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Xabier Ostale has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Shaun Burks (Stryse)549Good food.  Good peeps.  My birthday.   Birthday Brunch with Stryse2014-03-09 11:30:003 

Xabier Ostale has been shared in 180 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
John Sean10,876This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google Plus.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #philadelphia #phoenix #san_antonio #san_diego #san_francisco #san_jose #seattle #tampa #washington #american_samoa #american_samoa #pago_pago #fiji #fiji #nadi #fiji #suva #argentina #argentina #buenos_aires #argentina #cordoba #argentina #iguaza #argentina #mendoza #argentina #rosaio #argentina #san_carlos_de_bariloche #bolivia #bolivia #cochabamba 2015-01-17 12:51:25360337
GuruOmBha1,393This circle will add amazing, and wonderful content to you stream.Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to or stay in this Circle - Share the circleIf you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles#sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share #shared #followers #addcircles#publicsharedcircles #share #addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle#круги   #круглим  #друзья   #дружба   #circle   #circleshare   #circles  #circlesharing  #круги   #круглим   #кругляши   #музыка   #music   #musicvideo   #love   #lol  #russia   2015-01-09 18:57:24419011
Ardi Santoso273share my circle again2014-12-24 06:14:04412104
Ardi Santoso273Share My Circle2014-12-24 06:13:49500406
Doris Scott66#circleshare #circle #circlesharing #circlesunday   2014-12-14 13:56:51501000
Norman E Grant2,529Share this Circle of passionate people and grow your network. 2014-12-08 20:18:36478000
Becky Collins19,428Soccer Circle Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-12-02 07:20:4347814420
RokSimec.com7,554To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-10-01 11:44:4749811914
Graeme McRae32,843Graeme's All New Circle of Active GooglePlussers! . . . This is a curated circle of active people on Google+ If you add this circle, you will see lots of new posts in your stream from this circle. If you’re in the circle (you’ll know ‘cause I notified you) then you should reshare it to get more followers. It's a circle of people I started following in June, and who have consistently posted something at least once a week during all of weeks since then. If you want an interesting stream, you should add this circle. If you're interested in how I curated this circle, and why I think it makes for a really great stream, read on. . .How did these people get in the circle?. . . They must have posted something interesting, at least once, because I don't follow people unless they post something interesting. By now, you're probably not surprised by the number of people on G+ whose pages are full of repeated posts, videos without comments, and other uninteresting things. I don't follow those people.How did they stay in the circle since they were added?. . . After I add someone, I keep them in the circle of people I added around the same time. Then, several times a week, I go through all my circles and delete people who haven't posted (something visible to me) in the last 7 days. So the people who are left in the circle are consistent posters. That says something important about them, because consistency is a proxy for quality.Wait. What? Why is consistency is a proxy for quality?. . . I'll admit it: I don't have the science to back up that wild statement, but I'll tell you why I believe it to be true. People who post crap don't get a lot of followers, and the few followers they have don't bother to engage. After a while, the crappy-posting people start to think G+ is a ghost town, and they lose interest (or funding). On the other hand, the people who share (or re-share) interesting things get followers and engagement, slowly at first, but ever increasing, and this outpouring of love is what keeps them going. That's what I think anyway, and I'm sticking to it.People who share interesting things get lots of followers. . . This is another half-baked theory of mine, but hear me out. You might think this makes sense: Google+ offers suggestions of people to follow, especially to new users. Google+'s only source of names to suggest is other G+ers like yourself. The G+ers who have the most engagement are the ones Google+ knows will be good to follow, so these people get put out as suggestions more often, and some percentage of those suggestions are taken up. So the more engagement you have, the more Google+ will suggest you as a person to follow, and so the more followers you'll get. Completing the theory: the more interesting the stuff you share (or reshare), the more engagement you'll get, and hence the more followers you'll get.Do you punish people for unfollowing you by unfollowing them back?. . . No. Well, not directly. I only unfollow people who haven’t posted in the past 7 days. If you posted privately to your circles or your extended circles, and then you unfollow me, then I won’t see those posts any more, and I’ll assume you haven’t posted in the past 7 days, and, yes, I will unfollow you in that case. But if your posts are public, my methodology doesn’t care whether you follow me.Do you promise me there won’t be any spammers in this circle?. . . No, I can’t make that promise for 2 reasons. First, one person’s spam is another person’s interesting post. A plumbing contractor who posts fascinating details of pipe fitting, each with a link to his company’s website might go either way. Second, a clever spammer will intersperse interesting posts with annoying spam -- ma2014-09-29 03:08:05165251436
Mohit khoshiya11,650If u got this notification means u r included in this circle.Just ----------- Reshare   ------ if u want to get included in upcoming circles https://plus.google.com/+MohitkhoshiyaaIf you want to be included:? add me? give a +1? comment? and reshare (must be public)#public #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer FindCircles #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle   #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles #circleshare   #circles #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircles   #share   #vipsnowballcircle #circleshare #sharedc2014-09-26 16:18:1641521819
RokSimec.com7,248 To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - Click add people and create your circle3 - share the circle (include yourself)4 - add +1 to the post*More you share more you get!*#circle                    2014-09-26 10:33:5149813920
Amaresh Singh11Circle of Daymy Friends! - You're in this CircleWelcome this circle dated August 29th, 2014.To be considered:1- Add circles2- Ask to be included in the Original post3- Re-share Circle4- Plushttps://plus.google.com/u/0/+OnlineResultPortalPlus/posts/exebUVFcFeW (Indian Universities Circle http://goo.gl/77wQkX)#circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharingcircles#sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday #share#shared #followers #addcircles #publicsharedcircles #share#addpeople #addcircle #addfriends #circle #socialmedia2014-08-29 10:25:10484433065
Becky Collins15,071Dance Circle : Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-08-16 05:13:064828316
Carlos Esteban50,970ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week!2014-08-11 15:57:3149910779158
Dyannah Terry171#sharing  an amazing #circle  . Ad plus and share! Have a great #summer  !!! #circlesharing   #circleshare   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircles  2014-08-05 01:48:15407518
Mohit khoshiya9,385Shared Circles Magic G+ originally shared: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>BEST OF THE BEST CIRCLE 11BEST OF THE BEST CIRCLE 11BEST OF THE BEST CIRCLE 11>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>PLEASE SHARE FROM ORIGINAL POST ONLYhttps://plus.google.com/103293115798339379299/posts/2CDJ9Rc1V88 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>YOU RECEIVED THE NOTIFICATIONBECAUSE YOU SHARED, PLUSSEDAND COMMENTED BEFORETHIS IS WHY YOU ARE NCLUDEDIN THIS NEW FANTASTIC CIRCLE!>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>This is my newest circleof best of the best engagers.I have done my best to keep thosewho are real engagers only.Because the circle was much biggerthan allowed 500, I had to split it for two.This means that another circleis coming tomorrow!I want to thank you allfor the great content you publish,for your shares, plusses and commentsand for the whole FUN ofsharing circles with you!Have fun!THANK YOU!>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>IF YOU WANT TO BE INCLUDED IN MY NEW CIRCLESFOLLOW THESE SIMPLE STEPS PLEASE1.Add me to your circles.2.Share the circle from original post IN PUBLICLINK:https://plus.google.com/103293115798339379299/posts/2CDJ9Rc1V883.Plus and/or comment. This is an important step.4.Add the circle to your circles and ENJOY THE FOLLOW UP.THANK YOU!@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ian CollinsTHE SIMPLE COURSE IN MIRACLESSTARTS: 01 July 2014share with people you loveBEFORE IT'S TOO LATE...http://bit.ly/1tWCwKb@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@#circle #circles #public #publiccircle #circleshare  #circlesharing   2014-07-18 16:50:1640716217
Doug Hyatt3,234MANY NEW PEOPLE #2 THAT WILL PLUS 1 and RESHARESimply ADD yourself to this circle, copy the #HASHTAGS, and REPOST#circles   #circlemania   #circletoday   #circleplus   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #CircleSharing   #sharecircle   #sharecirclethis   #worldsharecircle   #pleasecircleaddme   #circleoftheday   #newgenerationcircle  #monstercircle   #usacircle   #bestofthecircle   #shareofthecircle   #pleasecircle   #newbestcircl  add circle add circle * best share circle * share please pleaseplease add circle * best share circle * share please please#add #circle   #addcircle   #pleasecircle   #bestcircle   #mostcircle  #bestsharecircle   #newcircle   #top100circle   #best500circle   #top500circle   #circleoftheday   #circledaily   #nicecircle   2014-06-29 10:59:0549119415
Wilco Wings23,037Shared Circle of people suggested by other PlussersA call ( https://plus.google.com/+WilcoWings/posts/bk6SJAgXBhB ) to mention your most favorite people on +Google+ , resulted in this 246 people shared circle. All blue heads and inactives for more than 8 weeks are removed using +Circloscope Beta. #sharedcircles  @SharedThemeCircles2014-06-13 19:59:38246353371
hạnh Đức1052014-06-08 19:03:50486304
Farid Shaikh171Google Friends! - You're in this   #Circle   -   #Share the circle *'"*:•:••:*:•-:¦:* Share and Be   #Shared   :¦:-•::••-:•:''''*                                              This is a super   #Circle   and in it I put together a group of really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.I'm talking about the top   #Google + users that share unique and original contents.#Follow   this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:#boost   visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!If you want to be added to the next Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles 3 - Share the circle (Publicly) 4 - Add +1 to the post 5 -   #Follow   your dreams and smile to life.More you share More you get! :)Thanks!#circles       #circleshare       #circlesharing       #sharedcircles                 #addcircles     #addpeople       #addcircle     #addfriends      2014-05-18 17:00:275015011
Carlos Esteban45,152ENGAGERS and other INTERESTING PEOPLE Here you will find a sample of recent and repeat engagers, people that include me in shared circles, and people that publish interesting, useful or amusing posts. Add the circle and check them out. Maybe you like some of them! Feel free to re-share the circle :) Have a great week! #circles #circlethis #circleyoushare #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #sharedcircle #circleshare  #thursdaycircle   #thursdaycircleshared   #circlethursday #circle 2014#82014-05-12 13:43:52499150111187
