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Kenneth McCormack has been at 8 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Larry Fournillier1,349,751In this exciting episode of *Food Stories*, my favorite G+ couple,@101888088652157354149 and @117875987563872032638  will be cooking and serving up a tasty Belgian dish, *Stoverij* *_(Carbonnade Flamande)_*.  This is a traditional Belgian sweet-sour beef and onion stew made with *beer*, and seasoned with *thyme, bay-leaf and mustard*. Mushrooms or spiced bread can also be added. In addition, George and Marilyn has a fascinating story behind this dish and I can’t wait for them to share it.  Meanwhile, check out *George's recipe* here:  http://goo.gl/s4okuq  So join us on *Sunday 15th, March at 1:00PM(PDT), 4:00PM(EDT & AST)* for another fun-filled and *_must see_* HOA.  I will have a special guest join us in Marilyn and George's kitchen :) *Reminder*: Don't forget to bring along your favorite *food and drink*. #belgianbeefstew   #foodstories   #hoa   #hangoutsonair   #STOVERIJ   #larryfournillier  Food Stories | Stoverij (Flemish Beef Stew) S02E052015-03-15 21:00:0069  
Eric Enge21,400This week on the #DMEShow  @104858643838035519891 and @108493275257625053433 and I will chat about Pinterest and G+ and how to leverage them together. The show airs at 5 PM EDT on Thursday May 29th.  Just say yes to get access to the video for live or later viewing.  I will also share the video here for mobile users. Please help us by inviting others or sharing the event!Pinterest and Google Plus: Two Peas in a Pod2014-05-29 23:00:23205  
Lisa Engles5,465*Link to the program mentioned in this hangout www.hangoutsforvisionaryleaders.com/program* *Coaches, Authors and Speakers: Go From Ground Zero to Hangout Hero* Have you spent a lot of time, energy and money spinning your wheels, trying to spread your message and build your audience using social media marketing, but haven’t seen the results that you hoped for?  Do you feel disconnected from the very people you want to reach?  Well, you’re not alone.  In fact, most heart-centered entrepreneurs and visionary leaders that I talk to all say the same thing: " I feel disconnected from the people I want to reach"  and : “I don’t like using social media, but I know I’m supposed to.”  And less than a year ago, I was one of them. ​I was frustrated because there was something about social media that didn’t feel right to me.  I was very resistant to using it.  It felt useless to me because honestly, I was a small fish in a big pond of thousands of 'experts' who were using all types of tactics that felt pushy and in your face. If that's what I needed to do to get seen and get clients, then no thanks.  It's just not who I am. Then one day, I had an ‘ah-ha” moment.  I realized that the reason I was feeling so much resistance was because at the core of who I am and what I do as a coach, author and speaker is - connect and communicate. In that moment I saw how social media was actually putting a divide between me and ideal audience and was keeping me from getting noticed and ultimately, getting clients because there was a lack of authentic connection and communication.  Think about it, how much can you really connect with people when you’re limited posting a 140 characters, a link or an image?  The lack of authentic engagement was not only keeping me from effectively communicating my message, it was keeping me from connecting with my ideal audience and it was ultimately keeping me from making money doing what I love to do.  So I made it my goal to figure out how I could reach others with my message in a way that felt real and that created an opportunity for authentic connection.  And that’s when I decided to look into google hangouts on air.   Within 6 months of using hangouts on air (HOA) I was finally able to break the barriers between me and my ideal clients, get the support of influencers both in google plus and in my niche, establish my expertise and build a loyal following of people who want what I have to offer… all things I had been unsuccessful in accomplishing before. So, in this hangout I want to show you how you can have this type of success using hangouts as well.    #RonnieBincer  has been a big piece of my 'winning' equation, so he'll be joining us in this hangout where you'll: *Learn the 4 critical steps that will take you from ground zero to hangout hero (or shero)* *Discover how to use hangouts on air to connect and communicate with your ideal audience in real time so that you create trust and meaningful relationships* *Learn how usHangout Strategies for Visionary Leaders2014-04-14 20:00:0094  
Chef Dennis Littley743,420Mobile Use this Link: http://youtu.be/OATc03mlDks Join me and my Co-host @108641528210325220263  with are very special guest @115620878851836664537  as we tackle the topic of *Semantic Search*  on the 10th episode of *The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively* And who better to learn it from then the Author of Google Semantic Search himself.   Every Monday  for thirty minutes we will focus on a different aspect of Google+  offering guidance and  answering questions.    If you have questions please leave them in the Comment Bar of this event  before the start of the show and we will do our best our best to answer them. The goal of our series is to help everyone understand how Google+ works and what they need to do to become successful on G+.  Once G+ begins to make sense to you, you'll be able to enjoy your time on the plus, making new friends, engaging in communities and seeing some pretty amazing search engine results.  While our series will be focused on Bloggers everyone is welcome and we hope to see all of you with your questions-    You can also join us at the G+ Food Bloggers Community - http://goo.gl/IEKmsV  where we discuss all the issues that Bloggers have as well as sharing best practices. All of our previous episodes are on Youtube  http://goo.gl/3iukbR Monday February 1th @ 1 PM EST/12 PM CST/11 AM MST/10 AM PST #googleplustips   #bloggers   #Gplusfoodbloggers  The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively - Semantic Search with David Amerland2014-02-17 19:00:00147  
martin shervington1,034,598*Google Plus for Individuals and Business!* _Including launch of the free 'Quickstarter' courses..._ There have been so many changes in the Plus over the past few months, and as such we wanted to get together to re-launch the website, tell you about some of the resources and pick up on some of your questions as well. So get yourself ready and see you on Monday!The PYB team talk about some amazing, free resources available for Google+!2014-02-10 21:00:00116  
Men's Health651,817Stay on track in 2014 with healthy eating and nutrition tips from our panel of experts. TOPICS OF DISCUSSION: -Tips for maintaining flavor while eating healthy -Cooking demo -How to incorporate fruits and vegetables during the winter months PARTICIPANTS: -Paul Kita, Men’s Health Senior Associate Editor -Cheryl Forberg, Nutritionist and Chef -David McInerney, Co-Founder, Fresh Direct -Christopher Mohr, Ph.D, RDHealthy Cooking & Nutrition Tips2014-01-28 19:00:00154  
Google+9,794,414The Google+ team will be sharing a few updates. RSVP to this event to watch the broadcast live.A Morning with Google+2013-10-29 17:30:0033918  
Google Australia180,508Join us for a special Doodle 4 Google explorer Hangout On Air and hear Project Loon engineer +Anton Staaf talk about exploring big ideas and a behind the scenes look at +Project Loon with students from Roydvale Primary School in Christchurch. #projectloon #loon #balloonpoweredinternetDoodle 4 Google Explorer Series: HOA with Project Loon's Anton Staaf2013-08-27 12:00:00423  

Kenneth McCormack has been shared in 251 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
SJR Gamer138SHARED CIRCLE 2shared circle,  add circle , +1 circle !!compartilhando circulo 2adicionar circulo (para ter mais amigos), compartilhar circuloVamos fazer amizades, ver bons posts!!   #sharedcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshared #circleshapesmonday #circle  2015-04-09 07:47:27501000
Rich Bradford38,736No.1 Version 22Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 22 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford 2015-04-07 22:12:014775110
Luis V.69,140This is my 14th #FollowFriday shared circle of the new year.(One day late) All the people in here belong in my circles. These are all people that should be followed and post good content, interact with others and are active on Google Plus. I'm starting small and would like to have this circle expand. I am sharing on Fridays and if you want to be in any future shared circles, do this...Comment on here or +1 this post, share this circle and add me to your circles.I'll check your profile and posts. No spam. No blueheads.2015-04-03 17:10:2224759
Rich Bradford37,901Version 21!!Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 21 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford In other news, USMNT obtained a 1-1 draw in this afternoon's friendly vs. Switzerland! 2015-03-31 22:08:37475495393
Luis V.69,058This is my 13th #FollowFriday shared circle of the new year.(One day late) All the people in here belong in my circles. These are all people that should be followed and post good content, interact with others and are active on Google Plus. I'm starting small and would like to have this circle expand. I am sharing on Fridays and if you want to be in any future shared circles, do this...Comment on here or +1 this post, share this circle and add me to your circles.I'll check your profile and posts. No spam. No blueheads.2015-03-27 15:15:0422529
Rich Bradford35,776Version 20!! Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 20 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford 2015-03-13 04:20:58476545084
Tia McDowell23Shared circle to help you meet new people! Enjoy and share!2015-01-20 18:32:14495201219
AyJay Schibig84,141ENGAGERS  CIRCLE  1.19.15   by  +AyJay Schibig  Please ReShare.Welcome to the latest  edition of my  active Engagers Circle. Add  it to grow your G+ network !  #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia 2015-01-20 07:39:00494473868
Rich Bradford31,008Version 19!! Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 19 of my Favorite Circle!!   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  As a side note, I am on Tsu, which shares social revenues with all of us. https://www.tsu.co/rbradford 2015-01-20 00:03:104816057103
Noah Wesley17,004This is a public circle of Photographers and Photography loversTo increase your chances of inclusion in future circles please leave a comment when sharing the circle.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include +ORIGINAL AUTHENTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS  • Comment on this postIf you like what you find in this circle, please share it with your followers to help these individuals reach a wider audience. I will share more circles of those I find Inspiring in the future#beautifulpictures #beautifulplaces #amazingphotos #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #spain #barcelona #sweden #sweden #gothenburg #sweden #stockholm #switzerland #switzerland #berne #switzerland #geneva #switzerland #zurich #turkey #turkey #ankara #turkey #istanbul #beijing #chengdu #chongqing #dalian #fuzhou #guangzhou #harbinchina #hefefi 2015-01-13 10:46:12494181736
vivek asati0This is the circle of circle # profiles and pages that are active in circle sharing and have included me their circles. If you are looking for followers and engagement add these people and engage with them.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIF YOU WANT TO BE INCLUDED IN A NEW VERSIONS OF MY CIRCLES PLZ LET ME KNOW AND MAKE THIS SIMPLE STEPS:1. Include me in your circles.2. Plus, Comment and Reshare my posts in PUBLIC3. Please make sure you plus, reshare and comment on the Original4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above.2015-01-08 14:33:28370422
John Wood24,699This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #Kiribati #Korea #(ROK) #wait #Kyrgyzstan #Laos #Latvia #Lebanon #Lesotho #Liberia #Libyan #Arab #Jam. #Liechtenstein #Lithuania #Luxembourg #Macau #Macedonia #Madagascar #Malawi #Malaysia #Maldives #Mali #Malta #Marshall #Islands #Martinique #Mauritania #Mauritius #Mayotte #Mexico 2015-01-03 07:22:134306766121
Rich Bradford29,423Happy New Year!!Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 18 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2015-01-01 01:31:044836456103
Luis V.66,374This is my first #FollowFriday  shared circle and all the people in here belong in my circles. These are all people that should be followed and post good content, interact with others and are active on Google Plus. If you want to be excluded, let me know and I will pull your name.I'll be sharing on Fridays and if you want to ne in any future shared circles, do these things...Comment on here, share this circle, add me.I'll check your profile and posts. No spam or porn. 2014-12-27 02:49:034783212
Rich Bradford28,349Merry Christmas! Happy Holidays! Seasons Greetings!!Rocking G+ this evening!! Let's grow your network with version 17 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-12-24 01:24:19491195628
Rajani Vijaya0My Awesome CircleThis is my circle of the day :)Add people in this circle to increase your follower. Enjoy it!#CircleShare#CircleSharing#Circles#CircleOfTheDay#SharedCircles#Shared#SharedPublicCircles#SharedCircleOfTheDay#Engagers#ShareCircle#SocialMedia#EngagersCircle#Share#Google#SharingCircles#ADD#Friends#SEOtips#Website#Marketing#SEOmarketing#Google#WebDesign#SocialMedia#DigitalMarketing#Business#LocalSEO#OnlineMarketing#Search#SocialMediaMarketing#SEOservices#ContentMarketing#Blogging#SEM#WebDevelopment#SEOStrategy2014-11-28 01:58:1048011912
Rich Bradford25,637Do over! or should I say seconds!! Happy Thanksgiving for all in the USA!! Happy Day to everyone else!! Rocking G+ this afternoon!! Let's grow your network with version 16 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-27 22:26:52493604492
Rich Bradford25,637Happy Thanksgiving for all in the USA!! Happy Day to everyone else!! Rocking G+ this afternoon!! Let's grow your network with version 16 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-27 22:10:52493568
John Wood21,093This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia #Singapore2014-11-27 10:51:04333202736
Rich Bradford25,167Version 15 is here!! Happy weekend everyone!! Let's Rock G+!!Let's grow your network with version 15 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-22 01:34:18493515186
Rich Bradford25,079Version 14!! Let's Rock G+!!Let's grow your network with version 14 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  (Sorry about that! It has been a while since the last circle!)2014-11-21 01:33:12488525492
Rich Bradford23,482Where are we? Version 13? Let's Rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 13 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-11-03 22:19:10474171433
Rich Bradford22,315 Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 12 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-21 23:46:40464122319
Rich Bradford21,381Hope you are having an excellent Monday!! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 11 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-13 20:51:10448010
Candy Archery199Good morning (or afternoon/evening)!! Looks like a new circle is long overdue! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 10 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-07 11:52:105008217
Rich Bradford20,012Good morning (or afternoon/evening)!! Looks like a new circle is long overdue! Let's grow your network and rock G+ with version 10 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! #circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles  #growthcircle  2014-10-02 14:35:31409495098
Becky Collins16,515Hot and spicy foods circle! :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-15 05:16:26463107
shareing circle9,942Google Friends! - You're in this Circle +shareing circle .♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥If You receive this message You are included in circle !!!1. Add me to your circles, if you haven't done so already2. +1 this circle3. Publicly share this circle to public, your circles and extended circles.4. If possible, leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above..♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥.♥#Circle#Sharers#Engagers#Followers#AddCircle#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#shareingcircle2014-09-06 10:09:063646957101
Rich Bradford17,989Continuing to rock G+!! Let's grow your network!! Can’t believe this is version 9 of my Favorite Circle!! This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Happy Friday to all of you!! Have an excellent weekend!#circle #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday#circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles#sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday#engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople#googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-09-05 23:48:55365566282
Added Healthy216This circle regularly tops 501 reshares because of all the awesome engagers in it. Make sure to be a part of it!➤ To be added into the next share, follow these simple steps:  1) Plus the original post2) Share this circle publicly (and with your circles/extended circles)3) Comment on the original post when complete4) Add the circle weekly so you can get the new members!  http://addedhealthy.blogspot.com/2014/08/5-symptoms-and-cause-appendicitis.html#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2014-08-28 09:53:23501121113
My-beez4,055Hey everyone, lets keep rocking G+ with this amazing 6th edition of my Top engagers membersThis circle contains primary profiles of recent engagers. If you receive a notification means you are inside. Have a look through these profiles. If you add these people, at least half will add you back and engage with you through pluses, shares and comments on your material.#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health #Mybeezcircles #topengagers #engagedcircles #topcircles   #topcircleshare   Have a nice tuesday !Julie.2014-08-26 08:26:2250115920
Rich Bradford17,418Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 8 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have an excellent weekend!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-26 03:03:19344474875
Rich Bradford16,555Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 7 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have an excellent weekend!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-16 00:03:50327604588
Rich Bradford15,319Continuing to  rock G+!! Let's grow your network with version 6 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   As always, many thanks for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-08-05 20:36:01286413665
Rich Bradford14,105Now is a good time to do this!  Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 5 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   Thank you in advance for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-29 22:43:06246433958
Rich Bradford13,678Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 4 of my Favorite Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   Thank you in advance for your support.  Shares, pluses and comments are appreciated! Have a fantastic week!#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-23 02:27:28200362852
Doug Hyatt5,572THIS IS MEGA CIRCLE 12  #DOUGHYATTCIRCLESHARING I AM GETTING 1,000+ FOLLOWERS A WEEK FROM THIS!  1) ADD THE CIRCLE2) RESHARE THE CIRCLE AND BE SURE TO REMEMBER TO CHECK THE BOX WHICH INCLUDES YOURSELF.3)RESHARE TO PUBLIC EVERY DAY!BE SURE TO COPY THE HASHTAG LIST AND ADD IN YOUR COMMENTS LIKE I HAVE!  IT WILL GIVE YOU MAXIMUM RESULTS#doughyattcirclesharing#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   2014-07-19 21:28:014624211
Rich Bradford12,684Let’s rock G+ and grow your network with version 3 of the Snowball Circle. This circle includes individuals who engaged me recently with a plus, a comment or a re-share.   To be added to future circles follow these simple steps:1 - Include me in one your circles if you haven’t already2 - share the circle (include yourself)3 - add +1 to the post4 - Leave a comment below#circle   #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #share #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #engagers #engagerscircle   #engagerspeople #googlecircles #growthcircle  2014-07-15 19:52:54168322238
Cher Fauvél426This is my Elite Raw Rocks Shared Circle!This is my circle for anyone interested in raw, organic, vegan nutrition!May be you just wanna investigate raw living a little? You will find the leaders in this circle.Please G+ and share if you would like to be added :)Be sure to share the original post.Welcome to Raw Rocks Shared Circle!  #rawliving  #rawfood #rawfoodlifestyle #organic   #rawnutrition  2014-07-05 15:20:52500313
James Wilson245Sharing Sunday. Hope everyone has a great week. Add, plus and share#Circle   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #shared   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedpublicircles   #sharing   #sharingcircles 2014-06-29 14:58:28473424
John Wood8,708boost visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post #powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou             #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare 2014-06-24 11:05:052937514
Shivakant Tripathi1,827IN ORDER TO MAKE THIS WORK PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW:  1. Plus the post  2. Share the post  3. Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.  4. Request to be added in comments or let me know if you should be in it and for some reason are not. (。◕‿◕。)#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers #followback   #awesomecircles #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle   2014-06-23 14:14:30501417
John Wood8,050Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me ( ) in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately.    _ Otherwise I may not notice your activity!_3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2014-06-20 10:26:17472211838
Shivakant Tripathi1,773IN ORDER TO MAKE THIS WORK PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW:  1. Plus the post  2. Share the post  3. Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.  4. Request to be added in comments or let me know if you should be in it and for some reason are not.#sharedcircle #publiccircleshare   #circleshare   #circleoftheday #circleshares   #circlesharing   #circlesshare   #publicsharedcircle #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleoftheweek   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircle #todayspublicsharedcircle #todayssharedcircle   #publiccircle #circle   #circles   #awesome #awesomeness #awesomepeople #shareyourcircle   #bestengagers #followers #followback   #awesomecircles #topsharedcircle #topsharedcircle   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial   #trust #circles #sharedcircle   2014-06-05 23:05:224351048
John Wood6,323Shared circle time, I am sure you all know how this works. Feel free to add this Circle, Re Share it & comment#sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday 2014-05-28 08:37:23498582376
John Nuntiatio37,221#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news   #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small   #smallcircle #tennis #golf #photography #health #weightloss 2014-05-27 06:18:55201172
Organo Gold Review1,066I highly suggest adding each and every person in this #GoogleCircle as they will be sure to interact with you. Circle sharing pages This circle contains pages that engage through pluses, comments or shares. If you receive a notification means you are inside.#circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles       #publiccircle       #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle     #dontconfusethecircles  2014-05-20 02:06:08460113
Will Hawkins33,835Google Friends! - You're in this Circle - Share the circle *'"*:•:•* •-::-•:*:•-:¦: Share and Be Shared :¦:-•:*:•.::• •-:•:''''*                                              118This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow your dreams and smile to life.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!Circle Networkhttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/112542593288160483901/postsNetwork Circleshttps://plus.google.com/b/112542593288160483901/communities/113362757071870225795#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle  Circlenetwork CircleNetworking IPNetwork NetworkingCircles2014-05-13 22:47:45500534395
curator Circle0As promised yesterday, here is the #CuratorCircleEdition  4Wisdom of this circle: Take time to view the profile of those you add if you care for the quality of the content shared on G+!Some of you that show interest to be included in the circle will not find themselves in. It is not an hazard; the minimum one can do while asking for inclusion in a shared circle is to include the sharer page or profile. Also due to the maximum space of 500 profiles, others have been kept for the next circle.Rules of the circle:1. Plus and share the circle (add me if you haven't done it yet)2. Comment to ask for inclusion. And enjoy your day.2014-05-06 13:53:46501351023
David Baj574Very Good CircleVIC (very important circle) #vic    #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles  If you want enlarge your circle, you must reshared this circle. And so, do you want enlarge your circle? And now, what are you waiting to reshare?The most important engager is reshared, because only with it we could enlarge the our circle.If you want to be part of the next  Special Circle1 - include me in your circles3 - shared the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post5 - Comment  #findcircles    #circlemeup    #influencermarketing    #influencers     #socialmediamarketing     #socialnetworking     #toppeople   #entrepreneur   #happy  2014-04-30 23:43:15244201

