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Yonatan Zunger has been at 2 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
STEM Women on G+138,933Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Dr.  @103389452828130864950 on how men can help with the issues of gender inequality in STEM fields. Yonatan is the Chief Architect of Google+ and also has a PhD in Physics with a strong engineering background. He is a passionate advocate of gender equality in STEM, and will talk to us about what we can do to encourage women in STEM. This HOA will be hosted by Dr @108510686109338749229   and Dr @110756968351492254645  , and you can tune in on Sunday March 2nd at 12.30 PM Pacific/ 8.30PM GMT. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel(http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event. Follow us on Twitter @stemwomen and on www.stemwomen.netSTEM Women: How Men Can Help with Dr Yonatan Zunger2014-03-02 21:30:0096 
Blogger1,280,027We’re hosting a Hangout on Air with lead Product Manager @109161242786054443993 and lead Engineer @103389452828130864950 to discuss last week’s launch of Google+ Comments for Blogger. If you’ve got questions about the launch, please leave them in the comments below so that Dan and Yonatan can answer them during the Hangout.Join the team behind Google+ Comments for Blogger for a Hangout on Air2013-04-25 20:30:001081 

Yonatan Zunger has been shared in 412 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Kristina Natacha0#CircleShar  of the DayBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!------------------------#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar #news   #travel   #travelphotography   #update #IndonesiaOnly #Jalan #Aberdeen #Belfast #Birmingham #Bristol #Cardiff #Dublin #EastMidlands #Edinburgh #Glasgow #LeedsBradford #London #Manchester #Newcastle #circle #circles #public #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing 2015-02-25 16:45:00482000
Allan watson21,270Active users on Google+. Circle Share If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#awesomecircle #circleme #malawi #lilongwe #morocco #morocco #agadir #morocco #casablanca #morocco #fez #morocco #marrakech #morocco #tangier #mozambique #mozambique #maputo #namibia #namibia #walvis_bay #namibia #windhoek #nigeria #nigeria #abuja #nigeria #lagos #rwanda #rwanda #kigali #senegal #senegal #dakar #sierra_leone #sierra_leone #freetown #bloemfontein 2015-02-25 09:53:314838613
Hemant Atrish157"Circle brings together nice and interesting people.Join the Gathering Circle !! Full of nice and active friends #Engagers #EngagersCircle  #SharedCircle #Marketing #SocialMediaMarketing  #Shared,#Marketing#ZigZag,#Influencersmore at-http://www.poolarchitects.co.uk/2015-02-24 12:03:10246000
Silvio De Rossi50,421TOP INFLUENCERS DeroPLUS CIRCLE 21!Yeppa! It's the DAY of the my new Circle Plus!#sharedcircle #sharedcircles #topcircleshare #deroplusThis is my new #Sharedcircle of #topengagers, a group of TOP interesting people who share unique and original contents.What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 at the post!2) Include the circle among your circles!3) Share the circle (include yourself)!4) Smile to life, sun in sunshine!Have a good life!Special thanks my BEST #friends and #followers!#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria   #leonardo   #deroplus   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial  #trust #circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle   #circlesharing   #followers   #social   #socialnetworking   #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #googleplus  #communities   #topsocialcircle   2015-02-18 15:27:54483000
bob wong547Check out this circle for A+ googlers #sydney #G+ #google+2015-02-01 19:48:20176000
Richard Green93,025Engagers Showcase Circle, February 1, 2015If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Ramanujan's nested radicalhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3WmvWEHyMNBThe exceptional symmetryhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ioQW2zGjwwMThe mystery of the missing areahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QU8aYaTCufqSunrisehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9QWbSALP2XUShakespearean Logichttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/MBqnMRgBiBJ“Nines” by Eric Standleyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/aR5BF9uV5n8Cherry pi (reshared from +David Richeson)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bixJ7eGk3QmHappy New Year!https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZJYFj1RogaSThe mathematics of card shufflinghttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/fAS8Y3YccfsThe sky and the fork in the path immediately preceding the arrival of the ice rinks of doomhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/2MiqiTJ1FeuiPad landscape art (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/27EwU49z1g8The fractional chromatic number of the planehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/VbBk9JrLxqmDull (in Scotland) and Boring (in Oregon)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ZuMzApfSPR4Partition and sum is fasthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/Ad1ism1vJpJThe tautological clockhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/diAyvxM7NuwMathematical Mr Menhttps://pl2015-02-01 15:55:59476180123217
Circles Circles Circles49,036SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/fVX5bZPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/GNkGJhPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/s9RkeEMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/W8VDbBPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/5mr38oOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/9c5A3XSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/4UAeINTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/whvLzNG+ Pages: http://goo.gl/jNZdWf#circleshare   2015-01-22 16:19:121067218
Circles and Photography35,863Builders 5    1.16.15Add this circle to Build-up your G+ network! Please ReShare.#circleoftheday #circleshare  #circlesharing     #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles       #sharedpublicircles  #circle   2015-01-16 21:44:58408003
GuruOmBha1,393This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles#sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles#publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle#круги   #круглим  #друзья   #дружба   #circle   #circleshare   #circles  #circlesharing  #круги   #круглим   #кругляши   #музыка   #music   #musicvideo   #love   #lol  #russia   2015-01-09 18:58:48496171121
Sakari Maaranen3,848Here's a circle that's about Life on Earth. Add these people and organizations for everything about the #environment , #biodiversity , and the kind of #values  that can bring sustainable development.This is a broad range of people, many of whom are not necessarily activists, but scientists and experts with generally the right kind of mindset and deep knowledge of these and related issues. Some are thinkers, artists, or younger people with similar interests.Shared because we need more this kind of thinking! Feel free to re-share —  #sustainability  deserves all our attention and is needed right now.Let's make 2015 the year of positive change!Oh, and please let me know, if I'm missing some active people or important organizations. Remember that I don't care about status. It doesn't matter if you are someone new or young or already a superstar, or if your main field is something else. All it takes is some genuine drive to engage and/or follow these topics. So don't be shy! You are as welcome as anyone.2015-01-03 23:20:49115200
Михаил Пушкарев420#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-01-01 08:18:30500005
Becky Collins20,667Mobile Marketing Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-12-26 05:30:104645516
Eduard Dimitrov3,781Start of my "Google must be better place campaign". Week one: This post. People currently working for Google. 114 Google's Google+  profiles to add - people actually working for Google  company.Week 2: Shared circle two: More 100 Google employees next week.Week 3: I will show you how to work with google webspam team to aviod problems in Google Webmaster Tools - the right way, tools and tactics.Week 4: Ethics of non-natural links problems in GWT and communication with google webspam team  in Google Webmaster Tools.If you want to receive notifications from me, add me in separate circle and switch on notifications for this circle.Happy Holidays!  #worksatgoogle #googleteam #googleemployees2014-12-23 14:29:071145816
Aly Hodge13,741This is my social media/SEO circle, which contains pages for people who share lots of content on social media, not just about G+.2014-12-20 07:50:59362003
Silvio De Rossi46,461TOP INFLUENCERS DeroPLUS CIRCLE 20!Yeppa! It's the DAY of the my new Circle Plus!#sharedcircle #sharedcircles #topcircleshare #deroplus This is my new #Sharedcircle of #topengagers , a group of TOP interesting people who share unique and original contents.What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 at the post!2) Include the circle among your circles!3) Share the circle (include yourself)!4) Smile to life, sun in sunshine!Have a good life!Special thanks my BEST #friends and #followers !#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria    #leonardo    #deroplus    #circleoftheday    #sharedcircle    #topsharedcircle    #sharedcircleoftheday    #myseoissocial    #besocial    #socializethesocial   #trust #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle    #circlesharing    #followers    #social    #socialnetworking    #topsharedcircle    #circleoftheday    #googleplus   #communities    #topsocialcircle    2014-12-17 15:45:20495160109189
Brian Mcquillan16,218Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #circleshare #SocialMedia #SharedPublicCircles #PublicCircle #Prague #CircleOfTheDay #followers #follow #AddCircle #Sharers #Engagers #Awesomepeople #ShareAndBeShared #london   #uk  #Aberdeen #Belfast #Birmingham #Bristol #Cardiff #Dublin #EastMidlands #Edinburgh #Glasgow #LeedsBradford #Gatwick #Heathrow 2014-12-17 06:43:524887670113
Daniel Mihai Popescu67,133Music, Twitter and SFMy most recent circle! I hope you don't mind if I mention you in comments, since my notification system doesn't seem to work.It is the first round, I'm not sure this will be the definitive version.Best wishes :)Lately I developed a fixation for Tsu, and if you don't have a profile there, this is my invitation:http://www.tsu.co/DanielMihaiPopescuIf you already have one, let's be friends and help each other grow!It'll be awesome to meet you there too! #danielmihaipopescusharedcircle   #maximumperformance  A "+1" will be greatly appreciated :) 2014-12-16 20:37:1549811757146
Allan watson14,719Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-12-16 11:36:17423636593
Михаил Пушкарев0#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-13 08:06:48496213
Daniel Mihai Popescu66,628This circle is called Amalgam :)It is a mixture of new and very old friends. Of course, the Invincible is always present :)I've been a little bit disappointed for losing some guys I've even grown so fond of lately, so fond that they were in my notification circle, something very rare. They left me without a word, but that's not a problem, because everything goes on :)You are not required to do a single thing, I'll mention you in comments, I hope you don't mind :) I do this because the notifications don't work with my account, it's still an enigma, so I can't say that if you receive a notification from me, you're a member in this circle. It's sure you're a member if I mention you. That's one thing.Another thing is that you, the members, don't have to share the circle. I can't pretend from you, what I don't do with your circles. It's somehow a kind of reciprocally membership, which is a signal for others :) You, my circle members, are some of the most precious people on G+, and you have to be sure of that.So, for my followers, especially the new ones, it'll be good for you to add this circle because you'll gain a lot on your stream! #danielmihaipopescusharedcircle   #maximumperformance  2014-12-11 22:33:4849412866154
Norman E Grant2,529Share this Circle of passionate people and grow your network. 2014-12-08 20:18:364787312
Richard Green88,785Engagers Showcase Circle, December 1, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of the posts listed below, in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I have not posted much in the last couple of months because I have been too busy, and so it has been a long time since the last reshare of the circle.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Millcreek Canyon Vista (reshared from +Tom Malloy)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HuXLKw4GBwjAvoiding the unavoidablehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/TnW3pTWt6d7Hydrangea flowershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3LDn2js6pWpMicroscopic Victorian arthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ieybEmL7tUCApproximating e using the digits 1–9https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/W5E6HyihSuY“Vertebral 03 – Pendant Lampshade” by cordycepthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eSo9svRbLapCentred polygonal numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QowshFUnPZ2Reinventing the wheel: Reuleaux polygonshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gDxTM5Ko8hbSunrise at Maroon Lake (reshared from +Jason Hill)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hvWMqo1HwvVSchmidt arrangementshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eM3adto6nsj“Dream Creatures” by Elido Turcohttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ckjru8sN6AG“The Awakening III—Rebirth” by Luc Railhachttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KyNg9DD4YnXPoincaré and topologyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bmnd2URRAsfLytham St Annes (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/1015848892828789210522014-12-01 22:15:07443146111188
Sport News95Dear Google Friends! - You're in this CircleAdd Users & Pluss +1 & ShareThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circleshare #circlesharing #circle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circlecount #circlecircle #naturephotographers #naturephotography #birdphotography #birdphotographers #circlesharing #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles #sharedpublicircles #circle #circles #circlemeup #awesomepeople #awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers 2014-11-30 05:41:14500332
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov2,751SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FRIENDS : Circle V.1.11. Link to my own scientific research topic: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4212005/  To be included in future circle-editions, please ENGAGE: add me to your own circles/+1/re-share/comment on the original circle-post, or on some of the other science-related posts on my wall (this is needed since the number of people that could be circled is limited from Google – and therefore I am forced to keep included just the most active users). Currently featured science-related GOOGLE PLUS post:https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/8LU6LVz75jxI would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #nutrition    #ScienceSunday   #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech   #GameTechnology    #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch    #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol   #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct   #artists   #foodies   #cars   2014-11-27 06:30:22451433271
Amaresh Singh11Circle Of the DayTo be considered for this circle, please:1- Share this circle in your stream.2- Ask to be included in the comments section of the original post.3- Make sure you've added our page to your circles.4- You must post your own original work in your stream.2014-11-21 09:58:32238231124
Circles Circles Circles45,721SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles   Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/pOzhN7Published Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/mlXh9WPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/DgeQIAMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/hhJPlSPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/Ik2RfOOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/Ahy2X9SCIENCE: http://goo.gl/pzaC4yTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/a1jWG6G+ Pages: http://goo.gl/9v2o43        #sciencecircle   #circleshare   #sharingcircles  2014-11-19 18:04:35106205
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,950SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS : CIRCLE V.8; maintained by +Atanas Georgiev Atanasov  ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday   #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech   #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch    #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol   #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct   2014-11-17 05:24:2236226837
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,633SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS : CIRCLE V.7; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday  #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech  #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol  #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct  #artists   #foodies   #cars2014-11-13 05:47:40346101
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,550SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : CIRCLE V.6; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday  #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech  #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol  #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct  #artists   #foodies   2014-11-10 06:22:16330123
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : CIRCLE V.5; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial#ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech#GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft#MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain#mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus#naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars #sharingiscaring  #Liver#sharingmeansthankyou #socialmedia  #sports #Smartphones#tablets 2014-11-06 08:10:34369051
Sharon Caroline1,691Hello my friends, good morning/evening for you all!Boost Your visibility On Google+!Shared and be shared. :)Thank you for sharing and promoting this.#circleshare #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedcircleoftheday2014-11-05 08:31:58463203
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : Circle V.3, maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies 2014-11-05 07:02:42362515
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,127Science and Technology +Friends: Circle 2014 V.2 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars 2014-11-04 06:51:44407103
Brian Mcquillan12,931This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare #publiccircle #followme #public #sharedpubliccircles #circleoftheday #tampa #florida #denver #Colorado #circleall #circlecircle #circleday 2014-11-03 08:05:03421464385
Allan watson11,045Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar #Pennsylvania  #Philadelphia2014-11-03 07:27:5044371017
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,054Science and Technology Circle 2014 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA   #Space #Innovation   #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists 2014-11-02 08:37:19453526
Kenneth Nicholson6,980Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#sharedcircleday #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles #sharedpublicircles #circle #circles #circlemeup #awesomepeople #awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday #circlesunday #circleoftheweek #circlemeup #circles #circleshare #communities #community #coolpeople #findcircles 2014-10-24 12:15:41498435682
Diana Breath8,322#8  If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-18 15:17:39480001
Becky Collins17,500Top Active Engager's Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-13 05:05:40478002
Elizabeth Rose5,970#5 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-10 16:39:1548810021
Diana Breath7,336#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-08 14:51:3148112720
RokSimec.com7,554To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-10-01 11:44:4749811914
Allan watson7,797Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done. If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#News #BusinessNews #TechNews #Aviation #Flight #Flights #Passengers #Airport #Travel #KLM #Aircraft #AirTravel #Airbus #Flying #AvGeek #Boeing #Chicago #Safety #AmericanAirlines #Canceled #SharedCircles   #weeklyreview #sharedcircle     #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle2014-09-27 12:27:02303283042
RokSimec.com7,248 To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-09-26 10:33:5149813920
Kenneth Nicholson3,806Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post*More you share more you get! :)Thanks!*#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-09-25 13:06:13485455179
John Wood14,205If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this postIf you would like to be removed from future circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future.#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-17 10:38:20500535665
Richard Green81,215Engagers Showcase Circle, September 14, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I skipped over one post because it received too much engagement, but I'm including a link to it for completeness.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Do nuclear physicists have half life crises?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ayw6WPGGaFESt Peter's Church, Heyshamhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9DEtmbdz15zSmiling cow?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9NuqPpsgtBkThe look-and-say sequence and Conway's Cosmological Theoremhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/jEQ7zxFpJt4Cordyline australis, the “cabbage tree”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hktDAgyo6mA“Maurits, stop picking at it. You'll only make it worse.” by David Swarthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gj327Ywh33T“Phyllotactic Portrait of Fibonacci” by Robert Boschhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8LykdvHpRvPFountain in Williamson Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HzZTLQaQ9RT“Youth” by Silvia Cordeddahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/T2Lo3c2zLxvThe arithmetic derivative, the Goldbach conjecture, and the twin prime conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9nY35Ma1pbUGlobe Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/i8mtiyVikWhTallinn (reshared from +Paul Harper)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/U4DAQxK5fkxCubes passing in the night (reshared from +Sean Walker)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32JKvAFqP9SThe graph of arctanhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/FLvyDupud1z“Hopf Knott” by Peter Sittner2014-09-14 15:25:57463224129234
Colin Wilson56Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Add +1 to the post #circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-08 06:25:20459111619
Diana Breath5,453#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-06 03:29:28479171424
Nina Trankova822This is my circle of learning. I know every person here and I recommend that you add and follow as there is a lot you can learn and expand your experience here on Google+ #sharedcircles   #googleplustips   #ninatrankova2014-09-04 04:55:50311306

