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rasha kamel has been shared in 152 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
John Nuntiatio48,007#newcircle   #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health2014-10-12 14:20:47149011
RokSimec.com7,554To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-10-01 11:44:47498000
RokSimec.com7,248 To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-09-26 10:33:5149813920
sarvesh kumar Sharma3,282This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circle•         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-16 10:38:234278610
Brian Mcquillan6,762This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circle•         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-16 05:57:43490107126134
Becky Collins16,609Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-16 05:24:00459102
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910779158
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Circles Circles Circles37,983SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/o82s0mPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/IkCTLPPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/nFCsGwMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/tID4ZmPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/E6v81LOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8lh#science       #scienceeveryday       #sciencecircle       #circlesharing  2014-07-17 04:08:1710691432
Ryan Johnson9,485Hi friends! This is a great circle created with an important selection from all circles. The most important engagers are reshared because only that way can we grow our circle and have the people of google circle us.To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles #Britain #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #uk  #nottingham #Holland #Netherlands #Duch2014-07-16 10:40:014918812
Circles Circles Circles35,732SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/RPEbdlPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/fmOadpPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/Oyg8RBMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/9NT51gPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/5mT3s0Others CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/AV4WvdTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/YANzuo#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-06-19 02:05:331065924
DEVILZART2,249 This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +DevilzArt More you share more you get!#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   #engagersshowcasecircle   #publicsharedcircles   #wordpress   #seo   #affiliatemarketing    #googleplus   #googleplusupdate   #blogger   #bloggers   #blogging     #internet   #socialmedia   #socialmediatips   #socialnetworking   #internetmarketing   #seo   #seotips   #bloggingtips   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingtipsandtricks   #googleplustips   2014-06-15 02:13:005014415
Dina Tika0Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment. 2014-06-10 05:53:52479001
Becky Collins10,439Super Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-31 05:09:154901211
Circles Circles Circles33,758SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/WbY7NSPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/XPSnHVPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/itFj7ZMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/uBBxgdPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/f1wz2IOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/MOGsxGTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-05-28 20:17:02102101219
Farid Shaikh171Google Friends! - You're in this   #Circle   -   #Share the circle *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:* Share and Be   #Shared   :¦:-•::••-:•:''''*                                              This is a super   #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -   #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles       #circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles                 #addcircles     #addpeople       #addcircle     #addfriends      2014-05-18 17:00:275015011
Farid Shaikh171No strings attached circle!If you want to be in the #circle  then let us know if you want to be in the circle! That's it! If you got notified, then you are in this one!2014-05-18 02:16:335017310
Farid Shaikh65Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be  #Shared   :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              115This is a super  #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -  #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles      #circleshare      #circlesharing      #sharedcircles                #addcircles    #addpeople      #addcircle    #addfriends      2014-05-17 06:20:0550110811
Circles Circles Circles32,435SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/Hev5GIPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS: http://goo.gl/Nqll1yPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/olCV0EMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/l58RRiPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/oIXG1ROthers Circles:SCIENCE: http://goo.gl/voKgBxTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science   #scienceeveryday   #sciencecircle   #circlesharing  2014-05-16 02:10:07103141426
Carlos Esteban45,152ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#82014-05-12 13:43:52499150111187
badai circle501. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-01 04:45:02456419
Sinta Riani345This is a good circle. all of account on this circle is OnNow you can ADD People From this CircleBefor you ADD This people to your Circle, You must Vote g+ on my Blog please.> vote g+ on this link : https://plusone.google.com/u/0/_/+1/fastbutton?count=true&url=http://blog-kangramzi.blogspot.com/> After that. You can add this people to your site.Thank you #vote #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles   #shared   #circle #voteg+2014-04-14 05:52:07500425
DEVILZART1,310#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers   #followback #paulaawesomecircle   #awesomecircles #paulateshima #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle 2014-04-04 17:15:22500151025
Becky Collins5,363Software and Hardware Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-03-20 04:29:134326718
Jason Levy28,118This is my TEAM ELITE ENGAGERS CIRCLE VIOLET EDITIONAs it has been some time since I posted a #teamelite circle, my   #teamelite circles have a colour theme this time, so they are named Purple and Violet. You'll notice there are only two of them this time, as I am now making sure everyone has added me before I share them.*     #teamelite  members - see nearer the end for instructions for the next stage!     #eliteinnercircle *I have had so many great     #teamelite  engagers that I need two whole circles - why are they     #teamelite  engagers, as opposed to normal engagers? These are the ones who have shared my shared circles - you have close to 1,400 circle sharers here for you to add across these three circles. You should add people in these circles, because they are active engagers and will brighten up your Google Plus experience. I'm not sure you could handle all that Google Plus engagement, so think twice before you do so!My     #teamelite  circles are extensively shared by the top circle sharers on Google Plus, so naturally, membership of     #teamelite  is very exclusive and there is a lot of demand to get in.To get in, and to ensure you stay in     #teamelite  you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already2. +1 this circle3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if posible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).BE THE BEST OF THE BEST:To get into my     #eliteinnercircle  you need to share my Purple and Violet     #teamelite  circles, as well as my current   #eliteinnercircle circle. You can find them here:InnerCircle: https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/hRfNh2tgU3dTeam Elite Purple: https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/ZkJfvmTuuUaTeam Elite Violet:  https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/cV9YFQKAZfz#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       2014-03-18 14:37:35500495232300
Becky Collins5,164 Social Sciences Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !#socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins2014-03-18 12:35:31305008
Carlos Esteban39,158ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great Sunday! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#72014-03-16 14:11:22498604562
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:27:36393014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:50393033
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:17393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:52393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:16393203
Toko Bagus - Cara Cepat Jual Tepat0lets to shared #growcircles #sharedcircles #circleshared  2014-03-12 15:10:14491123
shinigami kurai109This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +shinigami kurai2014-03-09 02:04:4450110313
DEVILZART386This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +DevilzArt More you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   #engagersshowcasecircle   #publicsharedcircles   #wordpress   #seo   #affiliatemarketing    #googleplus   #googleplusupdate   #blogger   #bloggers   #blogging     #internet   #socialmedia   #socialmediatips   #socialnetworking   #internetmarketing   #seo   #seotips   #bloggingtips   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingtipsandtricks 2014-03-08 15:58:55501191428
Mario Falcetti47,255A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated March 7th, '14)  #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle #circlesharing #followers   #social #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshared #sharedcircleoftheday #addmetoyourcircles #awesomepeople   #circlecount #newfollowers #googleplus  2014-03-07 18:20:43498411243384
Becky Collins3,213Baseball circle #Baseball  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins 2014-02-26 10:30:413883216
DEVILZART103This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circulo   #kreise   #kreis   #круг   #круги   #круглим   #кругляши  #blogger   #blogging   #bloggers#サークル   #界   #cercle   #دائرة   #kring   #kringen   #nederland  +Circles +Circle Circle Circle +Circles by DzjieDzjee +Selected Circles 2014 +Awesome Circles +Socialize circles +Circles & Circles & Circles +Google+ Categorized Circles +Circles Circles Circles +Curating Content on Google+ +Team Circle Share +Shared Circles +Circle Shares Notifications +Urkel's Shared Circles +Shared Circles Magic G+ +Shared Circles on G+ +SharedCircles #googleplus #circle #sahrecircle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleshared #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday 2014-02-25 06:41:2550014721
John Nuntiatio28,116circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health   #entertainment   #news  2014-02-23 08:38:002986725
Becky Collins2,634Marketing Circle : Feb 22#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday +Becky Collins2014-02-22 06:29:4945517724
Carlos Esteban35,966ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find: ►A sample of recent and repeat engagers with my posts on #science, #animals and #landscape pictures, #sciencefiction and #humor. ►Some people that include me in the circles that they curate… or that have not included me yet but I would love to be :) ►And some people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts regardless if they circle me back or not. The categories are not exclusive and many people are in more than one. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice Valentine’s day!Carlos #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#62014-02-14 19:25:01464614765
Lu Ann Abel169I circled the circle you circled to circle...So, if I circled the circle you circled to circle,It is just right that you also circle the circle, I circled! #AddCircle #CircleAdd #ShareCircle  2014-02-12 17:41:4049517721
Jason Levy24,173This is my SURPRISE WELCOME CIRCLE 6 - STORM EDITIONI'm sharing with you my SURPRISE WELCOME CIRCLE 6 - STORM EDITIONThis circle contains people who are new to my circles. I'm still playing catch up with my welcome circles, so many of the people in this circle have already engaged with me in some way, and some are already in #teamelite . They are all great people, and without a doubt, if you add them, you will have an even better Google plus experience as they plus, share and comment on your own posts.To help them, and to help you grow your followers I am sharing them here.To get to the next level and have a chance to become a Team Elite Engager (and this also applies to people who aren't in this circle), there are four simple steps:1. Add me to your circles.2. +1 this post.3. Share this post.4. Optionally, comment to let me know what you have done! (If it has already reached 500 comments, you won't be able to comment - that's why it's optional).5. Also, share my current #teamelite circle at https://plus.google.com/+JasonLevy/posts/huoZu9hMsGL (this circle is currently on 417 shares, so just think of how much your circles will grow if you get into #teamelite !)You can also add both circles, but BE WARNED! Your g+ engagement is likely to increase if you do so. I'm not sure if you could handle it. My Team Elite Engager Circles are shared regularly by other circle sharers - they currently stand at over 1000 active sharers, and will be reviewed and reshared regularly, so do yourselves a big favour and become one of the Elite!      #teamelite  #circleshare    #circlesharing    #sharedcircles    #sharedpubliccircles     #publiccircle    #teamelitecircle    #teameliteengagecircle   #dontconfusethecircles  ~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~I don't wish to offend anyone on the internet, so if you would like to be removed from my shared circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future. The only way being shared will affect you is that you will get notifications that people have added you. You are under no obligation to add them back to your circles. If you don't add them back, they will most likely remove you from their circles after some time.~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~Searching for a cure for tinnitus? Looking for tinnitus treatment prices? Don't know where to find a tinnitus specialist? To get affordable private tinnitus treatment in London, go here:http://www.thelondontinnitustreatmentclinic.co.uk/Tinnitu2014-02-12 13:19:30496378155239
Hertzer Tsaitwase788Sekali klik, teman google plus jadi bertambah.Ini merupakan circle spesial saya, dimana orang di dalam sini merupakan bule dan memiliki potensi aktif di google plus.Mau akun anda ada di dalamnya? Anda boleh bergabung dengan kami dengan memenuhi syarat di bawah ini :Syarat Gabung :> Akun google plus aktif (yang akan dioptimasi)> Harus mau +1 dan share ulang postingan shared circlenya> Harus follow google plus saya (agar saya mudah mengenali akun dan memantaunya, saya juga akan follow balik kalian)Syarat Pendukung :> Membuat artikel mengenai "cara memperbanyak followers google plus" dan diberi link ke url shared circle (saya ada materinya untuk diposting dan boleh copas artikel saya)=====================================================Jika merasa sanggup dengan semua syarat di atas, silahkan daftarkan diri anda.Cara Gabung :> Klik tambahkan orang dan buat lingkarang baru> Follow google plus saya> +1 dan share post ini>  komen dengan hastag #addmetosharedcircle  #Sharedcircle   #circle   #publiccircle  2014-01-27 16:17:5747920923
Carlos Esteban33,566ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find: -A sample of recent and repeat engagers with my posts on #science , #animals and #landscape pictures, #sciencefiction and #humor . -Some people that include me in the circles that they curate… or that have not included me yet but I would love to be :) -And some people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts regardless if they circle me back or not. The categories are not exclusive and many people are in more than one. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice Sunday!Carlos #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare   #thursdaycircle    #thursdaycircleshared    #circlethursday #circle  2014#42014-01-26 13:53:24495160144197
Mikhail Petrovsky63,280Good morning / evening to all.You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Это социальный круг / This social circleВам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-26 01:55:44478421659
John Nuntiatio25,447#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-01-25 19:41:45255729
Artur M.36,283circle of people, with active life position in Google+Круг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.2014-01-25 13:12:34481431263
Christy Sandhoff27,208This is a very nice circle Carlos.  Thanks for posting it. ==========================================Carlos Esteban - Google+ - ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find...ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish :) Have a great weekend!2014-01-17 22:22:5740171114
Carlos Esteban32,281ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice day!Carlos 2014#3#circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle2014-01-16 13:53:50491129123180

