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rasha kamel has been shared in 149 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
sarvesh kumar Sharma3,282This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circle•         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-16 10:38:23427668
Brian Mcquillan6,762This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circle•         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#topofthepeople   #influencermarketing  #sharedcircle #circleshare #circlethis #socialmediamarketing #socialmediastrategy #socialnetworking #circleoftheday  #circleoftheweek #circleoftheday #topofthecircle #howtoenlargecircle2014-09-16 05:57:43490100111124
Becky Collins16,609Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-16 05:24:00459102
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910778158
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Circles Circles Circles37,983SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/o82s0mPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/IkCTLPPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/nFCsGwMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/tID4ZmPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/E6v81LOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/xXWLPtTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/z3z8lh#science       #scienceeveryday       #sciencecircle       #circlesharing  2014-07-17 04:08:1710681332
Ryan Johnson9,485Hi friends! This is a great circle created with an important selection from all circles. The most important engagers are reshared because only that way can we grow our circle and have the people of google circle us.To get in, and to ensure you stay in this circle you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already!2. +1 this circle!3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above!#circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #wanttobecircled #addmetoyourcircles #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles #Britain #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #uk  #nottingham #Holland #Netherlands #Duch2014-07-16 10:40:014918812
Circles Circles Circles35,732SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/RPEbdlPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/fmOadpPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/Oyg8RBMEN ARE FROM MARS :  http://goo.gl/9NT51gPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD:  http://goo.gl/5mT3s0Others CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/AV4WvdTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/YANzuo#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-06-19 02:05:331065924
DEVILZART2,249 This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +DevilzArt More you share more you get!#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   #engagersshowcasecircle   #publicsharedcircles   #wordpress   #seo   #affiliatemarketing    #googleplus   #googleplusupdate   #blogger   #bloggers   #blogging     #internet   #socialmedia   #socialmediatips   #socialnetworking   #internetmarketing   #seo   #seotips   #bloggingtips   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingtipsandtricks   #googleplustips   2014-06-15 02:13:005014415
Dina Tika0Here is a group of Active Engagers, Circle Sharers, Awesome Plus Oners, and Cool People on Google Plus!   Circle Sharing is an awesome way to increase your followers and active engagers on your profile. Some of my favorite people that I've met here on Google + through Circle Sharing.    Want to be in the next Circle of Awesomeness? Follow the Steps Below!  ☛ Add the circle ☛ Share in the Public ☛ Plus 1 the Post. ☛ Comment. 2014-06-10 05:53:52479001
Becky Collins10,439Super Science Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-05-31 05:09:154901211
Circles Circles Circles33,758SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/WbY7NSPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS & THEIR BLOGS: http://goo.gl/XPSnHVPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/itFj7ZMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/uBBxgdPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/f1wz2IOthers CirclesSCIENCE: http://goo.gl/MOGsxGTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science     #scienceeveryday     #sciencecircle     #circlesharing  2014-05-28 20:17:02102101219
Farid Shaikh171Google Friends! - You're in this   #Circle   -   #Share the circle *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:* Share and Be   #Shared   :¦:-•::••-:•:''''*                                              This is a super   #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -   #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles       #circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles                 #addcircles     #addpeople       #addcircle     #addfriends      2014-05-18 17:00:275015011
Farid Shaikh171No strings attached circle!If you want to be in the #circle  then let us know if you want to be in the circle! That's it! If you got notified, then you are in this one!2014-05-18 02:16:335017310
Farid Shaikh65Google Friends! - You're in this  #Circle   -  #Share   the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be  #Shared   :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              115This is a super  #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -  #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles      #circleshare      #circlesharing      #sharedcircles                #addcircles    #addpeople      #addcircle    #addfriends      2014-05-17 06:20:0550110811
Circles Circles Circles32,435SCIENCE CircleDo you want more science in your life? Then, be sure to add these fascinating pages and people who dwell on science daily and are actively engaging.  Enrich your stream.If you are a scientist or someone who primarily posts about science and would like to be included in this circle please make a request in the comments section below.If you have someone or an organization's G+ page to recommend please add their name in the comments section below.Note: To those included in the circle, you were added by the generous recommendation of others  -- their help is deeply appreciated. Your add back and re-share would be also deeply appreciated as it would help spread the word about science.Current Circles  Published Mondays ORIGINAL CONTENT CREATORS : http://goo.gl/Hev5GIPublished Wednesdays:BLOGGERS: http://goo.gl/Nqll1yPublished Thursdays:WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS : http://goo.gl/olCV0EMEN ARE FROM MARS : http://goo.gl/l58RRiPublished Fridays:A CIRCLE TO PAY IT FORWARD: http://goo.gl/oIXG1ROthers Circles:SCIENCE: http://goo.gl/voKgBxTECHNOLOGY: http://goo.gl/bDcYF4#science   #scienceeveryday   #sciencecircle   #circlesharing  2014-05-16 02:10:07103141426
Carlos Esteban45,152ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#82014-05-12 13:43:52499150112187
badai circle501. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-01 04:45:02456419
Sinta Riani345This is a good circle. all of account on this circle is OnNow you can ADD People From this CircleBefor you ADD This people to your Circle, You must Vote g+ on my Blog please.> vote g+ on this link : https://plusone.google.com/u/0/_/+1/fastbutton?count=true&url=http://blog-kangramzi.blogspot.com/> After that. You can add this people to your site.Thank you #vote #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles   #shared   #circle #voteg+2014-04-14 05:52:07500425
DEVILZART1,310#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers   #followback #paulaawesomecircle   #awesomecircles #paulateshima #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle 2014-04-04 17:15:22500151025
Becky Collins5,363Software and Hardware Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-03-20 04:29:134326718
Jason Levy28,118This is my TEAM ELITE ENGAGERS CIRCLE VIOLET EDITIONAs it has been some time since I posted a #teamelite circle, my   #teamelite circles have a colour theme this time, so they are named Purple and Violet. You'll notice there are only two of them this time, as I am now making sure everyone has added me before I share them.*     #teamelite  members - see nearer the end for instructions for the next stage!     #eliteinnercircle *I have had so many great     #teamelite  engagers that I need two whole circles - why are they     #teamelite  engagers, as opposed to normal engagers? These are the ones who have shared my shared circles - you have close to 1,400 circle sharers here for you to add across these three circles. You should add people in these circles, because they are active engagers and will brighten up your Google Plus experience. I'm not sure you could handle all that Google Plus engagement, so think twice before you do so!My     #teamelite  circles are extensively shared by the top circle sharers on Google Plus, so naturally, membership of     #teamelite  is very exclusive and there is a lot of demand to get in.To get in, and to ensure you stay in     #teamelite  you need to do the following:1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already2. +1 this circle3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above (I say "if posible" as my circle comments more often than not hit the 500 comment limit).BE THE BEST OF THE BEST:To get into my     #eliteinnercircle  you need to share my Purple and Violet     #teamelite  circles, as well as my current   #eliteinnercircle circle. You can find them here:InnerCircle: https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/hRfNh2tgU3dTeam Elite Purple: https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/ZkJfvmTuuUaTeam Elite Violet:  https://plus.google.com/112133840926710963547/posts/cV9YFQKAZfz#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       2014-03-18 14:37:35500495233301
Becky Collins5,164 Social Sciences Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !#socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins2014-03-18 12:35:31305008
