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Liz Fong-Jones has been shared in 48 public circles

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Sunny CT2,281Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sharedcircle 2014-09-15 09:05:4950111313
Sunny CT1,994Fresh AdditionIncrease your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sha2014-09-12 13:14:5050111415
Sunny CT1,994Fresh AdditionIncrease your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle,  Add me, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #powercircle #sha2014-09-12 07:07:225017313
Colin Wilson56Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesThis is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Add +1 to the post #circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-09-08 06:25:20459111619
John Nuntiatio36,868#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss  2014-05-20 19:22:35440236
Carms Perez47,102Here's a circle with amazing women to follow on G+! My most recent find is+Kristen Macready  who is very engaging and always has a positive and uplifting word to say! Do you know any other amazing G+ women that I'm missing in this circle? Please mention them in the comments! :) #ns  2014-02-26 23:30:07425809
Artur M.36,283circle of people, with active life position in Google+Круг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.2014-01-25 13:12:34481431263
Константин Вишневский43,146A Very Social CircleCircle of the Most Active Users of Google+Круг наиболее активных пользователей Google+2014-01-25 13:00:32447361255
Константин Вишневский42,958Circle of the Most Active Users of Google+A Very Social CircleКруг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.#Forfriends  2014-01-23 11:05:38442492977
Mikhail Petrovsky63,015Good morning / evening to all.You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Это социальный круг / This social circleВам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-23 02:07:25499361557
Константин Вишневский40,080Circle of people, with active life position in Google+Simple To be added PLUS the post Share the post and Add the circle. Once you have done this let me know in the commentsКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Просто быть добавлены PLUS сообщению Share пост и добавить круг. If you agree that this is a great circle, please re-share!#ForFriends2014-01-02 16:06:42447372465
Mikhail Petrovsky59,452This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2013-12-26 04:10:46500421768
Vladimir Samsonov23,777Good morning/evening to all. You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!Это социальный круг This is a Social Circle#ForFriends #photo #EarthMyMother2013-12-08 11:43:39493523976
Andrey Mashnich102,869Good morning/evening to all. You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!Это социальный круг This is a Social Circle  #ForFriends #photo #EarthMyMother 2013-11-23 15:58:42462452984
Silvio De Rossi4,316#happyhalloween Circle! Thanks +Andrey Mashnich! #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlesharing  2013-10-31 14:24:2740124928
Andrey Mashnich100,957Circle of people, with active life position in Google+ Круг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+ 2013-10-31 13:37:11396391665
Ramón Sansone López436Awsome #sharedcircle #bestengagersComment, Do +1 and share it, you'll belong to one of my best #sharedcircles 2013-09-05 06:26:23501003
Boris Gorelik36,043MY HUMANS2013-04-27 23:59:131949312
Brian Harrod4,402ACCESSIBILITY CIRCLEActive G Plussers who have an interest in Acessibility issues and design.Feel free to add yourself and re-share.if you have an interest in this topic.#disability #usability #universaldesign #at #assistivetech #axs  Also:#circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlesharingforthepeopleplc   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles    #circle   #circles   #circlemeup    #awesomecircle   #circleme   #sharedpoint   #sharewithyou   #ShareYourCircle 2013-03-23 07:21:06111000
Tim Moore23,086My Shared Circle of the weekGooglers who are just #awesome . _Don't stalk, just talk, they won't bite_  #sharedcircles   #Google  2012-08-29 20:23:364492010
Steven Roose8,175+Max Huijgen's Big Technology circle+Vincent Buyssens, you asked for a good #tech  circle, now here you are. +Max Huijgen shared it a few months ago and it's the only circle I added but didn't remove a single person from!2012-08-12 12:44:135007928
t grey4,715My Top 99 CircleThe #top99   #sharedcircles  are going around... I figure I don't share circles that often, so here's mine.  I tried to filter out family, businesses, non-users (deleted?)... but I may have missed one or two.If you're notified of this post, you're in it. :)Want to make your own?Go to circles. Make sure 'sort by relevance' is selected at the top. Drag and drop to select roughly 100 people. Make a new circle. Maybe edit out a few personal people etc.. but thats it.. pretty simple.. Share the circle with the little share button in the middle of the new circle and tag it with #top99. Done :)2012-07-25 00:36:519917120
Carms Perez22,447G+ amazing women that you can't miss out on!! Add any lady that belongs here and isn't here yet!! No stream would be great without them!! =D Enjoy & share this circle!2012-07-06 05:28:214071016
J Schippnick1,123These are 42 of the most beautiful women and men that I follow on G+ and I'd like to share them with you! Special mention to +Stephanie Van Pelt, +Diana Stevens, +Rachel Desilets, and +Annemarie Clendening !! If you don't follow them yet, do it! #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #googleplus #google  2012-06-23 02:38:33421505
Jaana Nyström50,117Google 2 by Jaana -circleHere is circle 2 / 8 of Google employees on Google+The first circle: https://plus.google.com/u/0/107742059751171695340/posts/5TMQbd48fPVYou are notified because you are in this circle.The circle in circlecount.comhttp://www.circlecount.com/sharedcircle/?id=z12qvvezumeuufzmo22celljpvm0wvzfs #Google   #circleshare   #Jaanatip  2012-06-08 18:16:05933010
Michael Kendle299Here's a circle of tech people. The circle is bigger but only lets me share 500. If you're interested in tech, this is a good place to start.2012-06-07 13:57:05501115
Jaana Nyström49,593I've been hoarding these peeps...My Googlers CircleGoogle employeesEveryone in this circle works for Google, been collecting the guys since July last year.Well, worked at the time of me adding them, anyway...Here it is in +CircleCount:http://www.circlecount.com/sharedcircle/?id=z13uvt3okqj2cxxvc22celljpvm0wvzfsVery international...  If you have some more to add that I've missed, please comment! #circleshare   #CircleSunday  2012-06-03 13:44:1447836829
Louis Gray115,286Shared Circle: Engaging Women On Google+Last night +Daria Musk highlighted the top 50 women on Google+ who bring great content to her stream. As you can imagine, all users of Google+ bring unique value, but what I've found from having a circle dedicated to some of the great women on Google+, even as that circle has grown to hundreds, is incredible diversity and discovery of new interests.That's not to say men are boring... but... I digress. Here is my updated circle of great ladies on Google+. Add as many or as few as you like, and be prepared for some fantastic content and smart people.2012-04-13 17:44:35382272152
Carms Perez18,332Do you know of any exceptional G+ ladies that are not on this circle and should be? High quality posts, posts often (every day, or every other day)? Let me know please. Also feel free to share this circle with others :)2012-04-10 19:45:3532119012
Joe Lancaster14,593This is my first shared circle!I give you 100 genuine engagers. This should be of use to you, +Hamish Lancaster.2012-04-07 02:58:181001071237
Jimmy James2,522This is my second shared circle of great G+ Ladies.... So many ladies have been brought (or brought themselves) to my attention since sharing the first one, I made this one... There is still room to add more here... but filling up fast... so I started yet a Third Great Ladies Circle I will re-post the first one forthwith... then the third. If you wish to be added or have any suggestions please comment on any of the three.2012-04-05 22:51:30372112
Damian Sanchez985It's been a while since I was able to access G+ from a PC...darn those work IT guys blocking it! LOLBut aaaaaaaaaanyhoot...It's kind of exciting to see my circlecount.com numbers starting to creep up every so slowly to 1,000. I realize that's just a number, and by now pretty much everyone's got at least 5 times that amount of followers. Now, don't get me wrong, I'm not looking for followers for follower's sake. I may not interact with each and every single one of you people; still, it's nice to know that there are 1,000 people that have made the conscious decision to add me to their circles and have read at least one of my posts.Over the last couple of months I've been compiling a list of G+'ers that have interacted with me and give meaning to my stream. Without them G+ would be another FB...void of any meaningful interaction. There are some celebrities there, as well as some pages I'm following. They're all good..they have all interacted with me in one capacity or another. Some more than others...but everyone has had an impact on my life here in G+. I want to now share this circle with the world, to let everyone know that these people have enhanced my experience in G+ and made it the number one internet destination for me, IMHO.So, without further ado, I give you my "Totally Awesome People!" circle! *and, yes, I did include myself in the cicle!2012-03-16 23:41:15108011
Jimmy James1,980Ok... Here is what I consider to be a valuable circle indeed. My first shared circle, so why not start with the Best ....Ladies . If you know the G+ Men to Women ratio.... you know there are too few ladies out here so far. Add this circle to balance your stream a bit. There are some very interesting people in here. I left it at 400 to start in case I miss any ladies who want to be added. If I missed you and you would like to be in this circle... let me know. ....this circle includes 1 really cool guy.... the guy all these fantastic Ladies have in common2012-03-16 18:31:504001457
Gideon Rosenblatt8,047Big Technology CircleThis is a big, honking circle of people who are interested in or working on technology. It's a mix of people interested in different types of technologies, so it's not super fine-tuned. This would be a good group to add to your circles if you are just ramping up on Google+ and want to get a stream of technology-related content flowing here.2012-03-15 20:59:02501725466
Nicolas Amelio-Ortiz52TECHNOLOGY CIRCLEGood evening G+. Today I was cleaning up and arranging some of my circles and I discovered that my Tech Geek circle just passed the 100 people :)I'd like to share it with you. These people provide very good material and post fun things! Hope you like it! #technology #geek #software #developers #publiccircles2012-03-13 00:07:10109112
Sir John Hardy17,427There have been a few circles shared about lately. None, however, is as good as this one. Each person in this circle has been crash tested in a laboratory, simmered in a social incubator and boiled in the crucible of interaction. All have come up with a pH reading of 4 or higher.2012-03-11 14:36:3337538720
Louis Gray104,456International Women's Day: A Circle of Top Women on G+Today is International Women's Day http://www.internationalwomensday.com/.In honor of the day, here's a list of some of the most active G+'ers and tech savvy women I interact with on the network. I called this the "Women in Tech" circle when I first created it a few months back, and visiting this circle is a regular stop for me to see diverse updates and interests. I recommend adding this as its own circle and setting the volume slider to what makes sense for you. Over time, I bet a bunch of these people will be some of your favorites in your circles.2012-03-08 22:22:39229251835
pio dal cin15,828A warm welcome to some great people here on G+'s Musketeers of Google plus circle#Musketeers.Please welcome: +Chris Lang +Mark Traphagen +Lee Smallwood +La Vergne Lestermeringolo Thatch +Travis Campbell Circle them for great content as well as the other 500+ (there is another circle of almost 200 that I'm sharing after this one having reached the 500 limit).If you are new to Google plus, set your stream full throttle on these two circles and you'll have all the updates and vital information to "play this great game".If you have been here long enough check these people once in a while; they are the "bricks" of this establishment.Don't forget that +Sharing is Caring on G+ , so when you want to show your G Love to someone share their content after you pluss it...they are going to love it as much as you do.There is another group here that you may want to join +Community Support - Friends That Listen designed and wanted by +M Monica for reaching out to anyone here on G+ and to let them know than nobody here is left alone.2012-03-05 22:14:1050013316
Jaana Nyström27,889#circlesharing #circlesunday My Google employees CircleHave you noticed that there is another circle sharing possibility: When you look at a certain circle's stream, there is a green button on the right saying Share this circle.That's what I'm testing right now. Works like a charm.I've been collecting this circle for a long time. Googlers from all over the globe.Enjoy! :-)#G+Tip #googleplustip #Jaanatip PING +The Best Circles on Google+ +Shared Circles on G+PS: Here's a Googler circle from +Natalie Villalobos with +58 peeps different from my circle. You might like to add this, too:https://plus.google.com/u/0/109895887909967698705/posts/VrfWQrgcVmUCombining the two circles is a good idea, that's what I did. Now it's a MEGA Googlers circle, have to share that later! :-)2012-02-05 10:04:22335221021
Daniel Sandstein5,494The Cream of the Crop of January 2012What's this?On +CircleCount everyday some very interesting persons are choosen and recommended. These are persons without hunders of thousands of followers but with a lot interesting content. You won't find silent people here leading the rankings, but interesting people that are worth to be followed.You can find the Cream of the Crop daily here:http://www.circlecount.com/daily/Past Cream of the Crop circles:December 2011: http://goo.gl/RBCpgNovember 2011: http://goo.gl/x6TJkOctober 2011: http://goo.gl/2xVn9This month we try also mentioning everyone of you.Let's see if Google+ allows us this ;)+A. Murat Eren, +Adrienne Bernakevitch Ludwick, +Agh Hamid Reza, +Agro Rachmatullah, +Aibo LiN, +Al Brydon, +Alexander Kesselaar, +Ali Adelstein, +Ali Mousavi, +alirezayof f, +Alizée Rait, +Amanda Broughton, +Amanda Olszewski, +Amin Badie Zadeh, +Amir Honarmand2012-02-02 20:23:1732410818
Forrest Thiessen382Cure for Slim Stream Syndrome (SSS)I was discussing with +Phil Tubb the other day that--in my experience--the way people use Facebook and Google+ are quite different. I've seen people follow family members and old friends and classmates on Facebook to learn about how friends are getting along, who's dating whom, what people had for dinner, etc... and when they come to G+ many of those people they follow on Facebook aren't here yet, so their stream is still and quiet ("just the sound of crickets", as +Aisha Thiessen told me). Unlike Facebook, though, G+ is much more about finding new friends and people whose interests you share, though--with a little poking around and a little "gardening" of your circles, you can find all kinds of interesting people... but how to get started finding those folks, and curing "Slim Stream Syndrome" ("SSS")?There are a growing number of ways to do this (searching G+ for a topic that interest you, for example), but one is to load yourself up with a "starter set" of G+ people that someone recommends to you as having interesting things to say (or at least that share funny cat photos...). I just spent half an hour quickly going through my circles and pulled together this "shared circle" of people who (a) post regularly on G+; (b) say interesting (or entertaining) things, and do it well (whether I always agree with them or not); and (c) encourage discussion. (It's not an all-inclusive list by any means--please don't be offended if I didn't include you!).If you're suffering from SSS, consider clicking on the "Add circle" link below--that will copy all these folks into a new circle in your G+ account, and away you go. If you don't like or enjoy what you're seeing from them, take them out of your circle, and they're gone; if you do, see who they're sharing things from and discussing things with, and you'll soon find other new people on your own to add to your circles.Have fun with it!2012-01-22 03:06:0739323
Stephanie L Davis19,590I was asked by #SMMCamp attendees to share my "Googlers" circle. These are people who work for Google; community managers, engineers, developers, free-lancers; staff... etc. Cheers!2011-12-08 20:06:303648513
Louis Gray71,017It's been a little while since I shared with you my Googlers circle. This circle includes a massive number of people working on the Google+ project, company execs, and a lot of sharp people working on many of the services you use every day, including +Blogger +Android +YouTube, etc. Now that we can share 500 at a time, have at it. But this circle isn't for everyone, so if you do add them, expect geekiness ahead.2011-11-22 19:13:55500623470
siam simte856For those who think Google Inc. employee must be Totally Circle ; Here's your chanceWhatever and however they're awesome thoughsiam simte shared a circle with you.2011-10-29 20:18:31473000
Kim Patch106Updated, sharing publicly so I can add this circle to the shared circle database #a11y #disability #usability #universaldesign #at #assistivetech #axsKim Patch shared a circle with you.2011-10-27 15:38:32114327
Jon Bishop3,725Google employees circleJon Bishop shared a circle with you.2011-10-16 18:52:12234001
Melissa Daniels20,719This circle of Women in Tech started with +Louis Gray and is chock-full of amazing women that are smart, savvy, and all-around noteworthy (some of whom I've had the pleasure of working with or currently work with!)I stopped and added a few to the mix and am now passing it on to you :) Perhaps you'll do the same-- review, add, and share as it's always nice to discover smart women doing equally smart things in and out of the valley.Melissa Daniels shared a circle with you.2011-10-02 01:48:38216271931
Veronica Belmont93,281Sharing my Women in Tech circle, which is now actually my largest one! Thanks to +Louis Gray for introducing me to many of these great women via Google Plus.Veronica Belmont shared a circle with you.2011-09-29 18:04:37230106121167

