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John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been at 1 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
John Blossom123,193End of the Mayan calendar got you down? Celebrate the destruction of the universe on this On-Air Hangout! What are your predictions for the end of time? What will you do with all that spare time? Come join us - if we're all still here...Celebrate the Apocalypse on 12-21-12!2012-12-21 18:30:0010 

John Hardy didn't vote for Abbott has been shared in 167 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
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AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
Noah Wesley19,929Great circle to find many interesting and interactive people!!! If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post#circle #circleshare #uk #business #unitedkingdom #ireland #publiccircles #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #ukcircles #irishcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircle #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #circleshare #hk #china #face #book #link #travel #circlesharing #fullcircleshare #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle2015-02-18 05:12:27359333
Noah Wesley16,318This is a public circle of Photographers and Photography loversTo increase your chances of inclusion in future circles please leave a comment when sharing the circle.If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include +ORIGINAL AUTHENTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS  • Comment on this postIf you like what you find in this circle, please share it with your followers to help these individuals reach a wider audience. I will share more circles of those I find Inspiring in the future#beautifulpictures #beautifulplaces #amazingphotos #port_moresby #papua_new_guinea #wasu #ominican_republic #dominican_republic #santo_domingo #jamaica #jamaica #kingston #jamaica #montego_bay #puerto_rico #puerto_rico #san_juan #costa_rica #costa_rica #san_jose #guatemala #guatemala #guatemala_city #mexico #mexico #acapulco #mexico #cancun #mexico #guadalajara #mexico #mexico_city #mexico 2015-01-06 06:54:13473333
Christian kaysen2,781↦ follow me (so I can include you)↦ ↦ share the circle (public or to a public community)↦ ↦ if you want, delete the last circle share↦ ↦ no plussing, no comments, no obligation,↦ just share it and circle the profile above#Circle#Sharers#Engagers#Followers#AddCircle#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#PublicCircle#ShareCircles#CircleSharing#Awesomepeople#CircleOfTheDay#ShareAndBeShared#ConnectingTheWorld#CircleShareExperiment#CoolPeople#Influencers#CircleShare#PublicCircle#ShareCircles#CircleSharing#Awesomepeople#CircleOfTheDay#ShareAndBeShared#ConnectingTheWorld#CircleShareExperiment#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles   #hyperball  2015-01-01 13:23:26233011
Михаил Пушкарев420#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-01-01 08:18:41500001
Михаил Пушкарев420#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-01-01 08:18:30500005
Михаил Пушкарев301#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-20 08:13:59500103
Михаил Пушкарев0#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2014-12-13 08:06:48496213
Susannah Birch5,126AUSTRALIAN FRUIT SALAD CIRCLEHere is a selection of interesting and active people on Google Plus. You'll find a mix of politics, humor, bloggers, businesses, photographers and who knows what else! Enjoy!  #Aussie   #Australia   #Circle  #Circles #Sharing #Engagers  2014-11-18 23:41:0343111
Michael Junghans10,859A big thank you. Great to be connected with you :-)Please share | +#sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare   #circlesharing   #teamelite   #teamelitecircle   #teameliteengagercircle    #sharedcircle #cerchiacondivisa   #condividicerchia   #cerchiadiitaliani   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   #circleshare  #bosmol #BosmolCircle   #GrowthCIrcle     #GooglePlus   #CircleShare   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #circlesharing   #circleshared   #publiccirclesproject   #publicsharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #google   #circle #circles #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #circleshare 2014-10-26 18:14:54501839
Becky Collins17,256Entrepreneurs & Freelancers Circle :Circle of very #social #engagerspeople and companiesTo be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1 - Do +1 t the post2 - Comment the post and specify your "category" (job or interest) Ex: Fashion, SEO, Companies, Social Media Marketing, Sailing, Photography, Bloggers/Writers, Web graphics and design, Italy, Artists, Sport, Finance/Economy ...3 - include the circle among your circles4 - share the circle (include yourself)Improve your popularity, be social be cool !Keep yourself updated, enjoy the Shared Circles Hellenic Alliance, you can share your shared circles inside the upcoming Community:https://plus.google.com/communities/112552559573595396104  #socialmedia  #media  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing  #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins ?2014-10-07 05:03:534473015
Able Lawrence100,166100K Engagers Celebration Circle Thank you all those who have followed me and engaged with my posts and taking me to the milestone of 100,000 followers. Goolge+ has been an exhilarating journey of 3 years and I would like to thank all those who have followed me and engaged on my posts whether they were on Science or Birds or Technology. The circle has been created using  * +Circloscope * which is the work of +Ehsan Ahmadi Gharacheh All of you are free to share your favorite posts in the comments and also reshare this circle. If you are included in the circle, you will get a notification.  2014-07-17 17:22:18340491787
Ole Olson46,666This is my original circle of progressives on G+. Add it for some hard hitting, unapologetic political information geared toward activating forward progress in America. 2014-06-28 03:56:553636518
Michael Ginsburg284#sharedcircle  of #Australians  on Google+. Over 1400 people in the circle but Google+ only allows to share 500 at a time.If you want to be added to the circle, please like and comment (so I am not accused of spamming) and also I need to be able to verify you are in #australia . Pages welcome provided again they are #Australian  and I can verify that. If there is a lot of interest from pages, I might consider starting a separate circle for #Australian pages.2014-05-22 00:25:16501414
Paul Snedden16,109Advance Australia ShareThe CircleWhat an absolutely amazing response I got after I asked for your favourite #Aussie  G+ers. Here is the circle, as promised, with 372 amazing reasons why I love this great country of ours.There's a lot of people to thank, so here goes.The Contributors+Mz Maau +Charles Strebor +Jaana Nyström +Kamal Tailor +Lady Fran W +Clint Fudge +Kära Cathryn +Stephen Lord +Phillip Tyson +Kathryn van Nieuwkerk +Belinda Kamel +Paul Pavlinovich +Alizah MacLeod +James Brown +Chris Anderson +Neale Oxley +Aleta Curry +Shinae Choi Robinson +2014-05-11 11:36:433721662548
andi steven320please add me my profile in your circle,Reshare if you like! Please plus to tell me you have seen it! *There is no need to thank me, this is me thanking you! *1. Plus The Post2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#circlesharing #circleshare #circles #circle #googleplustips #googleplus #indonesia #artists #artist #artistphotographeramateurorprofessional2014-05-09 04:02:2150111514
Maksim Tauzhnyanskiy1,193#1 Делюсь с вами активным кругом! Хотите много общения и +1? тогда этот круг для вас ;)Активные пользователи которыми я горжусь! ;Р__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddMeToYourCircles #AddPeople #Affiliate #afo #AllSortsOfPeople #Art #AstroPhotography #AuthorCircle #Authorshelpingauthors #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomeIdeas #AwesomeIndividuals #AwesomeJuice #AwesomeNess #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #Best #bestengager2014-05-08 07:40:55482271431
Tourej Ansari16,188My new Worldwide circle of travelerPlease plus, comment add and share! These are people that will share and re-post your circles and other content you produce. This circle contains people who have Plussed my posts within the last few weeks.#CircleShare #SharedCircles #Circle #CircleOfTheDay #SharedPublicCircles #GooglePlusTips #Google+ #Google #teamelitecircle #Hearingaids #Hearing #PublicCircle #SocialMedia #Engagers #TeamElite #Circles #EliteInnerCircle #HearingLoss 2014-05-05 10:00:50483241545
Ryan Johnson2,352sharedcircle   #publiccircleshare     #circleshare     #circleoftheday  #circleshares     #circlesharing     #circlesshare    #publicsharedcircle   #publicsharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday   #sharedcircleoftheweek     #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircle   #todayspublicsharedcircle  #todayssharedcircle     #publiccircle   #circle     #circles    #awesome   #awesomeness   #awesomepeople   #shareyourcircle     #bestengagers   #followers   #followback     #awesomecircles  #topsharedcircle   #topsharedcircle     #myseoissocial     #besocial     #socializethesocial     #trust   #circles   #sharedcircle     #followers      #social     #socialnetworking     2014-04-16 05:12:352629212
Shashi S5,567Circle of Great Engagers________________________There is no doubt this is one of the most powerful group of engager's who will make your time of exploring worthwhile in Google Plus. Share and enjoy...Sorry if I missed anyone. Please comment I'll include you in the next shared circle. :)Also, This is a Great Circle and includes Google+   #TopEngagers : really interesting and active people on Google Plus to add in your circles.Top Google+ users that share unique and original contents.Follow this advice and grow your G+ community with people that share amazing content that will surprise you:Boost your visibility on Google+ - Share the circle!To be added to the Circle you have to do these simple steps:1 - include me in your circles2 - share the circle (include yourself) *3 - add +1 to the post4 - *Start something new and share with the world of google plusMore you share more you get!__Shashiॐ नमः शिवायOm Namah Shivaya#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #sharedcircles #Friday #sharingcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday #circlesunday   #share   #shared   #followers   #addcircles #publicsharedcircles   #share   #addpeople   #addcircle #addfriends   #circle   #empireavenue   #socialmedia     #influencers   #influencer   #influence   #influencermarketing #sundaycircle  2014-04-11 10:40:52294211430
John Nuntiatio33,101#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health #tennis #europe   #asia   #america   #africa   #australia   #football   #golf   #basketball   #news  2014-04-09 06:25:5632961213