Carlos Esteban39,158ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great Sunday! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#72014-03-16 14:11:22498604562
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:27:36393014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:50393033
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:17393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:52393011
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:16393203
Toko Bagus - Cara Cepat Jual Tepat0lets to shared #growcircles #sharedcircles #circleshared  2014-03-12 15:10:14491123
shinigami kurai109This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +shinigami kurai2014-03-09 02:04:4450110313
DEVILZART386This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and +1 'sBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post +DevilzArt More you share more you get! #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #share   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #engagers   #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople   #engagersshowcasecircle   #publicsharedcircles   #wordpress   #seo   #affiliatemarketing    #googleplus   #googleplusupdate   #blogger   #bloggers   #blogging     #internet   #socialmedia   #socialmediatips   #socialnetworking   #internetmarketing   #seo   #seotips   #bloggingtips   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingforbusiness   #bloggingtipsandtricks 2014-03-08 15:58:55501191428
Mario Falcetti47,255A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated March 7th, '14)  #circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle #circlesharing #followers   #social #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshared #sharedcircleoftheday #addmetoyourcircles #awesomepeople   #circlecount #newfollowers #googleplus  2014-03-07 18:20:43498411244384
Becky Collins3,213Baseball circle #Baseball  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins 2014-02-26 10:30:413883216
DEVILZART103This circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement and ppplllluuuussss OnEs!!!   Welcome to +circle your circle with circles!!!!!  :DBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post#circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circulo   #kreise   #kreis   #круг   #круги   #круглим   #кругляши  #blogger   #blogging   #bloggers#サークル   #界   #cercle   #دائرة   #kring   #kringen   #nederland  +Circles +Circle Circle Circle +Circles by DzjieDzjee +Selected Circles 2014 +Awesome Circles +Socialize circles +Circles & Circles & Circles +Google+ Categorized Circles +Circles Circles Circles +Curating Content on Google+ +Team Circle Share +Shared Circles +Circle Shares Notifications +Urkel's Shared Circles +Shared Circles Magic G+ +Shared Circles on G+ +SharedCircles #googleplus #circle #sahrecircle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleshared #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday 2014-02-25 06:41:2550014721
John Nuntiatio28,116circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health   #entertainment   #news  2014-02-23 08:38:002986725
Becky Collins2,634Marketing Circle : Feb 22#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday +Becky Collins2014-02-22 06:29:4945517724
Carlos Esteban35,966ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find: ►A sample of recent and repeat engagers with my posts on #science, #animals and #landscape pictures, #sciencefiction and #humor. ►Some people that include me in the circles that they curate… or that have not included me yet but I would love to be :) ►And some people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts regardless if they circle me back or not. The categories are not exclusive and many people are in more than one. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice Valentine’s day!Carlos #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#62014-02-14 19:25:01464614865
Lu Ann Abel169I circled the circle you circled to circle...So, if I circled the circle you circled to circle,It is just right that you also circle the circle, I circled! #AddCircle #CircleAdd #ShareCircle  2014-02-12 17:41:4049517721
Jason Levy24,173This is my SURPRISE WELCOME CIRCLE 6 - STORM EDITIONI'm sharing with you my SURPRISE WELCOME CIRCLE 6 - STORM EDITIONThis circle contains people who are new to my circles. I'm still playing catch up with my welcome circles, so many of the people in this circle have already engaged with me in some way, and some are already in #teamelite . They are all great people, and without a doubt, if you add them, you will have an even better Google plus experience as they plus, share and comment on your own posts.To help them, and to help you grow your followers I am sharing them here.To get to the next level and have a chance to become a Team Elite Engager (and this also applies to people who aren't in this circle), there are four simple steps:1. Add me to your circles.2. +1 this post.3. Share this post.4. Optionally, comment to let me know what you have done! (If it has already reached 500 comments, you won't be able to comment - that's why it's optional).5. Also, share my current #teamelite circle at https://plus.google.com/+JasonLevy/posts/huoZu9hMsGL (this circle is currently on 417 shares, so just think of how much your circles will grow if you get into #teamelite !)You can also add both circles, but BE WARNED! Your g+ engagement is likely to increase if you do so. I'm not sure if you could handle it. My Team Elite Engager Circles are shared regularly by other circle sharers - they currently stand at over 1000 active sharers, and will be reviewed and reshared regularly, so do yourselves a big favour and become one of the Elite!      #teamelite  #circleshare    #circlesharing    #sharedcircles    #sharedpubliccircles     #publiccircle    #teamelitecircle    #teameliteengagecircle   #dontconfusethecircles  ~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~I don't wish to offend anyone on the internet, so if you would like to be removed from my shared circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future. The only way being shared will affect you is that you will get notifications that people have added you. You are under no obligation to add them back to your circles. If you don't add them back, they will most likely remove you from their circles after some time.~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~@~Searching for a cure for tinnitus? Looking for tinnitus treatment prices? Don't know where to find a tinnitus specialist? To get affordable private tinnitus treatment in London, go here:http://www.thelondontinnitustreatmentclinic.co.uk/Tinnitu2014-02-12 13:19:30496378155239
Hertzer Tsaitwase788Sekali klik, teman google plus jadi bertambah.Ini merupakan circle spesial saya, dimana orang di dalam sini merupakan bule dan memiliki potensi aktif di google plus.Mau akun anda ada di dalamnya? Anda boleh bergabung dengan kami dengan memenuhi syarat di bawah ini :Syarat Gabung :> Akun google plus aktif (yang akan dioptimasi)> Harus mau +1 dan share ulang postingan shared circlenya> Harus follow google plus saya (agar saya mudah mengenali akun dan memantaunya, saya juga akan follow balik kalian)Syarat Pendukung :> Membuat artikel mengenai "cara memperbanyak followers google plus" dan diberi link ke url shared circle (saya ada materinya untuk diposting dan boleh copas artikel saya)=====================================================Jika merasa sanggup dengan semua syarat di atas, silahkan daftarkan diri anda.Cara Gabung :> Klik tambahkan orang dan buat lingkarang baru> Follow google plus saya> +1 dan share post ini>  komen dengan hastag #addmetosharedcircle  #Sharedcircle   #circle   #publiccircle  2014-01-27 16:17:5747920923
Carlos Esteban33,566ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find: -A sample of recent and repeat engagers with my posts on #science , #animals and #landscape pictures, #sciencefiction and #humor . -Some people that include me in the circles that they curate… or that have not included me yet but I would love to be :) -And some people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts regardless if they circle me back or not. The categories are not exclusive and many people are in more than one. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice Sunday!Carlos #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare   #thursdaycircle    #thursdaycircleshared    #circlethursday #circle  2014#42014-01-26 13:53:24495160144197
John Nuntiatio25,447#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-01-25 19:41:45255729
Artur M.36,283circle of people, with active life position in Google+Круг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.2014-01-25 13:12:34481431263
Christy Sandhoff27,208This is a very nice circle Carlos.  Thanks for posting it. ==========================================Carlos Esteban - Google+ - ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find...ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish :) Have a great weekend!2014-01-17 22:22:5740171114
Carlos Esteban32,281ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish. I will appreciate it. Have a nice day!Carlos 2014#3#circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle2014-01-16 13:53:50491129123180
Mikhail Petrovsky61,653Good morning / evening to all. You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!Это социальный круг / This social circle #EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-12 05:09:15480371870
Artur M.34,610A Very Social CircleКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+circle of people, with active life position in Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.#forfriends  2014-01-11 15:17:52474451767
James Harper726+Carlos Esteban originally shared: ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish :) Have a great weekend! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare   #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014-01-11 00:11:5845612425
Christy Sandhoff26,446Shared by Carlos Esteban..... ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle if you wish :) Have a great weekend!2014-01-10 17:39:29451161029