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Most comments: 3

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2014-10-21 03:05:45 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"Scientists have developed geochemical tracers to identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. The tracers have been field-tested at two sites and can distinguish fracking fluids from wastewater versus conventional wells or other sources. They give scientists new forensic tools to detect if fracking fluids are escaping into water supplies and what risks, if any, they might pose".

Most reshares: 4

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2014-10-19 02:54:12 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

"When Concetta Antico looks at a leaf, she sees much more than just green. “Around the edge I’ll see orange or red or purple in the shadow; you might see dark green but I’ll see violet, turquoise, blue,” she said. “It’s like a mosaic of color.”
Antico doesn’t just perceive these colors because she’s an artist who paints in the impressionist style. She’s also a tetrachromat, which means that she has more receptors in her eyes to absorb color. The difference lies in Antico's cones, structures in the eyes that are calibrated to absorb particular wavelengths of light and transmit them to the brain. The average person has three cones, which enables him to see about one million colors. But Antico has four cones, so her eyes are capable of picking up dimensions and nuances of color—an estimated 100 million of them—that the average person cannot. “It’s shocking to me howlittle color people are see... more »

Most plusones: 10

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2014-10-17 05:38:20 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

"The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least 2,500 kilometres of modern west Africa and northeast Brazil, which at that time were part of the supercontinent Gondwana.
"Just like the Himalayas, this range was eroded intensely because it was so huge. As the sediments washed into the oceans they provided the perfect nutrients for life to flourish," said Professor Daniela Rubatto of the Research School of Earth Sciences at The Australian National University (ANU).
"Scientists have speculated that such a large mountain range must have been feeding the oceans because of the way life thrived and ocean chemistry changed at this time, and finally we have found it."
The discovery is earliest evidence of Himalayan-scale mountains on Earth.
"Although the mountains have long since washed away, rocks from their roots told the story of the... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2014-10-21 03:49:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

"The goal of NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) is to study ultra-cold quantum gases in a facility instrument developed for use on the International Space Station. Scientists will use the facility to explore how differently atoms interact in microgravity when they have almost no motion due to such cold temperatures. With less pull toward the ground from Earth, matter can stay in the form of a Bose Einstein condensate longer, giving researchers the opportunity to observe it better.
The CAL team announced this week that it has succeeded in producing a Bose-Einstein condensate at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a key breakthrough for the instrument leading up to its debut on the space station in late 2016.
A Bose-Einstein condensate is a collection of atoms in a dilute gas that have been lowered to extremely cold temperatures and all occupy the same quantum state, in which all of the... more »

"The goal of NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) is to study ultra-cold quantum gases in a facility instrument developed for use on the International Space Station. Scientists will use the facility to explore how differently atoms interact in microgravity when they have almost no motion due to such cold temperatures. With less pull toward the ground from Earth, matter can stay in the form of a Bose Einstein condensate longer, giving researchers the opportunity to observe it better.
The CAL team announced this week that it has succeeded in producing a Bose-Einstein condensate at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a key breakthrough for the instrument leading up to its debut on the space station in late 2016.
A Bose-Einstein condensate is a collection of atoms in a dilute gas that have been lowered to extremely cold temperatures and all occupy the same quantum state, in which all of the atoms have the same energy levels. At a critical temperature, atoms begin to coalesce, overlap and move in synch. The resulting condensate is a new state of matter that behaves like a giant - by atomic standards - wave.
"It's official. CAL's ground testbed is the coolest spot at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory at 200 nano-Kelvin [200 billionths of 1 Kelvin]," said CAL Project Scientist Rob Thompson at JPL in Pasadena, California. "Achieving Bose-Einstein condensation in our prototype hardware is a crucial step for the mission."
Although these quantum gases had been created before elsewhere on Earth, CAL will explore the condensates in an entirely new regime: the microgravity environment of the space station. It will enable unprecedented research in temperatures colder than any found on Earth".___