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Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 42

2014-07-15 21:01:01 (42 comments, 5 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

When we launched Google+ over three years ago, we had a lot of restrictions on what name you could use on your profile. This helped create a community made up of real people, but it also excluded a number of people who wanted to be part of it without using their real names. 

Over the years, as Google+ grew and its community became established, we steadily opened up this policy, from allowing +Page owners to use any name of their choosing to letting YouTube users bring their usernames into Google+. Today, we are taking the last step: there are no more restrictions on what name you can use. 

We know you've been calling for this change for a while. We know that our names policy has been unclear, and this has led to some unnecessarily difficult experiences for some of our users. For this we apologize, and we hope that today's change is a step toward making Google+ the welcominga... more »

Most reshares: 147

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2014-04-06 02:29:03 (24 comments, 147 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Quite possibly one of the most hilarious pieces of music I've heard in quite some time. h/t +Joseph Wu 

Most plusones: 145

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2014-11-21 05:12:39 (13 comments, 1 reshares, 145 +1s)Open 

DSC_4050

Latest 50 posts

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2014-12-16 23:01:28 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

I am running for CSM10 on a campaign of advocating for new players and smaller, independent groups of players. Feel free to ask me any questions on-thread or here!

I am running for CSM10 on a campaign of advocating for new players and smaller, independent groups of players. Feel free to ask me any questions on-thread or here!___

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2014-12-12 13:34:29 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

This has been in the works for a while, and I'm super happy to see it launched!

For many people, gender identity is more complex than just "male" or "female."  Starting today, I'm proud to announce that Google+ will support an infinite number of ways to express gender identity, by giving you the option to customize the way your gender is represented on your profile. 

Previously, we provided options for “Male,” “Female,” and “Other,” to encompass both those who don't fit into the traditional gender labels and those who don't want to declare their gender to the world at large. Now, the gender field on your profile will contain four entries, “Male,” “Female,” “Decline to state,” and “Custom.”  When “Custom” is selected, a freeform text field and a pronoun field will appear. You can still limit who can see your gender, just like you can now. We’ll be rolling this feature out for all users over the next few days.

Many thanks to the people and groups who gave us advice on the best ways to do this. Your input has been really valuable to us, and we hope you like the result!___This has been in the works for a while, and I'm super happy to see it launched!

