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Yonatan Zunger has been at 2 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
STEM Women on G+123,966Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Dr.  +Yonatan Zunger on how men can help with the issues of gender inequality in STEM fields. Yonatan is the Chief Architect of Google+ and also has a PhD in Physics with a strong engineering background. He is a passionate advocate of gender equality in STEM, and will talk to us about what we can do to encourage women in STEM.This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe   and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos  , and you can tune in on Sunday March 2nd at 12.30 PM Pacific/ 8.30PM GMT. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel(http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.Follow us on Twitter @stemwomen and on www.stemwomen.netSTEM Women: How Men Can Help with Dr Yonatan Zunger2014-03-02 21:30:0096 
Blogger1,155,723We’re hosting a Hangout on Air with lead Product Manager +Dan Peterson and lead Engineer +Yonatan Zunger to discuss last week’s launch of Google+ Comments for Blogger.If you’ve got questions about the launch, please leave them in the comments below so that Dan and Yonatan can answer them during the Hangout.Join the team behind Google+ Comments for Blogger for a Hangout on Air2013-04-25 20:30:001057 

Yonatan Zunger has been shared in 401 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Becky Collins20,667Mobile Marketing Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-12-26 05:30:10464011
Eduard Dimitrov3,781Start of my "Google must be better place campaign". Week one: This post. People currently working for Google. 114 Google's Google+  profiles to add - people actually working for Google  company.Week 2: Shared circle two: More 100 Google employees next week.Week 3: I will show you how to work with google webspam team to aviod problems in Google Webmaster Tools - the right way, tools and tactics.Week 4: Ethics of non-natural links problems in GWT and communication with google webspam team  in Google Webmaster Tools.If you want to receive notifications from me, add me in separate circle and switch on notifications for this circle.Happy Holidays!  #worksatgoogle #googleteam #googleemployees2014-12-23 14:29:07114011
Aly Hodge13,741This is my social media/SEO circle, which contains pages for people who share lots of content on social media, not just about G+.2014-12-20 07:50:59362000
Silvio De Rossi46,461TOP INFLUENCERS DeroPLUS CIRCLE 20!Yeppa! It's the DAY of the my new Circle Plus!#sharedcircle #sharedcircles #topcircleshare #deroplus This is my new #Sharedcircle of #topengagers , a group of TOP interesting people who share unique and original contents.What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 at the post!2) Include the circle among your circles!3) Share the circle (include yourself)!4) Smile to life, sun in sunshine!Have a good life!Special thanks my BEST #friends and #followers !#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria    #leonardo    #deroplus    #circleoftheday    #sharedcircle    #topsharedcircle    #sharedcircleoftheday    #myseoissocial    #besocial    #socializethesocial   #trust #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle    #circlesharing    #followers    #social    #socialnetworking    #topsharedcircle    #circleoftheday    #googleplus   #communities    #topsocialcircle    2014-12-17 15:45:2049511480135
Brian Mcquillan16,176Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #circleshare #SocialMedia #SharedPublicCircles #PublicCircle #Prague #CircleOfTheDay #followers #follow #AddCircle #Sharers #Engagers #Awesomepeople #ShareAndBeShared #london   #uk  #Aberdeen #Belfast #Birmingham #Bristol #Cardiff #Dublin #EastMidlands #Edinburgh #Glasgow #LeedsBradford #Gatwick #Heathrow 2014-12-17 06:43:52488000
Daniel Mihai Popescu67,008*Music, Twitter and SF@My most recent circle! I hope you don't mind if I mention you in comments, since my notification system doesn't seem to work.It is the first round, I'm not sure this will be the definitive version.Best wishes :)Lately I developed a fixation for Tsu, and if you don't have a profile there, this is my invitation:http://www.tsu.co/DanielMihaiPopescuIf you already have one, let's be friends and help each other grow!It'll be awesome to meet you there too! #danielmihaipopescusharedcircle   #maximumperformance  2014-12-16 20:37:15498000
Allan watson14,719Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-12-16 11:36:17423335
Михаил Пушкарев0#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-13 08:06:48496111
Daniel Mihai Popescu66,628This circle is called Amalgam :)It is a mixture of new and very old friends. Of course, the Invincible is always present :)I've been a little bit disappointed for losing some guys I've even grown so fond of lately, so fond that they were in my notification circle, something very rare. They left me without a word, but that's not a problem, because everything goes on :)You are not required to do a single thing, I'll mention you in comments, I hope you don't mind :) I do this because the notifications don't work with my account, it's still an enigma, so I can't say that if you receive a notification from me, you're a member in this circle. It's sure you're a member if I mention you. That's one thing.Another thing is that you, the members, don't have to share the circle. I can't pretend from you, what I don't do with your circles. It's somehow a kind of reciprocally membership, which is a signal for others :) You, my circle members, are some of the most precious people on G+, and you have to be sure of that.So, for my followers, especially the new ones, it'll be good for you to add this circle because you'll gain a lot on your stream! #danielmihaipopescusharedcircle   #maximumperformance  2014-12-11 22:33:4849412770151
Norman E Grant2,529Share this Circle of passionate people and grow your network. 2014-12-08 20:18:36478000
Richard Green88,785Engagers Showcase Circle, December 1, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of the posts listed below, in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I have not posted much in the last couple of months because I have been too busy, and so it has been a long time since the last reshare of the circle.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Millcreek Canyon Vista (reshared from +Tom Malloy)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HuXLKw4GBwjAvoiding the unavoidablehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/TnW3pTWt6d7Hydrangea flowershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/3LDn2js6pWpMicroscopic Victorian arthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ieybEmL7tUCApproximating e using the digits 1–9https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/W5E6HyihSuY“Vertebral 03 – Pendant Lampshade” by cordycepthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eSo9svRbLapCentred polygonal numbershttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/QowshFUnPZ2Reinventing the wheel: Reuleaux polygonshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gDxTM5Ko8hbSunrise at Maroon Lake (reshared from +Jason Hill)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hvWMqo1HwvVSchmidt arrangementshttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/eM3adto6nsj“Dream Creatures” by Elido Turcohttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ckjru8sN6AG“The Awakening III—Rebirth” by Luc Railhachttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/KyNg9DD4YnXPoincaré and topologyhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/bmnd2URRAsfLytham St Annes (reshared from +Paul Haworth)https://plus.google.com/1015848892828789210522014-12-01 22:15:07443146111188
Sport News95Dear Google Friends! - You're in this CircleAdd Users & Pluss +1 & ShareThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circleshare #circlesharing #circle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circlecount #circlecircle #naturephotographers #naturephotography #birdphotography #birdphotographers #circlesharing #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles #sharedpublicircles #circle #circles #circlemeup #awesomepeople #awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers 2014-11-30 05:41:14500000
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov2,751SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FRIENDS : Circle V.1.11. Link to my own scientific research topic: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4212005/  To be included in future circle-editions, please ENGAGE: add me to your own circles/+1/re-share/comment on the original circle-post, or on some of the other science-related posts on my wall (this is needed since the number of people that could be circled is limited from Google – and therefore I am forced to keep included just the most active users). Currently featured science-related GOOGLE PLUS post:https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/8LU6LVz75jxI would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #nutrition    #ScienceSunday   #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech   #GameTechnology    #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch    #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol   #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct   #artists   #foodies   #cars   2014-11-27 06:30:22451433270
Amaresh Singh11Circle Of the DayTo be considered for this circle, please:1- Share this circle in your stream.2- Ask to be included in the comments section of the original post.3- Make sure you've added our page to your circles.4- You must post your own original work in your stream.2014-11-21 09:58:32238546
Circles Circles Circles45,721SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles   Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS: http://goo.gl/pOzhN7Published Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/mlXh9WPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/DgeQIAMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/hhJPlSPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/Ik2RfOOthers CirclesCREATIVES: http://goo.gl/Ahy2X9SCIENCE: http://goo.gl/pzaC4yTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/a1jWG6G+ Pages: http://goo.gl/9v2o43        #sciencecircle   #circleshare   #sharingcircles  2014-11-19 18:04:35106205
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,950SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS : CIRCLE V.8; maintained by +Atanas Georgiev Atanasov  ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday   #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech   #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch    #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol   #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct   2014-11-17 05:24:223625111
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,633SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS : CIRCLE V.7; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday  #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech  #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol  #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct  #artists   #foodies   #cars2014-11-13 05:47:40346101
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,550SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : CIRCLE V.6; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science   #Research   #Technology   #NASA    #Space   #Innovation   #Engineering   #NIAC   #nutrition   #Entrepreneur   #Commercial #ScienceSunday  #Sundayscience   #Science   #Research   #Tech #GameTech  #GameTechnology   #Gaming   #VideoGaming   #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation   #Inflammation   #Brain #mindcontrol  #photography   #tech   #socialmedia   #googleplus #naturalproduct  #artists   #foodies   2014-11-10 06:22:16330123
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : CIRCLE V.5; maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov ; You can learn more about my personal scientific research here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial#ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech#GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft#MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain#mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus#naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars #sharingiscaring  #Liver#sharingmeansthankyou #socialmedia  #sports #Smartphones#tablets 2014-11-06 08:10:34369051
Sharon Caroline1,629Hello my friends, good morning/evening for you all!Boost Your visibility On Google+!Shared and be shared. :)Thank you for sharing and promoting this.#circleshare #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedcircleoftheday2014-11-05 08:31:58463000
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,228SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY + FRIENDS of it : Circle V.3, maintained by +AtanasGeorgievAtanasov To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment/add me to your circles. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies 2014-11-05 07:02:42362515
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov1,127Science and Technology +Friends: Circle 2014 V.2 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA  #Space #Innovation  #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming +Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch  #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists #foodies #cars 2014-11-04 06:51:44407101
Brian Mcquillan12,814This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #Sharedcircles #circleshare #publiccircle #followme #public #sharedpubliccircles #circleoftheday #tampa #florida #denver #Colorado #circleall #circlecircle #circleday 2014-11-03 08:05:03421151330
Allan watson11,045Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar #Pennsylvania  #Philadelphia2014-11-03 07:27:5044371017
Atanas Georgiev Atanasov982Science and Technology Circle 2014 To be added to the circle, please +1/reshare/comment. I would be happy to connect on other networks too:http://about.me/Atanas_At   You can learn a bit more about my personal scientific research from these links: https://plus.google.com/115938908270684192009/posts/MGt3zvEtTgq  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25083916   Below I am just pasting some keyords/topics to improve the visibility of the circle and to make it more discoverable: #Science  #Research #Technology #NASA   #Space #Innovation   #Engineering #NIAC #nutrition #Entrepreneur #Commercial #ScienceSunday #Sundayscience #Science #Research #Tech #GameTech #GameTechnology #Gaming #VideoGaming #Microsoft #MicrosoftResearch   #innovation #Inflammation #Brain #mindcontrol #photography #tech #socialmedia #googleplus #naturalproduct #artists 2014-11-02 08:37:19453101
Kenneth Nicholson6,980Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#sharedcircleday #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles #sharedpublicircles #circle #circles #circlemeup #awesomepeople #awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday #circlesunday #circleoftheweek #circlemeup #circles #circleshare #communities #community #coolpeople #findcircles 2014-10-24 12:15:41498445685
Diana Breath8,322#8  If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Circle Share 146  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                 •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Fall Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::-•      •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  If you want to be shared in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-• •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Just share it and I will keep you in this circle  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•        •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Boost your visibility on Google+  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•                       •-::-•:*:•-:¦:  Share the circle!  :¦:-•:*:•.::-•This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshar2014-10-18 15:17:39480001
Becky Collins17,500Top Active Engager's Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-13 05:05:40478002
Elizabeth Rose5,970#5 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-10 16:39:1548810021
Diana Breath7,336#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-10-08 14:51:3148112720
RokSimec.com7,554To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-10-01 11:44:4749811914
Allan watson7,797Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done. If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#News #BusinessNews #TechNews #Aviation #Flight #Flights #Passengers #Airport #Travel #KLM #Aircraft #AirTravel #Airbus #Flying #AvGeek #Boeing #Chicago #Safety #AmericanAirlines #Canceled #SharedCircles   #weeklyreview #sharedcircle     #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle2014-09-27 12:27:02303283042
RokSimec.com7,248 To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-09-26 10:33:5149813920
Kenneth Nicholson3,806Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post*More you share more you get! :)Thanks!*#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-09-25 13:06:13485455179
John Wood14,205If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this postIf you would like to be removed from future circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future.#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-17 10:38:20500535665
Richard Green81,215Engagers Showcase Circle, September 14, 2014If I sent you a notification, it means that you are included in my Engagers Showcase Circle. “Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares. I skipped over one post because it received too much engagement, but I'm including a link to it for completeness.Everyone mentioned below is also included in the circle.Do nuclear physicists have half life crises?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/ayw6WPGGaFESt Peter's Church, Heyshamhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9DEtmbdz15zSmiling cow?https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9NuqPpsgtBkThe look-and-say sequence and Conway's Cosmological Theoremhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/jEQ7zxFpJt4Cordyline australis, the “cabbage tree”https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/hktDAgyo6mA“Maurits, stop picking at it. You'll only make it worse.” by David Swarthttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/gj327Ywh33T“Phyllotactic Portrait of Fibonacci” by Robert Boschhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/8LykdvHpRvPFountain in Williamson Parkhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/HzZTLQaQ9RT“Youth” by Silvia Cordeddahttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/T2Lo3c2zLxvThe arithmetic derivative, the Goldbach conjecture, and the twin prime conjecturehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/9nY35Ma1pbUGlobe Thistlehttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/i8mtiyVikWhTallinn (reshared from +Paul Harper)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/U4DAQxK5fkxCubes passing in the night (reshared from +Sean Walker)https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/32JKvAFqP9SThe graph of arctanhttps://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/FLvyDupud1z“Hopf Knott” by Peter Sittner2014-09-14 15:25:57463224129234
Colin Wilson56Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Add +1 to the post #circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-08 06:25:20459111619
Diana Breath5,453#8 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-06 03:29:28479171424
Nina Trankova822This is my circle of learning. I know every person here and I recommend that you add and follow as there is a lot you can learn and expand your experience here on Google+ #sharedcircles   #googleplustips   #ninatrankova2014-09-04 04:55:50311306
George Clark5,516Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the #circle ! To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post#topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #addpeople #add #addcircle #socialmedia #dragonseyecircle #VarietyCircle 2014-08-29 06:34:43494191420
Frank Gainsford39,299A share of this circle within the public space will be appreciated as these are truly a great flock of influential and helpful folk, and the more places their profiles are found, the better the GOOGLESPHERE will become.A circle of people who are known and trusted for their advice and help in getting things done here in the Google sphere.If you are stuck and need some advice this is the team that can help you solve your problem.  These folk are all friendly, and active within the PLUSOSPHEREAdd this circle to your profile for a bunch of friendly and helpful advice on ALL THINGS GOOGLE with a very clear and distinct flavor of Google plus as the best social media platform to use for either social or business.PS you will not be added to this circle unless I have made personal use of a tip or advice that you have offered within your personal or business profile.  this is not a free for all circle, but a curated circle of those who have helped me, either knowingly or unknowingly with their  public posts being the source of the help I used.2014-08-27 11:11:30252224
Elizabeth Rose4,337#5 GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-08-27 10:03:14486181228
5th Funny Corps0Hope that you have been having a great week on Google+. Thank you for sharing and promoting this and for connecting up with all the great accounts I have included. Great With This Cilcle!!, And Please..Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps, and get more friend and circle on +Google+  :» Include me in your circles» Click add people and create your circle» +1 this circle» Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles. ( share the circle and include yourself )» If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if possible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).»  So I can easily find your share, always publicly share my original shared circle. #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circles #circleoftheday #circlemeup #circlemenow #bestcircle #bestcircleshare #megacircle #bigcircle #bigcircleshare #funnyvideo #funnyvideos #funnyvideosyoutube #funnyvideoclips #funnyvideooftheday #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   2014-08-15 08:05:40492338
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910779158
Nick Warner645Check out these awesome Crowdfunders2014-08-07 16:05:31470001
Mike Elgan3,464,700Follow the Blogs of August!1. Click "Add people" then circle this shared circle (even if you did it before)2. Share with your circlesThe Blogs of August are bloggers who are either trying or have already decided to blog on Google+ exclusively for the month of August (or permanently). 2014-08-06 12:34:462215525
John Kellden29,637Good Evening Dear Googleverse NetizensBeen ages since I shared a circle. This one is put together by +Lynn Keller which means there's good people in it.Pleased to meet you all.2014-08-05 20:33:40201737
Lynn Keller7,237I've put together this  circle which includes a host of engaging, appealing, interesting people from different communities and ongoing conversations. Best to all! #circlecount #sharedcircles #circleshare 2014-08-05 20:16:01374827
Becky Collins13,434Mobile Operator Circle:Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-07-24 05:16:124763112
Circles Circles Circles37,983SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/o82s0mPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/IkCTLPPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/nFCsGwMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/tID4ZmPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/E6v81LOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8lh#science       #scienceeveryday       #sciencecircle       #circlesharing  2014-07-17 04:08:1710691432