Ben Forstie54This is the best Circle of Engagers I have come across yet! If you want to increase your visibility, gain likes and shares, you need to add this circle! To get added to this circle in the future, simply +1 and Reshare!Enjoy!Ths circle consists of #seoexperts   #internetmarketing  and #awesomepeople  2014-04-30 20:52:39455617
BigBangBiceps2581.- Plus the post.2.- Share the post publicly in your own stream.3.- Please leave a comment so I am fully aware of your participation.4.- Please follow me (if you haven't reached the 5000 limit already!)#gatheringcircle   #thegatheringcircle         #circleshare       #circlesharing         #circleoftheday   #handpicked         #sharedcircles         #sharedcircle       #sharedpubliccircles     #fullcircleshare         #addmetoyourcircles     #circleoftheday     #bestsharedcircle         #thebestcirclesongoogle     #thebestcircle     #circles         #circle         #share  2014-04-14 16:46:494746410
Erik Barrett16,153Here is my #saturdaycircleshare   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #shared4shared   #sharedcircleoftheweek  JUST SHOWING SOME LOVE2014-04-12 18:13:56472492783
Mohit khoshiya6,881#circle #circles #circleshare #circleshares #circleshared #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #follow #followme #followers #following #authicle #authiclecircleshare #authiclecircle #authiclevol45  #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup 2014-04-10 17:04:5640416920
John Nuntiatio33,200#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #bestcircle #news  #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-04-10 10:46:044893106
Thibaut Delp22,406Time for some  #CircleShare   This is my  #Awesome  Circle! Awesome people for an awesome Google+ experience! Enjoy folks :)+Nothing but Circles +Shared Circles on G+ +Full Circle +Circles (CircleHub) 2014-03-07 19:15:572389713
Mikhail Petrovsky79,190Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-02-07 07:38:17500392080
Vũ Phá0So, someone asked me if when would i share a themed circle. I share circles of mixes of different people because i think it brings diversity of the circle.Well people, should i share a themed circle? Well if i would, it would be a different circle though, and it would be less frequent than my other two circles.. (this circle and the snowball one)Well circle Yulia seems kind since she did not remove any people this time, instead she added some!So everyone, this circle obviously contains people. They seem to be pretty normal perhaps.  Hahaha! :-P.Well they engage with people and they have great content in their profiles. Some in here are photographers, philosophers, humorists and everything nice! These guys are not only suggested by me but also suggested by others. So yea, i believe it's a pretty great mix... :-DNote: If ever you want to suggest someone to be included in the future editions of this circle, just tag them in the comments!2014-02-06 16:37:31501537
Johnny Wood28,960My Ultimate   #VIP Circle Is Back!For the last couple of months I've been locked away working on a Social Media Marketing training program, and its finally ready for you!  I am giving away free copies to a few lucky people...see this post to WIN a copy for yourself:https://plus.google.com/u/0/+JohnnyWood/posts/RwyaT9JSHeHI'm going to get back to more regular circle shares now too, and introducing some fun new circles.  You know the drill...1. RESHARE2. PLUS +13. ADD CIRCLE4. COMMENTIf nothing else just leave a comment to say hi...I'm looking forward to catching up with everybody!#circlesharing         #circleshare         #circles         #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles         #sharedcircles     #share  2014-02-05 01:12:15415572740
Elvis Duarte2,191New Version of Active Share Members CircleMany if these active members will add you back when you add this circle to your circles. Adding a shared circle helps you to increase the number of people following you.Please do this:1.  Plus this original post.2. Comment on this post.3. Add this circle to your circles4. Reshare this post publicly#circle #circles #publiccircle #circleshare #circlesharing #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles #AwesomeCircle #addcircle #addpeople #circlemeup #circlesdiscovery #circleshare #circlesharing #publiccircle   #publicsharedcircles #SharedCircles#sharedcircles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circle   #circleoftheday   2014-02-01 06:51:0249512320
Wilco Wings14,437Part 2/2 - People who +1'd, reshared or commented on my posts in the period between 17 and 20 January.I was going to make a shared a circle of active people on Google+ who engaged on one of my last 50 posts.  This idea did nor work out as expected, after 15 posts, I had already gathered about 800 people. So here they are... #engagers   #sharedcircles  Part 1/2 https://plus.google.com/112144785911700169746/posts/1sXPTYPJJVr2014-01-31 16:30:5540145972
Kimberly Hurlbut29,256New to G+? Just need more entertainment in your stream? THIS is the circle for you!This shared circle includes:* Artists   * Geeks   * Comedians   * Writers   * Engagers   * Original Posters   * Awesome and Amazing Individuals   * Some Well Known and Some Little Known G+ers   * Add more positive adjectives here:                  .I'm posting this despite the recent debate and ban by some people on shared circles that is apparently going on, but I know that if I hadn't grabbed awesome shared circles at the beginning of my G+ experience I would not still be here! Please help the newbies or the G+ers that need new and GREAT content in their stream by adding this circle and sharing. If I have included you and you would like to be removed please let me know. Thank you and have a nice day. :o)2014-01-23 09:53:358714816
Artur Mashnich45,164Circle of the Most Active Users of Google+A Very Social CircleКруг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.#Forfriends  2014-01-20 23:53:54402511771
John Nuntiatio24,370#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport 2014-01-14 07:56:573977710
Mikhail Petrovsky76,158Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-14 04:53:47500351976
John Nuntiatio24,103#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport 2014-01-11 11:17:06403506
John Nuntiatio23,700#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport 2014-01-08 21:04:48409609
John Nuntiatio23,597#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport 2014-01-07 19:25:59410609
Artur Mashnich41,769A Very Social CircleКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+circle of people, with active life position in Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.2013-12-27 02:44:15401402156
Drew Pearson Sr.199Looking for some cool, fun, and interesting people to add to your circles (although, I think we all agree that everyone on G+ are all of the above)? Check out this circle share!     If you would like to be included: 1) Share the circle publicly & privately (public is preferred), as much as you feel necessary, my main objective is to have the people included in this circle, shared!  2) Add/Circle & Plus this page +CBM Fitness  , as well as leave a comment (Please do this if you would like to be included) letting me know that you’d like to be included.    3) Leave a comment on THIS post. This is a very important step, if you would like to be included in any of my circle shares, leaving a comment on this original post helps me know that, so please leave a comment stating your interest 4) Last but not least, REMEMBER to check out the awesome people who are included in this circle share. #FriendsShareFriends     #SnowballEffect     #YoureAwesome   #CBMFITNESS   2013-12-19 13:00:15501251525
John Nuntiatio21,467#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport  2013-12-15 11:28:4636716724
John Nuntiatio20,962#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share2013-12-09 13:46:27373171329
Marco Usai1,092WEB INFLUENCER MEGAMIX 1 Have a Great Sunday my Google+ Friends!I am happy to share with you my 1th #sharedcircle named Web Influencer Megamix.I put together a mix of #TopEngagers  - Really Interesting People who share unique and original content.   Do yo want to be added to the Web #Influencer Circle?To be included, be so kind to:   1 - Do +1 t the post   2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest)         (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)   3 - Include the circle among your circles   4 - Share the circle (include yourself)   5 - Be free and smile to life! :)   #circles #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #influencers #influencer #influence #influencermarketing #sharedcircle #sundaycircle   #circleshare   #circlesunday   #sunday #circlesharing   #sundaycircleshare  2013-12-08 17:09:5148925820
Tancredi Matranga9,662WEB INFLUENCER MEGAMIX 15Have a Great Sunday my Google+ Friends!I am happy to share with you my 15th #sharedcircle named Web Influencer Megamix.I put together a mix of #TopEngagers  - Really Interesting People who share unique and original content.   Do yo want to be added to the Web #Influencer Circle?To be included, be so kind to:   1 - Do +1 t the post   2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest)         (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)   3 - Include the circle among your circles   4 - Share the circle (include yourself)   5 - Be free and smile to life! :)   #circles #sharedcircles #addcircle #sharedpubliccircles #growfollowers #circleshare #publicsharedcircles #circleoftheweek #circlesharing #publiccircle #findcircles #circlemeup #influencers #influencer #influence #influencermarketing #sharedcircle #sundaycircle   #circleshare   #circlesunday   #sunday #circlesharing   #sundaycircleshare  2013-12-08 16:29:044909555120
John Nuntiatio20,681#sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share 2013-12-05 19:37:004205210
John Nuntiatio20,681#sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share 2013-12-05 19:36:4538723837
Artur Mashnich38,751A Very Social CircleКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+circle of people, with active life position in Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.*If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.2013-11-29 09:35:36402514081
matt vovakiss6,543Turkey Circle Turkey clucks and Plus1's.  In this circle you will find the finest #Turkey 's. #HOT , #JUICY , #PLUMP and full of #PLUS1 's. A Succulent Selection of G+. New and Improved #members   . With even more #random juiciness than ever before! You can update my #Appreciation Circles with this Turkey Circle. Don't forget to; #SHARE and #PLUS1 .  #active #users #thanksgiving #dinner #sharedcircles #circleshare #topsharedcircle #bestsharedcircle #happyholidays #hashtagspam #circlemaster #derp  2013-11-27 05:54:03420394354
Claudiu Narita3,3332013-11-20 02:26:3946114315

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Most comments: 29

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2015-01-10 17:25:17 (29 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Right wing Realpolitik is on the move.
Tories plan to raise threshold for key public sector industrial action
TUC say plans would effectively end the right to strike, at a time when the party are planning large-scale job cuts and falling pay

It's now the norm in all Europe. Bit by bit, they are building the New World.
(large scale job cuts plus falling pay minus right to strike)^2 x dismantling of social services plus tycoons' tax avoidance / political corruption = New season of The Little House on the Prairie

UKIP + Tories is your future government.

