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Europeans on G+ has been at 5 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Michael Muraz26,124It's more than time for a second episode of the European Photo Show with +Ugo Cei and +Michael Muraz!Discover some of Europe's finest photographers through their images, but also through their lives, their genres, their city and their best spots.This week we are welcoming +Athena Carey, +Julia Anna Gospodarou, +Michael Diblicek and +Andy Bitterer for a show around Long Exposure Photography. We'll discover each photographer and their long exposure universe and they will share their latest images.Join us next Thursday at 8PM CET! Please share the event and invite as many people as possible.European Photo Show #22013-05-30 20:00:00162G+
Michael Muraz26,124Here comes the first European Photo Show with +Michael Muraz and +Ugo Cei!Discover some of Europe's finest photographers through their images, but also through their lives, their genres, their city and their best spots.Every two weeks, on Thursday at 8PM CET, tune in to hear what's happening on Google+ and everywhere in Europe. Find out about all the events, the photowalks and everything around the European Photo theme.For this first Episode, we are glad to welcome four guests: +helen sotiriadis, +Andy Gray, +Luca Cesari and +Charles Lupica. We'll be talking about European Photo and about these 4 great photographers' work and life.Join us on Thursday at 8PM CET! Please share the event and invite as many people as possible.European Photo Show #12013-05-09 20:00:00196G+
Benjamin Cortis141,436Photo Competition December 2012 specialStatus: finishedThread:EuropeWhat do you associate with Europe? How would you present Europe? What are typical impressions of Europe?The images can be submitted the next 2x24 hours.Then the event is closed and a voting phase starts from exactly 6 days.The jury is the audience. During this period anyone can can vote by a +1 to his favorite picture.In one week, then the current state of the votes will be noted and the winners will be revealed to the public.This time the Top 5 are also able to count on a little surprise from +Pixum  ;)Top 1: Gallery PrintTop 2: PhotobookTop 3-5: Calender 2013Rules:Please note the current topic. EuropeEveryone can submit only one picture by uploading a picture directly to the event.Please no nudity or any other offensive pictures.But what is so special in this competition?For this december competition only people who also have a residence in Europe can join and win. YES win :) So the best work can look forward to a little surprise ;)Because of the creative theme, I have set the duration of the submission to 2 days.If anyone does not abide by the rules, his work will be removed from this event not be rated.last competition: https://plus.google.com/events/c2amnlt8a8gir8mas3pjn1npd20Let´s have fun....and do not forget that you have to live in europe ;)-Fotowettbewerb Dezember 2012 SpezialStatus: beendetThema:EuropaWas verbindet ihr mit Europa? Wie würdet ihr Europa präsentieren? Was sind typische Eindrücke Europas?Die Bilder können in den nächsten 2x24 Stunden eingereicht werden.Dann wird das Event geschlossen und eine Abstimmungsphase von genau 6 Tagen beginnt.Die Jury ist das Publikum. In diesem Zeitraum kann jeder seine Stimme durch ein +1 unter seinem Lieblingsbild abgeben.In einer Woche wird dann der aktuelle Stand der Abstimmungen festgehalten und die Gewinner können der Öffentlichkeit preisgegeben werden.Diesmal werden die Top 5 ebenfalls mit einer kleinen Überraschung von +Pixum  rechnen können ;)Top 1: Gallery PrintTop 2: FotobuchTop 3-5: Kalender 2013Regeln:Bitte beachtet das aktuelle Thema.EuropaJeder kann maximal ein Bild einreichen, indem man ein Bild direkt in das Event hochlädt.Bitte keine Nacktbilder oder keine anderen anstößigen Bilder.Was ist aber Spezial an diesem Wettbewerb?Bei diesem Dezember-Wettbewerb können nur Leute, die auch einen Wohnsitz in Europa haben teilnehmen und gewinnen. JA, gewinnen :) Also die besten Arbeiten dürfen sich über eiPhoto Competition - December 2012 SPECIAL2012-12-05 11:00:00305G+
Visit Greece1,392,623The International Film Festival is the most important one in southeast Europe, a great cultural event and at the same time a big celebration of the independent cinema.People involved in the arts look forward to travelling to this amazing city and to renewing their friendships, sharing their experiences and of course enjoying nightlife. Thessaloniki is in itself an attraction for film-makers and travellers alike, what with the White Tower, its fascinating haunts, numerous sights and a unique atmosphere!The 53rd Thessaloniki Film Festival will take place this year at the institution’s historic “seat”, Olympion and Pavlos Zannas theatres and in the following Port halls: John Kassavetis, Stavros Tornes, Tonia Marketaki and Frida Liappa, setting the pace for the ten-day celebration .53rd THESSALONIKI INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL2012-11-02 20:00:0067G+
European Photo93,821Come join +European Photo  #EuropeanPhoto  and +Charles Lupica +Janusz Brakoniecki +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Manuella Betaille +Manuel Votta +Michael Muraz and +Susanne Ramharter for our first event. Please tag your images with #EuropeanAutumn  and #EuropeanPhotography  - no other tag is needed but you can mention one or more curators if you like.This event is for sharing images that say "autumn in Europe" or "Autumn festival".  In Europe many of the biggest festivals of the year take place in September, October, and Novemeber.  In September and October there are many "harvest festivals" such as the Fete des Vendanges in Neuchatel Switzerlland or perhaps you went to the Octoberfest in Germany?  Both Europa Parc and Disneyland Paris put on extensive Halloween themes.  So this weekend, Friday to Sunday, pleass join our event and share with us your images of autumn in Europe.  We would especially like to see images that show autumn in classic European cites or landscapes, like this image of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Lavaux, Switzerland.Image credit: +Charles Lupica © All rights reserved.European Color and Festivals2012-10-26 00:00:00377G+