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2015-04-14 12:27:09 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Precious Puppy Press-Ups
#lol   #funny   #precious   #puppy   #exercise   #bootcamp   #privatetrainer   #fitnesstraining   #cutenessoverload  

Dog named Teeny works out alongside experienced trainer Eric Ko
Trainer counts to four while completing press-ups with dog
Teeny leans over and gives Eric a kiss before starting again
The video was captured at the Dogaroo pet centre in Hong Kong
By JAKE POLDEN FOR MAILONLINE

Most reshares: 4

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2015-04-15 05:57:23 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titantic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titantic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.


YouTube videos:•Titanic: Orig... more »

Most plusones: 17

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2015-04-14 12:27:09 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Precious Puppy Press-Ups
#lol   #funny   #precious   #puppy   #exercise   #bootcamp   #privatetrainer   #fitnesstraining   #cutenessoverload  

Dog named Teeny works out alongside experienced trainer Eric Ko
Trainer counts to four while completing press-ups with dog
Teeny leans over and gives Eric a kiss before starting again
The video was captured at the Dogaroo pet centre in Hong Kong
By JAKE POLDEN FOR MAILONLINE

Latest 50 posts

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2015-04-18 15:18:13 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Einstein Died—His body was cremated and his brain was “stolen,” 1955
On April 18, 1955 — 60 years ago today — the pioneering physicist Albert Einstein died. Einstein developed the general theory of relativity, a pillar of modern physics; published more than 300 scientific papers; and he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” — a pivotal development in establishing quantum theory.

Einstein’s mathematical abilities and his creative way of thinking were so revered even while he was alive that, almost immediately upon his death, pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, weighed it, then dissected it into several pieces. Although Dr. Harvey acted independently without any authority from Einstein’s family, he later gotEinstein’s son’s perm... more »

Today in History: Einstein Died—His body was cremated and his brain was “stolen,” 1955
On April 18, 1955 — 60 years ago today — the pioneering physicist Albert Einstein died. Einstein developed the general theory of relativity, a pillar of modern physics; published more than 300 scientific papers; and he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” — a pivotal development in establishing quantum theory.

Einstein’s mathematical abilities and his creative way of thinking were so revered even while he was alive that, almost immediately upon his death, pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, weighed it, then dissected it into several pieces. Although Dr. Harvey acted independently without any authority from Einstein’s family, he later got Einstein’s son’s permission to use the brain for scientific purposes. In 2010, Dr. Harvey’s heirs transferred all the Einstein brain holdings to the National Museum of Health and Medicine. In addition, 46 small portions of Einstein’s brain were acquired and are on exhibit at Philadelphia’s Mutter Museum. 

YouTube videos:
•“My Search for Einstein’s Brain”: Steven Levy at TEDxBeacon Street (length 14:44). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9_jWyHycIY

Web sources:
•https://medium.com/backchannel/yes-i-found-einstein-s-brain-c3834429e4d5
•http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2014/04/21/the-tragic-story-of-how-einsteins-brain-was-stolen-and-wasnt-even-special/
•http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/why-albert-einstein-genius-theory-relativity-loved-pipe-180954991/?no-ist
•http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
•http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0314.html

Book sources:
• Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain by Michael Paterniti. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/038533303X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=038533303X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KCNR7RFAZAL226MN
• Possessing Genius: The Bizarre Odyssey of Einstein’s Brain by Carolyn Abraham. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1840465492/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1840465492&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PRNB26VCFZU7B5KN

Image credits:
•Top: A series of photos of Einstein at various ages. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
•Bottom: Einstein’s office the day he died. By Ralph Morse—Time and Life Pictures/Getty Images. http://time.com/3494553/the-day-albert-einstein-died-a-photographers-story/___

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2015-04-17 03:00:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Nearly “Lost in Space” Apollo 13 Mission Successfully Returned to Earth, 1970
On April 17, 1970 — 45 years ago today — Apollo 13 successfully returned from a near-fatal trip around the Moon for its 3 astronauts, 600-Space Hour Veteran Commander James A. Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert, and Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise. Apollo 13 was the third manned mission to the Moon; men going to the moon had become so routine to the public that the Apollo 13 launch was not even covered by the major television networks. The launch did begin in a routine way with the astronauts headed for the Moon. Oddly enough, on April 13, when the Apollo 13 spacecraft was about 200,000 miles from Earth, the service module’s oxygen tanks exploded (as a result of an electrical short-circut), blew off a panel on the service module (see photo below), and crippled theirspacecraf... more »

Today in History: Nearly “Lost in Space” Apollo 13 Mission Successfully Returned to Earth, 1970
On April 17, 1970 — 45 years ago today — Apollo 13 successfully returned from a near-fatal trip around the Moon for its 3 astronauts, 600-Space Hour Veteran Commander James A. Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert, and Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise. Apollo 13 was the third manned mission to the Moon; men going to the moon had become so routine to the public that the Apollo 13 launch was not even covered by the major television networks. The launch did begin in a routine way with the astronauts headed for the Moon. Oddly enough, on April 13, when the Apollo 13 spacecraft was about 200,000 miles from Earth, the service module’s oxygen tanks exploded (as a result of an electrical short-circut), blew off a panel on the service module (see photo below), and crippled their spacecraft — perhaps so much so that the astronauts would be “lost in space.”

The explosion caused a loss of electrical power to the command module. When its battery power had dwindled to 15 minutes left, the command module was shut down to reserve this power for eventual re-entry maneuvering. A decision was quickly made to abort the moon landing and to focus on how to return the astronauts to Earth, if possible. The Lunar Module was powered up and the astronauts transferred to the module to use its air-supply resources. As the astronauts were now close to the Moon, another decision was made to use the “boomerang” gravity effect of the Moon to send Apollo 13 back to Earth as soon as possible. Careful positioning firing of rockets needed to be made in order to target the Pacific Ocean landing zone.

There were no seats in the Lunar Module, but a near gravity free environment made standing and resting easier than it would have been on Earth. But because overall power was being conserved as much as possible, the temperatures in the Lunar Module became quite cold (Lovell said that just before they transferred back into the Command Module prior to re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, the temperature had gone down to 38° F). Moreover, the Apollo was not designed for this configuration: the Lunar Module was designed to descend to the Moon only and to return to the Command and Service Module. The Lunar Module was not designed to guide the entire spacecraft, so ground controllers had to make careful calculations about how to maneuver the spacecraft using the Lunar Module’s engines.

As the spacecraft approached Earth, the astronauts transferred back into the Command Module with little life-supply support time left — just enough to execute critical rocket-firing positioning. It was not known if the Service Module explosion had damaged the heat shield on the Command Module that was essential for re-entry. So the normal “black-out” time in radio communication (usually about 3-½ minutes) with the spacecraft as it enters the atmosphere and its parachutes deploy was harrowing, especially because it was almost 4-½ minutes until the astronauts’ voices were heard and spontaneous applause erupted in Mission Control. The astronauts were coming down within a few miles of the splashdown target zone in the Pacific Ocean! And by this time, people all over the world had learned about the danger of this flight and were glued to their television to watch the recovery!

YouTube videos:
•“Houston, We’ve Got a Problem” (length 28:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJ3Q3kL7jcA
•Apollo 13 — The Real Story (length 40:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3RSqdj_VnY
•Apollo 13 Re-entry (length 01:00:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX8-Vmys-Fk
•Apollo 13 Post-Flight Press Conference (01:15:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMMw2QIHBLs
•40th Anniversary of Apollo 13 — Annual John H. Glenn Lecture (length 01:26:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDqkBccEcb0

Web sources:
•http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo13.cfm
•http://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/apollo-13-we-have-a-solution
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_13
•https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo13.html
•http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Lovell
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Swigert
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Haise

Book & Documentary Film sources:
• Apollo 13: The Untold Story. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00HNMMJKW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00HNMMJKW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IUC4BVRAKRZIU2PT

Memorabilia 
• Apollo 13 by Ron Howard — a “dramatization” not a documentary. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001JI72AI/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B001JI72AI&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIBNPZBQB6CJHGIF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Apollo 13 service module with damage from an oxygen tank explosion (external panel blown off exposing inside destruction).  By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
•Top Center: Apollo 13 headlines regarding oxygen tank explosion on April 13, 1970. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0413.html
•Top Right: A photograph of the Moon taken by the Apollo 13 astronaut crew from the Lunar Module (command module is visible outside the Lunar Module’s rendezvous window). By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
•Bottom Left: Apollo 13 command capsule with parachutes deployed in preparation for a landing in the Pacific Ocean. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.
•Bottom Center: Apollo 13 command capsule at the moment of splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. NASA photograph.
•Bottom Right: Apollo 13 astronauts on the stairs of the rescue helicopter on the recovery U.S. Navy ship. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.

Please also see this document: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1se0Vn9t190Wi--7ripDYtnQt-8ucb4oIN4mqIh12oco/edit
Apollo 13 circumlunar trajectory; the oxygen tank exploxed about 5-½ hours from entry into the Moon’s gravity field. The Lunar Module had to execute a number of unplanned rocket firings to correct the course so that splashdown would occur in the Pacific Ocean. By AndrewBuck (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_timeline.svg___

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2015-04-16 05:55:38 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple II Computer Debuted at Computer Faire
On April 16, 1977 — 38 years ago today — the Apple II debuted at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Faire was organized by Jim Warren of The Homebrew Computer Club, which was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley that included Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (the founders of Apple). In order to launch the Apple II as a consumer product (rather than just a computer for hobbyists), Jobs understood that the product needed to look “simple and elegant,” enclosed in a sleek case made of light molded plastic  — not something that could be fabricated in a standard metal shop — and that such design would require significantly more capital than they could borrow, so Jobs attracted investor Mike Markkula (a 33 year old, retired millionaire who had made money on his stock at Fairchild). Markkula ended up playing acritical rol... more »

Today in History: Apple II Computer Debuted at Computer Faire
On April 16, 1977 — 38 years ago today — the Apple II debuted at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Faire was organized by Jim Warren of The Homebrew Computer Club, which was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley that included Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (the founders of Apple). In order to launch the Apple II as a consumer product (rather than just a computer for hobbyists), Jobs understood that the product needed to look “simple and elegant,” enclosed in a sleek case made of light molded plastic  — not something that could be fabricated in a standard metal shop — and that such design would require significantly more capital than they could borrow, so Jobs attracted investor Mike Markkula (a 33 year old, retired millionaire who had made money on his stock at Fairchild). Markkula ended up playing a critical role at Apple for the next 20 years; he shared Jobs’s vision of Apple building a product to revolutionize the world and bring the power of computing to every individual. The Apple II was the first product offering in this direction.

YouTube videos:
•Apple II, 1977 (silent; length 5:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Apple II Review (length 12:48). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mjd7pN57nU4
•Steve Wozniak on Apple Beginnings (length 05:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJif4i9NRdI05:21)

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Coast_Computer_Faire
•http://techland.time.com/2012/04/16/apple-ii-forever-a-35th-anniversary-tribute-to-apples-first-iconic-product/
•http://apple2history.org/history/ah03/
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/312
•http://www.atariarchives.org/deli/homebrew_and_how_the_apple.php

Book sources:
• Sophistication and Simplicity: The Life and Times of the Apple II by Steven Weyhrich. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32
• Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson (Chapter 6 on “The Apple II: Dawn of a New Age”). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32

Image credits:
•Top: Apple II from frame of https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Bottom Left: Apple II ad. http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
•Bottom Right: Steve Jobs (eft) and Steve Wozniak (right) at the First West Coast Computer Faire. http://ww2.kqed.org/news/2011/10/06/steve-jobs-and-the-bay-area___

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2015-04-15 05:57:23 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titantic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titantic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.


YouTube videos:•Titanic: Orig... more »

Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titantic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titantic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.