John Nuntiatio32,035#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health2014-04-02 19:40:104824125
Alister Macintyre42,106Do not confuse this circle with the one I have on Native American Indian interests.  My India Circle has people whose lives have either passed thru the great nation of India, are there now, or interested in India.  My interests range world wide, some nations more than others.  I recently started an Asia circle, and tried to pour into it my circles for Australia, China, Japan, India, some other countries, but bumped into another of G+ silly ceilings.  I have circles for several major regions of the world, including Middle East, Eu-W, and Eu-other.  I also have circles for specific nations like Germany and Haiti.2014-03-27 18:26:53148002
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:45475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:46:00475125
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:45:28475014
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:44:37475126
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 19:43:264755010
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:19356117
John Nuntiatio29,392#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-10 06:55:003561094
Alister Macintyre41,863Here is my circle of people interested in Asia or actually there.  I tried to add more to this circle (My India circle is bigger) but sometimes G+ won't let me do some things.While I follow the story of MH 370 flight down in Asia, I will be sharing my updates with this circle, and a few others.2014-03-09 23:08:58183212
John Nuntiatio29,361#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #newcircle #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport #health  #entertainment #news2014-03-09 11:43:13251109
Ian Archibald16,093Circle of Google PlussersSo, I often get asked Who should I circle?  I say whomever strikes your interest. Find topics of interest and connect with those people who share that interest.I would very much like to share with you "my" circle of Plussers of whom I LOVE to engage with.  There are people in science, sports, networking, technology, comics, art and medicine found inside, and likely some others as well.  I've been spending the last couple years curating this list.I hope that you will connect with some of these folks!Have a great weekend everyone!2014-02-15 01:16:53326182225
Ian Archibald14,517Google PlussersThis would be my circle of other awesome people who I have connected with over the past couple years here on Google+. Some awesome people here!As the cool kids say, These kids are dopeI don't take requests to add to this circle. To be added, engage with me, and the others here. You'll be noticed, trust me.2014-01-27 23:35:29320221629
Ole Olson38,548٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶If you're looking for some of the BEST engagers on Google+, this is it.Top notch commentary, good content support, and some out of this world posts to boot. =========================================I sculpted this circle personally over the last year, and this is it's first full release. The Top Engagers is guaranteed to make your G+ experience better. =========================================    #publicsharedcircles       #publiccircle       #circle         #circles    #thebigcommunity   #kingcircle #topcircleshare   #awesome       #awesomepeople       #shareyourcircle    #circleoftheday         #circleshare       #circlesharing           #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircleoftheday  2014-01-27 09:48:552507711
CircleCount67,537Profiles/Pages having a CircleCount link on their about page.This is the follow up link to this post: https://plus.google.com/+CircleCount/posts/Uoru6vQw9gnThanks for the idea +Luc Suy, these are all awesome people/pages ;)Thanks for using CircleCount to all!2014-01-06 21:45:0633721424
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:38:50501314
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,563My Christmas Circle Share...have a great christmas and holidays everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars 2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-26 03:37:41494222
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,473My Friday Late Friday Circle Share...have a great weekend everyone! 1. Add +Best Cars2. Plus The Post 3. Comment4. Add People To Circles5. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-22 01:27:26500204
Justin Hart7,625Circle Share for December 20th...nice circle with a great variety of people and content...enjoy! 1. Plus The Post 2. Comment3. Add People To Circles4. Share The Circle!#sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle #circleoftheday #sharedcircle #trustinme   #circlesharing   #circleshare  #circles         #circleoftheday #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircles  #share   #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharewithyou               #followme  #followers #followback #circle #googleplus #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshare #circlesharing #fullcircleshare2013-12-21 03:58:12501181135
David Leonhardt2,546I built on the Sunday Circle by +Ian Archibald to spread it even further.Recommended:1. Plus the circle.2. Leave a comment3. Save the circle as one of your own circles (Click on "Add people" to do this).4. Share the circle as I am doing now (but don't forget to "Include yourself" when sharing).5. Get offline for a while, too.  :-).#circles   #circleshare   #sharedcircle   #circlesharing#followers #social #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles  #circleshared    #sharedcircleoftheday #addmetoyourcircles   #awesomepeople   #circlecount  #newfollowers   #googleplus  2013-12-16 01:30:4323211213
Ian Archibald9,118Sunday Circle Share of Google PlussersThis is my top circle filled with some of the top Google Plussers, Engagers, and Educators.  You will also find some people you likely don't know, but should.You all know people like +Mike Allton +Michael Q Todd +Christine DeGraff and +Billy Funk who bring the awesome every day. But do you know +Rusty Ferguson +Milan Pavlovic +Steven Krohn +David Oldenburg or +Brandee Sweesy ?  All of whom are simply awesome people who have a lot of great content, and engage!.Add this circle to your own today.  If you have other Engagers, add them to the circle, share it out and tag me in your share. Always looking for more engagers!I would be honoured if you would +1, Comment and Share this circle.Hope you all have a fantastic week!!2013-12-15 14:08:26229221330
Chill Ideaz Jay Beek Rocksuperstar1,322Another round of #topengagers  !(Be sure to click READ MORE, it is important if you want to be included in this circle next time)These people shareThese people +1These people create original contentThese people make G+ BetterIf you add this circle, you will, without a doubt, see your engagement soar through the roof.  Guaranteed.  If you were notified, you guessed it, you are already in.To be included in the NEXT top engagers circle this week is easier than ever.1.) Add  +Best Cars 2.) Share this post3.) Keep engaging#sharedcircle   #sharedcircles   #sharecircle   #publiccircle   #publiccircles   #publicsharedcircles   #topengagers   #engagers   #snowballcircle   #snowball   #circles   #circleshare   #circlemasters   #circlemaster   #circlequeen   #crazycircles   #circlehub   #morefollowers #ghosttown2013-12-15 05:39:26494202
Brett Gibson5,754It's been a while since I've shared my "Australia" circle (probably 12 months) - *But I do keep it up to date. *Inactive people or Brands are kicked out. New ones are added. So here are the 100+1 (me) Australian's I think that are worth following on G+cc: +Paul Snedden +Kamal Tailor Cheers Gibbo.2013-12-12 03:08:26101938
Francesco Zambelli527#circlesharing   #circleshare   #topengagers   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle   a very good circle is being built... to be included you have to1) share this circle2) +1 to this post3) comment it.2013-11-07 19:36:45198117
Johnny Huntington0#webdesign #sharedcircles #webdevelopment  Here is a great shared circle of Professional Web Designers.2013-11-04 13:45:45501003
J.T. Smith40These are all people I was recommended to follow! They are currently in my Temporary circle, and I'll follow them permanently based on their engagement with me in the next day or so! #circleshare    #sharedcircles   #publiccircle   #circlesharing   #circleoftheday   #circlemaster   #circle   #addmetoyourcircles   #addmetocircles   #addmenow   #addmepleasethanks  2013-10-19 19:57:21492207
Silvio De Rossi2,696It's a Circle Time my Google+ #friends! :DThis is super #Sharedcircle of #topengagers, a group of interesting people who share unique and original content. The name of this Circle is #ExplorerCircle!What are you waiting to add them to your circles? :)To be included in my shares (#sharedcircle), be so kind to:1) Do +1 t the post2) Comment the post and specify your "category" (ex: fashion, photography, seo, social media marketing)3) Include the circle among your circles4) Share the circle (include yourself)5) Smile to life, sun in sunshine.Special thanks my dear #friends and #followers:+Raffaele Romeo Arena +Tancredi Matranga +Jasmina Brozović +Sam Stormborn OrmandyHave a good life!#topsharedcircle   #facciamolastoria   #leonardo   #deroplus   #circleoftheday   #sharedcircle   #topsharedcircle   #sharedcircleoftheday   #myseoissocial   #besocial   #socializethesocial  #trust #circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle   #circlesharing   #followers   #social   2013-10-13 18:10:20494712665
Doroteya Delcheva1,214A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated October 11th, '13)#circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle  #circlesharing #followers #social2013-10-11 17:09:36490774083
Mario Falcetti20,881A nice circle to explore G+: ...  to meet people; to discover places; to appreciate the nature; to approach arts, science and technologies; … (updated October 11th, '13)#circles  #circleshare  #sharedcircle  #circlesharing #followers #social2013-10-11 16:43:11491279133240
Ole Olson20,256Top Circlers on the GooglesphereI've been sharing one and only one circle per day lately, picking the most interesting ones I've found. My goal is to share a diverse selection of circles, some based on topics like the environment, or interests like scifi, or well designed share circles. Probably about time I share one of my OWN circles for a change!Below is my recently updated Top Circles circle. These folks have a good track record of forging excellent share circles. Add them immediately.  #HashtagZoo  (concept courtesy of +Peter Edenist) #Circles   #Sharedcircles   #PublicCircles   #topcircles   #circlequeen   #circlemaster   #SharingIsCaring  2013-08-15 08:12:489515820