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Most comments: 360

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2015-01-31 20:27:06 (360 comments, 172 reshares, 594 +1s)Open 

As a measles outbreak spreads across the US, with 14 states now affected, the advocates of letting deadly epidemics run wild are finding themselves suddenly unpopular:

Members of the anti-vaccine movement said the public backlash had terrified many parents. “People are now afraid they’re going to be jailed,” said Barbara Loe Fisher, the president of the National Vaccine Information Center, a clearinghouse for resisters. “I can’t believe what I’m seeing. It’s gotten so out of hand, and it’s gotten so vicious.”

This is not, to be honest, an unreasonable fear: it turns out that when you recklessly engage in conduct which places another person (or the general public) in danger of death or serious bodily injury, you may well have a reason to fear that people might want you to go to jail. The technical term is "reckless endangerment." And when people --especially children... more »

Most reshares: 237

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2015-02-22 06:54:54 (40 comments, 237 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

A sense of scale: Wilt Chamberlain, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Andre the Giant hanging out on the set of Conan the Destroyer. The three were good friends, and apparently both Chamberlain and Andre the Giant enjoyed picking Schwarzenegger up and moving him around, because if you can do that, it's probably kind of fun.

(Here's a video of the Governator telling some of those stories -- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzIu7o5NH1k)

h/t +Saladin Ahmed.

Most plusones: 711

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2015-02-17 20:45:11 (79 comments, 141 reshares, 711 +1s)Open 

You have to ask these things, you know.

::ducks::

h/t +A.V. Flox 

Latest 50 posts

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2015-02-27 21:32:40 (19 comments, 71 reshares, 561 +1s)Open 

Leonard Nimoy's (ז"ל) last tweet, from a few days ago: a perfect capsule of the things which made him so dear to so many people's hearts, and a fitting epitaph.

Leonard Nimoy's (ז"ל) last tweet, from a few days ago: a perfect capsule of the things which made him so dear to so many people's hearts, and a fitting epitaph.___

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2015-02-27 18:05:32 (41 comments, 47 reshares, 466 +1s)Open 

While this had been expected for a while, I am sad to say that today we lost a man who was a great artist, a great actor, and an all-around mensch. The world will be poorer without him.

While this had been expected for a while, I am sad to say that today we lost a man who was a great artist, a great actor, and an all-around mensch. The world will be poorer without him.___

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2015-02-26 00:35:27 (126 comments, 220 reshares, 482 +1s)Open 

In further news, the US House of Representatives has continued their plans to bring about the Apocalypse, passing a bill (on almost exactly party lines) to effectively ban scientists from being on the EPA's scientific advisory board. Under these new rules, anyone who has done research on anything which the board studies is considered to have a conflict of interest, and therefore cannot sit on the board. Fortunately, simply having a financial stake in the matters which the board studies does not constitute a conflict of interest, so the scientific advisory board continues to be open to corporate public affairs officers, demented preachers, or roving madmen off the street.