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Most comments: 451

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2014-12-21 22:43:10 (451 comments, 137 reshares, 346 +1s)Open 

This article does an excellent job of explaining an important idea of economics. Say there's a shortage of something that people want, such as water. There are two basic ways to allocate it: using market mechanisms, by raising the price of the scarce good, or using control mechanisms, by saying "OK, everyone gets this much, and that's it." 

You often hear it said that "markets are efficient," and that's true: market mechanisms allocate resources far more efficiently than control mechanisms. (In control mechanisms, some people get more than they want, some people get less than they want, and nobody can trade, so pretty much everyone ends up unhappy.) However, there's another side to this, which is fairly obvious if you think about it: if you try to distribute water by raising its price, then the poor have to cut down on their usage, but the rich, for whom the... more »

Most reshares: 250

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2014-12-08 22:29:47 (18 comments, 250 reshares, 403 +1s)Open 

The underlying mechanisms of Hadouken, illustrated. Kind of hypnotically.

More by dantheadman at http://vimeo.com/dantheadman.

Via +Danial Hallock.

Most plusones: 647

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2014-12-11 03:03:35 (77 comments, 153 reshares, 647 +1s)Open 

That's her LEM landing code threatening to fall over on her. 

Latest 50 posts

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2014-12-27 08:41:44 (58 comments, 28 reshares, 139 +1s)Open 

The film is grainy, but that's because it's the original 1928 film of how this locomotive engine was built, going from the first steps of making wooden forms for the molds, all the way to it riding along the rails. 

I don't share the author of the article's mourning for the passing of these skills, however, because these skills are very much alive: you can see them in action today in any machine shop or foundry. (Hell, I had to learn some of them myself when I was a physicist) 

Just for a sense of scale, the power this locomotive produced would still be quite respectable today: its 3,685 horsepower would put it in the same general class as modern freight locomotives, which generally produce 4,000-4,500hp. (Although the very largest get bigger: the IORE engine, made by Bombardier, produces approximately 14,500hp! Those largest trains are generally used to haul raw metal oresf... more »

In the spirit of "how it's made"
here's something cool from 1928 - a huge locomotive___The film is grainy, but that's because it's the original 1928 film of how this locomotive engine was built, going from the first steps of making wooden forms for the molds, all the way to it riding along the rails. 

I don't share the author of the article's mourning for the passing of these skills, however, because these skills are very much alive: you can see them in action today in any machine shop or foundry. (Hell, I had to learn some of them myself when I was a physicist) 

Just for a sense of scale, the power this locomotive produced would still be quite respectable today: its 3,685 horsepower would put it in the same general class as modern freight locomotives, which generally produce 4,000-4,500hp. (Although the very largest get bigger: the IORE engine, made by Bombardier, produces approximately 14,500hp! Those largest trains are generally used to haul raw metal ores from mines to refineries.)

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2014-12-27 01:30:07 (14 comments, 3 reshares, 95 +1s)Open 

I was disappointed by this story, because they are not actually using robot jockeys: these are simply camel whips attached to power drills and controlled with a remote, operated by someone chasing after the camels in an SUV. If you're going to have camels with robot jockeys, they should be proper robots, dammit. Or even robot camels, which would be kind of cool.

The camel is actually an extraordinary beast of burden: apart from its famously low use of water, and its ability to survive in a wide range of climates (the Dromedary in deserts as extreme as the Sahara, the Bactrian in the steep mountains of the Hindu Kush), camels are interesting in that they have paws, rather than hooves: this allows them to grasp terrain much more firmly than horses do, and travel to places where horses can't. This combination is what has made them the transports of choice from Timbuktu all the way to... more »

I was disappointed by this story, because they are not actually using robot jockeys: these are simply camel whips attached to power drills and controlled with a remote, operated by someone chasing after the camels in an SUV. If you're going to have camels with robot jockeys, they should be proper robots, dammit. Or even robot camels, which would be kind of cool.

The camel is actually an extraordinary beast of burden: apart from its famously low use of water, and its ability to survive in a wide range of climates (the Dromedary in deserts as extreme as the Sahara, the Bactrian in the steep mountains of the Hindu Kush), camels are interesting in that they have paws, rather than hooves: this allows them to grasp terrain much more firmly than horses do, and travel to places where horses can't. This combination is what has made them the transports of choice from Timbuktu all the way to Chang'an.

I was in Jordan many years ago, and one thing that I noticed was that, outside of the two cities, vehicles of any sort are extremely rare. People walk; if they have cargo, they use a mule; if they're rich, they have a camel. Trucks were sparse and used only for inter-city hauls; cars were unusual enough that all the kids from a village would come out to see one if it drove through. Bicycles were essentially nonexistent. The exception is out in the open desert, where one often sees derelict pickup trucks. (These are generally vehicles which were stolen in Israel or Jordan and sold to Bedouins, who generally think that they're loads of fun. However, an unmodified car has a shockingly short lifespan in the desert, as sand gets in everything, and so these tend to end up as ruins within months or less)

And camels are, indeed, status symbols. When you see a group of Bedouins traveling across the desert, the number of camels you see, versus the number of mules (which are generally traveling slightly separately), and who's driving what, tells you a tremendous amount about who's a big player.

All of which reminds me of a story I heard some years ago, about a man who was so impressed upon visiting the desert that, when he returned to LA, got himself a camel and started riding it about town -- until the day he came out of a shop and found that the camel had vanished. He called the police and tried to file a report about the theft of his camel, but he couldn't give a really helpful description. When they asked him how tall it was, he said, "how should I know? Tall! Camel height!" When they asked him what color it was, he said, "Brownish! Camel-colored! What do you think?" How old? He had no idea. OK, was it a male or female camel? "How the hell should I--- wait! No! It was definitely male."

"Oh yeah? How are you so sure?"

"Everywhere I went, people would point and say, 'check out the schmuck on that camel!'"

Thank you, I'll be here all week.___

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2014-12-26 05:53:13 (92 comments, 74 reshares, 244 +1s)Open 

"Dearest creature in creation
Studying English pronunciation,
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse and worse."

So begins Gerard Nolst Trenité's poem "The Chaos," (the italics are his) a wonderful demonstration of the incomprehensibility of English pronunciation. (Which you basically have to hear read out loud; I have a fairly solid command of the language and I can't figure out which pronunciations he meant in each place. Fortunately, the video does this nicely)

People often mistake this for the English language being difficult, but it's actually something rather different: English has a relatively simple grammar, but its writing system is quite bizarre, with written forms giving only the roughest clues to how words are pronounced. It's almost closer to logographic writing systems like Kanji than it is to... more »

"Dearest creature in creation
Studying English pronunciation,
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse and worse."

So begins Gerard Nolst Trenité's poem "The Chaos," (the italics are his) a wonderful demonstration of the incomprehensibility of English pronunciation. (Which you basically have to hear read out loud; I have a fairly solid command of the language and I can't figure out which pronunciations he meant in each place. Fortunately, the video does this nicely)

People often mistake this for the English language being difficult, but it's actually something rather different: English has a relatively simple grammar, but its writing system is quite bizarre, with written forms giving only the roughest clues to how words are pronounced. It's almost closer to logographic writing systems like Kanji than it is to ordinary alphabetic writing. (To give you a comparison, several years ago I had to spend some weeks in Poland for work; as prep for this, I drilled on the basics of the language, including the rules of pronunciation. After a few hours of study, I found that I could read any passage in written Polish out loud without difficulty, and well enough that native speakers were completely flummoxed that I didn't speak the language at all. Go ahead and try that in English; I dare you.)

There's an interesting history behind this. Part of it comes from the heavy borrowing of words from other languages into English -- "croquet" and "lingerie," for example, use French pronunciation (although in the latter case, not French meaning!) and you simply have to know that in order to pronounce them; an experienced English reader will recognize the "-quet" as being a distinctly French pattern, and use those rules, much as they will pronounce "xeriscape" using a Greek-derived sound pattern, even if they don't know Greek.

But there's more to it than this, because every language that's spoken by people who travel or trade is rife with borrowing. What's unusual with English is that it hasn't had any deep spelling reforms (which is likely tied to the Anglophone world's lack of strong monarchies or other forces which imposed such reforms elsewhere) in a while: instead, there have been several waves of standardization which basically fossilized whatever was in the language at the time.

For example, one of the huge standardizing influences was the rapid rise of printing starting in the late 15th century, which caused texts to be much more widely available than ever before. With so much reading going on, people tended towards single spellings for single words. However, the period from the 14th through 18th centuries was also the time of the "Great Vowel Shift," a major transition in the way English was pronounced. Spellings which made perfect sense prior to the shift -- for example, "name" being pronounced "NAH-meh" -- suddenly made no sense at all as the vowels moved.

