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John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
John Blossom125,087End of the Mayan calendar got you down? Celebrate the destruction of the universe on this On-Air Hangout! What are your predictions for the end of time? What will you do with all that spare time? Come join us - if we're all still here...Celebrate the Apocalypse on 12-21-12!2012-12-21 18:30:0010  

John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been shared in 172 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Simon Weiner6,3271.22 High Quality New Active Engager Circle. Enjoy:) #circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circles   #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #hillaryclinton   #president   #hillary2016  2015-04-18 05:38:07346011
John Wood34,309This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you streamBoost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next #Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#China #as #Japan #who #have #at #least #$ #million #in #disposable #assets #while #North #America #with #people #and #Western #Europe #with #people§Tourism #Thai #temple #complex #with #several #ornate #buildings #and #a #stupa #and #a #lot #of #visitorsWat #Phra 2015-04-10 05:05:55346014
Михаил Пушкарев973#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-03-30 16:23:07499415
Ole Olson51,746This is my circle 1 of Google+ progressives2015-03-07 18:26:233561014
Noah Wesley20,022Great circle to find many interesting and interactive people!!! If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #circleshare #uk #business #unitedkingdom #ireland #publiccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #ukcircles #irishcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #hk #china #face #book #link #travel #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle2015-02-18 05:12:27359191630
Noah Wesley16,318This is a public circle of Photographers and Photography loversTo increase your chances of inclusion in future circles please leave a comment when sharing the circle.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include +ORIGINAL AUTHENTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS  • Comment on this postIf you like what you find in this circle, please share it with your followers to help these individuals reach a wider audience. I will share more circles of those I find Inspiring in the future#beautifulpictures #beautifulplaces #amazingphotos #port_moresby #papua_new_guinea #wasu #ominican_republic #dominican_republic #santo_domingo #jamaica #jamaica #kingston #jamaica #montego_bay #puerto_rico #puerto_rico #san_juan #costa_rica #costa_rica #san_jose #guatemala #guatemala #guatemala_city #mexico #mexico #acapulco #mexico #cancun #mexico #guadalajara #mexico #mexico_city #mexico 2015-01-06 06:54:13473333
Christian kaysen2,781↦ follow me (so I can include you)↦ ↦ share the circle (public or to a public community)↦ ↦ if you want, delete the last circle share↦ ↦ no plussing, no comments, no obligation,↦ just share it and circle the profile above#Circle#Sharers#Engagers#Followers#AddCircle#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#PublicCircle#ShareCircles#CircleSharing#Awesomepeople#CircleOfTheDay#ShareAndBeShared#ConnectingTheWorld#CircleShareExperiment#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#PublicCircle#ShareCircles#CircleSharing#Awesomepeople#CircleOfTheDay#ShareAndBeShared#ConnectingTheWorld#CircleShareExperiment#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles   #hyperball  2015-01-01 13:23:26233001
Михаил Пушкарев420#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-01-01 08:18:41500202
Михаил Пушкарев420#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-01-01 08:18:30500004
Михаил Пушкарев301#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-20 08:13:59500103
Михаил Пушкарев0#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-13 08:06:48496213
Susannah Birch5,126AUSTRALIAN FRUIT SALAD CIRCLEHere is a selection of interesting and active people on Google Plus. You'll find a mix of politics, humor, bloggers, businesses, photographers and who knows what else! Enjoy!  #Aussie   #Australia   #Circle  #Circles #Sharing #Engagers  2014-11-18 23:41:0343111
Michael Junghans10,859A big thank you. Great to be connected with you :-)Please share | +#sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare   #circlesharing   #teamelite   #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle    #sharedcircle #cerchiacondivisa   #condividicerchia   #cerchiadiitaliani   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   #circleshare  #bosmol #BosmolCircle   #GrowthCIrcle     #GooglePlus   #CircleShare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #google   #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare 2014-10-26 18:14:54501839
Becky Collins17,256Entrepreneurs & Freelancers Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-07 05:03:534473015
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Ole Olson46,666This is my original circle of progressives on G+. Add it for some hard hitting, unapologetic political information geared toward activating forward progress in America. 2014-06-28 03:56:553636518
Michael Ginsburg284#sharedcircle  of #Australians  on Google+. Over 1400 people in the circle but Google+ only allows to share 500 at a time.If you want to be added to the circle, please like and comment (so I am not accused of spamming) and also I need to be able to verify you are in #australia . Pages welcome provided again they are #Australian  and I can verify that. If there is a lot of interest from pages, I might consider starting a separate circle for #Australian pages.2014-05-22 00:25:16501414
Paul Snedden16,109Advance Australia ShareThe CircleWhat an absolutely amazing response I got after I asked for your favourite #Aussie  G+ers. Here is the circle, as promised, with 372 amazing reasons why I love this great country of ours.There's a lot of people to thank, so here goes.The Contributors+Mz Maau +Charles Strebor +Jaana Nyström +Kamal Tailor +Lady Fran W +Clint Fudge +Kära Cathryn +Stephen Lord +Phillip Tyson +Kathryn van Nieuwkerk +Belinda Kamel +Paul Pavlinovich +Alizah MacLeod +James Brown +Chris Anderson +Neale Oxley +Aleta Curry +Shinae Choi Robinson +2014-05-11 11:36:433721662548
andi steven320please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-09 04:02:2150111514
Maksim Tauzhnyanskiy1,193#1 Делюсь с вами активным кругом! Хотите много общения и +1? тогда этот круг для вас ;)Активные пользователи которыми я горжусь! ;Р__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddMeToYourCircles #AddPeople #Affiliate #afo #AllSortsOfPeople #Art #AstroPhotography #AuthorCircle #Authorshelpingauthors #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomeIdeas #AwesomeIndividuals #AwesomeJuice #AwesomeNess #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #Best #bestengager2014-05-08 07:40:55482271431
Tourej Ansari16,188My new Worldwide circle of travelerPlease plus, comment add and share! These are people that will share and re-post your circles and other content you produce. This circle contains people who have Plussed my posts within the last few weeks.#CircleShare #SharedCircles #Circle #CircleOfTheDay #SharedPublicCircles #GooglePlusTips #Google+ #Google #teamelitecircle #Hearingaids #Hearing #PublicCircle #SocialMedia #Engagers #TeamElite #Circles #EliteInnerCircle #HearingLoss 2014-05-05 10:00:50483241545
Ryan Johnson2,352sharedcircle   #publiccircleshare     #circleshare     #circleoftheday  #circleshares     #circlesharing     #circlesshare    #publicsharedcircle   #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleoftheweek     #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircle   #todayspublicsharedcircle  #todayssharedcircle     #publiccircle   #circle     #circles    #awesome   #awesomeness   #awesomepeople   #shareyourcircle     #bestengagers   #followers   #followback     #awesomecircles  #topsharedcircle   #topsharedcircle     #myseoissocial     #besocial     #socializethesocial     #trust   #circles   #sharedcircle     #followers      #social     #socialnetworking     2014-04-16 05:12:352629212