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Most comments: 58

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2015-02-25 04:23:49 (58 comments, 6 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

This is the issue that will bring Tony Abbott down.

Aggression is the only thing he knows and there is not enough aggression in the world to intimidate and silence the rising mood of dissent from this policy. Conservatives will dig them themselves in but ultimately it won't be enough.

The PM is headed for the bunker where he will reenact a Downfall YouTube clip. My bet is still on Julie Bishop to replace him and Malcolm Turnbull as treasurer.

Most reshares: 12

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2015-02-28 13:21:50 (4 comments, 12 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Reminded of this by +Marcelo Camelo​​​. Needs to be shared more widely.

The Cluetrain Communist Manifesto updated for the 21st century. I really don't see anything here to disagree with.

A different cluetrain by Charlie Stross

Right now, I'm chewing over the final edits on a rather political book. And I think, as it's a near future setting, I should jot down some axioms about politics ...

1 We're living in an era of increasing automation. And it's trivially clear that the adoption of automation privileges capital over labour (because capital can be substituted for labour, and the profit from its deployment thereby accrues to capital rather than being shared evenly across society).

2 A side-effect of the rise of capital is the financialization of everything—capital flows towards profit centres and if there aren'tenough o... more »

Most plusones: 38

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2015-02-25 04:23:49 (58 comments, 6 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

This is the issue that will bring Tony Abbott down.

Aggression is the only thing he knows and there is not enough aggression in the world to intimidate and silence the rising mood of dissent from this policy. Conservatives will dig them themselves in but ultimately it won't be enough.

The PM is headed for the bunker where he will reenact a Downfall YouTube clip. My bet is still on Julie Bishop to replace him and Malcolm Turnbull as treasurer.

Latest 50 posts

2015-03-01 07:14:50 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

PPK writes:

It is customary to insert a quick paragraph about how Safari was important in the early stages of the mobile web and blah and blah, but fuck that. I’m done with being fair to Safari. (Besides, when did Apple last create truly novel and useful web stuff?)

Apple’s paranoid approach to developer relations, and, I assume, relations with other browser vendors (and, in fact, relations to anything outside itself) is becoming a serious liability to the open Web. That is the issue we must confront.

PPK writes:

It is customary to insert a quick paragraph about how Safari was important in the early stages of the mobile web and blah and blah, but fuck that. I’m done with being fair to Safari. (Besides, when did Apple last create truly novel and useful web stuff?)

Apple’s paranoid approach to developer relations, and, I assume, relations with other browser vendors (and, in fact, relations to anything outside itself) is becoming a serious liability to the open Web. That is the issue we must confront.___

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2015-03-01 04:58:20 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Torrentfreak's list from Feb 28

Torrentfreak's list from Feb 28___

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2015-03-01 00:09:19 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Catching up on the week...

Catching up on the week...___

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2015-02-28 13:21:50 (4 comments, 12 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Reminded of this by +Marcelo Camelo​​​. Needs to be shared more widely.

The Cluetrain Communist Manifesto updated for the 21st century. I really don't see anything here to disagree with.

A different cluetrain by Charlie Stross

Right now, I'm chewing over the final edits on a rather political book. And I think, as it's a near future setting, I should jot down some axioms about politics ...

1 We're living in an era of increasing automation. And it's trivially clear that the adoption of automation privileges capital over labour (because capital can be substituted for labour, and the profit from its deployment thereby accrues to capital rather than being shared evenly across society).

2 A side-effect of the rise of capital is the financialization of everything—capital flows towards profit centres and if there aren'tenough o... more »

Reminded of this by +Marcelo Camelo​​​. Needs to be shared more widely.

The Cluetrain Communist Manifesto updated for the 21st century. I really don't see anything here to disagree with.

A different cluetrain by Charlie Stross

Right now, I'm chewing over the final edits on a rather political book. And I think, as it's a near future setting, I should jot down some axioms about politics ...

1 We're living in an era of increasing automation. And it's trivially clear that the adoption of automation privileges capital over labour (because capital can be substituted for labour, and the profit from its deployment thereby accrues to capital rather than being shared evenly across society).

2 A side-effect of the rise of capital is the financialization of everything—capital flows towards profit centres and if there aren't enough of them profits accrue to whoever can invent some more (even if the products or the items they're guaranteed against are essentially imaginary: futures, derivatives, CDOs, student loans).

3 Since the collapse of the USSR and the rise of post-Tiananmen China it has become glaringly obvious that capitalism does not require democracy. Or even benefit from it. Capitalism as a system may well work best in the absence of democracy.

4 The iron law of bureaucracy states that for all organizations, most of their activity will be devoted to the perpetuation of the organization, not to the pursuit of its ostensible objective. (This emerges organically from the needs of the organization's employees.)

5 Governments are organizations.

6 We observe the increasing militarization of police forces and the priviliging of intelligence agencies all around the world. And in the media, a permanent drumbeat of fear, doubt and paranoia directed at "terrorists" (a paper tiger threat that kills fewer than 0.1% of the number who die in road traffic accidents).

7 Money can buy you cooperation from people in government, even when it's not supposed to.

8 The internet disintermediates supply chains.

9 Political legitimacy in a democracy is a finite resource, so supplies are constrained.

10 The purpose of democracy is to provide a formal mechanism for transfer of power without violence, when the faction in power has lost legitimacy.

11 Our mechanisms for democratic power transfer date to the 18th century. They are inherently slower to respond to change than the internet and our contemporary news media.

12 A side-effect of (7) is the financialization of government services (2).

13 Security services are obeying the iron law of bureaucracy (4) when they metastasize, citing terrorism (6) as a justification for their expansion.

14 The expansion of the security state is seen as desirable by the government not because of the terrorist threat (which is largely manufactured) but because of (11): the legitimacy of government (9) is becoming increasingly hard to assert in the context of (2), (12) is broadly unpopular with the electorate, but (3) means that the interests of the public (labour) are ignored by states increasingly dominated by capital (because of (1)) unless there's a threat of civil disorder. So states are tooling up for large-scale civil unrest.

15 The term "failed state" carries a freight of implicit baggage: failed at what, exactly? The unspoken implication is, "failed to conform to the requirements of global capital" (not democracy—see (3)) by failing to adequately facilitate (2).

16 I submit that a real failed state is one that does not serve the best interests of its citizens(insofar as those best interests do not lead to direct conflict with other states).

17 In future, inter-state pressure may be brought to bear on states that fail to meet the criteria in (15) even when they are not failed states by the standard of point (16). See also: Greece.

18 As human beings, our role in this picture is as units of Labour (unless we're eye-wateringly rich, and thereby rare).

19 So, going by (17) and (18), we're on the receiving end of a war fought for control of our societies by opposing forces that are increasingly more powerful than we are.

Have a nice century!

Afternotes:

a) Student loans are loans against an imaginary product—something that may or may not exist inside someone's head and which may or may not enable them to accumulate more capital if they are able to use it in the expected manner and it remains useful for a 20-30 year period. I have a CS degree from 1990. It's about as much use as an aerospace engineering degree from 1927 ...

b) Some folks (especially Americans) seem to think that their AR-15s are a guarantor that they can resist tyranny. But guns are an 18th century response to 18th century threats to democracy. Capital doesn't need to point a gun at you to remove your democratic rights: it just needs more cameras, more cops, and a legal system that is fair and just and bankrupts you if you are ever charged with public disorder and don't plead guilty.

c) (sethg reminded me of this): A very important piece of the puzzle is that while capital can move freely between the developed and underdeveloped world, labour cannot. So capital migrates to seek the cheapest labour, thereby reaping greater profits. Remember this next time you hear someone complaining about "immigrants coming here and taking our jobs". Or go google for "investors visa" if you can cope with a sudden attack of rage.___

2015-02-28 12:33:42 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

I suppose it's nice that Putin is investigating the death of the guy he had whacked. 

#ft  

I suppose it's nice that Putin is investigating the death of the guy he had whacked. 

#ft  ___

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2015-02-28 11:17:47 (6 comments, 2 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Will Greece win Europe's economic war?

JOHN QUIGGIN 

At the end of last week, it seemed that the great European economic crisis might finally come to a head, with the enforced exit of Greece from the eurozone, the repudiation of Greek debt and the emergence of open economic warfare within Europe, including the threat of deliberate attempts to destroy the Greek economy.

In reality, as nearly always happens in modern European politics, a temporary compromise was reached, allowing the problems to be kicked down the road for another four months.

But how did things come to this? On the official view of the European bureaucracy, dominated for all practical purposes by the German government, the problem is one of profligate spending by successive Greek governments, who evaded the Maastricht rules meant to constrain government debt. Their folly having caughtu... more »

Will Greece win Europe's economic war?

JOHN QUIGGIN 

At the end of last week, it seemed that the great European economic crisis might finally come to a head, with the enforced exit of Greece from the eurozone, the repudiation of Greek debt and the emergence of open economic warfare within Europe, including the threat of deliberate attempts to destroy the Greek economy.

In reality, as nearly always happens in modern European politics, a temporary compromise was reached, allowing the problems to be kicked down the road for another four months.

But how did things come to this? On the official view of the European bureaucracy, dominated for all practical purposes by the German government, the problem is one of profligate spending by successive Greek governments, who evaded the Maastricht rules meant to constrain government debt. Their folly having caught up with them, the Greeks are now seeking to shift the burden to the long-suffering taxpayers of Northern Europe, and, in particular, Germany. The only solution is to get debt and deficits under control through deep cuts in public spending.

There is a grain of truth in this, as in the parallel view that the the mortgage crisis in the United States, which kicked off the global financial crisis (GFC), was due to the irresponsibility of borrowers who took on loans they could not realistically hope to service. But in reality the financial tsunami that engulfed the world in 2008 did not discriminate between the prodigal and the prudent.

Countries like Spain, which were running budget surpluses before the crisis were hit just as hard as Greece. The only consistent outcome was that the banks and bankers responsible for the crisis were not only protected, but given even more wealth and power than before.

The GFC, and the subsequent recession and banking crisis made it impossible for Greece and other national governments to service their debts, given reduced revenue and the need to rescue domestic banks. They were therefore forced to accept bailouts on conditions imposed by a "Troika" comprising the European Central Bank (ECB), the European Commission (EC) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

The core condition was the acceptance of a program of "austerity", that is, deep cuts in public spending. The underlying theory, based on some sketchy research and a lot of wishful thinking was that such cuts would allow room for the private sector to grow, thereby generating tax revenue and assisting in the "financial consolidation" needed to reduce debt and deficits.

Austerity proved a disastrous failure in practice, to the point where the IMF concluded that it did not work as intended and was in fact highly contractionary. Even the ECB, by adopting a massive quantitative easing program in January, has effectively admitted the failure of the policies it has pursued since the GFC.