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Most comments: 3

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2014-09-17 05:53:11 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s) 

"Some 66 million years ago, a 10-km diameter chunk of rock hit the Yucatan peninsula with the force of 100 teratons of TNT. It left a crater more than 150 km across, and the resulting megatsunami, wildfires, global earthquakes and volcanism are widely accepted to have wiped out the dinosaurs and made way for the rise of the mammals. But what happened to the plants on which the dinosaurs fed?".

Most reshares: 10

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2014-09-18 06:51:40 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 18 +1s) 

"The modern European gene pool was formed when three ancient populations mixed within the last 7,000 years, Nature journal reports.
Blue-eyed, swarthy hunters mingled with brown-eyed, pale skinned farmers as the latter swept into Europe from the Near East.
But another, mysterious population with Siberian affinities also contributed to the genetic landscape of the continent.
The findings are based on analysis of genomes from nine ancient Europeans.
Agriculture originated in the Near East - in modern Syria, Iraq and Israel - before expanding into Europe around 7,500 years ago.
Multiple lines of evidence suggested this new way of life was spread not just via the exchange of ideas, but by a wave of migrants, who interbred with the indigenous European hunter-gatherers they encountered on the way.
But assumptions about European origins were based largely on the genetic patterns... more »

Most plusones: 18

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2014-09-18 07:40:29 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 18 +1s) 

"Genetic and archaeological research in the last 10 years has revealed that almost all present-day Europeans descend from the mixing of these two ancient populations. But it turns out that's not the full story.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of Tübingen in Germany have now documented a genetic contribution from a third ancestor: Ancient North Eurasians. This group appears to have contributed DNA to present-day Europeans as well as to the people who travelled across the Bering Strait into the Americas more than 15,000 years ago.
"Prior to this paper, the models we had for European ancestry were two-way mixtures. We show that there are three groups," said David Reich, professor of genetics at HMS and co-senior author of the study.
"This also explains the recently discovered genetic connection between Europeans and Native Americans," Reich... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2014-09-20 05:22:40 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s) 

"Scientists are constantly trying to beef up the nutrient value of what we eat. From iron-fortified cereals to vitamin A rice, we have ever-better foods to choose from. But in tropical forests, the opposite is happening. Over the past 30 years, tropical forest leaves that some monkeys depend on have lost protein content and increased in fiber, researchers report in an upcoming issue of Ecology. (More fiber makes the leaves less nutritious, and monkeys, such as this red colobus (above), prefer high-protein, low-fiber ones.) A nutritional ecologist studying the diets of monkeys happened to cross paths with researchers who in the late 1970s and mid-1990s had analyzed the nutrient composition of leaves in the same Ugandan tropical rainforest where she was working. She used the same techniques on 10 tree species, sometimes sampling leaves from the same exact trees, and found that the increasing temperature... more »

"Scientists are constantly trying to beef up the nutrient value of what we eat. From iron-fortified cereals to vitamin A rice, we have ever-better foods to choose from. But in tropical forests, the opposite is happening. Over the past 30 years, tropical forest leaves that some monkeys depend on have lost protein content and increased in fiber, researchers report in an upcoming issue of Ecology. (More fiber makes the leaves less nutritious, and monkeys, such as this red colobus (above), prefer high-protein, low-fiber ones.) A nutritional ecologist studying the diets of monkeys happened to cross paths with researchers who in the late 1970s and mid-1990s had analyzed the nutrient composition of leaves in the same Ugandan tropical rainforest where she was working. She used the same techniques on 10 tree species, sometimes sampling leaves from the same exact trees, and found that the increasing temperature and variability in rainfall brought about by climate change have taken a toll. The forest hosts some of the highest densities of primates in the world, and, based on the leaves now available, models predict the populations of leaf-eating primates may decline by 31% in the coming years".___

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2014-09-20 05:17:29 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"Legume plants regulate their symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria by using cytokinins—signaling molecules that are transmitted through the plant structure from leaves into the roots to control the number of bacteria-holding nodules in the roots. Legumes, an important plant family which includes lentils, soybeans, and peanuts, have the ability to prosper in nitrogen-poor soil environments thanks to an ingenious adaptation: they develop a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, allowing the bacteria to infect them within special structures known as nodules that are located along their roots".

"Legume plants regulate their symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria by using cytokinins—signaling molecules that are transmitted through the plant structure from leaves into the roots to control the number of bacteria-holding nodules in the roots. Legumes, an important plant family which includes lentils, soybeans, and peanuts, have the ability to prosper in nitrogen-poor soil environments thanks to an ingenious adaptation: they develop a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, allowing the bacteria to infect them within special structures known as nodules that are located along their roots".___

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2014-09-20 05:10:57 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s) 

"Online volunteers are being asked to classify images of penguin families to help scientists monitor the health of penguin colonies in Antarctica. Recent evidence suggests that populations of many species of penguin, such as chinstrap and Adélie, are declining fast as shrinking sea ice threatens the krill they feed on. By tagging the adults, chicks, and eggs in remote camera images Penguin Watch volunteers will help scientists to gather information about penguin behavior and breeding success, as well as teaching a computer how to count and identify individuals of different species".

"Online volunteers are being asked to classify images of penguin families to help scientists monitor the health of penguin colonies in Antarctica. Recent evidence suggests that populations of many species of penguin, such as chinstrap and Adélie, are declining fast as shrinking sea ice threatens the krill they feed on. By tagging the adults, chicks, and eggs in remote camera images Penguin Watch volunteers will help scientists to gather information about penguin behavior and breeding success, as well as teaching a computer how to count and identify individuals of different species".___

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2014-09-20 05:09:11 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"Researchers have constructed a 'hit list' of the plant species most needed to boost the overall diversity of the Millennium Seed Bank, which is storing seeds in its vaults for future generations".

"Researchers have constructed a 'hit list' of the plant species most needed to boost the overall diversity of the Millennium Seed Bank, which is storing seeds in its vaults for future generations".___

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2014-09-20 05:03:56 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"Some pollutants are more harmful in a cold climate than in a hot, because they affect the temperature sensitivity of certain organisms. Now researchers have demonstrated how this happens, and it can help us better predict contamination risks, especially in the Arctic".

"Some pollutants are more harmful in a cold climate than in a hot, because they affect the temperature sensitivity of certain organisms. Now researchers have demonstrated how this happens, and it can help us better predict contamination risks, especially in the Arctic".___

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2014-09-20 05:00:59 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"Call it the Jimmy Durante of dinosaurs -- a newly discovered hadrosaur with a truly distinctive nasal profile. The new dinosaur, named Rhinorex condrupus by paleontologists, lived in what is now Utah approximately 75 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous period".

"Call it the Jimmy Durante of dinosaurs -- a newly discovered hadrosaur with a truly distinctive nasal profile. The new dinosaur, named Rhinorex condrupus by paleontologists, lived in what is now Utah approximately 75 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous period".___

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2014-09-19 07:48:17 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Plants photosynthesize – convert carbon dioxide, water and light into oxygen and sucrose, a sugar used for energy and for building new plant tissue ­– but cyanobacteria can perform photosynthesis significantly more quickly than many crops can.
"This is the first time that a plant has been created through genetic engineering to fix all of its carbon by a cyanobacterial enzyme," said Maureen Hanson, a co-author of the study and Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Plant Molecular Biology at Cornell.
"It is an important first step in creating plants with more efficient photosynthesis," Hanson said.
The study is published Sept. 17 in the journal Nature. Myat Lin, a postdoctoral fellow in Hanson's lab, and Alessandro Occhialini, a scientist at the U.K.'s Rothamsted Research, are co-lead authors of the study.
Crops with cyanobacteria's faster carbonfixa... more »

"Plants photosynthesize – convert carbon dioxide, water and light into oxygen and sucrose, a sugar used for energy and for building new plant tissue ­– but cyanobacteria can perform photosynthesis significantly more quickly than many crops can.
"This is the first time that a plant has been created through genetic engineering to fix all of its carbon by a cyanobacterial enzyme," said Maureen Hanson, a co-author of the study and Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Plant Molecular Biology at Cornell.
"It is an important first step in creating plants with more efficient photosynthesis," Hanson said.
The study is published Sept. 17 in the journal Nature. Myat Lin, a postdoctoral fellow in Hanson's lab, and Alessandro Occhialini, a scientist at the U.K.'s Rothamsted Research, are co-lead authors of the study.
Crops with cyanobacteria's faster carbon fixation would produce more, according to a computer modeling study by Justin McGrath and Stephen Long at the University of Illinois. Producing more crops on finite arable land is a necessity as the world's population is projected to pass nine billion by 2050.
Though others have tried and failed, the Cornell and Rothamsted researchers have successfully replaced the gene for a carbon-fixing enzyme called Rubisco in a tobacco plant with two genes for a cyanobacterial version of Rubisco, which works faster than the plant's original enzyme.
All plants require Rubisco to fix carbon during photosynthesis. Rubisco reacts with both carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air, but when it reacts with oxygen, a plant's rate of photosynthesis slows down, leading to lower yields.
In many crop plants, including tobacco, Rubisco is less reactive with oxygen, but a trade-off leads to slower carbon fixing and photosynthesis, and thus, smaller yields. The Rubisco in cyanobacteria fixes carbon faster, but it is more reactive with oxygen. As a result, in cyanobacteria, Rubisco is protected in special micro-compartments (called carboxysomes) that keep oxygen out and concentrate carbon dioxide for efficient photosynthesis".___