Shashi S5,567Circle of Great Engagers________________________There is no doubt this is one of the most powerful group of engager's who will make your time of exploring worthwhile in Google Plus. Share and enjoy...Sorry if I missed anyone. Please comment I'll include you in the next shared circle. :)Also, This is a Great Circle and includes Google+   #TopEngagers : really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.Top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - share the circle (include yourself) *3 - add +1 to the post4 - *Start something new and share with the world of google plusMore you share more you get!__Shashiॐ नमः शिवायOm Namah Shivaya#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #Friday #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle   #empireavenue   #socialmedia     #influencers   #influencer   #influence   #influencermarketing #sundaycircle  2014-04-11 10:40:52294211430
John Nuntiatio33,101#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health #tennis #europe   #asia   #america   #africa   #australia   #football   #golf   #basketball   #news  2014-04-09 06:25:5632961213
John Nuntiatio (TodayNews)32,035#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health2014-04-02 19:40:104824125
Alister Macintyre42,106Do not confuse this circle with the one I have on Native American Indian interests.  My India Circle has people whose lives have either passed thru the great nation of India, are there now, or interested in India.  My interests range world wide, some nations more than others.  I recently started an Asia circle, and tried to pour into it my circles for Australia, China, Japan, India, some other countries, but bumped into another of G+ silly ceilings.  I have circles for several major regions of the world, including Middle East, Eu-W, and Eu-other.  I also have circles for specific nations like Germany and Haiti.2014-03-27 18:26:53148002
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:45475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:00475125
John Nuntiatio (TodayNews)29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:45:28475014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:44:37475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:43:264755010
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:19356117
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:003561094
Alister Macintyre41,863Here is my circle of people interested in Asia or actually there.  I tried to add more to this circle (My India circle is bigger) but sometimes G+ won't let me do some things.While I follow the story of MH 370 flight down in Asia, I will be sharing my updates with this circle, and a few others.2014-03-09 23:08:58183212
John Nuntiatio29,361#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-09 11:43:13251109
Ian Archibald16,093Circle of Google PlussersSo, I often get asked Who should I circle?  I say whomever strikes your interest. Find topics of interest and connect with those people who share that interest.I would very much like to share with you "my" circle of Plussers of whom I LOVE to engage with.  There are people in science, sports, networking, technology, comics, art and medicine found inside, and likely some others as well.  I've been spending the last couple years curating this list.I hope that you will connect with some of these folks!Have a great weekend everyone!2014-02-15 01:16:53326182225
Ian Archibald14,517Google PlussersThis would be my circle of other awesome people who I have connected with over the past couple years here on Google+. Some awesome people here!As the cool kids say, These kids are dopeI don't take requests to add to this circle. To be added, engage with me, and the others here. You'll be noticed, trust me.2014-01-27 23:35:29320221629
Ole Olson38,548٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶If you're looking for some of the BEST engagers on Google+, this is it.Top notch commentary, good content support, and some out of this world posts to boot. =========================================I sculpted this circle personally over the last year, and this is it's first full release. The Top Engagers is guaranteed to make your G+ experience better. =========================================    #publicsharedcircles       #publiccircle       #circle         #circles    #thebigcommunity   #kingcircle #topcircleshare   #awesome       #awesomepeople       #shareyourcircle    #circleoftheday         #circleshare       #circlesharing           #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday  2014-01-27 09:48:552507711
CircleCount67,537Profiles/Pages having a CircleCount link on their about page.This is the follow up link to this post: https://plus.google.com/+CircleCount/posts/Uoru6vQw9gnThanks for the idea +Luc Suy, these are all awesome people/pages ;)Thanks for using CircleCount to all!2014-01-06 21:45:0633721424
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:38:50501314
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:37:41494222
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,473My Friday Late Friday Circle Share...have a great weekend everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-22 01:27:26500204
Justin Hart7,625Circle Share for December 20th...nice circle with a great variety of people and content...enjoy! 1. Plus The Post 2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-21 03:58:12501181034
David Leonhardt2,546I built on the Sunday Circle by +Ian Archibald to spread it even further.Recommended:1. Plus the circle.2. Leave a comment3. Save the circle as one of your own circles (Click on "Add people" to do this).4. Share the circle as I am doing now (but don't forget to "Include yourself" when sharing).5. Get offline for a while, too.  :-).#circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle   #circlesharing#followers #social #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshared    #sharedcircleoftheday #addmetoyourcircles   #awesomepeople   #circlecount  #newfollowers   #googleplus  2013-12-16 01:30:4323211213
Ian Archibald9,118Sunday Circle Share of Google PlussersThis is my top circle filled with some of the top Google Plussers, Engagers, and Educators.  You will also find some people you likely don't know, but should.You all know people like +Mike Allton +Michael Q Todd +Christine DeGraff and +Billy Funk who bring the awesome every day. But do you know +Rusty Ferguson +Milan Pavlovic +Steven Krohn +David Oldenburg or +Brandee Sweesy ?  All of whom are simply awesome people who have a lot of great content, and engage!.Add this circle to your own today.  If you have other Engagers, add them to the circle, share it out and tag me in your share. Always looking for more engagers!I would be honoured if you would +1, Comment and Share this circle.Hope you all have a fantastic week!!2013-12-15 14:08:26229221330
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,322Another round of #topengagers  !(Be sure to click READ MORE, it is important if you want to be included in this circle next time)These people shareThese people +1These people create original contentThese people make G+ BetterIf you add this circle, you will, without a doubt, see your engagement soar through the roof.  Guaranteed.  If you were notified, you guessed it, you are already in.To be included in the NEXT top engagers circle this week is easier than ever.1.) Add  +Best Cars 2.) Share this post3.) Keep engaging#sharedcircle   #sharedcircles   #sharecircle   #publiccircle   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #topengagers   #engagers   #snowballcircle   #snowball   #circles   #circleshare   #circlemasters   #circlemaster   #circlequeen   #crazycircles   #circlehub   #morefollowers #ghosttown2013-12-15 05:39:26494202
Brett Gibson5,754It's been a while since I've shared my "Australia" circle (probably 12 months) - *But I do keep it up to date. *Inactive people or Brands are kicked out. New ones are added. So here are the 100+1 (me) Australian's I think that are worth following on G+cc: +Paul Snedden +Kamal Tailor Cheers Gibbo.2013-12-12 03:08:26101938
Francesco Zambelli527#circlesharing   #circleshare   #topengagers   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   a very good circle is being built... to be included you have to1) share this circle2) +1 to this post3) comment it.2013-11-07 19:36:45198117
Johnny Huntington0#webdesign #sharedcircles #webdevelopment  Here is a great shared circle of Professional Web Designers.2013-11-04 13:45:45501003
J.T. Smith40These are all people I was recommended to follow! They are currently in my Temporary circle, and I'll follow them permanently based on their engagement with me in the next day or so! #circleshare    #sharedcircles   #publiccircle   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circlemaster   #circle   #addmetoyourcircles   #addmetocircles   #addmenow   #addmepleasethanks  2013-10-19 19:57:21492207