But that didn't affect the position of the Troika that, in effect, followed the line dictated by the German government.

Despite its disastrous effects, national governments in the peripheral European countries saw no alternative but to accept austerity. In Greece, the program was pushed through by the centre-right New Democracy (ND) party, which had been responsible for the most egregious pieces of irresponsible borrowing. ND was supported by its historic rival, the social-democratic PASOK party,which entered coalition with ND after 2012.

After five years of disastrous austerity, Greek voters had had enough, and threw the coalition out. ND lost ground to more radical right-wing parties, notably the Independent Greeks (ANEL) and the neo-fascist Golden Dawn. But the real disaster befell PASOK, seen as having betrayed its working-class constituency. PASOK received 4.7 per cent of the vote, less even than the Greek Communist Party.

The winner, displacing PASOK as the representative of the Greek left, was Syriza. The name is an acronym for "Coalition of the Radical Left", the operative word being "coalition" rather than "radical". Syriza's program called for Greece to remain within the eurozone, but demanded an end to the austerity program imposed by the Troika. The German government, represented by finance minister Wolfgang Schauble was unimpressed, saying that the elections didn't change anything and that no change in the austerity program could be considered.

As negotiations reached a critical point last Friday, it seemed that the only alternatives were a humiliating climb-down by Syriza or the expulsion of Greece from the eurozone. Instead, there was a compromise in which the current bailout was extended for four months, but under conditions that enabled Syriza to propose an alternative reform program to the austerity regime previously imposed by the Troika.

It remains to be seen how the compromise deal will play out. Opinions differ, largely in line with pre-existing views. Supporters of continued austerity see the deal as a climb-down by Syriza, sugar-coated with some softer language. This view is shared by those on the left who favour an immediate exit from the euro and repudiation of "odious" debt.

Syriza supporters (of whom I am one) see it as a backdown by the Troika, paving the way for at least moderate fiscal expansion and a shift away from austerity. Only time will tell.

Professor John Quiggin is an ARC Laureate Fellow in economics at the University of Queensland.___

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2015-02-28 10:28:19 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

Amused that there are actual real antivaxxers in the comments of the original post. Also amused that tea party libertarian types are getting in on this as well as the unpasteurised goat milk drinkers. Apparently preventing communicable diseases is communism. Measles = FREEDOM!!

___Amused that there are actual real antivaxxers in the comments of the original post. Also amused that tea party libertarian types are getting in on this as well as the unpasteurised goat milk drinkers. Apparently preventing communicable diseases is communism. Measles = FREEDOM!!

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2015-02-28 10:22:29 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-28 06:59:39 (49 comments, 4 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

The next run of the Large Hadron Collider particles will be accelerated up to energies of 6 TeV (6^12 electron volts) and then smashed into particles with energies of 6 TeV coming from the other direction!

To put that into terms a lay person can relate to, that's the equivalent of 12 times the kinetic energy of a slow moving ant.

The next run of the Large Hadron Collider particles will be accelerated up to energies of 6 TeV (6^12 electron volts) and then smashed into particles with energies of 6 TeV coming from the other direction!

To put that into terms a lay person can relate to, that's the equivalent of 12 times the kinetic energy of a slow moving ant.___

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2015-02-28 06:18:35 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

This has resonances with the deep anti- intellectualism of conservatives elsewhere. The highly educated and privileged elite which tends to lead the conservative parties does not see education as a social good, valuable in its own right, and always seeks to devalue and limit access to it by the lower classes. This is a perfectly good way to build and reinforce a social hierarchy of haves and have nots. It is also a good way to destroy the dynamism of the economy that they so often claim to be better at running. Access to education is not merely about "job training", it's also about building a society in which all its citizens are participants and not mere bystanders.

___This has resonances with the deep anti- intellectualism of conservatives elsewhere. The highly educated and privileged elite which tends to lead the conservative parties does not see education as a social good, valuable in its own right, and always seeks to devalue and limit access to it by the lower classes. This is a perfectly good way to build and reinforce a social hierarchy of haves and have nots. It is also a good way to destroy the dynamism of the economy that they so often claim to be better at running. Access to education is not merely about "job training", it's also about building a society in which all its citizens are participants and not mere bystanders.

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2015-02-28 02:49:46 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-28 02:46:10 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 15 +1s)Open 

Is this shirt #blueandblack ?

Is this shirt #blueandblack ?___

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2015-02-28 02:44:45 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Via +Lee Grupsmith-Pedersen​

:(___Via +Lee Grupsmith-Pedersen​

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2015-02-27 23:32:39 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Lollipop: I'm pretty sure that there used to be a Google search box on the task switcher. I thought that was a very useful feature. Is there a way to get it back?

Lollipop: I'm pretty sure that there used to be a Google search box on the task switcher. I thought that was a very useful feature. Is there a way to get it back?___

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2015-02-27 23:02:22 (8 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Saturday morning reflection:
"I haven't seen the movie but I've seen the animated GIFs."
is the equivalent of:
"I haven't read the book but I've seen the movie" in the Attention Economy era.

Saturday morning reflection:
"I haven't seen the movie but I've seen the animated GIFs."
is the equivalent of:
"I haven't read the book but I've seen the movie" in the Attention Economy era.___

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2015-02-27 11:45:16 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-27 11:27:32 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 3 +1s)Open 

Is this better?

Just getting used to the new icons in the G+ app. I keep losing track of the share button. 

Is this better?

Just getting used to the new icons in the G+ app. I keep losing track of the share button. ___

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2015-02-27 11:24:48 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-27 10:43:03 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Shorten and the ALP are gutless when it comes to matters of principle. As the "alternative government", they too want to limit our freedom.

Senator Scott Ludlam's op piece___Shorten and the ALP are gutless when it comes to matters of principle. As the "alternative government", they too want to limit our freedom.

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2015-02-27 02:07:37 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Some stories just fit my mood.

Some stories just fit my mood.___

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2015-02-26 22:58:16 (11 comments, 5 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

OK Australia....time to start using private VPN's

If you happen to use Torrents to download, then you need to read this, share this to everyone you know...as this will completely circumvent new laws being passed...this will also circumvent any of the META data retention they are trying to implement

http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/technology/anti-piracy-scheme-could-lead-to-fines-legal-threats-high-internet-bills/story-fnjwnvrz-1227240298973

http://www.top10bestvpn.com/ 

#dunkpunked   #australia   #torrent   #newlaws   #private   #vpn  

OK Australia....time to start using private VPN's

If you happen to use Torrents to download, then you need to read this, share this to everyone you know...as this will completely circumvent new laws being passed...this will also circumvent any of the META data retention they are trying to implement

http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/technology/anti-piracy-scheme-could-lead-to-fines-legal-threats-high-internet-bills/story-fnjwnvrz-1227240298973

http://www.top10bestvpn.com/ 

#dunkpunked   #australia   #torrent   #newlaws   #private   #vpn  ___

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2015-02-26 06:49:10 (7 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Only the surface iron is oxidised and red.

Mars has gray roots under the redhead.

From yesterday’s Curiosity Rover mini-drill.___Only the surface iron is oxidised and red.

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2015-02-26 06:44:00 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

This is what happens when you go evil.

Labor policy damaged children. It's time they owned up to it.

Much of the Commission’s report is highly critical of the actions taken by the ALP when in government.

The Labor opposition can and should face up to the disastrous consequences to children of its immigration and detention decisions in government.

http://gu.com/p/4663v___This is what happens when you go evil.

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2015-02-26 06:41:40 (10 comments, 3 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

The US congress demonstrating once again what an 18th century institution it is.

In further news, the US House of Representatives has continued their plans to bring about the Apocalypse, passing a bill (on almost exactly party lines) to effectively ban scientists from being on the EPA's scientific advisory board. Under these new rules, anyone who has done research on anything which the board studies is considered to have a conflict of interest, and therefore cannot sit on the board. Fortunately, simply having a financial stake in the matters which the board studies does not constitute a conflict of interest, so the scientific advisory board continues to be open to corporate public affairs officers, demented preachers, or roving madmen off the street.

The bill now proceeds to the Senate, where it has been referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. This is the committee chaired by Sen. Inhofe of Oklahoma, author of The Greatest Hoax: How the Global Warming Conspiracy Threatens Your Future and other light classics, in which he tells us that because of the existence of God, the "arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what He is doing in the climate is... outrageous." So in all, it's a good year for public affairs officers, demented preachers, and roving madmen off the street in all aspects of our government, and I forecast excellent career opportunities for each of these categories going forward. 

h/t +Peter da Silva for the link.___The US congress demonstrating once again what an 18th century institution it is.

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2015-02-26 03:17:56 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

FedEx And UPS Refuse to Ship a Digital Mill That Can Make Untraceable Guns
http://www.wired.com/2015/02/fedex-mill-untraceable-firearms/

FedEx And UPS Refuse to Ship a Digital Mill That Can Make Untraceable Guns
http://www.wired.com/2015/02/fedex-mill-untraceable-firearms/___

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2015-02-25 22:36:20 (11 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

That macroeconomic shit is counterintuitive.

