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Johnathan Chung has been at 165 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Google India2,285,677Join us this Monday, 9/29 for a Fireside Chat with +Shah Rukh Khan  at Google, Mountain View hosted by +Sundar Pichai.Have a topic or question you want discussed? Post your questions to the Q/A app and upvote other questions that you would like answered by Shah Rukh Khan! We’ll read off some of the top questions.See you then! Fireside Chat with Shah Rukh Khan2014-09-29 20:30:0021 
Google Play5,972,892Hangout with Ariana Grande backstage at SNL on Friday, September 26, at 5 pm ET. We'll be celebrating her exclusive album giveaway on Google Play and her performance on SNL. Start submitting your questions at the link below and she'll answer those that get the most +1s!smarturl.it/ArianaHangout Google+ Hangout with Ariana Grande at SNL2014-09-26 23:00:00335 
NASA1,693,204Join us for a live Google+ Hangout on observing the Earth while in orbit and the importance of Earth science observations from space. The astronauts living aboard the International Space Station get a unique view of planet Earth. In a single 90-minute orbit, they can see weather systems like hurricanes, man-made developments like cities and geological phenomena like volcanoes. Of all the planets NASA has explored, none yet have matched the dynamic complexity of our own Earth. Luckily for us here on the ground, astronauts like Rick Mastracchio and Koichi Wakata have documented and shared their views from the orbiting laboratory 250 miles above the Earth. Both Mastracchio and Wakata tweeted during their 188 days in orbit, sharing photos of auroras, islands, lakes, bridges, glaciers, cities, deserts, mountains, clouds, and more. Photos like theirs give us a new perspective on our planet. A fleet of NASA satellites also monitor the Earth’s vital signs every day. One example is the joint US-Japan Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, which launched while Mastracchio and Wakata were living on ISS. The astronauts briefed President Obama on GPM in April, describing it as “a groundbreaking satellite that is changing how we measure rain and snowfall from space.”Mastracchio and Wakata will be joined by Eric Holthaus, a meteorologist who writes about weather and climate for Slate’s Future Tense blog, and Gail Skofronick Jackson, a GPM scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. You may submit questions on Twitter and Google+ in advance and during the Hangout using the hashtag #askNASA .Observing Earth from Space2014-09-17 20:30:001675 
America's Got Talent486,126Join us on Wednesday, September 10 at 6pm ET for an exclusive chat with the 12 America’s Got Talent finalists. This Hangout will be held LIVE within our home for the summer, the legendary , just hours before our live results show! Watch the feed and join along using the Questions feature, then be sure to catch the live results at 9/8c on NBC.Can't make it in real-time? This Hangout will be recorded and archived on our YouTube channel for playback anywhere, at anytime. Thanks for joining our chat! Follow us on Google+ and @nbcagt on all platforms!#AGTTop12 Hangout2014-09-11 00:00:00402 
NASA1,693,204Having trouble watching? Try it on YouTube: NEEEMO 19 Undersea Hangout with Aquanauts------Journey with us under the sea! We’re venturing to the depths of the Atlantic Ocean in September to investigate technologies and procedures for use in near- and long-term space missions. The seven-day 19th NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) mission begins Sept. 8. The NEEMO crew, along with two professional habitat technicians, will conduct this mission in Florida International University’s undersea research habitat Aquarius Reef Base, located about 6  miles off the coast of Key Largo, Florida.Connect live with the crew during the mission to explore living and working under the sea. The NEEMO 19 commander is NASA astronaut Randy Bresnik. He will be joined by Canadian Space Agency astronaut Jeremy Hansen, European Space Agency astronaut Andreas Mogensen, and Herve Stevenin, ESA’s Head of Extravehicular Activity Training at the European Astronaut Center in Cologne, Germany.You may submit questions on Twitter and Google+ in advance and during the Hangout using the hashtag #NEEMO19 .NEEMO 19 Google+ Hangout with Aquanaut Crew2014-09-11 00:00:00377 
Motorola Mobility1,136,351Join Lauren Gellman, Director of Product Marketing, and Steve Sinclair, VP of Product Marketing, for a first look at the new portfolio of Moto products.  They will be answering your questions live this Friday at 1:30 PM CT. Mark your calendars and post your questions using #askmotoA First Look at the New Portfolio of Moto Products2014-09-05 20:30:00141 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Albert Yu-Min Lin is a researcher at the University of California in San Diego. He’s also a rock climber, mountaineer, and a surfer. He’s hiked throughout much of Asia, and his exploits have gotten him named a National Geographic Emerging Explorer and an Adventurer of the Year. And he’s using hi-tech tools to try to find Genghis Khan’s tomb in Mongolia.Come hear Albert talk about his amazing travels, see some of the unique places he’s visited - and learn about StarCAVE, an immersive 3D room that simulates places around the world.Post your questions for Albert using the Q&A app, then come watch live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips #GSF2014 Field Trip Friday, September 5, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMTImage credit: Albert LinCome Meet National Geographic's Albert Lin & Hear About the Digital Search for Genghis Khan's Tomb!2014-09-05 19:00:0066 
Science on Google+448,505Join us for a +Science on Google+  Hangout on Air as we speak to Professor +Vincent Racaniello and Dr +Tara C. Smith about the recent Ebola outbreak. We will discuss the basics of Ebola, why the epidemic has spread, how it might be curtailed, and debunk some of the myths surrounding this outbreak. Please leave your questions on the Event page.Vincent is a professor of virology at the University of Columbia and is a fantastic science communicator. Tara is an epidemiologist at Kent State University who has written numerous articles debunking some of the myths surrounding Ebola. This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe  and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos. You can tune in on Sunday August 10th at 2.30 PM Pacific, 5.30 PM Eastern. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel (https://www.youtube.com/ScienceHangouts) after the event.Explaining Ebola2014-08-10 23:30:0084 
Astronomers Without Borders235,013Astronauts Ron Garan and Anousheh Ansari join us for this special AWB Hangout, "Astronomy In the Development of STEM Education". Though often neglected in traditional educational systems, astronomy is an ideal way to present science and other technical fields in schools. With limited resources, especially in developing countries, astronomy offers an accessible "laboratory" in a subject that already fascinates children. AWB's Telescopes to Tanzania is just one example of how astronomy is used to promote science learning and curriculum-building in developing countries. This panel discussion will look at how astronomy has been used for development and the opportunities that remain.Guests:Ron Garan is a former astronaut, aquanaut, and test pilot who is also an entrepreneur. He has founded multiple companies and socially-focused organizations. His social media following of 3.6 million makes him one of Google Plus’ “Top 25 Followed”, and a Kred “Top 1% Influencer”.Anousheh Ansari was a co-sponsor of the $10 million Ansari X Prize for the first private launch of a reusable manned spacecraft, and the first female private space explorer. She is a serial entrepreneur and currently the chairman of Prodea Systems which she co-founded.Kevin Govender is the Director of the International Astronomical Union's Office of Astronomy for Development in South Africa, which was created to use astronomy to make the world a better place.Mponda Malozo is an environmentalist in Tanzania who also works with the educational system as a science consultant promotes astronomy through outreach activities. He is the Tanzania Coordinator of the Universe Awareness Foundation and a project manager for AWB's Telescopes to Tanzania.Astronomy For the Development of STEM Education2014-08-06 18:00:0088 
Google Science Fair2,136,469+Joi Ito , director of MIT Media Lab, is a leading thinker and writer on innovation. Joi (JOE-ee) is leading the Lab to do cutting-edge research on an amazing range of programs. Come hear about some of the Lab’s 25 research groups, working on more than 350 projects that range from digital approaches for treating neurological disorders, to a stackable, electric car for sustainable cities, to advanced imaging technologies that can “see around a corner.”What are some other cool project areas? Affective Computing, Biomechatronics, Camera Culture, Changing Places, Civic Media, Cognitive Machines, Design Fictions, Fluid Interfaces, Human Dynamics, Information Ecology, Lifelong Kindergarten, Macro Connections, Mediated Matter, Molecular Machines, Object-Based Media, Opera of the Future, Personal Robots, Playful Systems, Responsive Environments, Social Computing, Software Agents Speech + Mobility, Synthetic Neurobiology, Tangible Media, and Viral Spaces.Post your questions for Joi using Q&A, then come watch live!Field Trip Friday, August 1, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMT(Image: Joi Ito)Joi Ito, Director of MIT Media Lab, in a Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-08-01 19:00:0051 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Dr. Peter Diamandis hasn't just seen the future: He's helping to create it, through organizations  he's started, such as XPRIZE Foundation (funding projects to change the world), Singularity University (teaching classes right out of science fiction), and Planetary Resources (figuring out how to mine asteroids).Come learn why he thinks our world is changing exponentially.Wednesday, July 16, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMT(Image: Singularity University)An Exponential Hangout - Peter Diamandis in a Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-07-16 19:00:0046 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Dr. Dennis Hong is a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at UCLA, and the director of the Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory (RoMeLa): In other words, he’s a Robot Scientist. (He’s also a Google Science Fair judge, a former NASA Fellow, a National Science Foundation award winner, a gourmet chef, and a magician.)Along with his team of students, Dennis has created award-winning humanoid robots by marrying robotics and biochemistry. Come meet Dr. Hong, see his amazing robots, and learn how they’re designed and built.Post questions using the Q&A app, then come watch live!Field Trip Friday, July 11, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMT(Image: RoMeLa)The Robot Scientist - Join a Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-07-11 19:00:00138 
TEDMED370,535An income at or near the poverty line is strongly correlated with a greater risk of many diseases. Some of the potential reasons are apparent, such as living in environments where it’s harder to exercise, lacking access to fresh fruits and vegetables, being unable to afford medications or having time off to see doctors. That doesn’t fully explain why those with less money are more likely to be smokers or unhealthy eaters or to make other choices detrimental to their health.Research suggests there are hidden reasons. Living with adversity leads to chronic stress that can lead to depression and a loss of self-control. A paper published in the journal Science this spring posits that the worries associated with being poor may affect cognitive function; there’s just not enough brain space left to think beyond basics. Poverty may affect the ability to take on risk and look for long-term solutions to problems. What do we know about the psychology of poverty, and how does it play out in homes, schools and in the healthcare system? What interventions work best to stem the cycle of poverty and ill health, and when do they need to begin?Join a live online event with experts in the field to discuss this critical issue. Get started today by tweeting your questions to #GreatChallenges and we’ll discuss them on air.We hope you'll join us!TEDMED Great Challenges: What is the Psychology of Poverty?2014-07-08 18:00:00111 
Made with Code5,159Tune in on Friday for a Hangout On Air with Megan Smith, Vice President Google[x], Mo Fong, Director K-12 Education Outreach at Google, Reshma Saujani, Founder of Girls Who Code, and Terry Morreale, Associate Director and CTO of the National Center for Women & Information Technology, for an insider's look at Made with Code --www.madewithcode.comWe’ll be discussing the details of our new initiative to inspire girls to code and the research behind our efforts, which you can see here: http://goo.gl/LjJO0WMade with Code Overview - Inspiring the next generation of girl coders2014-06-27 19:00:0091 
NASA1,693,204Operational Update: The parachute test is delayed one hour, 5 minutes. We will go live now at 11:30am ET. No problem with test, aircraft delay.---Having trouble viewing? Try watching on YouTube: Live: Most-Difficult Orion Parachute Test---This test of the Orion parachute system will be a nail-biter for the engineers who have been working to design it. Join us live to watch a Google+ Hangout from 10:30 a.m. to 12 p.m. EDT, June 25, from the U.S. Army's Yuma Proving Ground in Arizona. We will push a test version of Orion out of an airplane 35,000 feet above the Arizona desert in its most complex parachute test ever. Watch the test live and hear from Orion engineers who have been testing and building the spacecraft about what they’ve learned so far and what they’re looking forward to seeing when Orion launches into space on its first test flight in December. Exploration Flight Test-1, an uncrewed test of the spacecraft, will send Orion 3,600 miles away from Earth. Orion's parachutes are being tested to ensure they can slow the capsule for a safe landing in the Pacific Ocean as the spacecraft reenters Earth's atmosphere from deep space missions at speeds of up to 20,000 mph. Ask questions now and during the event by posting comments here or on Twitter using the #OrionTest hashtag.For more information, visit: http://go.nasa.gov/1pLa3WR Live: Most-Difficult Orion Parachute Test2014-06-25 17:30:00690 
Animalist229,558Calling all animal fans! Please join us next Tuesday June 24th at 2:30pm Pacific/5:30pm Eastern for a Hangout On Air with the sloths at Zoo Atlanta in honor of Sloth Week 2014.Ask the experts all your sloth questions and see real sloths live on camera! Use #SlothWeek  to submit your questions on the event page and in the Q&A app during the Hangout. Sloth on everyone! Come Hangout With The Sloths At The Atlanta Zoo for Sloth Week!2014-06-24 23:30:0034 
TEDMED370,535It’s a concept called “hyperbolic discounting.”  We humans are more likely to place value on things that pay off immediately rather than investing over the long term.  It’s one reason why effort involved in exercising and eating well is often ignored in favor of a quick-fix nap or fast-food burger. Facing this, how can those charged with promoting healthier behaviors and selling products that relate to them achieve their goals?  What can public entities learn from corporate ones, and visa versa? Join our live event to find out. We’ll talk to some of the nation’s most successful organizations and brands to hear their challenges and successes as they promote the importance and desirability of prevention and health.Join our moderator, Kate Lowenstein of Prevention, and our Great Challenges guests: Susan Manber of Digitas Health, Gary Foster of Weight Watchers, Dave Melbourne of Bumble Bee Foods and others!We’ll take questions from our social media audience via #greatchallenges and answer them on air.TEDMED Great Challenges: Marketing Prevention: How do you sell a healthy lifestyle?2014-06-24 18:00:00192 
STEM Women on G+112,195Join us for a STEM Women HOA as we speak to Professor +Julia Greer  on her career as a materials scientist. Julia works on 3D nanomaterials, and her research specialises in the creation of extremely strong yet ultra-light materials. She will talk to us about her fascinating career path and diverse interests, along with ways in which academia can be more supportive of STEM parents. This HOA will be hosted by Dr +Buddhini Samarasinghe  and Dr +Zuleyka Zevallos    and you can tune in on Sunday June 22nd at 2.30 PM Pacificl/ 10.30PM UK. The hangout will be available for viewing on our YouTube channel (http://www.youtube.com/stemwomen) after the event.In the Spotlight, with Professor Julia Greer2014-06-22 23:30:0032 
Mission Blue987,796 Secretary of State John Kerry is assembling a world-wide conference bringing together stakeholders, policy makers and experts from the ocean community to share the best science, offer unique perspectives, and demonstrate effective actions. Following the conference, Mission Blue will host a Google Hangout on Air featuring:+Fabien Cousteau of +Mission 31 +Kip Evans of +Mission Blue +National Geographic's "Kid Reporter"+Jenifer Austin of the +Google Ocean Program +Sylvia Earle +National Geographic Explorer-in-Residenceand more!Moderated by +Andrew Kornblatt of the +Online Ocean Symposium The hangout itself will proceed a private screening of Mission Blue's movie at the +National Geographic Society headquarters in DC. You can learn more about the film here - "Our Oceans" Conference2014-06-17 23:30:00153 
Jennifer Lopez238,171JLovers! Let's hangout on the release date of my 10th album, AKA, June 17 on Google+. #JLoHangOut   #JLoAKAJune17  Submit questions directly to me by clicking on the Hangout screen on this page and click "Ask a new question".Make sure to vote for your submission to see it rise on the chart!Click here to download 'A.K.A.' in the Google Play store now: https://play.google.com/store/music/album/Jennifer_Lopez_A_K_A_Deluxe?id=B6cgs6horxn72hw4xevazkn54k4Hangout with J. Lo #JLoAKA2014-06-17 22:30:001795 
Richard Branson6,688,517Fabien Cousteau's Mission 31 will spark exploration, discovery and a deeper connection with our ocean planet. Join me, The Schmidt Family Foundation President and co-founder of the Schmidt Ocean Institute Wendy Schmidt, and CNN anchor Brooke Baldwin as we chat with Fabien and ask him what it's like to spend a month living in the least explored part of our planet.31 Days Under the Sea with Fabien Cousteau2014-06-17 16:00:00245 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with actress Kerry Washington ("Scandal") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page: http://www.goldderby.com/ . She is the Emmy-nominated star as Olivia Pope, a crisis management expert having an affair with the U.S. President. Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #Kerry Washington #Scandal #ABC #GoldDerby #Emmys Gold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: Kerry Washington ('Scandal')2014-06-12 02:45:0020 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with comedian and host Conan O'Brien ("Conan") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page: http://www.goldderby.com/ . He is the star of late night TBS talk show "Conan" and formerly hosted "Late Night" on NBC. O'Brien is an Emmy Award winner and hosted that ceremony twice. Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #ConanOBrien #Conan #TBS #GoldDerby #Emmys Gold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: Conan O'Brien ('Conan')2014-06-06 22:00:005 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with actor and director David Boreanaz ("Bones") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page: http://www.goldderby.com/ . Since 2005, he has played FBI Agent Seeley Booth on the FOX drama series. Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #DavidBoreanaz #Bones #FOX #GoldDerby #Emmys Gold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: David Boreanaz ('Bones')2014-06-06 20:00:004 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with actress Kate Walsh ("Fargo") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page: http://www.goldderby.com/ . She co-stars as Gina Hess, the hot grieving wife of a murdered man, on the mysterious FX miniseries. Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #KateWalsh #Fargo #FX #GoldDerby #EmmysGold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: Kate Walsh ('Fargo')2014-06-05 23:45:004 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with actress Keri Russell ("The Americans") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page: http://www.goldderby.com/ . She stars as Elizabeth Jennings, an undercover KGB agent living with her husband (Matthew Rhys) near Washington in the early 1980s. Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #KeriRussell #TheAmericans #FX #MatthewRhys #GoldDerby #EmmysGold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: Keri Russell ('The Americans')2014-06-03 19:00:009 
Reinventors Network789,184What will be required for young and old to thrive in the coming digital, global world of many challenges? What is the role of an integrative education in transferring those skills?Join anchor Donald Harward, former president of Bates College, in this second roundtable of the series to Reinvent the University for the Whole Person, in partnership with +Georgetown University We have a great group of participants forming for this roundtable: +Mimi Ito , Professor and cultural anthropologist+Mike McPherson , President of the Spencer Foundation+Nova Spivack , CEO of Bottlenose+Peter Felten , Assistant Provost, Director of the Center for Engaged Learning, and Professor of History at Elon UniversitySee more at: http://reinventors.net/roundtables/next-skill-sets/Next Skill Sets with Donald Harward2014-05-20 20:00:0042 
National Geographic Education3,397,523Join our hangout featuring students who submitted solutions to the National Geographic Kids Engineering Exploration Challenge. National Geographic engineers will discuss student solutions, answer questions, and share real-world stories from the field. Students ages 6-18 developed solutions to one or more of three engineering challenges faced by National Geographic Explorers in the field every day: creating an animal-proof camera, designing a camera system to send a camera up in the air and bring it back down safely, and creating a system to power electronics in the field. Join us as they share their wildest ideas! National Geographic Kids Engineering Exploration Challenge2014-05-20 19:00:00316 
TEDMED370,535There's no shortage of news, or worry, about the coming scarcity of healthcare workers. But is that really the case? What if we’ve got enough hands, but just need to align tasks better?Join our live event this Tuesday at Noon Eastern with a few of those on the forefront of rethinking the healthcare workforce. According to a study from The Annals of Family Medicine, one doctor can reasonably help 983 patients in a year working solo. As part of a team, delegating tasks properly, the same doctor could reach 1,947 patients.What needs to happen on all fronts to make that work? How can we handle rural and underserved areas? Who should play bigger roles: Nurses, pharmacists, technicians? What would that mean for costs? What are our future healthcare needs, and how can we meet them? Kick off the conversation today by tweeting your questions and comments to #GreatChallenges and we’ll discuss them on air.Participants include:- Ed Salsberg, George Washington University Center for Health Workforce Research and Policy- Troy Trygstad, Community Care of North Carolina- Audrey Lum, Union Health CenterTEDMED Great Challenges: Shifting Work: Can rethinking the healthcare workforce drive down medical costs?2014-05-20 18:00:00109 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Caterpillars. Butterflies. Praying mantises. Imagine a place with more than 10 million insect specimens. Now imagine you could go on a virtual field trip there. Then come with us next Field Trip Friday, May 16, to the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco!Come learn about entomology (the science of insects) from David Kavanaugh, chairman and curator of Entomology at the Academy, which has one of the largest insect collections in North America. Also an adjunct professor at UC Berkeley, Professor Kavanaugh roams the world looking for fascinating insects to fill out the Academy’s collection, and he’s just returned from a recent trip.Post questions for Professor Kavanaugh, then come watch live as we visit the home of millions of insect specimens!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday, May 16, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMTImages: California Academy of SciencesThe Science of Insects! A Google Science Fair 2014 Virtual Field Trip to the California Academy of Sciences2014-05-16 19:00:00113 
Virgin1,546,673Featuring a panel of the industry’s most disruptive minds including Richard Branson, submit your #virgindisruptors  questions now! Richard Branson debates the state of innovation #VirginDisruptors2014-05-09 18:30:001108 
NASA Goddard118,997On March 29, 2014, an X-class flare burst off the right side of the sun . . . and NASA was watching.Coordinating their observations, five NASA observatories and one ground-based telescope were able to see things in the flare they'd never seen before.  Numerous other NASA spacecraft provided additional data about what was happening on the sun during the event and what the effects were at Earth. Join us at 2:30 p.m. EDT on Thursday, May 8, 2014, as researchers describe how multiple missions worked together to explore the sun's surface and atmosphere, layer by layer, providing unprecedented images of the onset of a solar flare.  In addition to the colorful pictures of the sun that NASA will share, participants will explain how such research can help scientists better understand what sets off these large explosions on the sun. Perhaps, someday scientists may be able to predict their onset, forewarning of the radio blackouts they can cause near Earth – blackouts that can interfere with military, airplane and ship communications.Participants include: Adrian Daw: IRIS project scientist at NASA GoddardAlbert Shih: RHESSI scientist at NASA GoddardSabrina Savage: Hinode deputy project scientist at NASA MarshallLucia Kleint: Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Jeffrey Newmark: NASA HeadquartersNASA Hangout: All Eyes on the Sun2014-05-08 20:30:00650 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Here’s your chance to join a Hangout with Steve Spangler!+Steve Spangler is an author, professional speaker, two-time Emmy Award winner, Time 100 nominee, science teacher, founder of two companies, director of the National Hands-on Science Institute, toy maker and trained magician. What can’t he do?Come hear Steve talk about “hands-on science,” and how we can all learn how to investigate science on our own - and have fun. Sign up to watch it live, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips #gsf2014  Special day & time: Wednesday, May 7, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1800 GMTSteve Spangler in a special Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air!2014-05-07 19:00:0076 
Google Science Fair2,136,469What’s the science behind engineering? What does it take to design and build a drone, or a musical instrument? How can you model the flames of something that’s caught fire? Can you copy the mechanics of a fruitfly in flight?Chris Rogers is a mechanical engineer extraordinaire. He knows everything from telerobotics (such as drones) to the engineering of musical instruments (with Steinway) to the flight mechanics of the fruit fly. He helped LEGO to develop ROBOLAB, a program that has operated in 50,000 schools around the world. He has lit a couch on fire, flown in NASA's 0-g “vomit comet,” sent robots under water, and has LEGO and Arduino computers controlling  his house. And he’s currently the co-director of the Tufts University Center for Engineering Education and Outreach (CEEO), which helps kids get interested in engineering, science and math.Come hear Chris talk about mechanical engineering, LEGO, drones, musical instruments, fruit flies, and a lot more! Post your questions for Chris using the Q&A app on the Google+ event page.This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday, May 2, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMTThe Science of Engineering with Chris Rogers: A Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-05-02 19:00:00117 
IEEE20,806Join the hour-long live discussion and ask questions of some of the top IoT experts as they discuss current progress and future ideas in the field. The expert panel will include William Webb, Oleg Logninov, Kevin Curran and Roberto Minerva, moderated by Chris Murphy, editor of InformationWeek.The Great Internet of Things Debate2014-05-02 18:00:00132 
GoldDerby269,445Share your questions and comments with actress Minnie Driver ("About a Boy" and "Return to Zero") at our #googlehangout #HangoutsOnAir or at Gold Derby's home page www.goldderby.com . Go ahead and ask your questions now if you can't join us live. #MinnieDriver #AboutaBoy #NBC #ReturntoZero #Lifetime #GoldDerby #Emmys Gold Derby Emmy Google+ Hangout: Minnie Driver ('About a Boy' & 'Return to Zero')2014-05-01 23:30:004 
Reinventors Network789,184Talk about a fundamental Reinvention! The arrival of Artificial Intelligence could reinvent what it is to be human, to be employed. As we shift many kinds of work, even knowledge work, to machines, we might ultimately need to rethink economic distribution and the social compact among citizens. Join +Kevin Kelly , the founding executive editor of Wired magazine, as we focus this roundtable on this important initial question: What is the early path of commercialization for Artificial Intelligence? In other words, what will be AI’s first killer apps? This will be where regular people initally encounter AI. Let’s get a handle on this powerful enabling technology now.We have a great group of participants taking part in this discussion: +George Dyson , Non-fiction author and historian of technology+Doug Lenat , CEO of Cycorp+Krisztina Holly , Tech entrepreneur, engineer, innovator+Nova Spivack , CEO of Bottlenose+Wayne Radinsky , Resident Futurist at Boulder Future Salon+Amir Behbehani , Founder of Serial MetricsSee more at: http://reinventors.net/roundtables/reinvent-artificial-intelligence/Reinvent Artificial Intelligence with Kevin Kelly2014-04-30 20:00:00223 
WIRED2,589,122Description:NASA and Made in Space will discuss the 3D printer which will be launching in space, and the impact the technology stands to have on the agency in the future. Discussion moderated by WIRED's Adam Mann.Participants:* LaNetra Tate, Space Technology Mission Directorate program executive for additive manufacturing of NASA* Niki Werkheiser, Made in Space integration manager for NASA* Michael Chen, CSO for Made In SpaceModerator:Adam Mann, Space and physics reporter for WIREDNASA & Made in Space: 3D Printing in Space2014-04-30 18:00:0063 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Did you know there’s a National Geographic project that’s tracking the historic migration patterns of the entire human species?Dr. Spencer Wells is a leading population geneticist, and director of the Genographic Project from National Geographic. His fascination with the past has led this scientist, author, and documentary filmmaker to the farthest reaches of the globe in search of human populations who hold the history of humankind in their DNA. By studying humankind's family tree - over 650,000 people have already participated - he hopes to close the gaps in our knowledge of human migrationAs Dr. Spencer says, “The greatest history book ever written is the one hidden in our DNA.” Come hear about what Dr. Wells has learned from our DNA, and what he hopes to know in the future.Sign up to watch, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday on DNA Day, April 2512PM PT / 3PM ET / 2000 GMTCome Join a “Genetic Hangout” on DNA Day!2014-04-25 21:00:00180 
NASA1,693,204Video player on this page not working? Watch on YouTube at: Mars Virtual Field Trip-------------------------NASA's Digital Learning Network, the U.S. Department of State's Collaboratory, and Google’s Connected Classrooms invite educators and students to their Mission Mars Virtual Field Trip.  The online event will take place on Friday, April 25, 2014 from 2:00-3:00p.m. EDT, in conjunction with the 2014 USA Science and Engineering Festival in Washington, D.C.  This virtual event will feature a special lesson about Mars rovers, along with interactions among NASA experts and students worldwide. Mission Mars: Virtual Field Trip2014-04-25 20:00:001998 
Google Science Fair2,136,469*Join a “Galactic Hangout” with four members of the Virgin Galactic team: “What's it like to work in a spaceship factory?”What would it be like to work in the world’s first commercial spaceship factory? What kinds of jobs do people actually do there? What are their backgrounds, and how do they get hired?You’ll see that you don’t need to be a rocket scientist to work in commercial space - although rocket scientists are always welcome!We will be joined by space design guru Adam Wells, spaceship builder Joe Brennan, astronaut relations supremo Lauren De Niro Pipher – oh, and rocket scientist, Marissa Good! They'll all be live from Virgin Galactic’s factory in Mojave, California. You’ll find out what it takes to build the Earth’s first spaceline -  scheduled to begin taking people up to space by the end of this year.Sign up to attend, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classrooms. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday, April 25, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1800 GMTJoin a Google Science Fair 2014 “Galactic Hangout” to a spaceship factory!2014-04-25 19:00:00151 
Berkeley Lab345,355Our next #ConnectedClassroom hangout takes you from above the Arctic Circle in Alaska to Berkeley Lab in California. Along the way, you’ll learn how and why scientists study permafrost to better understand the vulnerable Arctic ecosystem -- and what may happen to it as the climate changes. Watch the event live and ask our scientists questions!During the April 24, 11 a.m. to noon Pacific Time hangout, you’ll hear from:-Scientists at a research site above the Arctic Circle near Barrow, Alaska. They’re busy staying warm and collecting permafrost cores to get an up-close view of the frozen landscape.-Researchers at a CT scanning lab at Berkeley Lab. They’re imaging permafrost cores from the Barrow site to learn how permafrost changes under different temperatures.-Scientists at a microbial lab at Berkeley Lab. They study samples of permafrost soil to discover the kinds of microbes that call permafrost home. The microbes’ vast numbers, and their role in the planet’s climate, will amaze you!It’s all part of Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment-Arctic, a Department of Energy project aimed at improving climate model predictions by better understanding Arctic terrestrial ecosystems.Watch the event live and send in your questions. Post them here, e-mail us at askberkeleylab@lbl.gov, tweet us at @BerkeleyLab or use #askberkeleylab .More about NGEE-Arctic: http://ngee-arctic.ornl.gov/Above the Arctic Circle: Permafrost, CT scans, and microbes!2014-04-24 20:00:0068 
Motorola Mobility1,136,351Chat live with +Punit Soni from our software team.  Have any questions you would like to see answered?  Ask them in the comment section of our event page or on Twitter using hashtag #AskMoto  Celebrating 50 Software Launches with Punit Soni2014-04-23 22:00:00827 
Sony Pictures Entertainment0Join the first-ever movie-themed Google+ Shoppable Hangout for a LIVE Q&A Andrew Garfield, Emma Stone, Jamie Foxx, Dane DeHaan, and Director Marc Webb Watch and Share your thoughts on the  #SpiderManHangout"The Amazing Spider-Man 2" - LIVE Google+ Shoppable Hangout2014-04-21 23:00:001700 
Parade Magazine162,455We're talking with three of the sharks from the ABC hit show "Shark Tank": Barbara Corcoran, Daymond John, and Robert Herjavec. Wondering about what really happens behind the scenes, the worst pitches they've ever received, and if they hang out off set? Ask them! Start submitting your questions now! Parade Magazine Chats with the "Shark Tank" Sharks!2014-04-11 20:30:00312 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Fusion currently only occurs in the centers of stars. But Steve Cowley thinks we may be able to recreate it here on Earth. As director of the Culham Center for Fusion Energy, he's collaborating with the UK Atomic Energy Authority and researchers on the France-based ITER fusion device on projects that may lead to cheap, nearly limitless carbon-free energy through fusion.Steve knows what he’s talking about: He’s a Professor at Imperial College in the United Kingdom, and led the Plasma Physics Group there. He’s Chief Executive Officer of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority. And he’s a member of the Prime Minister's Council of Science and Technology.Come hear from Steve not just about fusion, but about space,Sign up to watch it live, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday, April 11, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1800 GMTJoin a "Fusion-Powered Hangout": Come to Field Trip Friday with astrophysicist Steve Cowley2014-04-11 19:00:00108 
Disney Parks1,134,277Join us on April 10th at 1:00pm PT, for a very special Google+ Hangout On Air with Academy Award® winning composer and Disney legend Richard M. Sherman in celebration the 50th anniversary of “it’s a small world,”® the classic Disney Parks attraction that opened as a salute to UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and children around the world at the 1964 New York World’s Fair. Want a chance to appear in the Hangout as a featured participant? Ask your question in the Q&A app and we may pick you! Feeling a bit camera shy but still have a great question to ask? No problem! You can still ask it in the Q&A app or Tweet it using #SmallWorldHangout - our moderator will be asking Mr. Sherman a selection of the best fan-submitted questions during the Hangout! Fans around the world are also invited to join the global sing-along by visiting www.SmallWorld50.com - a “global hub” of music and harmony where guests may record videos of themselves singing the classic song and create virtual “it’s a small world” dolls to benefit UNICEF.Disney Parks presents: Richard M. Sherman Performance and Q&A2014-04-10 22:00:00815 
Google Science Fair2,136,469What’s “moonshot thinking”? What’s a “10x breakthrough”? How do people “solve for x”? Come join this Field Trip Friday visit to Google [x] and find out!Mary Lou Jepsen is head of the Display Division at Google [x]. She co-founded One Laptop per Child to build affordable computers for the world’s poorest children; she’s been a professor at MIT; and chief technology officer of Intel's Display Division. She has been named as one of the top 50 female computer scientists of all time; a "Time 100" one of the 100 most influential people in the world; and one of the CNN 10, a list of top 10 thinkers in science and technology.Come hear from Mary Lou about some of the amazing projects that have come out of Google [x], like Google Glass, the self-driving car, and Project Loon!Sign up to watch it live, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a High School classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips Field Trip Friday, April 4, 9AM PT / 12PM ET / 1700 GMTComputer Science + Moonshot thinking x 10x breakthroughs = A Hangout with Google [x]!2014-04-04 18:00:00102 
Google for Entrepreneurs0“We're very excited to announce that the next in our series of "Hangouts for Entrepreneurs" will feature legendary entrepreneur Arianna Huffington, author of Thrive: The Third Metric to Redefining Success and Creating a Life of Well-Being, Wisdom, and Wonder, Guy Kawasaki a renowned author, speaker, investor and business advisor and Rich Sheridan, business innovator and author of Joy inc.. This group of distinguished entrepreneurs and business pioneers will discuss how to thrive and create joy at work and how this helps to build successful businesses.The Hangout kicks off at 10:00am PST on the 31st of March 2014. Other time zones:10:00 Pacific Standard Time13:00  Eastern Standard Time18:00 pm UK time12 noon Jamaica time19:00 South Africa TimePlease rsvp yes and then come to this event page at the time listed below to watch this Hangout on Air liveArianna Huffington, Guy Kawasaki, Rich Sheridan Hangout on entrepreneurship2014-03-31 19:00:002300 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Pelle Petersen is a designer for LEGO Education, based in Billund, Denmark. Not only does he design robots, but he’s also a LEGO designer as well: He loves LEGO, play and learning, and is passionate about spreading all three into the world.Come meet Pelle on this Field Trip Friday Hangout On Air for Google Science Fair 2014. Pelle will show you some cool robots, tell you what it’s like working at LEGO and designing hardware - and if we’re lucky, he’ll even show us how to do some designs right in our Hangout!Sign up on the event page, and post your questions through the Q&A app. Then come watch Pelle answer your questions live!Produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classrooms. If you’re an educator who would like your classroom to actually join the Hangout and ask questions of Pelle, sign up at http://goo.gl/zP4l9nFriday, March 28, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMTRobots! LEGO! Design! A Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-03-28 18:00:00154 
Google Lunar XPRIZE404,695OverviewA global team of scientists and engineers are all working toward constructing missions to land on, travel across, and send video back from the Moon. With this new Google Hangout on Air series we will introduce you to the men and women behind each of these planned missions and bring you all the latest developments from +Google Lunar XPRIZE .This WeekJoin guests +Karsten Becker and +Robert Boehme from +Part-Time Scientists and Lauren Schneider and John Thornton from +Astrobotic  for a 50 minute discussion hosted by +Pamela L. Gay.- Part-Time Scientists will highlight their upcoming Analog Mission Simulation- Astrobotic will discuss their chosen landing site.Have questions for our teams? Leave them in the comments below.001: Hello, World!2014-03-25 17:00:00106 
Business Rockstars3,548 We are pleased to host +DR. MICHIO KAKU, Physicist/Futurist  in a discussion about the human brain and it's possibilities.We are taking your questionsSubmit your questions in the comments for a chance to have +Ken Rutkowski relate them to Dr. Michio Kaku in the Hangout! The New York Times best-selling author of PHYSICS OF THE IMPOSSIBLE, PHYSICS OF THE FUTURE and HYPERSPACE tackles the most fascinating and complex object in the known universe: the human brain.         For the first time in history, the secrets of the living brain are being revealed by a battery of high tech brain scans devised by physicists. Now what was once solely the province of science fiction has become a startling reality. Recording memories, telepathy, videotaping our dreams, mind control, avatars, and telekinesis are not only possible; they already exist.  THE FUTURE OF THE MIND gives us an authoritative and compelling look at the astonishing research being done in top laboratories around the world—all based on the latest advancements in neuroscience and physics.  One day we might have a "smart pill" that can enhance our cognition; be able to upload our brain to a computer, neuron for neuron; send thoughts and emotions around the world on a "brain-net"; control computers and robots with our mind; push the very limits of immortality; and perhaps even send our consciousness across the universe.           Dr. Kaku takes us on a grand tour of what the future might hold, giving us not only a solid sense of how the brain functions but also how these technologies will change our daily lives. He even presents a radically new way to think about "consciousness" and applies it to provide fresh insight into mental illness, artificial intelligence and alien consciousness.  With Dr. Kaku's deep understanding of modern science and keen eye for future developments, THE FUTURE OF THE MIND is a scientific tour de force - an extraordinary, mind-boggling exploration of the frontiers of neuroscience.------------#physics   #michiokaku   #hangoutsonair   #businessrockstars   #thefuturSOON: "Add 120+ IQ Points & Time Travel!"2014-03-22 00:00:0063 
UNICEF USA368,747Tune in to hear about the newest ideas and technology being implemented in the pursuit of clean water around the world with invited guests +charity: water, +People Water, +Water.org, +World Vision, +WaterAid and +UNICEF USA (as moderator).A link to the Google+ Hangout on Air will be posted on this event page, as well as on our Twitter account and YouTube channel, shortly before we go live.Twitter: http://twitter.com/unicefusaYouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/UNICEFUSAAfter our initial discussion, we will open it up to Q&A from the audience, so be sure to leave your questions for our panelists on this page!World Water Day Hangout: Using technology to provide clean water to the world2014-03-21 19:00:00138 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Join a “Galactic Hangout” with a Virgin Galactic test pilot, a "Liquid Propulsion design engineer," and a payload integration engineer: “How do we get to space?” Why do we joke about how difficult rocket science is? Because it really is hard getting to space! How do satellites and astronauts make it into space safely? What are the key technologies and systems that have been used over the years?What will be different about the missions of the first commercial spaceline? Come meet three amazing people from the Virgin Galactic team. You’ll hear about Michael ‘’Sooch’’ Masucci’s exploits test-piloting SpaceShipTwo; Kimberly Betker’s work in the liquid propulsion team (how cool is that?); and Kyle Stephens will tell you what a Payload Integration Engineer does. Sign up to attend, post your questions using the Q&A app, then come hear your questions answered live! This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classrooms. If you're an educator with a classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV #VirtualFieldTrips  “Field Trip Friday,” March 21, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1700 GMTJoin a Google Science Fair 2014 “Galactic Hangout” with a rocket test pilot & a two rocket engineers!2014-03-21 18:00:00176 
American Museum of Natural History235,507Watch live at 7:30 EST on Wednesday, March 19, as host and moderator Neil deGrasse Tyson, who is the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium, leads the 2014 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate, Selling Space, with a panel of entrepreneurs and space historians. Live stream: http://bit.ly/1l3Jo6XSpace exploration is entering a new era. Dozens of aerospace companies have emerged in recent years, all with the goal of commercializing space as never before. From serving NASA's cargo needs to sending tourists on space vacations to mining asteroids for profit, this next generation of entrepreneurs, and not NASA, may be the ones who transform space into our backyard, possibly creating the first-ever trillionaires.Panelists Include:Wanda M. Austin, President and CEO of The Aerospace CorporationMichael Gold, Director of DC Operations and Business Growth, Bigelow AerospaceJohn Logsdon, Professor Emeritus, Space Policy & International Affairs, George Washington UniversityElliot Pulham, Chief Executive Officer, Space FoundationTom Shelley, President, Space Adventures, Ltd.Robert Walker, Executive Chairman, Wexler & Walker Public Policy AssociatesThe late Dr. Isaac Asimov, one of the most prolific and influential authors of our time, was a dear friend and supporter of the American Museum of Natural History. In his memory, the Hayden Planetarium is honored to host the annual Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate—generously endowed by relatives, friends, and admirers of Isaac Asimov and his work—bringing the finest minds in the world to the Museum each year to debate pressing questions on the frontier of scientific discovery. Proceeds from ticket sales of the Isaac Asimov Memorial Debates benefit the scientific and educational programs of the Hayden Planetarium.Live Stream: Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate2014-03-20 00:30:006 
Motorola Mobility1,136,351Join us for a live Hangout with Jim Wicks, lead designer of Moto 360, Motorola’s new watch powered by Android Wear. During the Hangout, Jim will discuss the design and style features that make Moto 360 unlike any watch on the market today. #Moto360 For more information visit our blog: http://goo.gl/yZ5b2a It’s Time: Meet Moto 3602014-03-19 19:00:006863 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Daniel Kraft is one of the country’s leading experts on the future of medicine.. He’s a Stanford- and Harvard-trained physician-scientist, inventor, entrepreneur and innovator.. He’s the Executive Director for the Exponential Medicine conference, which brings together some of the world’s most advanced medicine technologists.. He’s a track chair at Singularity University, which involves “disruptive” scientists and technologists from around the world.. He’s the founder of two companies bringing advances to personal medicine. And he's a former Google Science Fair judge.. And if that’s not enough, he’s also a pilot, having served as a flight surgeon for an F-16 fighter squadron - and was a finalist to be a NASA astronaut.On this Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air “Field Trip Friday,” Dr. Kraft will focus on amazing advances in medicine technology that may sound like science fiction - but are just around the corner.Produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classrooms. If you’re an educator who would like your classroom to actually join the Hangout and ask questions of Dr. Kraft, sign up at http://goo.gl/zP4l9n .Daniel will be interviewed by former GSF Finalist +Gavin Ovsák. Post questions using the Q&A app on the Event Page, then watch in real time to hear your questions answered!Friday, March 14, 10AM PT /  1PM ET / 1700 GMTWhat’s the future of medicine technology? Come find out from Dr. Daniel Kraft!2014-03-14 18:00:00103 