YouTube videos:
•Titanic: Original 1912 photographs (length 04:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xD9-z6Nw2FM
•Titanic Real Story: Full Documentary (including virtual reconstruction of the ship from its 15 square mile graveyard; length 01:26:30). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFhLpXq2cMk
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 1; length 04:14). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ez_iSh5JqVo
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 2; length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVEvbEE0pwc
•RMS Titanic Survivors True Accounts of the Sinking (length 01:35:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zfn1ZQFJcHw
•Titanic Disaster from the Disaster Channel (length 46:02). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0aUiYXKWas
•Titanic Underwater (length 07:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68oCMs3X1lU

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/topics/titanic
•http://hf.ro/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Titanic
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Night_to_Remember_(book)
•http://thetitanicnhdproject.weebly.com/quotes-from-survivors.html
•http://www.titanicuniverse.com/titanic-the-unsinkable-ship/1443
•http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/04/16/unsinkable-3

Book sources:
• A Night to Remember: The Classic Account of the Final Hours of the Titanic by Walter Lord. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0805077642/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0805077642&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IS7TIEERTOQAV7I3
• 882-½ Amazing Answers to Your Questions about the Titanic by Hugh Brewster, Laurie Coulter, and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0439042968/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0439042968&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3L2JDNXDTMN4QV2B
• The Titanic: An Interactive History Adventure: 3 Story Paths, 35 Choices, 15 Endings by Bob Temple. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1429611820/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1429611820&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SWYNINXYTJ6OP5Y2
• National Geographic Readers: Titanic by Melissa Stewart. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1426310595/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1426310595&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=UGREVDTF3LDAAKT6
• Inside the Titanic (A Giant Cutaway Book) by Hugh Brewster and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0316557161/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0316557161&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=2R7ZZMBIESUGCIHP
• Titanic: An Illustrated History by Donald Lynch, Ken Marschall, and Robert D. Ballard. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/078688147X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=078688147X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GKV3WMDZHXHJQNDO

Image credits:
•Top: The Titanic on April 11, 1912 in Cork Harbour. By Unknown photographer, photo taken on April 11, 1912 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic-Cobh-Harbour-1912.JPG
•Center Left: The Boston Globe Headline: “Titanic Sinks, 1500 Die.” http://www.titanicuniverse.com/where-did-the-titanic-sink/2428
•Center Right: Map of the Titanic voyage, indicating the approximate spot of its sinking. By Prioryman (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic_voyage_map.png
•Bottom Left: Titanic size comparison. By Wikisearcher, Phrood, Sonnenwind, Bruce89, Rogilbert (Image:Vergleich Titanic.png) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVergleich_Titanic_(fr).png
•Bottom Right: According to Underwater Explorer Robert Ballard, shoes of mother and daughter (bodies are eaten by marine animals, decompose, and bones dissolve at the Titanic’s depth, although some skeletal remains may eventually be found deep inside the ship’s internal rooms). Frame from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l25QT9YFQFM___

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2015-04-14 22:47:32 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

5 allergy-fighting foods (and 5 that'll make things worse). http://mhlthm.ag/WfgXgH 

5 allergy-fighting foods (and 5 that'll make things worse). http://mhlthm.ag/WfgXgH ___

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2015-04-14 17:16:01 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Did you know?  The super talented singer songwriter Jason Mraz​ is a whole food, plant-based nutrition eater, follower, and ambassador. He is living proof that following a whole plant-based diet works, and he shares his journey in the latest issue of Naked Food Magazine.  He also shares one of his own plant-based dessert recipes!  You may still subscribe to receive this fabulous issue at https://checkout.subscriptiongenius.com/nakedfoodmagazine.com/

Did you know?  The super talented singer songwriter Jason Mraz​ is a whole food, plant-based nutrition eater, follower, and ambassador. He is living proof that following a whole plant-based diet works, and he shares his journey in the latest issue of Naked Food Magazine.  He also shares one of his own plant-based dessert recipes!  You may still subscribe to receive this fabulous issue at https://checkout.subscriptiongenius.com/nakedfoodmagazine.com/___

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2015-04-14 12:27:09 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Precious Puppy Press-Ups
#lol   #funny   #precious   #puppy   #exercise   #bootcamp   #privatetrainer   #fitnesstraining   #cutenessoverload  

Dog named Teeny works out alongside experienced trainer Eric Ko
Trainer counts to four while completing press-ups with dog
Teeny leans over and gives Eric a kiss before starting again
The video was captured at the Dogaroo pet centre in Hong Kong
By JAKE POLDEN FOR MAILONLINE

Precious Puppy Press-Ups
#lol   #funny   #precious   #puppy   #exercise   #bootcamp   #privatetrainer   #fitnesstraining   #cutenessoverload  

Dog named Teeny works out alongside experienced trainer Eric Ko
Trainer counts to four while completing press-ups with dog
Teeny leans over and gives Eric a kiss before starting again
The video was captured at the Dogaroo pet centre in Hong Kong
By JAKE POLDEN FOR MAILONLINE___

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2015-04-14 05:55:32 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on bothcoasts of an expanding ... more »

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on both coasts of an expanding American continent. This new service debuted decades before radios and telephones were in wide use and relied upon horses and rider relay teams to complete a nearly 2,000-mile route that stretched from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California and onto San Francisco, California. 

At its peak, the Pony Express used more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and up to 500 horses. However, the service lasted only 19 months, as it was quickly obsoleted by newer technology — the Pacific Telegraph line made communications over the long route almost instantaneous, certainly much quicker than the 10 days it generally took horseback riders with saddlebags to cross the extremely hazardous route. Interestingly, despite the dangerous trail, only one mail delivery was ever lost.

YouTube videos:
•The Pony Express: Wells Fargo and the History of the American West (length 03:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1R-GeEd95c

Web sources:
•http://ponyexpress.org/pony-express-historical-timeline/
•http://ponyexpress.org/history/
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pony-express-debuts
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express
•http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/april-3/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Telegraph_Company
•http://www.nps.gov/poex/learn/historyculture/index.htm
•https://books.google.com/books?id=rwQXTcXs1EkC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Pony+Express+newspaper+headlines&source=bl&ots=ujhsrYBOda&sig=nTbdA0hV2FVCM-VJWtY-_--dNI4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-1sqVZbiOInasATYr4CwCQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Pony%20Express%20newspaper%20headlines&f=false

Book sources:
• The Saga of the Pony Express by Joseph J. Di Certo. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0878424520/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0878424520&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5UJMTEXOI6IU43S3
• The Pony Express: The History and Legacy of America’s Most Famous Mail Service by Charles River Editors. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00GMPHNDY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00GMPHNDY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=H2GZGPFHSPP7IP6V

Image credits:
•Top: Pony Express route, 1860, including “home” and “relay” stops.
•Bottom Left: Pony Express Advertisement.
•Bottom Middle: Pony Express Help Wanted poster.
•Bottom Right Top: Pony Express messenger badge.
•Bottom Right Middle: Pony Express mochila bag at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum. By Smithsonian National Postal Museum [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APony_Express_mochila_exhibit.jpg
•Bottom Right Bottom: One of the first Pony Express riders.

#history #ponyexpress___

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2015-04-14 05:55:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on bothcoasts of an expanding ... more »

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on both coasts of an expanding American continent. This new service debuted decades before radios and telephones were in wide use and relied upon horses and rider relay teams to complete a nearly 2,000-mile route that stretched from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California and onto San Francisco, California. 

At its peak, the Pony Express used more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and up to 500 horses. However, the service lasted only 19 months, as it was quickly obsoleted by newer technology — the Pacific Telegraph line made communications over the long route almost instantaneous, certainly much quicker than the 10 days it generally took horseback riders with saddlebags to cross the extremely hazardous route. Interestingly, despite the dangerous trail, only one mail delivery was ever lost.

YouTube videos:
•The Pony Express: Wells Fargo and the History of the American West (length 03:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1R-GeEd95c

Web sources:
•http://ponyexpress.org/pony-express-historical-timeline/
•http://ponyexpress.org/history/
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pony-express-debuts
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express
•http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/april-3/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Telegraph_Company
•http://www.nps.gov/poex/learn/historyculture/index.htm
•https://books.google.com/books?id=rwQXTcXs1EkC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Pony+Express+newspaper+headlines&source=bl&ots=ujhsrYBOda&sig=nTbdA0hV2FVCM-VJWtY-_--dNI4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-1sqVZbiOInasATYr4CwCQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Pony%20Express%20newspaper%20headlines&f=false

Book sources:
• The Saga of the Pony Express by Joseph J. Di Certo. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0878424520/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0878424520&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5UJMTEXOI6IU43S3
• The Pony Express: The History and Legacy of America’s Most Famous Mail Service by Charles River Editors. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00GMPHNDY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00GMPHNDY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=H2GZGPFHSPP7IP6V

Image credits:
•Top: Pony Express route, 1860, including “home” and “relay” stops.
•Bottom Left: Pony Express Advertisement.
•Bottom Middle: Pony Express Help Wanted poster.
•Bottom Right Top: Pony Express messenger badge.
•Bottom Right Middle: Pony Express mochila bag at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum. By Smithsonian National Postal Museum [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APony_Express_mochila_exhibit.jpg
•Bottom Right Bottom: One of the first Pony Express riders.

#history #ponyexpress___

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2015-04-13 13:02:46 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight Completed, 1928
On April 13, 1928 — 87 years ago today — the first East-to-West non-stop transatlantic flight crash landed on Greenly Island, Canada after taking off about 36-½ to 37 hours earlier from Baldonnel, Ireland. The flight was piloted by Hermann Koehl, James Fitzmaurice, and Guenther von Huenefeld. Their plane was a single-engine, all metal “Junkersmonoplane” (a.k.a. “The Junkers W 33 Bremen”). The plane was damaged on landing and the pilots had to be rescued; it never made it to the final destination, Mitchell Field, New York, but it did complete a long stretch over the Atlantic from one continent to another.

Charles Lindberg had made the first solo West-to-East transatlantic flight a year earlier, in May, 1927. The East-to-West trip was considered by many aviators to be much more challenging, as aconsequence ... more »

Today in History: First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight Completed, 1928
On April 13, 1928 — 87 years ago today — the first East-to-West non-stop transatlantic flight crash landed on Greenly Island, Canada after taking off about 36-½ to 37 hours earlier from Baldonnel, Ireland. The flight was piloted by Hermann Koehl, James Fitzmaurice, and Guenther von Huenefeld. Their plane was a single-engine, all metal “Junkersmonoplane” (a.k.a. “The Junkers W 33 Bremen”). The plane was damaged on landing and the pilots had to be rescued; it never made it to the final destination, Mitchell Field, New York, but it did complete a long stretch over the Atlantic from one continent to another.

Charles Lindberg had made the first solo West-to-East transatlantic flight a year earlier, in May, 1927. The East-to-West trip was considered by many aviators to be much more challenging, as a consequence of prevailing headwinds and unforeseen weather patterns.

YouTube videos:
•1928 Transatlantic Flight of the Bremen Aircraft mini-documentary (no sound, music; lenth 03:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7t2TsCYECpo 
•Original German film footage of the planning, take-off, crash landing, rescue of the crew, and post-flight celebrations of the first East-to-West transatlantic flight in April, 1928, beginning from Berlin (silent; length 12:16). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NU7Sa8QcLCw
•Slideshow of first plane to cross the Atlantic Ocean East-to-West (caution-loud music; length 01:04): Junkers W 33 Bremen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSyU55SPBCA

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen_(aircraft)
•http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004537.html
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_K%C3%B6hl
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrenfried_G%C3%BCnther_Freiherr_von_H%C3%BCnefeld
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fitzmaurice
•http://www.edwardnjackson.com/Daily_News.html
•http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/paris.asp
•http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/timeline.asp

Book sources:
• Transatlantic Flight: A Picture History, 1873-1939 by Joshua Stoff. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486407276/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486407276&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=6OYDM6K4RYUVS5E2

Memorabilia:
•1928 Newspaper Headline of First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00QL4IVUU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00QL4IVUU&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WOGRAQP3QRJV5XS2
•Junkers plane, similar to plane used in first East-to-West transatlantic flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003IF9VFY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B003IF9VFY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L4SHZJIWUWJJQMQC

Image credits:
•Top: “Junkers” plane at its crash landing spot. By Edward N. Jackson (Library and Archives Canada / PA-126212) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJunkers_aircraft_Bremen.jpg
•Bottom Left: Google Map of origination and destination point of first East-West flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
•Bottom Right: (from left to right) Mrs. Hermann Koehl, Hermann Koel, James Fitzmaurice, German Chancellor Wilhelm Marx, Guenther von Huenefeld, and the Finance Minister of Germany. Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-06094 / CC-BY-SA [CC BY-SA 3.0 de (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABundesarchiv_Bild_102-06094%2C_Berlin%2C_Empfang_der_Ozeanflieger.jpg

#history #monoplane #transatlantic___

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2015-04-12 13:39:03 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First Man Traveled in Space, 1961
On April 12, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed the first manned-space flight in history. At this point in the Space Race between the 2 super-powers after World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the U.S.S.R. was ahead in firsts: 

(1) First satellite launched into space, Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
(2) First animal to enter Earth orbit, Laika (dog), on November 3, 1957.
(3) First firing of a rocket in Earth orbit, Luna 1, and first near pass at Moon, launched January 2, 1959.
(4) First data communications from space (telemetry) during the Luna 1 mission in January, 1959.
(5) First man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon or any other celestial body, on September 14, 1959.
(6) First photographs of the far side of the Moon in late 1959.
(7) First animalsretu... more »

Today in History: First Man Traveled in Space, 1961
On April 12, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed the first manned-space flight in history. At this point in the Space Race between the 2 super-powers after World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the U.S.S.R. was ahead in firsts: 

(1) First satellite launched into space, Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
(2) First animal to enter Earth orbit, Laika (dog), on November 3, 1957.
(3) First firing of a rocket in Earth orbit, Luna 1, and first near pass at Moon, launched January 2, 1959.
(4) First data communications from space (telemetry) during the Luna 1 mission in January, 1959.
(5) First man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon or any other celestial body, on September 14, 1959.
(6) First photographs of the far side of the Moon in late 1959.
(7) First animals returned safely from orbit, on August 19, 1960.
(8) First man in space on April 11, 1961.

It was this amazing record of early achievements in space by the U.S.S.R. that may have caused U.S. President Kennedy to deliver his famous “Moon Shot” speech before a joint session of Congress the very next month, on May 15, 1961, in which he asked Congress for a funding commitment to land a man on the moon and return him safely.

YouTube videos:
•Yuri Gagarin: 108 minutes that changed the world (length: 03:24). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umY92y25DrA
•Vostok-1 launch (humankind’s first spaceflight; length 00:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfhulSjjGXA&list=PL3C42BA0DE26A29AE&index=17
•Yuri Gagarin, 12 April 1961, First Human in Orbit (no audio narration; length 05:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUDyO3u0QYs
•Yuri Gagarin on BBC TV on July 11, 191 (translator involved; length 06:58). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzzBr65ZFwM
•Gagarin: Untold Story of First Man in Space (RT documentary; length 25:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6H9zqKtb5w
•https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUXuV7XbZvU

Web sources:
•http://sputniknews.com/science/20110330/163289008.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-man-in-space
•http://www.space.com/16159-first-man-in-space.html
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/sts1/gagarin_anniversary.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_exploration_milestones,_1957%E2%80%931969

Book sources:
• The Cosmonaut Who Couldn’t Stop Smiling: The Life and Legend of Yuri Gagarin by Andrew L. Jenks. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0082D48PA/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B0082D48PA&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=HWEOH72KWCSBVOHI
• The Great Space Race by Don Dennis. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A8A73IO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A8A73IO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O2CJBQ7MREK4EAQF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Launch of the Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight with Yuri Gagarin on board. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b6/Vostok1_big.gif
•Top Middle: Newspaper Headline reporting on the the first manned spaceflight by the U.S.S.R. http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/thedixieflatline/rants/07_pics/gagarin.jpg
•Top Right: Vostok-1 space capsule. http://www.iainclaridge.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/vostok1_1.jpg
•Bottom: Vostok-1 informational drawing. http://api.ning.com/files/mepC6MLwLKgWqai7Z4alGH7G5zt-h75*Lc3rx0mwNneMmEjuHWNoXm4Lx9MeegQ0DWOHcifDE4gucs0dwaf7UcraVCePT3-e/vostok1_1600px.jpg

#history #space___

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2015-04-11 14:31:36 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Satellite First Rescued & Repaired in Space, 1984
On April 11, 1984 — 31 years ago today — the first malfunctioning satellite was rescued and repaired in space! Astronauts on board the Space Shuttle Challenger rendezvoused with the Solar Maximum Satellite, used tools and the Shuttle’s extension “arm” to bring the Solar Maximum satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay where they made repairs to the satellite and then released it back into its observational orbit so it could provide valuable measurements of solar activity.

The U.S. had mastered the difficult procedures required to rendezvous and dock with orbiting spacecraft during its Gemini Program in the early 1960s. So it was relatively easy for the Space Shuttle to track down the Solar Maximum Satellite (SolarMax), which had been placed in an Earth orbit in early 1980 to study the Sun, particularlysolar flare... more »

Today in History: Satellite First Rescued & Repaired in Space, 1984
On April 11, 1984 — 31 years ago today — the first malfunctioning satellite was rescued and repaired in space! Astronauts on board the Space Shuttle Challenger rendezvoused with the Solar Maximum Satellite, used tools and the Shuttle’s extension “arm” to bring the Solar Maximum satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay where they made repairs to the satellite and then released it back into its observational orbit so it could provide valuable measurements of solar activity.

