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Ethan Siegel has been shared in 117 public circles

You can see here the 50 latest shared circles.
If this is your profile, you can check your dashboard to see all shared circles you have been included.

AuthorFollowersDateUsers in CircleCommentsReshares+1Links
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:27:36393013CC G+
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:50393033CC G+
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:26:17393012CC G+
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:52393011CC G+
John Nuntiatio29,767#circles #sharedcircles #circlesharing #circle #circleoftheday #bestofcircles #bestcircleshare #share #tech #business #sport2014-03-14 06:25:16393204CC G+
Becky Collins3,213Baseball circle #Baseball  #circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  +Becky Collins 2014-02-26 10:30:413883216CC G+
Becky Collins2,634Marketing Circle : Feb 22#circles   #circleshare   #circlesharing   #circlecircle   #beckyscircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday +Becky Collins2014-02-22 06:29:4945517724CC G+
Mikhail Petrovsky77,388Good morning / evening to all.This is a Social Circle of interesting people with an active lifestyle in Google+Это социальный круг общения интересных людей с активной жизненной позицией в Google+You'll love this circle. Photographers, artists and other interesting people!Вам понравится этот круг, добавьте его себе. Фотографы, художники и другие интересные люди!#EarthMyMother #ForFriends #photo2014-01-24 03:20:19483583083CC G+
B.A. TruthWarrior1,260These are some verified unusual characters....in general.#circleshare  #circlesharing #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday  #sharedcircleday #circleshared   #variety  2014-01-16 03:45:1647527826CC G+
Artur Mashnich43,843A Very Social CircleCircle of the Most Active Users of Google+Круг наиболее активных пользователей Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.#Forfriends  2014-01-10 16:01:13493341866CC G+
Artur Mashnich40,712A Very Social CircleКруг людей с активной жизненной позицией в Гугле+circle of people, with active life position in Google+Если вы поделились этим кругом вчера, вы находитесь в нем сегодня. Если вы разделяете его с друзьями сегодня, вы будете в нем и завтра.If you shared this circle yesterday, you are in it today. If you share today, you'll be in tomorrow.2013-12-18 11:08:35494453465CC G+
Claudiu Narita3,3332013-11-20 02:26:27501817CC G+
Lo Sauer2,493This is a great circle combined of active engagers, creative folks and  some of the best and brightest people on google+. A thank you in this circle-inclusion-shoutout to: +Peter Terren +Michael Műller +Carlos Esteban +Justin Chung +Malthus John +Marta Rauch +Rajini Rao +Katherine Vucicevic +Jonathan Eisen +Mike Allton +Scott Buehler +Mario Falcetti +Zvonimir Fras +Krithika Rangarajan +sridhar krishnan +Joanna Ortynska +Seamus Smyth +Chuck Croll +Michael Schobel +2013-11-19 18:19:4843218317CC G+
Justin Fournier1,722Social & SEO CircleIt's been awhile since I've shared circles with the general public.  In this Circle I've labeled it as my Social/SEO circle.  Users within this circle generally gave me insight, tips, and tricks into G+ and social branding.Add and follow their posts to increase your own branding in this now digital world!Share and enjoy all! #SEO   #googleplus   #socialmediamarketing   #sharedcircles   #googleplustips  2013-11-03 01:00:37143215CC G+
Rank Kemeng0This is a group of individuals that has personally shared four of my best circle sharing circles in the last month (or so).  They also include a mix of new circle sharers and some that are just trying to learn it for the first time. :) :) :0)They are individuals, to a large degree, that are very interested in not just circle sharing (which is great), but also engaging with you in a meaningful way (which is awesome)!!!Guidelines for Core Multipliers- Share the circle to stay in the circle- Have some fun!- If you are new and want in the circle, share the circle.This is a great group.  Enjoy this circle and have an awesome Thursday!*if you were somehow missed/ not included in the circle, please let me know and it will be corrected on the next share. My apologies ahead of time! :)**For those coming from multiplying circle, we are not inviting new folks here, you can privately message them or ping them when you share the circle on your public feed. Thanks!#corecircle #multiplyingcircle #coremultipliers #sharedcircles #circleshare #bestsharedcircle   #circleshare   #sharedcircles   #circleoftheday   #CircleQueen   #CircleMaster   #GPlusList   #Circle   #Circleshare   #Circlesharing   #PublicSharedCircles2013-11-01 15:53:38426115CC G+
Coyeb Sundel02013-10-24 10:04:35425202CC G+
Tiberiu Igrisan448Science (part 1)#science #sciencecircle #sharedcircles  2013-10-14 18:53:04257123CC G+
Fabian Weiland0#sharedcircle #sharedcircles #health #wellness  2013-10-14 15:30:25243000CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:30:23414103CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:55414013CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:39414002CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:27414002CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:29:04414002CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:27:59414004CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:27:36414003CC G+
James Steward1,112These are awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:27:16414002CC G+
James Steward1,112These are my awesome scientist friends who comment my posts#scientistcirle #circle #circleshared #sharedcircle #circleoftheday #followfriday2013-10-10 16:25:57414103CC G+
Fraser Cain824,747Super Science Circle for October, 2013I know it's been a while, so it's time for a new Super Science Circle - the October 2013 edition.In case you weren't aware, the Super Science Circle is a list of more than 400 people who are actively engaged on Google+ and regularly post about science and education. We've got journalists, scientists, even a few astronauts. The Super Science Circle should be your best response to anyone who tells you that Google+ is just a ghost town. If you love science, this circle will deliver the goods.If you know anyone who actively posts about science, please let me know and I'll add them to the list.2013-10-04 20:14:53415304682CC G+
Fabian Weiland0#sharedcircles #science #health2013-09-05 07:24:12497214CC G+