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2014-10-21 03:32:51 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Australia, France and the European Union first put forward a bid for a 1.9 million square kilometre (760,000 square mile) Marine Protected Area (MPA) encompassing seven stretches of the pristine wilderness in 2011, but it was knocked back last year.
Its latest proposal is for a 1.0 million square kilometre zone over four areas, a plan which will be considered at the annual Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) talks in Hobart beginning Monday.
"The reduction in the scale of the East Antarctic proposal reflects concerns from some nations that the area included was too large," said the head of Australia's delegation Tony Fleming.
"We are looking forward to working with other nations to reach a good outcome on marine protected areas at this year's meeting," he said in a statement.
Fleming, who is director of the... more »

"Australia, France and the European Union first put forward a bid for a 1.9 million square kilometre (760,000 square mile) Marine Protected Area (MPA) encompassing seven stretches of the pristine wilderness in 2011, but it was knocked back last year.
Its latest proposal is for a 1.0 million square kilometre zone over four areas, a plan which will be considered at the annual Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) talks in Hobart beginning Monday.
"The reduction in the scale of the East Antarctic proposal reflects concerns from some nations that the area included was too large," said the head of Australia's delegation Tony Fleming.
"We are looking forward to working with other nations to reach a good outcome on marine protected areas at this year's meeting," he said in a statement.
Fleming, who is director of the Australian Antarctic Division, said the changes would allow for some fishing and research in the marine protected areas as long as conservation values were met.
Last year's CCAMLR talks failed to approve the East Antarctica sanctuary, on the frozen continent's Indian Ocean side, as well as a US-New Zealand bid for a protected zone in the Ross Sea, after Russia and China blocked them.
Fleming refused to elaborate on the reasons for the objections, including whether they related to concerns about fishing or exploration, beyond saying some members had baulked at the size of the east Antarctica bid".___

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2014-10-21 03:27:27 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Helmut Kirchhoff, an assistant professor in WSU's Institute of Biological Chemistry and corresponding author of the PNAS paper, said plants have had to deal with solar damage since the evolution of photosynthesis some 3.5 billion years ago. The process produces energy for the plant but also creates modified oxygen molecules, called reactive oxygen species, or ROS, that can damage proteins and other important plant molecules.
"ROS production can't be avoided, only minimized," said Kirchhoff. "It becomes a big problem for plants under unfavorable environmental conditions, like too much heat, too much light or insufficient nutrition."
Kirchhoff and his colleagues focused on a specialized system of photosynthetic membranes inside the chloroplast, which converts sunlight to energy. The membranes contain sophisticated molecular-scale nanomachines that are the prime... more »

"Helmut Kirchhoff, an assistant professor in WSU's Institute of Biological Chemistry and corresponding author of the PNAS paper, said plants have had to deal with solar damage since the evolution of photosynthesis some 3.5 billion years ago. The process produces energy for the plant but also creates modified oxygen molecules, called reactive oxygen species, or ROS, that can damage proteins and other important plant molecules.
"ROS production can't be avoided, only minimized," said Kirchhoff. "It becomes a big problem for plants under unfavorable environmental conditions, like too much heat, too much light or insufficient nutrition."
Kirchhoff and his colleagues focused on a specialized system of photosynthetic membranes inside the chloroplast, which converts sunlight to energy. The membranes contain sophisticated molecular-scale nanomachines that are the prime target of oxidative damage. Other nanomachines can repair the damage.
Earlier researchers have found that the machines make repairs in multiple steps. Each step depends on the success of its predecessor, and Kirchhoff and his colleagues determined that the required order of steps is established by the separating of different repair proteins to different membrane regions. This compartmentalization is guaranteed by folding of the membrane".

___

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2014-10-21 03:09:14 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Four ancient Egyptian pharaohs, thought to have suffered from a disabling form of arthritis, may have been misdiagnosed. In a paper published online today in Arthritis & Rheumatology, researchers propose that Amenhotep III (portrayed in an ancient relief above) and three other pharaohs had an often asymptomatic form of arthritis known as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), rather than the more debilitating ankylosing spondylitis (AS) originally deduced from x-rays taken of their mummies in 1980. The new findings are based on an examination of more detailed CT scans of the mummies of 13 Egyptian pharaohs and queens who lived between 1492 and 1153 B.C.E. In today’s study, the researchers spotted no sign of the erosion of the sacroiliac joints or fused facet joints, which are hallmarks of AS. Instead, in the mummies of Amenhotep III and three other pharaohs, they detected all thes... more »

"Four ancient Egyptian pharaohs, thought to have suffered from a disabling form of arthritis, may have been misdiagnosed. In a paper published online today in Arthritis & Rheumatology, researchers propose that Amenhotep III (portrayed in an ancient relief above) and three other pharaohs had an often asymptomatic form of arthritis known as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), rather than the more debilitating ankylosing spondylitis (AS) originally deduced from x-rays taken of their mummies in 1980. The new findings are based on an examination of more detailed CT scans of the mummies of 13 Egyptian pharaohs and queens who lived between 1492 and 1153 B.C.E. In today’s study, the researchers spotted no sign of the erosion of the sacroiliac joints or fused facet joints, which are hallmarks of AS. Instead, in the mummies of Amenhotep III and three other pharaohs, they detected all the standard criteria for DISH, including a distinctive pattern of ossification along the vertebral bodies. The average age at death of these four rulers was a relatively old 63 by ancient Egyptian standards, making a DISH diagnosis especially plausible: The disease is most common among people over the age of 40 and afflicts twice as many men as women. The symptoms of AS, by contrast, generally begin in early adulthood. Amenhotep III, who died at age 50, was likely little-bothered by DISH. He had no signs of spinal deformity or involvement of the disease in his cervical spine, suggesting that he was either asymptomatic or experienced only mild back stiffness when he got up in the morning".___

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2014-10-21 03:05:45 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"Scientists have developed geochemical tracers to identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. The tracers have been field-tested at two sites and can distinguish fracking fluids from wastewater versus conventional wells or other sources. They give scientists new forensic tools to detect if fracking fluids are escaping into water supplies and what risks, if any, they might pose".

"Scientists have developed geochemical tracers to identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. The tracers have been field-tested at two sites and can distinguish fracking fluids from wastewater versus conventional wells or other sources. They give scientists new forensic tools to detect if fracking fluids are escaping into water supplies and what risks, if any, they might pose".___

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2014-10-21 03:03:55 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

"New research offers the first theoretical model that, based on fluid-related processes, explains the seismic precursors of an underwater earthquake. Using quantitative measurements, this innovative model established a link between observed precursors and the mainshock of an earthquake. The results open a promising avenue of research for guiding future investigations on detecting earthquakes before they strike".

"New research offers the first theoretical model that, based on fluid-related processes, explains the seismic precursors of an underwater earthquake. Using quantitative measurements, this innovative model established a link between observed precursors and the mainshock of an earthquake. The results open a promising avenue of research for guiding future investigations on detecting earthquakes before they strike".___

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2014-10-21 03:02:48 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"New analytical methods show for the first time, how the permeable, sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange. Based on the detailed investigation and new measurement technology, the turnover of organic matter and nutrients at the sea floor as well as future changes within the dynamic ecosystem can be better assessed".

"New analytical methods show for the first time, how the permeable, sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange. Based on the detailed investigation and new measurement technology, the turnover of organic matter and nutrients at the sea floor as well as future changes within the dynamic ecosystem can be better assessed".___

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2014-10-21 02:58:08 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"Ryan McKellar’s research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, he uses the tiny pieces of fossilized tree resin to study the world in which the now-extinct behemoths lived. New techniques for investigating very tiny pieces of fragile amber buried in dinosaur bonebeds could close the gaps in knowledge about the ecology of the dinosaurs".

"Ryan McKellar’s research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, he uses the tiny pieces of fossilized tree resin to study the world in which the now-extinct behemoths lived. New techniques for investigating very tiny pieces of fragile amber buried in dinosaur bonebeds could close the gaps in knowledge about the ecology of the dinosaurs".___

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2014-10-21 02:56:52 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"Venus is hiding something beneath its brilliant shroud of clouds: a first order mystery about the planet that researchers may be a little closer to solving because of a new re-analysis of twenty-year-old spacecraft data. Venus's surface can't be seen from orbit in visible light because of the planet's hot, dense, cloudy atmosphere. Instead, radar has been used by spacecraft to penetrate the clouds and map out the surface – both by reflecting radar off the surface to measure elevation and by looking at the radio emissions of the hot surface. The last spacecraft to map Venus in this way was Magellan, two decades ago".