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2014-11-27 14:22:59 (8 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Spreading the word here, since I've generally found the G+ community to be a much more mature and literate environment than other places in EVE:

My alliance is, for the first time in its 3.5 year history, actively looking to recruit a corporation. Historically, it's pretty much been just the founding corp and my corp for the past two years, but we think the right group of classy folks might be out there looking for a home.

Of Sound Mind is a strongly cohesive, newbie-focused, and professional PVP alliance currently located in the Catch region of sovereign 0.0. We are one of the core alliances forming the HERO coalition. We're looking for a medium-sized corporation that shares our values of being excellent to each other and wants to live in nullsec and learn to PVP.

More information at our recruitment... more »

Spreading the word here, since I've generally found the G+ community to be a much more mature and literate environment than other places in EVE:

My alliance is, for the first time in its 3.5 year history, actively looking to recruit a corporation. Historically, it's pretty much been just the founding corp and my corp for the past two years, but we think the right group of classy folks might be out there looking for a home.

Of Sound Mind is a strongly cohesive, newbie-focused, and professional PVP alliance currently located in the Catch region of sovereign 0.0. We are one of the core alliances forming the HERO coalition. We're looking for a medium-sized corporation that shares our values of being excellent to each other and wants to live in nullsec and learn to PVP.

More information at our recruitment post: https://forums.eveonline.com/default.aspx?g=posts&t=387070&find=unread___

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2014-11-22 00:41:38 (11 comments, 2 reshares, 56 +1s)Open 

OMG. My alliance has a cameo in this. Amazing. In case people wonder what I spend my evenings doing...

OMG. My alliance has a cameo in this. Amazing. In case people wonder what I spend my evenings doing...___

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2014-11-21 05:12:39 (13 comments, 1 reshares, 145 +1s)Open 

3-year anniversary today. Woo.

DSC_4050___3-year anniversary today. Woo.

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2014-11-14 17:42:54 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Look around you. Have you worked out what we're looking for? Maths.

The purpose of today’s post is to make your head explode with simple arithmetic. If you’re reading this, I’ll bet that you feel pretty confident in your ability to add and subtract, and that you have an excellent grasp of a complicated concept like “three.” 

So OK, let’s start out with a simple challenge: Explain to me what “three” means. Define it.

If you give me an answer like “one plus two,” then OK, smarty-pants – define “one,” “two,” and “plus.”

Try this for a bit, and look up some definitions, and you may realize that an idea which seems blindingly obvious is actually fairly hard to put into words. And that’s important, because if we want to do mathematics, or things that depend on it like “building bridges that don’t fall down,” then we generally want to be able to start by defining our basic concepts, and if we can’t even define three, then what hope have we got of defining more complicated things like “differential equations?”

Today I’m going to walk you through the answer to this seemingly simple question. This was actually the product of decades of very hard work by very intelligent, albeit somewhat eccentric, individuals. (If you want to read about their story, I highly recommend the book Logicomix by Apostolos Doxiadis and Christos Papadimitriou. Fair warning: the phrase “mad as a bag of clams” will apply.) Rather than giving you the fully technical answer (the book that ultimately put a lot of this on a sound footing, Principia Mathematica, takes until page 83 of volume 2 to finally prove Proposition 110.643, “1+1=2,” a fact which they note is “occasionally useful”), I’ll try to boil it down to its simplest concepts – but what you’re going to get below is the real mathematics, not the kiddie version. By the time we’re done, you’ll know why 1+1=2.

Sets and relationships

The first big insight that let us answer these questions was that, while it can be really messy to define “three,” one thing that we can define is the notion of a set of items. I’ll skip the very technical definition of a set (see the notes below if you want it), but it basically consists of some simple notions: two sets are the same if every element of one is an element of the other, and vice-versa; there is an empty set, which has no elements; if you have a set, then any collection of elements from that set is also a set; so is the union of two sets, or the intersection of two sets, or the set containing just that set. Basically, a set is a careful way to describe the idea of “here are a bunch of objects, in no particular order.”

Another thing that we can define is relationships between things. (And since the only things we’ve defined so far are sets, we’ll talk about that a lot) You can probably think of lots of relationships between objects in daily life: “is the same as,” (a relationship between all sorts of things) “is less than,” (a relationship between numbers) “is the mother of,” (a relationship between people), “has just eaten.” (A relationship between me and my dinner) A relationship is a statement about a pair of objects which can be either true or false. 

Now, there are some special kinds of relationships out there, and they have special names. A reflexive relationship is a relationship that is always true about any object and itself. For example, “is the same as” is reflexive: every object is the same as itself. Ditto “is as big as” for anything that has a size. On the other hand, “is less than” isn’t reflexive: in fact, no number is less than itself. Likewise, no person is her own mother. (Although this isn’t true for every family relationship: I'm my own Grandpa) 

A symmetric relationship is one that always works both ways: if A has this relationship to B, then B always has this relationship to A. “Is the same as” is symmetric; if A is the same as B, then B is the same as A. Likewise “is married to,” among people. On the other hand, “is less than” isn’t symmetric: if A is less than B, then B isn’t less than A! 

A transitive relationship is one such that if A is related to B, and B is related to C, then A is related to C. Being equal to, or being less than, is transitive: if A < B, and B < C, then we immediately know that A < C, too. But “eats” isn’t transitive, as a relationship between animals: wolves eat deer, and deer eat grass, but wolves generally don’t eat grass. 

Why did I just tell you about these three kinds of relationship? Because it turns out that something very magical happens when you find a relationship which is reflexive, symmetric, and transitive. Such a relationship is called an “equivalence relationship,” because “equals” is the most famous example. What’s magical about equivalence relationships is that you can use them to divide up all of the objects in the world. To see how, let’s take a concrete example: the relationship “is a blood relative of” among people. You can see that it’s an equivalence relationship, because everyone is a blood relative of themselves; if Alice is a blood relative of Bob, then Bob is one of Alice; and if Alice is Bob’s relative, and Bob is Christie’s, then Alice is Christie’s relative as well. 

Pick any one person to begin with, say Alice. Our first person forms her own group.

Now pick a second person, Bob. If Bob is a blood relative of Alice, then he goes in her group; if he isn’t, then he starts his own group.

Pick a third person, Christie. If Christie is a blood relative of Alice, she goes in Alice’s group; if she’s a blood relative of Bob’s, she goes in his group; and if she’s neither, she starts her own group. There’s no possibility that she could be both, because if she were a blood relative of both Alice and Bob, then Alice and Bob would also be blood relatives, so they would have been in the same group!

Keep doing this until you’ve put all of the people into groups. What are these groups? Well, if you pick any two people in the same group, they’re blood-related, and if you pick any two people in different groups, they aren’t blood-related. You’ve just divided the entire world into families: every person is in exactly one group, and two people are related to each other if and only if they’re in the same group. This kind of division is called a partition.

Partitions are useful, because these groups – we call them “equivalence classes” sometimes – are now objects that we can talk about much like we talked about the individuals. For example, say there’s some other relationship – “has red hair” – which has the property that, if two people are blood related, then they have the same hair color. We don’t even require the reverse property, that people who aren’t blood related have different hair color; maybe everyone in this world has red hair. This is a property of people, but we can use the partition to say that it’s also a property of families: after all, if two people are in the same family, they’re blood-related, and so if one has red hair, then the other does. That means that if anyone in a family has red hair, everyone in that family does. So we can say that “the family has red hair:” a property of individuals is also a property of these groups. 

We can give these families names, if we want, or we can just name them after any element we pick: “Alice’s family.”

Comparing apples and oranges

Now, let’s do some real magic. Here is a relationship for you, a relationship between sets: “has as many items as.” Be careful! This sentence sounds simple, but I actually almost cheated you, because I never explained what “as many as” means. The definition we want is:

If we have two sets A and B, then A has as many items as B if there is a way to pair up every element of A with an element of B, so that none are left over on either side.

Makes sense, right? This is how you would (say) compare apples and oranges. Let’s define that pairing up a bit more closely: this means that I have some rule that, given any element of A, tells me which element of B it’s paired with. Being a pairing means that every element of A gets mapped to a different element of B. Having nothing left over on the A side means that every element of A gets a mapping. Having nothing left over on the B side means that every element of B is mapped to by some element of A. 

If we want to write this in math-speak, incidentally, we give this rule a name, say “f,” and we say that if x is in A, then f(x) (pronounced “f of x”) is the element of B that it’s paired with. We write “f: A → B” (“f maps A to B”) to say that every element of A gets mapped, and the result is always an element of B. “f is one-to-one” means that every element of A gets mapped to a different element of B; “f is onto” means that every element of B gets mapped onto. 

I claim that this definition is actually what we normally think of as meaning “as many as.” For example, let’s say that I have two sets, namely a bucket of apples and a bucket of oranges. To make a pairing between them, I will line up the apples and oranges in two rows. “f” pairs an apple with the adjacent orange. “f is one-to-one” means that every apple is next to one orange, not two. If f weren’t one-to-one, then I might have put one apple next to a giant pile of oranges, which doesn’t really tell me anything about how many oranges I have. “f is onto” means that every orange is next to one apple; if it weren’t, then I might have a bunch of oranges left over, and again I have no idea how many oranges I have. But if f is one-to-one and onto, then every apple is next to exactly one orange, and that can only happen if I have exactly as many apples and oranges.