But at the same time that this was happening, words were getting imported into the language in tremendous bulk, and those words came from languages which were now standardizing their spelling in their own way, so the words got both the spelling and pronunciation of their parent language; thus we get, for example, "corps," which came into English from French in the late 16th century, versus "corpse," which came in via Old French several hundred years earlier.

"Corpse" was standardized with printing, being spelled (just to make this more confusing) "corps," and pronounced much like the modern word "corpse." (This word didn't happen to get modified much in the Great Vowel Shift) The French word, meanwhile, had changed a good deal under French's own sound shifts: since the Gallic "r" is very far back in the mouth, the following "ps" sound got lost. Under French's own standardization-by-printing, it kept its spelling but changed its sound, and so when English borrowed the word yet again, it kept the spelling "corps" and the French pronunciation "kor," and a final "e" was added to "corpse" to distinguish them -- probably on the theory that silent "e" was a fairly common feature at this point (thanks to the Great Vowel Shift) and would serve to indicate that the previous letters needed to be pronounced.

English is simply a web of stories like these. But unlike various other languages, it never got fixed.

French had some major sound-shifts, but they were fairly predictable consequences of the ways in which French articulates various sounds (things like a back "r" swallowing up following front consonants, or the combination front vowel + s + front consonant losing the "s," that sound being turned into the circumflex), and French had relatively little borrowing afterwards, due in no small part to the rising power of its own standardization bodies which were rigorously anti-borrowing. As a result, you can roughly guess how things are written. Spanish, likewise, had a major reform in the early 19th century.

Other languages were even more recent. Hebrew, for example, has had a notoriously Baroque spelling system, as it has what's technically called an "abjad" rather than an alphabet: that is, the letters represent consonants, and you just have to know the right vowels. As a result, the standard exam for prospective newscasters in Israel was to simply give them a sheet of text and have them read it out loud. Even fairly ordinary words would quickly start to read like Trenité's poem, and very few people could read it all correctly. The language had a major spelling cleanup in 1996, standardizing on the "ktav malé" system, and it's now possible for even people without profound mastery of the language to read an arbitrary piece of text out loud. 

So while English isn't the worst language to learn, by far, it has ended up with a complete mess of a spelling system.

It could be worse; it could be Chinese. 


You can find the full text of the poem at https://web.archive.org/web/20050415131319/http://www.spellingsociety.org/journals/j17/caos.php .
A good history of English spelling is at http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Histengl/spelling.html , and you can read about the Great Vowel Shift at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Vowel_Shift .___

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2014-12-25 22:28:22 (49 comments, 88 reshares, 251 +1s)Open 

I'm afraid that this article doesn't do a good job of answering the question it poses in the headline, but it does do a good job of describing the various yuletide monsters which are intimately involved in Christmas across Europe, from the Italian witch La Befana, who contents herself with leaving lumps of coal for the bad children, to Germany's Frau Perchta, who goes right to the heart of the matter -- so to speak -- slitting open the naughty children and stuffing their insides with straw. (Krampus splits the difference, simply showing up after Saint Nick with his own sack -- into which he stuffs the naughty children and takes them away. What their ultimate fate is, be it toiling in Santa's enormous toy factories in the far North, or simply ending up as a Boxing Day treat for the reindeer, is left unclear.) 

To add a bit more context to this, these monsters seem to have vanished... more »

I'm afraid that this article doesn't do a good job of answering the question it poses in the headline, but it does do a good job of describing the various yuletide monsters which are intimately involved in Christmas across Europe, from the Italian witch La Befana, who contents herself with leaving lumps of coal for the bad children, to Germany's Frau Perchta, who goes right to the heart of the matter -- so to speak -- slitting open the naughty children and stuffing their insides with straw. (Krampus splits the difference, simply showing up after Saint Nick with his own sack -- into which he stuffs the naughty children and takes them away. What their ultimate fate is, be it toiling in Santa's enormous toy factories in the far North, or simply ending up as a Boxing Day treat for the reindeer, is left unclear.) 

To add a bit more context to this, these monsters seem to have vanished from both American and English celebrations of Christmas in the mid- to late-19th century, during a general "sanitization of Christmas." Prior to this, Christmas had been a generally wild feast and party, a "festival" in the traditional medieval sense, with people in costume engaging in all of the classical festal behaviors, such as drinking, wenching, gambling, and so on. (The tradition of caroling was originally more like trick-or-treating: it involved showing up and demanding food and booze. You can still see some of this in the later verses of "We Wish You a Merry Christmas:"

We wish you a Merry Christmas / And a happy New Year
Now bring us some figgy pudding / And a cup of good cheer
We won't go until we get some / So bring it right here)

The Puritans did, indeed, cancel Christmas, both in the US and the UK, although not simply because of the boisterousness of the festivities: they viewed the entire holiday, and in fact any celebration whatsoever, as being pagan behavior. The result in England was violent pro-Christmas rioting, a phrase that I never thought I would write.

Starting in the Victorian era, this began to change, with a few authors -- notably Charles Dickens, with A Christmas Carol, and Clement Clarke Moore's "A Visit From St. Nicholas" (aka "The Night Before Christmas"), both of which were tremendous popular hits -- pushing a more "wholesome" image of Christmas, focused on family and charity. The era of store-bought Christmas cards, treacly carols, and rapid commercialization followed in jig time. 

We should remember that this is also the time period in which childhood itself began to become a cultural idea, and (for example) fairy tales, which up to then had been much more of the variety catalogued by the Grimm bros. or Alexander Pushkin, were likewise being reënvisioned as "children's stories." 

Which is to say that, despite its name, Disneyfication was not a product of the twentieth century, but was simply the endpoint of a much longer process which began nearly a hundred years earlier, and also chased away all of the Christmas monsters.

But this process was quite focused on the Anglophone world, and so even if you hop across the Channel, you'll discover a wide bestiary of Christmas monsters, all prepared to cause trouble, roister, and mostly steal children.

Now, if there are any kids reading this who are concerned, I want to offer you some good news: The child-stealing monsters all tend to come on Christmas Eve. So if you're reading this now, you're safe.

For this year.

If you are curious about the history of all of this, the Wikipedia article on Christmas is surprisingly informative: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas

h/t +Jordan Peacock for finding the article.___

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2014-12-24 20:26:20 (57 comments, 48 reshares, 181 +1s)Open 

Every so often, I have people telling me how tech companies should obviously be investing heavily in some locale or another, generally with one or two things in its favor: a lot of people who want to work, good cost of living, or something like that. Every time, I have to break it to them that these things just aren't enough to justify investment, and the critical thing which is always missing is having enough skilled people in an area: not just enough for one company, but enough to create a thriving ecosystem in the area. Without that ecosystem, more skilled people won't come, because they know it's that one job or bust; they know they'll have better opportunities elsewhere. And ultimately, you'll hemorrhage what few good people you had.

(This is most extreme in technology, where the workers generally have the economic power to pack up and move if they want to. If you're... more »

Every so often, I have people telling me how tech companies should obviously be investing heavily in some locale or another, generally with one or two things in its favor: a lot of people who want to work, good cost of living, or something like that. Every time, I have to break it to them that these things just aren't enough to justify investment, and the critical thing which is always missing is having enough skilled people in an area: not just enough for one company, but enough to create a thriving ecosystem in the area. Without that ecosystem, more skilled people won't come, because they know it's that one job or bust; they know they'll have better opportunities elsewhere. And ultimately, you'll hemorrhage what few good people you had.

(This is most extreme in technology, where the workers generally have the economic power to pack up and move if they want to. If you're setting up low- or mid-skilled labor, the calculus is very different, which is why traditional factories end up in different kinds of places.)

However, this isn't a story about what doesn't work: it's a story about what does. Pittsburgh has managed to create exactly the sort of thriving ecosystem that encourages heavy investment, and is building up its own scene. This article goes through the things which Pittsburgh did which made this possible, and my perspective from inside tech is that it gets it pretty much right.

The absolutely key thing, without which none of this would have been possible, is it having a stable cluster of very strong universities around. What Pitt and CMU create is a pool of very experienced people (in their faculty) who are sitting around, coming up with ideas, and farming them out; a steady stream of new, good people (in their students) coming out and looking for work, already in the area; and an existing, stable hub of such people that a new company showing up could interact with, have people go back and forth with, and so on. The other things the article mentions, about finance, the role of local government, and city size, are all important, but are all to some extent fixable if you have that critical first thing.

So if you want your community to become a major tech hub, there's one simple thing you need to do first: make its university a top-flight research center in at least a handful of fields. That requires some investment and time, but is something that communities can actually do, and the rewards are intense and long-term.___

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2014-12-24 20:00:41 (11 comments, 9 reshares, 87 +1s)Open 

From the "how things are made" department, here's something about a process which isn't automated at all: the making of candy canes by hand. It comes with an excellent explanation by the maker, about exactly why each step is done and how it works.

The main problem with this video is that, at the end of it, you can't eat the candy canes. Live demonstrations are clearly required.

via +Kimberly Chapman.

Exactly what it says on the bottle - handmade candy canes.___From the "how things are made" department, here's something about a process which isn't automated at all: the making of candy canes by hand. It comes with an excellent explanation by the maker, about exactly why each step is done and how it works.

The main problem with this video is that, at the end of it, you can't eat the candy canes. Live demonstrations are clearly required.

via +Kimberly Chapman.

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2014-12-21 22:43:10 (451 comments, 137 reshares, 346 +1s)Open 

This article does an excellent job of explaining an important idea of economics. Say there's a shortage of something that people want, such as water. There are two basic ways to allocate it: using market mechanisms, by raising the price of the scarce good, or using control mechanisms, by saying "OK, everyone gets this much, and that's it." 

You often hear it said that "markets are efficient," and that's true: market mechanisms allocate resources far more efficiently than control mechanisms. (In control mechanisms, some people get more than they want, some people get less than they want, and nobody can trade, so pretty much everyone ends up unhappy.) However, there's another side to this, which is fairly obvious if you think about it: if you try to distribute water by raising its price, then the poor have to cut down on their usage, but the rich, for whom the... more »

This article does an excellent job of explaining an important idea of economics. Say there's a shortage of something that people want, such as water. There are two basic ways to allocate it: using market mechanisms, by raising the price of the scarce good, or using control mechanisms, by saying "OK, everyone gets this much, and that's it." 

You often hear it said that "markets are efficient," and that's true: market mechanisms allocate resources far more efficiently than control mechanisms. (In control mechanisms, some people get more than they want, some people get less than they want, and nobody can trade, so pretty much everyone ends up unhappy.) However, there's another side to this, which is fairly obvious if you think about it: if you try to distribute water by raising its price, then the poor have to cut down on their usage, but the rich, for whom the change in price matters less, don't. 

The reason for this is what's called the "declining marginal utility of money" -- that is, if you have a million dollars, $100 is no big deal, but if you're living paycheck-to-paycheck, the same $100 means rather a lot. 

In particular, markets are very efficient at distributing dollars and water, using the principle that how much people are willing to spend on something is a good indicator of how much they want it -- but when the dollars themselves aren't distributed uniformly, they can be very bad at distributing happiness (or to be technical, what economists call "utility") and water. 

What this means in practice is that price-based distribution systems work well in highly equal societies, but increasingly poorly in unequal societies. What this means is that in an unequal society, you're stuck with two lousy options for distributing resources, pricing and control, neither of which efficiently distribute resources. Reducing that inequality increases the efficiency of markets. (Which, as any economist will tell you, ends up making everybody richer -- inefficiencies are resources which we simply lose to stupidity)___

2014-12-20 19:31:55 (23 comments, 4 reshares, 91 +1s)Open 

I... um... what?

As usual, Lowering the Bar is hilarious. And as usual as well, the events that they write about make one seriously wonder about the sanity of one's fellow man.

"On December 5, Wisconsin Public Radio reported that police in Beloit were "launching a new effort to reduce gun violence in which they're asking city residents to volunteer to have police search their homes for guns." The plan was apparently to ... well, that's basically it."

"Thinking about how they might have expected this program to operate is frankly hurting my head a little."___I... um... what?

As usual, Lowering the Bar is hilarious. And as usual as well, the events that they write about make one seriously wonder about the sanity of one's fellow man.

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2014-12-19 18:07:04 (15 comments, 15 reshares, 167 +1s)Open 

Wind, water, and cold: together, they form castles and dragons.

___Wind, water, and cold: together, they form castles and dragons.

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2014-12-18 05:56:59 (179 comments, 121 reshares, 335 +1s)Open 

I have to admit that, until a few days ago, I had no idea what an "Elf on the Shelf" was. But after hearing about it, I'm both horrified and thoughtful. The headline of the article below is clearly meant to attract attention, but the underlying analysis is, I think, quite sound. This is a "game" in which the child, every day, has to find where the elf which is spying on them is. They aren't allowed to touch the elf or play with it; the most they can do is talk to it, in the knowledge that whatever they say will be duly reported back to Headquarters that night.

I was about to say that this is not "play" in any normal sense, but that's not true.