Penguin Random House777,458Join the world-renowned theoretical physicist and author of THE FUTURE OF THE MIND for a rare video chat, this Friday March 14, 11:30AM EST.Submit your questions in the following form for a chance to join Dr. Michio Kaku in the Hangout! https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1DByQykkTbCjQeN4DmJNXmeLvlsZ95VZ2fXDWbpDfIys/viewformHangout with Dr Michio Kaku2014-03-14 16:30:0055 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Become a citizen scientist and explore the Zooniverse with astrophysicist Chris Lintott, interviewed by Mariette DiChristina of Scientific American!+Chris Lintott is an English astrophysicist at Oxford University who founded “Zooniverse,” an online crowdsourcing site that over 1 million people from around the world identify images and sounds for science. He’s also the host of “The Sky At Night” on the BBC, and the co-author of “Bang! – The Complete History of the Universe” (with Queen guitarist and astrophysicist Brian May).With +Zooniverse , you can do everything from finding planets around stars and exploring the craters of the moon to identifying the songs of whales. Come hear what we’ve found out about our world and our universe from the minds of many, and learn what sparked  Chris’ interest in science.Chris will be interviewed by +Mariette diChristina , editor of +Scientific American . Post your questions for Chris about astrophysics and citizen science in the Q&A app on the event page, then come hear his answers live!This session will be produced in collaboration with Google Connected Classroom. If you're an educator with a classroom who wants to actually join the Hangout, sign up on the Connected Classrooms form at http://goo.gl/z9gHfV  #VirtualFieldTrips Friday, March 7, 10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1800 GMTExplore the Zooniverse with astrophysicist Chris Lintott!2014-03-07 19:00:0087 
NASA1,693,204Watch live on YouTube as well: http://youtu.be/ymBBnErFiPk----There’s an old axiom that you can’t be what you can’t see. Perhaps if you think about what inspired you to enter into your current job, or line of study, you’ll recognize a role model or two that inspired you to take your current path.That’s why NASA and the Energy Department are teaming up on Wednesday, March 5, 2014  at 1pm EST to host a Google+ Hangout, showcasing women in STEM at NASA and Energy that are changing the world and addressing the serious shortage of women and girls engaged in STEM fields in the United States, and showcasing strong role models for students of all genders.Dr. Katie Gallagher, from NASA’s Office of the Chief Technologist will moderate a conversation for students, teachers, parents, and STEM educators. Director Dot Harris, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity at the Department of Energy, will be on the line with Dr. Rebecca Spyke-Keiser, Associate Deputy Administrator for Strategy and Policy at NASA; Shannon Walker, NASA astronaut at Johnson Space Center in Houston; Jill Fuss, Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and a class at Andrew Jackson Middle School in Titusville, Florida, to discuss ways to find role models for young people in STEM fields and answer questions from students and the general public about STEM careers.Join Women @ Energy  and Women @ NASA  to hear from women role models leading the way in transformative science, innovation, cutting-edge research, and combating climate change.Ask your question in advance by emailing newmedia@hq.doe.gov or by tweeting with #WomeninSTEM and join us on March 5  for this exciting event.Find Your STEM Role Model: Join Our Google+ Hangout on Wednesday, March 52014-03-05 19:00:00187 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Join a "Galactic Hangout" for Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air with +Sam Branson & +Virgin Galactic’s +William Pomerantz!They'll answer the provocative question: “Why go to space?” Come join our first “Field Trip Friday” Hangout On Air with GSF partner Virgin Galactic, the world’s first commercial spaceline.Why is it worth spending time and money to go to space? What do we learn by going there? How can space exploration improve life here on Earth? What do future astronauts look forward to the most? Our guests will offer answers to these questions and more.You’ll get the chance to meet +Sam Branson, son of Virgin founder +Richard Branson. Sam is an incredible adventurer: he spent months crossing 1,200 miles of the Arctic to raise awareness about climate change, and he attempted to break the trans-Atlantic sailing speed record. And he’s training to be on Virgin Galactic’s inaugural commercial spaceflight later this year.You’ll also meet +William Pomerantz, who is the Vice President for Special Projects for Virgin Galactic. He’s involved in sending research and educational projects and satellites up into space. He helped create and spent several years managing the $30 million Google Lunar  +XPRIZE, and he’s a graduate of the International Space University. (Did you even know there is a Space University?)Sam and Will will be interviewed by +Gavin Ovsák, former Google Science Fair finalist, and a frequent host for GSF Hangout On Air se"Galactic Hangout" with Sam Branson & Virgin Galactic's Will Pomerantz for Google Science Fair 20142014-02-28 19:00:00229 
National Aquarium461,584American oceanographer, explorer, author and lecturer, Dr. Sylvia Earle has pioneered the concept of embracing ocean “hope spots” around the world, aquatic treasures like our own National Marine Sanctuaries. Hope spots are special places that are critical to the health of the ocean, Earth’s blue heart.Sylvia Earle Lecture - "Hope: A Plan for Our Oceans"2014-02-28 01:00:007 
Google Science Fair2,136,469How can we better understand the creatures of the deep? Come join this Hangout On Air, hosted by +Mariette DiChristina of +Scientific American to see the latest - and coolest - device for underwater exploration.To study the behavior of fishes and invertebrates that live in the oceans' depths, scientists need to observe and interact with these animals in their habitats. But how? Advanced techniques allow for diving to several hundred feet, but human physiology sets practical limits for the type of work and amount of time at that depth.The Exosuit, the newest generation of atmospheric diving systems (ADS), keeps the pilot protected from the effects of pressure and will allow a trained pilot to perform delicate work at depths of up to 1,000 feet (305 meters) for hours. Together with a remotely operated vehicle (ROV), the Exosuit will provide new ways for scientists to observe, photograph, and collect marine life in areas that are otherwise difficult to explore.Live from the +American Museum of Natural History, come join this Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air to see the the only Exosuit currently in existence. You'll hear how it will be used in deep-dive research this coming summer, along with its partner ROV (remotely operated vehicle).Post your questions using the Q&A app on this page, then come watch live!10AM PT / 1PM ET / 1800 GMTExosuit! See the only deep-dive Exosuit in existence, live from the American Museum of Natural History2014-02-27 19:15:0089 
Berkeley Lab345,355You and three judges vote on technology pitches from five Berkeley Lab scientists. Which will benefit society the most? You decide. Attend in person. RSVP here: http://votefornextbigtech.eventbrite.com/Or watch the LIVE stream of the event  and vote at: http://www.lbl.gov/LBL-PID/fobl/.Contestants:Making Better BatteriesGuoying Chen, ChemistHacking and Tracking Personal DNA DamageSylvain Costes, BiophysicistMaking Energy Measurement StickSteven Lanzisera, Applied Energy ScientistMolecular VelcroGloria Olivier, ChemistDress Code for MartiansAlex Zettl, Brian GreeneScience at the Theater: Vote for the Next Big Tech Idea!2014-02-24 19:00:008 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Join +Ray Kurzweil , one of the most innovative and prolific inventors of our time, on a Field Trip Friday!Ray Kurzweil has been hailed as one of the greatest innovators of our time. He’s invented numerous devices that make people’s lives better. He’s the Director of Engineering at Google, guiding a variety of fascinating projects. He’s the co-founder of Singularity University, the college that teaches about disruptive technologies. And he’s an expert on “the singularity,” the future point at which computers can become smarter than humans. If you’re interested in everything from advanced technology and biotechnology to micro-engineering and nanotechnology, this is the Hangout to join.Ray will be interviewed by +Joe Hanson, Ph.D. biologist and host of +It's Okay To Be Smart from PBS Digital Studios.Post your questions using the Q&A button on the red screen above, then join us for the Hangout live to hear Ray's answers!Produced in collaboration with Google  Connected Classrooms.Friday, February 21, 2014, 10am PT / 12noon CT / 1pm ET / 1800 GMTRay Kurzweil in a Google Science Fair 2014 Hangout On Air2014-02-21 19:00:00177 
Solve for X26,743+Dan Novy of +MIT Media Lab will be joining Solve for X’s Moonshot Meet Up on Thursday, February 13 at 3 pm EST to talk about some of the Lab’s breakthrough technology.  Dan will be talking about the Narratarium, an immersive storytelling environment to augment creative play using texture, color, and image.Tune in live for a special demo of the Narratarium with Dan and be sure to use the Q&A App to ask questions about this technology's potential.  The Solve for X Community is encouraged suggest to suggest other radical or world-changing applications for the Narratarium.Photo Credit:  Andy RyanMoonshot Meet Up with Dan Novy of MIT Media Lab2014-02-13 21:00:0042 
Berkeley Lab345,355Learn why small is big in this tour of some of the coolest facilities at Berkeley Lab. Watch the event and ask our scientists questions!We're hosting a "virtual field trip" as part of a new series of Google+ #connectedclassrooms hangouts at the National Labs. Check out how our scientists use the Advanced Light Source to image microscopic life in 3-D. Tour a clean room at the Molecular Foundry, where scientists create nanoscale structures. And learn what’s possible with one of the world’s most powerful electron microscopes at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, which can see individual atoms. Three of our researchers will take you on a journey to the smallest scales -- where big science is happening. Dula Parkinson -- beamline scientist at the Advanced Light SourceDeirdre Olynick -- staff scientist at the Molecular FoundryJim Ciston -- senior staff scientist at the National Center for Electron MicroscopyWatch the event live and send in your questions. Post them here, e-mail us at askberkeleylab@lbl.gov, tweet us at @BerkeleyLab or use #askberkeleylab .Berkeley Lab Virtual Field Trip2014-02-12 22:00:00110 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Kickoff Announcement - Google Science Fair 20142014-02-12 19:52:0896 
NASA1,693,204Seeking fitness inspiration? NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins and Rick Mastracchio, along with four fitness professionals and athletes, will share workout tips during a special Google+ Hangout from space at 12:15 p.m. EST Thursday, Feb. 6.The Hangout can be seen live on NASA's Google+ page or on NASA Television. In addition to Hopkins and Mastracchio, participants are:-- Jeannette Epps, NASA astronaut-- Curt Tomasevicz, U.S. Olympic bobsledder, participating from Sochi, Russia-- Rich Froning Jr., CrossFit Games Champion-- Jared Crick, Houston Texans professional football player-- Peter Moore, Men's Health magazineHopkins, a lifelong fitness enthusiast, is sharing his workouts from space via the “Train Like An Astronaut” Facebook page and YouTube. Space Station astronauts workout at least two hours each day in order to minimize bone and muscle loss in space. They have three different devices they can use to maintain fitness – a treadmill, a stationary bicycle or the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Hopkins plans to demonstrate the ARED from the Tranquility module during the hangout. You may submit questions on Twitter and Google+ in advance and during the Hangout using the hashtag #askNASA . #TrainLikeMike Google+ Hangout2014-02-06 18:15:00284 
NASA1,693,204Seeking fitness inspiration? NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins and Rick Mastracchio, along with four fitness professionals and athletes, will share workout tips during a special Google+ Hangout from space at 12:15 p.m. EST Thursday, Feb. 6.#TrainLikeMike Google+ Hangout2014-02-06 17:17:10246 
David Beckham8,099,598Join me  today via Google+ Hangout On Air to discuss my earlier announcement to bring a +Major League Soccer franchise to Miami. Post your questions via the live Q&A app or by using the hashtag #AskBeckham.Conversation will be moderated by +KICKTV  host  +Jimmy Conrad David Beckham Fan Hangout2014-02-05 20:25:001385 
The White House2,502,187Join President Obama as he "travels" across the country in a virtual whistle-stop tour. The President will join Google+ Hangouts with people across the United States and talk with Americans about the issues laid out in his speech. RSVP now to watch the live Hangout on Friday, January 31.Watch the full video of the State of the Union and learn more about all the ways you can engage with us at http://WhiteHouse.gov/SOTU. #POTUSRoadTripA Virtual Road Trip with President Obama2014-01-31 20:00:004 
The White House2,502,187This Wednesday, as part of White House "Big Block of Cheese Day", we're hosting a Google+ Hangout with Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and the Teacher of the Year, Kathy Hollowell-Makle.Partnering with Google's Connected Classrooms, we will be inviting students across America to ask questions on a range of education topics including pre-K, #STEM and College Affordability. Submit a question below or with #AsktheWH  From Daycare to Diploma: A Conversation with Secretary Arne Duncan2014-01-29 19:30:00263 
Penguin Random House777,458In its enormously popular Selected Shorts live series, +Symphony Space together with +Vintage Books & Anchor Books will be honoring 2013 Nobel Prize laureate in Literature Alice Munro on Wednesday, January 22 at 7:30 PM ESTAround 7:45, Alice Munro will make a rare live appearance via Google+ Hangout, for you and the world to see! She will be in conversation with acclaimed novelist Margaret Atwood. For Your Reading Pleasure: Read the entirety of Munro's short story How I Met My Husband, to be referenced tonight by Margaret Atwood, here on Scribd: http://bit.ly/LGqbbNYou'll definitely want to confirm your attendance below!Alice Munro has published thirteen collections of stories as well as a novel, Lives of Girls and Women, and two volumes of Selected Stories. During her distinguished career she has been the recipient of many awards and prizes, including three of Canada’s Governor General’s Literary Awards and two of its Giller Prizes, the Rea Award for the Short Story, the Lannan Literary Award, England’s W. H. Smith Book Award, the National Book Critics Circle Award, and the Man Booker International Prize. In 2013 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Her stories have appeared in The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, The Paris Review, Granta, and other publications, and her collections have been translated into thirteen languages. She lives in Canada.Margaret Atwood, whose work has been published in thirty-five countries, is the author of more than forty books of fiction, poetry, and critical essays. In addition to The Handmaid's Tale, her novels include Cat's Eye, short-listed for the Booker Prize; Alias Grace, which won the Giller Prize in Canada and the Premio Mondello in Italy; The Blind Assassin, winner of the 2000 Booker Prize; Oryx and Crake, short-listed for the 2003 Man Booker Prize; The Year of the Flood; and her most recent, MaddAddam. She is the recipient of the Los Angeles Times Innovator's Award, and lives in Toronto with the writer Graeme Gibson.Live Hangout On Air with Alice Munro in Conversation with Margaret Atwood2014-01-23 01:45:00563 
U.S. Department of Energy171,031Once thought of as a niche technology, fuel cells are now becoming more mainstream as we transition to an economy powered by clean energy. In 2012 alone, the fuel cell market grew by 34 percent, with nearly 30,000 units shipped worldwide.As the fuel cell market continues to grow, this technology has the potential to change the way we use energy in everything we do -- from how we ship products to how we power our homes and cars. Now is your chance to discuss the impact of fuel cells on the economy and our lives.Join us on Thursday, January 16, at 2 p.m. ET for a Google+ Hangout on Energy 101: Fuel Cells. Whether you want to know about how fuel cells work or when fuel cell electric vehicles will hit the road or how much fuel cells could reduce carbon pollution, ask the experts.Joining the live discussion will be:Dr. Sunita Satyapal, Director of the Energy Department’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Satyapal can answer questions about how fuel cells work, growth in the marketplace and the Energy Department’s role in advancing the technology.Daniel Dedrick, Manager of Hydrogen and Combustion Technologies at +Sandia Labs. Dedrick can discuss Sandia’s fuel cell research, applications where fuel cells can be used, and how the technology will help increase our energy security and reduce carbon pollution.Anthony Eggert, Executive Director of the UC Davis Policy Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy. Eggert can talk about the future of fuel cells in transportation and accelerating the transition to cleaner, more efficient transportation.Charlie Freese, Executive Director of Global Fuel Cell Activities at General Motors. Freese can answer questions about GM’s work to develop commercially viable fuel cell electric vehicles, lessons he has learn from managing one of the world’s largest fleet of fuel cell vehicles and how industry is working to develop a hydrogen infrastructure.You can submit your fuel cell questions in advance and during the Hangout by emailing newmedia@hq.doe.gov, posting in the comments on the Energy Department's Facebook page or Google+ event, or tweeting @ENERGY using #askEnergy101. We look forward to answering your questions!Energy 101: Fuel Cells2014-01-16 20:00:0074 
The White House2,502,187Join us live for We the Geeks: Future of Computing, as we explore what possibilities the future of computing may bring – from wearables to Holodecks – and what’s needed to get there! You can watch the conversation live right here, or on the White House Google+ page. Got a question? Post it on Google+ or use #WeTheGeeks on Twitter.Tom Kalil and Cristin Dorgelo from the White House Office of Science and Technology will discuss new computing advancements with:Mark Papermaster, Chief Technology Officer at Advanced Micro Devices,Alicia Gibb, Executive Director of the Open Source Hardware Association,Alex Kipman of Microsoft Kinect, andPalmer Luckey, founder of Oculus RiftWe the Geeks: Future of Computing2014-01-08 19:27:2993 
Science on Google+448,505Isaac Newton's Birthday is on ChristmasJoin us in a Newton-inspired holiday physics hangout with rockstar physicist +Henry Reich of +MinutePhysics and +MinuteEarth  and brilliant ballerina biologist +Carin Bondar of +National Geographic, +Scientific American and host of Wild Sex, a science show about the strange reproductive habits of the animal kingdom. She knows how the world gets physical. +Veritasium  AKA +Derek Muller may pop in.  We hear there may even be more special guests so you should probably go ahead and RSVP yes to join the lively conversation. BYOB. Hosted by +Amy Robinson of +Science on Google+ .Happy Newtonmas Hangout2013-12-19 00:00:00143 
Solve for X26,743The +Solve for X team is excited to launch a new Hangout on Air series titled “Moonshot Meet Up” starting with +Peter Platzer of +Nanosatisfi. Peter is the founder and CEO of NanoSatisfi, a company that is shooting to make affordable, convenient and accessible space exploration for everyone through satellite access.  With the #STEM  education crisis at a peak and funding for space exploration dropping, Peter’s idea is a radical solution to connect classrooms with the awe and wonder of space.  Want to learn about Peter’s #moonshot  vision to bring satellite access to every space enthusiast in the world?  Tune in on Wednesday, December 18 at 3 pm EST/ noon PST to hear about Peter’s ‘ArduSat’ satellite and ask him questions live on Hangout on Air using the Q&A app.  For more information about Solve for X, be sure to check out the website solveforX.com Image credit: http://goo.gl/wSlbVdMoonshot Meet Up with Peter Platzer of NanoSatisfi2013-12-18 21:00:0044 
Best Buy285,407Of course you haven’t completed all of your holiday shopping!  That's a given.  But what’s the latest and greatest in techie and electronic gifts? How do you get them and what are our best deals?Come hang out with a group of passionate, tuned-in (and self-admitted techno-nerd) consumer electronics enthusiasts as they check out the coolest gifts for the holidays.Join +Caroline McCarthy  -- author, speaker, former CNETer, former CBSer, and former Googler (‘course) as she leads a Hangout focused on plugged-in fun.  Riffing with her are +Austin Evans (tech reviewer extraordinaire), +Marques Brownlee  (MKBHD), +Machinima, +Mark Watson (Soldier Knows Best), Dan Duvalian (Best Buy Blue Shirt guy), and…..+you!  Join the party by asking questions at #UltimateShowroom – and find great gift insight and in-the-know info.See you Tuesday, December 17that 8 PM EST / 7 PM CST!Last Minute Deals : Best Buy Shoppable Hangout2013-12-18 02:00:00603 
Best Buy285,407Best Buy's #LastMinuteGifts Google+ Shoppable Hangout2013-12-18 01:16:04280 
Unofficial Google+ Film Festival299,230http://ugpff.comLive, interactive and showing in a city near you including New York, Singapore, Wellington, New Zealand, Seattle, Mexico and more.     • Watch great short films and web series.     • Interact with filmmakers live.     • Attend film panels with industry experts.     • Meet other filmmakers and film lovers.Seattle Event Information: RSVP here, limited seats available.http://www.celebrations.com/rsvp/zh2ne64yk663gwz2f  The 3rd Annual Unofficial Google+ Film Festival in partnership with +SnagFilms, is becoming the world's largest short film and web series festival.  Live and interactive, this global event celebrates the best in short cinema from around the world and allows the audience to attend a world class film festival from the comforts of their own home.  The future of film festivals is finally here.3rd Annual Unofficial Google+ Film Festival2013-12-13 19:00:00469 
Marques Brownlee2,535,073For an hour on Friday I'll sit down for a LIVE Hangout on Air with Dennis Woodside, CEO of Motorola! We'll talk Project Ara, Moto X & G, Android and more!When you rsvp, the event is automatically added to your Google Calendar with the correct adjusted time zone. Easy!Plus if you can't watch live, it'll be recorded and available to replay on YouTube. Subscribe so you don't miss it! http://youtube.com/MKBHDMKBHD Hangout with Motorola CEO Dennis Woodside!2013-12-06 19:00:003969 
The Hobbit1,405,006Join director Peter Jackson and stars Evangeline Lilly and Richard Armitage for our exclusive Google+ Hangout on Wednesday, December 4th, at 10:15am PT / 1:15pm ET / 6:15pm GMT! Our special guests will be answering your fan questions live (please submit them using #TheHobbit hashtag) and introducing a never-before-seen clip from The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug!Watch the Google+ Hangout here: http://youtu.be/uZl8syHuebMThe Hobbit Google+ Hangout with Peter Jackson, Evangeline Lilly and Richard Armitage2013-12-04 19:15:004831 
Google+8,225,599The Google+ team will be sharing a few updates. RSVP to this event to watch the broadcast live.A Morning with Google+2013-10-29 17:30:0034150 
Climate Reality730,018WATCH NOW: The Next Generation talks #CostOfCarbon with Al Gore, Do Something, and MashableOn Monday, October 21, The Climate Reality Project will kick off the largest-ever conversation on carbon pollution with a Google+ Hangout featuring former U.S. Vice President and Climate Reality Chairman Al Gore, Mashable, and Do Something. The Hangout brings together these leading voices working at the intersection of climate vision, technology, and activism to explore what the climate crisis means for young people today and what the next generation of social entrepreneurs and innovators are doing to solve it.The Next Generation talks #CostOfCarbon with Al Gore, Do Something, and Mashable2013-10-21 18:30:00605 
U.S. Figure Skating145,213Michelle Kwan sits down for a 1-on-1 interview on Tuesday, Oct. 1 at 4 p.m. ET, where she will answer questions about the 2014 Olympic Winter Games, talk about her new role with Fox Sports 1 and answer questions from fans.Hangout with Michelle Kwan2013-10-01 22:00:00256 
Khan Academy472,374Join a conversation on Google+ with Sal Khan about technology in education: How can we personalize learning? How can technology make the classroom more interactive? What will schools and learning look like in 5, 10, or 50 years?To participate, join the Technology in Education Community (https://plus.google.com/communities/106567026492773899034) and post your thoughts and questions about this topic. Khan Academy will select the most insightful contributors to join Sal in a Hangout On Air on 10/1 at 4 PM ET.Conversation on Google+ with Sal Khan2013-10-01 22:00:00401 
Google Science Fair2,136,469WELCOME to the Finalist Events & Awards Gala at Google Science Fair 2013 live on Google+!Next up is the The Google Science Fair 2013 Awards Gala LiveStream. Watch live on Google+ or on YouTube, and see the announcement of the age category winners and the Grand Prize Winner! Monday, 23 Sept. 7pm (200 GMT 24 Sept.)Don't forget - this is your 1-stop shop to get the latest scoop, see pictures, ask questions of the Finalists and the Judges, and be part of Google Science Fair 2013 every step of the way. Join the conversation and send in your questions via  Google+  and Twitter with the hashtag #GSF2013. Then tune in right here on the Event Page to watch the Finalist Events & Awards Gala Hangouts!* * * * Missed the hangouts this weekend? No worries! Check out the recording:See the 2013 Finalists  http://goo.gl/UdLCIyMeet the Judges http://goo.gl/JHlddhShree Bose (GSF 2011 Winner) and the Exhibit Hall http://goo.gl/Rjzhs0Find out more details about the Finalist Events on our website at www.googlesciencefair.comFinalist Events & Gala for Google Science Fair 2013 - Next up: The Awards Gala!2013-09-24 04:00:00675 
The Weather Channel2,007,648Upload your photos to this Event on 9/19 or using the #sunsetday hashtag in a public post to celebrate #sunsetday!Join us for an exciting 24-hour event as we send summer into the sunset in global fashion. We are asking our Google+ audience from around the world to grab your favorite camera on the evening of September 19 and snap your own unique sunset from your corner of the globe.We want to see all types of sunsets in a variety of settings; a city skyline, a beach resort, a beautiful countryside, a desert landscape, a dense forest. Wherever you may be, please share/upload your sunset image with this event page on September 19. You can also participate outside of this event page by submitting a public photo post and tagging with #sunsetday.A select number of our favorite photos will be shown on The Weather Channel and accompany a slideshow on weather.com. Other favorites will be posted and rotated through as the cover photo on both +The Weather Channel and the +Google+ Photos  Google+ page.Note: Only photos uploaded and posted to the event page or associated with the hashtag #sunsetday on Sep 19 will be consideredWe hosted two Hangouts On Air in preparation for Sunset Day. The first hangout focused on the meteorology behind sunsets including the reason behind the beautiful array of colors.  The second hangout concentrated on the art of sunset photography. Expert photographers well known to the Google+ community talked about their techniques in capturing the perfect sunset. Links to both HOA videos are posted below.HANGOUT SCHEDULE1. Monday, September 9: "The Meteorology Behind Sunsets" at 11 am ET with host +Timothy Ballisty  (The Weather Channel social meteorologist).Guests will include: Meteorologists +Mike Bettes +Brad Panovich +Jacob Wycoff +Jonathan Erdman +Morgan Palmer +Tim Brice and +Maria LaRosa HOA video The Meteorology Behind Sunsets2. Thursday, September 12: "Sunset Photography" at 4 pm ETGuests will include: Photographers +Trey Ratcliff +Thomas Hawk +Karen Hutton and +Nicole S. Young  HOA Video #SunsetDay Photography Hangout On AirSunset Day - Upload Your #SunsetDay Photo on September 192013-09-19 06:00:001311 
The Carter Center644,785This week The Carter Center invites you to join in a special Conversations on Google+ with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and New York Times Op-Ed Columnist Nicholas D. Kristof as we discuss how in times of insecurity we can still tackle global health issues.Join the G+ Public Health Community [http://goo.gl/qF7xgh] to share your ideas as President Carter and Mr. Kristof post discussion questions this week. Share your thoughts with them using the hashtag #CarterConvo.The most insightful contributors will be invited to join President Carter, Mr. Kristof, and Carter Center disease eradication expert Dr. Donald R. Hopkins in a live Hangout On Air on Tuesday, Sept. 10, at 3 p.m. ET.Watch LIVE here on this Google+ Event page. A Google+ Conversation with Former President Jimmy Carter and Nicholas Kristof about Public Health2013-09-10 21:00:00397 
Nicholas Kristof1,323,718The issue of the moment is Syria, so I'm delighted to host a Google+ hangout in which we'll be able to pose questions to Secretary of State John Kerry about Syria policy. I'll be joined by +Lara Setrakian, a journalist whom I've long admired who specializes in Syria. Andrew Beiter, a social studies  teacher and a regional education coordinator for the Holocaust Memorial Museum, will also be in the Hangout. Most of all, we'll be joined by all of you--so jump into the conversation on this page and leave us your questions. In particular, with this Hangout we want to involve teachers and students, so spread the word in the schools, please, and student questions are particularly welcome!This kind of online interview is something of an experiment, and we're still figuring out how to make it work best. So we also welcome your suggestions and guidance before and criticisms after. Syria: Weighing the U.S. Response2013-09-10 20:00:007009 
Noah Diffenbaugh649,343HOA To Discuss New Paper About Climate Change and Extreme Weather+Martin Scherer and I have a new paper coming out about climate change and extreme weather. The paper will be published this week, and the press embargo lifts on Thursday, September 5. I will be hosting a Hangouts On Air at 4:00pm Pacific time (23:00 GMT) to discuss the results and answer questions as the embargo lifts and the paper is published.This is a continuation of my experiment with having an open discussion with anyone who is interested (and not just media) right as the paper is released - I hope that you can join!#climatechange   #globalwarming   #extremeweather   #science   #sciencecommunication   #hoa   #hangoutsonair   #noahclimatehangouts  HOA To Discuss New Paper About Climate Change and Extreme Weather2013-09-06 01:00:0037 
PUMA253,397Fresh off winning three gold medals at World Championships in Moscow, Usain Bolt makes some time to hang. Five participants from around the globe have been picked for a chance to #HANGWITHBOLT on Tuesday, August 27. You can join by tuning in at 2:00 PM EST.Hangout On Air with Usain Bolt2013-08-27 20:00:00853 
Google Australia157,805Join us for a special Doodle 4 Google explorer Hangout On Air and hear Project Loon engineer +Anton Staaf talk about exploring big ideas and a behind the scenes look at +Project Loon with students from Roydvale Primary School in Christchurch.#projectloon #loon #balloonpoweredinternetDoodle 4 Google Explorer Series: HOA with Project Loon's Anton Staaf2013-08-27 12:00:00430 
Google Science Fair2,136,469It's Meet the Finalists Week on Google Science Fair 2013Voter's Choice Award - Voting Closes 30 AugustSign up for this Google Science Fair Hangout On Air for your chance to meet some of our amazing Finalists, and to learn more about them so you can vote for the Voter's Choice Award. Post questions, then watch in real time as they answer in depth, moderated by Joe Hanson of "It's Okay to be Smart." You'll get the chance to hear:. Alex (U.S.) - Squid Jet: Underwater Propulsion. Elif (Turkey) - Creating Bioplastics from Banana Peels. Vinay (U.S.) - An Algorithm for Safer Encryption8:00PM PT / 10:00PM CT / 11:00PM ET / 0300 GMT / 0400 UK / 0500 CETMeet Google Science Fair Finalists Alex, Elif & Vinay: Voter's Choice Award Hangout On Air2013-08-21 05:00:0045 
SoulPancake733,995Aug 19th is World Humanitarian Day. SoulPancake is celebrating the work of aid workers and humanitarians around the globe. Our friends at the United Nations are partnering with us to help tell the stories of these amazing individuals and organizations. Join us here on our G+ event page or at www.youtube.com/soulpancake as we chat about what the world needs more of via Google+ Hangout On Air. Comment on this event with all your questions and help us spread the goodness as we celebrate World Humanitarian Day with this incredible group of people!For more information about World Humanitarian Day please visit worldhumanitarianday.org.World Humanitarian Day Hangout On Air2013-08-19 22:00:00366 
Science on Google+448,505Posterside Hangouts is a new Hangouts On Air, which is hosted by the Science on Google+ Community (http://goo.gl/uhJCN). The main goal of this HOA series is to recreate a poster session-like atmosphere here on G+, so researchers can present their recent findings. Presentations will be grouped by discipline and individual presentations will last approximately 10 – 15 minutes.Do you have a recent conference presentation, manuscript, or book that you would like to share with the Google+ community? Do you want to give your undergraduate or graduate students practice presenting their research? If yes, then let us know by filling out this short form: http://goo.gl/e0KPhE.================================Psychology Talks for Posterside Hangouts #1, Authors (Affiliations)When audition dominates vision: Evidence from cross-modal statistical learning+Chris Robinson (The Ohio State University at Newark)Automatic selection of eye tracking variables in visual categorization for adults and infants+Samuel Rivera (The Ohio State University at Columbus)Foreign accent does not influence cognitive judgments+Andre L. Souza (Concordia University) and +Art Markman (The University of Texas at Austin)Positive mood may enhance cognitive flexibility: Evidence from category learning+Paul Minda (The University of Western Ontario) and +Ruby Nadler(The University of Western Ontario)The effects of aging on face perception+Allison Sekuler (McMaster University)================================Abstracts and LinksWhen audition dominates vision: Evidence from cross-modal statistical learningPresenting information to multiple sensory modalities sometimes facilitates and sometimes interferes with processing of this information. Research examining interference effects shows that auditory input often interferes with processing of visual input in young children (i.e., auditory dominance effect), whereas visual input often interferes with auditory processing in adults (i.e., visual dominance effect). The current study used a cross-modal statistical learning task to examine modality dominance in adults. Participants ably learned auditory and visual statistics when auditory and visual sequences were presented unimodally and when auditory and visual sequences were correlated during training. However, increasing task demands resulted in an important asymmetry: Increased task demands attenuated visual statistical learning, while having no effect on auditory statistical learning. These findings are consistent with auditory dominance effects reported in young children and have important implications for our understanding of how sensory modalities interact while learning the structure of cross-modal informationScience on Google+ Posterside Hangouts #12013-08-13 02:30:0099 
Google for Entrepreneurs0We're excited to announce we'll be hosting a Hangout with some of the great innovators of our time,+Elon Musk and +Richard Branson, in a conversation moderated by Googler +Yonca Brunini. They'll discuss entrepreneurship, space travel, and advice for entrepreneurs around the world. They'll take questions from entrepreneurs at tech hubs like the +Branson Centre of Entrepreneurship South Africa, +Branson Centre of Entrepreneurship - Caribbean, and +Virgin Money. We're excited to hear from these two entrepreneurs who embody 10x thinking, and to be inspired by their vision for the future. Tune in on Thursday, August 8th! 9am California time11am Jamaica time5pm UK time6pm South Africa timeHangout with Elon Musk and Sir Richard Branson2013-08-08 18:00:006786 
Science on Google+448,505Be curious. Question assumptions. Explore the world from atoms to astrophysics with Veritasium.Join +Derek Muller of popular +YouTube Channel Veritasium on a journey to the beautiful, viral side of physics, hosted by Science on Google+ in honor of YouTube Geek Week (Aug 4-10). Our +Amy Robinson, +Jason Davison and +Nic Hammond will host, along with +Joe Hanson of +It's Okay To Be Smart and a few members of the community who ask Derek interesting questions on the event page.  The hangout happens on Wednesday, August 7th at 5 pm US PT / 8 ET.Derek will share why he creates Veritasium and how it has evolved into one of YouTube’s favorite sources of answers to epic science questions. He’ll also answer your questions so leave them here on the event page. You may be selected to join the hangout live and ask him in person.  Check out Veritasium on YouTube at http://veritasium.com This is the third hangout in a new series that brings science to life through conversations with the world's leading minds. Join +Science on Google+: A Public Database for the latest events.Veritasium: A Science on Google+ Conversation2013-08-08 02:00:00236 
The Planetary Society3,211,553Join +Casey Dreier and +Emily Lakdawalla from the Planetary Society as they host the Deputy Project Scientist of the Curiosity rover, Ashwin Vasavada.We'll talk about what discoveries Curiosity has made in its first year in operations, what's ahead, and revisit those seven terrifying minutes of landing.We'll take your questions via the hashtag #planetarylive  on Twitter, or on the comments on this event.Celebrate Curiosity's First Year on Mars with Deputy Scientist Ashwin Vasavada2013-08-06 01:00:00128 
Discovery341,842Join our Shark Week Hangout from the Blacktip Reef exhibit at the National Aquarium in Baltimore!Discovery's Shark Week Hangout2013-08-05 05:00:00289 
U.S. Navy406,626Join us Friday for a live interview with #USNavy‬  astronaut Cmdr. Chris Cassidy from the International Space Station. We'll be talking about the Navy's role in space. Watch live at http://navylive.dodlive.mil. - +NASA Interview with #USNavy SEAL astronaut on Space Station2013-08-02 18:50:00161 
John Stossel141,518John Stossel will take your questions live after STOSSEL "Summer Myths" airs on the Fox Business Network. If you'd like to participate, please complete this form: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/123OqVtz9WD_lsN8xOiuPmICnmzPFpksZaTmzEjkczP8/viewform#start=openformGoogle+ Hangout On Air with John Stossel2013-08-02 04:00:00128 
Noah Diffenbaugh649,343My co-author and I have a new paper coming out this week. The paper is currently under embargo.  I would like to host a Hangouts On Air at 11:00am Pacific time (18:00 GMT) this Thursday (August 1, 2013) to discuss the paper as soon as the embargo is lifted. This is a bit of an experiment with having an open discussion with anyone who is interested (and not just media) right as the paper is released - I hope that you can join! #climatechange   #globalwarming   #science   #sciencecommunication   #hangoutsonair   #noahclimatehangouts  Hangouts On Air to Discuss New Climate Paper2013-08-01 20:00:0049 
NASA1,693,204If you are having trouble viewing the Hangout, try watching it on YouTube here: Hangout in Yuma: Orion Chute Test!--Footage of the parachute test is now available here: http://youtu.be/-PMm1ksT9fU--Join us to watch a Google+ Hangout from the U.S. Army's Yuma Proving Ground in Arizona from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. EDT July 24, as an Orion test capsule is dropped from a plane at 35,000 feet to evaluate its parachutes. During the event, you will see one of Orion's most difficult parachute tests to date and hear from NASA and Army team members involved. Engineers will simulate a failure of one of the spacecraft's three main parachutes, releasing it before Orion has landed. Exploration Flight Test-1, an uncrewed test of the spacecraft that will send Orion 3,600 miles away from Earth, is scheduled for September 2014. Orion's parachutes are being tested to ensure they can slow the capsule for a safe landing in the Pacific Ocean as the spacecraft reenters Earth's atmosphere from deep space missions at speeds of up to 20,000 mph.Want to ask a Question? Submit questions on Google+ or Twitter in advance and during the event using the hashtag #askOrion. Before the Hangout begins, we will open a comment thread on the NASA Facebook page where questions may be posted.Learn more about Orion at http://www.nasa.gov/orionJoin NASA for one of the Orion Spacecraft's Most Difficult Parachute Tests Live2013-07-24 16:30:001034 
Google for Education644,668NASA, Sally Ride Science and Google in Education are pleased to announce a partnership Hangout on Air: Celebrating Sally.  July 23 marks one year since Sally Ride’s passing, but she impacted millions with her pioneer flight as the first female American astronaut to space.  The Celebrating Sally Hangout on Air will discuss Sally’s impact as both a role model and her influence on STEM mentorship for women worldwide.Ever wondered what it was like to meet Sally Ride, or curious to learn more about Women@NASA? Perhaps you want to learn more about #STEM  education at Sally Ride Science and NASA?  A 13-year old NASA GIRLS (Giving Initiative and Relevance to Learning Science) program member will be moderating the event, and all panelists will answer Q&A about mentorship and women in #STEM .Follow along with Tuesday, July 23rd’s Hangout on Air using #CelebrateSally and #AskNASA  to submit questions for the panelists.  The URL to the Celebrate Sally G+ Hangout on Air will be posted on the event on Tuesday, July 23 at 3:30 pm.Panelists include:Dr. Karen Flammer:  co-founder of Sally Ride Science & a space physicistLori Garver:  Deputy Administrator of NASA Mamta Patel Nagaraja:  Program Manager of Women@NASA Amber Straughn NASA astrophysicist and James Webb Space Telescope scientistNASA GIRLS (Giving Initiative and Relevance to Learning Science) will be moderating the event.  Celebrating Sally: A Hangout on Air2013-07-23 21:30:00392 
Science on Google+448,505"There's a lot of amazing science out there. Let's go discover it together." Join Dr. +Joe Hanson  biologist and host of popular YouTube/ +PBS Digital Studios series +It's Okay To Be Smart  + +AAAS  Mass Media Fellow at +WIRED  on a journey to the awesome side of science. This hangout will be hosted by Science on Google+'s +Amy Robinson , +Jason Davison   and +Nic Hammond   .The hangout happens on Monday, July 22rd at NOON PT/ 3 PM ET. Joe will answer your questions and give insights on bringing science to the masses, the power of YouTube, why GIFs are awesome and much more. Add your thoughts and questions for Joe on this page. Joe will invite a few insightful fans to join the hangout in person!Get to know Dr Joe: check out his blog at http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com/This is the second hangout in a new series that brings science to life through conversations with the world's leading minds. Subscribe to the Science on Google+ communities for the latest.It's Okay To Be Smart: A Science on Google+ Conversation2013-07-22 21:00:00121 
Beyond Rubik's Cube3,454,559Rubik’s Fans Unite!Spend an afternoon with the world’s top Rubik’s Cube aficionados in an epic Google+ Hangout on Air.Join +Paul Hoffman CEO of the +Liberty Science Center as he hosts a discussion between some of the brightest thought leaders, math geeks, and speed cubers ever assembled; featuring an introduction by none other than +Erno Rubik himself.Hear why Oxford Mathematics Professor +Marcus du Sautoy thinks the Rubik’s Cube has a lot in common with the Large Hadron Collider.Muse over the poetry and aesthetics of science in our culture with renowned science writer, and exhibition curator +Margaret Wertheim.Marvel at the finger dexterity of world champion speed cuber +Anthony Brooks.Learn about what it takes to bring an exhibition to life with +Ann Neumann. Creative Director at the Liberty Science Center and +Michael Tyka artist and visionary who built the Groovik’s Cube at Burning Man.Seven of the most interesting people in the world will be gathered together to talk all things cube. You’re invited.Click-in July 18th at 2pm EST.Submit Hangout questions on this Events Page.Special thank you to +Michael Holden for that awesome picture we're using. Check him out www.michaelholden.com.The Beyond Rubik's Cube Hangout2013-07-18 20:00:00208 
Hubble Space Telescope3,742,738The #Hubble Space Telecope is poised to provide us with new images of Comet #ISON as it approaches the inner solar system.  In the coming months, we'll get views of the comet from a perspective only #Hubble can provide.Here's the url to the #ISON  blog:http://hubblesite.org/go/isonThe approach of this comet has generated a lot of excitement, it is going to pass extremely close to the sun and when it does, astronomers tell us this may be among the brightest comets we've ever seen hanging in our night sky.Or will it be a dud?Well, we're going to talk about that and a whole lot more:Is it going to hit us?Where did it come from?How big is it?What's it made of?What's so great about comets anyway?What if it breaks up?  Will the pieces hit us?How can I get a comet named after me?Is Scott's head a comet nucleus?Please join +Tony Darnell, +Alberto Conti and +Scott Lewis as they discuss these and any other questions you can think to ask to some of the planetary scientists working at the Space Telescope Science Institute.We'll have +Max Mutchler , Dr. +Bonnie Meinke and Dr. Jian-Yang Li on hand to tell us what Hubble is expected to see, how it will see it and we'll also go into the topic of comets in general.+Zolt Levay Will also be onhand to discuss recent Hubble images of ISON.Hope to see you there!#hubblehangout_jul17The Hubble Space Telescope and Comet ISON2013-07-17 22:00:52263 
NASA1,693,204Having technical issues watching? Try watching on YouTube at: http://youtu.be/gJvz10pvhiM-----------------How do Astronauts stay in shape for long-duration missions in a weightless environment? Learn this and how elite athletes staying fit in a special Google+ Hangout Wednesday, July 17. NASA Astronaut Mike Hopkins will be joined by 2010 U.S. Olympic Team figure skater Rachael Flatt and bobsledder Curt Tomasevicz, CrossFit Games Champion Rich Froning, Jr., and Houston Texans player Jared Crick  for the discussion, which can be seen live on NASA's Google+ page or on NASA Television. Peter Moore of Men's Health magazine, Sam Kass, Executive Director of the White House's Let's Move! campaign and Mark Guilliams, Hopkin’s lead strength coach, will also participate.Join the live event at 3 p.m. CT. To participate and have your questions answered during the hangout, use #askNASA.  Both Tomasevicz and Flatt will join the Hangout from the U.S. Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, Colo., where athletes train as hopefuls for upcoming Olympic and Olympic Winter Games. Tomasevicz and the Night Train bobsled team won Olympic gold at the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games to become the first U.S. Olympic Champions in the four-man event since 1948. Flatt, the 2010 U.S. figure skating champion, also competed in the 2010 Games.  For more information on Flatt and Tomasevicz, visit: www.TeamUSA.orgFroning is the two-time CrossFit Games champion, having won the “Fittest on Earth” title in both 2011 and 2012. Froning is currently competing in the 2013 Games. Froning’s complete bio can be found at: http://games.crossfit.com/athlete/11435Crick is a defensive end for the Houston Texans football team. Previously, he played at the University of Nebraska and ranked eighth on their all-time sacks list. For more information on Crick, visit: www.HoustonTexans.comMoore is Vice-President and Editor of Men’s Health magazine. He is also the co-author of The Lean Belly Prescription and co-authored The 8-Hour Diet.For more information on Moore, visit: www.MensHealth.comKass is Executive Director of Let’s Move! and Senior Policy Advisor on Nutrition. He is a Chicago native and college athlete, having played baseball for the University of Chicago.For more information about Kass, visit: http://www.whitehouse.goFitness Training With The “Best of the Best!” - A Discussion About Health & Fitness with Olympians, a CrossFit Champion, NFL player and an Astronaut2013-07-17 22:00:00255 