Most reshares: 5

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2015-01-19 07:05:00 (13 comments, 5 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Oxfam: Richest 1% to Own Half the World's Wealth by 2016
"In order to curb extreme inequality, Oxfam is calling upon states to tackle tax evasion, improve public services, tax capital rather than labor, and introduce living minimum wages, among other measures."

Most plusones: 28

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2015-01-24 18:51:40 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Constructed in the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, approximately in 1070 by Ilbert de Lazy.
Pontefract Castle
"Pontefract was a vast stone castle, and it's thought that it enjoyed the protection of two-outer walled baileys. Effectively, it was a concentric castle design."
"Pontefract Castle has attracted a phenomenal amount of death, decay and misery over the years. As an ominous precursor, the entire place was constructed on an old Anglo-Saxon burial ground."
"Pontefract was the site of some dark moments in history - in 1311, Edward II gained the upper hand on his own cousin, Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and had him executed in the castle- along with beheading 20 other rebels."

Latest 50 posts

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2015-02-01 08:14:46 (13 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

A historian of Ancient Rome.
Cassius Dio (c. AD 150 - 230 )
The extant books of Cassius Dio’s Roman History (c. 220 AD) cover the last years of the Roman Republic and the early history of the Roman Principate.
He wrote in Greek. Dio's work is important to understand the late Republic and the Augustan period. In general, it's factually accurate, although with a senatorial bias. He entered the Senate under Commodus and was twice consul (AD 192 and AD 229)

I've found this mini biography:
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1291933/bio "Cassius Dio was a Greek historian and Roman official. He was the son of Cassius Apronianus, governor of Cilicia and Dalmatia, and may have been a descendant of the Greek orator and philosopher Dio Chrysostom. Dio Cassius came to Rome at the age of 16, in the early years of the reign of Commodus (180-192 AD), under whom hes... more »

A historian of Ancient Rome.
Cassius Dio (c. AD 150 - 230 )
The extant books of Cassius Dio’s Roman History (c. 220 AD) cover the last years of the Roman Republic and the early history of the Roman Principate.
He wrote in Greek. Dio's work is important to understand the late Republic and the Augustan period. In general, it's factually accurate, although with a senatorial bias. He entered the Senate under Commodus and was twice consul (AD 192 and AD 229)

I've found this mini biography:
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1291933/bio "Cassius Dio was a Greek historian and Roman official. He was the son of Cassius Apronianus, governor of Cilicia and Dalmatia, and may have been a descendant of the Greek orator and philosopher Dio Chrysostom. Dio Cassius came to Rome at the age of 16, in the early years of the reign of Commodus (180-192 AD), under whom he subsequently became a member of the Roman Senate. During the brief principate of Pertinax (193) he was nominated to a praetorship, which he held in the following year after the accession of Septimius Severus. In 205 he served as consul, and during the reign of Severus Alexander (222-35) was appointed successively to the governorships of Africa, Dalmatia, and Upper Pannonia. In 229 he became consul again, as the colleague of the emperor himself. However, he did not spend his year of office in Rome, since the unpopularity of his strict discipline with the soldiers and praetorian guardsmen prompted the emperor to suggest that he should absent himself from the city. Leaving the public service, Dio withdrew to his native Bithynia, where he apparently remained. He wrote, in Greek, a Roman history in 80 books (of which 26 survive), covering the period from the founding of the city to AD 229, including the only surviving account of the invasion of Britain by Claudius 43 BC. Dio's history took him 10 years to prepare and 12 more to write. The principal value of the work lies in the period from A.D. 180 onward, during which time Dio's own official career enabled him, as an importantly placed eyewitness, to collect firsthand information. Dio also wrote a biography of Arrian, and an account of the dreams and portents of Septimius Severus, but both these works are lost."

In the pic, Arch of Augustus by Giovanni Battista Piranesi.___

2015-01-31 18:43:16 (19 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Any questions?

Any questions?___

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2015-01-30 14:54:13 (9 comments, 0 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Witchcraft
"Sixteenth and seventeenth century discussions of witchcraft by educated commentators  (both on the European Continent and in England) always insisted that a pact with the the devil lay behind witchcraft, — although they admitted that this pact was sometimes only tacit or implied."
"There were some differences between witchcraft beliefs on the Continent and those in England. Continental witches were far more sociable than their English counterparts - often meeting in covens on the Sabbath to celebrate Black Masses or flying to communal celebrations on Walpurgis Night."
"Demonologists often discussed the possibility of witches having sexual relations with demons, who would assume corporal form for the purpose - in female shape as a succubus if the witch were male, and or as a male incubus if the witch were female."
"The witch'ste... more »

Witchcraft
"Sixteenth and seventeenth century discussions of witchcraft by educated commentators  (both on the European Continent and in England) always insisted that a pact with the the devil lay behind witchcraft, — although they admitted that this pact was sometimes only tacit or implied."
"There were some differences between witchcraft beliefs on the Continent and those in England. Continental witches were far more sociable than their English counterparts - often meeting in covens on the Sabbath to celebrate Black Masses or flying to communal celebrations on Walpurgis Night."
"Demonologists often discussed the possibility of witches having sexual relations with demons, who would assume corporal form for the purpose - in female shape as a succubus if the witch were male, and or as a male incubus if the witch were female."
"The witch's teat was an unnatural protuberance (usually in the armpit or crotch) that was insensitive when pricked. A suspected witch was often subjected to a strip-search by local women - often by midwives who could be trusted to recognize normal growths such as warts and scars, and who were familiar enough with local women to know who had birthmarks."
"Another belief held widely in England was that a witch would not sink in water."___

2015-01-29 09:00:01 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

NO2

NO2___

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2015-01-26 14:33:38 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Another under-examined calamity burgeoning in a warming world
How Climate Change Is Fueling the World's Longest-Burning fires
"Peat is the stuff of bogs and wetlands; it gives rise to our swamp things and our Scotch. But peat burns, and to ugly effect. It doesn’t burst into flames so much as smolder—instead of towering fires, it produces thick walls of foggy smoke. These fires are already the largest in the world in terms of carbon output, and, in a category they share with coal blazes, they are the longest-lasting. 'Smoldering fires' can go on for years."
"Climate change is warming and drying out peat-filled regions around the world."
“Peat fires, once established, are extremely difficult to control, and notoriously difficult to extinguish."
"Peatlands are, ​according to the experts, "the most widespread of all wetlandtypes i... more »

Another under-examined calamity burgeoning in a warming world
How Climate Change Is Fueling the World's Longest-Burning fires
"Peat is the stuff of bogs and wetlands; it gives rise to our swamp things and our Scotch. But peat burns, and to ugly effect. It doesn’t burst into flames so much as smolder—instead of towering fires, it produces thick walls of foggy smoke. These fires are already the largest in the world in terms of carbon output, and, in a category they share with coal blazes, they are the longest-lasting. 'Smoldering fires' can go on for years."
"Climate change is warming and drying out peat-filled regions around the world."
“Peat fires, once established, are extremely difficult to control, and notoriously difficult to extinguish."
"Peatlands are, ​according to the experts, "the most widespread of all wetland types in the world, representing 50 to 70 percent of global wetlands."
“Globally, the amount of carbon stored in peats exceeds that stored in vegetation and is similar in size to the current atmospheric carbon pool,” the authors of the Nature study write. Let that sink in for a second; there is about as much carbon in the world’s peatlands—the bogs, swamps, and mosslands—as there currently is in the sky. And humanity, as we known has spewed a lot of carbon into the air."
"Because of the easy ignition and difficult suppression, smoldering is the most persistent type of combustion phenomena on Earth."
"Smoldering fires burn for very long periods of time (e.g. months, years, decades) despite extensive rains, weather changes and fire-fighting attempts."
"Indeed, the oldest continuously burning fire on Earth is the Burning Mountain in New South Wales, Australia, a large coal seam that has been smoldering for approximately 6,000 years,"
“In undisturbed peatlands, most of the peat carbon stock typically is protected from smoldering, and resistance to fire has led to a build-up of peat carbon storage in boreal and tropical regions over long timescales,” the study explains. But climate change is drying them out, and humans are draining the local water reserves—and starting more fires."___

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2015-01-26 08:16:50 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