Cyrus Khan14,028Active Engager's CircleAttention:  Please reshare and comment if you want to be a part of next weeks edition, instead of messaging me individually.If you've received a notification, it means you are a part of the circle.Thanks for interacting : )  This is the next edition of my weekly Engagers circle, where I highlight and share the people who've interacted with me this week.I will share this circle to all my followers for exposure as an personally approved group.The criteria to be added are:1)You have commented on and publicly shared one or more of my posts;2) You have re-shared this weeks circle;As this circle grows, I may have difficulty accommodating everyone, so if you add and re-share this week's circle, you'll be guaranteed a spot in next week's edition.Cheers! #circleshare   #active   #engagerscircle   #circle #circleoftheweek   #sciencecircles  2013-08-26 17:27:32477574284CC G+
Cyrus Khan13,678Active Engager's CircleAttention: This circle has been filled this week, and will start again from scratch next week. Please reshare and comment if you want to be a part of next weeks edition.If you've received a notification, it means you are a part of the circle.If you want to be added, simply add the circle, reshare and comment saying so.Thanks for interacting : )  This is the next edition of my weekly Engagers circle, where I highlight and share the people who've interacted with me this week.I will share this circle to all my followers for exposure as an especially active group.The only criteria to be added are:1)You have commented on and publicly shared one or more of my posts;2) You have re-shared this weeks circle;As this circle grows, I may have difficulty accommodating everyone, so if you add and re-share this week's circle, you'll be guaranteed a spot in next week's edition.Cheers! #circleshare   #circleoftheweek   #active   #engagerscircle   #science   #sciencecircles   #circlesharesunday  2013-08-18 17:07:30490462362CC G+
Science on Google+69,339Applied and Mathematical SciencesThis circle will give you exposure to Computer Science, Engineering, Mathematics, and Physics. Science on Google+ Database: http://goo.gl/Yz8KRScience on Google+ Community: http://goo.gl/uhJCNIf you have a science related degree, you are a science journalist, you are a K-12 science teacher, or you curate a science page, then add your profile/page to the database by filling out this form (http://goo.gl/yEg7M). Active profiles and pages will be included in the next shared circle.2013-08-15 23:58:07292202753CC G+
Cyrus Khan13,309Active Engager's CircleIf you've received a notification, it means you are a part of the circle.If you want to be added, simply add the circle, reshare and comment saying so.Thanks for interacting : )  This is the next edition of my weekly Engagers circle, where I highlight and share the people who've interacted with me this week.I will share this circle to all my 13,000 odd followers for exposure as an active bunch among others.The only criteria to be added are:1)You have +1, or publicly shared one or more of my posts;2) You have re-shared this weeks circle.3) If you're not already in the circle, and want to be, simply comment so below.As this circle grows, I may have difficulty accommodating everyone, so if you add and re-share this week's circle, you'll be guaranteed a spot in next week's edition. #sharedcircles   #circleoftheweek   #active   #engagerscircle  2013-08-12 16:03:13488432073CC G+
B.A. TruthWarrior0A little on the unusual side #sharedcircles   #circleshare  2013-08-10 23:49:534811116CC G+
Science on Google+66,848Physics CircleView profiles in circle: http://goo.gl/lUwbm Science on Google+ Community: http://goo.gl/uhJCNIf you have a science related degree, you are a science journalist, you are a K-12 science teacher, or you curate a science page, then add your profile/page to the database (http://goo.gl/yEg7M). Active profiles and pages will be included in the next shared circle.#scienceeveryday #science #publiccircles #sharedcircles 2013-08-09 15:55:039041024CC G+
Vũ Đăng02013-07-28 19:07:46485109CC G+
Richard Green19,150Here's my latest Engagers Showcase circle. If you received a notification, that means that you are in the circle.“Showcase” means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts. This circle consists of people who have engaged with one of my recent posts in the form of +1s, comments and reshares.For reasons of space, I wasn't able to include people whose engagement was limited to +1s on circle shares, and I may have missed other people due to limitations of the G+ interface. I also had no room to include all the engagers on four of my recent non-circle share posts. Because of this, I will be sharing this circle again next week. If you reshare this version of the circle, you are guaranteed a spot in next week's circle. Thanks for reading my posts!2013-07-21 04:25:38464353147251CC G+
Lư Thăng1,723Vòng kết nối nè mấy bạn :D2013-07-19 08:53:50487371141CC G+
Fraser Cain798,034Super Science Circle, July 2013 EditionNeed more science in your streams? Want to convince a friend that Google+ is a thriving place of science and rational thinking? Then import my Super Science Circle and be amazed at the awesomeness.PLEASE RESHARE THIS CIRCLE... FOR SCIENCE!Every single person in this circle is active on Google+ and regularly contributes high quality posts about science. You've got my personal guarantee.As always, I recommend you import this group into a temporary circle and look for people who match your interests. Then pull them over into more permanent locations in your circles. Or just wait for me to give you an update next month.If you want to be included in this circle, just make a post in the comments and I'll check out your profile.I'm looking for people who:1. Are active on Google+ (but not too active)2. Regularly post about science3. Provide context and additional information, and not just bare links or annoying memes.2013-07-16 18:35:56415235986CC G+
Richard Green18,334For my approximately-weekly circle share this week, I've chosen my "Not Just the Usual Suspects" circle. If you received a notification, it means that you are in the circle. As always with my shared circles, this is a "Showcase" circle, which means that you are invited to leave a comment (on the original post) with a link to one of your own posts, which ideally should be one of your best recent posts.Some of the profiles in this circle are people who engaged with recent hit circle shares by +Scott Buehler and +Christine DeGraff, but most of the profiles here are people I selected myself, usually because I liked their profiles for various reasons. As the name of the circle suggests, there are interesting people included here who don't often appear in circle shares.2013-07-14 21:42:0348426892208CC G+