MADE Fashion Week343,217Join us Friday, July 12th at 2PM EDT for our first ever Google+ #MADEhangout that explores Fashion & Technology with NASA and special guest bloggers.Find out the lowdown on how fashion and technology fit hand-in-hand, why some designers (like #LouiseGoldin) are so inspired by space-age concepts, how groundbreaking technology is allowing you to potentially communicate with alternate lifeforms (via #LoneSignal) and so much more! Want to weigh in on the conversation? Tweet us @madefw using our #MADEhangout  hashtag! The Hangout: Fashion & Technology with NASA + Guest Bloggers2013-07-12 20:00:00191 
Amy Robinson28,256On June 13 the U.S. Supreme Court made a landmark decision, unanimously ruling that human genes may not be patented.  What does that mean for you and me?Join geneticist +Ian Bosdet  and the +Science on Google+: A Public Database  Community for a 30 minute conversation to discuss what this ruling may mean for the future of health and genetic research. This event will be hosted by +Amy Robinson and +Nic Hammond .Ask questions for Ian to answer On Air and share your thoughts on the event page. Ian and the Science on Google+ team will invite a few insightful guests to ask their questions live in the hangout. Gene Patenting: A Google+ Science Conversation2013-07-09 21:00:0063 
SOLAR IMPULSE593,099Solar Impulse has demonstrated that a solar-powered airplane can fly day and night without fuel. Next challenge is to fly around the world in 2015.Join famous pioneers discussing right here on Google+ and be a part of it.Solar Impulse’s ambitious journey Across America pushes energy efficiency to an unprecedented level and serves to inspire people worldwide to make a broader use of clean technologies.This flight will be the last leg to reach JFK Int. Airport from Dulles Int. Airport. The plane took-off on May 3rd, from San Francisco and successfully reached Phoenix, Dallas, Saint Louis and Washington D.C.Post questions for our pioneers on this page or via a YouTube video using #13SI for a chance to see them asked on airA flying Google + Hangout to meet pioneers – James Cameron, ELEW, Erik Lindbergh – discussing with Solar Impulse’s Co-Founders. Moderated by Jason Paur from WIRED2013-07-06 21:00:00637 
Google Plus Week TV Show412Google Senior Vice President +Vic Gundotra will be joining me to answer your questions (and ours) in a live Google+ Hangout on Air Wednesday at noon Eastern, 9 am Pacific.  Joining us will be +Allen Firstenberg from Google Plus Week and +Nate Swanner from +Android Authority and Our Android Week.Here's last year's interview:  Google Plus Week Special with Google Senior VP Vic GundotraHere is this year's interview, with your questions: https://plus.google.com/u/0/hangouts/onair/watch?hid=AP36tYfZ5sy09OFmHtjpQtjO0M5MihMiGc3Y15Yq4aw3Gv8wgnW037-VCsxr2yEk4DfogfE&ytl=KCOLVcznEOQ&hl=enLIVE: Vic Gundotra Answers Your Questions2013-07-03 18:00:00301 
The Planetary Society3,211,553Join  +Jennifer Vaughn and host +Bruce Betts on today's Planetary Society Hangout as we will talk to to +Chris Lewicki, President of +Planetary Resources, about their upcoming Arkyd telescopes including one for the public, asteroid mining, and more.  Planetary Resources has already raised $1.2 million via an ongoing Kickstarter campaign to make one of their ARKYD space telescopes available for public use.  We'll talk to Chris about the ARKYD telescopes, asteroid mining, and asteroids in general.  Questions are encouraged! Tweet questions with hashtag #planetarylive, or post comments on our Google Plus event page or YouTube page where the video is broadcast.Planetary Society Hangout: Bill Nye with Chris Lewicki of Planetary Resources2013-06-27 21:00:00103 
The White House2,502,187Geeks play a central role in building technologies, making discoveries, starting businesses, and engineering solutions that benefit people and communities around the world.Tune in for this week's #WeTheGeeks Hangout on Thursday at 1pm ET to discuss innovation for global good with some of the creative minds making it happen: http://wh.gov/lOmYnWe the Geeks: Innovation for Global Good2013-06-27 19:00:0084 
Peter H. Diamandis242,622Join Peter H. Diamandis to discuss Abundance, exponential technologies and anything else. THE HANGOUT IS HERE:  https://plus.google.com/102564912330648182355/posts/HpGtQb2UQKrTHANK YOU for joining us! The recording of the Hangout is here: June 20 Google+ Hangout With Peter DiamandisHangout With Peter Diamandis2013-06-20 18:00:00762 
Future of StoryTelling558,031You sense tension every day. Real life experience—from politics, to academia, to kitchen debates—reminds us how difficult it is to genuinely change someone's mind. Is it possible that there is a solution based in more effective narrative? Can storytelling change intractable views? Join Ogilvy Public Relations Global CEO, Christopher Graves, behavioral expert Jason Reifler (Asst Professor of Political Science at Georgia State University) and noted author and social psychologist Melanie Green (Asst Professor of psychology at UNC Chapel Hill) for a live Future of StoryTelling Hangout moderated by FoST Founder, Charlie Melcher. The session will delve into what research has revealed regarding confirmation bias, motivated reasoning and the "filter bubble"—in short, why we only accept what we already believe and discount all attempts to change our mind. Neuroscience and the Art of Persuasion2013-06-19 18:30:0091 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Come Hangout On Air with Dr. Soyeon Yi!+Soyeon Yi is the first Korean to fly in space. While on the +International Space Station she performed 18 science experiments.  Post questions below, then come Hangout On Air with her to learn  what it's like to go into orbit.Tuesday, 18 June, 10:30AM PT / 12:30PM CT / 1:30PM ET / 1730 UK / 1830 GMTDr. So-Yeon Yi, 1st Korean to fly in space - Google Science Fair 2013 Hangout On Air2013-06-18 19:30:00118 
NASA1,693,204Having trouble viewing the video? Try watching on YouTube instead: http://youtu.be/WICeFHvFaaENASA has selected its newest explorers! After an extensive year-and-a-half search, eight candidates have been selected to be NASA’s newest astronaut trainees to help the agency push the boundaries of exploration and travel to new destinations in our solar system. NASA will discuss the selections at 4 p.m. EDT Monday, June 17, in a Google+ Hangout. During the event, we'll be taking questions from NASA's social media followers. Submit questions on Twitter and Google+ in advance and during the event using the hashtag #askNASA. Before the hangout begins, a thread will be opened on NASA's Facebook page where questions may be posted. The Hangout can be viewed live on NASA's Google+ page or on NASA Television. To introduce the new class of astronauts, we'll be joined by four NASA astronauts -  Johnson Space Center Director Ellen Ochoa and Flight Crew Operations Director Janet Kavandi, both of whom are experienced astronauts with seven flights between the two of them; Michael Foreman, a veteran of two missions; and Kate Rubins, selected to join the Astronaut Corps in 2009 - to discuss the selection and training process. The Hangout will also include video introductions of the eight newly selected astronaut candidates.  The 2013 astronaut candidate class comes from the second largest number of applications NASA ever has received -- more than 6,000. Half of the selectees are women, making this the highest percentage of female astronaut candidates ever selected for a class. The group will receive a wide array of technical training at space centers and remote locations around the globe to prepare for missions to low-Earth orbit, an asteroid and Mars.NASA Google+ Hangout Discusses Newest Space Explorers!2013-06-17 22:00:00384 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Solar Impulse is an innovative project leveraging technological prowess and the spirit of adventure by means of an airplane - and has demonstrated that a solar plane can fly day and night without fuel. Launched in 2003, it completed the world’s first solar 26-hour day and night flight in 2010. Now Solar Impulse is attempting coast-to-coast flight across the United States,Come join us for a Hangout In Air as Solar Impulse flies toward Washington, D.C.! We'll be able to talk in real-time to the pilot in the plane, as well as one of the pilots on the ground. Post questions for the pilots below!The timing of his historic Hangout On Air may change, so be sure to sign up to attend, then watch for any updates on scheduling.Friday, 14 June, 7AM PT / 9AM CT / 10PM ET / 1400 UK / 1500 GMT / 1600 CETSolar Impulse, in flight: Google Science Fair 2013 Hangout On Air2013-06-14 16:00:00223 
Google Travel664,048Traveling to a new city and want to find places to eat, unique stores or other hidden gems? Or just want to explore the city in which you live? Join us on Thursday, 6/6, at 3:30pm ET as we hang out with +Field Trip! We'll be chatting about the app that's your guide to the cool, hidden and unique things in the world around you. Submit your questions using #fieldtriphangout and we'll ask and answer it on-air! "Never Stop Exploring" with Google Travel and Field Trip2013-06-13 21:00:0094 
TakePart42,615Seven years ago former Vice President Al Gore released An Inconvenient Truth, kick-starting a global conversation about climate change (available on Google Play: http://goo.gl/ElYcc). The issue is as pressing as ever and Gore and Jeff Skoll, the film's executive producer, want to hear your ideas (http://youtu.be/ih3fEHv4wqA). Throughout the coming week add your thoughts and questions in the Science on G+ Community (http://goo.gl/39w5t). Gore and Skoll will choose the most insightful participants to join them in a live Hangout on Air on June 11th at 2PM EST - come back then to tune in to the Conversation! Google+ Conversation with Al Gore about Combating Climate Change2013-06-11 20:00:002183 
Man of Steel269,168Join us on the red carpet of the #ManofSteel World Premiere live from New York City as we bring you interviews with cast members like #HenryCavill, #AmyAdams, #RussellCrowe and many more.Tune in here at 2:30pm PT/5:30pm ET today: http://bit.ly/17yoKVzMan of Steel -- World Premiere2013-06-10 17:30:00267 
The Planetary Society3,211,553In this week's Planetary Society Hangout on June 6 at noon Pacific / 1900 UTC, +Emily Lakdawalla and +Bruce Betts will be talking with  Planetary Resources' +Chris Lewicki. In less than a week, they've already raised more than $750,000 in a Kickstarter project to fund an ARKYD space telescope. Chris will tell us about the project and answer your questions.Planetary Society Hangout with Chris Lewicki of Planetary Resources2013-06-06 21:00:0055 
The White House2,502,187This Friday at 2pm ET, the White House will host a "We The Geeks" Google+ Hangout on asteroids with experts including NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver, former astronaut Ed Lu, and Bill Nye the Science Guy: http://at.wh.gov/lvjzdTune in to find out how experts are working to find asteroids before they find us—and other potential opportunities these space rocks present. Ask your questions using #WeTheGeeks and we'll answer some during the hangout.We the Geeks: Asteroids2013-05-31 20:00:00727 
NASA1,693,204Want to ask an astronaut a question? Hangout with Kevin Ford, Tom Marshburn and Chris Hadfield at 3 p.m. EDT, Thursday, May 23. They recently returned to Earth from the International Space Station.The astronauts will answer questions and provide insights about living and working on the space station as part of a multi-national crew. As the culmination of the work of 16 different partner countries, supported by five different mission control centers and crew members from the United States, Canada, Japan, Europe and Russia, the station is widely regarded as a model example of international cooperation.   Students from the United Nations Association of the USA’s Global Classrooms Model UN and the National Model United Nations organization will be participating in the hangout.Ask a question before or during the event by posting a comment here or on Twitter using the #askAstro hashtag.To tune in and watch the Hangout, please visit our Google+ Page at: http://plus.google.com/+NASA Hangout with Astronauts2013-05-23 21:00:001754 
NASA1,693,204To watch on YouTube, visit: NASA Connects Space Station and "Star Trek Into Darkness" Crews in a Google+ Hangout-----The director, a writer and some actors in the film "Star Trek Into Darkness" will join NASA astronauts as we host a Google+ Hangout On Air from noon to 12:45 p.m. EDT, May 16, about how work aboard the International Space Station is turning science fiction into reality.Participating in the hangout will be NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, who currently is living and working aboard the space station; astronauts Michael Fincke and Kjell Lindgren at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston; director J.J. Abrams, screenwriter and producer Damon Lindelof; and stars of the film, Chris Pine, Alice Eve and John Cho. The participants will ask questions of each other and take questions from the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City (home of the space shuttle Enterprise), the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum in Washington, and social media followers. Ask a question prior to or during the event by posting a comment here or on Twitter using the #askNASA hashtag.NASA Connects Space Station and "Star Trek Into Darkness" Crews2013-05-16 18:00:002741 
Life at Google1,742,101Excited about Google I/O 2013 next week? Even if you weren't able to get tickets to the live event in San Francisco, you can still experience all of the proceedings via  Google I/O Extended. Hosted by our Google Developer Groups, Student Ambassadors, and local developers, I/O Extended lets you watch all of the sessions from a remote location.Part viewing experience and part community building, I/O Extended programming includes everything from live streaming of the event content to local developer demos, hackathons, and speaker sessions. RSVP here and visit the I/O Extended site to find a viewing session in your area, or set up your own: http://goo.gl/yG01oGoogle I/O Extended 20132013-05-15 18:00:00626 
Google Science Fair2,136,469The Science of PhotographyDigital photography offers amazing flexibility to capture and modify images. But how does the science of photography actually work? What are the basic principles of light, and how do they affect how photographers shoot? How do different cameras and lenses capture images differently? And how do software tools change the way those images are ultimately viewed?Come to this Hangout On Air with +Trey Ratcliff, the world-class photographer whose work is displayed at StuckInCustoms.com. He will be interviewed by +Robert Scoble, well-known blogger, technology analyst, and amateur photographer, as well as our very own Google Student Ambassadors. Here's your chance to learn about the science behind those amazing images.Have questions for our guests? Post comments on Google+ with #GSF2013.Tuesday, May 7, 2:00PM PT / 4:00PM CT / 5:00PM ET / 2200 GMT / 2300 CE / 900 NZT (8 May)--------Find out more about the #GSF2013 Hangout series: goo.gl/H0pNqOfficial Google Science Fair website: http://goo.gl/FU1hyTrey Ratcliff - Google Science Fair 2013 Hangout On Air2013-05-07 23:00:00648 
Ender's Game377,453Ready to meet the fleet? Hang out with director Gavin Hood, producer Roberto Orci, and star Asa Butterfield on Tue 5/7 @ 1PM PT on Google+!Prepare for launch with the Ender's Game book series on Google Play: http://bit.ly/EGplayEnder's Game Hangout with director Gavin Hood, producer Roberto Orci, and star Asa Butterfield2013-05-07 22:00:002624 
Fast & Furious328,327Join the cast of Fast & Furious 6 for a Google+ Hangout live from London. Ask your questions using #FastChat and you might be chosen to take part!Fast & Furious 6: Google+ Hangout2013-05-05 17:40:001211 
After Earth364,793Join us Tuesday, April 23rd at 9am PST for a special Google+ Hangout for After Earth!The After Earth Day Google+ Hangout will be moderated by futurist +Ray Kurzweil, Google's director of engineering. Joining Kurzweil will be Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX and the co-founder of Tesla Motors and PayPal; the environmental advocate, explorer and filmmaker +Alexandra Cousteau, granddaughter of Jacques-Yves Cousteau; NASA astronaut +Sunita Williams, an Indian American astronaut and a United States Navy officer who holds the record for longest space flight by a woman; and Jaden Smith and Will Smith, the stars of After Earth. On the literal day after Earth Day, they will discuss the future that awaits the human race on Planet Earth, in the context of the overall themes of the action-adventure. After Earth will inspire a conversation focusing on the important questions we face about the present state of the planet, the future, and the environment. The participants will also explore the interaction of technology development, space travel, and ecological preservation.Will and Jaden's After Earth Day Hangout2013-04-23 18:00:001862 
Life at Google1,742,101You probably know that we employ lots of software engineers to build and maintain our products and services. But Google also relies on a variety of other technical teams including Site Reliability Engineering, Test Engineering, Developer Relations and User Experience & Design. On Tuesday, March 19 at 11:00 a.m. PDT/6:00 p.m. UTC, we're holding a Hangout on Air with set of Googlers who work on our Cloud products. Each team member brings a unique background to a different technical role, and in this Hangout they will discuss the individual careerpaths that led them to Google.If you have questions for the Googlers in this Hangout, post them on our Moderator page (http://goo.gl/RAFNH) or the Comments section below using the hashtag #GoogleTechHangout.Beyond Software Engineering: Technical roles at Google2013-03-19 19:00:00410 
Niantic Project1,331,703To turn the outcome in your faction's favor: Capture the key highlighted portal in a field, the outermost field dominates.Failing that, capture majority of the 15 contributing portals.The anomaly will be measured 5 times. At 5:02PM, 5:32PM, 6:02PM, 6:32PM and 7:02PM. The anomaly state at each and all of those 5 times will be taken into account.#freemistyMisty Hannah 03/16 Portal Anomaly @ Gary Con, Lake Geneva2013-03-16 15:02:00229 
Niantic Project1,331,703I've gone through Jarvis's transmission, and I'm fairly certain I know what it means... Jarvis is somehow pulling Klue towards him, and he intends to make her his pawn.This will happen on March 2nd at 4:00PM at the William Wallace Monument near Stirling, Scotland.Jarvis intends to capture her essence by trapping the monument in an Enlightened field, and controlling the majority of the portals nearby. I normally don't take sides, but I know I want to help Klue. I'm calling on Resistance operatives in the area to make every effort to save her by foiling Jarvis's plan...Operatives have confirmed there will be scanner activation codes on the ground there.#saveklue-PACSave Klue at the Wallace Monument2013-03-02 17:00:00135 
NASA1,693,204Having trouble watching the event? Try watching directly on YouTube at: NASA Long-Distance Google+ Hangout to Connect with Space Station---------Have you ever asked a question to someone in space? No? Well now’s your chance. In a first for the agency, NASA will host a Google+ Hangout live with the International Space Station on Feb. 22 from 10:30 a.m EST to 11:30 a.m. EST. Google+ Hangouts allow people to chat face-to-face while thousands more can tune in to watch the conversation live on Google+ or YouTube. This unique opportunity will connect you, our fans, with astronauts living and working on the orbiting laboratory 240 miles above the Earth.During the event, several video questions will be selected and answered by astronauts on the space station and on the ground. Additionally, NASA will ask real-time questions submitted by our followers on Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.Unique and original questions are more likely to be selected. You can view the Hangout live on the NASA Google+ page or the NASA Television YouTube channel to watch the astronauts answer the questions.SUBMITTING REAL-TIME QUESTIONSTo ask a real-time question during the event on Google+ or Twitter, please use the hashtag #askAstro. You can also post a comment on a thread on NASA’s Facebook page that will open for questions on the morning of the event.WATCHING THE GOOGLE+ HANGOUTTo join the hangout, and for updates and opportunities to participate in upcoming hangouts, visit NASA's Google+ page at http://plus.google.com/+NASA.During the hangout, astronauts Kevin Ford, Chris Hadfield and Tom Marshburn will answer questions and provide insights about life aboard the station. Station crews conduct a variety of science experiments and perform station maintenance during their six-month stay on the outpost. Their life aboard the station in near-weightlessness requires unique approaches to everyday activities such as eating, sleeping and exercising.NASA Long-Distance Google+ Hangout to Connect with Space Station2013-02-22 16:30:008352 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Competing to Send People to Space (and Do Other Incredible Things): Peter Diamandis of Space Adventures and XPRIZE Foundation(If the video above won't play, please watch it at http://goo.gl/mOITJ)Imagine being able to send people to the International Space Station. Or up in a jet so they can be weightless. What about sending robots to mine asteroids? Those are all things that Peter Diamandis has done, or is planning to do. On “Field Trip Friday” (see time above), you’ll learn how private citizens can experience weightlessness, fly to space – or even build their own spacecraft. Hear stories about extraordinary people and incredible accomplishments - all in the name of competing for science.And if you're between the ages of 13 and 18, be sure to sign up at googlesciencefair.com. It's your turn to change the world. #GSF2013Google Science Fair 2013 Hangout On Air with Peter Diamandis2013-02-15 21:00:0073 
The White House2,502,187In his State of the Union address, President Obama outlined his plan for a thriving middle class and a strong America. The President's plan focuses on making America a magnet for jobs and manufacturing, equipping every American with the skills they need to do those jobs, and ensuring that hard work leads to a decent living.On Thursday, February 14th, President Obama will join the latest in a series of "Fireside Hangouts" – a 21st century take on FDR’s famous radio addresses – to talk about his State of the Union Address. During the +Google+ hangout, the President will answer questions from Americans across the country about the issues and policies laid out in the speech.Watch the hangout live on Thursday, February 14th at 4:50 p.m. ET on the +The White House Google+ page, at http://youtube.com/whitehouse, and at http://wh.govLearn more about the State of the Union, then share your Citizen Response at http://wh.gov/SOTU#firesidehangout   #SOTU  State of the Union: Fireside Hangout with President Obama2013-02-14 22:50:0034222 
Google Play5,972,892Vince Vaughn and Owen Wilson, two of film’s biggest comedy stars, are now its most unexpected interns in their new movie, “The Internship.” Join Vince and Owen in a live Google+ hangout hosted by Conan O’Brien on Wednesday, February 13 at 11am PT to get the inside story about their latest comedy and be the first to view the trailer. For a sneak peek at what’s in store, check out Vince and Owen in the video, and submit your questions for the comedy duo using #TheInternshipHangout with Google Interns Vince Vaughn and Owen Wilson, as they debut “The Internship” trailer, hosted by Conan O’Brien2013-02-13 20:00:0010948 
Star Wars3,198,857It’s time to bring the galaxy together for the FIRST ever official Star Wars Google Hangout. Join the creators and stars of The Clone Wars on Saturday, February 2, at 10:30 a.m. PST, to recap and discuss Saturday’s historic episode, "The Lawless." Featuring Darth Maul, Savage Opress, Obi-Wan Kenobi, and another certain Sith Lord, this episode will change everything; you’ll have questions and they’ll have answers. Also during the Hangout, watch an exclusive preview of next week’s installment of The Clone Wars, "Sabotage," along with other clips and photos. Special guests will include Matt Lanter (Anakin Skywalker), Ashley Eckstein (Ahsoka Tano), Sam Witwer (Darth Maul), and supervising director Dave Filoni. Lucasfilm's own Pablo Hidalgo and Hollywood.com’s Christian Blauvelt will moderate the discussion.The Clone Wars Google Hangout2013-02-02 19:30:002293 
Ron Garan3,402,174Come join Italian Air Force fighter pilot and European Space Agency astronaut +Samantha Cristoforetti and I for a G+ hangout this Friday at 10:30am Central. Let's talk space and Samantha's upcoming mission to the International Space Station as a crew member of Expedition 42! +Ron Garan Hangout with Astronauts Samantha Cristoforetti & Ron Garan2013-01-18 10:30:00287 
Unofficial Google+ Film Festival299,230Film Block 1http://www.ugpff.com/the-unofficial-google-plus-film-festival/film-block-1/Film Block 2http://www.ugpff.com/the-unofficial-google-plus-film-festival/film-block-2/Film Block 3http://youtu.be/BkZPiWB1mH0?t=17m5sWeb Series Block 1http://www.ugpff.com/web-series-block-1/Web Series Block 2http://www.ugpff.com/web-series-block-2/Web Series Panelhttp://www.ugpff.com/panels/web-series-panel/Pitch Panelhttp://www.ugpff.com/panels/pitch-fest-submit-your-pitch-to-screenwriting-panelists/Producer Financing Panelhttp://www.ugpff.com/producer-financingMusic Panelhttp://www.ugpff.com/panels/music-panel/We are getting ready to go live at +The Los Angeles Film School and to the world for our third block of films.Stay tuned for a great show.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkZPiWB1mH0We will pass on a requests to the Google+ development team to include an option to message guests for future festivals!  Thanks.We are live with filmmakers from all over the world for our first block of short films.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HAjEmHYcGI4The Pitch Panel.Unofficial Google+ Film Festival Pitch PanelWeb Series Block 1http://youtu.be/VozU9Xxbg5g?hd=1&t=10mWeb Series Block 2http://youtu.be/VozU9Xxbg5g?t=1h18m22sThe Unofficial Google+ Film Festival is an online, interactive, live, international short film festival featuring some of the best short films and web series out there.To be notified of the most accurate information for the festival visit: Unofficial Google+ Film Festival - 2012 (Public Event)2012-12-01 22:30:001015 
Alicia Keys7,265,339Tonight at 7:00 PM EST, I hope you all will join me in a YouTube Live Stream with Google+ Hangout as I premiere my new album "Girl On Fire" for the very first time!!!!! Can't wait for u to hear these songs!!Tag your questions with #AliciaHangout and some of you may join me! I hope to see u there!Join me at http://youtube.com/aliciakeys tonight at 7pm EST!!!Alicia Keys Premieres GIRL ON FIRE: YouTube Live Stream with Google+ Hangout2012-11-21 01:00:002410 
Google Science Fair2,136,469Join us for a Hangout on Air with Vint Cerf, a computer scientist recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet." We look forward to a conversation with him about how the Internet continues to evolve, and the challenges and opportunities ahead of us.Have a question for Vint? Submit it in the comments below and we may ask it on air!Google Science Fair Hangout on Air with Vint Cerf2012-11-13 01:00:00464 
Google Play5,972,892Watch a live hangout with bestselling novelist +John Grisham (http://goo.gl/mmMwB) on the release date of his newest legal thriller, The Racketeer (http://goo.gl/Wy8Wh). If you have a great question for John, feel free to leave it in the comments!  #grishamhangout ABOUT JOHN GRISHAM: John Grisham is the author of twenty-five novels, one work of nonfiction, a collection of stories, and two novels for young readers. He lives in Virginia and Mississippi.Google Play Presents: John Grisham2012-10-23 21:30:00390 
Jessica Northey1,664,024THIS IS THE RESCHEDULE for the DONNA D'ERRICO +TWANGOUT Thankfully her son is OK and she will join us on WEDNESDAY 5pm PT!.I very excited to have my good friend former BAYWATCH Castmember and ALL-AMERICAN sweetie +Donna D'Errico come and +TWANGOUT with us! :)This will be her first Google hangout ever.JOIN me, my co host +Rita Ballou and out  MUSICAL GUEST +Ryan Van Sickle and +HEATHER FAY follow Ryan on Twitter @Ryan_VanSickle  http://ryanvansicklemusic.com/follow Heather on Twitter @HeatherFayMusichttp://heatherfay.net/DONNA D'ERRICO is President and CEO of Rhyman Productions, Proud Mother of Two, Writer, Producer, Director, Actor, Explorer, Documentarian, Videographer, Mountaineer and ConservativeABOUT DONNADonna D’Errico is an American film and television actress, perhaps best known for her role as “Donna Marco” on Baywatch.   After leaving Baywatch, Donna excelled in more selective independent movie roles, displaying impressive creative range as an ensemble cast member alongside such actors as Colm Feore, Jennifer Tilly, and Andie MacDowell.  Currently, this talented young woman also wears the hats of producer, writer, director, videographer, and explorer.Donna D’Errico is a full-time, single mom of two (no nannies!).  For nearly a decade, she also raised three stepchildren full-time as well.  D’Errico does not use any domestic help, a rarity in Hollywood.  She proudly cooks, cleans, does household laundry, washes windows, tends a vegetable garden, and everything in between – herself.Beautiful, sweet, and funny, Alabama-born D’Errico is the epitome of a down-home, southern gal.  But don’t underestimate her – she’s tougher thanHangout on TWANGOUT with Donna D'Errico Actress, Explorer and Documentary Producer2012-10-18 02:00:0074 
Google Play5,972,892Join a live hangout with Salman Khan of Khan Academy (khanacademy.org), as he takes your questions about his new book The One World Schoolhouse: Education Reimagined (US&CA- goo.gl/Eo4Cv). Submit your questions in the comments below for a chance to have Salman respond on air. #khanhangout  Also -- Watch Salman's recent talk about his new book with Google's Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt: goo.gl/G8vkf -- and come prepared with some questions about his book.#khanhangout #salmankhan #khanacademy ABOUT SALMAN KHAN:Salman Khan is the founder of The Khan Academy, nonprofit organization with the goal of changing education for the better by providing a free world-class education for anyone anywhere. All of the site's resources are available, completely free of charge. Google Play presents: Salman Khan of Khan Academy2012-10-17 22:00:001627 
California Science Center207,014UPDATE: Our Exclusive CNN and Google+/YouTube Live stream has ended, however Endeavour will continue moving through Sunday to our Pavilion at +California Science Center.  HUGE, HUGE thanks to our friends at CNN and  +Google+ and +YouTube for making it happen! Share your photo of Endeavour as it travels through 12 miles of Los Angeles. You can see everyone's LIVE photos here even if you can't make it in person.To join in and participate in our official Party Mode Event (http://youtu.be/W9hCcfbXmRI) you need to first RSVP 'Yes' for this Event and don't forget to add the California Science Center into your Circles if you haven't already. Make sure you also download the Google+ App for your iPhone or Android. Using the G+ App, you can post your pictures of the Endeavour Transportation in real time while it is driven through LA!If you have an Android here's what to do - http://youtu.be/uwMdqxJznMs . If you have an iPhone open the app, tap 'Events', and choose the Endeavour event that you RSVP'd to. Then simply just tap the camera icon at the bottom of the Event.It will be amazing to see everyone's perspective of the shuttle on LA streets, so we're excited to see your photos! We'll even be resharing some of our favorites! Even if you're not local, you can still see all the Live Party Mode pictures streaming on this Event Page during the Event in real time as they're being shared!Schedule (LAPD Press Release - http://lapdonline.org/newsroom/news_view/52101)OFFICIAL VIEWING SITE: Forum in Inglewood 8a-10a. Free parking at nearby Hollywood Park Race Track starting 4am. NO overnight camping allowed, but arrive earlyOFFICIAL VIEWING SITE: Crenshaw & MLK Blvd 1p-2p for brief show produced by @msdebbieallen(Twitter Handle). Arrive early, space limited.BEST OFFICIAL VIEWING SITE: Exposition Park after 6:30p. Viewing site walk-in entrance: Vermont & 39th. Gates open 5:30p. Ride Expo Line!Click the "website" link below and you can see the planned travel route for Endeavour on the ground!Spot the Shuttle! Share your photos of Endeavour in LA!2012-10-12 07:00:00837 
Arnold Schwarzenegger118,119Come hangout with Arnold to discuss his new autobiography, Total Recall: My Unbelievably True Life Story. www.schwarzenegger.com/totalrecallHangout with Arnold2012-10-05 23:30:001481 
NASA1,693,204NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk will discuss the first contracted cargo resupply flight to the International Space Station during a Google+ Hangout from 1-1:30 p.m. EDT Friday, Oct. 5. The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket and its Dragon cargo spacecraft are scheduled to lift off at 8:35 p.m., Sunday, Oct. 7 from at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Bolden and Musk will talk about the flight, which will be the first of 12 contracted for NASA by SpaceX to resupply the space station. The SpaceX flights under the Commercial Resupply Services contract will restore an American capability to deliver and return significant amounts of cargo, including science experiments, to the orbiting laboratory -- a feat not achievable since the retirement of the space shuttle. Followers on Twitter may ask a question in advance of or during the event using the hashtag #askNASA . On Google+, leave a comment in the thread on this event page with questions marked with #askNASA  on the morning of the event. To join the hangout, visit the NASA's Google+ page at 1 p.m. EDT on Friday, Oct. 5:  http://plus.google.com/+NASAThe Dragon will be filled with about 1,000 pounds of supplies. This includes critical materials to support the 166 investigations planned for the station's Expedition 33 crew, including 63 new investigations. The Dragon will return about 734 pounds of scientific materials, including results from human research, biotechnology, materials and educational experiments, as well as about 504 pounds of space station hardware. For information about the space station, research in low Earth orbit, NASA's commercial space programs and the future of American spaceflight, visit:  http://www.nasa.gov/explorationFor more information about SpaceX, visit: http://www.spacex.comDiscuss the First Contracted Cargo Resupply Flight to the Space Station with NASA & SpaceX2012-10-05 19:00:00601 
Monterey Bay Aquarium449,368Do you love the Open Sea exhibit? Want to know what it's like to feed a huge pelagic ray or swim with sharks? Hangout with our experts live Oct. 4 at noon PT!  We have spots available on camera. You can also submit your questions if you want them asked on air, so let us know in the comments section if you would like to join.Open Sea Hangout On Air!2012-10-04 21:00:00100 
Gov. Gary Johnson1,054,537**VISIT THIS LINK TO WATCH GOV. GARY JOHNSON'S ONLINE COMMENTARY ON THE PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE:*http://www.youtube.com/user/govgaryjohnson?v=tVHGJYy4NTgGov. Gary Johnson will host a special online event on Wednesday, October 3rd, at 6:00 pm PDT / 9:00 pm EDT, during which he will provide commentary on the Presidential debate.The event will be hosted via this Google+ Hangout, and on Twitter at www.twitter.com/govgaryjohnson.Gov. Johnson is challenging his exclusion from the presidential debates. His plans to share online commentary during Wednesday's debate and during subsequent debates are subject to change should the Commission on Presidential Debates or the federal courts allow him to participate.To learn more about Gov. Gary Johnson, please visit www.garyjohnson2012.com.Gov. Gary Johnson to Provide Online Commentary During Presidential Debate2012-10-04 03:00:003766 
Hubble Space Telescope3,742,738A new, improved portrait of Hubble’s deepest-ever view of the universe, called the eXtreme Deep Field, or XDF, looks far away and back in time to reveal faint galaxies at one ten-billionth the brightness of what the human eye can see.  This is the culmination of 10 years of observing a patch of sky that contains thousands of far-flung galaxies. The full-color XDF image shows previously unseen galaxies as they looked in the early universe, billions of years ago.Astronomers continue studying this area of sky with Hubble. Extensive ongoing observing programs, led by Harry Teplitz and Richard Ellis at the California Institute of Technology, will allow astronomers to study the deep-field galaxies with Hubble to even greater depths in ultraviolet and infrared light prior to the launch of JWST. These new results will provide even more extraordinary views of this region of the sky and will be shared with the public in the coming months.                              Want to know more? You can participate in an online webinar and hear three key astronomers of the XDF observing team describe how they assembled the landmark observation. They will illustrate and explain what Hubble’s powerful new view tells us about the evolving universe. Viewers can send in questions for our panel of experts to discuss. The webinar will be broadcast at 1 p.m. Thursday Sept 27. Join us here for this Google Event, or watch and leave questions at the HubbleSite YouTube Channel. (http://www.youtube.com/hubblesitechannel). You can also ask your questions in advance here in comments, and we'll pass them on to our panel.The panelists will be:Garth Illingworth, astronomer at the University of California, Santa Cruz.He is the principal investigator of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2009 (HUDF09) Project. Pascal Oesch, astronomer at the University of California, Santa Cruz.He is a co-investigator with the HUDF09 Project. Dan Magee, programmer/data analyst at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He is a co-investigator with the HUDF09 Project.There's some more info here: http://hudf09.ucolick.org/xdf.html #xdf  Meet the Hubble eXtreme Deep Field Observing Team2012-09-27 19:00:00434 
Catlin Seaview Survey3,648,535Join us here on G+ for the world’s first LIVE nighttime underwater Hangout at to celebrate the first of the Catlin Seaview Survey expeditions.Emmy award-winning cinematographer, +Richard Fitzpatrick, will be underwater on the Great Barrier Reef revealing what happens when the sun goes down and feeding time commences.Richard will be talking to the who’s who of the underwater world at the +BLUE Ocean Film Festival & Conservation Event in Monterey, California as we announce our exciting news - our 360-degree panoramic imagery can now be found in the Street View feature of Google Maps.Stay tuned to our Google Plus page to view the live feed!World's First Live Underwater Night Dive Hangout2012-09-26 19:30:00440 
Zoo Atlanta1,417,795We’re excited to announce a very special Hangout On Air for Wednesday, September 26 at 10 a.m. Eastern. This hangout will feature the veterinary research collaboration with The Great Ape Heart Project, based at +Zoo Atlanta.We’ll be featuring a live demo of a gorilla voluntary heart echo procedure.To coincide with the heart echo we’ll have commentary and Q&A from our panel: Hayley Western Murphy, DVM, Director of Veterinary Services at Zoo Atlanta, Marietta Dindo, PhD, and Project and Database Manager for the +Great Ape Heart Project. The echo will be administered by Jodi Carrigan, primate keeper at Zoo Atlanta, and Bobbie Boyd, RN, RDMS, RDCS. Bobbie is one of four volunteer cardiac sonographers from +Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.The Great Ape Heart Project is a multi-institutional collaboration that seeks to understand, diagnose, and treat cardiac disease across all four non-human great ape taxa (gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees and bonobos). Find out more at: www.zooatlanta.org/great_ape_heart_project#hangoutsonair  The Great Ape Heart Project Hangout2012-09-26 16:00:0029 
The GRAMMYs2,581,386We will be hosting a Google+ Hangout for this event. Tune in to www.grammy365.com/hangout at 7:30pm PST to watch LIVE!Current GRAMMY Members will be allowed to bring (1) Guest RSVP By Friday, September 21RSVP By Friday, September 21 tohttps://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/viewform?formkey=dEV2ZkJZMXliX2JzUVR0b19rT0E5VVE6MQNot a member of GRAMMY U? Join Today! https://www.grammy365.com/join/studentGRAMMY U is for students who are currently enrolled in a college, university or trade school with a desire to work in the recording industry upon graduation. Student members do not need to be majoring in music or in a music program to qualify for Student MembershipGRAMMY U: Up Close and Personal with Kaskade and Steve Aoki2012-09-25 19:30:0079 
Victoria Justice4,098,818SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 16th @ 11am PST / 2pm ESTLive Google+ Hangout with Victoria Justice2012-09-16 20:00:003391 
Google Play5,972,892Google Play presents: Steven Spielberg and Joseph Gordon-Levitt in their first ever Hangout On Air where they will be exclusively premiering the trailer for their upcoming movie, Lincoln. Google Play will update this event invite with a link to the live hangout a little before 4pm PT. You can also watch the hangout at play.google.com/+ starting at 4pm PT/7pm ET.  #lincolnhangout  ABOUT THE MOVIE:Steven Spielberg directs Joseph Gordon-Levitt in  “Lincoln,” a revealing drama that focuses on the 16th President’s tumultuous final months in office. In a nation divided by war and the strong winds of change, Lincoln pursues a course of action designed to end the war, unite the country and abolish slavery. With the moral courage and fierce determination to succeed, his choices during this critical moment will change the fate of generations to come.Google Play presents: Steven Spielberg and Joseph Gordon-Levitt2012-09-14 01:00:006805 
NASA1,693,204Fifty years ago, President John Kennedy challenged us to go to the moon within the decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard. As we remember Neil Armstrong this week – the man who, with a single step realized the hopes of a president, this nation and the world – we are recognizing the extraordinary achievements of the past five decades achieved by our nation's space agency and where the passion to explore will lead us in the future. President Barack Obama has set NASA on course toward an asteroid and to send humans to Mars within the next two decades. This goal is not without notable challenges, but using the knowledge, expertise and American ingenuity that has been the trademark of NASA scientists and engineers for the last half-century, NASA continues to make possible that which is seemingly impossible. At 3:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, September 12, NASA astronauts, scientists and engineers will hold a Google+ Hangout to talk about NASA's rich history of innovation and ingenuity and talk about NASA's future goals for scientific discovery and human spaceflight.During the event, we'll be joined by:- Dan Dumbacher, Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Systems Development in NASA's Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. He is the former Director of Engineering at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Previously, he was the deputy director of safety and mission assurance at Marshall.- Ron Garan, astronaut who lived and worked aboard the International Space Station. He has been in space for 178 days and has conducted four spacewalks.- John Grunsfeld, Associate Administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. He is an astronaut and researcher in high energy astrophysics, cosmic ray physics, and in the emerging field of exoplanet studies. He was also the deputy director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, managing the science program for the Hubble Space Telescope and the forthcoming James Webb Space Telescope.- Michael Lopez-Alegria, the President of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation. He is a former Naval Aviator and test pilot (Capt., U.S. Navy, Ret.), NASA astronaut and International Space Station (ISS) commander.To join the event, visit http://plus.google.com/+NASA at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday. Ask your questions of the group in the comments below or using hashtag #askNASA :50 Years Later: NASA Discusses Using Innovation and Ingenuity to do Big Things2012-09-12 21:00:00651 
Google Play5,972,892Come hang out with the cast of Parks and Recreation live as they take your questions on +Google Play on Sept 6th, Thursday, at 1PM PDT. You'll get a chance to chat with Amy Poehler, Adam Scott, Aziz Ansari, Chris Pratt, Aubrey Plaza, and co-creator Michael Schur, as we talk about the show and its upcoming season.To be chosen as one of the participants for this Google Play-exclusive event, please follow these steps:-Reshare this G+ event with your friends-Ask your BEST question in the comments below-Let us know how to contact you if you're chosen here: http://goo.gl/WYr2B+Google Play will reach out to you if you're selected.Don't forget to check out Parks and Recreation on Google Play: http://goo.gl/V3XnC (US only). #parksandrecreation #amypoehler #adamscott #azizansari #chrispratt #aubreyplaza #michaelschur #nbc #pawnee #leslieknopeGoogle Play presents: Parks and Recreation2012-09-06 22:00:00691 
Taylor Swift2,131,710Taylor will be talking to fans around the world live online and in a Google+ Hangout on Monday, August 13th! She will talk directly to fans and answer questions in real time. You can submit questions into the live social chat during the webcast using your YouTube account. The webcast will be live across the world starting at 7:00pm ET on August 13 on YouTube.com/TaylorSwift or YouTube.com/Presents.Taylor YT Web Chat and G+ Hangout2012-08-13 18:00:002761 
London 20121,474,130Its been an unforgettable couple of weeks at London 2012 and this year's Olympic Games will leave us with so many incredible memories.So now we need your help. It’s the fans who help make the Games what it is, and we want to collect your #OlympicMemories – the memories that best define what London 2012 meant to you. Whether you enjoyed the Games in person here in London, you watched with friends elsewhere in the world, or you were inspired to go out and emulate your Olympic heroes, we need your help to capture the greatest 2012 moments of London 2012. A memory can be a comment, a picture or simply a +1.Click on the grey 'Going' button above and say 'Yes', then from 11am on Sunday you can start submitting your #OlympicMemories . And as with the Opening Ceremony, we want you to add your experiences of the Closing Ceremony as it happens.#OlympicMemories & Closing Ceremony2012-08-12 12:00:001575 
Fraser Cain910,157To celebrate the landing of NASA's Curiosity Rover - the Mars Science Laboratory - we'll be running a special live hangout. In conjunction with +CosmoQuest. We'll have all your favorite space/astronomy journalists on hand to discuss the mission in depth, and celebrate the landing live, when it happens. Join Fraser Cain, +Pamela L. Gay, +Philip Plait and +Miles O'Brien for this special event.Over the course of this 4-hour Google+ Hangout on Air, we'll interview members of the Curiosity team live in the hangout, as well as other special guests from the +The Planetary Society and the +SETI Institute.+Scott Lewis and +Amy Shira Teitel will be on location at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to interview members of the engineering team, and show you what it's like to be at NASA during this amazing moment.We'll update this event as we lock down more of the guests and participants. See you there! You can follow the hashtag #marshangout  (this will replace our regular Sunday night +Virtual Star Party)Google+ Hangout - Curiosity Landing Coverage2012-08-06 05:00:004876 
London 20121,474,130The Opening Ceremony for the London 2012 Olympic Games is almost here! We can’t wait for the celebrations to begin. But the Olympics isn’t just for those inside the Olympic Stadium in London – it’s for everyone to enjoy wherever you are in the world.We want you to join in and show us how you’re celebrating the start of the Olympic Games.We’ve created this Event on Google+ to bring the pictures of your Opening Ceremony parties (and some from the Stadium too!) together in one place. Wherever you are in the world, simply join this Event and upload your pictures via Android, iPhone or the web.// What you need to do nowTell us you’re ‘going’ to the event by clicking the blue 'Are you going' button above and selecting 'Yes'. Then download the Google+ App to your Android or iPhone and sign in with your Google Account details.Share this event with others who you’ll be celebrating with!// What you need to do on Friday from 7.30pmOn the evening of the Opening Ceremony you'll be able to add photos and comments.Android: Open the Google+ App, select Events, then click the London 2012 Olympic Opening Ceremony Event. Check in, and enable Party Mode (http://goo.gl/ziNdk). Then use the camera as usual to take photos of your celebration. These will upload to the Event page.iPhone: Open the Google+ App, select Events, then click the London 2012 Olympic Opening Ceremony Event. From there, click the Camera icon in the bottom right hand corner and take photos of your celebration. These will upload to the Event page.Web: Click the red “Add Photos” button at the top of this page, and upload photos manually to the Event page through the interface. Please note: This is a family-friendly event. Inappropriate photos or comments will be removed. For more information, please refer to our Moderation Policy (http://goo.gl/s7LvC).London 2012 Opening Ceremony: The Worldwide Watch Party!2012-07-27 20:30:004694 