The debris from the fire was used to fill the malaria-ridden marshes that had plagued the city for generations.
The Burning of Rome (64 AD)
Tacitus:
"Nero was at Antium. He returned to the city only when the fire was approaching the mansion he had built to link the Gardens of Maecenas to the Palatine. The flames could not be prevented from overwhelming the whole of the Palatine, including his palace. Nevertheless, for the relief of the homeless, fugitive masses he threw open the Field of Mars, including Agrippa's public buildings, and even his own Gardens. Nero also constructed emergency accommodation for the destitute multitude. Food was brought from Ostia and neighboring towns, and the price of corn was cut to less than ¼ sesterce a pound. Yet these measures, for all their popular character, earned no gratitude. For a rumor had spread that, while the city was burning, Nero... more »

The debris from the fire was used to fill the malaria-ridden marshes that had plagued the city for generations.
The Burning of Rome (64 AD)
Tacitus:
"Nero was at Antium. He returned to the city only when the fire was approaching the mansion he had built to link the Gardens of Maecenas to the Palatine. The flames could not be prevented from overwhelming the whole of the Palatine, including his palace. Nevertheless, for the relief of the homeless, fugitive masses he threw open the Field of Mars, including Agrippa's public buildings, and even his own Gardens. Nero also constructed emergency accommodation for the destitute multitude. Food was brought from Ostia and neighboring towns, and the price of corn was cut to less than ¼ sesterce a pound. Yet these measures, for all their popular character, earned no gratitude. For a rumor had spread that, while the city was burning, Nero had gone on his private stage and, comparing modern calamities with ancient, had sung of the destruction of Troy."___

2015-01-25 22:46:49 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Betty Lou dropped a thousand feet and survived.

Nighty night x

Betty Lou dropped a thousand feet and survived.

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-25 21:46:01 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

The cancellation of German debt in 1953 versus the attitude to the Third World and Greece
Germany was allowed not to spend more than 5% of its export revenues to pay back its debt.
"In 2004 developing countries had to spend an average of 12.5% of their export revenues to pay back their debts (8.7% for subsaharian African countries and 20% for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean). The proportion was even higher than 20% by the end of the 1990s."
"Proportionally the debt reduction granted to Greece in March 2012 is far smaller that the one granted to Germany."

The cancellation of German debt in 1953 versus the attitude to the Third World and Greece
Germany was allowed not to spend more than 5% of its export revenues to pay back its debt.
"In 2004 developing countries had to spend an average of 12.5% of their export revenues to pay back their debts (8.7% for subsaharian African countries and 20% for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean). The proportion was even higher than 20% by the end of the 1990s."
"Proportionally the debt reduction granted to Greece in March 2012 is far smaller that the one granted to Germany."___

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2015-01-25 14:24:36 (10 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Via +Russell Davison 
Be Bop Deluxe - Futurist Manifesto
I didn't know this futurist manifesto, I don't have the faintest idea what its meaning is, if any, but I totally agree because it sounds great or because they say important words, or else.

Via +Russell Davison 
Be Bop Deluxe - Futurist Manifesto
I didn't know this futurist manifesto, I don't have the faintest idea what its meaning is, if any, but I totally agree because it sounds great or because they say important words, or else.___

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2015-01-25 09:17:00 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

The Key To Making The Most Of Rising Wind Energy Production Is…
I'm more for inter-communities cooperatives off the grid own by the consumers (or the local commonwealth for that matter), and altogether based on wind, geothermal and solar with storage (lifting water during the day, for instance), creating corridors and intelligent supply according to demand... but still, any increase in wind production is welcome.

The Key To Making The Most Of Rising Wind Energy Production Is…
I'm more for inter-communities cooperatives off the grid own by the consumers (or the local commonwealth for that matter), and altogether based on wind, geothermal and solar with storage (lifting water during the day, for instance), creating corridors and intelligent supply according to demand... but still, any increase in wind production is welcome.___

2015-01-25 02:12:00 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Bed.
:)
Nighty night x

Bed.
:)
Nighty night x___

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2015-01-24 22:30:57 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Search for a real Robin Hood
"One of the earliest surviving ballads is A Gest of Robyn Hode. In the Gest, a "comely" king named Edward is travelling around the country. He meets Robin Hood, pardons him, and Robin goes to work in his court. Fifteen months later, Robin goes broke, gets bored, and returns to his outlaw life."
"Edward II is said to have been handsome and extensively travelled England. Details of the king's progress in the Gest match a journey made by Edward II between April and November of 1323."
"And Hunter discovered a Robyn Hood who served as a porter to the king's court between March 24 and November 22, 1324. In the last court entry, this Robyn was paid off because "he can no longer work". This historical Robyn was at the right place, the right time, and in the right sort of job for the Robin Hood of an important... more »

Search for a real Robin Hood
"One of the earliest surviving ballads is A Gest of Robyn Hode. In the Gest, a "comely" king named Edward is travelling around the country. He meets Robin Hood, pardons him, and Robin goes to work in his court. Fifteen months later, Robin goes broke, gets bored, and returns to his outlaw life."
"Edward II is said to have been handsome and extensively travelled England. Details of the king's progress in the Gest match a journey made by Edward II between April and November of 1323."
"And Hunter discovered a Robyn Hood who served as a porter to the king's court between March 24 and November 22, 1324. In the last court entry, this Robyn was paid off because "he can no longer work". This historical Robyn was at the right place, the right time, and in the right sort of job for the Robin Hood of an important early ballad."
"Hunter went on to speculate that this Robyn Hood was the same as Robert Hood, a tenant of Wakefield, Yorkshire who is mentioned in 1316-7. Wakefield is only 10 miles from Barnsdale, the medieval home of the legendary Robin Hood. And Robert's wife was named Matilda, Maid Marian's true name in two Elizabethan plays. A later writer discovered that Robert, like the legendary Robin Hood in some tales, may have been the son of a forester named Adam."___

2015-01-24 21:23:29 (19 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

The new heights of political hypocrisy are stunning.
Do they also carry banners saying "I am king Abdullah"?
I don't want my representatives to pay any respect to a bigot theocratic tyrannical monarch. We do even pay the costs of their travels and the security implementations that the visit to the rotting corpse of that iron fist dictator entails. Worst of all, in Spain we have a non-elected monarch too, who is going to pay respect (bills paid by taxpayers) and homage to one of their monarchical ilk.
Kings are pestilent animals.

The new heights of political hypocrisy are stunning.
Do they also carry banners saying "I am king Abdullah"?
I don't want my representatives to pay any respect to a bigot theocratic tyrannical monarch. We do even pay the costs of their travels and the security implementations that the visit to the rotting corpse of that iron fist dictator entails. Worst of all, in Spain we have a non-elected monarch too, who is going to pay respect (bills paid by taxpayers) and homage to one of their monarchical ilk.
Kings are pestilent animals.___

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2015-01-24 18:51:40 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Constructed in the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, approximately in 1070 by Ilbert de Lazy.
Pontefract Castle
"Pontefract was a vast stone castle, and it's thought that it enjoyed the protection of two-outer walled baileys. Effectively, it was a concentric castle design."
"Pontefract Castle has attracted a phenomenal amount of death, decay and misery over the years. As an ominous precursor, the entire place was constructed on an old Anglo-Saxon burial ground."
"Pontefract was the site of some dark moments in history - in 1311, Edward II gained the upper hand on his own cousin, Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and had him executed in the castle- along with beheading 20 other rebels."

Constructed in the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, approximately in 1070 by Ilbert de Lazy.
Pontefract Castle
"Pontefract was a vast stone castle, and it's thought that it enjoyed the protection of two-outer walled baileys. Effectively, it was a concentric castle design."
"Pontefract Castle has attracted a phenomenal amount of death, decay and misery over the years. As an ominous precursor, the entire place was constructed on an old Anglo-Saxon burial ground."
"Pontefract was the site of some dark moments in history - in 1311, Edward II gained the upper hand on his own cousin, Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and had him executed in the castle- along with beheading 20 other rebels."___

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2015-01-24 16:00:07 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

A gritty and compelling documentary.
Freedom Summer (PBS)
"Over 10 memorable weeks in 1964 known as Freedom Summer, more than 700 student volunteers from around the country joined organizers and local African Americans in a historic effort to shatter the foundations of white supremacy in what was one of the nation’s most viciously racist, segregated states."
"Freedom Summer of 1964 was marked by sustained and deadly violence, including the notorious murders of three civil rights workers, countless beatings, the burning of thirty-five churches, and the bombing of seventy homes and community centers."

And a link to a podcast about 1964 Freedom Summer:
http://www.npr.org/2014/06/23/324879867/50-years-ago-students-fought-for-black-rights-during-freedom-summer

A gritty and compelling documentary.
Freedom Summer (PBS)
"Over 10 memorable weeks in 1964 known as Freedom Summer, more than 700 student volunteers from around the country joined organizers and local African Americans in a historic effort to shatter the foundations of white supremacy in what was one of the nation’s most viciously racist, segregated states."
"Freedom Summer of 1964 was marked by sustained and deadly violence, including the notorious murders of three civil rights workers, countless beatings, the burning of thirty-five churches, and the bombing of seventy homes and community centers."

And a link to a podcast about 1964 Freedom Summer:
http://www.npr.org/2014/06/23/324879867/50-years-ago-students-fought-for-black-rights-during-freedom-summer___

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2015-01-23 23:57:03 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

via +Jarn Vermote 

Only Robin Hood could beat Lars Andersen.

The world's fastest archer has some compelling evidence that we've got archery all wrong. Frankly, as a GM you may not want your players watching this video...___via +Jarn Vermote 

Only Robin Hood could beat Lars Andersen.

