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Vicky Veritas has been at 11 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Half the Sky Movement226,694Join  @107096716333816995401 columnist @102839963139173448834 and leaders in the fight against human trafficking from Girls Educational & Mentoring Services, @105701279657260032955, @104386691922846239107 and @100379471031450585233  in a conversation about modern solutions to a problem millions around the world are facing every day. *Panelists include:*  Rachel Lloyd, Girls Educational & Mentoring Services (GEMS)   Gary Haugen, International Justice Mission Dave Batstone, Not For Sale Susan Bissell, UNICEF What does 2014 hold for the fight against modern-day slavery?2014-01-10 19:00:00945  
Science on Google+606,156*Isaac Newton's Birthday is on Christmas* Join us in a Newton-inspired holiday physics hangout with rockstar physicist +Henry Reich of +MinutePhysics and +MinuteEarth  and brilliant ballerina biologist +Carin Bondar of +National Geographic, +Scientific American and host of Wild Sex, a science show about the strange reproductive habits of the animal kingdom. She knows how the world gets physical. +Veritasium  AKA +Derek Muller may pop in.  We hear there may even be more special guests so you should probably go ahead and RSVP yes to join the lively conversation. BYOB. Hosted by +Amy Robinson of +Science on Google+ .Happy Newtonmas Hangout2013-12-19 00:00:00143  
Science Bulletins at AMNH406,835The American Museum of Natural History’s Science Bulletins program is launching a new data visualization on changes in Arctic plant life and their forecasted impact on the climate system. Science Bulletins editorial producer Laura Allen will discuss the science with the ecologists whose work is featured in the visualization. The researchers will also answer your questions. Join Science Bulletins for this Hangout and meet: • Dr. Richard Pearson: Research Associate, American Museum of Natural History and Lecturer, University College London • Dr. Scott Goetz: Deputy Director and Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Research Center The data visualization is designed for informal education at museums and science centers. Its datasets are also available for live programming on NOAA’s Science on a Sphere (SOS)® spherical display system: http://www.sos.noaa.gov/Datasets/dataset.php?id=429 The Hangout panel will also address ways to interpret the visualization for museum and educational audiences. View the visualization at http://www.amnh.org/explore/science-bulletins/(watch)/bio/visualizations/greening-of-the-arctic This visualization and professional development training is supported by NOAA and NSF.How Green is the Arctic? A Science Bulletins at AMNH Hangout2013-11-13 21:30:0044  
Science on Google+606,156*Be curious. Question assumptions. Explore the world from atoms to astrophysics with Veritasium*. Join +Derek Muller of popular +YouTube Channel Veritasium on a journey to the beautiful, viral side of physics, hosted by Science on Google+ in honor of *YouTube Geek Week* (Aug 4-10). Our +Amy Robinson, +Jason Davison and +Nic Hammond will host, along with +Joe Hanson of +It's Okay To Be Smart and a few members of the community who ask Derek interesting questions on the event page.   The hangout happens on *Wednesday, August 7th at 5 pm US PT / 8 ET*. Derek will share why he creates Veritasium and how it has evolved into one of YouTube’s favorite sources of answers to epic science questions. He’ll also answer your questions so leave them here on the event page. You may be selected to join the hangout live and ask him in person.   Check out *Veritasium* on YouTube at http://veritasium.com   This is the third hangout in a new series that brings science to life through conversations with the world's leading minds. Join +Science on Google+: A Public Database for the latest events.Veritasium: A Science on Google+ Conversation2013-08-08 02:00:00236  
V-Day18,297On V-Day 2013 we will be live streaming Risings from around the world! Here is a list of pending and confirmed streaming events, listed by local and Pacific Time. Details will be added as they are known. Manila on Ustream.tv: https://www.ustream.tv/embed/13346941 (time tbc) 10:00 CAT / 00:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xw5qLUQyHTU 17:00 IST / 3:30 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l6UzapFmOGE 16:30 SAST / 6:30 PT: South Africa -- http://new.livestream.com/accounts/1287887/events/1879753 10:15 & 12:00 ET / 7:15 & 9:00 PT: Atlanta -- http://new.livestream.com/accounts/1022514/risingAtlanta 14:00 CT / 12:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9argIMd1dPg 19:00 ET / 16:00 PT: Miami -- http://new.livestream.com/accounts/2835490/events/1880583/videos/11568859 16:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghY76uYA964 20:00 ET / 17:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZvoFrqToWw 18:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNEfgHOXvoE 19:00 PT: Oakland, CA -- http://www.ustream.tv/channel/onebillionrisingoakland 18:00 HAST / 20:00 PT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NFcogNYw1mAOne Billion Rising 2013 - OFFICIAL EVENT2013-02-13 13:00:00362  
Breast Cancer Answers®663,578On World Cancer Day, Feb 4th, join us here on Google+ to watch live interviews with the world's leading cancer experts and organizations.  Don't miss this 2-hour LIVE event at 12:00 p.m.-2:00 p.m. PST/3:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m. EST. Here at BreastCancerAnswers, we believe that educating people can save lives. For the latest in breast cancer awareness, circle us at https://plus.google.com/113258379539644876834/.World Cancer Day Presented By BreastCancerAnswers2013-02-04 21:00:0083  
Andrij “Andrew” Harasewych341,675http://www.redbullstratos.com/ The countdown has begun for Felix Baumgartner's epic jump from the edge of space. Supported by a team of experts, Felix will ascend in a helium balloon to an altitude of 120,000 ft / 36,576 m where he will take a leap of faith into the unknown in an attempt to become the first person to break the speed of sound during freefall. To follow the progress of this mission - launch date set for the week of 8th October 2012 - and to find out where and when to tune in to watch Red Bull Stratos rewrite history live please RSVP and join the Event. #science   #redbull   #stratos   #sciencesunday   #spacesunday   #skydiving  @109783903175191665261 @107778888097122544837 @101602715616829342034 @105379671042990608528Red Bull Stratos Mission - LIVE2012-10-14 14:00:00663  
Fraser Cain961,998Join us once again as we connect several telescopes into a live Google+ hangout and stream the night sky into your computer. The Moon won't rise until after we wrap up, so it should be a wonderful dark night with great seeing. Most of the planets are down, but Jupiter might make an appearance right at the end of the evening if we're lucky. If you want to get notifications of these events, make sure you circle the @100902337165997768522 on Google+. #vsp-oct13Virtual Star Party - Oct. 7, 20122012-10-08 04:30:00538  
Fraser Cain961,998*If you want to get a reminder of the Virtual Star Party, you need to confirm that you're going.* *Are you going? Click "Yes"* Every week we connect up multiple telescopes into a @100902337165997768522, and showcase the night sky, right here on Google+. We'll point our telescopes at any planets, Moons or deep sky objects up at the time - even the Sun! We'll also have Ph.D. astronomers on hand to explain the science behind what we're looking at. We'll even take requests. _I'm attaching last week's episode so you can get a sense of what this is all about_ If you want to be notified about future broadcasts, make sure you add the @100902337165997768522 to your circles. #virtualstarparty-sep23Virtual Star Party - Sept. 23, 20122012-09-24 04:30:00424  
Fraser Cain961,998It's time again for another Virtual Star Party. Join us in a Google+ Hangout on Air and see a live view from multiple telescopes broadcasting their view of the night sky. You can even make requests.Virtual Star Party - August 12, 20122012-08-13 05:30:00109  
Fraser Cain961,998To celebrate the landing of NASA's Curiosity Rover - the Mars Science Laboratory - we'll be running a special live hangout.  In conjunction with @106911959181067745693. We'll have all your favorite space/astronomy journalists on hand to discuss the mission in depth, and celebrate the landing live, when it happens. Join Fraser Cain, @109036978092446954908, @108952536790629690817 and @102887292457967781591 for this special event. Over the course of this 4-hour Google+ Hangout on Air, we'll interview members of the Curiosity team live in the hangout, as well as other special guests from the @111419948721791453320 and the @108759765804984663877. @109479143173251353583 and @107051665537162034944 will be on location at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to interview members of the engineering team, and show you what it's like to be at NASA during this amazing moment. We'll update this event as we lock down more of the guests and participants. See you there! You can follow the hashtag #marshangout   (this will replace our regular Sunday night @100902337165997768522)Google+ Hangout - Curiosity Landing Coverage2012-08-06 05:00:004861  

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Most comments: 17

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2015-07-26 00:49:05 (17 comments, 13 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain

In the space of one hundred and seventy-six years the Lower Mississippi has shortened itself two hundred and forty-two miles. That is an average of a trifle over one mile and a third per year. Therefore, any calm person, who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the Old Oolitic Silurian Period, just a million years ago next November, the Lower Mississippi River was upwards of one million three hundred thousand miles long, and stuck out over the Gulf of Mexico like a fishing-rod. And by the same token any person can see that seven hundred and forty-two years from now the Lower Mississippi will be only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets together, and be plodding comfortably along under a single mayor and a mutual board of aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One... more »

Most reshares: 13

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2015-07-26 00:49:05 (17 comments, 13 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain

In the space of one hundred and seventy-six years the Lower Mississippi has shortened itself two hundred and forty-two miles. That is an average of a trifle over one mile and a third per year. Therefore, any calm person, who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the Old Oolitic Silurian Period, just a million years ago next November, the Lower Mississippi River was upwards of one million three hundred thousand miles long, and stuck out over the Gulf of Mexico like a fishing-rod. And by the same token any person can see that seven hundred and forty-two years from now the Lower Mississippi will be only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets together, and be plodding comfortably along under a single mayor and a mutual board of aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One... more »

Most plusones: 68

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2015-07-26 00:49:05 (17 comments, 13 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain

In the space of one hundred and seventy-six years the Lower Mississippi has shortened itself two hundred and forty-two miles. That is an average of a trifle over one mile and a third per year. Therefore, any calm person, who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the Old Oolitic Silurian Period, just a million years ago next November, the Lower Mississippi River was upwards of one million three hundred thousand miles long, and stuck out over the Gulf of Mexico like a fishing-rod. And by the same token any person can see that seven hundred and forty-two years from now the Lower Mississippi will be only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets together, and be plodding comfortably along under a single mayor and a mutual board of aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One... more »

Latest 50 posts

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2015-07-29 01:52:28 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Did you think that your feet had been bound 
By what gravity brings to the ground?
~ Peter Gabriel, Down to Earth,  from Wall-E

Thank you, +Kostas Michalis

Did you think that your feet had been bound 
By what gravity brings to the ground?
~ Peter Gabriel, Down to Earth,  from Wall-E

Thank you, +Kostas Michalis___

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2015-07-28 13:00:28 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Meet 'tail full of points.' Just magnificent.