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2014-09-19 07:41:36 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s) 

"Most planetary scientists believe that the Sahara desert came to exist sometime between two and three million years ago (during the most recent glaciation cycling)—geological data has supported this notion. Recently, however, studies of dune deposits have suggested the area became drier farther back in time than that. The problem was, there wasn't a smoking gun that might explain the relatively sudden changes in rainfall. Intrigued by the seeming conundrum, the researchers with this new effort, sought to build a computer simulation that might shed more light on the history of Northern Africa and the conditions that led to the creation of the largest (non-polar) desert in the world.
To create their simulation, the researchers input data that described the geology of the area over the past 30 millions of years, including tectonic plate shifting. They also input atmospheric conditions andc... more »

"Most planetary scientists believe that the Sahara desert came to exist sometime between two and three million years ago (during the most recent glaciation cycling)—geological data has supported this notion. Recently, however, studies of dune deposits have suggested the area became drier farther back in time than that. The problem was, there wasn't a smoking gun that might explain the relatively sudden changes in rainfall. Intrigued by the seeming conundrum, the researchers with this new effort, sought to build a computer simulation that might shed more light on the history of Northern Africa and the conditions that led to the creation of the largest (non-polar) desert in the world.
To create their simulation, the researchers input data that described the geology of the area over the past 30 millions of years, including tectonic plate shifting. They also input atmospheric conditions and changes in the Earth's orbital position over the same time-span.
In running the simulation, the researchers watched as what was once the Tethys Sea—a massive body of water that separated the supercontinents—was largely drained when the African plate collided with the Eurasian plate, giving rise to the Himalayas and Alps and leaving behind the Mediterranean, Caspian and Black Seas and a suddenly exposed Arabian Peninsula. That left less reflective surface area in the region, the simulation showed, which led to less rainfall (approximately half as much) over North Africa. Less rainfall during subsequent times of changes to Earth's tilt, led eventually to desertification—all approximately 7 million years ago.
More research will have to be done of course, but if the simulation is eventually excepted as depicting the actual history of the area, that could have major implications for scientists who study human ancestry—our forbearers are believed to have got their start, after all, just south of the area in question".___

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2014-09-19 07:38:47 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"The study, which was led by Jurriaan M. de Vos of Brown University, appears in the journal Conservation Biology.
The researchers were able to establish the faster current extinction rate by pinning down a more accurate pre-human, or background, rate, explaining that estimating recent rates is straightforward, but establishing a background rate for comparison is not.
"Being able to look at the pre-human, or background, rate of extinction is important," said Gittleman, dean of the Odum School of Ecology and UGA Foundation Professor of Ecology. "We now know that the current rate of extinction is worse than we thought because the background rate is an order of magnitude slower than the original estimate. Having a real rate of extinction will allow us to look at causal mechanisms much more carefully."
They found that the background rate of extinction was slower before... more »

"The study, which was led by Jurriaan M. de Vos of Brown University, appears in the journal Conservation Biology.
The researchers were able to establish the faster current extinction rate by pinning down a more accurate pre-human, or background, rate, explaining that estimating recent rates is straightforward, but establishing a background rate for comparison is not.
"Being able to look at the pre-human, or background, rate of extinction is important," said Gittleman, dean of the Odum School of Ecology and UGA Foundation Professor of Ecology. "We now know that the current rate of extinction is worse than we thought because the background rate is an order of magnitude slower than the original estimate. Having a real rate of extinction will allow us to look at causal mechanisms much more carefully."
They found that the background rate of extinction was slower before humans existed by comparing the number of species that died out with the number of new species that emerged. The researchers calculated that the background rate of extinction was 0.1 extinctions per million species years-meaning that one out of every 10 million species on Earth became extinct each year during that time.
The previous estimate was one extinction per million species years, which skewed the current rate, making it appear to be only 100 times faster during human times. With the new data, the researchers hypothesize not only that current extinction rates are 1,000 times higher than natural background rates of extinction but that future rates are likely to be 10,000 times higher.
The earlier estimate was calculated by a team of researchers in 1995 that included Gittleman and was led by another co-author on the new study, Stuart Pimm of Duke University. It was based chiefly on an examination of the fossil record".___

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2014-09-19 07:34:25 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"How a system behaves is determined by its interaction properties. An important concept in condensed matter physics for describing the energy distribution of electrons in solids is the Fermi surface, named for Italian physicist Enrico Fermi. The existence of the Fermi surface is a direct consequence of the Pauli exclusion principle, which forbids two identical fermions from occupying the same quantum state simultaneously. Energetically, the Fermi surface divides filled energy levels from the empty ones. For electrons and other fermionic particles with isotropic interactions – identical properties in all directions - the Fermi surface is spherical.
"This is the normal case in nature and the basis for many physical phenomena," says Francesca Ferlaino from the Institute for Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck. "When the particle interaction is anisotropic – meaningdir... more »

"How a system behaves is determined by its interaction properties. An important concept in condensed matter physics for describing the energy distribution of electrons in solids is the Fermi surface, named for Italian physicist Enrico Fermi. The existence of the Fermi surface is a direct consequence of the Pauli exclusion principle, which forbids two identical fermions from occupying the same quantum state simultaneously. Energetically, the Fermi surface divides filled energy levels from the empty ones. For electrons and other fermionic particles with isotropic interactions – identical properties in all directions - the Fermi surface is spherical.
"This is the normal case in nature and the basis for many physical phenomena," says Francesca Ferlaino from the Institute for Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck. "When the particle interaction is anisotropic – meaning directionally dependent – the physical behavior of a system is completely altered. Introducing anisotropic interactions can deform the Fermi surface and it is predicted to assume an ellipsoidal shape."
The deformation of the Fermi surface is caused by the interplay between strong magnetic interaction and the Pauli exclusion principle. Francesca Ferlaino and her experimental research group have now been able to show such a deformation for the first time".___

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2014-09-19 06:29:19 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"In findings of relevance to both conservationists and the fishing industry, new research links short-term reductions in growth and reproduction of marine animals off the California Coast to increasing variability in the strength of coastal upwelling currents -- currents which historically supply nutrients to the region's diverse ecosystem".

"In findings of relevance to both conservationists and the fishing industry, new research links short-term reductions in growth and reproduction of marine animals off the California Coast to increasing variability in the strength of coastal upwelling currents -- currents which historically supply nutrients to the region's diverse ecosystem".___

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2014-09-19 06:26:55 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Dangerous new pathogens such as the Ebola virus invoke scary scenarios of deadly epidemics, but even ancient scourges such as the bubonic plague are still providing researchers with new insights on how the body responds to infections".

"Dangerous new pathogens such as the Ebola virus invoke scary scenarios of deadly epidemics, but even ancient scourges such as the bubonic plague are still providing researchers with new insights on how the body responds to infections".___

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2014-09-19 06:23:27 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Microplastics have been discovered widely distributed across the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, the first time such pollutants have been found in freshwater sediments. The microbeads likely originate from cosmetics, household cleansers, or industrial cleansers, to which they are commonly added as abrasives. Owing to their small size and buoyancy, they may readily pass through sewage treatment plants. Microplastics are a global contaminant in the world's oceans, but have only recently been detected in the surface waters of lakes and rivers".