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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
George Clark9,492This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle   #Sharedcircles   #circleshare  #publiccircle   #followme   #public #sharedpubliccircles   #circleoftheday #circleall #circlecircle #circleday  #circleme   #circlenetwork   #circleoftheweek #circleplus   #circleshare   #rikacircles  #circletoday   #circleup  #circleyoushare2014-10-24 07:24:06500747
Becky Collins17,500Top Active Engager's Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-13 05:05:40478002
Allan watson7,797Grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done. If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#News #BusinessNews #TechNews #Aviation #Flight #Flights #Passengers #Airport #Travel #KLM #Aircraft #AirTravel #Airbus #Flying #AvGeek #Boeing #Chicago #Safety #AmericanAirlines #Canceled #SharedCircles   #weeklyreview #sharedcircle     #topsharedcircle   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle2014-09-27 12:27:02303273140
George Clark7,103Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!I don't wish to offend anyone on the internet, so if you would like to be removed from my shared circles, please send me a private message and I won't share your profile in the future. The only way being shared will affect you is that you will get notifications that people have added you. You are under no obligation to add them back to your circles. If you don't add them back, they will most likely remove you from their circles after some time.#topcircle #circleshareoftheday #sharedcircles  #sharedpubliccircles   #fridaycircle   #themecircle   #mediterranean   #addbackspree   #ripplescircle   #addback   #aahanapriyadarsinee   #peoplescircle   #circleoftheday   #followme   #follow4follow  2014-09-27 10:52:530292437
Kenneth Nicholson3,806Active users on Google+. Circle Share. If you received a notification, please reshare to your circles If you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post*More you share more you get! :)Thanks!*#awesomecircle #circleme #sharedpoint #sharewithyou #ShareYourCircle #epicengagers #davidromaphotography #addcircle #addpeople #affiliate #awesome #awesomecircles #awesomepeople #besocial #bestengagers #bestsharedcircle #circle #circlefriday #circlemonday2014-09-25 13:06:13485455179
Alfonso Perez0compartircirculos #compartircirculos circleshare #circleshare #circleshared share circle #sharecircle shared circle #sharedcircle  2014-09-23 21:31:32500036
Alfonso Perez0circleshare  sharedcircles  compartircirculos  español #circlemaster    #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circleoftheweek #sharedcircles #sharedcirclesbestengagers   #compartircirculos #circleshareespañol #compartircirculo  2014-09-23 21:21:02501000
Shared Circle Magic1,173Increase your following with our Amazing CirclesNext circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are included in this circle, +1 , comment and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment on the original post so that I know you have shared)Optional: Checkout http://www.instagc.com/161602 and let me know your views, although not a compulsion but one's visiting or logging with their accounts on http://www.instagc.com/161602 will be given a special preference for next 5 circles in this week#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #circl2014-09-12 05:09:115018514
Shared Circle Magic828Increase your following with our Amazing Circles5 Circles after every 5 hours!!Next circles to include only those re-sharing thisEven if you are in this circle, +1 and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now 12 new circles coming up this weekTo be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment Thank you so that I know you have shared)Optional: Checkout http://www.instagc.com/161602 and let me know your views, although not a compulsion but one's visiting or logging with their accounts on http://www.instagc.com/161602 will be given a special preference for next 5 circles in this week#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare 2014-09-09 12:29:10500011
Shared Circle Magic707Increase your following with our Amazing Circles5 Circles after every 5 hours!!Next circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are in this circle, +1 and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)Want to grow your follower list? Need more followers? Join my circles now 12 new circles coming up this weekTo be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment Thank you so that I know you have shared)Optional: Checkout http://www.instagc.com/161602 and let me know your views, although not a compulsion but one's visiting or logging with their accounts on http://www.instagc.com/161602 will be given a special preference for next 5 circles in this week#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare 2014-09-08 05:30:45501014
Phúc Savina70Connect more fun okay for you#sharedcircle2014-09-07 13:56:36359001
Shared Circle Magic201Increase your following with our Amazing Circles5 Circles after every 5 hours!!Next circles to include only those resharing thisEven if you are in this circle, +1 and share this to be included in next 2 circles (after 12 Hours)*Checkout this awesome Instant Gift Card website for unlimited fun and more over you can win lots of free stuff here http://www.instagc.com/161602*Need more followers? Join my circles now 12 new circles coming up this weekTo be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps: 1 - include me in your circles 2 - Click add people and create your circle 3 - share the circle (include yourself) 4 - add +1 to the post(Comment Thank you so that I know you have shared)Optional: Checkout http://www.instagc.com/161602 and let me know your views, although not a compulsion but one's visiting or logging with their accounts on http://www.instagc.com/161602 will be given a special preference for next 5 circles in this week#powercircle #sharedcircle #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles #share #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #sharewithyou #followme #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircle2014-09-03 06:49:314980010
Becky Collins15,959Basketball Fan Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-09-03 05:36:37492027
Aaron Denne722One of my favorite circles ever. These guys are Tech Journalists and love to interact with people. Give these people a follow if you love tech! #circles #sharedcircles  2014-09-03 02:11:37243003
Becky Collins15,777Fantasy Football Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-08-27 05:07:20485118
The Dawn5,582  I present you my almost three years old, Google+ essential coregrown Circle! Inside you will find personally handpicked, unique and fascinating Beings of all different kinds. Most of them are well known even, global activists, rulers, think-tanks, smart individuals, a few every day people, influencers and other outstanding personalities. Check' em now please, don´t hesitate, convince yourselves first and later others (-; Thank you for passing by, perhaps commenting, plussing, sharing and being.  Yours sincerely of course most ways and technically hereby digital as well Doctor Olivier Klastat aka Dawn Jones aka The Dawn aka Falcondawn  #Cologne   #Deutz   #NRW   #Germany   #Europe   #Google   #World   #Circleshare   #Share   #Circle   #Plussers   #Doctor   #OK   #Olivier   #Klastat   #Jones   #Dawn   #Love   #Peace   #Future   #Progress   #Improvements   #USA   #Russia   #Falcondawn     2014-08-25 23:34:24500616
Wendy Thanh Hồng43GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-08-25 05:58:2348611315
Kieu Trinh0GOOGLE FRIENDS! -  RESHARE if you want to be included *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:*  *SHARE AND BE  SHARED*  *:¦:-•:*:••-:•:''''*  This is a super Circle and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   Google + users that share unique and original contents.Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 - Follow  your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circles #shared #share #add #friends #circle #share #sharecircle #circleshare2014-08-25 05:34:0348613618
gilberno jacson0This is a group of individuals that has personally shared four of my best circle sharing circles in the last month (or so).  They also include a mix of new circle sharers and some that are just trying to learn it for the first time. :) :) :0)They are individuals, to a large degree, that are very interested in not just circle sharing (which is great), but also engaging with you in a meaningful way (which is awesome)!!!Guidelines for Core Multipliers- Share the circle to stay in the circle- Have some fun!- If you are new and want in the circle, share the circle.This is a great group.  Enjoy this circle and have an awesome Thursday!*if you were somehow missed/ not included in the circle, please let me know and it will be corrected on the next share. My apologies ahead of time! :)**For those coming from multiplying circle, we are not inviting new folks here, you can privately message them or ping them when you share the circle on your public feed. Thanks!#corecircle #multiplyingcircle #coremultipliers #sharedcircles #circleshare #bestsharedcircle   #circleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #CircleQueen   #CircleMaster   #GPlusList   #Circle   #Circleshare   #Circlesharing   #PublicSharedCircles2014-08-20 05:37:45501011
Greg Smith7,716Power Marketers CircleMy 1st circle share!2014-08-07 20:46:15500013
Mike Elgan3,464,700Follow the Blogs of August!1. Click "Add people" then circle this shared circle (even if you did it before)2. Share with your circlesThe Blogs of August are bloggers who are either trying or have already decided to blog on Google+ exclusively for the month of August (or permanently). 2014-08-06 12:34:462215525
The Dawn5,550 This is my Circle share for all of you out there! Coregrown last years and full of interesting individuals. Worth to add anytime :-) Enjoy your stays and days here. Thank you!Coregrown essential Circle Doctor Okay 2014-08-05 21:58:16500000
Marius Kiupelis279 If you received this notification you are in this circle♚♚  If you want to be shared in this circle ♚♚♚♚♚♚♚ Then just keep sharing! ♚♚♚♚♚2014-08-03 19:05:53201036
Lynda Chervil890Add this circle of excellent engagers, thinkers, innovators, and future tech leaders. My ++Solar Power++ Circle will provide you with the latest and greatest from the world of tech innovations, especially in the renewable energy sector. Simply add this circle and then share it!If you'd like to be added to this circle, please comment below, share and add the circle. Only those who qualify with content and expertise will be added. Thanks! #Tesla   #nikolatesla   #elonmusk   #solarenergy   #innovation   #technology   #solarpower   #hydroelectric   #science   #STEM   #research   #education   #futuretech   #futuretechnology  2014-07-31 14:24:32343125
Raffaele Romeo Arena44,430Influencer Circle #googlepluscircles  This is an important circle with important people about Social Media Marketing, particulary Google Plus.If you want to know all secrets of Web communication, Social Media, Google Plus, follow this circle.Special thanks to:+martin shervington +Plus Your Business! +Dustin W. Stout +dustn.tv +Peg Fitzpatrick +Mark Traphagen +Rand Fishkin +Guy Kawasaki +Denis Labelle +Ana Hoffman +Gianluca Fiorelli +Rick Eliason +Ronnie Bincer +Amanda Blain +Ryan Crowe +Brian Jensen +Canva +Copyblogger 2014-07-15 21:44:381488421
Lose Those Poundz1,283Health and Weight loss Circle V 1.0This is a super circle and in it I have put together a group of really interesting and active friends on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the *top Google+ users who share and reshare unique and original contents regarding weight loss and healthy eating.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with like minded people who share marvelous content:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be circled and added  to the next circle, do these simple steps:1 - Add this circle2 - Share the circle (Publicly) 3 - Plus 1 the post 4 - CommentIf you already have me in circle and want to be included in the next circle to be shared, don't be sad, just  leave a comment. Saying you wish to be included. More you share, more you get sharedHave fun! #circles     #circleshare     #circlesharing     #sharedpubliccircles     #addpeople     #addcircle       #weightloss   #healthyeating  2014-07-11 04:13:23483206
Nick Warner399Check out these awesome Friends of Mine!2014-07-08 15:35:535007010
John Nuntiatio39,637You are in this circle.#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health2014-06-29 12:31:24193745
Joe Martinez61,582My Favorite People & Brand Pages on Google+ - June 2014All these people are amazing and fun (hence why I follow them)! :) If you are looking for people to follow then this is definitely the circle for you! There is a little bit of everything here! From people who love photography, tech, music, art... the list is endless! Enjoy!!  Some of the awesomesauce in this circle:  +Hanna Silver, +DJ Spin, +Tanya Muse Diaz, +Tiffany Henry, +Ant J, +anthony feliciano, +jessi roman, +Bronwyn McGuckin, +Renata Sherwin, +Cynthia K Seymour, +Natascha Otero, +Daria Musk, +Kamal Tailor, +Emily Jiménez, +Carms Perez, +Christopher Lira, +Eleanor Hoh, +Chris Pirillo, +2014-06-23 04:01:3650139641
khairul efendi0 Keep this simple!1. ADD the circle2 Share the post3. Plus the post.4. Comment to be added. BAM that is all easy right!? #circleshare  #circlesharing #sharedpubliccircles #snowballcircle #hyberballcircle #publicsharedcircles      #ownsocialmedia   #socialmediamarketing   #circlesharingpages   #sharingcircles   #whatshot   #followers   #googleplustips #CircleSharing #CircleShare #CircleOfTheDay #Circle #SharedCircles #Google #Google+ #GooglePlusTips #AddCircle #ADD #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircle #Circles #Shared #Friends #Blogging #SharingCircles #CircleofFriends #Blogger #Engagers2014-06-20 07:31:49501215
Peter Edenist30,747TESLA Super Science Circle 2014 - June Edition!!!! : A quality circle curated carefully and tended since 2011. Who is in this circle?  people who are either involved in science, love science or are active on the Science on G+ community. Community link is here http://goo.gl/46uFH and the Page is +Science on G+!Have you wondered where one can meet with like-minded people who love science and like to read about the real stuff? This is the ultimate SUL on science.... add and share to keep it alive.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Want to nominate someone? Please do so in comments. If you want to recommend something let us know. People who are notified are part of the circle.#science #tesla #scienceongplus #scienceeveryday 2014-06-19 13:39:49342755693
John Nuntiatio38,202#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #small #smallcircle #photography #health2014-06-15 06:01:32319369
Ryan Johnson6,653My best circle!If you received this Notice - You're in this Circle If you’d like to be added to the next circle share:  •         +1 this circle•         Share this circle to PUBLIC•         Include me in your circles•         Comment on this post#awesome #awesomepeople #chadwick #circle #circlescirclesharing #circleshare #circleoftheday #circleplus #community #followback     #followers       #gplus   #influence       #leadership     #public         #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles         #reshare         #reshared       #reshareday     #resharetags     #ripples     #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday     #sharewithyou         #sharing     #sharingcircle     #socialmedia   #theplus   #tcs     #team 2014-06-13 13:20:53483713796
Michael Junghans4,995Great people on google+ Amazing information, you should watch out.#sharedcircles #publicsharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles2014-06-08 10:54:19500314
John Nuntiatio37,49330k+ Circle - A circle worth adding and followingThe people from this circle have more than 30,000 followers.2014-06-02 08:54:46140496
Astrie Ivo1,035Circle Sharing Today1. +1 Circle And Our Page +BengkelSEO.net2. Add to your circle3. reshare #circleshare #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #seotips #seomarketing #seoservices #circlesdiscovery #circleadd #circleadding #circleart #circlesunday #circlesundaycircle #circlesunglasses #circlemeup #circleme #circlemanagement #circlemania #circlemonday #circlemountain  2014-05-27 12:39:55395019
ramzi parta7 Hello AllHere is my RANDOM Circle... V1.8 - 131123The circle has shrunk a little this week lets see if we can build it back up again. Please share and invite people to join the circle.247 people did not move from the last RANDOM circle, don't be one of them for the next circle.RULES1. Leave a comment saying who you would like to add.(min 1 name - max 10 names)2. Publicly Share the postIn the next circle I will add the people you added or mentioned and yourself (If you give more than 10 names I will only add the first 10)Re-Sharers also automatically get added to my Re-Share Circle and the last one has been shared 211 times so far.http://updateslaluz.blogspot.com2014-05-13 02:32:17501012
Ryan Johnson4,790Awesome circle with amazing photographers you want to have in your circlesRe-share this circle in your stream Plus and comment#sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #weekendcircle #weekend #weekendfun #holidays #vacation #views #trekking #tourist #tour #honeymoon #cruise #landscape #sea #weekend 2014-05-12 09:51:28465114104139
Lowongan Kerja661. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-04-30 01:18:3547515729
Shinta putri anggun2291. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle! #circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #circleoftheday #indonesia  2014-04-26 11:37:514415320
Sinta Riani517This is a good circle. all of account on this circle is OnNow you can ADD People From this CircleBefor you ADD This people to your Circle, You must Vote g+ on my Blog please.> vote g+ on this link : https://plusone.google.com/u/0/_/+1/fastbutton?count=true&url=http://blog-kangramzi.blogspot.com/> After that. You can add this people to your CircleThank you#vote #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles   #shared   #circle #voteg+?2014-04-17 10:16:50501447
John Nuntiatio33,831#circles #share #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news 2014-04-17 06:46:35484348
John Nuntiatio33,635#circles #share #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news 2014-04-15 20:17:2642922610
Sinta Riani345This is a good circle. all of account on this circle is OnNow you can ADD People From this CircleBefor you ADD This people to your Circle, You must Vote g+ on my Blog please.> vote g+ on this link : https://plusone.google.com/u/0/_/+1/fastbutton?count=true&url=http://blog-kangramzi.blogspot.com/> After that. You can add this people to your site.Thank you #vote #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles   #shared   #circle #voteg+2014-04-14 05:52:07500425
Correa Mirti0This is a group of individuals that has personally shared four of my best circle sharing circles in the last month (or so).  They also include a mix of new circle sharers and some that are just trying to learn it for the first time. :) :) :0)They are individuals, to a large degree, that are very interested in not just circle sharing (which is great), but also engaging with you in a meaningful way (which is awesome)!!!Guidelines for Core Multipliers- Share the circle to stay in the circle- Have some fun!- If you are new and want in the circle, share the circle.This is a great group.  Enjoy this circle and have an awesome Thursday!*if you were somehow missed/ not included in the circle, please let me know and it will be corrected on the next share. My apologies ahead of time! :)**For those coming from multiplying circle, we are not inviting new folks here, you can privately message them or ping them when you share the circle on your public feed. Thanks!#corecircle #multiplyingcircle #coremultipliers #sharedcircles #circleshare #bestsharedcircle   #circleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #CircleQueen   #CircleMaster   #GPlusList   #Circle   #Circleshare   #Circlesharing   #PublicSharedCircles2014-04-12 10:21:48501205
Correa Mirti0This is a group of individuals that has personally shared four of my best circle sharing circles in the last month (or so).  They also include a mix of new circle sharers and some that are just trying to learn it for the first time. :) :) :0)They are individuals, to a large degree, that are very interested in not just circle sharing (which is great), but also engaging with you in a meaningful way (which is awesome)!!!Guidelines for Core Multipliers- Share the circle to stay in the circle- Have some fun!- If you are new and want in the circle, share the circle.This is a great group.  Enjoy this circle and have an awesome Thursday!*if you were somehow missed/ not included in the circle, please let me know and it will be corrected on the next share. My apologies ahead of time! :)**For those coming from multiplying circle, we are not inviting new folks here, you can privately message them or ping them when you share the circle on your public feed. Thanks!#corecircle #multiplyingcircle #coremultipliers #sharedcircles #circleshare #bestsharedcircle   #circleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #CircleQueen   #CircleMaster   #GPlusList   #Circle   #Circleshare   #Circlesharing   #PublicSharedCircles2014-04-12 10:20:445016010
Samantha Myers655This here circle is the best circle you can possibly have. The content is good, the people are awesome and you can trust me that you won't regret adding them to yours.Follow +Wilfredo Lassalle especially.. that guy has helped me at the worst of times lift my head up high and he's a great guy in general who knows his stuff!2014-04-08 00:32:28150918
Jayant Khoshiya6,830#CircleShare#CircleSharing#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#buy_GooglePlus_followers#SharedPublicCircles#GooglePlusTips#Google+#Google#Engagers#SharedCircleOfTheDay#SocialMedia#PublicSharedCircles#EngagersCircle#TopEngagers#CircleSunday#Buy_google_followers#Magic#PublicCircle#SocialMediaMarketing2014-04-05 10:38:20501749
Amaresh Singh11Great circle shared  AprilThis circle will add great, amazing, wonderful, and awesome content to you feed plus your page will receive massive engagement .Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post#awesome       #awesomepeople       #chadwick       #circle     #circles   #circlesharing       #circleshare       #circleoftheday     #circleplus  #community #followback   #followers     #gplus   #influence  #leadership   #public       #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles       #reshare       #reshared     #reshareday     #resharetags  #ripples   #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharewithyou       #sharing     #sharingcircle   #socialmedia #theplus #tcs  #team2014-04-04 13:10:16494118
Ka es198#sharedcircles  2014-03-20 06:43:285016210