We're looking at our Stegosaur specimens this #TaxonomyTuesday: not just our stunning Stegosaurus stenops, but also the lesser-known Dacentrurus.

Separate from the Stegosaurus genus, but still in the family Stegosauridae, Dacentrurus means 'tail full of points'.
Watch a video all about the Museum's Dacentrurus specimen: http://bit.ly/NHM_Swindon-Stegosaur

Or tune in to @BBC Radio 4's #NaturalHistories at 11.00 to hear Museum researcher Prof Paul Barrett talk dinosaurs: http://bit.ly/NHM_R4-Natural-Histories-Dinosaurs ___Meet 'tail full of points.' Just magnificent.

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2015-07-28 00:46:42 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

+The Old Map Gallery brings us a very beautifully preserved map game from 1901 called "The United States Game." The paths shown on the maps are the railroad lines. The object of the game is to move from New York to San Francisco stopping at towns listed on the players rail line ticket. Such a beautiful and fun challenge for children of any age and a great example of the four color theorem which postulates it is possible to color a map based only on four colors and not have any state touch any adjacent state of the same color.

See a closer view of the game here: http://www.geographicus.com/P/AntiqueMap/UnitedStatesGame2-parker-1901

And here is a fun video explaining the Four Color Theorem here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ANY7X-_wpNs and for a deeper dive see Wikipedia here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_color_theorem

Super wonderful, +The Old MapGal... more »

A prime early example of a pictorial approach to mapping as it was made in 1901. Prior to the highway system that would connect the states, this map routes around the nation, with key points of interest. #oldmapgallery #pictorialmaps #usa #gameboards___+The Old Map Gallery brings us a very beautifully preserved map game from 1901 called "The United States Game." The paths shown on the maps are the railroad lines. The object of the game is to move from New York to San Francisco stopping at towns listed on the players rail line ticket. Such a beautiful and fun challenge for children of any age and a great example of the four color theorem which postulates it is possible to color a map based only on four colors and not have any state touch any adjacent state of the same color.

See a closer view of the game here: http://www.geographicus.com/P/AntiqueMap/UnitedStatesGame2-parker-1901

And here is a fun video explaining the Four Color Theorem here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ANY7X-_wpNs and for a deeper dive see Wikipedia here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_color_theorem

Super wonderful, +The Old Map Gallery Thank you!

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2015-07-26 02:12:59 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

We can monitor many things about Earth from space. Soil moisture and mineral content, sea temperature, precipitation levels, hurricane tracks, vegetation health and many, many other enviromental factors. Someday, if NASA's theory is true, we may even be able to detect the electromagnetic pulses to predict where and when earthquakes will occur. 

Amazing! Thank you +Wayne Radinsky!

"Quest for Quakes" is a competition run by NASA for finding algorithms that can detect electromagnetic pulses that predict earthquakes in data collected on the earth's magnetic field.___We can monitor many things about Earth from space. Soil moisture and mineral content, sea temperature, precipitation levels, hurricane tracks, vegetation health and many, many other enviromental factors. Someday, if NASA's theory is true, we may even be able to detect the electromagnetic pulses to predict where and when earthquakes will occur. 

Amazing! Thank you +Wayne Radinsky!

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2015-07-26 00:49:05 (17 comments, 13 reshares, 68 +1s)Open 

The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain

In the space of one hundred and seventy-six years the Lower Mississippi has shortened itself two hundred and forty-two miles. That is an average of a trifle over one mile and a third per year. Therefore, any calm person, who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the Old Oolitic Silurian Period, just a million years ago next November, the Lower Mississippi River was upwards of one million three hundred thousand miles long, and stuck out over the Gulf of Mexico like a fishing-rod. And by the same token any person can see that seven hundred and forty-two years from now the Lower Mississippi will be only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets together, and be plodding comfortably along under a single mayor and a mutual board of aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One... more »

The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain

In the space of one hundred and seventy-six years the Lower Mississippi has shortened itself two hundred and forty-two miles. That is an average of a trifle over one mile and a third per year. Therefore, any calm person, who is not blind or idiotic, can see that in the Old Oolitic Silurian Period, just a million years ago next November, the Lower Mississippi River was upwards of one million three hundred thousand miles long, and stuck out over the Gulf of Mexico like a fishing-rod. And by the same token any person can see that seven hundred and forty-two years from now the Lower Mississippi will be only a mile and three-quarters long, and Cairo and New Orleans will have joined their streets together, and be plodding comfortably along under a single mayor and a mutual board of aldermen. There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact.
~ Mark Twain, from Life on the Mississippi, on the meandering of the mighty Mississippi River

For Mark Twain, "The Great Mississippi, the majestic, the magnificent Mississippi, rolling its mile-wide tide along, shining in the sun" was more than just a river. It carved Twain's course and nourished his writing, its foibles and perils transported his satire and humor, and its fluvial rhythms came to enrich his life and his writings. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 1876, Life on the Mississippi 1883, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1885, and many shorter works came to paint for readers a river that offered prospect and adventure. It certainly did for Mark Twain whose nom de plume stems from the Mighty Mississipi and whose legacy will live as long and longer than the great river that bred it.

The river itself was born out of the extensive ice sheets that covered the North American continent 20,000 years ago during the last ice age. Extending well into what is now the United States and the Mississippi basin, the ice sheets began to recede, melting completely by 10,000 years ago, and washing out massive volumes of rich sediment to create the flat and fertile landscape of the Mississippi Valley. The riverbed of the Upper Mississippi River is composed of layers of clay, silt, loam, and sand atop the strata of glacial outwash that is hundreds of feet deep. You have to dig very deep to reach bedrock, but in places it is exposed. There are several places where natural terraces formed that are well above the river.

The Upper Mississippi is defined by a range of dramatic vertical limestone bluffs that were carved by water from melting glaciers at the end of the last ice age. The bluffs are composed of layers of easily eroded sandstone at the base and more resistant dolostone at the top. As water carved through the lower layers of sandstone, the dolostone at top broke off making the dramatic vertical bluff faces we see today along the upper river.

But the lower river, Twain's river, is a flat and gentle plain upon which the river has been rewriting itself for millenia. The face of the river, in time, became a wonderful book...which told its mind to me without reserve, delivering its most cherished secrets as clearly as if it had uttered them with a voice. And it was not a book to be read once and thrown aside, for it had a new story to tell every day.

This is physical geography written large as the job of all rivers is to change the face of the Earth through erosion. The Mississippi erodes and carries sediment around the faster-moving outer curves and widens its valley and deposits the sediment where the flow has less energy on the inner curves. The bends get tighter and tighter until they join up, whereupon the river takes the shorter route, leaving the amputated curve to close up into an ox-bow lake. This "meandering" process happens continuously with the river making a snaking pattern as it wanders back and forth down river.

The incredible map of the Mississippi River shown below was created in 1944 by Cartographer Harold Fisk. In great detail he mapped the twisting and changing path of the river over time in these swirling rainbow colors that represent the progression of the meanders over time. Please enjoy more of them here: http://blog.patternbank.com/the-alluvial-valley-of-the-lower-mississippi-river-harold-fisk/ 

Perhaps you might think to yourself that all this meandering (not to mention the flooding every 14 years) might cause problems for the farms and towns upon the banks of the Mississippi and you'd be right. During Twain's time the locals attempted to control the river by building levees, or protective, raised embankments, alongside it. The Mighty Mississippi washed them all away. In 1885 the Mississippi River Commission (formed in 1879) adopted a "levees only" policy. This policy was based on the theory that by containing the river with levees, the force of the high water would scour out the floor of the river, deepening the channel sufficiently to carry any flood water straight out to the sea. For forty years they raised the levees higher and higher, attempting to curtail the river only to push the problems further downstream. The great flood of 1927 proved the hubris of their plans. As Mark Twain sagely remarked, "Ten thousand River Commissions, with the mines of the world at their back, can not tame that lawless stream, cannot curb it or confine it, can not say to it, Go here or Go there, and make it obey."

Unfortunately, although many lessons have been learned and new approaches are being taken to "manage" the Mississippi, the River's health has been affected. Fortunately, there are conservation groups partnering with government agencies that are applying new thinking to the Mississippi; thinking that strives to restore balance to the river as a system while maintaining flood control for agriculture. There are also better ways of monitoring the River. There is a spectacular example below that shows how the Mighty Mississippi still meanders, carrying the spirit of Twain for all who enjoy its company.

Small, blocky shapes of towns, fields, and pastures surround the graceful swirls and whorls of the Mississippi River, the largest river system in North America. Countless oxbow lakes and cutoffs accompany the meandering river south of Memphis, Tennessee, on the border between Arkansas and Mississippi. Image from: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/675638main_meandering_mississippi.jpg

This post is inspired by the 1886 children's geographic game, Rambles Through Our Country. At the time that the game was published, the Mississippi River was everything Mark Twain described it as being.

The RTOC game involves a gameboard, a book or key to the stops, and some kind of spinner. Find the gameboard here: http://goo.gl/7ORK1E  and the book here: https://goo.gl/u96JE3 To spin, use the random number generator at: https://www.random.org/ and set the maximum number to 4.

I rolled a 4 on the makeshift  teetotum and moved from New Orleans, Louisiana - Stop 146: Louis Armstrong, the Ambassador of Jazz to The Meandering Mississippi River - Stop 150: Mark Twain. Topics defining the Mississippi River are as broad and deep as the river itself, but for me the river, its geology and processes, and the man that became deeply entrenched with the river was too good a story to pass up.

#themississippiriver   #marktwain   #rivermeanders     #ramblesthroughourcountry  ___

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2015-07-25 15:23:50 (8 comments, 3 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Using the Periodic Table as a link to life...

Thank you, +Win Olario 

Using the Periodic Table as a link to life...

Thank you, +Win Olario ___

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2015-07-25 14:44:34 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Greetings from Mars

I have always Wondered what it Would be like to discover a totally different world, lifeless, full of wild landscapes and to photograph it for the first time as if I Was Ansel Adams. So I came up with this project, qui est about space exploration and discovery. It's goal aussi about our behavior in front of landscapes and how we create pictures That will share our personal story with the world. I stopped in every spot, Carefully Chosen for Their Similarities with the red planet, I Imitated stereotypical tourist poses. It's interesting to observe the way we act in front of the camera, how we include Ourselves in the landscapes, how Those landscapes trigger the desire to affirm our presence. And how the way we take pictures exposed the vanity Involved in our endless pursuit of self-definition.
~ Julien Mauve, Parisian author photographer who created a... more »

Greetings from Mars

I have always Wondered what it Would be like to discover a totally different world, lifeless, full of wild landscapes and to photograph it for the first time as if I Was Ansel Adams. So I came up with this project, qui est about space exploration and discovery. It's goal aussi about our behavior in front of landscapes and how we create pictures That will share our personal story with the world. I stopped in every spot, Carefully Chosen for Their Similarities with the red planet, I Imitated stereotypical tourist poses. It's interesting to observe the way we act in front of the camera, how we include Ourselves in the landscapes, how Those landscapes trigger the desire to affirm our presence. And how the way we take pictures exposed the vanity Involved in our endless pursuit of self-definition.
~ Julien Mauve, Parisian author photographer who created a photographic journal  to show that tomorrow's Martians will interact with their new settings in ways very familiar to us Earthlings___

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2015-07-24 13:06:55 (8 comments, 1 reshares, 54 +1s)Open 

Here is wishing you a smile this happy Friday, Plussers, and may you always keep that child-like wonder.