Unfortunately that tends to make "common sense" conversations with people near impossible. If leaders use common sense to set their economic policies, you get results more like Kansas than Minnesota.
http://m.motherjones.com/politics/2015/01/sam-brownback-kansas-tax-cuts-failing

"When he took office in January of 2011, Minnesota governor Mark Dayton inherited a $6.2 billion budget deficit and a 7 percent unemployment rate.... During his first four years in office, Gov. Dayton raised the state income tax from 7.85 to 9.85 percent on individuals earning over $150,000, and on couples earning over $250,000 when filing jointly -- a tax increase of $2.1 billion. He's also agreed to raise Minnesota's minimum wage to $9.50 an hour by 2018, and passed a state law guaranteeing equal pay for women.... Between 2011 and 2015, Gov. Dayton added 172,000 new jobs to Minnesota's economy -- that's 165,800 more jobs in Dayton's first term than Pawlenty added in both of his terms combined. Even though Minnesota's top income tax rate is the 4th-highest in the country, it has the 5th-lowest unemployment rate in the country at 3.6 percent. According to 2012-2013 U.S. census figures, Minnesotans had a median income that was $10,000 larger than the U.S. average, and their median income is still $8,000 more than the U.S. average today. By late 2013, Minnesota's private sector job growth exceeded pre-recession levels, and the state's economy was the 5th fastest-growing in the United States. Forbes even ranked Minnesota the 9th-best state for business...."___That macroeconomic shit is counterintuitive.

Unfortunately that tends to make "common sense" conversations with people near impossible. If leaders use common sense to set their economic policies, you get results more like Kansas than Minnesota.
http://m.motherjones.com/politics/2015/01/sam-brownback-kansas-tax-cuts-failing

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2015-02-25 22:13:41 (3 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

Via +Emlyn O'Regan

This stuff is going to be a big deal.

DISH isn't ready to raise its White Flag yet. Get it? Get it?___Via +Emlyn O'Regan

This stuff is going to be a big deal.

2015-02-25 21:46:55 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

The Communist Manifesto updated for the 21st century. I don't see anything here to disagree with.

A different cluetrain by Charlie Stross

Right now, I'm chewing over the final edits on a rather political book. And I think, as it's a near future setting, I should jot down some axioms about politics ...

We're living in an era of increasing automation. And it's trivially clear that the adoption of automation privileges capital over labour (because capital can be substituted for labour, and the profit from its deployment thereby accrues to capital rather than being shared evenly across society).

A side-effect of the rise of capital is the financialization of everything—capital flows towards profit centres and if there aren't enough of them profits accrue to whoever can invent some more (even if the products or the items they're guaranteed againstar... more »

Charlie's being a bummer again.___The Communist Manifesto updated for the 21st century. I don't see anything here to disagree with.

A different cluetrain by Charlie Stross

Right now, I'm chewing over the final edits on a rather political book. And I think, as it's a near future setting, I should jot down some axioms about politics ...

We're living in an era of increasing automation. And it's trivially clear that the adoption of automation privileges capital over labour (because capital can be substituted for labour, and the profit from its deployment thereby accrues to capital rather than being shared evenly across society).

A side-effect of the rise of capital is the financialization of everything—capital flows towards profit centres and if there aren't enough of them profits accrue to whoever can invent some more (even if the products or the items they're guaranteed against are essentially imaginary: futures, derivatives, CDOs, student loans).

Since the collapse of the USSR and the rise of post-Tiananmen China it has become glaringly obvious that capitalism does not require democracy. Or even benefit from it. Capitalism as a system may well work best in the absence of democracy.

The iron law of bureaucracy states that for all organizations, most of their activity will be devoted to the perpetuation of the organization, not to the pursuit of its ostensible objective. (This emerges organically from the needs of the organization's employees.)

Governments are organizations.

We observe the increasing militarization of police forces and the priviliging of intelligence agencies all around the world. And in the media, a permanent drumbeat of fear, doubt and paranoia directed at "terrorists" (a paper tiger threat that kills fewer than 0.1% of the number who die in road traffic accidents).

Money can buy you cooperation from people in government, even when it's not supposed to.

The internet disintermediates supply chains.

Political legitimacy in a democracy is a finite resource, so supplies are constrained.

The purpose of democracy is to provide a formal mechanism for transfer of power without violence, when the faction in power has lost legitimacy.

Our mechanisms for democratic power transfer date to the 18th century. They are inherently slower to respond to change than the internet and our contemporary news media.

A side-effect of (7) is the financialization of government services (2).

Security services are obeying the iron law of bureaucracy (4) when they metastasize, citing terrorism (6) as a justification for their expansion.

The expansion of the security state is seen as desirable by the government not because of the terrorist threat (which is largely manufactured) but because of (11): the legitimacy of government (9) is becoming increasingly hard to assert in the context of (2), (12) is broadly unpopular with the electorate, but (3) means that the interests of the public (labour) are ignored by states increasingly dominated by capital (because of (1)) unless there's a threat of civil disorder. So states are tooling up for large-scale civil unrest.

The term "failed state" carries a freight of implicit baggage: failed at what, exactly? The unspoken implication is, "failed to conform to the requirements of global capital" (not democracy—see (3)) by failing to adequately facilitate (2).

I submit that a real failed state is one that does not serve the best interests of its citizens(insofar as those best interests do not lead to direct conflict with other states).

In future, inter-state pressure may be brought to bear on states that fail to meet the criteria in (15) even when they are not failed states by the standard of point (16). See also: Greece.

As human beings, our role in this picture is as units of Labour (unless we're eye-wateringly rich, and thereby rare).

So, going by (17) and (18), we're on the receiving end of a war fought for control of our societies by opposing forces that are increasingly more powerful than we are.

Have a nice century!

Afternotes:

a) Student loans are loans against an imaginary product—something that may or may not exist inside someone's head and which may or may not enable them to accumulate more capital if they are able to use it in the expected manner and it remains useful for a 20-30 year period. I have a CS degree from 1990. It's about as much use as an aerospace engineering degree from 1927 ...

b) Some folks (especially Americans) seem to think that their AR-15s are a guarantor that they can resist tyranny. But guns are an 18th century response to 18th century threats to democracy. Capital doesn't need to point a gun at you to remove your democratic rights: it just needs more cameras, more cops, and a legal system that is fair and just and bankrupts you if you are ever charged with public disorder and don't plead guilty.

c) (sethg reminded me of this): A very important piece of the puzzle is that while capital can move freely between the developed and underdeveloped world, labour cannot. So capital migrates to seek the cheapest labour, thereby reaping greater profits. Remember this next time you hear someone complaining about "immigrants coming here and taking our jobs". Or go google for "investors visa" if you can cope with a sudden attack of rage.

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2015-02-25 20:48:05 (5 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

The results so far: how long will Tony last?
Most expect a spill within 3 months.
https://plus.google.com/104013835962992611989/posts/fqBdx2hamUe

The results so far: how long will Tony last?
Most expect a spill within 3 months.
https://plus.google.com/104013835962992611989/posts/fqBdx2hamUe___

2015-02-25 09:23:58 (18 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

It's on again #tonyabbottdeathpool

How long will Tony last?

It's on again #tonyabbottdeathpool

How long will Tony last?___

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2015-02-25 09:06:38 (3 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Three weeks after the spill vote and they are back in the do-do. It seems that they cannot do anything other than stagger from one crisis to the next. People used to mock the Rudd-Gillard-Rudd government but, seriously, can anyone think of a more hapless and incompetent government than the present one?

As predicted elsewhere, this issue will be the one that brings Abbott down.

When the two lawyer groups representing all lawyers in the country (the Australian Bar Association and the Australian Law Council) and a posse of legal academics all band together in one open letter, saying they fear for democracy, there is a problem.

“Neither the prime minister nor any other member of the government has pointed to any factual errors in the report; their concern has been to attack the timing and motivation of the report and to seek to assign all fault to the other side of politics.

“A well-functioning democracy requires that the executive respect the work of independent public institutions established by parliament to perform specific functions even if it does not agree with specific positions adopted by them,” the letter states.

The two professional bodies representing all Australian lawyers said they had taken the unusual step of entering the political fray because the “unprecedented attack” on Triggs was “alarming”.

“The Australian Bar Association and Law Council of Australia agree that personal attacks deflect attention from the very serious findings of the report and place an individual office holder under significant pressure – we cannot tolerate our public officials and institutions being subjected to this barrage for fulfilling their statutory duties,” ABA president Fiona McLeod and Law Council president Duncan McConnel said.

“To do so is to compromise the integrity of those institutions charged with holding the government to account.”

http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/feb/15/academics-and-law-bodies-warn-attack-on-gillian-triggs-threatens-democracy

#AusPolitics   #Democracy  ___Three weeks after the spill vote and they are back in the do-do. It seems that they cannot do anything other than stagger from one crisis to the next. People used to mock the Rudd-Gillard-Rudd government but, seriously, can anyone think of a more hapless and incompetent government than the present one?

As predicted elsewhere, this issue will be the one that brings Abbott down.

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2015-02-25 04:23:49 (58 comments, 6 reshares, 38 +1s)Open 

This is the issue that will bring Tony Abbott down.

Aggression is the only thing he knows and there is not enough aggression in the world to intimidate and silence the rising mood of dissent from this policy. Conservatives will dig them themselves in but ultimately it won't be enough.

The PM is headed for the bunker where he will reenact a Downfall YouTube clip. My bet is still on Julie Bishop to replace him and Malcolm Turnbull as treasurer.

This is the issue that will bring Tony Abbott down.

Aggression is the only thing he knows and there is not enough aggression in the world to intimidate and silence the rising mood of dissent from this policy. Conservatives will dig them themselves in but ultimately it won't be enough.

The PM is headed for the bunker where he will reenact a Downfall YouTube clip. My bet is still on Julie Bishop to replace him and Malcolm Turnbull as treasurer.___

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2015-02-25 04:07:42 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)Open 

Facts have a well known left wing bias

#istandwithgilliantriggs

Facts have a well known left wing bias

#istandwithgilliantriggs___

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2015-02-25 04:07:22 (24 comments, 4 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Might be a good time to actually get down and read this report. Pasted below is the introduction.