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2015-05-03 02:35:14 (37 comments, 8 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

“We all know that the wind doesn’t blow consistently and the sun doesn’t shine every day,” [Gundersen] said, “but the nuclear industry would have you believe that humankind is smart enough to develop techniques to store nuclear waste for a quarter of a million years, but at the same time human kind is so dumb we can’t figure out a way to store solar electricity overnight. To me that doesn’t make sense.”

Most reshares: 8

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2015-05-03 02:35:14 (37 comments, 8 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

“We all know that the wind doesn’t blow consistently and the sun doesn’t shine every day,” [Gundersen] said, “but the nuclear industry would have you believe that humankind is smart enough to develop techniques to store nuclear waste for a quarter of a million years, but at the same time human kind is so dumb we can’t figure out a way to store solar electricity overnight. To me that doesn’t make sense.”

Most plusones: 936

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2015-04-25 23:19:06 (18 comments, 1 reshares, 936 +1s)Open 

This is hilarious. Since the only reason to buy a $10,000 watch is to convince other people you bought a $10,000 watch, why not just buy a $300 watch and paint it gold? That's what this guy did.

Latest 50 posts

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2015-05-05 07:14:57 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

Everything about this is perfect. Everything.

Flyover text: "I'M SORRY, FROM YOUR YEARS OF CONDESCENDING TOWARD THE "SQUISHY SCIENCES", I ASSUMED YOU'D BE A LITTLE HARDER."

#biology   #xkcd   #SquishySciences  

Everything about this is perfect. Everything.

Flyover text: "I'M SORRY, FROM YOUR YEARS OF CONDESCENDING TOWARD THE "SQUISHY SCIENCES", I ASSUMED YOU'D BE A LITTLE HARDER."

#biology   #xkcd   #SquishySciences  ___

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2015-05-05 04:46:29 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

The Apple Watch has a 205 mAh battery while the LG G Watch R has a 410 mAh battery.