Europeans on G+ has been shared in 71 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Awesome Stuffs710This is my #Humpday #circleshare and I would be grateful to all those who will join and share this circle.  This CIRCLE has 500 #Awesome #friends who have circled me back and they are the best #engagers you can find on #GooglePlus If you wish them to #Engage with you, feel free to add these #topengagers to your #circle and please #share this #circleoffriends  I would be grateful to all those who will join and share it around. To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles     #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles 2014-07-16 21:38:39501252665CC G+
Robert Connor12,637Google+ users that share unique and original contentsIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: •         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#circles #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles  #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #shared #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle 2014-07-14 12:40:27489351973CC G+
Jan Havrda35,104ENTERTAINMENT CIRCLEMonday editionFluent stream of frivolous amusements1. Add to your circles2. Have fun#Entertain #Me 2014-06-09 22:12:48336331948CC G+
Astrie Ivo1,035Circle Sharing Today1. +1 Circle And Our Page +BengkelSEO.net2. Add to your circle3. reshare #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #seotips #seomarketing #seoservices #circlesdiscovery #circleadd #circleadding #circleart #circlesunday #circlesundaycircle #circlesunglasses #circlemeup #circleme #circlemanagement #circlemania #circlemonday #circlemountain  2014-05-27 12:39:55395019CC G+
Ryan Johnson5,301MY BEST OF THE BEST CIRCLETo add yourself to the circle or stay in the circle:Add me and reshare the circle PUBLICOptional: Add the circle, plus or comment the post. :)#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle   #empireavenue   #socialmedia     #influencers   #influencer   #influence   #influencermarketing #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #thursdaycircleshare   #circlethursday   #circlethursdaycircle 2014-05-21 12:34:0943016917CC G+
En Ucuz Uçak Bileti1,6242014-04-12 16:25:325006710CC G+
Jean-Marc Luna36,938My buddies (432/1)of the G+ villageI am happy to share (finally) my first big circles (432/1 and 432/2) with you. It is also a way to thank you and to inform you of my consideration.You will find in these two circles all the people I follow regularly since my first steps on Google+ and which accompany me for soon two years in this beautiful adventure, bringing every day, by their sympathy, their humor, their knowledge, their generosity and their open-mindedness, a bit extra to my everyday life.I do not know everybody, I have crossed the path with some, I communicate more with some and many people became friends, thing which I did not expect by landing here.When I began, I was lucky enough to discover new interesting people, thanks to the system of circles sharing, and I hope that these both will be for you of the same utility.If you add a “plus”, maybe it will have an impact on climate change,if you share this circle, maybe Putin is going to get married with an ukrainian women in 2014,if you include me in your circles, maybe it will solve the problem of hunger in the world,Maybe ... but in fact, nothing is sure ;)A good day to all :)With a special thought for #dirktalamasca   #sharedcircles   #circles   #circlesharing  2014-03-31 15:25:36432622658CC G+
Ka es198#sharedcircles  2014-03-20 06:43:285016210CC G+
Jan Havrda27,515ENTERTAINMENT CIRCLEValentine editionDrown your love in the fucking wonderful media stream#Entertainment #Circle   #Stream   #Of  $Love2014-02-14 00:05:28360231651CC G+
Mikhail Petrovsky77,388Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-24 03:20:19483572882CC G+
Artur Mashnich43,843A Very Social CircleCircle of the Most Active Users of Google+Круг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.#Forfriends  2014-01-10 16:01:13493331764CC G+
Artur Mashnich40,712A Very Social CircleКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+circle of people, with active life position in Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.2013-12-18 11:08:35494443264CC G+
Mario Falcetti27,228A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated November 29th, '13)  #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle   #circlesharing #followers #social #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  2013-11-29 17:41:26482260123241CC G+
Francesco Zambelli527#circlesharing   #circleshare   #topengagers   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   a very good circle is being built... to be included you have to1) share this circle2) +1 to this post3) comment it.2013-11-07 19:36:45198117CC G+
Johnathan Yesson8,620#Circle #Circles #PublicCircle #CircleShare #CircleSharing #SharePublicCircle #QSC #querosercirculado #circleoftheday #publicsharedcircles #publiccirclesproject #sharedcircleoftheday #fullcircleshare  #addmetoyourcircles #awesomepeople #awesomecircle #awesomepeople   #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleday #shared #circleday2013-09-04 08:09:56501362152CC G+
Michael Muraz15,906********************************************************                           European Photographers Circle #7                                          July 2013 version********************************************************The +European Photo page is happy to present the latest version of the European Photographers circle. People in this circle are photographers living in Europe and mostly sharing images from Europe. This new version has 25 new photographers and amounts to almost 500 people!Sharing is caringWe ask that people in this circle or people interested in this project, please share this post, +1 this post, and leave a comment.  Your support is greatly appreciated by +European Photo  and the curators.How to be includedIf you're not in this circle and you want to be included in the next version of the circle (which is published every month), here are the requirements: - leave a comment on the original post (not on re-shares) saying you want to be part of the next version - you need to be living in Europe at the moment (you don't need to have a European nationality) - people not sharing their own work, or sharing a lot of not photography-related posts will not be consideredYou DON'T need to re-share this circle, but it's always appreciated.Share your images with the pageRemember to tag your photographs of European life-style, landscapes culture, history, architecture, etc... with the tag #EuropeanPhotography +European Photo curated by +Susanne Ramharter +Ela Kupiec +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Janusz Brakoniecki +Carlos Duarte and +Michael Muraz.If you are interested in joining our team, please send me a private message.2013-08-01 15:58:1448110860138CC G+
Max Huijgen46,779The 100 most relevant people on G+ you really should check out. It´s impossible to select the people which contributes most to my experience on G+ so I´ll let Google do the dirty work.These 98 people (and 2 pages I helped founding) are the most relevant ones according to Google´s circle sort so they deserve a spot in the Friday sun.  If you´re not in it, be assured I really enjoy your posts and/or comments. I meet a lot of great people here, but this self imposed limit to 100 is just to make it easier for others to circle the whole bunch and check them out.2013-06-21 19:32:111001221459CC G+
Blair Kunkel5,687ATTENTION - Since my original snowball circle(Share Circle #1) circle grew so fast it reached over 2,000 members!  It has been brought to my attention that each time the circle is shared and added to YOUR circles, you are only able to add under 500 people. SO...to make sure that this circle of awesome people continues to grow, I have divided all 2,000 members into 7 other share circles(so far) and each of those share circles 2-7 are starting out with 400 members each. That will allow each circle to snowball up to 100 more members each.  Once each of those circles reach 500 members, I will create a new share circle...and so on and so on.--------------------------------------------------Welcome to SHARE CIRCLE #2--------------------------------------------------Want to be added to this SNOWBALL CIRCLE and increase the number or your followers?  To be added to this circle you must do these things in this order:1.  You must PLUS the post.2.  You must SHARE the post.3.  You must ADD the circle.(Remember, you can only have 5,000 people in your circles overall so make sure you have the room to add everyone in this circle first)4   And lastly, you must comment below when you have done the three above to let me know.Just want to remind you that in order for me to add you to this circle you MUST share this circle.  I always check the activity and I see who shares it and also +1's it too. Thanks#circleshare #sharecircle #circlesharing #share #snowball #sharecircle2 #snowballcircle #blairkunkel #moonhillmedia2013-05-08 17:00:36401201921CC G+
Blair Kunkel5,607WHOA! There are 2,071 people in this circle now! How high can we go? ;-)Just want to remind you that in order for me to add you to this circle you MUST share this circle.  I always check the activity and I see who shares it and also +1's it too. ThanksWant to be added to this SNOWBALL CIRCLE and increase the number or your followers?  To be added to this circle you must do these things in this order:1.  You must PLUS the post.2.  You must SHARE the post.3.  You must ADD the circle.(Remember, you can only have 5,000 people in your circles overall so make sure you have the room to add everyone in this circle first)4   And lastly, you must comment below when you have done the three above to let me know.#circleshare #sharecircle #circlesharing #share #snowball #sharecircle1 #snowballcircle   #blairkunkel   #moonhillmedia2013-05-07 03:59:17501391125CC G+
Simona AN15,028My THANK YOU circleFor celebrate this moment, when I reached 15,000 followers, I've made this circle with The best of the best in my circles! These people awesome, amazing, great made my stream gorgeous!I added also those who have included me in their public circles.Thank you, my friends!  #awesomepeople   #sharingmeansthankyou   #circleoftheday   #topcircles    #bestsharedcircle   #sharewithfriends   #sharingiscaring  2013-04-29 14:11:382531703789CC G+
Max Huijgen41,136Europe calling: the old giant wakes up and calls on its peeps! A new circle of Europeans as I promised long ago to connect the people who responded and share them. See for the first shared circle this post https://plus.google.com/112352920206354603958/posts/PDUi13o9dB1The original post was shared 225 times. You can find it here:https://plus.google.com/112352920206354603958/posts/CdhmHGbYjgiPart 2 is still open and can be found here:https://plus.google.com/112352920206354603958/posts/NDAhG4fP2a7If you didn´t do so already, post there and as long as I have spots free, I will circle you as I want to see my streams come alive during European hours.There was a shared feeling that it would be great to get some attention from G+ for Europe with official hangouts from the community managers during European times, feature roll-outs from Google no longer restricted to the US, having some central point to share European circles and last but not least the desire to have hangouts without having to burn the midnight oil. To help solve this and get Europeans together on the same page I created +Europeans on G+  It already has multiple managers out of the community and that initiative recently span off +European Photo  but feel to offer a bit of your time for this community project. Circle the page if you didn´t already do so. We need more peeps from all over Europe to participate and enjoy G+I hope these posts can do the rounds through Europe and gets us firmly on the G+ map. So even if you´re not European yourself, but sympathize with the initiatives to form a community here, help spread the word and share it.And don´t forget: we all love the other continents and most of us have circles which encompass the whole world. So it´s not against others, but pro us :)2013-03-15 15:05:14291532076CC G+
CircleCount48,270New Sunday Tradition:  #SundaySeven by +Louis Gray"Many of us here on Google+ are following incredible people - some who we've known for years, friends, coworkers and family. Others are people we only know online, but the relationships can be just as strong, as we learn from each other, discover, discuss and share ideas. Each Sunday, I'll plan on sharing with you seven people I enjoy on Google+. How does one get on this list? First, be awesome. Be smart and share good stuff. Have an opinion. Also - don't already be popular. If I share you the big names, you gain little and I gain less. I look forward to seeing your #SundaySeven ." - Louis Gray We are changing the concept a bit and are sharing seven pages and their owners ;)► +Google+ Helper by +Jaana Nyström: a great page with interesting information about Google+► +NOD3x by +Lee Smallwood and his team: data mining is their specialism and the results are some great analytics for Google+► +The G+ Resource by +Thomas Morffew: another great resource for news about Google+► +You Are The Star (for FIVE minutes) by +pio dal cin: interviews with stars on Google+► +Do Share by +Tzafrir Rehan: a page about a chrome extension which is absolutely worth to get its own page► +ILLUSION by +Konstantin Lamanov and his team: mind-blowing illusions► 2013-02-24 20:45:00149424CC G+
Max Huijgen40,460100 Most relevant people on G+: interaction and lively threads guaranteed These folks are generated by the G+ ´relevant´ algorithm and will spice up your streams with great posts and mind challenging reactions on your contributions to G+. Circle them and see your streams come alive... My way to thank all of of you for making G+ such a great place.2013-02-21 22:14:1610059751CC G+
Chrissie Online484If you wish to be included in this circle simply say so in the comments ANDPlus the PostShare the Post.Add the circle 2013-02-16 00:52:53396403CC G+
Michael Muraz13,379*******************************************************************************************                                      Version 4.0 (January 2013)                                      +European Photo circle of                                       European Photographers                                     a project of +Europeans on G+*******************************************************************************************The +European Photo page is happy to present the new version of the European Photographers circle. The goal is to promote the work of European Photographers through the community,  especially images that portray life, culture, history, and the natural beauty of Europe. People in this circle are photographers living in Europe and mostly sharing images from Europe.Sharing is caringWe ask that people in this circle or people interested in this project, please share this post, plus this post, and leave a comment.  Your support is greatly appreciated by +European Photo and the curators.How to be includedIf you're not in this circle and you want to be included in the next version of the circle (which is published every couple of months), here are the requirements: - leave a comment on the original post (not any re-shares) saying you to be part of the next version - you need to be living in Europe at the moment (you don't need to have a European nationality) - people not sharing their own work, or sharing a lot of not photography-related posts will not be consideredYou DON'T need to re-share this circle, but it's always appreciated.Share your images with the pageRemember to tag your photographs of European life-style, culture, history, architecture, etc... with the tag #EuropeanPhotography +European Photo curated by +Jean-Louis LAURENCE, +Susanne Ramharter, +Janusz Brakoniecki and +Michael Muraz.If you are interested in joining our team, please leave a comment or send me a private message.On behalf of +2013-01-28 20:19:333821004174CC G+
Lucas Appelmann10,529I'm sharing my alltime favorite international users circle. It's not big, it might contain lots of people you already have in your own circles, it might annoy you to have another circle share in your stream.It's my personal selection of users that have enriched my g+ stream in the past year. YMMV.+Social Circles +Circles +Circle Me Up !!! +Pimp Your Circles +CIRCLES on Google+ +The Best Circles on Google+ +How Do You Get More Followers On Google+2013-01-28 10:58:2510319413CC G+
România frumoasă1,006Dear Romania's friends, our Google+ Page reached 1000 followers!Dragi prieteni ai Romaniei, pagina noastra Google+ a ajuns la 1000 de fani!This is the first circle, RomaniaRoOne!Acesta este primul cerc, RomaniaRoOne!Thank you very much we've added to your circles! We'll have more fun together in 2013!Va multumim ca ne-ati adaugat in cercurile voastre! Ne vom distra si mai bine impreuna in 2013!2013-01-12 18:10:4850020519CC G+
Brigitte Uras10,0732013-01-06 17:50:021081145CC G+
Sasha Rendulic01. Add This Page ( +SharedCircles ) To Your Circle(s).2. Re-Share This Post Publicly. (Press Share Button Next To +1 Button)Thanksshare, share :) #sharedcircles #compartircirculos #followers #circuleo2012-12-29 05:25:51500025CC G+