As it happens, “has as many items as” is an equivalence relationship. Let’s prove it.

Slightly harder part. If you slow down for these paragraphs until you understand them, the rest will seem a lot easier.

First of all, it’s reflexive: for any set A, A has as many items as A does. This may seem idiotically obvious, but given that “three” turned out not to be so obvious, let’s be careful this time. What we’re really claiming is that for any set A, there’s a way to pair the items of A with the items of A which is one-to-one and onto. I choose the pairing “f(x) = x” – that is, I will pair each item of A with itself. (Note: this pairing is really not rocket science) It’s one-to-one, because if I pick two different elements of A, x and y, then f(x) = x and f(y) = y which are, therefore, different. It’s onto because if I pick any element x, then f(x) = x, which means that x was paired with – lo and behold! – itself. Therefore! I know that every set has as many items as it does.

Yes, that proof was a bit silly. OK, let’s up the ante: our relationship is symmetric. If A has as many elements as B, then B has as many elements as A. How do we know this? Well, if A has as many elements as B, then there is some pairing f: A → B which is one-to-one and onto. (By our definition of “has as many elements as”) So I will now define a new pairing g: B → A by the rule: if y is in B, then let g(y) be the element of A which f mapped onto y. (That is, g is the same pairing as f, only in the opposite order) That is, g(y) is the element of A such that f(g(y)) = y.

Is g even well-defined? Well, we know that f is onto, so every element of B was f of something in A. And we know that f is one-to-one, so we know that this element of B was f of exactly one thing in A. So it’s true that for every item in B, there is exactly one item in A that our f-rule paired with it, and that shall be our definition of g.

The statement “g is one-to-one” then means that g pairs every item of B with a different item of A – or a bit more explicitly, if x and y are two different elements of B, then g(x) and g(y) are two different elements of A. We want to prove that: if x ≠ y, then g(x) ≠ g(y). How do we know it? g(x) and g(y) are both elements of A, by definition, so we can apply the f-rule to them and get back elements of B. Now imagine that g wasn’t one-to-one: x and y are different, but g(x) = g(y). Since those two are the same, obviously f(g(x)) must be the same as f(g(y)). (If you apply the rule to the same thing twice, you get the same result) But we know what that combination is, because it’s just the definition of g! f(g(x)) is x, and f(g(y)) is y. That means that x and y are the same, which is a contradiction! Therefore we know that g must be one-to-one.

The statement “g is onto” means that every item of A is g of something in B. I can even tell you what it is: if x is in A, then it’s g of f(x). How do I know this? Go back to the definition of g: “g(y) is the element of A such that f(g(y)) = y.” That means that g(f(x)) is the element of A such that f(g(f(x))) = f(x). (Got that? f of g of f of x – that is, start with some x, then apply rule f to get an element of B, then apply rule g to get an element of A, then apply rule f again to get another element of B) Now, what we have here is a statement that f of two different things are the same – but we know that f is one-to-one, which means that if f of one thing is the same as f of another, then the two things themselves must be the same. If we apply that to our messy equation above, that means that g(f(x)) = x – which is exactly what we wanted to prove! Every item x is g of something, namely f(x).

Whew. You can see that this one was a bit trickier.

The next proof is that “as many as” is transitive – that is, if A has as many elements as B, and B has as many elements as C, then A has as many elements as C. I’m going to apply the famous Math Teacher’s Cheat here and say that if you really want to understand this, you should sit down with a piece of paper and work it out yourself. You can use all of the same tricks that I just used above, and if you can prove it correctly, then you will really understand how equivalence works.

End of the hard part. Back to numbers! Let’s define three!

So what we just proved is that “has as many items as” is an equivalence relationship. That means that we can use the partitioning trick that we worked out earlier with it, and divide all of the sets in the world up by how many things they have – that is, into “families” which all have the same number of items. A set of three apples and a set of three oranges would be in the same family, but they would be in a different family from a set of four armadillos or a set of twelve black holes. 

And just like above, we can name these families. “Three” is the name of the family of all the possible sets that have as many items as, say, a set of three apples.

That’s the actual definition of three.

Wait! you say, having heard this story before. You just used three to define three! And I don’t think you ever actually defined any apples, just sets!

You clever fellow. Let’s be more careful.

We know that there is an empty set, a set with no elements at all. Let’s call it ∅. (That’s the standard symbol for it, and it’s pronounced “the empty set.”) This set must belong to some family, and we shall name that family Zero. (For reasons which will shortly become clear, I’ll give this set another name as well, “0.”)

Since that is a set, we also know that {∅} is a set. That means “the set which contains exactly one element, namely the empty set.” That is, this is a set of other sets, and it has exactly one thing in it, which is the only other object we had lying around, namely ∅. Fine! It’s a set.

It can’t be in the same family as ∅ is, though, because there’s no way to pair them up. {∅} has exactly one element in it, namely ∅, but what do I pair it with? ∅ has no elements in it, by definition. So the pairing can’t possibly be onto. So this set is in a new family, which we shall name One. And we’ll name this set “1,” since it’s the first element of One that we’ve met.

What other sets can we build? Well, we could make {{∅}}, namely the set that contains exactly one set, that being the set that contains the empty set. This set belongs in the same family as {∅}, though: the pairing is simply to pair {∅} with ∅. Both of those sets have one element, or rather, One element. This set doesn’t get a special name; it’s just {{∅}}, or {1}, to use the other name.

But we can also take the union of two sets, and this is where things start to look really absurd. {∅, {∅}} is also a set. That is, this is a set which has two elements, namely ∅ and {∅}. This one, you will quickly figure out, doesn’t go in either Zero or One, because (for example) if I paired up the ∅ of {∅, {∅}} with the ∅ of {∅}, then there would be nothing left over to pair the {∅} with. We have met our first element of Two: “2,” a.k.a. {∅, {∅}}, a.k.a. {0, 1}.

You can see where this is going to go. Our first element of Three will be the set {∅, {∅}, {∅, {∅}}}, “3,” a.k.a. {0, 1, 2}. And we’ll get Four, Five, and so on as well. We have just defined the counting numbers. 

In fact, we also just figured out how to add one to any number, because each of our “numbers” is just the list of lesser numbers: 1 is {0}, 2 is {0, 1}, 3 is {0, 1, 2}, and so on. To add one to x, you simply take the union (combine the sets) of x with the set {x} itself: that is, to add one to 2, you just combine {0, 1} with {2} to get {0, 1, 2}, better known as 3.

And lo and behold, we have just proven that 1 + 2 = 3! 

I want you to stop for a moment and feel very proud of yourself for having proven something known to small children. Knowing something is easy: knowing why something is true is not so easy.

What we just did was this: We figured out what a set of things was. We figured out that there are relationships which can compare sets, and that special kinds of relationships – “equivalence relationships” – act a lot like “equals,” so you can divide up all of the sets in the world into families which share those properties. Then we realized that “has as many items as” is one of these equivalence relationships, and so you can divide up all the sets in the world into families which have the same number of elements: a family of sets with no elements, a family of sets with one element, a family of sets with two elements, and so on. And that’s what “two” actually means: a set has two items if it has as many items as our “Standard Two.” 

The next step – adding any pair of numbers – is pretty easy. (To add 3 and 2, just say that 2 = 1 + 1, and so 3 + 2 = 3 + 1 + 1, which we already understand) Beyond this comes a rather clever trick to define subtraction, and then multiplication (with rows of identical items), division (using the same trick as subtraction), fractions, and the most subtle and tricky of all, decimals. We can even use these methods to define “infinity” and talk about its behavior. But I’ll save those for another day, as we’ve only just stepped out from the rabbit hole, and even Alice waited before her second venture through the looking glass.


A final note: Less than an hour after I finished writing this, I received news of the death of Alexander Grothendieck, a brilliant mathematician, one of the founders of the field of algebraic geometry, and the inventor of the “clever trick” defining subtraction with which the next part of this would have to open. His mathematical work was at the foundation of a great deal of the modern cutting edge of physics, including a good deal of my own research in my physics days. Among his most important work was bringing category theory into the mainstream of mathematics; category theory essentially takes the ideas above, of kinds of mapping, equivalence, relations of relations, and so on, to their widest possible conclusion. I would like to dedicate this article to his memory, and hope that it may be the first step for some people to go and visit the great intellectual landscapes that he opened.

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If you want more on a similar line, my older article "Counting to Infinity" is about how to use the same method to define what infinity really means. It's a bit lighter-weight than this one. https://plus.google.com/+YonatanZunger/posts/BtHzUPFz4te

If you want to know the careful definition of a set, you should read http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zermelo%E2%80%93Fraenkel_set_theory . This was one of those subjects that people thought was “really obvious” until Bertrand Russell pointed out that if you did the “really obvious” thing, you could define “sets” like “the set of all sets which don’t contain themselves,” which quickly led to paradoxes and confusion. Zermelo and Fraenkel finally laid out a careful definition of sets which doesn’t lead to paradoxes, and in fact works. It turns out that you need seven rules to do so, and there are two other famous “optional rules” – optional in that set theory actually makes sense with or without them. These two optional rules are the “Axiom of Infinity” (that roughly says, “infinite sets exist”) and the “Axiom of Choice.” 