The Apple Watch has a 205 mAh battery while the LG G Watch R has a 410 mAh battery.___

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2015-05-05 04:19:21 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-05-04 23:25:21 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

Apple.com 1996 to 1997


Apple.com 1996 to 1997
___

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2015-05-04 22:06:21 (9 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Good review. The Apple Watch is best understood if you think of it as a digital watch that does just a few more tricks. That doesn't mean that it's not useful but it means that it is not a revolutionary device either. Minimal enhancement of everyday experience seems to be what that the watch is offering. Third party app developers are struggling to adapt to the idea that the less they do, the better things work.

Just about every major app, from Twitter to Instagram to Starbucks, has an app for the Apple Watch. So far, there are about 3,500 apps available, and most stink.

Good review. The Apple Watch is best understood if you think of it as a digital watch that does just a few more tricks. That doesn't mean that it's not useful but it means that it is not a revolutionary device either. Minimal enhancement of everyday experience seems to be what that the watch is offering. Third party app developers are struggling to adapt to the idea that the less they do, the better things work.

Just about every major app, from Twitter to Instagram to Starbucks, has an app for the Apple Watch. So far, there are about 3,500 apps available, and most stink.___

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2015-05-04 21:44:49 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-05-04 10:58:18 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Bjorn Lomborg, the Bono of climate change denialism. Currently talking about eliminating poverty from corporate boardrooms in the global South.

Bjorn Lomborg, the Bono of climate change denialism. Currently talking about eliminating poverty from corporate boardrooms in the global South.___

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2015-05-04 10:15:57 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Everyday Low Prices.

+Coles  what's happening here? you wouldn't let this happen___Everyday Low Prices.

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2015-05-03 09:57:42 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-05-03 09:34:00 (13 comments, 6 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Yes. And Shatner was in on it.
http://www.thewrap.com/william-shatner-flies-back-to-la-ahead-of-leonard-nimoy-funeral-report/

Yes. And Shatner was in on it.
http://www.thewrap.com/william-shatner-flies-back-to-la-ahead-of-leonard-nimoy-funeral-report/___

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2015-05-03 07:36:04 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Parenting and hygiene tips.

Parenting and hygiene tips.___

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2015-05-03 07:29:50 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Quiggin on the Tesla announcement and how its implications will be resisted.

Quiggin on the Tesla announcement and how its implications will be resisted.___

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2015-05-03 02:35:14 (37 comments, 8 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

“We all know that the wind doesn’t blow consistently and the sun doesn’t shine every day,” [Gundersen] said, “but the nuclear industry would have you believe that humankind is smart enough to develop techniques to store nuclear waste for a quarter of a million years, but at the same time human kind is so dumb we can’t figure out a way to store solar electricity overnight. To me that doesn’t make sense.”

“We all know that the wind doesn’t blow consistently and the sun doesn’t shine every day,” [Gundersen] said, “but the nuclear industry would have you believe that humankind is smart enough to develop techniques to store nuclear waste for a quarter of a million years, but at the same time human kind is so dumb we can’t figure out a way to store solar electricity overnight. To me that doesn’t make sense.”___

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2015-05-03 01:18:04 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

#australia   #auspol   #malcolmturnbull   #broadband   #NBN   #fraudband   #fail  

#australia   #auspol   #malcolmturnbull   #broadband   #NBN   #fraudband   #fail  ___

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2015-05-02 00:40:26 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

As the Western Australian government descends ever deeper into WTF territory. Seriously, WA why don't you just shut yourselves down and set up a corporate mining dictatorship? The effect will be much the same.

Via +Tina Phillips​

As the Western Australian government descends ever deeper into WTF territory. Seriously, WA why don't you just shut yourselves down and set up a corporate mining dictatorship? The effect will be much the same.

Via +Tina Phillips​___

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2015-05-02 00:32:50 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Until last week, It was legal to kill Basques in Iceland.
Basques safe in Iceland as district repeals decree to kill them on sight
"Basques wanting to visit the dramatic fjords of north-western Iceland need no longer hesitate after the district of Westfjords repealed a 400-year-old decree to kill any Basque caught in the area on sight."

Until last week, It was legal to kill Basques in Iceland.
Basques safe in Iceland as district repeals decree to kill them on sight
"Basques wanting to visit the dramatic fjords of north-western Iceland need no longer hesitate after the district of Westfjords repealed a 400-year-old decree to kill any Basque caught in the area on sight."___

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2015-05-01 15:11:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

It won't shift the outcome of the election but it does contain a pretty good description of the economic situation in Britain and how elite opinion has wilfully got it all wrong.

Via +Alok Tiwari​​

It won't shift the outcome of the election but it does contain a pretty good description of the economic situation in Britain and how elite opinion has wilfully got it all wrong.

Via +Alok Tiwari​​___

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2015-04-30 06:29:08 (32 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

I went to the Good Guys website and did one search for dishwashers (ours is broke, thinking of replacing it). Now I am seeing this ad everywhere I go on the web. I see it website after website, exactly the same ad.

Subtle? Not very.

I went to the Good Guys website and did one search for dishwashers (ours is broke, thinking of replacing it). Now I am seeing this ad everywhere I go on the web. I see it website after website, exactly the same ad.