Publication title:The Forgotten Children: National Inquiry into Children in Immigration Detention (2014)

1 Introduction

Asylum seeker issues are among the most hotly debated in Australian politics. They divide opinion and evoke strong emotional responses across the community.

The issues involved are complex and challenging.

We know that asylum seekers are often vulnerable people, desperately fleeing civil unrest, warfare and persecution from across the world.

We know that Australia is a destination of choice for many people seeking to embark on a new life in safety.

And we know that there are people who will exploit the vulnerability of asylum seekers by offering them unsafe passage by sea to our shores.

How we treat... more »

Might be a good time to actually get down and read this report. Pasted below is the introduction.

Publication title:The Forgotten Children: National Inquiry into Children in Immigration Detention (2014)

1 Introduction

Asylum seeker issues are among the most hotly debated in Australian politics. They divide opinion and evoke strong emotional responses across the community.

The issues involved are complex and challenging.

We know that asylum seekers are often vulnerable people, desperately fleeing civil unrest, warfare and persecution from across the world.

We know that Australia is a destination of choice for many people seeking to embark on a new life in safety.

And we know that there are people who will exploit the vulnerability of asylum seekers by offering them unsafe passage by sea to our shores.

How we treat asylum seekers goes to the core of our identity as a nation:

In what circumstances are we prepared to provide safe haven to those in need?

What relationship do we aspire to have with our regional neighbours?

How do we respond to those who ask for our help?

Ten years ago, the Australian Human Rights Commission published its landmark report: A last resort? This was the report of an extensive three year national inquiry that investigated the circumstances of children and their families in Australia’s immigration detention centres.

The Commission conducted the previous inquiry in response to concerns about the significant number of children in immigration detention. Numbers of children in detention reached 842 at the highest point. The inquiry found detention had a deleterious impact on their wellbeing; particularly their mental health.

At the time, the Commission was subject to intense scrutiny and hostility regarding the inquiry. The Howard Government was initially dismissive of its findings.

But over subsequent years, we began to see significant improvements in the treatment of asylum seeker children and their families. By mid-2005, the Howard Government had removed all asylum seeker children from immigration detention centres.

Ten years on, the situation has changed dramatically.

By July 2013, under the Labor government, a record number of 1,992 children were in detention. The numbers of children in detention remained relatively constant at approximately 1,100 children from September 2013 to February 2014 under the new Coalition Government led by Prime Minister Tony Abbott.

This significant increase in numbers created substantial pressures on the Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Particularly with the provision of services in detention centres on Christmas Island.

By August 2014 there were 869 children in detention, including 222 children detained on Nauru. This was a significant reduction on the 2013 figures, but still in excess of the figures in the early 2000s.

How have the gains that were so hard-fought, and of which the Howard Government was so rightly proud, disappeared?

How did we move so far away from the explicit guarantee in section 4AA of the Migration Act 1958(Cth) that ‘a minor shall only be detained as a measure of last resort’? How had we reached the situation where Prime Minister Rudd had declared that any person (including children) who arrived by boat would enjoy ‘no advantage’ and never be settled in Australia?

There are complex reasons why people choose to seek asylum and there are certainly global factors at play.[1] The increased number of people seeking to arrive in Australia by boat in recent years has coincided with a global rise in the number of asylum seekers, predominately as a result of civil unrest in the Middle East that has continued since the ‘Arab Spring’.

Indeed, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has noted that 2013 saw the largest number of asylum seekers worldwide in a decade. Despite this, Australia’s share of refugee applications at the end of 2013 was only one percent of the global total for the year.

This significant increase in the number of asylum seekers in Australia was accompanied by tragedy. 1072 people, including at least 15 children lost their lives at sea between 2008 and 2013 while attempting to make the journey to Australia by boat.

Images of shipwrecked boats off Christmas Island remain etched in the memories of many Australians. These memories have often been cited by the Abbott Government as informing its steely determination to ‘stop the boats’. This has been a priority of the Abbott Government since coming to office with its Operation Sovereign Borders policy.

And ‘stop the boats’ it has. The flow of boat arrivals has steadily decreased over the past year. There have been no recorded deaths at sea since the start of 2014.

But this is not the whole story.

While 2012 and 2013 saw the largest number of boat arrivals and people in detention, these years also saw the progressive tightening of asylum seeker policy, the re-introduction of offshore transfers and a lack of processing of asylum claims.

In August 2012, the Labor Government adopted a recommendation from its specially convened Expert Panel to apply a ‘no advantage’ principle. A range of associated and inter-connected recommendations by the Expert Panel were not, however, implemented. The ‘no advantage’ principle stipulated that refugees arriving by boat should not receive an ‘advantage’ over refugees overseas who are waiting to be resettled.

The Labor Government’s implementation of the ‘no advantage’ principle resulted in the suspension of processing for asylum seekers who had arrived by boat, on or after, 13 August 2012.

Further announcements tightening asylum seeker policy by Prime Minister Rudd on 19 July 2013 left the vast majority of asylum seekers in detention in limbo. The policy implemented by the Labor Government and continued by the Coalition Government, specifies that anyone who arrives by boat without a visa since this date in July is liable to transfer to Nauru or Manus Island and will never be settled in Australia. The claims of these asylum seekers have not been processed and they face uncertainty as to their future.

The suspension of processing has had a profound impact on the time that people have waited to have their refugee claims assessed. It has also prolonged the detention of children in onshore and offshore facilities.

By 2014, this has resulted in a significant lengthening of time that asylum seekers have spent in detention. In March 2014, children had been detained for 231 days on average.

At the time of writing this report, children and adults have been detained for over a year and two months on average – over 413 days. There are currently over 100 babies who have been born in detention – with no life experience outside the confines of the detention centres.

It is in this context that the President of the Australian Human Rights Commission launched a national inquiry into children in immigration detention on 3 February 2014.

The decision to conduct this Inquiry was part of the Commission’s regular annual planning processes in mid-2013. This was during the lead up to the federal election at which asylum seeker policies were high profile.

The Commission waited until six months after the election to observe any changes to the policies and the situation affecting asylum seekers under the new Government.

While the number of people in detention started to drop from its peak numbers in mid-2013, the Commission had significant concerns at the increasing time periods that children were spending in detention.

The purpose of this Inquiry is to investigate the impact of immigration detention on the health, wellbeing and development of children and assess whether laws, policies and practices relating to children in immigration detention meet Australia’s international human rights obligations.

Asylum seeker issues have been a focus of the Commission’s work over the past ten years. The findings from this work also informed the decision to conduct this Inquiry.

The Commission has made annual detention centre inspections from 2004 to 2012. The Commission has provided reports to federal Parliament emanating from our complaint-handling jurisdiction. The Commission has been involved in litigation, including in the High Court as intervenor. The Commission has made a multitude of submissions to inquiries related to asylum seeker matters. In 2013, the Commission produced a ‘state of the nation’ report on the asylum seeker system – Asylum seekers, refugees and human rights: Snapshot report 2013.

In 2012 the Commission conducted a national inquiry into the methods used to determine the ages of Indonesian crew members who were working on boats bringing asylum seekers to Australia. The inquiry report was entitled: An age of uncertainty: Inquiry into the treatment of individuals suspected of people smuggling offences who say that they are children.

But a national inquiry of this current scope is different. Most significantly, it is a process aimed at giving voice to the otherwise unheard - and now largely unseen - the asylum seekers detained in remote parts of Australia.

Ultimately, it is the Commission’s hope that this report contributes to an understanding that children are suffering harm in detention - and that their detention is not part of a policy which is used to ‘stop the boats’.

All sides of politics have emphasised that mandatory detention in Australia’s immigration detention centres is not designed to operate as a deterrent to asylum seekers. It does not stop people from coming to Australia to seek asylum.

What then is the purpose of detaining children for over a year?

Australia is the only country in the world with a policy that imposes mandatory and indefinite immigration detention on asylum seekers as a first action. While other countries detain children for matters related to immigration, including Greece, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, South Africa and the U.S.; detention in these countries is not mandatory and does not occur as a matter of course.

In fact there are other options to detention in Australia. What is not well recognised by the public is that the majority of asylum seekers are not in locked detention, they are living in community arrangements. These people reside in the Australian community and are subject to some restrictions while they wait to have their refugee status assessed. Only some asylum seekers are detained in locked detention facilities. And only the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection has the power to release children and their families into community arrangements.

There is minimal risk to the community from having a more humane, less restrictive form of detention while the refugee status of asylum seekers is assessed. There are limited reports of community disharmony and almost no incidents of absconding from Community Detention.

It is time to return to bipartisan support for the humane treatment of asylum seeker children and their families. Successive governments have failed children in locking them in immigration detention for prolonged periods.

This is the report of the Commission’s national Inquiry.

This report is different to most reports you will read about immigration detention. It is focused on the impact that long term and indefinite detention has on children as told by those who have first-hand experience of life in immigration detention facilities.

It considers children at their different life stages and it records their voices and their experiences of detention.

This report looks firstly into the situation of babies in detention. It describes the impact of detention on the key determinants of their wellbeing; namely the ability to ensure:

responsive and sensitive parenting;appropriate motor, sensory and language stimulation;adequate nutrition and health care; andprotection from physical danger.

When looking at the situation of teenagers in detention, the Commission has inquired into how it impacts on their emotional maturation and the key developmental needs that they have to a safe environment where they can explore themselves and their place in wider society.

Similar questions have been asked about the impact of the detention environment on the key developmental elements for preschoolers and primary school aged children.

In undertaking this analysis we have been assisted by professionals from many fields – including paediatricians and child psychiatrists.

Ultimately we found that locked detention environments harm children, and children need to be removed from these environments as soon as possible. This is an urgent requirement for the health and wellbeing of these children.