The bill now proceeds to the Senate, where it has been referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. This is the committee chaired by Sen. Inhofe of Oklahoma, author of The Greatest Hoax: How the Global Warming... more »

In further news, the US House of Representatives has continued their plans to bring about the Apocalypse, passing a bill (on almost exactly party lines) to effectively ban scientists from being on the EPA's scientific advisory board. Under these new rules, anyone who has done research on anything which the board studies is considered to have a conflict of interest, and therefore cannot sit on the board. Fortunately, simply having a financial stake in the matters which the board studies does not constitute a conflict of interest, so the scientific advisory board continues to be open to corporate public affairs officers, demented preachers, or roving madmen off the street.

The bill now proceeds to the Senate, where it has been referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. This is the committee chaired by Sen. Inhofe of Oklahoma, author of The Greatest Hoax: How the Global Warming Conspiracy Threatens Your Future and other light classics, in which he tells us that because of the existence of God, the "arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what He is doing in the climate is... outrageous." So in all, it's a good year for public affairs officers, demented preachers, and roving madmen off the street in all aspects of our government, and I forecast excellent career opportunities for each of these categories going forward. 

h/t +Peter da Silva for the link.___

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2015-02-25 18:40:47 (80 comments, 42 reshares, 449 +1s)Open 

Some things never change. "Please inscribe your complaint on a clay tablet, bake it in the sun, and then..."

1750 BC problems.

via Reddit___Some things never change. "Please inscribe your complaint on a clay tablet, bake it in the sun, and then..."

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2015-02-25 06:36:59 (57 comments, 21 reshares, 132 +1s)Open 

The Soviet fox domestication (not taming!) experiments are pretty fascinating. But what is it like to actually have one as a pet? What kinds of people import them? Why do humans want unusual animals as pets, anyway? And would you like to see a video of a domesticated fox?

All these questions answered, and more.

I'd read about the Soviet fox domestication experiment many times before, but this had a lot to say about other animals people have had as pets, and was rather amusingly written.___The Soviet fox domestication (not taming!) experiments are pretty fascinating. But what is it like to actually have one as a pet? What kinds of people import them? Why do humans want unusual animals as pets, anyway? And would you like to see a video of a domesticated fox?

All these questions answered, and more.

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2015-02-24 18:49:11 (28 comments, 13 reshares, 161 +1s)Open 

Betelgeuse -- Orion's left shoulder -- is one of the closest red supergiants to us. It's quite possible that it will explode "soon." (Where "soon" is defined in astronomical terms, as anytime between "600 years ago" and "one million years from now." Since the star is 600 light-years away, we can only see what it looked like back then; it may have already exploded, for all we know) This article tells you a bit about what it will look like when it does.

The short version is that the star will have an apparent magnitude of -10 (about as bright as a quarter moon) for a few years. That would make it visible during the day if you look for it, but bright enough to cast shadows at night. (For those of you who enjoy photography, apparent magnitude is related to exposure value by EV = - 1.32(AM + 1.35), so it would have an exposure value of 11.4 stops if you... more »

"If Betelgeuse explodes right now, could we see it with naked eye?"

One of the great, catastrophic truths of the Universe is that everything has an expiration date. And this includes every single point of light in the entire sky. The most massive stars will die in a spectacular supernova explosion when their final stage of core fuel runs out. At only an estimated 600 light years distant, Betelgeuse is one (along with Antares) of the closest red supergiants to us, and it’s estimated to have only perhaps 100,000 years until it reaches the end of its life. Here's the story on what we can expect to see (and feel) on Earth when Betelgeuse explodes!___Betelgeuse -- Orion's left shoulder -- is one of the closest red supergiants to us. It's quite possible that it will explode "soon." (Where "soon" is defined in astronomical terms, as anytime between "600 years ago" and "one million years from now." Since the star is 600 light-years away, we can only see what it looked like back then; it may have already exploded, for all we know) This article tells you a bit about what it will look like when it does.

The short version is that the star will have an apparent magnitude of -10 (about as bright as a quarter moon) for a few years. That would make it visible during the day if you look for it, but bright enough to cast shadows at night. (For those of you who enjoy photography, apparent magnitude is related to exposure value by EV = - 1.32(AM + 1.35), so it would have an exposure value of 11.4 stops if you pointed a camera directly at it, like a piece of art in a well-lit gallery. The light it cast on the surface would be like a quarter-moon, about EV -6.) 

No, it would not roast us. But it would look pretty cool.

Via +Ciro Villa 

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2015-02-24 00:54:12 (95 comments, 55 reshares, 461 +1s)Open 

This is one of the coolest concepts for currency I've ever seen. It's a science lesson, an art project, and an anti-counterfeiting feature, all in one. 

Sigh. I wish we got bills this cool in the US.

Check out this killer concept for Hungarian banknotes created by a graphic design student for her MA degree project. Currency, copperplate etchings, uv lights, flora & fauna, and an abundance of passion.

http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2015/02/hungarian-banknote-concept-designed-by-barbara-bernat/___This is one of the coolest concepts for currency I've ever seen. It's a science lesson, an art project, and an anti-counterfeiting feature, all in one. 

Sigh. I wish we got bills this cool in the US.

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2015-02-22 07:27:50 (71 comments, 61 reshares, 619 +1s)Open 

Many years ago, Bob Laughlin told me something that stuck with me: that we often seek out understanding because it gives us a sense of control. Alas, sometimes it gives us little more than a clear view out the front window of a bus being driven by lunatics.

#Truth___Many years ago, Bob Laughlin told me something that stuck with me: that we often seek out understanding because it gives us a sense of control. Alas, sometimes it gives us little more than a clear view out the front window of a bus being driven by lunatics.

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2015-02-22 06:54:54 (40 comments, 237 reshares, 601 +1s)Open 

A sense of scale: Wilt Chamberlain, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Andre the Giant hanging out on the set of Conan the Destroyer. The three were good friends, and apparently both Chamberlain and Andre the Giant enjoyed picking Schwarzenegger up and moving him around, because if you can do that, it's probably kind of fun.

(Here's a video of the Governator telling some of those stories -- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzIu7o5NH1k)

h/t +Saladin Ahmed.

A sense of scale: Wilt Chamberlain, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Andre the Giant hanging out on the set of Conan the Destroyer. The three were good friends, and apparently both Chamberlain and Andre the Giant enjoyed picking Schwarzenegger up and moving him around, because if you can do that, it's probably kind of fun.

(Here's a video of the Governator telling some of those stories -- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzIu7o5NH1k)

h/t +Saladin Ahmed.___

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2015-02-19 19:00:11 (26 comments, 17 reshares, 111 +1s)Open 

This is probably the best summary ever of just what the working breeds are like. Terrifying, yet pleasing. Some of their tails may mature into semiautomatic weapons. 

This is probably the best summary ever of just what the working breeds are like. Terrifying, yet pleasing. Some of their tails may mature into semiautomatic weapons. ___

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2015-02-18 22:46:46 (57 comments, 55 reshares, 417 +1s)Open 

What is the nature of goodness? Is it a status of being, is it a property of an action, is it a joint property of an action and a mental state? 

Apparently dogs do not need to worry about this sort of thing, which may account for all the wagging. 

This is not a serious discussion of philosophy: I simply find this more pleasing than I probably should. It comes from http://threepanelsoul.com/2014/08/19/dog-philosophy/ , which is worth a read.

h/t +John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott.

What is the nature of goodness? Is it a status of being, is it a property of an action, is it a joint property of an action and a mental state? 

Apparently dogs do not need to worry about this sort of thing, which may account for all the wagging. 

This is not a serious discussion of philosophy: I simply find this more pleasing than I probably should. It comes from http://threepanelsoul.com/2014/08/19/dog-philosophy/ , which is worth a read.

h/t +John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott.___

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2015-02-18 02:27:49 (41 comments, 39 reshares, 261 +1s)Open 

This is amazing; make sure you click through and watch the entire video. It's hauntingly beautiful, and you will never look at mold the same way again.


Mold is surprisingly beautiful when seen up close

Russian photographer Nick Lariontsev made this cool time-lapse using macro lens to show how mold grows from up close. At this zoom level, something that normally disgust us transforms into a beautiful alien universe full of life.

Mold Time Lapse https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JsQHWj2RfXg
.___This is amazing; make sure you click through and watch the entire video. It's hauntingly beautiful, and you will never look at mold the same way again.

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2015-02-17 20:45:11 (79 comments, 141 reshares, 711 +1s)Open 

You have to ask these things, you know.

::ducks::

h/t +A.V. Flox 

You have to ask these things, you know.

::ducks::

h/t +A.V. Flox ___

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2015-02-17 08:28:25 (22 comments, 7 reshares, 62 +1s)Open 

This is brilliant and horrifying. Horrorshow.

I took my shlaga in my hand,
And said “Come malchiks, ookadeet!”
Then viddied I old Billy Boy
This did I gavoreet:___This is brilliant and horrifying. Horrorshow.

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2015-02-17 03:38:33 (97 comments, 25 reshares, 155 +1s)Open 

Things I did not realize: In 2007, the Children's Television Workshop released a bunch of old Sesame Street episodes from the early years on DVD, as "Sesame Street: Old School." And when they released them, they had warnings on them that they were intended for adults only.

Seriously, WTF? According to the show's executive producer, the show we grew up with (heck, the show I learned English from) sometimes "modeled the wrong behavior" and would not be considered appropriate today. (Interview with her: http://nyti.ms/pyBmOe) Cookie Monster would be edgy today; they probably couldn't create Oscar the Grouch at all.

I have no words for how weird this is. Fortunately, we have +TheFineBros to help us discover this fact, and also show a bunch of YouTubers reacting to classic Sesame Street, including the part where we discover that Kermit has some unresolveda... more »

Things I did not realize: In 2007, the Children's Television Workshop released a bunch of old Sesame Street episodes from the early years on DVD, as "Sesame Street: Old School." And when they released them, they had warnings on them that they were intended for adults only.