Subtle? Not very.___

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2015-04-30 06:26:59 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 1 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-04-29 21:54:57 (20 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Finally! Now I can get back to writing shareware utilities loaded with spyware and crapware installers.

Btw, Microsoft finally woke up and decide to port part of Visual Studio to Mac OS X and Linux. Visual Studio Code you can download from here: http://goo.gl/gUuoPp
What I am surprise about, it would make sense for them to open Visual Studio for Mobile development with debugging functions and to make true cross platform, it may attract more developers to practically abandoned Windows Mobile App.___Finally! Now I can get back to writing shareware utilities loaded with spyware and crapware installers.

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2015-04-29 21:41:49 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Economic reporting in the UK has been so dreadful that anyone reading it would be under the impression that the Tories have been good managers of the economy. The reality is that they have been terrible but for various reasons, the people who supposedly report the news haven't noticed.

This may have relevance in Australia as well as the longer our Tories stay in, the more the media will report their mythology rather than the facts.

In reality, conservative economic policies applied at this moment are pro-cyclical, that is contractionary during a recession and act to prolong rather than shorten the downturn. The only benefit to this kind of policy accrues to the top end of town and to those that actually want to destroy public services.

A government with a less destructive agenda could have done many things to alleviate the worst of the downturn and made it muchs... more »

Economic reporting in the UK has been so dreadful that anyone reading it would be under the impression that the Tories have been good managers of the economy. The reality is that they have been terrible but for various reasons, the people who supposedly report the news haven't noticed.

This may have relevance in Australia as well as the longer our Tories stay in, the more the media will report their mythology rather than the facts.

In reality, conservative economic policies applied at this moment are pro-cyclical, that is contractionary during a recession and act to prolong rather than shorten the downturn. The only benefit to this kind of policy accrues to the top end of town and to those that actually want to destroy public services.

A government with a less destructive agenda could have done many things to alleviate the worst of the downturn and made it much shorter. This is not what the Tories are about.

https://youtu.be/0YBumQHPAeU (we are the party of the motherfuckers).___

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2015-04-29 08:13:24 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Ever been working heads down at the office, but needed to jot down a quick note for later? Send notes directly from your computer to your Android phone, and have them ready in your pocket when you need them.

Ever been working heads down at the office, but needed to jot down a quick note for later? Send notes directly from your computer to your Android phone, and have them ready in your pocket when you need them.___

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2015-04-28 12:14:02 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

If Australia stops putting quotes around the word "genocide" then Turkey will stop allowing us to hold a rock concert at Gallipoli each year.

Besides Australia doesn't even recognise its own history of "genocides".

If Australia stops putting quotes around the word "genocide" then Turkey will stop allowing us to hold a rock concert at Gallipoli each year.

Besides Australia doesn't even recognise its own history of "genocides".___

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2015-04-28 11:14:59 (11 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Flat Earth Consensus group puts down roots in Western Australia.

Flat Earth Consensus group puts down roots in Western Australia.___

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2015-04-28 05:07:54 (12 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

This is what you do when you make a product nobody wants to buy.

This is what you do when you make a product nobody wants to buy.___

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2015-04-27 21:55:49 (7 comments, 4 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Crimes against Anzac Day are indeed a terrible thing. Thank goodness for the Malcolm Turnbull Thought Police.
Via +David Cameron Staples​

Crimes against Anzac Day are indeed a terrible thing. Thank goodness for the Malcolm Turnbull Thought Police.
Via +David Cameron Staples​___

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2015-04-27 04:44:52 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

I would have never lived to adulthood if these existed

I would have never lived to adulthood if these existed___

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2015-04-27 04:41:45 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

#dataretention #australia #lnp 

#dataretention #australia #lnp ___

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2015-04-26 21:45:44 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

The Soviet Union died on this day.

29 years ago happened biggest technological screw up in the mankind history. During routine systems test on Saturday, April 26 ,1986 at reactor number four of the Chernobyl plant there was a multiple unexpected events, which led to a reactor vessel rupture and a series of steam explosions. 
I was wild camping with my friends across Karelia during explosion, and we were told only on April 29th about disaster. For 3 days government were silent. No precaution measures were taken or recommended, we had no clue about extend of the disaster. ___The Soviet Union died on this day.

2015-04-26 21:42:54 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Left-handed people are sinister.

Left-handed people are sinister.___

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2015-04-26 21:39:28 (14 comments, 4 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

Close... but the pedant in me won't shut up.

Via +James Brown​​

A genius open / close sign by Japanese artist Ikeda Yosuke

http://homeli.co.uk/open-close-clockwork-sign-by-ikeda-yosuke/___Close... but the pedant in me won't shut up.

Via +James Brown​​

2015-04-26 07:42:02 (26 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

It is time Australia forgot ANZAC day.

It is time Australia forgot ANZAC day.___

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2015-04-26 01:46:23 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

This.

This.___

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2015-04-25 23:19:06 (18 comments, 1 reshares, 936 +1s)Open 

Mainly I enjoy this for the violence committed to Apple's packaging.

This is hilarious. Since the only reason to buy a $10,000 watch is to convince other people you bought a $10,000 watch, why not just buy a $300 watch and paint it gold? That's what this guy did.___Mainly I enjoy this for the violence committed to Apple's packaging.