"Microplastics have been discovered widely distributed across the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, the first time such pollutants have been found in freshwater sediments. The microbeads likely originate from cosmetics, household cleansers, or industrial cleansers, to which they are commonly added as abrasives. Owing to their small size and buoyancy, they may readily pass through sewage treatment plants. Microplastics are a global contaminant in the world's oceans, but have only recently been detected in the surface waters of lakes and rivers".___

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2014-09-19 06:21:52 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"A new study uses tree rings to document arroyo evolution along the lower Rio Puerco and Chaco Wash in northern New Mexico, USA. By determining burial dates in tree rings from salt cedar and willow, investigators were able to precisely date arroyo sedimentary beds 30 cm thick or greater. They then combined this data with aerial imagery, LiDAR, longitudinal profiles, and repeat surveys to reconstruct the history of these arroyos. Arroyos are deep, oversized channels that have vertical or steeply cut walls made up of silt, clay, or sand".

"A new study uses tree rings to document arroyo evolution along the lower Rio Puerco and Chaco Wash in northern New Mexico, USA. By determining burial dates in tree rings from salt cedar and willow, investigators were able to precisely date arroyo sedimentary beds 30 cm thick or greater. They then combined this data with aerial imagery, LiDAR, longitudinal profiles, and repeat surveys to reconstruct the history of these arroyos. Arroyos are deep, oversized channels that have vertical or steeply cut walls made up of silt, clay, or sand".___

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2014-09-19 06:20:15 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"A unique method has been developed to use microbes buried in pond sediment to power waste cleanup in rural areas. The first microbe-powered, self-sustaining wastewater treatment system could lead to an inexpensive and quick way to clean up waste from large farming operations and rural sewage treatment plants while reducing pollution".

"A unique method has been developed to use microbes buried in pond sediment to power waste cleanup in rural areas. The first microbe-powered, self-sustaining wastewater treatment system could lead to an inexpensive and quick way to clean up waste from large farming operations and rural sewage treatment plants while reducing pollution".___

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2014-09-18 17:55:17 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s) 

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2014-09-18 07:40:29 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 18 +1s) 

"Genetic and archaeological research in the last 10 years has revealed that almost all present-day Europeans descend from the mixing of these two ancient populations. But it turns out that's not the full story.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of Tübingen in Germany have now documented a genetic contribution from a third ancestor: Ancient North Eurasians. This group appears to have contributed DNA to present-day Europeans as well as to the people who travelled across the Bering Strait into the Americas more than 15,000 years ago.
"Prior to this paper, the models we had for European ancestry were two-way mixtures. We show that there are three groups," said David Reich, professor of genetics at HMS and co-senior author of the study.
"This also explains the recently discovered genetic connection between Europeans and Native Americans," Reich... more »

"Genetic and archaeological research in the last 10 years has revealed that almost all present-day Europeans descend from the mixing of these two ancient populations. But it turns out that's not the full story.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of Tübingen in Germany have now documented a genetic contribution from a third ancestor: Ancient North Eurasians. This group appears to have contributed DNA to present-day Europeans as well as to the people who travelled across the Bering Strait into the Americas more than 15,000 years ago.
"Prior to this paper, the models we had for European ancestry were two-way mixtures. We show that there are three groups," said David Reich, professor of genetics at HMS and co-senior author of the study.
"This also explains the recently discovered genetic connection between Europeans and Native Americans," Reich added. "The same Ancient North Eurasian group contributed to both of them."
The research team also discovered that ancient Near Eastern farmers and their European descendants can trace much of their ancestry to a previously unknown, even older lineage called the Basal Eurasians.
The study is published Sept. 18 in Nature".___

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2014-09-18 06:51:40 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 18 +1s) 

"The modern European gene pool was formed when three ancient populations mixed within the last 7,000 years, Nature journal reports.
Blue-eyed, swarthy hunters mingled with brown-eyed, pale skinned farmers as the latter swept into Europe from the Near East.
But another, mysterious population with Siberian affinities also contributed to the genetic landscape of the continent.
The findings are based on analysis of genomes from nine ancient Europeans.
Agriculture originated in the Near East - in modern Syria, Iraq and Israel - before expanding into Europe around 7,500 years ago.
Multiple lines of evidence suggested this new way of life was spread not just via the exchange of ideas, but by a wave of migrants, who interbred with the indigenous European hunter-gatherers they encountered on the way.
But assumptions about European origins were based largely on the genetic patterns... more »

"The modern European gene pool was formed when three ancient populations mixed within the last 7,000 years, Nature journal reports.
Blue-eyed, swarthy hunters mingled with brown-eyed, pale skinned farmers as the latter swept into Europe from the Near East.
But another, mysterious population with Siberian affinities also contributed to the genetic landscape of the continent.
The findings are based on analysis of genomes from nine ancient Europeans.
Agriculture originated in the Near East - in modern Syria, Iraq and Israel - before expanding into Europe around 7,500 years ago.
Multiple lines of evidence suggested this new way of life was spread not just via the exchange of ideas, but by a wave of migrants, who interbred with the indigenous European hunter-gatherers they encountered on the way.
But assumptions about European origins were based largely on the genetic patterns of living people. The science of analysing genomic DNA from ancient bones has put some of the prevailing theories to the test, throwing up a few surprises.
Genomic DNA contains the biochemical instructions for building a human, and resides within the nuclei of our cells.
In the new paper, Prof David Reich from the Harvard Medical School and colleagues studied the genomes of seven hunter-gatherers from Scandinavia, one hunter whose remains were found in a cave in Luxembourg and an early farmer from Stuttgart, Germany".___

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2014-09-18 06:47:45 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s) 

"People make decisions all the time, and some have long-term consequences: Do I work out? Do I take the bus? Do I recycle? Researchers have found those who value long-term consequences of their decisions are more apt to buy eco-friendly plants".

"People make decisions all the time, and some have long-term consequences: Do I work out? Do I take the bus? Do I recycle? Researchers have found those who value long-term consequences of their decisions are more apt to buy eco-friendly plants".___

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2014-09-18 06:40:15 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"Threespine sticklebacks, small fish found around the globe, undergo rapid evolutionary change when they move from the ocean to freshwater lakes, losing their armor and gaining more teeth in as little as 10 years. A biologist shows that this rapid change results not from mutations in functional genes, but changes in regulatory DNA. He pinpoints a gene that could be responsible for teeth, bone or jaw deformities in humans, including cleft palate".

"Threespine sticklebacks, small fish found around the globe, undergo rapid evolutionary change when they move from the ocean to freshwater lakes, losing their armor and gaining more teeth in as little as 10 years. A biologist shows that this rapid change results not from mutations in functional genes, but changes in regulatory DNA. He pinpoints a gene that could be responsible for teeth, bone or jaw deformities in humans, including cleft palate".___

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2014-09-18 06:37:08 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Geologists have a new explanation for the origin of plate tectonics. Researchers suggest it was triggered by the spreading of early continents then it eventually became a self-sustaining process".

"Geologists have a new explanation for the origin of plate tectonics. Researchers suggest it was triggered by the spreading of early continents then it eventually became a self-sustaining process".___

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2014-09-18 06:34:05 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Clownfish spend their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of host anemones, but new research shows that as babies they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ocean. Although the process of long-distance dispersal by reef fish has been predicted, this is the first time that the high level exchange of offspring between distant populations has been observed".