Syuzanna Avetisyan51,224THE MOST INTERESTING PERSONS CIRCLE***Conclusion of 2012***___________________________________The name will tell you that this circle is a little place where gathered  the most interesting persons and pages that I've  meet ! ___________________________________A little description about some special ones !!!Start is +Trever McGhee this time -> Amazing person,who will sure inspire you to +Take2seconds   for save the life !!! Wise and beautiful personality ...+James Liranzo +Circles +Geek Humor    -> most of you know this page ! And also know that the page is BIGGEST helper for have more followers. Great work , inspired also by great humor ! +Rinus Bakker  +HQSPPromotion  +Bakker Rinus  --> Do I need to write about Rinus ? I think I should tell that he is one most the most beautiful persons I've ever meet....+Victor Westerhout +Victor Westerhout - Photography page --> Victor is a professional photographer, Wonderful person ,kind and friendly, my very dear friend !+Leonardo Gonzalez  --> One of the most interesting persons in G+ ! Always new ideas,wise thoughts,games , a lot  of things what will make you to look back at his profile again and again !!!!+Armen Sargsyan  -> Web design master , interesting and beautiful person ! By looking at his profile, You can find a lot of useful for you...+Photogenix +2012-12-27 08:52:58497319173385CC G+
Circle Plus10,513Circle Plus, Circle Update - Pages OnlyCircle Plus#addcircle #sharedcircles #googleplus #googlepluscircles #circleplus #sharecircle #googleplusmembers #plusmembers #page #circles    #circlesharing    #circleshare    #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #sharingcircle   #BestSharedCircle #publiccircles #circlecount2012-12-21 12:15:5116721515CC G+
Full Circle22,841499 Interactive Brand Pages Only (Google+ Pages Only) 12.11.12If you have or know of a brand page to be included, comment below.If you manage a Google+ Page adding these brands is a great way to expand your circles. There will be NO error adding this circle to a Google+ Page.#brandpages      #brandcircles      #circleshare      #circleshare   #circlesharing      #circles      #businesspages     #sharedpubliccircles      #sharedcircles      #sharingiscaring     #fullcircleshare  2012-12-11 21:41:3049910312CC G+
Circle Plus8,907Circle Plus, Circle Update - Pages+Circle Plus#addcircle #sharedcircles #googleplus #googlepluscircles #circleplus #sharecircle #googleplusmembers #plusmembers #page #circles    #circlesharing    #circleshare    #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #sharingcircle   #BestSharedCircle #publiccircles #circlecount2012-11-28 12:17:281662118CC G+
Syuzanna Avetisyan40,939_ THE MOST INTERESTING PERSONS CIRCLE______________________________________The name will tell you that this circle is a little place where gathered  the most interesting persons and pages that I've  meet ! ______________________________________A little description about some speciall ones !!! Starting from +Nikola Nikolski  --> Enthusiastic Photographer , love to capture scenes, people, life and moments that appear in front of his lens.+Peter From  --> Author | Photographer | Digital Artist | WordPress Designer | Web Editor+Thorn Button  -->knowing the rules and breaking them is his favorite hobby --- He is a  photo-anarchist+Andreas Levi -->Talented photographer+Vessko Markov --> well-paid, well-built, well-balanced, well-known, professional amateur and the most positive that you can ever meet+Victor Westerhout  +Victor Westerhout - Photography page  -> interested in art, music, photography, architecture, urban design, politics, cynicism (in philosophical sense) of life.+Tree Tuesday  +Take2seconds  -> Motivational Energy Speaker Trainer, Artist, Actor !!!+Rinus Bakker  +Bakker Rinus +HQSPPromotion +HQSPwinners  -->Photographer, Founder and Manager of wonderful HQSP in G++Leonardo Gonzalez  -> Full Blooded Ninja and A Rock, Paper, Scissors Champion ! Beautiful person who will always amaze you with new ideas and2012-11-28 09:41:37499309158297CC G+
România frumoasă512First 500 members of our Google+ Page! Thank you CircleAm crescut la 500 de membri, acesta este cercul de multumire!2012-11-23 21:28:5750011420CC G+
România frumoasă451Good morning dear friends of ROMANIA!There are 2 month from our beginning and we want to celebrate by this Thank you circle! Watch this wonderful video as present for you: BALADA - CIPRIAN PORUMBESCU2012-11-20 05:49:3645225425CC G+
Cynthia Kelly-Yildirim23,029Interesting Shares from the people in this circle, you might enjoy. #sharedcircles  2012-11-09 01:26:20108204CC G+
Jean-Marc Luna931Creative Thinkers CircleThis is a list of some extremely smart people with strong emotional opinions and very clearly thought out posts.  If you want to be added to another growing circle make sure you follow these steps:1. Plus One this post2. Share the circle (add yourself of course)3. And tag it with #newcreativethinkers #newcreativethinkers   #circles   #sharedcircles  Thanks +Dirk Talamasca and +Carlos Rosario 2012-11-08 16:08:57501629CC G+
Carlos Rosario386This is the same list as my last shared circle but this includes me, lol.  Sometimes....mistakes happen.This is a list of some extremely smart people with strong emotional opinions and very clearly thought out posts.  If you want to be added to another growing circle make sure you follow these steps:1. Plus One this post2. Share the circle (add yourself of course)3. And tag it with #newcreativethinkers  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- #sharedcircle     #sharedcircles   #creativethinkers  2012-11-06 17:50:225016211CC G+
Lucas Appelmann3,539I've been in a few shared circles lately; I ought to give something back. These are my absolute favorites. If anybody feels they ought to be in here feel free to complain - maybe you're buried in one of my other circles.2012-10-16 09:03:51991209CC G+
Charles Lupica49,996►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►            Version 2.0                                           ◄►      +European Photo circle of                           ◄►       European Photographers                                 ◄►                                         ◄►     a project of +Europeans on G+          ◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄#EuropeanPhotographyV2  • If you're a European photographer who is not in this circle and you would like to be added to the November circle, please leave a comment so that we can check your profile and add you to the November update. It might be nice if your comments include the name of the country where you live.• We ask that people in this circle or people interested in this project, please share this post, plus this post, and leave a comment.  Your support is appreciated by the +European Photo team.• We only include people in this circle that ask to be included.  There are no sharing or plusing requirements but I appreciate your support. I'm very grateful to the +European Photo team of +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Janusz Brakoniecki +Susanne Ramharter +Manuel Votta for their support of  this effort. If you are interested in joining our team, please leave a comment or send me a private message. +Europeans on G+ (EOG) would like you to take part in their efforts to promote more interaction, communication, and awareness of  the European community. We would like to share the work of European photographers; especially images that portray life, culture, history, and the natural beauty of Europe. This circle was created by and for the European photography community. +European Photo will be run in much the same way as a "traditional" photography theme. Once we have built a sufficient community, we will have weekly or bi-weekly themes such as European Architecture, culture, waterways, mountains, flora, ...Remember to tag your photographs of European life-style, culture, history, architecture, etceteras with the tag 2012-10-10 14:56:09311202162294CC G+
Lina Krivoshieva8,721Europeans unite in this circle and share the beauty of our old continent.The tag is:  #eogphotography  Enjoy!2012-09-07 11:47:2524212121CC G+
Charles Lupica47,171►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►►       Revision - version 1.1                                      ◄►      +European Photo circle of                              ◄►       European Photographers                                 ◄►                                         ◄►     a project of +Europeans on G+           ◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄◄#EuropeanPhotographyC1  There were a number of omissions in the first circle that I shared yesterday. Please share this version.  If you already shared the other version, consider deleting that post ans sharing this one.  I'm sorry for the inconvenience but I wanted to give everyone the opportunity to take part.+Europeans on G+ (EOG) has asked me to take part in their efforts to promote more interaction, communication, and awareness of  the European community. We would like to share the work of European photographers; especially images that portray life, culture, history, and the natural beauty of Europe. This circle was created by and for the Europena photography community.  +European Photo will be run in much the same way as a "traditional" photography theme. Once we have built a sufficient community, we will have weekly or bi-weekly themes such as European Architecture, culture, waterways, mountains, flora, ...If you're a European Photographer and are interested in taking part, please share this announcement, please add this page, and leave a comment so +European Photo can add you to the next circle.  It might be nice if your comments include the name of the country where you live.  Also, if you're in this circle, we'd like to hear from you.Remember to tag your photographs of European life-style, culture, history, architecture, etceteras with the tag #EuropeanPhotography  +European Photo   curated by +Manuel Votta +Susanne Ramharter +pio dal cin and +Charles Lupica (me).  We will try to interact with every image tagged in this way but the goal is to get the G+ community to interact with you and not just the curators.  In addition to tagging your photos, we would like to encourage you to look at, comment on, share and / or plus images by other European photographers.  Let's make +2012-09-05 07:50:39243210124251CC G+
Charles Lupica46,868■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■                                      ■■      +European Photo circle of                                  ■■       European Photographers                                 ■■                                      ■■     a project of +Europeans on G+            ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ #EuropeanPhotographyC1  +Europeans on G+ (EOG) has asked me to take part in their efforts to promote more interaction, communication, and awareness of  the European community. We would like to share the work of European photographers; especially images that portray life, culture, history, and the natural beauty of Europe. This circle was created by and for the Europena photography community.  +European Photo will be run in much the same way as a "traditional" photography theme. Once we have built a sufficient community, we will have weekly or bi-weekly themes such as European Architecture, culture, waterways, mountains, flora, ...If you're a European Photographer and are interested in taking part, please share this announcement, please add this page, and leave a comment so +European Photo can add you to the next circle.  It might be nice if your comments include the name of the country where you live.  Also, if you're in this circle, we'd like to hear from you.Remember to tag your photographs of European life-style, culture, history, architecture, etceteras with the tag #EuropeanPhotography +European Photo  curated by +Manuel Votta +Susanne Ramharter and +Charles Lupica (me).  We will try to interact with every image tagged in this way but the goal is to get the G+ community to interact with you and not just the curators.  In addition to tagging your photos, we would like to encourage you to look at, comment on, share and / or plus images by other European photographers.  Let's make +European Photo  +European Photo rock. :-))Valida2012-09-04 15:55:5420410377192CC G+
Hek Waves775In August, it was about one year I started my „Hek Waves“ stream on G+. In the meantime, I had the opportunity to “circle up” with a considerable group of people sharing interesting, amazing, sometimes critical and – if it’s needed – also a bit odd and jolting content. But – and that’s the point – it has always been a valuable, friendly, enlightening and engaging contribution to my personal G+ stream. Therefore, I think, that the first G+ anniversary is a good opportunity to say thanks to some of the top influencers of my stream and the best way to say Thank You on G+ is sharing carefully selected circles to the public. So, let me start with a first ”Thank You Circle”:This circle contains a first selection of people sharing social, political or environmental content on G+. It’s a pretty colorfull circle, so it doen’t address a single social direction or opinion. But it always contains people with a valuable point of view. And that’s, what makes G+ so unique. #ThankYouCircle   #reshare   #sharingiscaring   +Shared Circles on G+ BTW: Special thanks to +Susanne Ramharter  and +Andrew Hartwell  for the foundations to this circle.2012-09-02 12:33:1513724521CC G+
Circle Plus4,284Circle update: [Page Circle]+Circle Plus #addcircle #sharedcircles #googleplus #googlepluscircles #circleplus #sharecircle #googleplusmembers #plusmembers #page #circles    #circlesharing    #circleshare    #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #sharingcircle   #BestSharedCircle2012-09-01 15:54:44167130CC G+
Ishrath Qadir4,436Circle update: [General Page Circle]+Ishrath Qadir #addcircle #sharedcircles #googleplus #googlepluscircles #circleplus #sharecircle #googleplusmembers #plusmembers #page #circles   #circlesharing   #circleshare   #publiccircles  #publicsharedcircles  #sharingcircle  #BestSharedCircle #ishrathqadir #qadir #page #pagecircle #generalpagecircle2012-09-01 06:04:57137201CC G+
Circle Plus3,318Circle Plus update: [Pages Circle]+Circle Plus #addcircle #sharedcircles #googleplus #googlepluscircles #circleplus #sharecircle #googleplusmembers #plusmembers #page #circles   #circlesharing   #circleshare   #publiccircles  #publicsharedcircles  #sharingcircle  #BestSharedCircle2012-07-28 11:19:27170000CC G+
Max Huijgen27,907A mystery shrouded in an enigma: My Top 99 circle These are the 99 users who are on top of my relevance list and I considered myself quite relevant to myself so I overruled Google there :)Many of these folks are engaging with me through posts or comments, but it´s still a surprise circle. Some people have a magic link thanks to Google´s relevancy algorithm which is a mystery shrouded in an enigma. If anyone has a clue what determines relevancy I would like to know.It´s clear that it´s something like ´interaction * no. of followers as I rarely comment on +Robert Scoble and vice versa. Most of the others are completely understandable, but then again some names are missing..I have removed some people who I know mostly through work related email or don´t post in English and added instead the profiles next in line. Want to create your own?► Click circles on the tab on the right► Make sure relevance is selected (default)► Select the top 99 users. (Drag a box around them)► Drag the whole group to "drop here to create new circle"► The new circle will open up. Make sure its 99 and adjust it if needed► Share it and use the hashtag #top99  and #sharedcircles  #top99   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  +Shared Circles on G+  +Nothing but Circles  +Public Circles  +Full Circle  +CircleCount  If you got notified you are one of the 99.2012-07-25 23:37:0699109644CC G+
Peter From39,371The EUROPEAN TOP PHOTOGRAPHER'S Circle –– Validated Second Revision #CircleSharingForThePeopleETPC2  READ BEFORE YOU ASK FOR INCLUSIONThe time has come to share the second validated revision of the European Top Photographer's Circle (ETPC) with 487 excellent photographer's that produce great photography and can't wait to interact with you. You will find some very interesting imagery in this circle and I am proud to promote these great people – I am sure they will bring lots and lots of great and interesting pictures to your feeds.If YOU want to hop on the next ETPC train, do the following:1. Help spread the word and reshare this circle post. Why? If you think you should be promoted, you should be willing to do the same for your fellow artists. Simple as that.2. Ask for inclusion in the comments. I will check every feed. Please state from which country you are and that you have reshared this post.3. Make sure that you mainly share your own original photography in your feed. If there are too many reshares of other peoples' work, irrelevant YouTube clips, animated GIFS, blog post teasers etc., I might not add you to the circle. The ETPC is a validated quality circle that should bring people great imagery to their feeds.NOTE! If you see that I have plussed your comment, then you know that I have added you to the next revision of the circle. I didn't PLUS your comment? Make sure that you have reshared this circle post and let me know that you did so.HOW TO AVOID FLOODING OF THIS POST IN YOUR FEED:*This post is hash-tagged with  #CircleSharingForThePeopleETPC2 so that you may mute the reshares this post will generate. That way you will avoid seeing multiple copies of this post in your feed and your adrenaline level will stay normal. I will add a new hash-tag for every announcement and circle post. That way you won't miss out on any of the action but still can mute all the duplicate reshares.* Here is an excellent add-on that will help you to mute the reshares: http://code.google.com/p/nonplus/Cheers!2012-06-18 10:29:31486136145148CC G+