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2015-04-25 13:17:44 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Lest we forget

The Armenian Genocide
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide

Lest we forget

The Armenian Genocide
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide___

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2015-04-23 22:05:26 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Lest we forget why all those men died.
God Save The King!



and the Kaiser too.

Lest we forget why all those men died.
God Save The King!



and the Kaiser too.___

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2015-04-23 22:00:23 (35 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Freedom, fuck yeah!

Freedom, fuck yeah!___

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2015-04-23 20:41:55 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

It's what sets us apart, our pale blue dot.

Via +Jodie O'Regan​​

Happy Earth Day___It's what sets us apart, our pale blue dot.

Via +Jodie O'Regan​​

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2015-04-23 06:35:18 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Belle Gibson. Even worse than Mel.

___Belle Gibson. Even worse than Mel.

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2015-04-23 00:39:35 (16 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Fascist is the term for nationalists we don’t like.  
Nationalist is the term for fascists we do like.

Azov Battalion, Ukraine.

Fascist is the term for nationalists we don’t like.  
Nationalist is the term for fascists we do like.

Azov Battalion, Ukraine.___

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2015-04-22 23:08:54 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Apprntly Austrlia snt alone n ths rgard.
The prm mnstr f Nw Zlnd s lso a cnt.

Apprntly Austrlia snt alone n ths rgard.
The prm mnstr f Nw Zlnd s lso a cnt.___

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2015-04-22 22:04:44 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

They keep forgetting to mention that this guy was trading at home in his pajamas.

No.

There are no proximate causes here. The market's behavior during the flash crash was caused by the intersection of HFT spoofing algorithms, some big, dumb manual spoofing, and a few large banks' quick-but-stupid automated sell triggers. This resulted in a purely automated feedback loop which was beyond the control of any particular market actor, however large. (Or, in this case, however small.)

The fact that an unusually dumb spoofing operation was part of the cause simply demonstrates the brittleness which occurs at the interface of complex systems which make different assumptions about market behavior, but -- most importantly -- do not assume each other's behavior. Because they cannot. Because the specifics of that behavior are trade secrets.___They keep forgetting to mention that this guy was trading at home in his pajamas.

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2015-04-21 13:49:35 (11 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Via +James Lamb​​

Seriously Australian Electoral Commission, don't fuck up our democracy with stealable elections. Internet voting is a difficult and fraught area. There are actually good reasons for not trying it at all.

Via +James Lamb​​

Seriously Australian Electoral Commission, don't fuck up our democracy with stealable elections. Internet voting is a difficult and fraught area. There are actually good reasons for not trying it at all.___

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2015-04-21 09:25:17 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Quiggin on Piketty on Australia.
There are several reasons why Australia has not been typical of English speaking countries in terms of rising inequality and falling social mobility. This doesn't mean that that there aren't some worrying trends in this area but Australian social and economic performance has been more similar to Western European countries which haven't experienced quite the same level of aristocratic capture of system as has happened in Britain and the USA. Government policy matters and there is no need to consider the direction taken in most of the Anglosphere as the only model for Australia's future — except perhaps as something to avoid.

Quiggin on Piketty on Australia.
There are several reasons why Australia has not been typical of English speaking countries in terms of rising inequality and falling social mobility. This doesn't mean that that there aren't some worrying trends in this area but Australian social and economic performance has been more similar to Western European countries which haven't experienced quite the same level of aristocratic capture of system as has happened in Britain and the USA. Government policy matters and there is no need to consider the direction taken in most of the Anglosphere as the only model for Australia's future — except perhaps as something to avoid.___

2015-04-20 23:51:09 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

With property rights being created before our eyes with ongoing advance of intellectual property, it is worth pondering the point that for every right granted another has been lost. Property is created not out of thin air but rather by theft and unjust appropriation from others. In the case of land it comes from enclosing commons or driving away hunter gatherers. In the intellectual sphere it comes from appropriating cultural artefacts and preventing them from returning to the public domain.

"there is no property in durable objects, such as lands or houses, when carefully examined in passing from hand to hand, but must, in some period, have been founded on fraud and injustice.”

—David Hume Of the Original Contract

With property rights being created before our eyes with ongoing advance of intellectual property, it is worth pondering the point that for every right granted another has been lost. Property is created not out of thin air but rather by theft and unjust appropriation from others. In the case of land it comes from enclosing commons or driving away hunter gatherers. In the intellectual sphere it comes from appropriating cultural artefacts and preventing them from returning to the public domain.

"there is no property in durable objects, such as lands or houses, when carefully examined in passing from hand to hand, but must, in some period, have been founded on fraud and injustice.”

—David Hume Of the Original Contract___

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2015-04-20 23:27:34 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

"It’s hard to pass this stuff if the public has access to it, but, I mean, if you are trying to hide it from the public and their elected officials in Congress, maybe it shouldn’t be passing Congress anyway."

"It’s hard to pass this stuff if the public has access to it, but, I mean, if you are trying to hide it from the public and their elected officials in Congress, maybe it shouldn’t be passing Congress anyway."___

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2015-04-19 22:24:58 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

“And though I don’t study economics or policy, I do know this: We are in a different climate than we were when our current infrastructure for water was built. And decisions on how to handle our water need to be made on the current climate, not the old climate.”