The U.S. had mastered the difficult procedures required to rendezvous and dock with orbiting spacecraft during its Gemini Program in the early 1960s. So it was relatively easy for the Space Shuttle to track down the Solar Maximum Satellite (SolarMax), which had been placed in an Earth orbit in early 1980 to study the Sun, particularly solar flares. About 9 months into its mission, the satellite’s attitude control system partially failed — 2 fuses (out of 4) failed. Mission controllers were forced to rely on a back-up system to maintain the proper attitude for observing the sun, and this back-up system caused the satellite to wobble around its sun-positioned orbit. SolarMax had been fitted with a “grapple fixture” in case such an emergency repair would ever be required; the fixture allowed the space shuttle’s arm to capture it, stabilize it, and bring it into the cargo bay if necessary for maintenance work.

Because Solar Max was in a wobble mode to begin with, astronauts first performed an EVA (extravehicular activity = space walk) in an attempt to manually stabilize the satellite. Their actions served only to exacerbate the wobble, so the space shuttle moved closer to the satellite. The first attempt to grab the satellite with the extended robotic arm (nicknamed “Canadarm” because it was primarily developed and manufactured in Canada) was successful, and Canadarm manipulated the satellite into the cargo bay where it was secured and then fixed on a further EVA, and released back into orbit. The space repair enabled SolarMax to provide another 5 years of robust solar data collection before its mission naturally ended in late 1989 when it disintegrated upon its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere.

YouTube videos:
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 1; length 12:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLZvnIEwkF4
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 2; length 08:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=419rX9-_zBQ

Web sources:
•http://www.csmonitor.com/1984/0411/041131.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_Maximum_Mission
•http://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/solmax.html
•http://www.americaspace.com/?p=56478
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-41-C
•https://books.google.com/books?id=WN_CAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA291&lpg=PA291&dq=sts-41+solar+max+cargo+bay&source=bl&ots=9fRKKaf71N&sig=KlRi1-tHn1R3waV2VXkAYH0J5VQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fAUoVaqzCLCasQS2kICYAg&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=sts-41%20solar%20max%20cargo%20bay&f=false
•http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/41-c/mission-41-c.html

Book sources:
• Repairing Solar Max: The Solar Maximum Repair Mission by T. McMahan and V. Neal. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/128727692X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=128727692X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SMXTTLJTQ7HBWRMM

Image credits:
•Left: Astronauts James D. van Hoften (left) George D. Nelson (right) working together to repair Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of Space Shuttle Challenger. By NASA (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASMMS_repair_by_STS-41C_Astronauts.jpg 
•Right Top: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum satellite with labels showing its various components. http://lowres-picturecabinet.com.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/43/main/9/88321.jpg
•Right Middle: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum Rendezvous and Retrieval into Shuttle’s Cargo Bay using its extension arm. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19840020814.pdf
•Right Bottom: Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of the space shuttle. http://www.americaspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/41c-solar-max.jpg

#history #space #spacerepair___

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2015-04-10 17:39:56 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Streaming-media industry launched, 1995
On April 10, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Robert Glaser debuted “RealAudio,” the first software to allow real-time, streaming for the web. And thus, the streaming industry was born! Before RealAudio, web users experienced long waits while audio files, which usually contained huge amounts of data, downloaded completely. With Glaser’s streaming technology, the user could begin listening immediately as a data stream began flowing as soon as the user clicked on an audio file. RealAudio caught on quickly with web users, especially because Glaser offered the RealAudio software for free and charged web-media companies for server software. 

[I need a paragraph here that describes what has happened in the streaming industry since Glaser’s launch of RealAudio.]

YouTube videos:
•Interview with Rob Glaser,Founder of Rea... more »

Today in History: Streaming-media industry launched, 1995
On April 10, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Robert Glaser debuted “RealAudio,” the first software to allow real-time, streaming for the web. And thus, the streaming industry was born! Before RealAudio, web users experienced long waits while audio files, which usually contained huge amounts of data, downloaded completely. With Glaser’s streaming technology, the user could begin listening immediately as a data stream began flowing as soon as the user clicked on an audio file. RealAudio caught on quickly with web users, especially because Glaser offered the RealAudio software for free and charged web-media companies for server software. 

[I need a paragraph here that describes what has happened in the streaming industry since Glaser’s launch of RealAudio.]

YouTube videos:
•Interview with Rob Glaser, Founder of RealNetworks. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INe7DaUe2BQ

Web sources:
•https://books.google.com/books?id=qi-ItIG6QLwC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=robert+glaser+releases+realaudio+%22april+10%22&source=bl&ots=uyQNAzS4FH&sig=eMB2cVBYQ4zCdzgUg00fOUJbHR4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qYgmVavgA9TIsAS1noC4Ag&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=robert%20glaser%20releases%20realaudio%20%22april%2010%22&f=false
•http://www.realnetworks.com/our-story/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealAudio
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_codec
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_media

Book sources:
• Streaming Audio: The FezGuys Guide by Jon Luini and Allen Whitman. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0735712808/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0735712808&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7YEOZFMMUHUAYUQV
• Awakening: The Music Industry in the Digital Age by Mark Mulligan. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00VUA29I0/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00VUA29I0&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LSV2YPGGFIWBRXKH

Image credits:
•Right: Robert Glaser, inventor of RealAudio. http://www.quotessays.com/images/rob-glaser-6.jpg
•Left Bottom: 1995 RealAudio logo.

#streaming #streamingmusic #realaudio___

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2015-04-09 17:43:15 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

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2015-04-09 05:47:44 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Facebook acquired photo-sharing network, Instagram, 2012
On April 9, 2012 — 3 years ago today — Facebook acquired Instagram, the photo-sharing network that was just 1-½ years old, had only 13 employees, but had attracted 30 million iPhone users and was growing exponentially. Instagram was being courted by both Twitter and Facebook. Kara Swisher reported that Twitter was offering in the mid-$500 million for Instagram (all of the offered price in stock and no cash). Zuckerberg of Facebook quickly befriended the CEO of Instagram, Kevin Systrom, invited Systrom into his home for an intensive conversation about mutual goals, and offered Systrom $1 billion for Instagram, including $300 million in cash. The deal was accepted and announced on this day in 2012 (over a month before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford Universitygrad... more »

Today in History: Facebook acquired photo-sharing network, Instagram, 2012
On April 9, 2012 — 3 years ago today — Facebook acquired Instagram, the photo-sharing network that was just 1-½ years old, had only 13 employees, but had attracted 30 million iPhone users and was growing exponentially. Instagram was being courted by both Twitter and Facebook. Kara Swisher reported that Twitter was offering in the mid-$500 million for Instagram (all of the offered price in stock and no cash). Zuckerberg of Facebook quickly befriended the CEO of Instagram, Kevin Systrom, invited Systrom into his home for an intensive conversation about mutual goals, and offered Systrom $1 billion for Instagram, including $300 million in cash. The deal was accepted and announced on this day in 2012 (over a month before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford University graduate with a B.S. in management science and engineering. While at Stanford, Systrom interned for Twitter (actually for Odeo, before it became Twitter). After graduating, Systrom worked for 2 years at Google in product marketing for Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, Google Spreadsheets, and later in Corporate Development. He left Google to join “Nextstop,” a location/business recommendation startup founded by ex-Googlers.

When Nextstop was acquired by Facebook in 2010, Systrom started a company, “Burbn,” with Mike Krieger, a friend that Systrom had met through Stanford. Initially, Systrom and Krieger wrote Nextstop in HTML5 to be a check-in service, like Foursquare, including additional features, such as planning recurring visits, earning points for meeting friends, posting photos, commenting. As the product was slow in growing, Systrom and Krieger recalled a lesson they had learned at Stanford and through their brief work experiences: Users do not want a complicated product.

Inasmuch as Systrom had always been interested in photography, they decided to focus on one specific feature and make it an app for the iPhone — photo-sharing, and call it Instagram (a combination of “instant” and “telegram”). After focusing on this single app, Systrom and Krieger found themselves with a company worth $1 billion (at least to Mark Zuckerberg) within 18 months! .

YouTube videos:
•Interview by Kevin Rose of Instagram Founder, Kevin Systrom. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IPigMKugJhY
•Jason Silva on the Instagram Generation (02:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEUnYah1aRw
•Mark Zuckerberg: Building the Facebook Empire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WiDIhIkPoM

Web sources:
•http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/04/09/facebook-buys-instagram-for-1-billion/?_r=0
•http://techcrunch.com/2012/04/09/facebook-to-acquire-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://business.time.com/2013/04/09/a-year-later-instagram-hasnt-made-a-dime-was-it-worth-1-billion/
•http://fortune.com/2012/04/09/breaking-facebook-buying-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://www.vanityfair.com/news/business/2013/06/kara-swisher-instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Systrom
•http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/9195380/Whos-getting-rich-from-Facebooks-1bn-Instagram-deal.html

Book sources:
• The Instagram Book by Steve Crist. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1623260353/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1623260353&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=VB3M7LEIL7EW3C5B
• Instagram Marketing on Fire by Anthony Joiner. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00JSJWYBM/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00JSJWYBM&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5FDFTM22O7PNYDTM
• Instagram: Insider Tips and Secrets on How to Gain Followers and Likes that Work Fast by Neo Monefa. http://www.amazon.com/Instagram-Followers-Marketing-Business-Professional-ebook/dp/B00TGHF8D2/ref=pd_sim_b_3?ie=UTF8&refRID=1051WGQVEN37SHFBKGRG

Image credits:
•Top: Instagram logo. http://zoompf.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/instagram-logo-side.jpg
•Middle Left: Kevin Systrom, Founder of Instagram. By TechCrunch [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKevin_Systrom_2013_(cropped).jpg
•Middle Right: Mark Zuckerberg, the Happy Acquirer. Reuters/Rick Wilking via Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/yc-funds-mark-zuckerberg-look-alike-2013-5
•Bottom: Facebook logo. http://www.osnc.net/facebook-logo.jpg

#history #instagram #facebook #systrom #zuckerbergmonth before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford University graduate with a B.S. in management science and engineering. While at Stanford, Systrom interned for Twitter (actually for Odeo, before it became Twitter). After graduating, Systrom worked for 2 years at Google in product marketing for Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, Google Spreadsheets, and later in Corporate Development. He left Google to join “Nextstop,” a location/business recommendation startup founded by ex-Googlers. When Nextstop was acquired by Facebook in 2010, Systrom started a company, “Burbn,” with Mike Krieger, a friend that Systrom had met through Stanford. Initially, Systrom and Krieger wrote Nextstop in HTML5 to be a check-in service, like Foursquare, including additional features, such as planning recurring visits, earning points for meeting friends, posting photos, commenting. As the product was slow in growing, Systrom and Krieger recalled a lesson they had learned at Stanford and through their brief work experiences: Users do not want a complicated product. Inasmuch as Systrom had always been interested in photography, they decided to focus on one specific feature and make it an app for the iPhone — photo-sharing, and call it Instagram (a combination of “instant” and “telegram”). After focusing on this single app, Systrom and Krieger found themselves with a company worth $1 billion within 18 months! (at least to Mark Zuckerberg).

YouTube videos:
•Interview by Kevin Rose of Instagram Founder, Kevin Systrom. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IPigMKugJhY
•Jason Silva on the Instagram Generation (02:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEUnYah1aRw
•Mark Zuckerberg: Building the Facebook Empire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WiDIhIkPoM

Web sources:
•http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/04/09/facebook-buys-instagram-for-1-billion/?_r=0
•http://techcrunch.com/2012/04/09/facebook-to-acquire-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://business.time.com/2013/04/09/a-year-later-instagram-hasnt-made-a-dime-was-it-worth-1-billion/
•http://fortune.com/2012/04/09/breaking-facebook-buying-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://www.vanityfair.com/news/business/2013/06/kara-swisher-instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Systrom
•http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/9195380/Whos-getting-rich-from-Facebooks-1bn-Instagram-deal.html

Book sources:
• The Instagram Book by Steve Crist. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1623260353/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1623260353&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=VB3M7LEIL7EW3C5B
• Instagram Marketing on Fire by Anthony Joiner. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00JSJWYBM/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00JSJWYBM&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5FDFTM22O7PNYDTM
• Instagram: Insider Tips and Secrets on How to Gain Followers and Likes that Work Fast by Neo Monefa. http://www.amazon.com/Instagram-Followers-Marketing-Business-Professional-ebook/dp/B00TGHF8D2/ref=pd_sim_b_3?ie=UTF8&refRID=1051WGQVEN37SHFBKGRG

Image credits:
•Top: Instagram logo. http://zoompf.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/instagram-logo-side.jpg
•Middle Left: Kevin Systrom, Founder of Instagram. By TechCrunch [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKevin_Systrom_2013_(cropped).jpg
•Middle Right: Mark Zuckerberg, the Happy Acquirer. Reuters/Rick Wilking via Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/yc-funds-mark-zuckerberg-look-alike-2013-5
•Bottom: Facebook logo. http://www.osnc.net/facebook-logo.jpg

#history #instagram #facebook #systrom #zuckerberg___

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2015-04-08 17:50:19 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 0 +1s)Open 

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2015-04-08 11:10:40 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Today in History: IBM Introduced the IBM/360 System, 1964
On April 7, 1964 — 51 years ago today — CEO of IBM, Thomas J. Watson, announced a revolutionary computer system, the IBM/360 System. Before the 360, there were a multitude of different business computers, none of which understood or talked to each other. With the 360 line of computers, all of that changed with a revolutionary architecture — programs written on a smaller 360 model computer could run on a larger 360 model computer. As a business expanded, the investment it made in software was leveraged rather than discarded.

Within a few years, IBM’s decision to bet its future on this new line of computers proved to be one of the best business decisions ever made. By 1969, IBM had become so dominant in the computer industry that the Justice Department of the Johnson Administration, on its last day in office, sued IBM foranti-co... more »

Today in History: IBM Introduced the IBM/360 System, 1964
On April 7, 1964 — 51 years ago today — CEO of IBM, Thomas J. Watson, announced a revolutionary computer system, the IBM/360 System. Before the 360, there were a multitude of different business computers, none of which understood or talked to each other. With the 360 line of computers, all of that changed with a revolutionary architecture — programs written on a smaller 360 model computer could run on a larger 360 model computer. As a business expanded, the investment it made in software was leveraged rather than discarded.

Within a few years, IBM’s decision to bet its future on this new line of computers proved to be one of the best business decisions ever made. By 1969, IBM had become so dominant in the computer industry that the Justice Department of the Johnson Administration, on its last day in office, sued IBM for anti-competitive practices — not allowing other computer manufacturers to run its “360” “all-around” software. IBM spent over a decade defending itself from such charges and the Reagan Administration eventually dismissed the suit. But, in the meantime, Microsoft seized on an opportunity to take advantage of IBM’s best anti-competitive behavior.

Oddly enough, Nicholas Katzenbach, the former head (from 1964 to 1966) of the Johnson Justice Department that filed the suit against IBM in January of 1969 was elected vice president and general counsel of IBM almost simultaneously. To be sure, at the time the suit was filed, Katzenbach was not the U.S. Attorney General but the Undersecretary of State (1966 to 1969).

YouTube videos:
•The IBM System/360 Revolution (length 01:50:47). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8c0_Lzb1CJw

Web sources:
•http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/IBM/IBM.360.1964.102646246.pdf
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/mainframe-computers/7/161
•https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PR360.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360
•http://alegion63.tripod.com/bob/id23.html
•http://www.historyofcomputercommunications.info/Book/5/5.2JusticeDept-IBM-ATT.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Katzenbach

Book sources:
• IBM’s 360 and Early 370 Systems by Emerson W. Pugh, Lyle R. Johnson, and John H. Palmer. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262517205/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262517205&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PB7QL2IMW33QIFEU
• Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and its Technology by Emerson W. Pugh. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262512823/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262512823&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GA54ZAPKGUVFNQGE
• Computer Architecture: Concepts and Evolution (2 volume set) by Gerrit A. Blaauw and Frederick P. Brooks Jr. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0201105578/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0201105578&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JPFTGMUWJMD7FWC6

Image credits:
•Left: IBM 360
•Right: Thomas J. Watson announcing the IBM System/360 on April 7, 1964. Courtesy of the Computer History Museum. http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/mainframe-computers/7/161/576

#history #IBM /360 #IBM___

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2015-04-06 11:45:30 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Pioneer 11 launched, 1973
On April 6, 1973 — 42 years ago today — Pioneer 11 blasted off its launchpad with a goal of flying by Jupiter and Saturn to study these planets on its eventual journey to the edges of our Solar System and beyond. The spacecraft (artist’s depiction, below left) carried a plaque that featured figures of a human male and female along with several symbols designed to provide information about Earth (the same plaque, designed by Carl Sagan and SETI founder Frank Drake, was first attached to Pioneer 10; for more plaque information, please see https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/Z8vwdG8etP2). NASA scientists made the last contact with Pioneer 11 on September 30, 1995, but it is heading outside our solar system and is traveling toward the constellation Sagittarius.