Paul Christen0If you want to be TOTALLY freaked out, follow this science circle. Its not mine, it was shared by (I think) +Fraser Cain .Man, a  day does not go by that I'm not amazed by the advances in science and technology.2013-06-11 13:54:194095310CC G+
Science on Google+62,910Smokin' Science CircleWe took 500 active profiles from the  +Science on Google+: A Public Database and put them into this circle.  Be careful, this circle is smokin' hot! #scienceeveryday    Don't forget to check out the Science on Google+ Community: http://goo.gl/mTTxXDatabaseSearch Communities: http://goo.gl/RvyezSearch Pages: http://goo.gl/WCohTSearch Profiles: http://goo.gl/Yz8KRAdd Profile or Page to Database: http://goo.gl/yEg7MAdd Community to Database: http://goo.gl/zh0xJ2013-06-06 00:17:11500388275CC G+
Fraser Cain779,548Super Science Circle - May 2013 EditionNeed more science in your Google+? Well, here's all the science you can handle! Enjoy my latest, heavily curated edition of the Super Science Circle.Please share this circle... for Science!For the uninitiated, I maintain a circle of 450+ people who are active on Google+ and regularly post on Google+. In this circle you'll find scientists, journalists, astronauts, educators, and science enthusiasts. By importing this circle into your own circles, you'll immediately gain a vibrant and fascinating feed of amazing science stories.I recognize that it might be too much science, so I suggest you create a brand new temporary circle and evaluate the people in the circle. Only transfer the keepers to your permanent circles. Then, when I update the circle next month, rinse and repeat.Are you active on G+ and regularly post about science? +mention me and I'll check out your profile.Remember, please share this post2013-05-22 19:26:51456348390CC G+
Fraser Cain770,050Super Science Circle - April 2013 EditionIt's time for another sharing of my Super Science Circle. This is a collection of 400+ active people on Google+ who often post about science. If anyone tells you G+ is a ghost town (not that anyone does any more), get them to import this circle. PLEASE SHARE THIS CIRCLE... FOR SCIENCE!I have personally reviewed each and every person on this list, to make sure that they:1. Are active and engaged on Google+2. Regularly post science-related stories on Google+In this list you'll find scientists, journalists, researchers, professors, astronauts and general science enthusiasts. Not everyone in this list is going to be to your personal liking. So what you'll want to do is import the list into a temporary circle. Then move people over one by one into more permanent locations in your circles.I'm always looking for more people to add to the list, so if you know people who meet my criteria, feel free to nominate them.Again, please share the circle. Every little bit helps2013-04-26 21:02:03419226277CC G+
David Fuchs43,026Circle Name : What Hot And Recommended - 4-22-2012Date :  4-22-2013This Circle  :  Contains people on What's Hot And Recommended on Google+. It is started from scratch every week.Please Enjoy This Circle and Feel Free To Share.=================================================#circleshare    #sharedcircles    #sharedpubliccircles   #sharedcircleoftheday    #circlesharing    #circleoftheday    #Circle   #Circles      #Public    #PublicCircle    #CircleShare   #CircleSharing  #SharePublicCircle    #QSC    #querosercirculado   #circleoftheday    #publicsharedcircles    #publiccirclesproject   #sharedcircleoftheday  #fullcircleshare    #addmetoyourcircles   #awesomeness      #awesomepeople    #awesomecircle   #awesome      #awesomesauce  #awesomeness   #awesomepeople    #sharedcircles    #sharedpubliccircles     #awesomesauce    #круг    #círculo      2013-04-22 17:37:1494726CC G+
Alessandro Folghera7321. PLUS+1 This Post! 2. ADD Circle3, Share the circle (note you can add yourself when you go to share)4. COMMENT Below if you are not on it and I will add you!#circleshare   #geekcircle   #sciencecircle   #sharedcircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  Social Media Marketing Shared Circle ... share and increase your popularity !2013-04-16 08:01:53422229CC G+
Mike Barnes590Science and Techno Geeks Shared Circle1. PLUS+1 This Post! 2. ADD Circle3, Share the circle (note you can add yourself when you go to share)4. COMMENT Below if you are not on it and I will add you! #circleshare   #geekcircle   #sciencecircle   #sharedcircle   #sharedcircles   #sharedcircleoftheday  For more Social Media and Search Engine Marketing Tips visit http//SEO-Alien.com2013-04-09 20:08:43412417CC G+
Fraser Cain759,117The Return of the Super Science CircleOkay, I'll admit, I made a mistake in retiring the Super Science Circle. I wasn't wrong; Communities are still the future and the best way to make friends here on Google+. But I realized that the Super Science Circle is simple and efficient way to get new people to see that Google+ isn't a ghost town.PLEASE SHARE THIS POST... FOR SCIENCE!When I was attending +ScienceOnline 2013, I must have helped dozens of people join Google+, and the first thing I had them do was import this circle. It's an invaluable tool for getting new people up to speed.So, I just did a complete refresh on the circle. I examined every single member and judged them according to my two-part criteria:1. Active in the last 30 days or so.2. Regularly post on scientific topics.If you know anyone who might make a good candidate for this circle, please let me know.As always, import this circle into a new, temporary circle, and then you can refresh it when I share a new version.DON'T FORGET TO SHARE THIS POST2013-03-19 22:39:3139967163160CC G+
Katherine Vucicevic222A great shared circle. Get your daily dose of science here! Great posts.If you want to join this circle,Add me,Add this circleShare this circle and include yourself in the share.Easy. #science #scienceeveryday #sciencefiction #scienceisawesome  2013-03-15 01:28:13242905CC G+
Science on Google+35,414Physics CircleView profiles in circle: http://goo.gl/lUwbm Links to shared Science circles: http://goo.gl/nO7rBIf you have a science related degree, you are a science journalist, you are a K-12 science teacher, or you curate a science page, then add your profile/page to the database (http://goo.gl/yEg7M). Active profiles and pages will be included in the next shared circle.#scienceeveryday #science #publiccircles #sharedcircles 2013-02-14 22:20:268411317CC G+