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2015-01-23 10:44:33 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

A 12th century Norman castle with the largest Norman arch.
Hedingham Castle (Essex. England)
"The magnificent Norman Castle keep at Hedingham is among one of the best preserved in Europe. It was built by Aubrey de Vere in 1140."
"Hedingham was endowed with the largest Norman Arch in Europe (28 feet)."
Square in plant, it's one of the finest keeps in England, standing 110 feet high. The keep once stood inside a curtain wall.

A picture of the castle:
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-kslg_sDjsAU/Ueo-y44-A9I/AAAAAAAACys/SZ-xQ0RpxRQ/s1600/100_0471.jpg

A 12th century Norman castle with the largest Norman arch.
Hedingham Castle (Essex. England)
"The magnificent Norman Castle keep at Hedingham is among one of the best preserved in Europe. It was built by Aubrey de Vere in 1140."
"Hedingham was endowed with the largest Norman Arch in Europe (28 feet)."
Square in plant, it's one of the finest keeps in England, standing 110 feet high. The keep once stood inside a curtain wall.

A picture of the castle:
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-kslg_sDjsAU/Ueo-y44-A9I/AAAAAAAACys/SZ-xQ0RpxRQ/s1600/100_0471.jpg___

2015-01-22 21:57:00 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Time and tide wait for no man. Not even the king.

Nighty night x

Time and tide wait for no man. Not even the king.

Nighty night x___

2015-01-22 20:15:37 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Every 72 hours elevators move the equivalent of the entire global population.

Every 72 hours elevators move the equivalent of the entire global population.___

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2015-01-22 05:29:34 (11 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Saint-Just: The French Revolution's Angel of Death
The controversial and loathed radical figures of the French Revolution have to be revised. The imperialistic, power-driven and militaristic Napoleon caused millions of deaths and cast a very dark shadow on the forefathers of the Revolution.
As they were at war with ultra reactionary Austria, and they intended to establish social justice against corruption, privileges and reactionary forces, they felt trapped, and eventually they were unable to make the revolution succeed through hugging and smiling to the aristocrats, oligarchs and zealot clergy.
I wonder and ponder... wasn't the revolution, by and large, provoked and triggered by the greedy bastards in power, the aristocracy-plutocracy and their propagandist guardian the powerful Catholic church?

Saint-Just: The French Revolution's Angel of Death
The controversial and loathed radical figures of the French Revolution have to be revised. The imperialistic, power-driven and militaristic Napoleon caused millions of deaths and cast a very dark shadow on the forefathers of the Revolution.
As they were at war with ultra reactionary Austria, and they intended to establish social justice against corruption, privileges and reactionary forces, they felt trapped, and eventually they were unable to make the revolution succeed through hugging and smiling to the aristocrats, oligarchs and zealot clergy.
I wonder and ponder... wasn't the revolution, by and large, provoked and triggered by the greedy bastards in power, the aristocracy-plutocracy and their propagandist guardian the powerful Catholic church?___

2015-01-20 21:21:06 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

"And trust me when I tell you the right choice is to live" - he's said

Nighty night x

"And trust me when I tell you the right choice is to live" - he's said

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-20 08:09:23 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

When Commodus renamed Rome with his own name
In AD 191, emperor Commodus renamed the city of Rome after himself. Its new name was to be Colonia Commodiana, and the Roman legions would become the Commodian legions.
As emperorship is a ridiculous thing by itself, I can't help thinking the coin is ridiculously ambiguous too.

And some hashtags, which are ridiculous as well:
#PsycopathsInPower   #VladimirPutin   #Megalomania   #GuillotineOnePercent   #EmperorCommodus   #JeSuisIMF     #HashtagsSuck  

When Commodus renamed Rome with his own name
In AD 191, emperor Commodus renamed the city of Rome after himself. Its new name was to be Colonia Commodiana, and the Roman legions would become the Commodian legions.
As emperorship is a ridiculous thing by itself, I can't help thinking the coin is ridiculously ambiguous too.

And some hashtags, which are ridiculous as well:
#PsycopathsInPower   #VladimirPutin   #Megalomania   #GuillotineOnePercent   #EmperorCommodus   #JeSuisIMF     #HashtagsSuck  ___

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2015-01-20 06:45:38 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

We are falling back to a new crinoline mentality.
The Crinoline (1850's and 1860's)
"In many ways, the mid-nineteenth-century crinoline and the billowing skirts it created were a throwback to much older fashions.  In the sixteenth century, the farthingale, a wooden hoop structure, had created the elaborate skirts we associate with Queen Elizabeth I.  By the eighteenth century, these wooden hoops had become even more elaborate as many women began wearing side hoops or panniers which pushed their skirts out even further."

Here another link on the history of hooped petticoats (AD 1500 - 1900), farthingales, panniers, bustles, and crinolines:
http://www.fashionintime.org/history-womens-hooped-petticoats/

We are falling back to a new crinoline mentality.
The Crinoline (1850's and 1860's)
"In many ways, the mid-nineteenth-century crinoline and the billowing skirts it created were a throwback to much older fashions.  In the sixteenth century, the farthingale, a wooden hoop structure, had created the elaborate skirts we associate with Queen Elizabeth I.  By the eighteenth century, these wooden hoops had become even more elaborate as many women began wearing side hoops or panniers which pushed their skirts out even further."

Here another link on the history of hooped petticoats (AD 1500 - 1900), farthingales, panniers, bustles, and crinolines:
http://www.fashionintime.org/history-womens-hooped-petticoats/___

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2015-01-19 08:04:54 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

14th century London
Sin City: thievery, prostitution and murder in medieval London
"Londoners of the 14th and 15th centuries had a sophisticated understanding of the vice-ridden city they inhabited, often associating particular districts with certain criminal proclivities."

14th century London
Sin City: thievery, prostitution and murder in medieval London
"Londoners of the 14th and 15th centuries had a sophisticated understanding of the vice-ridden city they inhabited, often associating particular districts with certain criminal proclivities."___

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2015-01-19 07:05:00 (13 comments, 5 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Oxfam: Richest 1% to Own Half the World's Wealth by 2016
"In order to curb extreme inequality, Oxfam is calling upon states to tackle tax evasion, improve public services, tax capital rather than labor, and introduce living minimum wages, among other measures."

Oxfam: Richest 1% to Own Half the World's Wealth by 2016
"In order to curb extreme inequality, Oxfam is calling upon states to tackle tax evasion, improve public services, tax capital rather than labor, and introduce living minimum wages, among other measures."___

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2015-01-18 20:03:36 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Little Accidents (2014)
I think it's a good movie.
The little devastating things of life that shrink us, slowly tearing us apart and squeezing the bits, belittling us to almost nothing, to a heap of dissolved sharp feelings, laying waste to us, throwing us to an empty space inside our minds where there is no room for great words anymore, and slowly killing us like hundreds of stabs, all over the body and right to the heart, until we just breathe and move on, just until it's late, just too late.

Little Accidents (2014)
I think it's a good movie.
The little devastating things of life that shrink us, slowly tearing us apart and squeezing the bits, belittling us to almost nothing, to a heap of dissolved sharp feelings, laying waste to us, throwing us to an empty space inside our minds where there is no room for great words anymore, and slowly killing us like hundreds of stabs, all over the body and right to the heart, until we just breathe and move on, just until it's late, just too late.___

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2015-01-18 13:33:08 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

If you put too many Earthlings in the same place... if something goes wrong, a moronic mass of people in panic becomes a monster eating itself...
10 Tragic Human Panics and Stampedes
"Panics and stampedes can generally be broken down into two categories: acquisitive panics, where people rush headlong in a rush or panic to acquire something of value – say a better seat in a theater, or a chance to get that “must have” doll for a Christmas present when the shopping center doors open on Black Friday; and the typical image of a panic or human stampede – a life or death surge away from some form of danger – such as people trying to escape a burning night club. Both forms of behavior can lead to a human stampede and the deaths of scores, or even hundreds of people."

In this link there are interesting remarks:
http://milkmiracle.net/2010/10/22/stampede/Until r... more »

If you put too many Earthlings in the same place... if something goes wrong, a moronic mass of people in panic becomes a monster eating itself...
10 Tragic Human Panics and Stampedes
"Panics and stampedes can generally be broken down into two categories: acquisitive panics, where people rush headlong in a rush or panic to acquire something of value – say a better seat in a theater, or a chance to get that “must have” doll for a Christmas present when the shopping center doors open on Black Friday; and the typical image of a panic or human stampede – a life or death surge away from some form of danger – such as people trying to escape a burning night club. Both forms of behavior can lead to a human stampede and the deaths of scores, or even hundreds of people."