Seriously, WTF? According to the show's executive producer, the show we grew up with (heck, the show I learned English from) sometimes "modeled the wrong behavior" and would not be considered appropriate today. (Interview with her: http://nyti.ms/pyBmOe) Cookie Monster would be edgy today; they probably couldn't create Oscar the Grouch at all.

I have no words for how weird this is. Fortunately, we have +TheFineBros to help us discover this fact, and also show a bunch of YouTubers reacting to classic Sesame Street, including the part where we discover that Kermit has some unresolved anger issues.

OK, maybe old Sesame Street was a little weird sometimes, but you know, it's not necessarily bad for kids to be aware that sometimes people get angry. ___

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2015-02-15 22:23:07 (58 comments, 13 reshares, 167 +1s)Open 

I learned something new today: the most dangerous ship's cargo is actually nickel ore. 

(I'm assuming that this is, in part, because if you tried to ship anything more dangerous than that, the captain and the shipping company would laugh at you. "Hey, I have ten tons of metallic sodium that I need to transport... over water...")

What would you guess is the most dangerous cargo?

If you guessed nickel ore, you probably work in shipping. It's certainly not in my top ten guesses.___I learned something new today: the most dangerous ship's cargo is actually nickel ore. 

(I'm assuming that this is, in part, because if you tried to ship anything more dangerous than that, the captain and the shipping company would laugh at you. "Hey, I have ten tons of metallic sodium that I need to transport... over water...")

2015-02-15 21:51:09 (68 comments, 19 reshares, 187 +1s)Open 

The past few days have seen several terror attacks, very possibly religiously motivated, around the world. It's very easy to want to lash out in response to these and kill not only those directly responsible, but those tied to them. I certainly have felt that myself.

But the best response which I have seen, by far, comes from +Halfdan Reschat and from Danish politician +Steffen Rasmussen. It is worth repeating whenever something like this happens.

Copenhagen Terror Attack
Yesterday evening, here in Copenhagen, a gunman opened fire against a free-speech debate and a synagogue. Two people were killed and several others injured. Early this morning the suspect opened fire on the police after they tracked him down and the suspect ended up getting killed in the shootout.

Get more information via Google News: goo.gl/cVI81d

My thoughts go out to the victims' families and friends, the Jewish community, and the Muslim community who unfortunately will face some completely unjust consequences because of the attacks. All the information about the attacks are still not available. I am so far pleasantly surprised by a lot of the Danish medias, who haven't jumped to any conclusions - and haven't even speculated on whether or not the gunman is Muslim. Despite this, some Danish politicians, racists, and islamophobes have been quick to denounce and accuse all Muslims in general because of the attacks. As a response to these people, and a plea to others, I would like to quote the Danish, independent politician +Steffen Rasmussen, who wrote the following on his Facebook page (translated from Danish):

"In the coming time, core Danish values such as religious freedom, tolerance, empathy, and thoughtfulness will be under pressure. Not from Muslims or terrorists, but from ourselves.
One mad man have committed violent inexcusable, terrible acts. But in the aftermath, we will see even more fear, xenophobia, strong prejudices, and huge amounts of resentment against innocent people. Here it is important that we as Danes stand together and talk loudly when we experience these things. It is democratic, civilized, and Danish! It is our responsibility as human beings to speak out against the prejudices, the hatred, and the racism, and make sure that one man's work does not harm the thousands of good, empathetic, democratic people who call themselves Muslims. The other day, a number of young, democratic, highly educated young Muslims were killed in their homes because they were Muslims. By an atheist. And like I do not expect that all atheists to personally denounce those actions, and like I do not expect that all Christians denounce Breyvik, then I do not expect that a single Muslim have to condemn yesterday's tragedy in Copenhagen. And I believe we must fight (peaceful, but loud) against the trends which are already heavily underway."
- facebook.com/steffenrasmussen2014/posts/814114411990245___The past few days have seen several terror attacks, very possibly religiously motivated, around the world. It's very easy to want to lash out in response to these and kill not only those directly responsible, but those tied to them. I certainly have felt that myself.

But the best response which I have seen, by far, comes from +Halfdan Reschat and from Danish politician +Steffen Rasmussen. It is worth repeating whenever something like this happens.

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2015-02-15 04:46:19 (80 comments, 20 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

This hasn't been hitting the top of the news, but I wanted to highlight it for those who have family in the area. There have been two attacks in Copenhagen: the first against a free speech event featuring a cartoonist who had mocked Mohammed, and the second at the largest synagogue in the city. At this time, the casualties stand at two dead, five wounded; it is not yet confirmed if the two attacks are connected. The killers remain at large.

This is essentially a reprise of the Charlie Hebdo attacks, except that here the first attack was only partly successful -- the gunman did not manage to get into the building where most of the people were, and could only fire at the outside of the group. If they are indeed connected (as seems likely), then the Copenhagen killers followed the style of the Paris killers by proceeding to a major Jewish center.

May the names and all memory of the... more »

This hasn't been hitting the top of the news, but I wanted to highlight it for those who have family in the area. There have been two attacks in Copenhagen: the first against a free speech event featuring a cartoonist who had mocked Mohammed, and the second at the largest synagogue in the city. At this time, the casualties stand at two dead, five wounded; it is not yet confirmed if the two attacks are connected. The killers remain at large.

This is essentially a reprise of the Charlie Hebdo attacks, except that here the first attack was only partly successful -- the gunman did not manage to get into the building where most of the people were, and could only fire at the outside of the group. If they are indeed connected (as seems likely), then the Copenhagen killers followed the style of the Paris killers by proceeding to a major Jewish center.

May the names and all memory of the ones who did this be erased.___

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2015-02-14 01:40:11 (80 comments, 104 reshares, 407 +1s)Open 

I had started to write this post talking about law, and social order, and what needs to be done to stop these people. But I'm too angry to write coherently about this right now.

There is a very powerful lesson you learn growing up as a Jew: there is no such thing as a threat against "those people over there." If a mob is killing black people, or Muslims, or Salvadorans, or whatever one day, they will just as happily turn around and kill you and your family the next. What pulls mobs together is not hate for a particular group: it's the joy of hate itself, of being able to express violence with impunity. That includes everything from simple verbal violence -- being able to rant against groups, violently and vehemently, and receiving the approbation of your friends -- to mobs that burn, rape, and murder. It's the joy of having a family whose history is an endless sequence of... more »

I had started to write this post talking about law, and social order, and what needs to be done to stop these people. But I'm too angry to write coherently about this right now.

There is a very powerful lesson you learn growing up as a Jew: there is no such thing as a threat against "those people over there." If a mob is killing black people, or Muslims, or Salvadorans, or whatever one day, they will just as happily turn around and kill you and your family the next. What pulls mobs together is not hate for a particular group: it's the joy of hate itself, of being able to express violence with impunity. That includes everything from simple verbal violence -- being able to rant against groups, violently and vehemently, and receiving the approbation of your friends -- to mobs that burn, rape, and murder. It's the joy of having a family whose history is an endless sequence of fleeing, or failing to flee, ethnic violence.

Many people have talked about how there is no "us and them" in such violence; you have probably heard Niemöller's famous "first they came for the Socialists" quote. But when you live this -- when you have call trees for your family members that you go through every time violence happens near them, to see who's all right -- the terror becomes much more real, much more stomach-churning.

When I read this story, or the story of the murders of Yusor Abu-Salha, Deah Barakat, and Razan Abu-Salha in Chapel Hill, I have a terror for my Muslim friends, and worry if the violence will trigger more of it and put them in danger. Likewise the lynching of James Anderson frightens me for my black friends; other murders for trans friends, for Jewish friends, for sex worker friends, for any number of groups of people that I know will be put in danger because violence tends to spread. 

But I know that after that, lying in bed at night, I'm going to have the second worry: that when the violence spreads, my own family might be in danger as well.

Hate is like arson: it is feared not just for what it does, but because it can spread. 

This fire is frightening not simply because it happened, but because it happened four days after the Chapel Hill murders. It's a blaze spreading from one rooftop to another, and it must be put out.

h/t +Saladin Ahmed for the link.___

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2015-02-13 21:51:48 (21 comments, 11 reshares, 165 +1s)Open 

For a planet orbiting a red dwarf -- a small, dim, red star, the most common kind in our galaxy -- to support life, it has to be fairly close in to the star. But when a planet is too close to its star, it can get "tidally locked:" the planet gets stretched enough by the star's gravity that it ends up with a bulge which gets permanently pulled towards the star, so it stops rotating and has a permanent light side and dark side. (The Moon is tidally locked to the Earth in the same way) 

For years, people thought that a tidally locked planet could never support life: the light side would always be too hot, the dark side too cold. But it turns out they may have been wrong.

The trick is that if a planet is also big enough to have an atmosphere or water, those will circulate heat around and keep things more stable. (For the same reason that on Earth at night, the temperature... more »

Can red dwarf stars have Earth-like planets with life?

This is an important question because 80% of stars are red dwarfs, even though none are visible to the naked eye.  Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to the Sun, is a red dwarf!  We don't know if it has planets!  20 of the 30 nearest stars are red dwarfs.  It would be nice to know if they can have planets with life.

Also, red dwarf stars live a long time!   They're small - and the smaller a star is, the longer it lives.  Calculations show that a red dwarf one tenth the mass of our Sun should last for 10 trillion years! 

So if life is possible on planets orbiting red dwarf stars - or if life could get there - we could someday have very, very old civilizations.  That idea excites me.   Imagine what 10 trillion years of thought could discover!  

(No: you can't really imagine it.)

Since a planet needs to be close to a red dwarf to be warm enough for liquid water, such planets will be tidally locked, with one side facing their sun all the time.  This made scientists believe the day side of the planet would be hot and dry, with all the water locked in the form of ice on the night side.  That's the water-trapped world shown at right.  Not so good for life!

But a new paper argues that other worlds are likely too!  Those are the thin ice waterworld and the ice sheet-ocean world.

What's fun about this new paper is that it uses detailed climate models outrageously tweaked to deal with a red dwarf star.