It is our sincere hope that the evidence, stories and ultimately the findings and recommendations of this report can contribute to this end.

1.1 A snapshot of children in detention

(a) The global context

The numbers of asylum seekers arriving on Australian shores reached a peak in 2013. This reflected a global increase in refugees, with unrest in a number of countries contributing to increasing numbers of people fleeing Syria, Iran, Afghanistan and Somalia. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reports that there were 16.7 million refugees globally by the end of 2013. Half of these refugees were children, the highest figure in ten years. In the 2012-13 financial year, Australia resettled 12,515 refugees.

Australia receives a proportionally small number of asylum seekers when compared with other countries. In fact, the 13,559 asylum seeker applications that Australia had by the end of 2013, constituted just over one percent of more than a million applications for asylum submitted worldwide in that year.

By comparison, Pakistan a relatively less resourced country, hosts the largest number of refugees in the world.

(b) The Australian context

There were 584 children detained in immigration detention centres on mainland Australia and 305children on Christmas Island. A further 179 children were detained on Nauru as at 31 March 2014.

Chart 1: Children in detention by location, 31 March 2014



Show text version of chart.

Chart 1 description: Map showing children held in detention around Australia and offshore. Christmas Island - 305, darwin - 311, perth - 10, inverbrackie - 132, brisbane - 16, sydney -17, melbourne - 98, nauru - 179.

Source: Adapted from Department of Immigration and Border Protection map[2]

 

Almost all children in Australian detention centres either travelled to Australia by boat without a visa or were born in detention. The number of people arriving by boat rose substantially from 2011 and peaked in 2013.

 

Chart 2: Number of people arriving by boat to Australia since 2004



Show text version of chart.

Chart 2 description: Number of people arriving by boat from 2004-2008 was close to 0, the number peaked at over 20,000 in 2013 before substantially decreasing in 2014.

Source: J Phillips and H Spinks, Boat arrivals in Australia since 1976, Parliamentary Library Research Paper[3]

 

Chart 3: Number of children in detention, July 2004 to January 2014



Show text version of chart.

Chart 3 description: Children in detention was 100 or less from 2004 to 2009. There was then an increase in the number of children peaking at over 1500 in July 2013 before decreasing in 2014.

Source: Australian Human Rights Commission analysis of data from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection[4]

They came from over 20 different countries:

the largest group of children were born in Iran;the second largest group are identified as ‘stateless’ and were predominantly of Rohingya ethnic origin; andother major groups of children were from Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia.

Many children in detention have experienced significant trauma before arriving in Australia.

The children in detention in Australia (as at 31 March 2014) are by age group:

153 babies204 preschoolers (aged 2 to 4 years old)336 primary school aged children196 teenagers

From January 2013 to March 2014, there were 128babies born to mothers in detention centres in Australia.

In March 2014 there were 56 unaccompanied children in detention centres in Australia. A further 27unaccompanied children were detained on Nauru. The majority of unaccompanied children came from Afghanistan, Myanmar, Somalia and Iran. All are teenagers aged between 15 years and 17 years.

Most children in detention arrived between June 2013 and September 2013. Under current Government policy all asylum seekers who arrived by boat on or after 19 July 2013 are to be transferred to detention centres on Nauru or Manus Island, unless the Minister determines otherwise. Approximately 523 children, including 48 unaccompanied children arrived on or after 19 July 2013 and are subject to possible transfer to Nauru.

At the time of the Inquiry, the number of children in detention facilities on mainland Australia and Christmas Island was reducing as a result of children being released on bridging visas, being moved into Community Detention; or being transferred to detention on Nauru.

Chart 4: Numbers of children in detention in Australia, on Bridging Visa E, in Community Detention and in detention on Nauru by month, February 2014 to August 2014



Show text version of chart.

Chart 4 description: The number of children on Bridging Visas Es has increased as the number of children in detention has decreased. The number of children in community detention and on Nauru have increased slightly.

Source: Australian Human Rights Commission analysis of data from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection[5]

The average length of detention of children at March 2014 was almost 8 months; 231 days.

Seventy-one percent of children and parents in detention reported that they had been moved between different detention centres at least once. Children are moved for many reasons, including access to healthcare, or for other services that are not available in their current centre.

Twenty-eight children in detention were assessed as having a disability. These children have spent 11 months in detention on average and are aged between 2 and 17 years old. Thirty-six children in detention have been diagnosed with a mental health disorder.

On 19 August 2014, the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection announced that the Australian Government will release all children under 10 and their families from detention into the community on bridging visas. This will not include children who arrived on or after 19 July 2013.

1.2 Australian law and the detention of children

Australia’s system of mandatory immigration detention was introduced by the Labor Government in 1992. This system has been maintained by successive Australian governments - meaning that over the past 22 years, non-citizens who arrive in Australia without a valid visa must be detained. TheMigration Act 1958 (Cth) (‘the Migration Act’) refers to such people as ‘unlawful non-citizens’. Unlawful non-citizens may have arrived in Australia without a visa, or they may have arrived in Australia with a visa that has later expired.

If unlawful non-citizens arrive in Australia by sea, they are referred to as ‘unauthorised maritime arrivals’. Unlawful non-citizens (including unauthorised maritime arrivals) who are detained may only be released from immigration detention if they are granted a visa, if they are moved into Community Detention, or if they are being removed from Australia.

In the case of people who are detained after arriving in Australia by boat, the first two options are only available at the personal discretion of the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection. Asylum seekers who have arrived by boat may not apply for any visa unless the Minister considers that it would be in the public interest to allow such an application. The Minister generally has the power to grant a visa of any class to a person who is in immigration detention. However, the Migration Act provides that the Minister does not have a duty to consider whether to exercise this power, even if a request is made by a person in immigration detention.

The Minister also has the power to make a residence determination in favour of a person in immigration detention. The residence determination scheme is more commonly referred to as Community Detention. Again, this is a power that may only be exercised by the Minister. The Migration Act provides that the Minister does not have a duty to consider whether to exercise this power, even if a request is made by a person in immigration detention.

Under current legislation, asylum seekers who arrive by boat must be taken ‘as soon as reasonably practicable’ to a Regional Processing Country unless the Minister determines otherwise. This scheme of offshore processing applies to all people who arrived by boat; on or after 19 July 2013. This date represents the day on which former Prime Minister Rudd implemented new policies to prevent the settlement in Australia of any person who was an unauthorised maritime arrival.

If a person in immigration detention is not granted a visa or a Community Detention placement, then they may continue to be detained while arrangements are made to remove them from Australia.

The High Court has held in Al-Kateb v Godwin that it is not contrary to Australian law to keep a person in immigration detention even if the removal of that person from Australia is not reasonably practicable in the foreseeable future. The Department of Immigration and Border Protection submitted to the Inquiry that, as a result of this decision, ‘there is no time limit on the lawfulness of detention under Australian law’.

However, a more recent unanimous judgment of the High Court in Plaintiff S4/2014 v Minister for Immigration and Border Protection casts some doubt on indefinite detention. In this case, the Court confirmed that the Migration Act does not authorise detention at the unconstrained discretion of the Executive. Rather, detention under the Migration Act can only be for the purposes identified in the Act.

1.3 Does the Government owe a duty of care to children in detention?

The Department of Immigration and Border Protection recognises that it has a duty of care to all people in immigration detention facilities. The Department has undertaken the care, supervision or control of people in detention in circumstances where those people might reasonably expect that due care will be exercised.

The Commonwealth Ombudsman and New South Wales Coroner have separately argued that due to the particular vulnerability of detainees, as well as the high degree of control exercised by the Department over detainees, the scope of this duty of care should be set at a high level and extends to a positive duty to take action to prevent harm from occurring.

1.4 International law and the detention of children

International human rights law sets out a number of requirements which must be satisfied if a government decides that there are no acceptable alternatives and that detention is necessary. The Convention on the Rights of the Child states clearly that:

The detention of a child must only be a measure of last resort.Detention must not be arbitrary.[6]

To avoid being arbitrary, detention must be necessary and reasonable in all the circumstances of the case, and a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim. If that aim could be achieved through less invasive means than detaining a person, then that person’s detention will be arbitrary.

The Commission acknowledges that use of immigration detention may be legitimate in some circumstances for a strictly limited period of time. For example, in particular cases a brief period of detention may be necessary to conduct health, security and identity checks.

In order to avoid detention being arbitrary, however, there must be an individual assessment of the necessity of detention for each person, taking into consideration their individual circumstances. A person should only be held in an immigration detention facility if they are individually assessed as posing an unacceptable risk to the Australian community, and if that risk cannot be mitigated in a less restrictive way. Otherwise, they should be permitted to reside in the community while their immigration status is resolved – if necessary, with appropriate conditions imposed to mitigate any identified risks. According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child:

Any child deprived of their liberty should be able to challenge the lawfulness of their detention.

For detention to be ‘lawful’, it must not only comply with domestic law but also international law. This requires that a court must have the authority to order the person’s release if the detention is found to be arbitrary.

Currently, Australia does not provide access to such review. While people in immigration detention may be able to seek judicial review of the domestic legality of their detention, Australian courts have no authority to order that a person be released from detention on the grounds that the person’s continued detention is arbitrary. This is in breach of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Convention also states:

If detention of children is necessary in order to achieve a particular aim, then the length of detention should be the shortest appropriate period for the achievement of that aim.

In instances where children are detained, a review process is required to monitor detention effectively and assess whether it is justified. The Commission has previously recommended that this review process should occur within 72 hours of being detained and be conducted by an independent body, consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

In all actions concerning children, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.

The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration in individual decision making about a child and when developing legal frameworks and policies affecting children. If laws or policies lead to results that are not in the child’s best interests, review is necessary.