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Most comments: 16

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2013-08-21 18:48:24 (16 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)

Who is your favourite artist from UK?

Most reshares: 12

posted image

2013-09-05 08:25:17 (1 comments, 12 reshares, 65 +1s)


Book Fountain in Budapest...one of the coolest fountains I've ever seen!

Book Fountain Budapest

Most plusones: 65

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2013-09-05 08:25:17 (1 comments, 12 reshares, 65 +1s)


Book Fountain in Budapest...one of the coolest fountains I've ever seen!

Book Fountain Budapest

Latest 50 posts

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2014-08-10 15:55:47 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)

#europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #hungarymusic  

Ballade No. 2 by Liszt
A few weeks ago I listened to several renditions of Liszt's Ballade No. 2 - an intriguing piano piece. Liszt composed this Ballade in 1853 and, as opposed to other works in which he openly acknowledged their sources of inspiration, it has no explicit programme attached. It is frequently associated with the romantic Greek myth of 'Hero and Leander' (and the waves Leander has to swim through to get to Hero), yet others claim that it was inspired by Gottfried August Bürger's poem 'Lenore', a 18th century Gothic ballad. Whatever his inspiration was, the narrative of the ballad itself is truly fascinating.

Liszt has always been an admirer of Chopin's music, even after their friendship had cooled. Following Chopin’s death in 1849, Liszt authored a book on Chopin, and composed several pieces in genres pioneered by Chopin - the Ballade in B minor is such a piece.
Whereas Chopin's ballads tend to a more intimate character, Liszt's Ballade, like many of his works, rather reminds of happenings on epical scale, cities in flames–tragedies of public import ;-)

From a structural point of view, Liszt's Ballade is woven out of four thematic ideas: the foreboding first theme based on an ascending natural minor scale, the stormy surging chromatic pattern beneath the first theme and two lyrical interludes, one glistening and dreamy, the other plaintive and heartfelt. 
The first theme, together with the chromatic accompaniment, appears in different guises and keys as the Ballade unfolds. Each appearance is more urgent and turbulent than the other, until the music comes crashing down in a stunning climax. The most magical transformation of this theme occurs after the climax, where it finally reaches its goal of B major. The theme is restated twice after this, with triumphant chords and sky-rocketing scales that unexpectedly lead to a reprise of the first lyrical idea, drawing this epic tale to a close.

Claudio Arrau - F. Liszt Ballade no.2 S.171 B minor is without any doubt an absolutely great interpretation - for today's #sundayclassics contribution however, I chose a rendition with a bit more "paprika" ;-)
Have an excellent Sunday - enjoy!

Related links:
https://plus.google.com/+NicoGerrits/posts/QHMLQCUZZq2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hero_and_Leander
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenore_(ballad)
http://www.abigailsin.com/MyCV.htm

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #hungarymusic  

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2014-07-26 09:59:55 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)

To my peoples!
was a manifest signed by Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria-Hungary in Bad Ischl on July 28, 1914. The text announced declaration of war on Serbia, starting World War I.

'To my peoples!' is also the title of a virtual exhibition commemorating the First World War, created by +Europeana together with the Austrian National Library and published by +Google Cultural Institute . The online exhibition may be visited on http://goo.gl/7tbCzo

See also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/To_my_people

#europeanhistory     #wwi  

To my peoples!
was a manifest signed by Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria-Hungary in Bad Ischl on July 28, 1914. The text announced declaration of war on Serbia, starting World War I.

'To my peoples!' is also the title of a virtual exhibition commemorating the First World War, created by +Europeana together with the Austrian National Library and published by +Google Cultural Institute . The online exhibition may be visited on http://goo.gl/7tbCzo

See also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/To_my_people

#europeanhistory     #wwi  ___

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2014-06-08 15:04:12 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 13 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #germanymusic

Christoph Willibald [Ritter von] Gluck (1714-1787), born in Bavaria, Germany, and raised in Bohemia, wrote several trio sonatas, but became famous as an opera composer of the early classical period. 
One of his key contributions was to reform the opera, that is, to return opera from pieces with abstruse plots and overly complex music back to its origins, focusing on human drama and passions and making words and music of equal importance. Also, in his opinion, the drama of the work itself should be more important than the star singers who perform it.

The opera Orfeo ed Euridice , which premiered at Vienna on 5 October 1762, showed the beginnings of Gluck's reforms. Twelve years after the premiere, Gluck re-adapted the opera to suit the tastes of a Parisian audience and renamed it into 'Orphée et Eurydice'.
From this opera, its Overture, the ballet 'Dance of the Blessed Spirits' ('Reigen seliger Geister') and Orpheus' lament 'Che farò senza Euridice' ('Ach, ich habe sie verloren') have become very popular.

Until recently I thought that the Dance of the Blessed Spirits merely consisted of a Minuet, since that's where my music score for piano ended ;-) However, the Minuet actually "sandwiches" a very lovely Air, frequently titled Melody (or 'Mélodie'), and that's the piece I picked for today's #sundayclassics contribution.
➥ Gluck - Orfeo ed Euridice - Dance of the Blessed Spirits offers a full orchestral version and for a ballet clip, see ➥ Dance of the Blessed Spirits (said "Melody" starts at 2'38" and 3'10", respectively).

Several beautiful and more intimate transcriptions have been written as well, e.g.
➥ Henryk Szeryng - Gluck Melodie (violin and piano)
➥ Gluck - Melody from Orpheus for flute and organ.wmv
My current favourite is the piano solo transcription by Sgambatti, with a maestro interpretation:
➥ Nelson Freire playing Gluck / Sgambatti.mp4
Enjoy - may your day be blessed!

Related links:
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/235806/Christoph-Willibald-Gluck
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christoph_Willibald_Gluck
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orfeo_ed_Euridice
http://www.forte-piano-pianissimo.com/Gluck-Melodie.html

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #germanymusic

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2014-05-17 12:35:30 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)

The Crisis Response is monitoring the flooding situation in Serbia and Bosnia & Herzegovina (http://goo.gl/QrV1f3), which is currently affecting tens of thousands across the region. We've assembled the following links and resources, stay tuned for updates related to this event which we'll try to share here.

Serbia:

Immediate help information:
  - Ministry of Interior (http://www.mup.gov.rs/)
  - B92 (http://goo.gl/dtrscm)
   
Road conditions:
  - Putevi Srbije (http://goo.gl/Mi4Ijq)
  - Traffic road map (http://goo.gl/OHqk69)
   
How to help:
   - General info on B92 (http://goo.gl/RQW1q6)
   - Red Cross of Serbia (http://goo.gl/g5txjE)
  
Local press coverage: 
  - B92 (http://www.b92.net/info/poplave/ )
  - Politika (http://politika.co.rs/)
  - Novosti(http://www.novosti... more »

The Crisis Response is monitoring the flooding situation in Serbia and Bosnia & Herzegovina (http://goo.gl/QrV1f3), which is currently affecting tens of thousands across the region. We've assembled the following links and resources, stay tuned for updates related to this event which we'll try to share here.

Serbia:

Immediate help information:
  - Ministry of Interior (http://www.mup.gov.rs/)
  - B92 (http://goo.gl/dtrscm)
   
Road conditions:
  - Putevi Srbije (http://goo.gl/Mi4Ijq)
  - Traffic road map (http://goo.gl/OHqk69)
   
How to help:
   - General info on B92 (http://goo.gl/RQW1q6)
   - Red Cross of Serbia (http://goo.gl/g5txjE)
  
Local press coverage: 
  - B92 (http://www.b92.net/info/poplave/ )
  - Politika (http://politika.co.rs/)
  - Novosti (http://www.novosti.rs/ )

Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Immediate help information:
  - Ministry of Defense (http://goo.gl/IGIWiK)
  - Ministry of Security (http://www.msb.gov.ba/)
 
Road conditions:
   - Bihamk (http://goo.gl/BhLGTm)
 
How to help:
   - Red cross of Bosnia and Herzegovina (http://www.ckfbih.ba/)
 
Local press coverage:
  - Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (http://www.bhrt.ba/)
  - Vijesti (http://www.vijesti.ba/)
  - Tuzlarije.net (http://bhstring.net/tuzlauslikama/tuzlarije/)
  - Klix.ba (http://www.klix.ba/vijesti)
  - Oslobodjenje (http://www.oslobodjenje.ba)___

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2014-05-09 08:57:57 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 17 +1s)

Happy Europe Day! Europe Day (9 May) celebrates peace and unity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the historical 'Schuman declaration'. At a speech in Paris in 1950, the French foreign minister, Robert Schuman, set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would make war between Europe’s nations unthinkable.

Schuman’s proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.

http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/symbols/europe-day/index_en.htm#why_europe_day

#EuropeDay #europeanhistory   #oldvideo  

Happy Europe Day! Europe Day (9 May) celebrates peace and unity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the historical 'Schuman declaration'. At a speech in Paris in 1950, the French foreign minister, Robert Schuman, set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would make war between Europe’s nations unthinkable.

Schuman’s proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.

http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/symbols/europe-day/index_en.htm#why_europe_day

#EuropeDay #europeanhistory   #oldvideo  ___

posted image

2014-04-25 10:03:56 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)

#europeanmusic   #portugalmusic   #europeanhistory  

Revolução dos Cravos
#onthisday in 1974, fourty years ago, a pro-democratic military coup in Lisbon overthrew the Portuguese regime. Its name Carnation Revolution comes from the fact no shots were fired and when the population took to the streets to celebrate the end of the dictatorship and war in the colonies, carnation flowers were put into the muzzles of rifles and on the uniforms of the army.
➥ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnation_Revolution

Closely associated with this revolution is the song Grândola, Vila Morena  , written by Zeca Afonso (1929-1987), one of the most influential folk and political musicians in recent Portuguese history.
➥ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%A2ndola,_Vila_Morena

#europeanmusic #portugalmusic___ #europeanmusic   #portugalmusic   #europeanhistory  

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2014-04-18 19:48:45 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 15 +1s)

Me pinguem et nitidum bene curata cute vises, ...Epicuri de grege porcum (You may see me, fat and shining, with well-cared for hide,—...a hog from Epicurus' herd. Horace)

When the Second Schleswig War was over in 1864, the Danes living in Schleswig and Holstein all of a sudden had become Austrians and Prussians and after 1871 Germans, citizenship-wise. From now on, they were forbidden to fly the Dannebrog, the Danish flag, red with the white Scandinavian cross, on their farmsteads and came up with a rather curious idea to show their allegiance: out of Holsteinian and Jutlandian marsh pigs, Tamworth and reddish Angeln Saddlebacks, a 36’' tall and 770 lbs race of red pigs with a white saddle on their backs was bred, thus coloured like the Dannebrog. The pigs were called det danske protestsvin or Danish Protest Pigs and from now on, the Dannebrog was not flying but running about theDan... more »

Me pinguem et nitidum bene curata cute vises, ...Epicuri de grege porcum (You may see me, fat and shining, with well-cared for hide,—...a hog from Epicurus' herd. Horace)

When the Second Schleswig War was over in 1864, the Danes living in Schleswig and Holstein all of a sudden had become Austrians and Prussians and after 1871 Germans, citizenship-wise. From now on, they were forbidden to fly the Dannebrog, the Danish flag, red with the white Scandinavian cross, on their farmsteads and came up with a rather curious idea to show their allegiance: out of Holsteinian and Jutlandian marsh pigs, Tamworth and reddish Angeln Saddlebacks, a 36’' tall and 770 lbs race of red pigs with a white saddle on their backs was bred, thus coloured like the Dannebrog. The pigs were called det danske protestsvin or Danish Protest Pigs and from now on, the Dannebrog was not flying but running about the Danish farms.

Today, det danske protestsvin is one of the endangered domestic animal breeds with only 140 pigs alive worldwide and institutions such as the Arche Warder in Schleswig-Holstein, a centre for the preservation of domestic animals threatened with extinction (https://www.arche-warder.de/en/index.php) and a few zoos do their best to keep the breed alive. And a few found a new home in the open-air enclosure of the #wunderkammer  to preserve the memory of an unusual and very creative form of non-violent resistance.

The picture of the three little protest pigs below was taken by Silke (eska2203_Sil) on June 17th, 2011 at the Gelsenkirchen Zoo and found on https://www.flickr.com/photos/8930168@N06/5922947287 

And more about Danish Protest Pigs on

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_Protest_Pig

#history   #europeanhistory  ___

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2014-03-23 14:15:08 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

#europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #italymusic  

➥ Saverio Mercadante - ''Rondo Russo'' (Italian Classics)
➥ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saverio_Mercadante

o #europeanmusic   #sundayclassics  o___ #europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #italymusic  

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2014-03-16 11:54:22 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 20 +1s)

#europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #ukrainemusic  

Viktor Kosenko - Gavotte in B minor
➥ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Kosenko

#sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  ___ #europeanmusic   #sundayclassics   #ukrainemusic  

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2014-03-02 10:26:17 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #czechmusic  

Happy Birthday Bedřich Smetana!

More info on
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bed%C5%99ich_Smetana
https://plus.google.com/+NicoGerrits/posts/ihsfs1UVkoz

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #czechmusic  

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2014-02-23 22:12:42 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 22 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #ukmusic  

Happy Birthday George Frideric Handel!
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Frideric_Handel

➥ Haendel Water Music Suite No 3 HWV 350 G Major H Niquet Le Concert Spirituel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_Music_(Handel)

#sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  ___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #ukmusic  

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2014-02-17 10:01:58 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 27 +1s)

Monasterios de Bucovina.
Patrimonio de la Humanidad.
/via +Iulia Rosnitche 

Humorolui___Monasterios de Bucovina.
Patrimonio de la Humanidad.
/via +Iulia Rosnitche 

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2014-02-13 10:37:28 (3 comments, 4 reshares, 7 +1s)

Get to know Europe!   

How many European capital cities can you find in this puzzle? Once you found all of them, the remaining letters form a sentence.