"Venus is hiding something beneath its brilliant shroud of clouds: a first order mystery about the planet that researchers may be a little closer to solving because of a new re-analysis of twenty-year-old spacecraft data. Venus's surface can't be seen from orbit in visible light because of the planet's hot, dense, cloudy atmosphere. Instead, radar has been used by spacecraft to penetrate the clouds and map out the surface – both by reflecting radar off the surface to measure elevation and by looking at the radio emissions of the hot surface. The last spacecraft to map Venus in this way was Magellan, two decades ago".___

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2014-10-21 02:55:34 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

"Through a computational algorithm, a team of researchers has developed a neural network that allows a small robot to detect different patterns, such as images, fingerprints, handwriting, faces, bodies, voice frequencies and DNA sequences".

"Through a computational algorithm, a team of researchers has developed a neural network that allows a small robot to detect different patterns, such as images, fingerprints, handwriting, faces, bodies, voice frequencies and DNA sequences".___

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2014-10-21 02:53:50 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

"The trajectory of chemicals appearing as emergent threats to human or environmental health has been recently studied through a meta-analysis of 143,000 peer-reviewed research papers. The work tracks the progress of these chemicals of emerging concern, revealing patters of emergence from obscurity to peak concern and eventual decline, over a span of 30 years".

"The trajectory of chemicals appearing as emergent threats to human or environmental health has been recently studied through a meta-analysis of 143,000 peer-reviewed research papers. The work tracks the progress of these chemicals of emerging concern, revealing patters of emergence from obscurity to peak concern and eventual decline, over a span of 30 years".___

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2014-10-21 02:51:10 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Blue light can both set the mood and set in motion important biological responses. Researchers have teased apart the separate biological responses of the human eye to blue light, revealing an unexpected contest for control".

"Blue light can both set the mood and set in motion important biological responses. Researchers have teased apart the separate biological responses of the human eye to blue light, revealing an unexpected contest for control".___

2014-10-20 02:23:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Naturally occurring asbestos minerals may be more widespread than previously thought, with newly discovered sources now identified within the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The asbestos-rich areas are in locations not previously considered to be at risk, according to a new report. “These minerals were found where one wouldn’t expect or think to look,” said a co-researcher of the study. The naturally occurring asbestos was found in Boulder City, Nevada, in the path of a construction zone to build a multi-million dollar highway".

"Naturally occurring asbestos minerals may be more widespread than previously thought, with newly discovered sources now identified within the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The asbestos-rich areas are in locations not previously considered to be at risk, according to a new report. “These minerals were found where one wouldn’t expect or think to look,” said a co-researcher of the study. The naturally occurring asbestos was found in Boulder City, Nevada, in the path of a construction zone to build a multi-million dollar highway".___

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2014-10-20 02:18:39 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"A major breakthrough could lead to more effective methods for detoxifying dangerous pollutants like PCBs and dioxins, scientists say. The result is a culmination of 15 years of research. It details how certain organisms manage to lower the toxicity of pollutants". 

"A major breakthrough could lead to more effective methods for detoxifying dangerous pollutants like PCBs and dioxins, scientists say. The result is a culmination of 15 years of research. It details how certain organisms manage to lower the toxicity of pollutants". ___

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2014-10-20 02:14:28 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"For the last 20 years, scientists have tried to design large DNA crystals with precisely prescribed depth and complex features -- a design quest just fulfilled by scientists. The team built 32 DNA crystals with precisely-defined depth and an assortment of sophisticated three-dimensional features".

"For the last 20 years, scientists have tried to design large DNA crystals with precisely prescribed depth and complex features -- a design quest just fulfilled by scientists. The team built 32 DNA crystals with precisely-defined depth and an assortment of sophisticated three-dimensional features".___

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2014-10-20 02:11:58 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"Physicists report that they've used a new imaging technique, electrostatic force microscopy, to resolve the biological debate with evidence from physics, showing that electric charges do indeed propagate along microbial nanowires just as they do in carbon nanotubes, a highly conductive human-made material".

"Physicists report that they've used a new imaging technique, electrostatic force microscopy, to resolve the biological debate with evidence from physics, showing that electric charges do indeed propagate along microbial nanowires just as they do in carbon nanotubes, a highly conductive human-made material".___

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2014-10-19 14:15:24 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

ARCHAEOLOGIST Carly Monks will excavate caves near Leeman, in WA’s Mid West, to find signs of human activity dating back 6,000 years to the mid-Holocene period.

A PhD candidate at UWA, Ms Monks is particularly interested in how early human activity—including bush burning, tuber cultivation and selective hunting of species for food—influenced the structure of mammalian communities. #archaeology  

ARCHAEOLOGIST Carly Monks will excavate caves near Leeman, in WA’s Mid West, to find signs of human activity dating back 6,000 years to the mid-Holocene period.

A PhD candidate at UWA, Ms Monks is particularly interested in how early human activity—including bush burning, tuber cultivation and selective hunting of species for food—influenced the structure of mammalian communities. #archaeology  ___

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2014-10-19 02:54:12 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

"When Concetta Antico looks at a leaf, she sees much more than just green. “Around the edge I’ll see orange or red or purple in the shadow; you might see dark green but I’ll see violet, turquoise, blue,” she said. “It’s like a mosaic of color.”
Antico doesn’t just perceive these colors because she’s an artist who paints in the impressionist style. She’s also a tetrachromat, which means that she has more receptors in her eyes to absorb color. The difference lies in Antico's cones, structures in the eyes that are calibrated to absorb particular wavelengths of light and transmit them to the brain. The average person has three cones, which enables him to see about one million colors. But Antico has four cones, so her eyes are capable of picking up dimensions and nuances of color—an estimated 100 million of them—that the average person cannot. “It’s shocking to me howlittle color people are see... more »

"When Concetta Antico looks at a leaf, she sees much more than just green. “Around the edge I’ll see orange or red or purple in the shadow; you might see dark green but I’ll see violet, turquoise, blue,” she said. “It’s like a mosaic of color.”
Antico doesn’t just perceive these colors because she’s an artist who paints in the impressionist style. She’s also a tetrachromat, which means that she has more receptors in her eyes to absorb color. The difference lies in Antico's cones, structures in the eyes that are calibrated to absorb particular wavelengths of light and transmit them to the brain. The average person has three cones, which enables him to see about one million colors. But Antico has four cones, so her eyes are capable of picking up dimensions and nuances of color—an estimated 100 million of them—that the average person cannot. “It’s shocking to me how little color people are seeing,” she said".___

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2014-10-19 02:49:41 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"The comet, known as Siding Spring (C/2013 A1), is set to hurtle past Mars at a close distance of about 88,000 miles (141,600 kilometers).
The closest pass is expected to happen Sunday at 2:27 pm (1827 GMT).
Astronomers do not expect it will come any where near colliding with Mars, but they do hope it will be close enough to reveal clues about the origins of the solar system.
That is because the comet is believed to have originated billions of years ago in the Oort Cloud, a distant region of space at the outskirts of the solar system.
"Comets such as C/2013 A1 are essentially dirty icy snowballs with rocks and dust embedded in frozen gasses," said Dan Brown, an astronomy expert at Nottingham Trent University.
(It is on its first run towards the center of our solar system and its material is virtually unchanged by the rays of the sun and can give us an insight to the... more »

"The comet, known as Siding Spring (C/2013 A1), is set to hurtle past Mars at a close distance of about 88,000 miles (141,600 kilometers).
The closest pass is expected to happen Sunday at 2:27 pm (1827 GMT).
Astronomers do not expect it will come any where near colliding with Mars, but they do hope it will be close enough to reveal clues about the origins of the solar system.
That is because the comet is believed to have originated billions of years ago in the Oort Cloud, a distant region of space at the outskirts of the solar system.
"Comets such as C/2013 A1 are essentially dirty icy snowballs with rocks and dust embedded in frozen gasses," said Dan Brown, an astronomy expert at Nottingham Trent University.
(It is on its first run towards the center of our solar system and its material is virtually unchanged by the rays of the sun and can give us an insight to the material composition of our early solar system 4.6 billion years ago)."___

2014-10-19 02:41:11 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"Scientists have solved a long-standing mystery surrounding Australia's only active volcanic area. The volcanism springs from a unique interaction between the continent's movement north and local variations in its thickness".