Thank you so much, +Nasrin Mohebbian 

___Here is wishing you a smile this happy Friday, Plussers, and may you always keep that child-like wonder.

Thank you so much, +Nasrin Mohebbian 

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2015-07-24 12:38:47 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Many say that violence is the social pandemic of the century in Latin America. Yet everyday life and social change in the region has never been immune to violence. The conquest, the slavery system, the independence, land acquisition, expropriation of natural resources and political revolutions have been violent. The threat of violence continues to be a common denominator in the region, although now manifested in different ways. Today, the issue of violence and crime is not a result of politics, but devoid of any ideological end. Violence has become familiar and intimate, a trivialized routine in the region, while targets of violence have become so blurred they cease to make sense. The loss of social dialogue has made it so that acts of violence seem the only way to resolve conflicts within these societies.
~ Sebastian Liste,  a documentary photographer and sociologist devoted to documentingc... more »

Many say that violence is the social pandemic of the century in Latin America. Yet everyday life and social change in the region has never been immune to violence. The conquest, the slavery system, the independence, land acquisition, expropriation of natural resources and political revolutions have been violent. The threat of violence continues to be a common denominator in the region, although now manifested in different ways. Today, the issue of violence and crime is not a result of politics, but devoid of any ideological end. Violence has become familiar and intimate, a trivialized routine in the region, while targets of violence have become so blurred they cease to make sense. The loss of social dialogue has made it so that acts of violence seem the only way to resolve conflicts within these societies.
~ Sebastian Liste,  a documentary photographer and sociologist devoted to documenting contemporary issues and the profound cultural changes in Latin America

More on Liste and his work here: http://noorimages.com/photographer/liste/ and here: http://www.sebastianliste.com/

Thank you, +Irina Tcherednichenko ___

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2015-07-24 00:32:24 (7 comments, 3 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

0 to under 40 acres of woodland per square mile is white. 40 to 120 acres of woodland per square mile is density I. 120 to 240 acres per square mile is density II, 240 to 360 is density III. 360 to 560 is density IV, and 560 and above is density V. 

I once heard that you could ride a horse from one end of California to the other in the shade of a tree. Now I believe it. A really beautiful map of the distribution of woodland in the US in 1870. A lovely zoomable and clear version is at the David Rumsey Map Collection here: http://goo.gl/RoIw0M 

Thank you, +Blue Raster 

This 1870 map from the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division shows the woodlands. #ThrowbackThursday___0 to under 40 acres of woodland per square mile is white. 40 to 120 acres of woodland per square mile is density I. 120 to 240 acres per square mile is density II, 240 to 360 is density III. 360 to 560 is density IV, and 560 and above is density V. 

I once heard that you could ride a horse from one end of California to the other in the shade of a tree. Now I believe it. A really beautiful map of the distribution of woodland in the US in 1870. A lovely zoomable and clear version is at the David Rumsey Map Collection here: http://goo.gl/RoIw0M 

Thank you, +Blue Raster 

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2015-07-23 12:59:11 (12 comments, 0 reshares, 32 +1s)Open 

I am honored to mark my 18th birthday with the brave and inspiring girls of Syria. I am here on behalf of the 28 million children who are kept from the classroom because of armed conflict. Their courage and dedication to continue their schooling in difficult conditions inspires people around the world and it is our duty to stand by them. On this day, I have a message for the leaders of this country, this region and the world — you are failing the Syrian people, especially Syria's children. This is a heartbreaking tragedy — the world's worst refugee crisis in decades.
~ Malala Yousafzai who spent her 18th birthday opening a school for Syrian refugees. Happy 18th birthday, Malala! 

More at: http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/12/422358157/malala-turns-18-and-opens-a-school-for-syrian-refugee-girls

Thank you, +Half the Sky Movement and +SherrieDonald... more »

Happy 18th birthday, Malala. We stand with you in telling world leaders to invest in ‪#‎booksnotbullets‬.

#malala   #malalayousafzai   #letgirlslearn   #education   #happybirthday   #malaladay  ___I am honored to mark my 18th birthday with the brave and inspiring girls of Syria. I am here on behalf of the 28 million children who are kept from the classroom because of armed conflict. Their courage and dedication to continue their schooling in difficult conditions inspires people around the world and it is our duty to stand by them. On this day, I have a message for the leaders of this country, this region and the world — you are failing the Syrian people, especially Syria's children. This is a heartbreaking tragedy — the world's worst refugee crisis in decades.
~ Malala Yousafzai who spent her 18th birthday opening a school for Syrian refugees. Happy 18th birthday, Malala! 

More at: http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/12/422358157/malala-turns-18-and-opens-a-school-for-syrian-refugee-girls

Thank you, +Half the Sky Movement and +Sherrie Donaldson-Thompson 

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2015-07-22 13:19:38 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

So many maps of the greatest city in the world, so much history, so much fun. Thank you, +Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy and +Curbed SF 

These old maps show just how much the Bay Area has changed over the decades.___So many maps of the greatest city in the world, so much history, so much fun. Thank you, +Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy and +Curbed SF 

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2015-07-22 01:45:10 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

"On June 4, 1989, People's Liberation Army soldiers opened fire on unarmed civilians in Beijing, killing untold hundreds of people. A quarter-century later, this defining event remains buried in China's modern history, successfully expunged from collective memory. In The People's Republic of Amnesia, NPR and former BBC correspondent Louisa Lim charts how the events of June 4th changed China, and how China changed the events of June 4th by rewriting its own history."

Lisa Lim, BBC correspondent and the author of the Orwell prize-shortlisted The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited, talks about the steps she took to uncover details of the massacre and how successful the repressive government is in imposing mass amnesia. This link works form... more »

___"On June 4, 1989, People's Liberation Army soldiers opened fire on unarmed civilians in Beijing, killing untold hundreds of people. A quarter-century later, this defining event remains buried in China's modern history, successfully expunged from collective memory. In The People's Republic of Amnesia, NPR and former BBC correspondent Louisa Lim charts how the events of June 4th changed China, and how China changed the events of June 4th by rewriting its own history."

Lisa Lim, BBC correspondent and the author of the Orwell prize-shortlisted The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited, talks about the steps she took to uncover details of the massacre and how successful the repressive government is in imposing mass amnesia. This link works for me: http://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2015/jul/21/louisa-lim-the-peoples-republic-of-amnesia-tiananmen-revisited-china

From: https://bookshop.theguardian.com/people-s-republic-of-amnesia.html

Thank you, +Anzan Hoshin Roshi 

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2015-07-21 12:54:52 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 29 +1s)Open 

The three wise men of Hebie province. Thank you, +MapsofWorld.com 

This is Tianzi Hotel located in China’s Hebei province. The colorful building depicts Fu, Lu and Shou, the Chinese gods of good fortune, prosperity and longevity and was built in 2000. The hotel holds the Guinness World Record of being the biggest image building in the world!
(image rights belong to the owner)___The three wise men of Hebie province. Thank you, +MapsofWorld.com 

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2015-07-21 12:45:01 (6 comments, 10 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

An Awesome Mix Vol. 1 of an infographic posted by Visualoop! The Guardian chose 100 great songs that represent the history of rock. The great information scientists at Silicon Valley Data Science turned them into an awesome interactive visualization to give deeper context to the songs and to better understand the melange of musical influences.

Thank you, +Visual Loop  

An Awesome Mix Vol. 1 of an infographic posted by Visualoop! The Guardian chose 100 great songs that represent the history of rock. The great information scientists at Silicon Valley Data Science turned them into an awesome interactive visualization to give deeper context to the songs and to better understand the melange of musical influences.

Thank you, +Visual Loop  ___

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2015-07-21 12:33:23 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

An all new showcase of the best infographics and data visualizations. Check it out! http://visualoop.com/

A new Visualoop!

New online showcase inspires with over 1500 of the best #infographics of the past years___An all new showcase of the best infographics and data visualizations. Check it out! http://visualoop.com/

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2015-07-21 01:12:00 (4 comments, 4 reshares, 31 +1s)Open 

Trails to Treasures of the Golden Southwest, 1868

"In these storied lands, billions in gold and silver treasures have been found, lost, buried, abandoned. The native Indian, the Spanish Conquistador, the sainted Padre who beat out the path of El Camino Real, the prospector and his burro...each has played a role in this adventure of riches gained and lost.

The dreams that lured them on during the past centuries still lure other men today.

This map, based on ten years of exhaustive research, charts the locales of many fabulous hordes of wealth. It invites the daring to search them out... each to his own El Dorado! Gold is where you find it."

Trails to Treasures locates and tells stories of lost mines and treasure spots of the Southwest in gorgeous full color. What a treasure this map is indeed. In pristine condition, the lovely color detail and... more »

The legends of gold and lost treasures are part of lot of local histories in the West, and this map skims the surface for the Southwest and treasures lost over the last thousand years or so.
#pictorialmaps #oldmapgallery #losttreasure #gold___Trails to Treasures of the Golden Southwest, 1868

"In these storied lands, billions in gold and silver treasures have been found, lost, buried, abandoned. The native Indian, the Spanish Conquistador, the sainted Padre who beat out the path of El Camino Real, the prospector and his burro...each has played a role in this adventure of riches gained and lost.

The dreams that lured them on during the past centuries still lure other men today.

This map, based on ten years of exhaustive research, charts the locales of many fabulous hordes of wealth. It invites the daring to search them out... each to his own El Dorado! Gold is where you find it."

Trails to Treasures locates and tells stories of lost mines and treasure spots of the Southwest in gorgeous full color. What a treasure this map is indeed. In pristine condition, the lovely color detail and inset maps are a simply work of art. I believe the copyright says 1868. Thank you, +The Old Map Gallery This is just gorgeous!