The Axiom of Choice roughly says that for any set, there exists a way to pick an element from it, a statement which seems sort of obvious until you realize that for infinite sets, it isn’t. For example, the rule “pick the smallest element” works great for “the set of positive integers” or “the set of real numbers between 0 and 1, inclusive,” but it doesn’t work very well for “the set of real numbers greater than zero,” because there isn’t a smallest element: if you pick any number greater than zero, half that number is smaller than it is. In fact, it turns out that despite how obvious it seems, the Axiom of Choice has some really weird consequences, such as the Banach-Tarski Theorem: you can prove that there’s a way to slice up a solid sphere into five pieces, and then rearrange those pieces to get two spheres, each identical to the original! This requires infinitely fine cuts, so it isn’t (alas) applicable to gold bullion. The main use of the Banach-Tarski Theorem is to make mathematicians’ heads explode, and to demonstrate just how weird the consequences of the Axiom of Choice really are. (Once their heads have exploded, they can be rearranged into the brains of two identical mathematicians, which is useful for math departments on a tight staffing budget)

The image is "Three," by Grant Hutchinson (https://www.flickr.com/photos/splorp/59231687), a photograph of graffiti by an unknown artist.___Look around you. Have you worked out what we're looking for? Maths.

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2014-10-24 00:17:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

To quote +Tracy Hurley: "Paizo is hiring and I love how they are doing it."

I agree.

To quote +Tracy Hurley: "Paizo is hiring and I love how they are doing it."

I agree.___

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2014-10-21 17:59:57 (26 comments, 2 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

You want one of these. It costs as little as $6, and can and will save you the pain and frustration of hackers breaking into your stuff if your password (and OTP codes) are phished. Get one for every computer you own, or just keep one on your keychain as a roving security key.

And it turns out that it's embarassingly easy to phish OTP codes. This is not a hypothetical.

2-factor authentication is an easy way to make your most critical accounts (e.g. email) more secure - but the most common options involve having to manually type in codes. What if there were an option that were both even more secure and also more convenient too? Turns out, there is.

We've been using these at work for a while now, and I've been using one on my personal account ever since we started testing the consumer version - it's really easy to set up and overall an awesome experience.___You want one of these. It costs as little as $6, and can and will save you the pain and frustration of hackers breaking into your stuff if your password (and OTP codes) are phished. Get one for every computer you own, or just keep one on your keychain as a roving security key.

And it turns out that it's embarassingly easy to phish OTP codes. This is not a hypothetical.

2014-10-13 02:49:28 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

I'm starting to understand the value proposition of enterprise gmail more and more.

19:41:00 <mcmillen> lizthegrey: your Caltech email is bouncing?

My reaction: ohshit. It turns out that our backup LDAP server had died, and that our mailserver had shit itself because it couldn't reach the backup LDAP server, causing mail to bounce.

And now I'm remembering all the painful, annoying things that I had to deal with as a UGCS sysadmin, in particular IPMI, remote serial consoles, and all that jazz. Thank goodness I still have permissions to fix this shit...

I'm starting to understand the value proposition of enterprise gmail more and more.

19:41:00 <mcmillen> lizthegrey: your Caltech email is bouncing?

My reaction: ohshit. It turns out that our backup LDAP server had died, and that our mailserver had shit itself because it couldn't reach the backup LDAP server, causing mail to bounce.

And now I'm remembering all the painful, annoying things that I had to deal with as a UGCS sysadmin, in particular IPMI, remote serial consoles, and all that jazz. Thank goodness I still have permissions to fix this shit...___

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2014-10-10 20:23:50 (8 comments, 3 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

Alan is a terrific ally, and I know from firsthand experience with him in the past that what happened yesterday wasn't representative of him in general. I'm glad that people gave him a second chance.

On positive GHC front. Google's Alan Eustace realized he'd screwed up and made time to *listen*.___Alan is a terrific ally, and I know from firsthand experience with him in the past that what happened yesterday wasn't representative of him in general. I'm glad that people gave him a second chance.

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2014-10-10 18:50:43 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Sharing this information without further comment, and disabling comments on this particular post (sorry!).

European privacy requests for search removals. // Total URLs that Google has evaluated for removal: 497,695 URLs // Total requests Google has received: 144,954 requests // 41.8% removal approval rate.___Sharing this information without further comment, and disabling comments on this particular post (sorry!).

2014-10-08 03:21:49 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

I made 8 cups of grape jelly from 6 pounds of CSA Concord grapes today. The most fun and delicious part was licking the measuring cups and spoons clean during cleanup.

All dozen of the jars processed correctly with the tops making a nice satisfying 'click' noise as they sealed on the counter, and the jelly set beautifully despite my having a little too much juice and only one box of pectin. Photos tomorrow, and if you're lucky enough to work on my team, a jar of jelly too (why do we call preserving food in jars 'canning'?)

Factoid of the day: Concord grapes are in fact named after Concord, MA.

I made 8 cups of grape jelly from 6 pounds of CSA Concord grapes today. The most fun and delicious part was licking the measuring cups and spoons clean during cleanup.

All dozen of the jars processed correctly with the tops making a nice satisfying 'click' noise as they sealed on the counter, and the jelly set beautifully despite my having a little too much juice and only one box of pectin. Photos tomorrow, and if you're lucky enough to work on my team, a jar of jelly too (why do we call preserving food in jars 'canning'?)

Factoid of the day: Concord grapes are in fact named after Concord, MA.___

2014-10-07 17:49:49 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

MIT folks, are you okay? What's going on? +Honey Anne

Just got a phonecall from MIT alert saying there was a 'serious emergency' and to 'stay alert'. Website doesn't appear to have any information on it.

MIT folks, are you okay? What's going on? +Honey Anne

Just got a phonecall from MIT alert saying there was a 'serious emergency' and to 'stay alert'. Website doesn't appear to have any information on it.___

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2014-10-07 02:39:14 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Four years late, I recovered my photoset from my 2010 extended trip to Alaska from my camera.

I was filling in for one of the housekeeping/serving positions at +Camp Denali & North Face Lodge for three weeks at the end of the season, replacing staff members who had to leave early due to starting classes in August. It was a super magical and fun experience (with a lot of hard work, don't get me wrong) that I hope to repeat one day if +Misty the Samoyed's seizures ever get back under control sufficiently well for me to leave her at home for an extended period.

If these looked interesting, there's more pretty pictures at https://plus.google.com/photos/106912596786226524817/albums/5378544081034335217 from 2009, when I stayed a week as a paid guest.

Four years late, I recovered my photoset from my 2010 extended trip to Alaska from my camera.

I was filling in for one of the housekeeping/serving positions at +Camp Denali & North Face Lodge for three weeks at the end of the season, replacing staff members who had to leave early due to starting classes in August. It was a super magical and fun experience (with a lot of hard work, don't get me wrong) that I hope to repeat one day if +Misty the Samoyed's seizures ever get back under control sufficiently well for me to leave her at home for an extended period.

If these looked interesting, there's more pretty pictures at https://plus.google.com/photos/106912596786226524817/albums/5378544081034335217 from 2009, when I stayed a week as a paid guest.___

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2014-10-07 02:22:22 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Photos from my trip to Iceland and Zurich two weeks ago, now finally uploaded. Slowly working on geotagging them, but there's no bulk geotag option :(

Photos from my trip to Iceland and Zurich two weeks ago, now finally uploaded. Slowly working on geotagging them, but there's no bulk geotag option :(___

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2014-10-06 20:04:52 (8 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

I find it ironic that there are now states in which same-sex marriages are legal, but in which you can legally be discriminated against for being LGBT and being such a marriage.

SCOTUS non-decision gives eleven new states marriage equality

The Supreme Court's unexpected decision this morning not to hear—"denying cert" of— any of the five marriage equality cases in three U.S. circuits that have ruled for an equal right to marry means that several states where there had not yet been a ruling now have same-sex marriage rights as well.

This isn't quite automatic—the Orange County, North Carolina clerk, say, would probably be overstepping his bounds to grant marriage licenses based on the idea that, because same-sex marriage is now the law of the circuit, because SCOTUS didn't take the 4th Circuit's case regarding Virginia's marriage ban, therefore same-sex couples in Chapel Hill have a right to marry. That's a few too many inferences for a clerk of court to make, even if each inference is absolutely necessary.

But those inferences are absolutely necessary, and it's about as close to automatic as it can be; it's hard to see any justification for any court in any of these three circuits from denying marriage rights.

That means, if I'm counting correctly, that 11 states as of today have a legal right to same-sex marriage (and should have the ability to marry very shortly):
• From the Virginia case in the 4th Circuit: also North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia (Maryland already had equal marriage)
• From the Wisconsin and Indiana cases in the 7th Circuit (Illinois already had equal marriage)
• From the Oklahoma and Utah cases in the 10th Circuit: also Kansas, Wyoming, Colorado (New Mexico already had equal marriage)

The states whose cases were not heard by the Supreme Court today had stays that should be dissolving immediately, thus granting marriage rights as soon as the courts can gavel—today or tomorrow most likely. The other 6 states, I believe, all have cases in progress that can now have a simple motion that will grant rights in those states as well (can someone verify that?).