Pioneer 11’s twin, Pioneer 10, had launched a little over a year earlieron Marc... more »

Today in History: Pioneer 11 launched, 1973
On April 6, 1973 — 42 years ago today — Pioneer 11 blasted off its launchpad with a goal of flying by Jupiter and Saturn to study these planets on its eventual journey to the edges of our Solar System and beyond. The spacecraft (artist’s depiction, below left) carried a plaque that featured figures of a human male and female along with several symbols designed to provide information about Earth (the same plaque, designed by Carl Sagan and SETI founder Frank Drake, was first attached to Pioneer 10; for more plaque information, please see https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/Z8vwdG8etP2). NASA scientists made the last contact with Pioneer 11 on September 30, 1995, but it is heading outside our solar system and is traveling toward the constellation Sagittarius.

Pioneer 11’s twin, Pioneer 10, had launched a little over a year earlier on March 3, 1972, and it, too, had been sent toward Jupiter. Pioneer 11 got 3x closer to Jupiter than Pioneer 10 and was able to use Jupiter’s gravity to propel it toward Saturn. The knowledge gained from both Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 was used in developing the subsequent planetary exploration Voyager missions in the late 1970s. It is expected Pioneer 11 will take about 4 million years to reach a Sagittarius star.

YouTube videos:
•Pioneer 11 Animation and Archive Footage (no sound; length 06:01). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8fjxcRMHGM
•Pioneer 11 Saturn Encounter as It Happened (length: 25:53). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FkyIE1A8_8

Web sources:
•http://www.brainyhistory.com/days/april_5.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_11
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Pioneer_11
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery.cfm?Category=Spacecraft&Mission=Pioneer_11&ImageOf=0
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/videos.cfm?&Mission=Pioneer_11
•http://www.space.com/17785-pioneer-11.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagittarius
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_10

Book sources:
• The Depths of Space: The Story of the Pioneer Planetary Probes by Mark Wolverton.
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0309090504/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0309090504&linkCode=as2&tag=empoweringnews-20&linkId=BI3A3XGF2YVUBN2T

Image credits:
•Left: Artist’s depiction of Pioneer 10/11 in heading into interstellar space. By NASA Ames Research Center. http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/display.cfm?IM_ID=2903
•Right Top: Pioneer 11 lift-off on April 5, 1973 atop an Atlas-Centaur rocket. By NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA-MSFC) (MIX 9139575, MSFC-75-SA-4105-2C) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pioneer_G_(Pioneer_11)_launch.jpg
•Right Bottom: Trajectory of Pioneer 11 between Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 and headed in the opposite direction of Pioneer 10. http://www.newscientist.com/data/images/ns/cms/dn11304/dn11304-1_600.jpg

#history #space-exploration #pioneer11___

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2015-04-05 11:57:53 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Launched, 1991
On April 5, 1991 — 24 years ago today — the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis and operated for over 9 years until its controlled demise on June 4, 2000 (when it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean). The CGRO was the heaviest payload ever flown in space at the time of its launch — 37,000 lbs. (17,000 kilograms), and included (1) the Burst and Transient Source Experiment, (2) the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment, (3) the Imaging Compton Telescope, and (4) the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment. Each of these instruments improved measurements by a factor of 10 over previous space instruments.

The CGRO was the second to be deployed of NASA’s 4 Great observatory platforms:

1. Hubble Telescope— deploye... more »

Today in History: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Launched, 1991
On April 5, 1991 — 24 years ago today — the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis and operated for over 9 years until its controlled demise on June 4, 2000 (when it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean). The CGRO was the heaviest payload ever flown in space at the time of its launch — 37,000 lbs. (17,000 kilograms), and included (1) the Burst and Transient Source Experiment, (2) the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment, (3) the Imaging Compton Telescope, and (4) the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment. Each of these instruments improved measurements by a factor of 10 over previous space instruments.

The CGRO was the second to be deployed of NASA’s 4 Great observatory platforms:

1. Hubble Telescope — deployed by Space Shuttle Discovery on April 25, 1990, repaired in 1993, and subsequently enhanced on a number of spacewalks — was the first observatory put in space. Designed to be a long-term mission, placed 380 miles above the Earth’s surface, Hubble continues to this day to observe the Universe at visual, infrared, and ultraviolet wavelengths.

2. Compton Gamma Ray Observatory — deployed on April 5, 1991 by Space Shuttle Atlantis — collected an enormous amount of data on the most violent physical processes going on in the Universe, for 9 years until it was destroyed.

3. Chandra X-Ray Observatory — deployed by Space Shuttle Columbia into an orbit 200x higher than Hubble (more than ⅓ of the way to the Moon) on July 23, 1999 — was designed to measure X-ray sources 100x fainter than those that were detected by any previous X-ray telescope. Although Chandra continues to provide data to Earth, NASA does not expect its components to last much longer (as it was originally designed for only a 5-year mission). 

4. Spitzer Space Telescope — launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket on August 25, 1993 — was the 4th and final telescope of NASA’s Great Observatories program. It was designed to observe infrared sources in the Universe.

YouTube videos:
•Hubble, Compton Gamma Ray, Chandra X-Ray, Spitzer: “The Four Great Observatories” (length 5:25). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JT5qriudnRk
•STS-37 Space Shuttle Atlantis Space Launch (of Compton Gamma Ray Observatory) and Landing. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDd4JZlBpiM
•Supernovas / Massive Gamma Ray Bursts: Facts (length 44:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SbTGru7s_ks

Web sources:
•http://www.spacetoday.org/DeepSpace/Telescopes/GreatObservatories/Compton/Compton.html
•http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/cgro/index.html
•http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/cgro/cgro/compton.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compton_Gamma_Ray_Observatory
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_ray
•http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1927/compton-bio.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Compton
•http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/groundup/lesson/scopes/cgro/index.php
•http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/postsecondary/features/F_NASA_Great_Observatories_PS.html
•http://chandra.harvard.edu/
•http://chandra.harvard.edu/about/top_ten.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandra_X-ray_Observatory
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spitzer_Space_Telescope
•http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_telescopes

Book sources:
• What are Gamma-Ray Bursts? by Joshua S. Bloom. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0691145571/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0691145571&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=RBXQUMWQCHXO7SKN
• Exploding Superstars: Understanding Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts by Alain Mazure. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0387095470/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0387095470&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KTJY7QY4C7H4QDPV
• Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (AIP Conference Proceedings) by Neil Gehreils. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1563961040/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1563961040&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MGUXDFMQAJKWHBEQ

Image credits:
•Top: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory being launched from the Space Shuttle Atlantis. http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/exploration/compton_gamma_ray_observatory
•Bottom: Electromagnetic Spectrum. http://www.schome.ac.uk/wiki/images/3/36/EM_spectrum.jpg

#history #telescopes #NASA #Compton #gamma-rays #spaceshuttle___

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2015-04-04 17:10:10 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Microsoft founded, 1975
On April 4, 1975 — 40 years ago today — Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. 

In the late 1960’s in their private and elite Lakeside high school in Seattle (the only high school in the nation at the time to have access to an IBM/360), Gates and Allen formed a friendship around their passion for computing and their dream of writing commercial software for the impending personal computer revolution. With another “friend-of-a-friend” who could build computers, they started a company (“Traf-O-Data”) that built a computer with accompanying software to analyze traffic data. This company’s product failed to gain much traction, so the two friends next focused on college — Allen first attended Washington State University (Allen was a couple of years older than Gates) while Gates then headed to Harvard University inCambridge, MA. ... more »

Today in History: Microsoft founded, 1975
On April 4, 1975 — 40 years ago today — Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. 

In the late 1960’s in their private and elite Lakeside high school in Seattle (the only high school in the nation at the time to have access to an IBM/360), Gates and Allen formed a friendship around their passion for computing and their dream of writing commercial software for the impending personal computer revolution. With another “friend-of-a-friend” who could build computers, they started a company (“Traf-O-Data”) that built a computer with accompanying software to analyze traffic data. This company’s product failed to gain much traction, so the two friends next focused on college — Allen first attended Washington State University (Allen was a couple of years older than Gates) while Gates then headed to Harvard University in Cambridge, MA. 

Before graduating from Washington State University, Allen found a job at Honeywell in Boston — close to Gates at Harvard. After getting excited about seeing a Popular Electronics magazine reporting on the first personal computer kit — the Altair 8800 from MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems) — Gates and Allen knew they could write BASIC for the computer and greatly enhance its usefulness. Gates called the makers of the Altair 8800 and offered to demonstrate BASIC running on the system in about 8 weeks, and then Gates and Allen worked almost non-stop to develop the promised BASIC programming language interpreter. They finished the job the night before Allen flew from Boston to Albuquerque, NM, where the maker of the Altair (MITS) was located to demo their software. Upon successfully demonstrating the product, Allen accepted a job offer to become the Associate Director of Software for MITS in January of 1975. Gates dropped out of Harvard, disappointing his parents at first, and joined Allen in Albuquerque. Once Gates’s parents understood how passionate Bill was about starting a company with his friend, his parents were supportive of Bill’s decision. As soon as Gates had joined Allen in New Mexico, Gates and Allen formed a partnership that they named “Micro-soft” and commemorate April 4, 1975 as the founding date.

The early Microsoft created BASIC for the Altair, for the Apple II, and for Radio Shack’s TRS-80. On January 1, 1979, Gates and Allen moved the company back to their original home area, to Bellevue, WA (and then eventually to its current location in Redmond, WA). They formally incorporated the company as “Microsoft” on June 25, 1981 — just a few weeks before IBM introduced its PC with the operating system (MS-DOS 1.0) that Gates and Allen had “developed” for it. [Please also see: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/RwWjmPW8TMk] The company was reincorporated in Delaware on September 19,1986, and then reincorporated in the state of Washington on November 1, 1993. Microsoft’s IPO (initial public offering) was held on March 13, 1986. 

YouTube videos:
•Paul Allen on Gates, Microsoft / 60 Minutes / CBS News. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IM0SvIiMI4
•History of Microsoft—1975. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLaMbaVT22E

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft
•http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5085630.stm
•http://archive.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2008/04/dayintech_0404
•http://www.wired.com/2011/04/0404bill-gates-paul-allen-form-microsoft/
•http://fundersandfounders.com/how-bill-gates-started/
•http://www.biography.com/people/bill-gates-9307520
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Allen
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traf-O-Data
•http://startup.nmnaturalhistory.org/gallery/story.php?ii=45
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft
•http://news.dice.com/2011/03/31/microsoft-co-founder-paul-allen-takes-a-swipe-at-bill-gates/
•http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/2013/04/this-day-in-history-apr-04-1975.html
http://www.microsoft.com/investor/InvestorServices/FAQ/default.aspx

Book sources:
• Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire by James Wallace and Jim Erickson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0887306292/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0887306292&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J5K2UPRYOFIXOIFL
• Paul Allen: Idea Man / A Memoir by the Cofounder of Microsoft by Paul Allen. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1591845378/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1591845378&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQLUIQ4SYE6YZBJG

Image credits:
•Left: Bill Gates (left) and Paul Allen (right), 1975. http://www.wired.com/2011/04/0404bill-gates-paul-allen-form-microsoft/
•Right Top: Paul Allen (left) and Bill Gates (right), standing back to back with computer in the middle. 
•Bottom: Popular Electronics, published on November 29,1974. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/cb/Popular_Electronics_Cover_Jan_1975.jpg

#history #Microsoft___

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2015-04-03 11:33:30 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

I love these History Posts

Today in History: First spacecraft in history orbited the Moon, 1966
On April 3, 1966 — 49 years ago today — Soviet Union’s Luna 10 (a.k.a. Lunik 10) became the 1st spacecraft to orbit the Moon (or any celestial object). The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched from an Earth orbiting platform on March 31, 1966 and first entered lunar orbit on April 3, 1966. Among the instruments, it carried were (1) a magnetometer, (2) gamma-ray spectrometer, (3) gas discharge counters, (4) ion traps and charged-particle trap, (5) piezoelectric micrometer detector, (6) infrared detector, (7) low-energy x-ray photon counters. This instrument package, contained within a 1.5 meter tall by 75 cm diameter base (about 5 feet tall by 2-½ feet diameter base), collected useful information about the weakness of the Moon’s magnetic field, radiation belts around the Moon, the Moon’s atmosphere and surface composition, and the lunar region’s cosmic radiation and micrometeoroid density. 

Luna 10 orbited the Moon 460 times and made 219 data transmissions to Earth, before its battery died. Radio signal communications with the spacecraft were discontinued on May 30, 1966.

As the following list shows, the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. were truly involved in a race to explore the Moon; at this particular point, the U.S.S.R. was arguably ahead, as the U.S.S.R.’s lunar missions were the first to successfully impact the Moon and orbit the Moon:

(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4) USSR - Luna 1958B - failed lunar impactor (October 1958)
(5) USA - Pioneer 2 - failed lunar orbiter (November 1958)
(6) USSR - Luna 1958C - failed lunar impactor (December 1958)
(7) USA - Pioneer 3 - failed lunar flyby (December 1958)
(8) USSR - Luna 1 - failed lunar impactor (January 1959)
(9) USSR - Luna 1959A - failed lunar impactor (June 1959)
(10) USA - Pioneer 4 - FIRST successful lunar flyby * (March 1959)
(11) USSR - Luna 2 - FIRST successful lunar impactor (September 1959)
(12) USSR - Luna 3 - successful lunar flyby (October 1959)
(13) USA - Pioneer P-3 - failed lunar flyby (November 1959)
(14) USA - Ranger 1 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (August 1961)
(15) USA - Ranger 2 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (November 1961)
(16) USA - Ranger 3 - failed lunar lander (January 1962)
(17) USA - Ranger 4 - failed lunar lander (April 1962)
(18) USA - Ranger 5 - failed lunar lander (October 1962)
(19) USSR - Sputnik 25 - failed lunar lander (January 1963)
(20) USSR - Luna 4 - failed lunar orbiter (April 1963)
(21) USA - Ranger 6 - failed lunar impactor (January 1964)
(22) USA - Ranger 7 - successful lunar impactor (July 1964)
(23) USA - Ranger 8 - successful lunar impactor (February 1965)
(24) USA - Ranger 9 - successful lunar impactor (March 1965)
(25) USSR - Luna 5 - failed lunar lander (May 1965)
(26) USSR - Luna 6 - failed lunar lander (June 1965)
(27) USSR - Zond 3 - successful lunar flyby (July 1965)
(28) USSR - Luna 7 - failed lunar lander (October 1965)
(29) USSR - Luna 8 - failed lunar lander (December 1965)
(30) USSR - Luna 9 - FIRST successful lunar lander (February 1966)
(31) USSR - Cosmos 111 - failed moon flyby (March 1966)
(32) USSR - Luna 10 - FIRST successful lunar orbiter (April 1966)

YouTube videos:
•1966: Luna 10 (in Russian; length: 01:53). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuZOzwHbNVA

Web sources:
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-027A
•https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Luna_10
•http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Luna/Luna10.php
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luna_10
•http://www.lunarland.com/luna-moon-missions

Book sources:
• The Soviet Space Race with Apollo by Asif A. Siddiqi. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0813026288/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0813026288&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=X4A5W4T3IRDHNVDP
• Space Race: The Epic Battle Between America and the Soviet Union for Dominion of Space by Deborah Cadbury. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0061176281/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0061176281&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3SGEZUJESUTGUUF3

Image credits:
•Luna 10. http://spacecraft.pagesperso-orange.fr/soyouz.htm

#history #USSR #SovietUnion #moon___I love these History Posts

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2015-04-02 12:15:39 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

This is our good friend +Patricia Pomerleau 

Balloons over Bagan, Myanmar. Sunrise. Climbed up to the top of a temple (old temple steps are a bit, well let's say, uneven and absurdly steep), set up my camera on a tripod, and discovered I had no battery. "Ran" down the pitch dark steps (in bare feet) to the van to grab a battery, and back up to the top of the temple. Darn good thing those balloons were drifting the right way! #sunrisephotography   #myanmar   #Burma   #balloons  ___This is our good friend +Patricia Pomerleau 

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2015-04-02 05:57:52 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Microsoft Announced Its First Hardware Product, 1980
On April 2, 1980 — 35 years ago today — Microsoft announced its first hardware product, the “Z80 softcard” (eventually renamed the “Microsoft Softcard”). The primary use for this card was to give Apple computers CP/M functionality. With CP/M capability, Apple computers became a viable business platform that could run a wide-range of pre-existing business applications.