Average numbers for the latest posts (max. 50 posts, posted within the last 4 weeks)

comments per post
reshares per post
+1's per post

characters per posting

Latest posts

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2014-04-19 00:55:44 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 3 +1s)

"In fact, back in the early days of winged, heavier-than-air flight, pilots used to carry sextants with them, and actually navigated by the stars, the same as seafarers did in the days before GPS! [...]

If it weren’t for the lights of the plane itself, you would, in fact, be able to have some of the best skies available to humans. Astronomers know this fact very well, in fact, and we actually have an airplane-mounted telescope that NASA flies: SOFIA!"

Finally, the answer to the world's most pressing question: why can't you see stars out of an airplane window at night?

posted image

2014-04-18 03:23:05 (7 comments, 0 reshares, 12 +1s)

Did you miss me live on TV tonight, talking about the new Earth-like planet with the potential for liquid water and maybe life on it?

Reach for the stars and catch the best 5 minutes of science on TV this week!

posted image

2014-04-18 01:45:25 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 20 +1s)

"4.) Quantum Gravity. The Standard Model makes no effort nor any claims to incorporate the gravitational force/interaction into it. But our current best theory of gravity — General Relativity — makes no sense at extremely large gravitational field or extremely small distances; the singularities it gives us are indicative of physics breaking down. In order to explain what goes on there, it will require a more complete, or quantum, theory of gravity. You might’ve thought, “well, the other three forces are quantized, but maybe gravity doesn’t have to be,” and that would’ve been a reasonable assumption, except for one thing.

The recently released BICEP2 results — assuming the B-mode polarization it detected did, in fact, come from inflation — could not have been generated by primordial gravitational waves unless gravity was a quantum theory! (If you want to havequantum fluctuations stretched ac... more »

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2014-04-17 23:53:32 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 2 +1s)

Want to know about the most Earth-like exoplanet ever discovered? Watch me on KGW's The Square Live @ 7PM (PDT) tonight!

posted image

2014-04-17 05:06:57 (1 comments, 21 reshares, 22 +1s)

"[N]ot only is helium-4 lighter than two protons and two neutrons individually, it’s lighter than four individual protons! It isn’t by all that much — just 0.7% — but with enough reactions, it adds up quickly. In our Sun, for example, somewhere around a whopping 4 × 10^38 protons fuse into helium-4 every second in our Sun; that’s how many it takes to account for the Sun’s energy output.

But it’s not like you can just turn four protons into helium-4; in point of fact, you never get more than two particles colliding at the same time. So how, then, do you build up to helium-4? It might not proceed how you expect!"

All hail the diproton! (The WHAT? No, seriously!)

posted image

2014-04-16 03:44:39 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 13 +1s)

"N is for Nebula, what forms when stars die,
this recycled fuel makes cosmic apple pie."

From A for Aurora to Z for Zenith, it's the alphabet as you've never seen it before!

posted image

2014-04-15 01:06:00 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)

"In 1779, there was a comet right in this very region of the sky, and Charles Messier could have found this nebula; he observed it before anyone else. In fact, you may remember that the original purpose of the Messier catalogue was to help skygazers avoid confusing these fixed, deep-sky objects with potential comets, yet that’s exactly what Messier did here! He mistook M61 for a comet, and instead credit for this object’s discovery goes to Barnabus Oriani, who beat Messier to the punch by a mere six days. But 235 years later, it still appears, all but unchanged from how Messier viewed it."

Ever hunt for a deep-sky galaxy near a full Moon? During tonight's total lunar eclipse you can! #MessierMonday

posted image

2014-04-13 17:25:30 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 14 +1s)

"There are some album covers that probably stick in your mind as the “most iconic” when you think about them. Maybe it’s the Beatles’ Abbey Road album, Nirvana’s Nevermind album, or Springsteen’s Born in the U.S.A.

What Harvezt has done is imagine what these covers might look like when viewed from behind, and the result is not only visually arresting, it adds a new layer of depth to the album itself!"

We all have our favorite album covers. What would they look like from behind? An amazing reimagined art project.

posted image

2014-04-13 03:34:36 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)

"But when it comes to energy, a factor of 1000 is huge. At energies 1000 times greater than room temperature, it is impossible for electrons to stay bound to atomic nuclei, but at room temperature, the odds of an atom becoming ionized from the 300 K thermal radiation is practically zero. Similarly, at energies 1000 times lower than room temperature, helium loses all viscosity, and becomes a superfluid.

The odds of this happening at room temperature, of course, are also practically zero. Energy effects are exponentially suppressed, so when you have a factor of 1000 difference, your odds of having the thing-you-want happen are suppressed by somewhere around e^(-1000), which is about 1-in-10^430. It’s not impossible, but I think we can safely say it’s very effectively suppressed."