In any case, the nationwide decision will have to wait for another day. Most likely at this moment: the 6th Circuit will become the first to rule in favor of a marriage ban later this year, in which case we'll have a circuit split and SCOTUS will take that case to resolve the split—by far, the most common reason the Court grants certiorari. Or, another circuit may decide between now and October 2015, and SCOTUS will take that case instead.

Again, if my count's right, I think that brings to 30 the total number of states now having same-sex marriage rights.

Update 11:13 EDT: I swapped the number of circuits—three—and the number of cases—five—a couple places above. Corrected. I also see that other sources with actual legal experts are now referring to the number 11 as well, so I'm relieved that my count seems correct. I was doing it by comparing the list of cases to the U.S. Circuits map cross-referenced to the state-by-state map of marriage equality status, so I was afraid I missed something.

#SCOTUS #GayMarriage #MarriageEquality___I find it ironic that there are now states in which same-sex marriages are legal, but in which you can legally be discriminated against for being LGBT and being such a marriage.

2014-10-06 13:41:46 (11 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

My opinions only, not those of my employer. Many parallels to the problems Sarah Sharp pointed out a few years back.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GBT0fRMRQNjlJMUfpflch7U3H_p-yITdxvgIL1keEVU/edit?usp=sharing has more of my thoughts on that particular set of interactions.

Much of the Open Source community tries to advertise the community as one happy place to the outside. Where contributions are valued only by their technical quality, and everybody meets at conferences for beers.

Well, it is not like that. It's quite a sick place to be in.

I don't usually talk about this too much, and hence I figure that people are really not aware of this, but yes, the Open Source community is full of assholes, and I probably more than most others am one of their most favourite targets. I get hate mail for hacking on Open Source. People have started multiple "petitions" on petition web sites, asking me to stop working (google for it). Recently, people started collecting Bitcoins to hire a hitman for me (this really happened!). Just the other day, some idiot posted a "song" on youtube, a creepy work, filled with expletives about me and suggestions of violence. People post websites about boycotting my projects, containing pretty personal attacks. On IRC, people /msg me sometimes, with nasty messages, and references to artwork in 4chan style. And there's more. A lot more.

I am used to rough discussions on mailing lists, and yes, when I was younger I did not always stay technical in flamewars, but nowadays I am pretty good at that, I am sometimes articulate, but never personal. I have a thick skin (and so do most of the others involved in systemd, apparently), and I figure that plays a major role why we managed to bring systemd to success, despite all the pressure in the opposite direction. But from time to time, I just have to stand back and say "Wow, what an awful community Linux has!".

The Internet is full of deranged people, no doubt, so one might just discount all of this on the grounds that the Open Source community isn't any different than any other community on the Internet or even offline. But I don't think so. I am pretty sure there are certain things that foster bad behaviour. On one hand there are certain communities where it appears to be a lot more accepted to vent hate, communities that attract a certain kind of people (Hey, Gentoo!) more than others do. (Yes, the folks who post the stuff they do usually pretty clearly state from wich community they come).

But more importantly, I'd actually put some blame on a certain circle of folks that play a major role in kernel development, and first and foremost Linus Torvalds himself. By many he is a considered a role model, but he is quite a bad one. If he posts words like "[specific folks] ...should be retroactively aborted. Who the f*ck does idiotic things like that? How did they not die as babies, considering that they were likely too stupid to find a tit to suck on?" (google for it), than that's certainly bad. But what I find particularly appalling is the fact that he regularly defends this, and advertises this as an efficient way to run a community. (But it is not just Linus, it's a certain group of people around him who use the exact same style, some of which semi-publically even phantasize about the best ways to, ... well, kill me).

But no, it's not an efficient way to run a community. If Linux had success, then that certainly happened despite, not because of this behaviour. I am pretty sure the damage being done by this is quite obvious, it not only sours the tone in the Linux community, it is also teaches new contributors to adopt the same style, but that only if it doesn't scare them away in the first place.

In other words: A fish rots from the head down.

I don't mind using strong language, I don't mind the use of words such as "fuck", I use the word all the time too, it's really not about that. I must simply say that I wished it would stay at that, because what actually is happening is so much worse, and and so much more hateful.

If you are a newcomer to Linux, either grow a really thick skin. Or run away, it's not a friendly place to be in. It is sad that it is that way, but it certainly is.

The Linux community is dominated by western, white, straight, males in their 30s and 40s these days. I perfectly fit in that pattern, and the rubbish they pour over me is awful. I can only imagine that it is much worse for members of minorities, or people from different cultural backgrounds, in particular ones where losing face is a major issue.

You know, I can deal with all this shit, and I guess in a way with the energy we are pushing the changes we propose with we are calling for opposition, so this post is really not intended to be a call for sympathy. The main point I want to make with this is to correct a few things about our communities, and how their are percieved. Open Source isn't a kindergarten. Open Source is awful in many ways, and people should be aware of this.

Not everybody in the Linux community is like this, the vast majority isn't. Not even all our different communities really have a problem with this at all. But many do, and the most prominent one, the Linux community as a whole certainly has.

I am not the one to fix any of this, I cannot tell you how one could do it. And quite frankly, I really don't want to be involved in fixing this. I am a technical guy, I want to do technical things.

My personal conclusion out of all this is mostly just that I don't want to have much to do with the worst offenders, and the communities they run. My involvement with the kernel community ended pretty much before it even started, I never post on LKML, and haven't done in years.  Also, in our own project we are policying posts. We regularly put a few folks on moderation on the mailing list, and we will continue to do so. Currently, the systemd community is fantastic, and I really hope we can keep it that way.

And that's all about this topic from me. I have no intentions to ever talk about this again on a public forum.___My opinions only, not those of my employer. Many parallels to the problems Sarah Sharp pointed out a few years back.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GBT0fRMRQNjlJMUfpflch7U3H_p-yITdxvgIL1keEVU/edit?usp=sharing has more of my thoughts on that particular set of interactions.

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2014-09-30 23:31:48 (11 comments, 1 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

This is pretty damn great for the sex positive community, but I wish it were on a post by post basis rather than global per-profile.

Restrict your content by age and location
As a content creator you may want to reach customers and fans of all ages, all over the world. Or you may want to engage more carefully, sharing only with age-appropriate audiences or audiences in certain countries. Google+ now enables both pages and profiles to restrict their content based on user age and location.

So for example: you can now decide that only users 18+ or 21+ should be able to see your posts. You can also specify ages on a country-by-country basis if you need something more custom.

To get started just visit your page or profile settings, scroll to ‘Audience,’ and choose your desired option. From then on your posts (old and new) will follow your restrictions.

Check out our Help Center if you’d like to learn more (http://goo.gl/1UTF7Q), and let us know what you think in the comments! We hope today’s update helps you reach your audience even more easily, and responsibly.

#googleplusupdate___This is pretty damn great for the sex positive community, but I wish it were on a post by post basis rather than global per-profile.

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2014-09-21 16:11:40 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Near the top of the Esja trail across the bay from Reykjavik, it was blowing 45+ MPH, and nearly impossible to stand up. The route from the fourth to fifth waypoint was in the gusty fog clouds. Needless to say, I bailed at the fifth waypoint marker and turned back around to go home, only to discover the wind was blowing against me as opposed to with me, making the descent so much more precarious than even the ascent.

I wound up taking off my glasses in order to avoid having them blow off my face, and trying to not trip on anything or blow over until I made it down to the fourth waypoint where the wind tapered off some.

After some public bus convolutions, am nice and safe back in Reykjavik, killing time before my Flybus pickup at 9:30pm.

Near the top of the Esja trail across the bay from Reykjavik, it was blowing 45+ MPH, and nearly impossible to stand up. The route from the fourth to fifth waypoint was in the gusty fog clouds. Needless to say, I bailed at the fifth waypoint marker and turned back around to go home, only to discover the wind was blowing against me as opposed to with me, making the descent so much more precarious than even the ascent.

I wound up taking off my glasses in order to avoid having them blow off my face, and trying to not trip on anything or blow over until I made it down to the fourth waypoint where the wind tapered off some.

After some public bus convolutions, am nice and safe back in Reykjavik, killing time before my Flybus pickup at 9:30pm.___

2014-09-19 18:38:49 (11 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Safely in Iceland. Took a few photos of things that were vaguely interesting/fun, but none of the landmarks that have been photographed to oblivion.

My feet hurt after 8-10 hours of walking all across, up, down, and sideways in Reykjavik's downtown-ish area. On the plus side, I think my boots are vaguely re-broken in. I think the closest comparison I can draw is really to Seattle - it's certainly got the same general cloudy dreariness to it.

Man, do Icelanders love their street/house art though -- there were some really awesomely painted fences and sides of houses where there are vacant lots causing what would be row houses to have their sides exposed.

Tomorrow, actual proper hiking time, hopefully.

Safely in Iceland. Took a few photos of things that were vaguely interesting/fun, but none of the landmarks that have been photographed to oblivion.

My feet hurt after 8-10 hours of walking all across, up, down, and sideways in Reykjavik's downtown-ish area. On the plus side, I think my boots are vaguely re-broken in. I think the closest comparison I can draw is really to Seattle - it's certainly got the same general cloudy dreariness to it.