"Clownfish spend their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of host anemones, but new research shows that as babies they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ocean. Although the process of long-distance dispersal by reef fish has been predicted, this is the first time that the high level exchange of offspring between distant populations has been observed".___

2014-09-17 06:32:43 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Helicopter parenting may be a modern invention, but parenting overall is nothing special. After all, beetles have been doing it for some 125 million years. Today’s Nicrophorus burying beetles are known for the care of their young. A male and female pair buries the carcass of a small vertebrate, such as a rodent or bird, removing the fur or feathers in the process; the female then lays 20 to 40 eggs around it. After they hatch, about 5 days later, the larvae crawl toward the carcass nest, where the parents regurgitate partially digested carrion for them. To help the larvae find the nest, the parents make audible raspy sounds by rubbing the edge of their wing covers over raised ridges, or files, on the dorsal side of their abdomen, an action known as stridulating. The beetles also stridulate to alert their young to predators. To find out when the Nicrophorus beetles first began parenting, thes... more »

"Helicopter parenting may be a modern invention, but parenting overall is nothing special. After all, beetles have been doing it for some 125 million years. Today’s Nicrophorus burying beetles are known for the care of their young. A male and female pair buries the carcass of a small vertebrate, such as a rodent or bird, removing the fur or feathers in the process; the female then lays 20 to 40 eggs around it. After they hatch, about 5 days later, the larvae crawl toward the carcass nest, where the parents regurgitate partially digested carrion for them. To help the larvae find the nest, the parents make audible raspy sounds by rubbing the edge of their wing covers over raised ridges, or files, on the dorsal side of their abdomen, an action known as stridulating. The beetles also stridulate to alert their young to predators. To find out when the Nicrophorus beetles first began parenting, the scientists studied 44 exceptionally well preserved fossils of the ancestral beetles. They found that specimens dating to 165 million years ago from Inner Mongolia in China don’t have the requisite files. But the ridges are present on other fossils (pictured above) dating to 125 million years ago from Liaoning province and Inner Mongolia, suggesting some early form of parental care in the Nicrophorus lineage, the scientists report online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Animals are thought to evolve parental care as a response to predators and competition for resources. And although the scientists could not identify the ancient beetles’ competitors, they did see an increase in the diversity of their predators during this same time period—leading them to target predation as the driving force behind their parental musicmaking".___

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2014-09-17 06:19:02 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of researchers who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island".

"Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of researchers who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island".___

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2014-09-17 06:17:18 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Scientists are experimenting with sound vibrations to replace pesticides. Adapting different eco-friendly methods they are able to boost harvests and open up a new chapter in sustainable farming".

"Scientists are experimenting with sound vibrations to replace pesticides. Adapting different eco-friendly methods they are able to boost harvests and open up a new chapter in sustainable farming".___

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2014-09-17 05:56:25 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves. The study provides much-needed evidence for how the extinction event unfolded in the plant communities at the time".

"The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves. The study provides much-needed evidence for how the extinction event unfolded in the plant communities at the time".___

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2014-09-17 05:53:11 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s) 

"Some 66 million years ago, a 10-km diameter chunk of rock hit the Yucatan peninsula with the force of 100 teratons of TNT. It left a crater more than 150 km across, and the resulting megatsunami, wildfires, global earthquakes and volcanism are widely accepted to have wiped out the dinosaurs and made way for the rise of the mammals. But what happened to the plants on which the dinosaurs fed?".

"Some 66 million years ago, a 10-km diameter chunk of rock hit the Yucatan peninsula with the force of 100 teratons of TNT. It left a crater more than 150 km across, and the resulting megatsunami, wildfires, global earthquakes and volcanism are widely accepted to have wiped out the dinosaurs and made way for the rise of the mammals. But what happened to the plants on which the dinosaurs fed?".___

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2014-09-17 05:51:01 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"Scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass. The new work could keep glass surfaces from windshields to skyscrapers free of ice and fog while retaining their transparency to radio frequencies (RF)".

"Scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass. The new work could keep glass surfaces from windshields to skyscrapers free of ice and fog while retaining their transparency to radio frequencies (RF)".___

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2014-09-16 02:33:23 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Some of the fossilised plants and creatures may even be new to science, and as well as the egg case, several horseshoe crabs and some previously unrecorded seed pods are amongst the finds. All had been preserved in rocks that formed within the coal and shale deposits in what is one of only a small handful of similar fossil locations left in the UK. The findings have been published in Geological Journal.
Palaeontologist Dean Lomax, a visiting scientist at the University of Manchester's School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, said: "The fossils unlock a window into a long distant past, buried deep beneath residents' feet. They are proof that parts of Yorkshire were once a tropical water-logged forest, teeming with life that may have looked something similar to today's Amazon delta, a mix of dense forest, lakes, swamps and lagoons.
"The shark egg case is... more »

"Some of the fossilised plants and creatures may even be new to science, and as well as the egg case, several horseshoe crabs and some previously unrecorded seed pods are amongst the finds. All had been preserved in rocks that formed within the coal and shale deposits in what is one of only a small handful of similar fossil locations left in the UK. The findings have been published in Geological Journal.
Palaeontologist Dean Lomax, a visiting scientist at the University of Manchester's School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, said: "The fossils unlock a window into a long distant past, buried deep beneath residents' feet. They are proof that parts of Yorkshire were once a tropical water-logged forest, teeming with life that may have looked something similar to today's Amazon delta, a mix of dense forest, lakes, swamps and lagoons.
"The shark egg case is particularly rare and significant, because it's soft bodied and an unusual object to find fossilised. We hope that future organised collecting of the site may reveal further rare discoveries, such as dragonflies, beetles, spiders and further evidence of vertebrates. And who knows, maybe we will even find the actual shark."
After visits to all the redundant pit tips by Lomax, along with Peter Robinson from Doncaster Heritage Services and local fossil collector Brian Williams, Edlington was identified as being the only tip in the borough where fossils could potentially still be collected, as all of the others have been landscaped and turned into parks".___

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2014-09-16 02:27:19 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"In an international study published today, Professor David Bellwood from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) says we need to identify and protect the most important species within reef ecosystems.
In coral reefs, just as in any modern-day society, there are vital jobs that keep the ecosystem safe and functioning.
Professor Bellwood says, in many cases, a single species of fish carries out a unique and essential role, making the ecosystem vulnerable to loss of that species.
Professor Bellwood and a team of international colleagues, led by Professor David Mouillot from the University of Montpellier, examined the 'jobs' of over six thousand coral reef fish species across 169 locations worldwide.
"What we often assume is that if we lose one species on a reef, there are many others that can step in and take over their job," Professor... more »

"In an international study published today, Professor David Bellwood from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) says we need to identify and protect the most important species within reef ecosystems.
In coral reefs, just as in any modern-day society, there are vital jobs that keep the ecosystem safe and functioning.
Professor Bellwood says, in many cases, a single species of fish carries out a unique and essential role, making the ecosystem vulnerable to loss of that species.
Professor Bellwood and a team of international colleagues, led by Professor David Mouillot from the University of Montpellier, examined the 'jobs' of over six thousand coral reef fish species across 169 locations worldwide.
"What we often assume is that if we lose one species on a reef, there are many others that can step in and take over their job," Professor Bellwood explains.
But he and his colleagues fear that's not the case. They believe if a reef ecosystem were to lose a species that carried out a 'specialist' role, the impact could be profound.
"We could easily lose a type of fish that has no substitute, no replacement," Professor Bellwood says.
"Unfortunately we have become complacent, we have assumed that biodiversity will buy us some time and give us some insurance, but that's not necessarily the case."
"It's not about numbers of species," adds Professor David Mouillot. "Biodiversity is important and desirable in an ecosystem, but it is not necessarily the key to being safe and secure".
Professor Bellwood singles out the parrotfish, explaining that out of thousands of reef fish species, on the Great Barrier Reef only one parrotfish species regularly performs the task of scraping and cleaning inshore coral reefs".___

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2014-09-16 02:17:26 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"The Chinese sturgeon, thought to have existed for more than 140 million years, is now on the brink of extinction, according to local media.
Xinhua reported that no wild sturgeon reproduced naturally last year in the Yangtze river.
It was the first time since researchers began recording levels 32 years ago.
Chinese researches say the fall is due to rising levels of pollution in the Yangtze river and the construction of dozens of dams.
Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences also found that no young sturgeons were found swimming along the Yangtze toward the sea during the period they usually do so.
A researcher told Xinhua that in the 1980s, at least several thousand sturgeon could be found in the river. It is estimated only around 100 fish remain.
"Without natural reproduction, the fish population cannot replenish itself. If there are no further steps... more »

"The Chinese sturgeon, thought to have existed for more than 140 million years, is now on the brink of extinction, according to local media.
Xinhua reported that no wild sturgeon reproduced naturally last year in the Yangtze river.
It was the first time since researchers began recording levels 32 years ago.
Chinese researches say the fall is due to rising levels of pollution in the Yangtze river and the construction of dozens of dams.
Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences also found that no young sturgeons were found swimming along the Yangtze toward the sea during the period they usually do so.
A researcher told Xinhua that in the 1980s, at least several thousand sturgeon could be found in the river. It is estimated only around 100 fish remain.
"Without natural reproduction, the fish population cannot replenish itself. If there are no further steps taken to strengthen conservation, the wild sturgeon faces the danger of extinction," he said".___