"Historical Data Prove Culprit Is Climate Change"

The San Francisco Chronicle (+SFGate ) has an article about my research group's work on the California drought, including the recent paper with +Daniel Swain  and +Danielle Touma , as well as the earlier paper on the "Ridiculously Resilient Ridge" led by Daniel (and including coauthor +Deepti Singh). And there is a nice photo of Justin Mankin and  +Daniel Horton.

Here is a link to +Daniel Swain 's California Weather Blog:
http://www.weatherwest.com

And here are links to the original papers and news stories from +Stanford University  :

http://www.pnas.org/content/112/13/3931.abstract

http://news.stanford.edu/news/2015/march/temperatures-california-drought-030215.html

http://news.stanford.edu/news/2014/september/drought-climate-change-092914.html

http://news.stanford.edu/news/2014/february/drought-climate-change-022714.html

http://news.stanford.edu/news/2014/february/videos/1321.html



#climatechange   #globalwarming   #CAdrought   #science   #sciencecommunication   #sciencesunday  ___“And though I don’t study economics or policy, I do know this: We are in a different climate than we were when our current infrastructure for water was built. And decisions on how to handle our water need to be made on the current climate, not the old climate.”

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2015-04-19 03:07:30 (4 comments, 6 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Read.

Today, I’d like to talk a bit about economics. In particular, I want to look at why capitalism can both work amazingly well and fail amazingly badly, often at the same time, and is such a great factory for “best of times, worst of times” conditions. The seven-word summary is: “Free markets work, except when they don’t.”

I won’t spend too much time on the first part of the sentence, because presumably you’re familiar with the ways in which free markets can work well. Basically, if two people freely engage in a trade, by definition it makes both parties happier; if it didn’t, they wouldn’t have engaged in that trade in the first place. The more trade is possible, the more people can accumulate things that make them happy – e.g., more free time to spend with their families while getting the same amount of food. There are all sorts of mechanisms which amplify that; probably the most important is “comparative advantage,” which shows how if there are enough people around so that everyone can specialize in what they’re best at, everyone comes out ahead. (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_advantage if you want to learn more about it; Ricardo’s example is a good place to start)

However, if you’ve paid any attention at all to the world in the past few centuries, you’ve probably already got an objection to what I just said: “You think they wouldn’t have engaged in that trade if it didn’t make them happier? What if they didn’t have a choice?” And you would be perfectly right, and that part is the heart of “except when they don’t.” There are a few ways in which free markets can fail, but most of them are obscure and relatively easy to fix (e.g., limited money supply). The big one, which represents the overwhelming majority of all the problems, is coercion: the argument that a free trade makes both parties happier doesn't apply to trades which are not free.

(And note, by the way, that coercion harms free markets both locally – in that the individuals being coerced lose out, often by a lot – and globally, in that coercion is essentially a “tax” levied by one person on another. Those of you familiar with economics will recognize that whenever the price of something is pushed away from its natural equilibrium, overall value goes down. So when I talk about failures of capitalism, I mean failures that are simultaneously moral and financial failures.)

As far as I can tell, the large majority of coercion comes in three forms, which I’ll call externalization, capture, and inelasticity. These three overlap and most real situations combine them, but what they have in common is that they’re ways in which one person can force someone else to accept a trade that they would normally never take.


Externalization, also known as “negative externalities,” is when I can make everyone else pay my costs. The most common forms which don't overlap heavily with capture (the next item) are when I can take my costs from a poorly-policed commons (e.g., dump waste into an air supply that nobody is monitoring), or when I can spread the costs out so widely that every individual's cost of recovery would exceed the damages to them. (Playing games with individuals less able to individually recover is part of capture and inelasticity)

Capture is the classic positive-feedback problem of any system of human power: you can use your power to get more of it. Pure capture (as opposed to inelasticity) happens when there are central methods of regulation or other power-amplifying systems which you bring under your control via bribery, coercion, etc., and suddenly rather than regulating you they amplify you. That can be anything from regulation of pollution of commons to having the police keep Those People "under control" for you. 

Inelasticity is the result of the fact that the value of money isn't linear. If you have $100,000, then $1 means a lot less to you than if you have $10,000. In particular, people's needs up to a certain wealth level are dominated by constant overheads such as food and housing; so long as your total resource access is of the same scale as those overheads, your financial life is dominated by the severe consequences of falling below any one threshold. Once you're far from those overheads, the value of resources becomes far more linear. Often, a good way to measure this is in terms of "being one <event> away from disaster;" if the event is as small as a flat tire, versus if it's as big as inoperable cancer, it's a huge difference in life.

If two people are about to engage in a deal, and one of them is near-threshold while the other isn't, the one who isn't has huge negotiating leverage. For example, you can give someone a shitty job like mining coal that they would never accept if they had some option other than starvation. 

(Economists will note that in “inelasticity,” I’ve abused a term which actually represents something very natural, which is that the price of some goods isn’t very sensitive to supply or demand. The problem I’m describing here is really the problem of extreme inelasticity: specifically, when a person’s net resources are low enough that the costs of white-pill [“you need this in order to live,” nearly infinitely inelastic] goods become a dominant part of their financial calculus. Better terms for any of these would be welcome.)


There are methods to deal with all of these problems, and they work to varying extents.

The way you solve the first kind of externality is to not have poorly-policed commons. That doesn't necessarily mean enclosure, i.e. giving ownership of those commons to private individuals: in fact, enclosure is extremely susceptible to capture effects, as we saw with the original enclosures in 18th-century England. Methods like cap-and-trade, or simply either (a) requiring people to pay their own damned cleanup costs or (b) being up-front about the fact that we’ve decided to pay those costs as a community in exchange for the net benefits of whatever it is those people do, can be quite effective.