In this link there are interesting remarks:
http://milkmiracle.net/2010/10/22/stampede/
Until recently, the primary guiding principle in the design of structures for mass use was fluid dynamics, the branch of physics dealing with the flow of fluids such as water.
"Put plainly, this assumption does not hold water. Individuals in a group exhibit crowding behavior, something that cannot be accurately accounted for by comparing to fluids. Once we think about it, it isn’t surprising at all. From experience, we know that often one queue is longer than another at the movie theater for no apparent reason and that people do not spread out evenly in all the compartments of a local train."
"In an escape panic situation, individuals deviate from fluids even further. Under duress, individuals tend to walk faster than usual. They tend to push and shove others ahead of them in the perceived escape route. In the heat of the moment, other escape routes are frequently overlooked. In confined areas such as crowded exit points, moving becomes uncoordinated and physical forces build up to a point that steel fences and brick walls can get damaged. No wonder then that many people fall in the melee and get injured! These people then become obstructions that have to be overcome by the rest of the crowd."
"This is something that you might have also noticed in real life when observing passengers trying to get on to a bus through a narrow door. People swarm in a while trying to get on the bus, but the number of passengers actually entering does not increase proportionally with the force applied by the crowd at the door."___

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2015-01-18 08:28:36 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

The houses of Bulla Regia (a Roman city from the 1st century BC,  in today's Tunisia)
House of the Hunt, house of the Fisherman, house of Anphitrite, house of the Peacock, all named after their floor mosaics
"The generally accepted explanation for building a second storey down instead of up is that the lower rooms enjoyed more pleasant temperatures in summer."
"Bulla Regia was the capital of a small Numidian kingdom which was included in the Roman Province of Africa in the 1st century BC. It became a municipium at the time of Emperor Augustus and a colonia (the highest status of Roman cities) at that of Emperor Hadrian who granted Roman citizenship to its inhabitants."

The houses of Bulla Regia (a Roman city from the 1st century BC,  in today's Tunisia)
House of the Hunt, house of the Fisherman, house of Anphitrite, house of the Peacock, all named after their floor mosaics
"The generally accepted explanation for building a second storey down instead of up is that the lower rooms enjoyed more pleasant temperatures in summer."
"Bulla Regia was the capital of a small Numidian kingdom which was included in the Roman Province of Africa in the 1st century BC. It became a municipium at the time of Emperor Augustus and a colonia (the highest status of Roman cities) at that of Emperor Hadrian who granted Roman citizenship to its inhabitants."___

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2015-01-18 06:23:22 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Putin (7 October 1952 - 3 February 2015)
Let's see if I can stomach an entire hour about this arshole.

Putin (7 October 1952 - 3 February 2015)
Let's see if I can stomach an entire hour about this arshole.___

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2015-01-17 00:02:36 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Nighty night peeps x

A Poor House by Gustave Dore
"In 1868, shortly before this picture was painted, the French illustrator, painter and sculptor Gustave Doré made his first visit to London where he witnessed the living conditions of the city's poor first-hand."

1869. Oil on canvas. Museum of London.

Nighty night peeps x

A Poor House by Gustave Dore
"In 1868, shortly before this picture was painted, the French illustrator, painter and sculptor Gustave Doré made his first visit to London where he witnessed the living conditions of the city's poor first-hand."

1869. Oil on canvas. Museum of London.___

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2015-01-16 14:42:05 (23 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Rate of environmental degradation puts life on Earth at risk, say scientists
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
Ethical abjection, the sheer bleakness of the Earthlings' intentions and greed, and their tendency to reproduce too much are hazardous, poisonous, nastily toxic and unbearable for the planet's ecosystem.

Rate of environmental degradation puts life on Earth at risk, say scientists
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
Ethical abjection, the sheer bleakness of the Earthlings' intentions and greed, and their tendency to reproduce too much are hazardous, poisonous, nastily toxic and unbearable for the planet's ecosystem.___

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2015-01-16 05:15:10 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Lesbos c. 1478 - Constantinople 1546)
"The Battle of Preveza in 1538 was a major turning point in the history of naval power in the Mediterranean.  Taking place on the same body of water where Caesar Augustus claimed final power during the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, this climactic battle of the ongoing Turkish-European war would be an epic conflict that would definitively determine jurisdiction over the Greek coast, ultimate dominion over the planet's most coveted and lucrative naval trade routes."
"On one side was the great Italian Admiral and perpetually-shirtless egomaniac Andrea Doria.  Widely believed to be the most brilliant seaman Christianity had to offer, this dauntless, self-aggrandizing gut-buster had been whomping Turkish asses up and down the coast of Southern Greece for years, crushing Ottoman warships into sawdust and whackingb... more »

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Lesbos c. 1478 - Constantinople 1546)
"The Battle of Preveza in 1538 was a major turning point in the history of naval power in the Mediterranean.  Taking place on the same body of water where Caesar Augustus claimed final power during the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, this climactic battle of the ongoing Turkish-European war would be an epic conflict that would definitively determine jurisdiction over the Greek coast, ultimate dominion over the planet's most coveted and lucrative naval trade routes."
"On one side was the great Italian Admiral and perpetually-shirtless egomaniac Andrea Doria.  Widely believed to be the most brilliant seaman Christianity had to offer, this dauntless, self-aggrandizing gut-buster had been whomping Turkish asses up and down the coast of Southern Greece for years, crushing Ottoman warships into sawdust and whacking babies in the face with his pimp-cane, and he now sought to finally exert his power over his hated rivals once and for all by incinerating all that remained of the Turkish Fleet.  At his command was a seemingly-endless Death Armada of crusading vessels from the European nations that comprised the powerful Holy League;  300 badass warships from Papacy-Approved locales like Spain, Venice, Genoa, and Malta.  Hell, when the Pope heard about the assbeating that was about to go down, he decided to get in on the action himself, sending over a dozen of his own battleships to fight the heathen Turks, and prove once and for all that the Christian God indeed was an Awesome God."
"Hizir eventually took over control of the ever-expanding criminal enterprise after the death of his older brother, and decided to ally himself with the Ottoman Turkish Empire.  You see, back in the 16th century, the Turks really had their shit together. The Sultan basically went around to the most badass Muslim pirates in the Middle East and told them, "Hey dude if you promise only to fuck up the Christians and leave Turkish shipping alone, I'll give you a bunch of troops, cannons, supplies, and money in return."  This government-sanctioned piracy worked out pretty well for everybody - the Turks gained a powerful ally, and corsairs like Hizir Reis pretty much had free reign to wreak havoc on anybody and everybody who was pissing them off.  It was as a badass Turkish privateer that this ferocious corsair made a name for himself as a serious face-melting assbeater, crushing the enemies of the Ottoman Empire like empty soda cans and basically crotchpunching the European powers up and down the coastlines of the Mediterranean."___

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2015-01-15 05:42:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Lepidus (c 90  - 13 BC)
Supporter of Caesar, and later triumvir with Octavian and Mark Antony. He was Pontifex Maximus. He tried to take Sicily for himself, but Octavian had other plans and exiled him to Circeii, but he kept his fortune and the title of Pontifex Maximus until his death.

Lepidus (c 90  - 13 BC)
Supporter of Caesar, and later triumvir with Octavian and Mark Antony. He was Pontifex Maximus. He tried to take Sicily for himself, but Octavian had other plans and exiled him to Circeii, but he kept his fortune and the title of Pontifex Maximus until his death.___

2015-01-14 22:45:25 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Whichever way he goes, he wishes he had gone the other.

Nighty night x

Whichever way he goes, he wishes he had gone the other.

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-14 06:25:54 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Crassus (1st century BC businessman and politician)
An overview of the life of the unscrupulous and greedy Crassus, who became the wealthiest man in Rome, a wealth accrued by questionable means, like slave trade, or delivering his private fire brigade (there wasn't a public fire department back then at Rome where fires were so common) to extort the victims to pay before putting out the fire, otherwise he would buy the burnt property at a bargain price.

Another link:
http://www.unrv.com/roman-republic/crassus.php
"After Sulla took power in Rome his supporters fed on the opportunities provided by his policy of proscription and confiscation. None of these men took more advantage than Crassus. He bought up land and properties of the condemned at cheap prices and made a fortune in mining and slave trading. He maintained his own private force of slaves which he used as a... more »

Crassus (1st century BC businessman and politician)
An overview of the life of the unscrupulous and greedy Crassus, who became the wealthiest man in Rome, a wealth accrued by questionable means, like slave trade, or delivering his private fire brigade (there wasn't a public fire department back then at Rome where fires were so common) to extort the victims to pay before putting out the fire, otherwise he would buy the burnt property at a bargain price.

Another link:
http://www.unrv.com/roman-republic/crassus.php
"After Sulla took power in Rome his supporters fed on the opportunities provided by his policy of proscription and confiscation. None of these men took more advantage than Crassus. He bought up land and properties of the condemned at cheap prices and made a fortune in mining and slave trading. He maintained his own private force of slaves which he used as a fire-fighting brigade. However, his real intention was not providing a public service, but bargaining people into selling property cheaply. His troop would arrive at the scene of a burning building, and Crassus would bargain with the owner to buy the property. The longer the owner resisted, the longer Crassus would lower the price and let the property burn on. At times when an owner refused to sell, his slaves would let the property burn completely to the ground. While Crassus would eventually make himself the richest man in Rome through these less than the ethical methods, Pompey established himself as Rome's premier general."___

2015-01-13 21:30:41 (8 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

So many pitfalls to avoid.

Nighty night x

So many pitfalls to avoid.