Once finished, post the number of cities you found along with the  city mentioned in the remaining letters.

The answers will be shared tomorrow [Friday].

Get to know Europe!   

How many European capital cities can you find in this puzzle? Once you found all of them, the remaining letters form a sentence.

Once finished, post the number of cities you found along with the  city mentioned in the remaining letters.

The answers will be shared tomorrow [Friday].___

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2014-02-10 11:11:31 (3 comments, 7 reshares, 19 +1s)

From our community

What's cool about this is that based on the simple linguistic rule of language fracturing right away you can tell that all of the romance languages originated in Italy.
Reason: where a language is the most fractured over the smallest geographical area is virtually always where it originated.
As an example, take a hypothetical alien visitor to Earth. If the visitor didn't know better, he might think that since North America has the largest population of English-speakers, it follows that North America is where English originated. However, as we know, this is not the case at all. The alien observer would instead have to look not for where the largest number of native speakers are, but rather, for the location in which said language is the most highly fragmented over a small geographic area. Right away he would notice that the British Isles have many more distinct dialects of English than does North America, and he would then rightly conclude that they are probably the geographic location wherein English was born.
The next thing an astute observer would look for is the nearest most closely related language to English. If he did that, he would get to Frisian and would then rightly conclude that English and Frisian have a relatively recent common linguistic ancestor and that English, in large part, is basically a western Germanic language since northwestern Europe is where the two most nearly approximate one another.
The upshot is that obviously the same goes for Romance languages and that this map shows exactly that. Thanks Italy ! ___From our community

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2014-01-26 13:26:45 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #polandmusic  

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

At that time he [Chopin] also mentioned that certain poems of Mickiewicz had inspired him to his Ballades. On the other hand, a poet might easily be inspired to find words to his music; it stirs one profoundly.
- Robert Schumann (in a 1841 review of the second Ballade [1])

Świteź and Świtezianka
are the poems (see also [2]) usually linked to Fryderyk Chopin's ballads 2 (Op. 38, 1839) and 3 (Op. 47, 1841), respectively. Moreover, people have also assigned 'Konrad Wallenrod' to Chopin's first ballad (Op. 23, 1836) and 'Pan Budri' to his last (Op. 52, 1842). 

Taking Chopin's ballads as program music directly referencing specific poems of his friend-compatriot Mickiewicz is a view that is fuelled by Schumann's abovementioned comment. Today, this view is still considered valid and is defended at great length by in-depth studies [3].

Others support a more abstract approach. As Charles Rosen put it [4]: With Chopin, however, we must not look for a specific literary work as a narrative model but for a new tone, a new atmosphere and new structures: the literary influence does not result in a program; the music does not refer beyond itself. Just as poets and painters had attempted to recreate with words and paint the freedom and the abstract power of music, so the generation of musicians born around 1810 tried to capture the originality of form and the exotic atmosphere of the literature and art they had grown up with.

Never mind whether or not directly linked to the mentioned poems, let's enjoy today's #sundayclassics  contributions:
➥ Nikolay Khozyainov - Fryderyk Chopin Ballade No.2 in F major, Op. 38
➥ Chopin - Ballata n. 3 in La bemolle Maggiore op. 47 - Maurizio Pollini - Jacques Tissot.

The attached image shows a satellite view on the lake Switez (cf. [5])

References:
1. http://goo.gl/c2TlWz
2. https://plus.google.com/+NicoGerrits/posts/P6vF69CYnmr
3. http://goo.gl/U7SvAV
4. Charles Rosen in 'The Romantic Generation' (1998)
5. http://maps.pomocnik.com/satellite-maps/?map=4521 

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #polandmusic  

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2014-01-14 05:40:11 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)

Ukrainian protests

Ukrainian protests___

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2013-12-08 17:42:10 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 24 +1s)

#europeanhistory  

Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of Troy. Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds, many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea, fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.
~ The Odyssey, Book 1, Lines 1-6

'"The Odyssey," written by the poet Homer around 800 B.C.E., is one the greatest human works of all time. It's also a dense read, which is why we highly recommend listening to it (as was originally intended).

Listening to the entire epic takes a while as well, making this interactive map by esri a great summary of the most epic homecoming journey ever told.

The cool thing about it is that tracks Odysseus' mythical journey around the Mediterranean on modern-day map.'

Take Odysseus' journey in this new story map from +Esri here: http://esripm.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapTour/index.html?appid=4fc9153f4d9248b9bab7011e3950b552&webmap=962ca9da38bf4c5e9439a6acf3dd1b3e

From :  http://www.businessinsider.com/an-interactive-map-of-homers-odyssey-2013-12

Thank you, +Esri and +Business Insider 

#theodyssey   #homer   #esristorymap  ___ #europeanhistory  

2013-12-06 14:01:51 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)

Today in Europe: Independance Day of Finland

On this date, in 1917, Finland signed a declaration of independence from the Russian Empire.

source: +Violeta Ivanova

Today in Europe: Independance Day of Finland

On this date, in 1917, Finland signed a declaration of independence from the Russian Empire.

source: +Violeta Ivanova___

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2013-11-17 14:18:39 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #polandmusic  

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics 

The culture of any country is gauged first by its progress in art.
- I.J. Paderewski

The Polish virtuoso pianist and composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860–1941) was a favorite of concert audiences across the globe. On top of his musical career, Paderewski's activities as politician, statesman, and generous philanthropist distinguished him as one of the greatest personalities of the cultural and political scenes in Poland (and beyond), during the first half of the past century.

Success was translated into good works, sponsorship of competitions, and in 1915, the Polish Victims Relief Fund. In 1919 he was chosen independent Poland's first Prime Minister, in which capacity he signed the Versailles treaty. 
He resumed his concert career in 1922, touring into old age and frailty to raise funds for the Polish cause in the wake of the Nazi invasion in 1939.
For more on his interesting biography, do take a look at the links provided at the bottom of this post.

Although he didn`t compose music as much as he performed on the piano, Padereweski's neo-romantic style pieces became very well known. Major compositions are the Menuet Célèbre in G, Op. 14/1 (1887), a Piano Concerto (1888), the opera Manru (1892-1901), a Piano Sonata (1903), and a Symphony (1903-1909).

I leave today's #sundayclassics choice completely up to you: For a charming miniature piano piece, try one of his 6 Humoresques de concert, Op.14, e.g.
Paderewski Plays his Minuet in G,Op. 14, No 1 Rec.1937
Kiryl Keduk - I. J. Paderewski Humoresques de Concert op. 14 no. 3 Caprice (genre Scarlatti)
Piotr Kosiński (Poland) - I. J. Paderewski - Cracovienne fantastique op. 14 No. 6 .wmv

However, if you prefer some quiet romance, try
Paderewski Piano Concerto op.17 - II. Romanza (Piers Lane)
Enjoy!

Related links:
http://www.paderewskiassociation.org/Paderewski_Biography.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignacy_Jan_Paderewski
http://www.poloniamusic.com/Paderewski.html
http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/classroom/paderewski/tg.html
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/ignace-jan-paderewski-mn0000635186/compositions

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #polandmusic  

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2013-11-07 12:31:41 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)

 are you creative? What Europe's Countries look like to you?

#europe   #europeansong+   #creativity  +Europeans on G+ 

 are you creative? What Europe's Countries look like to you?

#europe   #europeansong+   #creativity  +Europeans on G+ ___

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2013-11-07 12:28:18 (11 comments, 8 reshares, 31 +1s)

When the ice is gone: a map of submerged Europe

National Geographic has created an interactive map displaying what would Earth look like around 7013. By that time, according to scientific projections, all ice on Earth will have melted.

A look at Europe shows the ugly truth: Major cities like London, Amsterdam or Bordeaux will be underwater. And of course, Venice and Copenhagen will be no more.

Check out for yourself the map of this apocalyptic scenario :
➥ http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2013/09/rising-seas/if-ice-melted-map

When the ice is gone: a map of submerged Europe

National Geographic has created an interactive map displaying what would Earth look like around 7013. By that time, according to scientific projections, all ice on Earth will have melted.

A look at Europe shows the ugly truth: Major cities like London, Amsterdam or Bordeaux will be underwater. And of course, Venice and Copenhagen will be no more.

Check out for yourself the map of this apocalyptic scenario :
➥ http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2013/09/rising-seas/if-ice-melted-map___

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2013-10-29 06:30:17 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

Marmaray
is the rail transport project which includes the construction of an undersea rail tunnel under the Bosphorus strait. Like a mondern day Silk Road, it will provide a "non-stop" railway route connecting China to Western European markets and vice versa. It will be officially opened #onthisday , at the 90th anniversary of the foundation of the Turkish Republic.

More links:
http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/marmaray/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marmaray
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd%C3%BClmecid_I
http://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marmaray

Marmaray
is the rail transport project which includes the construction of an undersea rail tunnel under the Bosphorus strait. Like a mondern day Silk Road, it will provide a "non-stop" railway route connecting China to Western European markets and vice versa. It will be officially opened #onthisday , at the 90th anniversary of the foundation of the Turkish Republic.

More links:
http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/marmaray/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marmaray
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd%C3%BClmecid_I
http://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marmaray___

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2013-10-27 11:21:43 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 10 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #spainmusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

For 37 years I've practiced 14 hours a day, and now they call me a genius.
Pablo de Sarasate

The Spanish composer and virtuoso violinist Pablo de Sarasate (1844–1908) contributed in more than one way to the creative life of late 19th-century Paris. Knowing and exploiting the best of the violin, both tonally and technically, Sarasate helped considerably to popularize the "Spanish idiom" with his own compositions, particularly the marvelous set of Spanish dances. In that way, he inspired other composers and some of them dedicated their music to him, for example Edouard Lalo’s Symphonie Espagnole, Georges Bizet’s Carmen and Camille Saint-Saens‘ Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso. It went further than composers wanting him to play their music: his technical advice as well as his personal performing style often helped to shape other composers’ solo parts.

As a composer, Sarasate was prolific. On top of works for violin and piano, or violin and orchestra, he also wrote concert fantasies based on themes from popular operas and compositions based on Spanish themes and rhythms. Among these, one of the best known is today’s #sundayclassics contribution: Aires gitanos (Gypsy Airs, Zigeunerweisen, Aires bohemios) Op. 20 - ¡que te diviertas!

In 1904 Sarasate made a small number of recordings. You can hear the maestro himself in this (low quality) clip: Sarasate Plays Sarasate Zigeunerweisen

Releated links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_de_Sarasate
http://www.masterthecello.com/gasp/pablo-sarasate

o #sundayclassics #europeanmusic o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #spainmusic

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2013-10-20 22:26:09 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 11 +1s)

Nightvision is a celebration of the brilliance and diversity of architecture found across Europe. Over the course of three months I journeyed with a friend through 36 cities in 21 countries with the ambition of capturing some of the greatest European structures in a new and unique way. Comprised of thousands of carefully taken photographs, strung together and stabilized in post-production, Nightvision aims to inspire appreciation for these man-made landmarks.

BUILDINGS IN ORDER OF APPEARENCE

NAME - ARCHITECT - LOCATION
 
Brandenburg Gate - Carl Gotthard Langhans - Berlin, Germany
 
Arc de Triomphe - Jean Chalgrin - Paris, France
 
Philharmonie Luxembourg - Christian de Portzamparc - Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
 
Atomium - André Waterkeyn - Brussels, Belgium
 
Palace of Westminster - Charles Berry - London, England
 Copenhagen... more »

Nightvision is a celebration of the brilliance and diversity of architecture found across Europe. Over the course of three months I journeyed with a friend through 36 cities in 21 countries with the ambition of capturing some of the greatest European structures in a new and unique way. Comprised of thousands of carefully taken photographs, strung together and stabilized in post-production, Nightvision aims to inspire appreciation for these man-made landmarks.