Let me ask: What is the purpose of play? Specifically, what is the purpose of "pretend play," in which personalities are given to items, identities are adopted, stories are told? It's very... more »

I have to admit that, until a few days ago, I had no idea what an "Elf on the Shelf" was. But after hearing about it, I'm both horrified and thoughtful. The headline of the article below is clearly meant to attract attention, but the underlying analysis is, I think, quite sound. This is a "game" in which the child, every day, has to find where the elf which is spying on them is. They aren't allowed to touch the elf or play with it; the most they can do is talk to it, in the knowledge that whatever they say will be duly reported back to Headquarters that night.

I was about to say that this is not "play" in any normal sense, but that's not true.

Let me ask: What is the purpose of play? Specifically, what is the purpose of "pretend play," in which personalities are given to items, identities are adopted, stories are told? It's very similar to the purpose of fiction: it's how we learn to interact with the world, by imagining scenarios and thinking about all of the different ways that we could respond to them. (Fiction both does this, and gives us exposure to how other people might think about them: it's thus a combination of play -- imagining ourselves in the protagonist's shoes -- and a window into other people's worlds) 

A game like "Elf on the Shelf" is a chance to place oneself in the situation of knowing that one is being watched, monitored, reported on, and analyzed by remote and powerful forces, and think about how to structure one's life in such a circumstance. 

So to be perfectly honest, it's a perfect game for today's children, in that it asks them, when still small, to role-play through real challenges which they'll face as adults: how to survive in a panopticon. Being aimed at children, it takes the form of a happy, pleasing elf, as opposed to -- say -- a Stasi agent wearing headphones and listening to a bugging device. (Although I don't think I can really look at this toy without remembering Ulrich Mühe's brilliant performance in The Lives of Others) 

Pinto's critique of this toy is that it normalizes living under surveillance for children, and encourages them to grow up thinking that this is normal. There are really three ways to think about this, though.

One is to imagine a world in which these children will grow up to have agency over the state in which they live. In such a case, for them to grow up seeing surveillance as the most ordinary of things would be terrifying -- at least from our perspective as people who have grown up in a world which was not quite so monitored. (Which is to say, those who grew up in the Western world prior to the mid-90's or so) 

A second is to imagine a world in which our children have no meaningful agency over these matters, in which various organizations with ambiguously alarming names like "the committee for state security" (among others) are monitoring one continuously, and their operators therefore have infinite powers of blackmail or imprisonment over everyone. ("Show me six lines written by the most honest man in the world," Cardinal Richelieu famously said, "and I will find enough therein to hang him." He meant it, too.) In a world like this, children need to learn how to survive from an early age: dealing with a panopticon becomes as important a thing to learn as dealing with wolves or Klansmen was for other generations.

But there is a third possibility, one which I think is both the most likely and the hardest to think through: that, by the time our children grow up, the ways in which they think about surveillance will be as foreign to us as the ways we think about computers are foreign to our own parents. The rise of surveillance has not been a simple ascent of the Stasi: it's been a "democratized panopticon," in which many people have access to one another's information: people as unknown to one another as strangers in a city knowing as much about one another as fellow residents of a small village. We have already seen many profound shifts in our notions of privacy, and we are still quite far from reaching an equilibrium with which we are, as a society, happy. Consider, for example, the question: is it appropriate for a prospective employer to look at one's social media posts, and deny employment to someone based on -- say -- pictures of them at a party? Most people instinctively feel that there is something profoundly wrong here, but within the rather rough bounds of our established norms, it's hard to say what: these pictures are publicly visible, after all.

What's happening here, and in hundreds of other similarly complex cases, is that as information has become tremendously more available, our social norms around the acceptable use of such information, and the acceptable means by which such information can be gathered, are still evolving. This is something I deal with every day, trying to balance people's wish to disseminate information with people's wish to control it -- and often, with the same people having profoundly contradictory desires for themselves and for others. We don't have solid answers yet: what we have are evolving norms, as we (as a society) feel out the boundaries of the acceptable, and try to construct a working system in a technologically different world.

In a context like this, the Elf on the Shelf suddenly has a very important meaning: it's a way for children to start to grasp and grapple with these issues from childhood. We've created toys like this for our children because, consciously or not, we are aware that the problems which face our world are profound, and we've come to see them as so natural that of course they would manifest in the toys we make. This is beyond natural: it is important, because it creates a channel for children to start to explore these questions from an early age.

I don't know what kinds of games and behaviors children will develop around these toys. I suspect that there will be a wide range, and that as these children grow up, the experience of surveillance-play will shape their attitudes and feelings around the technical panopticon which we have accidentally created. And I suspect that it is these children -- the still-unnamed, post-Millennial generation -- who will ultimately come up with a working social order that defines much of our future.

So given that, I understand the existence and the popularity of the Elf on a Shelf.

But I still think the damned thing is creepy.___

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2014-12-17 21:18:37 (20 comments, 24 reshares, 126 +1s)Open 

When you realize what's involved in making some kinds of things, it seems like a miracle that they exist at all. Making vanilla outside of its rather narrow native range requires humans to pretend to be bees.

Why is vanilla so expensive? Bees.

Specifically, it's all about the Melipona bee. The vanilla orchids have developed a membrane between their female (ovary) and male (pollen) gametes. It's a good move for the plant, because self-fertilization results in sterile seeds which cannot grow up to be new little baby vanilla orchids. The Melipona bee can crawl right up in there to pierce the membrane and deliver fertile pollen.

Small problem about this small bee: it only lives in Mexico. If you want to cultivate vanilla somewhere else with appropriate climate, like Madagascar, you have to replace this bee with another animal. We replace the bee with a human. A person takes a little toothpick and pokes pollen through the membrane of every single flower. To make this even harder, the flower is only fertile for the 8-12 hours after it blooms.

Frankly, it's shocking that vanilla isn't more expensive.___When you realize what's involved in making some kinds of things, it seems like a miracle that they exist at all. Making vanilla outside of its rather narrow native range requires humans to pretend to be bees.

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2014-12-16 21:11:07 (92 comments, 4 reshares, 96 +1s)Open 

I don't even know what to think about this. There was no attempt to take hostages, no attempt to make a statement, or anything else; they simply came in and killed people en masse. 

I don't even know what to think about this. There was no attempt to take hostages, no attempt to make a statement, or anything else; they simply came in and killed people en masse. ___

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2014-12-16 07:13:45 (52 comments, 93 reshares, 213 +1s)Open 

This is a really interesting study on languages. It shows languages linked by bilingualism: specifically, by books translated between languages, multilingual tweeters, and multilingual Wikipedia editors. This measures "elite" bilingualism, of course -- among people who write and communicate -- but as the article points out, these are the same groups which are key to how information is transmitted around the world, and so this is actually a good way to understand which languages act as "hubs," both globally and between particular cultures.

You won't be surprised that English is the biggest hub language, but others are more surprising. Chinese is actually fairly low down on the list: while many people speak it, its speakers are far more disjoint from other languages. German, French, Spanish, Italian, and Russian are far larger hubs -- as, perhaps more interestingly, are... more »

This is a really interesting study on languages. It shows languages linked by bilingualism: specifically, by books translated between languages, multilingual tweeters, and multilingual Wikipedia editors. This measures "elite" bilingualism, of course -- among people who write and communicate -- but as the article points out, these are the same groups which are key to how information is transmitted around the world, and so this is actually a good way to understand which languages act as "hubs," both globally and between particular cultures.

You won't be surprised that English is the biggest hub language, but others are more surprising. Chinese is actually fairly low down on the list: while many people speak it, its speakers are far more disjoint from other languages. German, French, Spanish, Italian, and Russian are far larger hubs -- as, perhaps more interestingly, are Malay and Portuguese on Twitter. (Twitter, being a somewhat more "demotic" medium than books or Wikipedia, may be a better indication of mass-public bilingualism) 

There are plenty of other goodies in this, and the linked article tells you many of the goodies. If you want all the details, you can read the full paper at http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/12/11/1410931111.full.pdf .

h/t to +Bruno Gonçalves, both for the link and for being one of the authors of the paper.___

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2014-12-16 02:10:12 (16 comments, 12 reshares, 89 +1s)Open 

I have no idea how to even begin to describe this. This movie is like a cross between The Truman Show, The Prisoner, Apocalypse Now, and Stalinist Russia. Not the contents of the movie: the making of the movie. The contents of the movie are, apparently, seeming like a cross between Michael Bay and Hieronymus Bosch. Oh, and it's a biopic about Lev Landau, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist.

Even by the standards of insane directors, this is insane. 

Via +Andreas Schou.

I heard about this on Snap Judgment this weekend.  It's one of the most bizarre things I've ever heard of.  ___I have no idea how to even begin to describe this. This movie is like a cross between The Truman Show, The Prisoner, Apocalypse Now, and Stalinist Russia. Not the contents of the movie: the making of the movie. The contents of the movie are, apparently, seeming like a cross between Michael Bay and Hieronymus Bosch. Oh, and it's a biopic about Lev Landau, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist.

Even by the standards of insane directors, this is insane. 

Via +Andreas Schou.

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2014-12-15 21:12:28 (25 comments, 39 reshares, 174 +1s)Open 

Several years ago, I got an anthology of Near Eastern primary texts.* Perhaps the most interesting things in it were the slices of daily life -- things like a Sumerian lullaby. Those struck me powerfully because they were so modern: at a very basic level, the world of these people was comprehensible to me. This is rarely true with ancient texts, because at the time, writing was an extremely specialized activity, and so very little writing which wasn't palace business survives; the corpus of the ancient Egyptian world, for example, is so heavily skewed towards a world focused on the all-consuming central power of the Pharaoh that it feels profoundly alien. So when we find exceptions to that -- be that a lullaby that mothers sang to their children four thousand years ago, or the writing from the Engineers' Village at Deir el-Medina, where the (literate) people designing the tombs of the Valley of the... more »

Several years ago, I got an anthology of Near Eastern primary texts.* Perhaps the most interesting things in it were the slices of daily life -- things like a Sumerian lullaby. Those struck me powerfully because they were so modern: at a very basic level, the world of these people was comprehensible to me. This is rarely true with ancient texts, because at the time, writing was an extremely specialized activity, and so very little writing which wasn't palace business survives; the corpus of the ancient Egyptian world, for example, is so heavily skewed towards a world focused on the all-consuming central power of the Pharaoh that it feels profoundly alien. So when we find exceptions to that -- be that a lullaby that mothers sang to their children four thousand years ago, or the writing from the Engineers' Village at Deir el-Medina, where the (literate) people designing the tombs of the Valley of the Kings lived and wrote each other letters complaining about stolen pigs -- it feels all the more important, one of our few glimpses into the joys and sorrows of ordinary people from another world.

This project is quite fascinating. Conner and Lowings took Sumerian song-texts (many of them religious texts, which were produced in greater number than lullabies), used the best modern scholarship to understand their pronunciation and intonation, the physical structure of ancient musical instruments, and so on, and attempted to compose music which -- although obviously not the original tunes -- would have been structurally similar enough to the music of the ancient Babylonian world that we would expect that a Sumerian speaker of the era would have found them recognizable. The results are quite beautiful.

I have a handful of technical quibbles with it,** but mostly, I just enjoy this.

Via several people, notably +Amber Yust.

* Pritchard's Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, with Supplement, in case you're interested. Good reference.

** Mostly around the use of a bel canto style of vowel intonation which gives them a very European/Romance language sound to my ears; I suspect that we could learn some more about Sumerian phonology by comparison with Akkadian and early Semitic languages. That obviously wouldn't tell us about earlier Sumerian sounds, before the heavy Akkadian intermixing, but especially since the languages had a thousand years of heavy bilingualism, I would expect that they would develop more overlap. However, this is an incredibly technical quibble and more just a "wow, that's cool, I wonder how we could tweak it even more!" than anything else.___

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2014-12-14 22:06:36 (45 comments, 67 reshares, 243 +1s)Open 

What's interesting about this video is that it follows the entire process of making jeans, from cotton growing in a field to finished products heading to stores. The number of steps involved is fascinating, as is the scale of automation involved. Unlike some manufacturing processes, which turn out to be much more hand-done than you might at first expect, the manufacture of textiles and their transformation into clothing is an enormously batched process.

Also, the distressing stage of the process was a lot weirder than I would have guessed. Apparently it involves both lasers and giant washing machines with buckets of rocks thrown into them.

Another thing I liked in the video is that it spent some time showing us the various people who work at different stages of the process. The film is very focused on this process, rather than the people, so we only see glimpses, but there's... more »

What's interesting about this video is that it follows the entire process of making jeans, from cotton growing in a field to finished products heading to stores. The number of steps involved is fascinating, as is the scale of automation involved. Unlike some manufacturing processes, which turn out to be much more hand-done than you might at first expect, the manufacture of textiles and their transformation into clothing is an enormously batched process.

Also, the distressing stage of the process was a lot weirder than I would have guessed. Apparently it involves both lasers and giant washing machines with buckets of rocks thrown into them.