Man, do Icelanders love their street/house art though -- there were some really awesomely painted fences and sides of houses where there are vacant lots causing what would be row houses to have their sides exposed.

Tomorrow, actual proper hiking time, hopefully.___

2014-09-09 17:00:43 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Last night in the Fong-Jones household: spicy szechuan eggplant with fake meat. Szechuan sauce is amazing and goes on practically anything and is super easy to make - a splash of vinegar, white sugar, soy sauce, fake chicken broth, and Sriracha chili sauce (the kind in the round jar with the whole pepper seeds, not the red rooster homogenous stuff, although that's also delicious).

Last night in the Fong-Jones household: spicy szechuan eggplant with fake meat. Szechuan sauce is amazing and goes on practically anything and is super easy to make - a splash of vinegar, white sugar, soy sauce, fake chicken broth, and Sriracha chili sauce (the kind in the round jar with the whole pepper seeds, not the red rooster homogenous stuff, although that's also delicious).___

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2014-09-09 16:55:37 (10 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Oh dear goodness. I was just watching for the first time the "don't talk to the police" video and was thinking to myself "surely it can't be that simple" and indeed, it isn't :/

From the excellent +Nathaniel Burney of lawcomic.net, here's the second comprehensive "how to properly invoke your rights" flowchart, for the 5th amendment: http://lawcomic.net/guide/?p=2897

See also the 4th amendment: http://lawcomic.net/guide/?p=2256___Oh dear goodness. I was just watching for the first time the "don't talk to the police" video and was thinking to myself "surely it can't be that simple" and indeed, it isn't :/

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2014-09-06 16:39:08 (17 comments, 0 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

That was a scary 48 hours.

So in the middle of what was already a hectic week from Big Work Crisis of doom that came out of being oncall this week and worrisome personal hard drive failure from last weekend, Misty started seizing late Wednesday night (3:30am Thursday).

And I was terrible and had forgotten to refill her emergency seizure stop medication because, well, it's not the kind of thing you give daily and keep track of when you're running out, and right after you use the last bottle of it, the last thing on your mind is remembering to get a refill because your dog has just had a huge seizure.

We were unable to get the seizures to stop on their own without the rectal Valium, so I wound up having to sprint to where Ellen had parked the car (fortunately, only 5 min run) since she has it on weekdays, and Elly and I raced her to Angell. By the time we arrived, she... more »

That was a scary 48 hours.

So in the middle of what was already a hectic week from Big Work Crisis of doom that came out of being oncall this week and worrisome personal hard drive failure from last weekend, Misty started seizing late Wednesday night (3:30am Thursday).

And I was terrible and had forgotten to refill her emergency seizure stop medication because, well, it's not the kind of thing you give daily and keep track of when you're running out, and right after you use the last bottle of it, the last thing on your mind is remembering to get a refill because your dog has just had a huge seizure.

We were unable to get the seizures to stop on their own without the rectal Valium, so I wound up having to sprint to where Ellen had parked the car (fortunately, only 5 min run) since she has it on weekdays, and Elly and I raced her to Angell. By the time we arrived, she had had over 30 seizures in as many minutes, and was glassy-eyed and unresponsive.

She was admitted to the hospital at 4:30am. Fortunately, her neurologist is amazing and was already in that early and was able to immediately begin treatment (and went on to come in on his day off on Friday to re-assess her - he apologized on the phone for being "in a little late, because it's my day off"). Misty remained in the hospital until last night when she was discharged.

She's mostly back to normal, but is on a new, more powerful, medication that we still need to adjust the dosage of over time. As a result of the need to do dosage adjustment, Misty still wound up seizing again last night twice, but it was not a full on cluster and thus quite manageable. We now know the initial dose wasn't enough and can adjust accordingly. Still, I need to monitor her 24/7 for the next week at least.

It's nice to have a bit of a sense of normalcy back though - the house and my office were rather empty without her. I don't expect to be super going-out social for the next week because of oncall and dog monitoring, but can have company over if people want to hang out ;).___

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2014-09-01 21:59:51 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Amusingly enough, some of the speculation around Google tends to obey this pattern. Things that aren't outright leaks are still things that people can add up to get a coherent picture.

On the other hand, there's so goddamn much baseless stupid paranoid noise too, so maybe someone on the inside has a lot easier time distinguishing fragments of fact from whole cloth fiction.

One of the fundamental properties of secret research -- beyond the fact that as the number of persons involved increases, the opportunities for leaks greatly rises -- is that even studying where information appears to be available -- and especially unavailable -- can often yield the shape of the secret, the boundaries of the secret as it were -- even when you can't see inside per se.___Amusingly enough, some of the speculation around Google tends to obey this pattern. Things that aren't outright leaks are still things that people can add up to get a coherent picture.

On the other hand, there's so goddamn much baseless stupid paranoid noise too, so maybe someone on the inside has a lot easier time distinguishing fragments of fact from whole cloth fiction.

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2014-08-11 22:27:08 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Bottom lel.

"Tamper evident" holographic seal on Trezor hardware Bitcoin wallet: because the bad guys won't think about opening the bottom flap.

(Tampering done by +Liz Fong-Jones using just a knife -- I presume a bit of steam would make the bottom-flap glue come off more easily.)___Bottom lel.

2014-07-24 14:02:03 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

In this week's City-States, I take on the farce that is keeping up with the Joneses in sov nullsec from the perspective of the new player and new coalition.

In this week's City-States, I take on the farce that is keeping up with the Joneses in sov nullsec from the perspective of the new player and new coalition.___

2014-07-15 21:01:01 (42 comments, 5 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

You'll find some more in-depth discussion on https://plus.google.com/103389452828130864950/posts/gkEADkciCzc from +Yonatan Zunger

When we launched Google+ over three years ago, we had a lot of restrictions on what name you could use on your profile. This helped create a community made up of real people, but it also excluded a number of people who wanted to be part of it without using their real names. 

Over the years, as Google+ grew and its community became established, we steadily opened up this policy, from allowing +Page owners to use any name of their choosing to letting YouTube users bring their usernames into Google+. Today, we are taking the last step: there are no more restrictions on what name you can use. 

We know you've been calling for this change for a while. We know that our names policy has been unclear, and this has led to some unnecessarily difficult experiences for some of our users. For this we apologize, and we hope that today's change is a step toward making Google+ the welcoming and inclusive place that we want it to be. Thank you for expressing your opinions so passionately, and thanks for continuing to make Google+ the thoughtful community that it is.___You'll find some more in-depth discussion on https://plus.google.com/103389452828130864950/posts/gkEADkciCzc from +Yonatan Zunger

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2014-06-01 19:13:18 (41 comments, 2 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Rear ended. We are okay. Dogs were fortunately in the back seat. Never putting dogs in the trunk ever again.

Rear ended. We are okay. Dogs were fortunately in the back seat. Never putting dogs in the trunk ever again.___

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2014-05-22 13:30:44 (14 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

I still miss my Hiptop. My Nexus 5 is great today, but 2004-2005 was an amazing time for me to have been one of the very early Hiptop/Sidekick adopters. Having the internet in my pocket and the ability to touch-type at pretty much full speed was incredibly cool (and something nobody else had).

I still miss my Hiptop. My Nexus 5 is great today, but 2004-2005 was an amazing time for me to have been one of the very early Hiptop/Sidekick adopters. Having the internet in my pocket and the ability to touch-type at pretty much full speed was incredibly cool (and something nobody else had).___

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2014-04-28 14:47:11 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Kiev ingress agents want to say our two words against undeclared war in Ukraine.
Sitrep to follow.

#ingressreport  
+Ingress +Anne Beuttenmüller +Joe Philley +Brandon Badger 

Kiev ingress agents want to say our two words against undeclared war in Ukraine.
Sitrep to follow.

#ingressreport  
+Ingress +Anne Beuttenmüller +Joe Philley +Brandon Badger ___

2014-04-08 17:58:10 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

PSA: when someone tells you that no, she doesn't want you to pet her animal and turns away and pointedly looks back at her book rather than continuing the conversation, it's probably a good idea to not continue following her onto the train and harassing her with further questions and comments about her animal and making kissy noises to get the animal's attention.

That was a scary Red Line ride :/

PSA: when someone tells you that no, she doesn't want you to pet her animal and turns away and pointedly looks back at her book rather than continuing the conversation, it's probably a good idea to not continue following her onto the train and harassing her with further questions and comments about her animal and making kissy noises to get the animal's attention.

That was a scary Red Line ride :/___

2014-04-08 12:14:54 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

Patent number two.

Patent number two.___

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2014-04-06 02:29:03 (24 comments, 147 reshares, 52 +1s)Open 

Quite possibly one of the most hilarious pieces of music I've heard in quite some time. h/t +Joseph Wu 

Quite possibly one of the most hilarious pieces of music I've heard in quite some time. h/t +Joseph Wu ___

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2014-03-15 21:29:33 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Yikes.

___Yikes.

2014-02-26 23:14:17 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

I am really thankful for how tolerant of a dog +Misty the Samoyed is, having just squeezed her through a rush hour bus commute involving at least a dozen people with their feet inches from her tail, nose, face, and body trying to maintain balance or stepping past us. Nary a single movement from her nor a single peep. Couldn't take her to work on transit if she weren't so impeccably well behaved.