Top posts in the last 50 posts

Most comments: 21

posted image

2013-06-02 07:29:33 (21 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Stats: Men Using OkCupid Tend to Exaggerate Height

I'm taking an online refresher course on statistics for fun and came across this question (see image below). I took a wild guess at the answer, and it turns out I was right! :P

--------

Men's false claims of augmented physical traits likely stemmed from self-reported bias. This bias was reinforced by overcompensation for insecurity due to childhood abandonment and psychological inferiority due to frequent reprimands for chronic under-performance secondary to poor parenting and an inflexible faulty educational system. Constant ridicule and unchecked bullying from oppositionally defiant and treacherous childhood peers also contributed to self-deceit as a mechanism to cope with perceived inadequate stature, a byproduct of years of intense sociopsychological power struggles and competition.

Another... more »

Most reshares: 211

posted image

2013-06-14 05:23:18 (15 comments, 211 reshares, 184 +1s)Open 

Flying with Jetman

Swiss aviator and inventor Yves Rossy is the only the person in history to fly with a jet-propelled wing. He is a former military and commercial airline pilot who spent over 10 years developing and testing 15 prototypes prior to the most recent rigid carbon-fiber version with 4 jet turbines.

Jetman has made historic flights over the Swiss Alps, English Channel, and Grand Canyon with speeds up to 190 mph. Here's an amazing sight of him flying in formation with L-39 Albatross fighter jets of the Swiss aerobatic Breitling jet team:  Jetman Yves Rossy flies with the Breitling Jet Team over the Grand Canyon

Below is Rossy's TEDtalk from 2011.

#Jetman   #TED   #TEDtalks  

Most plusones: 184

posted image

2013-06-14 05:23:18 (15 comments, 211 reshares, 184 +1s)Open 

Flying with Jetman

Swiss aviator and inventor Yves Rossy is the only the person in history to fly with a jet-propelled wing. He is a former military and commercial airline pilot who spent over 10 years developing and testing 15 prototypes prior to the most recent rigid carbon-fiber version with 4 jet turbines.

Jetman has made historic flights over the Swiss Alps, English Channel, and Grand Canyon with speeds up to 190 mph. Here's an amazing sight of him flying in formation with L-39 Albatross fighter jets of the Swiss aerobatic Breitling jet team:  Jetman Yves Rossy flies with the Breitling Jet Team over the Grand Canyon

Below is Rossy's TEDtalk from 2011.

#Jetman   #TED   #TEDtalks  

Latest 50 posts

posted image

2013-09-18 22:06:32 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Testing New Technologies for Future Use in Space
Astronauts and Google Glass

Along with my last post (goo.gl/wG29na), some of Samantha Cristoforetti's fellow astronaut colleagues are currently on a SEATEST mission at Aquarius -- one of the few underwater research laboratories in the world.

Google Glass makes an appearance in the video :)

https://plus.google.com/+SamanthaCristoforetti/posts/7zUa5SBuVdD

The SEATEST mission is also an opportunity to test new technologies for future use in space. Just-in-time training delivered through head-up displays can significantly decrease crew training time and optimise work efficiency onboard the International Space Station and improved exercise devices can improve astronaut health.___Testing New Technologies for Future Use in Space
Astronauts and Google Glass

Along with my last post (goo.gl/wG29na), some of Samantha Cristoforetti's fellow astronaut colleagues are currently on a SEATEST mission at Aquarius -- one of the few underwater research laboratories in the world.

Google Glass makes an appearance in the video :)

https://plus.google.com/+SamanthaCristoforetti/posts/7zUa5SBuVdD

posted image

2013-09-18 20:45:01 (10 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Training for covert +Ingress operations in space! :P

Samantha is the 1st Italian woman astronaut and the 3rd woman astronaut of the European Space Agency. She is scheduled for Expedition 42/43 to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2014.

She maintains a fun logbook on Google+ of her daily training and activities. L-number is the approximate countdown in days to launch. I've been reading along since L-500, and it's totally worth browsing through her profile to catch up on all her previous entries.

Former classmate Luca Parmitano also continues to post stunning photos to Google+ from on board the ISS:  https://plus.google.com/116906111425291766800/

L-439: Logbook

I have picked up ATV training with crewmate Sasha today.

One of the classes dealt with the operations related to ingressing ATV after docking. Sounds easy enough, but ingress operations actually take several hours.

For one thing, before opening any hatch you need to make sure that you have a good seal between Station and the vehicle itself. We call these type of procedures leak checks: you basically create a pressure differential between two volumes that are sealed off and check that the pressure equalization across the seal over a certain time is within the limits.

Once the leak check is passed and you open the hatch, it's time to take a long series of air samples, part for return to ground and part to test onboard for different contaminants.

Then you need to install an air filter and let it fully clean the ATV atmosphere for many hours. Only after the filtering is complete are you allowed to enter ATV without protective mask and goggles. If you think about it, it makes sense: on Earth, small particles fall to the ground, but in space they float, so they can easily get into your eyes or your lungs. Of course, we don't expect that on space vehicles, which are prepared in clean rooms, but better be safe than sorry!

You can see in the picture a crewmember entering ATV with protective gear. And what are those yellow things? Those are clamps that are installed on the hatch to increase the mechanic rigidity of the link between ATV and Station. After all, an ATV is a much bigger beast than a Progress or a Soyuz!

Those clamps are pretty interesting. Since you need to be able to close a hatch quickly in an emergency, they are designed so that you just need to pull on the string of one and they all come off. Just make sure you don't have your fingers in the way when the spring loaded lever snaps to the release position!

#SamLogbook

Traduzione italiana a cura di +AstronautiNEWS  qui:
http://www.astronautinews.it/tag/logbook/

En español aquí:
http://www.intervidia.com/category/bitacora/___Training for covert +Ingress operations in space! :P

Samantha is the 1st Italian woman astronaut and the 3rd woman astronaut of the European Space Agency. She is scheduled for Expedition 42/43 to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2014.

She maintains a fun logbook on Google+ of her daily training and activities. L-number is the approximate countdown in days to launch. I've been reading along since L-500, and it's totally worth browsing through her profile to catch up on all her previous entries.

Former classmate Luca Parmitano also continues to post stunning photos to Google+ from on board the ISS:  https://plus.google.com/116906111425291766800/

2013-09-18 19:05:52 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Building a Better Future
Smarter, Cleaner, Healthier

In the past week, Google has announced some great partnerships and initiatives to help broaden access to education, continue to support green technologies, and begin to tackle health issues regarding aging and illness.

• Contributor to Open edX, MOOC open-source education platform: 
https://plus.google.com/+GoogleOnlineCourses/posts/dqeG6kKjQvv
https://plus.google.com/108235383044095082735/posts/6LpGL7N6Aet

• Official Internet Technology partner of Solar Impulse, a solar-powered airplane that can fly day and night -- "Around the World in 2015": 
https://plus.google.com/+solarimpulse/posts/3WwpHUS7Tyu

Calico (California Life Company), a new company addressing aging and associated diseases through moonshot thinking around healthcare andbiotech... more »

Building a Better Future
Smarter, Cleaner, Healthier

In the past week, Google has announced some great partnerships and initiatives to help broaden access to education, continue to support green technologies, and begin to tackle health issues regarding aging and illness.

• Contributor to Open edX, MOOC open-source education platform: 
https://plus.google.com/+GoogleOnlineCourses/posts/dqeG6kKjQvv
https://plus.google.com/108235383044095082735/posts/6LpGL7N6Aet

• Official Internet Technology partner of Solar Impulse, a solar-powered airplane that can fly day and night -- "Around the World in 2015": 
https://plus.google.com/+solarimpulse/posts/3WwpHUS7Tyu

Calico (California Life Company), a new company addressing aging and associated diseases through moonshot thinking around healthcare and biotechnology: 
https://plus.google.com/108880830087528406119/posts/2MdyrE2DX3z___

posted image

2013-09-18 08:42:07 (13 comments, 4 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Exploring Space: Cosmic Revolutionaries

Transience is the lapidary of the human race, shaping us through perceived moments of awe and beauty by touting each experience as unique -- a limited time offer by the Universe teasing us with the idea that in the 13.7 billion years of its existence, we have emerged at the forefront to witness its presence and unravel its significance.

Yet, it doesn't matter what we know or don't know about it; it is there. We assign that meaning for ourselves. The more we explore and learn about outer worlds, the more we define or displace our role among them. A desire to explore is a fundamental desire to know who we are, to persist beyond a fading memory.

We don't climb Mount Everest because it is there; we climb it to know we are there. To know we can. To protest impermanence by achieving something greater than ourselves. To create a legacy... more »

Watch my latest video! Existential Bummer! ___Exploring Space: Cosmic Revolutionaries

Transience is the lapidary of the human race, shaping us through perceived moments of awe and beauty by touting each experience as unique -- a limited time offer by the Universe teasing us with the idea that in the 13.7 billion years of its existence, we have emerged at the forefront to witness its presence and unravel its significance.

Yet, it doesn't matter what we know or don't know about it; it is there. We assign that meaning for ourselves. The more we explore and learn about outer worlds, the more we define or displace our role among them. A desire to explore is a fundamental desire to know who we are, to persist beyond a fading memory.

We don't climb Mount Everest because it is there; we climb it to know we are there. To know we can. To protest impermanence by achieving something greater than ourselves. To create a legacy lasting beyond our time.

So who will be our collective witness before our time expires? Perhaps no one. And in the blink of an eye, the Universe will move on.

posted image

2013-09-16 09:54:28 (5 comments, 34 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

Blood Group Types
Compatibility and Transfusions

This write-up was prompted by a related post asking about blood group compatibility:  https://plus.google.com/100201577350898666331/posts/TJTTHpYRndv

CONTENTS:
| Types of Blood Products |
| ABO & Rh Groups |
- Universal recipient
- Universal donor
| Blood Antigen Markers |
- Determining ABO designation: H antigen derivatives
| Minor Blood Groups |
| Transfusion Preparation |
- Type & screen
- Type & cross-match
- Emergency cases


Common Blood Products

Whole, 2%, and skim (kidding)...

Whole blood used to be given for rapid and massive blood loss up until specific components were determined to be as clinically effective and more efficient in terms of supply management. Some... more »

Blood Group Types
Compatibility and Transfusions

This write-up was prompted by a related post asking about blood group compatibility:  https://plus.google.com/100201577350898666331/posts/TJTTHpYRndv

CONTENTS:
| Types of Blood Products |
| ABO & Rh Groups |
- Universal recipient
- Universal donor
| Blood Antigen Markers |
- Determining ABO designation: H antigen derivatives
| Minor Blood Groups |
| Transfusion Preparation |
- Type & screen
- Type & cross-match
- Emergency cases


Common Blood Products

Whole, 2%, and skim (kidding)...

Whole blood used to be given for rapid and massive blood loss up until specific components were determined to be as clinically effective and more efficient in terms of supply management. Some components include packed red blood cells (pRBCs), fresh frozen plasma (FFP, which contains clotting factors), a more concentrated version of thawed and centrifuged FFP called cryoprecipitate, platelets, and others.

Separation permits judicious use of blood components, such as selective treatment using only pRBCs while conserving platelets to be used in a different patient, for example. It also allows different components to be packaged and stored under different conditions to maximize shelf-life.

ABO and Rh Factor

Antigens are any cell fragment or molecule that antibodies can attach to and "flag" for eventual destruction by the immune system.

Major ABO and Rh blood group systems are highly emphasized because their antigens are the most immunogenic and pose a significant risk in terms of potential incompatible blood transfusion reactions.

AB blood type is the rarest and often cited as the "universal recipient" because those people lack antibodies targeted against A and B blood group antigens. In other words, A and B are not perceived as "foreign", and those individuals can handle all types (A, B, and O).

Blood type O is often considered the "universal donor" because those red blood cells do not have the potentially immunoreactive A and B antigens on them. Blood group O is the most common phenotype in the population at around 36-49% depending on race and ancestral place of origin.

Rh is named after the Rhesus monkey, and Rh factor commonly refers to the D antigen only even though there are around 50 antigens in the Rh group (this comes up often in obstetrics and pregnancy evaluation because of the transfer of blood between the mother and fetus). The presence or absence of the D antigen is the plus or minus designation seen after A, B, O, or AB (e.g., O+ or "O positive" is Rh positive O blood).

Similar But Distinct Blood Antigen Markers

In normal scenarios, the O, A, and B antigens expressed on the surface of different RBCs are determined by 3 alleles located on chromosome 9. All antigens actually contain the same fundamental chain or base unit called the H antigen, and each varies by only one molecule.

If that oligosaccharide (short chain of carbohydrates) anchored to a protein on the RBC is unmodified, it is classified as "O" blood.

The "A" allele responsible for encoding a certain enzyme will add a molecule called N-acetylgalactosamine to transform the "O" chain (basic H antigen) into an "A" antigen instead. If the enzyme encoded by the "B" allele appends galactose (yes, the same natural sugar commonly found in milk), the "O" chain then becomes a "B" antigen. Basic ABO antigen structures are illustrated in Figure 11.17 here  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22396/#A1530

Minor Blood Groups

In reality, aside from ABO and Rh, there are many minor blood group antigens too. There are 30 other blood group systems, each of which has several sub-types. Of the minor groups, some of the more memorable ones are named after the patients whom they were first discovered in, such as Kell, Kidd, Duffy, Lewis, etc. It is thought that some minor blood groups may have arose due to evolutionary advantages. For example, some people lacking the Duffy antigen demonstrate resistance to certain species of malaria.

Relatively fewer people deal with these details on a day-to-day basis or are expected to remember the exact specifics, such as pathologists and technicians who work in the blood bank of a hospital. Nonetheless, these lesser-known minor antigens exist and are important.

• More info from Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2261/
• A list of blood groups:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_blood_group_systems#Blood_group_systems

What the Doctor Ordered: Type, Screen, and Cross-match

In medicine, there are a couple ways to order blood to prepare for transfusions. For routine elective surgical procedures (i.e., planned, not an emergency) where minimal blood loss is expected, doctors can order a "type and screen". This means they identify the major type of blood group of the patient and screen for clinically significant antibodies in the recipient's serum. This is done out of precaution and gives a heads-up to the blood bank to let them know the blood may be required, but is not anticipated to be needed. It's also a preliminary and less intensive way to analyze blood because IF no unexpected RBC antibodies are present in the patient, then the extremely detailed identification of possibly hundreds of minor antigens in donor blood is not necessary. For those who qualify, blood can be given based on just ABO and Rh typing.

In other cases where blood products will be definitely administered (e.g., symptomatic anemia or active uncontrolled but slow bleeding), doctors request a "type and cross". The typing identifies the major blood group as before, and the full "cross-matching" goes into much deeper analysis to match up donor and recipient for all the clinically relevant minor antigens.

Of note, the addition of a cross-match to a "type and screen" (ABO/Rh typing and antibody screening) increases detection of incompatibility by only 0.01%. However, since millions of transfusions are performed, that 0.01% is not necessarily insignificant.

In the Case of an Emergency

In urgent situations (e.g., hemorrhagic shock) where the correct ABO type is in doubt or unknown and the doctor cannot wait for a full cross-match, O- (O Rh-negative) blood is given. In life-threatening emergencies where Rh-negative blood is unavailable, giving Rh positive blood is not off limits (the apparent reaction can be medically managed in other ways, whereas the immediate life-threatening cause can only be managed with a few options).

A "type and screen" can take up to ~10 minutes, and a "type and cross-match" could take on the order of an hour. If they don't have 60 or even 10 minutes to spare, they start to administer the "universal donor" blood up front (while continuing to cross-match). This scenario does not happen as often, though, and is more likely to occur during disaster response situations or accidents involving severe injuries.

Related:
• Facts about blood use and donations:  http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-facts-and-statistics
• Mosquitoes may tend to prefer blood type O:
- http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/science/2013/07/why-do-mosquitoes-bite-some-people-more-than-others/
- http://scienceline.org/2007/09/ask-knight-mosquitoes/

#ScienceEveryday   #BloodType   #Transfusions  

Public Domain image from Wikipedia.___

posted image

2013-09-06 00:23:50 (4 comments, 10 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

As Elon Musk mentioned on his Twitter account recently, here is the video of how he envisions technology enhancing the future of design. He is able to virtually manipulate wire-frame and 3D-model images to design rocket parts using hand gestures and then visualize the process on different displays, including experimentation with an Oculus Rift virtual reality headset. The product can then be made with titanium through additive manufacturing (i.e., using a 3D metal printer). Awesome!

https://twitter.com/elonmusk

At SpaceX, we love to play with cutting-edge tech. Our latest concept: natural gesture-based interaction with a computer-aided design program. Watch the video here: http://youtu.be/xNqs_S-zEBY___As Elon Musk mentioned on his Twitter account recently, here is the video of how he envisions technology enhancing the future of design. He is able to virtually manipulate wire-frame and 3D-model images to design rocket parts using hand gestures and then visualize the process on different displays, including experimentation with an Oculus Rift virtual reality headset. The product can then be made with titanium through additive manufacturing (i.e., using a 3D metal printer). Awesome!

https://twitter.com/elonmusk

posted image

2013-09-03 20:24:04 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

The Shape of the Universe
For Earthlings 101

+Brian Koberlein described how the universe could be flat and finite in volume, but without an edge: 
https://plus.google.com/100479352836033641546/posts/f8och6TGB6Q

The alien Zogg from Betelgeuse explores these concepts further in a simple and entertaining animation with great visualizations.

He (it?) distinguishes between topology and geometry and shows several models that could fit the flat, finite, faux edge form :)

References are made to +Hank Green of +vlogbrothers and +Derek Muller of +Veritasium, along with a fun twist on the Nerdfighteria DFTBA motto: "Don't forget to be awesome."

Related: How Do We Know the Universe is Flat? by +Deep Astronomy.

#ScienceEveryday   #Universe   #Topology   #Space

The Shape of the Universe
For Earthlings 101

+Brian Koberlein described how the universe could be flat and finite in volume, but without an edge: 
https://plus.google.com/100479352836033641546/posts/f8och6TGB6Q

The alien Zogg from Betelgeuse explores these concepts further in a simple and entertaining animation with great visualizations.

He (it?) distinguishes between topology and geometry and shows several models that could fit the flat, finite, faux edge form :)

References are made to +Hank Green of +vlogbrothers and +Derek Muller of +Veritasium, along with a fun twist on the Nerdfighteria DFTBA motto: "Don't forget to be awesome."

Related: How Do We Know the Universe is Flat? by +Deep Astronomy.

#ScienceEveryday   #Universe   #Topology   #Space___

posted image

2013-08-17 23:32:23 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

A Peek at Silica Valley
Geological formation of quartzite pillars and caves

What Do You See?

I really like the #ISeeTheWorldWithScience  series started by the Science on Google+ Community. Take or select a photo and create an interesting or unique caption based on any underlying science concepts directly related to the picture. The possibilities are endless, and it's a fun way for curious people to learn something new!

Note that your contribution doesn't have to be detailed or complex (that's just my own preference) and can be a quick & simple observation. So click through to the original for more challenges and tidbits, and check out past ISTWWS posts as well:  https://plus.google.com/105917944266111687812/posts/H5eBCR9qhTi

Rock Formation and Breakdown

The primary type of rock seen in the original post belowi... more »

A Peek at Silica Valley
Geological formation of quartzite pillars and caves

What Do You See?

I really like the #ISeeTheWorldWithScience  series started by the Science on Google+ Community. Take or select a photo and create an interesting or unique caption based on any underlying science concepts directly related to the picture. The possibilities are endless, and it's a fun way for curious people to learn something new!

Note that your contribution doesn't have to be detailed or complex (that's just my own preference) and can be a quick & simple observation. So click through to the original for more challenges and tidbits, and check out past ISTWWS posts as well:  https://plus.google.com/105917944266111687812/posts/H5eBCR9qhTi

Rock Formation and Breakdown

The primary type of rock seen in the original post below is quartzite and was created by tectonic compression of quartz sandstone [1]. The pillars probably formed mostly by erosion. Ice forming within cracks, plant growth, and rain contributed to fracturing and destruction over millions of years.

Karst development [2] is a type of geological formation where layers of rock are dissolved. Karst is more common for soluble limestone bedrock, but apparently can happen with quartzite under very specific conditions. Generally, quartzite tends to be one of the more highly resistant minerals and rocks to weathering.

Quartzite in Water

At the molecular level, quartz can be hydrated to form silicic acid: 
SiO2 (s) + 2 H2O (aq) = H4SiO4 (aq)

The extremely slow dissolving rate is due to bond breaking and hydration of silica (SiO2) at the surface. Silicic acid (H4SiO4) is very weakly acidic and a minor contributor to the more dominant mechanical weathering process because silicic acid barely ionically dissociates under normal karst conditions.

Cave Formation: Speleogenesis

This karst dissolving process actually becomes a main factor in the formation of quartzite caves [3], which could be near the location depicted in the photo (once again, click through to the original post). They are relatively rarer, though, compared to limestone or dolomite caves [4].

Side note: limestone is made of calcite, which is calcium carbonate or CaCO3. Dolomite is calcium magnesium carbonate, or CaMg(CO3)2. Over 80% calcite content is one factor that tends to favor karst conditions [5].

Disillusioned with Dissolution

If you're anticipating watching this quartzite chemical reaction in action, don't hold your breath. Saying quartzite karst is slower than molasses in January is quite an understatement. (That's two colloquialisms in one paragraph for you!)

In the laboratory setting, an estimate of the rate of quartz dissolution by water at 25°C is 10^(-17) moles per second for each cm^2 surface area [3]. In these isolated conditions, that turns out to be 0.02 micrograms dissolved per squared centimeter of surface exposure over one year (I told you it was slow).

In nature, however, organic acids from dense vegetation in quartzite terrain increase this rate substantially. Microbes in the soil also contribute by releasing (smelly) hydrogen sulfide gas, which turns into hydrosulfuric acid. Hydrothermal conditions from deeper layers can increase the temperature to several hundred degrees Celsius and speed up the reaction too.

In summary, quartzite rock morphology above ground is more likely influenced by mechanical erosion through weathering, while underground changes are due to chemical dissolution and corrosion.

Photo Location

The photo linked to in the original post appears to have been taken somewhere within Zhangjiajie National Forest Park in China [6] and possibly within a smaller popular historic area called Wulingyuan [7]. The UNESCO World Heritage site has some more great information on plants and endangered species found in that area [8].


References:

I recommend reading reference #4 as an interesting and well-written introduction to the factors involved with the science of cave formation.

[1] Quartzite - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartzite
[2] Karst - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karst
[3] Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science, p. 622 - http://goo.gl/6oMIz8
[4] How Caves Form by Eniscuola Energy and Environment - http://www.eniscuola.net/assets/3860/pdf_caves_2.pdf
[5] Cave Formation by University of Wisconsin Eau Claire - http://www.uwec.edu/jolhm/cave/caveform2.htm
[6] Zhangjiajie National Forest Park - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhangjiajie_National_Forest_Park
[7] Wulingyuan - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wulingyuan
[8] UNESCO Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area - http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/640/

#ScienceEveryday   #Quartzite   #Caves   #Karst   #Geology  ___

posted image

2013-08-16 23:42:03 (14 comments, 10 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Lead in Lipstick: The Whole Picture
An Example Analysis Emphasizing Perspective and Context

The cluster of studies from 2007-2012 on lead in lipstick has been used as an example in some biostatistics classes to highlight how easy it is to misinterpret data. Reports by the media are sometimes misleading, but (to be fair) not necessarily erroneous or intentionally so because they are looking at real and true numbers, just not in the appropriate context. Delving deeper, we can take a look at individual study details to analyze to what degree a particular claim has merit.

Of note, this specific article presents conclusions in a mostly balanced and reasonable manner. In the recent past, there was an inaccurate portrayal of this specific topic in the news that got people riled up, and you can imagine it spurred unwarranted public fear. I'm linking to this article because... more »

Lead in Lipstick: The Whole Picture
An Example Analysis Emphasizing Perspective and Context

The cluster of studies from 2007-2012 on lead in lipstick has been used as an example in some biostatistics classes to highlight how easy it is to misinterpret data. Reports by the media are sometimes misleading, but (to be fair) not necessarily erroneous or intentionally so because they are looking at real and true numbers, just not in the appropriate context. Delving deeper, we can take a look at individual study details to analyze to what degree a particular claim has merit.

Of note, this specific article presents conclusions in a mostly balanced and reasonable manner. In the recent past, there was an inaccurate portrayal of this specific topic in the news that got people riled up, and you can imagine it spurred unwarranted public fear. I'm linking to this article because it's a more recent write-up that digs up previously cited numbers on lead content as a platform to discuss other trace metals we aren't keeping as good track of (to which I agree the latter probably needs to be studied more and that we should not become complacent). But for educational purposes, we're going to focus the discussion on lead content because that has been studied extensively.

The Main Concern

The 2007 headlines at the time read, "One-third of lipsticks on the market contain high lead". The authors looked at 33 lipsticks and classified lead content levels as high or excessive with respect to the FDA 0.1 parts per million (ppm) limit set for candy. In 2009, the FDA did a follow-up study (n = 22) and subsequently repeated the same type of study in 2012 using a larger sample of n = 400 shades of lipstick.

In the follow-up studies, they used an extremely sensitive method of lead detection -- so sensitive that they also detected types of lead that aren't absorbed by the body. That's not a downside, but just something to keep in mind when interpreting results in an overly conservative context. Since there are unavoidable natural trace amounts of lead in many things, the question is not "IS there any lead in lipstick?" but rather how much lead is there, does it have a clinically meaningful impact, and should women be worried?

A Closer Look

2012 data (n = 400) and 2009 data (n = 22) showed a mean (SD, standard deviation) concentration of lead in lipstick of 1.11 ppm (0.97) and 1.07 ppm (0.96), respectively. The median values of 0.89 and 0.73 ppm are more representative of the "typical" concentrations because the median is less affected by extreme values in a data set. The distribution of data was right-skewed, so infrequent occurrences of higher concentrations at the 99th percentile (and max value) were 4.91 ppm (7.19) and 3.06 ppm (3.06). [Data tables:  http://www.fda.gov/Cosmetics/ProductandIngredientSafety/ProductInformation/ucm137224.htm ] Notice the 2012 max value (which is 4 standard deviations above the mean) is higher than that from 2009, but that's due to inclusion of more 'outliers' in a larger sample size and not due to an actual increase in lead content (we know this because most of the other numbers -- mean, median, SD, interquartile range, and individual percentile values -- remained similar to 2009 with the exception of the upper bound).

Quantifying or Estimating Lipstick Use

Next, to get an idea of the potential "real world" impact and translate these numbers into practice, there was a European study in 2007 in Food and Chemical Toxicology that quantified consumer exposure to lead in lipstick (in other words, how much lipstick were people actually using?)

The very highest application of lipstick (once again, right-skewed data) was 218 mg / day used by 1 in 30,000 women. Keep in mind 218 mg was NINE standard deviations above the mean and approximately 5.5% of a whole tube of lipstick (meaning an entire 4-gram tube would be used in 18 days). As a comparison, median usage was a modest 17.1 mg / day.

Extent of Lead Exposure is Very Small

Not all lipstick that is applied will be consumed or absorbed; some will be rubbed off or removed by a drinking glass, tissue, make-up removal kit, etc. If we assume a very generous proportion like 50%, in the very highest concentration of lipstick used by the most generous of applicators, 7.19 microgram/gram * 218 mg * 1g/1000mg * 0.5 = 0.78 micrograms of lead exposure per day. The "typical" exposure of 0.0076 mcg calculated from the median values is 100 times less (mcg/g is the same as ppm and used for unit conversions in case that threw anyone off. Also note the abbreviation of micrograms (mcg) is not to be confused with milligrams (mg)).

This maximum exposure (the very upper limit) scenario applies to roughly 1/30,000 * 1/400 = 1 in 12 million women. Additionally, the FDA "provisional tolerable daily intake" of lead from all sources is 75 mcg/day, of which 0.78 mcg from lipstick is still only 1% (for that rare 1 in 12 million person) and a measly 0.02% for the more common typical person.

What Does This Mean?

Numbers are interesting, but usually people need a comparison to relate to.