We perform climate simulations with the Community Climate System Model version 3.0 (CCSM3) which was originally developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research to study the climate of Earth. The model contains four coupled components: atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land. The atmosphere component calculates atmospheric circulation and parameterizes sub-grid processes such as convection, precipitation, clouds, and boundary- layer mixing. The ocean component computes ocean circulation using the hydrostatic and Boussinesq approximations. The sea-ice component predicts ice fraction, ice thickness, ice velocity, and energy exchanges between the ice and the atmosphere/ocean. The land component calculates surface temperature, soil water content, and evaporation.

We modify CCSM3 to simulate the climate of habitable planets around M-stars following Rosenbloom et al., Liu et al., and Hu & Yang. The stellar spectrum we use is a blackbody with an effective temperature of 3400 K. We employ planetary parameters typical of a super-Earth: a radius of 1.5 R⊕, gravity of 1.38 g⊕, and an orbital period of 37 Earth-days. The orbital period of habitable zone planets around M stars is roughly 10–100 days. We set the insolation to 866 watts per square meter and both the obliquity and eccentricity to zero. The atmospheric surface pressure is 1.0 bar, including N2, H2O, and 355 parts per million CO2.

And so on.   Way cool!  They consider a variety of different kinds of continents and oceans... including one where they're just like those here on Earth - just because the data for that is easy to get.

Read it here:

• Jun Yang, Yonggang Liu, Yongyun Hu and Dorian S. Abbot, Water trapping on tidally locked terrestrial planets requires special conditions, http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.0540.

Abstract: Surface liquid water is essential for standard planetary habitability. Calculations of atmospheric circulation on tidally locked planets around M stars suggest that this peculiar orbital configuration lends itself to the trapping of large amounts of water in kilometers-thick ice on the night side, potentially removing all liquid water from the day side where photosynthesis is possible. We study this problem using a global climate model including coupled atmosphere, ocean, land, and sea-ice components as well as a continental ice sheet model driven by the climate model output. For a waterworld we find that surface winds transport sea ice toward the day side and the ocean carries heat toward the night side. As a result, night-side sea ice remains about 10 meters thick and night-side water trapping is insignificant. If a planet has large continents on its night side, they can grow ice sheets about a kilometer thick if the geothermal heat flux is similar to Earth's or smaller. Planets with a water complement similar to Earth's would therefore experience a large decrease in sea level when plate tectonics drives their continents onto the night side, but would not experience complete day-side dessication. Only planets with a geothermal heat flux lower than Earth's, much of their surface covered by continents, and a surface water reservoir about 10% of Earth's would be susceptible to complete water trapping.

#spnetwork arxiv:1411.0540 #mustread #xenobiology #exoplanet  ___For a planet orbiting a red dwarf -- a small, dim, red star, the most common kind in our galaxy -- to support life, it has to be fairly close in to the star. But when a planet is too close to its star, it can get "tidally locked:" the planet gets stretched enough by the star's gravity that it ends up with a bulge which gets permanently pulled towards the star, so it stops rotating and has a permanent light side and dark side. (The Moon is tidally locked to the Earth in the same way) 

For years, people thought that a tidally locked planet could never support life: the light side would always be too hot, the dark side too cold. But it turns out they may have been wrong.

The trick is that if a planet is also big enough to have an atmosphere or water, those will circulate heat around and keep things more stable. (For the same reason that on Earth at night, the temperature doesn't instantly drop to the freezing cold of deep space: the air stays warm) In this new paper, people used climate modeling software, radically hacked to model very different planets, and found different kinds of world that might be found orbiting red dwarfs. And in fact, many of them could be amenable to life.

Given that red dwarfs are by far the most common kind of star in our galaxy, and that planets appear to be a fairly common feature of stars, this is a significant boost to the probability of finding some very interesting worlds out there.

2015-02-13 04:26:37 (141 comments, 9 reshares, 129 +1s)Open 

When you read the sentence "The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel," what is the first color that comes to your mind?

(This was pointed out to me a while ago as an interesting example of how the meaning of a sentence can change over time. For those unfamiliar with it, it's the first sentence of William Gibson's classic novel, Neuromancer. The epoch in which you first encountered television can profoundly change your interpretation of a scene.)

When you read the sentence "The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel," what is the first color that comes to your mind?

(This was pointed out to me a while ago as an interesting example of how the meaning of a sentence can change over time. For those unfamiliar with it, it's the first sentence of William Gibson's classic novel, Neuromancer. The epoch in which you first encountered television can profoundly change your interpretation of a scene.)___

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2015-02-12 21:13:16 (78 comments, 43 reshares, 164 +1s)Open 

When examining the chain of events that led up to an airplane accident, the accident report looks at every step in the chain of decisions that led up to it. We rarely do so for car accidents -- but this PSA (masterfully done) and this article suggest why we should.

This is really one of the best-made PSA's I've ever seen. It's terrifying.

When examining the chain of events that led up to an airplane accident, the accident report looks at every step in the chain of decisions that led up to it. We rarely do so for car accidents -- but this PSA (masterfully done) and this article suggest why we should.

This is really one of the best-made PSA's I've ever seen. It's terrifying.___

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2015-02-12 01:11:46 (31 comments, 26 reshares, 95 +1s)Open 

From the department of interesting, albeit depressing, statistics, comes this.

Really, it isn't that surprising: people early in their careers often accelerate rapidly towards a plateau, not just in salary but in what they're doing. (When their job responsibilities accelerate just a bit faster than that, you get the Peter Principle) I suspect that the difference between how these behaviors manifest per percentile of lifetime income mask even deeper differences about these behaviors as a function of career, and as a function of individual. 

Probably good news, innit? What? No? Perhaps you can focus on being a good person then:

"Bad news for cash-strapped workers hoping to eventually break into the 1 percent: How much you make over your lifetime has less to do with grit and more to do with what you earn during your first decade in the labor market, a new report shows.

Economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York said in a report (PDF) published on Friday, Feb. 6, that people who end up wealthy see a much steeper curve in their earnings than the rest of us. People projected to earn the median amount will see their earnings grow 38 percent from the time they're 25 to when they turn 55; those in the 95th percentile will see their earnings grow 230 percent over the same period; and those in the 99th percentile will see their earnings grow 1,450 percent. That may seem obvious—those at the top of the wealth differential were probably propelled there by astronomical earnings growth, not a streak of flat earnings. The Fed report, however, points out that the steepest pay increases happen early. "Across the board, the bulk of earnings growth happens during the first decade," wrote Fatih Guvenen, Fatih Karahan, Serdar Ozkan, and Jae Song..."___From the department of interesting, albeit depressing, statistics, comes this.

Really, it isn't that surprising: people early in their careers often accelerate rapidly towards a plateau, not just in salary but in what they're doing. (When their job responsibilities accelerate just a bit faster than that, you get the Peter Principle) I suspect that the difference between how these behaviors manifest per percentile of lifetime income mask even deeper differences about these behaviors as a function of career, and as a function of individual. 

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2015-02-11 04:42:37 (81 comments, 36 reshares, 357 +1s)Open 

I would totally go watch this. Even though everyone knows real Crays are circular and have built-in benches and/or fountains of liquid coolant.

(For those too young to remember, Cray used to make the best computers in the world: the dream machines that people would hang posters of. They were sort of like the Lamborghinis of computing: incredibly fast, incredibly expensive, perfectly suited to only a handful of specialized tasks, utterly impractical, and completely beautiful.)

Via +God Emperor Lionel Lauer​

Made Me Laugh___I would totally go watch this. Even though everyone knows real Crays are circular and have built-in benches and/or fountains of liquid coolant.

(For those too young to remember, Cray used to make the best computers in the world: the dream machines that people would hang posters of. They were sort of like the Lamborghinis of computing: incredibly fast, incredibly expensive, perfectly suited to only a handful of specialized tasks, utterly impractical, and completely beautiful.)

Via +God Emperor Lionel Lauer​

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2015-02-11 02:23:01 (44 comments, 12 reshares, 210 +1s)Open 

Awesomeness of the day: [+Adult Swim] ran a bump about why barns are painted red, based on my post "How the price of paint is set in the hearts of dying stars." (http://goo.gl/nH9Zsf) This makes me unreasonably happy.  

(Click through to see the video)

Thanks to +Zachery Jensen for discovering this, as well. :)

Awesomeness of the day: [+Adult Swim] ran a bump about why barns are painted red, based on my post "How the price of paint is set in the hearts of dying stars." (http://goo.gl/nH9Zsf) This makes me unreasonably happy.  

(Click through to see the video)

Thanks to +Zachery Jensen for discovering this, as well. :)___

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2015-02-11 00:02:56 (85 comments, 111 reshares, 394 +1s)Open 

Dear nature: WTF?

Yes, this is a snake whose tail looks like a spider. It's called, naturally enough, the spider-tailed snake, and it uses a combination of this tail and some exceptional camouflage to lure in birds and eat them. You can watch its hunting in action here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CjtQOc9euU

This has been your disturbing science for the day.

Dear nature: WTF?

Yes, this is a snake whose tail looks like a spider. It's called, naturally enough, the spider-tailed snake, and it uses a combination of this tail and some exceptional camouflage to lure in birds and eat them. You can watch its hunting in action here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CjtQOc9euU

This has been your disturbing science for the day.___

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2015-02-10 18:00:39 (111 comments, 233 reshares, 318 +1s)Open 

Special offer from Google today: run a 2-minute security check on your account (which is really a good idea anyway) and get a free 2GB of Drive storage space. If your Google account matters to you -- your GMail, YouTube, Google+, Drive, and so on -- this is something worth running every few months.

And after you do that, go enable 2-step verification. (https://www.google.com/landing/2step/) It's the single best thing you can do to protect your account from being compromised. 

Special offer from Google today: run a 2-minute security check on your account (which is really a good idea anyway) and get a free 2GB of Drive storage space. If your Google account matters to you -- your GMail, YouTube, Google+, Drive, and so on -- this is something worth running every few months.