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-13 06:10:11 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Ibn al-Haytham – The First Scientist (965 - 1040 AD)
"He was born in the Iraqi city of Basra during the Abbasid Caliphate. He came about 100 years after the establishment of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. Undoubtedly  the culture of learning and advancement present in the Muslim world at that time had a great impact on him from an early age. He studied Islamic sciences and soon became a mayor of the city of Basra. During this time, he continued to study, focusing on sciences and other empirical subjects. His big break, however, would come in another part of the Muslim world."
"Today, it is understood to students of science that everything must be proven. You cannot make claims about scientific theories based on assumption without experimentation. Before Ibn al-Haytham, that was not the case. The ancient Greek philosophies of science still held weight. The Greeks believedth... more »

Ibn al-Haytham – The First Scientist (965 - 1040 AD)
"He was born in the Iraqi city of Basra during the Abbasid Caliphate. He came about 100 years after the establishment of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. Undoubtedly  the culture of learning and advancement present in the Muslim world at that time had a great impact on him from an early age. He studied Islamic sciences and soon became a mayor of the city of Basra. During this time, he continued to study, focusing on sciences and other empirical subjects. His big break, however, would come in another part of the Muslim world."
"Today, it is understood to students of science that everything must be proven. You cannot make claims about scientific theories based on assumption without experimentation. Before Ibn al-Haytham, that was not the case. The ancient Greek philosophies of science still held weight. The Greeks believed that scientific fact can be discovered through reason, or simply attributed to the actions of the gods. Ibn al-Haytham knew better. He was the first scientist in history to insist that everything be proven through a given method for discovering new information – the scientific method."
"He had a great influence on Isaac Newton, who was aware of Ibn al-Haytham’s works. He studied the basis of calculus, which would later lead to the engineering formulas and methods used today. He also wrote about the laws governing the movement of bodies (later known as Newton’s 3 laws of motion) and the attraction between two bodies – gravity. It was not, in fact, the apple that fell from the tree that told Newton about gravity, but the books of Ibn al-Haytham."___

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2015-01-12 07:16:42 (5 comments, 1 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

When people find out that the past was not as they'd like it to be.
The secret erotic art of Pompeii and Herculaneum
"On a fine afternoon in 1752, word reached King Charles III of Bourbon that his royal archeologist, Karl Weber, had discovered a treasure trove at Herculaneum. Sometime earlier, his excavation tunnels had brought to light the luxurious residence that would later be dubbed the Villa of the Papyri, however on that particular day his tunnels broke into a long porticoed garden in the villa that was filled with statuary. In the dim underground light, it was impossible to see details, but the architect dutifully sent word of his remarkable find. The king and his party, who happened to be hunting in nearby woods, rushed to the scene and set to picnicking while they waited for slaves to carry pieces to the surface."

“Amidst a flotilla of courtiers in silksa... more »

When people find out that the past was not as they'd like it to be.
The secret erotic art of Pompeii and Herculaneum
"On a fine afternoon in 1752, word reached King Charles III of Bourbon that his royal archeologist, Karl Weber, had discovered a treasure trove at Herculaneum. Sometime earlier, his excavation tunnels had brought to light the luxurious residence that would later be dubbed the Villa of the Papyri, however on that particular day his tunnels broke into a long porticoed garden in the villa that was filled with statuary. In the dim underground light, it was impossible to see details, but the architect dutifully sent word of his remarkable find. The king and his party, who happened to be hunting in nearby woods, rushed to the scene and set to picnicking while they waited for slaves to carry pieces to the surface."

“Amidst a flotilla of courtiers in silks and befurred velvet finery, Charles and his Prussian wife Queen Maria Amalia arrived in a rustling, stately procession and took their seats on folding chairs. From the bowels of the earth the carved white marble group of two embracing figures, which Weber had found in the Great Peristyle, appeared at the mouth of the tunnel, borne upon a litter carried by prison labourers. A shiver of excitement rippled through the court. Already the dainty turn of that horn revealed the prized Greek look. When the whole sculpture group hoved into view two heads could be seen and two bodies. One seemed to be a man of sorts, though at closer look he wore two small horns on his head. He gazed fondly into the female’s languid marble eyes. For locked in his embrace was a female goat, surely the prettiest in the flock, whom he was in the act of penetrating.”
Did the Prussian Queen faint in despair?___

2015-01-12 06:18:02 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Cynics on the march.
The French got it wrong yesterday, utterly wrong
To Cameron, Merkel, Erdogan's minister, Sarkozy, Rajoy, Putin's minister, and all the scum that headed the Frenchy demonstrations yesterday:
It's not only about free speech, it's about the wars, the political corruption, the bigotry of your lawmakers, the implementations of policies against anything social, you corrupt scum are destabilizing Europe and causing social havoc, increasing the inequality, letting the immigrants die, damaging social health services, helping tax evasion for the rich, and implementing evictions leaving people homeless, making policies against civil rights and mocking the people day in day out.
Then you hypocrites use wonderful words and make a demonstration altogether for the values of democracy and for the civil rights you are actually damaging. It's totally... more »

Cynics on the march.
The French got it wrong yesterday, utterly wrong
To Cameron, Merkel, Erdogan's minister, Sarkozy, Rajoy, Putin's minister, and all the scum that headed the Frenchy demonstrations yesterday:
It's not only about free speech, it's about the wars, the political corruption, the bigotry of your lawmakers, the implementations of policies against anything social, you corrupt scum are destabilizing Europe and causing social havoc, increasing the inequality, letting the immigrants die, damaging social health services, helping tax evasion for the rich, and implementing evictions leaving people homeless, making policies against civil rights and mocking the people day in day out.
Then you hypocrites use wonderful words and make a demonstration altogether for the values of democracy and for the civil rights you are actually damaging. It's totally outrageous, cynic, and revolting.___

2015-01-11 21:20:20 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

I'm about 4,360 miles as the crow flies from Yellowknife.

Nighty night x

I'm about 4,360 miles as the crow flies from Yellowknife.

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-11 18:04:10 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

An ancient Roman city founded around 67 - 69 AD in today's Tunisia
Sufetula 
"Sufetula was founded by veterans of Legio III Augusta, the Roman legion stationed in Africa, at the time of Emperor Vespasian. It has the typical design of Roman towns with a grid of perpendicular streets. It was situated along the Roman road which linked Carthage to Theveste, a town in today's Algeria where the legion was stationed."
"Sufetula is located in Central Tunisia, a region which was a great producer of olive oil at the time of the Roman Empire."

An ancient Roman city founded around 67 - 69 AD in today's Tunisia
Sufetula 
"Sufetula was founded by veterans of Legio III Augusta, the Roman legion stationed in Africa, at the time of Emperor Vespasian. It has the typical design of Roman towns with a grid of perpendicular streets. It was situated along the Roman road which linked Carthage to Theveste, a town in today's Algeria where the legion was stationed."
"Sufetula is located in Central Tunisia, a region which was a great producer of olive oil at the time of the Roman Empire."___

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2015-01-11 06:01:00 (17 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

First of several articles explaining in historical terms why public debt can be used - and it's being used - to trigger inequality in order to benefit the rich.
The Long Tradition of Debt Cancellation in Mesopotamia and Egypt from 3000 to 1000 BC
"Hammurabi began his 42-year reign as “king” of Babylon (located in present-day Iraq), in 1792 BC. What most history books fail to mention is that, like other governors of the City-State of Mesopotamia, Hammurabi proclaimed the official cancellation of citizens’ debts owed to the government, high-ranking officials, and dignitaries."
"The many ancient documents deciphered from cuneiform script have enabled historians to establish beyond any doubt that four general cancellations took place during Hammurabi’s reign, in 1792, 1780, 1771, and 1762 BC."
"Proclamations of general debt cancellation began longbefore ... more »

First of several articles explaining in historical terms why public debt can be used - and it's being used - to trigger inequality in order to benefit the rich.
The Long Tradition of Debt Cancellation in Mesopotamia and Egypt from 3000 to 1000 BC
"Hammurabi began his 42-year reign as “king” of Babylon (located in present-day Iraq), in 1792 BC. What most history books fail to mention is that, like other governors of the City-State of Mesopotamia, Hammurabi proclaimed the official cancellation of citizens’ debts owed to the government, high-ranking officials, and dignitaries."
"The many ancient documents deciphered from cuneiform script have enabled historians to establish beyond any doubt that four general cancellations took place during Hammurabi’s reign, in 1792, 1780, 1771, and 1762 BC."
"Proclamations of general debt cancellation began long before Hammourabi’s reign and continued afterwards. There is evidence of debt cancellation as far back as 2400 BC, six centuries before Hammurabi’s reign, in the city of Lagash (Sumer). The most recent instance dates back to 1400 B.C. in Nuzi. In all, historians have identified with certainty about thirty general debt cancellations in Mesopotamia from 2400 to 1400 BC."
"The general debt cancellation proclaimed by Ammisaduqa, the last governor of the Hammurabi dynasty who came to the throne in 1646 BC, was very detailed, in a clear attempt to prevent creditors from taking advantage of loopholes."
"No further act of debt cancellation has been found for the period after 1400 BC; inequality increased and intensified. Land was taken over by big private land-owners and debt enslavement became commonplace. A large part of the population migrated north-west towards Canaan, with incursions into Egypt, which displeased the Pharaohs."
"The ensuing centuries are known by historians of Mesopotamia as the “Dark Ages”, because of the dearth of written records. However, we do have evidence of violent social struggles between creditors and debtors."___

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2015-01-11 04:05:51 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

What are flotsam and jetsam?
Flotsam and jetsam are terms for specific types of marine debris.
"Flotsam and jetsam are terms that describe two types of marine debris associated with vessels. Flotsam is defined as debris in the water that was not deliberately thrown overboard, often as a result from a shipwreck or accident. Jetsam describes debris that was deliberately thrown overboard by a crew of a ship in distress, most often to lighten the ship's load. The word flotsam derives from the French word floter, to float. Jetsam is a shortened word for jettison."