Another thing I liked in the video is that it spent some time showing us the various people who work at different stages of the process. The film is very focused on this process, rather than the people, so we only see glimpses, but there's actually quite a bit of story in that as well: and you might notice, as you watch it, that as you go further and further back in the supply chain, to the raw materials themselves, the work becomes more and more grueling and dangerous. (Some of the people were wandering around things like cotton mixers and gins without breathing protection -- which, given what's flying in the air around there, horrified me) This is quite a general phenomenon, and it has a number of reasons: for example, if at each stage of a chain, the value of a good is doubled, and if at each stage of the chain, workers get the same total percentage of the gross, then workers later on get paid much better than workers earlier on. Also, any feedback effects from the front of the chain -- e.g., consumers unwilling to buy the products of slave labor -- are less likely to reach all the way back, because supply chains are intrinsically very deep. Even at a macroeconomic level, this is true: countries which export raw materials and import finished goods are generally what is technically known in economics as "screwed badly."___

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2014-12-14 18:28:26 (137 comments, 17 reshares, 133 +1s)Open 

In the category of "Seriously, WTF?:" You know those machines in grocery stores that sell cheap little toys for a quarter? Apparently, one of them at a Family Dollar Store in Tulsa was full of Nazi emblems.

The store says that they don't stock the machines, but they "have had problems with the vendor in the past." I'm trying to imagine just what kinds of problems these would have had to be, and what would make them think that dealing with this vendor was a good idea. (The vendor, meanwhile, had no comment, except to say that the Nazi emblems would be gone "in a few days.")

Until then, the machine has been marked "out of order."

Via +Rugger Ducky.

In the category of "Seriously, WTF?:" You know those machines in grocery stores that sell cheap little toys for a quarter? Apparently, one of them at a Family Dollar Store in Tulsa was full of Nazi emblems.

The store says that they don't stock the machines, but they "have had problems with the vendor in the past." I'm trying to imagine just what kinds of problems these would have had to be, and what would make them think that dealing with this vendor was a good idea. (The vendor, meanwhile, had no comment, except to say that the Nazi emblems would be gone "in a few days.")

Until then, the machine has been marked "out of order."

Via +Rugger Ducky.___

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2014-12-14 02:13:51 (16 comments, 125 reshares, 325 +1s)Open 

This site is chock-full of awesome: it's a bunch of detailed and clear animations about how things work, ranging from jet engines, to speakers, to tarantulas. If you enjoy seeing the insides of things, it's a great job of technical illustration.

Via +Mark Oehlberg.

This site is chock-full of awesome: it's a bunch of detailed and clear animations about how things work, ranging from jet engines, to speakers, to tarantulas. If you enjoy seeing the insides of things, it's a great job of technical illustration.

Via +Mark Oehlberg.___

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2014-12-11 03:03:35 (77 comments, 153 reshares, 647 +1s)Open 

A random "computer science through the ages" photo: Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer for the Apollo Project, with the code for the guidance system. Yes, that's a printout of assembly language. Yes, it's taller than she is. Yes, it included a complete operating system that could handle multiple concurrent real-time processes. Computer scientists in those days had to be bad ass.

(Today, her company makes tools for developing critical software systems for things that have to run exactly right the first time. Like, say, spacecraft.)

h/t +Dimitrios Diamantaras.

That's her LEM landing code threatening to fall over on her. ___A random "computer science through the ages" photo: Margaret Hamilton, lead software engineer for the Apollo Project, with the code for the guidance system. Yes, that's a printout of assembly language. Yes, it's taller than she is. Yes, it included a complete operating system that could handle multiple concurrent real-time processes. Computer scientists in those days had to be bad ass.

(Today, her company makes tools for developing critical software systems for things that have to run exactly right the first time. Like, say, spacecraft.)

h/t +Dimitrios Diamantaras.

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2014-12-11 00:40:50 (198 comments, 25 reshares, 169 +1s)Open 

There's a new Pew study out about support for gun rights in the US. What I find most interesting in it, however, is only indirectly about guns: when there is a sharp increase in the number of people who say that gun ownership is important to protect people from being crime victims, they're saying that they need the ability to protect themselves from crime -- which is an implicit vote of "no confidence" in the police.

The question below, in particular, was asked as an alternative: does gun ownership do more to protect people from being crime victims, or put people's safety at risk? When we do a statistical analysis of the answers, the shift over the past two years is striking and remarkable: there has been a huge jump in the fraction of people who answered that guns protect people among all groups except Democrats. (That's "Democrats as a whole" -- it appears... more »

There's a new Pew study out about support for gun rights in the US. What I find most interesting in it, however, is only indirectly about guns: when there is a sharp increase in the number of people who say that gun ownership is important to protect people from being crime victims, they're saying that they need the ability to protect themselves from crime -- which is an implicit vote of "no confidence" in the police.

The question below, in particular, was asked as an alternative: does gun ownership do more to protect people from being crime victims, or put people's safety at risk? When we do a statistical analysis of the answers, the shift over the past two years is striking and remarkable: there has been a huge jump in the fraction of people who answered that guns protect people among all groups except Democrats. (That's "Democrats as a whole" -- it appears that white and black Democrats simply shifted in opposite directions) However, the number of people who said that guns put people's safety at risk more only declined significantly among blacks: for all other groups, it stayed roughly fixed, meaning that the increase in guns being seen as protective came almost entirely from people who were previously undecided. 

Reading the statistical tea leaves a bit, what appears to have happened is this: about 2/3 of the people who were undecided between the two poles shifted, over the past two years, towards seeing guns as important for protection from crime, while people who were already decided stayed put -- except among blacks (and to a somewhat lesser extent, among Republicans), where a significant number of people shifted all the way from "safety at risk" to "protect people."

What does this mean? There seems to be a sharp shift across the country, most of all among the black and Republican communities, away from trusting in our systems of government to protect them and towards a belief that you need to arm yourself, and be ready to take the law into your own hands, to be safe.

I can imagine plenty of reasons for this, as I'm sure you can as well, but I think that this is profoundly bad news for the overall health of the country: when people see their most basic civic institutions as untrustworthy or incapable of offering the most fundamental thing which they are supposed to provide -- physical safety -- then the legitimacy of the polity itself falls apart.



Statistical details for those who want to know: The report provided statistical confidence numbers for the total, for racial groups, and for the top-level political groups, so I'm only looking at those categories. These numbers are only provided for the 2014 data, but I'm going to assume that they used comparable methodology and sample size in 2012 and so we can roughly use the same widths for those as well. I then consider a change to be "statistically significant" if it represents a shift of at least three standard deviations, and "very significant" if it represents a shift of at least five. Normally I wouldn't use thresholds quite that high for sociological data, since you tend to need to go to particle physics to get signals that clear, but this time? There's plenty.

A complete spreadsheet of my analysis is at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1GqN8UyPpzufdgDCQpKd5sducZ5NEKgA9ytl5l9O4ufI/pubhtml .___

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2014-12-10 19:29:34 (25 comments, 70 reshares, 311 +1s)Open 

A time-lapse of mushrooms. Via +Carin Bondar.

Mushrooms
#wow #mushrooms #gif

via http://bit.ly/bouchac___A time-lapse of mushrooms. Via +Carin Bondar.

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2014-12-10 18:18:52 (87 comments, 54 reshares, 284 +1s)Open 

Some of you may have been told by representatives of the Health Food-Industrial Complex that Mediterranean foods are part of a foreign (and therefore exotic) diet with magically healthy properties, and therefore should have the traditional properties of "healthy" foods, such as having the flavor and consistency of gravel and/or drywall. So let me give you some important warnings:

(1) If someone offers you hummus which is either dry or gritty, they do not know how to make it. Do not eat this; instead, pour it into buckets and use it to stabilize lightweight objects during windstorms. 

(2) Falafel is not, under any circumstances, baked. If someone offers you a baked falafel, they are attempting to trick you: it is actually a golf ball which has been painted brown. Do not eat this. Actual falafel can be recognized by having recently been deep-fried.

(3) Pitas are a... more »

Some of you may have been told by representatives of the Health Food-Industrial Complex that Mediterranean foods are part of a foreign (and therefore exotic) diet with magically healthy properties, and therefore should have the traditional properties of "healthy" foods, such as having the flavor and consistency of gravel and/or drywall. So let me give you some important warnings:

(1) If someone offers you hummus which is either dry or gritty, they do not know how to make it. Do not eat this; instead, pour it into buckets and use it to stabilize lightweight objects during windstorms. 

(2) Falafel is not, under any circumstances, baked. If someone offers you a baked falafel, they are attempting to trick you: it is actually a golf ball which has been painted brown. Do not eat this. Actual falafel can be recognized by having recently been deep-fried.

(3) Pitas are a kind of bread, and should have recognizably bread-like properties such as being soft, having little air bubbles within the dough, and being openable to form a pocket on the inside. If someone offers you a pita which is less than 8mm thick and/or is hard (and remember to carry your pita calipers!), then check its shape. If it is anything other than a circle, you are seeing pita chips, which are something you can make out of pitas that are too stale to eat. If it is a circle, then what you have encountered is actually a frisbee.

I hope this helps you recognize common foodstuffs. For further information, I offer you this instructional video by Remy, who's all about that paste, 'bout that paste, that hummus.

h/t +Kee Hinckley.___

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2014-12-10 17:30:01 (39 comments, 8 reshares, 89 +1s)Open 

And the launches continue! A new version of Hangouts starts rolling out today, including the all-important "alien disintegrating someone" sticker. I expect to put that one to a lot of use, myself.

Hangouts: now smarter, faster, and a lot more fun

If you’re like me, you want to stay connected with friends and family without technology getting in the way. Hangouts lets you focus on the people you love talking to, so your conversations feel as in-the-moment and natural as they do in real life.

Today we’re updating the Hangouts app for Android to make it easier to express yourself, and have more fun along the way:
    - Like the saying goes, a sticker is worth a thousand words. From penguins to pirates, koalas to cats, 16 new sticker packs (and more to come!) have tons of ways to say what’s on your mind.
    - Give your video calls some extra flair with video filters including sepia, vignette, black & white, and more. Just swipe during a video call to try these new styles. 

We’re also making it easier to start conversations with friends and family:
    - Confirm your phone number so your friends who already have your digits can more easily find and message you in Hangouts.
    - Know when your friends are ready to chat right now with “last seen” timestamps, so you never have to type, “You there?”

Hangouts is also introducing the start of something new -- smart suggestions right in your conversations:
    - When you’re trying to meet up with friends in real life and someone asks, “Where are you?”, Hangouts can now understand what you need and offer to help.  You’ll see a one-tap option to share your location right in the conversation, without you needing to hunt around in a map, drop a pin and send your position. 

Try all the new features by updating the Hangouts app on your Android device  (http://goo.gl/v7FTL - rolling out to the Play Store over the next few hours). Note that “last seen” timestamps will roll out in waves over the next few weeks, so you may not see this feature for all your contacts right away. Today’s updates will also be available on the Hangouts iOS app soon. 

P.S. We’ve added a few other surprises to this Hangouts update, but we’ll let you find them on your own. Woot!___And the launches continue! A new version of Hangouts starts rolling out today, including the all-important "alien disintegrating someone" sticker. I expect to put that one to a lot of use, myself.

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2014-12-09 22:19:49 (119 comments, 78 reshares, 453 +1s)Open 

We made a small change that I'm very happy about to Google today. It's rolling out as we speak.

For many people, gender identity is more complex than just "male" or "female."  Starting today, I'm proud to announce that Google+ will support an infinite number of ways to express gender identity, by giving you the option to customize the way your gender is represented on your profile. 

Previously, we provided options for “Male,” “Female,” and “Other,” to encompass both those who don't fit into the traditional gender labels and those who don't want to declare their gender to the world at large. Now, the gender field on your profile will contain four entries, “Male,” “Female,” “Decline to state,” and “Custom.”  When “Custom” is selected, a freeform text field and a pronoun field will appear. You can still limit who can see your gender, just like you can now. We’ll be rolling this feature out for all users over the next few days.

Many thanks to the people and groups who gave us advice on the best ways to do this. Your input has been really valuable to us, and we hope you like the result!___We made a small change that I'm very happy about to Google today. It's rolling out as we speak.

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2014-12-09 01:14:53 (16 comments, 25 reshares, 121 +1s)Open 

I love this as well. I am also looking forward to reading a second translation of the Red Book of Westmarch that better preserves Mithrandir's somewhat obscene sense of humor. 

I loved this whole piece.  But the sentence that made me whoop so loudly that the crows outside my office (which may or may not be from Dunland) fluttered and squawked was this: 

The only similar case I found was The Estate of S. Morgenstern v. William Goldman over the latter’s abridged version of The Princess Bride.

I'm not going to explain this, if you don't get it, I highly recommend that you read the book.___I love this as well. I am also looking forward to reading a second translation of the Red Book of Westmarch that better preserves Mithrandir's somewhat obscene sense of humor. 

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2014-12-08 22:29:47 (18 comments, 250 reshares, 403 +1s)Open 

The underlying mechanisms of Hadouken, illustrated. Kind of hypnotically.