For perspective, the average American consumes 1-4 mcg / day (1.3% - 5.3% of the daily tolerable limit) of lead from food alone. Typical daily lead exposure from chocolate for the average American is up to 29 times that of the typical daily exposure from lipstick. That's not saying there is a lot of lead in food; that's saying there is a miniscule amount of lead exposure from lipstick.

Amount of lipstick applied, absorption and bioavailability of lead, and potential clinical effect is a much different story than only looking at isolated absolute concentrations by themselves. Much of the difference arises from the fact that 100% of food or candy is intended for consumption, whereas 100% of lipstick is not eaten. And even after taking that into account, candy (chocolate, anyway) is still far beyond the estimated realistic maximum lead exposure people get from lipstick.

One caveat is that if children are starting to use large amounts of lipstick, their weight, size, and developmental characteristics as compared to adults are different and may need to be looked at separately. Of course, lead intake should be minimized as there is no "healthy" amount, but of all things to pick on or divert attention and resources to, lipstick is not an important source in the grand scheme of things.

#ScienceEveryday   #PublicHealth   #Statistics   #Lipstick   #Lead  ___

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2013-08-14 20:48:58 (7 comments, 4 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Another milestone for SpaceX's 10-story "Grasshopper" vertical takeoff, vertical landing vehicle!

In June, their VTVL rocket test reached an altitude of 325 meters: 
https://plus.google.com/+SpaceX/posts/Y5vHWjYq7Mr

Now they've demonstrated more aggressive steering maneuvers with lateral movement, in addition to the vertical stabilization, hovering, and descent, which is always fun to watch :D

You can test and compare your own landing skills here ;) :P 
http://www.atari.com/arcade/lunar_lander#!/arcade/lunarlander/play

Yesterday, Grasshopper completed its first ever lateral divert test, flying to a 250m altitude with a 100m lateral maneuver before returning to the center of the pad. Aggressive steering maneuvers like this will be an important part of landing the rocket precisely back at the launch site after reentering from space at hypersonic velocity.

http://youtu.be/2t15vP1PyoA___Another milestone for SpaceX's 10-story "Grasshopper" vertical takeoff, vertical landing vehicle!

In June, their VTVL rocket test reached an altitude of 325 meters: 
https://plus.google.com/+SpaceX/posts/Y5vHWjYq7Mr

Now they've demonstrated more aggressive steering maneuvers with lateral movement, in addition to the vertical stabilization, hovering, and descent, which is always fun to watch :D

You can test and compare your own landing skills here ;) :P 
http://www.atari.com/arcade/lunar_lander#!/arcade/lunarlander/play

posted image

2013-08-10 00:00:50 (11 comments, 43 reshares, 48 +1s)Open 

Alcohol Intolerance and Toxicity
Hangover biochemistry, cancer risk, Asian woes, and TV shows

There are several enzymes involved in helping our bodies detox from alcohol. These enzymes and/or subsequent breakdown products are responsible for many of the common occurrences we experientially associate with it.

Break It Down

The liver enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) helps metabolize ethanol (EtOH -- the type of alcohol for consumption) to acetaldehyde, which in turn is metabolized by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) into a less harmful compound, acetic acid (vinegar).

EtOH →(via ADH)→ acetaldehyde →(via ALDH)→ acetic acid

Of course, there are other enzymes that contribute as well, such as the cytochrome P450 system that oxidizes organic molecules and multiple diverse substrates.

Mechanism of aBreath-... more »

Alcohol Intolerance and Toxicity
Hangover biochemistry, cancer risk, Asian woes, and TV shows

There are several enzymes involved in helping our bodies detox from alcohol. These enzymes and/or subsequent breakdown products are responsible for many of the common occurrences we experientially associate with it.

Break It Down

The liver enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) helps metabolize ethanol (EtOH -- the type of alcohol for consumption) to acetaldehyde, which in turn is metabolized by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) into a less harmful compound, acetic acid (vinegar).

EtOH →(via ADH)→ acetaldehyde →(via ALDH)→ acetic acid

Of course, there are other enzymes that contribute as well, such as the cytochrome P450 system that oxidizes organic molecules and multiple diverse substrates.

Mechanism of a Breath-alcohol Test

Breathalyzers do not measure blood alcohol content directly. Instead, the electrochemical devices detect the presence of volatile exhaled ethanol and its breakdown products. There are several ways to do this through chemical reactions and photocell detectors, infrared spectroscopy, and fuel cell technology.

For the fuel cell method, ethanol in the breath is oxidized to acetic acid by platinum at the anode, while oxygen is reduced at the cathode. The resulting electric current is "interpreted" by a calibrated sensor, microprocessor, and display to output a number.

One Yeast's Waste is Another Person's Treasure

The first ever isolated ADH was in baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in 1937. The ability to produce high concentrations of ethanol from sugar was believed to initially evolve in yeast and may have provided a survival advantage to eliminate its competition. During alcoholic fermentation, ethanol (beer!) and carbon dioxide (rising bread!) are produced as metabolic waste products.

The Hangover: Starring Acetaldehyde

An accumulation of acetaldehyde -- the intermediate metabolite referred to above -- is a large contributor to "hangover" symptoms.

For this reason, the drug disulfiram has been used to deter alcohol abuse in some individuals because it inhibits ALDH. To phrase it mildly, it provides strong negative reinforcement to minimal alcohol intake (i.e., it greatly magnifies hangover effects!) In one study from 2006, after disulfiram was incorporated into a comprehensive treatment program and administered under medical supervision, abstinence rates improved to over 50% [1].

Genetic Variation and Drinking Behavior

A common stereotype is that Asians light up like Christmas trees and become red-faced beacons after ingesting relatively modest-to-little amounts of ethanol.

The well-known alcohol-induced flush reaction is facilitated by a mutation in the structural gene that encodes for a faulty type of aldehyde dehydrogenase, ALDH2 [2].

From a clinical standpoint, ALDH2 deficiency is one of the strongest genetic factors that influence drinking behavior and risk of alcoholism. Without ALDH2, individuals may have consistently more unpleasant experiences with ethanol and a stronger response to acetaldehyde, ultimately encouraging minimal alcohol use or avoidance.

The ALDH2*2 allele is dominant over the wild-type allele ALDH2*1 and impairs alcohol detoxification by reducing both the enzyme's catalytic efficiency and overall half-life.

Compared to Caucasians, 90% of Orientals have a 100-times more active ADH variant (the first enzyme in our biochemical equation above), and approximately 50% have only ALDH1 and are missing ALDH2 altogether (the second enzyme in our equation above) [3]. In other words, more acetaldehyde is produced while less is broken down, leading to greater accumulation.

(Related: a Google+ post about "Population Genetics of Alcoholism" by +Peter Smalley: goo.gl/8khs6p )

Cancer Risk

Chronic alcohol consumption is a major risk factor with causal association for upper aero-digestive tract cancers of the mouth, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, and liver with less but still present risks for colorectal and breast cancers [4-6]. Recurring alcoholic pancreatitis increases risk of pancreatic cancer as well.

Acetaldehyde appears to be the main culprit for alcohol-associated carcinogenesis. The same molecule contributing to that pesky hangover is toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic -- it induces inflammation, interferes with DNA synthesis and repair, and hinders the immune system.

Name Your Poison

Similarly, other substances are modified by the same set of enzymes and yield toxic metabolites too.

Methanol is the simplest alcohol with one less carbon atom or bridging methylene group than ethanol: CH3-OH vs. CH3-CH2-OH. Its largest use by far is during manufacture of other chemicals and products like plastics, plywood, paints, and textiles.

During Prohibition, bootlegged liquor ("moonshine") caused health problems either through contaminants or more frequently through unscrupulous distillers who added cheap methanol to boost its strength and to save costs. ADH converts methanol to formaldehyde -- popularly known as being used to preserve biological tissue samples and cadavers -- and then to formic acid by ALDH. Formic acid is the main cause of methanol toxicity [7], including the destruction of the optic nerve to cause blindness.

Ethylene glycol (HO-CH2-CH2-OH) is used in antifreeze, among other products. On occasion, open bottles of antifreeze may be consumed by children and pets due to its appealing natural sweetness. Ethylene glycol is metabolized by ADH to compounds that can cause kidney failure and other organ damage.

Self-medicating in More Ways Than One

Interestingly, ethanol can potentially work as an early "antidote" to methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning because it occupies the active sites of ADH. Ethanol competitively inhibits the breakdown of those other substances, theoretically allowing them to be excreted before they form more toxic byproducts.

Although treating with ethanol is generally not recommended nor sufficient and would not be used in a hospital (rather, use of intravenous hydration, supportive care, and possibly dialysis instead), fomepizole is a drug that achieves the same effect by competitively inhibiting ADH too.

This scenario appeared in an episode from the TV series "House, M.D." where Dr. House gets a prisoner drunk with vodka to empirically mitigate the suspected self-induced methanol poisoning [8].


References:

[1] Disulfiram Reaction - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disulfiram
[2] The Mutation in the Mitochondrial Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH2) Gene Responsible for Alcohol-induced Flushing Increases Turnover of the Enzyme Tetramers in a Dominant Fashion (full text) - http://www.jci.org/articles/view/119007/pdf
[3] Molecular Abnormality of an Inactive Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Variant Commonly Found in Orientals (full text) - http://www.pnas.org/content/81/1/258.full.pdf+html
[4] Alcohol and Cancer (2004 full text) - http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/content/39/3/155.long
[5] Alcohol and Cancer (Lancet Oncology 2006 abstract) - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16455479
[6] Alcohol and Cancer: Genetic and Nutritional Aspects (abstract) - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15070439
[7] Lack of a Role for Formaldehyde in Methanol Poisoning (full text) - http://www.whilesciencesleeps.com/pdf/274.pdf
[8] House, M.D. Season 2 Episode 1 - http://www.housemd-guide.com/season2/201acceptance.php

#ScienceEveryday / +ScienceSunday 
#Alcohol #Biochemistry #Metabolism

Image is from Wikimedia Commons and in public domain.___

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2013-08-05 23:02:39 (9 comments, 11 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

To put 250 million years into (limited) perspective, here is an abbreviated timeline of some events:

Universe formed: 13.7 billion years ago
Earth formed: 4.6 billion years ago
Estimated abiogenesis: 3.7 - 4.2 billion years ago
First bacteria: 3.2 billion years ago
First eukaryotes: 2.1 billion years ago
First algae: 1.7 billions years ago
First multi-cellular organisms: 1.5 billion years ago
First jellyfish: 670 million years ago
First fish: 510 million years ago
First sharks: 435 million years ago
First land plants: 430 million years ago
First insects: 385 million years ago
First amphibians: 370 million years ago
First reptiles: 330 million years ago
First mammals: 240 million years ago
First non-avian dinosaurs: 225 million years ago
First birds: 220 million years ago
First flowering plants: 115 million years ago
Extinction of non-avian... more »

The Great Dying

Evidence of multiple extinction events throughout the history of the Earth can be found, but all evidence points to the Permian-Triassic extinction event as being the most severe. This event, nicknamed the Great Dying, eliminated over 90% of all marine species and at least 70% of terrestrial species 251.4 million years ago. Nothing was spared as everything, from trees, to insects, to microbes, were nearly wiped out. The cause is still in debate from volcanic activity, to the formation of Pangea, to a supernova, to a combination of other various events.

One of the biggest factors in the mass extinction of marine species was a mass oceanic anoxia event. This deficiency in oxygen (anoxia) and increase in sulfidic waters (euxinia) lasted up to 8 million years, with the most severe being the first 3 million years. An extreme global warming event, of which there is evidence, would have contributed to the oceanic anoxia. A reduction of equator-to-pole temperature gradient would disrupt oceanic circulation. The warmer waters would have lead to reduced oxygen absorbance. The rapid eruption of the Siberian flood-volcanic rocks, which coincides with the Great Dying, would have released high levels of methane, sulfuric gasses, and heavier isotopes. With life already struggling, an asteroid impact could have been the final blow. Although unlikely to be the main cause of the sudden extinction, it is possibly one of many causes already mentioned.

In the end, what is known is how catastrophic the Great Dying was to life on Earth. As would be expected, fossil records show how much longer it took the Earth to recover in comparison to other extinction events. Whether global warming, volcanic activity, possible bolide activity, all three, none, or one yet discovered, the extinction event of the Permian-Triassic Period left a significant mark.

Fossils courtesy of the +Heard Natural Science Museum & Wildlife Sanctuary

Sources
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/28jan_extinction/

http://goo.gl/tP7vFe [pdf]
http://goo.gl/quqa8y [pdf]
http://goo.gl/C0vczx [pdf]

#scienceeveryday , #sciencesunday  (+ScienceSunday; +Allison Sekuler, +Buddhini Samarasinghe, +Chad Haney, +Rajini Rao, +Robby Bowles)___To put 250 million years into (limited) perspective, here is an abbreviated timeline of some events:

Universe formed: 13.7 billion years ago
Earth formed: 4.6 billion years ago
Estimated abiogenesis: 3.7 - 4.2 billion years ago
First bacteria: 3.2 billion years ago
First eukaryotes: 2.1 billion years ago
First algae: 1.7 billions years ago
First multi-cellular organisms: 1.5 billion years ago
First jellyfish: 670 million years ago
First fish: 510 million years ago
First sharks: 435 million years ago
First land plants: 430 million years ago
First insects: 385 million years ago
First amphibians: 370 million years ago
First reptiles: 330 million years ago
First mammals: 240 million years ago
First non-avian dinosaurs: 225 million years ago
First birds: 220 million years ago
First flowering plants: 115 million years ago
Extinction of non-avian dinosaurs: 65 million years ago
First evidence of Megalodon: 17 million years ago
Extinction of Megalodon: 2 million years ago
First modern humans (Homo sapiens): 100,000 years ago
First evidence of arrowhead use: 64,000 years ago
First evidence of woven cloth: 36,000 years ago
Invention of the wheel: 5,300 years ago
Invention of the abacus: 4,600 years ago
Invention of masted ships: 2,700 years ago
Invention of paper: 2,200 years ago
Invention of gunpowder: 1,200 years ago
Invention of compass: 800 years ago
Invention of printing press: 571 years ago
Invention of Mercator projection map of Earth: 444 years ago
Invention of newspaper: 408 years ago
Invention of piston steam engine: 301 years ago
Invention of steam locomotive: 209 years ago
Invention of gas-fired internal combustion engine: 153 years ago
Invention of telephone: 137 years ago
Invention of incandescent lightbulb: 134 years ago
Invention of fixed-wing motorized aircraft: 109 years ago
Invention of sliced bread: 85 years ago
Invention of transistor: 66 years ago
First Polaroid camera: 65 years ago
First limited public demo of color TV broadcast: 63 years ago
First PC with keyboard controllable by 1 person: 56 years ago
First optical laser: 53 years ago
First humans on the moon: 44 years ago
First video game console: 41 years ago
First cellphone call: 40 years ago
First marketed VHS video cassette recorder: 37 years ago
First Sony Walkman portable audio cassette player: 34 years ago
First NASA Space Shuttle orbital flights: 32 years ago
First CD-ROM: 31 years ago
First commercial digital camera: 24 years ago
Invention of the Internet: 24 years ago
Invention of DVD: 18 years ago
Google founded: 15 years ago
First International Space Station Expedition: 13 years ago
First iPod: 12 years ago
YouTube founded: 8 years ago
First basic consumer brain-computer interface devices: 5 years ago
First proton collisions in the Large Hadron Collider: 4 years ago
First Google Glass prototype: 2 years ago
Launch of Mars rover Curiosity: 1 year ago
Landing of humans on Mars: 15 years from now?
Technological singularity: 50 years from now?
Kardashev Type 1 Civilization or The Great Dying Part 2: ?

Feel free to add in the comments below your own timeline factoids, either for real or for fun! :D

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2013-08-05 07:05:33 (19 comments, 7 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

The scientific journals Science and Nature are arguably two of the top leading sources of new knowledge around the world.

It's great to see scientists reach out and communicate their findings directly to the public and in this case may be one of the first G+ Hangouts On Air to immediately discuss results of a major publication the very same day of initial release.

If you wish to learn more about climate science and climate change in general, here are some reliable resources for further reading and exploration:

NASA Climate Change provides detailed, well-explained interactive information on key indicators, evidence, causes, and effects of global warming: http://climate.nasa.gov/

NASA Earth Observatory provides an easy-to-read introduction on what is global warming and how it affects our planet:... more »

New Review Paper in Science This Week

Chris Field and I have a new Review paper in the journal Science this week. The Review is part of a Special Section on Natural Systems in Changing Climates. Our review is focused on changes in climate conditions that are known to have impacts on terrestrial ecosystems. We also review sources of inertia and uncertainty in climate change over the coming decades. The image (from Figure 1 in the Review) shows the change in annual temperature projected for the late-21st-century using 27 global climate models developed by research centers around the world, using a scenario for the 21st century that has been similar to the emissions of the last decade.

I had a great time discussing the paper during our Hangouts On Air when the paper was released on Thursday. Thank you to +som dutta , +Euro Maestro , +Carlos Ochoa , +Dale Lanan , +Dawn Hardin  and the others who were able to join the Hangout. The video of the Hangout is available here:
HOA with Stanford Professor Noah Diffenbaugh: Release of New Climate Paper in Science (Aug 1, 2013)

The special issue is available from the Science website here:
http://www.sciencemag.org/site/special/climate2013/

There is also a news story by +Bjorn Carey  from +Stanford University (which I have also pasted below):
http://news.stanford.edu/news/2013/august/climate-change-speed-080113.html

#climatechange   #globalwarming   #science   #sciencecommunication   #hangoutsonair   #noahclimatehangouts  

Stanford Report, August 1, 2013

Climate change on pace to occur 10 times faster than any change recorded in past 65 million years, Stanford scientists say

Not only is the planet undergoing one of the largest climate changes in the past 65 million years, Stanford climate scientists Noah Diffenbaugh and Chris Field report that it's on pace to occur at a rate 10 times faster than any change in that period. Without intervention, this extreme pace could lead to a 5-6 degree Celsius spike in annual temperatures by the end of the century.

BY BJORN CAREY

The planet is undergoing one of the largest changes in climate since the dinosaurs went extinct. But what might be even more troubling for humans, plants and animals is the speed of the change. Stanford climate scientists warn that the likely rate of change over the next century will be at least 10 times quicker than any climate shift in the past 65 million years.

If the trend continues at its current rapid pace, it will place significant stress on terrestrial ecosystems around the world, and many species will need to make behavioral, evolutionary or geographic adaptations to survive.

Although some of the changes the planet will experience in the next few decades are already "baked into the system," how different the climate looks at the end of the 21st century will depend largely on how humans respond.

The findings come from a review of climate research by Noah Diffenbaugh, an associate professor of environmental Earth system science, and Chris Field, a professor of biology and of environmental Earth system science and the director of the Department of Global Ecology at the Carnegie Institution. The work is part of a special report on climate change in the current issue of Science.

Diffenbaugh and Field, both senior fellows at the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, conducted the targeted but broad review of scientific literature on aspects of climate change that can affect ecosystems, and investigated how recent observations and projections for the next century compare to past events in Earth's history.

For instance, the planet experienced a 5 degree Celsius hike in temperature 20,000 years ago, as Earth emerged from the last ice age. This is a change comparable to the high-end of the projections for warming over the 20th and 21st centuries.

The geologic record shows that, 20,000 years ago, as the ice sheet that covered much of North America receded northward, plants and animals recolonized areas that had been under ice. As the climate continued to warm, those plants and animals moved northward, to cooler climes.

"We know from past changes that ecosystems have responded to a few degrees of global temperature change over thousands of years," said Diffenbaugh. "But the unprecedented trajectory that we're on now is forcing that change to occur over decades. That's orders of magnitude faster, and we're already seeing that some species are challenged by that rate of change."

Some of the strongest evidence for how the global climate system responds to high levels of carbon dioxide comes from paleoclimate studies. Fifty-five million years ago, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was elevated to a level comparable to today. The Arctic Ocean did not have ice in the summer, and nearby land was warm enough to support alligators and palm trees.

"There are two key differences for ecosystems in the coming decades compared with the geologic past," Diffenbaugh said. "One is the rapid pace of modern climate change. The other is that today there are multiple human stressors that were not present 55 million years ago, such as urbanization and air and water pollution."

Record-setting heat

Diffenbaugh and Field also reviewed results from two-dozen climate models to describe possible climate outcomes from present day to the end of the century. In general, extreme weather events, such as heat waves and heavy rainfall, are expected to become more severe and more frequent.

For example, the researchers note that, with continued emissions of greenhouse gases at the high end of the scenarios, annual temperatures over North America, Europe and East Asia will increase 2-4 degrees C by 2046-2065. With that amount of warming, the hottest summer of the last 20 years is expected to occur every other year, or even more frequently.

By the end of the century, should the current emissions of greenhouse gases remain unchecked, temperatures over the northern hemisphere will tip 5-6 degrees C warmer than today's averages. In this case, the hottest summer of the last 20 years becomes the new annual norm.

"It's not easy to intuit the exact impact from annual temperatures warming by 6 C," Diffenbaugh said. "But this would present a novel climate for most land areas. Given the impacts those kinds of seasons currently have on terrestrial forests, agriculture and human health, we'll likely see substantial stress from severely hot conditions."

The scientists also projected the velocity of climate change, defined as the distance per year that species of plants and animals would need to migrate to live in annual temperatures similar to current conditions. Around the world, including much of the United States, species face needing to move toward the poles or higher in the mountains by at least one kilometer per year. Many parts of the world face much larger changes.

The human element

Some climate changes will be unavoidable, because humans have already emitted greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and the atmosphere and oceans have already been heated.

"There is already some inertia in place," Diffenbaugh said. "If every new power plant or factory in the world produced zero emissions, we'd still see impact from the existing infrastructure, and from gases already released."

The more dramatic changes that could occur by the end of the century, however, are not written in stone. There are many human variables at play that could slow the pace and magnitude of change – or accelerate it.

Consider the 2.5 billion people who lack access to modern energy resources. This energy poverty means they lack fundamental benefits for illumination, cooking and transportation, and they're more susceptible to extreme weather disasters. Increased energy access will improve their quality of life – and in some cases their chances of survival – but will increase global energy consumption and possibly hasten warming.

Diffenbaugh said that the range of climate projections offered in the report can inform decision-makers about the risks that different levels of climate change pose for ecosystems.

"There's no question that a climate in which every summer is hotter than the hottest of the last 20 years poses real risks for ecosystems across the globe," Diffenbaugh said. "However, there are opportunities to decrease those risks, while also ensuring access to the benefits of energy consumption."___The scientific journals Science and Nature are arguably two of the top leading sources of new knowledge around the world.

It's great to see scientists reach out and communicate their findings directly to the public and in this case may be one of the first G+ Hangouts On Air to immediately discuss results of a major publication the very same day of initial release.

If you wish to learn more about climate science and climate change in general, here are some reliable resources for further reading and exploration:

NASA Climate Change provides detailed, well-explained interactive information on key indicators, evidence, causes, and effects of global warming: http://climate.nasa.gov/

NASA Earth Observatory provides an easy-to-read introduction on what is global warming and how it affects our planet:  http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/

NOAA National Climatic Data Center provides public access to climate information and historical weather data, insights to methods of analyses and extreme weather events, and data at the regional and international levels: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/

Skeptical Science debunks the most common climate change myths/misinformation with summaries based on peer-reviewed scientific research: http://skepticalscience.com/

Climate.gov provides news, data maps, and educational resources: http://www.climate.gov/

Real Climate is a forum maintained by working climate scientists who provide accurate commentary and additional context regarding media stories in the public spotlight: http://www.realclimate.org/

Green Facts provides simplified summaries of information compiled and reviewed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): http://www.greenfacts.org/en/climate-change-ar4/index.htm

IPCC full original documents are composed by committees who comprehensively analyze and assess the entire body of scientific literature to make in-depth recommendations for climate policies and decision-making purposes: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents.html

National Academy of Science provides expert reports on rigorous Earth and life science research: http://dels.nas.edu/Report/America-Climate-Choices/12781

American Institute of Physics provides an extremely detailed and comprehensive look at the history and discovery of global warming, as well as why and how we know humans are the main cause: http://www.aip.org/history/climate/index.htm

U.S. Global Change Research Program - Resource library and publications from multiple agencies and organizations: 
• http://www.globalchange.gov/resources/online-catalog
• http://www.globalchange.gov/resources/reports

Scientific journals for anyone with library, academic, or other paid access: 
• Nature Climate Change: http://www.nature.com/nclimate/index.html
• American Meteorological Society Journal of Climate: http://journals.ametsoc.org/loi/clim
• Journal of Geophysical Research: http://www.agu.org/journals/Jgr/

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2013-08-01 19:53:24 (8 comments, 21 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Upcoming Shark Week + Science!
In-depth shark facts (long post)

The +Discovery Channel is kicking off Shark Week soon with the National Aquarium shark tank live cam and a Google+ Hangout on Air this Sunday, August 4th.
HOA: https://plus.google.com/events/ckse89vof0f63q5i6ngghpeu4r0
Live cam: https://plus.google.com/+DiscoveryChannel/posts/BomUcCbrFcR

You can submit questions using  #SharkWeekHangout .

I was investigating my own questions and thought I'd share some findings for  #ScienceEveryday / +ScienceSunday:

1. What do white sharks eat in the wild? Do they primarily hunt seals?
(RIP Snuffy - http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/shark-week/videos/its-a-bad-week-to-be-a-seal.htm )
2. How (in)significant of a role does shark eyesight have on hunting ability?
3. How(un)co... more »

Upcoming Shark Week + Science!
In-depth shark facts (long post)

The +Discovery Channel is kicking off Shark Week soon with the National Aquarium shark tank live cam and a Google+ Hangout on Air this Sunday, August 4th.
HOA: https://plus.google.com/events/ckse89vof0f63q5i6ngghpeu4r0
Live cam: https://plus.google.com/+DiscoveryChannel/posts/BomUcCbrFcR

You can submit questions using  #SharkWeekHangout .

I was investigating my own questions and thought I'd share some findings for  #ScienceEveryday / +ScienceSunday:

1. What do white sharks eat in the wild? Do they primarily hunt seals?
(RIP Snuffy - http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/shark-week/videos/its-a-bad-week-to-be-a-seal.htm )
2. How (in)significant of a role does shark eyesight have on hunting ability?
3. How (un)common are shark attacks on humans?


What's the Deal with Seal Meals?

White sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) have varying dietary preferences that likely change with their age, sex, size, and habitat. Although they were once considered a nearshore species that preyed primarily on seals, this perception of shark foraging behavior in seeking out pinnipeds was probably due to studies focusing on more easily observed coastal areas, as well as biased reports of astounding coastal shark attacks.

Direct observations of white sharks consuming prey other than seals have been more infrequent, although prior analysis of their stomach contents has revealed fish, invertebrates, turtles, and other smaller sharks too.

Population level information about offshore feeding on lower level prey has improved with the help of satellite tagging and is corroborated by sample data from individual sharks.

One very interesting way of estimating individual diet specialization is by analyzing the change in composition of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen within animal tissues.

Use of isotopic information to study relationships of organisms with their environment has provided additional ecological insights. Because shark vertebrae grow by accretion -- that is, by gradual accumulation of layers -- values of isotopes from concentric rings of growth bands provide more contextual detail on lifetime variations in diet and habitat characteristics.

Although limited to identifying distinct qualitative patterns and not exact species, measuring these natural tracers help match chemical signatures to further reconstruct predatory preferences. Depending on the individual subtype, data from white sharks in the northeastern Pacific [1], for example, demonstrate feeding preferences for both lower level and higher level prey potentially consistent with the harbor seal, harbor porpoise, northern elephant seal, California sea lion, dolphins, tuna, shallow coastal (neritic) fish, and cephalopods like octopus and squid.

Overall, most northeastern Pacific white sharks appear to be generalists among a full spectrum of consumers, including some high-degree seal specialists.

Shark-o-Vision (sans lasers)

Different species of sharks have senses refined for different purposes, including mechanical receptors to orient to large tidal currents or small-scale currents to detect nearby predators and prey, electroreceptors for geomagnetic navigation and detecting low-frequency bioelectric fields, low sensitivity hearing, taste likely comparable to other vertebrates, chemoreception, and olfaction -- the last of which has been identified as perhaps the most important way sharks find food [2].

In terms of vision, oceanic and deep-sea sharks tend to have larger eyes than coastal sharks. Opposing eyes allow for a nearly 360° visual field. 

Studies as early as the 1960s have shown certain sharks could be trained to visually discriminate between different high-contrast shapes and patterns like squares, diamonds, and stripes. Evidence from the late '60s indicate that lemon, bull, and nurse sharks can learn visual tasks as quickly as mice.

One estimate of the spatial resolving power of a lemon shark's eyes based on the topographic distribution of its retinal cells is about 1/9th that of human retina, but the lemon shark's lens has an optical power 7 times that of a human lens. In other words, distinguishing details are low, but its ability to see far is high. In order to focus, sharks do not have intraocular muscles that change the shape of their lens like humans do, but rather move the lens closer or farther away from their retina.

A white shark's visual discrimination may be 6 times more than that of a lemon shark, although more thorough assessment is required. Before the discovery of cone receptors in some of their retina in 1963, people thought most sharks had extremely poor visual ability and no color vision, which we now know is untrue.

Lemon sharks can dark-adapt with 1 million times more sensitivity than under bright light conditions, which is better than humans. However, rod-dominated retinas do not automatically mean their vision is adapted primarily for low-light conditions and crude visual acuity; the human retina also has many more rods than cones, and our day vision and acuity are among the best in the animal kingdom.

Although many sharks rely upon their sense of olfaction, touch, and electroreception for navigation, it is common they use vision during their final approach to prey. Studies in the late 1990s indicate white sharks visually orient to surface targets of 1/2 a foot in diameter from a depth greater than 50 feet below.

Sharks could potentially mistake the movement of bright reflections off wet bare human skin as prey, although some scientists believe they approach and investigate mainly out of curiosity. Visual "attractiveness" depends on shape, brightness, contrast, size, color, and distance.

When Sharks Attack!

An internationally recognized source of accurate scientific information on shark attack data appears to be maintained by the University of Florida and the Florida Museum of Natural History [3].

The total number of confirmed attacks on humans from any kind of shark specifically occurring along the Pacific coast of North America over the past half century was 107 persons [4]. Going back over a century, there were 180 documented cases, 13 of which were fatalities recorded near California. A majority of these injuries were due to white sharks [5].

The greatest number of confirmed white shark attacks worldwide has occurred along the western US, but Australia has the highest proportion of white shark attack deaths.

Although shark attacks may be underreported, media coverage and improved scientific documentation likely account for the increase in worldwide death rate from about 0.2% to 0.7% over the past several decades [6].

#Sharks    #NotShaqAttack    #NotSharknado 

References:

[1] Ontogenetic and Among-Individual Variation in Foraging Strategies of Northeast Pacific White Sharks Based on Stable Isotope Analysis (2012): http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0045068
[2] The Sensory Biology of Elasmobranchs (2004):  http://www.kmaruska.biology.lsu.edu/Hueter%20et%20al%202004.pdf
[3] International Shark Attack File: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sharks/statistics/statistics.htm
[4] Shark Research Committee: http://www.sharkresearchcommittee.com/statistics.htm
[5] White Shark Attacks and Fatalities Worldwide from 1876-2011: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sharks/White/World.htm 
[6] Worldwide Unprovoked Shark Attack Fatality Rate:  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sharks/statistics/worldwidefatalityrate.htm

Photo by Jester Fawls
http://www.sportdiver.co.uk/News/Latest-News/50ft-great-white-snapped-off-Irish-coast___

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2013-06-30 21:22:47 (3 comments, 10 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

The Gecko Adhesive System: Amazing Sticky Feet

Geckos can climb all sorts of surfaces and even hang from a vertical sheet of glass using one toe. The "stickiness" of their feet is not attributed to secretions or suction, but rather van der Waals forces. 

These small-scale intermolecular forces are ubiquitous and are caused by dipoles, which are due to unbalanced distributions of electron charges around atoms or molecules.

This mechanism was determined by Dr. Kellar Autumn's Gecko Team in 2002.
• Biographical profile:  http://college.lclark.edu/faculty/members/kellar_autumn.
• Original research paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/99/19/12252.full

The pad of a gecko's foot is fascinating and uniquely structured to maximize intimate contact with a surface to interact with it at the molecular level. Each expanded pad (scansor)has r... more »

The Gecko Adhesive System: Amazing Sticky Feet

Geckos can climb all sorts of surfaces and even hang from a vertical sheet of glass using one toe. The "stickiness" of their feet is not attributed to secretions or suction, but rather van der Waals forces. 

These small-scale intermolecular forces are ubiquitous and are caused by dipoles, which are due to unbalanced distributions of electron charges around atoms or molecules.

This mechanism was determined by Dr. Kellar Autumn's Gecko Team in 2002.
• Biographical profile:  http://college.lclark.edu/faculty/members/kellar_autumn.
• Original research paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/99/19/12252.full

The pad of a gecko's foot is fascinating and uniquely structured to maximize intimate contact with a surface to interact with it at the molecular level. Each expanded pad (scansor) has rows of finely spaced plate-like ridges (lamellae) containing potentially millions of microsopic hair-like projections (setae) each with hundreds of splayed out nanoscale flattened tips called spatulae. As such, discovery and further study of these details were only made possible by a scanning electron microscope (see image below).

These characteristics emphasize that the key to dry frictional adhesion is dependent on morphology and geometry more so than chemistry. Interestingly, one of the only surfaces a gecko cannot stick to is PTFE--polytetrafluoroethylene used to make Teflon--because it is specifically engineered to prevent van der Waals adhesion.

Another interesting feature is that gecko adhesive is directional (i.e., orientation matters). If one observes a gecko descending a wall or maneuvering on the ceiling, its hind feet can be observed turning backwards; geckos have rotational ankles to help their feet stick at whatever angle they are moving. In addition, a gecko's toes curl up and extend away to disengage from a surface for instant release, as seen in this short clip: GeckoMovesFoot81230

Functionally, setae confer several extraordinary properties, such as attachment with minimal preloading, quick and easy detachment, and adherence to nearly every material. Setae were also the first self-cleaning adhesive known to science, as discovered in 2005.

Bionics (bio-inspired or biomimetic engineering) have applied these principles and designs from nature to create strong reusable polymer tapes and wall-climbing robots.

In 2003, a prototype of gecko adhesive was created at the University of Manchester: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=gecko-inspired-adhesive-s

In 2008, U.C. Berkeley further improved the concept with funding from DARPA and the National Science Foundation:  http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=sticky-situation-gecko-toe-adhesive

In 2010, Stanford's "Stickybot" was shown climbing a wall of slick glass and may eventually be used to access dangerous or hard-to-reach places.
• Stanford's 'Stickybot,' a Gecko-like robot, climbs vertical services
• http://news.stanford.edu/news/2010/august/gecko-082410.html

In 2011, silicone tape patterned with microscopic contact points (fibrillar hairs) had twice the adhesive strength of traditional flat tape, could be used underwater, left no sticky residue, and could be reapplied thousands of times with minimal loss of effectiveness. The photo in this article showed a researcher hanging from the ceiling by a fixture using an 8x8 inch piece of their tape. 
http://www.sciencecodex.com/read/a_biologically_inspired_tape_uses_some_of_natures_tricks_to_stick-80958

Most recently in 2012, the University of Massachusetts Amherst made significant advancements and modifications with their 16x16 inch "Geckskin" that has been shown to support up to 660 pounds on a smooth wall. This product was partially funded through DARPA's Z-Man program, which aims to adapt the technology for human use.
• http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/02/120216165500.htm
• http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/DSO/Programs/Z_Man.aspx

#Geckos #Biomimcry #ScienceSunday

Image credit: Autumn, K. (2006). Properties, Principles, and Parameters of the Gecko Adhesive System. In A.M. Smith, & J.A. Callow (Eds.), Biological Adhesives (p. 256).___

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2013-06-29 07:57:20 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

A great recap of Superwoman #WendyDavis  using her filibuster superpowers to fend off politicians disguised in lab coats attempting to scare the crap out of women by wielding a giant robotic fire-breathing T-Rex!