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2014-09-16 02:14:02 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Life was tough at Teotihuacan. The biggest city in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica depended on maize and beans to keep its 100,000 residents fed, but the unfortunate combination of low rainfall and high altitude in the highlands of central Mexico led to crop failure all too often. So how did Teotihuacanos avoid starving in lean times? By drinking fermented agave sap, of course. Pulque—a distinctly mucus-y beverage made by extracting sap from the heart of a mature agave plant and letting it sit around for a few days—was known to have been made and consumed by the Aztecs around the time of the Spanish conquest in 1521 C.E. But archaeologists weren’t sure if the drink had also been popular in Teotihuacan, an earlier and culturally distinct city in central Mexico that thrived between 150 B.C.E. and 650 C.E. (Its ruins are pictured above.) Excavations at the city had turned up several ceramic vesselswater... more »

"Life was tough at Teotihuacan. The biggest city in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica depended on maize and beans to keep its 100,000 residents fed, but the unfortunate combination of low rainfall and high altitude in the highlands of central Mexico led to crop failure all too often. So how did Teotihuacanos avoid starving in lean times? By drinking fermented agave sap, of course. Pulque—a distinctly mucus-y beverage made by extracting sap from the heart of a mature agave plant and letting it sit around for a few days—was known to have been made and consumed by the Aztecs around the time of the Spanish conquest in 1521 C.E. But archaeologists weren’t sure if the drink had also been popular in Teotihuacan, an earlier and culturally distinct city in central Mexico that thrived between 150 B.C.E. and 650 C.E. (Its ruins are pictured above.) Excavations at the city had turned up several ceramic vessels waterproofed with tree resin that would have been perfect for storing pulque, however. When their surfaces were chemically examined, 14 of the vessels tested positive for byproducts of a bacterium called Zymomonas mobilis, a key ingredient in pulque production, researchers report online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Dating to 200 to 550 C.E., this is the earliest evidence for the production of alcohol in Mesoamerica. But pulque probably wasn’t just used for getting tipsy, the researchers propose. The drink is probiotic, nutritious, and so viscous that just one glass makes you feel full—all traits that could have made pulque an important dietary supplement for Teotihuacanos, especially in years with poor harvests".___

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2014-09-16 02:11:14 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 6 +1s) 

"Almost every species of vertebrate has a spleen, an organ for filtering blood. But why settle for just one when you could have 14? That seems to be the strategy of some cetaceans, the group that comprises whales and dolphins. When scientists first noticed extra spleens in some of these animals, they thought they might be related to injuries from ship strikes, because similarly traumatic events can lead humans to develop multiple copies of the organ. But a team of scientists in Brazil now reports that the accessory organs are apparently normal in cetaceans and may help the animals keep their blood oxygen levels up while making deep dives. They reached this conclusion after dissecting 63 cetaceans from 14 species, all found stranded on the northern coast of Brazil between 2009 and 2013. Thirty-eight of the stranded animals had extra spleens, with an additional one to 14 per cetacean, the team reports in... more »

"Almost every species of vertebrate has a spleen, an organ for filtering blood. But why settle for just one when you could have 14? That seems to be the strategy of some cetaceans, the group that comprises whales and dolphins. When scientists first noticed extra spleens in some of these animals, they thought they might be related to injuries from ship strikes, because similarly traumatic events can lead humans to develop multiple copies of the organ. But a team of scientists in Brazil now reports that the accessory organs are apparently normal in cetaceans and may help the animals keep their blood oxygen levels up while making deep dives. They reached this conclusion after dissecting 63 cetaceans from 14 species, all found stranded on the northern coast of Brazil between 2009 and 2013. Thirty-eight of the stranded animals had extra spleens, with an additional one to 14 per cetacean, the team reports in this month’s issue of Zoomorphology. The accessory organs showed up in 13 species, including humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae), minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus), melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra), and Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis). Only a single specimen of a pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) had just one spleen. The extra organs weren’t associated with any sign of trauma or animals of a particular sex or age and were found in various places, with some firmly attached to the main spleen and others to the stomach". ___

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2014-09-16 02:05:29 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Surviving on plant sap as cicadas, aphids, and some other insects do is like living on a diet of sugar water—there’s just not enough protein. These insects solve this problem by teaming up with bacteria that live inside their bodies and produce protein building blocks called amino acids. This relationship has existed for tens of millions of years. But about 5 million years ago, in one species of cicada (pictured), one bacterial partner split into two species, researchers report in the current issue of Cell. At first, the bacteria species’ two genomes were similar, each having all 137 genes and functioning independently. But over time, different genes in the two species disintegrated, such that they now rely on each other as well as on the cicada to survive. Overall, 64 genes have been lost in one or the other microbe, and losses continue, the researchers note. These kissing-cousin microbesoccup... more »

"Surviving on plant sap as cicadas, aphids, and some other insects do is like living on a diet of sugar water—there’s just not enough protein. These insects solve this problem by teaming up with bacteria that live inside their bodies and produce protein building blocks called amino acids. This relationship has existed for tens of millions of years. But about 5 million years ago, in one species of cicada (pictured), one bacterial partner split into two species, researchers report in the current issue of Cell. At first, the bacteria species’ two genomes were similar, each having all 137 genes and functioning independently. But over time, different genes in the two species disintegrated, such that they now rely on each other as well as on the cicada to survive. Overall, 64 genes have been lost in one or the other microbe, and losses continue, the researchers note. These kissing-cousin microbes occupy different types of cells within the organ they live in and share that organ with another bacterium. So together with the cicada, they’ve turned a three-way partnership into a foursome".___

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2014-09-16 02:02:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s) 

"The first big revelation in conservation sciences was that studying the people on the scene as well as nature conservation was crucial. Now, as this science matures, researchers are showing that it's useful to compare apples and oranges. Or, more accurately, tigers and pandas. Scientists show that useful insights and ways of scrutinizing wildlife and their habitat can be found in unlikely places".

"The first big revelation in conservation sciences was that studying the people on the scene as well as nature conservation was crucial. Now, as this science matures, researchers are showing that it's useful to compare apples and oranges. Or, more accurately, tigers and pandas. Scientists show that useful insights and ways of scrutinizing wildlife and their habitat can be found in unlikely places".___

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2014-09-16 02:01:37 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s) 

"As soon as lava flows from a volcano, exposure to air and wind causes it to start to cool and harden. Rather than hardening evenly, the energy exchange tends to take place primarily at the surface".

"As soon as lava flows from a volcano, exposure to air and wind causes it to start to cool and harden. Rather than hardening evenly, the energy exchange tends to take place primarily at the surface".___

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2014-09-16 02:00:03 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"Using simple hydrodynamics, a team of researchers was able to show that a handful of principles govern how virtually every animal -- from the tiniest fish to birds to gigantic whales propel themselves though the water".

"Using simple hydrodynamics, a team of researchers was able to show that a handful of principles govern how virtually every animal -- from the tiniest fish to birds to gigantic whales propel themselves though the water".___

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2014-09-16 01:58:46 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can't swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?".

"There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can't swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?".___

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2014-09-16 01:57:07 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"Most homeowners are willing to take part in cost-sharing that helps pay for wildfire risk mitigation on their properties, but some of those with the highest wildfire risk are the least likely to participate in those programs, according to a study".

"Most homeowners are willing to take part in cost-sharing that helps pay for wildfire risk mitigation on their properties, but some of those with the highest wildfire risk are the least likely to participate in those programs, according to a study".___

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2014-09-16 01:51:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s) 

"Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form. This alternate view of Earth's first geologic eon, called the Hadean, has gained substantial new support from the first detailed comparison of zircon crystals that formed more than 4 billion years ago with those formed contemporaneously in Iceland, which has been proposed as a possible geological analog for early Earth".

"Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form. This alternate view of Earth's first geologic eon, called the Hadean, has gained substantial new support from the first detailed comparison of zircon crystals that formed more than 4 billion years ago with those formed contemporaneously in Iceland, which has been proposed as a possible geological analog for early Earth".___

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2014-09-16 01:50:03 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"To isolate quantum fluctuations that define the properties of a metallic material, scientists probed it at temperatures colder than interstellar space. The research provides new methods to identify and understand promising new materials, including superconductors".

"To isolate quantum fluctuations that define the properties of a metallic material, scientists probed it at temperatures colder than interstellar space. The research provides new methods to identify and understand promising new materials, including superconductors".___

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2014-09-16 01:48:52 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure. Over the past 50 years, such oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and increased waste run-off. Researchers studied how viral infection influences a microbial community in one such OMZ".

"In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure. Over the past 50 years, such oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and increased waste run-off. Researchers studied how viral infection influences a microbial community in one such OMZ".___

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2014-09-16 01:47:18 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"An international team of researchers has designed decoys that mimic female emerald ash borer beetles and successfully entice male emerald ash borers to land on them in an attempt to mate, only to be electrocuted and killed by high-voltage current. "Our new decoy and electrocution process may be useful in managing what the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service claims to be the most destructive forest pest ever seen in North America," said one expert".

"An international team of researchers has designed decoys that mimic female emerald ash borer beetles and successfully entice male emerald ash borers to land on them in an attempt to mate, only to be electrocuted and killed by high-voltage current. "Our new decoy and electrocution process may be useful in managing what the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service claims to be the most destructive forest pest ever seen in North America," said one expert".___

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2014-09-16 01:45:29 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, antennas and other technologies".

"Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, antennas and other technologies".___

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2014-09-16 01:44:02 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s) 

"The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, thanks to a breakthrough color-display technology just unveiled".

"The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, thanks to a breakthrough color-display technology just unveiled".___

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2014-09-16 01:42:15 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s) 

"Despite the fact that tropical forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems on the planet, more is known about belly-button bacteria than bacteria on trees in the tropics. Scientists working on Panama's Barro Colorado Island discovered that small leaf samples from a single tree were home to more than 400 different kinds of bacteria. The combined sample from 57 tree species contained more than 7,000 different kinds".

"Despite the fact that tropical forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems on the planet, more is known about belly-button bacteria than bacteria on trees in the tropics. Scientists working on Panama's Barro Colorado Island discovered that small leaf samples from a single tree were home to more than 400 different kinds of bacteria. The combined sample from 57 tree species contained more than 7,000 different kinds".___

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2014-09-15 02:32:55 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 8 +1s) 

"The Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA) was launched online this week to coincide with the 7th Annual Ecosystem Services Partnership Conference in Costa Rica, and allows users to make a direct comparison of the value that an ecosystem can provide to a community in different states, by providing access to state of the art information about their financial value.
Ecosystems provide us with an extensive range of benefits for free, often described as 'ecosystem services'. These benefits include the provision of food and clean water, erosion control and carbon storage. A reduction or loss of these services can have severe economic, social and environmental impacts. However, methods for obtaining such data are frequently too expensive, or too technically demanding, to be of practical value.
TESSA has been developed by a consortium of experts from six institutions,... more »

"The Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA) was launched online this week to coincide with the 7th Annual Ecosystem Services Partnership Conference in Costa Rica, and allows users to make a direct comparison of the value that an ecosystem can provide to a community in different states, by providing access to state of the art information about their financial value.
Ecosystems provide us with an extensive range of benefits for free, often described as 'ecosystem services'. These benefits include the provision of food and clean water, erosion control and carbon storage. A reduction or loss of these services can have severe economic, social and environmental impacts. However, methods for obtaining such data are frequently too expensive, or too technically demanding, to be of practical value.
TESSA has been developed by a consortium of experts from six institutions, including staff at the Departments of Geography and Zoology. It allows non-experts to derive reasonable estimates that an individual location provides to society, both locally and globally. TESSA provides guidance and methods to value the services provided by an ecosystem at a specific location compared to the likely provision of such services under different management decisions. This allows the consequences of alternative management decisions to be assessed".___

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2014-09-15 02:29:08 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"In addition to the fundamental insights provided by this work, the new results could in the long-term also result in many useful applications.
Han Remaut (VIB/VUB): "By determining the three-dimensional structure, it is now possible to develop small molecules that fit like a stopper in the pore of the transporter. This inhibits the excretion of the curli building blocks and can prevent the formation of curli fibers and unwanted biofilms during infections or in industrial installations."
Bacteria have other ingenious protection systems
Bacteria protect themselves against external stress factors by organizing as a biofilm. This allows pathogenic bacteria to defend themselves against treatment with antibiotics, or allows them to hide from the immune system. Bacteria also create biofilms in industrial installations, which can hamper the processes in the installation and result in... more »

"In addition to the fundamental insights provided by this work, the new results could in the long-term also result in many useful applications.
Han Remaut (VIB/VUB): "By determining the three-dimensional structure, it is now possible to develop small molecules that fit like a stopper in the pore of the transporter. This inhibits the excretion of the curli building blocks and can prevent the formation of curli fibers and unwanted biofilms during infections or in industrial installations."
Bacteria have other ingenious protection systems
Bacteria protect themselves against external stress factors by organizing as a biofilm. This allows pathogenic bacteria to defend themselves against treatment with antibiotics, or allows them to hide from the immune system. Bacteria also create biofilms in industrial installations, which can hamper the processes in the installation and result in blockages. Biofilms are bacterial communities that surround themselves with a protective slime capsule consisting of sugar chains and protein fibers or "curli". In order to produce this protective slime capsule, bacteria use a modified transport system to deliver curli building blocks safely to the outside of the bacteria, so that the curli fibers can be produced there".___

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2014-09-15 02:26:21 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s) 

"Scientists thought the climate pattern known as the Asian monsoon began 22-25 million years ago as a result of the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalaya Mountains.
"It is surprising," said lead author Alexis Licht, now a research associate in the UA department of geosciences. "People thought the monsoon started much later."
The monsoon, the largest climate system in the world, governs the climate in much of mainland Asia, bringing torrential summer rains and dry winters.
Co-author Jay Quade, a UA professor of geosciences, said, "This research compellingly shows that a strong Asian monsoon system was in place at least by 35-40 million years ago."
The research by Licht and his colleagues shows the earlier start of the monsoon occurred at a time when atmospheric CO2 was three to four times greater than it is now. The monsoon then weakened 34... more »

"Scientists thought the climate pattern known as the Asian monsoon began 22-25 million years ago as a result of the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalaya Mountains.
"It is surprising," said lead author Alexis Licht, now a research associate in the UA department of geosciences. "People thought the monsoon started much later."
The monsoon, the largest climate system in the world, governs the climate in much of mainland Asia, bringing torrential summer rains and dry winters.
Co-author Jay Quade, a UA professor of geosciences, said, "This research compellingly shows that a strong Asian monsoon system was in place at least by 35-40 million years ago."
The research by Licht and his colleagues shows the earlier start of the monsoon occurred at a time when atmospheric CO2 was three to four times greater than it is now. The monsoon then weakened 34 million years ago when atmospheric CO2 then decreased by 50 percent and an ice age occurred.
Licht said the study is the first to show the rise of the monsoon is as much a result of global climate as it is a result of topography. The team's paper is scheduled for early online publication in the journal Nature on Sept. 14.
(This finding has major consequences for the ongoing global warming," he said. "It suggests increasing the atmospheric CO2 will increase the monsoonal precipitation significantly)."___

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2014-09-15 02:20:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s) 

"Scientists have completed the genetic analysis on a species of African midge, which can survive a wide array of extreme conditions including large variations in temperature, extreme drought and even airless vacuums such as space. The team successfully deciphered the genetic mechanism that makes the midge invulnerable to these harsh conditions".

"Scientists have completed the genetic analysis on a species of African midge, which can survive a wide array of extreme conditions including large variations in temperature, extreme drought and even airless vacuums such as space. The team successfully deciphered the genetic mechanism that makes the midge invulnerable to these harsh conditions".___

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