Aspects of Australia’s migration policy therefore sit at odds with the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Examples include the requirement to detain child asylum seekers on arrival in Australia, and the requirement to transfer children who are unauthorised maritime arrivals to a Regional Processing Country. Officers are required by the Migration Act to carry out these tasks, regardless of whether it would be in the child’s best interests. The Convention on the Rights of the Child provides:

Refugee children and unaccompanied children are likely to be vulnerable and require particular assistance.

Article 22 of the Convention on the Rights of the Childrequires that governments ensure that children seeking refugee status are provided with appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance. Article 20 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child provides that special protection and assistance be available for unaccompanied children.

Minimum standards for the protection of children in detention are set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. These standards include:

Children in detention should be treated with humanity and respect;Children have a right to remain with their parents (unless contrary to their best interests), and to have their family protected from arbitrary or unlawful interference;Children should not suffer torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; andChildren should be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse while in the care of parents, legal guardians or any other person that has the care of the children.

There are a range of international obligations on countries to ensure that children can develop and thrive. Key rights contained in the Convention on the Rights of the Child are:

the right to life, survival and development;the right to health and access to healthcare services, including pre- and post-natal healthcare for their mothers;the right to education, and to play and engage in recreational activities; andrespect for the child’s rights without discrimination.

[1]Australian Government, Report of the Expert Panel on Asylum Seekers (2012), pp26-29, 59-70. At http://expertpanelonasylumseekers.dpmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/report...%28viewed 3 October 2014).
[2]Department of Immigration and Border Protection,Children in detention as at 31 March 2014, Item 1, Document 1.1, Schedule 2, First Notice to Produce, 31 March 2014.
[3] J Phillips and H Spinks, Boat arrivals in Australia since 1976, Parliamentary Library Research Paper (2013), p 22. Athttp://http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliam... (viewed 2 October 2014).
[4]Department of Immigration and Border Protection,Historical data on children in detention 2004 - 2014, Item 25, Document 25.1, Schedule 2, First Notice to Produce 31 March 2014.
[5] Department of Immigration and Border Protection,Immigration Detention Statistics. Athttp://http://www.immi.gov.au/About/Pages/detention/about-immigration-detention.aspx (viewed 30 September 2014).
[6]Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989. Athttp://http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1991/4.html (viewed 13 October 2014).

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2015-02-24 21:48:18 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

There are limits to how much time and money a business should waste on "intellectual" "property". You won't get that advice from lawyers, however.

Open-source branding. Love it!

"Tran tells the L.A. Times that he doesn’t regret trying to claim ownership of the word all those decades ago. He sees the popularity of the product as nothing but free advertising for him, especially since his company has no marketing budget."___There are limits to how much time and money a business should waste on "intellectual" "property". You won't get that advice from lawyers, however.

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2015-02-24 20:57:24 (6 comments, 1 reshares, 20 +1s)Open 

___

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2015-02-24 11:11:43 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Crowd funding at its best.

Crowd funding at its best.___

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2015-02-24 09:47:13 (6 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)Open 

Abbott says Government has lost confidence in Truth.

#IstandwithGillianTriggs

"Senator Brandis then confirmed to Senate estimates he had lost confidence in Professor Triggs and wanted her to resign, saying the commission "has to be like Caesar's wife" and "beyond blemish"."

Unlike Brandis who can be as big a dick as he likes and doesn't care that the community lost confidence in him a long time ago.___Abbott says Government has lost confidence in Truth.

#IstandwithGillianTriggs

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2015-02-24 09:25:14 (4 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Bibi has been bubull-shitting for years.

Bibi has been bubull-shitting for years.___

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2015-02-24 09:23:17 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

This leak of cables from South Africa's spy agency is going to be very damaging to Mossad, MI6, FSB and the CIA.

This leak of cables from South Africa's spy agency is going to be very damaging to Mossad, MI6, FSB and the CIA.___

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2015-02-24 09:13:54 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Dude...keep playing...we can't have you leaving yet !!!

Leonard Nimoy was taken to the UCLA Medical Centre complaining of severe pains in his chest. The 83 year old actor suffers from COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which makes it extremely difficult to breathe. He has been admitted to hospital several times recently due to the fatal lung disease.

http://yournewswire.com/mr-spock-rushed-to-hospital-with-severe-chest-pains/

#dunkpunked   #spock   #leonardnimoy  

Dude...keep playing...we can't have you leaving yet !!!

Leonard Nimoy was taken to the UCLA Medical Centre complaining of severe pains in his chest. The 83 year old actor suffers from COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which makes it extremely difficult to breathe. He has been admitted to hospital several times recently due to the fatal lung disease.

http://yournewswire.com/mr-spock-rushed-to-hospital-with-severe-chest-pains/

#dunkpunked   #spock   #leonardnimoy  ___

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2015-02-24 09:03:56 (13 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

No-one would have believed in the early years of the twenty-first century, that human affairs were being watched from the timeless worlds of space. No-one could have dreamed that we were being scrutinized, as someone with a microscope studies creatures that swarm and multiply in a drop of water. Few men even considered the possibility of life on other planets. And yet, across the gulf of space, minds immeasurably superior to ours regarded this earth with envious eyes; and slowly, and surely, they drew their plans against us.

Unusual Plumes Above Mars
Image Credit & Copyright: W. Jaeschke
http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap150224.html

What is creating unusual plumes on Mars? No one is sure. Noted and confirmed by a global contingent of amateur astronomers on photos of the red planet in March 2012, possibly similar plumes have now been found on archived images as far back as 1997. Since the plumes reach 200 kilometers up, they seem too high to be related to wind-blown surface dust. Since one plume lasted for eleven days, it seemed too long lasting to be related to aurora. Amateur astronomers will surely continue to monitor the terminator and edge regions of Mars for new high plumes, and the armada of satellites orbiting Mars may be called upon to verify and study any newly reported plume that become visible. The featured 35-minute time-lapse animation was taken on 2012 March 20 by the plume's discoverer -- an attorney from Pennsylvania, USA.___No-one would have believed in the early years of the twenty-first century, that human affairs were being watched from the timeless worlds of space. No-one could have dreamed that we were being scrutinized, as someone with a microscope studies creatures that swarm and multiply in a drop of water. Few men even considered the possibility of life on other planets. And yet, across the gulf of space, minds immeasurably superior to ours regarded this earth with envious eyes; and slowly, and surely, they drew their plans against us.

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2015-02-24 08:31:08 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 4 +1s)Open 

#IstandwithGillianTriggs

___#IstandwithGillianTriggs

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2015-02-24 08:01:15 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

#IstandwithGillianTriggs

#IstandwithGillianTriggs___

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2015-02-23 21:11:31 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 11 +1s)Open 

All of these denialists are crooks. Every last one of them.

For years, politicians wanting to block legislation on climate change have bolstered their arguments by pointing to the work of a handful of scientists who claim that greenhouse gases pose little risk to humanity.

One of the names they invoke most often is Wei-Hock Soon, known as Willie, a scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics who claims that variations in the sun’s energy can largely explain recent global warming. He has often appeared on conservative news programs, testified before Congress and in state capitals, and starred at conferences of people who deny the risks of global warming.

But newly released documents show the extent to which Dr. Soon’s work has been tied to funding he received from corporate interests.

He has accepted more than $1.2 million in money from thefossi... more »

All of these denialists are crooks. Every last one of them.

For years, politicians wanting to block legislation on climate change have bolstered their arguments by pointing to the work of a handful of scientists who claim that greenhouse gases pose little risk to humanity.

One of the names they invoke most often is Wei-Hock Soon, known as Willie, a scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics who claims that variations in the sun’s energy can largely explain recent global warming. He has often appeared on conservative news programs, testified before Congress and in state capitals, and starred at conferences of people who deny the risks of global warming.

But newly released documents show the extent to which Dr. Soon’s work has been tied to funding he received from corporate interests.

He has accepted more than $1.2 million in money from the fossil-fuel industry over the last decade while failing to disclose that conflict of interest in most of his scientific papers. At least 11 papers he has published since 2008 omitted such a disclosure, and in at least eight of those cases, he appears to have violated ethical guidelines of the journals that published his work.___

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2015-02-23 09:37:35 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 8 +1s)Open 

Greta Bradman
Opera at the Market
Vic Market

Greta Bradman
Opera at the Market
Vic Market___

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2015-02-23 08:38:57 (9 comments, 0 reshares, 9 +1s)Open 

Opera at the Market

Victoria Market, Melbourne

Opera at the Market

Victoria Market, Melbourne___

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2015-02-22 22:28:25 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Which makes it somehow worse. The knowledge that these greghunts** know what they are doing. And yet they still do it.

** Rhyming slang for "See you next Tuesday".

Worth remembering... In 1990 Greg Hunt, the first Environment Minister to repeal a carbon tax, co-authored a university thesis entitled A Tax to Make the Polluter Pay, about why we need a carbon tax. According to his own biography, this thesis won an award for the best final year law thesis, and helped him graduate Melbourne University with First Class Honours in Law. 

SOURCES:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/50162694/A-Tax-to-Make-the-Polluter-Pay
http://www.greghunt.com.au/AboutGreg/Biography.aspx___Which makes it somehow worse. The knowledge that these greghunts** know what they are doing. And yet they still do it.

** Rhyming slang for "See you next Tuesday".

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2015-02-22 22:14:22 (50 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)Open 

Worth reading. Industrial design is a good thing and Apple is one of the world's leading design companies. The fact that they started out as a computer company is incidental to that fact.

Worth reading. Industrial design is a good thing and Apple is one of the world's leading design companies. The fact that they started out as a computer company is incidental to that fact.___

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