More by dantheadman at http://vimeo.com/dantheadman.

Via +Danial Hallock.

The underlying mechanisms of Hadouken, illustrated. Kind of hypnotically.

More by dantheadman at http://vimeo.com/dantheadman.

Via +Danial Hallock.___

2014-12-08 21:15:43 (33 comments, 8 reshares, 101 +1s)Open 

I don't think that these would solve all the problems involving police nowadays (by a longshot), but I do think that these are good ideas. In particular, I think that "community policing" -- a wide variety of changes to make the police an intimate part of the community that they police, rather than an external force -- can go much farther than almost anything else in improving the relationship between police and the public. Other aspects of this, like the wider use of body cameras, are simply good practice in their own right.

Police brutality.

It has always been a problem for people of color in this country, and indeed, for anyone who doesn't quite "look right".

So how can we work to stop it? How can our city, state, and national leaders begin to heal this problem?

I have a couple of ideas. I hope you'll take time to read them and respond, because we all need to work towards true equality.

1. Require cities and towns with a police force of more than 5 to be representative of the community they serve.

2. Pay officers enough to live in the cities they serve in. And require they do so. Lots of ways to make this work for cash strapped municipalities. Like offering credits against local homeowner taxes. When police are actually part of the community, they respond much better to those in their jurisdiction. If the guy you're talking to lives around the block from you, and you know his family, your actions will be more compassionate from the get go.

3. Clarify that "Stop and Frisk" is a violation of 4th Amendment rights against unwarranted search. If someone is doing nothing wrong, there is no reason to stop them and search them.

4. Either repeal the prohibition on cannabis completely, or make all possession of it no more than a misdemeanor. While young white men are equally likely to have marijuana as young black men, the latter are as much as 8 times more likely to be arrested and prosecuted. Mostly because of #3. http://mobile.nytimes.com/2014/07/29/opinion/high-time-the-injustice-of-marijuana-arrests.html

5. Require that all police wear bodycams while on duty. Those will protect good officers from bad people as much as good people from bad officers.

6. End the DoD surplus dumps. We don't need our police officers treating civilians like enemies in combat. ___I don't think that these would solve all the problems involving police nowadays (by a longshot), but I do think that these are good ideas. In particular, I think that "community policing" -- a wide variety of changes to make the police an intimate part of the community that they police, rather than an external force -- can go much farther than almost anything else in improving the relationship between police and the public. Other aspects of this, like the wider use of body cameras, are simply good practice in their own right.

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2014-12-08 19:48:50 (9 comments, 22 reshares, 186 +1s)Open 

Because this is kind of cool to watch.

Raindrop falling on sand looks just like a tiny asteroid: http://huff.to/1ucP4uD___Because this is kind of cool to watch.

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2014-12-08 08:40:12 (14 comments, 20 reshares, 146 +1s)Open 

+Samantha Cristoforetti's log entries from both when she was training to go up to space and from now, when she's up on the ISS, are great reading. I particularly like knowing more about the day-to-day of life in space: how you have to velcro containers shut, even if you're just turning your head for a moment, or their contents will fly everywhere. This entry involves things like showering and clipping one's toenails, which if you think about it is really not a simple thing to do without gravity.

Logbook: L+13, L+14

Another weekend has gone by and it’s time to get ready for a new week of work on humanity’s outpost in space!

As I wrote last weekend, Saturday is the cleaning day. It’s also the day when you have some more time for personal hygiene, when you can take a luxurious bath… ehm, just kidding. But, in space terms, it’s still a luxurious day: you may choose, like I do, to inaugurate your fresh, clean, new towel on Sunday. It’s not exactly shower size, more like what you would use in your home for drying hands, but it’s still nice.

We also get a “shower in a bag” every second day: it’s one of those camping towels that you impregnate with water – most of ours come wrapped in an pouch with the same interface for the water dispenser as the drinks, so you can dispense water directly into the bag without spilling any drops around.

And we have a pouch of liquid soap every second week. So, recapping, wash with your camping towel and the liquid soap, dry with your weekly real towel. We also have a washcloth per week, I typically use it for drying off sweat during exercise for one week, the next week it graduates to spitting towel for toothpaste. I know, I’m high-maintenance: many astronauts just swallow it.

Hey, if the spitting in the towel was already too much information for you, you might want to stop here, because it gets better. How about cutting your fingernails in space? I am a bit embarrassed to admit that I had postponed this operation until yesterday, because I was  a bit intimidated by it. How do you make sure that your don’t lose a cut-off piece of fingernail in the cabin, which could end up in somebody’s eyes? That would be very poor space etiquette. People have told me that you do that close do a ventilation return grid, but I wasn’t 100% convinced that it would go smoothly. Anyway, I’m happy to report that it worked great. I found a return grid with a very fine mesh and a robust airflow and I carefully cut my fingernails just in front of it and sure enough, all the pieces went in the right direction and stuck to the surface of the grid. In the end I only had to vacuum clean.

Another thing we like to do on the weekend, if it sort of matches the prescribed usage rate of food, is to refill our boxes of dishes in Node 1.

Food supplies are organized by type, like meats, vegetables, fruits and nuts, breakfast, etc… when we get a new package out, like the one I’m holding in the picture, we scan it and move it to the “deployed food” location in the inventory system, so the ground always knows where we stand with food. Little boxes, like the ones you can see in the left part of the pictures, serve as our kitchen shelves to store the  deployed food packages in Node 1. There’s a label on the front of each box to note the date on which that type of food was last replenished: this way we can make sure we’re not going through the food too fast!

Today I have take over from Terry what we call “The Duty”, a weekly rotation involving a number of administrative and housekeeping responsibilities: turning on the lights in the morning, turning them off in the evening, closing the shutters of the Cupola windows at night, but also running our Daily Planning Conferences with the control centers and keeping an eye on the Daily Summary. This latter is a document that is uploaded every morning to ISS and contains some critical information for the safety of the Station (for the case we had a major failure and we went Loss of Com with the ground), as well as a Q&A section: questions for the crew and answers to questions the crew had earlier. It also has the manning roster of all the control centers for the shifts of the day, so we can always know who is on console in Houston, Huntsville, Munich, Tsukuba and Moscow.

Futura mission website (Italian): Avamposto42
avamposto42.esa.int

 * #SamLogbook *   * #Futura42 * 

(Trad IT)  Traduzione in italiano a cura di +AstronautiCAST qui:
http://www.astronautinews.it/tag/logbook

(Trad FR) Traduction en français par +Anne Cpamoa ici:
 https://spacetux.org/cpamoa/category/traductions/logbook-samantha

(Trad ES - Currently not updated) Tradducción en español aquí:
http://www.intervidia.com/category/bitacora___+Samantha Cristoforetti's log entries from both when she was training to go up to space and from now, when she's up on the ISS, are great reading. I particularly like knowing more about the day-to-day of life in space: how you have to velcro containers shut, even if you're just turning your head for a moment, or their contents will fly everywhere. This entry involves things like showering and clipping one's toenails, which if you think about it is really not a simple thing to do without gravity.

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2014-12-07 23:44:47 (90 comments, 67 reshares, 356 +1s)Open 

For those of you who have encountered asinine trolls, on the Internet or elsewhere; for those of you who have gotten nonstop subtle messages that you weren't really welcome in your career; for those of you who have wondered if you should keep going on doing something difficult, just because you love it, even though people tell you not to: You are in the best company.

Here, from a recently published collection of Einstein's letters, is a translation of a 1911 letter from him to Marie Curie about dealing with trolls. A generation of assholes rises, a generation of assholes sets, and there is truly nothing new under the Sun.

(Source is at http://einsteinpapers.press.princeton.edu/vol8-trans/34 , or in the original German at http://einsteinpapers.press.princeton.edu/vol8a-doc/79 . h/t to +Lorna Salgado for the find.)

For those of you who have encountered asinine trolls, on the Internet or elsewhere; for those of you who have gotten nonstop subtle messages that you weren't really welcome in your career; for those of you who have wondered if you should keep going on doing something difficult, just because you love it, even though people tell you not to: You are in the best company.

Here, from a recently published collection of Einstein's letters, is a translation of a 1911 letter from him to Marie Curie about dealing with trolls. A generation of assholes rises, a generation of assholes sets, and there is truly nothing new under the Sun.

(Source is at http://einsteinpapers.press.princeton.edu/vol8-trans/34 , or in the original German at http://einsteinpapers.press.princeton.edu/vol8a-doc/79 . h/t to +Lorna Salgado for the find.)___

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2014-12-07 23:01:37 (19 comments, 7 reshares, 112 +1s)Open 

Irony: The former director of the CIA complaining that the agency "has been tried and convicted in absentia."

(Alanis Morissette, please take note)

Irony: The former director of the CIA complaining that the agency "has been tried and convicted in absentia."

(Alanis Morissette, please take note)___

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2014-12-07 22:55:44 (14 comments, 23 reshares, 122 +1s)Open 

Real data on the situation in Syria has been hard to come by, since it's not exactly a place where the media can walk about freely, where there are reliable accountings of the state of the war, or for that matter where any single person or group has a big picture. The UN is no longer even trying to count the dead, and the number of IDP's -- "internally displaced persons," government-speak for refugees who are bouncing around within the country's borders -- is (roughly) estimated at half the population. 

Two Chinese researchers have found one good way to get some data about the impact of the war, though: take satellite photos at night, and see how much light is there. The two pictures below are from March of 2011 and February of 2014, respectively. Overall, this represents about a 74% decrease in total lighting. (It's not easy to determine that by eyeball, because the... more »

Real data on the situation in Syria has been hard to come by, since it's not exactly a place where the media can walk about freely, where there are reliable accountings of the state of the war, or for that matter where any single person or group has a big picture. The UN is no longer even trying to count the dead, and the number of IDP's -- "internally displaced persons," government-speak for refugees who are bouncing around within the country's borders -- is (roughly) estimated at half the population. 

Two Chinese researchers have found one good way to get some data about the impact of the war, though: take satellite photos at night, and see how much light is there. The two pictures below are from March of 2011 and February of 2014, respectively. Overall, this represents about a 74% decrease in total lighting. (It's not easy to determine that by eyeball, because the human eye is sensitive to the logarithm of brightness rather than to absolute brightness: that's the same reason why exposure values in photography are measured on a log scale as well) 

That 74% itself conceals some significant differences. Damascus and Quneitra have lost "only" 35% of their light, while Aleppo has lost 88%. But even there, if you look at the map you see that Aleppo was formerly a sprawling region, and is now a fairly localized point: almost all of the 12% of light remaining is in a small, remaining center, while the bulk of the city has simply been plunged into darkness. 

The same map shows an appreciable dimming in Lebanon, also likely tied to its political troubles. Iraq has been dark for over a decade, except for Kurdistan, at the top-right edge of the map. (The area you can see are really its fringes) Turkey, Israel (including the northern part of the West Bank), and Jordan, meanwhile, look the same as they did three years earlier.

Lighting isn't a direct measure of people's lives, of course, but it can give us some estimates of the extent to which daily life has collapsed. ___

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2014-12-07 21:29:40 (19 comments, 13 reshares, 102 +1s)Open 

The Worst Drought in 1,200 Years

Drought severity is a function of several things, such as amount of rainfall, heat (which makes water evaporate from places it already is), and the long-term level of water tables. Fortunately, Nature has provided us with a built-in way to get good measurements of it: tree rings. (After all, trees' growth is determined in no small part by how much net water is available to them, and that's also tied fairly directly to what we care about when we think about a drought)

It's through methods like these that we understand that the American west has historically been much more desert-like than it has been recently: in fact, the 19th and early 20th centuries, during which the region was extensively settled by humans, appears to have been a historically unusual wet period. Prior to this, the area was extremely dry and only sparsely settled... more »

The Worst Drought in 1,200 Years

Drought severity is a function of several things, such as amount of rainfall, heat (which makes water evaporate from places it already is), and the long-term level of water tables. Fortunately, Nature has provided us with a built-in way to get good measurements of it: tree rings. (After all, trees' growth is determined in no small part by how much net water is available to them, and that's also tied fairly directly to what we care about when we think about a drought)

It's through methods like these that we understand that the American west has historically been much more desert-like than it has been recently: in fact, the 19th and early 20th centuries, during which the region was extensively settled by humans, appears to have been a historically unusual wet period. Prior to this, the area was extremely dry and only sparsely settled for 500 years; the transition back to extreme dryness seems to match the end of the previous intensive settlement of the region, the Mogollon civilization which vanished almost entirely around 1400.

The current drought in California appears to be extreme even by these standards, however. A new study of blue oaks across the state -- blue oaks being long-lived (up to 500 years) and having remains of much oder ones around -- have given us a clearer map of the region's water history. It appears that we are currently in the midst of the worst drought in 1,200 years. That's not saying that there was a worse drought 1,200 years ago: that's simply as far back as the data is clear. 

What we're seeing here is a combination of many effects. Rainfall this low for several years in a row isn't uncommon, but low rainfall combined with persistent record high temperatures is a recipe for disaster: the water evaporates from the soil and isn't replenished.