The second kind of externality, where people spread costs around widely – e.g., stealing $5 from every household in a city – can be solved by mechanisms like class-action suits, central regulators and law enforcement. In each case, the idea is to create some kind of entity (be it an ad-hoc collective of individuals or a dedicated set of professionals) which is strong enough, and incented properly, to pursue recovery whenever someone tries to steal from the community. 

There’s a hybrid kind of externality which also uses inelasticity: if you steal from the poor, they’re less likely to have the resources to go after you. This is based on the fact that recovery of any sort tends to have fixed overhead costs, e.g. the time, money, and knowledge required to sue someone. When people’s total spare budget of any of these is tiny because of their basic cost of survival – e.g., when someone is working hourly and can’t afford the time to engage in a lawsuit – it becomes a lot easier to steal with impunity. This is just a nastier variation of the second kind of externality, and is often best solved with a swift kick to a tender area of the anatomy.

You can solve inelasticity by reducing the overhead costs to zero. There are many different overhead costs -- food, shelter, transport, child care, etc., etc. -- and each can be analyzed separately and each creates value in its reduction. One way to reduce those is to literally reduce the cost of the items; e.g., the real cost of clothing has plummeted over the past few centuries, and now lacking clothing is only a major factor for people near the absolute bottom of the resource curve, where clothing is really being used as a substitute for shelter. Another way is to reduce need for the items, e.g. by having housing close enough to work and so on that people don't need lots of transport. A third way is to socialize the costs of these items, e.g. by having functional public transit or health care. That doesn't reduce their intrinsic costs, but it eliminates the inelasticity effect on individuals by averaging their cost over the entire population.

Capture is harder to solve. The best solution proposed so far has been democracy, but as we're well aware, that's more like "the worst solution except for all the other ones that have been proposed." There are some fields in which it can be solved by things like direct competition among regulators, but that has strange failure modes: consider, e.g., the competition among bond rating agencies which was supposed to ensure that bond ratings were meaningful. Unfortunately, all three of them were funded by bond sellers, not buyers, and so had the same incentives; a lot of the mortgage crisis was a consequence of that. (Specifically, that the various CDO's being traded had been AAA-rated based on completely nonsensical models, which any rater that had an incentive to actually think through would have known)


Importantly, though, I think that the first part of that original sentence about free trade is at least as important as the second: capitalism works well when coercion is brought under control. Communism was a recipe for making everybody miserable – and ultimately proved even more vulnerable to capture than capitalism. Feudalism and so on are even worse. Even more significantly, capitalism works better by its own metrics when coercion is eliminated: in fact, economists tend to model these things as a kind of tax on the system.

However, benefit to the system as a whole doesn't translate to benefit as individuals. In particular, if you're making a lot of money off (say) inelasticity, by having a large pool of desperate and subservient workers, then even though the aggregate wealth of society would go up a lot if they weren't so desperate, your own wealth (especially your effective wealth, divided by the cost of converting it to goods) would go down. That creates one hell of an incentive for capture, in forms ranging from direct regulatory capture by bribes, to funding astroturf organizations, to creating entire media and social panics, all the way out to creating social institutions – e.g., feudalism or slavery.

So while solving externalization and inelasticity are extremely important, capture is often the key to the whole deal.

Fortunately, it isn't always the key to the deal: sometimes, for example, someone figures out a way to knock the price of some key good down through the floor so quickly that existing groups can't figure out how to capture it in time. The expansion of Europeans through North America was an interesting example of that case (where the price of land became cheap because anyone could just kill people and take it -- or, once the cost of killing people got socialized into an army, just take it); their expansion through South America much less so, because there expansion was effectively captured as an industry by entrenched nobles. The rise of new technologies is a somewhat less bloodthirsty example: e.g., when companies like FedEx cratered the price of small-scale many-to-many shipping logistics, thousands of new businesses suddenly emerged.

Technology, wisely applied, can knock the pillars of inelasticity out from under people. That creates a sudden chance to rapidly equalize wealth distributions, which in turn has a strong negative effect on capture. The question of whether you can maintain that negative effect after the initial pulse, or whether wealth will inevitably end up re-aggregating through a combination of capture and externalization even in a zero-inelasticity world, is one of the major hard questions we're likely to face in the next few decades.

But it’s one of my major interests, and it’s why I spend my time working on technologies which I think can alter the basic cost calculus of the world, by making something previously necessary and expensive (be it knowledge, or communication, or data storage) nearly free.


Illustrative cartoon by Ape Lad (http://goo.gl/QI13CH), CC-NC-ND. Thanks as well to +Xenophrenia​​​ for the initial conversation which sparked this post, and for many other such arguments about the nature of capitalism.___Read.

posted image

2015-04-19 00:01:56 (8 comments, 2 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

It's baaaack!

Chain being made___It's baaaack!

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2015-04-17 23:16:45 (14 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Parsing the Kremlin-speak I conclude that Dart is totally fucking dead. A good thing too.

The language of the web is JavaScript.

___Parsing the Kremlin-speak I conclude that Dart is totally fucking dead. A good thing too.

The language of the web is JavaScript.

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