and again. A balm in that old evils are ultimately forgotten, and the cycles of vengeance which they create go away. If you have never lived outside of it, it may be hard to understand how profoundly shocking Obama's election was: Americans seem to have decided that well, they agreed not to be racist back in the 1960's, and so it's OK to elect a black man. Nevermind that racism has by no means vanished; what's important is that lots of people seem to believe that it ought to have vanished, and so adjust their behavior to match, and this ends up having real consequences in the world.

My grandfather would go on at length about the cruelties and injustices perpetrated by the Ottomans. A massacre in Hebron in the early 1920's may as well have been yesterday. I could tell you that Peter of Mainz tortured and killed several of my family members; he did that nearly a thousand years ago. When old feuds are not forgotten, they persist in our hearts. When history is kept alive for too long, it can poison our hearts.

So I watch these celebrations of the anniversary of World War One with a mixed sense of joy and sadness. Time is passing, as time will always continue to pass; new joys and new horrors will enter the world, and our children will find our world strange and foreign, just as their children will not understand theirs. 

But I look out on this sea of poppies -- thinking about other rivers of blood, thinking about lives lost, about the ways in which that generation's experiences reflect and refract my own's -- and I want to stop, and take some time to remember. To remember that poppies grow best in the disturbed earth of shelled land, and the scent of lilacs -- so much like that of mustard gas! -- which terrified men for a generation after, to remember the generation lost in a war so bloody and pointless that it can be hard to remember that before it, people would see it as a glorious affair without any sense of irony or lunacy. To remember that this war ended so many of our illusions of a glorious and prosperous future, reminding us that the same tools which bring us better lives can bring us worse deaths.

It may be far in the past, now, but its significance does not diminish. Let us remember.___

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2014-08-01 00:05:41 (32 comments, 62 reshares, 552 +1s)

Technology marches on. Or possibly backwards.

Via +Alex Scrivener

I love this quote from Tim Berners-Lee.___Technology marches on. Or possibly backwards.

Via +Alex Scrivener

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2014-07-31 21:00:45 (38 comments, 20 reshares, 86 +1s)

This is a really good article, and I highly recommend both it and +D. Luria's commentary for anyone trying to understand the Middle East.

It seems that a lot of this started to fall apart in the 1920's, in the post-Ottoman period; I remember my grandfather's stories about that time, and about his father's experiences of that time, where you can really see the coexistence which defined the previous period falling apart in favor of internecine violence. 

Coexistence in the Middle East and the persistence of memory

Viewing from a distance the strife and war that tears through the Levant and North Africa it is easy to think "ah -- this is inevitable, this is how it always has been, only to greater or lesser degrees." There is some truth in this -- but rather more falsehood. Tribalism was, is and continues to be a problem in this and other parts of the world.  However, it is not inevitably an overwhelming problem, and mostly has NOT been the history of human settlement in the Levant.  Yet, what we remember is what create as reality, and the current memory of the world is that this place has always been, and always will be, at war.

Well, and well -- here is a different set of memories for you.  When we collectively remember that these diverse peoples DID live together amicably, we make it easier for them to do so again. 

#ThrowbackThursday #levant #northafrica #egypt #heritage #buildabetterworld  ___This is a really good article, and I highly recommend both it and +D. Luria's commentary for anyone trying to understand the Middle East.

It seems that a lot of this started to fall apart in the 1920's, in the post-Ottoman period; I remember my grandfather's stories about that time, and about his father's experiences of that time, where you can really see the coexistence which defined the previous period falling apart in favor of internecine violence. 

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2014-07-30 23:27:03 (73 comments, 85 reshares, 344 +1s)

I find that simply looking at this picture pleases me profoundly, and to top it off gives me a strong urge to go home and read a book. 

In my world, it is always winter in the Solitude Mountains, and everything is covered with a thick blanket of snow.

via +Kristin Milton.

The introvert's heart
by Gemma Correll
http://www.gemmacorrell.com/___I find that simply looking at this picture pleases me profoundly, and to top it off gives me a strong urge to go home and read a book. 

In my world, it is always winter in the Solitude Mountains, and everything is covered with a thick blanket of snow.

via +Kristin Milton.

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