"Scientists have solved a long-standing mystery surrounding Australia's only active volcanic area. The volcanism springs from a unique interaction between the continent's movement north and local variations in its thickness".___

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2014-10-19 02:39:52 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"The migration of millions of birds across the face of the planet is one of nature's greatest annual events. Every spring some species move in one direction, while every autumn those same species move in the opposite one, very often linking continents. Although these migration patterns are as regular as the seasons, monitoring is revealing that, for some species, fewer birds are making the journey each season as the populations of these birds, including species nesting in the UK, are declining rapidly".

"The migration of millions of birds across the face of the planet is one of nature's greatest annual events. Every spring some species move in one direction, while every autumn those same species move in the opposite one, very often linking continents. Although these migration patterns are as regular as the seasons, monitoring is revealing that, for some species, fewer birds are making the journey each season as the populations of these birds, including species nesting in the UK, are declining rapidly".___

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2014-10-18 17:21:31 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

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2014-10-18 04:41:37 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"The issue was raised this week with claims Australian researchers should have been deployed to study an issue at the Totten Glacier, just 400km from the Australian Casey base. Instead, a US mission had been sent, ironically via Hobart.
Faced with growing interest in the region from other nations such as China, South Korea, India, Russia and Iran, there was a call for an extra A$10-20 million a year in Australian Antarctic research.
Central to the 20 Year Australian Antarctic Strategic Plan, released last week, is whether any funding cuts to research programs, and lack of capacity and infrastructure is leading to a dilution of Australian sovereignty over the Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT)".

"The issue was raised this week with claims Australian researchers should have been deployed to study an issue at the Totten Glacier, just 400km from the Australian Casey base. Instead, a US mission had been sent, ironically via Hobart.
Faced with growing interest in the region from other nations such as China, South Korea, India, Russia and Iran, there was a call for an extra A$10-20 million a year in Australian Antarctic research.
Central to the 20 Year Australian Antarctic Strategic Plan, released last week, is whether any funding cuts to research programs, and lack of capacity and infrastructure is leading to a dilution of Australian sovereignty over the Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT)".___

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2014-10-18 04:33:43 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"Chleuastochoerus is a small late Miocene-early Pliocene fossil pig from North Asia (mainly discovered from the upper Miocene "Hipparion Red Clays" of northern China). In general, this genus is characterized by the "supra-canine arch-niche" (a bony arch above the upper canine, with a niche in front of the upper canine to accommodate the lower canine when the mouth is closed), and the "pre-zygomatic plate" (a shelf-like expansion of the anterior end of the zygomatic arch). Most of the reported specimens were found from northern China since the genus Chleuastochoerus being erected by Pearson in 1928, and were included into a single species, C. stehlini; until Vislobokova reported a new genus, C. tuvensis, from the Asiatic Russia in 2009. The systematic position of Chleuastochoerus was only simply studied.
The new species (Chleuastochoerus linxiaensis) from the Linxia... more »

"Chleuastochoerus is a small late Miocene-early Pliocene fossil pig from North Asia (mainly discovered from the upper Miocene "Hipparion Red Clays" of northern China). In general, this genus is characterized by the "supra-canine arch-niche" (a bony arch above the upper canine, with a niche in front of the upper canine to accommodate the lower canine when the mouth is closed), and the "pre-zygomatic plate" (a shelf-like expansion of the anterior end of the zygomatic arch). Most of the reported specimens were found from northern China since the genus Chleuastochoerus being erected by Pearson in 1928, and were included into a single species, C. stehlini; until Vislobokova reported a new genus, C. tuvensis, from the Asiatic Russia in 2009. The systematic position of Chleuastochoerus was only simply studied.
The new species (Chleuastochoerus linxiaensis) from the Linxia Basin is contemporary with the type species (C. stehlini), but bears longer facial region than in C. stehlini; more anteromedial-posterolaterally compressed upper canine; strong pre- and postprotocrista, "protoconule" and "metaconule," and lingual part of anterior and posterior cingula in P4; shorter trigonid, higher talonid, transversely arranged proto- and metaconid, and ridge-like ectoconid in p4; more pointed main cusps with deep and complex furrows of the cheek teeth; stronger anterior, posterior and buccal cingula in the upper molar.
Bearing both primitive tayassuid-like or palaeochoerid-like characters and some progressive character like in modern Suinae, the systematic position of Chleuastochoerus was highly controversial, which was assigned to either the subfamily Hyotheriinae or the subfamily Suinae. Now based on the traditional morphological study, the authors of this paper performed a cladistic analysis to re-study the phylogenetic relationships of Chleuastochoerus with respect to the other genus of the family Suidae. The matrix included 41 taxa and 133 morphological characters, and the final result support to place Chleuastochoerus in the subfamily Hyotheriinae as a relatively basal taxa".___

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2014-10-18 04:29:43 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"The Weekend Australian reported that 1,700 engraved boulders were removed to make way for the North West Shelf gas plant on Western Australia's Burrup Peninsula in the early 1980s were relocated to a ridge.
They sat in a fenced compound for 30 years alongside others damaged due to neglect. Although the original landscape context of the art was destroyed at least they are now out of what was called the "the graveyard".
But now, impending changes to the Aboriginal Heritage Act by the Western Australian government means Aboriginal heritage will be worse off than ever before. This is because one person, possibly without relevant expertise, will be given the power to say yes or no to site destruction for development rather than a committee of experts.
Our article last week on the discovery of Indonesian rock paintings and hand stencils almost 40,000 years old generated much... more »

"The Weekend Australian reported that 1,700 engraved boulders were removed to make way for the North West Shelf gas plant on Western Australia's Burrup Peninsula in the early 1980s were relocated to a ridge.
They sat in a fenced compound for 30 years alongside others damaged due to neglect. Although the original landscape context of the art was destroyed at least they are now out of what was called the "the graveyard".
But now, impending changes to the Aboriginal Heritage Act by the Western Australian government means Aboriginal heritage will be worse off than ever before. This is because one person, possibly without relevant expertise, will be given the power to say yes or no to site destruction for development rather than a committee of experts.
Our article last week on the discovery of Indonesian rock paintings and hand stencils almost 40,000 years old generated much interest. Many comments focused on the need to better conserve and look after our shared rock art heritage".___

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2014-10-18 04:14:14 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

"Life on Earth is intimately connected to the natural cycles of light and dark that make up a 24-hour day. For plants, animals, and even bacteria, these circadian rhythms control many biological functions. Humans can overrule their body clocks, but at a price: People whose circadian rhythms are regularly disrupted—by frequent jet lag or shift work, for example—are more vulnerable to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. There are various theories to explain these associations, and researchers now have a new player to consider: the bacteria that live in the digestive tract. According to a study in mice and a small group of human volunteers, the internal clocks of these gut microbes sync up with the clocks of their hosts. When our circadian rhythms get out of whack, so do those of our bacteria.
The last several years have seen an explosion of interest in the constellation ofbac... more »

"Life on Earth is intimately connected to the natural cycles of light and dark that make up a 24-hour day. For plants, animals, and even bacteria, these circadian rhythms control many biological functions. Humans can overrule their body clocks, but at a price: People whose circadian rhythms are regularly disrupted—by frequent jet lag or shift work, for example—are more vulnerable to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. There are various theories to explain these associations, and researchers now have a new player to consider: the bacteria that live in the digestive tract. According to a study in mice and a small group of human volunteers, the internal clocks of these gut microbes sync up with the clocks of their hosts. When our circadian rhythms get out of whack, so do those of our bacteria.
The last several years have seen an explosion of interest in the constellation of bacteria that call the gut home, and these microbes appear to play a role in everything from immunity to metabolism to mood. But although disrupted bacteria are observed in many of the same diseases that arise from skewed circadian rhythms, the precise link isn’t fully understood. Eran Elinav, an immunologist and microbiome specialist at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, wondered whether the microbes’ own circadian rhythms were a missing piece of the puzzle.
To test the theory, he and his colleagues analyzed bacteria in fecal samples from lab mice kept in normal 12-hour cycles of light and darkness. Samples were taken every 6 hours for two 24-hour cycles. Up to 60% of the microbes consisted of various bacterial types that fluctuated, in both their total number and their prevalence relative to each other, throughout the day and night. During the dark phase (when mice, being nocturnal, are most active), the bacteria were busy digesting nutrients, repairing their DNA, and growing, as evidenced by the various bacterial gene activity documented from fecal samples taken at different time points. During the light phase, microbes went about ongoing "housekeeping" processes, such as detoxifying, sensing the chemicals around them, and building the flagella, or tails, that help the microbes move". ___

2014-10-18 04:07:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Organisms can be negatively affected by plastic nanoparticles, not just in the seas and oceans but in freshwater bodies too. These particles slow the growth of algae, cause deformities in water fleas and impede communication between small organisms and fish".