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2015-07-19 19:23:59 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

A deep dive and a humorous look by Chris Urmson, Principal Engineer, and Software Lead for Google Self-Driving Cars at what it takes to engineer a driverless car. I'm ready for mine.

Thank you, +Andrew Leahy 

Awesome talk by Chris Urmson on Google's driverless cars.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiwVMrTLUWg&t=7m47s
(skip to 7m47s to the vehicle imagery bit)

Kinda feels like "live" Street View! Hmm... I wonder how long till it's possible to capture & store all this data and use like we use Street View now?___A deep dive and a humorous look by Chris Urmson, Principal Engineer, and Software Lead for Google Self-Driving Cars at what it takes to engineer a driverless car. I'm ready for mine.

Thank you, +Andrew Leahy 

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2015-07-19 18:56:56 (2 comments, 5 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

A beautifully done minimal globe demo visualization of worldwide flights by former Google Creative Labs, Stewart Smith. Really stunning. See for yourself here: http://stewd.io/airborne/

Thank you, +Maps Mania 

Mapping Worldwide Flights

Visualizing worldwide flights and flight patterns.___A beautifully done minimal globe demo visualization of worldwide flights by former Google Creative Labs, Stewart Smith. Really stunning. See for yourself here: http://stewd.io/airborne/

Thank you, +Maps Mania 

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2015-07-19 04:17:15 (11 comments, 6 reshares, 58 +1s)Open 

New Orleans, Louisiana - Stop 146: Louis Armstrong, the Ambassador of Jazz

...I hear babies cryin'. I watch them grow.
They'll learn much more than I'll ever know
And I think to myself
What a wonderful world

Yes, I think to myself
What a wonderful world
~ Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, the most important and influential musician in jazz history and the words of his most famous song, (What a) Wonderful World (Listen here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nGKqH26xlg). Image below is Louis Armstrong by John Loengard, 1965, Life Magazine.

.. Armstrong's improvisational verve and technical virtuosity defined jazz ... and his engaging personality and ever-present grin made him a natural as the international ambassador of jazz, America's greatest gift to the world. ~ Life Magazine, The 100 People Who Made The Millenium... more »

New Orleans, Louisiana - Stop 146: Louis Armstrong, the Ambassador of Jazz

...I hear babies cryin'. I watch them grow.
They'll learn much more than I'll ever know
And I think to myself
What a wonderful world

Yes, I think to myself
What a wonderful world
~ Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, the most important and influential musician in jazz history and the words of his most famous song, (What a) Wonderful World (Listen here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nGKqH26xlg). Image below is Louis Armstrong by John Loengard, 1965, Life Magazine.

.. Armstrong's improvisational verve and technical virtuosity defined jazz ... and his engaging personality and ever-present grin made him a natural as the international ambassador of jazz, America's greatest gift to the world. ~ Life Magazine, The 100 People Who Made The Millenium

When I pick up that horn, that's all. The world's behind me and I don't concentrate on nothin' but it.... That my livin' and my life. I love them notes. That's why I try to make 'em right. See? ~ Louis Armstrong

The diverse groups of French, Spanish, African, Italian, German, and Irish that found themselves in New Orleans in the 19th century found one thing they could all agree on - their love of music. And their distinct music styles began to fuse like a tasty pot of jambalaya. Classical music, African/Caribbean music, marches, spirituals, work songs, ragtime, blues and the popular music of the period were merged with the mainstream music producing the roots of another distinctive New Orleans flavor - jazz.  

Just after the beginning of the 20th century, jazz began to emerge as part of a broad musical revolution. It reflected the profound contributions of people of African heritage to this new and distinctly American music. Louis Armstrong, born August 4, 1901 in New Orleans in the midst of this revolution, took this early heritage and elevated it to an international sensation and beloved art form of which he later became the Ambassador. His superb trumpet playing revolutionized the world of music, and with his broad smile (the source of his nickname - Satchmo = satchel mouth), and gravelly singing he became one of our century’s most recognized and best loved entertainers. Listen here: http://www.allmusic.com/album/satchmo-ambassador-of-jazz-mw0002181034

As a black man living and working in a segregated society, he symbolized the civil rights struggle that was part of the changing America in which he lived. Armstrong was heir to the poverty suffered by Southern blacks at the turn of the century, and lived with segregation at an early age that came to be a focus in his later years. In fact he and New Orleans parted ways over it. For nearly 10 years, Armstrong refused to play in his hometown because it did not allow integrated bands. He returned in 1965 after passage of the Civil Rights Act, and triumphantly played with an integrated band in the city's Jazz Museum. In 2001, the New Orleans International Airport was named after New Orlean's famous native son along with many other NOLA attractions. The Smithsonian has published a great article on how you can take a tour of "Louis Armstrong's" New Orleans complete with an interactive map of important locales in Armstrong's life: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/how-to-tour-louis-armstrongs-new-orleans-8695916/?no-ist

But with "Pops" Armstrong (what his friends called him) the music was all. Armstrong was a brilliant cornet and trumpet virtuoso and revolutionized jazz introducing the extended solo. Before Armstrong, no one player in the band soloed for an extended period. Armstrong's technical proficiency, his spirited interpretations and improvisations, and the depth and soul of his playing was unparalleled during his life, and may not have been matched since. He was every bit the consummate artist in his singing as well. His rough and throaty voice became, almost instantly, the internationally recognized voice of jazz itself. His 1956 recording with Ella Fitzgerald of George Gershwin’s “Porgy and Bess” was one of the most popular and best loved duets of the 1950s. Listen to Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong's Summertime: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnXLVTi_m_M  

Armstrong died of a heart attack in his sleep on July 6, 1971, a month before his 70th birthday. He left behind a long and prolific career, and the love and lifelong admiration of millions of fans; fans that are still being born today in the 21st century. Armstrong received many awards and recognitions, sadly most after his death, his biggest was the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972. He also won Grammies for Hello Dolly, and eleven Grammy Hall of Fame recordings including: All of Me, Porgy and Bess, Heebie Jeebies, Wonderful World, Mack the Knife, and St Louis Blues. The US Post Office issued a special commemorative stamp in 1995, and Armstrong was inducted into many Halls of Fame, including the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, and the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1978. Armstrong was also a movie star, appearing in High Society, Hello, Dolly!, Paris Blues, Pennies from Heaven, Going Places, and Atlantic City, and is also recognized by his own Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Here are some other great links to Satchmo's life and music. Listen to this interview of Louis Armstrong by Edward R. Murrow from the 1956 recording "Satchmo the Great": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvEE9zdHpcY Learn more about  Armstrong's life and history here: http://www.biography.com/people/louis-armstrong-9188912 Finally, dive into Armstrong's influence as the world's greatest jazz artist as only PBS can here: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/louis-armstrong/about-louis-armstrong/528/

This post is inspired by the 1886 children's geographic game, Rambles Through Our Country. During the first half of the 19th century, New Orleans became the United States’ wealthiest and third-largest city, and by the time the game was published in 1886, New Orleans was a bustling, vibrant, and very musical town.

The RTOC game involves a gameboard, a book or key to the stops, and some kind of spinner. Find the gameboard here: http://goo.gl/7ORK1E  and the book here: https://goo.gl/u96JE3 To spin, use the random number generator at: https://www.random.org/ and set the maximum number to 4.

I rolled a 3 on the makeshift  teetotum and moved from Murfreesboro, Arkansas - Stop 143: Crater of Diamonds State Park to New Orleans, Louisiana - Stop 146: Louis Armstrong, the Ambassador of Jazz. There are many topics I could have written about one of the most famous towns in America, but Louie was all.

#louisarmstrong   #satchmo   #ambassadorofjazz   #neworleans___

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2015-07-18 15:40:08 (16 comments, 5 reshares, 40 +1s)Open 

Here is wishing you a smile and happiness this Saturday, Plussers. Please pass it on to those you love.

Thank you, +marc henig and +Nathan Joel Clairmont 

___Here is wishing you a smile and happiness this Saturday, Plussers. Please pass it on to those you love.

Thank you, +marc henig and +Nathan Joel Clairmont 

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2015-07-17 11:36:42 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Have you ever seen a horse smile? Here is hoping this sweet little story brings a smile to your face this morning. Happy Friday, Plussers!

One of my riders with speech problems and a language barrier will blow kisses as a way of saying Yes. She does this a lot, in nearly every interaction. The other day, oddly, she didn't do it at all with people, but had a million kisses for the invisible birds chirping in the trees around the arena. Blowing kisses from horseback like royalty.

Occasionally something will happen that I can't let myself fully process in the moment, because I can't afford to totally lose it in front of a rider who might not understand. And I need clear eyes to do the job. So I observe and remember, at a bit of an emotional remove, then think about it later, in private. It's necessary.

This girl always rides Snap, who she adores and is so sweet to. At every pause, she leans forward to rub her neck or stroke her mane. If we stand still for more than a moment, she really gets into it, stretching to reach as much of Snap as she can while still in the saddle, rubbing and scratching in intense circles, really getting in there with her fingertips. The horse goes blissfully catatonic.

I was standing alongside, watching this energetic, loving massage, and I'd just thought, I bet that feels wonderful, when the rider leaned over and scratched me on my shoulder, the same way. 

Surprised, I looked up, and she blew me a kiss.

This rider, who has unfair challenges and the name of a princess, treated me like a bird or a horse, like a living thing she loves. I couldn't have felt more acknowledged, chosen, cared for, anointed, or perfectly present in the moment, and I let myself feel every bit of it.___Have you ever seen a horse smile? Here is hoping this sweet little story brings a smile to your face this morning. Happy Friday, Plussers!

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2015-07-16 13:09:28 (11 comments, 5 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Every volcanic eruption of the past 2000 years. The darker red, the more eruptions. 'Nuf said, see the map: http://iscientist.co.uk/2015/05/is-the-eruption-of-chiles-calbuco-volcano-a-surprise/

2000 Years of Volcanic Eruptions

Neat map of every volcano eruption over the last 2000 years. Plus a nice tutorial about how the map was made with CartoDB.___Every volcanic eruption of the past 2000 years. The darker red, the more eruptions. 'Nuf said, see the map: http://iscientist.co.uk/2015/05/is-the-eruption-of-chiles-calbuco-volcano-a-surprise/

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2015-07-16 12:59:39 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

If you haven't discovered the poetic voices on Google Plus, please enjoy the wonderful post below. Go to the OP where the comments are every bit as mesmerizing as the subject.

BOON
- Lily

Twilight descends with the swiftness
of a dream; its beauty her
shrouded heart does not see, nor the
scintillating arch on high,
Heaven's own coronet curved athwart
the looming purple range....

The complete poem can be read at the link below the image.