BUILDINGS IN ORDER OF APPEARENCE

NAME - ARCHITECT - LOCATION
 
Brandenburg Gate - Carl Gotthard Langhans - Berlin, Germany
 
Arc de Triomphe - Jean Chalgrin - Paris, France
 
Philharmonie Luxembourg - Christian de Portzamparc - Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
 
Atomium - André Waterkeyn - Brussels, Belgium
 
Palace of Westminster - Charles Berry - London, England
 
Copenhagen Opera House - Henning Larsen - Copenhagen, Denmark
 
Trevi Fountain - Nicola Salvi - Rome, Italy
 
Belém Tower - Francisco de Arruda - Lisbon, Portugal
 
L'Hemisferic -  Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela - Valencia, Spain
 
Berliner Dom - Julius Raschdorff - Berlin, Germany
 
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao - Frank Gehry - Bilbao, Spain
 
Cologne Cathedral - Willy Weyres - Cologne, Germany
 
Hungarian Parliament Building - Imre Steindl - Budapest, Hungary
 
Oslo Opera House - Tarald Lundevall - Oslo, Norway
 
The Shard - Renzo Piano - London, England
 
Fernsehturm Berlin - Hermann Henselmann and Jörg Streitparth - Berlin, Germany
 
Bode-Museum - Ernst von Ihne - Berlin, Germany
 
Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Sedefkar Mehmed Agha - Istanbul, Turkey
 
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - Alexander Pomerantsev - Sofia, Bulgaria
 
Tower Bridge - Horace Jones and George D Stephenson - London, England
 
Prague Astronomical Clock - Mikuláš of Kadaň and Jan Šindel - Prague, Czech Republic
 
Fraumünster - Staffelbach Meier and Marc Chagall - Zurich, Switzerland
 
Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía - Santiago Calatrava - Valencia, Spain
 
Rathaus Vienna - Friedrich von Schmidt - Vienna, Austria
 
National Theatre - Maria Siklós - Budapest, Hungary
 
Sagrada Família - Antoni Gaudí  - Barcelona, Spain
 
Roman Colosseum - Vespasian and Titus - Rome, Italy
 
Under Krystallen - Schmidt Hammer Lassen - Copenhagen, Denmark

website: http://www.lshep.com/___

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2013-10-13 19:00:29 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #italymusic  
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Paganini

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics  

/via +Iulia Rosnitche 

___ #europeanmusic #sundayclassics #italymusic  
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Paganini

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics  

/via +Iulia Rosnitche 

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2013-10-06 12:48:18 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #italymusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

The Italian composer Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1811) was one of the great representatives of the Scuola musicale napoletana , the Neapolitan school. Cimarosa was a talented singer, keyboard player, and violinist. Nevertheless, from early on, he was a prolific composer and wrote many (typically 'comic') operas, including his masterpiece, Il matrimonio segreto (1792).

In addition to operas, Cimarosa also wrote oratorios, masses, cantatas, as well as instrumental music. The 1870 Concerto for oboe and strings , which is made up of the Sonatas 23, 24, 29, and 31, belongs to his most popular instrumental work. It starts with a lovely larghetto - enjoy!
00:04 Introduzione
03:07 Allegro
06:07 Siciliana
08:52 Allegro Giusto

Attention: If the enclosed clip is blocked in your country (e.g. Germany), please try this playlist Domenico Cimarosa (Oboe concerto C major)-1-Introduzione:Larghetto

Related links:
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=126
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domenico_Cimarosa
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domenico_Cimarosa

o #sundayclassics #europeanmusic o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #italymusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

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2013-10-04 22:14:56 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)

#europeanmusic #francemusic 

Yom - Rêve de l'enfant

#europeanmusic #francemusic

Yom is a French klezmer clarinetist born in 1980 in Paris. From jazz to electro and klezmer music, Yom is a non-standard artist, capable of the most unpredictable artistic experiments.

Klezmer is a traditional Jewish music of Central and Eastern Europe. For Yom, this music about Ashkenazi's joys and sorrows is a link between the Jewish identity of his mother and the musical heritage of his grandfather, a clarinetist.___#europeanmusic #francemusic 

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2013-10-02 16:38:59 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)

#europeanhistory

Pretty well done___#europeanhistory

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2013-10-02 09:59:07 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)

/via +Irina Tcherednichenko

Ravel's Bolero Up Close and Personal
by +London Symphony Orchestra via +ℓaura ℓawrie 

Here's an opportunity to listen and look much more closely than normal, at the orchestra and the conductor.  Take a close look at him, I think that there may be something a bit suspicious about his grizzly chin and the size of his baton.

Experience one of the world's leading orchestras like never before, in the first of an ongoing series of performances. Interact with multiple HD camera angles and view up to four streams at one time.

More here: http://play.lso.co.uk/___/via +Irina Tcherednichenko

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2013-09-29 13:24:43 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #germanymusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

The flautist, flute maker and composer Johann Joachim Quantz (1697-1773) was born in the electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, today Germany. The young Quantz was a talented violinst and oboist. Later on, the flute caught his attention and he became a virtuoso making a name for himself as the finest flautist in all of Europe, touring France and England and eventually becoming a teacher and court composer to Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great). On top, he also was an innovative flute maker and modified the instrument greatly, making changes such as adding keys to the instrument to help with intonation.

Quantz' music is typical of the transitional period from late Baroque to early Classical era. He composed many works, including over 200 sonatas and about 300 concertos for the flute. He is best known, however, through history as the author of "On Playing the Flute" (1752), a treatise on flute playing, which was (and still is) a valuable source of reference regarding performance practice and flute technique in the 18th century.

Today's contribution to the #sundayclassics stream, the Concerto for flute & strings in G (No.161), is one of his "evergreens" - enjoy!

Related links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Joachim_Quantz
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Versuch_einer_Anweisung_die_Fl%C3%B6te_traversi%C3%A8re_zu_spielen

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #germanymusic

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2013-09-26 09:48:51 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)

#onthisday , 326 years ago during the siege of Turkish occupied Athens, a shell from a Venetian mortar hit the powder magazine in the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The following explosion almost destroyed the ancient temple of Athena.

“Let Aberdeen and Elgin still pursue / The shade of fame through regions of virtù / Waste useless thousands on their Phidian freaks, / Misshapen monuments and maim’d antiques; / And make their grand saloons a general mart / For all the mutilated blocks of art” (Lord Byron)

Built from the rather ill-gotten funds that Pericles’ Delian League corporation yielded mid-5th century BCE, Athens’ new acropolis and its centrepiece, the Parthenon, was part of the massive redevelopment the city underwent after the widespread destruction it suffered during the Persian occupation in 480 BCE. The construction was supervised by the famous sculptor andarchitect ... more »

#onthisday , 326 years ago during the siege of Turkish occupied Athens, a shell from a Venetian mortar hit the powder magazine in the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The following explosion almost destroyed the ancient temple of Athena.

“Let Aberdeen and Elgin still pursue / The shade of fame through regions of virtù / Waste useless thousands on their Phidian freaks, / Misshapen monuments and maim’d antiques; / And make their grand saloons a general mart / For all the mutilated blocks of art” (Lord Byron)

Built from the rather ill-gotten funds that Pericles’ Delian League corporation yielded mid-5th century BCE, Athens’ new acropolis and its centrepiece, the Parthenon, was part of the massive redevelopment the city underwent after the widespread destruction it suffered during the Persian occupation in 480 BCE. The construction was supervised by the famous sculptor and architect Phidias himself who made the new Acropolis with the use all available resources during an astonishingly short building period into a beacon of Western civilisation and an emblem of Hellenic culture. The temple remained the most important shrine of Athena throughout the following 1.000 years of antiquity and a place of pilgrimage for the Roman culturati until, in 392 CE, Emperor Theodosius banned all religions except Christianity in the empire and the Parthenon became a church consecrated to the Virgin Mary, stripped of many valuables that were brought to Constantinople over the next couple of hundred years of Byzantine rule until the Ottomans captured Athens in 1456. Then, a minaret was added to the Parthenon and the temple of Athena became a mosque.

The Parthenon was still largely intact by the end of the 17th century and Turkish as well as Western European travellers stood awed by its marvels, when Athens, once again, was caught in the crossfire of the Venetian fight with the Ottoman Turks for dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Morean War (1684 – 1699). The Venetian siege of Athens under the command of the later Doge Francesco Morosini began on September 21st 1687. The Turks had evacuated the city and fortified the Acropolis. The small Temple of Athena Nike was torn down to make room for an artillery emplacement and the Parthenon became the powder magazine of the Turkish artillery. Morosini immediately ordered the bombardment of the Turkish positions and five days later, in the evening of September 26th, what was described by him as a lucky shot hit the temple and blew up the magazine. The roof and most of the inner walls with their famous friezes collapsed and many columns on the northern and southern side were blown away. More than 200 of the Turkish defenders died and the falling debris ignited several fires in the city. Nonetheless, the Turkish garrison held for two more days and did not surrender until the news of the relief army from Thebes reached them. They were allowed to withdraw to Smyrna.

The Parthenon lay in ruins after a history of more than 2.000 years and when the Turks went, they noticed how interested the Westerners were in the old Greek remains that lay strewn across the architectonic cadavers on the hill. Morosini already took quite a few to Venice and when the Turks recaptured Athens six months later, they rigged up a going concern of antiquities with the West. The infamous climax was reached in 1801, when the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Lord Elgin, had the remaining sculptures and friezes from the Parthenon removed and shipped back home to England, to be admired as the “Elgin Marbles” in the British Museum to this day.

Depicted below is Edward Dodwell’s "View of the Parthenon from the Propylea" from his “Views in Greece”, 1821, a year before the Greeks captured their future capital from The Ottomans for good.

More on:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthenon

#history #ancientgreece #europeanhistory___

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2013-09-22 15:25:04 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #turkeymusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

Hezârfen
The history of flight is popularly known to have started with the Montgolfier brothers, in 1783. However, 17th century writings report that, almost one and a half centuries before, the Turkish scientist Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi flew across the Bosphorus from the Galata Tower:
"First he practiced by flying over the pulpit of Okmeydani eight or nine times with eaglewings, using the force of the wind. Then, as Sultan Murad Khan (Murad IV) was watching from the Sinan Pasha mansion at Sarayburnu, he flew from the very top of the Galata Tower and landed in the Doğancılar square in Üsküdar, with the help of the south-west wind. Then Murad Khan granted him a sack of golden coins, and said: 'This is a scary man. He is capable of doing anything he wishes. It is not right to keep such people,' and thus sent him to Algeria on exile. He died there."

This legendary figure, who crossed the place where East and West meet, inspired the Turkish pianist and composer Fazıl Say (1970-) to write his Hezarfen Concerto for Ney-Flute and Orchestra (Op. 39). Say divided the concerto into four sections:
05:24 I. Istanbul, Spring 1632 
11:20 II. Galata Tower
16:25 III. The Flight
23:17 IV. Algerian Exile
For more on this prolific composer, do visit http://fazilsay.com/ or the wikipedia entry.

Have a wonderful flight - enjoy!

Bonus animation clip: http://vimeo.com/18855836

Related links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hez%C3%A2rfen_Ahmed_%C3%87elebi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faz%C4%B1l_Say
http://www.todayszaman.com/news-274187-fazil-says-new-concerto-hezarfen-scores-in-mannheim.html

o #sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #turkeymusic

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2013-09-15 10:26:04 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #ukmusic

If you're a fan of classical music please publicly share it on Sundays, with the tags #europeanmusic and #sundayclassics

Sir Edward William Elgar (1857 – 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs.

Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, is a cornerstone of the solo cello repertoire. Elgar composed it in the aftermath of the First World War, by which time his music had gone out of fashion with the concert-going public. The work did not achieve wide popularity until the 1960s, when a recording by Jacqueline du Pré caught the public imagination and became a classical best-seller.

Though sound and video quality may not be excellent, it's such a charm to watch these old recordings. The full length version of the Concerto may be found here Jacqueline du Pré and the Elgar Cello Concerto (or rewind to the start to know more about the just married couple Daniel Barenboim and Jacqueline du Pré).

Related links
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Elgar
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cello_Concerto_(Elgar)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_du_Pr%C3%A9

#sundayclassics   #europeanmusic  ___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #ukmusic

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2013-09-09 10:10:50 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)

Sunset at Montmajour
Museum discovers new painting by Vincent van Gogh

In Dutch:
http://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/vgm/index.jsp?page=330726&lang=nl

Sunset at Montmajour
Museum discovers new painting by Vincent van Gogh

In Dutch:
http://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/vgm/index.jsp?page=330726&lang=nl___

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2013-09-08 13:04:20 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 11 +1s)

#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #francemusic  

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La Mano Sinistra
'Let our left hand be our leader and let it always hold to the tempo' Mozart once said, and Chopin expanded that idea by stating 'The left hand, it is the director of the orchestra. It's a clock. Do with the right hand what you want and can'.