Plus one for all the language nitpickers out there.

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2014-04-12 04:39:55 (11 comments, 5 reshares, 19 +1s)

"We read a paper — published in a prestigious education research journal — decrying the abominable state of literacy in America, which noted that 50% of all seven-year-olds were reading at a below average level.

Think about that for a moment.

Yes, 50% were below average. And — although the paper didn’t say one way or another — my assumption is that 50% were above average, as well. Because in almost all samples like this (as a consequence of the central limit theorem), that’s kind of the definition of average. In other words, there was no education or literacy crisis, at least, not based on the actual information that was being used to argue that point."

For the TL;DR crowd: the answer is "maybe not!"

posted image

2014-04-11 00:49:57 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 13 +1s)

"But remember that all the stars that formed made up just 10% of the mass of the initial molecular clouds that birthed them, and then half of those stellar masses were returned again to the interstellar medium. Given that 95% of all the mass that initially formed these stars was eventually returned to the interstellar medium as burnable fuel, we’ll still have stars lighting our night sky for trillions upon trillions of years, and the atoms from our Solar System will be a part of innumerable future generations of them."

All stars dies, but does every star really live? The lives-and-deaths of Sun-like stars, a perfect #tbt.

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2014-04-10 04:41:24 (2 comments, 3 reshares, 22 +1s)

"And normally — under practically all circumstances — that shift-of-nodes will be enough to prevent a total (or annular) solar eclipse from immediately following or preceding a total lunar eclipse. If you compare the list of lunar eclipses with the list of total-and-annular solar eclipses, you’ll find that having a total lunar eclipse just two weeks away from a total-or-annular solar eclipse happens just a few times a century.

But it’s happening this month!"

Learn about this month's incredible back-to-back eclipses: a total lunar eclipse on the 15th followed by an annular solar eclipse on the 29th!

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2014-04-09 00:30:03 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 15 +1s)

"From deep inside these clouds of interstellar gas, gravity works to pull every atom in that it can and form more and larger stars. But the stars themselves emit intense, ultraviolet light, evaporating and ionizing the surrounding gas and blowing it out into the interstellar medium.


So when you look up at the night sky and see those faint nebulae, with their reddish hues from the recombination radiation of hot, UV-ionized hydrogen, you are watching the last stages of that great cosmic star-formation race."

Did you ever imagine that by looking at a pretty picture like this, we'd actually get a window into where EVERY STAR IN THE UNIVERSE came from?

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2014-04-08 04:48:51 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 16 +1s)

"But in truth, Messier 58 is a remarkable object in its own right: it’s more than just a spiral galaxy, it’s one of only four barred spiral galaxies in the entire Messier catalogue! Its central region is quite bright, and in even small telescopes (4", or 10 cm), you can see that it’s brighter in one direction than the other.

And while the Virgo cluster boasts a number of bright galaxies, including 15 Messier objects, it’s a very large structure in reality, located 54 million light-years distant but extending outwards an additional 7-to-10 million light-years in all directions.

It just so happens that Messier 58 is located on the opposite side of the Virgo cluster to us, making it — to the best of our knowledge — the single most distant object in the entire Messier catalogue."

Of the 110 deep-sky objects in the Messier Catalogue, only onecan be the farthest... more »

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2014-04-06 17:59:44 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

"By playing with perspective, or by utilizing the corners of a room creatively, some incredibly impressive perspective illusions can be achieved."

If you've never heard of Trompe-l’œil Art, you owe it to yourself to check out this amazing collection of illusory paintings! 

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2014-04-05 23:04:14 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 12 +1s)

"One of my favorite things about science is that it’s such a rich store of human knowledge that if you ask 100 experts in a field to tell you the story of some aspect of their field, you will get 100 different versions of the same story, and — so long as they stick to the known, conclusive science and don’t resort to their own pet speculations — they’ll all be consistent with one another. I’ve never claimed to be the expert on anything and I don’t fancy myself to be one, but I’m fortunate to be enough of an expert on some facets of science that I can tell you the story as it makes sense to me. I can show you the threads that come together to form the tapestry, and, if I’m doing it right, you can see the same picture I do at the end of it. I’m happy to have you along for the journey, and many of you are providing me with valuable perspectives on how you make sense of things."
If you ever... more »

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2014-04-05 19:27:11 (4 comments, 4 reshares, 17 +1s)

"After all the particle-antiparticle pairs annihilated away, there was still a leftover baryon asymmetry. If we keep track of the lepton asymmetry, we’d find that there were a number of electrons exactly equal to the number of protons, and more neutrinos than antineutrinos by exactly the number of neutrons."

Where are we on the quest to understand why our Universe is made of matter and not antimatter?

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2014-04-04 03:19:38 (3 comments, 5 reshares, 18 +1s)

"So, undoubtedly, the Earth has warmed, and — to the best of our measurements — it appears to be warming still.

There could have been other, natural explanations for this warming, such as increased solar output, which has been correlated with temperature increases in the past. But, in fact, the opposite has been happening, and the current solar cycle is showing substantially decreased solar activity, which should’ve resulted in a cooling effect, had all other things been equal."

From the planet Venus to Monday's IPCC report, here's everything (literally, everything) you could want to know about global warming.

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2014-04-03 02:02:48 (13 comments, 8 reshares, 41 +1s)

"The Multiverse may exist to the best of our knowledge; we have very good reasons to think it probably does. But that does not mean — not by any stretch — that there are parallel Universes out there with wildly different physical constants, interactions or properties in general.

A statement or admission of our own ignorance, that we do not understand the dynamics that gave rise to the constants of our Universe, does not mean that there are none, that all values are taken on somewhere in some Universe, and that ours just happens to have the values it does, which are serendipitous to our existence.