(Honestly, that's how I saw it happen too.)

Check out other excellent news reporting by the NMAtv +Taiwanese Animators :) #seemslegit  :P

A great recap of Superwoman #WendyDavis  using her filibuster superpowers to fend off politicians disguised in lab coats attempting to scare the crap out of women by wielding a giant robotic fire-breathing T-Rex!

(Honestly, that's how I saw it happen too.)

Check out other excellent news reporting by the NMAtv +Taiwanese Animators :) #seemslegit  :P___

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2013-06-16 04:03:57 (9 comments, 2 reshares, 30 +1s)Open 

Can your eyes tell the difference between Ultra & Full HDTV?

Someone asked the question above, and the answer is, it depends :) Generally yes, but when would you be able to detect a significant difference?

Whether or not you can distinguish between individual pixels on the screen depends on viewing distance and size of the display.

Visual acuity of 20/20 means at 20 feet away, you can clearly see separate lines printed 1.75mm apart, which subtend to 1 arcminute of "angular size" at your eye [1] (an arcminute is 1/60th of a degree). You can calculate how close you would need to be to actually detect certain specified distances on a TV.

If you have an 84" TV like the image below [2], the height of the viewing area of that TV with an aspect ratio of 16:9 is sine(arctangent(9/16)) * 84 = approximately 41 inches tall. Since 4k Ultra HD TV... more »

Can your eyes tell the difference between Ultra & Full HDTV?

Someone asked the question above, and the answer is, it depends :) Generally yes, but when would you be able to detect a significant difference?

Whether or not you can distinguish between individual pixels on the screen depends on viewing distance and size of the display.

Visual acuity of 20/20 means at 20 feet away, you can clearly see separate lines printed 1.75mm apart, which subtend to 1 arcminute of "angular size" at your eye [1] (an arcminute is 1/60th of a degree). You can calculate how close you would need to be to actually detect certain specified distances on a TV.

If you have an 84" TV like the image below [2], the height of the viewing area of that TV with an aspect ratio of 16:9 is sine(arctangent(9/16)) * 84 = approximately 41 inches tall. Since 4k Ultra HD TV resolution is 3840 pixels wide × 2160 pixels high, the horizontal lines are theoretically spaced 41/2160 = 0.019 inches or 0.48mm apart (for comparison, note that Full HD of 1080 is half of 2160).

On an LCD computer monitor, this separation might be analogous to the "dot pitch" [3] and is designed to be much smaller, typically 0.18-0.24mm because you're often sitting much closer at ~2 feet away.

Using the "small angle formula" approximation [4] where distance = linear size on the TV ÷ angular size at your eye, in order to distinguish between two lines that are 0.019 inches apart with a visual angular resolution of 1 arcminute (convert into radians), you would have to be sitting closer than 65 inches or 5.4 feet in front of the massive 84" television (you can get the same number by dividing 20 feet by the ratio of 1.75mm/0.48mm). Although there appears to be a huge debate over what constitutes an "optimum" viewing distance [5], 5.4 feet is still much closer than the "generally recommended" distances required for the TV to fill 30 or 40 degrees of your field of view, which would be at 11.2 or 8.4 feet away from an 84" TV, respectively.

A similar calculation using the same size TV with an inherent resolution of 1080 pixels in height shows that the theoretical threshold for detecting subtle dots or lines is at 11 feet. Beyond this distance, you wouldn't be able to appreciate the additional detail offered by Ultra HD compared to Full HD. Remember, this is for an 84" television, and if the TV is smaller, the distance is shorter.

Keep in mind that the above is just a general estimate for fun based on many assumptions. The technical aspects of different fixed-pixel-array display types or how a display is constructed will change some of the details. In addition, a display's physical aspect ratio might not be the same as its pixel aspect ratio. You're also likely only going to be able to tell the difference between single pixels if there were distinct alternating horizontal lines of contrasting colors in a test image, for example, rather than a typical image with subtle gradients of color and various continuous shapes and textures. The amount of ambient light and your viewing angle would affect your perception too. And what constitutes what your retina detect vs what you "see" might be a different question (e.g., central sharp vision from the fovea comprises 1% of the retina's area but maps to at least 50% of the visual cortex [6]). In some other detailed calculations [7], the eye's angular resolution can be 0.7 arcminutes, which is better than the definition of 20/20 vision used above and would change the results as well.

Anyway, if you personally can't tell the difference, or if a subtle difference is an acceptable trade-off depending on the limitations of your bank account, then it doesn't matter and it might not be worth¹ the cost. Honestly, I don't even know if there is a TV broadcast standard for Ultra HD or if anyone produces Ultra HDTV content yet.

¹Worth is subjective, and if having one boosts your popularity, self-esteem, perceived entertainment value, and/or potentially makes you happier, then that decision is up to you (and your spouse, if applicable... definitely factor in your spouse when evaluating "the equation" :P)

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_acuity
[2] http://www.lg.com/us/ultrahdtv/index.jsp
[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dot_pitch
[4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_angle_formula
[5] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimum_HDTV_viewing_distance
[6] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fovea
[7] http://www.clarkvision.com/imagedetail/eye-resolution.html___

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2013-06-15 05:28:50 (5 comments, 11 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

This is how Google plans to get the next 5 billion people online :) Project Loon is a Google[x] moonshot idea to provide internet access to rural, under-served, or remote areas around the world using a fleet of highly-coordinated balloons dispersed in the stratosphere.

The project is in its infancy and will be quite a challenge, which is why it's perfect for Google[x] labs. They have launched an additional 30 balloons this week with a pilot test in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand.

Basic concepts: Project Loon: The Technology!

More info: http://www.google.com/loon/

#ProjectLoon   #GoogleX   #MoonshotThinking  

For 2 out of every 3 people on earth, a fast, affordable Internet connection is still out of reach.  Today we are unveiling our latest moonshot from Google [x] - Project Loon: balloon-powered internet access. Learn more: goo.gl/3VUHC

#ProjectLoon___This is how Google plans to get the next 5 billion people online :) Project Loon is a Google[x] moonshot idea to provide internet access to rural, under-served, or remote areas around the world using a fleet of highly-coordinated balloons dispersed in the stratosphere.

The project is in its infancy and will be quite a challenge, which is why it's perfect for Google[x] labs. They have launched an additional 30 balloons this week with a pilot test in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand.

Basic concepts: Project Loon: The Technology!

More info: http://www.google.com/loon/

#ProjectLoon   #GoogleX   #MoonshotThinking  

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2013-06-14 05:23:18 (15 comments, 211 reshares, 184 +1s)Open 

Flying with Jetman

Swiss aviator and inventor Yves Rossy is the only the person in history to fly with a jet-propelled wing. He is a former military and commercial airline pilot who spent over 10 years developing and testing 15 prototypes prior to the most recent rigid carbon-fiber version with 4 jet turbines.

Jetman has made historic flights over the Swiss Alps, English Channel, and Grand Canyon with speeds up to 190 mph. Here's an amazing sight of him flying in formation with L-39 Albatross fighter jets of the Swiss aerobatic Breitling jet team:  Jetman Yves Rossy flies with the Breitling Jet Team over the Grand Canyon

Below is Rossy's TEDtalk from 2011.

#Jetman   #TED   #TEDtalks  

Flying with Jetman

Swiss aviator and inventor Yves Rossy is the only the person in history to fly with a jet-propelled wing. He is a former military and commercial airline pilot who spent over 10 years developing and testing 15 prototypes prior to the most recent rigid carbon-fiber version with 4 jet turbines.

Jetman has made historic flights over the Swiss Alps, English Channel, and Grand Canyon with speeds up to 190 mph. Here's an amazing sight of him flying in formation with L-39 Albatross fighter jets of the Swiss aerobatic Breitling jet team:  Jetman Yves Rossy flies with the Breitling Jet Team over the Grand Canyon

Below is Rossy's TEDtalk from 2011.

#Jetman   #TED   #TEDtalks  ___

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2013-06-07 05:45:22 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Educational Opportunity on Climate Change
Where You Get Your Information Matters
(Additional resources below.)

Many events spark Internet debates on climate change. Yesterday, it happened to be a Google+ announcement of an upcoming Hangout with Al Gore on June 11, 2013 at 2pm EDT:  https://plus.google.com/+googleplus/posts/JsH4yzDuWL7

As you can see from the comments on the original post, it's quite challenging to have meaningful discussion on this topic for many reasons.

Aside from political factors and psychological barriers--which are two very large impediments in communicating accurate information--several readily identified sources of contention can be avoided:

Interpreting hearsay as fact.
Hearsay is beliefs or rumors casually passed along by other people that cannot be adequately substantiated by the bulk of scientificli... more »

Educational Opportunity on Climate Change
Where You Get Your Information Matters
(Additional resources below.)

Many events spark Internet debates on climate change. Yesterday, it happened to be a Google+ announcement of an upcoming Hangout with Al Gore on June 11, 2013 at 2pm EDT:  https://plus.google.com/+googleplus/posts/JsH4yzDuWL7

As you can see from the comments on the original post, it's quite challenging to have meaningful discussion on this topic for many reasons.

Aside from political factors and psychological barriers--which are two very large impediments in communicating accurate information--several readily identified sources of contention can be avoided:

Interpreting hearsay as fact.
Hearsay is beliefs or rumors casually passed along by other people that cannot be adequately substantiated by the bulk of scientific literature. If you're not sure of the veracity of someone's comment, try not to blindly propagate it. Rather, investigate it yourself or get your information from the source.
Citing any random news media or blog as scientific evidence.
Not all information is created equal, and not everything on the Internet qualifies as "evidence". Reliable information is vetted, tested, and/or reviewed. (Hint: stop citing Tumblr and whatchamacallit .com).
Oversimplifying the complexity & scope of the problem.
It's easy to hone in on and cling to salient pieces of information while overlooking the remainder of the knowledge base. One data point or item does not completely invalidate (nor absolutely prove) anything; it modifies the existing confidence level about certain outcomes. Even reliably obtained data needs to be interpreted in the context of the entire picture to prevent misinterpretation or misrepresentation. Similarly, most conclusions fall into a spectrum of probabilities: what's extremely unlikely, equivocal, likely, or virtually certain.
Being mentally inflexible and emotionally defensive/aggressive.
Some things do change. Are you able to reevaluate and assimilate new information based on how the overall body of evidence stacks up without taking it personally when someone points out those changes to you?

Learning About Climate Change

Make a conscientious effort to not feed into the cycle of noise and widespread misinformation.

Sometimes we trade accuracy for simplicity in order to improve efficiency and accessibility of information. However, oversimplification and taking shortcuts out of convenience can introduce error. Thus, becoming informed about climate change and being a responsible learner requires collecting multiple viewpoints from multiple sources. The good news is, the information is available to anyone willing to read it.

Depending on how much you want to explore, some of these sources (NASA and IPCC below) provide a relatively quicker overview of the key concepts and issues. After making it that far, you will have a decent grasp of "the lay of the land" and can probably consider yourself to be more informed than most (hooray!)

Optionally, if you're up for a challenge or looking for a deeper understanding of the origin, history, and development of popularly cited concepts, how they came to be, who made those discoveries, how the data was obtained, and the social, political, and economic influences involved, there's more for you too. This approach requires more commitment and a real interest in the subject; however, afterward you will have a substantially more complete, accurate, and nuanced view of the significant impact and full scope of the effects of global warming and climate change.

Reliable Resources and Reading Material
(This is just a starting point. Feel free to contribute other links in the comments. Also, note the differences in tone, content, and presentation of this information compared to other sources.)

NASA Earth Observatory and NASA Global Climate Change contain straightforward information presented at a high school level.
• Basic Q&A and factsheet (also check out the "Features" section):  http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/blogs/climateqa/
• Key indicators, evidence, causes, effects, consenus, and other interactive info: http://climate.nasa.gov/
• Articles specifically on global warming:  
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GISSTemperature/giss_temperature.php

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) summarizes the scientific literature and makes recommendations for policymakers. The info is more detailed than the NASA links above, but not complicated, mostly without jargon, and highly informative. 

Here is the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). I recommend starting with the "Summary for Policymakers", although the technical summaries are there too: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml#1
• Working Group 1 addresses the Physical Science Basis.
• Working Group 2 addresses Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability.
• Working Group 3 addresses Mitigation of Climate Change.

The 2007 overall synthesis report is here: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents.html. AR5 is due for completion in 2013/2014.

[Bonus Info!]

American Institute of Physics provides both basic facts and in-depth knowledge on the history and progression of how climate scientists came to partly understand what people are doing to cause climate change (influences, data, trends, theories, climate models, society and government involvement, and impact).
• "The Discovery of Global Warming":  http://www.aip.org/history/climate/index.htm

Climate Literacy: Navigating Climate Change Conversations by The University of British Columbia. Free 10-week course.
• Climate Literacy tackles the scientific and socio-political dimensions of climate change. This course introduces the basics of the climate system, models and predictions, human and natural impacts, mitigative and adaptive responses, and the evolution of climate policy.
https://www.coursera.org/course/climateliteracy

Climate Change free 9-week course by The University of Melbourne.
• This course develops an interdisciplinary understanding of the social, political, economic, and scientific perspectives on climate change.
https://www.coursera.org/course/climatechange

Other general resources from the U.S. Global Change Research Program: http://www.globalchange.gov/resources

#ClimateChange   #GlobalWarming   #Resources   #Learning___

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2013-06-06 23:22:25 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

ARKYD space telescope, now with 50% more laser than the next leading brand.

If you enjoy sweet asteroid mineraly nougaty innards (yum), then start kicking for science! Also, beware of that Nyan cat / Cthulhu hybrid alien thingy...

"Spaaaaaaaace." (Quiet you!)
http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1458134548/arkyd-a-space-telescope-for-everyone-0

Hilarious video -- 'science never smelled so good!'___ARKYD space telescope, now with 50% more laser than the next leading brand.

If you enjoy sweet asteroid mineraly nougaty innards (yum), then start kicking for science! Also, beware of that Nyan cat / Cthulhu hybrid alien thingy...

"Spaaaaaaaace." (Quiet you!)
http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1458134548/arkyd-a-space-telescope-for-everyone-0

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2013-06-05 08:38:47 (0 comments, 10 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Advances in Mind Control and Robotic Telepresence
Quadcopter Navigation Using Thoughts

Biomedical engineering professor Bin He and his research students at the University of Minnesota have constructed a non-invasive 3D brain-computer interface (a 64-electrode EEG cap) to allow human thought to navigate a flying robot, making it turn, rise, dip, and even sail through a ring.

In the future, they hope to extend this functionality to controlling artificial limbs, wheelchairs, and other devices, particularly for those with impaired physical mobility or neurodegenerative diseases.

(Or, you know, if the need to control A Swarm of Nano Quadrotors or an army of robots ever arises.)

Article: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-helicopter-power-thought-video.html

Original UMNews featured article: h... more »

Advances in Mind Control and Robotic Telepresence
Quadcopter Navigation Using Thoughts

Biomedical engineering professor Bin He and his research students at the University of Minnesota have constructed a non-invasive 3D brain-computer interface (a 64-electrode EEG cap) to allow human thought to navigate a flying robot, making it turn, rise, dip, and even sail through a ring.

In the future, they hope to extend this functionality to controlling artificial limbs, wheelchairs, and other devices, particularly for those with impaired physical mobility or neurodegenerative diseases.

(Or, you know, if the need to control A Swarm of Nano Quadrotors or an army of robots ever arises.)

Article: http://phys.org/news/2013-06-helicopter-power-thought-video.html

Original UMNews featured article:  http://www1.umn.edu/news/features/2013/UR_CONTENT_444147.html

Details in the Journal of Neural Engineering: http://iopscience.iop.org/1741-2552/10/4/046003/article___

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2013-06-02 07:29:33 (21 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Stats: Men Using OkCupid Tend to Exaggerate Height

I'm taking an online refresher course on statistics for fun and came across this question (see image below). I took a wild guess at the answer, and it turns out I was right! :P

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Men's false claims of augmented physical traits likely stemmed from self-reported bias. This bias was reinforced by overcompensation for insecurity due to childhood abandonment and psychological inferiority due to frequent reprimands for chronic under-performance secondary to poor parenting and an inflexible faulty educational system. Constant ridicule and unchecked bullying from oppositionally defiant and treacherous childhood peers also contributed to self-deceit as a mechanism to cope with perceived inadequate stature, a byproduct of years of intense sociopsychological power struggles and competition.

Another... more »

Stats: Men Using OkCupid Tend to Exaggerate Height

I'm taking an online refresher course on statistics for fun and came across this question (see image below). I took a wild guess at the answer, and it turns out I was right! :P

--------

Men's false claims of augmented physical traits likely stemmed from self-reported bias. This bias was reinforced by overcompensation for insecurity due to childhood abandonment and psychological inferiority due to frequent reprimands for chronic under-performance secondary to poor parenting and an inflexible faulty educational system. Constant ridicule and unchecked bullying from oppositionally defiant and treacherous childhood peers also contributed to self-deceit as a mechanism to cope with perceived inadequate stature, a byproduct of years of intense sociopsychological power struggles and competition.

Another possibility is OkCupid preferentially matched couples based on greater height profiles. These couples eventually became digital hermits due to the shame associated with using the service. This genetic isolation selected for a breed of statuesque offspring with dominant HMGA2 alleles through a positive feedback loop after several filial generations also sought physical and emotional consummation through OkCupid. Each successive generation being forced to use the site by their parents attempting to vicariously live through them to make up for prior shortcomings and missed opportunities has led to the observed height differential between the sample group and actual population.

(Admittedly, the latter scenario is less likely.)

#SeemsLegit   #FunWithStatistics   #OkCupid  ___

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2013-05-31 09:36:02 (4 comments, 8 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Elon Musk Throws Us For a Loop, Yet Again. (Perhaps Literally.)

Along with Elon Musk's recent announcement to expand the Tesla Supercharger network, he dropped a vague hint about his next potentially revolutionary transportation project called a "Hyperloop", which he described as "a cross between a Concorde, a rail gun, and an air hockey table". Presumably, it could send people from L.A. to S.F. in 30 minutes.

The Business Insider article below speculates it could be a version of a Very High Speed Transit system using electromagnetically levitated vehicles traveling through sealed underground vacuum tunnels.

I actually think it could more likely be a version of the Launch Loop concept, which also more appropriately reflects the naming convention of a Hyperloop. But who really knows? 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lofstrom_loop
more »

Elon Musk Throws Us For a Loop, Yet Again. (Perhaps Literally.)

Along with Elon Musk's recent announcement to expand the Tesla Supercharger network, he dropped a vague hint about his next potentially revolutionary transportation project called a "Hyperloop", which he described as "a cross between a Concorde, a rail gun, and an air hockey table". Presumably, it could send people from L.A. to S.F. in 30 minutes.

The Business Insider article below speculates it could be a version of a Very High Speed Transit system using electromagnetically levitated vehicles traveling through sealed underground vacuum tunnels.

I actually think it could more likely be a version of the Launch Loop concept, which also more appropriately reflects the naming convention of a Hyperloop. But who really knows? 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lofstrom_loop

Using the horizontal analogue of a vertical space elevator, the "rail gun" would consist of a cable-like system made of a rotor and sheath tethered to the earth at two points. While the rotor is on, the middle section of the looped track would be lofted high in the atmosphere. The sheath would slightly flatten the arc, along which an electromagnetically accelerated space vehicle would travel. At the highest point in its trajectory, it could even use a burst of an on-board rocket engine (à la supersonic turbojet Concorde) to both stabilize its semi-guided orbit and for additional speed.

Furthermore, this strategy seems to be better aligned with the self-sufficient concept of tacking on solar panels (positioned way above clouds and airplanes rather than in underground tunnels), and the system could also perhaps tap into the power of Solar City. Heck, while we're at it, might as well use SpaceX components too.

According to the Wiki article, a rough estimated cost to build a 2,000-kilometer-long launch loop is $10 billion (the distance from L.A. to S.F. is one-third of that).

Can you think of any other ideas? Whatever the project ends up being, it sounds like 'the best kind of crazy' to me :)

More details might be publicly disclosed sometime after Elon's next Tesla announcement on June 20, 2013.

Video capturing Musk's commentary: 
http://www.theverge.com/2013/5/29/4378468/elon-musk-teases-june-news-on-hyperloop-rapid-transit-system

#ElonMusk   #Hyperloop   #TheFutureIsNow  ___

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2013-05-31 05:59:28 (3 comments, 8 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Become a Master of Space and Time
Real-time 3D-rendered Data From NASA

This is REALLY cool. "Eyes on the Solar System" by +NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory is an interactive simulation showing many significant objects of interest in space at any point in time from 1950-2050.

Explore the Solar System and Witness Spaceflight in Action
(For basic controls, see the last section below, view the site's tutorial, or just jump in. It's fairly intuitive to use.)

☼ Here are 3 of many fun examples to explore! ☼

1. Watch MSL Curiosity land on Mars... in person!
• From the Destination list, choose Spacecraft, Mars, and then MSL.
• Dial back the time to the night of August 5, 2012, hours before Curiosity touched down on Gale Crater.
• On the Visual Controls, select the Ride-along View to hop on. Zoom out alittle to ... more »

Become a Master of Space and Time
Real-time 3D-rendered Data From NASA

This is REALLY cool. "Eyes on the Solar System" by +NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory is an interactive simulation showing many significant objects of interest in space at any point in time from 1950-2050.

Explore the Solar System and Witness Spaceflight in Action
(For basic controls, see the last section below, view the site's tutorial, or just jump in. It's fairly intuitive to use.)

☼ Here are 3 of many fun examples to explore! ☼

1. Watch MSL Curiosity land on Mars... in person!
• From the Destination list, choose Spacecraft, Mars, and then MSL.
• Dial back the time to the night of August 5, 2012, hours before Curiosity touched down on Gale Crater.
• On the Visual Controls, select the Ride-along View to hop on. Zoom out a little to see the entire spacecraft. Drag to orient your view so that Mars is in the background.
• Speed up the approach by 30-100x to quickly fly toward Mars.
• When closer to Mars, change the speed back to the real-time rate to view details like jettisoning of the heat shield, parachute deployment, parachute separation, and lowering of the Curiosity rover by sky crane! How awesome is that?!

2. Watch Satellites Swarm the Earth
• Select Earth.
• Under Visual Controls, choose to view Spacecraft, then Earth Missions. Optionally un-check everything else to prevent clutter. I also turned the orbit paths off and left the trails on.
• Amp up the speed and watch all the orbiting satellites fly around!

3. Ride Asteroid 1998QE2 as it Buzzes Earth
AsteroidQE2 is 1.7 miles in diameter and is expected to safely pass Earth at its closest point of 3.6 million miles (15 lunar distances) at 3:59pm CDT on Friday, May 31st.
• Under the Visual Controls menu, choose Small Bodies, then Asteroids.
• Pan around to find "1998 QE2" and double-click on the label to jump to the asteroid.
• Click on the Ride-along View.
• Drag to position Earth in the background. Speed up the time to fly relatively near Earth.
• To measure actual distance, right-click on Earth, choose Measure from the pop-up menu, then click on the asteroid. Neat, eh?

Basic Controls for Navigation
• First time visiting the site requires installing a 3D-plugin.
• After launch, pick a destination to follow from an expandable list including planets, moons, asteroids, comets, spacecraft, etc., or just click on an object's name/label once to select it and twice to "fly" into view.
• Zoom in to see details or zoom out to get a better sense of perspective using the mouse's scroll wheel (keyboard shortcuts also available).
• Click-and-drag to view any 360° camera angle.
• Instantly jump to a specific date and time, as well as adjust the playback speed (warp speed anyone?)
• Additional notes, images, and videos associated with the object you've selected will show up in the multimedia tab (if available).
• Toggle viewing of stars, constellations, nebulae, galaxies, small bodies, spacecraft, object labels, trails, and orbit paths on/off to avoid visual clutter using the Visual Controls menu.
• Use the "ride-along view" to fix your position relative to an object as it moves through space to fly with it!
• Click on the '?' at any time to get a quick overview of all the options.
• Intro video: Learning How to Navigate Eyes On the Solar System

Website: http://eyes.nasa.gov/

What's your favorite spacecraft, mission, or place to explore in the Solar System? Find anything interesting? See any aliens? :P

#NASA   #SolarSystem   #CuriosityRover   #Mars   #AsteroidQE2  ___

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2013-05-30 19:29:38 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Ancient Egyptian Trinket Made From a Meteorite
The 5,000-year-old iron beads were discovered in 1911 in a cemetery at Gerzeh 70 km south of Cairo and date back to 3300 BC, millennia before the earliest evidence of iron smelting.

Microscopy showed "the metal had a distinctive crystalline structure called a Widmanstätten pattern. This structure is found only in iron meteorites that cooled extremely slowly inside their parent asteroids as the Solar System was forming."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Widmanst%C3%A4tten_pattern

Researchers have found that the ancient Egyptian trinket is made from a meteorite! The result explains how ancient Egyptians obtained iron millennia before the earliest evidence of iron smelting in the region, solving an enduring mystery. It also hints that meteorites may have inspired Egyptians as they began to develop their religion.

http://www.nature.com/news/iron-in-egyptian-relics-came-from-space-1.13091?WT.mc_id=GPL_NatureNews___Ancient Egyptian Trinket Made From a Meteorite
The 5,000-year-old iron beads were discovered in 1911 in a cemetery at Gerzeh 70 km south of Cairo and date back to 3300 BC, millennia before the earliest evidence of iron smelting.

Microscopy showed "the metal had a distinctive crystalline structure called a Widmanstätten pattern. This structure is found only in iron meteorites that cooled extremely slowly inside their parent asteroids as the Solar System was forming."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Widmanst%C3%A4tten_pattern

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2013-05-30 09:06:30 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

The White House continues its "We The Geeks" Google+ Hangout series this Friday, May 31st at 1pm CDT with a discussion on asteroids!

G+ Event and blog post:  https://plus.google.com/events/cv333b50h80jvrejdmq77p49gsc
http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/05/28/we-geeks-asteroids

I'm assuming the discussion will focus on where we are now and what the U.S. could do to identify and track more asteroids, as well as the upcoming possibilities to literally use them as stepping stones to eventually support deeper space exploration.

Obviously, we are at a severe disadvantage if we don't know where those asteroids are. Some organizations say generating solutions to mitigate hazardous near-Earth objects is not as great of an immediate hurdle as the need to establish a more complete tracking database. Keeping tabs on potential threat objects within the inner solar... more »

The White House continues its "We The Geeks" Google+ Hangout series this Friday, May 31st at 1pm CDT with a discussion on asteroids!

G+ Event and blog post:  https://plus.google.com/events/cv333b50h80jvrejdmq77p49gsc
http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/05/28/we-geeks-asteroids

I'm assuming the discussion will focus on where we are now and what the U.S. could do to identify and track more asteroids, as well as the upcoming possibilities to literally use them as stepping stones to eventually support deeper space exploration.

Obviously, we are at a severe disadvantage if we don't know where those asteroids are. Some organizations say generating solutions to mitigate hazardous near-Earth objects is not as great of an immediate hurdle as the need to establish a more complete tracking database. Keeping tabs on potential threat objects within the inner solar system to provide decades of lead time instead of just years to months to weeks is important.

Although an estimated 93% of the largest asteroids in our vicinity > 1 kilometer in diameter have been spotted (in large part due to WISE -- Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer:  http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/WISE/news/wise20120314.html ), currently less than 1% of millions of asteroids > 40 meters in diameter have been mapped. A major concern comes from the latter group of as yet undetected small-to-mid sized asteroids that could heavily damage cities, not necessarily the huge and exceedingly rare extinction-level ones that draw the most attention in the media and movies.

The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos), the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Russian Defense Ministry have already invested in the first stage of rough long-term plans to be set in motion at the end of 2013 to improve detection capability, establish early warning systems, and further investigate deflection methods. As you probably know, this decision follows on the heels of the recent Chelyabinsk meteor whose size was just 10 meters across and hit a bit close to home for them.

With regard to deflecting asteroids, some recent articles have mentioned 'nukes' as the best option for defense. Naturally, other people have reflexively responded with snippy comments.

Here are my exploratory thoughts on the matter:

It's not an absolute yes or no proposition whether nuclear devices "should always" or "should never" be used (in the isolated context of feasibility and scientifically based reasons, not political ones). In specific cases, nuclear interceptors seem to be the more favorable and efficient option. Other possible options being studied include kinetic impactors, gravity tractors, space-based lasers, and/or rendezvous missions.

Some factors that determine whether a nuclear payload would be the more optimal choice are lead time (early detection on the order of 10 years in advance vs last-minute discoveries), asteroid size (1-10 kilometers vs several hundred meters or less), shape (spheroid or multi-component), surface porosity (voids, fractures, depth of regolith all affect shock wave propagation and degree of fragmentation or dispersal), bulk density (silicate vs solid iron), etc.

With sufficient time to intervene, some simulations have shown that just 1 cm/s change in velocity could deflect very large asteroids > 1 km in diameter. Theoretically, when using a standoff blast (as opposed to surface contact or subsurface penetration), these adequate velocity changes can be achieved while producing relatively small amounts of ejecta (in some scenarios found to be only ~2-6% of the original main body mass, which then disperses over several Earth-radii within 1-2 years).

It is my understanding that with the technology we have today, nuclear explosions are the only practical means for changing the orbit of large NEOs short of launching and coordinating hundreds of kinetic impact spacecraft. Nuclear explosions are also a viable backup strategy for 'smaller' objects (like 150-500 meters with only year-to-months' notice) where other preferable methods have failed first.

Whereas the goal of the above scenario is to deflect (not fragment) large asteroids, nuclear explosions may also be the only last-resort method for dealing with smaller but significant objects under very short warning. Presumably, they would annihilate, fragment, and disperse the small asteroid to the point where the majority of debris misses us or burns up in the atmosphere. This approach appears to be conceptually different and was the subject of Director Wie's recent talk at last week's International Space Development Conference: http://www.space.com/21333-asteroid-nuke-spacecraft-mission.html

Of course, there are always uncertainties with simulations depending on parameters or models used. In other words, "your mileage may vary". Realistically, right at this moment, we don't seem to have adequate means of dealing with asteroids and would probably have to rely on evacuation where possible.

If anyone can link to more specific studies and detailed analysis, that would be great.

More reading:
NASA JPL Asteroid Watch  http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/asteroidwatch/overview.cfm
Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies (free online book) http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12842
The Sentinel Project http://b612foundation.org/
Spotting Dangerous Asteroids  http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-02/19/asteroid-hunting-satellite-telescope___

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2013-05-30 04:28:28 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Planetary Resources, an asteroid mining company, launched a unique Kickstarter campaign earlier today to create the 1st publicly accessible orbiting space telescope!

This is the first step to empower anyone interested in space to discover more, learn more, and do more. It provides unprecedented access to some of the most advanced technology for students, citizen scientists, and others.

(Yes, as pointed out, it can also be used to take the ultimate selfie photo with Earth as the backdrop...)

It's great that the cost of space observatories and space exploration has been and will continue to be reduced, which provides an opportunity for everyone who is inspired to get involved.

Here is the recording of their press conference announcement with the support of Bill Nye (CEO of The Planetary Society), Brent Spiner (Star Trek's Lt. Cmdr. Data), and Hank Green of YouTube's... more »

Kickstarting The Future of Space Exploration
 
When the Hubble space telescope was launched, many people said it was a waste of money and resources.
 
Requiring two space shuttle missions to get it right (first to put into orbit and then a second mission to fix the mirror) and a massive $2.5 billion expense, many proclaimed that it was a giant boondoggle and a drain on the taxpayers.
 
But over the past 23 years, the Hubble telescope has returned awe-inspiring images and scientific data that have transformed our understanding of the universe. Over 9,000 papers based on Hubble data have been published in peer-reviewed journals.
 
Today, most can agree that the Hubble mission was a resounding success and one of the crowning achievements of science and engineering. The project has inspired students, educators, and researchers from around the world, and given everyone a new perspective on the universe around us.
 
At +Planetary Resources, we wanted a way to put the excitement of space and the thrill of discovery in the hands of as many people as possible – as many kids as possible.
 
That's why we're launching a new mission of exploration, and putting you at the controls of the world's first space telescope that will be operated by supporters, students, researchers, and educators.
 
As we just announced on Kickstarter, the ARKYD space telescope will give students access to cutting edge space technology, support important research and discovery, and continue to build excitement about space and all of its potential.
 
http://kck.st/13YObfU  
We want to make space accessible to people from all walks of life, all ages, across the globe, and let them get involved in the process from every stage.
 
Unlike most space missions, the ARKYD telescope will give you the opportunity to help decide which science centers, museums and schools are the beneficiaries of ARKYD telescope time, what photos to take, and more. We're putting YOU in control.
 
By pledging toward this mission (via Kickstarter), you'll receive access to our website and mobile apps allowing you to follow along with the progress of the satellite, sneak peaks at photos and videos, and get voting access to make your voice heard in the future direction of the satellite! You can also send up your favorite picture, and get that image captured as a #SpaceSelfie with the Earth in the background, use the main optic to take a picture of distant galaxies or donate telescope time to education.
 
We want to show people from around the world that space is accessible and inspire a new generation about space and all of its potential.
 
Join us!  Pledge now and help us invent the future!

http://kck.st/13YObfU  
Best wishes,
Peter___Planetary Resources, an asteroid mining company, launched a unique Kickstarter campaign earlier today to create the 1st publicly accessible orbiting space telescope!

This is the first step to empower anyone interested in space to discover more, learn more, and do more. It provides unprecedented access to some of the most advanced technology for students, citizen scientists, and others.

(Yes, as pointed out, it can also be used to take the ultimate selfie photo with Earth as the backdrop...)

It's great that the cost of space observatories and space exploration has been and will continue to be reduced, which provides an opportunity for everyone who is inspired to get involved.

Here is the recording of their press conference announcement with the support of Bill Nye (CEO of The Planetary Society), Brent Spiner (Star Trek's Lt. Cmdr. Data), and Hank Green of YouTube's Vlogbrothers (DFTBA!): Planetary Resources Announces ARKYD: A Space Telescope for Everyone

Lots more detailed info and videos at the link below.

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2013-05-30 03:00:51 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Al Jazeera English and The Stream will host Julian Assange in a Google+ Hangout tomorrow--Thursday, May 30th at 2:30pm CDT.

Here is a separate 40-minute interview with the founder of WikiLeaks published by Democracy Now earlier today:  http://www.democracynow.org/blog/2013/5/29/extended_interview_julian_assange_on_international_crackdown_on_wikileaks

What would you ask Julian Assange? He joins The Stream on Thursday, and we're looking for Google+ hangout participants. Post your question below and you may be selected to participate live on air. #Wikileaks   #Assange   #JulianAssange  ___Al Jazeera English and The Stream will host Julian Assange in a Google+ Hangout tomorrow--Thursday, May 30th at 2:30pm CDT.

Here is a separate 40-minute interview with the founder of WikiLeaks published by Democracy Now earlier today:  http://www.democracynow.org/blog/2013/5/29/extended_interview_julian_assange_on_international_crackdown_on_wikileaks

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2013-05-28 19:22:20 (9 comments, 5 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Live coverage of the Soyuz launch for Expedition 36/37 starts at 2:30pm CDT (19:30 UTC) with liftoff ~3:30pm CDT (20:31:24 UTC).

This is only the second time the Soyuz will use the "fast-track" trajectory launch method to arrive at the ISS in just 6 hours with 4-orbit rendezvous engine burns as opposed to the traditional 2-day, 34-orbit rendezvous process.