And after you do that, go enable 2-step verification. (https://www.google.com/landing/2step/) It's the single best thing you can do to protect your account from being compromised. ___

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2015-02-10 02:04:44 (159 comments, 201 reshares, 443 +1s)Open 

At what point does a robot start to seem alive enough that kicking it -- even just to test its stability controls -- seems wrong? This latest device from Boston Dynamics is already pushing that edge for me. But if you click through, you'll find a video that has very little kicking, and instead a lot more of a small, agile robot wandering through a variety of environments. Unlike its larger cargo-oriented cousins, Spot is likely going to be useful for things like search-and-rescue and scouting.

Or possibly, just wandering around the office complex, because really, having a robot dog is kind of cool.

via +Simon Anderson.

At what point does a robot start to seem alive enough that kicking it -- even just to test its stability controls -- seems wrong? This latest device from Boston Dynamics is already pushing that edge for me. But if you click through, you'll find a video that has very little kicking, and instead a lot more of a small, agile robot wandering through a variety of environments. Unlike its larger cargo-oriented cousins, Spot is likely going to be useful for things like search-and-rescue and scouting.

Or possibly, just wandering around the office complex, because really, having a robot dog is kind of cool.

via +Simon Anderson.___

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2015-02-09 21:47:50 (58 comments, 21 reshares, 142 +1s)Open 

Crowdsourcing -- or really, anything at all you do based on input from a large number of unvetted individuals -- is really a game of spamfighting. When you read this article, you might not realize that until the end, but it's a basic that's well-understood by everyone who works in fields that are based on processing raw user data, be it search or abuse reporting. 

Many people entering the field for the first time tend to think that this is a minor problem, that it will only happen if your project is "visible enough," or that they can otherwise think about it later. Unfortunately, that's not how it works: you have to design and plan around abuse from day one, or your system will have no hope. This is true whether the system is just for fun, whether it creates something of value, or whether there's money on the line: people will mess with it, in ways you can't always... more »

Here's a tale that reads like a thriller.  The team that won a 2007 DARPA contest hoped its crowdsourcing model would win the tougher 2011 challenge--but a lone hacker fatally disrupted them.  Here's how they painstakingly recreated what happened. And for the first time we hear from the hacker. Big lessons about crowdsourcing, espionage and human nature.

https://medium.com/backchannel/how-a-lone-hacker-shredded-the-myth-of-crowdsourcing-d9d0534f1731___Crowdsourcing -- or really, anything at all you do based on input from a large number of unvetted individuals -- is really a game of spamfighting. When you read this article, you might not realize that until the end, but it's a basic that's well-understood by everyone who works in fields that are based on processing raw user data, be it search or abuse reporting. 

Many people entering the field for the first time tend to think that this is a minor problem, that it will only happen if your project is "visible enough," or that they can otherwise think about it later. Unfortunately, that's not how it works: you have to design and plan around abuse from day one, or your system will have no hope. This is true whether the system is just for fun, whether it creates something of value, or whether there's money on the line: people will mess with it, in ways you can't always imagine, and for reasons you can't always guess.

This doesn't mean that crowdsourcing, or big data, or things like that don't work: it just means that they're hard for reasons which aren't obvious if you've only worked in sterile settings before.

Via +Ciro Villa.

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2015-02-09 07:41:09 (78 comments, 20 reshares, 121 +1s)Open 

This is a very interesting dive into the nascent field of "affective computing:" using computers to interpret human emotion. While the article ends up focusing a lot on its applications in marketing, I suspect that these will end up being the least important results. Far more interesting is to develop computers that can understand what users are feeling as they use them, and adjust themselves in realtime.

Take a content feed (like the one you're reading right now), for example. A perpetual challenge in recommending content is knowing which things make users happy or unhappy: people rarely click on buttons to give feedback, and even when they do, it can be a subtle matter to tell the difference between things people feel and things people feel that they should feel.

Or what if a user interface could tell if a user was upset: would they prefer a slightly humorous approach,... more »

This is a very interesting dive into the nascent field of "affective computing:" using computers to interpret human emotion. While the article ends up focusing a lot on its applications in marketing, I suspect that these will end up being the least important results. Far more interesting is to develop computers that can understand what users are feeling as they use them, and adjust themselves in realtime.

Take a content feed (like the one you're reading right now), for example. A perpetual challenge in recommending content is knowing which things make users happy or unhappy: people rarely click on buttons to give feedback, and even when they do, it can be a subtle matter to tell the difference between things people feel and things people feel that they should feel.

Or what if a user interface could tell if a user was upset: would they prefer a slightly humorous approach, or is the matter serious enough that they want the system to be acting very seriously as well? (The short answer is that both of those can be extremely right in some circumstances and extremely wrong in others -- but if you can't tell which circumstance you're in, you end up with something less effective than either)

A true "personal assistant" would need this even more: which things do you really want to be interrupted by right now? Is this a good time to quietly slip the message under your door, to hold off on non-urgent notifications, or are you in a mood for some distraction?

The article here focuses on one particular technical approach to affective computing, based on visual processing of facial expressions. That's unlikely to be the way things work with current technology: the optimistic predictions of some marketers to the contrary, I suspect that most people won't really be thrilled to leave their webcams on 24/7 so that computers can evaluate their expressions. But could we learn to look at more subtle aspects of the user's actions -- say, how hard they hit the keys on their keyboard, or changes in the way their finger moves across a touchscreen -- to understand more of the emotional state of the user?

The challenges will be twofold: first, the obvious technical challenge of finding and measuring such signals; and second, to do so in a way which gives users such a clear and obvious benefit that they are willing to do it. Users have good reason to be wary of subtle analysis, and for any product of this sort to succeed, it first and foremost has to work in a way that people feel comfortable with it.

h/t +Matt Uebel for the link.___

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2015-02-09 06:54:37 (9 comments, 18 reshares, 117 +1s)Open 

How can you say no to a short documentary with a title like "What Life Is Like Inside Jabba the Hutt?" While my intuitive answer was "nasty, brutish, and short," apparently there's quite a bit more to it -- in the form of Jabba being one of the most complex puppets ever made. 

So here's one for all the slimy pieces of worm-ridden filth in your life.

How can you say no to a short documentary with a title like "What Life Is Like Inside Jabba the Hutt?" While my intuitive answer was "nasty, brutish, and short," apparently there's quite a bit more to it -- in the form of Jabba being one of the most complex puppets ever made. 

So here's one for all the slimy pieces of worm-ridden filth in your life.___

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2015-02-09 02:21:54 (23 comments, 15 reshares, 112 +1s)Open 

Disney meets Science. To the detriment of all concerned. Those of you with kids of a certain age and temperament (or those of you who, like me, are mental children of a certain age and temperament) will enjoy this.

"Apparently, Nemo suffers from an Oedifish complex." (His dad is a hermaphrodite)___Disney meets Science. To the detriment of all concerned. Those of you with kids of a certain age and temperament (or those of you who, like me, are mental children of a certain age and temperament) will enjoy this.

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2015-02-08 05:08:28 (59 comments, 76 reshares, 251 +1s)Open 

Depending on who you are, this will either enthrall you or bore you to tears: a veteran Blackbird pilot walking through all of the controls and indicators of the SR-71 and how they were used in practice. It comes with a high-res image of the cockpit as well.

The controls are surprisingly simple and straightforward; despite its tremendous power, the dashboard is closer to a Cessna's than a 747's. The hard part is between the yoke and the seat. But my favorite random thing: the maps are shown to pilot and RSO via a slide projector, each of them having a little screen of their own. Remarkable technology combined with remarkable simplicity: it's a good reminder for designing systems.

Indirectly via +David Hixson.

Depending on who you are, this will either enthrall you or bore you to tears: a veteran Blackbird pilot walking through all of the controls and indicators of the SR-71 and how they were used in practice. It comes with a high-res image of the cockpit as well.

The controls are surprisingly simple and straightforward; despite its tremendous power, the dashboard is closer to a Cessna's than a 747's. The hard part is between the yoke and the seat. But my favorite random thing: the maps are shown to pilot and RSO via a slide projector, each of them having a little screen of their own. Remarkable technology combined with remarkable simplicity: it's a good reminder for designing systems.

Indirectly via +David Hixson.___

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2015-02-07 20:47:50 (21 comments, 36 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

You thought that Demotivators were what you wanted to hang in your office. No, for real existential horror, you need Werner Herzog inspirational quotes. 

___You thought that Demotivators were what you wanted to hang in your office. No, for real existential horror, you need Werner Herzog inspirational quotes. 

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2015-02-06 23:05:37 (14 comments, 36 reshares, 214 +1s)Open 

I often post videos about how things are made: but rarely do you get to see how something quite as impressive as an oak tree comes to be. Here's a film of the first eight months of an oak tree's life, as it grows from an acorn to its first buds.

From Neil Bromhall: The acorn was collected in September and filmed in an underground set using a 2 hour interval between exposures. The acorn split soon after it was planted and continued to split during the winter months. In January the first sign of…___I often post videos about how things are made: but rarely do you get to see how something quite as impressive as an oak tree comes to be. Here's a film of the first eight months of an oak tree's life, as it grows from an acorn to its first buds.

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2015-02-06 21:27:43 (30 comments, 14 reshares, 122 +1s)Open 

This is wonderful: not just aircraft control panels, but factories, computers, random devices. I've always loved control panels -- there is something ineffably pleasing about having an array of gauges and switches, preferably of the physical variety, to see, understand the situation, and act on it. 

I must confess an occasional urge to build big, complicated control panels which aren't actually hooked up to anything, just for the joy of pushing buttons.

A Flickr group entirely dedicated to control panels. Thank you internet.___This is wonderful: not just aircraft control panels, but factories, computers, random devices. I've always loved control panels -- there is something ineffably pleasing about having an array of gauges and switches, preferably of the physical variety, to see, understand the situation, and act on it. 

I must confess an occasional urge to build big, complicated control panels which aren't actually hooked up to anything, just for the joy of pushing buttons.

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2015-02-06 17:40:00 (81 comments, 73 reshares, 222 +1s)Open 

You may remember Boston Dynamics' "BigDog" robot, the size of a sort of mechanical pony and kind of terrifying. But they're working on other things, as well: here's their "LittleDog," a project in conjunction with USC, which is learning how to walk over difficult terrain. Having grown up in the mountains myself, I love watching a small creature gradually learn to be a mountain goat.

h/t +Panah Rad.