Microsoft is a company that is primarily known for its software products. However, long before the dominance of Windows software, Steve Ballmer (later CEO of Microsoft) indicated that this Z80 card and similar pieces of hardware extensions for personal computers were the primary source of revenues for Microsoft in 1980.

YouTube videos:
•History of Microsoft—1980. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQktl8qtwfE
Web sources:<... more »

Today in History: Microsoft Announced Its First Hardware Product, 1980
On April 2, 1980 — 35 years ago today — Microsoft announced its first hardware product, the “Z80 softcard” (eventually renamed the “Microsoft Softcard”). The primary use for this card was to give Apple computers CP/M functionality. With CP/M capability, Apple computers became a viable business platform that could run a wide-range of pre-existing business applications.

Microsoft is a company that is primarily known for its software products. However, long before the dominance of Windows software, Steve Ballmer (later CEO of Microsoft) indicated that this Z80 card and similar pieces of hardware extensions for personal computers were the primary source of revenues for Microsoft in 1980.

YouTube videos:
•History of Microsoft—1980. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQktl8qtwfE

Web sources:
•http://www.thocp.net/companies/microsoft/microsoft_company.htm
•http://www.pcmag.com/slideshow/story/300240/the-secret-history-of-microsoft-hardware
•http://www.thewindowsclub.com/microsoft-hardware-history
•http://books.google.com/books?id=jT4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PT14#v=onepage&q&f=false
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z-80_SoftCard
•http://apple2history.org/history/ah13/

Book sources:
• Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire by James Wallace and Jim Erickson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0887306292/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0887306292&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J5K2UPRYOFIXOIFL
• Paul Allen: Idea Man / A Memoir by the Cofounder of Microsoft by Paul Allen. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1591845378/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1591845378&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQLUIQ4SYE6YZBJG

Image credits:
•Apple Logo (1980) with Microsoft Softcard in the foreground. http://apple2history.org/history/ah13/

#history #Microsoft___

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2015-04-01 14:59:00 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Make your own snack mix with this simple recipe!
Simplistic yet packed with energy - a perfect mid-afternoon snack! http://alwaysactiveathletics.com/savory-snack-mix/ #healthysnacks   #healthy  

Make your own snack mix with this simple recipe!
Simplistic yet packed with energy - a perfect mid-afternoon snack! http://alwaysactiveathletics.com/savory-snack-mix/ #healthysnacks   #healthy  ___

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2015-04-01 13:27:31 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

LOL

Haven’t we all yearned for a friend who could answer any question, while always being there for a snuggle? Today, the wait is over — Google Panda is here → goo.gl/p696Cn___LOL

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2015-04-01 06:19:43 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobshad... more »

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobs had effectively launched Apple. However, Jobs was only 21; Wozniak was 25. So Jobs asked Ronald Wayne, an older, more experienced, business friend (with whom Jobs had worked at Atari while Jobs was in high school), to help them set up a partnership agreement and operate a business. 

After helping with the initial start-up materials — writing the manual for the personal computer, the partnership agreement (Wayne set up ownership as Wozniak 45%-Jobs 45%-Wayne 10%), and drawing the original logo, Wayne decided to leave the team. Wayne was the chief draftsman and product development engineer at Atari, and he also understood that all members of a partnership were legally responsible for any debts incurred by any partner. Because Wayne had substantially more assets than the young Jobs and Wozniak, Wayne exited the partnership; he says that he never regretted his decision, because his aim was only two help two young entrepreneurs get their business off the ground. 

YouTube videos:
•Apple Founders Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne talk about Apple’s early years (length: xx:xx). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVmq25UUoIk
•The History of Apple in under 10 minutes (length: 09:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZyKlZcqrjk
•Steve Jobs: How Apple got its name (bad quality but informative; length: 02:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzzOwRx3D1E
•Steve Wozniak: How Apple got its name (length: 01:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfFsjEtiV_A
•Steve Wozniak from 1984 talking about computing, joining Apple, and the Mac. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w
•Steve Wozniak on the Early Days of Apple—Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley (length 01:06:55). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w

Web sources:
•http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/businesshistory/April/apple.html
•http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-12-04/apple-steve-wozniak-on-the-early-years-with-steve-jobs
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Apple_Inc.
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Wayne

Book sources:
• Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004W2UBYW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B004W2UBYW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=CG6HTMZXSQBGQTMM
• iWoz, Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I invented the personal computer, co-founded Apple, and had fun doing it by Steve Wozniak with Gina Smith. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000VUCIZO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B000VUCIZO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ZFRBSS2TEHZ5S5Z4
• Adventures of an Apple Founder by Ronald G. Wayne. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0615517420/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0615517420&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3D25Q2YP6J5IPM4G
• Founders at Work: Stories of Startups’ Early Days by Jessica Livingston. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B009IXMK4O/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B009IXMK4O&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ANBMLG26VW3OJQHJ

Image credits:
•Left: Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right). http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/features/apple/3240934/apple-z-everything-you-need-know-about-apple/
•Right Top: Apple “Spaceship” Campus (currently under construction). http://www.bandwidthblog.com/2014/09/09/aerial-shots-of-first-stages-of-apples-spaceship-campus/
•Right Middle: Steve Jobs’s house in Los Altos, CA, and the garage where Apple began. http://stumptownblogger.typepad.com/.a/6a010536b86d36970c0147e36f18ff970b-pi
•Right Bottom: Ronald Wayne, the 10% partner of the original Apple team. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2388674/The-unluckiest-man-world-Meet-Ron-Wayne-Apple-Incs-forgotten-founder.html ___

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2015-03-31 17:46:58 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

#Orange peel benefits. Who knew!!!???? #ChefForHire #FreelanceChef #PersonalChef #YaDaChef  http://goo.gl/xwOBvt

#Orange peel benefits. Who knew!!!???? #ChefForHire #FreelanceChef #PersonalChef #YaDaChef  http://goo.gl/xwOBvt___

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2015-03-31 17:45:10 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Come on! One more!
If you love pets/animals, like myself, ADD ME!
#cute  
#funny  
#LoL  


#kitten  

#kitty  


#cat  

#catlovers  

#pets  
http://goo.gl/6tPTre

Come on! One more!
If you love pets/animals, like myself, ADD ME!
#cute  
#funny  
#LoL  


#kitten  

#kitty  


#cat  

#catlovers  

#pets  
http://goo.gl/6tPTre___

posted image

2015-03-31 13:44:13 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Magnesium: The Forgotten Mineral That's Essential for Good Health
By Dr. Nina Cherie Franklin via Nutrition.Answers.com

Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral found in the body. Unfortunately, it's also among the most overlooked minerals in the diet, as magnesium deficiency is quite common throughout the world. This vital mineral plays a critical role in numerous bodily functions and has a host of beneficial health effects. Here are some of the many benefits of adequate magnesium consumption.

Supports Healthy Lipid Levels
Eating a well-balanced diet rich in magnesium can improve your lipid profile by lowering LDL ("bad") cholesterol and triglyceride (fat) levels in the blood. Buildup of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides leads to plaque formations in your arteries that cause heart attacks and strokes. Magnesium has also been shown to... more »

Magnesium: The Forgotten Mineral That's Essential for Good Health
By Dr. Nina Cherie Franklin via Nutrition.Answers.com

Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral found in the body. Unfortunately, it's also among the most overlooked minerals in the diet, as magnesium deficiency is quite common throughout the world. This vital mineral plays a critical role in numerous bodily functions and has a host of beneficial health effects. Here are some of the many benefits of adequate magnesium consumption.

Supports Healthy Lipid Levels
Eating a well-balanced diet rich in magnesium can improve your lipid profile by lowering LDL ("bad") cholesterol and triglyceride (fat) levels in the blood. Buildup of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides leads to plaque formations in your arteries that cause heart attacks and strokes. Magnesium has also been shown to increase HDL cholesterol, which is the "good" cholesterol that's primarily responsible for removing LDL cholesterol from the arterial walls.

Helps Regulate Blood Sugar Levels
Magnesium combats insulin resistance, which is a condition in which the body doesn't properly respond to the blood sugar lowering effects of insulin. An inadequate response to insulin is a major underlying cause of weight gain and visceral (belly) fat. When insulin is properly regulated it converts blood sugar into energy instead of fat and also increases the burning of fat that's already stored in the visceral area. Due to its effects on insulin, magnesium may also reduce the risk of developing hyperglycemia and, ultimately, type 2 diabetes.

Read the full article here: http://nutrition.answers.com/vitamins-and-supplements/magnesium-the-forgotten-mineral-thats-essential-for-good-health

#micronutrients     #minerals   #health   #nutrition   #fitness   #healthylivining   #goodnutrition   #rawfoods   #eatingfresh___

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2015-03-31 13:21:33 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Balanced Diet {Infographic} via Tesco
http://www.fitnessgizmos.com/adopting-a-balanced-diet-infographic/

Still working on it :)

Balanced Diet {Infographic} via Tesco
http://www.fitnessgizmos.com/adopting-a-balanced-diet-infographic/

Still working on it :)___

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2015-03-31 05:57:57 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Today in History: The Eiffel Tower Officially Opened, 1889
On March 31, 1889 — 126 years ago today — the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public. The Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel’s company for the 1889 World’s Fair that was to be held in Paris, to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. From among over 100 artists, Gustave Eiffel, who was a prominent French engineer, and his team’s design beat out competitive designs — as Eiffel’s structure was the most audacious. The tower was constructed of 7,000 tons of iron and rose to a height of 300 meters (almost 1,000 feet), the tallest structure in the world for this period (and for 4 decades after its construction, until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930). Initially, it was built to serve only as the elaborate entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair and only intended to last for 20years, but its ... more »

Today in History: The Eiffel Tower Officially Opened, 1889
On March 31, 1889 — 126 years ago today — the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public. The Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel’s company for the 1889 World’s Fair that was to be held in Paris, to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. From among over 100 artists, Gustave Eiffel, who was a prominent French engineer, and his team’s design beat out competitive designs — as Eiffel’s structure was the most audacious. The tower was constructed of 7,000 tons of iron and rose to a height of 300 meters (almost 1,000 feet), the tallest structure in the world for this period (and for 4 decades after its construction, until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930). Initially, it was built to serve only as the elaborate entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair and only intended to last for 20 years, but its soaring height, delicate lines, and airy volume grew on Parisians as well as tourists from around the world. Eiffel had been using his apartment in the Tower to conduct radio and wind experiments, and the Tower subsequently became an important communications and experimental hub. The growing French consensus was that the structure should be maintained as a tourist attraction (over 1,000 people visit the Tower every hour) and communications tower as long as possible. So although initially destined for demolition in 1909, the Eiffel Tower has become one of the most enduring symbols of architectural design and structure in the world today.

YouTube videos:
•Eiffel Tower, Paris: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uL3vavzHlqw
•The History of the Eiffel Tower: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dRnUlBhNirQ

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/topics/eiffel-tower
•http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-eiffel-tower
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower

Book sources:
• The Eiffel Tower by Bertrand Lemoine. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/3836509032/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=3836509032&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=46376CSNE3LPRP6Z
• Eiffel’s Tower: The Thrilling Story Behind Paris’s Beloved Monument and the Extraordinary World’s Fair That Introduced It by Jill Jonnes. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0143117297/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0143117297&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L3SKHPDYOGAY2JAJ
• The Tallest Tower: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque by Joseph Harriss. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1588321029/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1588321029&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7FFC7KLMXS3JMKDR

Memorabilia (fyi):
•Eiffel Tower Beaded Bookmark. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1593593090/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1593593090&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XVC3FIUBK77OC7IO
•Lego Architecture: The Eiffel Tower. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00AW08UN2/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00AW08UN2&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GEDAXHT367O7PKMO

Image credits:
Left:  Eiffel Tower, as seen from the Champ de Mars, Paris, France. By Benh LIEU SONG (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATour_Eiffel_Wikimedia_Commons.jpg 
Right Top to Bottom:
•Eiffel Tower at night with lights: http://wallpaperciv.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Awesome-Eiffel-Tower-at-Night.jpg
•Eiffel Tower by the Seine River, Paris, May 2014. By Nicolas Halftermeyer (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEiffel_Tower_by_the_Seine_river%2C_Paris%2C_2_March_2014.jpg
•View from the center of the bottom of the Tower looking directly toward the top of the structure. By Alec Smith (Image Mundi) posted on Google+: https://plus.google.com/+AlecSmith-ImageMundi/posts/e5JhGeKb7vs___

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2015-03-30 12:30:10 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Visual representation of hot girls at clubs / parties

#Adorable, #Awesome, #Awww, #CatLovers, #Cats, #Cute, #Funniest, #Funny, #FunnyGifs, #Gif, #Gifs, #Hilarious, #Humor, #Kitten, #Kitty, #LOL

Visual representation of hot girls at clubs / parties

#Adorable, #Awesome, #Awww, #CatLovers, #Cats, #Cute, #Funniest, #Funny, #FunnyGifs, #Gif, #Gifs, #Hilarious, #Humor, #Kitten, #Kitty, #LOL___

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2015-03-30 06:03:17 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Today in History: The Queensboro Bridge Opened, 1909
On March 30, 1909 — 106 years ago today — the Queensboro Bridge, linking Manhattan to Queensboro, first opened to public traffic. Originally, the Bridge was known as the Blackwell’s Island Bridge (Blackwell’s Island = Roosevelt Island); it was constructed by a company organized by wealthy landowners in Queens to bridge the East River at Blackwell’s (later Roosevelt’s) Island. But it took over 40 years from the first design to the final design for the bridge to be built.

YouTube videos:
•Simon and Garfunkel song about the Queensboro Bridge, “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy).” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqU9PqIhuIY

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensboro_Bridge
•http://queensborobridge.org/•http://www.nyc-archi... more »

Today in History: The Queensboro Bridge Opened, 1909
On March 30, 1909 — 106 years ago today — the Queensboro Bridge, linking Manhattan to Queensboro, first opened to public traffic. Originally, the Bridge was known as the Blackwell’s Island Bridge (Blackwell’s Island = Roosevelt Island); it was constructed by a company organized by wealthy landowners in Queens to bridge the East River at Blackwell’s (later Roosevelt’s) Island. But it took over 40 years from the first design to the final design for the bridge to be built.

YouTube videos:
•Simon and Garfunkel song about the Queensboro Bridge, “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy).” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqU9PqIhuIY

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensboro_Bridge
•http://queensborobridge.org/
•http://www.nyc-architecture.com/BRI/BRI006-QueensboroBridge.htm
•http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/infrastructure/queensboro-bridge.shtml

Book sources:
• The Queensboro Bridge by The Greater Astoria Historical Society and The Roosevelt Island Historical Society. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/073855488X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=073855488X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O3PJHZ75QQF7VYBH
• The Bridges of New York by Sharon Reier. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A73BMIO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A73BMIO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ITEGW6LUGUD5VXJE

Image credits:
Top: Queensboro Bridge, New York City at night, view from Manhattan looking toward Roosevelt Island in the East River and Queensboro across the River. http://fineartamerica.com/featured/queensboro-bridge-nyc-jumper.html
Bottom Left and Center: Queensboro Bridge location made by Google Maps.
Bottom Right: Queensboro Bridge crossing East River and Manhattan from above Queensboro. By Sfoskett (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AQueensborough_Bridge_and_Midtown_Manhattan.jpg___

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2015-03-29 20:43:27 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 


Don’t mess with me. I’m a cat
Follow +Petcube for Fun and Joy!


Don’t mess with me. I’m a cat
Follow +Petcube for Fun and Joy!___

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2015-03-29 12:52:49 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Over the past few weeks I've been working on a CHOP (Constant Height, One Pump) aquaponics system with my friends at Earth Friendly Farm. 

Right now it has a 350 gallon capacity, and we are planning on expanding the system to allow for more grow beds. 

Check it out!

Over the past few weeks I've been working on a CHOP (Constant Height, One Pump) aquaponics system with my friends at Earth Friendly Farm. 

Right now it has a 350 gallon capacity, and we are planning on expanding the system to allow for more grow beds. 

Check it out!___

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2015-03-29 05:11:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Today in History: China’s First Imperial Emperor’s Mausoleum Complex Uncovered, 1974
On March 29, 1974 — 41 years ago today — farmers digging a water well on barren land discovered what archaeologists would later determine to be the most massive mausoleum complex ever discovered. When the farmers uncovered fragments of terracotta (clay-based ceramic) warriors and bronze weapons, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage sent a team of archaeologists to conduct a full-scale excavation of the site, which still has not been fully uncovered but is clearly a “necropolis” — literally meaning in Greek a “city of the dead.” What the archaeologists have found so far are thousands of terracotta warriors and horses (in the range of 6,000 to 7,000), configured to protect the the tomb of the Emperor Qin, the first unifier (victorious warrior) of mainland China. 