#poetry   #poetryiwrite   #poetryblogs  ___If you haven't discovered the poetic voices on Google Plus, please enjoy the wonderful post below. Go to the OP where the comments are every bit as mesmerizing as the subject.

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2015-07-15 12:47:48 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

The sun is falling and it lies in blood
The moon is weaving bandages of gold
Old Black Swan where oh where is my lover now
Where oh where is my lover now

Torn and tattered is my bridal gown and my lamp is lost
With silver needles and with silver threads
The stars stitch a route for the dying sun
Old Black Swan where oh where is my lover now

I had given him a kiss and a golden ring
And a golden ring
I had given him a kiss of fire and a golden ring
Oh with silver needles and with silver threads
The stars stitch a route for the dying sun

Black Wing o Black Wing take me down with you
Take me down with you take me down with you
Take me down with you
Old Black Swan take me down with you
I had given him a kiss of fire
Take me down with you
~ Nina Simone, Black Swan
... more »

RIP.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susumu_Yokota___The sun is falling and it lies in blood
The moon is weaving bandages of gold
Old Black Swan where oh where is my lover now
Where oh where is my lover now

Torn and tattered is my bridal gown and my lamp is lost
With silver needles and with silver threads
The stars stitch a route for the dying sun
Old Black Swan where oh where is my lover now

I had given him a kiss and a golden ring
And a golden ring
I had given him a kiss of fire and a golden ring
Oh with silver needles and with silver threads
The stars stitch a route for the dying sun

Black Wing o Black Wing take me down with you
Take me down with you take me down with you
Take me down with you
Old Black Swan take me down with you
I had given him a kiss of fire
Take me down with you
~ Nina Simone, Black Swan

From: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EMjeEFPZlc

Thank you, +oded fried-gaon 

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2015-07-15 02:13:52 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

Jane Goodall talks about how technology has changed in her 55 years of research, and how mapping technologies, like Esri mapping and Google Earth, are helping to save chimp habitat.

My hero. Thank you, +the Jane Goodall Institute 

___Jane Goodall talks about how technology has changed in her 55 years of research, and how mapping technologies, like Esri mapping and Google Earth, are helping to save chimp habitat.

My hero. Thank you, +the Jane Goodall Institute 

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2015-07-14 13:11:26 (14 comments, 3 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

On the face of it, earthquakes seem to present us with problems of space: the way we live along fault lines, in brick buildings, in homes made valuable by their proximity to the sea. But, covertly, they also present us with problems of time. The earth is 4.5 billion years old, but we are a young species, relatively speaking, with an average individual allotment of three score years and ten. The brevity of our lives breeds a kind of temporal parochialism—an ignorance of or an indifference to those planetary gears which turn more slowly than our own.
~ Kathryn Schulz, Annals of Seismology JULY 20, 2015 ISSUE

"An earthquake will destroy a sizable portion of the coastal Northwest. The question is when." Thank you, +Lucas Appelmann 

On the face of it, earthquakes seem to present us with problems of space: the way we live along fault lines, in brick buildings, in homes made valuable by their proximity to the sea. But, covertly, they also present us with problems of time. The earth is 4.5 billion years old, but we are a young species, relatively speaking, with an average individual allotment of three score years and ten. The brevity of our lives breeds a kind of temporal parochialism—an ignorance of or an indifference to those planetary gears which turn more slowly than our own.
~ Kathryn Schulz, Annals of Seismology JULY 20, 2015 ISSUE

"An earthquake will destroy a sizable portion of the coastal Northwest. The question is when." Thank you, +Lucas Appelmann ___

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2015-07-13 13:02:29 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Murfreesboro, Arkansas - Stop 143: Crater of Diamonds State Park

100-million years ago, gas-filled magma under enormous pressure erupted in a series of violent explosions ejecting material from 100 miles or more deep within the Earth. On its journey through the crust, the explosion formed a "volanic pipe," and the magma formed in the mantle dragged material with it that included the green, dense mantle rock peridotite and one of the most precious gemstones known today, diamonds. On the surface the explosions left an 80-acre crater in the area that is now near Murfreesboro, Arkansas: http://geology.com/articles/crater-of-diamonds/

Contrary to what you may have been taught in school, diamonds are only rarely formed from coal.  In fact, most diamonds in existence today are much older than Earth's first land plants. The diamonds ejected from the volcanic pipe near... more »

Murfreesboro, Arkansas - Stop 143: Crater of Diamonds State Park

100-million years ago, gas-filled magma under enormous pressure erupted in a series of violent explosions ejecting material from 100 miles or more deep within the Earth. On its journey through the crust, the explosion formed a "volanic pipe," and the magma formed in the mantle dragged material with it that included the green, dense mantle rock peridotite and one of the most precious gemstones known today, diamonds. On the surface the explosions left an 80-acre crater in the area that is now near Murfreesboro, Arkansas: http://geology.com/articles/crater-of-diamonds/

Contrary to what you may have been taught in school, diamonds are only rarely formed from coal.  In fact, most diamonds in existence today are much older than Earth's first land plants. The diamonds ejected from the volcanic pipe near Murfreesboro already existed at the base of the continental plate that underlies much of North America, formed in the mantle environment under intense heat and pressure from carbon trapped in the Earth's interior at its formation. All that was needed was a way to bring them to the surface, and the rare volcanic explosive process that ocurred millions of years ago in areas that would become Arkansas, Africa, Canada, Russia and elsewhere, and provided almost 100% of the diamonds mined today, no longer occurs. More at: http://geology.com/articles/diamonds-from-coal/

For a millenia the crater near Murfreesboro eroded, and the diamonds, highly resistant to weathering, became concentrated in the peridotitic soil. Early in 1906, new owner of the crater land, a farmer/prospector named John Wesley Huddleston was looking at the side of the road for traces of copper, iron or lead made an unexpected find. I was crawling on my hands and knees...when my eyes fell on another glittering pebble...I knew it was different from any I had ever seen before. It had a fiery eye that blazed up at me every way I turned it. I hurried to the house with the pebble, saddled my mule and started for Murfreesboro…riding through the lane, my eye caught another glitter, and I dismounted and picked it up out of the dust. Huddleston had found the greatest diamond deposit in the United States and the diamond rush was on.

The land quickly turned hands and was bought by a diamond mining company who established a working diamond mine. In 1924 a 40.23 carat white diamond, the "Uncle Sam Diamond" named after its finder W.O. Basham's nickname, was the biggest diamond ever found in the US. Thousands of other fortune finders also turned up once the word got out. The Conway Hotel in Murfreesboro is said to have turned away more than 10,000 people in just one year due to being too full to house them. The Tent City of Kimberly was established between Murfreesboro and the diamond mine, but nothing remains of it and the diamond mine today.

In 1969, General Earth Minerals of Dallas, Texas, bought the property and opened a private tourist attraction until 1972 when the State of Arkansas bought the land for $750,000 and the Crater of Diamonds State Park was established. Today, park visitors can go treasure hunting in Arkansas at the Crater of Diamonds State Park, and for $8 can access the search area, the 37 1/2-acre plowed field containing the diamond-bearing soil. It is "finders-keepers" at Crater of Diamonds State Park, and some amazing diamonds have been found. In 1977 a 4.25 carat yellow diamond was found and left uncut because of its perfect dodecahedral shape. The Kahn "Canary" diamond was worn by first lady Hillary Clinton at her husband's Presidential Inaugural galas in 1993 and 1997 as a special way to represent President Clinton's Arkansas roots, and Arkansas' most famous diamond site.

And Arkansas most famous diamond site reports hundreds of carats of diamonds being found every year since 1972 and visitation has steadily increased as a response. In 2014 the park reports 144,445 visitors. In total, over 3 million people have visited since 1972. And diamonds are still being found. On June 24th, 2015 a Coloradan visitor to Crater of Diamonds State Park found an 8.52-carat white diamond after only searching 20 minutes. Learn more about the park and how you can visit here: http://www.craterofdiamondsstatepark.com/

Learn more about Crater of Diamonds here: http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Crater+of+Diamonds

This post is inspired by the 1886 children's geographic game, Rambles Through Our Country. By the time the game was published in 1886, the area that is now Crater of Diamonds State Park near Murfreesboro, Arkansas was the 160-acre McBrayer farm. State Geologist, John Branner, suspected that there might be diamonds there because of the peridotite soil that is associated with diamonds in Kimberly, South Africa, and searched the area in 1889, but his search was fruitless.

The RTOC game involves a gameboard, a book or key to the stops, and some kind of spinner. Find the gameboard here: http://goo.gl/7ORK1E  and the book here: https://goo.gl/u96JE3 To spin, use the random number generator at: https://www.random.org/ and set the maximum number to 4.

I rolled a 2 on the makeshift  teetotum and moved from Tahlequah, Oklahoma - Stop 141: Wilma Mankiller to Murfreesboro, Arkansas - Stop 143: Crater of Diamonds State Park. Actually Stop 143 is Little Rock, Arkansas, but the story of the most famous diamond deposit in the US was too good not to tell.

#ramblesthroughourcountry   #arkansas   #craterofdiamondsstatepark  ___

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2015-07-12 00:58:28 (8 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

"The Girl Who Played With Watery Light"
by Karin Lisa Atkinson
"It's been a brilliant journey of self-awakening. And now you've simply got to ask yourself this: What is happiness to you? "
~ Cameron Crowe, Alejandro Amenábar, Mateo Gil 
(Quote from the film "Vanilla Sky" originally in Spanish "Abre los Ojos" /"Open Your Eyes" )
+Kostas Michalis 

“I love you because no two snowflakes are alike, and it is possible, if you stand tippy-toe, to walk between the raindrops."
~ Nikki Giovanni, 1943-
(Born: Knoxville, Tennessee)

"You can't cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water."
Rabindranath Tagore, 1861-1941
(Born: Kolkata, India)

"The Girl Who Played With Watery Light"
by Karin Lisa Atkinson
Location: Los Angeles,Cali... more »

"The Girl Who Played With Watery Light"
by Karin Lisa Atkinson
"It's been a brilliant journey of self-awakening. And now you've simply got to ask yourself this: What is happiness to you? "
~ Cameron Crowe, Alejandro Amenábar, Mateo Gil 
(Quote from the film "Vanilla Sky" originally in Spanish "Abre los Ojos" /"Open Your Eyes" )
+Kostas Michalis 

“I love you because no two snowflakes are alike, and it is possible, if you stand tippy-toe, to walk between the raindrops."
~ Nikki Giovanni, 1943-
(Born: Knoxville, Tennessee)

"You can't cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water."
Rabindranath Tagore, 1861-1941
(Born: Kolkata, India)

"The Girl Who Played With Watery Light"
by Karin Lisa Atkinson
Location: Los Angeles, California July 8, 2015
Camera: Sony DSC-RX100M2 (pocket camera) 
Conditions: Night, ambient light, no flash, no tripod

#nightphotography   #streetphotography   #blackandwhitephotography   #urbanphotography   #losangeles   #photography   #photographer   #promotephotography   #soothingphotography   #quotestoliveby   #quotesonlife   #quotesandsayings   #childhood   #waterphotography  ___

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2015-07-11 18:43:13 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Life is Fine

by Langston Hughes

I went down to the river,
I set down on the bank.
I tried to think but couldn't,
So I jumped in and sank.