"Organisms can be negatively affected by plastic nanoparticles, not just in the seas and oceans but in freshwater bodies too. These particles slow the growth of algae, cause deformities in water fleas and impede communication between small organisms and fish".___

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2014-10-18 04:06:06 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"The use of ringing recoveries -- a conventional method used to study bird migration -- in combination with more modern techniques such as species distribution modelling and stable isotope analysis is useful to understand better bird distribution patterns and origin considering place and time of the year".

"The use of ringing recoveries -- a conventional method used to study bird migration -- in combination with more modern techniques such as species distribution modelling and stable isotope analysis is useful to understand better bird distribution patterns and origin considering place and time of the year".___

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2014-10-18 04:04:03 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"A new study has cracked one mystery of glass to shed light on the mechanism that triggers its deformation before shattering. Glass hangs in a metastable state in which the energy of the system is higher than the lowest-energy state the system could assume, a crystalline state. But its state is stable enough at room temperature to last a human lifetime".

"A new study has cracked one mystery of glass to shed light on the mechanism that triggers its deformation before shattering. Glass hangs in a metastable state in which the energy of the system is higher than the lowest-energy state the system could assume, a crystalline state. But its state is stable enough at room temperature to last a human lifetime".___

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2014-10-17 13:17:27 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

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2014-10-17 10:53:43 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

"Authors Adam Smith of the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) in Durham, N.C., and Julia Clarke of the University of Texas at Austin examined 28 extinct species in addition to 23 living species. Whereas previous research focused primarily on surviving members of the alcid family, this study was able to paint a more comprehensive picture of their evolution. The findings, which were just published online at the Journal of Avian Biology, support a connection between the diversification of wing-propelled diving seabirds and major climatic events. Such environmental conditions also appear to have influenced the physical traits observed in existing alcids like dovekies, murres, murrelets, puffins, auklets and auks.
The results indicate that the Pan-Alcidae clade, including all living auks and puffins as well as extinct species, first emerged about 35 million years ago. Through phylogenetic... more »

"Authors Adam Smith of the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) in Durham, N.C., and Julia Clarke of the University of Texas at Austin examined 28 extinct species in addition to 23 living species. Whereas previous research focused primarily on surviving members of the alcid family, this study was able to paint a more comprehensive picture of their evolution. The findings, which were just published online at the Journal of Avian Biology, support a connection between the diversification of wing-propelled diving seabirds and major climatic events. Such environmental conditions also appear to have influenced the physical traits observed in existing alcids like dovekies, murres, murrelets, puffins, auklets and auks.
The results indicate that the Pan-Alcidae clade, including all living auks and puffins as well as extinct species, first emerged about 35 million years ago. Through phylogenetic analyses of fossils and current species, the researchers were able to estimate "ghost lineages," a method of approximating gaps in the fossil record. By using ghost lineages to extrapolate species diversity over time, the scientists found that pan-alcid species enjoyed the most variety and widespread ranges about 15 million years ago during a period that climate scientists refer to as the Middle Miocene Climatic Optimum.
The researchers found that the geographic distribution and population size of modern alcids are primarily the result of extinctions corresponding with climate and ocean shifts over the last 5 million years. As ocean circulation changed and water surface temperatures cooled dramatically throughout a series of ice ages, species diversity bottlenecked for both Atlantic and Pacific Ocean species. More than 50 percent of species went extinct at this time, which roughly coincided with changes in ocean basin circulation, such as the onset of Gulf Stream circulation. The results contextualize contemporary changes in geographic range and decreases in population sizes of seabirds due to global warming and overfishing".___

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2014-10-17 05:40:30 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

"To investigate the matter's smallest constituents, physicists have particles colliding with each other at very high speeds, for example in the particle accelerator LHC at Cern. The collisions create bursts of common and rare particles, all invisible to the eye.
To identify them researchers need to detect the cone of light – known as Cherenkov radiation – formed around a particle that travels faster than light in a transparent material.
Is that possible? Yes, it is. Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light – in vacuum. But in materials light propagates slower and, hence, particles may be moving faster than light without violating the laws of physics. Cherenkov radiation is the optical phenomenon corresponding to the sonic shock wave formed around an object moving faster than the speed of sound. The angle of the Cherenkov light cone, i.e. its sharpness, provides the particlephysi... more »

"To investigate the matter's smallest constituents, physicists have particles colliding with each other at very high speeds, for example in the particle accelerator LHC at Cern. The collisions create bursts of common and rare particles, all invisible to the eye.
To identify them researchers need to detect the cone of light – known as Cherenkov radiation – formed around a particle that travels faster than light in a transparent material.
Is that possible? Yes, it is. Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light – in vacuum. But in materials light propagates slower and, hence, particles may be moving faster than light without violating the laws of physics. Cherenkov radiation is the optical phenomenon corresponding to the sonic shock wave formed around an object moving faster than the speed of sound. The angle of the Cherenkov light cone, i.e. its sharpness, provides the particle physicists a measure of the velocity of the particle which helps them to identify the particle.
The problem is that the light cone angle has a limit – all particles with high momentum (mass x velocity) generate light cones with the same angle. Hence, these particles are indistinguishable.
Now Chalmers researcher Philippe Tassin and his colleagues at the Free University of Brussels have designed a material that manipulates the Cherenkov cone so that also particles with high momentum get a distinct light cone angle too. The work is on the cover of this week's issue of the journal Physical Review Letters.
"The result is that even particles with large momentum can be efficiently separated and identified," said Philippe Tassin.
The method that they used to design the new material is known as transformation optics. It is a fairly new and very fruitful combination of Einstein's relativity theory – with its curved space-time – and optics.
Carefully calculated variations of the material's refractive index causes the light to experience the material as being curved and, therefore, it behaves differently from what we are used to. In the Chalmers scientists' material, Cherenkov radiation experiences the material as stretched in two different directions, which gives rise to light cones with distinct angles".___

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2014-10-17 05:38:20 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

"The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least 2,500 kilometres of modern west Africa and northeast Brazil, which at that time were part of the supercontinent Gondwana.
"Just like the Himalayas, this range was eroded intensely because it was so huge. As the sediments washed into the oceans they provided the perfect nutrients for life to flourish," said Professor Daniela Rubatto of the Research School of Earth Sciences at The Australian National University (ANU).
"Scientists have speculated that such a large mountain range must have been feeding the oceans because of the way life thrived and ocean chemistry changed at this time, and finally we have found it."
The discovery is earliest evidence of Himalayan-scale mountains on Earth.
"Although the mountains have long since washed away, rocks from their roots told the story of the... more »

"The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least 2,500 kilometres of modern west Africa and northeast Brazil, which at that time were part of the supercontinent Gondwana.
"Just like the Himalayas, this range was eroded intensely because it was so huge. As the sediments washed into the oceans they provided the perfect nutrients for life to flourish," said Professor Daniela Rubatto of the Research School of Earth Sciences at The Australian National University (ANU).
"Scientists have speculated that such a large mountain range must have been feeding the oceans because of the way life thrived and ocean chemistry changed at this time, and finally we have found it."
The discovery is earliest evidence of Himalayan-scale mountains on Earth.
"Although the mountains have long since washed away, rocks from their roots told the story of the ancient mountain range's grandeur," said co-researcher Professor Joerg Hermann.
"The range was formed by two continents colliding. During this collision, rocks from the crust were pushed around 100 kilometres deep into the mantle, where the high temperatures and pressures formed new minerals)".___