Sometimes, life has its twists and turns, making it necessary to play single-handed only. Since the right hand and arm are much more frequently injured than the left, most of all single-handed piano music is written for the left hand.

1840 marks the birthdate of left-handed piano music. Friedrich Kalkbrenner's (1785-1849) "Four-Voiced Fugue" is the first and earliest example. The concept of "la mano sinistra," one-handed piano music, was vogue in Italy by the early 1800s. Many left-handed compositions were paraphrases of well-known operas of the day.

The first to have a very successful professional career as a one-armed pianist was Hungarian Count Géza Zichy (1849-1924), who lost his right arm in a hunting accident early in life.
In 1877, as Clara Schumann was suffering an injury to her right hand, Johannes Brahms (1833–1897) sent her a transcription for the left hand of Bach's Chaconne BWV 1004 (see also http://goo.gl/UXXYne). In 1894, Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915), after having twisted his wrist, wrote his Opus 9 Prelude and Nocturne for the left hand alone (Andrei Gavrilov plays Scryabin prelude for the left hand op 9.). Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921) also wrote "6 études pour la main gauche seule", Op.135, in 1912. Other composers to be mentioned in this context are Moritz Moszkowski (1854–1925), Felix Blumenfeld (1863-1931), and Cor de Groot (1914-1993).

One of the most important contributors to the single-handed repertoire during the twentieth century was Austrian pianist Paul Wittgenstein (1887-1961), who lost his right arm during the First World War. Wittgenstein, brother of the great philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, was in the fortunate position to commission and pay composers. Among these were Strauss, Prokofiev, Hindemith, Scriabin, Britten, Bortkiewicz and, last but not least, Maurice Ravel.
The repertoire resulting from Wittgenstein's efforts has provided an invaluable source of literature for pianists today.

Today's #sundayclassics  contribution is the Ravel concerto for the left hand, in D major, written between 1929 and 1930. This masterpiece was commissioned by Wittgenstein and although he had some issues with its jazz-influenced rhythms and harmonies, he grew to like the piece.
I sincerely hope you'll enjoy it too - have a wonderful Sunday!

Original recordings:
Wittgenstein plays Ravel's Piano concerto for the Left Hand (1)
Wittgenstein plays Ravel's Piano concerto for the Left Hand (2)

Related links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_for_piano_left-hand_and_orchestra
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Kalkbrenner
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%A9za_Zichy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wittgenstein
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano_Concerto_for_the_Left_Hand_(Ravel)
http://www.cello.org/heaven/disabled/piano.htm

o #sundayclassics #europeanmusic o___#europeanmusic #sundayclassics #francemusic  

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2013-09-05 08:25:17 (1 comments, 12 reshares, 65 +1s)


Book Fountain in Budapest...one of the coolest fountains I've ever seen!

Book Fountain Budapest


Book Fountain in Budapest...one of the coolest fountains I've ever seen!

Book Fountain Budapest___

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2013-09-05 07:47:13 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)

#onthisday ,  239 years ago, the German Romantic landscape painter Caspar David Friedrich was born in Swedish Greifswald on the Baltic coast of Pomerania.

“People are always talking about “incidentals’’; but nothing is incidental in a picture, everything is indispensable to the whole effect, so nothing must be neglected. If a man can give value to the main part of his composition only by negligent treatment of the subordinate portions, his work is in a bad way. Everything must and can be carefully executed, without the different parts obtruding themselves on the eye. The proper subordination of the parts to the whole is not achieved by neglecting incidental features, but by correct grouping and by the distribution of light and shadow.” (Caspar David Friedrich)
 
Charging the perception of nature with symbols and transposing the amalgam into a work of art is a concept as oldas the cave... more »

#onthisday ,  239 years ago, the German Romantic landscape painter Caspar David Friedrich was born in Swedish Greifswald on the Baltic coast of Pomerania.

“People are always talking about “incidentals’’; but nothing is incidental in a picture, everything is indispensable to the whole effect, so nothing must be neglected. If a man can give value to the main part of his composition only by negligent treatment of the subordinate portions, his work is in a bad way. Everything must and can be carefully executed, without the different parts obtruding themselves on the eye. The proper subordination of the parts to the whole is not achieved by neglecting incidental features, but by correct grouping and by the distribution of light and shadow.” (Caspar David Friedrich)
 
Charging the perception of nature with symbols and transposing the amalgam into a work of art is a concept as old as the cave paintings of Lascaux and Altamira. While the Neoclassicism of the 18th and early 19th century usually expressed an almost mathematical rigour in the depiction of serenity, the Romantic Movement began to explore the depths of the human soul, being and not being, and found a counterpoint in nature and screamed it out loud, in words and in paintings. Friedrich found that art would mediate the relationship between humanity and nature. In his own awareness of becoming and passing away. Sombre, melancholic, deterministic and often mirthfully serene.

Nonetheless, Friedrich never depicted an emotional chaos, his symbols usually followed an orderly semiotic system, with rocks representing individual underpinnings, moonrises and ships at sea, off the coast or in the harbour, stages of life, the colour violet melancholy, snow and ice death and the evergreen spruce eternity. Strong political allusions in the days of Restoration of antemundane absolutistic conditions and censorship in Europe made up a major part of his imagery as well – and what looks at first glance, given all the depicted emotional vehemence, like a well-ordered scene, is bubbling under the sublime surface with temporal as well as time-transcending symbols. Like in many other Romantic paintings, humanity, though, is rarely commended with the same detailed workout as nature, architecture or ships. Persons are sketched, the reference frame is the beholder.

The second half of the 19th century and the ebbing away of the original Romantic movement saw the popularity of Friedrich’s strict symbolism fade as well. It was the early 20th century and the rise of symbolism itself that created new connoisseurs of of Friedrich’s art – them as well as the self-proclaimed art specialists of the 3rd Reich who put Friedrich on their Procrustean bed as a representative of their rather simple Blood and Soil ideology  – and almost damaged his reputation in receptional history beyond repair. A new generation of post-war critics saw his merits during the 1970s and today Caspar David Friedrich is again appreciated as one of the great masters of Romantic landscape painting with a unique approach on metaphysics and transcendence.

Depicted below is Friedrich’s “Das Eismeer" (“The Sea of Ice”, 1823 - 24), an imagination of the wreck of HMS “Griper” of Parry’s failed expedition to reach the North Pole in 1820 – often interpreted as a symbol of the failed hopes of students and liberals for German unity and democratic reforms after the Restoration. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sea_of_Ice)

An excellent monographic show can be found here:

http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/caspar-david-friedrich/mode/all-paintings

and more on:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caspar_David_Friedrich

#history   #arthistory   #romanticmovement  ___

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2013-09-03 14:21:04 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

Dutch buildings color-coded by year of construction

All the data is sourced from the Kadaster of the Netherlands. It's a beautiful use of open data, and allows us to discover the country from a different perspective.

The two red spots (where most buildings have been preserved) on the screenshot below are situated in Amsterdam (right) and Haarlem (left).

You can find the full map here:
http://dev.citysdk.waag.org/buildings/

#thenetherlands #opendata #maps  

Dutch buildings color-coded by year of construction

All the data is sourced from the Kadaster of the Netherlands. It's a beautiful use of open data, and allows us to discover the country from a different perspective.

The two red spots (where most buildings have been preserved) on the screenshot below are situated in Amsterdam (right) and Haarlem (left).

You can find the full map here:
http://dev.citysdk.waag.org/buildings/

#thenetherlands #opendata #maps  ___

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2013-09-03 13:30:15 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
+European Photo page, and use the hashtag #europeanphotography  

Every week we will share with you a photo curated from the #europeanphotography stream. We will favor photos with a story/explanation behind

Facing the Sea Serie (n° 5)

Talking with a friend who might argue...
I like this bench with a different story each day.
View on Le Coulinec Island from Le Rheun, Douarnenez, France

#HQSPMonochrome +HQSP Monochrome by +Luis Vivanco +Dennis Freeland, +Johnny Minor and +Massimiliano Marsiglietti

#monochromeworld +Monochrome World

#peoplearoundus #blackandwhite #monochrome

#EuropeanPhotography  +European Photo 
+Janusz Brakoniecki +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Michael Muraz +Susanne Ramharter +Ela Kupiec  +Carlos Duarte

#bellesphotos  pour +Belles photos page animée par +Jean-Louis LAURENCE et +Claudya Bonnet

#douarnenez  ___Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
+European Photo page, and use the hashtag #europeanphotography  

Every week we will share with you a photo curated from the #europeanphotography stream. We will favor photos with a story/explanation behind

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2013-08-29 18:19:10 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 20 +1s)

 Happy birthday to Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman, born #onthisday   in 1915! Here's a photo of her attracting attention of local women while filming "Stromboli" in an Italian village : http://goo.gl/AaULXS And many more photos of Ingrid Bergman are on view at: http://goo.gl/xQy1WP Have you seen any of Ingrid Bergman's films? #cinema   #hollywood   #culture   #icons  

 Happy birthday to Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman, born #onthisday   in 1915! Here's a photo of her attracting attention of local women while filming "Stromboli" in an Italian village : http://goo.gl/AaULXS And many more photos of Ingrid Bergman are on view at: http://goo.gl/xQy1WP Have you seen any of Ingrid Bergman's films? #cinema   #hollywood   #culture   #icons  ___

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2013-08-29 16:35:39 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 21 +1s)

Лофотенские острова, Норвегия. Автор фото: Даниил Коржонов.

Лофотенские острова, Норвегия. Автор фото: Даниил Коржонов.___

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2013-08-29 16:34:36 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)

Today we are in #Czech Republic - the land of stories!

Did you know that:

1) Brave Soldier #Svejk - a fictional film character is the national symbol of Czech Republic?

2) People in Czech Republic celebrates #Valentine's Day twice - 14th of February and 1st of May

3) #Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union.

4) #Forbes Traveler magazine listed Prague #Zoo among the world's best zoos.

Today we are in #Czech Republic - the land of stories!

Did you know that:

1) Brave Soldier #Svejk - a fictional film character is the national symbol of Czech Republic?

2) People in Czech Republic celebrates #Valentine's Day twice - 14th of February and 1st of May

3) #Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union.

4) #Forbes Traveler magazine listed Prague #Zoo among the world's best zoos.___

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2013-08-28 16:18:42 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)

Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
+European Photo page, and use the hashtag #europeanphotography  

Every week we will share with you a photo curated from the #europeanphotography stream. We will favor photos with a story/explanation behind

* Trepponti, Comacchio, Italia *



#bridgewednesday  +Bridge Wednesday +Lynda Bowyer +Helena Martins and +Mara Acoma 
#europeanphotography  +European Photo by +Susanne Ramharter +Michael Muraz +Janusz Brakoniecki +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Ela Kupiec +Ugo Cei +Carlos Duarte 
#10000photographersaroundtheworld  by +Robert SKREINER 
#HQSPLandscape  +HQSP Landscape by +Johnny Minor +Terrie Gray +Nicolai Neijhoft +Lani Banadera +Aamir Shahzad +dietmar rogacki and +Stefan Kierek ___Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
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2013-08-25 10:23:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)

✶Good Morning Google+ ✶your daily story about art
Finally, a birthday! And what an interesting one: today we celebrate the birthday of Alberto Saviano, who was born in Athens on August 25th in 1891.  'Alberto Saviano' is actually a pen name, which Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico, the brother of Giorgio de Chirico, assumed in 1914, mainly to differentiate himself from his more famous brother. 

The two brothers had grown up together in Greece, Italy and Germany and shared many ideas, to the point of being referred to as the Dioscuri, or Castor and Pollux, after the mythological twins in the Greek pantheon by their contemporaries in the art world.  Though they seem to have grown apart in later years, for a long time they were what we call "ein Herz und eine Seele" (One in heart and soul).  

In contrast to De Chirico, who was apassion... more »

✶Good Morning Google+ ✶your daily story about art
Finally, a birthday! And what an interesting one: today we celebrate the birthday of Alberto Saviano, who was born in Athens on August 25th in 1891.  'Alberto Saviano' is actually a pen name, which Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico, the brother of Giorgio de Chirico, assumed in 1914, mainly to differentiate himself from his more famous brother. 