That line of thinking not only isn’t even science, it’s a cop-out, and a distraction from those who are actually seeking scientific answers to the hardest of scientific problems out there."

Ever wonder why the fundamental constants of the Universe have thevalues that the... more »

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2014-04-01 19:30:50 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 10 +1s)

"It means that there’s a fundamental difference between the round worlds in hydrostatic equilibrium that have cleared their orbits interior to the frost line and all others, and it means there’s a fundamental difference between the gas giant worlds beyond the frost line and all others. It also means that all the frozen worlds — both the ice-and-rock worlds at the frost line as well as the mostly ice worlds out beyond them — are ubiquitous and super common. Even ones that have enough mass to pull themselves into a sphere!"

Did you hear the April Fools' Day "news" that Pluto is a planet again? It's not. And never will be. Here's why.

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2014-04-01 18:42:45 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

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2014-04-01 01:11:58 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

"So when you start to feel like the world is a small place, remember that there are bigger things out there than even our galaxy, and even than the biggest galaxies in our neighborhood. The Universe is full of surprises, wonders, and magnificent stories that it tells us about itself, if only we remember to ask the right questions and listen to its answers."

Meet the largest galaxy in our local supercluster: Messier 87!

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2014-03-30 17:23:52 (1 comments, 4 reshares, 10 +1s)

"These small polyps have very particular conditions that they require for life, including a narrow range of salinity, temperature, acidity, ocean depth and sunlight that are all necessary. This means there’s a tropical strip near the equator, in very shallow, non-oily ocean waters of neutral pH where these organisms can thrive.

And when the sun begins to set, these living coral polyps extend their tentacles to feed, with up to thousands of individual polyps making their home on a single coral branch."

Some science, images, a song, and a time-lapse video that shows how these reefs truly come alive at night!

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2014-03-29 20:17:46 (1 comments, 5 reshares, 15 +1s)

"When we talk about failure in a scientific sense, we don’t necessarily mean it in a negative light. Even the best and most successful scientific theories fail to hold up to experiment at some point.

Newtonian gravity’s “failure” to predict the orbit of Uranus led to the discovery of Neptune, while its “failure” to predict the orbit of Mercury gave rise to General Relativity. Similarly, the “failure” of the Michelson-Morley experiment to detect the aether gave way to the Lorentz transformation and, eventually, special relativity. Failure is hardly the right word in its colloquial sense, as these represented huge advances in experimental knowledge, and rigorous tests probing the limits of some of our most cherish theories.

The null result of the experiment should in no way color our perception of these tests as a failure; they are simply veils of ignorance beingpulled away fro... more »

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2014-03-29 01:31:43 (2 comments, 5 reshares, 18 +1s)

"At this stage in the Solar System’s lifetime, these numbers [for planetary orbit times] aren’t going to change very much, but they’re not as precisely known as we’d like. The outermost planets, in particular, are only known to 2 or 3 significant digits! But Solar System-centric time has its limits, in terms of precision, consistency and longevity. As it turns out, naturally, the Universe has much better clocks than anything our Solar System has to offer."

Here's how to keep time the ultimate way: with pulsars and atoms!

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2014-03-28 04:30:40 (4 comments, 12 reshares, 29 +1s)

"So I want you to understand this correctly, because this could be huge. If asymptotic safety is right, and the work done in this paper is right, then an observation of a Higgs Boson with a mass of 126 GeV, with a very small uncertainty (±1 or 2 GeV), would be damning evidence against low-energy supersymmetry, extra dimensions, technicolor, or any other theory that incorporates any new particles that could be found by any accelerator that could be built within our Solar System."

#tbt Why the Higgs might be the last new particle we ever find.

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2014-03-27 04:28:02 (13 comments, 10 reshares, 34 +1s)

"Whether these Universes are similar or different to our own, whether they have the same physical laws and properties, whether they have the same fundamental constants, particles and interactions, we do not know.

And at the same time, our very best laws of nature tell us that this is reality: we are a tiny fraction of our observable Universe, which is a tiny bit of the unobservable Universe, which is just one of a tremendous number of Universes in a multiverse that’s constantly generating new ones, and has been for billions of years."

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2014-03-26 00:18:29 (5 comments, 3 reshares, 18 +1s)

"It will be hard, it will be a lot of work, you will not be guaranteed a job, wealth, success, a professorship, a Nobel Prize, self-confidence, true love, or any other false idols.

But you will have learned something that you’ll always carry with you the rest of your life, and that no one can take away from you. You will have invested in your own knowledge, and you’ll have the rest of your life to enjoy the fruits of that tree, whatever directions it may grow in."

If you've ever seriously thought about getting your PhD in the sciences, you'd do well to think about the questions raised here.

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2014-03-25 03:37:11 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 10 +1s)

"With a central supermassive black hole of nearly 100 million solar masses, it’s maybe 20 times more massive than the biggest one in our own galaxy. In fact, the central region is so hot and massive that the gas at the center is highly ionized, making this a relatively rare Seyfert galaxy!

You might also notice that there appears to be a trail coming off of this galaxy, moving from the top right to the lower left in the image above. It turns out, when you speed through the intergalactic medium at around 1,000 km/s relative to its center-of-mass, it creates ram pressure that can strip the neutral hydrogen right out of your galaxy!"

For this #MessierMonday, meet Messier 88. Speeding through the center of the Virgo Cluster at more than 1000 km/s!

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2014-03-22 21:08:51 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 10 +1s)

I write posts, you write comments, I pick the best ones and dive even deeper in-depth for you! Check out this edition of Comments of the Week!