You may remember Boston Dynamics' "BigDog" robot, the size of a sort of mechanical pony and kind of terrifying. But they're working on other things, as well: here's their "LittleDog," a project in conjunction with USC, which is learning how to walk over difficult terrain. Having grown up in the mountains myself, I love watching a small creature gradually learn to be a mountain goat.

h/t +Panah Rad.___

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2015-02-06 08:43:20 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

I don't have the cycles to do a public share of this, but some of you might and this is truly awesome. :)

I don't have the cycles to do a public share of this, but some of you might and this is truly awesome. :)___

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2015-02-05 01:44:39 (18 comments, 16 reshares, 280 +1s)Open 

This is one of those shots worth zooming in on. (It also reminds me of the time I was hiking up Copper Mountain, and just as I crested the last ridge, I saw ahead of me the mother of all thunderheads. I may have broken downhill running records on my way down -- and I definitely startled the hell out of a rattlesnake.)

h/t +Aaron Wood.

The End of the World is Coming by Fabio Marchini: http://goo.gl/wGzsta___This is one of those shots worth zooming in on. (It also reminds me of the time I was hiking up Copper Mountain, and just as I crested the last ridge, I saw ahead of me the mother of all thunderheads. I may have broken downhill running records on my way down -- and I definitely startled the hell out of a rattlesnake.)

h/t +Aaron Wood.

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2015-02-04 19:34:09 (42 comments, 20 reshares, 91 +1s)Open 

In 1906, the violinist Joseph Joachim told the attendees of his 75th birthday party that "The Germans have four violin concertos. The greatest, most uncompromising is Beethoven's. The one by Brahms vies with it in seriousness. The richest, the most seductive, was written by Max Bruch. But the most inward, the heart's jewel, is Mendelssohn's." Over the years, this list has been turned into a claim of not just the four great German violin concertos, but the four defining concertos of the Classical and Romantic periods.

I think this broader reading is wrong. Bruch's and Mendelssohn's concertos are, in my mind, two of the greatest violin concertos ever written, but ultimately, Beethoven's and Brahms' aren't. They're perfectly fine works, but they're neither composers' best work, and honestly "uncompromising" and "serious"... more »

In 1906, the violinist Joseph Joachim told the attendees of his 75th birthday party that "The Germans have four violin concertos. The greatest, most uncompromising is Beethoven's. The one by Brahms vies with it in seriousness. The richest, the most seductive, was written by Max Bruch. But the most inward, the heart's jewel, is Mendelssohn's." Over the years, this list has been turned into a claim of not just the four great German violin concertos, but the four defining concertos of the Classical and Romantic periods.

I think this broader reading is wrong. Bruch's and Mendelssohn's concertos are, in my mind, two of the greatest violin concertos ever written, but ultimately, Beethoven's and Brahms' aren't. They're perfectly fine works, but they're neither composers' best work, and honestly "uncompromising" and "serious" aren't exactly what I would pick as terms of praise for music. 

And thinking about this a bit, I would propose a slightly different quartet for the greatest violin concertos of the Romantic (and early Modern) periods. Wieniawski's first concerto, haunting and mysterious; Bruch's, seductive, full of restrained passion; Mendelssohn's, which Joachim rightly called the "heart's jewel;" and Tchaikovsky's, glorious and powerful.

These four pieces show everything which is best in the music of the age, and everything which a violin concerto can and should be.

And thanks to the magic of YouTube, I can even provide you a playlist with excellent performances of each. 

So without further ado, here is some music for your day.___

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2015-02-04 17:08:16 (13 comments, 5 reshares, 97 +1s)Open 

And this, my friends, is why you should never trust quasi-divine rodents to control the weather. 

Via +Gnotic Pasta.

< I hope this plunge into the untamed wilds of my subconscious doesn’t last into barbeque season. >___And this, my friends, is why you should never trust quasi-divine rodents to control the weather. 

Via +Gnotic Pasta.

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2015-02-04 03:30:47 (33 comments, 12 reshares, 118 +1s)Open 

Somehow I missed this the first time around. Yes, Australia did send its boys off to war against oversized fowl in the 1930's... and the birds gave a brave showing. After Australian troops withdrew from their (failed) first campaign that November, Major Meredith commented that "If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world...They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks." 

L'histoire pourrait me laisser très ému, mais dans ce cas, ce pourrait être dangereux. 

h/t +Andreas Schou for spotting this wondrous bit of history.

Why you should study history, or the great Emu War of 1932

In October of 1932, the provincial government of Western Australia had had it up to here with emus migrating through the Campion and Walgaloon area, disturbing crops and fences to the detriment of soldier-settler farmers already strapped by the post-WWI Depression. 

In an attempt to bring relief to the distraught veterans, the Minister of Defence (Sir George Pearce) sent soldiers armed with Lewis automatic machines guns to take care of the problem.  After a couple of months the campaign ended in an apparent draw:  all casualties were suffered by emus, but the emus ended the engagement with clear numerical superiority, possibly exceeding that at the beginning of the campaign. 

Yes, this really happened: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emu_War

h/t to +Ursula Vernon, for making me aware of this event.

#ReadMoreHistory   #NotMakingThisUp   #australia   #EmuWar   #history  ___Somehow I missed this the first time around. Yes, Australia did send its boys off to war against oversized fowl in the 1930's... and the birds gave a brave showing. After Australian troops withdrew from their (failed) first campaign that November, Major Meredith commented that "If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world...They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks." 

L'histoire pourrait me laisser très ému, mais dans ce cas, ce pourrait être dangereux. 

h/t +Andreas Schou for spotting this wondrous bit of history.

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2015-02-04 02:01:37 (58 comments, 16 reshares, 160 +1s)Open 

When looking at this vision of the future from 1922, two things particularly strike me: that this man's business decisions are apparently simple enough to indicate on a dial, and that his "correspondence by radio" system appears to be outputting a lengthy stream of letters directly into the wastebasket.

Sometimes, people are more prescient than they know.

Videophones from the Future/Past ... via DarkRoastedBlend.com ... "...The following wonderful illustration is the frontpiece to Hugo Gernsback’s "Radio for All" from 1922: Mr. Gernsback of course is considered the father of modern science fiction, but he also published more down-to-earth radio and engineering magazines like "Electrical Experimenter", which were peppered with such visionary contraptions as "the Aerophone (a name for wireless audio transmission, rather than merely telegraphic code), the Telephot (an early conceptualization of the videophone), and the Hypnobioscope (an automated thought transcription and playback machine)" - all carrying with them the sense of urgency of development and possibility of becoming reality at any moment ..."

Read more at http://www.darkroastedblend.com/2015/01/videophones-from-future-past.html___When looking at this vision of the future from 1922, two things particularly strike me: that this man's business decisions are apparently simple enough to indicate on a dial, and that his "correspondence by radio" system appears to be outputting a lengthy stream of letters directly into the wastebasket.

Sometimes, people are more prescient than they know.

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2015-02-03 19:02:24 (49 comments, 5 reshares, 136 +1s)Open 

Pigs are nature's way of converting incriminating evidence into bacon.


(Image credit: cookbookman17 https://flic.kr/p/apJn28)

Pigs are nature's way of converting incriminating evidence into bacon.


(Image credit: cookbookman17 https://flic.kr/p/apJn28)___

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2015-02-03 17:50:51 (11 comments, 21 reshares, 193 +1s)Open 

Something random and cool: using mirrors to turn a shack into an optical illusion.

Probably not what would happen if I put rows of mirrors on a shack in the desert.  I am not especially handy.___Something random and cool: using mirrors to turn a shack into an optical illusion.

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2015-02-03 00:07:32 (25 comments, 28 reshares, 142 +1s)Open 

"Spontaneous order" is a phenomenon that happens whenever a bunch of individuals try to agree. It appears in everything from the physics of magnets to how people name their children.

Physics gives a very simple example of how it works. In a lump of iron, each atom is basically a small magnet, and magnetic forces make each one of these small magnets want to be pointing the same way as its neighbors. If the metal is very hot, random motion due to the heat will overwhelm this and the magnets will just be spinning around; on the average, they'll cancel each other out and the metal won't be magnetic. As it cools, though, small areas will form where all the atoms point the same way. What's happening is that by random chance, a few atoms happened to be pointing the same way at once, just as it got cool enough for the spinning due to heat not to be able to break through those... more »

"Spontaneous order" is a phenomenon that happens whenever a bunch of individuals try to agree. It appears in everything from the physics of magnets to how people name their children.

Physics gives a very simple example of how it works. In a lump of iron, each atom is basically a small magnet, and magnetic forces make each one of these small magnets want to be pointing the same way as its neighbors. If the metal is very hot, random motion due to the heat will overwhelm this and the magnets will just be spinning around; on the average, they'll cancel each other out and the metal won't be magnetic. As it cools, though, small areas will form where all the atoms point the same way. What's happening is that by random chance, a few atoms happened to be pointing the same way at once, just as it got cool enough for the spinning due to heat not to be able to break through those magnetic forces. At that point, the atoms nearest that cluster are being pulled in one direction not just by one atom, but by the whole cluster, so they line up with it as well, and the cluster keeps growing. Ultimately, these clusters (they're called "domains") will each grow until they bump in to one another. 

What's interesting about this is that, after the iron has cooled completely, these domains stick around: after all, no atom can break free without being pulled back by its neighbors. So even though there are no "special directions" in nature, and at high temperature all of the atoms are spinning around quite independently, at low temperature they "pick" a direction inside each domain. The direction may have been chosen at random, but it was chosen.