I came up once and hollered!
I came up twice and cried!
If that water hadn't a-been so cold
I might've sunk and died.

But it was Cold in that water! It was cold!

I took the elevator
Sixteen floors above the ground.
I thought about my baby
And thought I would jump down.

I stood there and I hollered!
I stood there and I cried!
If it hadn't a-been so high
I might've jumped and died.

But it was High up there! It was high!

So since I'm still here livin',
I guess I will live on.
I could've died for love –
But for livin' I was born

Though you may hear meh... more »

Life is Fine

by Langston Hughes

I went down to the river,
I set down on the bank.
I tried to think but couldn't,
So I jumped in and sank.

I came up once and hollered!
I came up twice and cried!
If that water hadn't a-been so cold
I might've sunk and died.

But it was Cold in that water! It was cold!

I took the elevator
Sixteen floors above the ground.
I thought about my baby
And thought I would jump down.

I stood there and I hollered!
I stood there and I cried!
If it hadn't a-been so high
I might've jumped and died.

But it was High up there! It was high!

So since I'm still here livin',
I guess I will live on.
I could've died for love –
But for livin' I was born

Though you may hear me holler,
And you may see me cry –
I'll be dogged, sweet baby,
If you gonna see me die.

Life is fine! Fine as wine! Life is fine! ___

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2015-07-11 01:30:32 (7 comments, 6 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

I laughed... Don't hate me.

Thank you, +Valkyrie 

In which Toronto shows how awesome they are...___I laughed... Don't hate me.

Thank you, +Valkyrie 

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2015-07-10 13:07:31 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Below is a hexbin map of the world's population compared to the number of internet users. Each hexagon represents 470,000 people online, and countries with fewer than 470,000 people online have been removed from the maps. The shading indicates the percentage of people online with red being the highest and white being the lowest. My surprise (or not) is United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar.

Really quite fascinating. Thank you, +Irina Tcherednichenko 

___Below is a hexbin map of the world's population compared to the number of internet users. Each hexagon represents 470,000 people online, and countries with fewer than 470,000 people online have been removed from the maps. The shading indicates the percentage of people online with red being the highest and white being the lowest. My surprise (or not) is United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar.

Really quite fascinating. Thank you, +Irina Tcherednichenko 

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2015-07-10 01:49:54 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 


E vivo ancora?
E senza il ferro,
oh! Dei! che farò?
Che mi dite, o affanni miei?

Scherza infida in grembo al drudo,
io tradito a morte in braccio
per tua colpa ora men vo.

Mà a spezzar l'indegno laccio,
ombra mesta e spirto ignudo,
per tua pena io tornerò.

*

Do I still live?
And without a sword,
O gods! what shall I do?
What do you say, o my troubles?

Enjoy yourself, o faithless one, in the arms of your lover.
Betrayed by you,
I will now give myself up to death's embrace.

But, in order to break this shameful tie,
a sad and bereaved spirit,
I will return to punish you.

G. F. Händel.  Scherza Infida from the opera Ariodante, 1734.
Philippe Jaroussky and l'ensemble Artaserse. "Farinelli, Carestini castrats etriva... more »


E vivo ancora?
E senza il ferro,
oh! Dei! che farò?
Che mi dite, o affanni miei?

Scherza infida in grembo al drudo,
io tradito a morte in braccio
per tua colpa ora men vo.

Mà a spezzar l'indegno laccio,
ombra mesta e spirto ignudo,
per tua pena io tornerò.

*

Do I still live?
And without a sword,
O gods! what shall I do?
What do you say, o my troubles?

Enjoy yourself, o faithless one, in the arms of your lover.
Betrayed by you,
I will now give myself up to death's embrace.

But, in order to break this shameful tie,
a sad and bereaved spirit,
I will return to punish you.

G. F. Händel.  Scherza Infida from the opera Ariodante, 1734.
Philippe Jaroussky and l'ensemble Artaserse. "Farinelli, Carestini castrats et rivaux" at the Château de Versailles (Galerie des Glaces), 2009. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZI6mCidnM5s).

Image: "Underwater Fashion Model" by Toni Frissell, 1939.

#music #opera #händel #jaroussky #baroque #photography #frissell___

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2015-07-10 01:30:10 (6 comments, 3 reshares, 42 +1s)Open 

Who Colored the Berg?

"White light is made up of all the colors of the rainbow (red, blue, violet, etc.) and each color has a different wavelength.

Icebergs are white because the ice is full of tiny air bubbles. The bubble surfaces scatter all color wavelengths by the same amount, giving the iceberg an overall white appearance. (Water and ice in clouds scatter color wavelengths the same way, and they also appear white.)

The blueish streaks of clear, bubble free ice often seen in icebergs results from the refreezing of meltwater which fills crevasses formed in the glacier as it creeps over land.

Ice that is bubble free has a blue tint which is due to the same light phenomenon that tints the sky - the wavelength of blue light causes it to be scattered or spread around much more than the other colors, and this scattered blue light is what makes the sky... more »

Iceberg of Newfoundland. Not photoshopped___Who Colored the Berg?

"White light is made up of all the colors of the rainbow (red, blue, violet, etc.) and each color has a different wavelength.

Icebergs are white because the ice is full of tiny air bubbles. The bubble surfaces scatter all color wavelengths by the same amount, giving the iceberg an overall white appearance. (Water and ice in clouds scatter color wavelengths the same way, and they also appear white.)

The blueish streaks of clear, bubble free ice often seen in icebergs results from the refreezing of meltwater which fills crevasses formed in the glacier as it creeps over land.

Ice that is bubble free has a blue tint which is due to the same light phenomenon that tints the sky - the wavelength of blue light causes it to be scattered or spread around much more than the other colors, and this scattered blue light is what makes the sky (and bubble free ice) blue."

More examples here: https://goo.gl/S3poi0

From: http://www.athropolis.com/arctic-facts/fact-berg-color.htm

Gorgeous! Thank you, +CosmosUp 

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2015-07-09 11:57:39 (14 comments, 2 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

I am a real fan of manhole covers, and Japan's blur the line between art and utility.

If you enjoy them as well, here are some more examples you might find interesting: https://www.pinterest.com/PatrishaGN/manhole-covers/ and http://nowthatsnifty.blogspot.com/2009/05/manhole-covers-from-around-world.html

And here are some beautiful examples from the Bay Area: http://goo.gl/TOq2aS

Thank you, +Kevyn Winkless!

Japan takes community art seriously.  Quite apart from the remarkable frequency with which you see (sometimes questionable - does Utsunomiya still have that gyoza monstrosity?) sculpture or murals, municipal governments and even just the construction companies routinely build a bit of art into everyday things.  

Most towns have an area where sidewalks have been decorated with inset tiles depicting a flower, fruit, bird or animal - usually the town mascot.  I was recently pleasantly surprised to notice that an overflow pond had a sundial in it - so when the pond is full it's...well, a pond, but when it's empty it's a piece of functional art.

How often you see this stuff does vary - it's quite common in Tokyo and surrounding areas, and I've seen it in most newer constructions, but there are definitely still large swathes of the country that remain in pre-fab post-war and bubble era concrete grey.  But the point is that it's there, and that people obviously feel it's an important part of the environment.  In fact, it's one of the things that makes Tokyo bearable for me.

So, a big thank-you to every government, company and individual putting money and time into random acts of public art.  You keep me (somewhat) sane.___I am a real fan of manhole covers, and Japan's blur the line between art and utility.

If you enjoy them as well, here are some more examples you might find interesting: https://www.pinterest.com/PatrishaGN/manhole-covers/ and http://nowthatsnifty.blogspot.com/2009/05/manhole-covers-from-around-world.html

And here are some beautiful examples from the Bay Area: http://goo.gl/TOq2aS

Thank you, +Kevyn Winkless!

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2015-07-09 11:24:53 (3 comments, 5 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

"So if Earth were actually the size of this 127 cm diameter globe [...], I wondered what it would feel like under my fingertips. The answer is insanely smooth.  For instance..."

It's a small world after all. Thank you, +Christoph Nahr and +Irina Tcherednichenko!

What would be the scaled size of buildings, mountains, oceans, and the atmosphere if Earth was 127 cm in diameter?___"So if Earth were actually the size of this 127 cm diameter globe [...], I wondered what it would feel like under my fingertips. The answer is insanely smooth.  For instance..."

It's a small world after all. Thank you, +Christoph Nahr and +Irina Tcherednichenko!

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2015-07-09 01:19:49 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 35 +1s)Open 

Take elements of traditional Chinese art and then throw away all the rules. The art of Rion Wang is glorious, heady, magical and bold. His life drawings are an exercise in exquisite detail and the rest is just a pure delight. 

More to love at: http://www.rlonart.com/ and https://www.behance.net/rlon

+Mz Maau might find some of Wang's work appealing as well. Thank you, +JM Bell!

RIon Wang
more: http://www.crossconnectmag.com/post/123555933238___Take elements of traditional Chinese art and then throw away all the rules. The art of Rion Wang is glorious, heady, magical and bold. His life drawings are an exercise in exquisite detail and the rest is just a pure delight. 

More to love at: http://www.rlonart.com/ and https://www.behance.net/rlon

+Mz Maau might find some of Wang's work appealing as well. Thank you, +JM Bell!

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2015-07-08 12:57:09 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Because it's that kind of a day, +Jackie Ng :-)

Because it's that kind of a day, +Jackie Ng :-)___

2015-07-07 11:40:01 (9 comments, 3 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

A very cool WebGL 3D map of objects in Earth orbit that interactively shows the orbit of the object and zooms in when you click on one. The grey ones are marked as "debris." There are an awful lot of grey ones: http://stuffin.space/

Les Johnson, science fiction author, popular science writer, and NASA technologist has a little story about what might happen up there with all the crowding: http://www.baen.com/Living_Without_Satellites.asp

Thank you, +Colin Sullender 

#stuffinspace   #kesslereffect  

This website is a real-time, 3D-visualized map of all tracked objects orbiting around the Earth. Using data pulled daily from the U.S. Department of Defense's Space Track service, Stuff in Space depicts locations of over 150,000 objects larger than a softball. While there are no top-secret spy satellites, there are plenty of debris and commercial satellites to be followed.