Theoriginal mausoleum... more »

Today in History: China’s First Imperial Emperor’s Mausoleum Complex Uncovered, 1974
On March 29, 1974 — 41 years ago today — farmers digging a water well on barren land discovered what archaeologists would later determine to be the most massive mausoleum complex ever discovered. When the farmers uncovered fragments of terracotta (clay-based ceramic) warriors and bronze weapons, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage sent a team of archaeologists to conduct a full-scale excavation of the site, which still has not been fully uncovered but is clearly a “necropolis” — literally meaning in Greek a “city of the dead.” What the archaeologists have found so far are thousands of terracotta warriors and horses (in the range of 6,000 to 7,000), configured to protect the the tomb of the Emperor Qin, the first unifier (victorious warrior) of mainland China. 

The original mausoleum complex was built from 221-207 B.C. during the reign of Qin Shi Huang, the founder of the Qin dynasty in China. Qin apparently knew that the new gigantic territory that he unified (conquered) was to last a long time, as he ordered 700,000 people to build the mausoleum in his honor as the founder of “Qin,” now known as “China.” In 1976, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage built a large arched hall with a steel frame above the huge pit where the mausoleum was discovered. Inside the hall, there have been about 1,000 terra cotta warriors unearthed and restored as closely as possible to their original condition. Of course, tourists are welcome! [See: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/xian/terracotta.htm.]

YouTube videos:
•Secrets of China’s Terracotta Warriors Documentary (Length 50:10). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKJkQS_Ivaw
•Documentary: China’s Terracotta Army (Length: 53:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag2P_CoQiMQ
•Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Length 27:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrmxpnSvaoo
•World Heritage China: The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihaung (Length 01:33:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQnXsJ7Taw8
•The First Emperor of China by DocumFeed (Length 01:42:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBjLiKNot_w

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/news/5-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-terra-cotta-army?cmpid=Social_Google_Hith_03282014_1
•http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/terra-cotta-soldiers-on-the-march-30942673/?no-ist
•http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/exploreorg/china-terra-cotta-warriors-eorg
•http://history1900s.about.com/od/1970s/qt/terracottaarmy.htm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta
•http://www.bmy.com.cn/
•http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/441
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_dynasty
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_the_First_Qin_Emperor
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necropolis
•http://www.chinahighlights.com/xian/terracotta-army/
•http://www.discoverchinatours.com/discovery_emperor_qinshihuang_mausoleum_construction.html
•http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/ChinasFirstEmperorSG.pdf

Book sources:
• The Eternal Army: The Terracotta Soldiers of the First Emperor by Roberto Ciarla and Araldo De Luca. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/8854406279/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=8854406279&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ST2YOMET3T3CUW3Z
• Hidden Army: Clay Soldiers of Ancient China by Jane O’Connor. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0448455803/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0448455803&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=S7CNNNJ76XAM4R4V

Image credits:
•The Terracotta Army, excavated and returned to original configurations. http://www.thousandwonders.net/Terracotta+Army___

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2015-03-28 12:32:37 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheatingand i... more »

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheating and in a dangerous state. Operators resumed the coolant flow; but the reactor core had become so hot that when water hit it again, the core shattered and began to meltdown. Fortunately, most of the released radiation was contained in the building and engineers struggled to regain control of the meltdown. After 5 agonizing days, they were successful. The reactor was permanently rendered useless, of course, and this accident marked a turning point in the heretofore growing nuclear energy industry in the U.S. 

YouTube videos:
•Three Mile Island Accident from The Engineering Channel (Length 01:49). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Qwg4oERhvw
•Three Mile Island Documentary: Nuclear Power’s Promise and Peril by Retro Report / The New York Times (Length:12:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0P9S4F4KpQ
•Meltdown at Three Mile Island (Nothing Compared to Fukushima). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vNDlVDVqes
•Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Up Close and Personal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPJ9hvjqvqc
•Wasteland: The nuclear graveyard under New Mexico (Length: 12:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDgBUwhUAVE
•The Nuclear Waste Destruction 2014 New Documentary (Length 01:07:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMoaK_2DlLQ

Web sources:
•http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/three-mile-island-and-nuclear-hopes-and-fears.html?_r=0
•http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/3mile-isle.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident
•http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Safety-of-Nuclear-Power-Reactors/
•http://www.ucsusa.org/our-work/nuclear-power/nuclear-power-accidents#.VRWxMjvF_T1
•http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/political-habitat-the-lie-of-three-mile-island
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nuclear-accident-at-three-mile-island
•http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/three/filmmore/transcript/index.html

Book sources:
• TMI 25 Years Later: The Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant Accident and Its Impact by Bonnie Anne Osif, Anthony J. Baratta, and Thomas W. Conkling. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0271027436/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0271027436&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XU6N2CYOZ2IJ6XPN

Image credits:
•Top: Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant from bird’s eye view. https://radioactivemonticello.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/pic_three_mile_island_jf2009_1000px.jpg
•Across Bottom from Left to Right:
*New York Times Front Page, March 29, 1979. http://whyfiles.org/130nukes/
*Time Magazine Cover Story, “Nuclear Nightmare,” April 9, 1979. http://takemeback.to/media/cover/cover-Time-19790409-75339.jpg
*Photo of President Jimmy Carter touring Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant on April 1, 1979. By John G. Kemeny et al [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carter_TMI-2.jpg
*Sign from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission to memorialize the Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident. http://eccentricroadside.blogspot.com/2011/11/i-saw-nukes-today-oh-boy-pennsylvanias.html___

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2015-03-28 05:10:20 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Two communications firsts achieved, 1884 and 1899
On March 27, 1884 — 131 years ago today — the first successful long-distance telephone line between New York City and Boston was inaugurated, and the dream of uniting the world through copper wires for instant communication began to become more clear. Prior to this particular 235 mile (378 kilometers) long distance line, there had been lines between (1) Lowell and Boston and (2) Providence and Boston. (The New York City to Boston line was not opened to the public until September, 1884.)

On March 27, 1899 — 116 years ago today — the first successful wireless transmission via radio waves took place between France and England across the English Channel. Marconi was trying to interest investors in his radio invention, and he was hoping a demonstration of wireless communication across the English Channel wouldinteres... more »

Today in History: Two communications firsts achieved, 1884 and 1899
On March 27, 1884 — 131 years ago today — the first successful long-distance telephone line between New York City and Boston was inaugurated, and the dream of uniting the world through copper wires for instant communication began to become more clear. Prior to this particular 235 mile (378 kilometers) long distance line, there had been lines between (1) Lowell and Boston and (2) Providence and Boston. (The New York City to Boston line was not opened to the public until September, 1884.)

On March 27, 1899 — 116 years ago today — the first successful wireless transmission via radio waves took place between France and England across the English Channel. Marconi was trying to interest investors in his radio invention, and he was hoping a demonstration of wireless communication across the English Channel would interest the French government. As Rowland F. Pocock writes in The Early British Radio, “Marconi had not over-estimated the publicity value of the cross-Channel link. This first demonstration of international radio telegraphy brought a rapid rise in the Company’s quotation on the stock market.”

YouTube videos:
•Marconi by BBC World Videos (Length: 46:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mb1WnO1KK4A

Web sources:
•http://hightechhistory.com/2009/03/27/today-march-27-1884-the-first-long-distance-telephone-line-between-boston-and-new-york-is-inaugurated/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-distance_calling
•http://www.bostonmagazine.com/news/blog/2014/03/27/throwback-thursday-first-phone-calls-new-york-boston/

•http://www.stormfax.com/wireless.htm
•http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
•http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/radio_history/radiohist/radio_history.php
•https://books.google.com/books?id=1h0NAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA142&lpg=PA142&dq=South+Foreland+England+and+Wimereux+Boulogne+France+radio+transmission+marconi+1899&source=bl&ots=HTAWoM-ra2&sig=xu61FHW6WitAKm7_qhHrlkjz9BM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=AY4UVc25OcfdoATLg4GQDg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=South%20Foreland%20England%20and%20Wimereux%20Boulogne%20France%20radio%20transmission%20marconi%201899&f=false
http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx

Book sources:
[coming soon - curation in progress]

Image credits:
Top: Brief Timeline of Copper Wire Telephone Connection Development. http://www2.alcatel-lucent.com/techzine/a-history-of-the-copper-telephone-line/
Bottom Left: Guglielmo Marconi. http://www.studyhelpline.net/Biography/Scientist-Guglielmo-Marconi-biography.aspx
Bottom Middle: Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in Boulogne, France. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm
Bottom Right:   Marconi’s radio transmission/receiving equipment in South Foreland, near Dover, England. http://earlyradiohistory.us/1899marc.htm___

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2015-03-26 15:08:33 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

This is the 8th and by far the largest harvest from my indoor system, which is now 20 weeks old. Grow your greens y'all!

"Chard is a nutritional powerhouse, a superb source of calcium and potassium, vitamin C, vitamin A and beta-carotene, as well as two carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), which some studies have indicated can help protect the eyes against vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts."

Source: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/series/recipes_for_health/chard/index.html

This is the 8th and by far the largest harvest from my indoor system, which is now 20 weeks old. Grow your greens y'all!

"Chard is a nutritional powerhouse, a superb source of calcium and potassium, vitamin C, vitamin A and beta-carotene, as well as two carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), which some studies have indicated can help protect the eyes against vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts."

Source: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/series/recipes_for_health/chard/index.html___

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2015-03-26 15:05:23 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Today in History: NASA announced discovery of farthest known orbiting object in Solar System
On March 26, 2014 — just 1 year ago today — NASA announced the discovery of “Biden,” the most-distant known celestial object in our Solar System. The dwarf planet, Biden, is calculated to be about 450 kilometers in diameter, probably composed of ice and rock. It is now considered to be the farthest from the Sun, in the inner Oort Cloud. The planet is officially designated as 2012 VP 113, but the team of discoverers nicknamed it “Biden” because the “VP” is in its official designation. After more observations of its orbit, an official name will be submitted to the International Astronomical Union for approval.

YouTube videos:
•New Planet at Solar System’s Edge Gets “Biden” Nickname (Length: 01:44 ). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PNAhEKSfz0
•Dwarf PlanetDiscovery Hints at a Hidd... more »

Today in History: NASA announced discovery of farthest known orbiting object in Solar System
On March 26, 2014 — just 1 year ago today — NASA announced the discovery of “Biden,” the most-distant known celestial object in our Solar System. The dwarf planet, Biden, is calculated to be about 450 kilometers in diameter, probably composed of ice and rock. It is now considered to be the farthest from the Sun, in the inner Oort Cloud. The planet is officially designated as 2012 VP 113, but the team of discoverers nicknamed it “Biden” because the “VP” is in its official designation. After more observations of its orbit, an official name will be submitted to the International Astronomical Union for approval.

YouTube videos:
•New Planet at Solar System’s Edge Gets “Biden” Nickname (Length: 01:44 ). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PNAhEKSfz0
•Dwarf Planet Discovery Hints at a Hidden Super Planet in Solar System (Length: 02:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eCjYUj5kq4

Web sources:
•http://www.nasa.gov/content/nasa-supported-research-helps-redefine-solar-systems-edge/index.html#.VQWGjmTF_T0
•http://www.nature.com/news/dwarf-planet-stretches-solar-system-s-edge-1.14921
•http://rt.com/news/dwarf-planet-biden-unlikely-region-505/
•http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/03/26/astronomers-discover-biden-floating-at-the-edge-of-the-solar-system
•http://www.salon.com/2014/03/27/cosmic_discovery_scientists_find_a_new_dwarf_planet_beyond_pluto/
•http://www.forbes.com/sites/paulrodgers/2014/03/27/pink-dwarf-planet-found-beyond-pluto/
•https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=KBOs
•http://www.ibtimes.com/new-dwarf-planet-biden-discovered-2012-vp113-most-distant-family-member-solar-system-photo-1563728
•http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml

Book source:
• Dwarf Planets and Asteroids: Minor Bodies of the Solar System by Thomas Wm. Hamilton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00KGD8IGO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00KGD8IGO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=BTMH4WQW77JD7HKN

Image credits:
•Left: Diagram of the Solar System, not drawn to actual scale. https://ferrebeekeeper.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/kuiper_oort-en.jpg
•Right Top: “Biden” movement detected over time. By Scott S. Sheppard / Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory: 2012_VP113_discovery_image.jpg
•Right Bottom: “Biden” orbit of the sun relative to the planet orbits of Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. http://yowusa.com/planetx/2014/planetx-2014-05a/1.shtml___

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2015-03-25 11:23:49 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Dog “Little Star” Orbited Earth and Returned Safely, 1961
On March 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Dog “Little Star” (“Zvezdochka” in Russian) was launched into a single orbit around the Earth and returned safely to Earth. Little Star’s flight paved the way for the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, to safely venture into space a few weeks later on April 12, 1961. Despite pressure from Soviet leader Khrushchev to ensure that the Soviet Union would become the first nation to put a man in space, the head of the Soviet space program would not allow a human into space until 2 dogs had returned safely to Earth after trips into orbit. Little Star was the second dog to return safely to Earth. Unfortunately, in the 10 years before Little Star’s successful flight, 48 dogs had been launched into space and 20 dogs lost their lives in rocket travel.

YouTubevideos:
•BBC S... more »

Today in History: Dog “Little Star” Orbited Earth and Returned Safely, 1961
On March 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Dog “Little Star” (“Zvezdochka” in Russian) was launched into a single orbit around the Earth and returned safely to Earth. Little Star’s flight paved the way for the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, to safely venture into space a few weeks later on April 12, 1961. Despite pressure from Soviet leader Khrushchev to ensure that the Soviet Union would become the first nation to put a man in space, the head of the Soviet space program would not allow a human into space until 2 dogs had returned safely to Earth after trips into orbit. Little Star was the second dog to return safely to Earth. Unfortunately, in the 10 years before Little Star’s successful flight, 48 dogs had been launched into space and 20 dogs lost their lives in rocket travel.

YouTube videos:
•BBC Series on the Soviet Space Dogs.
(1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fb4PkSm6D7c (Length 07:46)
(2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9g7aNdPhXiM (Length 07:04)
(3) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_54n9zpoAUI (Length 05:22)
(4) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EsGzbBbyAY (Length 05:43)
(5) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rM46Xzf5uts (Length 05:59)
(6) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yhr-CxGKmDc (Length 07:27)
(7) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Am_A8BExeqQ (Length 04:42) [Little Star at 03:30]

Web sources:
•https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/tag/sputnik-10/
•http://www.izh.ru/en/info/14244.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_space_dogs
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korabl-Sputnik_5
•http://www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin

Book source:
• Soviet Space Dogs by Olesya Turkina and Stephen Sorrell. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0956896286/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0956896286&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5VBKJ6LXQRVZ2BTK

Image credits:
•Left: Little Star. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Top: Little Star in space helmut. https://thedayintech.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/little-star-launched-into-orbit/
•Right Bottom: Little Star Statue. https://thedayintech.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/3.jpg___

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2015-03-24 15:23:09 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

LMAO

می‌ خواستم بگم دوستت دارم

ترسیدم بگم جا بخوری___LMAO

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2015-03-24 14:56:51 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Ranger 9 took 5,814 images of Moon to prepare for eventual manned landing, 1965
On March 24, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the last flight in the Ranger Program took live photos of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it at about 100 miles per hour. To this date in 1965, only about a third of the launches toward the Moon had been successful in achieving their mission objectives. But the Ranger missions 7, 8, and 9 provided enough information to proceed ahead with the manned lunar program, as Ranger 9 showed that the lunar surface was safe enough for men to land on and then blast off from and return to Earth.

Missions to the Moon from August, 1958 to March, 1965:
(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4)USSR ... more »

Today in History: Ranger 9 took 5,814 images of Moon to prepare for eventual manned landing, 1965
On March 24, 1965 — 50 years ago today — the last flight in the Ranger Program took live photos of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it at about 100 miles per hour. To this date in 1965, only about a third of the launches toward the Moon had been successful in achieving their mission objectives. But the Ranger missions 7, 8, and 9 provided enough information to proceed ahead with the manned lunar program, as Ranger 9 showed that the lunar surface was safe enough for men to land on and then blast off from and return to Earth.