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2014-10-17 05:28:40 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"The study looked at larvae of the iconic Australian steel-blue sawfly Perga affinis often known as 'spitfires'. Sawfly larvae can grow to 7cm long and forage nocturnally in Australian Eucalyptus trees, forming large groups that can strip all of the leaves from a tree in a few days.
The work was conducted by Ms Lisa Hodgkin and Professor Mark Elgar from the University of Melbourne with Dr Matthew Symonds from Deakin University and is published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society.
Sawfly societies operate democratically, with leaders and followers co-operating to decide on group movements. This contrasts with other animal societies, such as baboons and wolves, where leaders are despotic, dominating their followers.
Ms Hodgkin, a PhD candidate at the University of Melbourne said the team was keen to understand why the larvae followers allow others to determine the... more »

"The study looked at larvae of the iconic Australian steel-blue sawfly Perga affinis often known as 'spitfires'. Sawfly larvae can grow to 7cm long and forage nocturnally in Australian Eucalyptus trees, forming large groups that can strip all of the leaves from a tree in a few days.
The work was conducted by Ms Lisa Hodgkin and Professor Mark Elgar from the University of Melbourne with Dr Matthew Symonds from Deakin University and is published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society.
Sawfly societies operate democratically, with leaders and followers co-operating to decide on group movements. This contrasts with other animal societies, such as baboons and wolves, where leaders are despotic, dominating their followers.
Ms Hodgkin, a PhD candidate at the University of Melbourne said the team was keen to understand why the larvae followers allow others to determine the group's movements.
"Sawflies live in social groups that can have hundreds of individuals and they stay together for their seven-month larval stage. We wanted to know why this distinction of leaders and followers works and persists for so long," Ms Hodgkin said.
(In many types of animals, the dominant leaders in a group are larger and stronger because when they forage or hunt, they take more of the food resources. But we found no difference in the weight gain between sawfly leaders and followers)".___

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2014-10-17 05:23:13 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Researchers found that species without thorns thrived in areas favoured by carnivores because plant-eating animals deemed it too risky to graze at these sites.
The team added that declining carnivore numbers was likely to have an impact on the links that connect carnivores, herbivores, plants and people.
The study appears in Science magazine.
"Our observations indicate that carnivores, like leopards and wild dogs, shape where herbivores eat," explained co-author Adam Ford from the University of British Columbia, Canada.
"Plant defences, such as thorns, shape what herbivores eat."
"Plants have two pathways to success. You either protect yourself from herbivores by growing large thorns, or thrive in areas that are risky to your predators; plant eaters."
He added that the delicate ecological equilibrium between the animal and plant kingdoms was... more »

"Researchers found that species without thorns thrived in areas favoured by carnivores because plant-eating animals deemed it too risky to graze at these sites.
The team added that declining carnivore numbers was likely to have an impact on the links that connect carnivores, herbivores, plants and people.
The study appears in Science magazine.
"Our observations indicate that carnivores, like leopards and wild dogs, shape where herbivores eat," explained co-author Adam Ford from the University of British Columbia, Canada.
"Plant defences, such as thorns, shape what herbivores eat."
"Plants have two pathways to success. You either protect yourself from herbivores by growing large thorns, or thrive in areas that are risky to your predators; plant eaters."
He added that the delicate ecological equilibrium between the animal and plant kingdoms was likely to be disrupted in some regions.
Dr Ford observed: "As human activities continue to reduce populations of predators, herbivores like impala become willing to feed in areas that used to be risky, consuming more preferred vegetation and - ironically - allowing less-preferred thorny plant species to take over."
A study published earlier this year suggested that three-quarters of the planet's large carnivores were experiencing declines in their populations.
It added that the majority now only occupied less than half of their historic range, and this contraction could have a wide-reaching and long-lasting impact on ecosystems".___

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2014-10-17 05:20:11 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"Geologists have a new explanation for the formation of the Midcontinent Rift, an ancient 2,000-mile-long underground crack that starts in Lake Superior and runs south. The rift is a geological hybrid, having formed in three stages: it started as an enormous narrow crack in the Earth's crust; that space then filled with an unusually large amount of volcanic rock; and, finally, the igneous rocks were forced to the surface, forming some of the Upper Midwest's beautiful scenery".

"Geologists have a new explanation for the formation of the Midcontinent Rift, an ancient 2,000-mile-long underground crack that starts in Lake Superior and runs south. The rift is a geological hybrid, having formed in three stages: it started as an enormous narrow crack in the Earth's crust; that space then filled with an unusually large amount of volcanic rock; and, finally, the igneous rocks were forced to the surface, forming some of the Upper Midwest's beautiful scenery".___

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2014-10-17 05:18:11 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Protons and neutrons that have briefly paired up in the nucleus have higher-average momentum, leaving less for non-paired nucleons. Researchers have now shown for the first time that this phenomenon exists in nuclei heavier than carbon, including aluminum, iron and lead and also surprisingly allows a greater fraction of protons than neutrons to have high momentum in these neutron-rich nuclei, contrary to long-accepted theories and with implications for ultra-cold atomic gas systems and neutron stars".

"Protons and neutrons that have briefly paired up in the nucleus have higher-average momentum, leaving less for non-paired nucleons. Researchers have now shown for the first time that this phenomenon exists in nuclei heavier than carbon, including aluminum, iron and lead and also surprisingly allows a greater fraction of protons than neutrons to have high momentum in these neutron-rich nuclei, contrary to long-accepted theories and with implications for ultra-cold atomic gas systems and neutron stars".___

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2014-10-17 05:14:06 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

"A geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside Earth. Known as hotspots, volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from the early solar system that have somehow survived billions of years".

"A geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside Earth. Known as hotspots, volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from the early solar system that have somehow survived billions of years".___

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2014-10-17 05:08:43 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) has provided scientists with five new findings into how the sun's atmosphere, or corona, is heated far hotter than its surface, what causes the sun's constant outflow of particles called the solar wind, and what mechanisms accelerate particles that power solar flares".

"NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) has provided scientists with five new findings into how the sun's atmosphere, or corona, is heated far hotter than its surface, what causes the sun's constant outflow of particles called the solar wind, and what mechanisms accelerate particles that power solar flares".___

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2014-10-16 03:46:38 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

"Globally there are huge numbers of jellyfish in the oceans. In some parts of the ocean, jellyfish "blooms" are increasing apparently due to nutrient enrichment and climate change caused by human activities. In recent years, studies have suggested that when jellyfish blooms die-off, massive quantities of jellyfish sink out of surface waters and can deposit as "jelly-lakes" at the seafloor, choking seafloor habitats of oxygen and reducing biodiversity. This latest research shows that the accumulation of dead jellyfish lakes may be unusual, with jellyfish carcasses normally being rapidly consumed by a host of typical deep-sea scavengers such as hagfish and crabs.
"We just had a hunch that dead jellyfish were important to deep-sea ecosystems in some way, even though they are made up largely of water. We therefore decided to film what the fate of jellyfish carcasses were at... more »

"Globally there are huge numbers of jellyfish in the oceans. In some parts of the ocean, jellyfish "blooms" are increasing apparently due to nutrient enrichment and climate change caused by human activities. In recent years, studies have suggested that when jellyfish blooms die-off, massive quantities of jellyfish sink out of surface waters and can deposit as "jelly-lakes" at the seafloor, choking seafloor habitats of oxygen and reducing biodiversity. This latest research shows that the accumulation of dead jellyfish lakes may be unusual, with jellyfish carcasses normally being rapidly consumed by a host of typical deep-sea scavengers such as hagfish and crabs.
"We just had a hunch that dead jellyfish were important to deep-sea ecosystems in some way, even though they are made up largely of water. We therefore decided to film what the fate of jellyfish carcasses were at the seafloor so we deployed deep-sea lander systems with jellyfish bait. When we later retrieved the landers and found no jellyfish attached to the bait plates we were pleasantly surprised. However, our surprise jumped to another level when we looked at the camera images and saw just how fast the jellyfish baits were consumed and the shear number of scavengers that were consuming the baits. It just blew our minds." lead author Andrew K. Sweetman said. Sweetman is a chief senior scientist and research coordinator for deep-sea ecosystem research at the International Research Institute of Stavanger in Norway".___