I'm looking out my window right now and seeing green trees, and I'm wondering for how much longer I'll be able to see that.

The paper itself (behind a paywall) is at http://goo.gl/CoZ7BM .
You can read more about the Mogollon civilization at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zuni_people . Jared Diamond's book Collapse (http://goo.gl/6C9Scx) covers our understanding of how drought affected their end in some depth.
About blue oaks: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quercus_douglasii
About the Palmer Drought Severity Index: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palmer_Drought_Index
And a map of current PDSI values: http://goo.gl/2KeUpn___

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2014-12-06 20:13:51 (28 comments, 49 reshares, 281 +1s)Open 

Ramanujan was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century, and one of the most unusual: he was entirely self-taught, and had a way of seeing through mathematical structures to create incredibly simple proofs of statements which seemed too complicated to be believed. In his short life (he died at 32, of tuberculosis) he reshaped the way people approach number theory.

This is one of his famous short proofs: not an important result, but a beautiful demonstration of a technique for analyzing problems of infinite rationals and radicals. He published just the formula on the right as a sort of brain-teaser for mathematicians in 1911; when nobody could solve it, he published the answer ("3"), together with the beautifully simple, two-line proof you see.

Ramanujan's nested radical

In 1911, the mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920) posed a problem in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society: to find the value of the radical expression √(1 + 2√(1 + 3√(1 + ...))). After six months, nobody had been able to solve the problem, so Ramanujan revealed the surprisingly simple answer, which is 3.

One strategy that mathematicians sometimes use when they are struggling to solve a problem is to generalize the problem. This sounds like a counterintuitive thing to do, but it is useful in this situation, as follows.

Define the function f(x) = x + n + a, where n and a are numbers. It can be easily checked that f(x)^2 = ax + (n+a)^2 + x(f(x+n)), because both sides of the equation are equal to x^2 + n^2 + a^2 + 2an + 2ax + 2nx. Taking square roots of each side shows that f(x) = √(ax + (n+a)^2 + xf(x+n)). This expression also gives a formula for f(x+n), which can then be substituted into the right hand side of the expression for f(x). Doing this recursively and then setting x=2, n=1 and a=0 gives the required identity, because f(2)=3.

This sketch of a proof has some loose ends. For example, the square roots are intended to be positive square roots, and it is not completely clear that the infinite expression given converges to 3 in any reasonable sense. However, the convergence turns out to be fast, as +John Cook demonstrated in a blog post from last year: http://www.johndcook.com/blog/2013/09/13/ramanujans-nested-radical/

In the same 1911 journal contribution, Ramanujan asked another similar question about nested radicals. This turned out to be the case x=2, n=1, a=1 of the same identity, which results in a nested radical expression that evaluates to 4. Ramanujan made a total of 58 such contributions to the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society, including the famous Rogers–Ramanujan identities.

Relevant links
The 2005 paper On Ramanujan's nested roots expansion by K. Srinivasa Rao and G. Vanden Berghe explores this identity and some related results in detail: http://zariski.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/sr_nroots.pdf

Wikipedia on nested radicals: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nested_radical

Wikipedia on the Rogers–Ramanujan identities: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers–Ramanujan_identities

My post from Pi Day about Ramanujan's approximation to π: https://plus.google.com/101584889282878921052/posts/74oomcTuJoV

(Found via Cliff Pickover on Twitter.)

#mathematics #scienceeveryday  ___Ramanujan was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century, and one of the most unusual: he was entirely self-taught, and had a way of seeing through mathematical structures to create incredibly simple proofs of statements which seemed too complicated to be believed. In his short life (he died at 32, of tuberculosis) he reshaped the way people approach number theory.

This is one of his famous short proofs: not an important result, but a beautiful demonstration of a technique for analyzing problems of infinite rationals and radicals. He published just the formula on the right as a sort of brain-teaser for mathematicians in 1911; when nobody could solve it, he published the answer ("3"), together with the beautifully simple, two-line proof you see.

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2014-12-06 07:05:33 (21 comments, 24 reshares, 209 +1s)Open 

I have to say that this thing is kind of awesome. I can just imagine a horde of them running through the trees and eating passers-by. Really, it's too bad they aren't real.

You can see some more of Sarah DeRemer's art here: http://www.boredpanda.com/crazy-chimeras-hybrid-animals/

The cute-but-terrifying Australian Pygmy Cheessum!

h/t +Mrinal Singh who got me to seek out the artist (Sarah DeRemer) and their FB page :)___I have to say that this thing is kind of awesome. I can just imagine a horde of them running through the trees and eating passers-by. Really, it's too bad they aren't real.

You can see some more of Sarah DeRemer's art here: http://www.boredpanda.com/crazy-chimeras-hybrid-animals/

2014-12-06 00:13:22 (39 comments, 2 reshares, 120 +1s)Open 

Weird sentences I sometimes generate, in a perfectly normal and rational way, at work:

"There, I just refactored Hitler."

Weird sentences I sometimes generate, in a perfectly normal and rational way, at work:

"There, I just refactored Hitler."___

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2014-12-05 17:49:15 (88 comments, 23 reshares, 268 +1s)Open 

In some good news for today, the Orion spacecraft had its first successful test flight today, taking off from Kennedy Space Center early this morning, doing one low orbit, one much higher orbit, and then successfully landing in the Pacific. You can check out a full video of the launch portion of its flight here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UEuOpxOrA_0

The launch honestly feels like mixed good news to me, since (being a NASA project) it's subject to incredibly long timelines and high vulnerability to ceasing halfway through due to budget cuts. The next major step for Orion -- an unmanned flight to circle the Moon -- isn't scheduled until 2018. (That's because the rocket which will take it there, the SLS, isn't built yet) A manned flight would happen as early as 2019 -- the proposed mission there would involve having an unmanned ship first fly out to capture an... more »

In some good news for today, the Orion spacecraft had its first successful test flight today, taking off from Kennedy Space Center early this morning, doing one low orbit, one much higher orbit, and then successfully landing in the Pacific. You can check out a full video of the launch portion of its flight here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UEuOpxOrA_0

The launch honestly feels like mixed good news to me, since (being a NASA project) it's subject to incredibly long timelines and high vulnerability to ceasing halfway through due to budget cuts. The next major step for Orion -- an unmanned flight to circle the Moon -- isn't scheduled until 2018. (That's because the rocket which will take it there, the SLS, isn't built yet) A manned flight would happen as early as 2019 -- the proposed mission there would involve having an unmanned ship first fly out to capture an asteroid and put it in Lunar orbit, and then the Orion to fly out to the Moon and actually have people land on and study the asteroid. 

I have to admit that this would be pretty damned cool, but knowing how the past several administrations have tended to deal with NASA by setting very lofty goals and then underfunding them by just enough so that they never have any chance of happening, and then changing the goals on a regular basis to boot, I'll believe it when I see it.

That said, the Orion capsule itself seems well-designed, if not startlingly novel, and I could imagine it having a future powered by other kinds of rockets as well. ___

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2014-12-04 20:16:59 (24 comments, 23 reshares, 120 +1s)Open 

A Minecraft server experimented with allowing a virtual economy. The results were quite interesting, and amusing: sort of like what happens in games like EVE with highly developed economies, in countries which have highly modern systems of finance and not-so-modern systems of regulating them, or in other systems where Dunning-Krugerrands have become the currency of the day, only  in microcosm and at exceptional speed.

> I'm not a capitalist, I just play one in MMOs

http://www.theverge.com/2014/12/4/7331359/capitalism-problems-as-explained-by-minecraft-hedge-fund-manager

via Brian Kobylarz___A Minecraft server experimented with allowing a virtual economy. The results were quite interesting, and amusing: sort of like what happens in games like EVE with highly developed economies, in countries which have highly modern systems of finance and not-so-modern systems of regulating them, or in other systems where Dunning-Krugerrands have become the currency of the day, only  in microcosm and at exceptional speed.

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2014-12-03 22:35:55 (65 comments, 14 reshares, 78 +1s)Open 

This is an interesting discussion of the social dynamics behind #GamerGate. The author talks about chan-style culture and its norms of identity and argument, how those work within that culture, and how those clash when it interacts with the outside world.

I don't know "chan-style culture" well enough to know if this portrayal is accurate or not, so I'm interested to hear from others about whether they think this is true. (That's not a question about the merits of #GamerGate  or /pol/ or any other particular group: it's a question about whether @a_man_in_black's depiction of how chans work, and how people feel about e.g. personal identity versus collective identity, is true)

If this is accurate, it's definitely worth thinking about, and can help us shape our response to other large fights on the Internet.

Via +Jordan Peacock and +AndreasS... more »

This is an interesting discussion of the social dynamics behind #GamerGate. The author talks about chan-style culture and its norms of identity and argument, how those work within that culture, and how those clash when it interacts with the outside world.

I don't know "chan-style culture" well enough to know if this portrayal is accurate or not, so I'm interested to hear from others about whether they think this is true. (That's not a question about the merits of #GamerGate  or /pol/ or any other particular group: it's a question about whether @a_man_in_black's depiction of how chans work, and how people feel about e.g. personal identity versus collective identity, is true)

If this is accurate, it's definitely worth thinking about, and can help us shape our response to other large fights on the Internet.

Via +Jordan Peacock and +Andreas Schou.___

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2014-12-03 07:17:31 (85 comments, 5 reshares, 142 +1s)Open 

+Filippo Salustri says it perfectly: there is art and honour in every job. Whatever you find yourself doing, strive to do it with excellence. 

There is art and honour in every job, for those of the right character. ___+Filippo Salustri says it perfectly: there is art and honour in every job. Whatever you find yourself doing, strive to do it with excellence. 

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2014-12-02 18:42:13 (96 comments, 11 reshares, 97 +1s)Open 

Plato described the soul as a chariot drawn by two horses. The dark horse represents our appetites; it is rebellious and ever-striving. The light horse represents thumos, the passions which pull us to excel. Steering the two is our reason, which balances them and causes them to pull together. (You may also recognize the same idea in Judaism, minus the chariot analogy, as the ideas of the yetzer ha-ra and yetzer ha-tov, the evil and good inclinations)

But what does "thumos" mean, exactly, and what does it mean to harness it and use it to push ourselves to greatness? It doesn't mean to give our passions free rein, nor to suppress our appetites: it means to balance them and focus them in the ways that strengthen us the most. 

And this article is a wonderful explanation of the idea of "thumos," what it means, and how it is best harnessed. I highly recommend it.more »

Plato described the soul as a chariot drawn by two horses. The dark horse represents our appetites; it is rebellious and ever-striving. The light horse represents thumos, the passions which pull us to excel. Steering the two is our reason, which balances them and causes them to pull together. (You may also recognize the same idea in Judaism, minus the chariot analogy, as the ideas of the yetzer ha-ra and yetzer ha-tov, the evil and good inclinations)

But what does "thumos" mean, exactly, and what does it mean to harness it and use it to push ourselves to greatness? It doesn't mean to give our passions free rein, nor to suppress our appetites: it means to balance them and focus them in the ways that strengthen us the most. 

And this article is a wonderful explanation of the idea of "thumos," what it means, and how it is best harnessed. I highly recommend it.

(Via the +Art of Manliness, which tends to be quite interesting whether you are a man or not.)___

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2014-12-01 19:46:15 (121 comments, 133 reshares, 379 +1s)Open 

A note before proceeding: This post is going to talk about some serious issues, and the linked article, even more so. This is a good one on which to stop and think carefully before replying, especially if it makes you angry. If it does -- and honestly, it should -- stop and ask yourself why it makes you angry, and how this shapes your perspective, before you comment. Because the heart of this post is not to advocate any policy, or to criticize anyone, or even to state a position: it's about listening to the stories of other people, and thinking about them. I'm not asking you to feel guilty, or justify yourself, or anything else: just to listen.


One of the most interesting things I've heard said in the wake of Ferguson (and unfortunately, I can't find the source to quote properly) was in response to the statement that "93% of blacks are killed by other blacks, so why are... more »

A note before proceeding: This post is going to talk about some serious issues, and the linked article, even more so. This is a good one on which to stop and think carefully before replying, especially if it makes you angry. If it does -- and honestly, it should -- stop and ask yourself why it makes you angry, and how this shapes your perspective, before you comment. Because the heart of this post is not to advocate any policy, or to criticize anyone, or even to state a position: it's about listening to the stories of other people, and thinking about them. I'm not asking you to feel guilty, or justify yourself, or anything else: just to listen.


One of the most interesting things I've heard said in the wake of Ferguson (and unfortunately, I can't find the source to quote properly) was in response to the statement that "93% of blacks are killed by other blacks, so why are you so angry about Michael Brown and never talking about your own problem?" The response was that this is exactly like a foreigner saying, "99% of Americans are killed by other Americans, so why are you so angry about 9/11 and never talking about your own problem?"