Missions to the Moon from August, 1958 to March, 1965:
(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4) USSR - Luna 1958B - failed lunar impactor (October 1958)
(5) USA - Pioneer 2 - failed lunar orbiter (November 1958)
(6) USSR - Luna 1958C - failed lunar impactor (December 1958)
(7) USA - Pioneer 3 - failed lunar flyby (December 1958)
(8) USSR - Luna 1 - failed lunar impactor (January 1959)
(9) USSR - Luna 1959A - failed lunar impactor (June 1959)
(10) USA - Pioneer 4 - FIRST successful lunar flyby * (March 1959)
(11) USSR - Luna 2 - FIRST successful lunar impactor (September 1959)
(12) USSR - Luna 3 - successful lunar flyby (October 1959)
(13) USA - Pioneer P-3 - failed lunar flyby (November 1959)
(14) USA - Ranger 1 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (August 1961)
(15) USA - Ranger 2 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (November 1961)
(16) USA - Ranger 3 - failed lunar lander (January 1962)
(17) USA - Ranger 4 - failed lunar lander (April 1962)
(18) USA - Ranger 5 - failed lunar lander (October 1962)
(19) USSR - Sputnik 25 - failed lunar lander (January 1963)
(20) USSR - Luna 4 - failed lunar orbiter (April 1963)
(21) USA - Ranger 6 - failed lunar impactor (January 1964)
(22) USA - Ranger 7 - successful lunar impactor (July 1964)
(23) USA - Ranger 8 - successful lunar impactor (February 1965)
(24) USA - Ranger 9 - successful lunar impactor (March 1965)

YouTube video:
•Images broadcast on live television from the Moon as Ranger 9 impacted the moon inside the Alphonsus crater on March 24, 1965 (Silent; Length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dE8pe2EYlZA

Web sources:
•http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/ranger-9/
•http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranger_9
•http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/24/newsid_4063000/4063187.stm
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ranger.html
•http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/space-missions/missions-to-the-moon.html#zond3

Book source:
• Lunar Impact: The NASA History of Project Ranger by R. Cargill Hall. Detailed book on the Ranger Program. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486477576/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486477576&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIJJQFPSLWF6HKTF

Image credits:
•Left: Ranger. By NASA Headquarters - GReatest Images of NASA (NASA-HQ-GRIN) (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Ranger_Spacecraft_GPN-2000-001979.jpg
•Right: Range 9 photos of lunar surface seconds before impact on the Moon. http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-history/space-flight-heritage-50-year-anniversary-ranger-9-launch/___

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2015-03-23 16:46:49 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

I love these posts. 

Today in History: MIR Space Station Plunged into Pacific Ocean
On March 23, 2001 — 14 years ago today — the MIR Space Station was directed to de-orbit and splashed into the Pacific Ocean as planned. The Soviet/Russian space station had been in space for 15 years and hosted 23,000 experiments, mostly about how Earthly life performed in space. It made 86,320 orbits of the Earth, traveled some 2.2 billion miles (3.5 billion kilometers) and was home to 104 astronauts and cosmonauts. The U.S. Space Shuttle docked with the Space Station 9 times, exchanging Russian and American crew members and experiments, and setting the stage for how the International Space Station would be built and maintained.

During its waning years, the MIR space station experienced a number of problems: in 1997, a fire threatened the lives of its crew but was successfully put out; later that year, failing batteries pitched the station and kept the cosmonauts isolated from ground communication for 20 days. The Russian government decided to terminate funding for the MIR, and so it was forced into retirement. After the space station had been evacuated, a supply ship attached to the MIR was used as a maneuvering system to direct the space station into the atmosphere and into an uninhabited area of the South Pacific Ocean. 

YouTube video:
•CNN Live Coverage of Space Station MIR Re-entry (Length: 01:02:29): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TR7iQjo0SkI

Web sources:
•http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/shuttle-mir/spacecraft/s-mir-15yrs-main.htm
•http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/2001-03-22-mir.htm
•http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast10mar_1/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuttle%E2%80%93Mir_Program
•http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384746/Mir
•http://www.wpi.edu/News/TechNews/010327/mir.shtml

Book source:
• The Story of Space Station MIR by David M. Harland. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0387230114/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0387230114&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQEFEMROVVISAEDQ

Image credits:
•Drawing of the completed MIR Space Station: By Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384746/Mir
•View of the Russian Space Station MIR and the docked U.S. Space Shuttle Atlantis during STS-71. Cosmonauts Anatoliy Y. Solovyev and Nikolai M. Budarin, MIR-19 Commander and Flight Engineer, respectively, temporarily undocked the Soyuz spacecraft from the cluster of MIR elements to perform a brief fly-around and take this photo of the docked Atlantis. By MIR EO-19 crew, background retouching by Jon Harald Søby. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atlantis_Docked_to_Mir.jpg#file___I love these posts. 

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2015-03-22 05:15:24 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Cosmonaut Set Record for Longest Space Flight, 1995
On March 22, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov set the record for the longest time continuously spent in space by an individual in history. Cosmonaut Polyakov was launched into space on January 8, 1994 aboard Soyuz TM-18 to reside in the Russian MIR space station and returned to earth aboard Soyuz TM-20 on this day in 1995 — for a record breaking stay in space of 437 days, 17 hours, and 58 minutes (still a record to this day, March 22, 2015).

A number of cognitive performance tests were conducted on Cosmonaut Polyakov, who ultimately completed a medical degree after he stopped his spaceflight career. Most significant for long-term future space missions, the findings from these tests indicated that “an impressive stability of mood and performance was observed during the 2nd to 14th monthin spac... more »

Today in History: Cosmonaut Set Record for Longest Space Flight, 1995
On March 22, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov set the record for the longest time continuously spent in space by an individual in history. Cosmonaut Polyakov was launched into space on January 8, 1994 aboard Soyuz TM-18 to reside in the Russian MIR space station and returned to earth aboard Soyuz TM-20 on this day in 1995 — for a record breaking stay in space of 437 days, 17 hours, and 58 minutes (still a record to this day, March 22, 2015).

A number of cognitive performance tests were conducted on Cosmonaut Polyakov, who ultimately completed a medical degree after he stopped his spaceflight career. Most significant for long-term future space missions, the findings from these tests indicated that “an impressive stability of mood and performance was observed during the 2nd to 14th month in space” and “no obvious long-lasting performance deficits were observed after the mission.”

YouTube videos:
•USSR’s MIR Space Station tour (Length: 04:39). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwhQ2CdS-Eo
•The Soviet MIR Satellite is Launched and Decommissioned. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ydguJHB-00

Web sources:
•http://www.wired.com/2010/03/0322cosmonaut-space-record/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valeri_Polyakov
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spaceflight_records
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_TM-20
•http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/2010/03/713808105.pdf

Book source:
• The MIR Space Station: A Precursor to Space Colonization by David M. Harland. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0471975877/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0471975877&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=EYS5IUCZ4GPNHTK2

Image credits:
•Left: Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov. http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/large/cosmonauts/english/polyakov_valeri.htm
•Right: MIR Space Station. http://www.space.com/19650-mir-space-station.html___

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2015-03-21 13:17:37 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Amazon finally gets permission to test delivery drones.

Amazon finally got permission to test delivery drones. The FAA yesterday said Amazon can do its testing outside, but only below 400 feet and only during daylight hours. Amazon reportedly plans to test drones over private property in a remote part of Washington State.

https://youtu.be/elNkdg9t6SA?t=18m22s

#amazondrone  

Amazon finally gets permission to test delivery drones.

Amazon finally got permission to test delivery drones. The FAA yesterday said Amazon can do its testing outside, but only below 400 feet and only during daylight hours. Amazon reportedly plans to test drones over private property in a remote part of Washington State.

https://youtu.be/elNkdg9t6SA?t=18m22s

#amazondrone  ___

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2015-03-21 13:07:05 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

20+ Cats That Need Your Attention The Exact Moment You Start Reading:

http://www.boredpanda.com/cats-interrupting-reading/

#cats   #reading   #books  

20+ Cats That Need Your Attention The Exact Moment You Start Reading:

http://www.boredpanda.com/cats-interrupting-reading/

#cats   #reading   #books  ___

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2015-03-21 12:25:34 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Co-founder of Twitter Sent First Tweet, 2006
On March 21, 2006 — just 9 years ago today — Jack Dorsey sent the first twitter post. By the end of May 2009 (just a little over 3 years later), 1 billion tweets had been sent. Today, it takes less than 2 days for 1 billion tweets to be sent. Twitter was initially called “stat.us” and then changed to “Twttr” for the protoype launch 9 years ago today. On July 15, 2006, when the service was launched to the public, the name was changed to “Twitter.”

For comparison purposes, here’s a list of a number of social sharing platforms and about when they each launched:
• First wiki installation, March 1995
• Blogging term invented, April 1999
• Wikipedia opened, January 2001
• WordPress first released, May 2003
• LinkedIn launched, May 2003
• Skype launched, August 2003• Flickr launched, February... more »

Today in History: Co-founder of Twitter Sent First Tweet, 2006
On March 21, 2006 — just 9 years ago today — Jack Dorsey sent the first twitter post. By the end of May 2009 (just a little over 3 years later), 1 billion tweets had been sent. Today, it takes less than 2 days for 1 billion tweets to be sent. Twitter was initially called “stat.us” and then changed to “Twttr” for the protoype launch 9 years ago today. On July 15, 2006, when the service was launched to the public, the name was changed to “Twitter.”

For comparison purposes, here’s a list of a number of social sharing platforms and about when they each launched:
• First wiki installation, March 1995
• Blogging term invented, April 1999
• Wikipedia opened, January 2001
• WordPress first released, May 2003
• LinkedIn launched, May 2003
• Skype launched, August 2003
• Flickr launched, February 2004
• Facebook launched, February 2004
• YouTube launched, February 2005
• Twitter first tweet, March 21, 2006
• iphone announced, January 2007
• Tumblr launched, February 2007
• WhatsApp launched, February 2009
• Pinterest launched, May 2010
• iPad released, April 2010
• Instagram launched, October 2010
• Snapchat launched, July 2011
• Google+ launched to public, September 2011

YouTube videos:
•Inside the World of Twitter: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mwbVQFFMCs
•Jack Dorsey, Co-Founder and Chairman of Twitter, Excerpts from Interview with Charlie Rose (Length 07:04). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Afkmx7k_j0
•Jack Dorsey 2006 Interview Sharing Lessons and Advice (Length 07:13).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUtrAocOyNM
•Jack Dorsey: The Future Has Already Arrived, speech and Q&A at Stanford Graduate School of Business (44:08).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AckvbL5Tfic

Web sources:
•http://www.biography.com/people/jack-dorsey-578280#creation-of-twitter
•http://techcrunch.com/2011/03/13/twitters-beginning/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitter
•http://www.internetlivestats.com/twitter-statistics/#trend

Book sources:
• Hatching Twitter: A True Story of Money, Power, Friendship, and Betrayal by Nick Bilton. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00CDUVSQ0/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00CDUVSQ0&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=V3XVWWUM2HUF4MTJ

Image credits:
•Bottom Left: Jack Dorsey when he had original idea for what eventually became Twitter about year 2000. http://static.businessinsider.com/image/4e790025ecad04700b00000e/image.jpg
•Bottom Center: Jack Dorsey with nose ring about 2006. http://lib.rus.ec/i/48/470948/i87244129_2.jpg
•Bottom Right: Jack Dorsey, 2015. http://www.forbes.com/pictures/eimh45egjig/jack-dorsey/___

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2015-03-20 19:53:16 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Shoe Industry Revolutionized by Patent Granted Today, 1883
On March 20, 1883 — 132 years ago today — Jan Matzeliger was granted a patent for a remarkable shoe-making machine that he spent six years conceptualizing, planning, developing, building, and patenting. Matzeliger’s shoe machine revolutionized the shoe industry — prior to its existence, skilled shoemakers could produce up to 50 shoes per day. With Matzeliger’s machine, up to 700 pairs of shoes could be made in a work day.

Matzeliger was born on September 15, 1852 in Suriname, South America. His mother was a native of Suriname of African descent. His engineer father was born in Holland and moved to Suriname to manage the Dutch government’s machine works. Matzeliger grew up working with his father in the machine work facility, and he eventually became a skilled machinist. When he was 19, Matzeligerdecided to ... more »

Today in History: Shoe Industry Revolutionized by Patent Granted Today, 1883
On March 20, 1883 — 132 years ago today — Jan Matzeliger was granted a patent for a remarkable shoe-making machine that he spent six years conceptualizing, planning, developing, building, and patenting. Matzeliger’s shoe machine revolutionized the shoe industry — prior to its existence, skilled shoemakers could produce up to 50 shoes per day. With Matzeliger’s machine, up to 700 pairs of shoes could be made in a work day.

Matzeliger was born on September 15, 1852 in Suriname, South America. His mother was a native of Suriname of African descent. His engineer father was born in Holland and moved to Suriname to manage the Dutch government’s machine works. Matzeliger grew up working with his father in the machine work facility, and he eventually became a skilled machinist. When he was 19, Matzeliger decided to travel the world and took an engine maintenance job on a Dutch company’s steamship. After sailing to the Far East, the ship returned to Philadelphia, where Matzeliger decided to find new work as a machinist. Eventually, Matzeliger found work in a shoemaker’s shop and became fascinated with the process of constructing a shoe. At this time in the industrial development of the U.S., Lynn, Massachusetts had become a center for shoe manufacturing, so Matzeliger moved to Lynn and took a job at a shoe company where he could learn as much as possible about how the shoe making process worked. After working 10 hour days, Matzeliger also went to night school to learn English.

Matzeliger observed that while there were shoe machines for stock fitting, bottoming, buttonholing, and buffing, the final step of the process, called “lasting,” was not automated, and his experience with machines made him feel certain that he could build a machine to complete the “lasting” process. Matzeliger experimented with various materials for a prototype machine, including old cigar boxes, scrap wood, wire, and nails. But he needed to replace these modeling materials with metal to build a real working model, and he needed a forge. So he quit his job at the shoemaker’s shop and got a job in a shoe factory with a forge. He also took a job as a “taxi” driver (horse and carriage) to earn enough money to buy drawing instruments. 

By 1882, Matzeliger had completed a scrap metal shoe lasting machine prototype. But he knew that he needed a machine with great precision made out of first-class materials, so he approached investors in Lynn. After rejections, he finally found 2 investing partners who were willing to start a company with him and divide the profits evenly — the Union Lasting Machine Company. At this point, Matzeliger used his drawing instruments to submit a patent application with the U.S. Patent Office. When patent officials received the application, they did not believe such a complicated machine would work. So a patent examiner traveled from Washington, D.C. to Lynn, MA to inspect the now nearly perfected prototype machine. Matzeliger’s machine performed according to his patent’s description and Matzeliger was granted U.S. Patent No. 274,207 for the shoe-lasting machine.

Sad Ending for Matzeliger
By 1887, after virtually every shoe manufacturer in Lynn had acquired a Matzeliger machine, Lynn was becoming the shoe capital of the world. Increased production caused by the machine helped to cut the price of shoes in half. Workers employed as “lasters” found new less tedious and less taxing work in the booming shoe industry. Matzeliger’s patents were exchanged for stock in a new company, then a holding company, and eventually the United Shoe Machinery Corporation that controlled 98% of the shoe machinery business by 1910. By 1955, the company was worth more than $1 billion.

Despite his success, Matzeliger led a simple life as always, and he was finally accepted by a church community that looked beyond the color of his skin. He taught oil painting classes and Sunday school. In 1886 at a church summer picnic, Matzeliger caught a cold that was a manifestation of tuberculosis, which he may have contracted during the harsh conditions he worked under in the various machine factories. He became bedridden for 3 years and died at age 37.

YouTube videos
•Making It Happen — Masters of Invention (Length 23:27): Jan Matzeliger’s segment 06:57. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pEPT9lwpEjw

Web sources:
•http://blackinventor.com/jan-matzeliger/
•http://www.biography.com/people/jan-matzeliger-21317107
•http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blmatzeliger.htm
•http://www.google.com/patents/US274207
•http://usslave.blogspot.com/2012/04/black-inventor-jan-ernst-matzeligers.html
•http://www.madehow.com/inventorbios/44/Jan-Ernst-Matzeliger.html
•http://www.ci.lynn.ma.us/aboutlynn_shoemaking_history.shtml
•http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1785.htm

Book sources:
• Shoes for Everyone: A Story about Jan Matzeliger by Barbara Mitchell
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0876142900/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0876142900&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J4CXUE52HH43MYXU

Image credits:
•Top Left: Jan Matzeliger: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJan_ernst_matzeliger.gif
•Top Right: Jan Matzeilger’s invention, the The Shoe Lasting Machine: 
•Bottom: Google patent 274,207 (first 3 of 7 pages of drawings)___

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A special service of CircleCount.com is the following button.

The button shows the number of followers you have directly in a small button. You can add this button to your website, like the +1-Button of Google or the Like-Button of Facebook.






You can add this button directly in your website. For more information about the CircleCount Buttons and the description how to add them to another page click here.

Kenneth McCormackTwitterFacebookCircloscope