#Space   #Debris   #NASA   #DoD   #StuffInSpace   #SpaceTrack   #Satellite   #Orbit   #Atmosphere  ___A very cool WebGL 3D map of objects in Earth orbit that interactively shows the orbit of the object and zooms in when you click on one. The grey ones are marked as "debris." There are an awful lot of grey ones: http://stuffin.space/

Les Johnson, science fiction author, popular science writer, and NASA technologist has a little story about what might happen up there with all the crowding: http://www.baen.com/Living_Without_Satellites.asp

Thank you, +Colin Sullender 

#stuffinspace   #kesslereffect  

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2015-07-05 14:55:25 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 22 +1s)Open 

At any location on earth, as the rock record goes down into time and out into earlier geographies it touches upon tens of hundreds of stories, wherein the face of the earth often changed, changed utterly, and changed again, like the face of a crackling fire.
~ John McPhee, Basin and Range, 1980

And almost no where else has the "face of the earth often changed, changed utterly, and changed again" as in California. If you haven't kept up with our favorite Geotripper, +Garry Hayes', great blog series Driving Through the Most Dangerous Plate Boundary in the World, now is your chance to view the entire compilation of posts that transect California and explain the "tens of hundreds stories" as only a great geology teacher could. Even if you aren't from California, there is much to learn from its complex story. Enjoy!

Thank you, +Garry Hayes 

Fearsomely Cool Geology! A compilation of posts from a transect across an extinct subduction zone in central California.___At any location on earth, as the rock record goes down into time and out into earlier geographies it touches upon tens of hundreds of stories, wherein the face of the earth often changed, changed utterly, and changed again, like the face of a crackling fire.
~ John McPhee, Basin and Range, 1980

And almost no where else has the "face of the earth often changed, changed utterly, and changed again" as in California. If you haven't kept up with our favorite Geotripper, +Garry Hayes', great blog series Driving Through the Most Dangerous Plate Boundary in the World, now is your chance to view the entire compilation of posts that transect California and explain the "tens of hundreds stories" as only a great geology teacher could. Even if you aren't from California, there is much to learn from its complex story. Enjoy!

Thank you, +Garry Hayes 

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2015-07-04 22:41:38 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 47 +1s)Open 

Cartographic Silence

Silence can reveal as much as it conceals and, from acting as independent and intentional statements, silences on maps may sometimes become the determinate part of the cartographic message. (…) Silence and utterance are not alternatives but constituent parts of map language, each necessary for the understanding of the other. A cartographic interpretation of silences on a map departs, then, from the  premise that silence elucidates and is likely to be as culturally specific as any other aspect of the map's language.
J. Brian Harley,  The New Nature of Maps: Essays in the History of Cartography, Issue 2002, pg. 86 https://goo.gl/z6AWWI

Image from: https://portmanteau12.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/michal-karcz-ii-ultima-thule.jpg

Cartographic Silence

Silence can reveal as much as it conceals and, from acting as independent and intentional statements, silences on maps may sometimes become the determinate part of the cartographic message. (…) Silence and utterance are not alternatives but constituent parts of map language, each necessary for the understanding of the other. A cartographic interpretation of silences on a map departs, then, from the  premise that silence elucidates and is likely to be as culturally specific as any other aspect of the map's language.
J. Brian Harley,  The New Nature of Maps: Essays in the History of Cartography, Issue 2002, pg. 86 https://goo.gl/z6AWWI

Image from: https://portmanteau12.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/michal-karcz-ii-ultima-thule.jpg___

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2015-07-04 18:54:08 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

The fact that these highly abstract notions coalesce in such refined harmony is absolutely mind-boggling. It points to something rich and mysterious lurking beneath the surface, as if the curtain had been lifted and we caught glimpses of the reality that had been carefully hidden from us. These are the wonders of modern math, and of the modern world. 
~ Edward Frenkel, Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality, 2013

Thank you, +Kostas Michalis 

Identical Companions : You could not step twice into the same blind spot

"The way we talk about complex and abstract ideas is suffused with metaphor. In five experiments, we explore how these metaphors influence the way that we reason about complex issues and forage for further information about them. We find that even the subtlest instantiation of a metaphor (via a single word) can have a powerful influence over how people attempt to solve social problems like crime and how they gather information to make “well-informed” decisions. Interestingly, we find that the influence of the metaphorical framing effect is covert: people do not recognize metaphors as influential in their decisions ; instead they point to more “substantive” (often numerical) information as the motivation for their problem-solving decision. Metaphors in language appear to instantiate frame-consistent knowledge structures and invite structurally consistent inferences. Far from being mere rhetorical flourishes, metaphors have profound influences on how we conceptualize and act with respect to important societal issues. We find that exposure to even a single metaphor can induce substantial differences in opinion about how to solve social problems: differences that are larger, for example, than pre-existing differences in opinion between Democrats and Republicans. ( Metaphors We Think With: The Role of Metaphor in Reasoning / P. Thibodeau and L. Boroditsky)

Music: The Art Teacher / R. Wainright
https://youtu.be/-tFu12JGXO8

Taking advantage of the relationships and interaction, which actually exist between what happens
to her and her desire, she creates some metaphors both obvious and opaque, as screens of rays crisscrossing
the landscape in which herself and what she expected from you in the way of support coincide,
so that I and you resemble each other, now. The way they light the land like infrared without a trace
on film, really, part of your image was linked so closely to my desire, it remained inside my body.
It never reached the emotions, which tend to damage the body, but which memory requires.
Thus a formal device was discovered for detailing information that was intimate and largely unacceptable
to what I thought I required from you, regarding beauty in idea and form. She expected distress
to automatically bring about this beauty, like a woman’s theft of fire rope from your house,
but not her hanging in the orchard by the house. She was a stranger to you.
She was never in your consciousness. Hence she was never forgotten.
She is in you the way direct experience generates consciousness, adding the energy of its materialization.  

To live another person’s biography is not the same as to live his or her life.
She constructs a story line or cluster of anecdotal details, like clothes around the body,
instruments of both defense and expansion, which give meaning to fluctuations, such as in pleasures
occurring between herself and you. Her sunglasses swathed in feathers express
the contingency of a light and a space, so that the anecdote of a hanging could be utilized
as colorist or combinatory data, instead of her instinct for the imaginary in which what she imagines
represents what happens, whether or not it misrepresents it.

Sometimes it happens during a routine she represents by evenness of light on the land
or when things usually mean nothing, like harmony in light, what happens and something to mean
join accidentally. The thing isn’t what it is, but it is like what it is.
Like a fake, it doesn’t mean anything, although there is something to mean,
so that her solitude is the guise of unending repetition of a hanging or her relationship with you,
in which all that is to be included will find a place. This is empathy or sharing her intuition with her.
You look into someone’s eyes as if you were seeing through the face.

Because it’s not possible to absorb more than one insight at a time,
there seems to be a contradiction between the visual or space, and the context or meaning.
She felt deep uneasiness with the image of this sunset of unnatural energy, its sinister expression
of an order of impossible beauty we thought we lost, accounting for the intensity of yellow light on the hill,
which is not a thing, and it is not a metaphor, the way your life is not a metaphor to her, or
the way intense light on the hill is a recollection en plein air, in the sense that it happened.
Soon the background turns gray and the hill regains its natural color, but there are three dimensions of gray.
This is a metaphor for the fact that the hanged woman actually made contact with you, although you never knew her.

There is a link with her appearance, as with sex, or the way a name is attached to something
after naming it, by the occurrence of its name, in this case linking with the appearances
or biographies of a whole parade of lovers, so what she thinks of as human help from him
is no longer dependent on changing her desire for him in the present, but is a substitute for it.
The landscape is empty and it is immanent. The context of the woman in its reality
may differ from the context in which the viewer thinks about her, the element of transparency.
The way the viewer thinks about her is the way low clouds extend a landscape. The viewer
is acting on the landscape in consideration that the context of the viewer distinct from the context
of general human help could be a metaphor for itself.
(Excerpts from: Forms of Politeness / M. Berssenbrugge)

Image: Red, Black and Silver / J. Pollock
Metaphors and Humans:
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/25/arts/design/a-real-pollock-on-this-art-and-science-collide.html?_r=1


Obviously, however, there are important differences.  Socrates famously operated face to face, in a way that was direct and inevitably personal.  Such conversations bring into play a vast repertoire of pragmatics: etiquette, body language, facial expression, tone, and emotion.  There is usually a time limit, an element of performance which is amplified by the presence of onlookers, and always some risk of embarrassment, humiliation, anger, or offense. 

By contrast, Plato, as author, distances himself from the encounter with his readers in at least two ways.  First, Plato himself is not present to observe the reader's response, which allows the reader to react more freely and honestly without the constraint of politeness toward a present speaker.  Second, though the words are written by Plato, they are placed dramatically into the mouth of his characters (in Socrates's case, a deceased character); this creates at least some doubt as to whether particular expressed opinions are even endorsed by the author. ( Ideas under Fire: Historical Studies of Philosophy and Science in Adversity / ed. J Lavery and others)___The fact that these highly abstract notions coalesce in such refined harmony is absolutely mind-boggling. It points to something rich and mysterious lurking beneath the surface, as if the curtain had been lifted and we caught glimpses of the reality that had been carefully hidden from us. These are the wonders of modern math, and of the modern world. 
~ Edward Frenkel, Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality, 2013

Thank you, +Kostas Michalis 

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2015-07-04 18:32:57 (4 comments, 0 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

Teresa Deloach Reed is Fire Chief of Oakland and the first African-American female to head up a major metropolitan Fire Department. Before her gig in Oakland, she started in 1986 at the City of San Jose. Sadly, she wasn't embraced as part of the team immediately. The mostly male fire department did their best to make her career choice harder, but her steadfast determination didn't let her quit. She consistently earned promotions finally reaching the position of Assistant Chief. With each promotion she was mindful of the path she was paving for other African-Americans and women and of the example she set. In 2013 she became the Fire Chief of Oakland where she works diligently to make sure every firefighter has the equipment, training and support they need to keep the citizens of Oakland safe.

See also this short video on Chief Reed from +KQED... more »

Teresa Deloach Reed is the first black woman in the United States to lead a major fire department as Oakland’s Fire Chief. Since her appointment three years ago, the veteran firefighting wants to bring in more women to balance the ranks of the firefighting forces. 

To encourage more applicants and prepare them for the rigorous physical tests, Reed invested in a wide range of training equipment available before the tests. “When the time comes for me to retire, I want to make sure there are women of color who will step up,” she said.