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2014-03-22 19:10:03 (0 comments, 5 reshares, 15 +1s)

"Believe it or not, if you listen to the “B” sound while you watch someone’s mouth go through the motions of an “F” sound, you will hear the “F”!

Not only will you hear the “F” sound, but you’ll even hear it even if you know it’s coming. And it’s coming."

Come experience the incredible McGurk effect!

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2014-03-22 02:36:06 (1 comments, 6 reshares, 23 +1s)

"So, then, the reasoning went, if light is a wave — albeit, as Maxwell demonstrated in the 1860s, an electromagnetic wave — it, too, must have a medium that it travels through. Although no one could measure this medium, it was given a name: the luminiferous aether.

Sounds like a silly idea now, doesn’t it? But it wasn’t a bad idea at all. In fact, it had all the hallmarks of a great scientific idea, because it not only built upon the science that had been established previously, but this idea made new predictions that were testable! Let me explain."

Hint: it's the only failure to win a Nobel Prize.

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2014-03-21 01:19:10 (8 comments, 6 reshares, 20 +1s)

"Yes, it’s true that there are fewer particles as we go to higher and higher energies, but the highest energies are no longer measured in terms of GeVs (Giga-electronVolts, or 10^9 eV), TeVs (Tera-electronVolts, or 10^12 eVs) or even PeVs (Peta-electronVolts, or 10^15 eVs). Instead, these energies can spike all the way up into-and-above the 10^19 eV-range!

Now, this number is really, really interesting, and potentially even limiting! “How’s that,” you ask? Because above about 4-or-5 × 10^19 eV, the Universe won’t let you stay at that energy! The problem, believe it or not, is that no matter how high the energy is of the particle you initially made, it has to pass through the radiation bath that’s left over from the Big Bang in order to reach you."

Could this be the real reason Scotty never let Kirk go at Warp 9?

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2014-03-19 23:24:19 (6 comments, 5 reshares, 23 +1s)

"So if this result holds up, what does it mean?

It means that not only can we be even more sure that there was a period of cosmic inflation preceding the Big Bang, it means we can begin to tell what kind of inflation we had. It means we can start constructing more accurate and more sophisticated models, and learn how this period of exponential expansion ended, and gave rise to our hot, dense, expanding Universe. It means that Guth, Linde, and probably the principal investigator of the BICEP2 collaboration are in line for Nobel Prizes.

And it means that we should be building LISA — the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna — to detect these waves directly. Because even though this is a great moment for science and for cosmology, it’s also the beginning of a new era in our understanding of the Universe: one with gravitational waves left over from before the BigBang!"more »

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2014-03-18 03:19:11 (3 comments, 2 reshares, 15 +1s)

Always a fascinating time to talk about the mysteries of the Universe on my local news network: KGW's Live @7!

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2014-03-18 01:49:31 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 13 +1s)

"But the core of this globular cluster — even though it’s a relatively low-concentration cluster — is still so dense! This image from the Very Large Telescope identified many thousands of stars in the central three light-years of this galaxy, which is very impressive.

But the best images of the core of this cluster come from the Hubble Space Telescope, which has observed it multiple times."

Come see this unique globular cluster, which may have extra-galactic origins!

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2014-03-17 21:35:06 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 29 +1s)

"Now, is this a slam-dunk? No. We need much better statistics to announce this as a discovery; we simply cannot take these results to mean “yes there are primordial gravitational waves left over from inflation,” because we need better evidence. A 2.7σ result is nice, but in our robust world of physics, we need a 5σ result to be sure. The dustbin of physics history is littered with 3σ “discoveries” that simply disappeared with more and better data.

We know that inflation occurred; the seeds of structure in the Universe — the way it looks today, the way it looked 13.8 billion years ago and everywhere in between — has already told us that. But there’s a possibility, and the very first observational hints, that there might be gravitational waves left over, too. If it does turn out that we see them, we should be able to confirm it over the next few years. But if thisobservation regresses to... more »

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2014-03-16 18:51:10 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

"When I was a kid, we’d tape movies off the tv, songs off the radio or make copies of our albums and share them around. When I was in college, we’d download bootlegged episodes of South Park and music .mp3 files without a second thought. There’s no moral dilemma when you have pretty much no money at all; you’re going to pirate your day-to-day entertainment.

But just because pirates also purchase more than their non-pirating counterparts doesn’t mean that entertainers shouldn’t try and coax pirates into paying for their content. And it also doesn’t mean that pirates shouldn’t be made feel a little ashamed by the artists themselves."

Come see what the Queen of entertainment -- RuPaul -- has amazingly done to fight piracy with the release of her latest album!

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2014-03-15 18:24:33 (0 comments, 0 reshares, 5 +1s)

Did you know we have a Comments of the Week series exclusive to our forum over at ScienceBlogs?

Check it out! Comments of the Week #2: From the Sun’s death to the light elements

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2014-03-15 01:39:12 (2 comments, 2 reshares, 15 +1s)

"For an object having a close enough encounter with a black hole, the atoms will likely be heated so tremendously they’ll become ions, which means they’ll dissociate into positive nuclei and free electrons. Because black holes aren’t just supermassive but have intense magnetic fields, these ionized particles will be rapidly accelerated, and can cause a tremendous outburst of energy!"

For the first time in recorded history, our central black hole is going to devour a massive gas cloud! What can we expect?