Detailed launch timeline:
https://plus.google.com/+NASA/posts/HJeo1aoQxzt

Watch at http://spaceinvideos.esa.int/esalive or http://www.nasa.gov/ntv

Official mobile app for this mission: 
https://plus.google.com/+EuropeanSpaceAgency/posts/fKxVCrExjfK

Video over the past several weeks of final crew prep: 
https://plus.google.com/+EuropeanSpaceAgency/posts/XMvyBaintW6

Video from a couple days ago of Soyuz rollout to the launchpad of BaikonurC... more »

The Soyuz rocket that will carry +Luca Parmitano, Karen Nyberg and Fyodor Yurchikhin to the International Space Station on Tuesday night stands ready on the launch platform at Baikonur Cosmodrome. #volare

Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls___Live coverage of the Soyuz launch for Expedition 36/37 starts at 2:30pm CDT (19:30 UTC) with liftoff ~3:30pm CDT (20:31:24 UTC).

This is only the second time the Soyuz will use the "fast-track" trajectory launch method to arrive at the ISS in just 6 hours with 4-orbit rendezvous engine burns as opposed to the traditional 2-day, 34-orbit rendezvous process.

Detailed launch timeline:
https://plus.google.com/+NASA/posts/HJeo1aoQxzt

Watch at http://spaceinvideos.esa.int/esalive or http://www.nasa.gov/ntv

Official mobile app for this mission: 
https://plus.google.com/+EuropeanSpaceAgency/posts/fKxVCrExjfK

Video over the past several weeks of final crew prep: 
https://plus.google.com/+EuropeanSpaceAgency/posts/XMvyBaintW6

Video from a couple days ago of Soyuz rollout to the launchpad of Baikonur Cosmodrome: 
https://plus.google.com/+EuropeanSpaceAgency/posts/RpimVZ1oyn3

Ongoing updates in the coming months from +European Space Agency, ESA, +Luca Parmitano, and +Astronaut Abby.

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2013-05-25 02:04:30 (1 comments, 13 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Explore Hubble & Webb Space Telescopes in a Whole New Way

Below are two excellent interactive free e-books from NASA with videos, concept art, cool diagrams, space images, and other photos accompanying easy-to-understand explanations of the science, technology, and history behind the 
+Hubble Space Telescope and new +NASA Webb Telescope.

Link to e-books (as well as non-interactive PDFs):
http://www.jwst.nasa.gov/ebooks.html

Learn more: http://webbtelescope.org/

Explore Hubble & Webb Space Telescopes in a Whole New Way

Below are two excellent interactive free e-books from NASA with videos, concept art, cool diagrams, space images, and other photos accompanying easy-to-understand explanations of the science, technology, and history behind the 
+Hubble Space Telescope and new +NASA Webb Telescope.

Link to e-books (as well as non-interactive PDFs):
http://www.jwst.nasa.gov/ebooks.html

Learn more: http://webbtelescope.org/___

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2013-05-24 04:04:00 (5 comments, 6 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Usual baryonic matter of our world--and of stars, planets, cosmic gases, black holes, galaxy clusters, supernovas, and more--actually make up only ~4% of the universe.

Most space is thought to be composed of Dark Matter, which tends to drive the universe together, and Dark Energy, which tends to drive the universe apart.

Dark Energy & Dark Matter
Full size version: http://chandra.si.edu/resources/illustrations/infographics.html

The two largest pieces of the Universe that we know the least about, yet nothing less than the ultimate fate of the Universe will be determined by them. (Illustration: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss)

Related Links: 
http://chandra.si.edu/resources/flash/univ_pie.html
http://chandra.si.edu/xray_astro/dark_matter/___Usual baryonic matter of our world--and of stars, planets, cosmic gases, black holes, galaxy clusters, supernovas, and more--actually make up only ~4% of the universe.

Most space is thought to be composed of Dark Matter, which tends to drive the universe together, and Dark Energy, which tends to drive the universe apart.

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2013-05-22 05:44:40 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

The Global Impact Challenge supports British non-profits using tech to tackle the world's toughest problems. Cast up to 4 votes for 10 finalists by May 31, 2013. The project with the most votes receives a £500,000 Fan Favorite Global Impact Award.

3 additional projects will be selected by a panel of judges, including Sir Richard Branson and Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

More info, videos, and voting: g.co/impactchallenge
About +Google Giving's Impact Awards: g.co/globalimpactawards

And we're live! I am so proud to have worked on this..
---
A month ago, hundreds of charities suggested ways great ways to use tech to change the world. Here are the 10 best ones.
Watch, vote and help choose the 4 we'll make happen this year.
g.co/impactchallenge baby!___The Global Impact Challenge supports British non-profits using tech to tackle the world's toughest problems. Cast up to 4 votes for 10 finalists by May 31, 2013. The project with the most votes receives a £500,000 Fan Favorite Global Impact Award.

3 additional projects will be selected by a panel of judges, including Sir Richard Branson and Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

More info, videos, and voting: g.co/impactchallenge
About +Google Giving's Impact Awards: g.co/globalimpactawards

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2013-05-22 04:53:13 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

"Because of the collaborative nature of the game, Ingress has a way of bringing people together."

On a social level, Ingress is about adventure and collaboration, both local and international. Watching people expand upon the 'meta-game' is interesting too, including scouting for and learning about fun new portal locations, collecting portal key souvenirs, and making 'control-field art' :)

If you want to get a sense of player-arranged events, enthusiasm, and "Ingress culture", check out some of the featured achievements in the awesome weekly episodes of the Ingress Report: youtube.com/user/ingress or join the Ingress G+ community:  https://plus.google.com/communities/103803967875500436831

More insight:

Short interview at Google I/O with a quick explanation of the Niantic Project by John Hanke (Director of Niantic... more »

“There’s all this history I would have never known … but because of the game it gave me another layer of appreciation,” he said.___"Because of the collaborative nature of the game, Ingress has a way of bringing people together."

On a social level, Ingress is about adventure and collaboration, both local and international. Watching people expand upon the 'meta-game' is interesting too, including scouting for and learning about fun new portal locations, collecting portal key souvenirs, and making 'control-field art' :)

If you want to get a sense of player-arranged events, enthusiasm, and "Ingress culture", check out some of the featured achievements in the awesome weekly episodes of the Ingress Report: youtube.com/user/ingress or join the Ingress G+ community:  https://plus.google.com/communities/103803967875500436831

More insight:

Short interview at Google I/O with a quick explanation of the Niantic Project by John Hanke (Director of Niantic Labs): https://plus.google.com/100535338638690515335/posts/b8Vv9LtwjWF

Longer Google I/O talk on aspects of game design by Brandon Badger (Niantic Labs Product Manager):  https://plus.google.com/114800310452543164210/posts/HUvWTqoDCS5

h/t +Kira Kroger who first mentioned the article yesterday. She's an excellent community leader/organizer to follow on G+! And thanks to +Mary Tablante for writing the article.

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2013-05-17 08:06:46 (12 comments, 13 reshares, 51 +1s)Open 

Google Launches Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab

Google's quantum computer will be hosted at NASA's Ames Research Center where they plan to advance machine learning and pave the way for the next generation of efficient algorithms and powerful supercomputers.

http://googleresearch.blogspot.com/2013/05/launching-quantum-artificial.html

#ArtificialIntelligence   #QuantumComputing   #DetectionAlgorithmA  

Google Launches Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab

Google's quantum computer will be hosted at NASA's Ames Research Center where they plan to advance machine learning and pave the way for the next generation of efficient algorithms and powerful supercomputers.

http://googleresearch.blogspot.com/2013/05/launching-quantum-artificial.html

#ArtificialIntelligence   #QuantumComputing   #DetectionAlgorithmA  ___

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2013-05-16 18:22:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Last call for +Astronaut Abby's rocketship to the future! If you support STEM women, space, and dreaming big, consider helping 15-year-old Abigail Harrison reach her goal. She is SO close! Deadline is t-minus 40 hours left and counting!

Abby has been selected as the "Earth liaison" for an upcoming International Space Station expedition and wants to share her experiences with her peers via a global STEM outreach effort. Abby plans to reach 2,000 classrooms, speak at several national conferences, and write for science blogs and organizations. https://plus.google.com/114424163811716070551/posts/4EgP9uZ5A89

I believe this is important for several reasons, one of the biggest reasons being able to inspire a younger generation to do great things. In the past week, so many people have mentioned how much Cmdr. +Chris Hadfield has WOWed us all and that wewo... more »

Last call for +Astronaut Abby's rocketship to the future! If you support STEM women, space, and dreaming big, consider helping 15-year-old Abigail Harrison reach her goal. She is SO close! Deadline is t-minus 40 hours left and counting!

Abby has been selected as the "Earth liaison" for an upcoming International Space Station expedition and wants to share her experiences with her peers via a global STEM outreach effort. Abby plans to reach 2,000 classrooms, speak at several national conferences, and write for science blogs and organizations. https://plus.google.com/114424163811716070551/posts/4EgP9uZ5A89

I believe this is important for several reasons, one of the biggest reasons being able to inspire a younger generation to do great things. In the past week, so many people have mentioned how much Cmdr. +Chris Hadfield has WOWed us all and that we would miss his unique updates. While his photos are beautiful to look at and while his viral music video from space is entertaining, they serve a greater purpose--the same purpose Abby is trying to fulfill with her #SoyuzAdventure --to motivate the next wave of brilliant STEM leaders.

So check out the link below, and I encourage you to learn about her dream and hear what she has to say before making a decision whether or not to donate :) #FuelTheFuture  ___

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2013-05-16 06:07:29 (19 comments, 35 reshares, 46 +1s)Open 

[A bit of satiric comedy :) ]

Ever have the problem where you're trying to filter out melodramatic, close-minded, impetuous, or spoiled individuals, but combing through each circle becomes a bit tedious? Do you ever think, "Wouldn't it be great if there was a telltale psychological indicator revealing the maturity, sensibility, and poise (or lack thereof) of people in your circles?"

Us too. That's why starting today, we're happy to announce a great new feature we think you'll really enjoy. It's called the "initiative to Delete, Uncircle, Mute, and Block", or iDUMB for short.

Here's how it works:

Start by monitoring your stream very carefully. The moment a new update is rolled out, people will begin to make extremely negative, rebellious, hyperbolic, reactionary, and/or self-centered comments. (In other words, they... more »

[A bit of satiric comedy :) ]

Ever have the problem where you're trying to filter out melodramatic, close-minded, impetuous, or spoiled individuals, but combing through each circle becomes a bit tedious? Do you ever think, "Wouldn't it be great if there was a telltale psychological indicator revealing the maturity, sensibility, and poise (or lack thereof) of people in your circles?"

Us too. That's why starting today, we're happy to announce a great new feature we think you'll really enjoy. It's called the "initiative to Delete, Uncircle, Mute, and Block", or iDUMB for short.

Here's how it works:

Start by monitoring your stream very carefully. The moment a new update is rolled out, people will begin to make extremely negative, rebellious, hyperbolic, reactionary, and/or self-centered comments. (In other words, they will FREAK the heck out!)

Now here's the ingenious part. Instead of having to seek out each person to remove him or her from your circles, he, she, or it automatically comes to you! This makes it super easy to identify and <delete> their hostile messages, <uncircle> them to prevent future annoyances, <mute> them to get rid of their pesky notifications, and <block> them to avoid further exposure.

Since it is quite common to confuse incoherent babbling for healthy skepticism, fair & balanced opinion, and constructive, well-formulated feedback, we've provided some examples of what to look for:

The Melodramatic
• OMG!!1!one!! Why the heck do they keep moving things around every 2 microseconds?! Isn't this the eleventieth change they've made today? I can't take this anymore. The world will not go on. My life is ruined! RUINED, I tell you!

The Uncool-Competitor Dig
• What is this? If I wanted this junk, I'd use MyPinBook. It's as ugly as dead Friendster's and MySpace's baby's regurgitated Facebook timeline. Even Microsoft's Socl is better than this.

The Impatient and Overreactive Micromanager
• Alert the press! This button broke with the new update! I need to make 3 posts in every community asking everyone, "Am I the only one?" It broke a second ago, and now I will proceed to write a lengthy dissertation and rant on why Google+ is sooo buggy and just doesn't "get" social! This should have been fixed yesterday! [5 seconds later...] Oh nevermind, it's working again.

The Lazy Egotistical Self-Proclaimed Expert
• This UI sucks. I drew art in kindergarten once, and clearly this makes me the world's authority on design. Who hires these monkeys? I want MY left-side navigation bar back, and I don't want to have to expend the extra 1/8th calorie to move my mouse over the icon. Next thing you know, you'll make me actually have to click on something! It's MY menu. I should be able to do whatever I want with it! Why can't you understand the world revolves around ME?

The Gutted Martyr and Self-Hostage
• I've been a very loyal user of Google products for my entire existence since I was a fetus. Heck, I even used Google Reader once or twice. I am deeply disappointed in Google for taking 5 steps backwards, turning 180 degrees, and taking 5 more steps backwards. Unless you revert things back to the design I hated the last time you made an update, I'm going to rage quit. I swear! I might even start a petition. You just wait and see. And if you don't do it soon, I'm going to make no dent whatsoever while I pretend people actually care when I threaten to leave but never do.

The Oblivious Complainer
• I really don't like this. I wish there was this thing called Settings where I could toggle a check-box to simply opt out of a subtle change. Instead, I think I'll turn it into a big ordeal where I'll blame everyone and everything else. Yeah, that sounds like a good idea. I'm going to spend the next 15 minutes denouncing Google instead of thinking and investing 30 seconds to understand how it actually works. I mean, can't they at least give me the option to view posts from each circle or to remove posts from my stream? And now there's not one, but two vertical thingies? That's like, quadruple the number of columns. Waaaay too cluttered. I can't handle thinking about one thing, and now you want me to think about two?

The Uninformed Rebel-Hater
• I completely and utterly hate this new change. It's terrible. I don't have the update yet, but from what I've heard, it's worse than Hitler. I have no idea what I'm talking about, but mark my words--it sucks!

If you don't see this new feature, don't worry. iDUMB will be rolling out to users over the coming week, so check back soon. We appreciate your ability to pretend to be patient while hitting F5 repeatedly until something breaks. In the meantime, keep asking when you will receive the new changes because that usually speeds the process up quite nicely.

#googleplusupdate #Google+ #snarkalicious   #sarcasmwithahintoftruth  

Bahaha here is a summary of the actual updates :P Overall, I like the changes! http://googleplusproject.blogspot.com/2013/05/new-google-stream-hangouts-and-photos.html___

2013-05-15 03:44:21 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Heck yes!
So, about that Alcubierre (warp) drive...
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/technology/warp/warpstat_prt.htm
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/technology/warp/ideachev.html

Via +Google+:

Prepare yourself space lovers--fact is about to collide with fiction as NASA astronauts beam into a Hangout On Air with by the cast and crew of Star Trek Into Darkness.

Astronaut Chris Cassidy, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, along with astronauts Michael Fincke and Kjell Lindgren at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston will chat with director J.J. Abrams, screenwriter and producer Damon Lindelof, and stars Chris Pine, Alice Eve and John Cho. RSVP and get all the details below.

The director, a writer and some actors in the film "Star Trek Into Darkness" will join NASA astronauts as we host a Google+ Hangout On Air from noon to 12:45 p.m. EDT, May 16, about how work aboard the International Space Station is turning science fiction into reality.

Participating in the hangout will be NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, who currently is living and working aboard the space station; astronauts Michael Fincke and Kjell Lindgren at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston; director J.J. Abrams, screenwriter and producer Damon Lindelof; and stars of the film, Chris Pine, Alice Eve and John Cho. The participants will ask questions of each other and take questions from the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City (home of the space shuttle Enterprise), the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum in Washington, and social media followers. 

Ask a question prior to or during the event by posting a comment here or on Twitter using the #askNASA hashtag.___Heck yes!
So, about that Alcubierre (warp) drive...
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/technology/warp/warpstat_prt.htm
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/technology/warp/ideachev.html

Via +Google+:

Prepare yourself space lovers--fact is about to collide with fiction as NASA astronauts beam into a Hangout On Air with by the cast and crew of Star Trek Into Darkness.

Astronaut Chris Cassidy, who is currently aboard the International Space Station, along with astronauts Michael Fincke and Kjell Lindgren at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston will chat with director J.J. Abrams, screenwriter and producer Damon Lindelof, and stars Chris Pine, Alice Eve and John Cho. RSVP and get all the details below.

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2013-05-14 20:01:49 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

There are many reasons people use Google+, and all of those reasons differ from one individual to the next. Google+'s strong suit is its versatility and comprehensiveness (eventual integration with all other Google services).

Although I use G+ for fun and to seek out 'niche' or shared interests, there are benefits for businesses (which +Ashley Verrill touches upon, like SEO and collaboration/productivity). How do you use Google+?

Some other recent articles still tout G+ is doomed due to lack of brand presence, whereas the article below, for example, sees great potential. Well, which is it? :) Looking forward to #io13 updates!

Please direct your comments to the original post and consider circling Ashley as she continues to grow her following. She's absolutely right--you gotta start somewhere, and as unbelievable as it might sound, right now you're still ahead ofth... more »

"[G+] pages look set to become a mainstay of search results."

This would be reason enough for me to jump on this bandwagon -- I have set a personal goal of growing to 1,000 followers this quarter (small fries, I know, but a girl's gotta start somewhere) -- but my love for G+ doesn't stop with SEO. It's part of our everyday operations now. We use Google+ Hangouts for interviews with remote candidates (because everyone uses Gmail), I mine for trending topics to write about, I share articles with my coworker circle so we can brainstorm in a discussion thread.

Essentially, G+ isn't just for socializing. It's a collaboration and productivity tool that is seamless with other technologies I already use (Google Drive, Gmail, etc.). +Johnathan Chung +Google Enterprise   #google   #googleplus   #hangouts  ___There are many reasons people use Google+, and all of those reasons differ from one individual to the next. Google+'s strong suit is its versatility and comprehensiveness (eventual integration with all other Google services).

Although I use G+ for fun and to seek out 'niche' or shared interests, there are benefits for businesses (which +Ashley Verrill touches upon, like SEO and collaboration/productivity). How do you use Google+?

Some other recent articles still tout G+ is doomed due to lack of brand presence, whereas the article below, for example, sees great potential. Well, which is it? :) Looking forward to #io13 updates!

Please direct your comments to the original post and consider circling Ashley as she continues to grow her following. She's absolutely right--you gotta start somewhere, and as unbelievable as it might sound, right now you're still ahead of the curve ;)

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2013-05-09 22:03:28 (11 comments, 3 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Buzz Aldrin will participate in a Google+ Hangout On Air on May 20, 2013. His new book, Mission to Mars, outlines his vision of sending humans to Mars by 2035.

RSVP bit.ly/11nXLuu and use the hashtag below to ask your questions!

We're bringing together astronaut Buzz Aldrin, the second person to walk on the Moon, and Conrad Anker, a world renowned climber who has summited Mount Everest, for a live Hangout. (Photo by Cory Richards, National Geographic) 

Join us on Monday, May 20 at 2 p.m. ET (7 p.m. UTC) to find out what it's like to push boundaries and take the ultimate risks.  

Use #LetsExplore to ask Aldrin and Anker about their experiences. http://bit.ly/11nXLuu___Buzz Aldrin will participate in a Google+ Hangout On Air on May 20, 2013. His new book, Mission to Mars, outlines his vision of sending humans to Mars by 2035.

RSVP bit.ly/11nXLuu and use the hashtag below to ask your questions!

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2013-05-09 04:42:59 (2 comments, 6 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Abigail Harrison, also known as +Astronaut Abby, is a very bright, enthusiastic, and determined 15-year-old girl who dreams big: she aspires to be the first astronaut to set foot on Mars.

Below is a short clip about Astronaut Abby who has been interested in space since age 6 and later wanted to become an "astro navigator" :D

Her mentor is flight engineer and ESA astronaut +Luca Parmitano, whom Abby met 2 years ago while standing in line at the airport after the NASA Social Tweetup for the final voyage of Space Shuttle Endeavour.

Parmitano is set to launch to the International Space Station from the Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on May 29, 2013 as part of Expedition 36/37.

Not only will Abby be there in person as part of her #SoyuzAdventure  to share her experiences, but also will continue to promote STEM outreach as Parmitano's selected go-to person... more »

Abigail Harrison, also known as +Astronaut Abby, is a very bright, enthusiastic, and determined 15-year-old girl who dreams big: she aspires to be the first astronaut to set foot on Mars.

Below is a short clip about Astronaut Abby who has been interested in space since age 6 and later wanted to become an "astro navigator" :D

Her mentor is flight engineer and ESA astronaut +Luca Parmitano, whom Abby met 2 years ago while standing in line at the airport after the NASA Social Tweetup for the final voyage of Space Shuttle Endeavour.

Parmitano is set to launch to the International Space Station from the Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on May 29, 2013 as part of Expedition 36/37.

Not only will Abby be there in person as part of her #SoyuzAdventure  to share her experiences, but also will continue to promote STEM outreach as Parmitano's selected go-to person relaying his ISS updates through social media, blogs, and her website http://astronautabby.com/ over the next 6 months.

To support her mission and bring some STEM lovin' to 2,000 classrooms around the world, Abby has a crowd-funding campaign to #FuelTheFuture . So far, she has reached 60% of her goal with only 10 days left! You can support her vision and help inspire the next generation of young thinkers here:  http://www.rockethub.com/projects/22119.

Here is their recent Google+ Hangout: Ask an Astronaut: Meet Luca Parmitano and Abby Harrison.

I think it's awesome Parmitano is the 13th person I've been able to add to my Astronaut circle on Google+, along with Abby as the honorary 14th member :)  https://plus.google.com/114424163811716070551/posts/GUVmxrzLBwh

Commander +Chris Hadfield will be leaving the International Space Station and returning to Earth next week around May 14th. His daily updates have been fun, inspiring, and educational. I'm looking forward to Parmitano's and Abby's continuation of those great shared experiences from space!___

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2013-05-04 06:09:35 (5 comments, 5 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

Solar Impulse has embarked on a historic solar-powered flight across the continental U.S. and plans to fly around the world in 2015.

The carbon-fiber single-seat monoplane has a wingspan similar to a jumbo jet (63 meters) and weighs about the same as a typical car (4,400 pounds). It has 4 electric motors generating 10 horsepower each. It can takeoff under its own power and stay airborne up to 36 hours.

Each leg of the flight across America is expected to take 19 to 25 hours with planned stops of 10 days in each city.

A short video of yesterday morning's takeoff: 
Across America 2013: Take off Moffett Airfield

http://live.solarimpulse.com/

Solar Impulse’s 2013 Across America itinerary is now official!

Moffett Airfield (Mountain View, CA)
Sky Harbor International Airport (Phoenix, AZ) 
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (Dallas, TX) 
Lambert-St. Louis International Airport (St. Louis, MO)
Dulles International Airport (Washington D.C.) 
John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York City)

It looks like the next possible date for the kick-off of the 2013 Across America mission could be this Friday, May 3rd! Weather conditions permitting, the flight would take off from Moffett Airfield to Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix (AZ). It will be an early departure, most likely before 6 am LT (UTC-7) with a landing after midnight local Phoenix time (UTC-7).
Join us in this incredible adventure! http://www.solarimpulse.com/join_us

© Solar Impulse | J. Revillard___Solar Impulse has embarked on a historic solar-powered flight across the continental U.S. and plans to fly around the world in 2015.

The carbon-fiber single-seat monoplane has a wingspan similar to a jumbo jet (63 meters) and weighs about the same as a typical car (4,400 pounds). It has 4 electric motors generating 10 horsepower each. It can takeoff under its own power and stay airborne up to 36 hours.

Each leg of the flight across America is expected to take 19 to 25 hours with planned stops of 10 days in each city.

A short video of yesterday morning's takeoff: 
Across America 2013: Take off Moffett Airfield

http://live.solarimpulse.com/

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2013-05-04 04:42:22 (5 comments, 5 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Looks like debuting movie trailers and chatting with the movie's cast or crew using Google+ Hangouts has become a thing now :)

Steven Spielberg participated in one of the first major ones for Lincoln last September: Google Play presents: Steven Spielberg and Joseph Gordon-Levitt

Will Smith and Jaden Smith's Hangout for +After Earth was 1.5 weeks ago: 
After Earth Google Hangout

Vin Diesel and the cast of +Fast & Furious 6 will hang out on Sunday, May 5th: https://plus.google.com/events/ckehnkde63kkr1ujbitd85ne4c4

+Ender's Game trailer world premiere and Hangout with director Gavin Hood, producer Bob Orci, and star Asa Butterfield is on Tuesday, May 7th: 
https://plus.google.com/events/cuito512urg0a64r6bc2ocuakuc

I'm sure there were others and will be many more!

Looks like debuting movie trailers and chatting with the movie's cast or crew using Google+ Hangouts has become a thing now :)

Steven Spielberg participated in one of the first major ones for Lincoln last September: Google Play presents: Steven Spielberg and Joseph Gordon-Levitt

Will Smith and Jaden Smith's Hangout for +After Earth was 1.5 weeks ago: 
After Earth Google Hangout

Vin Diesel and the cast of +Fast & Furious 6 will hang out on Sunday, May 5th: https://plus.google.com/events/ckehnkde63kkr1ujbitd85ne4c4

+Ender's Game trailer world premiere and Hangout with director Gavin Hood, producer Bob Orci, and star Asa Butterfield is on Tuesday, May 7th: 
https://plus.google.com/events/cuito512urg0a64r6bc2ocuakuc

I'm sure there were others and will be many more!___

2013-05-02 01:45:45 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Ophthalmologist Dr. Robert Rivera is performing eye surgery using an implantable collamer lens to correct severe myopia (nearsightedness).

He's completed one eye already and is about to start on the other eye now.

Warning: Not for the squeamish, especially if diamond scalpels and needles being inserted into the eye bothers you ;)

Hoopes Vision Correction Center is hanging out in a live Hangout On Air. #hangoutsonair___Ophthalmologist Dr. Robert Rivera is performing eye surgery using an implantable collamer lens to correct severe myopia (nearsightedness).

He's completed one eye already and is about to start on the other eye now.

Warning: Not for the squeamish, especially if diamond scalpels and needles being inserted into the eye bothers you ;)

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2013-04-30 05:39:35 (14 comments, 20 reshares, 66 +1s)Open 

Cyanide & Happiness is a great comic :)

The nature of science research...
http://www.explosm.net/comics/3155/

And after several decades, I just realized why they call them beakers: they have a small spout or "beak"!

Although technically this is an Erlenmeyer flask, not a beaker ;)

Cyanide & Happiness is a great comic :)

The nature of science research...
http://www.explosm.net/comics/3155/

And after several decades, I just realized why they call them beakers: they have a small spout or "beak"!

Although technically this is an Erlenmeyer flask, not a beaker ;)___

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2013-04-30 03:54:12 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Another milestone for the world's first commercial spaceline.

You're off to Great Places!
Today is your day!
Your mountain universe is waiting,
So... get on your way!

Earlier today, after reaching its target release altitude of 47,000 feet, carrier aircraft WhiteKnightTwo launched SpaceShipTwo, which successfully executed its first powered test flight. A 16-second rocket engine burn accelerated the spacecraft to Mach 1.2, after which it descended and landed safely at Spaceport America in Mojave, CA.

SS2 is currently a suborbital tourist vehicle. Virgin Galactic plans to extend its powered flight capabilities by the end of this year to achieve full spaceflight for customers beginning 2014.

So far, Virgin Galactic has received 580 deposits from customers worldwide, which is approximately 10% more than the total number of people who have ever traveled to... more »

SpaceShipTwo fires her rocket motor in flight for the first time, breaking the sound barrier. Today was an extremely important day for Virgin Galactic and for the future of human spaceflight. 

Photo credit: MarsScientific.com / Clay Observatory___Another milestone for the world's first commercial spaceline.

You're off to Great Places!
Today is your day!
Your mountain universe is waiting,
So... get on your way!

Earlier today, after reaching its target release altitude of 47,000 feet, carrier aircraft WhiteKnightTwo launched SpaceShipTwo, which successfully executed its first powered test flight. A 16-second rocket engine burn accelerated the spacecraft to Mach 1.2, after which it descended and landed safely at Spaceport America in Mojave, CA.

SS2 is currently a suborbital tourist vehicle. Virgin Galactic plans to extend its powered flight capabilities by the end of this year to achieve full spaceflight for customers beginning 2014.

So far, Virgin Galactic has received 580 deposits from customers worldwide, which is approximately 10% more than the total number of people who have ever traveled to space since the first manned spaceflight by cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in 1961.

The only thing that could make this photo look any cooler would be to see the Prandtl-Glauert singularity, a.k.a. condensation cloud or "vapor cone" visible at transsonic speeds under sufficiently humid atmospheric conditions!

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_travelers_by_name
• http://www.virgingalactic.com/news/item/virgin-galactic-breaks-speed-of-sound-in-first-rocket-powered-flight-of-spaceshiptwo/

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2013-04-29 23:33:55 (4 comments, 3 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

"In witness whereof -- hear my voice -- Alexander Graham Bell."

These are neat audio time capsules and windows to the past. We've come a long way!

The video below showcases the first recording of Bell's voice on an experimental wax-board disc in 1885. The random sets of numbers and counting seem to be his version of "testing, testing, 1, 2, 3...", although I wonder if there is a method to the madness :)

A transcript can be found here: 
http://newsdesk.si.edu/photos/alexander-graham-bell-transcript-voice-recording

The technique used to rebuild damaged portions of the audio file was developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and was the same technique used to recover Edison's phonograph recording from 1878 and De Martinville's recording from 1860.

The 1878 recording by Thomas Edison during a demonstration in St. Louis is... more »

Scientists have uncovered an audio file of Alexander Graham Bell recording himself and speaking in his laboratory. Learn more here: http://www.theverge.com/2013/4/25/4265300/alexander-graham-bell-telephone-inventor-voice-record-recovered___"In witness whereof -- hear my voice -- Alexander Graham Bell."

These are neat audio time capsules and windows to the past. We've come a long way!

The video below showcases the first recording of Bell's voice on an experimental wax-board disc in 1885. The random sets of numbers and counting seem to be his version of "testing, testing, 1, 2, 3...", although I wonder if there is a method to the madness :)

A transcript can be found here: 
http://newsdesk.si.edu/photos/alexander-graham-bell-transcript-voice-recording

The technique used to rebuild damaged portions of the audio file was developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and was the same technique used to recover Edison's phonograph recording from 1878 and De Martinville's recording from 1860.

The 1878 recording by Thomas Edison during a demonstration in St. Louis is the oldest recording of a playable American voice and history's first-ever recorded musical performance. In addition to a cornet solo, a man and a woman can be heard reciting nursery rhymes like "Mary Had a Little Lamb" and "Old Mother Hubbard". The recording was made on a fragile sheet of tinfoil placed on a hand-cranked cylinder connected to the stylus of a phonograph.

Those audio clips and additional videos providing insight to the reconstruction process using advanced optical imaging and software can be found here: 
http://www.scpr.org/blogs/news/2012/10/25/10712/hear-thomas-edison-sing-rare-1878-audio-restored-f/

Although Edison is considered the father of recorded sound, an even earlier audio recording by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville in 1860 captured him singing the folk song "Au Clair de la Lune" using a phonautograph.

De Martinville's phonautograph converted sound waves to visual images. A horn connected to a diaphragm collected the sound and vibrated a stiff bristle to inscribe an image on a hand-cranked soot-blackened paper wrapped around a cylinder.

The reason we credit Edison with the invention of recorded audio and not de Martinville is that de Martinville failed to invent a way to play back his recordings. His phonautograph was actually meant to be a lab instrument to study acoustics, not for recording or playback--in fact, several decades passed before anyone realized the sounds could theoretically be played back, and no one had actually heard the audio itself until 2008:  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/27/arts/27soun.html

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2013-04-28 02:42:41 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

Tiwanaku, or Tiahuanaco in Spanish, is a pre-Columbian archaeological site in Bolivia on the southeast shores of Lake Titicaca in the Andes over 12,500 feet above sea level.

The first written record in history of the ancient city was by Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León in 1549. Astro-archaeologists believe Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC.

One of the most famous structures on site is a megalithic portal called Puerta del Sol (Gate of the Sun). It is 10 feet tall, 13 feet wide, weighs approximately 10 tons, and was constructed from a single piece of stone.

The lintel contains characters in the form of winged effigies with human faces or condor's heads surrounding a central figure. The main figure is holding staffs symbolizing rays of light.

Although there are several interpretations of the mysterious inscriptions found on the... more »

Tiwanaku, or Tiahuanaco in Spanish, is a pre-Columbian archaeological site in Bolivia on the southeast shores of Lake Titicaca in the Andes over 12,500 feet above sea level.

The first written record in history of the ancient city was by Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León in 1549. Astro-archaeologists believe Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC.

One of the most famous structures on site is a megalithic portal called Puerta del Sol (Gate of the Sun). It is 10 feet tall, 13 feet wide, weighs approximately 10 tons, and was constructed from a single piece of stone.

The lintel contains characters in the form of winged effigies with human faces or condor's heads surrounding a central figure. The main figure is holding staffs symbolizing rays of light.

Although there are several interpretations of the mysterious inscriptions found on the object, the decorative engravings are believed to possess astronomical and astrological significance. The calendar sculpture depicts a "solar year" and has 290 days divided into "twelfths" of 24 days each, plus 2 intercalary days.

A nearby ruined citadel of Kalasasaya is also thought to be constructed with temple stones arranged based on astronomical alignments. Tiahuanacan engineers seemed to possess advanced knowledge, perhaps thousands of years ahead of some other cultures.

#Alignment   #AlignmentInsider  +Thomas Greanias ___

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2013-04-27 21:27:33 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Processing Data from the Large Hadron Collider

The LHC produces 600 million collisions every second in each detector generating 1 petabyte of data per second. After drastic data reduction measures down to 100 GB/s, tens of thousands of processors select out 1 in 100 of the remaining events.

The info is then collected in the CERN Data Center, reconstructed, and archived. Copies are sent to large-scale data centers involving hundreds of thousands of computers distributed around the world.

A network of more than 170 collaborating centers in 36 countries form the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). Each day, WLCG processes more data than a corresponding single computer running for 600 years.

#WhereIsADA   #CERN   #LHC  

Processing Data from the Large Hadron Collider

The LHC produces 600 million collisions every second in each detector generating 1 petabyte of data per second. After drastic data reduction measures down to 100 GB/s, tens of thousands of processors select out 1 in 100 of the remaining events.

The info is then collected in the CERN Data Center, reconstructed, and archived. Copies are sent to large-scale data centers involving hundreds of thousands of computers distributed around the world.

A network of more than 170 collaborating centers in 36 countries form the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). Each day, WLCG processes more data than a corresponding single computer running for 600 years.

#WhereIsADA   #CERN   #LHC  ___

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2013-04-27 05:36:03 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Monument to the Battle of the Nations

Völkerschlachtdenkmal is a monument to the 1813 Battle of Leipzig in Germany. It commemorates the coalition armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sweden defeating the French army of Napoleon.

The structure is 91 meters tall and one of the tallest monuments in Europe. The first level contains a crypt surrounded by eight large statues of fallen warriors next to smaller statues called the Totenwächter (Guards of the Dead). The second level, Ruhmeshalle (Hall of Fame), features four statues each 10 meters tall. They represent the four legendary historic qualities ascribed to the German people: bravery, faith, sacrifice, and fertility.

The main figure on the front of the memorial represents Archangel Michael, considered by some to be the "War God of Germans".

#awesomeportal   #nianticprojectresearch  <... more »

Monument to the Battle of the Nations

Völkerschlachtdenkmal is a monument to the 1813 Battle of Leipzig in Germany. It commemorates the coalition armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sweden defeating the French army of Napoleon.

The structure is 91 meters tall and one of the tallest monuments in Europe. The first level contains a crypt surrounded by eight large statues of fallen warriors next to smaller statues called the Totenwächter (Guards of the Dead). The second level, Ruhmeshalle (Hall of Fame), features four statues each 10 meters tall. They represent the four legendary historic qualities ascribed to the German people: bravery, faith, sacrifice, and fertility.

The main figure on the front of the memorial represents Archangel Michael, considered by some to be the "War God of Germans".

#awesomeportal   #nianticprojectresearch  

Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/berti66/5436814938/___

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