See more pictures and read more on The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/06/17/women-firefighters-oakland_n_7605936.html 

#genderequality   #firefighters   #diversity   #empowerment  ___Teresa Deloach Reed is Fire Chief of Oakland and the first African-American female to head up a major metropolitan Fire Department. Before her gig in Oakland, she started in 1986 at the City of San Jose. Sadly, she wasn't embraced as part of the team immediately. The mostly male fire department did their best to make her career choice harder, but her steadfast determination didn't let her quit. She consistently earned promotions finally reaching the position of Assistant Chief. With each promotion she was mindful of the path she was paving for other African-Americans and women and of the example she set. In 2013 she became the Fire Chief of Oakland where she works diligently to make sure every firefighter has the equipment, training and support they need to keep the citizens of Oakland safe.

See also this short video on Chief Reed from +KQED Life : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pGbmT5a5_PM

Bravo Ms. Reed! Thank you, +Half the Sky Movement and +Sherrie Donaldson-Thompson who always finds the best heroes.

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2015-07-04 15:59:03 (5 comments, 2 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Geological cross sections are graphical representations of vertical slices through the earth used to clarify or interpret geological relationships such as faults, folds, and stratigraphy. They usually are accompanied by maps that allow the viewer to visualize the structures of geology underground and piece together the geologic history of the area. They are beautiful, but rarely thought of as art outside of the geologic community... until now.

The community of Leadville, Colorado came together to put up a mural, The Courthouse Geologic Mosaic Mural,  located off W. 5th Street that was designed and installed under the direction of the Leadville Arts Coalition Public Art Projects Manager, Amanda Good.. The mural features a cross section of the geology from Fremont Pass, through Leadville and ending at Independence Pass. What a great way to inspire the young and young at heart to learn more about... more »

Geological cross sections are graphical representations of vertical slices through the earth used to clarify or interpret geological relationships such as faults, folds, and stratigraphy. They usually are accompanied by maps that allow the viewer to visualize the structures of geology underground and piece together the geologic history of the area. They are beautiful, but rarely thought of as art outside of the geologic community... until now.

The community of Leadville, Colorado came together to put up a mural, The Courthouse Geologic Mosaic Mural,  located off W. 5th Street that was designed and installed under the direction of the Leadville Arts Coalition Public Art Projects Manager, Amanda Good.. The mural features a cross section of the geology from Fremont Pass, through Leadville and ending at Independence Pass. What a great way to inspire the young and young at heart to learn more about the geologic heritage of their area!

Bravo, Leadville!___

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2015-07-04 13:43:08 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

The journey "Through the Most Dangerous Plate Boundary in the World" comes to a firey and spectacular end, but I have a feeling our favorite Geotripper, +Garry Hayes, has a lot more stories to share. Thank you, Garry; we have enjoyed every one.

We reach the end of our journey through the most dangerous plate boundary in the world, standing in the spectacular valley of Yellowstone...oops, Yosemite. Actually the two parks are much alike in a strange upside down sort of way.___The journey "Through the Most Dangerous Plate Boundary in the World" comes to a firey and spectacular end, but I have a feeling our favorite Geotripper, +Garry Hayes, has a lot more stories to share. Thank you, Garry; we have enjoyed every one.

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2015-07-04 02:16:46 (13 comments, 7 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Tahlequah, Oklahoma - Stop 141: Wilma Mankiller

In 1838, President Andrew Jackson had the Cherokee Nation rounded up and forcibly marched on the "Trail of Tears" to Indian Territory in Oklahoma under a law called the Indian Removal Act. Conditions were cruel, and an estimated 4,000 died from hunger, exposure, abuse and disease. One who survived was the great-grandfather of Wilma Mankiller born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, the capital of the Cherokee Nation, on November 18, 1945.

Relocated in 1956, Wilma Mankiller spent much of her younger life in the San Francisco Bay Area where she was plunged into the civil and social movements of the late sixties, especially the movement to bring recognition to the mistreatment of Native Americans. In 1969, she and other activists occupied Alcatraz Island, a historic event that awakened her pride in her heritage and her passion and... more »

Tahlequah, Oklahoma - Stop 141: Wilma Mankiller

In 1838, President Andrew Jackson had the Cherokee Nation rounded up and forcibly marched on the "Trail of Tears" to Indian Territory in Oklahoma under a law called the Indian Removal Act. Conditions were cruel, and an estimated 4,000 died from hunger, exposure, abuse and disease. One who survived was the great-grandfather of Wilma Mankiller born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, the capital of the Cherokee Nation, on November 18, 1945.

Relocated in 1956, Wilma Mankiller spent much of her younger life in the San Francisco Bay Area where she was plunged into the civil and social movements of the late sixties, especially the movement to bring recognition to the mistreatment of Native Americans. In 1969, she and other activists occupied Alcatraz Island, a historic event that awakened her pride in her heritage and her passion and commitment to better the lives of her people.

In 1976, Wilma Mankiller moved back to Oklahoma for good. She began an entry-level job for the Cherokee Nation and became active in the community and a fierce advocate for improved health care, government and education; an advocate the Cherokee community needed desperately. 

In the early eighties, the rural area occupied by the Cherokee community of Bell was impoverished and the people demoralized by generations of dispossession and dehumanization. Many of the ramshackle homes lacked running water and the government did nothing to help better their plight. Led by Wilma Mankiller and her future husband, Charlie Soap, they inspired and empowered the community to take charge of their own future. Together with a community of volunteers they built 16 miles of water pipeline to bring the bounty of fresh water to Bell.

The successful completion of the waterline led to Wilma’s election as the first woman Chief of the Cherokee Nation, which she proudly served from 1985 to 1995, and sparked a movement of similar self-help projects across the Cherokee nation and in Indian country that continues to this day. During her tenure, the Cherokee Nation tripled in population, employment doubled, and the communities rallied and thrived. She explains her example to the Cherokee youth, and especially the girls thusly, "Prior to my election," says Mankiller, "young Cherokee girls would never have thought that they might grow up and become chief."

Wilma Mankiller died in 2010 from pancreatic cancer at age 64. During her lifetime she became an author, a respected leader, and a feminist. She was awarded a Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bill Clinton in 1998 and was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1993. She is immortalized in film and the subject of numerous books and articles. Stop 141 had to be dedicated to this hero.

We are better people and a stronger tribal nation because of her example of Cherokee leadership, statesmanship, humility, grace, determination and decisiveness... Her gift to us is the lesson that our lives and future are for us to decide. We can carry on that Cherokee legacy by teaching our children that lesson.
~ Chad Smith, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation after Wilma Mankiller 

Wilma Mankiller became the best kind of leader: one who creates independence, not dependence; who helps people go back to a collective broken place and begin to heal themselves. Though there is a long way to go before the Cherokee Nation restores in a new form the dignity and self-sufficiency it knew 500 years ago, before the terrible centuries of genocide and the banning of even the Cherokee language and religion, now there is a way of making progress that is their own.
~ Gloria Steinem, Revolution from Within, 1992 on her close friend and collaborator, Wilma Mankiller, legacy to the Cherokee Nation

Read more on Wilma Mankiller here: http://cojmc.unl.edu/nativedaughters2/?nd_profile=wilma-mankiller and here:http://www.notablebiographies.com/Lo-Ma/Mankiller-Wilma.html#ixzz3esZojHa6 

This post is inspired by the 1886 children's geographic game, Rambles Through Our Country. By the time the game was published in 1886, the once-proud Cherokee people were a decimated and conquered nation. Forced to move from place to place to give up land the government found attractive, they finally settled in Oklahoma. 

The RTOC game involves a gameboard, a book or key to the stops, and some kind of spinner. Find the gameboard here: http://goo.gl/7ORK1E  and the book here: https://goo.gl/u96JE3 To spin, use the random number generator at: https://www.random.org/ and set the maximum number to 4.

I rolled a 3 on the makeshift  teetotum and moved from The Colorado River - Stop 138: The Colorado River Delta to Tahlequah, Oklahoma - Stop 141: Wilma Mankiller. Reading the book that goes with RTOC, was uninspiring: "Tahlequah: Is the capital of this Territory and the seat of government of the Cherokees, where they have their council lodge. It is an average southwestern town, and has nothing special about it to indicate its Indian origin save its population." Pfffft. I hope you find Wilma Mankiller as inspiring as I do.

#ramblesthroughourcountry   #tahlequahoklahoma   #wilmamankiller  ___

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2015-07-03 21:08:58 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Shiny.

Thank you, +Mattias Adolfsson 

Big dim hero to the rescue___Shiny.

Thank you, +Mattias Adolfsson 

posted image

2015-07-03 16:09:48 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

Dune Endures

This fascinating piece by the Guardian looks back on the legacy and impact of the science fiction novel, Dune. In an age of global warming, a worldwide water shortage, and continued political upheaval in Middle East, Dune may be as relevant now as it was fifty years ago.

Thank you, +Ethan M.​ and +Cheryl Martin​ 

An interesting piece on Dune.  Longtime fans might even learn something from this.___Dune Endures

This fascinating piece by the Guardian looks back on the legacy and impact of the science fiction novel, Dune. In an age of global warming, a worldwide water shortage, and continued political upheaval in Middle East, Dune may be as relevant now as it was fifty years ago.

Thank you, +Ethan M.​ and +Cheryl Martin​ 

posted image

2015-07-03 15:59:45 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

"profile and photo spheres will be presented alongside those from Google and other contributors, creating a unified Street View gallery designed to bring more visibility to you and your work."

Thank you, +Google Maps 

"What, do you think you're the center of the universe or something?" goo.gl/hxQK0z___"profile and photo spheres will be presented alongside those from Google and other contributors, creating a unified Street View gallery designed to bring more visibility to you and your work."

Thank you, +Google Maps 

posted image

2015-07-03 15:08:50 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Mapping the Most Expensive Paintings Sold by Country

These unusual maps by HowMuch.net look at the most expensive art transactions by country. And while it seems a trivial mapping exercise it actually speaks volumes about art style and artist preferences, and the distribution of wealth and the wealthiest nations. There are lots of questions about the underlying data and methodologies, but it is worth sharing for the aesthetic value alone.

Also see: http://hyperallergic.com/219294/mapping-the-most-expensive-artworks-sold-by-country/

Mapping the Most Expensive Paintings Sold by Country

These unusual maps by HowMuch.net look at the most expensive art transactions by country. And while it seems a trivial mapping exercise it actually speaks volumes about art style and artist preferences, and the distribution of wealth and the wealthiest nations. There are lots of questions about the underlying data and methodologies, but it is worth sharing for the aesthetic value alone.

Also see: http://hyperallergic.com/219294/mapping-the-most-expensive-artworks-sold-by-country/___

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