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2014-03-14 02:30:39 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 14 +1s)

"In fact, not only is π irrational, like √3, but you can’t even write down a polynomial equation that has π as a solution, which makes it not just irrational but also transcendental! (On the other hand, √3 is expressable as a solution to a polynomial equation, like “x^2 - 3 = 0.”) This means that one of the most famous math puzzles in history — to create a square with the same area as a circle using only a compass and straightedge — is fundamentally impossible!"

And can this remarkable 'fact' be true: ln(262,537,412,640,768,744) / sqrt (163) is... Pi?

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2014-03-13 01:30:50 (23 comments, 38 reshares, 121 +1s)

"In fact, if we graphed how abundant all the different elements are in our Solar System, you’d find what appears to be a nice pattern, with some ups-and-downs, but a general curve where the lightest elements are the most abundant, and the abundance of the heavier ones gradually decreases as we move farther and farther down the periodic table.

Or rather that general pattern seems to hold, if you forget about elements three, four and five in the periodic table: lithium, beryllium and boron! These three elements are virtually non-existent in the Sun (or any star), and look awfully peculiar when compared to all the elements around them."

Where do lithium, beryllium and boron come from? Neither the Big Bang nor stars!

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2014-03-12 02:26:24 (5 comments, 7 reshares, 30 +1s)

"This is the story of the Universe, and perhaps the only story that every one of us has in common. In many ways, it’s the greatest, most truthful story ever discovered: the story that the Universe has told us about itself, because we asked, because we looked, because we tested, because we learned. And whether we’re scientists ourselves or brand new in our exploration of the Universe, it’s a story we all deserve to share in its joys, its lessons, and its wonder.

It’s a story I can’t stop myself from telling, and one I wouldn’t want to stop myself from hearing, understanding, and internalizing. And whether you know it or not, it’s your story, too. Enjoy the ride."

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2014-03-11 02:44:31 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 11 +1s)

"An excellent image, like the one above, will highlight that there are actually many faint, small galaxies in this galaxy’s vicinity. That’s what you get in or near the central region an ultra-rich cluster of galaxies like Virgo, and the great galactic pile-up will only get more and more concentrated over time!

Billions of years from now, these galaxies will further merge together and their velocities will level out, and many of the spirals you see here will merge into bigger and bigger giant ellipticals.

But we are not there yet."

What's the only bright member of the Virgo cluster... not located in the constellation of Virgo? Come meet Messier 98, one of the most unique galaxies in the night sky!

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2014-03-09 18:51:25 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 4 +1s)

"It’s a fantastic feeling, performing for others, as well as having people who’ve spent their lives perfecting their art perform for you. I’ve just learned about a show in France — Le Plus Grand Cabaret Du Monde (The Greatest Cabaret in the World) — that’s devoted to providing a platform for the world’s greatest performers in all genres."

Seven unbelievable performances, from partner acrobatics to cat training to ballet as you've never imagined it!

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2014-03-08 22:47:24 (4 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)

"Made with five real fruit flavors and coming in crystalline, jewel-like, sparkling clear colors, you’ll delight at the taste of these delicious candies, all without any sugar at all.

Instead, of sugar, these are sweetened with Lycasin, a hydrogenated glucose syrup. And what a deal: this five-pound bag of deliciousness contains over 1,000 individual gummi bears!

And unlike other detox diets that only cleanse one organ in your body and require you to starve yourself, the Haribo sugar-free gummi bears will clear out your entire digestive tract, and do so in a splendidly violent manner!"

Cleansing your body never tasted so good… or felt so bad!

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2014-03-08 20:39:21 (1 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)

Comments of the Week #1: from Color to "settled" science.

Our new exclusive-to-Scienceblogs weekly column!

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2014-03-08 04:37:29 (0 comments, 3 reshares, 18 +1s)

"As the star begins to slowly lose mass, the planets begin to spiral outwards, as the central gravitational pull is gradually being lessened over time. Every world — from the innermost Mercury to the gas giants to the Kuiper Belt Objects and beyond — will experience this spiraling-outward motion.

Only, just when you thought this might gently continue (and for a long time), our parent star swells into a red giant, and starts fusing helium into carbon in its core.

This is an incredibly energetic process, and it causes some intense and remarkable changes in the Sun very quickly. Swelling to hundreds of times its initial size and thousands of times its original brightness, the Sun will be approximately the physical size of Earth’s orbit around it. As a result, Mercury and Venus will definitely be engulfed by our star. But what about the Earth?"

When theSun becomes a... more »

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2014-03-07 04:42:50 (3 comments, 4 reshares, 20 +1s)

"At this stage in our understanding of the Universe, scientific revolutions must encompass the success of the previous theories that came before it, which is why general relativity includes Newtonian gravity, and which is why any viable candidate for a quantum theory of gravity must include general relativity (and all of its successful predictions) as a necessity.

When we say the science is settled, we don’t mean that we’ve stopped learning. In fact, we mean the exact opposite: that we have actually learned something valuable. “Settled science” isn’t the end of knowledge, it’s a mark that we’ve begun to legitimately understand something. But remember that the unsettling of settled science is always possible, and we must always keep our mind open to that possibility."

Can Science Ever be "Settled"? It means so much more than that.

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2014-03-06 21:11:09 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 11 +1s)

"...it’s only very recently that we’ve obtained the photos that showcase exactly what this phenomenon looks like. Thanks to NASA astronaut and photographer extraordinaire, Expedition 31 flight engineer Don Pettit, we have a whole slew of image composites from in cupola of the International Space Station. Pettit took a series of short-exposure pictures and stacked them together to produce these fabulous views of star trails from the ISS."

Sure, we have star trails here on Earth, because the sky appears to rotate 360 degrees every 24 hours. But what would an astronaut aboard the ISS see? #tbt


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