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2014-10-16 03:45:04 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Banded stilts are interesting birds, of that there is no doubt—colored like penguins with humming bird like beaks, they tend to congregate on seashores. But what makes them truly interesting, is that they somehow figure out when rain has fallen very far inland on a normally dry desert and fly very quickly to the newly wet location—generally a temporary lake—nest until the lake dries up, and then fly back to the coast. While at such a lake, they feed on brine shrimp that appear only when there is water. In this new effort, the researchers monitored all this activity for the first time.
The researchers captured 21 of the stilts and attached solar powered tracking devices to their legs—that allowed for monitoring them for up to 13 months. In looking at the data, the researchers were able to follow the birds as they left the seashore and traveled sometimes very long distances (up to 1000miles),... more »

"Banded stilts are interesting birds, of that there is no doubt—colored like penguins with humming bird like beaks, they tend to congregate on seashores. But what makes them truly interesting, is that they somehow figure out when rain has fallen very far inland on a normally dry desert and fly very quickly to the newly wet location—generally a temporary lake—nest until the lake dries up, and then fly back to the coast. While at such a lake, they feed on brine shrimp that appear only when there is water. In this new effort, the researchers monitored all this activity for the first time.
The researchers captured 21 of the stilts and attached solar powered tracking devices to their legs—that allowed for monitoring them for up to 13 months. In looking at the data, the researchers were able to follow the birds as they left the seashore and traveled sometimes very long distances (up to 1000 miles), nested and then returned. The distance is a record for a water bird, and the fact that the birds only migrate when the weather dictates makes it a one of kind. Adding to the uniqueness is it appears the birds are able to wait for two or three years to migrate if need be, putting off nesting. There's also the mystery of how they find the temporary lake—at one point, the researchers noted that two birds took off from the same site and migrated close to a thousand miles using different paths".___

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2014-10-16 03:36:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"A Museum zoology expert Dr Mark Castalanelli says "with short-range endemics like Mygalomorph spiders there's lots of diversity out there, of which very little has ever been described."
The infra-order includes several families, represented in Australia by funnel web and trapdoor spiders.
Dr Castalanelli says each species has typically been classified by the adult male's unique sex organ, and the adult male's life span is usually brief.
A sexually-mature male will typically spend several weeks travelling above ground, hunting for females.
This makes him vulnerable to predators such as birds or ghost bats.
If he finds a female, she kills and eats him if he is unable to escape after mating.
Females of some species, on the other hand, may live safely below ground for several years even decades.
"Also, they only mature into a male at certain... more »

"A Museum zoology expert Dr Mark Castalanelli says "with short-range endemics like Mygalomorph spiders there's lots of diversity out there, of which very little has ever been described."
The infra-order includes several families, represented in Australia by funnel web and trapdoor spiders.
Dr Castalanelli says each species has typically been classified by the adult male's unique sex organ, and the adult male's life span is usually brief.
A sexually-mature male will typically spend several weeks travelling above ground, hunting for females.
This makes him vulnerable to predators such as birds or ghost bats.
If he finds a female, she kills and eats him if he is unable to escape after mating.
Females of some species, on the other hand, may live safely below ground for several years even decades.
"Also, they only mature into a male at certain times of year, so you only ever have a very narrow window of ever finding a male," Dr Castalanelli says.
Therefore, about 95 percent of all specimens sent into the WA Museum are juveniles or females, which have limited morphological features that can be used for species-specific classification".___

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2014-10-16 03:27:43 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

"At first glance, the octopus that was found by scuba divers in the waters of an artisanal fishery near the coastal village of Puerto Ángel in Mexico looked like a bizarre nine-armed specimen. But a closer look revealed that it had the usual eight arms after all—only, researchers found, its second arm was bifurcated, which means that it was divided into two branches. The likely cause was a genetic mutation, according to a study published in the current issue of the American Malacological Bulletin. The investigators, who found the specimen in 2012, suspect that the bifurcation was unlikely to be from an arm injury and theorize instead that it was caused by a mutation in one of the Hox genes, which play a crucial role in the formation of limbs and organs. This octopus joins a line of others with similar arm abnormalities: In a particularly extreme case published back in 1965, researchers in Japande... more »

"At first glance, the octopus that was found by scuba divers in the waters of an artisanal fishery near the coastal village of Puerto Ángel in Mexico looked like a bizarre nine-armed specimen. But a closer look revealed that it had the usual eight arms after all—only, researchers found, its second arm was bifurcated, which means that it was divided into two branches. The likely cause was a genetic mutation, according to a study published in the current issue of the American Malacological Bulletin. The investigators, who found the specimen in 2012, suspect that the bifurcation was unlikely to be from an arm injury and theorize instead that it was caused by a mutation in one of the Hox genes, which play a crucial role in the formation of limbs and organs. This octopus joins a line of others with similar arm abnormalities: In a particularly extreme case published back in 1965, researchers in Japan described an octopus with multiple branching in seven of its eight arms, which resulted in a total of 90 branches".___

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2014-10-16 03:22:38 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"A blend of photos and technology takes a new twist on studying cliff landscapes and how they were formed".

"A blend of photos and technology takes a new twist on studying cliff landscapes and how they were formed".___

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2014-10-16 03:20:53 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

"Crocodiles which roamed the world's seas millions of years ago developed in similar ways to their modern-day relatives, a study has shown. Fresh research into a group of prehistoric marine crocs known as Machimosaurus reveals key details of how and where they lived".

"Crocodiles which roamed the world's seas millions of years ago developed in similar ways to their modern-day relatives, a study has shown. Fresh research into a group of prehistoric marine crocs known as Machimosaurus reveals key details of how and where they lived".___

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2014-10-16 03:17:05 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

"Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal. Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans -- and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin. One team describes a new instrument that can analyze the metabolites in breath from dolphins, which have been dying in alarming numbers along the Atlantic coast this year".

"Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal. Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans -- and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin. One team describes a new instrument that can analyze the metabolites in breath from dolphins, which have been dying in alarming numbers along the Atlantic coast this year".___

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2014-10-16 03:12:03 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Based on a rigorous comparative analysis of kangaroo anatomy, researchers posit that the ancient family of sthenurine kangaroos that lived until 30,000 years ago likely preferred walking to hopping".

"Based on a rigorous comparative analysis of kangaroo anatomy, researchers posit that the ancient family of sthenurine kangaroos that lived until 30,000 years ago likely preferred walking to hopping".___

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2014-10-16 03:09:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"Researchers have revealed that the rock goby (Gobius paganellus), an unassuming little fish commonly found in rock pools around Britain, southern Europe, and North Africa, is a master of camouflage and can rapidly change color to conceal itself against its background".

"Researchers have revealed that the rock goby (Gobius paganellus), an unassuming little fish commonly found in rock pools around Britain, southern Europe, and North Africa, is a master of camouflage and can rapidly change color to conceal itself against its background".___

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2014-10-16 03:08:39 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

"Pacific sleeper sharks, a large, slow-moving species thought of as primarily a scavenger or predator of fish, may be preying on something a bit larger -- protected Steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska. A new study has found the first indirect evidence that this cold-blooded shark that can grow to a length of more than 20 feet -- longer than a great white shark -- and may be an opportunistic predator of juvenile Steller sea lions".

"Pacific sleeper sharks, a large, slow-moving species thought of as primarily a scavenger or predator of fish, may be preying on something a bit larger -- protected Steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska. A new study has found the first indirect evidence that this cold-blooded shark that can grow to a length of more than 20 feet -- longer than a great white shark -- and may be an opportunistic predator of juvenile Steller sea lions".___

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2014-10-16 03:06:34 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

"Emily loves Justin, Stop global warming, Two more weeks till I graduate! The exchange of information in public toilets is widespread. It also occurs in the world of white-footed sportive lemurs. Only instead of writing on the walls, they use scent-marks in order to communicate with their own kind. Biologists have found that, in particular, the urine left on latrine trees serves as a method to maintain contact to family members. It also serves as a means to inform an intruder that there is a male that will defend his partner. Latrines serve as information exchange centers and promote social bonding in territorial nocturnal animals that do not live in closely-knit groups".

"Emily loves Justin, Stop global warming, Two more weeks till I graduate! The exchange of information in public toilets is widespread. It also occurs in the world of white-footed sportive lemurs. Only instead of writing on the walls, they use scent-marks in order to communicate with their own kind. Biologists have found that, in particular, the urine left on latrine trees serves as a method to maintain contact to family members. It also serves as a means to inform an intruder that there is a male that will defend his partner. Latrines serve as information exchange centers and promote social bonding in territorial nocturnal animals that do not live in closely-knit groups".___

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