I am really thankful for how tolerant of a dog +Misty the Samoyed is, having just squeezed her through a rush hour bus commute involving at least a dozen people with their feet inches from her tail, nose, face, and body trying to maintain balance or stepping past us. Nary a single movement from her nor a single peep. Couldn't take her to work on transit if she weren't so impeccably well behaved.___

2014-02-20 19:23:08 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 55 +1s)Open 

Last bit of me smugging about graduating, at least until Commencement in June.

Dear Liz Fong-Jones,

Congratulations!!

You have officially been awarded your degree on February 19, 2014.

Regards,

[snip]
Assistant Registrar

Last bit of me smugging about graduating, at least until Commencement in June.

Dear Liz Fong-Jones,

Congratulations!!

You have officially been awarded your degree on February 19, 2014.

Regards,

[snip]
Assistant Registrar___

2014-02-18 15:12:30 (24 comments, 0 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

My very first patent issued today!

My very first patent issued today!___

2014-02-07 15:53:14 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Undergrad Audit in Course 6 3 -- All General Institute Requirements
Complete.
Complete: 17.0 GIR subjects (17 req'd) plus 222 units beyond GIRs (180 req'd)

Undergrad Audit in Course 6 3 -- All General Institute Requirements
Complete.
Complete: 17.0 GIR subjects (17 req'd) plus 222 units beyond GIRs (180 req'd)___

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2014-02-05 00:29:34 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Nothing like a snow emergency in Somerville to make me want to slap YouParkLikeAnAsshole.com violation notices on peoples' cars. Seriously, the number of people who park directly in the center  of where two cars should be parked is absurd, and makes it even harder to find parking when half of the available parking spaces evaporate due to the snow emergency. I must have passed a dozen parking spots that I couldn't use because some jerk parked smack dab in the middle. :(

Nothing like a snow emergency in Somerville to make me want to slap YouParkLikeAnAsshole.com violation notices on peoples' cars. Seriously, the number of people who park directly in the center  of where two cars should be parked is absurd, and makes it even harder to find parking when half of the available parking spaces evaporate due to the snow emergency. I must have passed a dozen parking spots that I couldn't use because some jerk parked smack dab in the middle. :(___

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2014-02-04 01:33:45 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

This is huge.  Google is finally able to publish information about the number and scope of the FISA (secret intelligence court) subpoenas received.  The takeaway:  it's massively fewer subpoenas and accounts involved than many people suspected.

There are caveats.  Google is required to delay reporting by six months and required to only report information in bands of 1,000.  But it's massively better than nothing.  

The world, but especially US citizens, have a right to know what kind of surveillance their government is authorizing.  It has been cool to see companies like Google push for this kind of openness.  Reform is a long time coming and this is only the beginning.  Baby steps.

This is huge.  Google is finally able to publish information about the number and scope of the FISA (secret intelligence court) subpoenas received.  The takeaway:  it's massively fewer subpoenas and accounts involved than many people suspected.

There are caveats.  Google is required to delay reporting by six months and required to only report information in bands of 1,000.  But it's massively better than nothing.  

The world, but especially US citizens, have a right to know what kind of surveillance their government is authorizing.  It has been cool to see companies like Google push for this kind of openness.  Reform is a long time coming and this is only the beginning.  Baby steps.___

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2014-01-25 05:02:21 (5 comments, 8 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Apologies to the world from SRE.

Apologies to the world from SRE.___

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2014-01-21 23:14:26 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Misty is a snow beast, perfectly camouflaged in the snow.

Misty is a snow beast, perfectly camouflaged in the snow.___

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2014-01-19 15:57:43 (14 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Iron Chef: Mystery Hunt edition. Coffee Milk, Avocado, and Pineapple. Now what to make...

Iron Chef: Mystery Hunt edition. Coffee Milk, Avocado, and Pineapple. Now what to make...___

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2014-01-13 18:04:56 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 49 +1s)Open 

First day on my new team. My new officemate also has a dog, and so far the dogs seem to be getting along just fine...

First day on my new team. My new officemate also has a dog, and so far the dogs seem to be getting along just fine...___

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2014-01-02 15:41:15 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Kudos to the NYT for the courage to call for a pardon or clemency for Snowden: 


I am proud that Edward Snowden took his responsibilities as a citizen of our Republic seriously. 

#pardonsnowden  

Kudos to the NYT for the courage to call for a pardon or clemency for Snowden: 


I am proud that Edward Snowden took his responsibilities as a citizen of our Republic seriously. 

#pardonsnowden  ___

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2014-01-02 15:27:02 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

8-14 inches of snow predicted over next 24 hours? Ski to work day!

8-14 inches of snow predicted over next 24 hours? Ski to work day!___

2013-12-20 21:36:35 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 83 +1s)Open 

Senior thesis is in, meaning all of my work for this term is turned in. One paper to resolve an incomplete, and a pile of transfer credit to resolve, and I'll actually be on the graduation list for February. XD

Senior thesis is in, meaning all of my work for this term is turned in. One paper to resolve an incomplete, and a pile of transfer credit to resolve, and I'll actually be on the graduation list for February. XD___

2013-12-19 18:26:36 (31 comments, 18 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

So in belated fashion, I need to beg help with my senior thesis project for MIT, which is due tomorrow (urk). I promised I'd do a user study, and the app is only today ready to use in the wild, so meep.

I made an accessibility/security app for Android that replaces the available default unlock mechanisms on Android with a code-based unlock that uses haptic feedback instead of passcodes or patterns which can be shouldersurfed, overheard when read aloud, or recovered via smudge attacks. Your help would greatly be appreciated in testing my prototype, whether you are sighted or blind. It should work on ICS and above, and should work with Talkback off, Talkback on but Touch-to-explore off, and Touch-to-explore on.

Steps to install:
1.) Disable your OS keyguard. Settings -> Security -> Screen lock -> none. If you are a Googler PLEASE do not do this to a device that hasy... more »

So in belated fashion, I need to beg help with my senior thesis project for MIT, which is due tomorrow (urk). I promised I'd do a user study, and the app is only today ready to use in the wild, so meep.

I made an accessibility/security app for Android that replaces the available default unlock mechanisms on Android with a code-based unlock that uses haptic feedback instead of passcodes or patterns which can be shouldersurfed, overheard when read aloud, or recovered via smudge attacks. Your help would greatly be appreciated in testing my prototype, whether you are sighted or blind. It should work on ICS and above, and should work with Talkback off, Talkback on but Touch-to-explore off, and Touch-to-explore on.

Steps to install:
1.) Disable your OS keyguard. Settings -> Security -> Screen lock -> none. If you are a Googler PLEASE do not do this to a device that has your corp account; Device Policy Manager and secops will be sad at you.
2.) Install Haptic Unlock via the link below, or find it in the store by searching 'edu.mit.lizfong.android.hapticunlock'. I uploaded version 1.01alpha an hour ago which supercedes 1.0. Please don't install 1.0 if it shows it to you as it's buggy; it may be a few hours until 1.01alpha appears in the store :/
3.) Once installed, press the 'home' icon on your phone. You'll be prompted which launcher to use. Check 'use by default' and choose "Haptic Unlock".

You'll now be in the Haptic Unlock locker, and will be dumped into the lock screen. The labels of the correct sequence of password elements is 02143 (because proof of concept). When you successfully input the password, you'll be returned to your normal home screen and able to use the device as normal. Should your screen turn off due to inactivity, the lock will be re-engaged and will appear when you power your screen back on. You should in most cases be returned to your most recent activity, but sometimes the detection is buggy and dumps you at the home screen. If that happens, just use recent apps to return to where you were. The lock screen will also be launched on boot.

How to unlock: With touch-to-explore off, pick up individual password elements to feel the vibration, and set them down if they're incorrect; drag them to the right and let go if you want to select an element. The behavior is slightly different with Touch-to-explore on -- swipe up and down to feel each vibration, and simply double-tap when you've found the next pattern you want to enter as an element. It's confirmed working with the KitKat launcher on Nexus 5, and the TouchWiz launcher on Galaxy Tab 10.1. It ought to work with stock launchers, but may not work with weird shit like motoblur; if it detects that case it will automatically disable itself and return you to your launcher after first successful unlock.

Missing:
* The ability to set your own password (the default is 02143 because go Somerville). It's a proof of concept, after all. And obviously with the ability to set your own password, the visual/auditory hints of labeling each element will no longer be needed, but for training's sake it will show you the vibration and the identifier of each element for now.
* It's possible to evade the lock screen by opening the notifications bar, or by very careful timing of the 'recent apps' button. This is a proof of concept and functionally equivalent to no security; if it's successful I'll try rewriting it as an ordinary base OS lockscreen with all the associated proper protections.___

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2013-12-11 03:24:50 (15 comments, 6 reshares, 45 +1s)Open 

NSA fuckers, seriously, not okay. Go the fuck away. Leave my users alone.

NSA fuckers, seriously, not okay. Go the fuck away. Leave my users alone.___

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2013-12-11 02:58:51 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

My wife wrote a guide to soloing by using kiting to break formidable enemy gangs into more digestible engagements.

My wife wrote a guide to soloing by using kiting to break formidable enemy gangs into more digestible engagements.___

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