I think that this response is quite profound, and it speaks to the fact that not all death is equivalent. And these deaths are inequivalent in an important fashion: ordinary murder happens for any number of reasons, and in almost all cases only creates a risk to the person actually murdered. (The few cases where there is a broader risk -- e.g., mass murders by someone opening fire in the street -- in fact likewise attract our attention quite broadly) But the death of a member of a community at the hands of a member of another community, especially when that other community has a history of violence against one's own community, represents a profound danger to all and sundry. And most importantly, if that death is not promptly censured by the other community, it's likely to be taken as approval of the action -- and other members of the second community are likely to remember this, and act with more freedom and violence.

I'm saying "community" and "other community" here, rather than "black" and "white," because this is true for more than one community. My own family history has been entirely shaped by this kind of violence, but the communities there were the Jews and the Christians; around the world, there are hundreds of other examples of this kind of dynamic as well. 

There is something important in common in every one of these cases. When you are a member of one of these communities, the threat of violence from a member of a different community is omnipresent and something that shapes every aspect of your life.

This is something that can be very hard to explain or understand if you haven't ever been on the receiving end of this. Being a member of a community which is considered a legitimate target for violence by another community shapes your entire life.

"What’d you do for your 16th birthday? Mine had me face down eating grass with a shotgun to my head."

In that context, I want to share this essay by +Ward A. The essay is angry; it's not an easy read. But it's worth reading because it's a snapshot of what it's like to grow up in a world shaped by this. I've chosen to share it not because its story is unusual, but because it isn't: if you talk to people who have grown up black in America, or in any other similar situation elsewhere, you hear this same story, over and over, with variations.

If you read my intro, or Ward's essay, you may be tempted to respond with "but that doesn't justify [X]!," or "So obviously, what they need to do is [Y]." That's not the point of this share. It's not meant to justify, it's not meant to advocate for any policy.

The reason I'm posting this is that, if you want to understand what life is like in the United States, and if you want to understand why Ferguson happened, you need to understand what the world looks like from this perspective. And if you want to learn what the world is like for other people, the single best thing you can do is to just listen to what they have to say, and acknowledge it, and file it in your mind. 

Nothing more is expected of you here: just to think.___

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2014-12-01 18:36:58 (50 comments, 11 reshares, 200 +1s)Open 

Finland in the winter: really damned beautiful.

Национальный парк Оуланка, Финляндия. Автор фото: Петр Косых.___Finland in the winter: really damned beautiful.

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2014-12-01 08:27:35 (138 comments, 9 reshares, 139 +1s)Open 

(Note to those about to comment: read first, comment second. Comments which have obviously not read the post, especially ones that have obviously not even read the link, will be heckled mercilessly and deleted)

There is one (and only one) thing about this news story which I find rather fascinating: that an American clergyman actually used the word "sodomite" correctly. If there's one thing I've noticed about the US, it's a tendency for people -- including professional clerics! -- to quote the Bible freely and in a way which makes very clear that they've never actually read the damned thing from cover to cover.

For those of you who are unaware of what the sin of Sodom was, it was violation of the laws of hospitality to guests, and wallowing in wealth while the poor suffered. This was an extremely serious business in the ancient world -- read the Odyssey for a... more »

(Note to those about to comment: read first, comment second. Comments which have obviously not read the post, especially ones that have obviously not even read the link, will be heckled mercilessly and deleted)

There is one (and only one) thing about this news story which I find rather fascinating: that an American clergyman actually used the word "sodomite" correctly. If there's one thing I've noticed about the US, it's a tendency for people -- including professional clerics! -- to quote the Bible freely and in a way which makes very clear that they've never actually read the damned thing from cover to cover.

For those of you who are unaware of what the sin of Sodom was, it was violation of the laws of hospitality to guests, and wallowing in wealth while the poor suffered. This was an extremely serious business in the ancient world -- read the Odyssey for a more extended version of it! -- and continues to be very serious business in the deserts today. I've spent the night sleeping in camp with a tribe of Bedouins,* for example, because we had made an agreement with them and were their guests, and did so without fear. But had we not been their guests, for example had we just been sleeping one sand dune over, violence would have been quite likely. When you're out in the middle of nowhere, reciprocal hospitality is quite literally a matter of life and death.

Now, whether it is fair to send this accusation at Obama in particular, or whether the blame for this rather callous inhospitality to the stranger who lives among us -- the breaking up of families by deportation orders, in particular -- deserves to be spread more widely, is another question. But the meat of the allegation has real truth to it.

If you would like to actually read the relevant text, you can read the story of Sodom and Gomorrah here:
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%2018&version=NIV (starting halfway through, and continuing into the next chapter)

The Biblical discussion of why Sodom was destroyed is in Ezekiel 16, which is part of a longer discussion of the sins of the wealthy against the poor: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel+16

The Bible: really a very interesting book, but if you want to know the interesting parts, it helps to actually read it. 

h/t +H Vandagriff​ for the link.

* If you've never spent the night in a thousand-star hotel, I highly recommend it. A thousand-star hotel consists of a bedroll and a sand dune; the stars are provided _gratis.____

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2014-12-01 03:21:12 (29 comments, 13 reshares, 126 +1s)Open 

Ever since 2006, the mutilated bodies of porpoises have shown up on Dutch shores. It started out as a police matter: was someone deliberately hurting them? But as they started to pile up, it became clear that no individual could be doing it all. Perhaps fishermen? New kinds of boat engines?

Nope. We have a confirmed killer, and it's the gray seal. Apparently, in the past few years, they have discovered that harbor porpoises are delicious, and porpoises in their first year up north haven't yet learned that these creatures aren't there to balance balls on their noses.

This shouldn't surprise us: seals are extremely efficient predators, and all over the world, they are known as canny hunters. In Antarctica, leopard seals have developed a truly fascinating (although kind of disgusting to watch) trick to "peel" penguins before eating them, while their larger... more »

Ever since 2006, the mutilated bodies of porpoises have shown up on Dutch shores. It started out as a police matter: was someone deliberately hurting them? But as they started to pile up, it became clear that no individual could be doing it all. Perhaps fishermen? New kinds of boat engines?

Nope. We have a confirmed killer, and it's the gray seal. Apparently, in the past few years, they have discovered that harbor porpoises are delicious, and porpoises in their first year up north haven't yet learned that these creatures aren't there to balance balls on their noses.

This shouldn't surprise us: seals are extremely efficient predators, and all over the world, they are known as canny hunters. In Antarctica, leopard seals have developed a truly fascinating (although kind of disgusting to watch) trick to "peel" penguins before eating them, while their larger cousins the Weddell seals can stay underwater for 80 minutes at a stretch, merrily chomping on fish and krill, then lounge around on shore ice where they are completely immune to any creature even thinking of attacking them.*

Which is to say, the pinnipeds are highly intelligent predators, and we seem to have forgotten this because they look round and sort of cute and have large eyes and fur. But the pinnipeds remember, and they seem to be getting more aggressive and effective around the world.

You've always thought that the day dolphins develop opposable thumbs is the day we're all screwed.** Nope. It's the seals who are going to do us all in.

(However, despite the headline, I have no idea what gray seals may have in common with great white sharks, except that like great white sharks, they are effective marine predators and don't eat humans. Great whites, in fact, eat seals as well as porpoises and fish, and are one of the few predators that seals have to worry about while in the water. In the far south, orca fill that role instead -- and, being six times the mass of a great white, as well as pack hunters of an intelligence and cunning more akin to wolves than sharks, are a hell of a lot more alarming. And in the few areas where their ranges overlap, the orcas have discovered that great white sharks are pretty tasty, too. It's good to be the apex predator.)

* And more recently, we have discovered that Antarctic fur seals do some rather more alarming things with penguins. And penguins, in turn, are no better. You can read about the seals at
http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20141117-why-seals-have-sex-with-penguins
and about the penguins at
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jun/09/sex-depravity-penguins-scott-antarctic
and the original, suppressed paper from 1915 at
http://twileshare.com/uploads/hooligan_cocks.pdf
but I will warn you ahead of time that this may be NSFW, and is definitely not safe for your sanity. Seriously, what the hell is going on in this ecosystem? OTOH, one of my sharpest personal memories of being down there was how a pair of skua -- predatory birds, clever hunters of every other bird and fish in the area -- had set up their nest in the middle of a penguin rookery. It was like they were living over a restaurant and could just pop out for a quick bite whenever they wanted. And the penguins seemed to just accept this as a fact of life, sort of like the omnipresent smell of krill.)

** See http://www.theonion.com/articles/dolphins-evolve-opposable-thumbs,284/ 

Via +rasha kamel ___

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2014-12-01 00:04:02 (27 comments, 20 reshares, 146 +1s)Open 

This is unbelievably cool, and the only thing it's missing is a digital readout of particle speed. But from what I can tell, everything this team makes is amazing: I particularly love their Da Vinci flying machine (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qngzC_VUPU8) and their steampunk walking ship (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b5E-VyQOfNM).

The LEGO Particle Accelerator "can accelerate a LEGO soccer ball to nearly 8 miles per hour." http://shar.es/1XUNnJ ___This is unbelievably cool, and the only thing it's missing is a digital readout of particle speed. But from what I can tell, everything this team makes is amazing: I particularly love their Da Vinci flying machine (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qngzC_VUPU8) and their steampunk walking ship (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b5E-VyQOfNM).

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2014-11-30 21:12:10 (18 comments, 71 reshares, 237 +1s)Open 

This short clip -- part of a longer one titled "The Hidden Complexities of a Simple Match" (http://gfm.aps.org/meetings/dfd-2014/5404ec5f69702d0771a40100) -- uses a technique called Schlieren photography which lets you see subtle changes in the density of the air. It's used to study everything from combustion to supersonic flight.

What are you seeing here? When the breath strikes the matchhead, it pushes the column of hot gas that's emerging from the tip -- the flame itself -- to the side, so far and so fast that it can no longer convey its heat back to the match. Fire is a self-sustaining reaction: to cause any molecule of fuel to react with a molecule of oxygen, some energy is needed, and once it reacts, it emits even more energy. So long as some of that energy can be reused to ignite more fuel molecules, the reaction continues. But here, the breath prevents the heat from... more »

This short clip -- part of a longer one titled "The Hidden Complexities of a Simple Match" (http://gfm.aps.org/meetings/dfd-2014/5404ec5f69702d0771a40100) -- uses a technique called Schlieren photography which lets you see subtle changes in the density of the air. It's used to study everything from combustion to supersonic flight.

What are you seeing here? When the breath strikes the matchhead, it pushes the column of hot gas that's emerging from the tip -- the flame itself -- to the side, so far and so fast that it can no longer convey its heat back to the match. Fire is a self-sustaining reaction: to cause any molecule of fuel to react with a molecule of oxygen, some energy is needed, and once it reacts, it emits even more energy. So long as some of that energy can be reused to ignite more fuel molecules, the reaction continues. But here, the breath prevents the heat from doing that, and so no more reactions start -- and the fire reaction is quickly extinguished.

If you watch the video at the link above, you'll see the whole story, starting from watching the match be struck, and ending with the discovery that this person failed to blow it out: enough heat persisted in the reaction, and hidden inside the matchhead, that it quickly burst back into flame.

This video won an award for the best fluid dynamics video of the year. If you want some really cool stuff to look at, check out a gallery of all the year's winners here: http://www.wired.com/2014/11/best-fluid-dynamics-images-of-the-year/#slide-id-1659131

Via +Panah Rad.___

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2014-11-29 00:03:23 (93 comments, 10 reshares, 137 +1s)Open 

Ridley Scott is, apparently, making a movie out of Exodus. The part of God is being played by 11-year-old Isaac Andrews, and his performance is apparently "stern-eyed, impatient, at times vaguely angelic and at times 'Children of the Corn' terrifying." Christian Bale plays Moses, here shown charging into battle on his horse, something which Moses was obviously famous for doing. 

Those of you who have ever read the book of Exodus, or heard about it, or maybe seen the old Cecil B. DeMille movie about it, are probably saying "wait, what?" right around now.

A better model to understand what you're seeing here is probably Starship Troopers, where a horrifying collision of Hollywood budgets, urges for "more action," powerful narcotics, and a complete lack of sense of the underlying text turned "let's write a book about the challenges of the... more »

Ridley Scott is, apparently, making a movie out of Exodus. The part of God is being played by 11-year-old Isaac Andrews, and his performance is apparently "stern-eyed, impatient, at times vaguely angelic and at times 'Children of the Corn' terrifying." Christian Bale plays Moses, here shown charging into battle on his horse, something which Moses was obviously famous for doing. 

Those of you who have ever read the book of Exodus, or heard about it, or maybe seen the old Cecil B. DeMille movie about it, are probably saying "wait, what?" right around now.

A better model to understand what you're seeing here is probably Starship Troopers, where a horrifying collision of Hollywood budgets, urges for "more action," powerful narcotics, and a complete lack of sense of the underlying text turned "let's write a book about the challenges of the infantry" into "our military training videos include a cow flying into a blender!"

I am totally waiting for the part where the Bug Soldiers show up and attack the Egyptians as they try to cross the Red Sea. Or maybe the Zombie Beavers.___

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