The two brothers had grown up together in Greece, Italy and Germany and shared many ideas, to the point of being referred to as the Dioscuri, or Castor and Pollux, after the mythological twins in the Greek pantheon by their contemporaries in the art world.  Though they seem to have grown apart in later years, for a long time they were what we call "ein Herz und eine Seele" (One in heart and soul).  

In contrast to De Chirico, who was a passionate painter, Saviano was multi-talented and applied his intellect and creativity not only to painting, but originally to music, theater, and writing (47 books!)  This may also be the reason that his visual artwork is not as well known outside of Italy, although  his work was shown in Paris.  What the brothers had in common, was their intense preoccupation with the metaphysical and the surreal.  Saviano's works, whether literature, compositions or paintings, all fall into the surrealistic category.  While De Chirico's works were mostly empty of people, and have a sparseness of form, Saviano's paintings are more provocative and maybe not quite as accessible.

Such may be the case with this painting, his Annunciation.   At first glance, this work can be fairly disturbing.  We see a rather slumped woman's body, with the head of a pelican (?) in front of a huge window in skewed perspective, through which an enormous face seems to be watching.  _This_ should be an annunciation?  
Well, yes, though not one in the traditional sense.

With the rise of secularism in the 18th Century, conservative depictions of the Annunciation as a tale of a religious event declined.  If Annunciations were painted at all, then mostly as allegories.  That is also the case here, Saviano is not attempting to show us a 'weird' version of the Annunciation narrative, instead, he has loaded this painting with symbols and forms that go beyond the 'simple' tale from the Bible.

Let's begin with the pelican head of the woman (Virgin), going back to about the 2nd Century AD, the pelican is said to use its long beak to pierce its own breast in order to feed its own children with its blood in times of need.  In Christian symbolism, the pelican was associated with both the general concept of charity, and more pointedly, with the sacrifice of Christ in giving his blood (life) for the redemption of mankind.  

The skewed proportions of the window may be simply a nod towards German expressionism. Then again, both it and the gigantic face of Gabriel emphasize the difference between the human and the divine, the fact that our minds simply cannot ever really comprehend or understand the sacred. 

May you find a spark of the divine yourself this Sunday, and tread lightly

#art  #treadlightly  #artandclassontheplus  #EuropeanHistory  #europeanpainting #yourdailyartstory #arthistory #sacredsunday  

08.25  2013___

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2013-08-25 10:22:01 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)

#onthisday , 1.656 years ago, Julian the Apostate decisively defeated the Alemanni confederation at Argentoratum) Strasbourg, ending the latest Germanic invasion of Gaul.

“When this disgraceful disaster had become known, Chnodomarius and Vestralpus, the kings of the Allemanni, and Urius and Ursicinus, with Serapion, and Suomarius, and Hortarius, having collected all their forces into one body, encamped near the city of Strasburg, thinking that the Caesar, from fear of imminent danger, had retreated at the very time that he was wholly occupied with completing a fortress to enable him to make a permanent stand.“ (Ammianus Marcellinus, “Res Gestae“)

It somehow seems that Gaul was a favourite destination of an excursion since the days of Ariovistus and his brush with the Celtic Sequani and Aedui at the time when Julius Caesar arrived in the place. Things simmer down again in Gaul,when th... more »

#onthisday , 1.656 years ago, Julian the Apostate decisively defeated the Alemanni confederation at Argentoratum) Strasbourg, ending the latest Germanic invasion of Gaul.

“When this disgraceful disaster had become known, Chnodomarius and Vestralpus, the kings of the Allemanni, and Urius and Ursicinus, with Serapion, and Suomarius, and Hortarius, having collected all their forces into one body, encamped near the city of Strasburg, thinking that the Caesar, from fear of imminent danger, had retreated at the very time that he was wholly occupied with completing a fortress to enable him to make a permanent stand.“ (Ammianus Marcellinus, “Res Gestae“)

It somehow seems that Gaul was a favourite destination of an excursion since the days of Ariovistus and his brush with the Celtic Sequani and Aedui at the time when Julius Caesar arrived in the place. Things simmer down again in Gaul, when the Romans finally established a foothold on the other side of the Rhine. 200 years later though, when the tribes had formed the Alemanni confederation beyond the limes, large warbands began to slop over the border into Roman territory again. The broad estates south of the river Main became indefensible by the end of the 3rd century CE, the limes crumbled and the empire withdrew beyond the Rhine again. Alemanni raiding parties followed hard on.

When the deputy emperor Julian was ordered to take care of the latest Germanic trip into Gaul in the year 350, the western empire was already torn from endless civil wars and various barbarian incursions and this time the Alemanni got into Gaul with more than 30.000 warriors, the defences along the Rhine had collapsed and Julian promptly got a trashing at Reims, probably owed to the controversies in the Roman high command. The young Caesar obviously reasserted his authority afterwards and met the challenge to push the Alemanni back east head-on. When the Roman army took up winter quarters, the war theatre had already moved to the Rhineland. 

The next year saw an attempt of Alemannic diplomacy when Chnodomar and the other leaders tried to negotiate with Julian at least for the territories they still had more or less under their control. The deputy emperor laughed them down, took, against all customs, their ambassadors captive and the war dragged on until late summer when the two armies finally met at Strasbourg. Especially Ammianus, a faithful follower of Julian, was of the opinion that all 30.000 Alemanni fought at Strasbourg, but that is highly improbable. Julian presumably had the numerical superiority and a decisive advantage with his heavy cavalry, mounted archers and well-disciplined troops when the battle began. Lightly armoured tribal warriors managed to crawl under the horses when the heavies charged and cut their bellies, an almost unbelievable feat, that seemed to have broken the charge and then it was shield wall against ranks of Roman infantry and finally, Julian routed the Alemanni. Most of their leaders were either dead or captured – Chnodomar died in a kind of detention camp in Italy a few years later, and by the end of the year, Gaul was again firmly in hand of the Western Empire, at least until the next generation of Alemanni raiders took the trip west ten years later.

Depicted below is a group of late Roman infantry embodied by members of the living history group “Britannia” (http://www.durolitum.co.uk - picture from their website), according to state of research, this is how Julian’s core troops might have looked in 357 CE at Argentoratum (Strasbourg).

More on:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Strasbourg

#history   #romanhistory   #ancientrome   #blogsofaugust  ___

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2013-08-24 10:06:51 (0 comments, 7 reshares, 8 +1s)

A lunch with the Dutch

Thanks to millenias of evolution, the food traditions of European populations gave birth to all sort of refined food and cuisine on the Old Continent (as Americans call it). From the time-tested olive oil-based Greek meals to the UNESCO-approved French gastronomy, food gourmets have a life of pleasant discoveries ahead. But not all cuisine were made equal.

The Dutch, for example, are better known for their snack tradition than the refinement of their cuisine - which is not to say that all Dutch meals are bad: the good ones are just harder to find... certainly?

The article below introduces you to one of the most common and at the same time most disconcerting kind of food Dutch people eat for lunch. There are sandwiches, and there are broodbeleg (spreads). Excerpt:

'You should have know that the words “Dutch” and “lunch”always ... more »

A lunch with the Dutch

Thanks to millenias of evolution, the food traditions of European populations gave birth to all sort of refined food and cuisine on the Old Continent (as Americans call it). From the time-tested olive oil-based Greek meals to the UNESCO-approved French gastronomy, food gourmets have a life of pleasant discoveries ahead. But not all cuisine were made equal.

The Dutch, for example, are better known for their snack tradition than the refinement of their cuisine - which is not to say that all Dutch meals are bad: the good ones are just harder to find... certainly?

The article below introduces you to one of the most common and at the same time most disconcerting kind of food Dutch people eat for lunch. There are sandwiches, and there are broodbeleg (spreads). Excerpt:

'You should have know that the words “Dutch” and “lunch” always lead to disappointment.

The communal lunch you “enjoyed” most likely involved eating bread smeared with some indiscernible lumpy matter that people kept confusingly referring to as “salade” or “filet“.

There is no way around it: Dutch lunch is a sad sorry affair. It involves a lot of dairy, a lot of bread, and a lot of smearing. For a country lacking in culinary creativity, the Dutch are actually incredibly creative in the “spread department”.'

Head over the website for the full hilarious article, and don't hesitate to browse for more Dutch trivia.___

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2013-08-22 15:29:41 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)

The team carried out a series of tests, changing one variable at a time: first, the distance of the cheese from the grill; then the amount of time the cheese spent under the grill; and finally, whether sliced, grated or cubed cheese melted best. Then Nigel White, secretary of the British Cheese Board, determined the best type of bread and cheese, and the two performed taste tests.

Science has determined the formula for the perfect grilled cheese sandwich

The British Royal Society of Chemistry has taken care of this open issue.

http://www.cnet.com.au/eureka-a-scientific-formula-for-the-perfect-cheese-on-toast-339345225.htm

#HolyKaw  ___The team carried out a series of tests, changing one variable at a time: first, the distance of the cheese from the grill; then the amount of time the cheese spent under the grill; and finally, whether sliced, grated or cubed cheese melted best. Then Nigel White, secretary of the British Cheese Board, determined the best type of bread and cheese, and the two performed taste tests.

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2013-08-22 14:45:59 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

On this day 151 years ago the French composer Claude Debussy was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, a town located in the western suburbs of Paris. He is considered by many to be the most important and influential composer of his time and his music has come to define the transition from late-Romantic music to 20th century modernism. Debussy’s harmonies were radical in his day and were influential to almost every major composer of the 20th century.

Enjoy our extensive collection of Debussy related content available through Europeana: http://bit.ly/Europeana-Debussy

Image: Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Public Domain)

On this day 151 years ago the French composer Claude Debussy was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, a town located in the western suburbs of Paris. He is considered by many to be the most important and influential composer of his time and his music has come to define the transition from late-Romantic music to 20th century modernism. Debussy’s harmonies were radical in his day and were influential to almost every major composer of the 20th century.

Enjoy our extensive collection of Debussy related content available through Europeana: http://bit.ly/Europeana-Debussy

Image: Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Public Domain)___

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2013-08-22 10:30:57 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 25 +1s)

Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
+European Photo page, and use the hashtag #europeanphotography  
 
Every week we will share with you a photo curated from the #europeanphotography stream. We will favor photos with a story/explanation behind

After the rain
Bärgunttal, Kleinwalsertal, Österreich (Austria)

This was on the way back from Bärgunthütte, after the rain has stopped again. (Remember the cow in the rain from yesterday?) Now the stream was full with water running down from the mountains. This small house in the landscape is just on the way.

#photography #PlusPhotoExtract #landscape #forest #nature #hdr #kleinwalsertal #summer
• #10000Photographers (+10000 PHOTOGRAPHERS) by +Robert SKREINER +10000 PHOTOGRAPHERS
• #BellesPhotos (+Belles photos) par +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Claudya Bonnet
• #PhotoManiaGermany (+Photo Mania Germany) by +Nicole Gruber +Sandra Deichmann +Markus Landsmann
• #HQSPLandscape (+HQSP Landscape) by +Terrie Gray +Johnny Minor +Nicolai Neijhoft +Lani Banadera
• #LandscapePhotography (+Landscape Photography) by +Landscape Photography Show +Margaret Tompkins +Carra Riley +David Heath Williams +Bill Wood +Jim Warthman +jeff beddow +Tom Hierl +Michael Blyde +Carolyn Lim  +Steve Gould +Jay Gould +Kevin Rowe +Dave Welling
• #1212scenery by +Alycia Miller +Christopher Prins
• #EuropeanPhotography (+European Photo) by +Janusz Brakoniecki +Jean-Louis LAURENCE +Michael Muraz +Susanne Ramharter +Ela Kupiec +Carlos Duarte
• #FotoAmateur (+Fotoamateur) by +Remo Primatesta +Karsten Meyer +Markus Landsmann +Scotti van Palm +Britta Rogge
• #PromotePhotography (+Promote Photography)___Photo of the Week

If you're a European photographer in Europe, circle the
+European Photo page, and use the hashtag #europeanphotography  
 
Every week we will share with you a photo curated from the #europeanphotography stream. We will favor photos with a story/explanation behind

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2013-08-21 18:48:24 (16 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)

Who is your favourite artist from UK?

Who is your favourite artist from UK?___

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