(Wikipedia):
Flotsam, jetsam, lagan and derelict
In maritime law, flotsam, jetsam, lagan and derelict are specific kinds of shipwreck. The words have specific nautical meanings, with legal consequences in the law of admiralty and marine salvage:

Flotsam is floating wreckage of... more »

What are flotsam and jetsam?
Flotsam and jetsam are terms for specific types of marine debris.
"Flotsam and jetsam are terms that describe two types of marine debris associated with vessels. Flotsam is defined as debris in the water that was not deliberately thrown overboard, often as a result from a shipwreck or accident. Jetsam describes debris that was deliberately thrown overboard by a crew of a ship in distress, most often to lighten the ship's load. The word flotsam derives from the French word floter, to float. Jetsam is a shortened word for jettison."

(Wikipedia):
Flotsam, jetsam, lagan and derelict
In maritime law, flotsam, jetsam, lagan and derelict are specific kinds of shipwreck. The words have specific nautical meanings, with legal consequences in the law of admiralty and marine salvage:

Flotsam is floating wreckage of a ship or its cargo.
Jetsam is part of a ship, its equipment, or its cargo that is purposely cast overboard or jettisoned to lighten the load in time of distress and is washed ashore.
Lagan (also called ligan) is goods or wreckage that is lying on the bottom of the ocean, sometimes marked by a buoy, which can be reclaimed.
Derelict is cargo that is also on the bottom of the ocean, but which no one has any hope of reclaiming (in other maritime contexts, derelict may also refer to a drifting abandoned ship).___

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2015-01-10 17:25:17 (29 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

Right wing Realpolitik is on the move.
Tories plan to raise threshold for key public sector industrial action
TUC say plans would effectively end the right to strike, at a time when the party are planning large-scale job cuts and falling pay

It's now the norm in all Europe. Bit by bit, they are building the New World.
(large scale job cuts plus falling pay minus right to strike)^2 x dismantling of social services plus tycoons' tax avoidance / political corruption = New season of The Little House on the Prairie

UKIP + Tories is your future government.

Right wing Realpolitik is on the move.
Tories plan to raise threshold for key public sector industrial action
TUC say plans would effectively end the right to strike, at a time when the party are planning large-scale job cuts and falling pay

It's now the norm in all Europe. Bit by bit, they are building the New World.
(large scale job cuts plus falling pay minus right to strike)^2 x dismantling of social services plus tycoons' tax avoidance / political corruption = New season of The Little House on the Prairie

UKIP + Tories is your future government.___

2015-01-09 20:49:36 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

We must understand the importance and need for proper rest.

Nighty night x

We must understand the importance and need for proper rest.

Nighty night x___

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2015-01-08 05:27:28 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

A brief history of how people communicated in the Middle Ages
"Communication of legislation was important for medieval rulers, but, as today, people were also able to spread rumours and gossip. It is not always clear where medieval, or indeed modern, rumours began, but there is no doubt that they could spread quickly."
"In the second half of the 14th century, England saw great upheaval and challenges: the war with France was going badly, and at home the Black Death, beginning in 1348–9, had killed at least a third of the population. Survivors might have hoped for better conditions, as a smaller work force tried to demand higher wages, but this was stopped by the Ordinance and Statute of Labourers setting wages at the pre-plague level."
"In 1381 this famously erupted into the violence of the Peasants’ Revolt, but in 1377 there were already signs ofdis... more »

A brief history of how people communicated in the Middle Ages
"Communication of legislation was important for medieval rulers, but, as today, people were also able to spread rumours and gossip. It is not always clear where medieval, or indeed modern, rumours began, but there is no doubt that they could spread quickly."
"In the second half of the 14th century, England saw great upheaval and challenges: the war with France was going badly, and at home the Black Death, beginning in 1348–9, had killed at least a third of the population. Survivors might have hoped for better conditions, as a smaller work force tried to demand higher wages, but this was stopped by the Ordinance and Statute of Labourers setting wages at the pre-plague level."
"In 1381 this famously erupted into the violence of the Peasants’ Revolt, but in 1377 there were already signs of discontent, manifested in the ‘Great Rumour’. This social movement, spread by word of mouth across southern England, saw rural labourers refusing to work, arguing that the Domesday Book granted them exemptions form their feudal services."___

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2015-01-06 06:11:02 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

The Quinquereme in the Carthaginian & Roman Navy
"The third century BC saw fierce naval competition arise all across the Mediterranean. In the west, the Romans and Carthaginians struggled for control of the sea. In the eastern Mediterranean, the Hellenistic Successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great’s world empire engaged in a costly naval race, each trying to outdo the other by building the biggest ships."
"Various Successor kings constructed sevens, eights, nines, tens, elevens, twelves, fifteens, sixteens, and even thirties and at least one forty. Working out the oaring systems of the better-attested types of war galley in the ancient world is a difficult task. Doing so for these much larger vessels is nearly impossible. For the sixes and sevens, and probably the eights and nines, it is likely that extra rowers were added at one or more of the three levels of oars. Asm... more »

The Quinquereme in the Carthaginian & Roman Navy
"The third century BC saw fierce naval competition arise all across the Mediterranean. In the west, the Romans and Carthaginians struggled for control of the sea. In the eastern Mediterranean, the Hellenistic Successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great’s world empire engaged in a costly naval race, each trying to outdo the other by building the biggest ships."
"Various Successor kings constructed sevens, eights, nines, tens, elevens, twelves, fifteens, sixteens, and even thirties and at least one forty. Working out the oaring systems of the better-attested types of war galley in the ancient world is a difficult task. Doing so for these much larger vessels is nearly impossible. For the sixes and sevens, and probably the eights and nines, it is likely that extra rowers were added at one or more of the three levels of oars. As more rowers were added, the ships would have had to become a little wider in the beam to accommodate the extra crew. The much larger galleys would have required even more rowers and likely much greater expenditure to construct."
"The quinquereme was a tried and tested design. Ships built much larger than the quinquereme probably offered little in the way of a real tactical advantage. Further, they would have called for even larger numbers of rowers to crew them, a factor not to be overlooked when even one quinquereme needed some 300 men to row. Rome was oftentimes short of trained rowers, and the Carthaginians were not a numerous people to begin with, so both sides may have shied away from such larger, more manpower-hungry types."___

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2015-01-05 08:52:41 (8 comments, 0 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

I find it curious that most of the letters were the reverse of the Euboean Greek letters.
Etruscan (700 BC - 100 AD)
"The Etruscans were the first people in the Italic peninsula to learn to write. They adopted the Euboean Greek alphabet, and from them writing spread to other cultures of the Italic peninsula such as the Romans."
"The Etruscan language has never been conclusively shown to be related to any other language in the world. The problem is compounded by the fact that the textual corpus is limited in scope, mostly from tombstones."

I find it curious that most of the letters were the reverse of the Euboean Greek letters.
Etruscan (700 BC - 100 AD)
"The Etruscans were the first people in the Italic peninsula to learn to write. They adopted the Euboean Greek alphabet, and from them writing spread to other cultures of the Italic peninsula such as the Romans."
"The Etruscan language has never been conclusively shown to be related to any other language in the world. The problem is compounded by the fact that the textual corpus is limited in scope, mostly from tombstones."___

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2015-01-05 06:46:11 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Horizontal gene transfer.
Killing for DNA: A predatory device in the cholera bacterium
"Cholera is caused when the bacterium Vibrio cholerae infects the small intestine. The disease is characterized by acute watery diarrhea resulting in severe dehydration. EPFL scientists have now demonstrated that V. cholerae uses a tiny spear to stab and kill neighboring bacteria -- even of its own kind -- and then steal their DNA. This mechanism, known as "horizontal gene transfer," allows the cholera bacterium to become more virulent by absorbing the traits of its prey."
"This spear-killing, predatory behavior is triggered by the bacterium's environment. The cholera bacterium naturally lives in water, such as the sea, where it attaches onto small planktonic crustaceans. There, it feeds on the main component of their shells: a sugar polymer called chitin. When chitin is... more »

Horizontal gene transfer.
Killing for DNA: A predatory device in the cholera bacterium
"Cholera is caused when the bacterium Vibrio cholerae infects the small intestine. The disease is characterized by acute watery diarrhea resulting in severe dehydration. EPFL scientists have now demonstrated that V. cholerae uses a tiny spear to stab and kill neighboring bacteria -- even of its own kind -- and then steal their DNA. This mechanism, known as "horizontal gene transfer," allows the cholera bacterium to become more virulent by absorbing the traits of its prey."
"This spear-killing, predatory behavior is triggered by the bacterium's environment. The cholera bacterium naturally lives in water, such as the sea, where it attaches onto small planktonic crustaceans. There, it feeds on the main component of their shells: a sugar polymer called chitin. When chitin is available, V. cholerae goes into an aggressive survival mode called "natural competence." When in this mode, V. cholerae attacks neighboring bacteria with its spear -- even if they are of the same species."
"The importance of this study lies in the fact that horizontal gene transfer is a widespread phenomenon in bacteria, and it contributes to the dispersal of virulence factors and antibiotic resistances. In addition, the chitin-mediated activation of the spear-killing device most likely renders the bacterium more dangerous to patients when they ingest it, as this molecular spear might also kill protective bacteria in the human gut."___

2015-01-04 23:13:02 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

I have this tree-hugger feeling that something terrible is going on.

Nighty night x

I have this tree-hugger feeling that something terrible is going on.

Nighty night x___

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