(Incidentally, you can choose to bias this selection by sticking the iron in a magnetic field while it cools. If you do that, then the magnetic force on the atoms will make the domains tend to form lined up with that applied field -- and once the iron has cooled, you can switch the magnetic field off, and all of the domains will be pointing in roughly the same direction, thus "freezing in" a magnetic field. This is how permanent magnets are made. Without the applied field, each domain will point a different direction, and on the whole the magnetic field of the iron will cancel out)

This principle is called "spontaneous symmetry breaking." Initially, there's a symmetry: all directions are the same, as far as the laws of physics are concerned. But after things have cooled, one direction has been picked: the symmetry has been broken. It's called spontaneous if it happens without any outside force being applied to pick the direction, and this underlies not just magnets but (through some rather interesting particle physics involving the Higgs boson) even things like how mass itself comes into existence.

And it happens with humans, too. This team set people up to play a game. Players get paired up, and each pair is shown a picture of a person; they have to make up a name for the person. If they pick the same name, they both win a small prize. (This is the analogue of the force which tries to make atoms align) 

To manage the pairing, the researchers drew a "network" linking all the players together: for example, they tried a "geographic layout," where they put the players' names on a grid and paired players with their neighbors (much like atoms feel forces from their nearest neighbors). They also tried a "small world network," which is like a geographic layout except some people also have partners who are far away -- this mimics the way that people tend to have a lot of friends in a small cluster, but also a few friends from other groups -- and a "random network," where people were paired up at random. 

And indeed, as they repeatedly showed a face to everyone in the network, networks converged on names. Geographic and small-world networks formed "domains," just like magnets do: clumps of people who all picked a single name, adjacent to other clumps which picked a different name. Random networks, on the other hand, formed a single big domain: everyone ended up with the same name. As this domain was much larger than the little ones, it took a lot longer for the players to converge, but they did so nonetheless.

Look around in your life for other examples of spontaneous symmetry breaking. The only requirements are:

* You have something that many actors (people, atoms, cows, whatever) have to choose.
* There's a benefit to people agreeing, but it doesn't matter what they agree on. (e.g., it doesn't matter what side of the road you drive on, but it does matter that everyone picks the same side)
* The actors keep checking back with each other to see if they agree.

Whenever this happens, you should expect to see one of two things happening: either the actors have formed "domains," in each of which everyone agrees on the answer, or there is so much random noise that agreements never stick. Those correspond to the cases of cold or hot iron, respectively. It's a general phenomenon in all of nature!

h/t +rare avis for the link.___

2015-01-31 20:29:23 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Just posted publicly on the subject:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+YonatanZunger/posts/gYMPJNsTT5Z

One very interesting item that I found and linked to is this article from JAAPA, about the causes and rates of failure to vaccinate. The statistics are quite different from what I had expected: even in the US, apparently 92% of failures are due to finance and logistics, not unwillingness. That's definitely changed my perspective on some of these issues: we apparently need to still be deploying vaccine-mobiles and the like in the US to get people access to even the most basic medicines.

Sigh.

Just posted publicly on the subject:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+YonatanZunger/posts/gYMPJNsTT5Z

One very interesting item that I found and linked to is this article from JAAPA, about the causes and rates of failure to vaccinate. The statistics are quite different from what I had expected: even in the US, apparently 92% of failures are due to finance and logistics, not unwillingness. That's definitely changed my perspective on some of these issues: we apparently need to still be deploying vaccine-mobiles and the like in the US to get people access to even the most basic medicines.

Sigh.___

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2015-01-31 20:27:06 (360 comments, 172 reshares, 594 +1s)Open 

As a measles outbreak spreads across the US, with 14 states now affected, the advocates of letting deadly epidemics run wild are finding themselves suddenly unpopular:

Members of the anti-vaccine movement said the public backlash had terrified many parents. “People are now afraid they’re going to be jailed,” said Barbara Loe Fisher, the president of the National Vaccine Information Center, a clearinghouse for resisters. “I can’t believe what I’m seeing. It’s gotten so out of hand, and it’s gotten so vicious.”

This is not, to be honest, an unreasonable fear: it turns out that when you recklessly engage in conduct which places another person (or the general public) in danger of death or serious bodily injury, you may well have a reason to fear that people might want you to go to jail. The technical term is "reckless endangerment." And when people --especially children... more »

As a measles outbreak spreads across the US, with 14 states now affected, the advocates of letting deadly epidemics run wild are finding themselves suddenly unpopular:

Members of the anti-vaccine movement said the public backlash had terrified many parents. “People are now afraid they’re going to be jailed,” said Barbara Loe Fisher, the president of the National Vaccine Information Center, a clearinghouse for resisters. “I can’t believe what I’m seeing. It’s gotten so out of hand, and it’s gotten so vicious.”

This is not, to be honest, an unreasonable fear: it turns out that when you recklessly engage in conduct which places another person (or the general public) in danger of death or serious bodily injury, you may well have a reason to fear that people might want you to go to jail. The technical term is "reckless endangerment." And when people -- especially children -- start actually dying because of your actions, you may well have reason to fear that your neighbors may suggest that you find some other neighbors, starting right away.

The reaction to this outbreak has, however, offered me some real hope. I suspect that as soon as people remember just why people were so terrified of these diseases, the popularity of the "anti-vaccine" movement is likely to plummet, largely at the hands of people who don't feel like being put in mortal danger by their neighbors' fears. Hopefully, this movement will be gone and forgotten before too many people die. (But I want to be honest here: people are going to die. Mostly kids.)

We should recognize that there are real access problems in some parts of the country: the government pays for vaccines but not the doctor's time, and if you get paid by the hour and don't have a car, simply the time to go to the doctor is a major factor. But we know how to fix these problems: the mobile vaccination stations that helped end the polio epidemic of the 1950's are proof of that.

The best proof by far, though, is that some states are doing a great job to this day. It turns out that the winner is Mississippi, which has managed to achieve a 99.7% immunization rate for the most serious diseases! They've done this through a combination of a strong public health program and not messing around with their laws. You can read more about what they've done, and how they stack up against other states, at http://wpo.st/QKT20 .

I suggest a three-point strategy:

(1) Make sure that the CDC-approved vaccine schedule is available to every person. Task an agency with achieving as close to 100% coverage as possible; the only people who shouldn't be getting these are people for whom there is a medical reason not to.

(2) Educate the public about what's going on and why. Don't be afraid to pull out the old videos and show people of just why measles is not a "thing you just get over." 

(3) Starting in areas where vaccination is already reliably available, and ultimately spreading to all areas of the country, impose criminal liability for the deliberate failure to vaccinate without medical reason, under existing laws for reckless endangerment and/or child endangerment. 

My parents and their generation got to watch their families and their friends die from these diseases. I don't want to do the same.


h/t to +Kyla Myers for the WaPo article about Mississippi's success. Another very interesting article to read is http://goo.gl/BYp3iF, from the Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, which goes through the reasons why people aren't getting vaccinated and proposes several ways to help fix it. Thanks to +James Salsman for that one.

Special thanks to +Steve Esterly for his thorough critique of a previous version of this post, and in particular catching that I had misinterpreted the JAAPA article in a rather important way. ___

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2015-01-30 19:36:08 (66 comments, 78 reshares, 349 +1s)Open 

I am unhappy about this.

I am unhappy because I do not speak German and live nowhere close to Wilhelmshaven, because participating in this would be frigging awesome.

I am unhappy about this.

I am unhappy because I do not speak German and live nowhere close to Wilhelmshaven, because participating in this would be frigging awesome.___

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2015-01-30 01:30:35 (100 comments, 142 reshares, 397 +1s)Open 

One of the most important things you learn in any job is what's actually safe and what isn't. This is true if you're fueling trucks, raising a kid, or designing spacecraft: you develop a profound intuition for which corners are completely fine to cut and which things you never even slightly mess around with. Most often, as you learn a trade, you more and more realize that things you thought were dangerous are actually safe -- which makes sense, since it's better for those who don't know to assume danger. You end up dividing things into three groups: things that really are dangerous, things that are dangerous unless you know what you're doing, and things which aren't dangerous at all.

Of course, what you really don't want is for a bunch of amateurs to then tell you how to do your job. There's the old joke about how first-time parents, when their baby drops a... more »

One of the most important things you learn in any job is what's actually safe and what isn't. This is true if you're fueling trucks, raising a kid, or designing spacecraft: you develop a profound intuition for which corners are completely fine to cut and which things you never even slightly mess around with. Most often, as you learn a trade, you more and more realize that things you thought were dangerous are actually safe -- which makes sense, since it's better for those who don't know to assume danger. You end up dividing things into three groups: things that really are dangerous, things that are dangerous unless you know what you're doing, and things which aren't dangerous at all.

Of course, what you really don't want is for a bunch of amateurs to then tell you how to do your job. There's the old joke about how first-time parents, when their baby drops a pacifier, will resterilize it in boiling water; second-time parents will give it a quick rinse; third-time parents will shrug, wipe it off on their shirt, and stick it back in the kid. You really wouldn't want a bunch of first-time parents (or non-parents) passing a law mandating that you sterilize everything. What you want is for less-experienced people to learn from more-experienced people.

In this context, here's an interesting new Pew survey of attitudes towards science. What I found most interesting about it is that a lot of the questions on which there were big differences between scientists' opinions and those of the general public were precisely "is this safe" questions tied to the things that scientists deal with every day. 

Most of the time, people who know the subject say that something which sounds dangerous is actually perfectly safe: eating genetically modified foods, eating foods grown with pesticides, getting vaccines, building nuclear power plants (!). Perhaps more interestingly, there are some things which the general public thinks is safe which experts say OH HELL NO GET AWAY FROM THAT SWITCH YOU LUNATIC to: allowing climate change and increasing offshore drilling being the two most notable examples. That's part of the same kind of professional eyeball: sometimes you know that something is just a giant deathtrap waiting to happen. Turns out that offshore drilling rigs are far, far more alarming to professionals than nuclear power plants: the former fail all the time, in horribly disastrous ways, while the latter are actually pretty reliable, all told.

We can talk about lots of reasons for this: for example, the media loves to make things sound really scary (because that sells newspapers), or people don't know enough about the details. But really, what's going on is simply the judgment of experience: people who work with various strange and foreign things, day-in and day-out, tend to get a pretty good feeling for what does and doesn't matter. And it's not always going to be obvious which is which: you just have to ask people who know.___

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Yonatan ZungerTwitterLinkedInCircloscope